PROPOSITION INFINITIVE ( to want, to like ....)

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Proposition infinitive
On emploie la proposition infintive après :
Want …………., like …………,ask ………………., expect ………………….., hate …………………,
need ……………., order ………………., prefer ………………. , wait for …………………………….
Exemple : I want him to go out (Je veux qu’il sorte)
Dans ce test vous devez transformer les 2 phrases de façon à n'en faire qu'une avec cette tournure .
Exemple : I want......he goes out .............. devient : I want him to go out
1. She wants ______________________________(he reads a book)
2. We want ______________________________ (she visits London)
3. They want ______________________________ (we eat cheese)
4. He wants ______________________________ (they go swimming)
5. I want ______________________________ (you speak fluent English)
6. You wanted ______________________________ (I drive slowly)
7. She wanted ______________________________ (we go to the cinema)
8. I would like ______________________________ (they play football)
9. She expects ______________________________ (we buy a new dress)
10. He expected ______________________________ (she passes her exams)
Trouver la tournure avec une proposition infinitive, très courante en anglais.
1. I want (que tu viennes) with me. ______________________________
2. They want (que tu sois là) for his birthday party. ______________________________
3. She wants (qu'il apprenne) French. ______________________________
4. We want (que tous les enfants soient heureux). ______________________________
5. You want (que je lui dise tout) ? ______________________________
reconstituer la phrase.
1. daughter to Mrs help her Fox her. asked ………………………………………………………………………………………
2. to you Why does Joe call want him ? ………………………………………………………………………………………
3. my me I pocket would money. like parents to give ………………………………………………………………………
4. did to ? you What tell your do brother ………………………………………………………………………………………
5. my do want to children I smoke. not ………………………………………………………………………………………
6. ? headmaster has she to Why come asked the ………………………………………………………
7. drive think police you I will not fast. tell to so the ……………………………………………………………………
8. me tea to you Would nice cup a like ? you of bring ……………………………………………………………………
9. their Which would to do exercise them teacher like ? ……………………………………………………………
10. to less will ? tell make noise her When children she ………………………………………………………………
11. to the she order Why doesn't stay dog house in her ? ………………………………………………………………
Construire des phrases avec « to want + proposition infinitive », suivant le modèle :
You must come tomorrow. (I) I want you to come tomorrow.
1. You must wait for us. (We) ______________________________
2. They must listen to me. (I) ______________________________
3. We must write to our friends more often. (Our friends) ______________________________
4. We mustn't be late. (The teacher) ______________________________
5. I must buy my wife a gold watch. (My wife) ______________________________
6. They must learn German. (Their parents) ______________________________
7. John must mow the lawn. (John's father) ______________________________
8. She must give up smoking. (Her doctor) ______________________________
9. You mustn't play in the kitchen. (Your mother) ______________________________
10. She must tell us the truth. (We). ______________________________
Utiliser To want
Le verbe want s'emploie avec les constructions indiquées ci-dessous:
+ infinitif, pour exprimer la volonté d'accomplir une action.
Exemple:
I want to buy a new car.
+ complément+ infinitif, pour exprimer la volonté que d'autres accomplissent l'action:
Exemple:
I want you to be back before midnight.
+ gérondif, ayant un sens passif:
Exemple:
John's motorcycle wants servicing.
They want us to leave the house in three weeks
Dans l'exemple ci-dessus le verbe want exprime la volonté que d'autres accomplissent
l'action.
Fill in the blanks with the correct tense. Use a pronoun when suggested.
Questions:
1. Does she want ______________________________ (go) to Spain or to Italy at Easter?
2. These plants are drooping; they want ______________________________ (water).
3. My cousin Mary wants ______________________________ (I /go) on holiday with her.
4. Your hair wants ______________________________ (cut).
5. Our parents want ______________________________ (we /start) a new job
6. I don't want ______________________________ (you /spend) all your pocket money on records.
7. They didn't want ______________________________ (their children/go) to bed late.
REPONSES:
1) to go
2) watering
3) me to go
4) cutting
5) us to start
6) you to spend
7) their children to go
Remets les phrases dans le bon ordre
Attention: want est toujours suivi par TO + une base verbale
Questions:
go | wants | to | She | . | alley | bowling | to | the |
a | Why | doesn't | to | she | ? | video | want | game | buy |
go | . | the | to | I | want | concert | to |
want | ? | chocolate | Do | some | you |
the | to | to | swimming | He | . | go | wants | pool |
want | don't | . | You | a | pizza | piece | of |
go | I | to | want | to | bus. | by | school |
a | for | wants | her | breakfast. | She | banana |
buy | ? | to | What | he | want | does |
to | want | don't | ? | visit | Why | the | museum | you |
REPONSES:
She wants to go to the bowling alley . Why doesn't she want to buy a video game ? I want to go to the
concert . Do you want some chocolate ? He wants to go to the swimming pool . You don't want a piece
of pizza . I want to go to school by bus. She wants a banana for her breakfast. What does he want to
buy ? Why don't you want to visit the museum ?
Proposition infinitive
On emploie la proposition infintive après want, like,ask, expect, hate, need, order, prefer et wait for.
Exemple : I want him to go out
Dans ce test vous devez transformer les 2 phrases de façon à n'en faire qu'une avec cette tournure .
Exemple : I want......he goes out ..............doit devenir : I want him to go out
Questions:
1. She wants ______________________________(he reads a book)
2. We want ______________________________ (she visits London)
3. They want ______________________________ (we eat cheese)
4. He wants ______________________________ (they go swimming)
5. I want ______________________________ (you speak fluent English)
6. You wanted ______________________________ (I drive slowly)
7. She wanted ______________________________ (we go to the cinema)
8. I would like ______________________________ (they play football)
9. She expects ______________________________ (we buy a new dress)
10. He expected ______________________________ (she passes her exams)
REPONSES:
1) him to read a book
2) her to visit London
3) us to eat cheese
4) them to go swimming
5) you to speak fluent English
6) me to drive slowly
7) us to go to the cinema
8) them to play football
9) us to buy a new dress
10) her to pass her exams
Proposition infinitive
La proposition infinitive
1) On emploie la proposition infinitive après certains verbes comme want et like
Want/like +nom ou pronom complément + to -infinitif
I want her to come
Je veux qu’elle vienne
(Et non I want that she comes!)
I would like Jane to work better !
J’aimerais que Jane travaille mieux
(Et non I would like that Jane works better)
Remarque:
« Je veux que… » ne se traduit jamais par « I want that… »
2) Cette proposition infinitive est également employée après les verbes : ask, expect, hate, need,
order, prefer , wait for
I expect her to phone me
Je m’attends à ce qu’elle m’appelle
I need someone to help me
J’ai besoin que quelqu’un m’aide
I am waiting for Mike to come back
J’attends que Mike revienne
Remarques:
Notez que « expect » se traduit souvent par « supposer, penser, prévoir… »
I expect her to understand
Je suppose qu’elle comprendra
Notez que “I can’t wait for..to… “ correspond souvent à “Vivement que….”
I can’t wait for the holidays
I can’t wait to see him again
Exercice :
vivement les vacances
vivement que je le revoie
Construire une proposition infinitive avec les éléments indiqués
Questions:
to | you | I | with | come | us. | want |
Betty | phone | He | would | to | like | him. |
want | angry. | be | don't | I | to | Jim |
her. | to | listen | would | someone | She | to | like |
am | I | call | o'clock. | expecting | two | to | Wendy | at | me |
invite | to | Smith | dinner. | us | to | Mrs | I | expect |
He | lend | book. | wants | to | me | a | you |
he | football. | told | He | wanted | to | me | play | the | boys |
someone | her. | help | needs | She | to |
people | be | I | to | rude. | hate |
REPONSES:
I want you to come with us. He would like Betty to phone him. I don't want Jim to be angry. She
would like someone to listen to her. I am expecting Wendy to call me at two o'clock. I expect Mrs
Smith to invite us to dinner. He wants me to lend you a book. He told me he wanted the boys to play
football. She needs someone to help her. I hate people to be rude.
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