Integrating food chain objectives and local development

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Integrating food chain objectives and local development
contribution in French Mediterranean livestock farming systems
Aubron3 C., Lasseur1 J., Boutonnet2 J.P., Moulin3 C.H., Napoleone1 M., Nozières2 M.O.
1
INRA, UR 767 EcoDév, Domaine Saint-Paul, Site Agroparc, F-84914 Avignon
2
INRA, UMR 951 Innovation – INRA-CIRAD-Supagro, 2 place Viala, F-34060 Montpellier
3
Montpellier Supagro, UMR 868 ERRC– INRA-CIRAD-Supagro, 2 place Viala, F-34060 Montpellier
Context evolution for livestock production in French Mediterranean area:
- Reduction of subsidies for agri-food chain
- Increasing of eco-conditionality and modulation
- Enhancing of livestock implication in territorial development
- Increasing of uncertainty in market, environment
- Increasing of social expectation from livestock production
⇒New trend: Do not control them; Have to do with
=> How to enhance adaptive capacity of livestok production systems?
A preliminary study based on three case-studies
Dairy goat in Southern Rhône-Alpes
Sheep meat in Southern Alps
450 farmers - 50 % milk producers (120 ewes),
50 % cheese producers ( 65 ewes)
2 industrial cheese factories
Some small size cheese factories for local niches
Picodon PDO
Changes in progress
Increasing “industrial scheme” in milk factories
Emerging direct sales under collective
organisation
Linking territorial projects and marketing chain
projects at a local scale
From 300 to 1500 ewes
A strong expectation for indoor and out of
season lambs
Sheep farming involved in landscape
management.
Marketing mainly driven by development of
a PGI and concentrating slaughtering
operations
New trend: Do not control uncertainty but
“have to do with”
Sheep meat in Cevennes
220 ewes
65% of lambs sold as store lambs for
fattening
10% of lambs sold in direct sales
Territory project based on local
slaughter house
Major area of cooperatives’ intervention
outside of this territory
Figure 1: Transversal analysis of articulation between marketing chain and territorial projects
;
CAP: subsidies per
capita (in ovine and
goat production)
Rome treaty,
Community Law on livestock
preference farming activities
/modernization
62
Law on French
mountain
80
CAP: subsidies
to agricultural
products
Spain and Portugal in
common marcket
CAP: subsidies to
agricultural activities
CAP: Decoupled
Payments, (50,%
in France)
CAP: Eco- conditionnality
and modulation
-
WTO
Stakes around Sustainable Development
90
00
Farming systems models based on intensification and rationalization of production ‘s factors enhanced by food chains and organizations of development
A
Development of
transformation and marketing
cooperatives
Legend
Segmenting range of
Sectorial project
Emergencie
territories
projects
products
Development of origin labels (PDO)
Territorial project
Spatial area
Situation A:
- Homogenisation of farming systems
- Exclusion of some systems
- Rationalizing delivery network
Recently: appearance of new organizations
articulating marketing chain and territorial
projects, closed to situation B
Removal (geographical or organizationnal ) from
territory of food chain
Need of territory rooting
Segmenting range of products
PDO: re -negociation of specifications
/ re-definition of geographical area
Identities practicies-product- territorie
Preservingproducts and pratices
Appearance of territories projects , focusing on « local »
We suggest that supporting
adaptive capacity of livestock
farming systems needs to:
Appearance of short chains , with collective organization
Some local niches with craft cooperatives
B
Appearance of direct sales
Maintenance of local models (darming systems diversified , based on grazing , using numerous type of ressources ( rangeland …
Appereance of farming systems extensified , using only rangeland pastures
Monitoring those three case studies in the MOUVE project (MOUVE
= Interactions between territory and livestock production in the stake
of the ecological intensification) - financement accepted, we will
analyse how adaptive capacity of livestock production systems is
enhanced considering the ways marketing chain and territorial
projects are articulated.
- Enhance articulation between
marketing chain and territorial
projects
- Enhance diversity at all scales and
promote new types of production
systems
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