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Électricité - Home Wiring

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NO.1
STEP BY STEP
GUIDE BOOK ON
BLACK WIRE ATTACHED
TO BRASS TERMINAL SCREW
GROUND
WIRES
LOADED WITH
SIMPLE, EASY TO
FOLLOW WIRING
DIAGRAMS
ALL ABOUT OUTLETS
HOW TO WIRE THREE-WAY
SWITCHES
PAGE 30
FROM/
POWER
SOURCE
COMMON
TERMINAL
SCREW
(Black or Copper
Colored)
12-2 WIRE
(WITH GROUND)
PAGE 25
TABLE OF CONTENTS
PAGE
HOW THE HOME ELECTRICAL SYSTEM WORKS .................................2, 3, 28
HOW TO TURN OFF MAIN POWER SUPPLY ....................................................4
THE THREE WAYS TO GET POWER TO YOUR NEW WIRING JOB ................5
HOW THE GROUND WIRE WORKS IN PLASTIC BOXES.............................6, 7
ALL ABOUT ELECTRIC WIRE ........................................................................8, 9
HOW TO USE WIRENUTS AND SCREW TERMINALS ....................................10
HOW TO INSTALL WIRING IN NEW WALLS AND PETITIONS.......................11
THE MOST COMMON MEASUREMENTS FOR OUTLETS AND SWITCHES .12
ALL ABOUT THE GROUND WIRE ....................................................................13
HOW TO WIRE ELECTRIC DRYERS AND RANGES .................................14,15
WATTS USED BY VARIOUS ELECTRICAL ITEMS..........................................16
HOW TO FMD THE CAUSE OF A SHORT CIRCUIT........................................ 17
HOW TO FIX FLOURESCENT LIGHTS.............................................................18
HOW TO WIRE BOXES, FIXTURES AND SWITCHES .....................................19
COLOR CODING OF WIRES, AND SCREW TERMINALS ...............................20
ELECTRICAL SYMBOLS ALSO ALL ABOUT SWITCHES ..............................21
HOW TO ADD NEW OUTLETS TO EXISTING ONES.................................22, 23
ALL ABOUT OUTLETS ............................................................................24 to 29
ALL ABOUT 3 WAY SWITCHES..............................................................30 to 37
ALL ABOUT SINGLE POLE SWITCHES .................................................38 to 43
ALL ABOUT 4 WAY SWITCHES .......................................................................44
HOW TO WIRE OUTLET AND LIGHT WITH PULL CHAIN ..............................45
HOW TO WIRE OUTLET - SWITCH AND LIGHT........................................46, 47
ELECTRICAL
TERMS........................................................................................48
IMPORTANT
ALL OF THE ILLUSTRATIONS IN THIS BOOK SHOW TYPICAL WIRING METHODS, ACTUAL INSTALLATIONS MUST BE ADAPTED TO INDIVIDUAL REQUIREMENTS, SO FOLLOW NATIONAL, STATE, AND
LOCAL ELECTRICAL CODES.
STEP BY STEP GUIDE BOOK CO. HAS MADE EVERY EFFORT TO ENSURE ACCURACY AND RELIABILITY OF THE INFORMATION INSTRUCTIONS, AND DIRECTIONS IN THIS BOOK; HOWEVER, IT IS IN NO
WAY TO BE CONSTRUED AS A GUARANTEE.
STEP BY STEP GUIDE BOOK CO. IS NOT LIABLE IN CASE OF MISINTERPRETATIONS OF THE DIRECTIONS, HUMAN ERROR OR TYPOGRAPHICAL MISTAKES.
Author: Ray McReynolds
IF YOU CANT FIND OUR BOOKS IN YOUR AREA,
CALL US ON OUR TOLL FREE PHONE NUMBER
FOR INFOMATION ON THEM. 1-800-678-1500 OR
WRITE TO:
Step-By-Step Guide Book Co.
P.O. Box 70865
Salt Lake City, Utah 84170
Copyright © 1982
Revised 1989
Revised 1990
Revised 1994
Step By Step Guide
Book Co.
WIRING COLOR GUIDE
WHITE WIRE
nfutral
c
• 1 1 1 1 1 im n
BLACK WIRE
RED WIRE
tor
hot
BARE WIRE ground wire
How the Home Electrical System Works
a
mat
NUT
WIRE NUT GUIDE
USE
RED
WIRE NUTS
WHERE WIRE NUTS ARE
USED
ON
THIS
PAGE
INCLUDING GROUND WIRES
Color coding of wire
• The black wire is HOT
• The white wire is NEUTRAL
Etch this wiring rule in your memory and keep it there.
NEVER CONNECT THE BLACK (HOT) WIRE TO THE
WHITE (NEUTRAL) WIRE. (Exception: see page 20)
Connect the black wire to the brass-colored terminal on
switches, receptacles, sockets, fuse boxes, and to the black
wires on pull chain fixtures. The white (neutral or ground
wire—also called the "continuous wire") is grounded at the
electric service switch. Connect it to the silver or light-colored
terminal of all receptacles, etc., and to the white wire on all
lighting fixtures. Again—never hook to the hot wire!
FROM
POWER
SOURCE
WHITE WIRE ATTACHED
TO WHITE OR SILVER
TERMINAL SCREW (
CIRCUIT
BREAKER BOX
12-2
BLACK WIRE ATTACHED
TO BRASS TERMINAL SCREW
WIRE '
(WITH GROUND)
CEILING BOX
GROUND WIRE ATTACHED
TO GREEN HEX GROUNDING
TERMINAL SCREW
• ON THIS PAGE WE SHOW USING METAL WALL AND METAL CEILING
BOXES. THE WIRING IN PLASTIC AND METAL BOXES IS THE SAME,
EXCEPT FOR THE GROUND WIRE. THE GROUND WIRE ATTACHES TO
THE METAL BOXES, IN PLASTIC IT DOES NOT, SEE PAGE 6 AND 7 FOR
MORE ON HOW THE GROUND WIRE WORKS IN PLASTIC BOXES.
GROUND
WIRES
/fr
•=="^
WIRE NUT GUIDE
A
MM
NUT
USE RED WIRE NUTS
WHERE WIRE NUTS ARE
USED
ON
THIS
PAGE
INCLUDING GROUND WIRES
CIRCUIT
BREAKER BOX
How the Home Electrical System Works
THE PICTURE BELOW SHOWS HOW THE POWER SUPPLY COMES OUT OF THE
BREAKER BOX SUPPLYING POWER TO THE OUTLETS AND HOW TO CHANGE
DIRECTION OF THE WIRE WITH THE USE OF A JUNCTION BOX.
CEILING BOX
FROM
POWER
SOURCE
12-2 WIRE
(WITH GROUND)
/'WHITE WIRE ATTACHED
TO WHITE OR SILVER
TERMINAL SCREW
BLACK WIRE ATTACHED
TO BRASS TERMINAL SCREW
GROUND WIRE ATTACHED
TO GREEN HEX GROUNDING
TERMINAL SCREW
JUNCTION
BOX
PUT COVERS ON JUNCTION BOXES.
ON THIS PAGE WE SHOW USING METAL WALL AND METAL CEILING
BOXES. THE WIRING IN PLASTIC AND METAL BOXES IS THE SAME,
EXCEPT FOR THE GROUND WIRE. THE GROUND WIRE ATTACHES TO
THE METAL BOXES, IN PLASTIC IT DOES NOT, SEE PAGE 6 AND 7 FOR
MORE ON HOW THE GROUND WIRE WORKS IN PLASTIC BOXES.
How to Turn off Main Power Supply
Before starting any work, you must disconnect
(or "kill") the circuit you'll be working on at its
source in the service panel. If your circuits are
protected by fuses, removing the appropriate fuse
disconnects the circuit from incoming service. In a
service panel equipped with circuit breakers, you
can disconnect a circuit by switching its breaker
to the OFF position.
To make sure you disconnect the correct circuit,
turn on a light that's connected to the circuit before
you remove the fuse or turn off the circuit breaker.
The light will go out when you've removed the
correct fuse or turned off the correct breaker.
If you have any doubt about which fuse or
breaker protects which circuit, shut off all current
coming into your home at the main disconnect
While you're at your service panel, spend another
moment to prevent a possible disaster. Tape a note
on the panel explaining what you're doing so no one
will come along and replace the fuse or reset the
circuit breaker while you're working on the wiring.
Then either carry the fuse with you in your pocket
or tape the circuit breaker in its OFF position.
Chart Shows Color Coding of Wires and Terminal Screws
Color of Wire
Color of Terminal
Screw
Hot — Neutral
or Grounding Wire
White
Silver or White
Neutral Wire
Black
Brass
Hot Wire
Red
Brass
Hot Wire
Green
Green
Grounding Wire
Bare Wire
Green
Grounding Wire
e
a
on
MAIN CIRCUIT BREAKER
0
e
1
SWITCHING THE MAIN BREAKER TO THE
OFF POSITION SHUTS OFF ALL POWER.
a
With the electricity turned off, you can work in
complete safety. Still, it's a good idea to keep a few
additional safety precautions in mind.
Remember that water and electricity don't mix.
Never work on wiring, fixtures, switches, or
appliances when you're wet or standing on a damp
spot. Lay down dry boards to stand on if the floor
or ground is wet.
— fH
n
9
3 .
-8 —
0
<B
CIRCUIT
BREAKER BOX
Pull-out block
t
fuses
Lever
Lever disconnect. An
external handle
controls contact with
two main fuses in the
cabinet. When you
pull the handle to the
OFF position, you shut
off the main power
supply.
Pull-out block. The
main cartridge fuses
are mounted on one or
two nonmetallic pullout blocks. By pulling
firmly on the handgrips, you can remove
the blocks from the
cabinet and disconnect
all power.
THE THREE WAYS TO GET POWER TO YOUR NEW WIRING JOB
Important To Your Safety
PICTURE f1
ALWAYS SHUT OFF POWER TO THE CIRCUIT YOU WILL BE WORKING ON, OR THE
ENTIRE HOUSE IF YOU ARE NOT SURE WHICH FUSE OR BREAKER CONTROLS THE CIRCUIT
NOTE:
YOU MUST
NOT EXCEED
THE NUMBER
OF POLES
OR SPACES
FOR WHICH
THE PANEL •
BOARD IS
2.
APPROVED
REGARDLESS OF
WHETHER
THERE IS
ROOM OR
SPACE IN
THE PANEL ,
FIRST YOU LOCATE THE CIRCUIT BREAKER BOX THAT
CONTRLOLS THE POWER COMING INTO THE HOUSE, SEE
IF THERE IS ANY ROOM LEFT FOR THE CIRCUIT
SEE IF THERE IS ROOM HERE
BREAKERS YOU NEED. IF THERE IS GET THE MAKE AND
FOR MORE BREAKERS
MODEL OFF OF IT AND GO TO YOUR LOCAL ELECT. PARTS
STORE AND PURCHASE THE BREAKERS YOU NEED. (SEE PICTURE t1)
SECOND, IF THERE IS NO ROOM LEFT IN CIRCUIT
BREAKER BOX, CHECK MAKE AND MODEL AS IN #1
ABOVE AND SEE IF THEY HAVE A NARROWER CIRCUIT
BREAKER THAT WILL FIT YOUR PARTICULAR BREAKER
BOX. MOST CIRCUIT BREAKERS ARE 1" THICK BUT THEY
MAKE SOME BREAKERS 1/2" THICK. TAKE OUT ONE THAT
IS 1" THICK AND INSTALL 2 - 1/2" THICK ONES. (SEE
PICTURE #2)
ON NUMBER 3. THIRD, IF WAYS #1 AND #2 DO NOT WORK FOR YOU, GO
TO YOUR LOCAL ELECT. PARTS STORE AND GET A
3 CHECK
SUB-PANEL THAT WILL WORK WITH THE MULTI BREAKER
WITH YOUR
YOU HAVE - BRAND ETC. GET ONE THAT HAS AS MANY
LOCAL ELECNEW BREAKERS AS YOU NEED FOR YOUR JOB. (SEE PICTURE #3)
TRICAL
INSPECTOR
TO SEE IF IT
IS PERMITImportant
TED.
IF USING #14-2 WIRE WITH GROUND, USE
IF THIS PANEL IS FULL, TRY AND
GET NARROW BREAKERS.
REGULAR MULTI BREAKER
WITH SUB-PANEL ADDED.
A 15 AMP BREAKER TO PROTECT THE LINE.
THIS SHOWS A BREAKER BEING ATTACHED
TO THE BREAKER BOX.
IF USING #12-2 WIRE WITH GROUND, USE
A 20 AMP BREAKER TO PROTECT THE LINE.
All About Circuit Breakers
ON POSITION
TRIPPED POSITION
OFF POSITION
RESET ACTION
Single Circuit Breaker
POSITIONS OF THE CIRCUIT
BREAKER HANDLE
Double Circuit Breaker
More and more circuit breakers are being used in place of
fuses. A circuit breaker looks something like a toggle switch, with
a handle that lets it be used just like a switch to turn power on and off.
Inside each breaker is a fairly simple mechanism which in
case of overload trips the breaker and disconnects the load. If a breaker trips
because of overload, in most brands you must force the handle beyond the OFF
position, then return it to ON, to reset it. On some brands however, the handle
merely goes to the OFF position; reset it by returning it to the ON position.
What is to be done when a breaker trips or a fuse blows?
Most people will say: reset the breaker, or install a new fuse. Correct, but first
find out why the fuse blew. Fuses are the safety valves of electrical installations.
WIRING COLOR GUIDE
WHITE WIRE
nmitral
How The Ground Wire Works
in Plastic Wall Boxes
T M I I I mill RED WIRE
RARE WIRE ground wire
12-2 WIRE
(WITH GROUND)
FROM
POWER
SOURCE
WHO* WIRE ATTACHED
TO WHITE OR SILVER
TERMINAL SCREW
WHITE WIRE ATTACHED
TO WHITE OR SILVER
TERMINAL SCREW
•LACK WIRE ATTACHED
TO BRASS TERMINAL SCREW
PLASTIC
WALL BOX
GROUND WIRES
GROUND WIRE ATTACHED
TO GREEN HEX GROUNDING
TERMINAL SCREW
GROUND WIRE ATTACHED
TO GREEN HEX GROUNDING
TERMINAL SCREW
12-2
WIRE
(WITH GROUND)
THE WIRING IN PLASTIC AND METAL BOXES IS THE SAME,
EXCEPT FOR THE GROUND WIRE. THE GROUND WIRE ATTACHES TO
THE METAL BOXES, IN PLASTIC IT DOES NOT
How to Wire Outlets
WIRING COLOR GUIDE
i BLACK WIRE MOT
WIRING TWO OUTLETS
____________ MOT
BARE WIRE GROUND WIRE
FROM
POWER
SOURCE
12-2 WIRE
(WITH GROUND)
WHITE WIRE ATTACHED
TO WHITE OR SILVER
TERMINAL SCREW
WHITE WIRE ATTACHED
TO WHITE OR SILVER
TERMINAL SCREW
WALL BOX
GROUND
WIRES
BLACK WIRE ATTACHED
TO BRASS TERMINAL SCREW
12-2
WIRE
BLACK WIRE ATTACHED
TO BRASS TERMINAL SCREW
(WITH GROUND)
GROUND WIRE ATTACHED
TO GREEN HEX GROUNDING
TERMINAL SCREW
ON THIS PAGE WE SHOW METAL BOXES. THE WIRING IN PLASTIC AND METAL BOXES IS THE SAME,
EXCEPT FOR THE GROUND WIRE. THE GROUND WIRE ATTACHES TO THE METAL BOXES, IN PLASTIC
IT DOES NOT, SEE PAGE 6 AND 7 FOR MORE ON HOW THE GROUND WIRE WORKS IN PLASTIC BOXES.
How The Ground Wire Works
in Plastic Wall and Ceiling Boxes
WIRING COLOR GUIDE
3 WHITE WIRE NEUTRAL
BLACK WIRE HOT
RED WIRE
HOT
BARE WIRE QROUNDWIRE
PLASTIC
CEILING BOX
PLASTIC
CEILING BOX
12-2
WIRE
(WITH GROUND)
GROUND
WIRE
PLASTIC
WALL BOX
POWER
SOURCE
WIRING COLOR GUIDE
WHITE WIRE
NEUTRAL
BLACK WIRE HOT
RED WIRE
HOT
BARE WIRE GROUND WIRE
12-2 WIRE
(WITH GROUND)
THE WIRING IN PLASTIC AND METAL BOXES IS THE SAME,
EXCEPT FOR THE GROUND WIRE. THE GROUND WIRE ATTACHES TO
THE METAL BOXES, IN PLASTIC IT DOES NOT
How To Wire Single Pole Switch
With Switch Controlling Two Lights
GROUND
WIRE
GROUND WIRES
CEILING BOX
WIRE NUT GUIDE
§
WIRE
NUT
USE
RED WIRE
NUTS
WHERE WIRE NUTS ARE
USED
ON THIS
PAGE
INCLUDING GROUND WIRES
12-2
(WITH
CEILING BOX
WIRE
GROUND)
/
f
WALL BOX
FROM
POWER
SOURCE
12-2 WIRE
(WITH GROUND)
ON THIS PAGE WE SHOW USING METAL WALL AND METAL
CEILING BOXES. THE WIRING IN PLASTIC AND METAL
BOXES IS THE SAME. EXCEPT FOR THE GROUND WIRE.
THE GROUND WIRE ATTACHES TO THE METAL BOXES, IN
PLASTIC IT DOES NOT, SEE PAGE 6 AND 7 FOR MORE ON
HOW THE GROUND WIRE WORKS IN PLASTIC BOXES.
r
All About Electric Wire
CHECK WITH LOCAL CODES ON WIRING
SIZES NEEDED FOR YOUR WIRING PROJECT
Chart Shows Copper Wire Size, Amps and Watts
Wire Size
(Actual Size)
•
NO. 1 4 wire
•
NO. 12 wire
•
Amps
Watts
(Also Fuse or
Circuit Breaker size)
(Based on 120 Volts)
at 80% loaded
IJ
amps
1800
watts
£\J
amps
2400 watts
NO. 1 0 wire
•30 amps
3600 watts
^P
NO. 8 wire
40
amps
4800 watts
^P
NO. 6 wire
JU
amps
6000 watts
The larger the wire gauge
number the smaller the
diameter of the wire.
Chart Shows Color Coding of Wires and Terminal Screws
Color of Wire
Color of Terminal
Screw
Hot — Neutral
or Grounding Wire
White
Silver or White
Neutral Wire
Black
Brass
Hot Wire
Red
Bras^s
Hot Wire
Green
Green
Grounding Wire
Bare Wire
Green
Grounding Wire
B
black- hotw're
black hot wire
*
around
wire
two-wire cable
with ground
8
white neutral wire
red
hot wire
>
V. ground
three-wire cable X
with ground
In Example "A" above, the numbers and letters stamped
on the electric wire has the following meaning.
The "12" means it is No. 12 wire in size.
The "2" means it has two wires.
The "G" means with ground wire.
The "N-M" means non-metalic
wire
white - neutral wire
In Example "B" above, it
is exactly like Example A
except it has three wires
instead of the two.
All About Electric Wire
When doing any electrical wiring, you have to use the
right size fuses or multi-breakers to protect the electric
wire against any overloads or short circuits. Also, wire can
handle only so many watts before it becomes overloaded
and blows fuses or kicks breakers off. Check below.
#14-2 WIRE WITH GROUND
#12-2 WIRE WITH GROUND
When working with No. 14 wire,
use a 15 amp fuse or a
15 amp breaker to protect it
against overloads or short circuits.
15-amp
When working with No. 12 wire,
use a 20 amp fuse or a 20 amp
breaker to protect it against
overloads or short circuits.
20-amp fuse
Color coding of wire
• The black wire is HOT
• The white wire is NEUTRAL
Etch this wiring rule in your memory and keep it there.
NEVER CONNECT THE BLACK (HOT) WIRE TO THE
WHITE (NEUTRAL) WIRE. (Exception: see page20)
Connect the black wire to the brass-colored terminal on
switches, receptacles, sockets, fuse boxes, and to the black
wires on pull chain fixtures. The white (neutral or ground
wire—also called the "continuous wire") is grounded at the
electric service switch. Connect it to the silver or light-colored
terminal of all receptacles, etc., and to the white wire on all
lighting fixtures. Again—never hook to the hot wire!
Important
ALWAYS SHUT OFF POWER TO THE CIRCUIT YOU WILL BE WORKING ON, OR THE ENTIRE
HOUSE IF YOU ARE NOT SURE WHICH FUSE OR BREAKER CONTROLS THE CIRCUIT.
DOUBLE CHECK WITH A TESTING DEVICE TO BE ABSOLUTELY SURE THE CIRCUIT IS DEAD.
How To Use Wirenuts and Screw Terminals
HOW TO PUT ON WIRENUT
WIRE NUTS JOIN WIRE ENDS
Step 1. Strip off about 1
inch of insulation from
ends of wires you're
going to join. Twist the
stripped ends clockwise
at least one and one-half
turns.
Step 2. Snip % to J/2 inch
off the twisted wires so
the ends are even.
Step 3. Screw the wirenut
on clockwise.
HOW TO JOIN WIRE TO SCREW TERMINALS
terminal aperture
Step 1. Strip % inch of insulation off the wire end.
Then use a pair of needle nose plyers to form a
half loop in the bare wire.
release
aperture
BACKWIRED OUTLETS AND SWITCHES
can be loosened from the wires by
pressing a screwdriver point into
the release aperture.
screw
terminal
Step 2. Hook the wire clockwise
around the screw terminal. As you
tighten the screw the loop will close.
Always strip wires so no more
than 1/16 inch of bare wire extends out
beyond the screw head.
strip gauge
Wrong way
BACKWIRED OUTLETS AND SWITCHES
HOW TO JOIN SEVERAL WIRES TO SCREW TERMINALS
Pigtail splice
The electrical code requires that only one wire may be attached
to a screw terminal — the above picture shows the only approved
way to do this — it is called a pigtail splice.
Right way
How to Install Wiring in New Walls and Partitions
support
cable
every
5 feet
(1.5m)
with
strap
or
staple
cable
extends
6 inches
(150mm)
from box.
staple for NM cable
don't staple through
or smash cable
staple cable 8 inches
from box-
drill
%-inch.
metal plate protects
cable
holes for
cable
1'/2 inches
from edge
Strip outer sheath of insulation before inserting
wires into box.
Step 1. Install box. Secure cables to box so that 6
inches of each cable extends from box. (150 mm)
Step 2. Strip outer sheath of insulation to back of box;
remove
sheath and all separation materials. Strip off
Vz to 3/4 inch insulation from wire ends.
OUTLETS AND SWITCHES
ALL OUTLETS MUST BE OF THE GROUNDED TYPE.
Outlets Should Be No More than 12 Ft. Apart.
Outlets Should Be 12 " High from Floor.
Switches Should Be 48" High from Floor
Switches Should Always Be Put on Same Side of Door that the Door Knob Is on.
CHECK ON LOCAL CODES FOR MORE INFORMATION NEEDED
ON OUTLETS AND SWITCHES FOR YOUR WIRING PROJECT
11
The Most Common Measurements for Outlets and Switches
OUTLETS AND SWITCHES
ALL OUTLETS MUST BE OF THE GROUNDED TYPE.
Outlets Should Be No More than 12 Ft. Apart.
Outlets Should Be 12 " High from Floor.
Switches Should Be 48" High from Floor.
Switches Should Always Be Put on Same Side of Door that the Door Knob Is on.
All About The Ground Wire
USE THE GREEN OR BARE WIRE AS THE GROUND WIRE IN ELECTRICAL WIRING. USE THE GREEN-COLORED
TERMINAL SCREW AS THE GROUNDING SCREW IN ANY ELECTRICAL WORK.
IF YOU ARE USING ELECTRICAL WIRETHATHASNOGROUND WIRE IN IT, USE AGROUND WIRETHESAMESIZE.
FOR EXAMPLE, IF YOU ARE USING NUMBER 12 WIRE USE A NUMBER 12 GROUND WIRE.
USE 10/32" STOVE BOLTS OR MACHINE SCREWS TO ATTACH THE GROUND WIRE TO THE BACK OF WALL
BOXES, SWITCH BOXES, CEILING BOXES, AND JUNCTION BOXES.
THE GROUND WIRE NOT ONLY PROTECTS YOU FROM GETTING SHOCKED, BUT PROTECTS THE ELECTRICAL
ITEMS IN YOUR HOUSE FROM GETTING DAMAGED FROM LIGHTNING.
Checking an Outlets Ground
TEST THE GROUNDING OF A NEWLY
INSTALLED OUTLET BY INSERTING
ONE PROBE OF THE VOLTAGE TESTER
INTO TH€ SEMICIRCULAR GROUND
SLOT AND THE OTHER INTO EACH OF
THE ELONGATED SLOTS SUCCESSIVELY. THE TESTER SHOULD LIGHT
WHEN THE PROBE IS PLUGGED INTO
THE HOT SLOT. (IN A MODERN OUTLET
THIS SLOT IS SLIGHTLY SHORTER
THAN THE OTHER SLOT.) IF NEITHER
SLOT LIGHTS THE TESTER, THE
OUTLET IS NOT GROUNDED AND THE
WIRING MUST BE CORRECTED.
Underwriter's k n o t . .
To (.rolect cord f r o m stroin,
lu^l loo() c o r r f s us shown .
. then pull down lightly
nto r e c e s s between prongs
How to Wire Electric Dryers
whiteneutral
wire
Recessed Dryer Recepticle
120/240-volt, 30-ampere, grounded. Designed
especially for clothes driers, this large receptacle supplies 240 volts for the heating coils of
the drier and 120 volts for such standard accessories as the timer and the pilot light.
ground wire '
white
neutral
Surface Dryer Recepticle
USE WIRE SIZE 10-3 WITH GROUND FOR ELECTRIC DRYERS.
Dryer Cord
14
How to Wire Electric Range
Recessed Range Recepticle
120/240-volt, 50-ampere, grounded. An electric
range requires the high amperage and the combination of voltages provided by this receptacle.
High-temperature settings of the oven and burners are connected to the 240-volt circuit.
The low temperature settings, timer, pilot lights
and built-in receptacles operate on 120 volts.
Surface Range Recepticle
USE WIRE SIZE 6-3 WITH GROUND FOR ELECTRIC RANGES.
Range Cord
r
Watts Used by Different Electrical Items
Approximate Ratings
Approximate Ratings
Air conditioner (central) . . . . . . . . . . . . 5000
(room, 1/3 ton) . . . . . . . . . . . 800
(room, 3/4 ton) . . . . . . . . . . 1300
(room, 1 ton) . . . . . . . . . . . . 1600
Blender . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 250-1000
Bottle warmer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 400
Broiler . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1500
Can opener . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 150
Clock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Coffee m a k e r . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 500-1000
Corn popper . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 500
Dishwasher . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1000-1500
Dryer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4000-8000
Electric blanket . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 200
Fan (attic) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 400
(exhaust for range) . . . . . . . . . . 250
(portable) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100
Floor p o l i s h e r . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 350
Food warmer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 500
Freezer, frostless . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 350-500
s t a n d a r d . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 250-400
Fryer, deep fat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1400
Frying pan, automatic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1100
Furnace, coal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 400
g a s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 150
oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 750
Garbage disposer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 400-900
Grill . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1000
Hair D r y e r . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 260
Heater (hot water) . . . . . . . . . . . . 2000-5000
(room) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1250
Hot plate (per b u r n e r ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 750
Iron (hand) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1050
(mangle) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1600
Knife sharpner
Knife s h a r p n e r . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100
Lamp (heat) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 250
(sun) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 400
Lights (flourescent circlines)........ 22-32
(flourescent tubes) . . . . . . 15-60
(incandescent, per bulb)10 & up
(night l i g h t ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Microwave oven . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 600
Mixer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 150
Power tools
Drill, 1/4 i n c h . . . . . . . . . . . . . 150
3/8 inch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 250
1/2 inch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 350
Grinder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 200
L a t h e r . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 300
Lawn Mower . . . . . . . . . . . . . 300
Sander, portable .......... 750
Saw, bander . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 250
bench . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 300-600
jig . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 250
radial arm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1500
s a b r e . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 200
Soldering iron . . . . . . . . . . . . 150
Projector (slide or movie) . . . . . . . . . . . . 350
Radio, console . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 150
p o r t a b l e . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
Range, oven . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4000-8000
top . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4000-8000
Refrigerator, frostless . . . . . . . . . . . . 300-450
s t a n d a r d . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 250-350
R o a s t e r . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1350
R o t i s s e r i e . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1400
Sewing machine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75
Shaver . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Stereo, h i - f i . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 300
Sump pump . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 300
Television, black and white . . . . . . . . . . 250
c o l o r . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 300
T o a s t e r . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1000
Vacuum cleaner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 300-800
Waffle iron . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 900
Washing machine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 600
Automatic Toaster
1100 watts
Table Lamp
100 watts
How to Find the Cause of a Short Circuit
Most short circuits occur in flexible
cords, plugs, or appliances. Look for
black smudge marks on faceplates or
frayed or charred cords connected to
dead circuit. Simply replace damaged
cord or plug before installing new
fuse or resetting breaker.
If you find no visible signs of trouble, though, you'll
have to trace your way through circuit. To do this,
turn off all wall switches and unplug every
appliance on dead circuit. Then install new fuse or
reset tripped breaker.
\
I
If fuse blows right away, pull out fuse or make sure
circuit breaker is OFF. Remove each faceplate and
inspect device and wiring. Look for charred wire
insulation, wire shorted against back of metal box,
or device literally falling apart. Replace defective
switch or receptacle or faulty wiring. Then
install new fuse or reset breaker.
If new fuse doesn't blow or breaker
doesn't trip right away, turn on each wall
switch, one by one, until fuse blows or
circuit breaker trips.
When turning on wall switch causes fuse to blow
or breaker to trip, short is in fixture outlet
controlled by switch or in ON position of switch.
With circuit dead, inspect outlet and switch for
charred wire insulation and faulty connections.
Replace faulty fixture or switch. Then install
new fuse or reset breaker.
If turning on wall switches doesn't blow
fuse or trip breaker, trouble is in
If circuit went dead as soon as you turned
appliance on, appliance or its switch is
probably defective and should be replaced
or repaired.
If circuit went dead as soon as you
plugged appliance in, plug or cord is
probably at fault and should be replaced.
appliance. Plug in and turn on appliances
one by one. When fuse blows or breaker
trips again, you'll know you've found
offending appliance. Then install new fuse
or reset breaker.
Note: If none of the above solves the problem and your fuse or breaker
still blows or trips, your wiring is at fault. Call an electrician.
Important
ALWAYS SHUT OFF POWER TO THE CIRCUIT YOU WILL BE WORKING ON, OR THE ENTIRE
HOUSE IF YOU ARE NOT SURE WHICH FUSE OR BREAKER CONTROLS THE CIRCUIT.
DOUBLE CHECK WITH A TESTING DEVICE TO BE ABSOLUTELY SURE THE CIRCUIT IS DEAD.
Color of Wire
Color of Screw
Hot - Neutral
or Grounding Wire
White
Black
Red
Green
Silver or White
Brass
Brass
Neutral Wire
Hot Wire
Green
Electrical
Box Ground
Grounding Wire
Bare Wire
Hot Wire
Grounding Wire
How to Fix Fluorescent Light Fixtures
SYMPTOM
CAUSE
CURE
Lamp won't light
Tube burned out (blackened ends) . . . .
Improper installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fuse blown or circuit breaker . . . . . . . . .
tripped
Starter burned out . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Dirty tube (rapid-start only) . . . . . . . . . .
Replace tube
Take out and install again
Replace or reset
_______
___
Replace starter
Remove tube, wash, rinse, dry,
and replace
Tubeholder broken . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Replace tubeholder
Fixture too cold . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Raise temperature to at least 50°F
Oxide film buildup on tube pins . . . . . . Rotate tube in tubeholders once
or twice
Lamp flickers
(Note: New tubes may
flicker a short time
after installation.)
Poor contact with tubeholders . . . . . . . . Realign tubeholders; straighten
and sand tubeholders if necessary
Improper installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Take out and install again
Tube nearly worn out . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Replace tube
(blackened ends)
Oxide buildup on tube pins . . . . . . . . . . Rotate tube in tubeholders once
or twice
Fixture, too cold . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Raise temperature to at least 50°F
Ends of tube are
discolored
(Note: Darkened
bands about 2 inches
from ends are normal.)
If preheat type
with new tubes
Discolored on
one end only
Tube almost worn out . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Replace tube
Defective starter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Replace starter
Temperamental tube . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Remove tube; turn end for end
Ends of tube glow, but
center doesn't
Defective starter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Replace starter
Defective ballast . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Replace ballast
Lamp fixture hums
Ballast incorrectly installed . . . . . . . . . . Check wiring on ballast diagram
and correct
Wrong type of ballast . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Check wattage and type; replace
ballast
Defective ballast . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Replace ballast
120 V POWER SOURCE
BALLAST
LAMP SOCKET
STARTER
WIRE NUT
COVER PLATE
o
How To Wire into Boxes, Fixtures and Switches
from
TWO-WIRE CABLE
WITH GROUND-*
TWO-WIRE CABLE
WITH GROUND
POWER SOURCE
from
POWER
SOURCE
to switch
to existing
Circuit
WHITE WIRE WITH
BLACK ELECTRICAL
TAPE ON END TO
SHOW IT IS BEING
USED AS A BLACK
(HOT) WIRE.
to new wiring
to new
wiring
HOW TO WIRE INTO A JUNCTION BOX
HOW TO WIRE INTO A FIXTURE
Most switches in a home are of the single-pole
or three-way types. Single-pole switches have two
terminals of the same color and a definite right side
up. All switches are wired into hot wires only; with
a single-pole switch, it makes no difference which
hot wire goes to which terminal.
TWO-WIRE CABLE
WITH GROUND
from
POWER SOURCE
wirenut
grounding
wire
J
Color Coding of Wires, Screw Terminals, Etc.
Chart Shows Color Coding of Wires and Terminal Screws
For Switches, Outlets, Light Fixtures
Color of Wire
Color of Terminal
Screw
Hot - Neutral
or Grounding Wire
White
Black
Red
Green
Bare Wire
Silver or White
Brass
Brass
Green
Electrical
Box Ground
Neutral Wire
Hot Wire
Hot Wire
Grounding Wire
Grounding Wire
COLOR CODING OF WIRE — WITH ONE EXCEPTION
Up to this point we have assumed that a white wire is always a neutral wire. Wires that are black and
red are always hot. But one situation offers an exception to this color coding.
The one exception to the rule is if the power source first goes thru the light fixture and then to the
switch, you have to use a white wire as a hot black wire.
When using a white wire this special way, paint the wire insulation black (or tape it with black tape) at
both ends where it joins a hot terminal or another hot wire. This identifies it as a hot wire. A example of
this is shown in the picture below.
The Picture below is called a Switch Loop.
CEILING BOX
GROUND WIRES
12-2 WIRE
(WITH GROUND)
WHITE WIRE WITH BLACK ELECTRICAL
TAPE ON END TO SHOW IT IS BEING
USED AS A BLACK (HOT) WIRE.
12-2
WIRE
(WITH GROUND)
GROUND
WIRE
WHITE WIRE WITH BLACK ELECTRICAL
TAPE ON END TO SHOW IT IS BEING
USED AS A BLACK (HOT) WIRE.
Electrical Symbols and a Wiring Layout
CEILING OUTLET
F)
*~*S
PUSH BUHON
CEILING FAN
*~*\
WALL OUTLET
FJ
«-^
WALL FAN
DOORBELL
*—<v
L >
CEILING LIGHTING OUTLET
O
**~s
CEILING JUNCTION BOX
-f~7
DOOR BUZZER
WALL JUNCTION BOX
-PH
RADIO OUTLET
CEILING PULL SWITCH
-TV
*N
J )
DUPLEX CONVENIENCE OUTLET
**^
SWITCH - CONVENIENCE OUTLET
WP
.
Sh
TELEVISION
WEATHERPROOF OUTLET
CLOCK OUTLET
SINGLE POLE" SWITCH
ELECTRIC RANGE
THERMOSTAT
DOUBLE-POLE SWITCH
ELECTRIC DRYER
GENERATOR
THREE-WAY SWITCH
230-VOLT POLARIZED OUTLET
ELECTRIC MOTOR
FOUR-WAY SWITCH
SPECIAL PURPOSE OUTLET
NIGHT LIGHT
WEATHERPROOF SWITCH
All About Switches
A Single Pole Switch
A single-pole switch controls
a light or receptacle from one
location. It has two brass-colored
terminals and "on" and "off"
markings on the handle.
A Three Way Switch
Three-way switches, used in pairs to
control a light or receptacle from two
locations, have three terminals; one
black or copper-colored and two brass
or silver-colored. There are no "on"
and "off" markings.
A Four Way Switch
A four-way switch works with
three- way switches to control
a light or receptacle from three
or more locations. It has four
brass-colored terminals and
no "on" and "off" markings.
• Switches Should Be 48" High from Floor.
• Switches Should Always Be Put on Same Side of Door that the Door Knob Is on.
21
How to Add New Outlets to Existing Ones
THE PICTURE ABOVE SHOWS HOW TO ADD A NEW OUTLET TO AN EXISTING ONE BY RUNNING THE WIRE BEHIND THE
BASEBOARD. USE 12-2 WIRE WITH GROUND, USE GROUNDED OUTLETS, BE SURE YOU DONT OVERLOAD THE CIRCUIT,
COVER WIRE WITH A METAL PLATE OR USE METAL CABLE TO PROTECT WIRE. CHECK WITH LOCAL CODE TO SEE IF THIS
WIRING ARRANGEMENT IS PERMITTED IN YOUR AREA.
Step 1. Remove molding around door frame and as
much baseboard as necessary on either side of door.
Step 2. Run cable between jamb and frame, notching
spacers wherever necessary.
THE PICTURE ABOVE SHOWS HOWTOADDANEWOUTLETTO AN EXISTINGONEBYRUNNINGTHE WIRE BEHINDTHEDOOR
CASING. USE 12-2 WIRE WITH GROUND, USE GROUNDED OUTLETS, BE SURE YOU DONTOVERLOAD THE CIRCUIT, COVER
WIRE WITH A METAL PLATE OR USE METAL CABLE TO PROTECT WIRE. CHECK WITH LOCAL CODE TO SEE IF THIS WIRING
ARRANGEMENT IS PERMITTED IN YOUR AREA.
How To Wire Doorbells and Buzzers
chime
120 volte
22
How to Add New Outlets to Existing Ones
1 1 This picture shows an existing
1 1 outlet that is being used
| as the power source for the new
| outlet that is being
11 installed in the wall
11 on other side of room
1 1 with the wire going
11 thru ceiling joist.
fish wire (or fish lope)
i!
Existing Outlet
j New Outlet
USE 12-2 WIRE WITH GROUND, USE GROUNDED OUTLETS, BE SURE YOU DON'T OVERLOAD THE CIRCUIT. CHECK WITH
LOCAL CODE TO SEE IF THIS WIRING ARRANGEMENT IS PERMITTED IN YOUR AREA.
How To Wire Doorbells and Buzzers
BACK
BELL-BUZZER
BACK
BUZZER
BELL
SOURCE
TRANSFORMER
FRONT
Wiring for a front doorbell and a back-door buzzer.
TRANSFORMER
Wiring for a combination bell-buzzer unit.
FRONT
All About Outlets
A 6/32 threaded screw holds the
outlets to the wall box.
These wires going to top part of
outlet make both the top and bottom
parts of the outlet live. Wire
may go in from top or
bottom of outlet to do this.
Wires coming out of outlet are
now live and can be used
to go to next outlets to
make them live.
grounding wire on
green terminal
Outlets, also called receptacles, have three different colors of screw terminals.
The brass-colored screws are hot terminals and here use the
black wire. The white or silver-colored screws are neutral terminals,
and here use the white wire. The green screw is the grounding
terminal, and here use the bare wire for the grounding wire.
Wiring Layout
How to Wire Outlets
How to Wire Outlets
00
WIRING ONE OUTLET
o
WIRING COLOR GUIDE
WHITE WIRE
WIRING TWO OUTLETS
o
oo
WIRING COLOR GUIDE
BLACK WIRE MOT
MB/THAI
BLACK WIRE HOT
RED WIRE
BARE WIRE OKOUNOWIRE
mi i mm RED WIRE
BARE WIRE onouND
WHITE WIRt ATTACHED
TO WHITE OR SILVER
'•LACK WIRE ATTACHED
TO BRASS TERMINAL SCREW
TERMINAL SCREW
FROM
POWER
SOURCEv
12-2
WHITE WIRE ATTACHED
TO WHITE OR SILVER
WIRE
TERMINAL SCREW
(WITH GROUND)
•LACK WIRE ATTACHED
TO BRASS TERMINAL SCREW
* WALL BOX
OUTLET
OROUND WIRE ATTACHED
TO OREEN HEX OMOUNDMM
TERMINAL SCREW
12-2
RED
WIRE
(WITH GROUND)
WIRE
NUT
GROUND Wlftf ATTACHED
TO OREEN HEX OROUNDINO
TERMINAL SCREW
PICTURE ABOVE SHOWS HOW TO PUT TWO
OUTLETS IN A DOUBLE BOX
WIRING COLOR GUIDE
3 WHITE WIRE
NEUTRAL
BLACK WIRE HOT
RED WIRE
BARE WIRE GROUNDW,RE
12-2
WIRING TWO OUTLETS
WIRE
(WITH GROUND)
FROM
POWER
SOURCE
How to Wire Outlets
WHITE WIRE ATTACHED
TO WHITE OR SILVER
TERMINAL SCREW
WHITE WIRE ATTACHED
TO WHITE OR SILVER
TERMINAL SCREW
WALL BOX
GROUND
WIRES
BLACK WIRE ATTACHED
TO BRASS TERMINAL SCREW
GROUND WIRE ATTACHED
TO GREEN HEX GROUNDING
TERMINAL SCREW
12-2 WIRE
(WITH GROUND)
GROUND
WIRES
BLACK WIRE ATTACHED
TO BRASS TERMINAL SCREW
* ON THIS PAGE WE SHOW METAL BOXES. THE WIRING IN PLASTIC AND METAL BOXES IS THE SAME,
EXCEPT FOR THE GROUND WIRE. THE GROUND WIRE ATTACHES TO THE METAL BOXES, IN PLASTIC
IT DOES NOT, SEE PAGE 6 AND 7 FOR MORE ON HOW THE GROUND WIRE WORKS IN PLASTIC BOXES.
WIRE NUT GUIDE
WIRING COLOR GUIDE
WHITE WIRE
HBITIIM.
BLACK WIRE HOT
111 T 1 1 1 1 i-m RED WIRE
BARE WIRE CHOUNDWIRE
How to Wire Outlets
A
WIRE
NUT
USE
RED
WIRE
NUTS
WHERE WIRE NUTS ARE
USED ON THIS PAGE
INCLUDING GROUND WIRES
WIRING THREE OUTLETS
FROM
POWER
SOURCE
12-2
WIRE
{WITH GROUND)
\
12-2
WIRE
(WITH GROUND)
WHITE WIRE ATTACHED
TO WHITE OR SILVER
/BLACK WIRE ATTACHED
TO BRASS TERMINAL SCREW
TERMINAL SCREW
GROUND
WIRES
GROUND WIRE ATTACHED
TO GREEN HEX GROUNDING
TERMINAL SCREW
BLACK WIRE ATTACHED
TO BRASS TERMINAL SCREW
12-2
ON THIS PAGE WE SHOW METAL BOXES. THE WIRING IN PLASTIC AND
METAL BOXES IS THE SAME, EXCEPT FOR THE GROUND WIRE. THE GROUND
WIRE ATTACHES TO THE METAL BOXES, IN PLASTIC IT DOES NOT, SEE PAGE
WIRE
(WITH GROUND)
6 AND 7 FOR MORE ON HOW THE GROUND WIRE WORKS IN PLASTIC BOXES.
WIRING COLOR GUIDE
How to Wire Outlets
WIRING
WHITE WIRE
MSUTHAL
BLACK WIRE HOT
RED WIRE
BARE WIRE GROUND WIRE
FOUR OUTLETS
WIRE NUT GUIDE
12-2
WIRE
(WITH GROUND)
FROM
POWER
SOURCE
12-2
WIRE
(WITH GROUND)
WHITE WIRE ATTACHED
TO WHITE OR SILVER
TERMINAL SCREW
ft
USE
RED
WIRE
NUTS
WHERE WIRE NUTS ARE
USED
ON
THIS
PAGE
WIRE
NUT
INCLUDING GROUND WIRES
TO BRASS TERMINAL SCREW
GROUND
WIRES
WALL
BOX
BLACK WIRE ATTACHED
TO BRASS TERMINAL SCREW
12-2
WIRE
(WITH GROUND)
GROUND WIRE ATTACHED
TO GREEN HEX GROUNDING
TERMINAL SCREW
12-2
/
WIRE
(WITH GROUND)
* ON THIS PAGE WE SHOW METAL BOXES. THE WIRING IN PLASTIC AND METAL BOXES IS THE SAME,
EXCEPT FOR THE GROUND WIRE. THE GROUND WIRE ATTACHES TO THE METAL BOXES, IN PLASTIC
IT DOES NOT, SEE PAGE 6 AND 7 FOR MORE ON HOW THE GROUND WIRE WORKS IN PLASTIC BOXES.
J
How to wire a split-circuit outlet
WIRING COLOR GUIDE
THE SWITCH CONTROLS THE TOP HALF OF THE OUTLET
THE BOTTOM HALF OF OUTLET IS ALWAYS HOT
WHITE WIRE
BLACK WIRE MOT
RED WIRE
BARE WIRE GROUND
WHITE WIRE ATTACHED
12-3
WIRE NUT GUIDE
§
red wire
nut
USE
RED
WIRE NUTS
WHERE WIRE NUTS ARE
USED
ON
THIS
PAGE
INCLUDING GROUNDWIRES
TO WHITE OR SILVER
TERMINAL SCREW
WIRE
(WITH GROUND)
RED WIRE ATTACHED
TO BRASS TERMINAL SCREW
\
WALL BOX
RED WIRE
ATTACHED
TO BRASS
TERMINAL SCREW
FROM
POWER
SOURCE
* ON THIS PAGE WE SHOW USING METAL WALL AND METAL CEILING
12-2
WIRE
BOXES. THE WIRING IN PLASTIC AND METAL BOXES IS THE SAME,
EXCEPT FOR THE GROUND WIRE. THE GROUND WIRE ATTACHES TO
THE METAL BOXES, IN PLASTIC IT DOES NOT, SEE PAGE 6 AND7 FOR
MORE ON HOW THE GROUND WIRE WORKS IN PLASTIC BOXES.
(WITH GROUND)
WHITE WIRE
How to wire split-circuit outlets
BLACK WIRE HOT
RED WIRE
BARE WIRE GKOUNDWIHE
THE SWITCH CONTROLS THE TOP HALF OF THE OUTLET S
THE BOTTOM HALF OF OUTLETS IS ALWAYS HOT.
WIRING COLOR GUIDE
12-3
WIRE ^
RED
(WITH GROUND)
FROM
POWER /
SOURCE
WIRE
ATTACHED
TO BRASS TERMINAL SCREW
* 12-2
WIRE
(WITH GROUND)
12-3 WIRE
(WITH GROUND)
USE A3 X 2X3
WALL BOX HERE
' THE WIRING IN PLASTIC AND METAL BOXES IS THE
SAME. EXCEPT FOR THE GROUND WIRE, THE GROUND
WIRE ATTACHES TO THE METAL BOXES, IN PLASTIC IT
CONNECTS TO THE METAL TAB PROVIDED INSIDE THE
BOX. SEE PAGE 647 FOR MORE ON HOW THE GROUND
WIRE WORKS IN PLASTIC BOXES.
THE PICTURE BELOW SHOWS HOW THE POWER SUPPLY FROM THE BREAKER BOX
GOES TO TWO DIFFERENT JUNCTION BOXES, AND GOES IN TWO DIFFERENT
DIRECTIONS.
WIRE NUT GUIDE
***•
WIRING COLOR GUIDE
NUT
USE RED WIRE NUTS
WHERE WIRE NUTS ARE
USED ON THIS PAGE
INCLUDING GROUND WIRES
WHITE WIRE
BLACK WIRE
RED WIRE
tar
tor
BARE WIRE ground.
* ON THIS PAGE WE SHOW USING METAL WALL AND METAL
CEILING BOXES THE WIRING IN PLASTIC AND METAL
BOXES IS THE SAME. EXCEPT FOR THE GROUND WIRE.
THE GROUND WIRE ATTACHES TO THE METAL BOXES, IN
PLASTIC IT DOES NOT, SEE PAGE 6 AND 7 FOR MORE ON
O
HOW THE GROUND WIRE WORKS IN PLASTIC BOXES.
<D
12-2
WIRE
O
(WITH GROUND)
CD
m
V
WHITE WIRE ATTACHED
TO WHITE OR SILVER
TERMINAL SCREW
O
£.
GROUND
WIRES
0)
<
CO
GROUND WIRE ATTACHED
TO GREEN HEX GROUNDING
TERMINAL SCREW
O
BLACK WIRE ATTACHED
TO BRASS TERMINAL SCREW
JUNCTION
BOX
PUT COVERS ON JUNCTION BOXES.
GROUND WIRES
•JUNCTION
BOX
PUT COVERS ON JUNCTION BOXES
ALL ABOUT GROUND FAULT CIRCUIT INTERRUPTERS (GFCI)
GROUND FAULT PROTECTION IS A MUST WHEREVER ELECTRICITY IS USED NEAR WATER
A GFCI Installed as the first receptacle in a circuit provides
protection to other receptacles beyond
Circuit Breaker
Type GFCI
12-2
CIRCUIT BREAKER BOX
WIRE
(WITH GROUND)
1.
THE GFCI'S TURN OFF POWER IN 1/40 OF A SECOND TO PROTECT PEOPLE FROM SHOCK HAZARDS.
2.
THE ELECTRICAL CODE REQUIRES GFCI PROTECTION IN AND AROUND THE HOME.CHECK WITH ELECTRICAL INSPECTORS FOR MORE ON THIS.
3.
THE MOST USED GFCI'S ARE THE CIRCUIT BREAKER AND THE OUTLET TYPE.
WIRING COLOR GUIDE
3 WHITE WIRE
BLACK WIRE HOT
HOW TO CHANGE A SINGLE POLE SWITCH TO
A SWITC ^ AND OUTLET
*CEILING BOX
RED WIRE
HOT
BARE WIRE GROUND WIRE
12-2
WIRE
(WITH GROUND)
12-2
WIRE
(WITH GROUND)
\x
WALL BOX
WHITE WIRES ATTACHED
TO WHITE OR SILVER
TERMINAL SCREW
WALL BOX
MED WWE NUT
WHITE WIMEf
v
FROM .
POWER I
SOURCE!
Before
FROM
POWER
SOURCE
^12-2
WIRE
(WITH GROUND)
After
O
\
12-2
WIRE
(WITH GROUND)
BLACK WIRE ATTACHED
TO BRASS TERMINAL SCREW
COMBINES A SINGLE-POLE SWITCH
WITH AN OUTLET THAT IS ALWAYS HOT
How To Wire Three-Way Switches
With Switches Controlling One Light
WIRE NUT GUIDE
USE
RED
WERE
NUTS
WHERE WIRE NUTS ARE
USED
ON
THIS
PAGE
INCLUDING GROUND WIRES
fl
wmc
NUT
HUE WIRE WITH ENDS PAINTED
BLACK TO SHOW IT IS BEING
USED AS A BLACK (HOT) WIRE
12-3 WIRE (WITH GROUND)
COMMON
TERMINAL
SCREW
(Black or Copper
FROM
POWER
SOURCE
Colored)
12-2 WIRE
(WITH GROUND)
COMMON
TERMINAL
SCREW
(Black or Copper
Colored)
* ON THIS PAGE WE SHOW USING METAL WALL AND METAL
CEILING BOXES. THE WIRING IN PLASTIC AND METAL
BOXES IS THE SAME, EXCEPT FOR THE GROUND WIRE.
THE GROUND WIRE ATTACHES TO THE METAL BOXES, IN
PLASTIC IT DOES NOT, SEE PAGE 6 AND 7 FOR MORE ON
HOW THE GROUND WIRE WORKS IN PLASTIC BOXES
How to Wire Three-Way Switches
With Switches Controlling Two Lights
WHITE WIRE WITH BLACK ELECTRICAL TAPE ON END
TO SHOW IT IS BEING USED AS A BLACK (HOT) WIRE.
12-3
WIRE
WIRE NUT GUIDE
fl
mm
NUT
USE
RED
WIRE
NUTS
WHERE WIRE NUTS ARE
USED
ON
THIS
PAGE
INCLUDING GROUND WIRES
WHITE WIRE WITH BLACK
ELECTRICAL TAPE ON END TO
SHOW IT IS BEING USED AS A
BLACK (HOT) WIRE.
THREE-WAY
SWITCH
FROM
POWER XI
SOURCE
12-2
WIRE
(WITH GROUND)
COMMON
TERMINAL
SCREW
(Slack or Copper
Colored)
ON THIS PAGE WE SHOW USING METAL WALL AND METAL
CEILING BOXES THE WIRING IN PLASTIC AND METAL
BOXES IS THE SAME, EXCEPT FOR THE GROUND WIRE.
THE GROUND WIRE ATTACHES TO THE METAL BOXES, IN
PLASTIC IT DOES NOT, SEE PAGE 6 AND 7 FOR MORE ON
HOW THE GROUND WIRE WORKS IN PLASTIC BOXES.
COMMON
TERMINAL
SCREW
(Black or Copptr
Colored)
WIRING COLOR GUIDE
WHITE WIRE
BLACK WIRE HOT
RED WIRE
BARE WIRE GXOUNDWIRE
How to Wire Three-Way Switches
With Switches Controlling Three Lights
WIRE NUT GUIDE
A
USE RED WIRE NUTS
WHERE WIRE NUTS ARE
USED
ON
THIS
PAGE
INCLUDING GROUND WIRES
WHTTE WIRE WITH
BLACK ELECTRICAL
TAPE ON END TO SHOW
IT IS BEING USED AS A
BLACK (HOT) WIRE.
12-3
CEILING BOX
WIRE
(WITH GROUND)
* CEILING BOX
WHITE WIRE WITH
BLACK ELECTRICAL
TAPE ON END TO SHOW
ITIS BBNG USED AS A
BLACK (HOT) WIRE.
12-3 WIRE
(WITH GROUND)
THREE-WAY
SWITCH
COMMON
TERMINAL
SCREW
FROM f
POWER
SOURCE
(Black or Copper
Colored)
12-2
WIRE
(WITH GROUND)
WIRING COLOR GUIDE
WHITE WIRE MEUTIIAI
BLACK WIRE MOT
RED WIRE
BARE WIRE GROUND WIRE
WIRE NUT GUIDE
ON THIS PAGE WE SHOW USING METAL WALL AND METAL CEILING
BOXES. THE WIRING IN PLASTIC AND METAL BOXES IS THE SAME,
EXCEPT FOR THE GROUND WIRE. THE GROUND WIRE ATTACHES TO
THE METAL BOXES, IN PLASTIC IT DOES NOT, SEE PAGE 6 AND 7 FOR
MORE ON HOW THE GROUND WIRE WORKS IN PLASTIC BOXES.
COMMON
TERMINAL
SCREW
(Black or Copper
Colored)
How to Wire Three-Way Switches
With Switches Controlling Four Lights
WHITE WIRE WITH BLACK ELECTRICAL
TAPE ON END TO SHOW IT IS BEING USED
AS A BLACK (HOT) WIRE.
12-3
WIRE
(WITH GROUND)
USE RED WIRE NUTS
WHERE WIRE NUTS ARE
USED
ON
THIS
PAGE
red wire INCLUDING GROUNDWIRES
nut
12-3
WHITE WIRE WITH
BLACK ELECTRICAL
TAPE ON END TO SHOW
IT IS BBNG USED AS A
BLACK (HOT) WIRE.
WIRE
(WITH GROUND)
WALL
BOX
12-2 WIRE
(WITH GROUND)
COMMON
TERMINAL
SCREW
FROM f
POWER
SOURCE
(Black or Copper
Colored)
12-2
WIRE
(WITH GROUND)
12-2
WIRE
(WITH GROUND)
THREE-WAY SWITCH
ON THIS PAGE WE SHOW USING METAL WALL AND METAL CEILING
BOXES. THE WIRING IN PLASTIC AND METAL BOXES IS THE SAME,
EXCEPT FOR THE GROUND WIRE. THE GROUND WIRE ATTACHES TO
THE METAL BOXES, IN PLASTIC IT DOES NOT, SEE PAGE 6 AND 7 FOR
MORE ON HOW THE GROUND WIRE WORKS IN PLASTIC BOXES.
COMMON
TERMINAL
SCREW
(Black or Copper
Colored)
31
How To Wire Three-Way Switches
WIRING COLOR GUIDE
With Switches Controlling One Light
WHITE WIRE MEUTHAL
BLACK WIRE MOT
RED WIRE
BARE WIREG«OUNDWIHE
FROM
POWER
SOURCE
12-2
WIRE NUT GUIDE
WIRE
(WITH GROUND)
USE
§
WIMi
HUT
RED
WIRE
NUTS
WHERE WIRE NUTS A R E
USED
ON
THIS
PAGE
INCLUDING GROUND WIRES
CEILING BOX
12-3
WIRE
(WITH GROUND)
12-3 WIRE
(WITH GROUND)
X
(Black or Copper
Colored)\
THREE-WAY
SWITCH
WALL BOX
COMMON
TERMINAL
SCREW
\
COMMON
TERMINAL
SCREW
WHITE WIRE WITH
BLACK ELECTRICAL
(Black or Copper
TAPE ON END TO SHOW
Colored)
ITIS BBNG USED AS A
BLACK (HOT) WIRE.
ON THIS PAGE WE SHOW USING METAL WALL AND METAL
CEILING BOXES. THE WIRING IN PLASTIC AND METAL
BOXES IS THE SAME, EXCEPT FOR THE GROUND WIRE.
THE GROUND WIRE ATTACHES TO THE METAL BOXES, IN
PLASTIC IT DOES NOT, SEE PAGE 6 AND 7 FOR MORE ON
HOW THE GROUND WIRE WORKS IN PLASTIC BOXES.
K
WHITE WIRE WITH BLACK
ELECTRICAL TAPE ON END TO
SHOW IT IS BEING USED AS A ,
BLACK (HOT) WIRE.
WHITE WIRE WITH BLACK ELECTRICAL TAPE ON END
TO SHOW IT IS BEING USED AS A BLACK (HOT) WIRE.
How to Wire Three-Way Switches
With Switches Controlling Two Lights
FROM
POWER
SOURCE
WIRING COLOR GUIDE
WHITE WIRE WITH BLACK ELECTRICAL
TAPE ON END TO SHOW IT IS BEING USED
AS A BLACK (HOT) WIRE
12-3
12-2
WIRE
(WITH GROUND)
12-3
WIRE
(WITH GROUND)
WIRE NUT GUIDE
USE RED WIRE NUTS
WHERE WIRE NUTS ARE
USED
ON
THIS
PAGE
red wire INCLUDING GROUNDWIRES
nut
_
WHITE WIRE WITH BLACK
WIRE
ELECTRICAL TAPE ON END TO
SHOW IT IS BEING USED AS A
(WITH GROUND)
BLACK (HOT) WIRE.
THREE-WAY
SWITCH
THREE-WAY
SWITCH
12-2
COMMON
TERMINAL
SCREW
WIRE
(WITH GROUND)
(Black or Coppi
Colored)
|32|
1
WHITE WIRE WITH BLACK ELECTRICAL TAPE ON END
'
TO SHOW IT IS BEING USED AS A BLACK (HOT) WIRE.
* ON THIS PAGE WE SHOW USING METAL WALL AND METAL CEILING
BOXES. THE WIRING IN PLASTIC AND METAL BOXES IS THE SAME,
EXCEPT FOR THE GROUND WIRE. THE GROUND WIRE ATTACHES TO
THE METAL BOXES, IN PLASTIC IT DOES NOT, SEE PAGE 6 AND 7 FOR
MORE ON HOW THE GROUND WIRE WORKS IN PLASTIC BOXES.
COMMON
TERMINAL
SCREW
(Black or Copper
Colored)
WIRING COLOR GUIDE
WHITE WIRE
nwtral
BLACK WIRE ha
hot
IlllHIIIin RED WIRE
BARE WIRE ground win
How To Wire Three-Way Switches
With Switches Controlling Three Lights
WIRE NUT GUIDE
fl
USE
RED
WIRE
NUTS
WHERE WIRE NUTS ARE
USED
ON
THIS
PAGE
INCLUDING GROUND WIRES
12-3
12-2
WIRE
WIRE
(WITH GROUND)
(WITH GROUND)
WHITE WIRE WITH BLACK
ELECTRICAL TAPE ON END TO
SHOW IT IS BEING USED AS A
BLACK (HOT) WIRE.
12-3
WIRE
(WITH GROUND)
WHITE WIRE WITH BLACK
ELECTRICAL TAPE ON END TO
SHOW IT IS BEING USED AS A
BLACK (HOT) WIRE.
TERMINAL
SCREW
(Black or Copper
Colored)
COMMON
THREE-WAY
SWITCH
WIRING COLOR GUIDE
WHITE WIRE
BLACK WIRE
WHITE WIRE WITH BLACK
ELECTRICAL TAPE ON END TO
SHOW IT IS BEING USED AS A
BLACK (HOT) WIRE.
* ON THIS PAGE WE SHOW USING METAL WALL AND METAL
CEILING BOXES. THE WIRING IN PLASTIC AND METAL
BOXES IS THE SAME, EXCEPT FOR THE GROUND WIRE.
THE GROUND WIRE ATTACHES TO THE METAL BOXES, IN
PLASTIC IT DOES NOT, SEE PAGE 6 AND 7 FOR MORE ON
HOW THE GROUND WIRE WORKS IN PLASTIC BOXES.
TERMINAL
SCREW
(Black or Copper
Colored)
How to Wire Three-Way Switches
t»ulr»l
With Switches Controlling Four Lights
ha
' BARE WIRE ground HW»
FROM
POWER
SOURCE
12-2
WIRE
(WITH GROUND)
12-3
WIRE
(WITH GROUND)
\
WHITE WIRE WITH BLACK ELECTRICALTAPE ON END TO SHOW IT IS BEING USED
AS A BLACK (HOT) WIRE.
WHITE WIRE WITH BLACK
ELECTRICAL TAPE ON END TO
SHOW IT IS BEING USED AS A
BLACK (HOT) WIRE.
COMMON
TERMINAL
SCREW
WALL BOX
THREE W A Y
SWITCH
WHITE WIRE WITH BLACK ELECTRICAL TAPE ON END
TO SHOW IT IS BEING USED AS A BLACK (HOT) WIRE.
* ON THIS PAGE WE SHOW USING METAL WALL AND METAL
CEILING BOXES. THE WIRING IN PLASTIC AND METAL
BOXES IS THE SAME, EXCEPT FOR THE GROUND WIRE.
THE GROUND WIRE ATTACHES TO THE METAL BOXES, IN
PLASTIC IT DOES NOT, SEE PAGE 6 AND 7 FOR MORE ON
HOW THE GROUND WIRE WORKS IN PLASTIC BOXES.
(Black or Copper
Colored)
WIRING COLOR GUIDE
L;
1 WMITFWJRF
BLACK WIRE
WIRE NUT GUIDE
How to Wire Three-Way Switches
USE
fl
With Switches Controlling One Light
neutral
red wire
nut
hot
hot
jinn nun RED WIRE
BARE WIRE ground wire
RED
WIRE
INCLUDING GROUNDWIRES
12-2 WIRE
(WITH GROUND)
WALL BOX
COMMON
TERMINAL
SCREW
(Black or Copper
12-2 WIRE
(WITH GROUND)
FROM
POWERSOURCE
Colored)
COMMON
TERMINAL
SCREW
(Black or Copper
Colored)
WALL BOX
THREE-WAY SWITCH
12-3
\
(WITH
WIRE ^
ON THIS PAGE WE SHOW USING METAL WALL AND METAL
CEILING BOXES. THE WIRING IN PLASTIC AND METAL
BOXES IS THE SAME, EXCEPT FOR THE GROUND WIRE.
THE GROUND WIRE ATTACHES TO THE METAL BOXES, IN
PLASTIC IT DOES NOT, SEE PAGE 6 AND 7 FOR MORE ON
HOW THE GROUND WIRE WORKS IN PLASTIC BOXES.
GROUND)
How To Wire Three-Way Switches
With Switches Controlling Two Lights
CEILING BOX
WIRING COLOR GUIDE
WHITE WIRE
BLACK WIRE MOT
RED WIRE
12-2
WIRE
12-2
WIRE
(WITH GROUND)
\
(WITH GROUND)
BARE WIRE
WIRE NUT GUIDE
fl
WIRE
NUT
USE
RED
WIRE NUTS
WHERE WIRE NUTS ARE
USED
ON
THIS
PAGE
INCLUDING GROUND WIRES
COMMON
TERMINAL
SCREW
— 12-2 WIRE
(Black or Copper
(WITH GROUND)
Colored)
COMMON
TERMINAL
SCREW
(Black or Copper
Colored)
THREE-WAY
SWITCH
THREE-WAY
SWITCH
* ON THIS PAGE WE SHOW USING METAL WALL AND METAL
CEILING BOXES. THE WIRING IN PLASTIC AND METAL
J
I
12-3 WIRE
(WITH GROUND)
NUTS
WHERE WIRE NUTS ARE
USED
ON THIS
PAGE
BOXES IS THE SAME, EXCEPT FOR THE GROUND WIRE.
THE GROUND WIRE ATTACHES TO THE METAL BOXES, IN
PLASTIC IT DOES NOT, SEE PAGE 6 AND 7 FOR MORE ON
HOW THE GROUND WIRE WORKS IN PLASTIC BOXES.
13 H'S"8"5'
WIRING COLOR GUIDE
WHITE WIRE
BLACK WIRE hot
lllMHICT RED WIRE
hot
BARE WIRE ypux/*OT»
How To Wire Three-Way Switches
With Switches Controlling Three Lights
WIRE NUT GUIDE
USE
RED
WHERE
WIRE
WIRE
NUTS
NUTS
ARE
CEILING BOX
USED
ON
THIS
PAGE
INCLUDING GROUNDWIRES
12-2 WIRE
(WITH GROUND)
12-2
WIRE
(WITH GROUND)
COMMON
TERMINAL
SCREW
FROM
POWER
SOURCE
(Black or Copper
Colored)
X
I
1
7 1
/
12-2
\ (WITH
WIRE
GROUND)
12-2 WIRE
(WITH GROUND)
COMMON
TERMINAL
SCREW
(Black or Copper
Colored)
THREE-WAY SWITCH
12-3
WIRE
(WITH GROUND)
WIRING COLOR GUIDE
WHITE WIRE
BLACK WIRE
mnmim RED WIRE:
hat
hot
BARE WIRE groundwir*
THREE-WAY SWITCH
How to Wire Three-Way Switches
With Switches Controlling Four Lights
12-2
4
WIRE
(WITH GROUND)
WIRES
WIRE
'WITH GROUND)
GROUND
12-2
WIRE NUT GUIDE
* ON THIS PAGE WE SHOW USING METAL WALL AND METAL CEILING
BOXES. THE WIRING IN PLASTIC AND METAL BOXES IS THE SAME,
EXCEPT FOR THE GROUND WIRE. THE GROUND WIRE ATTACHES TO
THE METAL BOXES, IN PLASTIC IT DOES NOT, SEE PAGE 6 AND 7 FOR
MORE ON HOW THE GROUND WIRE WORKS IN PLASTIC BOXES.
12-2 WIRE
(WITH GROUND)
12-2 WIRE
(WITH GROUND)
CEILING BOX
USE RED WIRE NUTS
WHERE WIRE NUTS ARE
USED
ON
THIS
PAGE
INCLUDING GROUNDWIRES
FROM
POWER""*
SOURCE
COMMON
TERMINAL
SCREW
(Black or Copper
Colored)
12-3
WIRE
(WITH GROUND)
THREE-WAY SWITCH
THREE-WAY SWITCH
ON THIS PAGE WE SHOW USING METAL WALL AND METAL CEILING
BOXES. THE WIRING IN PLASTIC AND METAL BOXES IS THE SAME,
EXCEPT FOR THE GROUND WIRE. THE GROUND WIRE ATTACHES TO
THE METAL BOXES, IN PLASTIC IT DOES NOT, SEE PAGE 6 AND 7 FOR
MORE ON HOW THE GROUND WIRE WORKS IN PLASTIC BOXES.
a
How To Wire Three-Way Switches
BLACK WIRE MOT
RED WIRE
BARE WIRE "BOUND WIRE
WIRE
NUT
CEILING BOX
COMMON
TERMINAL
SCREW
WHITE WIRE
USE
RED WIRE NUTS
WHERE WIRE NUTS ARE
USED
ON THIS
PAGE
INCLUDING GROUND WIRES
GROUND
WIRES
With Switches Controlling One Light
WIRING COLOR GUIDE
WIRE NUT GUIDE
WHITE WIRE WITH
BLACK ELECTRICAL
/
TAPE ON END TO
SHOW IT IS BEING
(Black or Copper
Colored)
FROM
POWER
SOURCE
/
THREE-WAY SWITCH
\
12-2 WIRE
(WITH GROUND)
WHITE WIRE WITH BLACK
ELECTRICAL TAPE ON END TO
SHOW IT IS BEING USED AS A
BUCK (HOT) WIRE
COMMON
TERMINAL
SCREW
(Black or Copper
Colored)
> ON THIS PAGE WE SHOW USING METAL WALL AND METAL
CEILING BOXES. THE WIRING IN PLASTIC AND METAL
12-3 WIRE
(WITH GROUND)
WHITE WIRE WITH BLACK ELECTRICAL TAPE
ON END TO SHOW IT IS BEING USED AS A
BLACK (HOT) WIRE.
BOXES IS THE SAME, EXCEPT FOR THE GROUND WIRE.
THE GROUND WIRE ATTACHES TO THE METAL BOXES, IN
PLASTIC IT DOES NOT, SEE PAGE 6 AND 7 FOR MORE ON
HOW THE GROUND WIRE WORKS IN PLASTIC BOXES.
How to Wire Three-Way Switches
With Switches Controlling Two Lights
WIRE NUT GUIDE
USE
WHITE WIRE
BLACK WIRE HOT
HOT
RED WIRE
BARE WIRE 0*01*0
CEILING BOX
WIRE
mn
INCLUDING GROUND WIRES
USED
WIRE
ON
NUTS
THIS
GROUND
WIRES
\
PROM
POWER
SOURCE
12-2 WIRE
(WITH GROUND)
WHITE WIRE WITH
BLACK ELECTRICAL
THREE-WAY
SWITCH
TAPE ON END TO SHOW
ITIS BBNG USED AS A
BLACK (HOT) WIRE.
COMMON
TERMINAL
SCREW
WHITE WIRE WITH
BLACK ELECTRICAL
TAPE ON END TO SHOW
ITIS BEING USED AS A
BLACK (HOT) WIRE.
(Black or Copper
Colored)
12-3 WIRE
(WITH GROUND)
12-2
rWITH
WIRE
GROUND)
COMMON
TERMINAL
SCREW
(Black or Copper
Colored)
* ON THIS PAGE WE SHOW USING METAL WALL AND METAL
CEILING BOXES. THE WIRING IN PLASTIC AND METAL
12-3 WIRE
(WITH GROUND)
WHITE WIRE WITH BLACK ELECTRICAL TAPE
ON END TO SHOW IT IS BEING USED AS A
BLACK (HOT) WIRE.
NUTS
WHERE
•Ml
WIRING COLOR GUIDE
MED
A
BOXES IS THE SAME, EXCEPT FOR THE GROUND WIRE.
THE GROUND WIRE ATTACHES TO THE METAL BOXES, IN
PLASTIC IT DOES NOT, SEE PAGE 6 AND 7 FOR MORE ON
HOW THE GROUND WIRE WORKS IN PLASTIC BOXES.
ARE
PAGE
WIRING COLOR GUIDE
1
WHITE WIRE
BLACK WIRE HOT
RED WIRE
HOT
BARE WIRE G«C.VJ w ne
How To Wire Three-Way Switches
With Switches Controlling Three Lights
WIRE NUT GUIDE
A
USE MED WINE NUTS
WHERE WIRE NUTS ARE
USED
ON
THIS
PAGE
INCLUDING GROUND WINES
GROUND
WIRES
CEILING
WHTE WIRE WITH
BLACK ELECTRICAL
TAPE ON END TO SHOW
IT IS BEING USED AS A
BLACK (HOT) WIRE.
THREE-WAY
SWITCH
FROM
POWER
SOURCE
12-2 WIRE
(WITH GROUND)
COMMON
TERMINAL
SCREW
(Black or Copper
Colored)
12-2
12-3
WIRE
WIRE
(WITH GROUND)
(WITH GROUND)
12-3 WIRE
(WITH GROUND)
COMMON
TERMINAL
SCREW
(Black or Copper
Colored)
THREE-WAY
SWITCH
12-3
WHITE WIRE WITH BLACK ELECTRICAL
TAPE ON END TO SHOW IT IS BEING USED
AS A BLACK (HOT) WIRE.
WIRE
(WITH GROUND)
How to Wire Three-Way Switches
WIRING COLOR GUIDE
WHITE WIRE
BLACK WIRE
* ON THIS PAGE WE SHOW USING METAL WALL AND METAL
CEILING BOXES. THE WIRING IN PLASTIC AND METAL
BOXES IS THE SAME, EXCEPT FOR THE GROUND WIRE.
THE GROUND WIRE ATTACHES TO THE METAL BOXES, IN
PLASTIC IT DOES NOT, SEE PAGE 6 AND 7 FOR MORE ON
HOW THE GROUND WIRE WORKS IN PLASTIC BOXES
With Switches Controlling Four Lights
HOT
RED WIRE
BARE WIRE oaojNo
WIRE NUT GUIDE
USE
RED
WIRE
NUTS
WHERE WIRE NUTS ARE
USED
ON
THIS
PAGE
INCLUDING GROUND WIRES
WHITE WIRE WITH
BLACK ELECTRICAL
* CEILING BOX
TAPE ON END TO SHOW
IT IS BEING USED AS A
BLACK (HOT) WIRE.
POWER
SOURCE
COMMON
TERMINAL
SCREW
(Black or Copper
12-2
Colored)
WIRE
(WITH GROUND)
^"\
12-3
T
WIRE
/12-2
WIRE
T (WITH GROUND)
(WITH GROUND)
COMMON
TERMINAL
SCREW
(Black or Copper
Colored)
THREE-WAY SWITCH
WIRE
12-3
(WITH GROUND)
WHITE WIRE WITH BLACK ELECTRICAL
TAPE ON END TO SHOW IT IS BEING USED
AS A BLACK (HOT) WIRE.
12-3 WIRE
(WITH GROUND)
rt^
^^m^^
12-3 WIRE
(WITH GROUND)
* ON THIS PAGE WE SHOW USING METAL WALL AND METAL
CEILING BOXES. THE WIRING IN PLASTIC AND METAL
BOXES IS THE SAME, EXCEPT FOR THE GROUND WIRE.
THE GROUND WIRE ATTACHES TO THE METAL BOXES, IN
PLASTIC IT DOES NOT, SEE PAGE 6 AND 7 FOR MORE ON
HOW THE GROUND WIRE WORKS IN PLASTIC BOXES.
WIRE NUT GUIDE
USE
How to Wire Single Pole Switch
WIRING COLOR GUIDE
WHITE WIRE
BLACK WIRE HOT
RED WIRE
With Switch Controlling One Light
RED
WHERE
USED
WIRE
Nt/T
WIRE
WIRE
ON
NUTS
NUTS
THIS
ARE
PAGE
INCLUDING GROUND WIRES
BARE WIRE o«oj'o»-'«
12-2
WIRE
CEILING BOX
(WITH GROUND)
WALL BOX
WHITE WIRE
RED WIRE NUT
WHITE WIRES
FROM
POWER
SOURCE
BLACK WIRE
— 12-2
WIRE
(WITH GROUND)
ON THIS PAGE WE SHOW USING METAL WALL AND METAL
CEILING BOXES. THE WIRING IN PLASTIC AND METAL
BOXES IS THE SAME, EXCEPT FOR THE GROUND WIRE.
THE GROUND WIRE ATTACHES TO THE METAL BOXES, IN
PLASTIC IT DOES NOT, SEE PAGE 6 AND 7 FOR MORE ON
HOW THE GROUND WIRE WORKS IN PLASTIC BOXES.
How To Wire Single Pole Switch
With Switch Controlling Two Lights
WIRE NUT GUIDE
§
wwi
HUT
WIRING COLOR GUIDE
GROUND WIRES
WHITE WIRE
12-2
WIRE
(WITH GROUND)
USE
RED
WIRE
NUTS
WHE RE WIRE NUTS A R E
USED
ON
THIS
PAGE
INCLUDING GROUND WIRES
* CEILING BOX
12-2 WIRE
(WITH GROUND)
X
GROUND
WIRES
SINGLE-POLE
* ON THIS PAGE WE SHOW USING METAL WALL AND METAL CEILING BOXES. THE WIRING IN PLASTIC AND METAL
BOXES IS THE SAME, EXCEPT FOR THE GROUND WIRE. THE GROUND WIRE ATTACHES TO THE METAL BOXES,
FROM
38|
POWER
SOURCE
SWITCH
12-2 WIRE
(WITH GROUND)
IN PLASTIC IT DOES NOT, SEE PAGE 6 AND 7 FOR MORE ON HOW THE GROUND WIRE WORKS IN PLASTIC BOXES.
WIRING COLOR GUIDE
WHITE WIRE
BLACK WIRE MOT
RED WIRE
How to Wire Single Pole Switch
BARE WIRE GROUND WIRE
With Switch Controlling Three Lights
WIRE NUT GUIDE
fl
WIDE
NUT
USE
RED
WIRE
NUTS
WHERE WIRE NUTS ARE
USED
ON
THIS
PAGE
INCLUDING GROUND WIRES
12-2
GROUND
WIRES
GROUND
WIRES
WIRE
(WITH GROUND)
12-2
12-2
WIRE
FROM
POWER
SOURCE
-
12-2
ON THIS PAGE WE SHOW USING METAL WALL AND METAL CEILING BOXES. THE
WIRING IN PLASTIC AND METAL BOXES IS THE SAME, EXCEPT FOR THE GROUND WIRE.
THE GROUND WIRE ATTACHES TO THE METAL BOXES, IN PLASTIC IT DOES NOT, SEE
PAGE 6 AND 7 FOR MORE ON HOW THE GROUND WIRE WORKS IN PLASTIC BOXES
WIRE
(WITH GROUND)
WIRING COLOR GUIDE
WHITE WIRE NEUTRAL
BLACK WIRE HOT
WIRE
(WITH GROUND)
(WITH GROUND)
How To Wire Single Pole Switch
With Switch Controlling Four Lights
BARE WIRE G«OUNDWIRE
WIRE NUT GUIDE
CEILING
WIRE
NUT
USE
RED
WIRE
NUTS
WHERE WIRE NUTS ARE
USED
ON
THIS
PAGE
INCLUDING GROUND WIRES
12-3
GROUND
WIRES
/
BOXES
\
GROUND
CEILING BOXES
WIRES
GROUND
WIRES
/\
G
"°UND
WIRE
WIRE
(WITH GROUND)
\
WALL BOX
\
12-2
WIRE
(WITH GROUND)
* ON THIS PAGE WE SHOW USING METAL WALL AND METAL CEILING
BOXES. THE WIRING IN PLASTIC AND METAL BOXES IS THE SAME,
EXCEPT FOR THE GROUND WIRE. THE GROUND WIRE ATTACHES TO
THE METAL BOXES, IN PLASTIC IT DOES NOT, SEE PAGE 6 AND 7 FOR
MORE ON HOW THE GROUND WIRE WORKS IN PLASTIC BOXES.
WIRE NUT GUIDE
WIRING COLOR GUIDE
WHITE WIRE
BLACK WIRE
How to Wire Single Pole Switch
ha
iniumin RED WIRE
ft
USE RED WIRE NUTS
WHERE WIRE NUTS ARE
USED ON THIS PAGE
red wire INCLUDING GROUNDWIRES
nut
With Switch Controlling One Light
hot
CEILING BOX
GROUND WIRES
12-2 WIRE
(WITH GROUND)
WHITE WIRE WITH BLACK ELECTRICAL TAPE
ON END TO SHOW IT IS BEING USED AS A
BLACK (HOT) WIRE.
12-2 WIRE
(WITH GROUND)
ON THIS PAGE WE SHOW USING METAL WALL AND METAL
CEILING BOXES. THE WIRING IN PLASTIC AND METAL BOXES
W
WHITE WIRE WITH BLACK
ELECTRICAL TAPE ON END TO
-SHOW IT IS BEING USED AS A
BLACK (HOT) WIRE.
GROUND
WIRE
IS THE SAME, EXCEPT FOR THE GROUND WIRE. THE
GROUND WIRE ATTACHES TO THE METAL BOXES, IN PLASTIC IT DOES NOT, SEE PAGE 6 AND 7 FOR MORE ON HOW
THE GROUND WIRE WORKS IN PLASTIC BOXES.
How To Wire Single Pole Switch
With Switch Controlling Two Lights
§
WIRE
NUT
WIRING COLOR GUIDE
WHITE WIRE
BLACK WIRE
RED WIRE
BARE WIRE
WIRE NUT GUIDE
n»uval
hoi
USE
RED
WIRE
NUTS
WHERE WIRE NUTS ARE
USED
ON
THIS
PAGE
INCLUDING GROUND WIRES
12-3 WIRE
(WITH GROUND)
CEILING BOX
12-2 WIRE
(WITH GROUND)
12-2 WIRE
(WITH GROUND)
WHITE WIRE WITH BLACK ELECTRICAL'
TAPE ON END TO SHOW IT IS BEING USED
AS A BLACK (HOT) WIRE.
SINGLE-POLE
SWITCH
WHITE WIRE WITH BLACK
ELECTRICAL TAPE ON END TO
SHOW IT IS BEING USED AS A
BLACK (HOT) WIRE.
* ON THIS PAGE WE SHOW USING METAL WALL AND METAL CEILING
BOXES. THE WIRING IN PLASTIC AND METAL BOXES IS THE SAME,
EXCEPT FOR THE GROUND WIRE. THE GROUND WIRE ATT ACHES TO
THE METAL BOXES, IN PLASTIC IT DOES NOT, SEE PAGE 6 AND 7 FOR
MORE ON HOW 1 HE GROUND WIRE WORKS IN PLASTIC BOXES.
WIRING COLOR GUIDE
WHITE WIRE,
BLACK WIRE HOT
PHI i Him RED WIRE
How To Wire Single Pole Switch
BARE WIRE GBOUNDWIRE
WIRE NUT GUIDE
With Switch Controlling Three Lights
§
WIKE
NUT
USE
RED
WIRE
NUTS
WHERE WIRE NUTS ARE
USED
ON
THIS
PAGE
INCLUDING GROUND WIRES
GROUND WIRES
12-2
FROM
POWER
WIRE
(WITH GROUND)
SOURCE
\
WHITE WIRE WITH
BLACK ELECTRICAL
TAPEOMEMOT08HOW
ITISBBHGUSEDASA
12-2
12-3
WIRE
(WITH GROUND)
SINGLE-POLE
SWITCH
ON THIS PAGE WE SHOW USING METAL WALL AND METAL
CEILING BOXES. THE WIRING IN PLASTIC AND METAL BOXES
IS THE SAME, EXCEPT FOR THE GROUND WIRE. THE
GROUND WIRE ATTACHES TO THE METAL BOXES, IN PLASTIC IT DOES NOT, SEE PAGE 6 AND 7 FOR MORE ON HOW
THE GROUND WIRE WORKS IN PLASTIC BOXES.
AS A BLACK (HOT) WIRE.
WHITE WIRE
BLACK WIRE
NEI/TRAL
How to Wire Single Pole Switch
HOT
With Switch Controlling Four Lights
RED WIRE
BARE WIRE GBOUNOW^E
12-3
WIRE NUT GUIDE
fl
WIRE
NUT
12-2
(WITH
WALL
BOX
WIRE
(WITH GROUND)
USE
RED
WIRE NUTS
WHERE WIRE NUTS ARE
USED
ON
THIS
PAGE
INCLUDING GROUND WIRES
WIRE
(WITH GROUND)
WHITE WIRE WITH BLACK ELECTRICAL
TAPE ON END TO SHOW IT IS BEING USED
WIRING COLOR GUIDE
WIRE
(WITH GROUND)
BLACK (HOT) WIRE.
CEILING BOX
12-3
WIRE
(WITH GROUN'J)
12-3
WIRE
(WITH GROUND)
GROUND
WIRES
WIRE
FROM
POWER
SOURCE
GROUND)
TAPE ON END TO SHOW
ITISBBNGUSEDASA
BLACK (HOT) WIRE.
12-2
WIRE
(WITH GROUND)
ON THIS PAGE WE SHOW USING METAL WALL AND METAL
WHITE WIRE WITH BLACK ELECTRICAL
TAPE ON END TO SHOW IT IS BEING USED
AS A BLACK (HOT) WIRE.
CEILING BOXES THE WIRING IN PLASTIC AND METAL BOXES
IS THE SAME, EXCEPT FOR THE GROUND WIRE THE
GROUND WIRE ATTACHES TO THE METAL BOXES, IN PLASTIC IT DOES NOT, SEE PAGE 6 AND 7 FOR MORE ON HOW
THE GROUND WIRE WORKS IN PLASTIC BOXES.
WIRING COLOR GUIDE
WHITE WIRE
neutral
BLACK WIRE hot
minium RED WIRE
BARE WIRE gmund win
One Power Source Supplying Two
Single Pole Switches With Lights
12-2
WIRE
(WITH GROUND)
WIRE NUT GUIDE
USE
RED WIRE
NUTS
WHERE WIRE NUTS ARE
USED
ON
THIS
PAGE
| red wire INCLUDING GROUNDWIRES
fl.
12-2
nut
GROUND WIRE
WIRE
(WITH GROUND)
DOUBLE WALL BOX
ON THIS PAGE WE SHOW USING METAL WALL AN D METAL CEILING
BOXES. THE WIRING IN PLASTIC AND METAL BOXES IS THE SAME,
EXCEPT FOR THE GROUND WIRE. THE GROUND WIRE ATTACHES TO
THE METAL BOXES, IN PLASTIC IT DOES NOT, SEE PAGE 6 AND 7 FOR
MORE ON HOW THE GROUND WIRE WORKS IN PLASTIC BOXES.
12-2
WIRE
(WITH GROUND)
FROM
POWER
SOURCE
SINGLE-POLE
SWITCHES
One Power Source Supplying Three
Single Pole Switches With Lights
12-2
WIRING COLOR GUIDE
BLACK WIRE
* CEILING BOX
WIRE
(WITH GROUND)
ha
BARE WIRE yroundwin
GROUND WIRE
12-2
WIRE
(WITH GROUND)
WIRE NUT GUIDE
USE
fl
TRIPLE WALL BOX
RED
WIRE
NUTS
WHERE WIRE NUTS A R E
USED
ON
THIS
PAGE
INCLUDING GROUND WIRES
* ON THIS PAGE WE SHOW USING METAL WALL AND METAL
I CEILING BOXES. THE WIRING IN PLASTIC AND METAL
BOXES IS THE SAME, EXCEPT FOR THE GROUND WIRE.
THE GROUND WIRE ATTACHES TO THE METAL BOXES, IN
PLASTIC IT DOES NOT, SEE PAGE 6 AND 7 FOR MORE ON
HOW THE GROUND WIRE WORKS IN PLASTIC BOXES.
FROM
POWER
SOURCE
12-2 WIRE
(WITH GROUND)
SINGLE-POLE
SWITCHES
D
D D
WIRING COLOR GUIDE
WHITE WIRE
BLACK WIRE
RED WIRE
BARE WIRE (WOUND WIRE
WIRE NUT GUIDE
USE
WIRE
NUT
RED
WIRE
One Power Source Supplying Two
Single Pole Switches with Lights
NUTS
12-2 WIRE
(WITH GROUND)
WHERE WIRE NUTS ARE
USED
ON
THIS
PAGE
INCLUDING GROUND WIRES
FROM
POWER
'SOURCE
GROUND
WIRES
12-3 WIRE
(WITH GROUND)
12-2 WIRE
(WITH GROUND)
ON THIS PAGE WE SHOW USING METAL WALL AND METAL CEILING
BOXES. THE WIRING IN PLASTIC AND METAL BOXES IS THE SAME,
EXCEPT FOR THE GROUND WIRE. THE GROUND WIRE ATTACHES TO
THE METAL BOXES, IN PLASTIC IT DOES NOT, SEE PAGE 6 AND 7 FOR
MORE ON HOW 1 HE GROUND WIRE WORKS IN PLASTIC BOXES.
WIRING COLOR GUIDE
WHITE WIRE
(V)
NEUTRAL
BLACK WIRE HOT
HOT
RED WIRE
BARE WIRE G«OUND WIRE
WIRE NUT GUIDE
USE
RED
WIRE
NUTS
WHERE WIRE NUTS ARE
USED
ON
THIS
PAGE
INCLUDING GROUND WIRES
12-3
WIRE
(WITH GROUND)
12-2
WIRE
(WITH GROUND)
\
12-2 WIRE
(WITH GROUND)
FROM
POWER
SOURCE
* ON THIS PAGE WE SHOW USING METAL WALL AND METAL CEILING BOXES. THE
WIRING IN PLASTIC AND METAL BOXES IS THE SAME, EXCEPT FOR THE GROUND WIRE.
THE GROUND WIRE ATTACHES TO THE METAL BOXES, IN PLASTIC IT DOES NOT, SEE
PAGE 6 AND 7 FOR MORE ON HOW THE GROUND WIRE WORKS IN PLASTIC BOXES.
All About Four-Way Switches
' ON THIS PAGE WE SHOW USING METAL WALL AND METAL
CEILING BOXES. THE WIRING IN PLASTIC AND METAL
BOXES IS THE SAME, EXCEPT FOR THE GROUND WIRE.
THE GROUND WIRE ATTACHES TO THE METAL BOXES, IN
PLASTIC IT DOES NOT, SEE PAGE 6 AND 7 FOR MORE ON
HOW THE GROUND WIRE WORKS IN PLASTIC BOXES.
12-2
GROUND
'CEILING BOX
WIRE NUT GUIDE
WIRES
12-2
WIRE
WIRE
(WITH GROUND)
(WITH .GROUND)
A
USE RED WIRE NUTS
WHERE WIRE NUTS ARE
USED ON THIS PAGE
MVT
INCLUDING GROUND WIRES
•Ml
WHITE WIRE WITH BLACK ELECTRICAL
TAPE ON END TO SHOW IT IS BEING USED
AS A BLACK (HOT) WIRE.
COMMON
TERMINAL
SCREW
(Black or Coppar
Colored)
COMMON
TERMINAL
SCREW
(Black or Copper
Colorad)
WHITE WIRE WITH
BLACK ELECTRICAL
TAPE ON END TO SHOW !
IT IS BEING USED AS A
BLACK (HOT) WIRE.
12-3
WIRE -
(WITH GROUND)
WHITE WIRE WITH
BLACK ELECTRICAL
TAPE ON END TO SHOW
WHITE WIRE WITH BLACK ELECTRICAL TAPE ON END
IT IS BEING USED AS A
BLACK (HOT) WIRE.
TO SHOW IT IS BEING USED AS A BLACK (HOT) WIRE.
WIRING COLOR GUIDE
How to wire a switch controlled outlet
12-2
BLACK WIRE ATTACHED
TO BRASS TERMINAL SCREW
WHITE WIRE ATTACHED
TO WHITE OR SILVER
TERMINAL SCREW
WIRE
(WITH GROUND)
GROUND
WIRES
SINGLE-POLE
SWITCH
GROUND
WIRE
GROUND WIRE ATTACHED
TO GREEN HEX GROUNDING
TERMINAL SCREW
12-2
WIRE
(WITH GROUND)
WIRE NUT GUIDE
USE
RED
WIRE
'
FROM
POWER
SOURCE
NUTS
WHERE WIRE NUTS ARE
USED ON THIS PAGE
red wire INCLUDING GROUNDWIRES
nut
ON THIS PAGE WE SHOW USING METAL WALL AND METAL CEILING BOXES. THE
WIRING IN PLASTIC AND METAL BOXES IS THE SAME, EXCEPT FOR THE GROUND WIRE.
THE GROUND WIRE ATTACHES TO THE METAL BOXES, IN PLASTIC IT DOES NOT, SEE
PAGE 6 AND 7 FOR MORE ON HOW THE GROUND WIRE WORKS IN PLASTIC BOXES.
How to Wire Outlet and Light with Pull Chain
WIRING COLOR GUIDE
WHITE WIRE NEUTRAL
BLACK WIRE HOT
HOT
RED WIRE
BARE WIRE GROUND WIRE
MNE
NUT
RED
WIRE
12-2
WIRE
(WITH GROUND)
WIRE
(WITH GROUND)
WIRE NUT GUIDE
USE
12-2
CEILING BOX
NUTS
WHERE WIRE NUTS ARE
USED
ON
THIS
PAGE
INCLUDING GROUND WIRES
\
FROM
POWER
SOURCE
* ON THIS PAGE WE SHOW USING METAL WALL AND METAL CEILING BOXES. THE WIRING IN PLASTIC AND METAL
BOXES IS THE SAME, EXCEPT FOR THE GROUND WIRE. THE GROUND WIRE ATTACHES TO THE METAL BOXES,
IN PLASTIC IT DOES NOT, SEE PAGE 6 AND 7 FOR MORE ON HOW THE GROUND WIRE WORKS IN PLASTIC BOXES.
How To Wire Outlet and Light With Pull Chain
WIRING COLOR GUIDE
3 WHITE WIRE
BLACK WIRE HOT
RED WIRE
BARE WIRE GROUND WIRE
CEILING BOX
12-2
WIRE
(WITH GROUND)
WALL
BOX
GROUND WIRES
FROM
j
POWER
/
SOURCE
12-2 WIRE
(WITH GROUND)
ON THISPAGE WE SHOWUSING METAL WALL ANDMETAL CEILING BOXES. THE WIRING
IN PLASTIC AND METAL BOXES IS THE SAME, EXCEPT FOR THE GROUND WIRE. THE
GROUND WIRE ATTACHES TO THE METAL BOXES, IN PLASTIC IT DOES NOT, SEE PAGE
6 AND 7 FOR MORE ON HOW THE GROUND WIRE WORKS IN PLASTIC BOXES.
WIRING COLOR GUIDE
WHITE WIRE
BLACK WIRE hot
RED WIRE
hoi
BARE WIRE gmund win
D O
O
How To Wire Outlet-Switch and Light
o
WIRE NUT GUIDE
USE
RED WIRE NUTS
WHERE WIRE NUTS ARE
USED
ON THIS
PAGE
12-2
INCLUDING GROUND WIRES
WIRE
CEILING BOX
(WITH GROUND)
DOUBLE WALL BOX
BLACK WIRE ATTACHED
TO BRASS TERMINAL SCREW
.BLACK WIRE ATTACHED
TO BRASS TERMINAL SCREW
12-2
WIRE
GROUND WIRE ATTACHED
'TO OREEN HEX GROUNDING
TERMINAL SCREW
\
(WITH GROUND)
NOTE - THE
WIRES ON THIS
PAGE
ARE
SHOWN EXTRA
LONG TO SHOW
HOW THEY CONNECT TO SWITCH
AND OUTLET, THEY NEED TO
BE ONLY 6"
LONG.
FROM
POWER
SOURCE
" ON THIS PAGE WE SHOW USING METAL WALL AND METAL CEILING
BOXES. THE WIRING IN PLASTIC AND METAL BOXES IS THE SAME,
EXCEPT FOR THE GROUND WIRE. THE GROUND WIRE ATTACHES TO
THE METAL BOXES. IN PLASTIC IT DOES NOT, SEE PAGE 6 AND 7 FOR
WHITE WIRE ATTACHED
TO WHITE OR SILVER
MORE ON HOW THE GROUND WIRE WORKS IN PLASTIC BOXES.
TERMINAL SCREW
How To Wire Outlet-Switch and Light
D O
O
o
WIRE NUT GUIDE
WIRING COLOR GUIDE
WHITE WIRE *****
BLACK WIRE HOT
RED WIRE
BARE WIRE O*OUND WIRE
A
USE RED WIRE NUTS
WHERE WIRE NUTS ARE
USED ON THIS PAGE
NUT
INCLUDING GROUND WIRES
12-3
CEILING BOX
GROUND
WIRES
12-2 WIRE
(WITH GROUND)
WIRE
(WITH GROUND)
DOUBLE WALL BOX
BLACK WIRES ATTACHED
TO BRASS TERMINAL SCREWS
FROM
POWER
SOURCE
NOTE - THE
GROUND
WIRES
WIRES ON THIS
PAGE
ARE
SHOWN EXTRA
LONG TO SHOW
HOW THEY CONNECT TO SWITCH
AND OUTLET, THEY NEED TO
BE ONLY 6"
LONG.
WHITE WIRE ATTACHED
TO WHITE OR SILVER
TERMINAL SCREW
ON THIS PAGE WE SHOW USING METAL WALL AND METAL CEILING BOXES. THE
WIRING IN PLASTIC AND METAL BOXES IS THE SAME, EXCEPT FOR THE GROUND WIRE.
THE GROUND WIRE ATTACHES TO THE METAL BOXES, IN PLASTIC IT DOES NOT, SEE
PAGE 6 AND 7 FOR MORE ON HOW THE GROUND WIRE WORKS IN PLASTIC BOXES.
How to Wire a Single Pole Switch, Light, and Outlet
WIRE NUT GUIDE
USE
RED
WIRE
NUTS
WHERE WIRE NUTS ARE
USED
ON
THIS
PAGE
red wire INCLUDING GROUNDWIRES
nut
12-3
GROUND WIRES
12-2
WIRE
(WITH GROUND)
WIRE
(WITH GROUND)
*WALL BOX
SINGLE-POLE
SWITCH
FROM
POWER
SOURCE
12-2 WIRE
(WITH GROUND)
ON THIS PAGE WE SHOW USING METAL WALL AND METAL
CEILING BOXES. THE WIRING IN PLASTIC AND METAL BOXES
IS THE SAME, EXCEPT FOR THE GROUND WIRE. THE
GROUND WIRE ATTACHES TO THE METAL BOXES, IN PLASTIC IT DOES NOT, SEE PAGE 6 AND 7 FOR MORE ON HOW
THE GROUND WIRE WORKS IN PLASTIC BOXES.
How To Wire Outlet-Switch and Light
WIRING COLOR GUIDE
WIRE NUT GUIDE
USE RED WIRE NUTS ON
ALL WIRING
12-2
DIAGRAMS
ON THIS PAGE INCLUDING
red wire GROUND WIRES
nut
WIRE
(WITH GROUND)
WALL
BOX
FROM
POWER
SOURCE
SINGLE-POLE
SWITCH
12-2 WIRE'*'
(WITH GROUND)
* ON THIS PAGE WE SHOW USING METAL WALL AND METAL CEILING
BOXES THE WIRING IN PLASTIC AND METAL BOXES IS THE SAME,
EXCEPT FOR THE GROUND WIRE. THE GROUND WIRE ATTACHES TO
THE METAL BOXES, IN PLASTIC IT DOES NOT, SEE PAGE 6 AND 7 FOR
MORE ON HOW THE GROUND WIRE WORKS IN PLASTIC BOXES.
47
Explanation of Standard Electrical Terms
Receptacle
or Outlet
...... ^M<..... A type of outlet to which electric cords can
\V
conveniently be plugged in.
Fuse
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A safety device which breaks the flow of
electricity whenever a circuit becomes
overloaded.
Circuit-Breaker
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Performs the same functions as a fuse in the
"Circuit-Breaker" types of service panel.
Electric Service Panel
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . T h e main panel (or fuse cabinet) through
which electricity is brought into the building
and then distributed to various branch circuits. Contains the main disconnect switch
for the entire wiring system, as well as fuses
or circuit-breakers.
Conductors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Common trade term for electric wires.
Grounding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . T h e connection of the electrical system to
the earth, a precaution necessary to prevent
damage from lightning and minimize danger
from shocks.
"Hot" Wires . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . T h e power-carrying wires (usually black or
red) as distinguished from the "neutral"
wires (usually white).
Switch box . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Type of protective box in which switch terminals are connected to the wires.
Fish wire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Narrow, springy metal type bent into a hook
at one or both ends. Used to pull wire
through walls, floors and ceilings in existing
homes.
Fixture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Any mounted electrical device such as a
switch, outlet, ceiling light, etc.
L i n e . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Cable comprising or supplying a circuit.
Thin-wall conduit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A l s o called E.M.T. which stands for Electrical
Metal Tubing.
Color-Coding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Identification of wires by color throughout
the system to help assure that "hot" wires
will be connected only to "hot" wires and
that "neutral" wires run in a continuous uninterrupted connection back to the ground
terminal.
Short circuit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . An improper connection between "hot"
"hot" wires or between a "hot" wire and
a "neutral".
Circuit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Two or more wires through which electricity
•—.
flows out from the source of supply to one or
112
more outlets, and then back.
'
a
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STEP BY STEP GUIDE BOOK CO.
OUR HOME PLUMBING BOOK
IS 8 1/2" X 11" AND CONTAINS
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STEP BY STEP
GUIDE BOOK ON
NO. 4
SPRINKLING SYSTEMS
OVER 300
HOW-TO-DO-IT
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OUR SPRINKLER BOOK
IS 8 1/2" X 11" AND CONTAINS
38 PAGES.
SIMPLIFIED, COMPLETE INSTALLATION MANUAL
II
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ISBN -O-9619201-0-6
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