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What are the different types of sutures-converted

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What are the different types of sutures?
Sutures can basically be divided into two types one is those which are absorbable and which will break
down harmlessly in the body over the time with no intervention, and the another one are those which are
non-absorbable and that must be removed manually if they are not left open-endedly.
The type of the sutures are being used are basically varies on the operation, with the major criteria of
being in the demands of the location and the environment and it depends on the discretion and the
professional experience of the Surgeons. Sutures are placed internally and would require to re-opening if
they were need to be removed. Sutures which are lie on the exterior of the body can be removed within a
minutes of time, and there is no need to re-open the wound.
As a result, the absorbable sutures are mostly used internally and the non-absorbable used externally. The
sutures which are absorbable includes Polyglactin suture, Polyglycolic Acid sutures, Poliglecaprone
suture and the Polydioxanone sutures and the sutures which are non-absorbable sutures includes
Polypropylene sutures, Polyester, poylamide, PVDF, silk and the stainless steel sutures. Let’s try to know
more about absorbable and non-absorbable stutures:
Absorbable Stuture:
1) Polyglycolic Acid suture- It is an absorbable multifilament surgical suture with the synthetic
coating, with the greater tensile strength, having a longer period of absorption and which results
in the very little inflammatory reaction. Polyglycolic suture is degraded by the Chemical
Hydrolysis, and it is absorbed and metabolized easily by the human body. It is having some great
features such as High-performance, optimum effectiveness and the strength.
2) Polyglactin suture- It is the synthetic absorbable surgical suture, which indicates the procedure
which require to approach the soft tissues for a period of around 56 to 70 days. It allows an exact
placing of the knot, and it tends less to plaster the tissues.
3) Poliglecaprone suture- It is an absorbable, synthetic, and monofilament surgical suture which is
composed of a copolymer of glycoside and the epsilon caprolactone.
4) Polydioxanone suture- It is a sterile monofilament synthetic absorbable suture which is
composed of the polyester, or poly (p-dioxanone). It provides the support to the wound for a
longer period as it is compared to other synthetic absorbable sutures. It also offers a far superior
strength to the tensile.
If we talk about non-absorbable stuture then the first thing comes in the mind is non-absorbable
polypropylene suture which is also synthetic and monofilament. It is basically indicated for the skin
closure and for the general soft tissue approximation and ligation.
The advantages of this includes minimal tissue reactivity and the durability and the Disadvantages of it
include the fragility, high plasticity, the high expense, and the difficulty of use as compared to the
standard nylon sutures. It is made up of an isotactic crystalline stereoisomer of the polypropylene. A
polypropylene mesh is also comes under the name of Prolene as it is used for the repairing hernias and
the other injuries to the fascia. It is commonly is used in both the human and the veterinary medicine for
the skin closure.
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