Vocabulaire 1-2 Grammaire: Subjects and Verbs

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Vocabulaire 1-2
Grammaire: Subjects and Verbs
1) In English, sentences have a subject and verb. The subject is the person or thing that is doing
the action or that is being described. The verb is the action word, like jump or sing, or a linking
word, like are or is, that links the subject to a description.
Marie sings well.
Simon is blond.
2) French sentences also have a subject and a verb.
_______________________________________________.
________________________________________________.
3) Both English and French use nouns as subjects. Nouns can be replaced by pronouns. Some
of the French pronouns you have already seen are: je, tu, il, and elle.
Marie is a friend. She is fifteen years old.
Marie est une amie. ________ a quinze ans.
A. Identify the subject and verb in each sentence/question below:
1. Elle a quinze ans.
subject : ___________________
verb : _________________
2. Marc a quel âge ?
subject : ___________________
verb : _________________
3. J’ai seize ans.
subject : ___________________
verb : _________________
B. Create complete sentences by matching each phrase in the first column with it’s logical
completion in the second column.
1. ______ Comment il
a. va ?
2. ______ Tu
b. a dix ans.
3. ______ Comment allezc. s’appelle ?
4. ______ Je te
d. vous ?
5. ______ Comment ça
e. as quel âge ?
6. ______ Il
f. présente Nina.
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Vocabulaire 1-2
Grammaire: French Subject Pronouns / Les pronoms personnels
En français
je / j’
tu
il
elle
on
nous
vous
ils
elles
En anglais
I
you (informal, singular)
he
she
everyone, one
we
you (plural, formal)
They (all boys or mixed)
They (all girls)
1) Je changes to j’ before a verb beginning with a vowel sound.
Je m’appelle Pierre.
__________ parle français.
J’ai quinze ans.
__________ adore la musique.
2) The subject pronouns tu and vous both mean you. These are used when talking directly to
someone.
A friend, a
family member
or someone
your own age
or younger
Tu
Vous
More than one
person or an
adult who is not
a family
member
3) The pronoun “on” has no direct equivalent in English. It can mean we, they as in people in
general, everyone or one. The meaning of “on” will depend on the context.
En France, on parle français.
In France, they (people in general) speak French.
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Vocabulaire 1-2
Grammaire: Le Verbe Avoir
AVOIR (To
)
Je/J’ai
Nous avons
Tu as
Vous avez
Il a
Ils ont
Elle a
Elles ont
On a
J’ai deux questions.
Elle a un crayon.
Nous avons cinq stylos.
Grammaire: La Négation (Negative sentences)
1) To make any sentence negative, add “ne … pas” around the verb.
2) Notice that “ne” becomes “n’” before a verb that begins with a vowel
sound.
3) “Un”, “une”, and “des” all change to “de” in a negative sentence.
Ça va bien.  ___________________________
It’s going fine.  It’s not going fine.
Elle a dix ans.  ___________________________
She is 10 years old.  She isn’t 10 years old.
Léa a un crayon.  _______________________________________
Léa has a pencil.  Léa doesn’t have a pencil.
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