The fields of application of ubiquitous systems For MSCPS 2 By Imen Ben Lahmar 2021-2022 https://sites.google.com/site/imenlahmar/ Application fields • • • • • • • Smart home Disaster / battlefield management Museum management Alert management (parking, children, etc.) Supply Chain Warehouse management etc 2 Smart home • Smart homes are environments “augmented” by: – Heterogeneous networks – Sensor networks – Processors embedded in devices, clothing, jewelry, etc. – Household appliances connected to the network – Information devices 3 Smart Home>> heteregeneous networks • wireless: WiFi, Bluetooth, 5G, UWB, Zigbee... • wired : Ethernet, Electrical wires, X10, power line… 4 Smart home >> sensors • Various sensors are used for a smart home in order to identify objects and/or persones • Example of sensors – Smart tags (RFID) – Cameras, – Microphones – Fingerprint sensor – Location sensors e.g., GPS –… 5 RFID • RFID is an acronym for "Radio-Frequency Identification". • A micro chip in a label used to transfer data when the label is spread to radio waves. • RFID means a tag can be read 1 m over the air • It Identify objects from distance Smart Home>> embedded processor – Embedded processors in home appliances, jewelry and clothing 7 Smart home >> information device • Information devices – Fixed: smart boards, Icebox, touch screens … – Mobile: PC, mobile phone, PDAs, tablet… 8 Smart home>> Examples of services • Smart homes can – Help professionals provide better care by • assisting people with cognitive deficits, disabilities or illnesses in order to promote their autonomy – Provide a sense of security for residents – Monitor and control remotely homes • The residence as a whole becomes a cognitive orthosis 9 Example of assistance • A simple interface on a touch screen • Each step is illustrated with images and videos • Connected to the Supervision environment in step-by-step mode • Audio reminders • Assistance in locating objects 10 Assistance in locating objects • The user explicitly asks for help in locating objects • An assistant suggests objects relevant to the task to be performed • The user chooses the object to locate • The system highlights the object in the environment 11 Other examples of home automation • Plates-formes de tests – Appartement Domus (University of sherbrooke) – ISpace (Unversité of Essex) – Smart Room (Supélec of Metz) – Lille Métropole Ubiquitaire – Smart Surroundings (University of Twente – Netherlands) – The Pervasive Interaction Lab (The Open University, Milton Keynes UK) –… 12 Application use case • In the area of traveler information, we wanted to define a system that provides information to travelers based on their direct environment to help them make their trip. The system can react instantly with planned travel times using a car or public transport using real-time data. The collected information may represent traffic flow, travel time, optimal route, air quality, weather 1. Identify the type of requested system : ubiquitous, mobile distributed. Justify your choice 2. Identify the required equipments for the implementation of this system. Explain the role and type of each equipment.