Drone Package Delivery Drones Presented BY : Khadiri Anas Belkhadir Anas Bnitir youssef Plan 1)- Introduction 2)-Definition of drone 3)-History 4)- Drone components 5)-types of drones 6)Advantages and disadvantages 7)-case study What is a drone ? Drones, also called unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), have no human pilot onboard, and instead are either controlled by a person on the ground or autonomously via a computer program. These stealth craft are becoming increasingly popular, not just for war and military purposes, but also for everything from wildlife and atmospheric research to disaster relief and sports photography. 3 History On 22 August 1849, the Austrians used UAV for the first time and attacked Venice using unmanned Balloons loaded with explosives. 1915 : During the Battle of Neuve Chapelle, the Aerial imagery was used by the British Military to capture about 15,000 sky view maps of the German trench fortifications in the region. 1941 : The first large-scale production of drones by U.S. was initiated by Reginald Denny. 1990 : Miniature and Micro UAVs became the part of research and soon came into action. 2010 : The Parrot AR Drone, a smartphone-controlled quadcopter for consumers was introduced at the Consumer Electronics Show in Las Vegas. 4 History 2012: Congress required the FAA to integrate small drones into the national airspace by 2015. 2013 : On 60 Minutes, Amazon CEO Jeff Bezos unveils an audacious plan of delivery drones and a future service called Prime Air 2014 : Drones for delivery was used by Amazon for the first time in 2014. Present : In the past 10 years, many small advanced quadcopters have entered the market that includes the DJI Phantom and Parrot AR Drone. This new breed of quadcopters are cheap, lightweight, and use advanced electronics for flight control. 5 Drone components 1- Standard Propellers 2. Pusher Propellers 3. Brushless Motors 4. Landing Gear 5. Electronic Speed Controllers 6. Flight Controller 7. The Receiver 8. The Transmitter 9. GPS Module 10. Battery 11. Camera 6 types of drone if you are interested in buying a drone, you may have already encountered these terms referring to a specific type of drone: RTF for Ready To Fly . RTF are the ones that require the least steps before they can fly. They are therefore recommended to beginners. Only a few things like placing the batteries and the need to recharge the batteries will have to be made to be able to fly his drone. BNF for Bind and Fly . BNF are almost complete. Only the radio is not supplied with a drone of this type: practical for pilots already benefiting from a radio control 7 types of drone PNF for Plug and Fly. PNF are only provided with their main structure more or less mounted, that is to say the landing gear, propellers, engines and controllers. It will be necessary to obtain a radio receiver, a radio remote control, batteries as well as a charger to complete the drone ARF for Almost Ready to Fly . ARF are the least supplied drones, benefiting only from their basic structure. These models are appreciated by pilots wishing to customize themselves the drone in DIY. 8 Advantages Surpassing the traffic Used in dangerous environemment can record high speed protecting Wildlife advertising saving lives 9 disadvantages slow speeds and easy to shoot down limitted battery power too small for transportation of materials hackable Vulnerable to Wild Animal Attacks The invasion of privacy of individuals 1 Drone Delivery Systems Even though the shipping and delivery applications of the drones are still under process, this idea could be revolutionary for the world. This could significantly improve delivery times and reduce human labor. Be it delivering pizzas, letters, or even small parcels, these programmed drones could do the work for you. In fact, Amazon is working on its resources to facilitate 30-minute delivery services by means of drones. If this is brought to fruition, more than half of your shopping and food orders could be done within a span of a few minutes, with drones delivering your packages at your doorstep. 1 Drone Delivery Systems Drones that fly packages to you Transforming and evolving technology Faster delivery Eliminates middle man and cost of labor The Economics of Drone Delivery systems The Milk Run Route density (number of stops) Drop capacity (number of packages) UPSTruck -120stops(1000 packages) Distance Amazon claims it can fly 15 miles for a delivery 1 the major players in Package Delivery 1 Economics -continued Reduced greenhouse gas emissions as smaller and lighter packages are transported via drones rather than traditional delivery trucks Reduced roadway and bridge maintenance costs due to less use by delivery vehicles Improved safety: due to fewer at-grade rail crossings associated with less heavy traffic Greater route flexibility compared to traditional delivery vehicles, thus enabling drivers to avoid delivery stops at highly-congested locations. 1 Possible Limitations Limited package weights will prevent heavier or larger items from being delivered via drone Constrained flight times and ranges due to limited battery capacity Designated drop-off locations may become difficult to determine in dense, urban areas Required collision avoidance systems and airspace control regulations may become needed as drone deliveries are more commonplace 1 RESCUE OPERATIONS AND HEALTHCARE Usually, a rescue operation is a fight against time. You need to get the work done fast and smoothly. This is where drones come in handy. With the help of thermal sensors, drones can locate lost persons and are especially useful at night or even in challenging terrains. These can be deployed quickly and can travel through small spaces. Besides, these aerial vehicles are also useful for sending in food or medical supplies to unreachable locations before the rescue team comes in to help. 1 DISASTER MANAGEMENT One of the most important applications for these unmanned vehicles lies in disaster management. It is often seen that there is utter chaos and mismanagement of resources soon after a disaster, be it a man-made or a natural calamity. Drones could help you significantly here. With powerful cameras, these devices could collect information and pictures of the debris working in a specific area. You would get clearer footages of the accident site without having to spend a lot of money on helicopters. 1 MILITARY USES OF DRONES BOMB DETECTION Owing to the small size of the drones, they can usually penetrate into constricted spaces. Add to that, effective cameras and this makes the drones suitable for purposes of bomb detection. Thus, these aerial vehicles are apt for making us aware of unexploded bombs and save lives. 1 GEOGRAPHIC MAPPING Drones also have had an enormous effect in the field of 3D geographic mapping. There are regions on the earth that are not easily accessible to humans. This might include some dangerous coastlines or unattainable mountain tops. But for the purpose of studying the terrain and preparing 3D maps, drones have been put to use. 1 Conclusion Drones have always risen to the occasion whenever they were needed . they are truly an engineering spectacle , containing the best of mechanical , electronics and software technology . Drone will play a major role in almost all fields in near future .