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 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬
 -‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
 

‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 
 W،،‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
  ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ،‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
  ‫א‬        ،‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬  
‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬    ، 
‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
     ‫א‬  ‫א‬   ،‫א‬   
 K‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬

  ?  J  ‫א‬    ? ‫א‬ ‫א‬  
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ?‫א‬?
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
،‫א‬ ،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

   W    ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬    ‫א‬
 K‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬






 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 -‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬
١
‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬

 W‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬G
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬G
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬G
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ G





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
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K
‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬، ‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬
‫א‬EF‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬K
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
-١-
‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
EF‫א‬١٠٠٠
 KEF‫א‬
 W
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬





 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬J
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬J
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J
 ‫א‬‫א‬J
 ‫א‬‫א‬J
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J
‫א‬‫א‬J

(Engine Oil leaks Check) ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬KE‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬
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‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬،
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 KE‫א‬‫א‬ F‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
EFK‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬EF‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
٨٠L ٥٤‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K
 ‫א‬L١٠٠
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

(Engine Blowby) ‫א‬‫א‬ 
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ 
‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬
(Compression test) ‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 KE‫א‬‫א‬،E‫א‬F‫א‬،‫א‬،‫א‬F

 W‫א‬‫א‬
 Compression Gauge ‫א‬J
-٣-
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬J
 W‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ١
 ‫א‬‫א‬J ٢
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٣
 ‫א‬‫א‬J ٤

 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬KE ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ١
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٢
 KE‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٣
 KE‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٤
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 KE‫א‬F‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬J ٥
 K١J ١‫א‬‫א‬
‫ ﻃﺮﻳﻘﺔ إﺟﺮاء اﺧﺘﺒﺎر اﻟﻀﻐﻂ‬١-١‫ﺷﻜﻞ‬
 ‫א‬٦‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٦
 KE‫א‬‫א‬F
 K‫א‬‫א‬J ٧
 K‫א‬٧٥‫א‬‫א‬J ٨

-٤-
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J
٨٦٠FL ١٧٥١٢٥#
 K‫א‬‫א‬٪١٠‫א‬‫א‬KE١٢٠٠
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J
‫א‬KE ١٤٠١٠٠FL ٢٠١٥‫א‬‫א‬
 ٪٢٠٪١٠‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬١J ١
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 KE‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬G
 KE‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬G
 KE‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬G
، ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬#
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ZxLz‫א‬‫א‬
 ٥H‫א‬‫א‬HE‫א‬‫א‬C‫א‬F
 Zxz‫א‬‫א‬
 EF٦{٨٩٥CxLz‫א‬‫א‬

 WE٢J ١F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٩
 ٨٥‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

(‫ إﺿﺎﻓﺔ اﻟﺰﻳﺖ )اﻻﺧﺘﺒﺎر اﻟﻤﺒﻠﻞ‬٢-١‫ﺷﻜﻞ‬


-٥-
‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬
 E‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬G
 E‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬G
 





















(‫ ﺟﺪول اﺧﺘﺒﺎر اﻟﻀﻐﻂ )ﻟﻤﻘﺎرﻧﺔ اﻟﺤﺪ اﻷدﻧﻰ اﻟﻤﺴﻤﻮح ﺑﻪ ﻓﻲ اﻻﺧﺘﺒﺎر‬١-١ ‫ﺟﺪول رﻗﻢ‬
-٦-


‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 (Cylinder Leakage Test) ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬K
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬
‫ اﺧﺘﺒﺎر ﺗﺴﺮﻳﺐ‬٣-١ ‫ﺷﻜﻞ‬
J
 W‫א‬‫א‬
Leak-down Tester ‫א‬J
 ‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ١
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬J ١
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٢
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٣
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٤
 ١‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٥
 ‫א‬‫א‬J ٦
‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،١‫א‬‫א‬J ٧
 K‫א‬‫א‬E‫א‬
‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬١‫א‬‫א‬J ٨
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،E
 ‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٩
 ٣J ١‫א‬‫א‬J ١٠
 K،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ١١
-٧-
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ١٢
 W
 ‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬




 W‫א‬
 K٪٢٠‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬G
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
KEF‫א‬‫א‬J 
KEF‫א‬‫א‬J 
KE‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬J 
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 (Vacuum Gauge Testing) ‫א‬‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬
K
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
، ‫א‬‫א‬، 
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬


‫ ﺗﻮﺻﻴﻠﺔ إﺟﺮاء اﺧﺘﺒﺎر اﻟﺘﺨﻠﺨﻞ‬٤-١ ‫ﺷﻜﻞ‬

-٨-
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬
Vacuum Gauge ‫א‬J

TachometerELF‫א‬J
 W‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ١
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٢
 WE٤J ١F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬J ١
 E‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٢
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٣
 W‫א‬
 E٤٥٤٠FJ ١٧١٥‫א‬‫א‬G
 K‫א‬٥J ١‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬G













-٩-
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 J ٢٠١٥
 E٧٠٥٠F
‫א‬J
 ‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬J
‫א‬J
 K‫א‬
 K‫א‬J
 K‫א‬J

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
EJ ٥FK

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬
 
٣٠١٠F
‫א‬E
‫א‬‫א‬
١٤٧F
 E
 K
 KJ
 J
‫א‬‫א‬
 KE ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F

























.‫ )أ( ﻗﺮاءة ﻣﺒﻴﻦ اﻟﺘﺨﻠﺨﻞ ﺑﺎﺧﺘﺒﺎر اﻟﺘﺨﻠﺨﻞ ﺗﺤﺖ ﻇﺮوف ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ ﻟﺤﺎﻟﺔ اﻟﻤﺤﺮك‬٥-١ ‫ﺷﻜﻞ‬
-١٠-


‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬J

K‫א‬J
J
‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J
 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J
 ‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬J
 K‫א‬J
 K‫א‬‫א‬J

‫א‬L‫א‬‫א‬J
 K‫א‬‫א‬







 K



 K







 K‫א‬J


 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
L٢٥٠٠‫א‬
 
‫א‬
 K
‫א‬






 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J
 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬J
 J ٢١F
 KE‫א‬F

 E

.‫ )ب( ﻗﺮاءة ﻣﺒﻴﻦ اﻟﺘﺨﻠﺨﻞ ﺑﺎﺧﺘﺒﺎر اﻟﺘﺨﻠﺨﻞ ﺗﺤﺖ ﻇﺮوف ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ ﻟﺤﺎﻟﺔ اﻟﻤﺤﺮك‬٥-١ ‫ﺷﻜﻞ‬
-١١-






‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 (Oil Pressure Test)‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬
‫ ﺧﻄﻮات إﺟﺮاء اﺧﺘﺒﺎر ﺿﻐﻂ اﻟﺰﻳﺖ‬٦-١‫ﺷﻜﻞ‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬

 Oil Pressure Gauge‫א‬J
 Tachometer ELF‫א‬J
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ١
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ٦J ١‫א‬‫א‬J ١
‫א‬‫א‬J ٢
 ٧J ١‫א‬
 ‫א‬J ٣
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٤
 L٣٠٠٠‫א‬J ٥
‫ ﺧﻄﻮات إﺟﺮاء اﺧﺘﺒﺎر ﺿﻐﻂ اﻟﺰﻳﺖ‬٧-١‫ﺷﻜﻞ‬
‫ﻂ‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٦

‫)ﺗ آ‬

 W‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬G
 KE٢٩F٢L٤{٣
 WL٣٠٠٠‫א‬G
 KE٤٩٠–٢٤٥FL٧١J ٣٦
-١٢-
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬

 EPower Balance TestF‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
W‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 WE٨J ١F‫א‬‫א‬
 Engine Analyzer‫א‬‫א‬J
Tachometer
ELF‫א‬J
 W‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ١
(Exhaust Gas Recirculation)EGR‫א‬‫א‬J ٢
١٥‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬، ‫א‬‫א‬J ٣
K‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٣٠‫א‬
،
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٤
 ‫א‬E‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬J ٥
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
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‫ ﺟﻬﺎز اﺗﺰان ﻗﺪرة اﻟﻤﺤﺮك‬٨ -١ ‫ﺷﻜﻞ‬
‫وﺑﻴﺎن ﻧﺴﺒﺔ ﻣﺸﺎرآﺔ آﻞ أﺳﻄﻮاﻧﺔ ﻓﻲ‬
.‫ﻗﺪرة اﻟﻤﺤﺮك‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
، ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ١
 K‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٢
-١٣-
‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 L١٠٠٠‫א‬J ٣
 ،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٤
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬G
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 K٪٥‫א‬‫א‬ G
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬G
 K‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬J 
 ‫א‬J 
 J 
 ‫א‬J 
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬#
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
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 EExhaust gas testingF‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬،
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 W
E F‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
، ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬
-١٤-
 K




‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 WE٩J ١F‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
‫اﻟﻔﺤﺺ اﻟﻈﺎهﺮي ﻟﻠﻮن ﻋﺎدم اﻟﺴﻴﺎرة‬٩ -١ ‫ﺷﻜﻞ‬
K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬ K
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬FJ J 
 E‫א‬
 E‫א‬F‫א‬J 
 E‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬FJ 
 WE١٠J ١F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ١
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٢
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٣
 KE‫א‬٤٠‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٤
 K‫א‬‫א‬٣J ١‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٥
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬L٢٥٠٠‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٦








-١٥-
‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 W‫א‬
 W‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،
 K‫א‬٤٠٠١٠٠.(pmm)
 W‫א‬‫א‬
 EF‫א‬J ١
 E‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬J ٢
 E‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬J ٣
 E‫א‬‫א‬،،‫א‬FJ ٤
 W‫א‬
 K‫א‬،
 K٪٢١
 WEF‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬، F‫א‬J ١
،‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬
 E‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬J ٢
 KE‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬J ٣
 KE‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬J ٤
-١٦-
‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 W‫א‬
 K‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K٪٧٠{١
 WEF‫א‬‫א‬
 E‫א‬،‫א‬F‫א‬J ١
 K‫א‬‫א‬J ٢
 KE‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬J ٣
 W‫א‬
 K‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬
 K٪٨‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬G
 K

 (Internal Noises Check) ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
،
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K
 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K
 ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬
-١٧-
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬KE
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،
 ‫א‬‫א‬FJ 
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬،E F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬
 E‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F
 WE‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬FJ 
‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬KE‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬
E
 FK
‫اﺳﺘﺨﺪام ﻣﺴﺪس اﻟﻮﻣﻴﺾ‬١١-١ ‫ﺷﻜﻞ‬
‫ﻟﺘ‬
١١J ١‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬KE
 
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K
 ‫א‬
 K‫א‬
 W
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫ اﻟﻔﺤﺺ‬١٢-١‫ﺷﻜﻞ‬
‫اﻟﺴﻤﻌﻲ ﻟﻠﻤﺤﺮك‬
-١٨-

 


‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬G
E ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F ‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬G
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬، ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ E
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
،
 ‫א‬‫א‬
J  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬١٣
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J
F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬KE 
‫א‬
 K‫א‬
‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬
‫ﻣﺼﺎدر اﻷﺻﻮات ﺑﺎﻟﻤﺤﺮك‬١٣-١‫ﺷﻜﻞ‬
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‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬E
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬J
K
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬J
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J
 K‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J
 KE‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬E
 ‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬
E F‫א‬‫א‬،
 ‫א‬J
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J
 K‫א‬،‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٢#
-٢٠-
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 (Visual Internal Inspection) ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
E F،‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 K١٤J ١‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬J
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J
‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J
‫א‬‫א‬J
 ‫א‬J
‫א‬‫א‬J
 ‫א‬‫א‬J
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J
‫א‬‫א‬J
‫א‬
‫א‬
‫א‬J
‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J
‫א‬


‫א‬

١
‫א‬‫א‬J
‫א‬J




‫א‬
٢
‫א‬J
 ‫א‬
‫א‬J
 
‫א‬‫א‬J
‫א‬


‫א‬
‫א‬
٣
 L٣٥
‫א‬J
‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J
‫א‬
‫א‬J
‫א‬J
‫א‬J
‫א‬
‫א‬J
‫א‬
‫א‬J
‫א‬
‫א‬J
J
 ‫א‬




‫א‬
-٢١-
 ‫א‬‫א‬J

٥



‫א‬


٤
‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬J
‫א‬J


‫א‬
J ‫א‬
‫א‬
٦
٧
٨
‫ ﻣﺼﺪر وﻃﺒﻴﻌﺔ اﻟﻀﻮﺿﺎء داﺧﻞ اﻟﻤﺤﺮك‬٢ ‫ﺟﺪول رﻗﻢ‬
‫اﺳﺘﺨﺪام‬١٤-١‫ﺷﻜﻞ‬
‫اﻟﻤﻨﻈﺎر ﻟﻠﻔﺤﺺ اﻟﺪاﺧﻠﻲ‬

‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 
،
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬
K
 ‫א‬‫א‬E
 ‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬K‫א‬E‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬E
 ‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬K
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J
 K‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J
 K‫א‬
‫א‬،
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J
 K‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J
 K‫א‬‫א‬
-٢٢-
‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
Oil Consumption
Cylinder Leakage
Test
Catalytic
Converter
Borescope,
Endscope
‫ א‬Noise
‫ א‬Exhaust Gas
‫א‬‫ א‬Analyzer
‫א‬‫א‬ Chassis
Dynamometer
 ‫א‬‫א‬ Engine Power
Balance Test

‫א‬
‫א‬
‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬
Compression test
 ‫א‬‫ א‬Oil Pressure
‫א‬
Stethoscope
  Vacuum test
‫א‬‫א‬



-٢٣-
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬ 
‫א‬
١
 
‫א‬‫א‬
٢
‫א‬J
‫א‬‫א‬
٣
 ‫א‬J
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
٤
 ‫א‬J
‫א‬‫א‬
٥
 ‫א‬J
‫א‬‫א‬
٦
 ‫א‬‫א‬J
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
٧
 J
‫א‬‫א‬
٨
‫א‬J
‫א‬‫א‬
٩
‫א‬J
‫א‬‫א‬J
‫א‬‫א‬J
‫א‬‫א‬J
‫א‬‫א‬J
‫א‬‫א‬J
-٢٤-
‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬١٠
‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ١
 KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
 KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

 ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٢
 KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
 KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
 KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ،
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬–٣
 ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
 
‫א‬، ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٤
 ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬
 KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
 ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٥
 KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
 
 ‫א‬‫א‬J ٦
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W ‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬


-٢٥-
‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 ‫؟‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K

 ‫א‬‫א‬K
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K

 ‫א‬‫א‬K
 K‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬J ٧
 K‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫؟‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K

 ‫א‬‫א‬K
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K

 ‫א‬‫א‬K
‫א‬،
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬J ٨
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫؟‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K

 ‫א‬‫א‬K
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K

 ‫א‬‫א‬K
F٨٠،٧٥،٧٠،٨٠‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٩
 KE‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 xL٥H١١٠‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬z
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫؟‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K

 ‫א‬‫א‬K
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K

 ‫א‬‫א‬K
-٢٦-
‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ١٠
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫؟‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K

 ‫א‬‫א‬K
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K

 ‫א‬‫א‬K
-٢٧-
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
٢
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
W‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ •
‫א‬‫• א‬
‫א‬‫א‬ •
‫א‬‫א‬ •
 ‫א‬‫א‬ •


‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K 
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬

 (Engine Repair) ‫א‬
 W‫א‬
‫א‬‫ א‬K١
‫א‬‫ א‬K٢

 ‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬
  K١
 K٢
-٢٨-
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K١
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٢
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 E‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
 ٢٠٠‫א‬E ‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
EF‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K١
‫א‬‫א‬ K٢
‫א‬ K٣
‫א‬‫א‬ K٤
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٥
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٦
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٧

(Engine overhaul) ‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
-٢٩-
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬K١
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬
K
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٢
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬K٣
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٤
K‫א‬‫א‬

  ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬
،
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E4x2F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬ ‫א‬E2X4F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬،E4X4F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 .
 ‫א‬
 W
 ‫א‬‫א‬
  ‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬،‫א‬ 





K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

، ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬،
.‫א‬،‫א‬،‫א‬، ‫א‬
-٣٠-
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 W

  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

.‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬


 (Engine Removal) ‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K ‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K١
W
 ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ، ‫א‬
.‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
W
‫א‬،‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  
K، K‫א‬








‫א‬،‫א‬‫ א‬K٢
.‫א‬‫א‬
. ‫א‬‫א‬ 
 K٣
 . ‫א‬‫א‬ 
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬ ‫א‬ 
 K٤
 W

 ‫א‬‫א‬K
  ‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬  
 .  
-٣١-



‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬

. ، ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٥
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٦
‫א‬K ‫א‬ ،‫א‬،‫א‬ K٧
‫א‬  K ،
 ‫א‬
  ‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬
.
 ‫ א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٨
 
 ‫א‬ K٩
W
‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬  
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 




‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ K١٠
. ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K١١
‫א‬،‫א‬ K١٢
K ‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬ K١٣
‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
    ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
‫א‬ ‫א‬,K
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ 
 
 ‫א‬، ‫א‬
 K١–٢
-٣٢-
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬







‫ﻋﺮﺑﺔ‬
‫اﻟﺮاﻓﻌﺔ‬




‫اﻟﻤﺤﺮك وأﺟﺰاء ﻧﻘﻞ اﻟﺤﺮآﺔ‬


 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬١–٢

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
(Engine Disassembly)‫א‬‫א‬
K٢J ٢‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ •

 W

‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
  

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬
-٣٣-
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
‫א‬ •
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ •
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ •
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ •
‫א‬‫א‬ •
‫א‬‫א‬ •
‫א‬‫א‬ •
‫א‬‫א‬ •
‫א‬ •
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










 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٢J ٢
-٣٤-
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬

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W
‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
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‫א‬K
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
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‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬
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‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
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‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K ‫א‬
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‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
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(Engine Cleaning) ‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ •
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ٣–٢‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬K
 ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬K٤–٢‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
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 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ٣–٢
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‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٣–٢
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‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ •
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬١٢‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ •
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬١٠٥‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
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‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٤J ٢
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K





 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ٤–٢
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
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬


 W ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬



 ‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K١
‫א‬‫א‬E‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٢
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬K٣
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٤
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٥
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٦
-٣٧-
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K١
K‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬ K٢
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٣

(Engine Installation) ‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ •
‫א‬ •
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ •
‫א‬‫א‬ •
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ •
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ •
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ •
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ •
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ •
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ •
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ •
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ •
،‫א‬
   ‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬ •
K‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬ •
.‫א‬ •
.‫א‬‫א‬ •
 
 ‫א‬ •
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ •
،‫א‬ ‫א‬ •
-٣٨-
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
K ‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ •
.،‫א‬ •
. ، ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ •
.
 ‫ א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ •
(Engine Break-in) ‫א‬
‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬١٥٠٠‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ •
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬ •
‫א‬‫א‬ •

 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬٪٧٥‫א‬ K١
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٢
‫א‬‫א‬ K٣
K‫א‬‫א‬L٩٠‫א‬‫א‬L٦٥‫א‬‫א‬ K٤
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٥
-٣٩-
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K
 ‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬





-٤٠-
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 Engine Break-in
 Engine Installation

 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬
Engine Cleaning
 ‫א‬‫א‬
Engine Disassembly
 ‫א‬‫א‬
Engine Repair
 ‫א‬
Engine overhau
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 



 




 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬ ‫א‬
١

‫א‬‫א‬
٢
‫א‬‫א‬
٣
‫א‬‫א‬
٤
‫א‬



‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

-٤١-
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬

‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K١
‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٢
‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٣
‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٤
‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٥
 ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٦
-٤٢-
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
٣
 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
J ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٣
 W‫א‬
‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬EF‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬
‫א‬
‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬
‫א‬
‫א‬
‫א‬
‫א‬
‫א‬
- ٤٣ -
‫א‬‫א‬
J ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬ ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬
‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬E
 ‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
E
  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F
 J W‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ƒ א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ƒ
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
- ٤٤ -
‫א‬‫א‬
J ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ƒ
K‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ƒ
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ƒ
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ƒ

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K١
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬K٢
‫א‬ K٣
‫א‬ K٤
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٥
‫א‬‫א‬ K٦
‫א‬‫א‬ K٧
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٨

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬١–٣‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 J W
‫א‬
E‫א‬F‫א‬
‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬
‫א‬
‫א‬
- ٤٥ -
ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
‫א‬‫א‬
J ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬
‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬
‫א‬
‫א‬
‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 KE‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
ƒ

 ‫א‬
،٢–٣‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬E‫א‬F‫א‬٣–٣‫א‬
 W
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
- ٤٦ -



‫א‬‫א‬
J ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬






 K‫א‬‫א‬١–٣

 K‫א‬٢–٣





 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٣–٣
- ٤٧ -

‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
J ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬EF
E ‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬K
 ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K٤–٣‫א‬










 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ٤–٣


  
‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ 
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ 
٦‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬ 
‫ א‬ 
   
  
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‫א‬‫א‬
J ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
،‫א‬ ٥–٣‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬






 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٥–٣
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ 
 ٦J ٣‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬



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 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٦–٣
W
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
  
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬
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






‫א‬‫א‬
J ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٧–٣K
 ‫א‬ ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٨–٣K
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬







 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٧–٣










 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٨–٣


- ٥٠ -
‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
J ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬



W
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬


‫א‬K
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K ‫א‬


 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬٣‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٩–٣‫א‬
 K





 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ٩–٣
- ٥١ -
‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
J ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬ ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K٩J ٣‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬١٠–٣K
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬





 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬١٠–٣

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ١١–٣




 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬١١–٣
- ٥٢ -

‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
J ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
‫א‬١٢–٣‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
١٣–٣‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K
 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ E
 F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K١٤–٣‫א‬‫א‬
 ١٥–٣‫א‬‫א‬



 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬١٢–٣






 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬١٣–٣





 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬١٤–٣
- ٥٣ -

‫א‬‫א‬
J ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬




 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ١٥–٣


 J W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬١٦–٣
‫ƒ א‬
‫א‬‫ƒ א‬
‫ƒ א‬
‫א‬ ƒ
‫א‬‫ƒ א‬
‫ƒ א‬
‫א‬ ƒ
 ‫ƒ א‬








 ‫א‬‫א‬١٦–٣
- ٥٤ -


‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
J ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬E ‫א‬F‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 J W‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K١
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬٣١٧–٣K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬





 ‫א‬١٧–٣
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ١٨–٣‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
- ٥٥ -

K٢
‫א‬‫א‬
J ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬١٨–٣

‫א‬١٥–٣‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K٣
K‫א‬


 ‫א‬٣‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬١٩–٣

 K‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬٢٠–٣‫א‬‫א‬
E‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K٤




 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٢٠–٣
- ٥٦ -

‫א‬‫א‬
J ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K٥
٣‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K٢١J





 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٢١–٣

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٢٢–٣‫א‬
K٦
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬






 ‫א‬‫א‬٣٢٢–٣

‫א‬٢٣–J ٣‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
- ٥٧ -
K٧

‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
J ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬






 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٢٣–٣
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٢٤J ٣‫א‬‫א‬

K٨
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬
K‫א‬
 ‫א‬٢٤–٣

K٢٥–٣ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬





 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٢٥–٣

 ‫א‬
- ٥٨ -
‫א‬‫א‬
J ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬٢٦–٣






 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ٢٦–٣
 
٢٧–٣‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٠{٢






 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٢٧–٣

 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K٢٨–٣‫א‬
 J W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬٣٦٠‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ƒ
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
- ٥٩ -
‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
J ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
‫א‬٣٦٠‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ƒ
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬




 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٢٨–٣

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ٢٩–٣‫א‬‫א‬١




 ‫א‬‫א‬٢٩–٣
 


‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
- ٦٠ -
‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
J ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬
‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٣٠–٣‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬١{٦‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬




 ‫א‬‫א‬٣٠–٣


‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ٣١–٣‫א‬
 ‫א‬




 ‫א‬‫א‬٣١–٣
٣٢–٣‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬
 


 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٣٢–٣
- ٦١ -
‫א‬‫א‬
J ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 E‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K٣٣–٣
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 K‫א‬‫א‬٣٣–٣

 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K ‫א‬‫א‬ ٣٤–٣‫א‬
 KEfeeler gaugeF‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
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

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
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٣٤–٣
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
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬
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‫א‬‫א‬
J ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
٠{٥‫א‬‫א‬٣٥J ٣
 K‫א‬


 

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ٣٥–٣

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K٣٦–٣
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K٠{١‫א‬٠{٠٨‫א‬٠{٠٥








 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٣٦–٣

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
- ٦٣ -
‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
J ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬K
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬٣٧J ٣‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬




 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٣٧–٣


 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٣٨–٣‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬٠{٢‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬
- ٦٤ -
‫א‬‫א‬
J ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬




 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ٣٨–٣


‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
–٣‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬ ٤٠–٣‫א‬ K٣٩
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬







 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٣٩–٣




 K‫א‬٤٠–٣
- ٦٥ -

‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
J ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬K٤١–٣
 J W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬٣٦٠‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ƒ
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬٣٦٠‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ƒ
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬




 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٤١–٣
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ 

K٤٢–٣‫א‬‫א‬١
 K‫א‬٤٣–٣




 ‫א‬‫א‬٤٢–٣
- ٦٦ -


‫א‬‫א‬
J ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬







 K‫א‬٤٣–٣


 E‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬
٢٥‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٤٤–٣K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬K
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ 
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬







 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٤٤–٣
- ٦٧ -
‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
J ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 J W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬V‫א‬ ƒ
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٠{٠٦٤٥–٣‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬



 ‫א‬E‫א‬F‫א‬٤٥–٣

٣‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ƒ א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٤٦–
K‫א‬


‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٤٦–٣


‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ƒ א‬
 ‫א‬٤٧–٣
 ‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K‫א‬


 ‫א‬‫א‬٤٧–٣
- ٦٨ -



‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
J ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
–٣‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ƒ
٤٨



‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٤٨–٣

 ‫א‬
E ‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬
 ٤٩–٣‫א‬‫א‬





 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ٤٩–٣

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K٥٠–٣




 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٥٠–٣
- ٦٩ -

‫א‬‫א‬
J ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
‫א‬٥١–٣‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬




 ‫א‬‫א‬٥١–٣
–٣‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬


٠{٠٠٤‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K٥٢
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬




 ‫א‬‫א‬٥٢–٣


 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E‫א‬F‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
- ٧٠ -
‫א‬‫א‬
J ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬KE‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬
K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ 
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬
K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K
–٣K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٥٣
 K‫א‬






 K‫א‬‫א‬٣٥٣–٣
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
٥٥–٣‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٥٤–٣
 K
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‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
J ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬





 K‫א‬٥٤–٣









 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٥٥–٣

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
J W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K١
 ‫א‬ K٢
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٣
 ‫א‬ K٤


K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
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‫א‬‫א‬
J ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
٥٦–٣‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬







 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ٥٦–٣

،‫א‬K
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٥٧–٣
K
 ‫א‬‫א‬٥٨–٣‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬٥٩–٣‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
٦٢–٣K٦١J ٣‫א‬‫א‬ ٦٠–٣
٦٣–٣‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٣
 K٦٤–٣‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K٦٥–٣
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K٦٦–٣‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
٦٧–٣‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬
- ٧٣ -
‫א‬‫א‬
J ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
–٣‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٦٨–٣
 K٦٩


‫أداة‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٥٧–٣
‫اﻟﺼﻤﺎم‬

‫ﻣﺎﻧﻊ‬



 ‫א‬‫א‬٥٨–٣






 ‫א‬‫א‬٥٩–٣
- ٧٤ -

‫א‬‫א‬
J ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬


 ‫א‬








 ‫א‬٦٠–٣







 ‫א‬٦١–٣







 

 K‫א‬‫א‬٦٢–٣
- ٧٥ -

‫א‬‫א‬
J ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬








 K‫א‬‫א‬٦٣–٣

‫ﻋﺪة ﺧﺎﺻﺔ ﻟﺘﺮآﻴﺐ‬
‫اﻟﺘﻴﻞ‬






 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٦٤–٣
‫ﻣﻄﺮﻗﺔ‬
‫ﺑﻼﺳﺘﻴ‬






‫اﻟﺼﻤﺎم‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٦٥–٣



- ٧٦ -
‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
J ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬















 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٦٦–٣








 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٦٧–٣
- ٧٧ -


‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
J ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬





 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ٦٨–٣




 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٦٩–٣


 E‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K٧٠J ٣‫א‬
 K٧١–





٧٠–٣
 ‫א‬

- ٧٨ -
‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
J ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
‫ﻋﻤﻮد اﻟﺘﻜﻴﻬﺎت‬



‫اﻟﺰﻳﺖ‬
‫راس اﻻﺳﻄﻮاﻧﺎت‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٧١–٣




 E‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬K٧٢–٣‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K٧٣–٣‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K٣‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ٧٤–٣‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬٧٥–٣‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
٧٦–٣K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
- ٧٩ -
‫א‬‫א‬
J ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬

‫ﺻﺎﻣﻮﻟﺔ ﺗﺜﺒﻴﺖ‬
‫ﻣﺴﻤﺎر اﻟﻀﺒﻂ‬
‫اﻟﺘﻜﻴﺔ‬
‫ﻮص‬



‫ﻣﻘ ﺪار اﻟﺨﻠ‬
‫واﻟﻔﻠﺮ‬

‫اﻟﺼﻤﺎم‬


 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٧٢–٣

‫ﻣﻔﻚ‬



‫ﻣﻔﺘﺎح ﻓﻚ اﻟﺼﺎﻣﻮﻟﺔ‬

‫اﻟﻔﻠﺮ‬




 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٧٣–٣
- ٨٠ -

‫א‬‫א‬
J ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
‫ﺟﺴﻢ اﻟﻤﺤﺮك‬

 ‫א‬

‫ﺳﺎق اﻟﺪﻓﻊ‬




‫ﻗﻄﺮ اﻟﻜﺎﻣﺔ‬

‫ﻋﻤﻮد اﻟﻜﺎﻣﺎت‬


‫ﺟﺴﻢ اﻟﻜﺎﻣﺔ‬
‫ارﺗﻔﺎع اﻟﻜﺎﻣﺔ‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬٧٤–٣







 K‫א‬‫א‬٣٧٥–٣
- ٨١ -

‫א‬‫א‬
J ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬










‫א‬٧٦–٣
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬K٧٧–٣‫א‬K‫א‬
٧٩–٣‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K٧٨–٣‫א‬‫א‬
K٨٠–٣‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬K٨١–٣‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
٨٢–٣‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬K٨٣–٣‫א‬،‫א‬
٣‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٨٤–٣‫א‬
‫א‬K٨٦–٣‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K٨٥–

 ‫א‬K٨٧–٣‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K٨٨–٣‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬K٨٩–٣‫א‬‫א‬
 K٩٠–٣‫א‬‫א‬
- ٨٢ -
‫א‬‫א‬
J ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬

‫اﻟﻌﻼﻣﺔ‬





 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٧٧–٣




 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٧٨–٣
 ‫א‬٧٩–٣
‫ﺷﺤﻢ‬



 ‫א‬‫א‬٨٠–٣
- ٨٣ -

‫א‬‫א‬
J ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬



 ‫א‬٨١–٣
 ‫א‬



 ٨٢–٣
‫ﻋﻼﻣﺎت‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬



 ٨٣–٣
 ‫א‬‫א‬




 ‫א‬‫א‬٨٤–٣




 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٨٥–٣
- ٨٤ -


‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
J ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬



 ‫א‬٨٦–٣
 ‫א‬


‫اﻟﻌﻼﻣﺎت‬

 ‫א‬٨٧–٣
‫ﻋﻼﻣﺎت اﻟﺘﻮﻗﻴﺘﺎت‬
 ‫א‬



 ‫א‬٨٨–٣
 ‫א‬



 ‫א‬٨٩–٣
 ‫א‬‫א‬



 ‫א‬٩٠–٣
 ‫א‬


- ٨٥ -
‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
J ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
‫א‬٩١–٣‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٩٢–٣‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬٩٣–٣‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬٢‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٩٤–٣
‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬٦٥‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 K٩٥–٣






 ‫א‬‫א‬٩١–٣







 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٩٢–٣




- ٨٦ -
‫א‬‫א‬
J ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬





 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٩٣–٣







 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٩٤–٣










 ‫א‬‫א‬٩٥–٣
- ٨٧ -
‫א‬‫א‬
J ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
K٩٦–٣E‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬
K٩٧–٣‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K٩٨–٣‫א‬






K‫א‬٩٦–٣








 ‫א‬٩٧–٣







 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٩٨–٣
- ٨٨ -

‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
J ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
‫א‬٩٩J ٣‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K١٠٠–٣‫א‬
 ‫א‬
‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬١٠١–٣‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬







 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٩٩–٣





 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬١٠٠–٣






 ‫א‬‫א‬١٠١–٣
- ٨٩ -

‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
J ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 

 J W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ƒ
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬EF‫א‬‫א‬ ƒ
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ƒ
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ƒ
‫א‬ ƒ
‫א‬ ƒ
‫א‬ ƒ
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ƒ
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ƒ
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ƒ
‫א‬ ƒ
‫א‬‫א‬ ƒ
‫א‬ ƒ
‫א‬ ƒ
‫א‬ ƒ
‫א‬ ƒ
‫א‬ ƒ
‫א‬ ƒ
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ƒ
- ٩٠ -
‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
J ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

Push rod
‫א‬ Cylinder head
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
Cam shaft
‫א‬ Valve
 ‫א‬
Chain tensioner
‫א‬‫א‬ Spring
 ‫א‬
Sprockets
Timing mark
Wire brush
Intake manifold
Exhaust manifold
‫ א‬Valve guide
 ‫א‬
‫א‬ Valve seat
 ‫א‬
 Oil seal
‫א‬
‫א‬ belt
‫א‬ Rocker arm
‫א‬
‫א‬

- ٩١ -
‫א‬‫א‬
J ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬K١
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬K٢
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٣
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٤
 K‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٥
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٦
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٧



- ٩٢ -
‫א‬‫א‬
J ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬
‫א‬
E‫א‬‫א‬F

١
٢
‫א‬
‫א‬
٣

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
٤
‫א‬
٥
‫א‬
٦
‫א‬
٧


‫א‬
 ‫א‬
‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬
 ‫א‬
‫א‬

‫א‬
‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
٨
٩
١٠
‫א‬
‫א‬
١١
‫א‬
‫א‬
١٢

‫א‬
١٣
‫א‬
١٤
‫א‬
 ‫א‬
- ٩٣ -
‫א‬‫א‬
J ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

١٥

‫א‬
١٦

‫א‬
١٧


- ٩٤ -
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬
١٨
‫א‬‫א‬
J ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬K١
 ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٢
 ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٣
 ‫؟‬‫א‬ K٤
 ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٥
 ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٦
 ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٧
 ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٨
 ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٩
 ‫؟‬‫א‬ K١٠
 ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬ K١١
 ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K١٢
‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
- ٩٥ -
K١٣
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
٤
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
J ‫א‬
 ‫אא‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬J ٤
:‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ƒ א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ƒ
‫א‬‫א‬ ƒ
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ƒ א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ƒ
‫א‬‫א‬ ƒ
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ƒ
‫א‬ ƒ
‫א‬‫א‬ ƒ
‫א‬ ƒ
‫א‬‫א‬ ƒ
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ƒ
‫א‬‫א‬ ƒ
‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
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‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬
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‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
J ‫א‬
 ‫אא‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
K
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
،‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K 
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬
 J W‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬K١
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬K٢
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٣
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٤
K‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٥
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٦
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٧
-٩٧-
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫אא‬‫א‬
J ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
E‫א‬F‫א‬ K١
‫א‬‫ א‬K٢
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٣
‫א‬ K٤
‫א‬‫ א‬K٥
‫ א‬K٦
‫א‬‫א‬ K٧
‫א‬ K٨
‫א‬‫ א‬K٩
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K١٠

  ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬
،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E4x2F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬  E2X4F‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬،E4X4F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 .‫א‬
 W
 ‫א‬‫א‬
  ‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬،‫א‬ 
K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬




، ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬
 .‫א‬،‫א‬،‫א‬، ‫א‬ ,
-٩٨-
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
J ‫א‬
 ‫אא‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 W

  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬
.‫א‬






 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K ‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ƒ
 W

 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬ ،
  

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
.‫א‬

 W

‫א‬،‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  
K
 ، K‫א‬




‫א‬،‫א‬‫ƒ א‬
.‫א‬‫א‬
. ‫א‬‫א‬ 

ƒ
. ‫א‬‫א‬ 
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

ƒ
 W
 ‫א‬‫א‬K
 ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ 
.



. ، ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ƒ
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ƒ
-٩٩-
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫אא‬‫א‬
J ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
‫א‬K ‫א‬ ،‫א‬،‫א‬ ƒ
‫א‬  K ،‫א‬
    ‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬
.
 ‫ א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ƒ
 
 ‫א‬ ƒ
 W
‫א‬ ‫א‬٤‫א‬
‫ א‬‫ א‬ ‫ א‬ ‫א‬‫ א‬  ‫א‬ ‫ א‬
 



‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ƒ
. ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ƒ
‫א‬،‫א‬ ƒ
K ‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬ ƒ
 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬K
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
    ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 ‫א‬K
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬، ‫א‬
 ١–٤‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬




 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬١–٤
-١٠٠-

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
J ‫א‬
 ‫אא‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ 
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K٢J ٤‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬







 ‫א‬‫א‬٢–٤


 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬٤–٤K٣–٤‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬




‫اﻟﺒﻜﺮة‬
‫اﻟﻄﺎرة‬


‫ﻋﻤﻮد اﻟﻤﺮﻓﻖ‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬٣–٤
-١٠١-



‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
J ‫א‬
 ‫אא‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬


‫ﻣﺴﻤﺎر‬



‫زرﺟﻴﻨﺔ‬


 ‫א‬‫א‬٤–٤

 ‫א‬
 K٥–٤‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K٦–٤‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،٧–٤ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K٨–٤‫א‬K‫א‬


‫ﻏﻄﺎء‬

‫ﻣﻀﺨﺔ‬

‫ﺗﺜﺒﻴﺖ‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬٥–٤
-١٠٢-

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
J ‫א‬
 ‫אא‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬








 ‫א‬٦–٤
‫ﻋﻤﻮد اﻟﻜﺎﻣﺎت‬





‫اﻟﺰرﺟﻴﻨﺔ‬




‫ﺗﺮس ﻋﻤﻮد اﻟﻤﺮﻓﻖ‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬٧–٤
‫ﺗﺮس‬
‫وردة‬


‫ﻳﺎي‬
‫ﺻﺎﻣﻮﻟﺔ‬
‫ﻣﺴﻤﺎر‬
‫ﻣﺴﻤﺎر‬
 ‫א‬٨–٤
-١٠٣-





‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
J ‫א‬
 ‫אא‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
E
 ‫א‬F ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،
 ١٠–٤‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٩–٤


‫راس اﻟﺘﻜﻴﻬﺎت‬


‫اﻟﺠﻮان‬



 ‫א‬٩–٤



‫راس اﻻﺳﻄﻮاﻧﺎت‬



‫ﺟﻮان‬
‫ﺟﺴﻢ اﻟﻤﺤﺮك‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬١٠–٤
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬





 K١١–٤‫א‬‫א‬
-١٠٤-
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
J ‫א‬
 ‫אא‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬

‫ﺳﻄﺢ ﻣﺠﻤﻊ اﻟﺰﻳﺖ‬



‫ﺟﺴﻢ‬
‫اﻟﻤﺤﺮك‬


‫ﺳﻄﺢ ﺟﺴﻢ اﻟﻤﺤﺮك‬







 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬١١–٤
 ‫א‬
K
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K١٢–٤‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
-١٠٥-
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
J ‫א‬
 ‫אא‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬

‫ﻣﺴﺎﻣﻴﺮ ﺗﺜﺒﻴﺖ‬
‫ﻣﺼﻔﺎة اﻟﺰﻳﺖ‬




‫ﻣﻀﺨﺔ اﻟﺰﻳﺖ‬


‫ﻋﻤﻮد ﻧﻘﻞ اﻟﺤﺮآﺔ‬




‫ﺟﺴﻢ اﻟﻤﺤﺮك‬
 ‫א‬١٢–٤



 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K١٣–٤






 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬١٣J ٤

-١٠٦-
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫אא‬‫א‬
J ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K١٤–٤‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬٤‫א‬
‫א‬?KK?٢‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬?K?‫א‬‫א‬
٤‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬٤١٥–٤K  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K١٦–٤‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬٤
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬١٨–٤K١٧–٤
K١٩–٤‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K٢٠–٤‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
-١٠٧-
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫אא‬‫א‬
J ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬


















 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬١٤–٤






 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬١٥–٤
-١٠٨-

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
J ‫א‬
 ‫אא‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬















 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬١٦–٤

‫ﻣﻄﺮﻗﺔ ﻣﻦ اﻟﺨﺸﺐ‬




‫اﻟﻤﻜﺒﺲ‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬١٧–٤
-١٠٩-


‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
J ‫א‬
 ‫אא‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬











 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٤١٨–٤




 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬١٩–٤







‫ﻋﻤﻮد اﻟﻤﺮﻓﻖ‬
‫اﻟﺤﺪاﻓﺔ‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٢٠–٤


-١١٠-
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
J ‫א‬
 ‫אא‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
٢١–٤‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬K٢٢–٤‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬K
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٢٣–٤‫א‬


‫أﻣﺎم‬






 K‫א‬‫א‬ ٢١–٤







 K‫א‬‫א‬٢٢–٤
-١١١-

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
J ‫א‬
 ‫אא‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬




 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٢٣–٤





 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٢٤–٤
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬


‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K
،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬
 K٢٦–٤‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K٢٥–٤‫א‬
‫ذراع اﻟﺘﻮﺻﻴﻞ‬
‫ﺗﻴﻠﺔ‬
‫اﻟﻤﻜﺒﺲ‬




‫ﺷﻨﺎﺑﺮ اﻟﻤﻜﺒﺲ‬
‫اﻟﺘﻴﻞ‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٢٥J ٤
-١١٢-



‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
J ‫א‬
 ‫אא‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬







 ‫א‬‫א‬٤٢٦–٤

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬KK
 ‫א‬‫א‬٢٧–٤‫א‬‫א‬
 K٢٨–٤‫א‬






‫ﺿﺎﻏﻂ‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬٢٧–٤





 ‫א‬‫א‬٤٢٨–٤
-١١٣-

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫אא‬‫א‬
J ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬K
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬
‫א‬ ‫א‬
 K
 ‫א‬‫א‬،
 .‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬K
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 J W
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬K١
‫א‬‫ א‬K٢
‫ א‬K٣
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٤
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٥
‫א‬‫א‬ K٦
‫א‬ K٧
-١١٤-
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
J ‫א‬
 ‫אא‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K٣٠–٤٢٩–٤‫א‬





 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٢٩–٤







 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٣٠–٤

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬


‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K ٠{٠٥‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ٣١–٤K
 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
-١١٥-
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫אא‬‫א‬
J ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬







 ‫א‬٣١–٤


‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬K ٤‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 
‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬





‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K٣٢–٤‫א‬‫א‬
-١١٦-
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
J ‫א‬
 ‫אא‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬

 K١
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K٢٣EF‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬








‫ﻣﻴﻜﺮوﻣﺘﺮ ذو اﻟﻮﺟﻪ اﻟﺴﺎﻋﺔ‬


‫اﻻﺳﻄﻮاﻧﺔ‬

‫ﻣﻴﻜﺮوﻣﺘﺮ‬
‫داﺧﻠﻲ‬
 


 K‫א‬‫א‬٣٢–٤

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K٣٣–٤‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬








 K‫א‬‫א‬ ٣٣–٤
-١١٧-
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
J ‫א‬
 ‫אא‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬ 
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
٣٤–٤K‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬





‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬






‫اﺗﺠﺎﻩ اﻟﻘﻮي اﻟﺠﺎﻧﺒﻴﺔ‬
‫اﻷﻣﺎم‬
‫اﺗﺠﺎﻩ اﻟﺘﻌﺎﻣﺪ‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬٣٤–٤




‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬٣٥–٤
‫א‬٩٧{٣١‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٩٧{٦٦EAF‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٠{٣٥
-١١٨-
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
J ‫א‬
 ‫אא‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬





 ‫א‬‫א‬٣٥–٤
‫א‬٤‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٣٦–٤
‫א‬K
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬٣٧–٤K
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫اﻋﻠﻲ ﺗﺂآﻞ‬




‫ﺗﺄآﻞ ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ‬

‫أﻗﻞ ﺗﺄآﻞ‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٣٦–٤

‫ﻣﺴﺎﺣﺔ‬
‫اﻟﻀﻐﻂ‬


‫ﺿﻐﻂ‬
‫ﺿﻐﻂ‬





‫ﻣﺴﻘﻂ أﻓﻘﻲ ﻟﻼﺳﻄﻮاﻧﺔ‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٣٧–٤
-١١٩-

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
J ‫א‬
 ‫אא‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬K
 ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬٣٨–٤K
K٤‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬K٤٠–٤‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٣٩–٤
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K٤‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K٤١–٤
–٤‫א‬٩٠º٨٠º‫א‬‫א‬
K٤٣–٤‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K٤٢
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫اﻟﻤﻜﺒﺲ‬
‫ﻚ‬
‫اﺗﺠ ﺎﻩ ﺗﺤﺮﻳ‬
‫اﻟﻤﻜﺒﺲ‬





‫ذراع اﻟﺘﻮﺻﻴﻞ‬


 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٣٨–٤
-١٢٠-
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫אא‬‫א‬
J ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬


 ‫א‬‫א‬٣٩–٤
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬


 ‫א‬٤٠–٤
 ‫א‬




 ‫א‬٤١–٤
 ‫א‬





 ٤٢–٤
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬


-١٢١-
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫אא‬‫א‬
J ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬








 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٤٣–٤
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬K٤٤–٤‫א‬
٤‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K٤٥–٤
‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬K٤٦–
،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K٤٧–٤
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K٠{٠٨–٠{٠٦‫א‬K٤٨–٤‫א‬
K
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬K٠{٠٢H‫א‬H‫א‬
٠{٠٣‫א‬٠{٠٨–٠{٠٤‫א‬K٤٩–٤‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K٠{٠٧–
 
K‫א‬‫א‬
-١٢٢-



‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
J ‫א‬
 ‫אא‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬





 K‫א‬٤٤–٤






 ‫א‬٤٥–٤








‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٤٦–٤
K‫א‬
-١٢٣-
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
J ‫א‬
 ‫אא‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
٣ ،٢ ،١ ‫ﺗﺮﻗﻴﻢ‬



‫اﺗﺠﺎﻩ اﻻﻣﺎم‬

 ‫א‬٤٧–٤







‫ﻣﺴﺎﻓﺔ اﻟﻘﻴﺎس‬
‫ﻣﻦ اﻟﺴﻄﺢ‬





 ‫א‬٤٨–٤








 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٤٩–٤
-١٢٤-


‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫אא‬‫א‬
J ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٥٠–٤
٤K
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٥١–٤‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ٥٢–
‫א‬‫א‬٥٣–٤K
 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K
 ‫א‬
 K‫א‬






 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ٤٥٠–٤
-١٢٥-
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
J ‫א‬
 ‫אא‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬






 ‫א‬‫א‬٥١–٤






 ‫א‬٥٢–٤










 ‫א‬٥٣–٤
-١٢٦-

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫אא‬‫א‬
J ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 J W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬



 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K٥٤–٤‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬





 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٥٤–٤
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K
 ‫א‬


‫א‬٠{٠٤‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K٥٥J ٤‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬K٥٧J ٤٥٦–٤
 K‫א‬٠{٠٩‫א‬‫א‬
-١٢٧-
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
J ‫א‬
 ‫אא‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬




 ‫א‬‫א‬٥٥–٤









‫ﻣﻴﻜﺮوﻣﺘﺮ‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬٥٦–٤






 ‫א‬‫א‬٥٧–٤


J ٤‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K٥٩–٤‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K٥٨
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
-١٢٨-
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫אא‬‫א‬
J ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
K٦١–٤ ٦٠٤‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬٦٣–٤K٦٢–٤‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬




 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ٥٨–٤







 ‫א‬‫א‬٥٩–٤





 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ٦٠–٤
-١٢٩-


‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
J ‫א‬
 ‫אא‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬






 ‫א‬‫א‬٦١–٤
‫ﻋﺮض اﻟﻜﺮﺳﻲ‬



‫اﻟﻘﻄﺮ‬




 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٦٢–٤









‫ﻋﺮض اﻟﻜﺮﺳﻲ‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٦٣–٤
-١٣٠-


‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
J ‫א‬
 ‫אא‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
‫א‬٠{٠٦‫א‬‫א‬K٦٤–٤‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬K٦٥J ٤‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K٦٦–٤‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬





 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٦٤–٤





 ‫א‬‫א‬٦٥–٤
‫ﻣﻴﻜﺮوﻣﺘﺮ اﻟﺴﺎﻋﺔ‬







‫ﻋﻤﻮد اﻟﻤﺮﻓﻖ ﻋﻠﻲ اﻟﻤﺨﺮﻃﺔ‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٦٦–٤
-١٣١-


‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
J ‫א‬
 ‫אא‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ٦٧–٤
‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٦٨–٤‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
٦٩J ٤‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٠{٠٥‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٠{٠٥‫א‬‫א‬٧٠–٤
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬١٠٠٠{١٥‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K٧١–٤‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬




 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٦٧–٤







 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٦٨–٤
-١٣٢-

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫אא‬‫א‬
J ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬

 ٦٩–٤
 ‫א‬






 ‫א‬٧٠–٤
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬










 ٧١–٤
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
-١٣٣-
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫אא‬‫א‬
J ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
  ‫א‬‫א‬K
 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K
 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬K١
‫א‬‫ א‬K٢
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٣
‫א‬ K٤
‫א‬ K٥
‫א‬‫ א‬K٦
‫א‬ K٧
‫א‬‫ א‬K٨
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٩
‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬K١٠
 ‫א‬‫א‬ K١١
-١٣٤-
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫אא‬‫א‬
J ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬

W
‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E
 F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬


 





 W
‫א‬‫א‬،
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬







‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
    ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K
 ‫א‬‫א‬
KE‫א‬F ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ 
 K‫א‬
  
   
   ‫א‬ ‫א‬٤ 
    ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ .
 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٧٢–٤
‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬K
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K٧٣–٤ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٤
-١٣٥-
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫אא‬‫א‬
J ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K‫א‬٤٠٠٣٠٠
٤‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ 
 K٧٤–
٥٠
 ‫א‬K٧٥–٤
 ‫א‬
‫א‬٦٠٢٠‫א‬ ٦٠
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬









 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ٧٢–٤








 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٧٣–٤
-١٣٦-
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫אא‬‫א‬
J ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬







 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٧٤–٤






 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٧٥–٤
 
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬





 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬K
 ‫א‬‫א‬ 
‫א‬‫א‬٧٦–٤‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٧٧–‫א‬ K
 
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬٢٥٠{١٠٠{٠٨
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٠{٣٠٠{٢٣‫א‬‫א‬٧٦{٢
-١٣٧-
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
J ‫א‬
 ‫אא‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬

 
  ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬       
 ‫א‬       ‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
K‫א‬‫א‬






‫اﻟﻤﻜﺒ‬





‫اﻟﺸﻨ‬

‫اﻻﺳﻄﻮا‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٧٦–٤





‫ﻓﻠﻠ‬
‫ﺷﻨﺒﺮ‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٧٧–٤
-١٣٨-




‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫אא‬‫א‬
J ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬٧٨–٤‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬ K ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬٧٩–٤٨٠٦٠‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬K٨٠–٤
 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K٨١–٤‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬
‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬
٨٢–٤‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬٨٣–٤‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬


 ‫א‬٧٨–٤
 ‫א‬




 ٧٩–٤
 ‫א‬‫א‬

-١٣٩-
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
J ‫א‬
 ‫אא‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬



 ‫א‬‫א‬٨٠–٤
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫ﻋﻼﻣﺔ أﻣﺎﻣﻴﺔ‬





 ‫א‬٨١–٤
‫أﻋﻠﻰ‬
 K‫א‬











 K‫א‬‫א‬٨٢–٤


-١٤٠-
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
J ‫א‬
 ‫אא‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬


‫ﻋﻼﻣﺎت ﺗﺮﻗﻴﻢ‬


 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٨٣–٤
‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ٨٤–٤
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K٨٥–٤‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

١- ‫ﺷﻨﺒﺮ اﻟﻀﻐﻂ‬


‫اﻷﻣﺎم‬

٢ - ‫ﺷﻨﺒﺮ اﻟﻀﻐﻂ‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬٨٤–٤






‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٨٥–٤
-١٤١-

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫אא‬‫א‬
J ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K٨٦–٤
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬K٨٧–٤‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬K٨٨–٤‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٨٩–٤
K٩٠–٤‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬K٩١–٤‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬٩٢–٤‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
٠{٣٠٠{٢٢٠{٠٢‫א‬ ‫א‬K
 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K
 
 K‫א‬‫א‬






 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٨٦–٤
-١٤٢-


‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫אא‬‫א‬
J ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 ٨٧–٤
 ‫א‬

 ٨٨–٤
 ‫א‬‫א‬

 ٨٩–٤
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬



 ٩٠–٤
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ٩١–٤
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬


 ٩٢–٤
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬


-١٤٣-
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
J ‫א‬
 ‫אא‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K٩٣–٤‫א‬K
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬١‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K٩٤–٤


‫ﺗﺮس اﻟﻜﺎﻣﺎت‬


‫ﻋﻼﻣﺎت اﻟﺘﺮآﻴﺐ‬
‫ﻋﻤﻮد‬
 ٩٣–٤
 ‫א‬


‫ﺗﺮس ﻋﻤﻮد اﻟﻤﺮﻓﻖ‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬٩٤–٤
 
‫اﻟﺸﺪا‬

‫دﻟﻴﻞ اﻟﺴﻴﺮ‬


E‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
K
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K٩٥–٤‫א‬
‫א‬K٩٦–٤‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K٩٧–٤‫א‬
-١٤٤-
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
J ‫א‬
 ‫אא‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬


‫ﺗﺮس ﻋﻤﻮد اﻟﻜﺎﻣﺎت‬


‫ﻋﻼﻣﺎت اﻟﺘﻮﻗﻴﺘﺎت‬




‫ﺗﺮس ﻋﻤﻮد‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٩٥–٤
‫اﻟﺘﺮوس‬





‫اﻟﻔﻠﺮ‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬٩٦–٤







 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٩٣–٤
-١٤٥-
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫אא‬‫א‬
J ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٩٨–٤‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K‫א‬
K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K
 ‫א‬
‫א‬K٩٩–٤‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬١٠٠–٤‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬K ‫א‬١٠١–٤‫א‬
K١٠٢–٤‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K١٠٣J ٤‫א‬
‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬١٠٤–٤‫א‬‫א‬
K ‫א‬ ٠{٣٥٠{٣٠٠{١٥ 
K١٠٥–٤‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬K١٠٦–٤‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
-١٤٦-
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫אא‬‫א‬
J ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬








 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٤٩٨–٤







‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٩٩–٤
K‫א‬‫א‬
-١٤٧-
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
J ‫א‬
 ‫אא‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬


‫ادﻓﻊ‬
 ‫א‬١٠٠–٤
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬












 ‫א‬١٠١–٤
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫ﺧﺮﻃﻮم ﺑﻼﺳﺘﻴﻚ‬

‫ﻋﻤﻮد‬


‫ﻋﻼﻣﺎت‬


 ١٠٢–٤
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬


-١٤٨-
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫אא‬‫א‬
J ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬




 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬١٠٣–٤
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬



 ١٠٤–٤
 ‫א‬‫א‬





 ‫א‬١٠٥–٤





 ‫א‬١٠٦–٤


-١٤٩-
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
J ‫א‬
 ‫אא‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
 

 ‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 J W‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬K١
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٢
‫א‬‫א‬ K٣
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬K٤
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٥
‫א‬‫א‬ K٦
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٧
‫א‬ K٨
-١٥٠-
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫אא‬‫א‬
J ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬ K٩
‫א‬ K١٠
‫א‬‫א‬ K١١
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K١٢
‫א‬‫א‬ K١٣
-١٥١-
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
J ‫א‬
 ‫אא‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

Crank shaft
Cam shaft

‫א‬ Engine block
‫א‬ Piston
 ‫א‬
‫א‬
Fly wheel
 ‫א‬‫ א‬Cylinder
Piston ring
 ‫ א‬Connecting
rod
‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫ א‬Piston pin
‫א‬
feeler
micrometer
Bore gauge
Gasket
  Crank shaft
journal bearing

‫א‬
F‫א‬‫א‬
E‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
Oil pump
‫א‬
Sump
‫א‬

-١٥٢-
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
J ‫א‬
 ‫אא‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬

K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬K١
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬K٢
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٣
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٤
K‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٥
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٦
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٧
-١٥٣-
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
J ‫א‬
 ‫אא‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬
‫א‬
‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
١
‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
٣
‫א‬‫א‬
٤
‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬
‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
٢
٥
٦
‫א‬
‫א‬
‫א‬
‫א‬ ‫א‬
‫א‬
‫א‬
٧
‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬
-١٥٤-
‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬
٨
٩
١٠
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
J ‫א‬
 ‫אא‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬
‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬K١
‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٢
‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٣
‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٤
‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٥
‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٦
‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٧
‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٨
‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٩
‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K١٠
‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬ K١١
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K١٢
‫؟‬
‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K١٣
‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K١٤
 ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K١٥
-١٥٥-
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
٥
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬J ٥
Inspection of Lubrication Systems

 W‫א‬
 W‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬G
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬G
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬G
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬
 Oil System Maintenance ‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬J
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
١
١٠‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬KEKKF٥٠–
 W‫א‬‫א‬J
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬،
 KE١J ٥F‫א‬
- ١٥٦ -
٢
‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬

 W‫א‬J
٣
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E‫א‬F‫א‬
‫א‬K
 ‫א‬K
 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ٣٠٠٠‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬
 KE٢J ٥F‫א‬٢٠٠٠
 W‫א‬J
٤
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
E‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬

K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 .‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 Problems of Lubrication System‫א‬
 W‫א‬
W‫א‬‫ א‬J ١
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬
- ١٥٧ -
٥
‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬ J ٢
 W‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫ א‬J 
 K‫א‬ J 
 K‫א‬ J 
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J 
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J 
 W J ٣
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬J 
 K‫א‬J 
 K‫א‬‫א‬J 
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
 ‫א‬‫א‬ J ٤
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬

- ١٥٨ -
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 
 ‫א‬‫א‬

 


‫א‬
 
 ‫א‬
‫א‬ J J ١
 K?‫?א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
‫א‬ J
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 J
 K‫א‬
 K
‫א‬‫א‬ J
 ‫א‬
‫א‬ J
‫א‬
 K‫א‬
 K‫א‬
F‫א‬

‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬

 KE‫א‬



‫א‬
‫א‬J ‫א‬
 K
،
‫א‬ J
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
١‫א‬
 K‫א‬
 J
 K‫א‬
 K‫א‬  ‫א‬J ٢
‫א‬‫ א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 
‫א‬‫א‬ J J ٣
 K?‫ ?א‬ ‫א‬
- ١٥٩ -
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬
 
 K‫א‬


‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 
 J
 ‫א‬
 K‫א‬
‫א‬‫ א‬J
‫א‬‫א‬
 K
‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ J ٤
 K‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
‫א‬ ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 K‫א‬

 K‫א‬
‫א‬ J J ٥
 K‫ א‬

 J

 K‫א‬ J


‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬
 J
 K‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬ J
 K‫א‬

 J

 J

‫א‬ J
 K‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬
 
 K‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬
 K
 J
- ١٦٠ -
 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 
‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 
‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 K‫א‬
 K‫א‬


‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬
 K ƒ
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ƒ
K ƒ
K ƒ
K‫א‬ ƒ
K‫א‬‫א‬ ƒ
K‫א‬ ƒ
 W‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬٥٠٠٠J ٤٠٠٠‫א‬،‫א‬
 K
E‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬

- ١٦١ -
‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ƒ
 K١‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٢‫א‬
 ‫א‬ ƒ
‫א‬‫א‬،EF‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬،EF‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬EF
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،
 ‫א‬
EFEF‫א‬‫א‬E‫א‬F‫א‬
K‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬٤–٣٥‫א‬
 KEF

- ١٦٢ -
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬
 K ƒ
 K‫א‬ ƒ
 K ƒ
 W‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ 
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫ƒ א‬
 KE٢J ٥F‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ƒ
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
L٢٠٠٠‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ƒ
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬ ƒ
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 W
‫א‬
- ١٦٣ -


‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬


 ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬
 W‫א‬
 K ƒ
K ƒ
K ƒ
K ƒ
K ƒ
K‫א‬ ƒ
K‫א‬ ƒ
K ƒ
- ١٦٤ -
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 W‫א‬
‫א‬K
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬ERebuild kitF‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬ 
K‫א‬
 
 W‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫ƒ א‬
 KE‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ƒ
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ƒ א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ƒ
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ƒ א‬
KERebuild KitF‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ƒ
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ƒ
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ƒ א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ƒ א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ƒ א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬
- ١٦٥ -
ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
ƒ
 W
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬
‫א‬٠{١٠
 K‫א‬
- ١٦٦ -




‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬


‫א‬٠{٠٤‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬





 
‫א‬٠٢٥‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬




 ٤J ٥‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 
- ١٦٧ -
‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬
 W‫א‬
 K  K -
 W‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬
 K -
K‫א‬ K -
 W‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬ K‫א‬
 K‫א‬

‫א‬٥J ٥
- ١٦٨ -
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K

K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

- ١٦٩ -
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
Oil filter
‫א‬
Oil pump
‫א‬
 ‫א‬
Oil pressure
 ‫א‬
Oil pressure gauge
 
Rebuild Kit
 
Tools
 ‫א‬
Gear
 ‫א‬
Filer gauge


- ١٧٠ -








 






‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬



‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬

 J
J

‫א‬

‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬
‫א‬
‫א‬
‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
١
٢
٣
‫א‬
٤
‫א‬
٥

- ١٧١ -
‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬
J ١
‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
J ٢
‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
J ٣
W‫א‬
J ٤
‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬
J 
‫؟‬‫א‬
J 
 ‫؟‬‫א‬
J 
- ١٧٢ -

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
٦
‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 (Cooling System) ‫א‬J ٦

W‫א‬
 W‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬G
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬G







‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬
 WE‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬G
 ‫א‬G
 ‫א‬G
 ‫א‬G
 ‫א‬G
 ‫א‬G
 E١J ٦F


 ‫א‬‫א‬ ١J ٦  
- ١٧٣ -
‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬J 
 K‫א‬J 
 K‫א‬J 

 W‫א‬J 
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬ •
K‫א‬‫א‬ •
K‫א‬‫א‬ •
K‫א‬‫א‬ •
،W‫א‬‫א‬ •
KE‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬
K‫א‬ •
K‫א‬ •

 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬J
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J
 ‫א‬J
 K‫א‬J
- ١٧٤ -
‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬
 KE‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬J ١
 KE‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬J ٢
 KE‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬FJ ٣
 KE‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬J ٤
 KE‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬J ٥
 KE‫א‬‫א‬ F‫א‬J ٦
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٧
 E‫א‬
 KE‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬J ٨
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F J ٩
 KE‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬G
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K
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‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 W‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬E ‫א‬‫א‬FJ ١
 KE‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬J ٢
 E‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬J ٣
 
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬

 ‫א‬
‫א‬W‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬E‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬E٢J ٦F ‫א‬
‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬
 K‫א‬٥٢{٥
 W

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

K‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬
 K
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
‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 W
‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬





 ‫א‬
‫א‬ ‫ א‬‫א‬W‫א‬
٣J ٦‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬

‫ﺔ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫א‬‫א‬K٤J ٦
‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K 
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬KK ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬
 K٥J ٦‫א‬‫א‬
‫ اﻟﻤﺸﺎآﻞ اﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ ﻟﻠﺴﻴﺮ‬٤-٦ ‫ﺷﻜﻞ‬
 W
‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬
- ١٧٧ -

‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬







‫أ‬

‫א‬‫א‬ W
 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬ K‫א‬
‫א‬K٦J ٦‫א‬
 K‫א‬
‫ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ ﺷﺪ اﻟﺴﻴﺮ‬٦-٦ ‫ﺷﻜﻞ‬
- ١٧٨ -
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
 ‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 WE٧J ٦F‫א‬‫א‬
W
 W



 ‫א‬‫א‬E
 ‫א‬E
.
 







 ‫א‬‫א‬E
‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬E
K‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬FK‫א‬



 

 ‫א‬‫א‬E
 ‫א‬E
 KE‫א‬‫א‬F
‫ﻣﻊ اﻟﺘﻘﺮﻳﻂ‬
 EF‫א‬‫א‬٧J ٦
- ١٧٩ -



‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
-‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬J ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
 W ‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ 
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬
،
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬K
 ‫א‬J  ‫א‬‫א‬J  ‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
، ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬EF‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 KE٨J ٦F








‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٨J ٦ 
- ١٨٠ -
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬

 W

‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬٪٥٠W‫א‬‫א‬
K  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 KE٩J ٦F‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬



‫ ﺗﺜﺒﻴﺖ ﻣﻮﺟﻪ هﻮاء اﻟﻤﺮوﺣﺔ‬٩-٦ ‫ﺷﻜﻞ‬
 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 

‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬
 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬W
 K‫א‬‫א‬

،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 KE١٠
J ٦F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫ ﻓﺤﺺ ﻟﻲ اﻟﻤﺸﻊ‬١٠-٦ ‫ﺷﻜﻞ‬
- ١٨١ -
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 F‫א‬EF
‫א‬FE‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬KE‫א‬
 K‫א‬
‫ﻞ اﻟ ﻀﺨﺔ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫آ ا‬
‫ ﻓ‬١١ ٦ ‫ﺷﻜﻞ‬

 ‫א‬W‫א‬
‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬KE١١J ٦F‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،
 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬

 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬W ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬K
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬KE ٩٠F
K ‫א‬، ‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 KE١٢J ٦F
‫ اﺧﺘﺒﺎر اﻟﻀﻐﻂ ﻟﻠﻤﺸﻊ وﻏﻄﺎء‬١٢-٦ ‫ﺷﻜﻞ‬
- ١٨٢ -
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬KE١٣J ٦F‫א‬
‫א‬K
 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬K
‫ اﻟﺜﺮﻣﻮﺳﺘﺎت‬١٣-٦ ‫ﺷﻜﻞ‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K

‫א‬، ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ W
 ‫א‬
K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K
 ‫א‬EF‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬١٤J ٦
‫ اﺧﺘﺒﺎر اﻟﺜﺮﻣﻮﺳﺘﺎت‬١٤-٦ ‫ﺷﻜﻞ‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬ W ‫א‬‫א‬
F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫ ﻃﺮﻳﻘﺔ اﻟﻜﺸﻒ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺒﻴﻦ اﻟﺤﺮارة‬١٥-٦ ‫ﺷﻜﻞ‬
‫א‬‫א‬E١٥J ٦FE‫א‬
‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
- ١٨٣ -
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 KE‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K
 K‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬J 
 K‫א‬ J ١
 K‫א‬ J ٢
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J ٣
 K‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬ J ٤
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٥
‫א‬E‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬ J ٦
K
، ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٧
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F

 W‫א‬
F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
‫א‬،E١٦J ٦
‫א‬‫א‬KE١٧J ٦F‫א‬
، ‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬
‫ ﻃﺮﻳﻘﺔ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ اﻟﻠﻲ‬١٦-٦ ‫ﺷﻜﻞ‬
 K‫א‬
‫א‬K  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬١٨J ٦

 K‫א‬‫א‬



- ١٨٤ -
‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬





‫ ﻃﺮﻳﻘﺔ رﻓﻊ اﻟﻠﻲ اﻟﺘﺎﻟﻒ‬١٧ -٦ ‫ﺷﻜﻞ‬


‫ اﻷﻧﻮاع اﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ ﻟﻘﻔﻴﺰ اﻟﻠﻲ‬١٨-٦ ‫ﺷﻜﻞ‬

 WEF‫א‬‫א‬J 
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ١
KE‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬ J ٢
KE‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٣
K‫א‬ J ٤
K‫א‬‫א‬ J ٥
K‫א‬ J ٦
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٧
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J ٨
K‫א‬‫א‬ J ٩
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J ١٠
 K‫א‬‫א‬ J ١١
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ١٢

- ١٨٥ -
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬J 
K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 KE١٩J ٦F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬







‫أ‬

‫ب‬

??،??‫א‬١٩J ٦



W‫א‬J 
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K J ١
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٢
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٣
 K‫א‬‫א‬ J ٤
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J ٥
- ١٨٦ -
‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 WE٢٠J ٦F‫א‬J 
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ١
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٢
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٣
K‫א‬ J ٤
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٥
K‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J ٦
K‫א‬،‫א‬‫ א‬J ٧
K‫א‬‫א‬ J ٨
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬ J ٩
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ١٠
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ١١
 K‫א‬‫א‬ J ١٢
 K‫א‬ J ١٣



‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٢٠J ٦ 
- ١٨٧ -
‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
W‫א‬J 
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬
J ١
K
J ٣
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 KE‫א‬
J ٢
J ٤
K‫א‬ J ٥
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
J ٦
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
J ٨
K‫א‬‫א‬
J ٧
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٩
K‫א‬ J ١٠
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ١١
- ١٨٨ -
‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 
K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬K
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
،
 ‫א‬،
 ، ‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬


- ١٨٩ -
‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
Coolant
‫א‬ Thermostat
Water Pump
‫א‬ Belt
Radiator Cap
‫א‬ Flushing
 ‫א‬
 
‫א‬
Hose
‫ א‬Pump Clutch
‫א‬
Radiator
 Cooling Fan
‫א‬
Cooling System
‫א‬ Fan shroud
‫א‬‫א‬

- ١٩٠ -
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬
‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬G
‫א‬‫א‬J
‫א‬
‫א‬G
 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬G  G
،
 ‫א‬،‫א‬W G
، ‫א‬‫א‬،
 ‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬
،
 ‫א‬‫א‬ G
 K‫א‬،‫א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J
 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬G
 KEF‫א‬
 KEF‫א‬‫א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬J

‫א‬G
FW
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J
،
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬
 ،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 KE‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
- ١٩١ -
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
 ‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬G ‫א‬G
 K‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 K‫א‬
‫א‬G G
 K‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 K‫א‬G G
 
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬G
 ‫א‬G
 ‫א‬G ‫א‬G
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬G  G
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬G
‫א‬
 ‫א‬G
 ‫א‬‫א‬G
 ‫א‬G
 K‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬G  ‫א‬‫א‬G
 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬G
 ‫א‬G
 KE‫א‬
 KE‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬G
 ‫א‬G

 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬G  G ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬G ‫א‬‫א‬G  ‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬

- ١٩٢ -
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
 ‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬
١
   ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
٢
‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 
 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬
 ‫א‬
٣
٤
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
٥
 
 ‫א‬
٦
 
 ‫א‬
٧
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
٨
 
‫א‬
‫א‬
 ‫א‬
٩
 ‫א‬‫ א‬١٠

- ١٩٣ -
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬


‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
١
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬
٢
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
٣
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
٤
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
٥
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
٦
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
٧

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 




- ١٩٤ -
‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬J ١
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
 ‫א‬J 
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
 ‫א‬‫א‬J 
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٢
 K‫א‬J 
 ‫א‬J 
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٣
 ‫א‬J 
 ‫א‬‫א‬J 
 ‫א‬‫א‬J 
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
 W‫א‬،‫א‬J ٤
 ‫א‬J 
 ‫א‬J 
 J 
 J 
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬EFJ ٥
 KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKJ 
 KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKJ 
 KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKJ 
 KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKJ 
- ١٩٥ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
٧
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫ א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫• א‬
 K‫א‬ •
 K‫א‬‫א‬ •
- ١٩٦ -
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K١
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٢
K‫א‬‫א‬ K٣

 ‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬EJ F‫א‬‫א‬ K١
K K٢
 ?‫א‬?‫א‬
٪٣٠‫א‬٪٧٠‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬K
 ‫א‬
‫א‬K
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

- ١٩٧ -
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K١
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٢
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬ K٣
K‫א‬?‫?א‬
K ٢٦{٦‫א‬،٣L١{٢٦٥‫א‬ K٤
‫א‬‫א‬W
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬K١
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٢
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬K٣
‫א‬K ‫א‬‫ א‬K٤
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ،٢٧‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
- ١٩٨ -
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
‫اﻟﻜﺮة اﻟﻤﻄﺎﻃﻴﺔ‬
‫اﻟﻌﻘﻴﺎس‬
‫اﻟﻌﻮاﻣ‬
‫ة‬
‫ﻣﺴﺘﻮى‬
‫اﻟﺤﺎﻣﺾ‬
‫اﻟﺨﺮﻃﻮم‬
‫ﻣﻘﻴﺎس آﺜﺎﻓﺔ‬
‫اﻟﺤﺎﻣﺾ‬
‫ﺧـﻠﻴﺔ‬


KK ‫א‬?١{٢٦٥?‫א‬‫א‬
 K١{٢٢٥W٪٧٥‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬G‫א‬
- ١٩٩ -

‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬


‫ﻓﻮﻟﺘﻤﻴﺘﺮ‬



‫ﻣﺒﻴﻦ ﺣﺎﻟﺔ اﻟﺒﻄﺎرﻳﺔ‬
‫ﺑﻄﺎرﻳﺔ‬


K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J G

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 E‫א‬F
٪١٠٠
١{٢٦٥
٪٧٥
١{٢٢٥
٪٥٠
١{١٩٠
٪٢٥
١{١٥٥
 
١{١٢٠
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬
،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K
 WK‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬K١
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬K٢
EGFK‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬K٣
K‫א‬‫א‬ K٤
K‫א‬‫א‬ K٥
- ٢٠٠ -
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬



 ‫א‬‫א‬J G
 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
- ٢٠١ -
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬




‫א‬‫א‬



 K‫א‬J 


 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬١‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬
- ٢٠٢ -
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬LW‫א‬ K١
K‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬ K٢
K‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬ K٣
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٤
 K
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬ K١
‫א‬٪٧٥‫א‬‫א‬٣L١{٢٢٥
K‫א‬

W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬K٢
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬G‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬
- ٢٠٣ -
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
‫א‬J  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
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‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
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K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
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K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬–‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W ‫א‬‫א‬
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L
 ٥٠‫א‬ ١٠L١‫א‬
K١٠،٥
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K١٢٥‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ 
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬
 ‫א‬
‫א‬،١{٢٢٥‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 EGFW‫א‬‫א‬ K١
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
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K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
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K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
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K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬١٠‫א‬‫א‬
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K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٩{٦‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
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K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٢
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬EGFK ‫א‬‫א‬
- ٢٠٤ -
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬
EGFKSun VAT 40)F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬K٣
 K،??‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬
9
  ‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬
9
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ 9
 K‫א‬
‫א‬‫ א‬9
 K‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K١
‫א‬
 K‫א‬
9
‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬
 ‫א‬
‫א‬
K١
‫א‬‫א‬
K٢
K‫א‬
K٣
 K‫א‬
 ‫ א‬K١
‫א‬ K٢
‫א‬‫ א‬K٣
 ?‫א‬
- ٢٠٥ -
‫א‬K٢
?
 ?
‫א‬

‫א‬

‫א‬
 K‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬KJ G

 ‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬ •
K‫א‬ •
K‫א‬‫א‬ •
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ •

K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫• א‬

 


‫א‬‫ א‬G
- ٢٠٦ -

‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬K١
‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬E‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 EGF
E
 ‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 KE‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F
 ‫א‬K٢
‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬K٣
 W
 K‫א‬
K١
KE١،٣١F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K٢
K‫א‬‫א‬
K٣
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K٤
‫א‬‫א‬
K٥
K‫א‬‫א‬
- ٢٠٧ -
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K١
 K‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬ K٢
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٣
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٤
K‫א‬‫ א‬K٥
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٦
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٧
 ‫א‬
 WE‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬J ‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
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K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
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K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
•
K١٠H‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
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K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
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 W‫א‬‫א‬–
 W‫א‬
‫א‬٪٥٠E F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،E ‫א‬F
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‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
E
 ‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬،١{١٥
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬J 
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K٤
 W‫א‬‫א‬–‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬K١
K‫א‬‫ א‬K٢
K  K٣
K‫א‬‫א‬ K٤
‫א‬ K٥
K٤٥‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬K٦
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٧
 W‫א‬‫א‬–
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K٤٥
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K٥
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K ٪٢‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
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‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K٥J ٤‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 W
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K١
 K‫א‬‫א‬
K‫ א‬K٢
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٣
K‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬K٤
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
١{٢‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬، ‫א‬٪١٠‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K ‫א‬
 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬ K١
 K‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٢
K ٪١{٥‫א‬‫א‬ K٣
K  K٤
K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٥
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٦
K‫א‬‫א‬ K٧
K‫א‬‫א‬ K٨
- ٢١٠ -
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٩
K‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K١٠







- ٢١١ -
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬
 W٪٧٥‫א‬‫א‬ K١
١{٢٦٥
J 
١{٢٥٥ J 
١{٢٥٠
J 
 W K٢
١٢
J 
٩{٦ J 
١٢{٤
J 
 W‫א‬‫א‬ K٣
١٥
J 
٣٠ J 
١٠
- ٢١٢ -
J 
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
•
K١
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK J 
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK J 
 KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK J 
 W‫א‬
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK J 
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK J 


- ٢١٣ -
K٢
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 -‫א‬
٨
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬J
٨

 W‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬

K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬
KEF‫א‬
‫א‬misfiring‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫ א‬K١
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬K٢
K‫א‬ K٣
K‫א‬ K٤
W‫א‬ K٥
- ٢١٤ -
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
E
K‫א‬ E
K‫א‬‫א‬ E
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
E
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٦
K‫א‬ K٧
 ‫א‬‫א‬
،‫א‬، ‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬ E١
K‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬E٢
W‫א‬‫ א‬E٣
K١{٧٥‫א‬‫א‬
E
K‫א‬‫א‬،١{٥‫א‬‫א‬ E
 K‫א‬‫א‬٧‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ƒ
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K٢٤{٠٠٠١٦{٠٠٠‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬
K١
K‫א‬E‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E١J ٨F‫א‬
K٢
K‫א‬‫א‬
K٣
K‫א‬
K٤
- ٢١٥ -
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
K‫א‬
K٥
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K٦
K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K٧
‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬K
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K٨
K‫א‬‫א‬
K٩
K‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫أﺳﻼك اﻟﺠﻬﺪ اﻟﻌﺎﻟﻲ‬



‫ﻏﻄﺎء اﻟﻤﻮزع‬





‫ﻣﺜﺒﺖ اﻟﻐﻄﺎء‬
‫ﺟﺴﻢ‬
‫اﻟﻤﻮزع‬
- ٢١٦ -

 
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬١J ٨
 ‫א‬
ƒ
K
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E‫א‬F‫א‬
 W‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K١
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
٪٦٣٪٥٣‫א‬٤ ƒ
‫اﻟﺴﺎﻧﺪ‬
٪٧٥٪٦٠‫א‬٦ ƒ
 ٪٨٠٪٧٠‫א‬٨ ƒ
 (Feeler Gauge)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٢
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E‫א‬F‫א‬
‫ﺧﻠﻮ‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬E‫א‬F‫א‬
‫א‬
  (Feeler Gauge)‫א‬
‫א‬F‫א‬K‫א‬
E
E
E
KE٢J ٨F‫א‬
 ‫א‬E ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬K
 ‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬E‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
E
E




- ٢١٧ -
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬





‫ﺷﺮﻳﺤﺔ‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٢J ٨
 W
‫א‬‫א‬
  ‫א‬
K
 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
EF‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 
- ٢١٨ -

‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬
‫א‬

‫א‬













‫א‬
‫א‬

(Aramid Fiber Core)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(Fiberglass Braid)
K
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K٨‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٧‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
- ٢١٩ -
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫ א‬K١
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫ א‬K٢
‫א‬ KΩ
 ‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬
‫א‬ KΩ
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K
 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ KΩ
 KE١٥٠٠٣٠٠‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
ƒ
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ E
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ E
‫א‬ ١‫א‬ E
K‫א‬
K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ E
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ E
 K‫א‬‫א‬ E

 >>‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬

K ‫א‬‫א‬
 
- ٢٢٠ -
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K١
K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٢
E٣J ٨F
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٣
E‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬FK‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
KE ‫א‬FK‫א‬
.٤
.٥
‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K١
K‫א‬‫א‬
ƒ
‫א‬‫א‬٤J ٨‫א‬‫א‬
ƒ
‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
ƒ
‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
ƒ
W‫א‬
K‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬

 


‫א‬


 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٣J ٨
- ٢٢١ -
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬





‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬F‫א‬
‫א‬
‫א‬

K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٤J ٨
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K١٢‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٠،٨‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
- ٢٢٢ -
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬K١
 K‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬K٢
K‫א‬‫ א‬K٣
K‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬FEF‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬K٤
 KE‫א‬‫א‬
K(Off)‫א‬
(Switch)‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
٥J ٨‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
W‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
ƒ
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
ƒ
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬




 ‫א‬

‫א‬

E‫א‬F


 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٥J ٨
- ٢٢٣ -

‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
E‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬EKKF‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 KE‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬
،‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K ‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
E٦J ٨FK
،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬J  ‫א‬‫א‬
 E٧J ٨FKEF–‫א‬
- ٢٢٤ -
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬





٦J ٨ 

 ٧J ٨
 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬K
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 K٨J ٨‫א‬‫א‬
- ٢٢٥ -
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬


30


‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٨J ٨
 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬ K١
K‫א‬
‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٢
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٣
‫א‬،‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٤
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬J ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬ K٥
E٩J ٨FK‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬–‫א‬
K ‫א‬،‫א‬ K٦
E١٠J ٨FK‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬،‫א‬K
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٧
K‫א‬‫א‬
- ٢٢٦ -
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬








 ١٠J ٨



 ٩J ٨



 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬ K١
K‫א‬‫א‬ K٢
K‫א‬‫א‬ E
‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ E
K‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬(Feeler Gauge)
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬K٣
‫א‬،E‫א‬‫א‬٠،٨F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬١٢J ٨١١J ٨‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬
- ٢٢٧ -

‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬

 ‫א‬


‫א‬


‫א‬






 K‫א‬‫א‬١١–٨
- ٢٢٨ -

‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬























- ٢٢٩ -
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
‫א‬
‫א‬
‫א‬
‫א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬١٢J ٨


 ‫א‬
٠،٦F?
 ?‫א‬‫א‬EF‫א‬ K١
 K١،٢‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،E١
‫א‬K
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٢
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬EF
- ٢٣٠ -
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬EF K٣
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬
K‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٤
KE٣F‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٥
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٦
K‫א‬‫א‬
K١٥٠٠٠٤٠٠‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٧
K٥٠٠٠‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٨
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٩
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K١٠
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W١‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬ K١
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬K٢
K‫א‬ (B)‫א‬‫א‬ K٣
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬12 Volts‫א‬‫א‬ K٤
- ٢٣١ -
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W٢‫א‬
K‫א‬ K١
Kx 1‫א‬‫א‬ K٢
‫א‬(B)‫א‬‫א‬(Tach)‫א‬‫א‬ K٣
K١٣J ٨‫א‬
K‫א‬EJ ٠،٤F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬K٤
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،
 (B)‫א‬‫א‬ K٥
 K‫א‬،
 
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬



‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K١ ٠،٣‫א‬‫א‬



‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬١٣J ٨
- ٢٣٢ -
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬W٣‫א‬
K١٠٠٠x ‫א‬ K١
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(Tach)‫א‬‫א‬ K٢
K‫א‬
‫א‬K
 ‫א‬‫א‬٤٠٠٠٠–١٦٠٠٠‫א‬‫א‬ K٣
E١٤J ٨FK‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٤

K‫א‬‫א‬١٤J ٨
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W٤‫א‬
K١٠٠x ‫א‬ K١
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٢
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،١٥٠٠–٥٠٠‫א‬‫א‬ K٣
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬ E
- ٢٣٣ -
E
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 K‫א‬W٥‫א‬
 K١٠٠x ‫א‬ K١
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٢
K‫א‬ K٣
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٤
 K‫א‬‫א‬W٦‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K١
K‫א‬ K٢
K‫א‬‫א‬(C,B)‫א‬ K٣
E١٥J ٨FK‫א‬‫א‬(B)‫א‬‫א‬ K٤
K‫א‬‫א‬(S)‫א‬‫א‬ K٥
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬
 K
‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(B)
(G)
 K٦
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬







- ٢٣٤ -
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬

G
B
S
W





 ‫א‬‫א‬١٥J ٨

 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬ K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬
- ٢٣٥ -
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬١٦J ٨
 ‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
٤،١‫א‬‫א‬ (V)‫א‬٦
‫א‬‫א‬٨K٦،٣‫א‬‫א‬٥،٢‫א‬‫א‬
 K١٦J ٨‫א‬K٦٧٤١٨٣٢‫א‬٥
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬
- ٢٣٦ -
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
KE
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
KEF‫א‬ K١
 K K٢
EF‫א‬ ƒ
KE٢F‫א‬٤‫א‬،
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 KKKK٣‫א‬‫א‬٦
 ƒ
‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬K
 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬K
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 
‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 K
 K‫א‬
 W‫א‬
K‫א‬ K١
K‫א‬‫א‬ K٢
‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬ K٣
‫א‬
K‫א‬ K٥
 K(ECM)
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬
- ٢٣٧ -
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٤


‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬

،‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬
•
K‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
•
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬
•
K(ECM)‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
•







- ٢٣٨ -
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
Vacuum Advance
Mechanism
Steel Shell
Side Electrode
Central Electrode
Insulator
Gasket
‫א‬
 ‫א‬
Battery
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬ Ignition Switch
 ‫א‬
  Ignition Coil
 ‫א‬
  Distributor
‫ א‬Condenser or
Capacitor
 Contact
Breaker
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬
Control Unit
‫א‬ Spark Plugs
Resistor
‫א‬‫א‬ Primary Circuit
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫ א‬Distributor Cap
 ‫א‬
Inductive Winding
Permanent Magnet
Vanes
IC Hall
‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬Rotor
‫א‬ Distributor
Shaft

EF
 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 E‫א‬F
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
Breaker Cam
 EF‫א‬
Vacuum hose
‫א‬‫א‬

- ٢٣٩ -
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
  J
E‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫ א‬١
 J
J

  J
 J
‫א‬ ٤
 J
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ٥
 ‫א‬‫א‬J
‫א‬‫ א‬٦



‫א‬ ٣
 ‫א‬‫א‬ J

‫א‬‫א‬‫אא‬ ٢
 ‫א‬‫א‬ J
 J
‫א‬ ٧
 K‫א‬

- ٢٤٠ -
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬

 ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ١
 ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٢
 ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٣
 W‫א‬‫א‬J ٤
 ‫א‬J  
 ‫א‬J  
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٥
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٦

- ٢٤١ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
٩
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬


 ‫א‬
Fuel System Service ‫א‬‫א‬J ٩

W‫א‬
 W‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬ G




 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ G

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ G

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
، ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E١J ٩F‫א‬K
 ‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬
‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E١J ٩F
 
-٢٤٢-
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 Air Filter‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K
 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬E٢J ٩F‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E٢J ٩F

 ‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ١
‫א‬‫א‬،E
 ‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬ J ٢
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 KE٣J ٩FK‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J ٣
-٢٤٣-
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬EF J ٤
 KE٣J ٩F،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٥

،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٦

 KE٣J ٩F
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٧
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٨
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E٣J ٩F
-٢٤٤-
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
Fuel Tank ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬K
 ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬،
 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
-٢٤٥-
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬

‫א‬ K٣
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬EF‫א‬‫א‬ G
 

 K‫א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬ G

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ G

K‫א‬‫א‬ G

K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ G


 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ J ١
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٢
KE٥J ٩،٤J ٩F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٣
K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٤
K‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٥
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٦
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٧
K
-٢٤٦-

‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬


‫ﻣﺎﺳﻮرة ﺗﻮرﻳﺪ‬

‫ﻣﺎﺳﻮرة ﺗﻮرﻳﺪ اﻟﻮﻗﻮد‬


‫ﻣﻨﻘﻲ‬
‫اﻟﻮﻗﻮد‬

‫وﻗﻮد‬
‫ﻣﻀﺨﺔ‬

‫ﻋﻮاﻣﺔ‬




‫ أﻣﺎن ﻟﻤﺮور‬‫ﺻﻤﺎﻣﺎت‬
‫اﻟﻮﻗﻮد ﻓﻲ اﺗﺠﺎﻩ واﺣﺪ‬
‫ﻣﺎﺳﻮرة رﺟﻮع‬
‫اﻟﻮﻗﻮد‬



 K،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E٤J ٩F
‫ﻣﻔﺘﺎح ﻋﺰم‬



‫ﻣﺎﺳﻮرة ﺳﺤﺐ اﻟﻮﻗﻮد ﻣﻦ‬
‫اﻟﺨﺰان‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E٥J ٩F
-٢٤٧-

‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 Fuel Pump‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬، ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬

  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E٦J ٩F‫א‬
K
 ‫א‬E F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫ﺳﺤﺐ اﻟﻮﻗﻮد‬
‫ﻃﺮد اﻟﻮﻗﻮد‬
‫ﺻﻤﺎم اﻟﺴﺤﺐ‬
‫ﺻﻤﺎم اﻟﻄﺮد‬
‫رداخ اﻟﻤﻀﺨﺔ‬



‫ﻳﺎي اﻟﺮداخ‬


‫ﺳﺎق ﻣﺘﺄرﺟﺤﺔ‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬E٦J ٩F

-٢٤٨-
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ١
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
-٢
K‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٣
K‫א‬
K‫א‬ J ٤
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J ٥
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬EF‫א‬‫ א‬J ٦
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J ٧
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 W‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
EF
‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،
 ‫א‬
E
F
 KE‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F
K‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬ J ١
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬
 KEF
 ‫א‬ J ٢
-٢٤٩-
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W
 K‫א‬E٤{٣F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬ J ٣
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬،
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬EF
 

 ‫א‬‫ א‬J ٤
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬ 
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬E F‫א‬
‫א‬،E‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 KE‫א‬F‫א‬E‫א‬F‫א‬

‫א‬ K٢
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ G
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ G





 ‫א‬‫א‬
–‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬EF‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬–
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬ J ١
-٢٥٠-
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  J ٢
KE٧J ٩F،‫א‬‫א‬
EF‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٣
K‫א‬١٥٢ ‫א‬١٥٢‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٤
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬EF J ٥
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬L٥٠٠‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٦
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬١١٨
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫إﻧﺎء ﻣﺪرج ﻟﺘﺤﺪﻳﺪ آﻤﻴﺔ اﻟﻮﻗﻮد‬
‫ﻣﺒﻴﻦ ﻟﻘﻴﺎس اﻟﻀﻐﻂ‬
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‫اﻟﻤﻐﺬي‬
‫ﺻﻤﺎم‬
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

 ‫وﺻﻠﺔ ﻣﻦ‬
‫ﻣﻀﺨﺔ‬
‫اﻟﻮﻗﻮد‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E٧J ٩F
K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٧
-٢٥١-

‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬L٥٠٠‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٨
E٤١J ٢٨F٢L٦J ٤‫א‬‫ א‬J ٩
K 
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ١٠
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K
 
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
–‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
EF‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬––
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬E٧J ٩F‫א‬
١١٨‫א‬‫א‬L ٥٠٠‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬٤٨٤‫א‬L٥٠٠‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
KL٥٠٠‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬E‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬EF‫א‬‫א‬
-٢٥٢-
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬ J ١
KE٨J ٩F،‫א‬E‫א‬F‫א‬ J ٢
‫א‬‫א‬ J ٣
K‫א‬




‫ﻣﺒﻴﻦ ﻟﻘﻴﺎس اﻟﺨﻠﺨﻠﺔ‬


‫ﻣﻀﺨﺔ اﻟﻮﻗﻮد‬

‫وﺻﻠﺔ ﻣﺮﻧﺔ‬
‫وﺻﻠﺔ ﻣﻦ‬
‫اﻟﻤﻐﺬي‬



‫وﺻﻠﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺧﺰان‬
‫اﻟﻮﻗﻮد‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬E٨J ٩F
‫א‬L ٥٠٠‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٤
KE٣٤F١٠‫א‬‫א‬KE‫א‬F
E ٣٤F١٠‫א‬‫א‬K
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٥
E‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬
-٢٥٣-

‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬E ‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬
KE٩J ٩F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬EF‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ١
K‫א‬‫א‬ J ٢
K‫א‬‫א‬ J ٣
K‫א‬‫א‬L١٠٠٠‫א‬‫א‬ J ٤
KE٢٧F٨‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J ٥
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٦
‫ﻣﻀﺨﺔ ﺧﻠﺨﻠﺔ‬


‫وﺻﻠﺔ ﻟﻸﺟﻬﺰة اﻟﺘﻲ‬
‫ﺗﻌﻤﻞ ﺑﺎﻟﺨﻠﺨﻠﺔ‬
‫وﺻﻠﺔ ﻟﻠﻤﺒﻴﻦ‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E٩J ٩F




-٢٥٤-
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J ١
‫א‬E‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٢
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٣
-٢٥٥-
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬

 Carburetor‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E١٠J ٩F،
K
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫ﻣﺎﺳﻮرة‬
‫اﻟﺴﺮﻋﺔ اﻟﺒﻄﻴﺌﺔ‬






‫اﻟﻔﻮﻧﻴﺔ اﻟﺮﺋﻴﺴﻴﺔ‬

‫ﻣﻨﻄﻘﺔ ﺗﺤﻮل إﻟﻲ‬
‫اﻟﺴﺮﻋﺔ اﻟﺒﻄﻴﺌﺔ‬
‫اﻟﺘﺤﻜﻢ ﻓﻲ اﻟﻤﺨﻠﻮط‬

‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬

 E١٠J ٩F
-٢٥٦-


‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬

 W‫א‬
K ‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬ •
 K‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ •
‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬ •
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
‫א‬K
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬
 W
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 
 KK‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  ‫א‬
 KE‫א‬،‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ١
 K‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬E ‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٢
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
-٢٥٧-
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٣
K‫א‬‫א‬
 W
K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ١
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ J ٢
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٣
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٤


 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬E‫א‬F‫א‬ J ١
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫؟‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٢
K
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J ٣
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K ‫א‬ J ٤
K‫א‬
K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬ J ٥
K‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٦
K‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬K
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬
-٢٥٨-
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫ א‬J ١
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
•
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬KK
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
•
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K
 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬
KE‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬J ٢
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ •
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫• א‬
 E‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٣
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ •
K
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ •
KE‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬EF
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٤
K‫א‬ •
-٢٥٩-
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫• א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬–٥
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ •
‫א‬W ‫א‬
 ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ •
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 J W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
‫א‬
 W‫א‬
‫א‬
 ‫א‬


‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬
‫א‬

‫א‬
-٢٦٠-
 ‫א‬
‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 W‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫ א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 ‫א‬







‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫ א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
E‫א‬F
 ‫א‬
E
 ‫א‬
 
 ‫א‬
 EBCV ‫א‬F‫א‬
‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬


 W‫א‬

‫א‬ •

 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ •
‫א‬
‫א‬ •
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬


‫א‬F‫א‬ • ‫א‬
E
‫א‬‫א‬ •
E‫א‬F
 ‫א‬

‫א‬ •
‫א‬

 W‫א‬
-٢٦١-

‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫• א‬
 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫ • א‬‫א‬F
‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬

 ‫א‬

‫א‬
E
 W‫א‬

‫ • א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫• א‬
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬ •

 ‫א‬‫א‬ •
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 
 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬



‫א‬ •
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬ 
 ‫א‬
‫א‬
‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬ J ١
K‫א‬‫א‬ J ٢
KENF‫א‬‫א‬ J ٣
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٤
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٥
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٦
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٧
-٢٦٢-
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬W
‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،
،‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬E١١J ٩F‫א‬K
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬E١٢J ٩F‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬




‫ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﺔ اﻟﻌﻮاﻣﺔ‬

‫ﻗﻴﺎس اﻧﺨﻔﺎض ﻣﺴﺘﻮي اﻟﻌﻮاﻣﺔ‬



 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ E١١J ٩F

‫أداة ﻗﻴﺎس‬
‫ﻣﺴﺘﻮي اﻟﻮﻗﻮد‬
٦{٤ 
 ٦{٤








‫ﻋﻮاﻣﺔ‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ E١٢J ٩F

-٢٦٣-
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 KE١٣J ٩F‫א‬
‫א‬
‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬E١٣J ٩F

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W 
،E ‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ١
KE١٤J ٩F
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٢
K
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٣
K٤٠‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٤
‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٥
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٦
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٧
K‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٨
K‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٩
K‫א‬
-٢٦٤-
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
،‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ١٠
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬،E ‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ١١
 K‫א‬‫א‬

 
 ‫א‬
‫א‬



 ‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E١٤J ٩F
 ‫א‬‫א‬W
‫א‬EF‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬L٩٠٠٦٥٠‫א‬
 CO‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬CO‫א‬‫• א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫• א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬
-٢٦٥-
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬ J ١
CO‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٢
‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬CO‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 CO‫א‬ J ٣
 K CO‫א‬ J 
K‫א‬٦٠J ٣٠٢٠٠٠‫א‬ J 
K‫א‬‫א‬٣J ١‫ א‬J 
‫א‬، ‫א‬٤٠‫א‬‫א‬ J 
 K‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬CO‫א‬
 E٪٠{٥J ٠{٠F
 E٪٢{٠J ١{٠F
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬CO‫א‬ •
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،
 ‫א‬‫א‬CO‫א‬ •


K‫א‬،
-٢٦٦-
 
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 CO‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬ J ١
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٢
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬ EF
 K‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
E
F
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 EL٩٦٠F
 EL٨٦٠F
 W‫א‬‫א‬





‫א‬‫א‬EFEF‫א‬، ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 
EF
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 EL٩٠٠F
EF

 EL٨٠٠F


 K‫א‬‫א‬
 
W


 ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬، ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬ J ١
 K‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬ EF
K‫א‬‫א‬ E
F
-٢٦٧-
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 K‫א‬ EF
 E‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬ J ٢
 K‫א‬ EF
K‫א‬‫א‬ E
F
‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬٦{٥ EF
K١‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬K‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ EF
 K‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬EF
‫א‬ J ٣
 K‫א‬ EF
،
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬، ‫א‬EF
 K‫א‬
 ‫א‬ J ٤
‫א‬‫א‬،  ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K٣{٢٥‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬
 ‫א‬ J ٥
 K‫א‬‫א‬ J 
‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J 
K‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬ J ٦
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٧

-٢٦٨-
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 E‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬، ‫א‬
 W‫א‬،E‫א‬F‫א‬

‫א‬
‫א‬ J ١

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬J ١
‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬،E
 ‫א‬F‫א‬
 K‫א‬
‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
K ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
، ‫א‬ J ٢ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K
‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬
K ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬
  ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬،
‫א‬G ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬W
  ، ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬،‫א‬
K‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬J ٢
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K‫א‬
F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،EHIC ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬K  
-٢٦٩-
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬،،،‫א‬‫א‬EF K‫א‬،،،،‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬EF‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬ 
‫א‬، 
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬ 
‫א‬K
 ‫א‬
 K‫א‬
،EHAIF‫א‬
 ‫א‬J ٣
‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬E F‫א‬ K
 ‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬ ، ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K ‫א‬،‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬،
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬

-٢٧٠-
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬

 J W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
•
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ .‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬K
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
-٢٧١-
•
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬


Fuel System
‫א‬
 ‫א‬
Fuel Pump
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
Booster Pump
‫א‬‫א‬
Air Filter
Fuel Filter
‫א‬‫א‬
Carburetor
‫א‬
‫א‬
CO




-٢٧٢-
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

–‫א‬
‫א‬–

F‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬
E
‫א‬

 ١
–‫א‬
–– ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
EF
‫א‬
٢
‫א‬J 
F‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬
E
٣
‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬J K‫א‬
F‫א‬‫א‬
E
‫א‬
‫א‬
٤

-٢٧٣-
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K١
 ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٢
 ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٣
 ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬K٤
 ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬K٥
 ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬K٦
 ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٧
 ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬K٨
-٢٧٤-
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬
١٠
 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
 ‫א‬


‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
Gasoline Injection System Service ‫א‬J
١٠

 W‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K - Jetronic‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
–K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
Jetronic
L- Jetronic‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
L- Jetronic‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
•
•
•
•

 K - Jetronic‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬K
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E١J ١٠F
 K‫א‬‫א‬


‫א‬



 ‫א‬E١J ١٠F

-٢٧٥-
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
 ‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  E٢J ١٠F‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K
 
 ‫א‬

‫ﻣﻀﺨﺔ وﻗﻮد‬
‫آﻬﺮﺑﺎﺋﻴﺔ‬



‫ א‬
‫ﻣﻨﻘﻲ اﻟﻬﻮاء‬


‫ﻣﻨﻘﻲ اﻟﻮﻗﻮد‬


‫ﺣﺴﺎس‬
‫وﺣﺪة اﻟﺘﺤﻜﻢ‬
‫ﻣﻮزع اﻟﻮﻗﻮد‬
 
‫اﻟﻬﻮاء‬

‫ﺻﻤﺎم اﻟﺨﺎﻧﻖ‬

‫א‬



‫ﻣﺠﻤﻊ اﻟﺴﺤﺐ‬




‫א‬‫ א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E٢J ١٠F
 

 J W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  
-٢٧٦-
‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 WFuel Supply ‫א‬‫א‬W
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 Electric Fuel Pump‫א‬‫א‬J ١
‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬،E٣J ١٠FK‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬
 K‫א‬


 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E٣J ١٠F
 ‫א‬
 K‫א‬ON‫א‬‫א‬ J ١
،‫א‬FP , B+ ‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬ J ٢
KE٤–١٠F
، ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٣
‫א‬‫א‬KE
 ٤–١٠F
‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬
K‫א‬ J ٤
-٢٧٧-
‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
-‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
،‫א‬OFF‫א‬ J ٥
K‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،١٢‫א‬ J ٦
K٣٠{٥‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J ٧
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬ J ٨
 ‫א‬






 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E٤J ١٠F

 Fuel Accumulator‫א‬J ٢
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
J ١٠F‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E٥
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K
 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
-٢٧٨-
‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬
 K‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E٥J ١٠F

 Primary – Pressure Regulator ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٣
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬K ٥‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 KE٦J ١٠F‫א‬
-٢٧٩-
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
 ‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬


٥

٣ ٤

J ٤
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ١
 ‫א‬‫ א‬ J ٥


‫א‬‫א‬ J ٢

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٣
 ‫א‬EF‫א‬ EF
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E٦J ١٠F

 WFuel Metering ‫א‬W 
K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 Air-Flow Sensor‫א‬‫א‬ J ١
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 KE٧J ١٠F‫א‬
-٢٨٠-
‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬


 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E٧J ١٠F

 Fuel Distributor ‫א‬J ٢
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ EF
 KE٨J ١٠F

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E٨J ١٠F
 
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬K ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬KE٩J ١٠F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
-٢٨١-
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K
 ‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 

 
١
٢
٣
٤
٥
٦

‫א‬EF
J ٤
‫א‬ J ١
‫א‬
J ٥
‫א‬
J ٢

J ٦

J ٣
 ‫א‬‫א‬EF‫א‬‫א‬EF‫א‬ EF
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E٩J ١٠F

 Control Pressure ‫א‬J ٣
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬، ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
J ١٠F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬ ‫א‬K
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬KE١٠
‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬EF‫א‬
F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 KE‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
-٢٨٢-
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
 ‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K ‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
٣
٢
١
٤
٦
٥

‫א‬‫א‬
J ٤
‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
J ٥
‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
J ٦
‫א‬
J ١

J ٢
J ٣
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E١٠J ١٠F

 Differential Pressure Valves‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬E١١J ١٠F‫א‬K
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬،E٠{١F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
-٢٨٣-
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
 ‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬

٣
٤
٥
٦
١
٨
٧
‫א‬
J ٥
E‫א‬F‫א‬
J ١
‫א‬
J ٦
E‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
J ٧
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
J ٢
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
J ٨

J ٣
J ٤
 ‫א‬E١١J ١٠F

 Pressure Regulator‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،
‫א‬E١٢J ١٠F‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬
-٢٨٤-
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
 ‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬
 ‫א‬
‫א‬
 E‫א‬F


 




‫رداخ‬
( ‫)ﻗﺮص ﻣﺮن‬


‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬



 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E١٢J ١٠F

 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 J W‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬ J ١
KE١٣J ١٠F‫א‬ J ٢
K‫א‬‫ א‬J ٣
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J ٤
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬ J ٥
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬،‫א‬
 ‫א‬ J ٦
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
-٢٨٥-

‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
 ‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
‫א‬
 ‫א‬

‫א‬


 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E١٣J ١٠F
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬
  SST‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ،،‫א‬
 EKK١٢٠٠–٣٠٠F
 E‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬


 J W‫א‬
 K١٢‫א‬ J ١
K‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬ J ٢
K‫א‬‫א‬ J ٣
K‫א‬‫א‬ J ٤
KE١٤J ١٠F،‫א‬‫א‬ J ٥
K‫א‬‫א‬ J ٦
 ‫א‬E
 ‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬ J ٧
،‫א‬
KE١٤J ١٠F
-٢٨٦-
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
 ‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬

E١٤J ١٠F

E١٤J ١٠F
 K
J ٨
KE١٤–١٠F،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
J ٩
B+ , FP ‫א‬‫א‬
J ١٠
K‫א‬
KON‫א‬
J ١١
KE٣٠٤–٢٦٥F‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬
J ١٢
K‫א‬‫א‬
J ١٣
K‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
٣٠٤–٢٦٥F‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
J ١٤
J ١٥
K‫א‬
KE
‫א‬
SST
‫א‬

-٢٨٧-
J ١٦

‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
 ‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 E١٤J ١٠F
،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K ‫א‬
 K‫א‬
 K‫א‬
W‫א‬
W‫א‬
،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬
W‫א‬‫א‬
W‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬ J ١٧
٢٦٥J ٢٢٦F‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ١٨
KE
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K ١٤٧‫א‬،‫א‬ J ١٩
K‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٢٠
K‫א‬KKKK‫א‬،‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬ J ٢١
K‫א‬
‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٢٢
K‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٢٣
K‫א‬ J ٢٤

 Fuel Filter‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
-٢٨٨-
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
 ‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E١٥J ١٠F‫א‬K‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬K
 ‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬
KKKKK‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬
‫א‬
‫א‬
٤٠٠٠٠
٤٠٠٠٠
١٩٨٦
٨٠٠٠٠
١٩٨٦
‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
٨٠٠٠٠


‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

١
٢ ٣
١

J ٣

J ٢

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E١٥J ١٠F
-٢٨٩-
J ١

‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 Fuel Injector Valve‫א‬EF
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E‫א‬F‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K
 ‫א‬
F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬E٣{٥‫א‬
، ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E١٦J ١٠F‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬EFE١٦J ١٠F

-٢٩٠-
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 Cold-Start Valve‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬KE١٧J ١٠F
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K
K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E ‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬
K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ST ‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 J ٤
 J ١
‫ א‬J ٥
‫א‬‫א‬
J ٢
‫א‬ J ٦
‫א‬
J ٣
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E١٧J ١٠F

 Thermo-Time Switch‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E١٨J ١٠F‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E ‫א‬F
E‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
-٢٩١-
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
 ‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K٧{٥‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 J ٤
‫א‬ J ١
‫א‬ J ٥
‫א‬
J ٢
‫א‬‫א‬
J ٣
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E١٨J ١٠F
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

، ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E١٩J ١٠F‫א‬K‫א‬
ST ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬ON ‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬،
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 KE‫א‬‫א‬F

-٢٩٢-
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E١٩J ١٠F
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 E،‫א‬‫א‬F ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 KE٢٠J ١٠F،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J 
ESTA- STJ F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬ J 
ESTA- STJ F،١٥E٤٥J ٢٥F‫ א‬J 
ESTA- STJ F،٣٠E٨٥J ٦٥F‫ א‬J 
STAJ KE٨٥–٢٥F‫ א‬J 
K‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J 

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ E٢٠J ١٠F
 L-Jetronic‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬E٢١J ١٠F‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E٢٢–١٠F
-٢٩٣-
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
 ‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬


 

 
 

‫א‬
 

‫א‬‫א‬E٢١J ١٠F
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 J W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬  PSW
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬  A/C
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 TL
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  THA
 ‫א‬

E3

VB

VC
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬  THW
 ‫א‬

E02
 J J J  J J J
-٢٩٤-
 IG
VS
 ‫ א‬ No. 20
E01
E2

 ‫א‬‫א‬


 ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫ א‬ No. 10
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 +B
 ‫א‬  STA
 ‫א‬  IDL
 ‫א‬

E1
‫‪‬‬
‫‪‬א‪-‬‬
‫‪‬א‪ ‬‬
‫א‪‬א‪‬‬
‫‪‬א‪ ‬‬
‫א‪‬א‪‬‬
‫‪ J ١‬א‪ ‬‬
‫إﺷﺎرة آﻤﻴﺔ اﻟﻬﻮاء اﻟﻤﺴﺤﻮب‬
‫‪‬‬
‫‪‬‬
‫) اﻟﻘﻴﺎس ﺑﺎﻟﻤﻘﺎوﻣﺔ(‬
‫‪‬‬
‫إﺷﺎرة اﻹﺷﻌﺎل‬
‫‪‬‬
‫‪‬‬
‫إﺷﺎرة ﺣﺴﺎس ﺣﺮارة اﻟﻤﺎء‬
‫‪‬‬
‫إﺷﺎرة ﺑﺎدئ اﻟﺤﺮآﺔ )ﻣﻔﺘﺎح اﻹﺷﻌﺎل(‬
‫‪‬‬
‫‪‬‬
‫‪‬‬
‫‪‬‬
‫‪‬‬
‫‪‬‬
‫آﻮﻣﺒﻴﻮﺗﺮ‬
‫ﺣﻘﻦ اﻟﻮﻗﻮد‬
‫اﻹﻟﻜﺘﺮوﻧﻲ‬
‫ﺑﺨﺎخ‬
‫)ﻣﺤﻘﻦ(‬
‫إﺷﺎرة ﺣﺴﺎس ﺣﺮارة اﻟﻬﻮاء اﻟﻤﺴﺤﻮب‬
‫إﺷﺎرة اﻟﺴﺮﻋﺔ اﻟﺨﺎﻣﻠﺔ )ﺣﺴﺎس وﺿﻊ اﻟﺨﺎﻧﻖ(‬
‫‪‬‬
‫‪‬‬
‫إﺷﺎرة ﻣﻔﺘﺎح اﻟﻘﻮة )ﺣﺴﺎس وﺿﻊ اﻟﺨﺎﻧﻖ(‬
‫‪‬‬
‫‪‬‬
‫اﻟﺒﻄﺎرﻳﺔ‬
‫اﻟﻤﻘﺮب اﻟﺮﺋﻴﺴﻲ‬
‫‪‬‬
‫ﻣﻘﺎوﻣﺔ‬
‫‪‬‬
‫‪ J ٢‬א‪‬א‪ ‬‬
‫إﺷﺎرة ﺑﺎدئ اﻟﺤﺮآﺔ )ﻣﻔﺘﺎح اﻹﺷﻌﺎل(‬
‫‪‬‬
‫ﻟﺒﺨﺎخ اﻟﺘﺸﻐﻴﻞ اﻟﺒﺎرد‬
‫اﻟﻤﻔﺘﺎح اﻟﺰﻣﻨﻲ‬
‫‪‬‬
‫‪J ٢‬‬
‫‪‬‬
‫‪‬‬
‫‪‬‬
‫ﺑﺨﺎخ اﻟﺒﺎرد‬
‫‪‬א‪ ‬‬
‫إﺷﺎرة ﺑﺎدئ اﻟﺤﺮآﺔ‬
‫ﻣﻘﺮب ﻓﺘﺢ‬
‫ﻣﻀﺨﺔ اﻟﻮﻗﻮد‬
‫ﻣﻘﻴﺎس ﺳﺮﻳﺎن اﻟﻬﻮاء‬
‫اﻟﺪاﺋﺮة‬
‫ﺻﻤﺎم اﻟﻬﻮاء‬
‫‪E٢٢J ١٠F‬א‪‬א‪ ‬‬
‫‪-٢٩٥-‬‬
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬ J ٤
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬L‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 J W‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ •
‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬……‫א‬‫• א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ •
 K‫…א‬‫א‬،‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬…‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ •
F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬E‫א‬
 K
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ •
‫א‬‫א‬،
 K‫א‬‫א‬
-٢٩٦-
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫• א‬
 K‫א‬
‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬ •
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫……א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬_‫א‬‫א‬–‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬،‫א‬‫• א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬


 Electronic Control Unit (ECU)‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬E‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
E٢٣J ١٠F‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K
 ‫א‬‫א‬E٢٣J ١٠F
-٢٩٧-
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
 ‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 EF
W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬


‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ١
 K‫א‬ J 
KON‫א‬‫א‬ J 
 KE٢٤–١٠F،‫א‬ J 
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J 
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٢
 K‫א‬ J 
KON‫א‬‫א‬ J 
 KE٢٤–١٠F،‫א‬ J 
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J 
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 

E٢٤–١٠F

 E٢٤–١٠F
 ‫א‬‫א‬E٢٤J ١٠F
-٢٩٨-
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬ ،E٢٥J ١٠F
‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬E٢٥J ١٠F
 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E٢٦J ١٠F‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬KE‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬E٢٦J ١٠F
-٢٩٩-

‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
 ‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬
KE٢٧J ١٠F، ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
KPSWIDL ،‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬
PSW‫א‬ IDL
 K‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬


 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E٢٧J ١٠F
-٣٠٠-
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
 ‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 E،‫א‬‫א‬F ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ،،‫א‬
‫א‬E،،،٢٨–١٠F‫א‬ ‫א‬
 K‫א‬

 ‫א‬ J ١
 ‫א‬ J 
‫א‬ J 
 ‫א‬ J 
 K J 

‫א‬

‫א‬
‫א‬


‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬E٢٨J ١٠F
-٣٠١-




‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬ J ٢
‫א‬ E
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬، E
 ‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬ E
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ E
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ E
‫א‬
‫א‬ E
E‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬H‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬ E
 ‫א‬،‫א‬ E
 ‫א‬ E

 THW‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K
 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬K ‫א‬THW ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
THW‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬
 E،‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬ E
 E‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ E
-٣٠٢-
‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،
٢٠‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 STA‫א‬
‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬ 
 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬STA‫א‬K‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬STA 

 IG‫א‬
‫א‬،
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬KE٢٩J ١٠F‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬١٥٠‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K ‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

-٣٠٣-
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬E٢٩J ١٠F

 Electronic Fuel Injector‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E٣٠J ١٠F‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K
 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬
K
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬ ٠{١٥‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬

-٣٠٤-
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E٣٠J ١٠F

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬10 , 20 ‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
10 , ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E‫א‬FE01 , E02 20
 ‫א‬
 J W‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬، ‫א‬ •
 K‫א‬،
‫א‬‫א‬، ‫א‬ •
K‫א‬K‫א‬K
،
 ‫א‬، ‫א‬‫א‬ •
K‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬، ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ •
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬


-٣٠٥-
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 K‫א‬
J ١
‫א‬، ‫א‬
 KE٣١J ١٠FK‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬،‫א‬ E
‫א‬،‫א‬،
 ‫א‬ ،
 ‫א‬ E
 K‫א‬
 K‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
 K ١٣–٨‫א‬‫א‬،E٣١J ١٠F
 
 








 K‫א‬‫א‬E٣١J ١٠F
-٣٠٦-
J ٢

‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 K‫א‬
 E٣٢J ١٠F،‫א‬‫א‬ E
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬EF‫א‬ E
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬EF‫א‬‫א‬ E
 K‫א‬ E
 K‫א‬‫א‬EF E
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ E
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ E
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ E
K‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬ E
K‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬ E
K‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬ E
‫א‬‫א‬،١٥‫א‬‫א‬EF‫א‬‫א‬ E
K‫א‬
 ‫א‬ E
‫א‬E٣ ٤٩–٣٩F‫א‬‫א‬،
،‫א‬‫א‬KE٣٦F‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E٣٢J ١٠F
-٣٠٧-
‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬

 K‫א‬
J ٣
‫א‬، ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ EF
K‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
E
F
K‫א‬‫א‬
EF
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
EF

 J W‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬ •
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ •
–‫א‬‫א‬،
 ‫א‬ •
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬
K
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ •


-٣٠٨-
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬ K١
 K‫א‬‫א‬ E
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬ E
KE٤–٢F‫ א‬E
K‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ E
K‫א‬‫א‬ E
 K‫א‬‫א‬ K٢
K‫א‬‫א‬ E
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬EF‫א‬‫א‬ E
 K‫א‬EF‫א‬‫א‬
E
 K‫א‬
E
K‫א‬EF‫א‬‫א‬
E
 K‫א‬‫א‬
E
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
E
 K‫א‬،ON‫א‬‫א‬
E
‫א‬‫א‬
 K  ‫א‬EF‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ E
 K‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬KE٣٤٩–٣٩F‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٣
‫א‬، ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
EF
K‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
E
F
 K‫א‬‫א‬
EF
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
-٣٠٩-
EF
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
،F‫א‬K
 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬KE ‫א‬،‫א‬
K ،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E٣٣J ١٠F‫א‬
‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﻨﺘﺎﺝ ﺒﺎﻟﺘﻔﺼﻴل ﻤﺎ ﻫﻲ ﺸﻜﻭﻯ ﺍﻟﺯﺒﻭﻥ ﻭﻓﻲ ﺃﻱ‬
‫ﻅﺭﻭﻑ ﻴﺤﺩﺙ ﺍﻟﻌﻁل ﻭﻫﺫﺍ ﻴﻠﻌﺏ ﺩﻭﺭ ﻤﻬﻡ ﺠﺩﹰﺍ‬
‫ ﺍﻷﺴﺎﺱ ﻓﻲ ﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ‬،‫ ﺒﻤﻌﻨﻲ ﺃﺨﺭ‬.‫ﻓﻲ ﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ ﺍﻟﻌﻁل‬
‫ﺍﻷﻋﻁﺎل ﻫﻭ ﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ ﻜﻴﻑ ﻴﺠﺏ ﺃﻥ ﻴﺠﺭﻱ ﺍﻟﻔﺤﺹ؟‬
‫ﻭﻤﺎ ﻫﻭ ﺍﻟﻤﻁﻠﻭﺏ؟ ﻭﻤﺎ ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﻴﺠﻌﻠﻪ ﻓﻲ ﺤﺎﻟﺔ‬
.‫ﻤﺸﻜﻠﺔ ﻏﻴﺭ ﻁﺒﻴﻌﻴﺔ؟‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﻬﻡ ﺃﻴﻀﹰﺎ ﻋﻤل ﻤﻘﺎﺭﻨﺔ ﺒﻴﻥ ﻤﻭﺍﺼﻔﺎﺕ‬
.‫ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﻴﺤﺔ ﻭﻗﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻷﺩﺍﺀ ﺍﻟﻔﻌﻠﻴﺔ‬
‫ﻁﺭﻴﻘﺔ ﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ ﺍﻷﻋﻁﺎل‬
 K‫א‬


‫ﺍﻟﺘﺄﻜﺩ ﻤﻥ ﺤﺎﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﺭﺓ‬





‫ ﺘﻭﻗﻑ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺭﻙ‬.١
‫ ﻀﻌﻑ ﺒﺩﺀ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﻐﻴل‬.٢
‫ ﺍﻫﺘﺯﺍﺯ ﺍﻟﺴﺭﻋﺔ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﻤﻠﺔ‬.٣
‫ ﻀﻌﻑ ﺍﻟﺩﻓﻊ‬.٤
‫ﻓﻬﻢ اﻟﻤﺸﻜﻠﺔ‬



 ‫א‬
J ١
 ‫א‬
J ٢
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
J ٣
 ‫א‬‫א‬
J ٤
 ‫א‬‫א‬
J ٥
 ‫א‬
J ٦
 ‫א‬
J ٧
 ‫א‬
J ٨
‫ﻓﺤﺺ ﻣﺒﺪﺋﻲ‬


‫ﻓﺤﻭﺼﺎﺕ ﺃﺨﺭﻱ ﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬


‫ﺍﻜﺘﺸﺎﻑ ﻤﻨﻁﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻁل ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺘﻤﻠﺔ‬


‫ﺍﻟﻀﺒﻁ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻹﺼﻼﺡ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻔﺤﺹ ﺍﻟﻨﻬﺎﺌﻲ‬



 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E٣٣J ١٠F
-٣١٠-
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
 ‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬
 
 K‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
،‫א‬،‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬
 EK‫א‬……
،‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬
 EK‫א‬……،‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬
‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬
K‫……א‬،‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬

 ١
 ٢
 ٣
 EK‫א‬……،‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ٤
 K‫א‬،‫א‬،‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬  ٥
 ‫א‬‫א‬،
 ‫א‬  ٦
،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ - F‫א‬
 K‫……א‬،‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬ -
 E
 ٧
 K‫א‬ -
 K‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬  ٨

-٣١١-
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
 ‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬
 J W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬ •
 ‫א‬ •
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫• א‬
 ‫א‬ •
‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬

 ‫א‬W
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬ ‫א‬

 
  –‫א‬
 ‫א‬

  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬
 
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫ א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬

-٣١٢-
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
 ‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬

 
 ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
   ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬
‫א‬
  
 
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 
   ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬W 
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬
  ‫א‬
 
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
،
 ‫א‬
 
 ‫א‬
 
 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬
  ،‫א‬
 ‫א‬
  ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
-٣١٣-
‫א‬
 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
 ‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 IG F‫ א‬‫א‬
 E‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
،
 ‫א‬
 
 ‫א‬
 
 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬
  ،‫א‬
 ‫א‬
،  ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 
‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬
 ‫א‬
‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ 
 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫ א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬


 ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬

-٣١٤-
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
 ‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
   ‫א‬‫א‬
 
،‫א‬
‫א‬
 
 
‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬
 START
 
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬

‫א‬
 ‫א‬
‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬
‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬
،‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
   ‫א‬‫א‬
 
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬
   ‫א‬‫א‬
 
 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬
 ‫א‬

-٣١٥-
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
 ‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬
‫א‬
 
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬


 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬

   ‫א‬‫א‬
 

 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
  ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬
 
 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬
 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬
 
‫א‬
 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬

 
E‫א‬‫א‬F
 
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

-٣١٦-
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 ،
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 

 
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬
 ‫א‬

-٣١٧-
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
 ‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬W‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬
‫א‬
 
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬

  ‫א‬،‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 
 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬
 ‫א‬
‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬

،
 ‫א‬
،
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬

 
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
-٣١٨-
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
،
 ‫א‬
 
‫א‬
 

‫א‬
 


PSWVTA
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬
،‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 

 ‫א‬‫ א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 
 
 ‫א‬

‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬

-٣١٩-
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 
IDL 
 
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬
،‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬
‫א‬
‫א‬
 ‫א‬

-٣٢٠-
‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 J W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ •
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 .K - Jetronic‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K
 ‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ •
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ •
L–
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
.Jetronic
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ •


-٣٢١-
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬

K - Jetronic
‫א‬‫א‬
Fuel Supply
 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
Electric Fuel Pump
‫א‬
Fuel Accumulator
Primary – Pressure Regulator
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
Fuel Metering
‫א‬
Air-Flow Sensor
‫א‬‫א‬
Fuel Distributor
‫א‬
Control Pressure
‫א‬
Differential Pressure Valves
‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬
Fuel Filter
‫א‬EF
Fuel Injector Valve
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
Cold-Start Valve
Thermo-Time Switch
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
L-Jetronic
‫א‬‫א‬
Electronic Control Unit (ECU)
‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
Electronic Fuel Injector
-٣٢٢-
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

–‫א‬ ‫א‬ 
K ‫ א‬ ١
‫א‬
J ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
٢
J SST‫א‬ 
J J ‫א‬
١٢٠٠–٣٠٠FJ 
‫א‬
٣
F‫א‬J EKK
KE‫א‬‫א‬
،‫א‬‫א‬F ‫א‬‫א‬
E
J EF

‫א‬‫א‬
٤

‫א‬
 ‫א‬
٥
،‫א‬‫א‬F 
،‫א‬J E
K،
‫א‬
٦
–J  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
––‫א‬– ‫א‬
K
‫א‬
٧

-٣٢٣-
‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬

 ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K١
 ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٢
 ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٣
 ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٤
 ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٥
 ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٦
 ‫؟‬‫א‬ K٧
-٣٢٤-
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 J ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
١١
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K١١
Exhaust and Emission Control Systems
W‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬G
 ‫א‬‫א‬G
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬G
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬G
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬G
 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ، ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬
 W‫א‬
 W
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
J ١
 K‫א‬
-٣٢٥-
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 W
J ٢
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬EF
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K

 ‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬
 ‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬
 J
 EFJ

 W‫א‬
 W‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J
 K‫א‬J

 W‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬
-٣٢٦-
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K١
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٢
 K
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٣

 W‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬١
 K‫א‬٢
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٣

‫א‬E١J ١١F
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 W‫א‬
 J

-٣٢٧-
‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 W‫א‬
‫א‬E‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬CO2‫א‬
‫א‬H-C
 CO‫א‬NOx‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

W‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬١

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J 
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J 

 K‫א‬‫א‬
 
 WE‫א‬F‫א‬ ١
 K‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬ J 
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬ J 

 K
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‫א‬‫א‬
-‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٢
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J 
 ‫א‬ J 
 ‫א‬ J 
 ‫א‬‫א‬ J 
 N‫א‬ J 
 E‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J 
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J