Reported speech - Sen

publicité
COURS D’ANGLAIS (classe de 4ème)
Presented by Mr. Khazim Diop Academic year: 2011­2012
Reported speech
On emploie le discours indirect (indirect speech) lorsqu’on rapport les paroles ou les
pensées de quelqu’un sans les citer directement. IL y’a dans la proposition principle des
verbes comme to say, to tell, to know, to think, to realize, etc. Quand ces verbes se
conjuguent au passé, la concordance des temps se fait comme en français. Les
guillemets disparaissent. (Voir tableau)
Discours direct
Discours indirect
Simple Present
“I work hard to succeed”, he said
Simple Past
He said that he worked hard to succeed
Present continuous
“We are watching Sanex”, the children
said.
Preterit
“We won the match”, the players said.
Present perfect
“How long have you been her? “, he
asked.
Present perfect continuous
“I have been reading “, Nabou said.
Past continuous
The children said that they were watching
Sanex.
Past Perfect.
The players said that they had won the match
Past perfect
He wanted to know how long I had been there.
Past perfect
“The cat had killed the rat” jack said.
Past perfect
Jack said that the cat had killed the rat.
Past perfect continuous
Nabou said that she had been reading.
Future
Present Conditional
“I won’t come again «The guest declared. The guest declared that he would not come
again.
Imperative form
“Stay awhile” she said.
Infinitive form
She pleased me to stay awhile.
COURS D’ANGLAIS (classe de 4ème)
●
Les adverbes et les locutions changent:
Today That day
Now Then
Here There
Yesterday The day before/the previous day
Last week (month, year…) The previous week (month, year…)
Tomorrow The day after/ the net day
Next year (week month…) The following year (week, month…)
●
Lorsqu’on rapporte des questions avec les “Wh­questions, l’inversion disparait.
Exemple: « where do you live? », he asked me­He wanted to know where I lived.
S’il s’agit d’une yes/no question on fait appel à if ou whether.
Attention à l’ordre des mots et à la forme du verbe dans les questions indirectes. Le
sujet précède toujours le verbe. IL n’y a pas do/did.
Exemples:
“Is he Modou’s brother?”, she asked ­She asked if he was the brother of Modou
“Will you come with us?”, she asked me­She asked me if I would come with them.
Téléchargement
Explore flashcards