Unit 7 Comment les relations humaines sont-elles représentées dans l'univers Marvel ? Friends and foes Û View of New York City Karen Hey, William! How are you? 7:02 William Hey, Karen! Fine, thanks, just a bit upset. 7:03 Karen Why? What happened? 7:03 William I had an argument with a friend today at school. I was a bit mean to her. 7:04 Karen Well, don’t worry. Just call her and apologize. And remember… 7:05 7:05 William Thanks for the pic! Dans cette unité, nous allons... Û • • • • arler des super-héros (-héroïnes) et de l'amitié, p parler de relations conflictuelles, découvrir l’influence de la BD sur l’art, découvrir comment nous comporter comme des super-héros. 92 ninety-two 7:05 Your challenge Écrire une scène du prochain film de Marvel. Hi, I’m KAREN, from New York (USA). In this unit you’ll learn about superfriendships. USA New York Û Craig Markarian (2017) LET’S GO! VIDEO DVD: 01 1 Read the conversation. How does William feel? Why? 2 Look at the picture. What makes a superfriend in your opinion? 3 Watch the video about New York. Û NerdSync, Why Marvel superheroes live in NYC! (2016) Identify the different superheroes. Why did Marvel choose New York City? ninety-three 93 1. Superpowers 1 Look at the images. What do you know about each character (physical appearance, superpowers, etc.)? Read the poem. Which superhero would you like to be? Why? WB p. 98 I would be... because... If I Could Be a Super Hero I don’t think I could be Iron Man I’m sort of scared of heights I’d sort of like to be Spider-Man But I’m afraid of spider bites 5 10 15 I suppose I could be Wolverine But I’m afraid people would stare I’d consider being the Incredible Hulk But radiation’s bad for your hair (...) Captain America, him perhaps I love his mighty shield But I fear I’m not brave enough When things get rough, I yield If I could be a superhero I wonder which I’d be Or maybe it’s time I tried to find The hero inside of me. Je parle des superhéros (-héroïnes) et de l'amitié. CD: 01 MP3: 01 Vocabulary to be able to fly to become invisible to change shape / colour to c rawl on walls /krɔːl ɒn wɔːls/: grimper aux murs to grow hair / claws: avoir les chevaux / griffes qui poussent to h ave healing powers /ˈhiːlɪŋ ˈpaʊəz/: avoir des pouvoirs de guérison to have super-speed to h ave super-strength /streŋθ/ to have super-vision to predict the future to read minds / dreams If + prétérit, would + V If she had superpowers, New York would be a safer city. PArc ours ....C ....i..T..O ....Y ....E....N.. .. Û Steve Lazarowitz, "If I Could Be A Super Hero" (2013) 2 What would you do if you were a superhero or superheroine? WB p. 99 If I were a superhero, I would... of the superpower. If I had superspeed I would travel around the world. 94 ninety-four Real life superheroes 1. Look at the poster. What context does it refer to? 2. Can you add more elements? 3. Imagine the same poster, but in another context (in the cafeteria, in public transport, at home, etc.), would the rules be different? Bloggers 4e Teacher Created Ressources (2016) The superpowers game 1. Roll the dice your teacher will give you. 2. Make a sentence imagining the consequence Û LET'S PLAY… 3 In pairs, choose one from these superheroes. Vocabulary Take turns writing sentences to describe him / her. Look for other students who chose the same character. Whose description is more complete? He wears a shield and… brave /breɪv/ = fearless cruel /ˈkruːəl/ confident: sûr de soi daring > bold > reckless dangerous kind = generous ≠ mean /mı:n/ selfish: égoïste terrifying ≥ scary violent /vəıələnt/ Ms. Marvel Captain America Thanos CD: 03 MP3: 02 armour /ˈɑːmər/ a bodysuit: un costume a cape /keɪp/ gloves /ɡlʌvs/ a helmet /ˈhelmɪt/: un casque a hero /ˈhɪərəʊ/ ≠ a villain /ˈvɪlən/ a magic ring: un anneau magique a mask a shield /ʃiːld/: un bouclier Say the superpowers and personality you expect these superheroes to have. WB p. 100 I expect Ms. Marvel to... 4 Listen to the story of the relationship between two superheroes. CD: 02 Take notes and explain it in your own words. WB p. 101 5 Say what you expect from your friends. Want sb to + V, expect sb to + V Write a definition of a SuperFriend. WB p. 102 I expect my friends to... I (don't) want them to... A SuperFriend should / shouldn't... I expect Spider-Man to crawl on walls. I want my friends to be loyal. MINI CHALLENGE: A NEW SUPERHERO / SUPERHEROINE (Pairwork) You are working to create a new Marvel superhero / superheroine. Your job consists of defining this new character for scriptwriters and artists. 1 Discuss the character's personality, powers, physical appearance and name. 2 Draw a sketch of the character. 3 Write two texts: a. one for the scriptwriters defining his / her personality and powers. b. o ne for the artists explaining the way he / she dresses look and his / her physical features. WB p. 103 We want / expect this character to… Bloggers 4e He / She could/should… ninety-five 95 Je parle de relations conflictuelles. 2. Friends forever? CD: 04 MP3: 03 Vocabulary 1 Watch a video about relationships in the Marvel universe. close /kləʊz/: proche complicated Take notes about the names of the superheroes and the kind of relationship they have. WB p. 104 a best friend a bond: un lien a bromance /ˈbrəʊˈmæns/ a conflict = a confrontation an enemy = a foe /fəʊ/ a friendship a romance /rəʊˈmæns/ wisdom: la sagesse VIDEO DVD: 02 Û to battle = to fight to challenge: défier to deal with: s'occuper de to hate to part ways: se séparer to respect to save Watch Mojo, Top 10 Superhero Friendships (2015) 2 Read the comic strip. Who are these two superheroes? What kind of relationship do they have? What is going on? Why are they fighting? The Incredible Hulk #227 (1968) IT IS YOUR HAMMER THAT IS STRONG! BAH! YOU ARE NOT STRONG, YELLOW-HAIR! BUT NO HAMMER IS STRONGER THAN THE HULK! I… CAN'T BELIEVE THIS. Û I HAVE MORE STRENGTH THAN YOU WILL EVER POSSESS! Le style indirect "I'm stronger than you." He said that he was stronger than him. HAH! WITHOUT THE HAMMER YOU ARE NOTHING! "Are you fighting?" She asked if I was fighting. Imagine that you witnessed the scene. Rewrite the dialogue in reported speech. WB p. 105 First, Thor said that… Then, The Hulk replied… 96 ninety-six Bloggers 4e 3 Look at the poster. What do you think the film is about? ead this online review. What is the starting point of their conflict? R What should the main characters have done in her opinion? WB p. 107 CAPTAIN AMERICA: CIVIL WAR (2016) Part of the Collection "Marvel Cinematic Universe" 10 Anthony Russo, Joe Russo , Captain America: Civil War (2016) 5 In "Captain America: Civil War", politicians think that superheroes like Captain America and Iron Man need to be regulated. Tony Stark (Iron Man's alter ego) thinks it's necessary, while Steve Rogers (a.k.a. Captain America) doesn't think so. That eventually splits their team, The Avengers. The situation escalates into a full-blown confrontation between the heroes and their teams. I thought "Captain America: Civil War" was very enjoyable. Both characters share the responsibility for what happened: Iron Man should have shown more respect for individual opinions, and Captain America shouldn't have been so independent all the time! But that's what makes the movie interesting and original. Friends become foes, allies become enemies, and it's difficult to choose one side or the other. Û 4 Think about an argument you had with a friend recently. Should + present perfect Explain what happened and report the reasons of your argument. Do you regret something you did or said? Explain what you should have done. Captain America shouldn't have been so independent. I argued with my friend because she told me to... I should have said... / I shouldn't have been so... MINI CHALLENGE: FRIENDS OR ENEMIES? (Pairwork) 1 Look at the comic strip. 2 Individually, complete it with a dialogue between these superheroes having an argument. 3 Report your story to your partner. WB p. 109 1 Bloggers 4e 2 3 ninety-seven 97 My grammar Je comprends et je m'entraîne. 1. LA PHRASE CONDITIONNELLE EN IF + PRÉTÉRIT, WOULD + V WB p. 99 • Quand on imagine une situation peu probable, on peut utiliser une phrase conditionnelle. Cette phrase commence par if suivi du verbe conjugué au prétérit : le prétérit signifie que la situation n'est pas réelle, que c'est seulement une hypothèse et donc qu'on est dans l'imaginaire. L'autre partie de la phrase, c'est la conséquence de ce qu'on imagine : cette partie utilise l'auxiliaire would devant le verbe. If I knew how to draw, I would create a comic book. • Avec le verbe be à la 1re personne du singulier, on utilise were au lieu de was. If I were Captain America, I would not fight with Iron Man. 2 Complète les phrases avec la forme correcte du verbe. a.If you … (be) a superhero, you … (save) the planet. b.If we … (go) to New York City, we … (meet) Spider-Man. c.Lea … (not / be) so angry, if we … (talk) to her. d.If Thanos … (be) a superhero, the Guardians of the Galaxy … (not / fight) him. 2. WANT SOMEBODY TO + V ET EXPECT SOMEBODY TO + V WB p. 103 Les structures want somebody to + V et expect somebody to + V, permettent d'exprimer l'idée d'une influence de quelqu'un sur quelqu'un d'autre. • Si on veut que quelqu'un fasse quelque chose, on emploie le verbe want, qui marque la volonté et qui ressemble à un ordre que l'on donne. I want you to apologise to him. • Avec le verbe expect, on n'exprime pas un ordre mais on montre tout de même qu'on s'attend à quelque chose de la part de quelqu'un d'autre. I expect them to be loyal and generous. 1 Réécris chaque phrase en employant to expect / want somebody to + V. a.I suppose that my sister will go to the cinema tonight. I expect my sister to go to the cinema tonight. b.My football coach forces us to go running every day. c.People think Magneto will win against Professor X. e.If I … (have) super-speed, I … (run) fast! d.They urge me to send them the film review right away. 3 Invente et écris la partie manquante de chacune des phrases suivantes. e.I predict that the new Marvel movie will win an Oscar. a.If I were a superhero, I … . b.I would be excited, if I … . c.If I had Superman’s powers, I … . d.If I met iron man, I … . e.i would protect the city, if … . f. IShe would destroy the Empire State Building, if she … . Pronunciation Û WB p. 112 La prononciation de would 98 ninety-eight f. My mother says that I must apologise to my cousin. Traduis ces deux phrases : a. I expect my friends to be generous. b. I want my friends to be loyal. En français et en anglais, on emploie des temps verbaux différents après les verbes introducteurs. Quelle est cette différence ? 3. LE STYLE INDIRECT WB p. 106 • Quand quelqu'un parle, on dit que cette personne tient un discours direct. On peut mettre son texte entre guillemets pour montrer que c'est lui ou elle qui parle. “I am Superman, and I defend freedom!” • Quand je raconte ce que quelqu'un d'autre a dit, alors c'est du discours indirect. On l'appelle reported speech en anglais : c'est le « discours rapporté ». He said that he was Superman, and that he defended freedom! -- La phrase subit donc des changements : on la commence par un verbe introducteur au prétérit (he said that..., she replied that...) suivi de la phrase de départ dans laquelle les verbes prennent aussi la marque du prétérit et les pronoms personnels passent de la 1re à la 3e personne (I am he / she was ; I have he / she had ; I defend he / she defended). I'm a superheroine! She said that she was a superheroine. • On peut rapporter des affirmations mais aussi des ordres ou des interrogations. Il faut alors adapter le discours indirect en choisissant le bon verbe introducteur. “Is Spider-Man ready to fight?” She asked if SpiderMan was ready to fight. -- Si, dans le discours direct, il y a un impératif, on le transforme en (not) to + V et on choisit tell comme verbe introducteur. “Leave her alone!” He told him to leave her alone. “Don't look at me!” He told him not to look at her. 4 Réécris ces phrases au discours indirect et souligne les changements. a.Hulk: “I am the strongest." (declare) b.Thor: “I’m not just a superhero, I’m the son of the god Odin.” (say / add) c.Iron Man: “It is time to put an end to this conspiracy!” (shout) d.Oya: “Is Wolverine a dangerous guy?” (ask) Bloggers 4e 4. SHOULD + PRESENT PERFECT WB p. 109 • Lorsqu'on a des regrets, on veut exprimer qu'un événement aurait dû se passer autrement : il existe pour cela la structure should + verbe au present perfect. -- L'auxiliaire should montre ce qu'on voudrait, ce qu'on préférerait ; et, en mettant le verbe au present perfect (auxiliaire have + verbe au participe passé), on relie le passé au présent. -- Avec should, on exprime ce qui aurait dû se passer ; avec shouldn't, on exprime ce qui n'aurait pas dû arriver : c'est un regret. Iron Man should have listened to his friends. Ms Marvel shouldn't have left her little brother alone. 5 Réécris les phrases suivantes en utilisant should + present perfect. a.Spider-Man did not stop the robber that eventually killed his uncle. Spider-Man should have stopped... b.Thor made The Hulk very angry and got his hammer destroyed. c.Captain America was so independent all the time; that didn’t help in the Civil War. d.Iron Man did not show any interest in other people's opinions. 6 Tes parents n'auraient pas dû faire certaines choses. Dis-le leur. a.They went to the cinema to see "Captain America: Civil War" without you. You shouldn't have gone to the cinema to see "Captain America: Civil War" without me. b.They hung up on your boyfriend / girlfriend. c.They accused you of lying. d.They tidied your room. e.They read your email. f. They gave your old teddy bear to your little brother. ninety-nine 99 My vocabulary J'observe et je mémorise. to crawl on walls to change shape to have super-speed to be able to fly to have super-strength to become invisible to grow hair / claws to see through walls p su er po w er s to have healing powers es ro e h & Marvel superheroes and superheroines to move objects with his / her mind in es to have super-vision ro he s villain to predict the future s co m tion ships tu rel a to read minds e a conflict a confrontation a bromance a close friend a good friend 100 one number hundred a friendship > a friend a romance to love ad an enemy = a foe b a best friend od go to hate to leave to part ways = to split up Bloggers 4e to fight = to battle m is s io n to save brave at tit LES SUPER-HÉROS ET SUPER-HÉROÏNES to protect 1 Associe les mots de la première colonne à leur antonyme. bold 1. love 2.foe 3.to save 4.generous 5.reliable 6.friendship fearless confident ud kind = generous e trustworthy = reliable reckless LA TENUE DES SUPER-HÉROS ET SUPER-HÉROÏNES to attack 2 Lis chaque définition et trouve le mot correspondant. to challenge to destroy n is si o to fight = to battle to kill m at tit ud b.Covering worn to protect the body in battle. cruel ≈ mean d.A protective covering for the head. dangerous e.A one-piece garment for superheroes and superheroines. scary = terrifying LES SUPER-POUVOIRS 3 Associe un super-pouvoir à chaque phrase. selfish violent ≈ aggressive magic ring a.A piece of clothing that fastens at the neck and hangs from the shoulders. c.An accessory to cover one’s identity. daring e armour gloves a. to read minds b. to predict the future c. to change shape d. to become invisible 1 The Watcher can see what you're thinking, you will be defeated! 2 I'm The Beast. I'm a normal man who can turn into a wolf! 3 boots a. selfish b. to kill c. friend d. hate e. conflict f. dangerous helmet The Shadow is able to hide thanks to his super-power. Super Visionary Girl is able to know what will happen in any situation! cape bodysuit Bloggers 4e mask shield 4 Create your mind map! Crée ta propre carte mentale en choisissant les mots qui décrivent le mieux ton (ta) super-héros (super-héroïne) préféré(e). one hundred and number one 101 www.thecultureblog.emdl Today I'm writing about the influence of comic books on Pop Art's painter Roy Lichtenstein. PAr d'éducours artis cation t cult ique et .......... ure .......... lle ........ ROY LICHTENSTEIN Roy Lichtenstein (1923-1997) was an American Pop artist best known for his parodies of comic strips. Although other Pop artists such as Andy Warhol and Jasper Johns also used popular imagery into their works, no one focused on comic books as exclusively as him. Lichtenstein‘s art became very popular but he was often accused of lack of originality, banality and even copying. He defended himself saying that he always made important changes. In fact, he employed a complex technique that involved using small, colored dots to create a bigger chromatic contrast, as in "M-Maybe". Other Posts: God Save the Queen Women in a Man's World Sydney Opera House Jamaican Britain The King of Crime Volunteering Abroad Charles Dickens Contributors: Josh Sasha Û Jayden Roy Lichtenstein, M-Maybe (1965) Duncan Û William Tony Abruzzi, Girls' romances n° 105 (1964) YOUR TURN! 1 Read the texts. Explain Lichtenstein's style. 2 Look at the pictures. Describe them and tell which one you like most. YOU ARE AN ARTIST! Choose a frame from a Marvel comic, including a superhero / superheroine and some text. Use it as an inspiration to create your own work, changing a few details, like Lichtenstein did. 102 one hundred and two Your challenge write a scene for the next marvel movie In groups. You are the scriptwriters for a new Marvel superheroe movie. 1. Imagine three characters: a superhero or heroine, his / her partner and a supervillain. 2. Write a description of each character: name, physical appearance, personality, powers. 3. Define the conflict and the setting. Alternative numérique Û 4. Write a scene excerpt. Jouez cette scène devant la caméra pour en faire la bande-annonce du film. Ajoutez de la musique, le titre du filme et sa date de sortie ! 1. EXT.YORK NEW CITY EXT. NEW YORK -CIMIDNIGHT 2. TY - MIDNIGHT It’s midnin It’s midnight NewinYork The Eagle and the ight New City. York Ci ty. Bat Ki and th e supervilKangaroo lain JokeKid supervillain are on top of the dEmpire r Kid are on top of the Empire ate Building. State St Building. KANGAROO JOKEKID R KID (defiant) (defiant) You wanted You want toed talk tolk me. talk. to ta toSo, me. So, kidnapped THE EAGLE BAT KID (worried) (worried) eremyisfriend WhereWhis Robin Lightning? Kid? KANGAROO KID JOKER KID ’s wi He’s He with methnow. Don’t me no w. Doworry. n’t worry. now... ’s safor He’s He safe, fe, now... for now... THE EAGLE BAT KID (furious) (furious) , Joke Oh, Oh Eagle Kid, you shouldn’t have kidnapped r Ki d, yo u shouldn’ t have have have him.hiIm.amI going to make you pay am going to make yo for it. u pay more more KANGAROO JOKER KID KID I don’ I don’t think so. t thin k so. THE BA EAGLE T KID u sathat You Yo said enemies anymore id thwe at were we wenot re no t enemies any more d no and an now you do this. w you do this. KANGAROO KID JOKER KI D Robin wa If If Lightning was here, he would tell you s he re, he would tell you th at that he he prefers be be with me. preferto s to with me. LIGHTNING BAT KID (f Well, Kangaroo urious) Kid, I wouldn't be so sure, if II do were n’t you! believe it!! TICKET Pour bien réussir ton défi, fais le point sur ce que tu as appris dans cette unité avec le CHECK YOUR SKILLS de ton Workbook (page 113).