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hose handling doc TKO AS2

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ContiTech Rubber Industrial Kft.
Hose Technical Department
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HANDLING
TKO AS2
8
1/6
31.07.2008
Invalidate the document TKO AS2 rev.7
INSTRUCTIONS FOR THE USE OF
CHOKE AND KILL LINES
ACC. TO API SPEC. 16C
AND
API SPEC. 16C DRAFT 07C
Prepared by:
Imre Domonkos
Revised by:
Approved by:
József Dávid
FOR BEST IMAGE QUALITY SUGGESTED TO PRINT IN 600 DPI
Gyula Bétéri
HANDLING
INSTRUCTIONS FOR THE USE OF CHOKE
AND KILL LINES
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TKO AS2
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1. INTRODUCTION
The function of flexible Choke and Kill lines is defined in API Spec 16C §9.14. as follows: “Choke and
Kill lines are an integral part of the surface and subsea blowout prevention equipment required for
drilling well control. The kill line provides a means of pumping fluid into the wellbore, when normal
circulation trough the drill string cannot be employed. The choke and kill line and manifold provide a
means of applying back pressure on the formation while circulation out formation fluid influx into the
wellbore following a "kick".”
The flexible Choke and Kill (C & K) hoses are designed and produced in general for topside application.
For subsea application the user must specify the differential external pressure requirement already at
the inquiry and later at the order.
These flexible hoses are made with fittings at each end.
Note:
- API Spec. 16 C: This is a specification for all of the equipment on a choke and kill system. The
API Spec. 16 C has several drafts and a final issue. The API standard indicates that it doesn't
inhibit from purchasing products to other specifications. e.g. the authority Det Norske Veritas
gives approval only for the hoses, which are produced according to the final API Spec 16C
standard.
- ContiTech Rubber can produce according to API Spec. 16 C and API Spec. 16 C Draft 07C.
The choices for the suitable standard or the draft standard are the task of user. Before the order is
given the user has to study and approve the selected standard. The present instruction could be used
for both type of kill and choke hoses.
Guidelines for the selection of Choke and Kill lines based on API Spec 16C para. 1.3: "Choke and kill
Systems are mobile and are moved to different areas, all service conditions they may be exposed to
cannot be defined in this document. However if severe corrosion, abrasion, temperatures or high levels
of sour gas are expected, the user and manufacturer shall jointly address the requirements and
determine the suitable product for the application."
If the user can't define the technical parameters of the unexpected kicks at uninvestigated oilfields, then
a decision has to be made for the hoses acc. to API Spec 16C. If the user can define the technical
parameters and there is no gas service with rapid decompressions during the lifetime of the hose
(except some gas bubbles which run only in seconds through the hoses), then hoses acc. to API Spec.
16C Draft 07/C can be ordered.
The purpose of the short instruction is to inform the users about the most important special knowledge
for the use of the hoses. A more detailed general publication for the handling, inspection and use -if it is
not yet present at the user- can be requested at the following address:
ContiTech Beattie Ltd.
Jubilee Industrial Estate
Ashington, Northumberland NE63 8UB England
Phone: +44 1670 528 700; Fax: +44 1670 520 535
e-mail: [email protected] WEB: www.contitechbeattie.co.uk
HANDLING
INSTRUCTIONS FOR THE USE OF CHOKE
AND KILL LINES
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Contitech Beattie, Corp.
11535 Brittmoore Park Drive Houston, TX 77041 USA
Phone: +1 832 327-0141 Fax: +1 832 327-0148
e-mail: [email protected] WEB: www.contitechbeattie.com
ContiTech Rubber Industrial Kft.
6728 Szeged, Budapesti út 10. Hungary
Phone: +36 62 566-901; Fax: +36 62 566-999;
e-mail: [email protected]
WEB: www.contitech-rubber.hu
2. CHECKS PRIOR TO INSTALLATION OF THE HOSES
Before installation the size, pressure range, service requirements, working temperature, bending radius
and subsea or topside execution have to be checked whether they are all in accordance with the
specification. Cross check to the hose data book and purchase order requirements.
Every individual element of the high pressure containment structure is sensitive to overloading.
Frequent rapid transients in the operational conditions, including pressure, temperature and mechanical
loads should be eliminated as a basis of operational philosophy, or limited as much as possible.
3. SPECIAL CONSIDERATIONS IN USE. (ADDITIONAL PRESCRIPTIONS SEE IN THE
GENERAL HANDLING INSTRUCTION!)
3.1. Collapse Resistance
Flexible lines subjected to subsea service shall be ordered and designed to with-stand the differential
external pressure for the operational depth without deforming to a point where they can no longer
function as the design specifies.
Collapse resistance requirement specification is the task of the purchaser. If there is no specification in
the order, the hoses are not designed for differential external pressure.
3.2. Excessive Axial Load
C&K hoses may never be exposed to more axial load as its full fluid filled weight.
3.3. Accidental External Impact Loads
These are amongst the most likely to cause permanent damage to the C&K line either by actually
crushing the flexible line or damaging the external sheath, therefore must be avoided or if happens the
manufacturer should be contacted.
3.4. Rapid decompression
Rapid decompression should be avoided, but if it has to be taken into account, the hose has to be
ordered according to API Spec. 16 C and then the user should take into account the exposure test
according to the API Spec. 16 C § 9.14.12. for what the hose is designed.
HANDLING
INSTRUCTIONS FOR THE USE OF CHOKE
AND KILL LINES
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3.5. Fluid properties
The flexible line materials are selected with regard to probability of accommodating adverse chemicals
(sour conditions). In general C & K lines would be able to accommodate sour conditions only for a
limited period of time.
Choke and Kill hoses should never be used for well testing and production service.
Choke and kill hose can be used in cementing applications, but the cement hose must never be used
for choke and kill service.
In any event if there is any doubt as to the effect of particular chemicals on the flexible line the
manufacturer shall be consulted. Some information is included in the Appendix 1.
3.6.
Fluid Velocity
Fluid flowing through C & K flexible lines is almost certain to contain solids and the possibility of erosion
should be born in mind during operation. To determine the flow velocity in the Choke and Kill line the
regulation of API RP 14 E and DNV RP 0501 shall be taken into account.
3.7. Coupling Materials
Steel materials to manufacture couplings are usually either forged or rolled steel. Steel structural
elements (end-fittings) expected to see H2S service is in compliance with the recognised standards
such as NACE MR-0175 / ISO 15156.
3.8. Welding
No postwelding is allowed on the couplings
3.9 Temperature
The temperature ranges are
API Spec. 16C:
API Spec. 16C Draft 07/C:
-20°C ÷ +100°C
-18°C ÷ +121°C
-30°C ÷ +121°C
The working temperature has to be defined in order.
4. ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS (ORDER SPECIFIC!)
4.1. Fire Test (API Spec 16C §10.5.1.)
If fire rated C&K hose is required, it has to be able to withstand a 700 °C fire test for 30 minutes
duration. The hose may not have visible leakage under normal working pressure as a result of the fire
test during the test period, approved by Lloyd’s Register Shipping.
HANDLING
INSTRUCTIONS FOR THE USE OF CHOKE
AND KILL LINES
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4.2. High Temperature Exposure Test (API Spec 16C §10.5.2.)
This test is intended to determine the maximum temperature that a flexible choke and kill line will
withstand for a short duration when exposed to the rated working pressure. This test represents severe
survival condition, and this is not used to define the temperature rating of the flexible line. It is
imperative that both the line structure and the end terminations be exposed to the temperature
excursions during the tests.
Upon reaching the rated working pressure and maximum design temperature, the temperature is raised
at a rate not to exceed 2.8 °C / hour to 177 ±5.5 °C and held for one hour.
At the end of one hour, the temperature is raised at a rate not to exceed 2.8 °C. per hour until failure
occurs. Failure is defined, as a fluid leak in the end connection the body of the lines or burst of line. The
temperature and total time of exposure to 177 °C and above should be recorded. Acceptance criteria
will be sustaining the 177 °C hold period at rated working pressure for one hour with no visible leakage.
HANDLING
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INSTRUCTIONS FOR THE USE OF CHOKE
AND KILL LINES
TKO AS2
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APPENDIX 1:
Product compatibility of Therban lined ContiTech Rubber Choke and Kill hoses
(Acc. to API Spec. 16C Draft 07C)
Temperature
Medium
Hydrochloric acid HCl
Hydrofluoric acid HF
Xylene C6H4 (CH3)2
Methanol CH3OH
Zinc bromide ZnBr2
Calcium bromide CaBr2
Calcium chloride CaCl2
Sea water
Diesel
Sodium hydroxide NaOH
Hydrogen sulfide H2S
Concentration
15%
0,6%
25%
100%
Saturated
Saturated
Saturated
100%
50%
20% for C&K
o
o
0C
75 F
o
o
-18 Co 24 C
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
L
L
+
+
o
o
o
150 F 200 F 250 F
o
66 C
+
L
L
L
L
+
+
+
o
o
93 C
L
L
L
L
+
+
121 C
L
L
L
L
+
Product compatibility of PA lined choke and kill lines Acc. to API Spec 16C
Medium
Concentration
Temperature
o
Hydrochloric acid HCl
Hydrofluoric acid HF
Methanol CH3OH
Zinc bromide ZnBr2
Calcium bromide CaBr2
Calcium chloride CaCl2
Methane CH4
Diesel
Crude oil
Hydrogen sulphide H2S
Sodium hydroxide NaOH
Xylene C6H4 (CH3)2
+
L
OK
Not suitable
Limited application
15%
3%
100%
Saturated
Saturated
Saturated
100%
100%
100%
<10%
<20%
100%
-18 Co
+
L
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
o
24 C
+
L
+
+
+
+
+
L
+
o
66 C
L
L
+
+
+
+
+
o
100 C
L
L
+
+
+
+
L
o
121 C
+
+
+
+
-
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