Mardi 25 Février ANASTAY Vassili L2 Anglais C

ANGLAIS – Chapter 3 : Staff and Tools
Mardi 25 Février
ANASTAY Vassili L2
2 pages Correcteur 1
Chapter 3 : Staff and Tools
A. Vocabulary and exercises
A. Vocabulary and exercises
A wide range of drugs to relieve pain : Analgesics
They help to remove excess fluid from the body : Diuretics
They increase activity : Stimulants
These drugs are used to reduce and suppress swelling : Anti-inflammatory
Excellent painkillers originally derived from opium : Narcotics
These help suppress nausea and vomitting : Anti-emetics
One of the best known drugs which anyone can buy and use to relieve pain, inflammation and fever : Aspirin
They prevent blood clots forming : anticoagulants
They soothe patients and help them sleep : Sedatives
These are used to calm people and relieve anxiety : tranquilizers
Taken to relieve constipation : laxatives
These help clear a stuffy nose : decongestants
Antibiotics are sometimes given this name because of the rapid relief they bring to many infectious dieseases :
miracle drugs
It's used to reduce diabetes : Insulin
It's used to increase the performance of a weak heart : Digitalin
Soulager :
– to relieve
– to alleviate
– to ense
– to soothe ( apaiser )
Attention les verbes to examinate et to provocate n'existent pas.
ANGLAIS – Chapter 3 : Staff and Tools
To promote sleep : promouvoir le sommeil
To be absorb into the blood stream : être absorbé dans le flux sanguin
To stimulate the production of hormones : stimuler la production d'hormone
To interfere with other drugs : interférer avec d'autres médicaments
To suppress nausea : supprimer la nausée
To have an inhibitory effect : avoir un effet inhibiteur
To impair the ability to drive : empêche la conduite
To dilate the blood vessels : dilater les vaisseaux sanguins
To cause side effects : causer des effets secondaires
To reduce the heart rate : réduire la fréquence cardiaque
To alleviate pain : soulager la douleur
To soothe inflammation : soulager l'inflammation
To replace abnormal losses of body fluids : remplacer les pertes anormales de fluides corporels
Condition where the heart suffers from detective blood supply because one of the arteries becomes blocked by a
blood clot : Heart Attack
Substance given to make a patient lose consciousness so that a major surgical operation can be carried out :
general anesthesic
Soft tissue in cancellous bone : Bone marrow
Treatment of illness by surgery : Surgical operation
A child's first teeth, which are gradually replaced by permanent teeth : milk-teeth
Surgery which repairs defective or deformed parts of body : plastic surgery
Condition where the nerves in the brain stem have died, and the patient can be certfied as dead although the
heart may not have stopped beating : brain death
Way in which a doctor behaves towards a patient ( or a patient who is in bed ) : bedside manner
Effect ( such as skin rash or sneezing ) produced by a substance to which a person has an allergy : allergic
Trial carried out in a medical laboratory on a patient or on tissue from a patient : clinical trial
Cancer, a tumour which is cancerous and can reappear or spread into other tissue, even if removed surgically :
malignant tumor
Doctor who treats many patients in a district for all type of illness, though not specializing in any branch of
medicine : general practitioner
Rythm of daily activities and bodily processes frequently controlled by hormones, which repeats every 24
hours : circadian rythm
All the organs in the body that are associated with the digestion of food : Digestive system
Diet that provides all the nutrients needed in the correct proportions : balanced diet.