Français 1 1. We have learned about les infinitifs et les pronoms sujets. Now, we will focus on some regular verbs in French. These verbs follow a pattern. Their forms can be predicted. Some verbs that we will learn later are known as irregular verbs. Their forms do not follow a pattern. 2. These verbs are divided into 3 different groups or conjugations based on the infinitive ending of the verb. 3. The 3 regular verb groups in French are: Ending Infinitive ____-er______ danser (to dance) ____-ir______ finir (to finish) ____-re______ vendre (to sell) 4. First, we will work with –er verbs or what is known as the first conjugation. This is the most common infinitive ending. (Remember, an infinitive is the most basic form of a verb!) 5. La formule: This formula will apply to every regular –er verb in French! Step 1 – Create the stem… Drop the –er from the infinitive…danser Ex. – danser - You are left with the stem… dans- Step 2 – Create the verb form… ADD the personal endings to the stem to get the verb forms. These endings change to agree with the subject. Verb Form = Stem + -er endings Par exemple: ending goes here Infinitive danser (to dance) stem Sample conjugation for a regular –er verb… danser (to dance) Singulier 1st danser (to dance) Pluriel Je danse Nous dansons 2nd Tu danses 3rd Vous dansez Il/Elle/On danse Ils/Elles dansent • Paul • Anne • Le garçon • La fille • Paul et Luc • Anne et Lise • Les garçons • Les filles These noun subjects take the same form as their pronouns! These noun subjects take the same form as their pronouns! NOTE: danse, danses, and dansent sound exactly the same! 7. In French, the verb forms change according to the subjects just as they do in English! Ex. – I dance, you dance, but he/she dances. 8. In English,we have several different equivalents for the French. Ex. – Je danse. I dance. I do dance. I am dancing. Essayez: Use the notes and model above, conjugate the following –er verb! parler (to speak) Singulier Pluriel 1st Je Nous 2nd Tu Vous 3rd Il/Elle/On Ils/Elles parler (to speak) Singulier 1st Pluriel Je parle Nous parlons 2nd Tu parles Vous parlez 3rd Il/Elle/On parle Ils/Elles parlent Fin!