# Population Model

Telechargé par Mohamed El attouga
Population Model
Slide1
share the same ecosystem can interact with each other and actually provide a feedback loop
on each other. And there's many cases of this, but the most cited general example is the case
when one population wants to eat another population. And so, you have the predator
population that likes to eat the prey. So you have the predator and prey interactions. So let's
just think about how these populations could interact.
the horizontal axis is time. The vertical axis is population.
And so, let's just, in our starting point, let's say that our prey is starting out at a relatively
high point. Let's say we're right there in time, and let's say for whatever reason, our predator
population is relatively low. So, what do we think I going to happen here? Well, at this
point, with a low density of predators, it's going to be much easier for them for find a meal,
and it's going to be much easier for the prey to get caught. So since it's more easy, it's easier
for the predators to find a meal, you can imagine their population starting to increase. But
what's going to happen is their population is increasing. Well, it's going to be more likely
that they're going to, they prey is going to get caught. There's going to be more of their
hunters around, more of their predators around. So that population In going to start
decreasing all the way to a point where if the population of the prey gets low enough, the
predators are going to have, they're going to start having trouble finding food again, and so
that their population might start to decrease, and as their population decreases, what's going
to happen to the prey? Well, then, there's going to be less predators around, so they might
be able to, their population might start to increase. And so I think you see what's happening.
The predator and prey, they can kind of form this cyclic interaction with each other. And
what I've just drawn, this is often known as the predator-prey cycle. And I just reasoned
through that you can imagine a world where you can have the cycle between predator and
prey populations. But you can also run computer simulations that will show this, and even
observational data out in the field also shows this. One of the often-cited examples
The dynamics of predator-prey interactions using the Lotka-Volterra model. It begins with
a scenario where the prey population is high, and the predator population is low. As the
predator population increases due to easy access to prey, the prey population starts
declining. Eventually, the reduced prey population makes it difficult for predators to find
food, causing their population to decrease. With fewer predators, the prey population can
then increase again, creating a cyclic interaction known as the predator-prey cycle. This
narrative highlights the reciprocal relationship between predator and prey populations, a
phenomenon supported by both theoretical reasoning and observations in the field.
And this fully applies to the following model, Lynx, and snowshoe hare, so the prey is the
snowshoe hare, and the predator is the lynx.
Slide2
The Lotka-Volterra equations, or predator-prey equations, consist of a pair of first-order
nonlinear differential equations. These mathematical expressions model the dynamics
between two interacting species in an ecosystem, typically a predator and its prey. The
equations capture the changes in the populations of both species over time, highlighting the
cyclic nature of their relationship. The model is widely used in ecological studies to
understand the dynamics of predator-prey interactions and the delicate balance within
ecosystems.
Slide3
Assumption1: The prey population has sufficient food resources, ensuring their adequate
supply.
Assumption2: The size of the prey population is directly correlated with the quantity of
available food, indicating a clear relationship.
Assumption3: The population's size is directly linked to the rate of change within that
population.
Assumption4: Predators exhibit continuous feeding behavior without interruption.
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# Population Model

Telechargé par Mohamed El attouga
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