Antoine ITALIANO, MD, PhD Institut Bergonié Innovative Molecular Targets and Cancer Therapeutics

publicité
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Innovative Molecular Targets
and Cancer Therapeutics
Antoine ITALIANO, MD, PhD
Institut Bergonié
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Innovative Molecular Targets
and Cancer Therapeutics
One Priority :
Improving access to tailored treatment and innovative
drugs for cancer patients from the Aquitaine Region
Work Package 1:
Predictive biomarkers and cancer database
Main objective:
Identification of predictive biomarkers to improve
tailoring of anti-cancer therapies
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Work Package 1:
Predictive biomarkers and cancer database
Development of research programs which aimed to
- identify predictive signature of response to anti-cancer therapies
- create datasets (clinical and molecular) that will be available to
the scientific community
Input of the SIRIC: developing strategic partnership that will bring
together the multidisciplinar expertise and resources needed
• to identify such signatures in three major tumor types : breast
cancer, soft-tissue sarcomas, renal cell carcinoma
→ Sharing staff and molecular platforms,
bioinformatics department
reinforcing the
• To create a renal cancer tumor bank and database similar to that
already developped for soft-tissue sarcomas
→ Sharing experience and methodological skills from sarcoma
investigators
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Work Package 1:
Predictive biomarkers and cancer database
Grant obtained from the Association pour la Recherche contre le cancer (2012): 300 KE
SIRIC support: bioinformatics, statistician
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Work Package 1:
Highlights
National Renal Cancer Database: Patients data and Tumor bank
Official approval by
regulatory authorities
(CNIL): April 2013
2100 patients included
by 2016
Several projects in the
starting blocks: RoPaN,
CARLA, CARARE….
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Work Package 2
New drugs and tumor targets:
proof of concept clinical trials
Main objective:
Improving access to phase 1 and early phase 2 trials
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Early Phase 1 Unit (Institut Bergonié)
Main objective:
120 patients in Phase
1 trials in 2018
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• Task2.1: Setting up innovative academic projects
• Task2.2: Creating a new balance of more industrysponsored trials relative to academic studies to ensure
sufficient funding to support own clinical/translational
research enterprise
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Work Package 2
Task 1: Innovative academic early phase trials
Early phase Trials Units labelled by the French NCI: CLIP2 Network
CLCC Villejuif
CLCC Caen
CLCC Paris
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CHU Nantes
CLCC Nantes
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CLCC Bordeaux
CHU Bordeaux
HEGP
CLCC Dijon
CLCC Clerm ont
SIRIC
BRIO
Saint Louis
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CLCC Lyon
CHU Lyon sud
2
CLCC M ontpellier
CLCC Toulouse
CLCC M arseille
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Work Package 2
Task 1: Innovative academic early phase trials
CLIP2 Network: Academic Early Phase 2 Studies
 Broaden development in relevant tumor types
• Industry focus on limited number of indications
dictated by market considerations
 Combinations of targeted agents a high priority
• 8 phase I/II trials initiated since 2012
 Explore
• Alternative methods of drug administration
• Mechanism of Action/Proof of Principle/Biomarkers
 Mass of sollicitation request: French (every 3
months) and US NCI
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Early Phase Trials: Collaboration NCI / INCa
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Firms
INCa
NCI/CTEP
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French centres Network
1: Firms ask NCI (through CTEP) for a specific development of one of their agents by NCI investigation centres
2: NCI/CTEP issue a « mass solicitation request » to US centres opened now to INCa
3: INCa solicits the French network (16 centres CLIP²) on this specific “letter of intent” (protocol synopsis)
4: Answers from the French centres are reviewed by INCa
5: The French letters of intent are submitted to NCI/CTEP by INCa for formal review
6: If approved by NCI, the project is submitted to the firm for definite approval: Full protocol , drug
importation to France as well as patients accrual will follow
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Early Phase Trials: Collaboration NCI / INCa
Work Package 2
Task 1: Innovative academic early phase trials
HIGHLIGHTS:
New trials planned to start by in 2013-2014
 CYCLIGIST: Safety and efficacy of PD-0332991 in patients with GIST
refractory to imatinib and sunitinib (sponsor: Institut Bergonié, Funding French
NCI)
 MetroMAJX: Phase I study of JX-594 and metronomic
cyclophosphamide in breast cancer and sarcoma patients (sponsor:
Institut Bergonié, Funding French NCI)
 METZOLIMOS: Phase I study of metronomic cyclophosphamide,
methotrexate, sirolimus and zoledronic acid in osteosarcoma
patients (sponsor: Institut Bergonié, Reliable Cancer Therapies)
 CABOSARC: Phase 2 study of cabozantinib in relapsed
osteosarcoma and ewing sarcoma (sponsor: Institut Bergonié, Funding
French NCI, Drug provided by the US NCI)
Total grant > 2 100 000 Euros
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Work Package 2
Task 2: Developing Industry-sponsored studies
• An increasing amount of sponsored research is coming from
pharmaceutical companies for clinical trials targeted to a
specific mutation.
• A modest amount of molecular screening is now being done in
routine practice.
• We are anticipating a future when all incoming patients will be
offered their “mutational smorgasbord” data in order to make
them ready to enroll in a clinical trial matching their profile.
Upcoming Phase I and Early Phase II Trials
Study Type
Study title
First in human subjects
A Study of AG-120 as Monotherapy in Patients With Advanced
Solid Tumors
Combinations of approved + new agents
Phase I/II study of LY2228820 with radiotherapy plus
concomitant TMZ in the treatment of newly diagnosed glioblastoma
-A Phase 1b, open-label, dose escalation study of the safety,
tolerability and efficacy of LY2780301 (a p70/Akt inhibitor) in
combination with Gemcitabine in Patients with Advanced or
Metastatic Cancer
-A Phase I, multi-centre, open-label study in patients with solid
tumors to assess the tolerability of S-222611 in combination with
various anticancer agents and to examine their pharmacokinetics.
-A randomised phase II study of LY2228820 plus Tamoxifene in
breast cancer patients.
- A Phase II, Open-label, Study in Patients with BRAF V600E-Mutated
Rare Cancers with Several Histologies to Investigate the Clinical
Efficacy and Safety of the Combination Therapy of Dabrafenib and
Trametinib
New agents in special populations
- An Open-label, Non-randomised, Multicentre, Comparative, Phase
I Study to Determine the Pharmacokinetics, Safety and Tolerability
of Olaparib following a Single Oral 300 mg Dose to Patients with
Advanced Solid Tumours and Normal Hepatic Function or Mild or
Moderate Hepatic Impairment
- An Open-label, Non-randomised, Multicentre, Comparative, Phase I
Study of the Pharmacokinetics, Safety and Tolerability of Olaparib
Following a Single Oral 300 mg Dose to Patients with Advanced
Solid Tumours and Normal Renal Function or Renal Impairment
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Improving inclusion even in rare molecular « niches »:
Molecular Screening Program
Routine molecular screening (NGS) starting January 2014:
- Ion AmpliSeq™ Comprehensive Cancer Panel
- Comparative genomic hybridization
- Immunohistochemistry: EGFR, HER2, ALK, MET, GLI, p-AKT, PTEN
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I m proving inclusion even in rare m olecular « niches » :
Collaboration netw ork
CLIPP
CHU Bx
Coord. : A. Ravaud
Institut Bergonié
Coord. : A. Italiano
CLIPP
Institut Claudius
Regaud
Coord. : J.P.
Delord
CLIPP
Centre Val d’Aurelle
Coord. : D. Tosi
et M. Ychou
Pre-Screening in partner centers to improve inclusion even in rare molecular « niches »
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Work Package 2
Task 3: Developing Translational Research
• Special focus on mechanisms of secondary resistance to
innovative agents tested in the clinical setting
• Example: Mechanisms of secondary resistance to MDM2
inhibitors
• Other projects: secondary resistance to PI3K/MTOR, FGFR2
pathway
Work Package 2: Publications
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Italiano A, et al. GDC-0449 In Patients With Advanced Chondrosarcomas: A French Sarcoma Group/ US And French National Cancer
Institute Single-Arm Phase II Collaborative Study. Ann Oncol 2013, In Press
Floquet A, et al. Pegylated liposomal doxorubicin and cyclophosphamide in early recurrent ovarian carcinoma: phase I dose-finding study.
Cancer Chemother Pharmacol 2013, In Press
Bonnefoi H, et al. An European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer phase I study of lapatinib and docetaxel as
neoadjuvant treatment for human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) positive locally-advanced/inflammatory or large operable
breast cancer.Eur J Cancer. 2013;49:281-9.
Cassier PA, Lefranc A, Y Amela E, Chevreau C, Bui BN, Lecesne A, Ray-Coquard I, Chabaud S, Penel N, Berge Y, Dômont J, Italiano A,
Duffaud F, Cadore AC, Polivka V, Blay JY. A phase II trial of panobinostat in patients with advanced pretreated soft tissue sarcoma. A study
from the French Sarcoma Group. Br J Cancer. 2013; 109:909-14.
Ray-Coquard I, Favier L, Weber B, Roemer-Becuwe C, Bougnoux P, Fabbro M, Floquet A, Joly F, Plantade A, Paraiso D, Pujade-Lauraine
E. Everolimus as second- or third-line treatment of advanced endometrial cancer: ENDORAD, a phase II trial of GINECO. Br J Cancer.
2013;108:1771-7.
Chevreau C, Le Cesne A, Ray-Coquard I, Italiano A, Cioffi A, Isambert N, Robin YM, Fournier C, Clisant S, Chaigneau L, Bay JO,
Bompas E, Gauthier E, Blay JY, Penel N. Sorafenib in patients with progressive epithelioid hemangioendothelioma: a phase 2 study by the
French Sarcoma Group (GSF/GETO). Cancer. 2013;119:2639-44.
Natarajan-Amé S, Park S, Ades L, Vey N, Guerci-Bresler A, Cahn JY, Etienne G, Bordessoule D, Ravoet C, Legros L, Cheze S,
Stamatoullas A, Berger E, Schmidt A, Charbonnier A, Chaury MP, Braun T, Fenaux P, Dreyfus F; Groupe Francophone des
Myélodysplasies (GFM). Bortezomib combined with low-dose cytarabine in Intermediate-2 and high risk myelodysplastic syndromes. A
phase I/II Study by the GFM. Br J Haematol. 2012;158:232-7.
Ray-Coquard I, Blay JY, Italiano A, Le Cesne A, Penel N, Zhi J, Heil F, Rueger R, Graves B, Ding M, Geho D, Middleton SA, Vassilev LT,
Nichols GL, Bui B. Effect of the MDM2 antagonist RG7112 on the P53 pathway in patients with MDM2-amplified, well-differentiated or
dedifferentiated liposarcoma: an exploratory proof-of-mechanism study. Lancet Oncol 2012;13:1133-40.
Kurtz JE, Freyer G, Joly F, Gladieff L, Kaminski MC, Fabbro M, Floquet A, Hardy-Bessard AC, Raban N, Ray-Coquard I, Pujade-Lauraine
E; GINECO Group, France. Combined oral topotecan plus carboplatin in relapsed or advanced cervical cancer: a GINECO phase I-II trial.
Anticancer Res. 2012;32:1045-9.
Gronchi A, Bui BN, Bonvalot S, Pilotti S, Ferrari S, Hohenberger P, Hohl RJ, Demetri GD, Le Cesne A, Lardelli P, Pérez I, Nieto A,
Tercero JC, Alfaro V, Tamborini E, Blay JY. Phase II clinical trial of neoadjuvant trabectedin in patients with advanced localized myxoid
liposarcoma.Ann Oncol. 2012;23:771-6.
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W.P. 3 Development of Innovative Imaging Solution for Accurate
Early Assessment of Tumor Response to Targeted Therapies
Three axis of research
PET
Diffusion
MRI
DCE-US
One objective : Early assessment of tumor response
Academic collaborations: « Translational research and
advanced imaging Laboratory » (University of Bordeaux), PET
research unit (University hospital centre of Bordeaux)
Private partners: Siemens, Generel Electric, Appolo Medical
Imaging, IBA-CisBio
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W.P. 3 Development of Innovative Imaging Solution for
Accurate Early Assessment of Tumor Response to Targeted
Therapies
Potential Input of the SIRIC
• Favoring the development of new imaging agents, methods and
applications in cancer with translation to appropriate clinical trials.
• Provide organizational support for integration of imaging research
programs in early phase trials conducted by the phase 1 units of the
SIRIC
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Key Objectives for 2014
 WP1-Validation of the predictive signature to
trabectedin
 WP1- first studies from the renal cancer database
published
 WP2: New success to a sollicitation mass from the
French/US NCI
 WP2: Implementation in routine of molecular
screening for phase 1 patients
 WP2: Increase by 20% the number of patients
included in industry sponsored phase 1 trials
 WP3:First study to be designed with DCE-US as an
early marker of chemotherapy efficacy in breast and
sarcoma patients
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Acknowledgement
 Phase 1 medical staff: A. Italiano, A. Ravaud, M.
Toulmonde,
 Molecular platform/Pathology: JP. Merlio, I.
Soubeyran
 Informatics / Bio-informatics: C. Lucchesi
 Methodology of Clinical Trials: S. Mathoulin, C.
Bellera
 Database: JC Bernhard, A Ravaud
 Imaging: F. Cornelis, M. Kind, J. Palussière,
 Translational Research Unit: B. Fourneau, A. Laroche,
V. Chaire
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