THE PAST PERFECT SIMPLE Le “past perfect simple” correspond

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THE PAST PERFECT SIMPLE
Le “past perfect simple” correspond le plus souvent au plus-que-parfait en Français. Il se forme
avec “had” (le passé de have) et le participe passé du verbe (3ème colonne).
A. FORME
- Phrases affirmatives:
Exemple:
Sujet + had + pp
They
had studied
- Phrases negatives:
Exemple:
Sujet + hadn’t (had not) + pp
They hadn’t
studied
German
German before they went to Berlin.
before they went to Berlin.
- Phrases interrogatives: Had + sujet + pp
Exemple:
Had they studied German before they went to Berlin?
B. EMPLOI
On utilise le Past Perfect pour parler d’une action qui s’est produite avant une autre dans le
passé:
They had left the party when we arrived.
= Ils étaient partis quand nous sommes arrivés.
Now
Exemples:
-I had never seen such a beautiful beach before I went to Palawan.
- I didn’t have any money because I had lost my wallet.
- Had Marc learned Spanish before he went to Spain?
- We were not able to get a hotel room because we had not booked in advance.
WHAT HAD HAPPENED BEFORE ?
A) Fill in the following table in guessing what had happened before…
WHAT HAPPENED ?
1) A man stopped you when you were
leaving H&M…
2) Your mum phoned you up and asked
why you weren’t at home…
WHAT HAD HAPPENED BEFORE ?
1) I had forgotten my purse at the till.
3) When you got home last night, the
door was open and lots of things were
not there…
3)
4) Your friend e-mailed you to say
“Congratulations!”..
4)
5) There were lots of police officers at
the bus station this morning…
5)
6) The head of your school came and
asked you to go to his office…
6)
7) Your teacher shouted at you when
you walked into the classroom today…
2)
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