LE PRESENT SIMPLE vs LE PRESENT EN

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LE PRESENT SIMPLE vs LE PRESENT EN BE + ING
Le problème: en français, on n'a qu'un seul présent. En anglais, il y en a deux principaux. Comment faire pour choisir le bon?
PRESENT EN -ING
Principaux
Emplois
Forme
affirmative
une action en cours:
une habitude: I always go to school at 08.00 am.
I am reading a book.
des gouts: I like going to the beach.
une justification:
des sentiments : I hate vegetables
I can't go to the beach because I'm doing my
homework.
une verité génerale : Water boils at 100°C
AUXILIAIRE BE au présent + verbe en -ING
BASE VERBALE à toutes les formes, sauf à la 3e personne du singulier
(he/she/it) où il faut ajouter un -s
ex: I am playing, you are playing, he/she/it is playing,
we are playing, you are playing, they are playing
ex: I play, you play, he/she/it plays, we play, you play, they play
1) Les verbes se terminant par "-e", perdent leur "e":
smoke -> he is smoking
Exceptions
PRESENT SIMPLE
1) Quand le verbe se termine par "ch", "s", "sh", "x", "z", "o", on
ajoute "-es" à la 3e p sg: she goes, he catches
2) Les verbes d'une syllabe se terminant par
"consonne-voyelle-consonne" doublent la consonne
finale: run -> running
2) Quand le verbe se termine par "-y", le "-y" se transforme en "-i" à la
3e p. sg: study -> he studies.
Forme
négative
Utiliser NOT à toutes les formes
ex: I am not playing
Utiliser DO NOT ou DON'T à toutes les formes, sauf à la 3e personne
du singulier (utilisez DOES NOT = DOESN'T)
ex: I don't play, she doesn't play
Forme
interrogative
Faire l'inversion de BE
ex: Are you playing football?
Faire l'inversion de DO ou DOES (3e personne du singulier)
ex: Do you play football? Does he play football?
Réponses
courtes
Utiliser BE
ex: Yes, I am. No, he isn't.
Utiliser DO ou DOES
ex: Yes, I do. No, he doesn't.
Exercice: Compléter soit par le présent simple soit par le présent be-ing. Ne pas mettre de formes
contractées.
1. Now,I
(do) my homework.
2. Everyday,I
(watch) TV.
3. Chris can't come tonight because he
4. I
(hate) fish.
5. My sisters and my brother
6. Listen!He
(look) at the competition just now.
(sing).
7. My parents always
8. I
(walk) his dog.
(wake up) at 08.30 am
(love) Easter Island because it's natural.
Compléter avec le verbe entre parenthèses, conjugué au présent simple ou au présent en ING:
1. We _______________ (not/think) that you should buy this dress.
2. At the moment, he _______________ (learn) German for his job.
3. We usually _______________ (take) a taxi to go to work.
4. How often _______________ (you go) to the swimming-pool?
5. The cinema _______________ (close) at 7 pm.
6. Look! She _______________ (watch) TV.
7. Courses generally _______________ (begin) on the third of September.
8. When _______________ (he arrive) home in the evenings?
9. What _______________ (you/read) at the moment?
10. They _______________ (not/live) in Washington; they _______________ (live) in New
York.
11. We usually _______________ (take) a taxi to go to work.
12. It _______________ (work). I think it's broken.
13. He _______________ (not/get up) early on Mondays.
14. I _______________ (not/believe) in witches.
15. The Sun's rays _______________ (take) eight minutes to reach the Earth.
16. They _______________ (study) at the moment.
Compléter avec le verbe entre parenthèses, conjugué au présent simple ou au présent en -ING:
1. We _______________ (not/think) that you should buy this dress.
2. At the moment, he _______________ (learn) German for his job.
3. We usually _______________ (take) a taxi to go to work.
4. How often _______________ (you go) to the swimming-pool?
5. The cinema _______________ (close) at 7 pm.
6. Look! She _______________ (watch) TV.
7. Courses generally _______________ (begin) on the third of September.
8. When _______________ (he arrive) home in the evenings?
9. What _______________ (you/read) at the moment?
10. They _______________ (not/live) in Washington; they _______________ (live) in New
York.
11. We usually _______________ (take) a taxi to go to work.
12. It _______________ (work). I think it's broken.
13. He _______________ (not/get up) early on Mondays.
14. I _______________ (not/believe) in witches.
15. The Sun's rays _______________ (take) eight minutes to reach the Earth.
16. They _______________ (study) at the moment.
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