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‫ﺩﺭﺍﺳﺔ ﺍﳋﻮﺍﺹ ﺍﳌﻜﻤﻨﻴﺔ ﻟﺘﻜﻮﻳﻦ‬
‫ﺍﳌﺸﺮﻑ ﰲ ﺣﻘﻞ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺻﺮﻳﺔ ﻭﻋﻼﻗﺘﻬﺎ‬
‫ﺑﺈﻧﺘﺎﺝ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻂ‬
‫ﺭﺳﺎﻟﺔ ﻣﻘﺪﻣﺔ ﺇﱃ‬
‫ﳎﻠﺲ ﻛﻠﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻮﻡ‪ -‬ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﺼﺮﺓ‬
‫ﻭﻫﻲ ﺟﺰﺀ ﻣﻦ ﻣﺘﻄﻠﺒﺎﺕ نﻴﻞ ﺩﺭﺟﺔ ﻣﺎﺟﺴﺘﲑ ﻋﻠﻮﻡ ﰲ ﻋﻠﻢ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ‬
‫ﻣﻦ ﻗﺒﻞ‬
‫ﺁﻣﻨﺔ ﻣﺎﻝ ﺍﻪﻠﻟ ﺣﻨﻈﻞ‬
‫ﺑﻜﻠﻮﺭﻳﻮﺱ ﻋﻠﻮﻡ ‪٢٠٠٠‬‬
‫ﺫﺍ ﺍﳊﺠﺔ ‪١٤١٦‬‬
‫ﻛﺎنﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﺜﺎنﻲ ‪٢٠٠٦‬‬
‫‪ ‬ﻭﹶﻻَ ﳛﹸِﻴﻄُﻮﻥﹶ ﺑِﺸﹶﻲﺀٍ ﻣَِﻦ ﻋِﻠﻤِﻪِ ﺇﻻَ ﺑِﻤﹶﺎ‬
‫ﺷﺎﺀ ﻭﺳِﻊﹶ ﻛُﺮﺳِﻴﱡﻪﹸ ﺍُﻟﺴﱠﻤﹶﺎﻭﺍﺕِ ﻭﹶﺍﻷﺭﺽﹶ ﻭﹶﻻَ ﻳﹶﺆﺩﹸﻩﹸ‬
‫ﺣِﻔّﻈُﻬﹸﻤﹶﺎ ﻭﹶﻫﹸﻮﹶ ﺍﻟﻌﹶﻠِﻲﱡ ﺍﻟﻌﹶﻈِﻴﻢﹸ ‪‬‬
‫ﺳﻮﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺒﻘﺮﺓ )ﺍﻵﻳﺔ ‪(٢٥٥‬‬
‫ﺇﻻﻫﺪﺍء‬
‫‪ ¥‬ﺇﱃ ﻧﺒﻲ ﺍﻟﺮﲪﺔ ﻭﻫﺎﺩﻱ ﺍﻷﻣﺔ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﻷﻋﻈﻢ ﳏﻤﺪ‬
‫)ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺁﻟﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ( ﻭﺁﻝ ﺑﻴﺘﻪ ﺍﻟﻄﻴﺒﲔ ﺍﻟﻄﺎﻫﺮﻳﻦ ﻻ‬
‫ﺳﻴﻤﺎ ﺑﻘﻴﺔ ﺍﷲ ﰲ ﺃﺭﺿﻪ ﻣﻮﻻﻧﺎ ﺻﺎﺣﺐ ﺍﻟﺰﻣﺎﻥ )ﻋﺠﻞ ﺍﻟﻠﻬﻢ‬
‫ﻓﺮﺟﻪ ﺍﻟﺸﺮﻳﻒ ( ‪¤‬‬
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‫‪NS-4 NS-3 NS-2 NS-1‬‬
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‫‪NS-4‬‬
‫ﺍﶈﺘﻮﻳﺎﺕ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ ﺍﻷﻭﻝ‪ :‬ﺍﳌﻘﺪﻣﺔ‬
‫‪1-1‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﻤﻬﻴﺩ ‪1 ........................................................................................................‬‬
‫‪2-1‬‬
‫ﺃﻫﺩﺍﻑ ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ ‪1 ................................................................................................‬‬
‫‪3-1‬‬
‫ﻤﻨﻁﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ ‪2 ................................................................................................‬‬
‫‪4-1‬‬
‫ﺘﻜﺘﻭﻨﻴﺔ ﻭﺘﺭﻜﻴﺒﻴﺔ ﻤﻨﻁﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ ‪2 ..............................................................................‬‬
‫‪5-1‬‬
‫ﻁﺒﺎﻗﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﻁﻘﺔ ‪4 ................................................................................................‬‬
‫‪6-1‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺠﻐﺭﺍﻓﻴﺎ ﺍﻟﻘﺩﻴﻤﺔ ﻭﻤﻜﺎﻓﺌﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺸﺭﻕ ﺍﻷﻭﺴﻁ ‪5 ...............................................‬‬
‫‪7-1‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺒﻘﺔ ‪8 .............................................................................................‬‬
‫‪8-1‬‬
‫ﻁﺭﺍﺌﻕ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺙ ‪11 .................................................................................................‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻧﻲ‪ :‬ﺩﺭﺍﺳﺔ ﺍﳋﻮﺍﺹ ﺍﳌﻜﻤﻨﻴﺔ ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺍجملﺴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺒﺌﺮﻳﺔ‬
‫‪1-2‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﻤﻬﻴﺩ ‪13 ........................................................................................................‬‬
‫‪2-2‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺒﺎﺩﺉ ﺍﻷﺴﺎﺴﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﻤﺠﺴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺒﺌﺭﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﺨﺩﻤﺔ ‪13 ................................................................‬‬
‫‪ 1-2-2‬ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻜﻬﺭﺒﺎﺌﻴﺔ ‪14 .....................................................................................‬‬
‫‪ 2-2-2‬ﻤﺠﺴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ‪16 ........................................................................................‬‬
‫‪ 3-2-2‬ﻤﺠﺱ ﺃﺸﻌﺔ ﻜﺎﻤﺎ ‪20 .........................................................................................‬‬
‫‪3-2‬‬
‫ﺘﻔﺴﻴﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺴﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻁﺒﻴﻘﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻤﻨﻴﺔ ‪20 ..........................................................................‬‬
‫‪ 1-3-2‬ﺍﻟﺘﻁﺒﻴﻘﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺒﺎﺸﺭﺓ ﻟﻠﻤﺠﺴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺒﺌﺭﻴﺔ ‪21 ....................................................................‬‬
‫‪ 2-3-2‬ﺍﻟﺘﻁﺒﻴﻘﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﺤﺼﻠﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﺩﻻﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺭﺘﺴﻤﺎﺕ ‪46 .......................................................‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻟﺚ‪ :‬ﺗﻘﻴﻴﻢ ﺍﳋﻮﺍﺹ ﺍﳌﻜﻤﻨﻴﺔ‬
‫‪1-3‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﻤﻬﻴﺩ ‪62 ........................................................................................................‬‬
‫‪2-3‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻭﺤﺩﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺼﺨﺎﺭﻴﺔ ﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ ‪62 ...........................................................................‬‬
‫‪3-3‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻭﺼﻑ ﺍﻟﺒﺘﺭﻭﻏﺭﺍﻓﻲ ‪72 ..........................................................................................‬‬
‫‪ 1-3-3‬ﺍﻟﺤﺒﻴﺒﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻬﻴﻜﻠﻴﺔ ‪72 .........................................................................................‬‬
‫‪ 2-3-3‬ﺍﻷﺭﻀﻴﺔ ‪73 .................................................................................................‬‬
‫‪4-3‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴﺤﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻬﺭﻴﺔ ‪74 ............................................................................................‬‬
‫‪5-3‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻭﻴﺭﻴﺔ ‪79 ............................................................................................‬‬
‫‪6-3‬‬
‫ﺃﻭﻀﺎﻉ ﺤﻭﺽ ﺍﻟﺘﺭﺴﻴﺏ ﻟﻠﺼﺨﻭﺭ ﺍﻟﺠﻴﺭﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻭﺩﻴل ﺍﻟﺴﺤﻨﻲ ‪88 ....................................................‬‬
‫‪7-3‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺭﺴﻴﺒﻴﺔ ‪93 ..............................................................................................‬‬
‫‪9-3‬‬
‫ﺘﺼﻨﻴﻑ ﺍﻟﺼﺨﻭﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻤﻨﻴﺔ ‪103 ......................................................................................‬‬
‫‪8-3‬‬
‫ﻓﺤﻭﺼﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻀﻐﻁ ﺍﻟﺸﻌﻴﺭﻱ ﺒﻁﺭﻴﻘﺔ ﺤﻘﻥ ﺍﻟﺯﺌﺒﻕ ‪96 .................................................................‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻠﻭﺤﺎﺕ‪134-119...................................................................................................‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ ﺍﻟﺮﺍﺑﻊ ﺣﺴﺎﺏ ﺍﻻﺣﺘﻴﺎﻃﻲ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻄﻲ‬
‫‪1-4‬‬
‫ﺘﻤﻬﻴﺩ ‪135 ..........................................................................................................‬‬
‫‪2-4‬‬
‫ﻁﺭﺍﺌﻕ ﺤﺴﺎﺏ ﺤﺠﻡ ﺍﻟﻬﻴﺩﺭﻭﻜﺎﺭﺒﻭﻨﺎﺕ ﻟﻠﺤﻘل ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁﻲ ﺍﻭ ﺍﻟﻐﺎﺯﻱ ‪136 .................................................‬‬
‫‪3-4‬‬
‫ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ ﺍﻟﻁﺭﻴﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺠﻤﻴﺔ ﻟﺤﺴﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺯﻭﻥ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁﻲ ‪139 ............................................................‬‬
‫‪ 1-3-4‬ﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ ﺘﻤﺎﺱ ﻨﻔﻁ – ﻤﺎﺀ ‪140 ........................................................................‬‬
‫‪ 2-3-4‬ﺤﺴﺎﺏ ﺤﺠﻡ ﺍﻟﺼﺨﻭﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻤﻨﻴﺔ ‪142 ..........................................................................‬‬
‫‪4-4‬‬
‫‪5-4‬‬
‫ﺤﺴﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺯﻭﻥ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁﻲ ‪152 .......................................................................................‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﻗﺸﺔ ‪152 ......................................................................................................‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ ﺍﳋﺎﻣﺲ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻨﺘﺎﺟﺎﺕ ﻭ ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺻﻴﺎﺕ‬
‫‪1-5‬‬
‫‪2-5‬‬
‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﻨﺘﺎﺠﺎﺕ ‪154 ....................................................................................................‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﻭﺼﻴﺎﺕ ‪156 ......................................................................................................‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺎﺩﺭ ‪157 .......................................................................................................‬‬
‫ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺔ ﺍﻹﺷﻜﺎﻝ‬
‫ﺍﺴﻡ ﺍﻟﺸﻜل‬
‫ﺭﻗﻡ ﺍﻟﺸﻜل‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ‬
‫‪1-1‬‬
‫ﺨﺭﻴﻁﺔ ﻤﻭﻗﻊ ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬
‫‪3‬‬
‫‪2-1‬‬
‫ﺨﺭﻴﻁﺔ ﺘﺭﻜﻴﺒﻴﺔ ﻟﻤﻭﺍﻗﻊ ﺁﺒﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺼﺭﻴﺔ‬
‫‪4‬‬
‫‪3-1‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻭﺩ ﺍﻟﻁﺒﺎﻗﻲ ﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﻓﻲ ﺤﻘل ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺼﺭﻴﺔ‬
‫‪6‬‬
‫‪4-1‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﻀﺎﻫﺎﺓ ﺍﻹﻗﻠﻴﻤﻴﺔ ﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺸﺭﻕ ﺍﻷﻭﺴﻁ‬
‫‪7‬‬
‫‪1-2‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤﺩﻭﺩ ﺍﻟﻁﺒﺎﻗﻴﺔ ﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﻓﻲ ﺤﻘل ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺼﺭﻴﺔ‬
‫‪23‬‬
‫‪2-2‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺘﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻔﻌﺎﻟﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻭﻴﺔ ﻟﺒﺌﺭ )‪(NS-1‬‬
‫‪25‬‬
‫‪3-2‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺘﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻔﻌﺎﻟﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻭﻴﺔ ﻟﺒﺌﺭ )‪(NS-2‬‬
‫‪26‬‬
‫‪4-2‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺘﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻔﻌﺎﻟﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻭﻴﺔ ﻟﺒﺌﺭ )‪(NS-3‬‬
‫‪26‬‬
‫‪5-2‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺘﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻔﻌﺎﻟﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻭﻴﺔ ﻟﺒﺌﺭ )‪(NS-4‬‬
‫‪27‬‬
‫‪6-2‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺘﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻔﻌﺎﻟﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻭﻴﺔ ﻟﺒﺌﺭ )‪(NS-5‬‬
‫‪27‬‬
‫‪7-2‬‬
‫ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺌﻲ ﻟﻠﻨﻁﺎﻗﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻭﺙ ﻭﻏﻴﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻭﺙ ﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻕ ﻟﻠﺒﺌﺭ )‪(NS-1‬‬
‫‪31‬‬
‫‪8-2‬‬
‫ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺌﻲ ﻟﻠﻨﻁﺎﻗﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻭﺙ ﻭﻏﻴﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻭﺙ ﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻕ ﻟﻠﺒﺌﺭ )‪(NS-2‬‬
‫‪31‬‬
‫‪9-2‬‬
‫ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺌﻲ ﻟﻠﻨﻁﺎﻗﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻭﺙ ﻭﻏﻴﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻭﺙ ﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻕ ﻟﻠﺒﺌﺭ )‪(NS-3‬‬
‫‪32‬‬
‫‪10-2‬‬
‫ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺌﻲ ﻟﻠﻨﻁﺎﻗﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻭﺙ ﻭﻏﻴﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻭﺙ ﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻕ ﻟﻠﺒﺌﺭ )‪(NS-4‬‬
‫‪32‬‬
‫‪11-2‬‬
‫ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺌﻲ ﻟﻠﻨﻁﺎﻗﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻭﺙ ﻭﻏﻴﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻭﺙ ﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻕ ﻟﻠﺒﺌﺭ )‪(NS-5‬‬
‫‪33‬‬
‫‪12-2‬‬
‫ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻬﻴﺩﺭﻭﻜﺎﺭﺒﻭﻨﻲ ﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻕ ﻟﺒﺌﺭ )‪(NS-1‬‬
‫‪33‬‬
‫‪13-2‬‬
‫ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻬﻴﺩﺭﻭﻜﺎﺭﺒﻭﻨﻲ ﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻕ ﻟﺒﺌﺭ )‪(NS-2‬‬
‫‪34‬‬
‫‪14-2‬‬
‫ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻬﻴﺩﺭﻭﻜﺎﺭﺒﻭﻨﻲ ﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻕ ﻟﺒﺌﺭ )‪(NS-3‬‬
‫‪34‬‬
‫‪15-2‬‬
‫ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻬﻴﺩﺭﻭﻜﺎﺭﺒﻭﻨﻲ ﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻕ ﻟﺒﺌﺭ )‪(NS-4‬‬
‫‪35‬‬
‫‪16-2‬‬
‫ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻬﻴﺩﺭﻭﻜﺎﺭﺒﻭﻨﻲ ﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻕ ﻟﺒﺌﺭ )‪(NS-5‬‬
‫‪35‬‬
‫‪17-2‬‬
‫ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺠﻡ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻲ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻕ ﻟﺒﺌﺭ )‪(NS-1‬‬
‫‪38‬‬
‫‪18-2‬‬
‫ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺠﻡ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻲ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻕ ﻟﺒﺌﺭ )‪(NS-2‬‬
‫‪38‬‬
‫‪19-2‬‬
‫ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺠﻡ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻲ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻕ ﻟﺒﺌﺭ )‪(NS-3‬‬
‫‪39‬‬
‫‪20-2‬‬
‫ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺠﻡ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻲ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻕ ﻟﺒﺌﺭ )‪(NS-4‬‬
‫‪39‬‬
‫‪21-2‬‬
‫ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺠﻡ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻲ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻕ ﻟﺒﺌﺭ )‪(NS-5‬‬
‫‪40‬‬
‫‪22-2‬‬
‫ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺒﻘﻲ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺘﺤﺭﻙ ﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻕ ﻟﺒﺌﺭ )‪(NS-2‬‬
‫‪41‬‬
‫ﺭﻗﻡ ﺍﻟﺸﻜل‬
‫ﺍﺴﻡ ﺍﻟﺸﻜل‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ‬
‫‪23-2‬‬
‫ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺒﻘﻲ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺘﺤﺭﻙ ﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻕ ﻟﺒﺌﺭ )‪(NS-3‬‬
‫‪41‬‬
‫‪24-2‬‬
‫ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺒﻘﻲ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺘﺤﺭﻙ ﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻕ ﻟﺒﺌﺭ )‪(NS-4‬‬
‫‪42‬‬
‫‪25-2‬‬
‫ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺒﻘﻲ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺘﺤﺭﻙ ﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻕ ﻟﺒﺌﺭ )‪(NS-5‬‬
‫‪42‬‬
‫‪26-2‬‬
‫ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺠﻡ ﺍﻟﺴﺠﻴﻠﻲ ﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻕ ﻟﺒﺌﺭ )‪(NS-1‬‬
‫‪43‬‬
‫‪27-2‬‬
‫ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺠﻡ ﺍﻟﺴﺠﻴﻠﻲ ﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻕ ﻟﺒﺌﺭ )‪(NS-2‬‬
‫‪44‬‬
‫‪28-2‬‬
‫ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺠﻡ ﺍﻟﺴﺠﻴﻠﻲ ﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻕ ﻟﺒﺌﺭ )‪(NS-3‬‬
‫‪44‬‬
‫‪29-2‬‬
‫ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺠﻡ ﺍﻟﺴﺠﻴﻠﻲ ﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻕ ﻟﺒﺌﺭ )‪(NS-4‬‬
‫‪45‬‬
‫‪30-2‬‬
‫ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺠﻡ ﺍﻟﺴﺠﻴﻠﻲ ﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻕ ﻟﺒﺌﺭ )‪(NS-5‬‬
‫‪45‬‬
‫‪31-2‬‬
‫ﻤﺭﺘﺴﻡ )‪ (M-N‬ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻘﺎﻁﻊ ﻟﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺩﻨﻴﺔ ﻟﺒﺌﺭ )‪(NS-1‬‬
‫‪49‬‬
‫‪32-2‬‬
‫ﻤﺭﺘﺴﻡ )‪ (M-N‬ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻘﺎﻁﻊ ﻟﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺩﻨﻴﺔ ﻟﺒﺌﺭ )‪(NS-2‬‬
‫‪50‬‬
‫‪33-2‬‬
‫ﻤﺭﺘﺴﻡ )‪ (M-N‬ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻘﺎﻁﻊ ﻟﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺩﻨﻴﺔ ﻟﺒﺌﺭ )‪(NS-3‬‬
‫‪51‬‬
‫‪34-2‬‬
‫ﻤﺭﺘﺴﻡ )‪ (M-N‬ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻘﺎﻁﻊ ﻟﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺩﻨﻴﺔ ﻟﺒﺌﺭ )‪(NS-4‬‬
‫‪52‬‬
‫‪35-2‬‬
‫ﻤﺭﺘﺴﻡ )‪ (M-N‬ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻘﺎﻁﻊ ﻟﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺩﻨﻴﺔ ﻟﺒﺌﺭ )‪(NS-5‬‬
‫‪53‬‬
‫‪36-2‬‬
‫ﻤﺭﺘﺴﻡ )‪ (MID‬ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻘﺎﻁﻊ ﻟﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ ﺍﻟﻤﻼﻁ ﻟﺒﺌﺭ )‪(NS-1‬‬
‫‪54‬‬
‫‪37-2‬‬
‫ﻤﺭﺘﺴﻡ )‪ (MID‬ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻘﺎﻁﻊ ﻟﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ ﺍﻟﻤﻼﻁ ﻟﺒﺌﺭ )‪(NS-2‬‬
‫‪54‬‬
‫‪38-2‬‬
‫ﻤﺭﺘﺴﻡ )‪ (MID‬ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻘﺎﻁﻊ ﻟﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ ﺍﻟﻤﻼﻁ ﻟﺒﺌﺭ )‪(NS-3‬‬
‫‪55‬‬
‫‪39-2‬‬
‫ﻤﺭﺘﺴﻡ )‪ (MID‬ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻘﺎﻁﻊ ﻟﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ ﺍﻟﻤﻼﻁ ﻟﺒﺌﺭ )‪(NS-4‬‬
‫‪55‬‬
‫‪40-2‬‬
‫ﻤﺭﺘﺴﻡ )‪ (MID‬ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻘﺎﻁﻊ ﻟﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ ﺍﻟﻤﻼﻁ ﻟﺒﺌﺭ )‪(NS-5‬‬
‫‪56‬‬
‫‪41-2‬‬
‫‪42-2‬‬
‫‪43-2‬‬
‫‪44-2‬‬
‫ﻤﺭﺘﺴﻡ ) ‪ (ρ b − φ N‬ﻟﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ ﺍﻟﺼﺨﺎﺭﻴﺔ ﻟﺒﺌﺭ )‪(NS-1‬‬
‫ﻤﺭﺘﺴﻡ ) ‪ (ρ b − φ N‬ﻟﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ ﺍﻟﺼﺨﺎﺭﻴﺔ ﻟﺒﺌﺭ )‪(NS-2‬‬
‫ﻤﺭﺘﺴﻡ ) ‪ (ρ b − φ N‬ﻟﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ ﺍﻟﺼﺨﺎﺭﻴﺔ ﻟﺒﺌﺭ )‪(NS-3‬‬
‫ﻤﺭﺘﺴﻡ ) ‪ (ρ b − φ N‬ﻟﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ ﺍﻟﺼﺨﺎﺭﻴﺔ ﻟﺒﺌﺭ )‪(NS-4‬‬
‫‪57‬‬
‫‪58‬‬
‫‪59‬‬
‫‪60‬‬
‫ﻤﺭﺘﺴﻡ ) ‪ (ρ b − φ N‬ﻟﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ ﺍﻟﺼﺨﺎﺭﻴﺔ ﻟﺒﺌﺭ )‪(NS-5‬‬
‫‪61‬‬
‫‪1-3‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﻀﺎﻫﺎﺓ ﺒﻴﻥ ﻭﺤﺩﺍﺕ ﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﻓﻲ ﺤﻘل ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺼﺭﻴﺔ ﺤﺴﺏ ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬
‫‪65‬‬
‫‪2-3‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﻀﺎﻫﺎﺓ ﺒﻴﻥ ﻭﺤﺩﺍﺕ ﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﻓﻲ ﺤﻘل ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺼﺭﻴﺔ ﺍﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩﺍ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ ﺸﺭﻜﺔ ﻨﻔﻁ ﺍﻟﺠﻨﻭﺏ‬
‫‪66‬‬
‫‪3-3‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻭﺤﺩﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺼﺨﺎﺭﻴﺔ ﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﻓﻲ ﺤﻘل ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺼﺭﻴﺔ ﻟﺒﺌﺭ )‪(NS-1‬‬
‫‪67‬‬
‫‪4-3‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻭﺤﺩﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺼﺨﺎﺭﻴﺔ ﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﻓﻲ ﺤﻘل ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺼﺭﻴﺔ ﻟﺒﺌﺭ )‪(NS-2‬‬
‫‪68‬‬
‫‪5-3‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻭﺤﺩﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺼﺨﺎﺭﻴﺔ ﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﻓﻲ ﺤﻘل ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺼﺭﻴﺔ ﻟﺒﺌﺭ )‪(NS-3‬‬
‫‪69‬‬
‫‪6-3‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻭﺤﺩﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺼﺨﺎﺭﻴﺔ ﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﻓﻲ ﺤﻘل ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺼﺭﻴﺔ ﻟﺒﺌﺭ )‪(NS-4‬‬
‫‪70‬‬
‫‪7-3‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻭﺤﺩﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺼﺨﺎﺭﻴﺔ ﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﻓﻲ ﺤﻘل ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺼﺭﻴﺔ ﻟﺒﺌﺭ )‪(NS-5‬‬
‫‪71‬‬
‫‪45-2‬‬
‫ﺍﺴﻡ ﺍﻟﺸﻜل‬
‫ﺭﻗﻡ ﺍﻟﺸﻜل‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ‬
‫‪8-3‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻭﻴﺭﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺴﺤﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻬﺭﻴﺔ ﻟﺒﺌﺭ )‪(NS-1‬‬
‫‪80‬‬
‫‪9-3‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻭﻴﺭﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺴﺤﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻬﺭﻴﺔ ﻟﺒﺌﺭ )‪(NS-2‬‬
‫‪81‬‬
‫‪10-3‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻭﻴﺭﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺴﺤﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻬﺭﻴﺔ ﻟﺒﺌﺭ )‪(NS-3‬‬
‫‪82‬‬
‫‪11-3‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻭﻴﺭﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺴﺤﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻬﺭﻴﺔ ﻟﺒﺌﺭ )‪(NS-5‬‬
‫‪83‬‬
‫‪12-3‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴﺤﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﺴﻴﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺤﺎﻓﺔ ﺍﻟﺭﻑ ﺍﻟﻜﺎﺭﺒﻭﻨﺎﻴﻴﺘﻲ‬
‫‪91‬‬
‫‪13-3‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ ﺍﻟﺘﺭﺴﻴﺒﻲ ﻟﻠﻤﻨﺤﺩﺭ ﺍﻟﻜﺎﺭﺒﻭﻨﺎﻴﻴﺘﻰ‬
‫‪92‬‬
‫‪14-3‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ ﺍﻟﺘﺭﺴﻴﺒﻲ ﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﻓﻲ ﺤﻘل ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺼﺭﻴﺔ ﻭﻓﻕ ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬
‫‪95‬‬
‫‪15-3‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻭﺩ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﺜﺎﻟﻲ‬
‫‪100‬‬
‫‪16-3‬‬
‫ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻬﻴﺩﺭﻭﻜﺎﺭﺒﻭﻨﻲ ﻤﻊ ﻀﻐﻁ ﺍﻟﺯﺌﺒﻕ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﻘﻭﻥ ﻟﺒﺌﺭ )‪ (NS-1‬ﻟﻌﻤﻕ )‪(2035 m‬‬
‫‪105‬‬
‫‪17-3‬‬
‫ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻬﻴﺩﺭﻭﻜﺎﺭﺒﻭﻨﻲ ﻤﻊ ﻀﻐﻁ ﺍﻟﺯﺌﺒﻕ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﻘﻭﻥ ﻟﺒﺌﺭ )‪ (NS-2‬ﻟﻌﻤﻕ )‪(2016 m‬‬
‫‪106‬‬
‫‪18-3‬‬
‫ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻬﻴﺩﺭﻭﻜﺎﺭﺒﻭﻨﻲ ﻤﻊ ﻀﻐﻁ ﺍﻟﺯﺌﺒﻕ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﻘﻭﻥ ﻟﺒﺌﺭ )‪ (NS-2‬ﻟﻌﻤﻕ )‪(2046.48 m‬‬
‫‪107‬‬
‫‪19-3‬‬
‫ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻬﻴﺩﺭﻭﻜﺎﺭﺒﻭﻨﻲ ﻤﻊ ﻀﻐﻁ ﺍﻟﺯﺌﺒﻕ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﻘﻭﻥ ﻟﺒﺌﺭ )‪ (NS-3‬ﻟﻌﻤﻕ )‪(2040.6 m‬‬
‫‪108‬‬
‫‪20-3‬‬
‫ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻬﻴﺩﺭﻭﻜﺎﺭﺒﻭﻨﻲ ﻤﻊ ﻀﻐﻁ ﺍﻟﺯﺌﺒﻕ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﻘﻭﻥ ﻟﺒﺌﺭ )‪ (NS-4‬ﻟﻌﻤﻕ )‪(2016 m‬‬
‫‪109‬‬
‫‪21-3‬‬
‫ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻬﻴﺩﺭﻭﻜﺎﺭﺒﻭﻨﻲ ﻤﻊ ﻀﻐﻁ ﺍﻟﺯﺌﺒﻕ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﻘﻭﻥ ﻟﺒﺌﺭ )‪ (NS-4‬ﻟﻌﻤﻕ )‪(2020 m‬‬
‫‪110‬‬
‫‪22-3‬‬
‫ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻬﻴﺩﺭﻭﻜﺎﺭﺒﻭﻨﻲ ﻤﻊ ﻀﻐﻁ ﺍﻟﺯﺌﺒﻕ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﻘﻭﻥ ﻟﺒﺌﺭ )‪ (NS-4‬ﻟﻌﻤﻕ )‪(2025 m‬‬
‫‪111‬‬
‫‪23-3‬‬
‫ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻬﻴﺩﺭﻭﻜﺎﺭﺒﻭﻨﻲ ﻤﻊ ﻀﻐﻁ ﺍﻟﺯﺌﺒﻕ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﻘﻭﻥ ﻟﺒﺌﺭ )‪ (NS-5‬ﻟﻌﻤﻕ )‪(2050 m‬‬
‫‪112‬‬
‫‪24-3‬‬
‫ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻬﻴﺩﺭﻭﻜﺎﺭﺒﻭﻨﻲ ﻤﻊ ﻀﻐﻁ ﺍﻟﺯﺌﺒﻕ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﻘﻭﻥ ﻟﺒﺌﺭ )‪ (NS-5‬ﻟﻌﻤﻕ )‪(2053.5 m‬‬
‫‪113‬‬
‫‪25-3‬‬
‫ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻬﻴﺩﺭﻭﻜﺎﺭﺒﻭﻨﻲ ﻤﻊ ﺍﻨﺼﺎﻑ ﺍﻗﻁﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﺎﺕ ﻟﺒﺌﺭ )‪ (NS-1‬ﻟﻌﻤﻕ )‪(2035 m‬‬
‫‪114‬‬
‫‪26-3‬‬
‫ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻬﻴﺩﺭﻭﻜﺎﺭﺒﻭﻨﻲ ﻤﻊ ﺍﻨﺼﺎﻑ ﺍﻗﻁﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﺎﺕ ﻟﺒﺌﺭ )‪ (NS-2‬ﻟﻌﻤﻕ )‪(2016 m‬‬
‫‪114‬‬
‫‪27-3‬‬
‫ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻬﻴﺩﺭﻭﻜﺎﺭﺒﻭﻨﻲ ﻤﻊ ﺍﻨﺼﺎﻑ ﺍﻗﻁﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﺎﺕ ﻟﺒﺌﺭ )‪ (NS-2‬ﻟﻌﻤﻕ )‪(2046.48 m‬‬
‫‪115‬‬
‫‪28-3‬‬
‫ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻬﻴﺩﺭﻭﻜﺎﺭﺒﻭﻨﻲ ﻤﻊ ﺍﻨﺼﺎﻑ ﺍﻗﻁﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﺎﺕ ﻟﺒﺌﺭ )‪ (NS-3‬ﻟﻌﻤﻕ )‪(2040.6 m‬‬
‫‪115‬‬
‫‪29-3‬‬
‫ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻬﻴﺩﺭﻭﻜﺎﺭﺒﻭﻨﻲ ﻤﻊ ﺍﻨﺼﺎﻑ ﺍﻗﻁﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﺎﺕ ﻟﺒﺌﺭ )‪ (NS-4‬ﻟﻌﻤﻕ )‪(2016 m‬‬
‫‪116‬‬
‫‪30-3‬‬
‫ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻬﻴﺩﺭﻭﻜﺎﺭﺒﻭﻨﻲ ﻤﻊ ﺍﻨﺼﺎﻑ ﺍﻗﻁﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﺎﺕ ﻟﺒﺌﺭ )‪ (NS-4‬ﻟﻌﻤﻕ )‪(2020 m‬‬
‫‪116‬‬
‫‪31-3‬‬
‫ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻬﻴﺩﺭﻭﻜﺎﺭﺒﻭﻨﻲ ﻤﻊ ﺍﻨﺼﺎﻑ ﺍﻗﻁﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﺎﺕ ﻟﺒﺌﺭ )‪ (NS-4‬ﻟﻌﻤﻕ )‪(2025 m‬‬
‫‪117‬‬
‫‪32-3‬‬
‫ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻬﻴﺩﺭﻭﻜﺎﺭﺒﻭﻨﻲ ﻤﻊ ﺍﻨﺼﺎﻑ ﺍﻗﻁﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﺎﺕ ﻟﺒﺌﺭ )‪ (NS-5‬ﻟﻌﻤﻕ )‪(2050 m‬‬
‫‪117‬‬
‫‪33-3‬‬
‫ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻬﻴﺩﺭﻭﻜﺎﺭﺒﻭﻨﻲ ﻤﻊ ﺍﻨﺼﺎﻑ ﺍﻗﻁﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﺎﺕ ﻟﺒﺌﺭ )‪ (NS-5‬ﻟﻌﻤﻕ )‪(2053.5 m‬‬
‫‪118‬‬
‫‪1-4‬‬
‫ﺨﺎﺭﻁﺔ ﺘﺭﻜﻴﺒﻴﺔ ﻻﺴﻔل ﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﺤﻘل ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺼﺭﻴﺔ‬
‫‪143‬‬
‫‪2-4‬‬
‫ﻤﺭﺘﺴﻡ ﺘﻘﺎﻁﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﺤﺔ ﺍﻟﻔﻌﻠﻴﺔ ﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻕ ﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﺍﻷﺴﻔل‬
‫‪146‬‬
‫‪3-4‬‬
‫ﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ ﺍﻟﺤﺩ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻁﻊ ﻟﻠﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﺒﺎﺏ‬
‫‪147‬‬
‫‪4-4‬‬
‫ﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ ﺍﻟﺤﺩ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻁﻊ ﻟﻠﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺴﺎﺕ‬
‫‪148‬‬
‫‪5-4‬‬
‫ﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ ﺍﻟﺤﺩ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻁﻊ ﻟﻠﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺌﻲ‬
‫‪149‬‬
‫ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺔ ﺍﻹﺷﻜﺎﻝ‬
‫ﺍﺴﻡ ﺍﻟﺸﻜل‬
‫ﺭﻗﻡ ﺍﻟﺸﻜل‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ‬
‫‪1-1‬‬
‫ﺨﺭﻴﻁﺔ ﻤﻭﻗﻊ ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬
‫‪3‬‬
‫‪2-1‬‬
‫ﺨﺭﻴﻁﺔ ﺘﺭﻜﻴﺒﻴﺔ ﻟﻤﻭﺍﻗﻊ ﺁﺒﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺼﺭﻴﺔ‬
‫‪4‬‬
‫‪3-1‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻭﺩ ﺍﻟﻁﺒﺎﻗﻲ ﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﻓﻲ ﺤﻘل ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺼﺭﻴﺔ‬
‫‪6‬‬
‫‪4-1‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﻀﺎﻫﺎﺓ ﺍﻹﻗﻠﻴﻤﻴﺔ ﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺸﺭﻕ ﺍﻷﻭﺴﻁ‬
‫‪7‬‬
‫‪1-2‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤﺩﻭﺩ ﺍﻟﻁﺒﺎﻗﻴﺔ ﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﻓﻲ ﺤﻘل ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺼﺭﻴﺔ‬
‫‪23‬‬
‫‪2-2‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺘﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻔﻌﺎﻟﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻭﻴﺔ ﻟﺒﺌﺭ )‪(NS-1‬‬
‫‪25‬‬
‫‪3-2‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺘﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻔﻌﺎﻟﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻭﻴﺔ ﻟﺒﺌﺭ )‪(NS-2‬‬
‫‪26‬‬
‫‪4-2‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺘﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻔﻌﺎﻟﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻭﻴﺔ ﻟﺒﺌﺭ )‪(NS-3‬‬
‫‪26‬‬
‫‪5-2‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺘﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻔﻌﺎﻟﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻭﻴﺔ ﻟﺒﺌﺭ )‪(NS-4‬‬
‫‪27‬‬
‫‪6-2‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺘﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻔﻌﺎﻟﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻭﻴﺔ ﻟﺒﺌﺭ )‪(NS-5‬‬
‫‪27‬‬
‫‪7-2‬‬
‫ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺌﻲ ﻟﻠﻨﻁﺎﻗﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻭﺙ ﻭﻏﻴﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻭﺙ ﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻕ ﻟﻠﺒﺌﺭ )‪(NS-1‬‬
‫‪31‬‬
‫‪8-2‬‬
‫ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺌﻲ ﻟﻠﻨﻁﺎﻗﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻭﺙ ﻭﻏﻴﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻭﺙ ﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻕ ﻟﻠﺒﺌﺭ )‪(NS-2‬‬
‫‪31‬‬
‫‪9-2‬‬
‫ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺌﻲ ﻟﻠﻨﻁﺎﻗﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻭﺙ ﻭﻏﻴﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻭﺙ ﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻕ ﻟﻠﺒﺌﺭ )‪(NS-3‬‬
‫‪32‬‬
‫‪10-2‬‬
‫ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺌﻲ ﻟﻠﻨﻁﺎﻗﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻭﺙ ﻭﻏﻴﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻭﺙ ﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻕ ﻟﻠﺒﺌﺭ )‪(NS-4‬‬
‫‪32‬‬
‫‪11-2‬‬
‫ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺌﻲ ﻟﻠﻨﻁﺎﻗﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻭﺙ ﻭﻏﻴﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻭﺙ ﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻕ ﻟﻠﺒﺌﺭ )‪(NS-5‬‬
‫‪33‬‬
‫‪12-2‬‬
‫ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻬﻴﺩﺭﻭﻜﺎﺭﺒﻭﻨﻲ ﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻕ ﻟﺒﺌﺭ )‪(NS-1‬‬
‫‪33‬‬
‫‪13-2‬‬
‫ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻬﻴﺩﺭﻭﻜﺎﺭﺒﻭﻨﻲ ﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻕ ﻟﺒﺌﺭ )‪(NS-2‬‬
‫‪34‬‬
‫‪14-2‬‬
‫ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻬﻴﺩﺭﻭﻜﺎﺭﺒﻭﻨﻲ ﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻕ ﻟﺒﺌﺭ )‪(NS-3‬‬
‫‪34‬‬
‫‪15-2‬‬
‫ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻬﻴﺩﺭﻭﻜﺎﺭﺒﻭﻨﻲ ﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻕ ﻟﺒﺌﺭ )‪(NS-4‬‬
‫‪35‬‬
‫‪16-2‬‬
‫ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻬﻴﺩﺭﻭﻜﺎﺭﺒﻭﻨﻲ ﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻕ ﻟﺒﺌﺭ )‪(NS-5‬‬
‫‪35‬‬
‫‪17-2‬‬
‫ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺠﻡ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻲ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻕ ﻟﺒﺌﺭ )‪(NS-1‬‬
‫‪38‬‬
‫‪18-2‬‬
‫ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺠﻡ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻲ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻕ ﻟﺒﺌﺭ )‪(NS-2‬‬
‫‪38‬‬
‫‪19-2‬‬
‫ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺠﻡ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻲ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻕ ﻟﺒﺌﺭ )‪(NS-3‬‬
‫‪39‬‬
‫‪20-2‬‬
‫ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺠﻡ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻲ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻕ ﻟﺒﺌﺭ )‪(NS-4‬‬
‫‪39‬‬
‫‪21-2‬‬
‫ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺠﻡ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻲ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻕ ﻟﺒﺌﺭ )‪(NS-5‬‬
‫‪40‬‬
‫‪22-2‬‬
‫ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺒﻘﻲ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺘﺤﺭﻙ ﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻕ ﻟﺒﺌﺭ )‪(NS-2‬‬
‫‪41‬‬
‫ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺔ ﺍﳉﺪﺍﻭﻝ‬
‫ﺍﺴﻡ ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻭل‬
‫ﺭﻗﻡ ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻭل‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ‬
‫‪1-2‬‬
‫ﺘﺼﻨﻴﻑ ﺍﻷﻨﻭﺍﻉ ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ ﻟﻠﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺠﻭﺩﺓ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺼﺨﻭﺭ‬
‫‪17‬‬
‫‪2-2‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤﺩﻭﺩ ﺍﻟﻁﺒﺎﻗﻴﺔ ﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﻓﻲ ﺤﻘل ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺼﺭﻴﺔ‬
‫‪22‬‬
‫‪3-2‬‬
‫ﻤﺩﻯ ﻭﻤﻌﺩﻻﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻔﻌﺎﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺴﻭﺒﺔ ﻵﺒﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬
‫‪24‬‬
‫‪4-2‬‬
‫ﻤﺩﻯ ﻭﻤﻌﺩﻻﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻭﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺴﻭﺒﺔ ﻵﺒﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬
‫‪25‬‬
‫‪1-3‬‬
‫ﻭﺤﺩﺍﺕ ﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﻓﻲ ﺤﻘل ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺼﺭﻴﺔ‬
‫‪64‬‬
‫‪2-3‬‬
‫ﺤﺩﻭﺩ ﺩﺭﺠﺔ ﺍﻷﻋﻨﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ‬
‫‪97‬‬
‫‪3-3‬‬
‫ﺤﺩﻭﺩ ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺠﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻤﻨﻴﺔ‬
‫‪98‬‬
‫‪4-3‬‬
‫ﺘﺼﻨﻴﻑ ﺍﻷﻨﻅﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﺒﺩﻻﻟﺔ ﺍﻗﻁﺎﺭ ﺃﻋﻨﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﺎﺕ )‪(R-35‬‬
‫‪101‬‬
‫‪5-3‬‬
‫ﻗﻴﻡ ﻜل ﻤﻥ )‪ (R-35‬ﻭ )‪ (φ‬ﻭ )‪ (k‬ﻵﺒﺎﺭ ﻤﻨﻁﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬
‫‪102‬‬
‫‪6-3‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻨﻴﻑ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻤﻨﻲ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﻤﻼﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻤﻨﻴﺔ ﻵﺒﺎﺭ ﺤﻘل ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺼﺭﻴﺔ‬
‫‪103‬‬
‫‪1-4‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﺤﺔ ﺍﻟﻔﻌﻠﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﻭﺤﺩﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻤﻨﻴﺔ ﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﺍﻷﺴﻔل‬
‫‪144‬‬
‫‪2-4‬‬
‫ﺴﻤﻙ ﺍﻟﻌﻁﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﺼﺎﻓﻲ ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻤﻙ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻲ ﻭﻤﻌﺩل ﺴﻤﻙ ﺍﻟﻌﻁﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﺼﺎﻓﻲ‪/‬ﺍﻟﺴﻤﻙ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻲ ﻵﺒﺎﺭ ﻤﻨﻁﻘﺔ‬
‫‪150‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬
‫‪3-4‬‬
‫ﻤﻘﺎﺭﻨﺔ ﺒﻴﻥ ﻗﻴﻡ ﺍﻻﺤﺘﻴﺎﻁﻲ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺴﻭﺒﺔ ﺤﺎﻟﻴﺎ ﻭﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺒﻘﺔ‬
‫‪152‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ ﺍﻷﻭﻝ‬
‫ﺍﳌﻘﺪﻣﺔ‬
‫‪1-1‬‬
‫‪INTRODUCTION‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﻤﻬﻴﺪ ‪Preface‬‬
‫ُﻴﻌﺩ ﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺭﺴﺏ ﺨﻼل ﺍﻟﻌﺼﺭ ﺍﻟﻁﺒﺎﺸﻴﺭﻱ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻨـﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺠﻴﻭﻟﻭﺠﻴـﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻬﻤـﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻭﻴﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁ ﻓﻲ ﺠﻨﻭﺏ ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺍﻕ‪ ،‬ﻟﻤﺎ ﻴﺘﻤﻴﺯ ﺒﻪ ﻤﻥ ﻤﺯﺍﻴﺎ ﺼﺨﺎﺭﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻤﺘﺩﺍﺩﺍﺕ ﺠﻐﺭﺍﻓﻴـﺔ ﺘﺠﻌﻠـﻪ‬
‫ﺨﺯﺍﻨﹰﺎ ﺠﻴﺩﹰﺍ ﻟﻠﻬﻴﺩﺭﻭﻜﺎﺭﺒﻭﻨﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﺤﻴﺙ ﻴﻤﺜل ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻲ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺤﻴﺔ ﺍﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻴﺔ ﺒﻌﺩ ﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﺯﺒﻴﺭ ﻓﻲ‬
‫ﺠﻨﻭﺏ ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺍﻕ‪.‬‬
‫ﺠﺭﻴﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﺩﻴﺩ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ ﻭﺒﻤﺨﺘﻠﻑ ﺍﻟﻨﻭﺍﺤﻲ ﺍﻟﺠﻴﻭﻟﻭﺠﻴﺔ ﺤﻭل ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﺘﻜـﻭﻴﻥ ﻓـﻲ ﺍﻟﺤﻘـﻭل‬
‫ﺃُ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺠﻨﻭﺏ ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺍﻕ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺴﺒﻴل ﺍﻟﻤﺜﺎل ﻻ ﺍﻟﺤﺼﺭ ﺤﻘل ﺍﻟﺭﻤﻴﻠﺔ ﺍﻟﺸﻤﺎﻟﻲ ﻭﻏﺭﺏ ﺍﻟﻘﺭﻨـﺔ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺭﻤﻴﻠﺔ ﺍﻟﺠﻨﻭﺒﻲ ﻭﺍﻟﻭﺍﻭﺍﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺒﺭﺯﻜﺎﻥ ﻭﺍﻟﺭﻁﺎﻭﻱ ﻭﺍﻟﺯﺒﻴﺭ‪ .‬ﺘﺄﺘﻲ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ ﻤﻜﻤﻠﺔ ﻟﻠﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺒﻘﺔ‬
‫ﻭﻤﺤﺎﻭﻟ ﹶًﺔ ﻟﺘﻘﻴﻴﻡ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁﻲ ﻤﻥ ﻨﺎﺤﻴﺔ ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ ﺍﻟﺨﻭﺍﺹ ﺍﻟﺒﺘﺭﻭﻓﻴﺯﻴﺎﺌﻴﺔ ﻭﻋﻼﻗﺘﻬﺎ ﺒﻨﻭﻋﻴـﺔ ﺍﻟـﺴﺤﻨﺎﺕ‬
‫ﻭﺍﺩﺍﺌﻴﺘﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻤﻨﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﺤﺘﺴﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺯﻭﻥ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁﻲ ﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﻓﻲ ﺤﻘل ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺼﺭﻴﺔ‪.‬‬
‫‪2-1‬‬
‫ﺃﻫﺪﺍﻑ ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺍﺳﺔ ‪Aims of Study‬‬
‫ﺘﻬﺩﻑ ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ ﺇﻟﻰ‪:‬‬
‫‪ .1‬ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ ﺍﻟﺨﻭﺍﺹ ﺍﻟﺒﺘﺭﻭﻓﻴﺯﻴﺎﺌﻴﺔ ﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﻓﻲ ﺤﻘل ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺼﺭﻴﺔ ﺒﺎﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺴﺎﺕ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫‪ .2‬ﺘﻘﻴﻴﻡ ﺍﻻﺩﺍﺌﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻤﻨﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﺴﺤﻨﺎﺕ ﺒﺎﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ ﻓﺤﻭﺼﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻀﻐﻁ ﺍﻟﺸﻌﻴﺭﻱ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﺘﺎﺌﺞ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺼﺔ‬
‫ﺒﺘﻔﺴﻴﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺒﺌﺭﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ ﻭﺭﺒﻁﻬﺎ ﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﺴﺤﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺼﺨﺎﺭﻴﺔ‪.‬‬
‫‪ .3‬ﺍﺤﺘﺴﺎﺏ ﺍﻻﺤﺘﻴﺎﻁﻲ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁﻲ ﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﻓﻲ ﺤﻘل ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺼﺭﻴﺔ ﻭﻓﻕ ﻤﻌﻁﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻨﺘـﺎﺌﺞ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﺤﺼﻠﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻭﻓﺭﺓ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﺎﻟﻴل ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﺒﺭﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺠﺯﺓ ﻓـﻲ ﺸـﺭﻜﺔ ﻨﻔـﻁ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺠﻨﻭﺏ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﳌﻘﺪﻣﺔ‬
‫‪3-1‬‬
‫‪2‬‬
‫ﻣﻨﻄﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺍﺳﺔ ‪Studied area‬‬
‫ﻴﻘﻊ ﺤﻘل ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺼﺭﻴﺔ ﻓﻲ ﻤﺤﺎﻓﻅﺔ ﺫﻱ ﻗﺎﺭ ﻭﻴﺒﻌﺩ ﻤﺴﺎﻓﺔ )‪ 38‬ﻜﻡ( ﺘﻘﺭﻴﺒﺎﹰ ﺸﻤﺎل ﻏﺭﺏ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺼـﺭﻴﺔ‬
‫ﺤﻔﺭﺕ ﺨﻤﺴﺔ ﺁﺒﺎﺭ ﻨﻔﻁﻴﺔ‬
‫ﺒﻴﻥ ﺨﻁﻲ ﺘﺸﺭﻴﻕ )‪ (61°10′-57°50′‬ﻭﺨﻁﻲ ﺘﺸﻤﻴل )‪ُ .(34°80′-34°60′‬‬
‫ﺍﺴﺘﻜﺸﺎﻓﻴﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺤﻘل ﻭﻗﺩ ﺃﻅﻬﺭﺕ ﻭﺠﻭﺩ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁ ﻓﻲ ﺜﻼﺜﺔ ﻤﻜﺎﻤﻥ ﺒﺎﻟﺤﻘﺏ ﺍﻟﻁﺒﺎﺸﻴﺭﻱ ﻭﻫﻲ )ﺍﻟﻤـﺸﺭﻑ‪،‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻴﻤﺎﻤﺔ ﻭﻨﻬﺭ ﻋﻤﺭ(‪ .‬ﻭﺘﺭﻜﺯﺕ ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺜﻴﻥ ﻤﻥ ﺸﺭﻜﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁ ﺍﻟﻭﻁﻨﻴﺔ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﺘﻜـﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤـﺸﺭﻑ‬
‫ﺨﺎﺼﺔ‪ ،‬ﺇﺫ ﺘﻡ ﺍﻜﺘﺸﺎﻑ ﺤﻘل ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺼﺭﻴﺔ ﺒﻭﺍﺴﻁﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﻭﺤﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺯﻟﺯﺍﻟﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺠﺯﺓ ﻤـﻥ ﻋـﺎﻡ ‪ 1973‬ﺇﻟـﻰ‬
‫‪ 1988‬ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺃﻅﻬﺭﺕ ﻭﺠﻭﺩ ﻁﻴﺔ ﻤﺤﺩﺒﺔ ﺘﺤﺕ ﺴﻁﺤﻴﺔ ﺒﺎﺘﺠﺎﻩ ﺸﻤﺎل ﻏﺭﺏ –ﺠﻨﻭﺏ ﺸﺭﻕ‪ ،‬ﻜﻤـﺎ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﻜل ﺭﻗﻡ )‪ (1-1‬ﻭ )‪.(2-1‬‬
‫‪4-1‬‬
‫ﺗﻜﺘﻮﻧﻴﺔ ﻭﺗﺮﻛﻴﺒﻴﺔ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺍﺳﺔ ‪Tectonic and structural setting‬‬
‫ﻴﻘﻊ ﺤﻘل ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺼﺭﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁﻲ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻨﻁﺎﻕ ﻏﻴﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻘﺭ ﻟﻠﺭﺼﻴﻑ ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒـﻲ )ﺍﻟﻤﻨـﺼﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻴـﺔ(‬
‫‪ (Buday, 1980) Platform‬ﻭﺒﺎﻟﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ ﻓﻲ ﺤﺯﺍﻡ ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻜﺘﻭﻨﻲ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻭﻱ )‪(Al-Naqib, 1967‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﻴﺘﻤﻴﺯ ﺒﻭﺠﻭﺩ ﻁﻴﺎﺕ ﻭﻗﺒﺎﺏ ﺘﺤﺕ ﺴﻁﺤﻴﺔ ﺫﺍﺕ ﺍﻤﺘﺩﺍﺩ ﻋﺎﻡ ﻤﺘﻐﻴﺭ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺸﻤﺎل‪-‬ﺍﻟﺠﻨﻭﺏ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺸـﻤﺎل‬
‫ﻏﺭﺒﻲ‪-‬ﺠﻨﻭﺏ ﺸﺭﻗﻲ ﺒﻁﻴﺎﺕ ﺫﺍﺕ ﺍﻤﺘﺩﺍﺩ ﻏﻴﺭ ﻜﺒﻴﺭ‪ .‬ﺍﺴﺘﻨﺎﺩﹰﺍ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﻭﺤﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺯﻟﺯﺍﻟﻴﺔ ﺍﻷﺨﻴﺭﺓ )‪-1987‬‬
‫‪ (1988‬ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺃﺜﺒﺘﺕ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﺘﺭﻜﻴﺏ ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺓ ﻋـﻥ ﻁﻴـﺔ ﻤﺤﺩﺒـﺔ ﻏﻴـﺭ ﻤﺘـﺄﺜﺭﺓ ﺒﺎﻟـﺼﺩﻭﻉ ﺫﺍﺕ ﺃﺒﻌـﺎﺩ‬
‫)‪ (10 × 30‬ﻜﻡ ‪ ،‬ﺘﻤﺘﺩ ﺒﺎﺘﺠﺎﻩ ﺸﻤﺎل ﻏﺭﺏ‪-‬ﺠﻨﻭﺏ ﺸﺭﻕ ﻭﺒﺎﻨﻐﻼﻕ ﺘﺭﻜﻴﺒﻲ ﻴﺒﻠﻎ )‪ (65‬ﻡ ﻋﻨـﺩ ﺃﻋﻠـﻰ‬
‫ﺴﻁﺢ ﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ )ﻜﺎﻅﻡ ﻭﺍﻟﺼﺩﻴﻕ‪ ،(2001 ،‬ﺸﻜل )‪ .(2-1‬ﻭﻴﻤﺜل ﺤﻘل ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺼﺭﻴﺔ ﻁﻴـﺔ ﻤﺤﺩﺒـﺔ‬
‫ﺫﺍﺕ ﻤﻴل ﻗﻠﻴل )‪ (2-1‬ﺩﺭﺠﺔ ﺒﺎﺘﺠﺎﻩ ﺍﻟﺴﻔﺤﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﺸﻤﺎﻟﻲ ﺍﻟﺸﺭﻗﻲ‪ -‬ﺍﻟﺠﻨﻭﺏ ﺍﻟﻐﺭﺒﻲ‪ ،‬ﻴﺘﺭﺍﻭﺡ ﻋﻤﻕ ﺼﺨﻭﺭ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻋﺩﺓ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﻤﺎ ﺒﻴﻥ )‪ (10-9‬ﻜﻡ‪ ،‬ﺘﹸﻌﺩ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﻁﻘﺔ ﻏﻴﺭ ﻤﻌﻘﺩﺓ ﺘﺭﻜﻴﺒﻴﹰﺎ ﺇﺫ ﻟﻡ ﻴﺘﺄﺜﺭ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻭﺩ ﺍﻟﺼﺨﺎﺭﻱ ﺒﺤﺭﻜﺎﺕ‬
‫ﺒﻨﻴﻭﻴﺔ ﻗﻭﻴﺔ ﺠﺩﹰﺍ ﻜﻤﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﻁﻕ ﺍﻟﺸﺭﻗﻴﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻘﻁﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺄﺜﺭﺓ ﺒﻬﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺤﺭﻜﺎﺕ ﺨﻼل ﻓﺘـﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺠﻭﺭﺍﺴـﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻷﻋﻠﻰ‪-‬ﺍﻟﺴﻴﻨﻭﻤﺎﻨﻲ ) ﻜﺎﻅﻡ ﻭﺍﻟﺼﺩﻴﻕ‪.(2001 ،‬‬
‫ﺍﳌﻘﺪﻣﺔ‬
3
N
578.5
600
3480
625
SHATTRA
NS-5
•
NS-2
NS-4 •
•
NS-3
SHAT AL-SHATTRA
• •
NS-1
BEDOOR
KHAFAGA
AL-AWAAG
3455
3455
AL-ZERAG
NASSRIYA
CITY
BASRAH-BAGHDAD REALY WAY
3430
578.5
600
3430
625
0
4
8 km
(‫( ﺨﺭﻴﻁﺔ ﻤﻭﻗﻊ ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ )ﻋﻥ ﺸﺭﻜﺔ ﻨﻔﻁ ﺍﻟﺠﻨﻭﺏ ﻤﻊ ﺒﻌﺽ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻭﻴﺭ ﻤﻥ ﻗﺒل ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺙ‬1-1) ‫ﺸﻜل‬
‫ﺍﳌﻘﺪﻣﺔ‬
‫‪4‬‬
‫ﺸﻜل )‪ (2-1‬ﺨﺭﻴﻁﺔ ﺘﺭﻜﻴﺒﻴﺔ ﻟﻤﻭﺍﻗﻊ ﺁﺒﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺼﺭﻴﺔ ﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﺍﻻﺴﻔل‬
‫)ﻋﻥ ﺸﺭﻜﺔ ﺍﻻﺴﺘﻜﺸﺎﻓﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁﻴﺔ(‬
‫‪5-1‬‬
‫ﻃﺒﺎﻗﻴﺔ ﺍﳌﻨﻄﻘﺔ ‪Stratigraphy‬‬
‫ﻴﺄﺨﺫ ﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ )ﺍﻟﺴﻴﻨﻭﻤﺎﻨﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺎﺨﺭ‪-‬ﺍﻟﺘﻭﺭﻭﻨﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺒﻜﺭ( ﻭﻀﻌﻪ ﺍﻟﻁﺒﺎﻗﻲ ﺒﻴﻥ ﺘﻜـﻭﻴﻨﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻜﻔل ﻭﺍﻟﺭﻤﻴﻠﺔ‪ ،‬ﺇﺫ ﻴﺘﻐﻴﺭ ﺍﻟﺴﻁﺢ ﺍﻻﻋﻠﻰ ﻤﻥ ﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ‪ ،‬ﻓﻘﺩ ﻴﺘﺩﺭﺝ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻜﻔل ) ﻜﻤﺎ ﻫـﻭ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎل ﻓﻲ ﻤﻨﻁﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ ( ﺍﻭ ﻴﺤﺩﻩ ﺴﻁﺢ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺭﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺼل ﻤﺎ ﺒﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﺘﻭﺭﻨﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺒﻜﺭ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻭﺭﻨﻴﺎﻥ ﻟﻤﺘﺄﺨﺭ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻤﺜل ﺒﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﺨﺼﻴﺏ‪ .‬ﻭﻴﻘﻊ ﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﺭﻤﻴﻠﺔ ﺍﺴﻔل ﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﻭﺘﻜـﻭﻥ ﺤـﺩﻭﺩ ﺍﻟﺘﻤـﺎﺱ ﺒـﻴﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻨﻴﻥ ﻤﺘﺩﺭﺠﺔ ﻭﻤﺘﻭﺍﻓﻘﺔ‪ .‬ﻴﺘﺄﻟﻑ ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﻤﻥ ﺘﺘﺎﺒﻊ ﻟﻠﺼﺨﻭﺭ ﺍﻟﺠﻴﺭﻴﺔ ﻤﻌﻘﺩﺓ ﺍﻟﺒﻨﺎﺀ‪ ،‬ﻜﻤﺎ ﻭﺘﻌﻜﺱ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼﺨﺎﺭﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻅﺭﻭﻑ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻨﺸًﺄ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺘﺘﺩﺭﺝ ﻤﻥ ﺒﻴﺌﺔ ﺍﻟﺠﺭﻑ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺭﺠﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺘﻭﺡ‪/‬ﺍﻟﻀﺤل ﻤـﻊ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺭﺴﻴﺒﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﺒﻨﺎﺌﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﻀﻭﻴﺔ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﺔ ﺍﻟﻼﻏﻭﻨﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺘﻭﺤﺔ ‪/‬ﺍﻟﺠﺭﻑ ﺍﻟﺩﺍﺨﻠﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺩﺩﺓ ﺍﻟﺤﺭﻜﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺘﻤﺜل ﺼﺨﻭﺭ ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺘﺘﺎﺒﻌﹰﺎ ﻤﻌﻘﺩﹰﺍ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻷﺤﺩﺍﺙ‪ ،‬ﻤﺘﻤﺜﻠﺔ ﺒﻌﻼﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺠـﺭ ﺍﻟﺠﻴـﺭﻱ ﺍﻟﻔﺘـﺎﺘﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﻀﻭﻱ ﻭﻤﺎ ﻴﺤﺘﻭﻴﻪ ﻤﻥ ﺘﺠﻤﻌﺎﺕ ﻁﺤﻠﺒﻴﺔ ﻭﺭﻭﺩﺴﺘﻴﺔ ﻤﺸﻜﻠﺔ ﺸﻌﺎﺒﹰﺎ ﻤﺭﺠﺎﻨﻴﺔ‪ .‬ﻴﺘﺭﺍﻭﺡ ﺴﻤﻙ ﺍﻟﺘﻜـﻭﻴﻥ‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺠﻨﻭﺏ ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺍﻕ ﺒﻴﻥ )‪ (200-150‬ﻡ ‪ ،‬ﺇﺫ ﻴﺯﺩﺍﺩ ﺒﺎﺘﺠﺎﻩ ﺍﻟﺤﺩﻭﺩ ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺍﻗﻴﺔ ﺍﻹﻴﺭﺍﻨﻴﺔ ﺤﺘﻰ ﻴﺼل ﺴـﻤﻙ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻜﺜﺭ ﻤﻥ )‪ (350‬ﻡ‪ .‬ﻭﻗﺩ ﺒﻠﻎ ﺴﻤﻜﻪ ﻓﻲ ﻤﻨﻁﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ ﻤﺎ ﺒﻴﻥ )‪ (180-150‬ﻡ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﳌﻘﺪﻣﺔ‬
‫‪6-1‬‬
‫‪5‬‬
‫ﺍﳉﻐﺮﺍﻓﻴﺎ ﺍﻟﻘﺪﳝﺔ ﻭﻣﻜﺎﻓﺌﺎﺕ ﺗﻜﻮﻳﻦ ﺍﳌﺸﺮﻑ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺸﺮﻕ ﺍﻷﻭﺳﻂ‬
‫‪Paleogeography and equivalent Formation in Middle East‬‬
‫ﻴﻌﺩ ﺍﻟﻌﺼﺭ ﺍﻟﻁﺒﺎﺸﻴﺭﻱ ﺍﻜﺜﺭ ﻓﺘﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺤﻘﺏ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻭﺴـﻁﺔ ﺘﻌﺭﻀـﹰﺎ ﺇﻟـﻰ ﺍﻟﺤﺭﻜـﺎﺕ ﺍﻷﺭﻀـﻴﺔ‬
‫)‪ .(Al-Mashadain, 1984‬ﻭﻗﺩ ﺘﺭﺴﺏ ﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ ﺍﻷﺴﻔل ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺭﺴـﻭﺒﻴﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻭﻴﺔ )ﺍﻟﺴﻴﻨﻭﻤﺎﻨﻴﺎﻥ – ﺍﻟﺘﻭﺭﻨﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺒﻜﺭ(‪ ،‬ﻭﻋُﺩ ﺍﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺃﻋﻼﻩ ﺨﺎﺘﻤﺔ ﻟﻬﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺘﺭﺍﺠﻌﻴﺔ ﻻﻥ ﺤﺎﻟﺔ‬
‫ﻋﺩﻡ ﺍﻻﺴﺘﻘﺭﺍﺭ ﺍﻟﺤﺭﻜﻲ ﺴﺎﺩﺕ ﺍﻟﺤﻭﺽ ﺍﻟﺭﺴﻭﺒﻲ ﺨﻼل ﺍﻟﻔﺘﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻤﻤﺘﺩﺓ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﻨﻭﻤﺎﻨﻲ‪ -‬ﺍﻟﻜﺎﻤﺒﺎﻨﻲ ﻭﺍﻥ‬
‫ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺤﺭﻜﺔ ﺘﻭﺯﻋﺕ ﻓﻲ ﻤﻨﻁﻘﺘﻲ ﺍﻟﺠﻴﻭﺴﻨﻜﻼﻴﻥ ﻭﺍﻟﺭﺼﻴﻑ‪ ،‬ﻜﻤﺎ ﺘﺄﺜﺭﺕ ﺍﻟـﺼﺨﻭﺭ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺌـﺩﺓ ﻟﻠﻌـﺼﺭ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻁﺒﺎﺸﻴﺭﻱ ﺒﺎﻟﺤﺭﻜﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺤﺩﺜﺕ ﻓﻲ ﺯﻤﻥ ﺍﻻﻟﺒﻴﻥ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺃﺩﺕ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﻤﺭﺘﻔﻌﺎﺕ ﻭﺃﺤﻭﺍﺽ ﺘﺭﺴﺒﺕ‬
‫ﺨﻼﻟﻬﺎ ﺴﺤﻨﺎﺕ ﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﺍﻟﺤﻴﺩﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺎﺒﻴﺔ )‪ .(Ditmar, 1980‬ﺘﻤﻴﺯﺕ ﻓﺘﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺘﻭﺭﻭﻨﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﺒﻜﺭ‬
‫)‪ (Early Turonianin‬ﺒﻨﺸﺎﻁ ﻤﻠﺤﻭﻅ ﻟﻠﺤﺭﻜﺎﺕ ﺍﻷﺭﻀﻴﺔ ﺃﺩﻯ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺘﺭﺍﺠﻊ ﺒﺤﺭﻱ ﻋﻤل ﺒﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﻋﻠﻰ‬
‫ﺘﺠﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﺩﻤﻠﻜﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺩﺍﻟﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻭﺠـﻭﺩ ﺴـﻁﺢ ﻋـﺩﻡ ﺘﻭﺍﻓـﻕ ﺒـﻴﻥ ﺘﻜـﻭﻴﻨﻲ ﺍﻟﻤـﺸﺭﻑ ﻭﺍﻟﺨـﺼﻴﺏ‬
‫)‪.(Fluoria, 1976 and Saintimare, 1978‬‬
‫ﻴﻜﺎﻓﺊ ﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻭﻱ ﻤﻥ ﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﻤﺴﺎﺩ )‪ (Massad Fm.‬ﻓﻲ ﻤﻨﻁﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﺭﻁﺒـﺔ‬
‫)‪ (Dunnington, 1959‬ﻭﻴﻜﺎﻓﺊ ﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺠﻴﺭﺒﻴﺭ ﻭﻤﻴﺭﻜﻪ ﻤﻴﺭ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺸﻤﺎل ﺍﻟﻐﺭﺒـﻲ ﻤـﻥ ﺍﻟﻌـﺭﺍﻕ‬
‫)‪.(Chattonl and Hart, 1961‬‬
‫ﻭﻴﻜﺎﻓﺊ ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺘﻜﺎﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺯﺍﻤﻨﺔ ﻤﻌﻪ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺘﺭﺴﻴﺏ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺩﻭل ﺍﻟﻤﺠـﺎﻭﺭﺓ ﻓـﻲ ﺇﻴـﺭﺍﻥ‬
‫ﻭﻤﻨﺎﻁﻕ ﺍﻟﺨﻠﻴﺞ ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒـﻲ ﻭﺴـﻭﺭﻴﺎ‪ ،‬ﺇﺫ ﺍﻨـﻪ ﻴﻜـﺎﻓﺊ ﺘﻜـﻭﻴﻥ ﻤﻘـﻭﻉ )‪ (Magwa‬ﻓـﻲ ﺍﻟﻜﻭﻴـﺕ‬
‫)‪ (Powers, 1968‬ﻭﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﻨﺎﺘﺢ )‪ (Natih‬ﻋﻀﻭ ‪ E‬ﻓﻲ ﻋﻤﺎﻥ )‪ (Scott, 1990‬ﻭﺘﻜﻭﻴﻨﻲ ﺍﻟﺨﻁﻴﺔ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺭﻤﻴﻠﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺸﻤﺎل ﺍﻹﻤﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﻓﻀﻼ ﻋﻥ ﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺼﻠﻴﺒﺨﺔ )‪ (Salabikh‬ﻋﻀﻭ ﺸﻠﻑ )‪ (Shilaif‬ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺃﺒﻭ ﻅﺒﻲ )‪ .(Trevorp and Burchett, 1993‬ﺃﻤﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺴﻌﻭﺩﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻴﺔ ﻓﺎﻥ ﺴـﺤﻨﺎﺕ ﺘﻜـﻭﻴﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﺘﺘﺩﺍﺨل ﻤﻊ ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺔ ﻭﺴﻴﻊ )‪ (Wasia group‬ﻭﻫﻲ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺸﻜل ﻭﺤﺩﺘﻴﻥ ﻴﻜﺎﻓﺊ ﺠﺯﺀ ﻤﻨﻬـﺎ‬
‫ﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﻭﻴﺴﻤﻰ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﺍﻷﺴﻔل )‪ .(Powers, 1968‬ﺍﻤﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺇﻴﺭﺍﻥ ﻓﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﺘﻜـﻭﻴﻥ ﻴﻜـﺎﻓﺊ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ ﺍﻷﻋﻠﻰ ﻤﻥ ﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺴﺎﺭﻓﺎﻙ )‪ .(James and Wynd, 1965) (Sarvak‬ﻭﻴﻭﺠـﺩ ﺘﻜـﻭﻴﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﻓﻲ ﻜل ﻤﻥ ﻗﻁﺭ ﻭﺍﻟﺒﺤﺭﻴﻥ ﻭﻴﺴﻤﻰ ﺒﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﺃﻴﻀﹰﺎ‪ ،‬ﻜﻤﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺸﻜل )‪.(4-1‬‬
‫ﺍﳌﻘﺪﻣﺔ‬
6
NW
SE
1900
NS-5
NS-4
NS-2
NS-1 NS-3
1920
1940
Cap Rock
1960
Upper Mishraf
Depth (m)
1980
2000
Shale
Unit one of Reservoir
2020
Barrier rocks
2060
Unit Two of Reservoir
Lower Mishraf
2040
2080
2100
Impermeable limestone
Limestone
Shale
Barrier
.‫( ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻭﺩ ﺍﻟﻁﺒﺎﻗﻲ ﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﻓﻲ ﺤﻘل ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺼﺭﻴﺔ‬3-1) ‫ﺸﻜل‬
‫‪South Iraq‬‬
‫ﺸﻜل )‪ (4-1‬ﺍﻟﻤﻀﺎﻫﺎﺓ ﺍﻹﻗﻠﻴﻤﻴﺔ ﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺸﺭﻕ ﺍﻷﻭﺴﻁ ) ﻋﻥ )‪( Reed(1975‬‬
‫ﺍﳌﻘﺪﻣﺔ‬
‫‪7‬‬
‫ﺍﳌﻘﺪﻣﺔ‬
‫‪7-1‬‬
‫‪8‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺍﺳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺑﻘﺔ ‪Previous Studies‬‬
‫ﻭﺼﻑ ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﻻﻭل ﻤﺭﺓ ﻤﻥ ﻗﺒل )‪ (Rabanit, 1952‬ﻓﻲ ﺒﺌﺭ ﺍﻟﺯﺒﻴﺭ‪ (Zb-3) 3-‬ﻀﻤﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ ﺍﻷﻋﻠﻰ ﻜﺎﻥ ﻴﺴﻤﻰ ﺴﺎﺒﻘﹰﺎ ﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺨﻁﻴﺔ )‪ (Khatiyah Formation‬ﻀﻤﻥ ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺔ ﻭﺴـﻴﻊ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﻗﹸﺴﻡ ﻓﻴﻤﺎ ﺒﻌﺩ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺜﻼﺜﺔ ﺘﻜﺎﻭﻴﻥ )ﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﻭﺍﺤﻤﺩﻱ ﻭﺭﻤﻴﻠﺔ(‪.‬‬
‫ﺤﺩﺩ )‪ Smout (1956‬ﻋﻤﺭ ﺍﻟﺘﻭﺭﻭﻨﻲ )‪ (Turonian‬ﻟﻠﺘﻜـﻭﻴﻥ‪ ،‬ﻓﻴﻤـﺎ ﺤـﺩﺩ ﻜـل ﻤـﻥ‬
‫)‪ Owen and Nasr (1958‬ﺴﻤﻙ ﺍﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﻭﺘﻜﺎﻓﺌﻪ ﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﻘـﻭﻉ ﻓـﻲ ﺍﻟﻜﻭﻴـﺕ ﻜﻤـﺎ ﻓﻌـل‬
‫)‪ Dunnington (1959‬ﻭﺤﺩﺩ ﺴﻤﻙ ﺍﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺒـ )‪ (157.3‬ﻡ ‪ ،‬ﻓﻲ ﺒﺌﺭ ﺍﻟﺯﺒﻴﺭ‪ 3-‬ﻭﻗﺩ ﺘﻡ ﻭﺼـﻑ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺘﻭﻯ ﺍﻟﺼﺨﺭﻱ ﺒﺼﻭﺭﺓ ﻋﺎﻤﺔ‪ ،‬ﺒﻴﻨﻤﺎ ﺤﺩﺩ )‪ Al-Naqib (1967‬ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﻙ ﺒـ )‪ (122‬ﻡ ﻤﻌﺘﺒﺭﹰﺍ‬
‫ﺍﻟـ )‪ (35‬ﻡ ﺍﻟﺴﻔﻠﻴﺔ ﻋﺎﺌﺩﺓ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﺭﻤﻴﻠﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﺠﺭﻯ ﻓﻴﻥ )‪ Venn (1961‬ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺤﻴﺘﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﺠﻴﻭﻟﻭﺠﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻨﻘﻴﺒﻴـﺔ‬
‫ﻭﺍﺴﺘﻨﺘﺞ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﻴﻭﺠﺩ ﻀﻤﻥ ﻨﻁﺎﻕ ﺫﻱ ﺼﺨﻭﺭ ﻤﻜﻤﻨﻴﺔ ﻭﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﻋﺎﻟﻴﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﺒﻴﻥ ﺍﻤﺘﺩﺍﺩﺍﺘﻪ ﻋﻨﺩ ﺤﻘـل‬
‫ﺍﻟﺭﻤﻴﻠﺔ ﺍﻟﺸﻤﺎﻟﻲ ﺒﺎﺘﺠﺎﻩ ﺍﻟﺩﺠﻴﻠﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻤﺎ ﺒﻘﻴﺔ ﺍﻤﺘﺩﺍﺩﺍﺘﻪ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺸﻤﺎل ﻓﻐﻴﺭ ﻤﻌﺭﻭﻓﺔ ﺒﻴﻨﻤﺎ ﻴﺨﺘﻔﻲ ﺘﺩﺭﻴﺠﻴﹰﺎ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺠﻨﻭﺏ ﻋﻨﺩ ﺍﻟﻨﻬﺎﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺠﻨﻭﺒﻴﺔ ﻟﺤﻘﻭل ﺍﻟﺭﻤﻴﻠﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺯﺒﻴﺭ‪ ،‬ﻭﺘﺘﺤﺩﺩ ﻨﻬﺎﻴﺘﻪ ﺍﻟﻐﺭﺒﻴﺔ ﺒﺤﻘﻭل ﺍﻟﺭﻁﺎﻭﻱ ﻭﻋﻔـﻙ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻤﺎﻭﺓ ﻓﻲ ﺤﻴﻥ ﻨﺠﺩ ﺃﻁﺭﺍﻓﻪ ﺍﻟﺤﻴﺩﻴﺔ ﺨﺎﺭﺝ ﻤﺭﻜﺯ ﻨﻬﺭ ﻋﻤﺭ ﻏﻴﺭ ﻤﻌﺭﻭﻓﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﺼﻑ )‪ James and Wynd (1965‬ﺴﺤﻨﺎﺕ ﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻭﻱ ﻟﺘﻜـﻭﻴﻥ‬
‫ﺴﺎﺭﻓﺎﻙ )‪ (Sarvak‬ﺍﻟﺴﻤﻴﻙ ﺫﻱ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺭ )ﺍﻻﻟﺒﻴﺎﻥ‪ -‬ﺴﻴﻨﻭﻤﺎﻨﻴﺎﻥ( ﻓﻲ ﺇﻴﺭﺍﻥ‪.‬‬
‫ﻗﺎﻡ )‪ Al-Kasim (1965‬ﺒﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ ﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﻭﻤﻴﺯ ﺴﺤﻨﺎﺘﻪ ﺍﻟﺤﻴﺎﺘﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺼﺨﺎﺭﻴﺔ ﺍﺫ ﻗﺴﻤﺕ‬
‫ﺇﻟﻰ ﺴﺤﻨﺎﺕ ﻨﺭﺘﻴﺔ ﻭﺴﺤﻨﺎﺕ ﺴﺎﺤﻠﻴﺔ ﻭﺴﺤﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻴﻭﻟﻴﺩ ﻭﺴﺤﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﻭﻀﻴﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺃﻭﻀﺢ )‪ Al-Naqib (1967‬ﺃﻥ ﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﻓﻲ ﺒﺌﺭ ﺍﻟﺯﺒﻴﺭ‪ 3-‬ﻤﻜﻭﻥ ﻤﻥ ﺴﺤﻨﺎﺕ ﺤﺒﻴﺒﺎﺕ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤﺠﺭ ﺍﻟﺠﻴﺭﻱ ﺍﻟﻬﻴﻜﻠﻴﺔ ﻭﻏﻴﺭ ﺍﻟﻬﻴﻜﻠﻴﺔ ﻤﻊ ﺒﻌﺽ ﺘﺩﺍﺨﻼﺕ ﺍﻟﺴﺠﻴﻠﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻥ ﻤﻌﺩل ﺴﻤﻙ ﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺒﺼﺭﺓ ﻴﺘﺭﺍﻭﺡ ﻤﺎ ﺒﻴﻥ )‪ (106.7-167.6‬ﻤﺘﺭ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴﺘﻨﺎﻗﺹ ﻏﺭﺒﹰﺎ ﻟﻴﺒﻠﻎ ﺴﻤﻜﻪ ﺃﻤﺘﺎﺭﹰﺍ ﻗﻠﻴﻠﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺁﺒـﺎﺭ‬
‫ﺼﻔﺎﻭﻱ )‪ (Sf-1‬ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻤﺎﻭﺓ )‪ (Sa-1‬ﺤﺘﻰ ﻴﻨﻌﺩﻡ ﻓﻲ ﺒﺌﺭ ﻏﻠﻴﺼﺎﻥ )‪ .(Gh-1‬ﻴﺒﻠﻎ ﺍﻗﺼﻰ ﺴﻤﻙ ﺍﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ‬
‫ﺸﻤﺎل ﺤﻘل ﻤﺠﻨﻭﻥ ﺤﻭﺍﻟﻲ )‪ (400‬ﻤﺘﺭ ﻭﺴﻤﻜﻪ ﻏﻴﺭ ﻤﺤﺩﺩ ﺸﺭﻗﹰﺎ ﺒﺎﺘﺠﺎﻩ ﺇﻴﺭﺍﻥ‪ .‬ﻭﻴﺒﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻨﻘﻴـﺏ ﺘﻜـﺎﻓﺊ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺠﺎﻨﺒﻴﹰﺎ ﻤﻊ ﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﻭﺴﻴﻊ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺴﻌﻭﺩﻴﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﳌﻘﺪﻣﺔ‬
‫‪9‬‬
‫ﺍﻗﺘﺭﺡ )‪ Powers (1968‬ﺇﻟﻐﺎﺀ ﺘﺴﻤﻴﺔ ﻤﻘﻭﻉ )‪ (Magwa‬ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻜﻭﻴﺕ ﻭﺍﻻﺴﺘﻌﺎﻀـﺔ ﻋﻨﻬـﺎ‬
‫ﺒﺘﻜﺎﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﺭﻤﻴﻠﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ‪.‬‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ ﻋﻥ ﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﻤﻘﻭﻉ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻜﻭﻴﺕ ﺘﻤﻜﻥ ﻜل ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻨﺠﺎﺭ ﻭﺍﻟﺭﻓﺎﻋﻲ )‪ (1972‬ﻤـﻥ ﻓـﺼل‬
‫ﺴﺤﻨﺎﺘﻪ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺠﺯﺀ ﻋﻠﻭﻱ ﻴﻜﺎﻓﺊ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﻭﺠﺯﺀ ﺴﻔﻠﻲ ﻴﻜﺎﻓﺊ ﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﺭﻤﻴﻠﺔ ﺒﺎﻻﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻤﺤﺘﻭﺍﻫـﺎ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤﻴﺎﺘﻲ ﻭﺒﺎﻻﺴﺘﻌﺎﻨﺔ ﺒﺎﻟﺴﺤﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻬﺭﻴﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﺠﺩ )‪ Gaddo (1971‬ﻭ )‪ Brun (1970‬ﺨﻤﺱ ﺒﻴﺌﺎﺕ ﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﺘﺤﺘﻭﻱ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺤﻴـﺩ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺭﻱ ﻟﻠﺭﻭﺩﺴﺕ ﻭﻫﻲ ﻤﺘﺩﺍﺨﻠﺔ ﻤﻊ ﻁﺒﻘﺎﺕ ﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﻴﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺸﺎﻁﺌﻴﺔ )‪ (Lagoon facies‬ﻭﺍﻟﺴﺤﻨﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻁﺤﻠﺒﻴﺔ ﻭﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺭﺴﺒﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻪ ﺤﻭﻀﻴﺔ ﻭﻜﺫﻟﻙ ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﺔ ﺍﻟﻘﺩﻴﻤﺔ ﻁﺒﻘﻴﺎﹰ‪.‬‬
‫ﺩﺭﺱ )‪ Al-Khersan (1973‬ﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﻓﻲ ﺠﻨﻭﺏ ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺍﻕ ﻭﺘﻭﺼل ﺇﻟـﻰ ﺃﻥ ﻭﺤـﺩﺓ‬
‫ﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﺴﻴﺔ ﻫﻲ ﺜﺎﻨﻲ ﻭﺤﺩﺓ ﺨﺎﺯﻨﺔ ﻟﻠﻨﻔﻁ ﻤﻥ ﺤﻴﺙ ﺍﻷﻫﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻜﻤﺎ ﻭﺍﺴﺘﻨﺘﺞ ﻭﺠﻭﺩ‬
‫ﺨﻤﺱ ﺒﻴﺌﺎﺕ ﻀﻤﻥ ﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﻤﺘﻤﺜﻠﺔ ﺒﺎﻟﺴﺤﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺩﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺒﺤﺭﻴﺔ ﺍﻟـﺸﺎﻁﺌﻴﺔ ﻭﺴـﺤﻨﺔ ﺃﻁـﺭﺍﻑ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺠﺭﻭﻑ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺭﻴﺔ ﻭﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺘﻭﺡ‪.‬‬
‫ﺒﻴﻥ )‪ Fluoria (1976‬ﺃﻥ ﺴﺤﻨﺎﺕ ﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻜﻔل ﺘﻌﺩ ﺍﺴﺘﻤﺭﺍﺭﹰﺍ ﺒﻴﺌﻴﺎﹰ ﻭﺴﺤﻨﻴﹰﺎ ﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤـﺸﺭﻑ‬
‫ﻭﺒﺎﻻﻤﻜﺎﻥ ﻋﺩﻫﺎ ﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﻨﻬﺎﺌﻴﺔ ﺘﻤﺜل ﺍﻤﺘﺩﺍﺩﹰﺍ ﻤﻜﻤﻨﻴﹰﺎ ﻟﺴﺤﻨﺎﺕ ﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ‪ ،‬ﺘﺭﺴـﺒﺕ ﻓـﻲ ﺃﺤـﻭﺍﺽ‬
‫ﺘﺨﻠﻔﺕ ﻓﻲ ﻨﻬﺎﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺭﺍﺠﻊ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺭﻱ‪.‬‬
‫ﺫﻜﺭ )‪ Al-Siddiki (1978‬ﺍﻟﺴﺤﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺩﻗﻴﻘﺔ ﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﻓﻲ ﺩﺭﺍﺴـﺔ ﺘﺤـﺕ ﺴـﻁﺤﻴﺔ‬
‫ﺠﻴﻭﻟﻭﺠﻴﺔ ﻓﻲ ﻤﻨﻁﻘﺔ ﺠﻨﻭﺏ ﺸﺭﻕ ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺍﻕ ﻭﻗﺩﺭ ﺴﻤﻙ ﺍﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﻁﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﺸﻤﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﻤﻥ ﻤﺠﻨﻭﻥ ﺒﺤﻭﺍﻟﻲ‬
‫)‪ (400‬ﻤﺘﺭﹰﺍ ﻭﻴﻘل ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﻙ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻥ ﻴﺨﺘﻔﻲ ﺘﺩﺭﻴﺠﻴﹰﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﻁﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﻐﺭﺒﻴﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﺎﻭﺓ‪.‬‬
‫ﻼ ﻤـﻥ )‪(Murris, 1980; Harris et al., 1984; and Scott et al., 1988‬‬
‫ﻨﺎﻗﺵ ﻜـ ﹰ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﺘﺎﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻁﺒﺎﻗﻲ ﻟﻠﻁﺒﺎﺸﻴﺭﻱ ﺍﻷﻭﺴﻁ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻭﺯﻴﻊ ﺍﻟﺠﻐﺭﺍﻓﻲ ﻟﻠﺴﺤﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺨﻠﻴﺞ ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻲ‪.‬‬
‫ﻤﻴﺯ ﺒﻠﻌﺭﺒﻲ )‪ (1982‬ﺴﺕ ﺴﺤﻨﺎﺕ ﺭﺴﻭﺒﻴﺔ ﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺼﺨﻭﺭ ﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﺠﻨﻭﺏ ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺍﻕ‬
‫ﻭﻫﻲ ﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﻴﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺸﺎﻁﺌﻴﺔ ﻭﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﻴﺩ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺭﻱ ﻟﻠﺭﻭﺩﺴﺕ ﻭﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺭﺴﺒﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺤﻭﻀﻴﺔ ﺍﻟـﻀﺤﻠﺔ‬
‫ﻭﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺭﺴﺒﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺤﻭﻀﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻴﻘﺔ ﻭﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﻴﺩ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺭﻱ ﻟﻠﻤﺭﺠﺎﻥ ﻭﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﺘﺭﺴﺒﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﻴﺎﻩ ﺍﻟﻌﺫﺒﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﳌﻘﺪﻣﺔ‬
‫‪10‬‬
‫ﺍﺠﺭﻯ ﺍﻟﻨﻘﻴﺏ ﻭﺁﺨﺭﻭﻥ )‪ (1983‬ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ ﺇﻗﻠﻴﻤﻴﺔ ﺘﻔﺼﻴﻠﻴﺔ ﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ‪ ،‬ﻓﻘﺩ ﺩﺭﺴﻭﺍ ﻤﻭﺍﺼﻔﺎﺘﻪ‬
‫ﻼ ﻋـﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺒﺘﺭﻭﻓﻴﺯﻴﺎﺌﻴﺔ ﻭﺨﻭﺍﺹ ﻭﺴﻠﻭﻙ ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺍﺌﻊ ﻭﻤﻌﺭﻓﺔ ﺍﻟﻀﻐﻭﻁ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻤﻨﻴﺔ ﻭﻅﺭﻭﻑ ﺍﻟﺘﺭﺴﻴﺏ ﻓـﻀ ﹰ‬
‫ﺍﺤﺘﺴﺎﺏ ﺍﻻﺤﺘﻴﺎﻁﻲ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁﻲ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺒل ﻟﻼﺴﺘﺨﺭﺍﺝ‪.‬‬
‫ﺩﺭﺱ )‪ Jordan et al.(1982‬ﻭ )‪ Videtich et al.(1982‬ﺘﻜﻭﻴﻨﻲ ﺍﻟﺨﻁﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺤﻘل ﻓﺎﺘﺢ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻹﻤﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻴﺔ ﻭﺒﻴﻨﺕ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻨﻴﻥ ﻴﻜﺎﻓﺌﺎﻥ ﺯﻤﻨﻴﹰﺎ ﻭﺼـﺨﺎﺭﻴﹰﺎ ﺘﻜـﻭﻴﻨﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﻭﺍﻟﺭﻤﻴﻠﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻗﺎﻡ ﻜل ﻤﻥ )‪(Newell and Hennington,1983;Burchette and Britton, 1985‬‬
‫ﺒﺎﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺭﺴﻭﺒﻴﺔ ﻭﺸﺒﻪ ﺍﻹﻗﻠﻴﻤﻴﺔ ﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﺒﺎﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ ﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ ﺍﻵﺒﺎﺭ ﺍﻻﺴﺘﻜﺸﺎﻓﻴﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺠﻨﻭﺏ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺨﻠﻴﺞ ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻲ ﻭﺸﻤﺎل ﺍﻟﺴﻌﻭﺩﻴﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﺩﺭﺱ )‪ Harris and Forst (1985‬ﺍﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺴﺤﻨﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻁﺒﺎﻗﻴﺔ ﻓـﻲ ﺍﻟﺨﻠـﻴﺞ‬
‫ﻋﻤـﺎﻥ ﻤـﻥ ﻗﺒـل )‪ Sharief et al. (1989‬ﻭﻓـﻲ ﺍﻟـﺴﻌﻭﺩﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻴـﺔ ﻤـﻥ ﻗﺒـل‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻲ ﻭﻓﻲ ُ‬
‫)‪ Reulet (1982‬ﻭﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺍﻕ ﻤﻥ ﻗﺒل )‪.Al-Kersan (1975‬‬
‫ﺃﻋﻁﻰ )‪ Al-Nuaimy (1990‬ﻓﻲ ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ ﻟﻠﺒﻴﺌﺔ ﺍﻟﻘﺩﻴﻤﺔ ﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﻋﻤﺭ )ﺍﻟﺴﻴﻨﻭﻤﺎﻨﻲ‪-‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﻭﺭﻨﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﺒﻜﺭ( ﻟﻠﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ‪.‬‬
‫ﻋﻤل )‪ Al-Sharhan and Naim (1993‬ﻨﻤﻭﺫﺠﹰﺎ ﻟﺘﺭﺴﺒﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﺼﺭ ﺍﻟﻁﺒﺎﺸﻴﺭﻱ ﻓﻲ ﻤﻜﺎﻤﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺨﻠﻴﺞ ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻲ ﻓﻲ ﺤﻘﻭل ﻓﺎﺘﺢ ﻭﺒﻭﺤـﺴﻪ ﻭﻓﻬـﻭﺩ )‪ (Fatech, Buhasal and Fahud‬ﻭﺒﻴﻨـﻭﺍ‬
‫ﺍﺭﺘﺒﺎﻁﻬﺎ ﺒﺘﺭﺴﺒﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﺭﻭﺩﺴﺘﻴﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻋﻤـﺎﻥ‬
‫ﻭﺼﻑ )‪ Burchette (1993‬ﺴﺤﻨﺎﺕ ﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﻓﻲ ﺠﻨﻭﺏ ﺍﻟﺨﻠﻴﺞ ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻲ ﻓﻲ ُ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻹﻤﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﻭﺸﻤﺎل ﺍﻟﺴﻌﻭﺩﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﺇﺫ ﻗﺴﻡ ﺍﻟﺴﺤﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺭﺴﻭﺒﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺴﺕ ﺴﺤﻨﺎﺕ ﺼـﺨﺎﺭﻴﺔ‬
‫ﻫﻲ ‪ c‬ﺍﻟﺤﻭﻀﻴﺔ ‪ d Basin‬ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺤﺩﺭﺓ ‪ e Slope‬ﺍﻟـﺴﺎﺤﻠﻴﺔ ‪ f Shoal‬ﺍﻟـﺴﺤﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺭﻭﺩﺴـﺘﻴﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤﻴﺎﺘﻴﺔ ﻭﺨﻠﻑ ﺍﻟﺤﻴﺩ ‪ g Rudist Biostrme and Patch Reef‬ﺨﻠﻑ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺤﻠﻴﺔ ‪Back Shoal‬‬
‫‪ h‬ﺍﻟﻼﻏﻭﻨﻴﺔ ‪.Lagoon‬‬
‫ﺘﻨﺎﻭﻟﺕ ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ ﺍﻟﺫﺭﺏ )‪ ( 1996‬ﺍﻟﻁﺒﺎﻗﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﻴﺎﺘﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺴﺤﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺩﻗﻴﻘﺔ ﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﻓﻲ ﻭﺴﻁ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺍﻕ ﻭﺒﻴﻨﺕ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺘﺭﺴﺏ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺸﺭﻴﻁ ﺍﻟﺭﺴﻭﺒﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻤﺭﻜﺯ ﻤﺎ ﺒﻴﻥ ﻤﻨﻁﻘﺔ ﺍﻟـﺴﺒﺨﺔ‬
‫ﻭﻤﻨﻁﻘﺔ ﺒﻴﺌﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺼﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺯﻭﻟﺔ ﻭﺒﻴﺌﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺼﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺘﻭﺤﺔ )ﺍﻟﻼﻏﻭﻥ( ﻭﺒﻴﺌﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺎﻀﺎﺕ ﻭﺤﺎﻓﺔ ﺍﻟﺭﺼﻴﻑ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﳌﻘﺪﻣﺔ‬
‫‪11‬‬
‫ﺒﻴﻨﺕ ﻨﺠﻡ )‪ (1997‬ﺘﻨﺎﻗﺹ ﺴﻤﺎﻜﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﻨﺘﻴﺠﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺭﻜﺎﺕ ﺍﻷﺭﻀﻴﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻻﻟﺒـﻴﻥ )‪(Albain‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺃﻅﻬﺭﺕ ﺘﺭﻗﻘﹰﺎ ﻓﻲ ﻤﺤﻭﺭ ﺍﻟﺘﺭﻜﻴﺏ ﻭﺯﻴﺎﺩﺓ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﻙ‪.‬‬
‫ﺩﺭﺱ ﺸﻴﺭﻭﺍﻨﻲ )‪ (1998‬ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻤﻴﻠﻲ )‪ (2001‬ﺍﻟﺴﺤﻨﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺭﺴﻴﺒﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺘﺎﺒﻌـﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻁﺒﺎﻗﻴـﺔ‬
‫ﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﻓﻲ ﻭﺴﻁ ﻭﺠﻨﻭﺏ ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺍﻕ ‪ ،‬ﻭﻗﺩ ﻗﺴﻡ ﺍﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺤﺴﺏ ﺍﻟﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﺔ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺴﺤﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤﻭﻀﻴﺔ ﻭﺒﻴﺌﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺘﻭﺡ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻋﺩ ﺭﺍﺯﻭﻴﺎﻥ )‪ (2002‬ﻨﻅﺎﻤﹰﺎ ﺘﺼﻨﻴﻔﻴﹰﺎ ﺨﺎﺼﹰﺎ ﺒﻤﻌﻤﺎﺭﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺴﺤﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺩﻗﻴﻘﺔ ﻟﻠﺼﺨﻭﺭ ﺍﻟﻜﺎﺭﺒﻭﻨﺎﻴﺘﻴﺔ‬
‫ﺍﺸﺘﻤل ﻋﻠﻰ )‪ (17‬ﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﺭﺴﻭﺒﻴﺔ ﻭﺘﺤﻭﻴﺭﻴﺔ ﻤﻊ ﺜﻼﺙ ﻤﺠﺎﻤﻴﻊ ﻻﺩﺍﺌﻴـﺔ ﺍﻟـﺴﺤﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻤﻨﻴـﺔ ﺘﺤـﺕ‬
‫)‪ (Arch. I, II and III‬ﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﻓﻲ ﺤﻘﻠﻲ ﺍﻟﺭﻤﻴﻠﺔ ﺍﻟﺸﻤﺎﻟﻲ ﻭﻏﺭﺏ ﺍﻟﻘﺭﻨﺔ‪.‬‬
‫‪8-1‬‬
‫ﻃﺮﺍﺋﻖ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ ‪Methodology‬‬
‫ﺒﻐﻴﺔ ﺘﺤﻘﻴﻕ ﺃﻫﺩﺍﻑ ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ ﺸﻤﻠﺕ ﻁﺭﺍﺌﻕ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺙ ﻤﺎ ﻴﺄﺘﻲ‪:‬‬
‫‪ .1‬ﺍﻟﻭﺼﻑ ﺍﻟﺼﺨﺎﺭﻱ ﻟﻠﺒﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻭﻓﺭﺓ ﻵﺒﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺨﻼل ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺎﻫﺩﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﻴﻨﻴﺔ‪.‬‬
‫‪ .2‬ﻋﻤل ﺍﻟﺸﺭﺍﺌﺢ ﺍﻟﺭﻗﻴﻘﺔ ﻭﻓﺤﺼﻬﺎ ﺘﺤﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻬﺭ ﻓﻘﺩ ﺘﻡ ﻓﺤﺹ )‪ (57‬ﺸـﺭﻴﺤﺔ‪ ،‬ﺃﻋُـﺩﺕ‬
‫ﻻﻏﺭﺍﺽ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ ﻓﻲ ﻤﺨﺘﺒﺭﺍﺕ ﻤﺭﻜﺯ ﻋﻠﻭﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺎﺭ‪ /‬ﺠﺎﻤﻌﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﺼﺭﺓ ‪ ،‬ﺇﻀﺎﻓﺔ ﺇﻟﻰ‬
‫)‪ (37‬ﺸﺭﻴﺤﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺸﺭﻜﺔ ﻨﻔﻁ ﺍﻟﺠﻨﻭﺏ‪ ،‬ﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻭﻴﺭﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺭﺴﻴﺒﻴﺔ‪.‬‬
‫‪ .3‬ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺴﺎﺕ ﻓﻲ ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ ﺍﻟﺨﻭﺍﺹ ﺍﻟﺒﺘﺭﻭﻓﻴﺯﻴﺎﺌﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺸﻤﻠﺕ‪) :‬ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺩﻤﺕ ﻁﺭﻴﻘﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻁﻴﻊ ﺍﻟﻴﺩﻭﻱ ﻟﻠﺤﺼﻭل ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻘﺭﺍﺀﺍﺕ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺴﺎﺕ(‪.‬‬
‫•‬
‫ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ ﻤﺠﺱ ﺃﺸﻌﺔ ﻜﺎﻤﺎ )‪ (GR‬ﻭﻤﺠﺱ ﺍﻟﺠﻬﺩ ﺍﻟﺫﺍﺘﻲ )‪ (SP‬ﻭﻤﺠﺴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﻭﻤﻴـﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻜﻬﺭﺒﺎﺌﻴﺔ ﻭﻤﺠﺱ )‪ (MSF‬ﻭﻤﺠﺱ ﺍﻟﺤﺙ )‪ (ILL‬ﻭﺍﻟﺘـﻲ ﺤـﺴﺏ ﻤـﻥ ﺨﻼﻟﻬﻤـﺎ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻌﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺌﻲ ﻭﺍﻟﻬﻴﺩﺭﻭﻜﺎﺭﺒﻭﻨﻲ ﺒﺎﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ ﻤﻌﺎﺩﻟﺔ ﺍﺭﺠﻲ )‪.(Archie equation‬‬
‫•‬
‫ﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺩﻨﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺼﺨﺎﺭﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻼﻁ ﺍﻟﺼﺨﺭﻱ ﻤﻥ ﺨﻼل ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ ﻤﺭﺘﺴﻤﺎﺕ ﺘﺤﺩﻴـﺩ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺩﻨﻴﺔ )‪ (M-N plot‬ﻭﻤﺭﺘﺴﻤﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺼﺨﺎﺭﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺩﺓ ﻤﻥ ﻗﺒل ﺸﺭﻜﺔ ﺸﻠﻤﺒﺭﺠﺭ‪.‬‬
‫•‬
‫ﺤﺴﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻭﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺅﺜﺭﺓ )ﺍﻟﻔﻌﺎﻟﺔ( ﻤﻥ ﺨﻼل ﻤﺠﺴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻨﻴﺘـﺭﻭﻥ ﻭﺍﻟﻜﺜﺎﻓـﺔ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺠﺱ ﺍﻟﺼﻭﺘﻲ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﳌﻘﺪﻣﺔ‬
‫‪12‬‬
‫‪ .4‬ﺘﻘﻴﻴﻡ ﺍﺩﺍﺌﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺴﺤﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻤﻨﻴﺔ ﺒﺎﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ ﻨﺘﺎﺌﺞ ﻓﺤﻭﺼﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻀﻐﻁ ﺍﻟﺸﻌﻴﺭﻱ ﺍﻟﻤﺘـﻭﺍﻓﺭﺓ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻨﺠﺯﺓ ﻓﻲ ﺸﺭﻜﺔ ﻨﻔﻁ ﺍﻟﺠﻨﻭﺏ ﺃﺫ ﺤﺴﺒﺕ ﺨﻼﻟﻬﺎ ‪:‬‬
‫•‬
‫ﺩﺭﺠﺔ ﺘﺠﺎﻨﺱ ﺃﻋﻨﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﺎﺕ )‪.(Pore Throat Sorting P.T.S‬‬
‫•‬
‫ﻀﻐﻁ ﺍﻹﺯﺍﺤﺔ ))‪.(Displacement Pressure (Pd‬‬
‫•‬
‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺠﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻤﻨﻴﺔ ))‪.(Reservoir Grade (R.G‬‬
‫•‬
‫ﺍﺭﺘﻔﺎﻉ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻭﺩ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁﻲ ))‪ (Height of oil column(h‬ﺍﻟﻭﺍﺠـﺏ ﺘـﻭﻓﺭﻩ ﻋﻨـﺩ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻌﻴﻥ ‪ %25‬ﻭ ‪.%75‬‬
‫•‬
‫ﺤﺴﺎﺏ ﻨﺴﺒﺔ ﺃﻨﺼﺎﻑ ﺃﻗﻁﺎﺭ ﺃﻋﻨﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺌﺩﺓ ‪(Dominant pore throat‬‬
‫))‪.radius (r‬‬
‫•‬
‫ﺤﺴﺎﺏ )‪.(r-35‬‬
‫‪ .5‬ﺍﺤﺘﺴﺎﺏ ﺍﺤﺘﻴﺎﻁﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺯﻭﻥ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁﻲ ﺒﺎﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ ﺍﻟﻁﺭﻴﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺠﻤﻴﺔ ﺇﺫ ﺘﻡ ﺤﺴﺎﺏ‪:‬‬
‫• ﺤﺠﻡ ﺍﻟﺼﺨﻭﺭ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻭﻴﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁ‪.‬‬
‫• ﺤﺴﺎﺏ ﻨﺴﺒﺔ ﺴﻤﻙ ﺍﻟﻌﻁﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﺼﺎﻓﻲ‪/‬ﺍﻟﺴﻤﻙ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻲ‪.‬‬
‫• ﺤﺴﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺌﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺯﻭﻥ‪.‬‬
‫• ﺤﺴﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺯﻭﻨﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻧﻲ‬
‫ﺩﺭﺍﺳﺔ ﺍﳋﻮﺍﺹ ﺍﳌﻜﻤﻨﻴﺔ ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺍجملﺴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺒﺌﺮﻳﺔ‬
‫‪Study of reservoir properties using well logs‬‬
‫‪1-2‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﻤﻬﻴﺪ ‪Preface‬‬
‫ﺘﻌﺩ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺒﺌﺭﻴﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻷﺩﻭﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺸﺎﺌﻌﺔ ﺍﻻﺴـﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ ﻭﺫﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻁﻴـﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻁﺒﻴﻘـﺎﺕ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻭﺍﺴﻌﺔ ﻓﻲ ﻤﺨﺘﻠﻑ ﺍﻵﺒﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﺒﻁﻨﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻔﺘﻭﺤﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ ﺍﻟﺨﻭﺍﺹ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻤﻨﻴﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺒﺘﺭﻭﻓﻴﺯﻴﺎﺌﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺼﺨﻭﺭ‬
‫)ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﻔﺎﺫﻴﺔ( ﻭﺨﻭﺍﺹ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻬﻴﺩﺭﻭﻜﺎﺭﺒﻭﻨﻲ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻌﺩﻨﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺼﺨﺎﺭﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻼﻁ ﻭﺘﻭﺯﻴﻊ ﺍﻟﺴﺠﻴل‬
‫ﻓﻀﻼ ﻋﻥ ﺍﻷﻫﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻭﺍﺴﻌﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺤﺴﺎﺏ ﺍﻻﺤﺘﻴﺎﻁﻲ ﺍﻟﻬﻴﺩﺭﻭﻜﺎﺭﺒﻭﻨﻲ ﻭﺍﻟﺤﺩ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻁﻊ ﻹﻨﺘﺎﺝ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺀ ﻭﺘﺤﺩﻴـﺩ‬
‫ﺍﻻﻨﻁﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﻔﻭﻕ ﻀﻐﻁﻴﺔ ﻭﺤﺴﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﻔﻀﺎﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁﻴﺔ‪ .‬ﻜﺫﻟﻙ ﻴﻤﻜﻥ ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺠـﺴﺎﺕ ﻟﻌـﺩﺓ‬
‫ﺁﺒﺎﺭ ﻟﻭﺼﻑ ﺍﻷﻤﺎﻜﻥ ﺍﻟﺘﺭﻜﻴﺒﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻁﺒﺎﻗﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻼﻗﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺴﺤﻨﻴﺔ ﻟﺒﻴﺌﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺭﺴﻴﺏ ﻭﻫﻨﺩﺴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺎﻤﻥ‪ ،‬ﻓﻀﻼ‬
‫ﻋﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﻀﺎﻫﺎﺓ ﺒﻴﻥ ﺍﻵﺒﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ ﻭﺭﺴﻡ ﺍﻟﺨﺭﺍﺌﻁ ﺍﻟﺘﺭﻜﻴﺒﻴﺔ ﻭﺘﺴﺎﻭﻱ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﺎﻜﺔ ﻟﻠﻭﺤﺩﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻤﻨﻴـﺔ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤﻘل ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁﻲ ﺘﺤﺕ ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺩﻤﺕ ﻓﻲ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺒﺌﺭﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺨﺎﺼﺔ ﺒﺎﻵﺒﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺘﻭﺤﺔ‪،‬‬
‫ﺒﻐﻴﺔ ﺤﺴﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺼﺨﺎﺭﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻌﺩﻨﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻼﻁ ﺍﻟﺼﺨﺭﻱ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻤـﺎﺌﻲ ﻭﺍﻟﻬﻴـﺩﺭﻭﻜﺎﺭﺒﻭﻨﻲ‬
‫ﻭﺤﺴﺎﺏ ﺤﺠﻡ ﺍﻟﺴﺠﻴل ﻟﻠﻭﺤﺩﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻤﻨﻴﺔ ﻟﺼﺨﻭﺭ ﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﻓﻲ ﺁﺒﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺤﻘـل‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺼﺭﻴﺔ‪.‬‬
‫‪2-2‬‬
‫ﺍﳌﺒﺎﺩﺉ ﺍﻷﺳﺎﺳﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﻤﺠﺴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺒﺌﺮﻳﺔ ﺍﳌﺴﺘﺨﺪﻣﺔ‬
‫‪Basic Principles of used well logs‬‬
‫ﻗﺒل ﺍﻟﺤﺩﻴﺙ ﻋﻥ ﺍﻟﺘﻁﺒﻴﻘﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ ﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻑ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺴﺎﺕ ﻻ ﺒﺩ ﻤﻥ ﺍﺴﺘﻌﺭﺍﺽ ﻤﺨﺘﺼﺭ ﻟﻠﻤﺒـﺎﺩﺉ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﺴﻴﺔ ﻟﻜل ﻨﻭﻉ ﻤﻥ ﺃﻨﻭﺍﻉ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﺨﺩﻤﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩﹰﺍ‪.‬‬
‫‪<íè†òfÖ]<l^Š]<Ý]‚~j‰^e<íéßÛÓ¹]<”]ç¤]<í‰]…‬‬
‫‪1-2-2‬‬
‫‪14‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻜﻬﺭﺒﺎﺌﻴﺔ ‪Electrical Logs‬‬
‫ﻭﺘﺸﻤل ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻷﻨﻭﺍﻉ ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ ﺫﺍﺕ ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻤﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻨﻭﻋﺔ‪ .‬ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺩﻤﺕ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﻜل ﻤﻥ‪:‬‬
‫ﺍﻭﻻ‪ :‬ﻤﺠﺱ ﺍﻟﺠﻬﺩ ﺍﻟﺫﺍﺘﻲ ‪Self-Potential log‬‬
‫ﻴﺤﺩﺙ ﺍﻟﺠﻬﺩ ﺍﻟﻁﺒﻴﻌﻲ ﺘﻠﻘﺎﺌﻴﹰﺎ ﺒﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﺼﺨﻭﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻤﻨﻴﺔ ﻭﺴﻭﺍﺌل ﺍﻟﺤﻔﺭ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺘﻤﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺍﻏﺎﺕ‬
‫ﻭﻴﺴﻤﻰ ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﺠﻬﺩ ﻋﺎﺩﺓ ﺒﺎﻟﺠﻬﺩ ﺍﻟﺫﺍﺘﻲ )‪ .(Bigelow, 2002‬ﻭﻴﺴﺠل ﻤﺠﺱ ﺍﻟﺠﻬﺩ ﺍﻟﺫﺍﺘﻲ ﻓﺭﻕ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺠﻬﺩ ﺍﻟﻁﺒﻴﻌﻲ ﺒﻴﻥ ﻗﻁﺏ ﻤﺘﺤﺭﻙ ﺩﺍﺨل ﺍﻟﺒﺌﺭ ﻭﻗﻁﺏ ﺜﺎﺒﺕ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺴﻁﺢ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ ﻭﻴﻌﺘﻤـﺩ ﻋﻠـﻰ‬
‫ﻤﻘﺩﺍﺭ ﺍﻻﻴﻭﻨﺎﺕ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﻁﻴﻨﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺘﺘﻜﻭﻥ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺠﻭﺍﻨﺏ ﺍﻟﺤﻔﺭﺓ ﻭﻴﻘﺎﺱ ﺒﻭﺤﺩﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻲ ﻓﻭﻟﺕ‬
‫ﻭﻴﺴﺠل ﻜﻤﻨﺤﻨﻲ ﻗﺒﺎﻟﺔ ﺍﻷﻋﻤﺎﻕ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻷﻋﻠﻰ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻷﺴـﻔل‪ .‬ﻴـﺴﺘﻔﺎﺩ ﻤـﻥ ﻫـﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﻤﺠـﺱ ﻓـﻲ‪:‬‬
‫)‪( Selley,1985; Asquith and Gibson,1982‬‬
‫‪ .1‬ﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ ﺤﺩﻭﺩ ﺍﻟﻁﺒﻘﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺎﺫﺓ‪.‬‬
‫‪ .2‬ﺍﻟﻜﺸﻑ ﻋﻥ ﺍﻟﻭﺤﺩﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺎﺫﺓ‪.‬‬
‫‪ .3‬ﺤﺴﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﻭﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﻭﻋﻴﺔ ﻟﻤﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ )‪(Rw‬‬
‫‪ .4‬ﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ ﻭﺼﻔﻲ ﻟﺤﺠﻡ ﺍﻟﺴﺠﻴل ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻭﺤﺩﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺎﺫﺓ‪.‬‬
‫‪ .5‬ﺍﻟﻤﻀﺎﻫﺎﺓ ﺒﻴﻥ ﺍﻵﺒﺎﺭ‬
‫‪ .6‬ﺍﻟﻜﺸﻑ ﻋﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺎﺌﺩ ﺍﻟﻁﺒﺎﻗﻴﺔ‪.‬‬
‫‪ .7‬ﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ ﺍﻨﻁﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﻀﻐﻭﻁ ﺍﻟﺸﺎﺫﺓ‪.‬‬
‫ﺘﻡ ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ ﻤﺠﺱ ﺍﻟﺠﻬﺩ ﺍﻟﺫﺍﺘﻲ ﻓﻲ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ ﻟﺤﺴﺎﺏ ﻤﻘﺎﻭﻤﻴﺔ ﻤﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﻤﻥ ﺨﻼل‬
‫ﻤﺭﺘﺴﻤﺎﺕ ﺨﺎﺼﺔ ﻤﻌﺘﻤﺩﺓ ﻤﻥ ﻗﺒل ﺸﺭﻜﺔ ﺸﻠﻤﺒﺭﺠﺭ‪ .‬ﻭﻗﺩ ﺘﻡ ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻤﻪ ﺍﻴﻀﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺘﺤﺩﻴـﺩ ﺤـﺩﻭﺩ‬
‫ﻼ ﻋﻥ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻀﺎﻫﺎﺓ ﺒﻴﻥ ﺁﺒﺎﺭ ﻤﻨﻁﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ ﻤﻊ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺒﺎﻟﺘﺭﺍﻓﻕ ﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺴﺎﺕ ﺍﻷﺨﺭﻯ ﻓﻀ ﹰ‬
‫ﻤﺠﺱ ﺃﺸﻌﺔ ﻜﺎﻤﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﺜﺎﻨﻴ ﹰﺎ‪ :‬ﻤﺠﺴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﻭﻤﻴﺔ ‪Resistivity Logs‬‬
‫ﻫﻨﺎﻟﻙ ﺜﻼﺙ ﻁﺭﺍﺌﻕ ﺭﺌﻴﺴﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻭﻗﺕ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻀﺭ ﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﻭﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﻜﻬﺭﺒﺎﺌﻴـﺔ ﻟﻤﻘـﺎﻁﻊ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻁﺒﻘﺎﺕ ﺘﺤﺕ ﺍﻟﺴﻁﺤﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺘﺸﻤل ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺱ ﺍﻻﻋﺘﻴـﺎﺩﻱ )‪ (Normal log‬ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺠـﺱ ﺍﻟﺠـﺎﻨﺒﻲ‬
‫)‪ (Latero log‬ﻭﻤﺠﺱ ﺍﻟﺤﺙ )‪ .(Induction log‬ﻭﻴُﺨﻠﻕ ﻓﻲ ﻤﺠﺱ ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﻭﻤﺔ ﺍﻻﻋﺘﻴﺎﺩﻱ ﺍﻭ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻠﻴﺩﻱ ﻓﺭﻕ ﺠﻬﺩ ﻜﻬﺭﺒﺎﺌﻲ ﺒﻴﻥ ﻗﻁﺏ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺁﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﺠﺱ )‪ (sonde‬ﻭﻗﻁﺏ ﻋﻨﺩ ﺍﻟﺴﻁﺢ‪ .‬ﻴﺴﺘﻌﻤل‬
‫‪<íè†òfÖ]<l^Š]<Ý]‚~j‰^e<íéßÛÓ¹]<”]ç¤]<í‰]…‬‬
‫‪15‬‬
‫ﺯﻭﺝ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻷﻗﻁﺎﺏ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺱ ﻟﻘﻴﺎﺱ ﺍﻟﺘﻐﻴﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﺼﻠﺔ ﻓﻲ ﻤﻘﺎﻭﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻜـﻭﻴﻥ ﺇﺜﻨـﺎﺀ ﺭﻓـﻊ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺱ ﺍﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﺴﻁﺢ‪ .‬ﻭﻤﺜﻠﻤﺎ ﻫﻭ ﺍﻟﺤﺎل ﻤﻊ ﻤﺠﺴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﻭﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻠﻴﺩﻱ ﻴﻤﻜﻥ ﺍﺴـﺘﻌﻤﺎل ﺃﻨـﻭﺍﻉ‬
‫ﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ ﻤﻥ )‪ (Laterolog‬ﻟﻘﻴﺎﺱ ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﻭﻤﻴﺔ ﻋﻨﺩ ﻤﺴﺎﻓﺎﺕ ﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺘﺠﺎﻭﻴﻑ ﺍﻟﺒﺌﺭ‪ .‬ﻭﻴﺘﻡ ﺍﻨﺠﺎﺯ‬
‫ﻤﺜل ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﺱ ﺒﺘﻐﻴﻴﺭ ﻫﻨﺩﺴﻴﺔ ﺍﻷﻗﻁﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﻠﻁﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻗﺩﺭ ﺘﻌﻠﻕ ﺍﻻﻤﺭ ﺒﺎﻷﻁﻴﺎﻥ ﺫﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻋﺩﺓ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﻌﺫﺏ ﺍﻭ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺘﺘﻤﻴﺯ ﺒﻤﻘﺎﻭﻤﻴﺔ ﻋﺎﻟﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻴﺴﺘﻌﻤل ﻨﻭﻉ ﺜﺎﻟﺙ ﻤﻥ ﺃﺠﻬﺯﺓ ﺍﻟﻘﻴـﺎﺱ ﻫـﻭ‬
‫ﻤﺠﺱ ﺍﻟﺤﺙ ﻴﻭﻀﻊ ﻓﻴﻪ ﻤﻠﻔﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺴل )‪ (transmitter‬ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻠﻡ )‪ (receiver‬ﻋﻨﺩ ﻨﻬـﺎﻴﺘﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺱ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴﺴﺘﻌﻤﻼﻥ ﻟﺒﺙ ﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﻤﺘﺒﺎﺩل ﺫﻱ ﺘﺭﺩﺩ ﻋﺎﻟﻲ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴﺨﻠﻕ ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﺤﻘﻼ ﻤﻐﻨﺎﻁﻴﺴﻴﺎ ﻴﻭﻟـﺩ‬
‫ﺘﻴﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺘﺘﺫﺒﺫﺏ ﺍﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩﺍ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻤﻘﺎﻭﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻜـﻭﻴﻥ ﻭﺘﻘـﺎﺱ ﻋﻨـﺩ ﺍﻟﻤﻠـﻑ ﺍﻟﻤـﺴﺘﻠﻡ‬
‫)‪.(Selley, 1998‬‬
‫ﻴﺴﺘﻔﺎﺩ ﻤﻥ ﻤﺠﺴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﻭﻤﻴﺔ ﻟﻐﺭﺽ‪:‬‬
‫‪ .1‬ﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ ﺍﻷﻨﻁﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻤﻠﺔ ﻟﻠﻬﻴﺩﺭﻭﻜﺎﺭﺒﻭﻨﺎﺕ ﺇﺫ ﺘﺘﻐﺎﻴﺭ ﻤﻘﺎﻭﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺘﻐـﺎﻴﺭﺍ ﻭﺍﺴـﻌﺎ‬
‫ﻓﺎﻟﺼﺨﻭﺭ ﺍﻟﺼﻠﺒﺔ ﺘﺘﻤﻴﺯ ﺒﻤﻘﺎﻭﻤﻴﺔ ﻋﺎﻟﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻜﺫﻟﻙ ﺍﻟﺤﺎل ﻤـﻊ ﺍﻟـﺼﺨﻭﺭ ﺍﻟﻤـﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺒﻌﺔ ﺒﺎﻟﻤﻴﺎﻩ ﺍﻟﻌﺫﺒﺔ ﺍﻭ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁ ﺍﻭ ﺍﻟﻐﺎﺯ‪ .‬ﺍﻤﺎ ﺍﻟﺴﺠﻴل‪ ،‬ﻤﻥ ﺠﺎﻨﺏ ﺍﺨﺭ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻨـﺎﺕ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺒﻌﺔ ﺒﺎﻟﻤﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﻟﺢ ﻓﺈﻨﻬﺎ ﺘﺘﻤﻴﺯ ﺒﻤﻘﺎﻭﻤﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻁﺌﺔ )ﺘﻭﺼﻴﻠﻴﺔ ﻋﺎﻟﻴﺔ(‪.‬‬
‫‪ .2‬ﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ ﺘﻤﺎﺱ ﻤﺎﺀ – ﻨﻔﻁ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻀﺎﻫﺎﺓ‪.‬‬
‫‪ .3‬ﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ ﺍﻷﻨﻁﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺎﺫﺓ ﻭﺘﻘﻴﻴﻡ ﺍﻟﻭﺤﺩﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻤﻨﻴﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻴﻭﺠﺩ ﻨﻭﻋﺎﻥ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺴﺎﺕ ﻟﻘﻴﺎﺱ ﻤﻘﺎﻭﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ‪:‬‬
‫ﺃ‪ .‬ﻤﺠﺱ ﺍﻟﺤﺙ ‪ :Induction log‬ﻴﻘﻴﺱ ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺱ ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﻭﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﻭﻋﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﻘﻴﻘﻴﺔ‬
‫)‪ (Rt‬ﻟﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ ﺍﻟﺼﺨﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺒﻌﺔ ﺠﺯﺌﻴﺎ ﺒﺎﻟﻤﺎﺀ‪ .‬ﺘﻌﺘﻤﺩ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﻭﻤﻴﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺤﺠـﻡ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﻤﻠﻭﺀﺓ ﺍﻭ ﻤﻘﺩﺍﺭ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺒﺎﻟﻤﺎﺀ ﻭﺘﻌﺘﻤـﺩ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﻨـﻭﻉ ﺍﻟﻨﻤـﻭﺫﺝ ﺍﻭ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼﺨﺭﺓ " ﺍﻟﺘﺭﻜﻴﺏ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺩﻨﻲ‪ ،‬ﻨﻭﻉ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺘﺴﻤﻴﺕ ﻭﻏﻴﺭﻫﺎ ﻤـﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﻭﺍﻤـل"‬
‫)ﺍﻓﻴﺩﻴﺴﻴﺎﻥ‪ .(1988 ،‬ﺘﻤﺜل )‪ (Rt‬ﻤﻘﺎﻭﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﻁﺎﻕ ﻏﻴﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺘل‪ .‬ﻓﻔـﻲ ﺍﻷﻨﻁﻘـﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻤﻠﺔ ﻟﻠﻤﺎﺀ ﻴﻘﺭﺃ ﻤﺠﺱ ﺍﻟﺤﺙ ﻗﻴﻡ ﻭﺍﻁﺌﺔ ﻟـ)‪ (Rt‬ﻻﻥ ﻤﻘﺎﻭﻤﻴﺔ ﻤـﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﺘﻜـﻭﻴﻥ‬
‫)‪ (Rw‬ﻤﻘﺎﺭﺒﺔ ﻟﻤﻘﺎﻭﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺭﺍﺸﺢ ﺍﻟﻁﻴﻨﻲ )‪ .(Rmf‬ﺃﻤـﺎ ﻓـﻲ ﺍﻻﻨﻁﻘـﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻤﻠـﺔ‬
‫ﻟﻠﻬﻴﺩﺭﻭﻜﺎﺭﺒﻭﻨﺎﺕ ﻓﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺱ ﻴﻘﺭﺍ ﻗﻴﻤﹰﺎ ﻋﺎﻟﻴـﺔ ﻻﻥ ﺍﻟﻬﻴـﺩﺭﻭﻜﺎﺭﺒﻭﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻜﺜـﺭ‬
‫‪<íè†òfÖ]<l^Š]<Ý]‚~j‰^e<íéßÛÓ¹]<”]ç¤]<í‰]…‬‬
‫‪16‬‬
‫ﻤﻘﺎﻭﻤﻴﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﻟﺢ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ )‪.(Doventa and Prensky, 1992‬‬
‫ﻴﺴﺘﻔﺎﺩ ﻤﻥ ﻗﻴﻤﺔ ﺍﻟـ )‪ (Rt‬ﻓﻲ ﺤﺴﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺌﻲ ﻭﺍﻟﻬﺎﻴـﺩﺭﻭﻜﺎﺭﺒﻭﻨﻲ ﺤﻴـﺙ‬
‫ﺘﺩﺨل ﻓﻲ ﺤﺴﺎﺒﻬﺎ )ﺤﺴﺏ ﻤﻌﺎﺩﻟﺔ ﺍﺭﺠﻲ ( ﻭﻗﺩ ﺍﺴﺘﻔﻴﺩ ﻤﻨﻬﺎ ﻓﻲ ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺤﺴﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺌﻲ ﻭﺍﻟﺤﺩﻭﺩ ﺍﻟﻁﺒﻘﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ‪.‬‬
‫ﺏ‪ .‬ﻤﺠﺱ ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﻭﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻀﺤﻠﺔ ‪ :Short normal log‬ﻴﻘﻴﺱ ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺱ ﻤﻘﺎﻭﻤﻴﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﻁﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﻤﻐﺴﻭل )‪ .(Rxo‬ﻓﻔﻲ ﺍﻻﻨﻁﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻤﻠﺔ ﻟﻠﻬﻴﺩﺭﻭﻜﺎﺭﺒﻭﻨﺎﺕ ﺘﻜﻭﻥ ﻗـﺭﺍﺀﺓ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺱ ﺍﻭﻁﺎ ﻤﻥ ﻗﺭﺍﺀﺓ ﻤﺠﺱ ﺍﻟﺤﺙ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻴﻕ ﻭﺫﻟﻙ ﻻﻥ ﺍﻟﻨﻁﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﻤﻐﺴﻭل ﻴﺤﺘﻭﻱ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺭﺍﺸﺢ ﺍﻟﻁﻴﻨﻲ ﻭﻫﻴﺩﺭﻭﻜﺎﺭﺒﻭﻨﺎﺕ ﻓﻀﺎﻟﻴﺔ‪ .‬ﺍﻤﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻨﻁـﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﻤـﺎﺌﻲ ﻓـﺎﻥ‬
‫ﻗﺭﺍﺀﺘﻪ ﻟﻠﻤﻘﺎﻭﻤﻴﺔ ﺘﻜﻭﻥ ﻋﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﻻﻥ ﺍﻟﺭﺍﺸﺢ ﺍﻟﻁﻴﻨﻴﻲ ﺫﻭ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻋﺩﺓ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺌﻴـﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺫﺒـﺔ‬
‫)‪ (Rmf‬ﺘﻜﻭﻥ ﻤﻘﺎﻭﻤﻴﺘﻪ ﻋﺎﻟﻴﺔ )‪ .(Asquith and Gibson, 1982‬ﻴـﺴﺘﻔﺎﺩ‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﻤﺠﺱ ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﻭﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻀﺤﻠﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺤﺴﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺌﻲ ﻟﻠﻨﻁﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﻤﻐـﺴﻭل )‪(Sxo‬‬
‫ﻭﻓﻲ ﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ ﺍﻟﺤﺩﻭﺩ ﺍﻟﻁﺒﺎﻗﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﻭﻜـﺫﻟﻙ ﻓـﻲ ﺤـﺴﺎﺏ ﺘـﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻔـﻀﺎﻟﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻬﻴﺩﺭﻭﻜﺎﺭﺒﻭﻨﻴﺔ ﻏﻴﺭ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺒﻠﺔ ﻟﻠﺤﺭﻜﺔ‪.‬‬
‫‪2-2-2‬‬
‫ﻤﺠﺴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ‪Porosity Logs‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﻫﻲ ﺃﻭﻟﻰ ﺼﻔﺘﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻤﻥ ﺍﻷﺴﺎﺴﻴﺘﻴﻥ )ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﻔﺎﺫﻴﺔ( ﻭﻴﻤﻜﻥ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺒﻴﺭ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ ﺒﻨـﺴﺒﺔ‬
‫ﺤﺠﻡ ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺍﻏﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻰ ﺤﺠﻡ ﺍﻟﺼﺨﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻲ ﻜﻨﺴﺒﺔ ﻤﺌﻭﻴﺔ‪:‬‬
‫‪volume of voids‬‬
‫)‪× 100 ......................................................(2-1‬‬
‫‪total volume of rock‬‬
‫= )‪Porosity (%‬‬
‫ﻭﻴﺭﻤﺯ ﻟﻠﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﻋﺎﺩﺓ ﺒﺎﻟﺤﺭﻑ ﺍﻹﻏﺭﻴﻘﻲ ﻓﺎﻱ ‪ . ( φ )phi‬ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﺎﺕ ﺫﺍﺕ ﺜﻼﺜﺔ ﺃﻨـﻭﺍﻉ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺸﻜﻠﻴﺔ‪ :‬ﻤﻔﺘﻭﺤﺔ ﺍﻟﻁـﺭﻓﻴﻥ )‪ (catenary‬ﻭﻤـﺴﺩﻭﺩﺓ ﺍﻟﻁـﺭﻑ )‪ (cul-de-sac‬ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻐﻠﻘـﺔ‬
‫)‪ .(closed‬ﻭﺘﻌﺭﻑ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺘﻭﺤﺔ ﺍﻟﻁﺭﻓﻴﻥ ﺃﻨﻬﺎ ﺘﻠﻙ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺘﺘـﺼل ﻤـﻊ ﺍﻟﻤـﺴﺎﻤﺎﺕ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺨﺭﻯ ﺒﺄﻜﺜﺭ ﻤﻥ ﻤﻤﺭ ﻋﻨﻘﻲ )‪ ، (throat passage‬ﺍﻤﺎ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺩﻭﺩﺓ ﺍﻟﻁﺭﻑ ﺍﻭ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﺎﺕ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﻴﺘﺔ ﻓﺄﻥ ﻟﻬﺎ ﻤﻤﺭﺍ ﻋﻨﻘﻴﺎ ﻭﺍﺤﺩﺍ ﻴﺭﺒﻁﻬﺎ ﻤﻊ ﻤﺴﺎﻤﺔ ﺃﺨﺭﻯ‪ .‬ﻭﻟﻴﺱ ﻟﻠﻤﺴﺎﻤﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﻐﻠﻘﺔ ﺃﻱ ﺍﺘـﺼﺎل ﻤـﻊ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﺎﺕ ﺍﻷﺨﺭﻯ‪ .‬ﺘﻜﻭﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﺎﺕ ﻤﻔﺘﻭﺤﺔ ﺍﻟﻁﺭﻓﻴﻥ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﺎﺕ ﻤﺴﺩﻭﺩﺓ ﺍﻟﻁﺭﻑ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤـﺅﺜﺭﺓ‬
‫)‪ (effective porosity‬ﺒﻤﻌﻨﻰ ﺍﻨﻪ ﻴﻤﻜﻥ ﻟﻠﻬﻴﺩﺭﻭﻜﺎﺭﺒﻭﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻥ ﺘﺨﺭﺝ ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‪.‬‬
‫‪<íè†òfÖ]<l^Š]<Ý]‚~j‰^e<íéßÛÓ¹]<”]ç¤]<í‰]…‬‬
‫‪17‬‬
‫ﺍﻗﺘﺭﺤﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﺩﻴﺩ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺨﻁﻁﺎﺕ )‪ (schemes‬ﻟﺘـﺼﻨﻴﻑ ﺍﻟﻤـﺴﺎﻤﺎﺕ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﺴـﺒﻴل ﺍﻟﻤﺜـﺎل‬
‫)‪ (Robinson, 1966; Levorson, 1967; Choquette and Pary, 1970‬ﻭﺒﺎﻻﻤﻜـﺎﻥ‬
‫ﺘﻌﺭﻴﻑ ﻨﻭﻋﻴﻥ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﺎﺕ ﺍﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩﺍ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺯﻤﻥ ﺘﺭﺴﻴﺒﻬﺎ )‪ :(Murray, 1960‬ﺍﻟﻤـﺴﺎﻤﺎﺕ ﺍﻷﻭﻟﻴـﺔ‬
‫)‪ (primary porosity‬ﻭﻫﻲ ﺘﻠﻙ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺘﺘﻜﻭﻥ ﻋﻨﺩ ﺘﺭﺴﻴﺏ ﺍﻟﺘﺭﺴﺒﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻭﻴﺔ‬
‫)‪ (secondary pores‬ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺘﻨﺸﺄ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺼﺨﺭﺓ ﺒﻌﺩ ﻤﺭﻭﺭ ﺒﻌﺽ ﺍﻟﻭﻗـﺕ ﻤـﻥ ﺘﺭﺴـﻴﺒﻬﺎ‪ .‬ﻭﺘﻘـﺴﻡ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﺎﺕ ﺍﻷﻭﻟﻴﺔ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻨـﻭﻋﻴﻥ‪ :‬ﺍﻟﻤـﺴﺎﻤﺎﺕ ﺒـﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﺠﺯﻴﺌﻴـﺔ )‪ (interparticle‬ﺍﻭ ﺒـﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﺤﺒﻴﺒـﺔ‬
‫)‪ (intergranular‬ﻭﺍﻟﻤــﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﺩﺍﺨــل ﺍﻟﺠﺯﻴﺌﻴــﺔ )‪ (intraparticle‬ﺍﻭ ﺩﺍﺨــل ﺍﻟﺤﺒﻴﺒــﺎﺕ‬
‫)‪ .(intragranular‬ﻭﺘﻭﺠﺩ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﻨﻴﺔ ﻤﺒﺩﺌﻴﺎ ﻓﻲ ﻜل ﺍﻟﺘﺭﺴﺒﺎﺕ ﻟﻜﻨﻬﺎ ﻏﺎﻟﺒﺎ ﻤﺎ ﺘﻔﻘﺩ ﺒﺴﺭﻋﺔ ﻓﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻷﻁﻴﺎﻥ ﺒﺴﺒﺏ ﺍﻟﺘﺄﺜﻴﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺭﺍﺒﻁ ﻟﻜل ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺭﺹ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺭﺴﻴﺏ‪ .‬ﻭﻴﺤﻔﻅ ﻗﺩﺭ ﻜﺒﻴﺭ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺠـﻭﺩﺓ‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺎﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺭﻤﻠﻴﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺸﻜل ﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﺒﻴﻨﻴﺔ ﺃﻭﻟﻴﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﺘﻭﺠﺩ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺩﺍﺨﻠﻴﺔ ﻋﺎﻤﺔ ﻀـﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺤﺒﻴﺒـﺎﺕ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻬﻴﻜﻠﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﺠﻴﺭﻴﺎﺕ ﻭﺒﺫﻟﻙ ﻓﺈﻨﻬﺎ ﻏﺎﻟﺒﺎ ﻤﺎ ﺘﻜﻭﻥ ﻤﻥ ﻨﻭﻉ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﺎﺕ ﻤﺴﺩﻭﺩﺓ ﺍﻟﻁﺭﻑ‪ .‬ﻭﺒـﺴﺒﺏ ﺍﻟـﺭﺹ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺴﻤﻴﺕ ﻓﺈﻨﻬﺎ ﻻ ﺘﻭﺠﺩ ﺒﺸﻜل ﻋﺎﻡ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺎﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺠﻴﺭﻴﺔ‪ .‬ﻴﻭﻀﺢ ﺍﻟﺠـﺩﻭل )‪ (1-2‬ﺘـﺼﻨﻴﻔﹰﺎ ﻟﻸﻨـﻭﺍﻉ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ ﻟﻠﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺠﻭﺩﺓ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺼﺨﻭﺭ‪.‬‬
‫ﺠﺩﻭل )‪ (1-2‬ﺘﺼﻨﻴﻑ ﺍﻷﻨﻭﺍﻉ ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ ﻟﻠﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺠﻭﺩﺓ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺼﺨﻭﺭ‬
‫))‪((Selley (1998‬‬
‫‪Origin‬‬
‫‪Sedimentation‬‬
‫‪Cementation‬‬
‫‪Solution‬‬
‫‪Type‬‬
‫‪Intergranular, or interparticle‬‬
‫‪Intragranular, or intraparticle‬‬
‫‪Intercrystalline‬‬
‫‪fenestral‬‬
‫‪Vuggy‬‬
‫‪moldic‬‬
‫‪Tectonics, compactin,‬‬
‫‪Dehydration, diagenesis‬‬
‫‪fracture‬‬
‫‪Time of formation‬‬
‫‪Primary of‬‬
‫‪depostional‬‬
‫‪Secondary or‬‬
‫‪postdepostional‬‬
‫ﺘﺤﺴﺏ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺴﺎﺕ ﺍﻵﺘﻴﺔ‪:‬‬
‫ﺍﻭﻻ‪ :‬ﻤﺠﺱ ﺍﻟﻜﺜﺎﻓﺔ ‪Density log‬‬
‫ﻴﻘﻴﺱ ﻤﺠﺱ ﺍﻟﻜﺜﺎﻓﺔ ﻤﻘﺩﺍﺭ ﺍﻟﻜﺜﺎﻓﺔ ﺍﻻﻟﻴﻜﺘﺭﻭﻨﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺘﺭﺘﺒﻁ ﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﻜﺜﺎﻓﺔ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻴـﺔ ‪ ، ρ b‬ﺇﺫ‬
‫ﻴﺘﺄﻟﻑ ﺠﻬﺎﺯ ﻤﺠﺱ ﺍﻟﻜﺜﺎﻓﺔ ﻤﻥ ﻤﺼﺩﺭ ﻷﺸﻌﺔ ﻜﺎﻤﺎ ﻭﻜﺎﺸﻔﻴﻥ )ﻗﺭﻴﺏ ﻋﻨﺩ ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺩﺭ ﻭﺒﻌﻴﺩ ﻋﻨـﻪ(‪،‬‬
‫‪<íè†òfÖ]<l^Š]<Ý]‚~j‰^e<íéßÛÓ¹]<”]ç¤]<í‰]…‬‬
‫‪18‬‬
‫ﺘﻔﻘﺩ ﺃﺸﻌﺔ ﻜﺎﻤﺎ ﺠﺯﺀﹰﺍ ﻤﻥ ﻁﺎﻗﺘﻬﺎ ﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ ﺘﺼﻁﺩﻡ ﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﻴﻜﺘﺭﻭﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺩﺓ ﺍﻭ ﺍﻟﺘﻜـﻭﻴﻥ‪ ،‬ﻤـﻊ ﻜـل‬
‫ﺘﺼﺎﺩﻡ ﻓﺘﺘﻨﻘل ﺍﻟﻁﺎﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﻰ ﺍﻻﻟﻜﺘﺭﻭﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻷﺨﺭﻯ‪ .‬ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﻨﻭﻉ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺎﻋل ﻴﻁﻠﻕ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﺴﻡ ﺃﺸـﻌﺔ‬
‫ﻜﺎﻤﺎ ﺍﻟﻤﺒﻌﺜﺭﺓ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻫﻲ ﺩﻟﻴل ﻋﻠﻰ ﻜﺜﺎﻓﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺩﺓ ﺍﻭ ﻜﺜﺎﻓﺔ ﺍﻻﻟﻴﻜﺘﺭﻭﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻱ ﺍﻷﺸـﻌﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﺘﻘﻁـﺔ‬
‫ﺒﻭﺴﺎﻁﺔ ﺍﻟﻜﺎﺸﻑ ﺇﺫﺍ ﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺩﺓ ﺫﺍﺕ ﻜﺜﺎﻓﺔ ﻋﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﻓﺎﻥ ﻤﻌﻅﻡ ﺃﺸﻌﺔ ﻜﺎﻤﺎ ﺘﻤﺘﺹ ﻤﻥ ﻗﺒل ﺍﻟﻤـﺎﺩﺓ‬
‫ﻭﻨﺴﺒﺔ ﻗﻠﻴﻠـﺔ ﻤﻨﻬـﺎ ﺘـﺼل ﺠـــﻬﺎﺯ ﺍﻟﻜﺎﺸـﻑ ﻭﺘـﺴــﺠل )‪ (Wahl et al., 1964‬ﻭ‬
‫)‪ .(Hartmann, 1997‬ﺍﻥ ﻗﻴﺎﺱ ﺍﻟﻜﺜﺎﻓﺔ ﻤﻬﻡ ﺠﺩﺍ ﻷﻨﻪ ﻴﻌﻁﻲ ﻗﻴﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﻜﺜﺎﻓﺔ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻴﺔ ) ‪ ( ρ b‬ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬
‫ﺘﻜﻭﻥ ﺤﺴﺎﺴﺔ ﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻔﻌﺎﻟﺔ‪ .‬ﻓﺠﻬﺎﺯ ﺍﻟﻜﺜﺎﻓﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺤﻘﻴﻘﺔ ﻴﻘﻴﺱ ﻜﺜﺎﻓﺔ ﺍﻹﻟﻜﺘﺭﻭﻥ ﺍﻟﺘـﻲ‬
‫ﺘﻜﻭﻥ ﻗﺭﻴﺒﺔ ﺠﺩﺍ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻜﺜﺎﻓﺔ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻴﺔ )‪ .(Bigelow, 2002‬ﺒﺈﻻﻤﻜﺎﻥ ﺤﺴﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﺇﺫﺍ ﻜﺎﻨـﺕ‬
‫ﻜﺜﺎﻓﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺸﻭﺓ )‪ (matrix density‬ﻭﻜﺜﺎﻓﺔ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺌل ﺩﺍﺨل ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﺎﺕ ﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤـﺔ‪ .‬ﺘﺅﺨـﺫ ﻜﺜﺎﻓـﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺌل ﻋﺎﺩﺓ )‪ 1‬ﻏﻡ‪/‬ﺴﻡ‪ (3‬ﻻﻥ ﺠﻬﺎﺯ ﺍﻟﻜﺜﺎﻓﺔ ﻴﻘﻴﺱ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﻁﻕ ﺍﻟﻤﻐﺯﻭﺓ ﺒـﺴﺎﺌل ﺭﺍﺸـﺢ ﻁـﻴﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤﻔﺭ‪.‬‬
‫ﻴﺘﻀﺢ ﻤﻥ )‪ Schlumberger (1972‬ﺃﻥ ﺤـﺴﺎﺒﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤـﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﻻ ﺘﺘـﺄﺜﺭ ﺒﻭﺠـﻭﺩ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻬﻴﺩﺭﻭﻜﺎﺭﺒﻭﻨﺎﺕ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺼﺨﻭﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻤﻨﻴﺔ ﺫﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻘﻠﻴﻠﺔ ﺍﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻭﺴﻁﺔ ﻟﻜﻨﻬﺎ ﺘﻭﺜﺭ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼﺨﻭﺭ ﺫﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﻭﺨﺎﺼﺔ ﻋﻨﺩ ﺘﺸﺒﻌﻬﺎ ﺒﺎﻟﻬﻴﺩﺭﻭﻜﺎﺭﺒﻭﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻐﺎﺯﻴـﺔ‪ .‬ﺘـﻡ ﺤـﺴﺎﺏ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﺒﺎﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ ﻤﻌﺎﺩﻟﺔ ﻭﺍﻴﻠﻲ )‪:(Wyllie et al., 1958‬‬
‫‪ρ ma − ρ b‬‬
‫)‪............................................................................................(2-2‬‬
‫‪ρ ma − ρ f‬‬
‫ﺤﻴﺙ ﺍﻥ‬
‫ﺤﻴﺙ ﺍﻥ‬
‫‪ρb‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻜﺜﺎﻓﺔ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ )ﻏﻡ‪/‬ﺴﻡ‪ (3‬ﻭﺘﺅﺨﺫ ﻤﻥ ﻗﺭﺍﺀﺓ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺱ‬
‫‪ρ ma‬‬
‫ﻜﺜﺎﻓﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺸﻭﺓ )ﻏﻡ‪/‬ﺴﻡ‪(3‬‬
‫‪ρf‬‬
‫ﻜﺜﺎﻓﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺌﻊ )ﻏﻡ‪/‬ﺴﻡ‪(3‬‬
‫‪φ‬‬
‫‪φD‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ )‪(%‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﺴﺔ ﻤﻥ ﻤﺠﺱ ﺍﻟﻜﺜﺎﻓﺔ‬
‫= ‪φD‬‬
‫‪<íè†òfÖ]<l^Š]<Ý]‚~j‰^e<íéßÛÓ¹]<”]ç¤]<í‰]…‬‬
‫‪19‬‬
‫ﺇﺫ ﻋ ّﺩ ﹶ‬
‫ﺕ ﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺸﻭﺓ ﻤﺴﺎﻭﻴﺔ ﻟـ )‪) (2.71‬ﻏﻡ‪/‬ﺴﻡ‪ (3‬ﻻﻥ ﺍﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﻴﺘﻜﻭﻥ ﺒﺸﻜل ﺃﺴﺎﺴﻲ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﺕ ﻗﻴﻤﺔ ) ‪ ( ρ f‬ﻤﺴﺎﻭﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻰ )‪) (1‬ﻏﻡ‪/‬ﺴﻡ‪ (3‬ﻟﻠﻁﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﺫﺏ ﻭﻴﺒـﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﺤـﻕ‬
‫ﺼﺨﻭﺭ ﺠﻴﺭﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻋ ّﺩ ﹶ‬
‫)‪ (1‬ﻗﻴﻡ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺴﻭﺒﺔ ﻤﻥ ﻤﺠﺱ ﺍﻟﻜﺜﺎﻓﺔ ﻵﺒﺎﺭ ﻤﻨﻁﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺜﺎﻨﻴ ﹰﺎ‪ :‬ﻤﺠﺱ ﺍﻟﻨﻴﻭﺘﺭﻭﻥ ‪Neutron Log‬‬
‫ﻴﺴﺘﺨﺩﻡ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺱ ﺍﻟﻨﻴﻭﺘﺭﻭﻨﻲ ﻟﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﺼﺨﻭﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ ﻭﺇﻴﺠﺎﺩ ﻗﻴﻤﻬﺎ‪ .‬ﻓﻘﺩ ﺘﻨﺠﻡ‬
‫ﻋﻥ ﻗﺫﻑ ﺍﻟﻨﻴﻭﺘﺭﻭﻨﺎﺕ ﻤﻥ ﻤﺼﺩﺭ ﺇﺸﻌﺎﻋﻲ ﺒﺎﺘﺠﺎﻩ ﺍﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺘﻔﺎﻋﻼﺕ ﻤﺘﺒﺎﺩﻟﺔ ﺒـﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻨﻴﻭﺘﺭﻭﻨـﺎﺕ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺫﻭﻓﺔ ﻭﻨﻭﻯ ﺍﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ )ﺨﻴﻭﻜﺔ‪ .(1991 ،‬ﻭﺘﻔﻘﺩ ﺍﻟﻨﻴﻭﺘﺭﻭﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺫﻭﻓﺔ ﺠﺯﺀﹰﺍ ﻤﻥ ﻁﺎﻗﺘﻬﺎ ﻋﻨـﺩ‬
‫ﺍﺼﻁﺩﺍﻤﻬﺎ ﺒﻨﻭﻯ ﺍﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴﺤﺩﺙ ﺍﻟﻔﻘﺩﺍﻥ ﺍﻷﻜﺒﺭ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻁﺎﻗﺔ ﻋﻨﺩ ﺍﺼﻁﺩﺍﻡ ﺍﻟﻨﻴﻭﺘﺭﻭﻨﺎﺕ ﻤﻊ ﺫﺭﺓ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻬﻴﺩﺭﻭﺠﻴﻥ ﻷﻨﻬﺎ ﺘﻤﺘﻠﻙ ﻜﺘﻠﺔ ﻤﺸﺎﺒﻬﺔ ﻟﻜﺘﻠﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﻴﻭﺘﺭﻭﻥ ﺘﻘﺭﻴﺒﺎ‪ ،‬ﻟﺫﻟﻙ ﻴﺤﺩﺙ ﻓﻘﺩﺍﻥ ﻟﻠﻁﺎﻗﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺫﻟﻙ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﻴﻤﻠﻙ ﺘﺭﻜﻴﺯﹰﺍ ﻋﺎﻟﻴﹰﺎ ﻻﻴﻭﻥ ﺍﻟﻬﻴﺩﺭﻭﺠﻴﻥ‪ .‬ﺘﺭﺘﺒﻁ ﻁﺎﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﻴﻭﺘﺭﻭﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﻔﻘﻭﺩﺓ‬
‫ﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﺒﺴﺒﺏ ﻓﺭﺍﻏﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺘﻤﺘﻠﺊ ﺒﺎﻟﺴﺎﺌل ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻭﻱ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺘﺭﻜﻴﺯ ﺍﻟﻬﻴﺩﺭﻭﺠﻴﻥ‪ .‬ﺘﻜﻭﻥ‬
‫ﻗﻴﻡ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻁﺌﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺎﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻴﻜﻭﻥ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻐﺎﺯ ﻤﺎﻟﺊ ﻟﻠﻔﺭﺍﻏﺎﺕ ﻤﻘﺎﺭﻨﺔ ﻤـﻊ ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺍﻏـﺎﺕ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﻤﻠﻭﺀﺓ ﺒﺎﻟﻨﻔﻁ ﺍﻭ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺀ ﻷﻥ ﺍﻟﻐﺎﺯﺍﺕ ﺘﺤﺘﻭﻱ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺘﺭﺍﻜﻴﺯ ﻭﺍﻁﺌﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻬﻴﺩﺭﻭﺠﻴﻥ ﻤﻘﺎﺭﻨﺔ ﻤـﻊ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺀ ﺍﻭ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁ‪ .‬ﻭﻴﻘﻴﺱ ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺱ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﻤﺒﺎﺸﺭﺓ‪ ،‬ﺇﺫ ﺘﻘﺭﺃ ﻗﻴﻤﺘﻬـﺎ ﻤـﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺠـﺱ ﻤﺒﺎﺸـﺭﺓ‬
‫)‪ .(Hartmann, 1997‬ﻴﻭﺠﺩ ﺍﻟﻬﻴﺩﺭﻭﺠﻴﻥ ﻓﻲ ﻜل ﺃﻨﻭﺍﻉ ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺍﺌﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﺘـﻭﺍﻓﺭﺓ ﻓـﻲ ﺍﻟﺘﻜـﻭﻴﻥ‬
‫)ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺀ ﻭﺍﻟﻐﺎﺯ( ﻟﺫﻟﻙ ﻓﺎﻥ ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺱ ﺍﻟﻨﻴﻭﺘﺭﻭﻨﻲ ﺘـﺭﺘﺒﻁ ﺒﺎﻟﺩﺭﺠـﺔ ﺍﻷﺴـﺎﺱ ﻤـﻊ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﻭﻤﻊ ﺫﻟﻙ ﻓﺎﻥ ﻗﻁﺭ ﺘﺠﻭﻴﻑ ﺍﻟﺒﺌﺭ ﻭﺍﻟﺼﺨﺎﺭﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻬﻴﺩﺭﻭﻜﺎﺭﺒﻭﻨﻲ ﺘﺅﺜﺭ ﺠﻤﻴﻌـﺎ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺱ )ﺍﻟﺴﻌﺩﻭﻨﻲ‪ .(2001 ،‬ﻴﺒﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﺤـﻕ )‪ (1‬ﻗـﻴﻡ ﺍﻟﻤـﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ) ‪ ( φ N‬ﻵﺒـﺎﺭ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺜﺎﻟﺜ ﹰﺎ‪ :‬ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺱ ﺍﻟﺼﻭﺘﻲ ‪Sonic log‬‬
‫ﻅﻬﺭ ﺃﻭل ﺠﻬﺎﺯ ﻟﺘﺴﺠﻴل ﺴﺭﻋﺔ ﺍﻟﺼﻭﺕ ﺴﻨﺔ )‪ (1954‬ﻤﻥ ﻗﺒل ﺸﺭﻜﺔ )‪(Magnolia‬‬
‫ﻓﻘﺩ ﻭﺠﺩ ﺃﻥ ﺍﺨﺘﻼﻑ ﺴﺭﻋﺔ ﺍﻟﺼﻭﺕ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺼﺨﻭﺭ ﺍﻭ ﺩﺍﺨل ﺍﻟﻁﺒﻘﺎﺕ ﻟﻪ ﻋﻼﻗـﺔ ﻋﻜـﺴﻴﺔ ﻤـﻊ‬
‫ﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺼﺨﻭﺭ ﻓﻜﻠﻤﺎ ﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻁﺒﻘﺔ ﻋﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﺴﺭﻋﺔ ﺍﻨﺘﻘﺎل ﺍﻟﺼﻭﺕ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻁﺒﻘﺔ ﺍﻗل‪.‬‬
‫ﻋﺒﺭ ﻋﻥ ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﻌﻼﻗﺔ ﺒﻤﻌﺎﺩﻟﺔ ﺭﻴﺎﻀﻴﺔ‪(Wyllie, 1958) :‬‬
‫ُ‬
‫‪<íè†òfÖ]<l^Š]<Ý]‚~j‰^e<íéßÛÓ¹]<”]ç¤]<í‰]…‬‬
‫‪20‬‬
‫‪1‬‬
‫) ‪φ (1 − φ‬‬
‫)‪....................................................................................... (2-3‬‬
‫=‬
‫‪+‬‬
‫‪vt v f‬‬
‫‪vm‬‬
‫ﺤﻴﺙ ﺍﻥ‬
‫‪vt‬‬
‫‪vf‬‬
‫‪vm‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴﺭﻋﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﺴﺔ ﺍﻱ ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺭﻭﺀﺓ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺱ )ﻤﻴﻜﺭﻭﺜﺎﻨﻴﺔ‪/‬ﻗﺩﻡ ﺍﻭ ﻤﻴﻜﺭﻭﺜﺎﻨﻴﺔ‪/‬ﻡ(‬
‫ﺴﺭﻋﺔ ﺍﻨﺘﻘﺎل ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺠﺔ ﺩﺍﺨل ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺌﻊ‬
‫ﺴﺭﻋﺔ ﺍﻨﺘﻘﺎل ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺠﺔ ﺩﺍﺨل ﺍﻟﺤﺸﻭ )‪(matrix‬‬
‫ﻴﻘﻴﺱ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺱ ﺍﻟﺼﻭﺘﻲ ﺍﻟﺯﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻐﺭﻕ ﻟﻤﺭﻭﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺠﺔ ﺍﻟﺼﻭﺘﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺘﻘﻠﺔ ﺨﻼل ﻗـﺩﻡ‬
‫ـﺴﺭﻋﺔ‬
‫ـﻭﺏ ﺍﻟـ‬
‫ـﻲ ﻤﻘﻠـ‬
‫ـﺩﻡ( ﻭﻫـ‬
‫ـﺔ‪/‬ﻗـ‬
‫ـﺩﺍﺕ )ﻤﻴﻜﺭﻭﺜﺎﻨﻴـ‬
‫ـﺎﺱ ﺒﻭﺤـ‬
‫ـﻭﻴﻥ ﻭﺘﻘـ‬
‫ـﻥ ﺍﻟﺘﻜـ‬
‫ـﺩﺓ ﻤـ‬
‫ﻭﺍﺤـ‬
‫)‪ .(Selley, 1998‬ﻭﻴﻌﺘﻤﺩ ﺍﻟﺯﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻐﺭﻕ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺴﺭﻋﺔ ﺍﻨﺘﻘﺎل ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺠﺔ ﻋﺒﺭ ﺍﻟﺼﺨﻭﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬
‫ﻓﻘﺩ ﻴﻅﻬﺭ ﺒﻭﻀﻭﺡ ﺘﺄﺜﻴﺭ ﺍﻟﺼﺨﺎﺭﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺴﺭﻋﺔ ﺍﻨﺘﻘـﺎل ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺠـﺔ ﺨـﻼل ﺍﻟﻨﻤـﺎﺫﺝ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼﺨﺭﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ ﺍﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩﺍ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺘﺭﻜﻴﺏ ﺍﻟﺤﺸﻭ ﺩﺍﺨل ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺼﺨﻭﺭ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻭﺍﺩ ﺍﻻﺴﻤﻨﺘﻴﺔ ﺍﻱ ﺘﻌﺘﻤﺩ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﻤﺭﻭﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﺼﺨﻭﺭ ﻭﻜﺜﺎﻓﺘﻬﺎ‪ .‬ﻟﻠﺤﺼﻭل ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﻴﺠﺏ ﺍﻥ ﺘﻘﺎﺱ ‪ ∆t‬ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺱ ﻜﻤـﺎ‬
‫ﻴﺠﺏ ﺍﻥ ﺘﻜﻭﻥ ﻗﻴﻤﺔ ‪ ∆t ma‬ﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺔ )ﺍﻓﺩﻴﺴﻴﺎﻥ‪ .(1988 ،‬ﻭﺘﻘﺎﺱ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﺒﺘﺤﻭﻴﺭ ﻤﻌﺎﺩﻟﺔ ﻭﺍﻴﻠﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻰ‪:‬‬
‫)‪......................................................................................(2-4‬‬
‫‪∆t log − ∆t ma‬‬
‫‪∆t f − ∆t ma‬‬
‫= ‪φ sonic‬‬
‫ﺤﻴﺙ ﺍﻥ‬
‫‪ φ sonic‬ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺴﻭﺒﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺱ ﺍﻟﺼﻭﺘﻲ‬
‫‪∆t log‬‬
‫‪∆t ma‬‬
‫ﻓﺎﺼﻠﺔ ﺍﻨﺘﻘﺎل ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺠﺔ ﺨﻼل ﺍﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﻭﻴﻘﺎﺱ ﻤﻥ ﺘﺴﺠﻴل ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺱ ﺍﻟﺼﻭﺘﻲ‬
‫ﻓﺎﺼﻠﺔ ﺍﻨﺘﻘﺎل ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺠﺔ ﺨﻼل ﺍﻟﺤﺸﻭﺓ ﻭﺘﺴﺎﻭﻱ )‪ (47.5‬ﻤﻴﻜﺭﻭﺜﺎﻨﻴﺔ‪/‬ﻗﺩﻡ ﻟﻠﺼﺨﻭﺭ ﺍﻟﺠﻴﺭﻴﺔ‬
‫ﻓﺎﺼﻠﺔ ﺍﻨﺘﻘﺎل ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺠﺔ ﺨﻼل ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺌل ﺍﻭ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺌﻊ ﻭﺘﺴﺎﻭﻱ )‪ (189‬ﻤﻴﻜﺭﻭﺜﺎﻨﻴﺔ‪/‬ﻗﺩﻡ ﻟﻠﻁﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﺫﺏ‬
‫‪∆t f‬‬
‫‪3-2-2‬‬
‫ﻤﺠﺱ ﺃﺸﻌﺔ ﻜﺎﻤﺎ ‪Gama Ray log‬‬
‫ﺘﺤﺘﻭﻱ ﻤﻌﻅﻡ ﺍﻟﺼﺨﻭﺭ ﺍﻟﺭﺴﻭﺒﻴﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺒﻌﺽ ﺍﻟﻨﺸﺎﻁ ﺍﻹﺸﻌﺎﻋﻲ ﺍﻟﻁﺒﻴﻌﻲ ﺒﻜﻤﻴﺎﺕ ﻤﺘﻔﺎﻭﺘﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺘﻨﺒﻌﺙ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻷﺸﻌﺔ ﺍﻟﻁﺒﻴﻌﻴﺔ ﻤﻥ ﻋﻨﺎﺼﺭ ﺍﻟﺒﻭﺘﺎﺴﻴﻭﻡ ﻭﺍﻟﺜﻭﺭﻴﻭﻡ ﻭﺍﻟﻴﻭﺭﺍﻨﻴﻭﻡ ﻜﻤﺎ ﺃﻨﻬﺎ ﻗﺩ ﺘﻨﺒﻌﺙ ﻤﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴﻭﺍﺌل ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺘﻭﺍﺓ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺼﺨﻭﺭ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻗﺩ ﺘﺤﺘﻭﻱ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻤﻭﺍﺩ ﻤﺸﻌﺔ ﻤﺫﺍﺒﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺀ‪ .‬ﻴﻘﻴﺱ ﻤﺠﺱ ﺃﺸﻌﺔ‬
‫ﻜﺎﻤﺎ ﺒﺸﻜل ﺭﺌﻴﺱ ﻜﺜﺎﻓﺔ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻷﺸﻌﺔ‪ ،‬ﻓﺎﻟﻘﺭﺍﺀﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﻟﻤﺠﺱ ﺃﺸﻌﺔ ﻜﺎﻤﺎ ﻏﺎﻟﺒﺎ ﻤﺎ ﺘﻭﺠﺩ ﻗﺒﺎﻟﺔ ﻁﺒﻘﺎﺕ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻁﻔل )ﺍﻟﺴﺠﻴل(‪ ،‬ﺃﻤﺎ ﺍﻟﻘﺭﺍﺀﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻭﺍﻁﺌﺔ ﻓﺘﻭﺠﺩ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺭﺴﻭﺒﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻷﺨﺭﻯ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺴﺠﻴل‪ .‬ﻴﺴﺘﻌﻤل‬
‫‪<íè†òfÖ]<l^Š]<Ý]‚~j‰^e<íéßÛÓ¹]<”]ç¤]<í‰]…‬‬
‫‪21‬‬
‫ﻤﺠﺱ ﺃﺸﻌﺔ ﻜﺎﻤﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﻀﺎﻫﺎﺓ ﻜﻤﺎ ﻴﺴﺘﻌﻤل ﺒﺎﻟﺘﺭﺍﻓﻕ ﻤﻊ ﻤﺠﺴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﻭﻤﻴﺔ )‪ .(Bigelow, 2002‬ﺃﻤﺎ‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﻓﻘﺩ ﺍﺴﺘﻌﻴﻥ ﺒﻤﺠﺱ ﺃﺸﻌﺔ ﻜﺎﻤﺎ ﻟﺤﺴﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﺤﺠﻡ ﺍﻟﺴﺠﻴﻠﻲ ﻭﺘﻌﻴﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﺤﺩﻭﺩ ﺍﻟﻁﺒﺎﻗﻴﺔ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻀﺎﻫﺎﺓ‪.‬‬
‫ﺗﻔﺴﲑ ﺍجملﺴﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻄﺒﻴﻘﺎﺕ ﺍﳌﻜﻤﻨﻴﺔ‬
‫‪3-2‬‬
‫‪Interpretation of logs and their reservoir applications‬‬
‫ﺒﻌﺩ ﺍﺴﺘﻌﺭﺍﺽ ﺍﻟﻤﺒﺎﺩﺉ ﺍﻷﺴﺎﺴﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﻤﺠﺴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺒﺌﺭﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﺨﺩﻤﺔ‪ ،‬ﺘﻤﺕ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ ﺘﻔﺴﻴﺭ ﺍﻟﻨﺘﺎﺌﺞ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﺨﻼل ﺍﻟﻘﺭﺍﺀﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺒﺎﺸﺭﺓ ﺍﻭ ﻤﻥ ﺨﻼل ﺘﻁﺒﻴﻕ ﺍﻟﻌﻼﻗﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺭﺘﺴﻤﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻀـﻭﻋﺔ ﻓـﻲ ﺇﻴﺠـﺎﺩ ﺃﻫـﻡ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺨﻭﺍﺹ ﺍﻟﺼﺨﺎﺭﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺒﺘﺭﻭﻓﻴﺯﻴﺎﺌﻴﺔ‪.‬‬
‫‪1-3-2‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﻁﺒﻴﻘﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺒﺎﺸﺭﺓ ﻟﻠﻤﺠﺴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺒﺌﺭﻴﺔ‬
‫ﻭﺘﺸﻤل ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺘﻁﺒﻴﻘﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﻬﻤﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺨﻼل ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺴﻴﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﺒﺎﺸﺭ ﻟﻨﺘﺎﺌﺞ ﻗﻴﺎﺴـﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺠـﺴﺎﺕ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺒﺌﺭﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﺨﺩﻤﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﻜﺎﻟﺤﺩﻭﺩ ﺍﻟﻁﺒﺎﻗﻴﺔ ﻭﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﺒﺄﻨﻭﺍﻋﻬﺎ ﻭﺨﺭﺍﺌﻁ ﺍﻟـﺴﻤﺎﻜﺔ‬
‫ﻟﻠﻭﺤﺩﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻤﻨﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺼﺨﻭﺭ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺯﻟﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻭ ﹰﻻ‪ :‬ﺍﻟﺤﺩﻭﺩ ﺍﻟﻁﺒﺎﻗﻴﺔ ‪Stratigrphic Boundaries‬‬
‫ﻟﻐﺭﺽ ﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ ﺍﻟﺤﺩﻭﺩ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻴﺎ ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻔﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺼﻠﺔ ﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﻓـﻲ ﺁﺒـﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴـﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ ﺘﻡ ﺍﻻﺴﺘﻌﺎﻨﺔ ﺒﺎﻟﻤﺠﺴﺎﺕ ﻭﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ ﺴﻠﻭﻜﻬﺎ ﻤﻥ ﺨﻼل‪:‬‬
‫‪ .1‬ﻤﺠﺱ ﺍﻟﺠﻬﺩ ﺍﻟﺫﺍﺘﻲ‪ :‬ﺤﺩﺩ ﺤﺩ ﺍﻟﺘﻤﺎﺱ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻭﻱ ﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﻤﻥ ﺨﻼل ﺍﻻﻨﺤﺭﺍﻑ ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺠﺏ‬
‫ﻨﺤﻭ ﺍﻟﻴﻤﻴﻥ ﺒﻌﺩ ﺍﻥ ﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﻗﺭﺍﺀﺘﻪ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﻟﺏ ﻓﻲ ﺃﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ‪ ،‬ﺃﻤﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺃﺴﻔل ﺍﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﻓﻴﻼﺤﻅ‬
‫ﺍﻨﺤﺭﺍﻑ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺱ ﻨﺤﻭ ﺍﻟﻴﻤﻴﻥ‪ ،‬ﺤﻴﺙ ﻴﺴﺠل ﻗﺭﺍﺀﺓ ﻗﺭﻴﺒﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺭ ﻓﻲ ﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﺭﻤﻴﻠﺔ‪.‬‬
‫‪ .2‬ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻜﻬﺭﺒﺎﺌﻴﺔ‪ :‬ﻴﻼﺤﻅ ﻤﻥ ﺴﻠﻭﻙ ﻤﺠﺴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﻭﻤﻴﺔ )‪ (Rt , Rxo‬ﻴﺤﺼل ﻟﻬﻤﺎ ﺍﻨﺤﺭﺍﻑ‬
‫ﻨﺤﻭ ﺍﻟﻴﻤﻴﻥ " ﺯﻴﺎﺩﺓ ﻓﻲ ﻗﺭﺍﺀﺘﻬﻤﺎ" ﻋﻨﺩ ﺤﺩﻭﺩ ﺍﻟﺘﻤﺎﺱ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻴﺎ ﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤـﺸﺭﻑ " ﺍﻱ ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﻭﻤـﺔ‬
‫ﻋﺎﻟﻴﺔ"‪ ،‬ﺃﻤﺎ ﻋﻨﺩ ﺤﺩﻭﺩ ﺍﻟﺘﻤﺎﺱ ﺍﻟﺴﻔﻠﻰ ﻓﻴﻼﺤﻅ ﻨﻘﺼﺎﻥ ﻓﻲ ﻗﺭﺍﺌﺘﻬﻤﺎ "ﻤﻘﺎﻭﻤﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻁﺌﺔ"‪.‬‬
‫‪ .3‬ﻤﺠﺴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ )ﺍﻟﻨﻴﺘﺭﻭﻨﻲ ﻭﺍﻟﻜﺜﺎﻗﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺼﻭﺘﻲ(‪ :‬ﻴﻼﺤﻅ ﻗﻠﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤـﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﻋﻨـﺩ ﺤـﺩﻭﺩ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﻤﺎﺱ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻴﺎ ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻔﻠﻰ‪.‬‬
‫‪<íè†òfÖ]<l^Š]<Ý]‚~j‰^e<íéßÛÓ¹]<”]ç¤]<í‰]…‬‬
‫‪22‬‬
‫‪ .4‬ﻤﺠﺱ ﺃﺸﻌﺔ ﻜﺎﻤﺎ‪ :‬ﻴﺴﺠل ﺍﻨﺤﺭﺍﻑ ﺘﺩﺭﻴﺠﻲ ﻓﻲ ﻗﺭﺍﺀﺘﻪ ﺍﻗل ﻤﻥ )‪ (20 API‬ﻓﻲ ﺍﻋﻠﻰ ﺘﻜـﻭﻴﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ‪ ،‬ﺍﻤﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺍﺴﻔل ﺍﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﻓﺄﻥ ﻗﺭﺍﺀﺓ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺱ ﺘﺼل ﺍﻟﻰ ) ‪ (20 API‬ﺜﻡ ﺘﺄﺨﺫ ﺒﺎﻟﺘﺯﺍﻴـﺩ‬
‫ﻋﻨﺩ ﺼﺨﻭﺭ ﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﺭﻤﻴﻠﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﺴﺘﻨﺎﺩﺍ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻁﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺠﺴﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺒﻘﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ ﺍﻟﺤﺩﻭﺩ ﺍﻟﻁﺒﺎﻗﻴﺔ ﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﻓـﻲ ﺤﻘـل‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺼﺭﻴﺔ ‪ ،‬ﺤﺩﺩﺕ ﺃﻋﻤﺎﻕ ﻭﺴﻤﺎﻜﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ‪ ،‬ﻜﻤﺎ ﻤﻭﻀﺢ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻭل )‪ (2-2‬ﻭﺸﻜل )‪.(1-2‬‬
‫ﺠﺩﻭل )‪ (2-2‬ﺍﻟﺤﺩﻭﺩ ﺍﻟﻁﺒﺎﻗﻴﺔ ﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﻓﻲ ﺤﻘل ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺼﺭﻴﺔ‬
‫)‪Thickness (m‬‬
‫)‪Bottom (m‬‬
‫)‪Top (m‬‬
‫‪Well No.‬‬
‫‪170‬‬
‫‪2110‬‬
‫‪1940‬‬
‫‪NS-1‬‬
‫‪171.5‬‬
‫‪171.5‬‬
‫‪2089.5‬‬
‫‪2101‬‬
‫‪1918‬‬
‫‪1929.5‬‬
‫‪NS-2‬‬
‫‪NS-3‬‬
‫‪177‬‬
‫‪2104.5‬‬
‫‪1927.5‬‬
‫‪NS-4‬‬
‫‪180.2‬‬
‫‪2099.7‬‬
‫‪1919.5‬‬
‫‪NS-5‬‬
‫ﺜﺎﻨﻴ ﹰﺎ‪ :‬ﺤﺴﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺅﺜﺭﺓ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻭﻴﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻔﻌﺎﻟﺔ ﺍﻭ ﺍﻟﻤﺅﺜﺭﺓ )‪ (Effective porosity‬ﻫﻲ ﺍﻟﻨـﺴﺒﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺌﻭﻴـﺔ ﻟﺤﺠـﻡ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺼﻠﺔ ﻓﻲ ﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ ﺼﺨﺭﻱ ﺍﻟﻰ ﺤﺠﻡ ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ ﺍﻟﺼﺨﺭﻱ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻲ‪ .‬ﻭﺴﻤﻴﺕ ﻓﻌﺎﻟـﺔ ﻷﻨﻬـﺎ‬
‫ﻓﻌﺎﻟﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺤﺭﻜﺔ ﺍﻟﺴﻭﺍﺌل ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁﻴﺔ ﻭﻓﻲ ﺇﻤﺭﺍﺭﻫﺎ ﺨﻼل ﺍﻟﺼﺨﺭ ﻜﻭﻨﻬﺎ ﺘﻌﺒﺭ ﻋﻥ ﻜﻤﻴـﺔ ﺍﻟﻤـﺴﺎﻡ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺼﻠﺔ ﻤﻊ ﺒﻌﻀﻬﺎ‪ .‬ﻭﺘﺤﺴﺏ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻔﻌﺎﻟﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﺩﻟﺔ‪(Schlumberger, 1997) :‬‬
‫)‪..........................................................................................(2-5‬‬
‫ﺤﻴﺙ ﺍﻥ‬
‫‪φ N .D‬‬
‫‪φN‬‬
‫‪φD‬‬
‫) ‪(φ D + φ N‬‬
‫‪2‬‬
‫= ‪φ N .D‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻔﻌﺎﻟﺔ )ﺍﻟﻤﺅﺜﺭﺓ(‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺴﻭﺒﺔ ﻤﻥ ﻤﺠﺱ ﺍﻟﻨﻴﻭﺘﺭﻭﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺴﻭﺒﺔ ﻤﻥ ﻤﺠﺱ ﺍﻟﻜﺜﺎﻓﺔ‬
‫ﻭﻴﺒﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﺤﻕ )‪ (1‬ﻗﻴﻡ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻔﻌﺎﻟﺔ ﻵﺒﺎﺭ ﻤﻨﻁﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ ﺒﻴﻨﻤـﺎ ﺘﺒـﻴﻥ ﺍﻹﺸـﻜﺎل‬
‫) ‪ 2-2‬ﺇﻟﻰ ‪ (6-2‬ﻗﻴﻡ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻔﻌﺎﻟﺔ ﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻕ‪ .‬ﻜﻤﺎ ﻴﺒﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻭل )‪ (3-2‬ﻤـﺩﻯ ﻭﻤﻌـﺩﻻﺕ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻔﻌﺎﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺴﻭﺒﺔ ﻵﺒﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‪ ،‬ﺤﻴﺙ ﻴﻤﻜﻥ ﺍﻟﻘـﻭل ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﻤـﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻔﻌﺎﻟـﺔ ﻟﺘﻜـﻭﻴﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﺘﺘﺭﺍﻭﺡ ﻤﻥ ﺠﻴﺩﺓ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻤﻤﺘﺎﺯﺓ ﻭﻫﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻐﺎﻟﺒﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﻭﻤﺴﺎﻭﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻷﻭﻟﻴﺔ‪.‬‬
23
<íè†òfÖ]<l^Š]<Ý]‚~j‰^e<íéßÛÓ¹]<”]ç¤]<í‰]…
‫‪<íè†òfÖ]<l^Š]<Ý]‚~j‰^e<íéßÛÓ¹]<”]ç¤]<í‰]…‬‬
‫‪24‬‬
‫ﺠﺩﻭل )‪ (3-2‬ﻤﺩﻯ ﻭﻤﻌﺩﻻﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻔﻌﺎﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺴﻭﺒﺔ ﻵﺒﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬
‫‪Arithmetic mean‬‬
‫‪Range‬‬
‫‪Well No.‬‬
‫‪0.215‬‬
‫‪0.227‬‬
‫‪0.211‬‬
‫‪0.223‬‬
‫‪0.231‬‬
‫‪0.050 – 0.321‬‬
‫‪0.043 – 0.462‬‬
‫‪0.010 – 0.483‬‬
‫‪0.019 – 0.367‬‬
‫‪0.111 – 0.427‬‬
‫‪NS-1‬‬
‫‪NS-2‬‬
‫‪NS-3‬‬
‫‪NS-4‬‬
‫‪NS-5‬‬
‫‪Mean=0.2214‬‬
‫ﺃﻤﺎ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻭﻴﺔ )‪ (Secondary porosity‬ﻓﻬﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻜﻭﻨﺔ ﺒﻌﺩ ﻤﺭﺍﺤل‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﺭﺴﻴﺏ‪ ،‬ﻨﺘﻴﺠﺔ ﻟﻠﻌﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻭﻴﺭﻴﺔ ﻤﺜل ﺍﻹﺫﺍﺒﺔ ﻭﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ ﺇﻋﺎﺩﺓ ﺍﻟﺘﺒﻠـﻭﺭ ﻭﺍﻟﺩﻟﻤﺘـﺔ ﺍﻭ ﻨﺘﻴﺠـﺔ‬
‫ﻟﻠﺘﻜﺴﺭ ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﻴﺼﺎﺤﺏ ﺍﻟﺤﺭﻜﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﻜﻴﻠﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺒﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺼﺩﻉ‪ .‬ﻭﻗﺩ ﺘﻡ ﺤﺴﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻭﻴـﺔ‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ ﺒﺎﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﺩﻟﺔ‪(Schlumberger, 1997) :‬‬
‫)‪SPI = (φ N .D − φ sonic ) ......................................................................................(2-6‬‬
‫ﺤﻴﺙ ﺍﻥ‬
‫‪SPI‬‬
‫‪φ sonic‬‬
‫ﻤﻌﺎﻤل ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻭﻴﺔ )‪(secondary porosity index‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺘﻘﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺱ ﺍﻟﺼﻭﺘﻲ‬
‫ﻭﻴﺒﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﺤﻕ )‪ (1‬ﻗﻴﻡ )‪ (SPI‬ﻵﺒﺎﺭ ﻤﻨﻁﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺘﺒﻴﻥ ﺍﻹﺸﻜﺎل ) ﻤـﻥ ‪ 2-2‬ﺇﻟـﻰ ‪(6-2‬‬
‫ﺍﺨﺘﻼﻑ ﻗﻴﻡ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻭﻴﺔ ﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻕ ﻜﻤﺎ ﻴﻭﻀﺢ ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻭل )‪ (4-2‬ﻤﺩﻯ ﻭﻤﻌﺩﻻﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻭﻴـﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺴﻭﺒﺔ ﻵﺒﺎﺭ ﻤﻨﻁﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻴﺘﻀﺢ ﻤﻥ ﺨﻼﻟﻬﺎ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻭﻴﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺁﺒﺎﺭ ﻤﻨﻁﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﻗﻠﻴﻠﺔ ﺠﺩﺍ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻤﻌﺩﻭﻤﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺒﻌﺽ ﺍﻷﻋﻤﺎﻕ ﻜﻭﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻭﻴﺭﻴﺔ ﻗﻠﻴﻠﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺄﺜﻴﺭ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺘﻜـﻭﻴﻥ ﻤﺜـل‬
‫ﻼ ﻋﻥ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﻁﻘﺔ ﻟﻡ ﺘﺘﻌﺭﺽ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺘﺄﺜﻴﺭ ﺍﻟﺤﺭﻜﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻜﺘﻭﻨﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺘـﻲ ﻅﻬـﺭﺕ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺩﻟﻤﺘﻪ ﻭﺍﻻﺫﺍﺒﺔ‪ ،‬ﻓﻀ ﹰ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﻁﻘﺔ ﺨﻼل ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺤﻘﺒﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺯﻤﻥ ‪ ،‬ﻤﻤﺎ ﺃﺩﻯ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻗﻠﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻭﻴﺔ‪.‬‬
<íè†òfÖ]<l^Š]<Ý]‚~j‰^e<íéßÛÓ¹]<”]ç¤]<í‰]…
25
‫( ﻤﺩﻯ ﻭﻤﻌﺩﻻﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻭﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺴﻭﺒﺔ ﻵﺒﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬4-2) ‫ﺠﺩﻭل‬
Well No.
Range
Arithmetic mean
NS-1
NS-2
NS-3
NS-4
NS-5
0 – 0.231
0 – 0.197
0 – 0.214
0 – 0.120
0 – 0.253
0.0142
0.0080
0.0053
0.0055
0.0017
Mean= 0.6991
Effective Porosity and Secondary Porosity
0.00
1920
1940
0.05
0.10
0.15
0.20
0.25
0.30
Secondary porosity
1960
1980
Depth (m)
Effective porosity
2000
2020
2040
2060
2080
2100
2120
NS-1 ‫( ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺘﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻔﻌﺎﻟﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻭﻴﺔ ﻟﺒﺌﺭ‬2-2) ‫ﺸﻜل‬
0.35
<íè†òfÖ]<l^Š]<Ý]‚~j‰^e<íéßÛÓ¹]<”]ç¤]<í‰]…
26
Effective Porosity and Secondary Porosity
0.00
1900
1920
0.05
0.10
0.15
0.20
0.25
0.30
0.35
0.40
0.45
0.50
Secondary porosity
1940
1960
Effective porosity
Depth (m)
1980
2000
2020
2040
2060
2080
2100
NS-2 ‫( ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺘﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻔﻌﺎﻟﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻭﻴﺔ ﻟﺒﺌﺭ‬3-2) ‫ﺸﻜل‬
Effective Porosity and Secondary Porosity
0.00
1920
0.10
0.20
0.30
0.40
0.50
Secondary porosity
1940
1960
1980
Effective porosity
Depth (m)
2000
2020
2040
2060
2080
2100
2120
NS-3 ‫( ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺘﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻔﻌﺎﻟﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻭﻴﺔ ﻟﺒﺌﺭ‬4-2) ‫ﺸﻜل‬
0.60
<íè†òfÖ]<l^Š]<Ý]‚~j‰^e<íéßÛÓ¹]<”]ç¤]<í‰]…
27
Effective Porosity and Secondary Porosity
0.00
1900
1920
0.05
0.10
0.15
0.20
0.25
0.30
0.35
0.40
Secondary porosity
1940
1960
Depth (m)
1980
Effective porosity
2000
2020
2040
2060
2080
2100
2120
NS-4 ‫( ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺘﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻔﻌﺎﻟﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻭﻴﺔ ﻟﺒﺌﺭ‬5-2) ‫ﺸﻜل‬
Effective Porosity and Secondary Porosity
0.00
1900
1920
0.05
0.10
0.15
0.20
0.25
0.30
0.35
0.40
Secondary porosity
1940
1960
Depth (m)
1980
Effective porosity
2000
2020
2040
2060
2080
2100
2120
NS-5 ‫( ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺘﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻔﻌﺎﻟﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻭﻴﺔ ﻟﺒﺌﺭ‬6-2) ‫ﺸﻜل‬
0.45
‫‪<íè†òfÖ]<l^Š]<Ý]‚~j‰^e<íéßÛÓ¹]<”]ç¤]<í‰]…‬‬
‫‪28‬‬
‫ﺜﺎﻟﺜ ﹰﺎ‪ :‬ﺤﺴﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺌﻲ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻬﻴﺩﺭﻭﻜﺎﺭﺒﻭﻨﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺌﻲ )‪ (Sw‬ﻫﻭ ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺌﻭﻴﺔ ﻟﺤﺠﻡ ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺍﻏﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﻐﻭﻟﺔ ﺒﺎﻟﻤﺎﺀ ﺇﻟـﻰ ﺍﻟﺤﺠـﻡ ﺍﻟﻜﻠـﻲ‬
‫ﻟﻔﺭﺍﻏﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺼﺨﺭﺓ )ﺨﻴﻭﻜﺔ‪ . (1991 ،‬ﺍﻤﺎ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻬﻴﺩﺭﻭﻜﺎﺭﺒﻭﻨﻲ ﻓﻬﻭ ﻤﺎ ﺘﺒﻘﻰ ﻤﻥ ﺤﺠـﻡ ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺍﻏـﺎﺕ‬
‫ﻏﻴﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﻐﻭﻟﺔ ﺒﺎﻟﻤﺎﺀ )‪.(Serra, 1984‬‬
‫ﹸﺘﻌﺩ ﻗﻴﻤﺔ )‪ (Sw‬ﻤﻬﻤﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺘﺤﻠﻴﻼﺕ ﺠﺱ ﺍﻵﺒﺎﺭ ﻟﻤﻌﺭﻓﺔ ﺤﺭﻜـﺔ ﺍﻟﻬﻴـﺩﺭﻭﻜﺎﺭﺒﻭﻨﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﻔـﻀﺎﻟﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻬﻴﺩﺭﻭﻜﺎﺭﺒﻭﻨﻴﺔ‪ .‬ﺘﻡ ﺤﺴﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺌﻲ ﻵﺒﺎﺭ ﻤﻨﻁﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ ﻟﻠﻨﻁﺎﻕ ﻏﻴﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻭﺙ ﺒﺎﻟﺭﺍﺸﺢ ﺍﻟﻁﻴﻨـﻲ‬
‫ﻼ ﻋﻥ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺌﻲ ﻋﻨﺩ ﺍﻟﻨﻁﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻭﺙ ﻭﺤﺴﺏ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﺩﻟﺘﻴﻥ ﺍﻵﺘﻴﺘﻴﻥ )‪:(Archie, 1944‬‬
‫ﻓﻀ ﹰ‬
‫)‪S w = (FRw Rt ) ..........................................................................................(2-7‬‬
‫‪1n‬‬
‫)‪......................................................................................(2-8‬‬
‫ﺤﻴﺙ ﺍﻥ‬
‫‪Sw‬‬
‫‪S xo‬‬
‫‪n‬‬
‫‪F‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺌﻲ ﻟﻠﻨﻁﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻭﺙ )ﻨﺴﺒﺔ ﻤﺌﻭﻴﺔ(‬
‫ﺍﺱ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﻭﻗﻴﻤﺘﻪ ﺘﺴﺎﻭﻱ ‪ 2‬ﻟﻠﺼﺨﻭﺭ ﺍﻟﺠﻴﺭﻴﺔ‬
‫ﻤﻌﺎﻤل ﺍﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ‬
‫‪Rw‬‬
‫‪Rt‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﻭﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﻘﻴﻘﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ )‪ (Ω.m‬ﻭﺘﻘﺭﺃ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺱ‬
‫‪Rxo‬‬
‫‪1n‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺌﻲ ﻟﻠﻨﻁﺎﻕ ﻏﻴﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻭﺙ )ﻨﺴﺒﺔ ﻤﺌﻭﻴﺔ(‬
‫ﻤﻘﺎﻭﻤﻴﺔ ﻤﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ )‪(Ω.m‬‬
‫‪Rmf‬‬
‫) ‪S xo = (FRmf R xo‬‬
‫ﻤﻘﺎﻭﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺭﺍﺸﺢ ﺍﻟﻁﻴﻨﻲ )‪(Ω.m‬‬
‫ﻤﻘﺎﻭﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﻁﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻭﺙ )‪(Ω.m‬‬
‫ﻭﺒﻐﻴﺔ ﺘﻁﺒﻴﻕ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﺩﻟﺔ ﺃﻋﻼﻩ ﻻﺒﺩ ﻤﻥ ﺍﺴﺘﻌﺭﺍﺽ ﻜﻴﻔﻴﺔ ﺇﻴﺠﺎﺩ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻐﻴﺭﺍﺕ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﻜﻤﺎ ﻴﺄﺘﻲ‪:‬‬
‫}ﺃ{‬
‫ﺤﺴﺎﺏ ﻤﻘﺎﻭﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺭﺍﺸﺢ ﺍﻟﻁﻴﻨﻲ )‪(Rmf‬‬
‫ﺘﻡ ﺘﺼﺤﻴﺢ ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﻭﻤﻴﺔ )‪ (Rmf‬ﻟﻜل ﻋﻤﻕ ﺤﺴﺏ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﺩﻟﺔ ﺍﻵﺘﻴﺔ‪(Arps, 1964) :‬‬
‫‪ T + 21.5 ‬‬
‫)‪ ...............................................................(2-9‬‬
‫‪Rmf at Ts = Rmf at TF ×  s‬‬
‫‪ TF + 21.5 ‬‬
‫ﺤﻴﺙ ﺍﻥ‪:‬‬
‫‪<íè†òfÖ]<l^Š]<Ý]‚~j‰^e<íéßÛÓ¹]<”]ç¤]<í‰]…‬‬
‫‪Rmf at Ts‬‬
‫‪Rmf at TF‬‬
‫‪29‬‬
‫ﻤﻘﺎﻭﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺭﺍﺸﺢ ﺍﻟﻁﻴﻨﻲ ﻋﻨﺩ ﺩﺭﺠﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺍﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺴﻁﺤﻴﺔ)‪( Ω .m‬‬
‫ﻤﻘﺎﻭﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺭﺍﺸﺢ ﺍﻟﻁﻴﻨﻲ ﻋﻨﺩ ﺩﺭﺠﺔ ﺤﺭﺍﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻕ‪(Ω.m ).‬‬
‫‪Ts‬‬
‫ﺩﺭﺠﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺍﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺴﻁﺤﻴﺔ )‪(°C‬‬
‫‪TF‬‬
‫ﺩﺭﺠﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺍﺭﺓ ﻋﻨﺩ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻕ ﺍﻟﻤﻁﻠﻭﺏ )‪(°C‬‬
‫ﺘﺤﺴﺏ )‪ (TF‬ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﺩﻟﺔ ﺍﻵﺘﻴﺔ‪(Arps, 1964):‬‬
‫)‪TF = G.G × d + Ts .........................................................................................(2-10‬‬
‫ﺤﻴﺙ ﺍﻥ‬
‫‪d‬‬
‫‪G.G‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻕ ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺍﺩ ﺤﺴﺎﺏ ﺩﺭﺠﺔ ﺤﺭﺍﺭﺘﻪ )‪(m‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﺩﺭﺝ ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺍﺭﻱ ﻭﻴﺤﺴﺏ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﻼﻗﺔ‬
‫)‪.......................................................................................(2-11‬‬
‫ﺤﻴﺙ ﺍﻥ‬
‫‪BHT‬‬
‫‪DT‬‬
‫} ﺏ{‬
‫) ‪(BHT − Ts‬‬
‫‪DT‬‬
‫= ‪G.G‬‬
‫ﺩﺭﺠﺔ ﺤﺭﺍﺭﺓ ﻗﻌﺭ ﺍﻟﺒﺌﺭ )‪(°C‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻕ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻲ )‪(m‬‬
‫ﺤﺴﺎﺏ ﻤﻘﺎﻭﻤﻴﺔ ﻤﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ )‪(Rw‬‬
‫ﺘﻌﺩ ﻤﻘﺎﻭﻤﻴﺔ ﻤﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﻋﻨﺼﺭﹰﺍ ﺃﺴﺎﺴﻴﹰﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺘﺤﻠﻴﻼﺕ ﺍﻟﺠﺱ ﺍﻟﺒﺌﺭﻱ ﻷﻨﻬﺎ ﺘﺩﺨل ﻓـﻲ ﺤـﺴﺎﺏ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺌﻲ )‪ (Sw‬ﺒﺎﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ ﻤﻌﺎﺩﻟﺔ ﺍﺭﺠﻲ ﻭﻜﺫﻟﻙ ﺤﺴﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻐﺎﺯﻱ‪ .‬ﻭﺘﺤﺴﺏ )‪ (Rw‬ﺒﺎﺴـﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ‬
‫ﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ ﻤﻥ ﻤﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﻴﺄﺨﺫ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻨﻁﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺍﺩ ﻗﻴﺎﺱ ﻤﻘﺎﻭﻤﻴﺘﻪ ﺍﻭ ﻗﺭﻴﺒﺎ ﻤﻨﻪ ﺍﻭ ﻴﻘﺎﺱ ﺒﺎﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ ﻤﺠﺱ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺠﻬﺩ ﺍﻟﺫﺍﺘﻲ )‪.(Hartmann, 1997‬‬
‫ﺘﻡ ﺤﺴﺎﺏ )‪ (Rw‬ﻤﻥ ﻤﺭﺘﺴﻤﺎﺕ ﺸﺭﻜﺔ ﺸـﻠﻤﺒﺭﺠﺭ )‪ (Schlumberger, 1977‬ﺒﻌـﺩ ﻋﻤـل‬
‫ﺘﺼﺤﻴﺢ ﻟﻘﺭﺍﺀﺓ ﻤﺠﺱ )‪ (SP‬ﺍﻟﻰ )‪ (SSP‬ﻭﻤﻌﺭﻓﺔ ﻗﻴﻤﺔ ﻤﻘﺎﻭﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺭﺍﺸـﺢ ﺍﻟﻁﻴﻨـﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺎﻓﺌـﺔ )‪(Rmfe‬‬
‫ﻭﺩﺭﺠﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺍﺭﺓ ﺜﻡ ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺭﺠﺕ ﻗﻴﻤﺔ ﻤﻘﺎﻭﻤﻴﺔ ﻤﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺎﻓﺌﺔ )‪ (Rwe‬ﻭﺼﺤﺤﺕ ﺍﻟﻰ ﻤﻘﺎﻭﻤﻴﺔ ﻤﺎﺀ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ )‪ .(Rw‬ﺍﻤﺎ ﻟﺒﺎﻗﻲ ﺍﻷﻋﻤﺎﻕ ﻓﻘﺩ ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺩﻤﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﻼﻗﺔ ﺍﻵﺘﻴﺔ‪(Arps, 1964):‬‬
‫‪ T + 21.5 ‬‬
‫)‪ ................................................................. (2-12‬‬
‫‪Rw at Ts = Rw at TF ×  s‬‬
‫‪T‬‬
‫‪21‬‬
‫‪.‬‬
‫‪5‬‬
‫‪+‬‬
‫‪‬‬
‫‪ F‬‬
‫ﺤﻴﺙ ﺍﻥ‪:‬‬
‫‪Rw at Ts‬‬
‫‪Rw at TF‬‬
‫ﻤﻘﺎﻭﻤﻴﺔ ﻤﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﻋﻨﺩ ﺩﺭﺠﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺍﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺴﻁﺤﻴﺔ) ‪(Ω.m‬‬
‫ﻤﻘﺎﻭﻤﻴﺔ ﻤﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﻋﻨﺩ ﺩﺭﺠﺔ ﺤﺭﺍﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻕ) ‪(Ω .m‬‬
‫‪<íè†òfÖ]<l^Š]<Ý]‚~j‰^e<íéßÛÓ¹]<”]ç¤]<í‰]…‬‬
‫‪30‬‬
‫} ﺝ { ﺤﺴﺎﺏ ﻤﻌﺎﻤل ﺍﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ )‪Formation Factor (F‬‬
‫ﻼ ﻤﻬﻤﹰﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺤﺴﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺌﻲ ﺤﺴﺏ ﻤﻌﺎﺩﻟﺔ ﺍﺭﺠﻲ‪ .‬ﻓﻔﻲ ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺴﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬
‫ُﻴﻌّﺩ ﻤﻌﺎﻤل ﺍﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﻋﺎﻤ ﹰ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺠﺴﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺩﻴﺜﺔ ﺭﺍﺠﺕ ﻋﻼﻗﺘﺎﻥ ‪ n :‬ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﻁﺭﺩﻴﺔ ﺒﻴﻥ ﻤﻘﺎﻭﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻴﺎﻩ ﻓﻲ ﻤـﺴﺎﻤﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻜـﻭﻴﻥ )‪(Rw‬‬
‫ﻭﻤﻘﺎﻭﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﻜﺎﻤل ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺒﺎﻟﻤﺎﺀ )‪ (R0‬ﻭﺜﺎﺒﺕ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﻌﻼﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﻤﻰ ﻋﺎﻤل ﻤﻘﺎﻭﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻜـﻭﻴﻥ )‪(F‬‬
‫ﻭﺤﺴﺏ ﺍﻟﻌﻼﻗﺔ‪(Archie, 1944) :‬‬
‫‪Ro ∝ Rw‬‬
‫)‪Ro = FRw ....................................................................................................(2-13‬‬
‫‪Ro‬‬
‫‪Rw‬‬
‫= ‪∴F‬‬
‫‪ o‬ﺘﺭﺒﻁ ﺍﻟﻌﻼﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻴﺔ ﺒﻴﻥ )‪ (F‬ﺒﻌﻼﻗﺔ ﻋﻜﺴﻴﺔ ﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﻤﺭﻓﻭﻋﺔ ﻟﻠﻘﻭﺓ )‪ (m‬ﺤﻴﺙ ﺍﻥ )‪ (m‬ﻫـﻭ‬
‫ﺍﺱ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﻨﺘﺔ )ﻤﻌﺎﻤل ﺍﻟﺴﻤﻨﺘﺔ( )‪ (Cementation factor‬ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﻴﻌﺘﻤﺩ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺸﻜل ﻭﺘﻭﺯﻴﻊ ﺍﻟﻤـﺴﺎﻤﺎﺕ‬
‫)ﻫﻨﺩﺴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﺎﺕ( ﻭﻟﻴﺱ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺩﺭﺠﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺴﻤﻴﺕ‪ ،‬ﻜﻤﺎ ﺘﻭﺤﻲ ﺍﻟﺘﺴﻤﻴﺔ )ﻜﻠﻤﺎ ﻁﺎل ﺍﻟﻁﺭﻴﻕ ﻭﺘﻌﻘـﺩ ﺇﻤـﺎﻡ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﻜﻬﺭﺒﺎﺌﻲ ﺨﻼل ﺍﻟﺼﺨﺭﺓ ﺯﺍﺩﺕ )‪ (m‬ﻭﺒﺯﻴﺎﺩﺘﻬﺎ ﺘﺯﺩﺍﺩ ﻗﻴﻤﺔ ﻤﻌﺎﻤل ﺍﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ( ﻭﺒﺎﻟﺘـﺎﻟﻲ ﺘـﺯﺩﺍﺩ‬
‫)‪ (R0‬ﻭﻁﺭﺩﻴﺔ ﻤﻊ ﻤﻌﺎﻤل ﺘﻌﻘﺩ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻟﻙ ﺒﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺍﻏﺎﺕ )‪ (a‬ﺍﻱ ﺍﻥ‪(Archie, 1944) :‬‬
‫)‪.......................................................................................................(2-14‬‬
‫ﺤﻴﺙ ﺍﻥ‬
‫‪a‬‬
‫ﻤﻌﺎﻤل ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺎﺒﻙ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻲ‬
‫‪φ‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ‬
‫‪a‬‬
‫‪m‬‬
‫‪φ‬‬
‫=‪F‬‬
‫ﺘﺄﺨﺫ ﻋﺎﺩﺓ )‪ (a‬ﻗﻴﻤﺔ ﻤﺴﺎﻭﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﻭﺍﺤﺩ ﻟﻠﺼﺨﻭﺭ ﺍﻟﺠﻴﺭﻴﺔ ‪ ،‬ﺃﻤﺎ ﻗﻴﻡ )‪ (m‬ﻓﺘﺤﺴﺏ ﻋﺎﺩﺓ ﻤـﻥ ﻓﺤﻭﺼـﺎﺕ‬
‫ﻤﺨﺘﺒﺭﻴﺔ ﻭﻟﻌﺩﻡ ﺘﻭﻓﺭ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﻔﺤﻭﺼﺎﺕ ﺃﺨﺫﺕ ﻗﻴﻤﺔ )‪ (m‬ﻤﺴﺎﻭﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻰ ‪ 2‬ﺍﻱ ﺍﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﺩﻟـﺔ )‪ (6‬ﺘـﺼﺒﺢ‪:‬‬
‫)‪(Schlumberger, 1972‬‬
‫)‪.......................................................................................................(2-15‬‬
‫‪1‬‬
‫‪φ2‬‬
‫=‪F‬‬
‫ﻭﻴﺒﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﺤﻕ )‪ (1‬ﻗﻴﻡ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺌﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺴﻭﺒﺔ ﻟﻠﻨﻁﺎﻗﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻭﺙ ﻭﻏﻴﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻭﺙ‪ .‬ﻭﺘﺒﻴﻥ ﺍﻹﺸﻜﺎل‬
‫)‪ 7-2‬ﺇﻟىﺫ ‪ (11-2‬ﺍﺨﺘﻼﻓﺎﺕ ﻗﻴﻡ )‪ (Sw‬ﻭ)‪ (Sxo‬ﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻕ‪ .‬ﻴﺘﻡ ﺍﻻﺴﺘﻔﺎﺩﺓ ﻤﻥ ﻗـﻴﻡ ﺍﻟﺘـﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻤـﺎﺌﻲ‬
‫ﻟﻐﺭﺽ ﺘﻘﻴﻴﻡ ﺍﻹﻨﺘﺎﺠﻴﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻨﻁﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﺒﺘﺭﻭﻟﻲ ﻭﺤﺴﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻬﻴﺩﺭﻭﻜﺎﺭﺒﻭﻨﻲ )‪ (Sh‬ﻓﻘﺩ ﺘﻡ ﺤﺴﺎﺒﻪ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﺨﻼل ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﺩﻟﺔ )‪:(Schlumberger, 1987‬‬
‫)‪S h = (1 − S w ) ................................................................................................(2-16‬‬
‫ﻭﻴﺒﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﺤﻕ )‪ (1‬ﻗﻴﻡ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻬﻴﺩﺭﻭﻜﺎﺭﺒﻭﻨﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺴﻭﺒﺔ ﻵﺒﺎﺭ ﻤﻨﻁﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴـﺔ‪ ،‬ﻜﻤـﺎ ﺘﺒـﻴﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻹﺸﻜﺎل ) ﻤﻥ ‪ 12-2‬ﺍﻟﻰ ‪ (16-2‬ﺍﺨﺘﻼﻑ ﻗﻴﻡ ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻕ‪.‬‬
‫‪<íè†òfÖ]<l^Š]<Ý]‚~j‰^e<íéßÛÓ¹]<”]ç¤]<í‰]…‬‬
‫‪31‬‬
‫`‬
‫‪Sw and Sxo‬‬
‫‪1‬‬
‫‪0.9‬‬
‫‪0.8‬‬
‫‪0.7‬‬
‫‪0.6‬‬
‫‪0.5‬‬
‫‪0.4‬‬
‫‪0.3‬‬
‫‪0.2‬‬
‫‪0.1‬‬
‫‪0‬‬
‫‪1920‬‬
‫‪1940‬‬
‫‪Sxo‬‬
‫‪Sw‬‬
‫‪1960‬‬
‫‪1980‬‬
‫‪2000‬‬
‫)‪Depth (m‬‬
‫‪2020‬‬
‫‪2040‬‬
‫‪2060‬‬
‫‪2080‬‬
‫‪2100‬‬
‫‪2120‬‬
‫ﺸﻜل )‪ (7-2‬ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺌﻲ )ﻟﻠﻨﻁﺎﻗﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻭﺙ ﻭﻏﻴﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻭﺙ( ﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻕ ﻟﻠﺒﺌﺭ ‪NS-1‬‬
‫‪Sw and Sxo‬‬
‫‪1‬‬
‫‪0.9‬‬
‫‪0.8‬‬
‫‪0.7‬‬
‫‪0.6‬‬
‫‪0.5‬‬
‫‪0.4‬‬
‫‪0.3‬‬
‫‪0.2‬‬
‫‪0.1‬‬
‫‪0‬‬
‫‪1900‬‬
‫‪1920‬‬
‫‪1940‬‬
‫‪1960‬‬
‫‪1980‬‬
‫)‪Depth (m‬‬
‫‪2000‬‬
‫‪2020‬‬
‫‪Sxo‬‬
‫‪Sw‬‬
‫‪2040‬‬
‫‪2060‬‬
‫‪2080‬‬
‫‪2100‬‬
‫ﺸﻜل )‪ (8-2‬ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺌﻲ )ﻟﻠﻨﻁﺎﻗﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻭﺙ ﻭﻏﻴﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻭﺙ( ﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻕ ﻟﻠﺒﺌﺭ ‪NS-2‬‬
‫‪<íè†òfÖ]<l^Š]<Ý]‚~j‰^e<íéßÛÓ¹]<”]ç¤]<í‰]…‬‬
‫‪32‬‬
‫‪Sw and Sxo‬‬
‫‪1‬‬
‫‪0.9‬‬
‫‪0.8‬‬
‫‪0.7‬‬
‫‪0.6‬‬
‫‪0.5‬‬
‫‪0.4‬‬
‫‪0.2‬‬
‫‪0.3‬‬
‫‪0.1‬‬
‫‪0‬‬
‫‪1920‬‬
‫‪1940‬‬
‫‪1960‬‬
‫‪1980‬‬
‫‪2000‬‬
‫‪Sw‬‬
‫)‪Depth (m‬‬
‫‪2020‬‬
‫‪2040‬‬
‫‪Sxo‬‬
‫‪2060‬‬
‫‪2080‬‬
‫‪2100‬‬
‫‪2120‬‬
‫ﺸﻜل )‪ (9-2‬ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺌﻲ )ﻟﻠﻨﻁﺎﻗﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻭﺙ ﻭﻏﻴﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻭﺙ( ﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻕ ﻟﻠﺒﺌﺭ ‪NS-3‬‬
‫‪Sw and Sxo‬‬
‫‪1‬‬
‫‪0.9‬‬
‫‪0.8‬‬
‫‪0.7‬‬
‫‪0.6‬‬
‫‪0.5‬‬
‫‪0.4‬‬
‫‪0.3‬‬
‫‪0.2‬‬
‫‪0.1‬‬
‫‪0‬‬
‫‪1900‬‬
‫‪Sxo‬‬
‫‪Sw‬‬
‫‪1920‬‬
‫‪1940‬‬
‫‪1960‬‬
‫‪1980‬‬
‫‪2020‬‬
‫)‪Depth (m‬‬
‫‪2000‬‬
‫‪2040‬‬
‫‪2060‬‬
‫‪2080‬‬
‫‪2100‬‬
‫‪2120‬‬
‫ﺸﻜل )‪ (10-2‬ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺌﻲ )ﻟﻠﻨﻁﺎﻗﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻭﺙ ﻭﻏﻴﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻭﺙ( ﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻕ ﻟﻠﺒﺌﺭ ‪NS-4‬‬
‫‪<íè†òfÖ]<l^Š]<Ý]‚~j‰^e<íéßÛÓ¹]<”]ç¤]<í‰]…‬‬
‫‪33‬‬
‫‪Sw and Sxo‬‬
‫‪1‬‬
‫‪0.9‬‬
‫‪0.8‬‬
‫‪0.7‬‬
‫‪0.6‬‬
‫‪0.5‬‬
‫‪0.4‬‬
‫‪0.3‬‬
‫‪0.2‬‬
‫‪0.1‬‬
‫‪0‬‬
‫‪1900‬‬
‫‪1920‬‬
‫‪1940‬‬
‫‪1960‬‬
‫‪1980‬‬
‫‪Sxo‬‬
‫‪2020‬‬
‫)‪Depth (m‬‬
‫‪Sw‬‬
‫‪2000‬‬
‫‪2040‬‬
‫‪2060‬‬
‫‪2080‬‬
‫‪2100‬‬
‫‪2120‬‬
‫ﺸﻜل )‪ (11-2‬ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺌﻲ )ﻟﻠﻨﻁﺎﻗﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻭﺙ ﻭﻏﻴﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻭﺙ( ﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻕ ﻟﻠﺒﺌﺭ ‪NS-5‬‬
‫‪Sh‬‬
‫‪1‬‬
‫‪0.9‬‬
‫‪0.8‬‬
‫‪0.7‬‬
‫‪0.6‬‬
‫‪0.5‬‬
‫‪0.4‬‬
‫‪0.3‬‬
‫‪0.2‬‬
‫‪0.1‬‬
‫‪0‬‬
‫‪1940‬‬
‫‪1960‬‬
‫‪1980‬‬
‫‪2000‬‬
‫) ‪D e p th (m‬‬
‫‪2020‬‬
‫‪2040‬‬
‫‪2060‬‬
‫‪2080‬‬
‫‪2100‬‬
‫‪2120‬‬
‫ﺸﻜل )‪ (12-2‬ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻬﻴﺩﺭﻭﻜﺎﺭﺒﻭﻨﻲ ﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻕ ﻟﻠﺒﺌﺭ ‪NS-1‬‬
‫‪<íè†òfÖ]<l^Š]<Ý]‚~j‰^e<íéßÛÓ¹]<”]ç¤]<í‰]…‬‬
‫‪34‬‬
‫‪Sh‬‬
‫‪0.9‬‬
‫‪0.8‬‬
‫‪0.7‬‬
‫‪0.6‬‬
‫‪0.4‬‬
‫‪0.5‬‬
‫‪0.3‬‬
‫‪0.2‬‬
‫‪0.1‬‬
‫‪0‬‬
‫‪1900‬‬
‫‪1920‬‬
‫‪1940‬‬
‫‪1960‬‬
‫‪1980‬‬
‫) ‪D e p th (m‬‬
‫‪2000‬‬
‫‪2020‬‬
‫‪2040‬‬
‫‪2060‬‬
‫‪2080‬‬
‫‪2100‬‬
‫ﺸﻜل )‪ (13-2‬ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻬﻴﺩﺭﻭﻜﺎﺭﺒﻭﻨﻲ ﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻕ ﻟﻠﺒﺌﺭ ‪NS-2‬‬
‫‪Sh‬‬
‫‪0.9‬‬
‫‪0.8‬‬
‫‪0.7‬‬
‫‪0.6‬‬
‫‪0.5‬‬
‫‪0.4‬‬
‫‪0.3‬‬
‫‪0.2‬‬
‫‪0.1‬‬
‫‪0‬‬
‫‪1920‬‬
‫‪1940‬‬
‫‪1960‬‬
‫‪1980‬‬
‫‪2000‬‬
‫) ‪D e p th (m‬‬
‫‪2020‬‬
‫‪2040‬‬
‫‪2060‬‬
‫‪2080‬‬
‫‪2100‬‬
‫‪2120‬‬
‫ﺸﻜل )‪ (14-2‬ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻬﻴﺩﺭﻭﻜﺎﺭﺒﻭﻨﻲ ﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻕ ﻟﻠﺒﺌﺭ ‪NS-3‬‬
‫‪<íè†òfÖ]<l^Š]<Ý]‚~j‰^e<íéßÛÓ¹]<”]ç¤]<í‰]…‬‬
‫‪35‬‬
‫‪Sh‬‬
‫‪1‬‬
‫‪0.9‬‬
‫‪0.8‬‬
‫‪0.7‬‬
‫‪0.6‬‬
‫‪0.4‬‬
‫‪0.5‬‬
‫‪0.3‬‬
‫‪0.2‬‬
‫‪0.1‬‬
‫‪0‬‬
‫‪1900‬‬
‫‪1920‬‬
‫‪1940‬‬
‫‪1960‬‬
‫‪1980‬‬
‫‪2020‬‬
‫) ‪D e p th (m‬‬
‫‪2000‬‬
‫‪2040‬‬
‫‪2060‬‬
‫‪2080‬‬
‫‪2100‬‬
‫‪2120‬‬
‫ﺸﻜل )‪ (15-2‬ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻬﻴﺩﺭﻭﻜﺎﺭﺒﻭﻨﻲ ﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻕ ﻟﻠﺒﺌﺭ ‪NS-4‬‬
‫‪Sh‬‬
‫‪1‬‬
‫‪0.9‬‬
‫‪0.8‬‬
‫‪0.7‬‬
‫‪0.6‬‬
‫‪0.5‬‬
‫‪0.4‬‬
‫‪0.3‬‬
‫‪0.2‬‬
‫‪0.1‬‬
‫‪0‬‬
‫‪1900‬‬
‫‪1920‬‬
‫‪1940‬‬
‫‪1960‬‬
‫‪1980‬‬
‫‪2020‬‬
‫) ‪D e p th (m‬‬
‫‪2000‬‬
‫‪2040‬‬
‫‪2060‬‬
‫‪2080‬‬
‫‪2100‬‬
‫‪2120‬‬
‫ﺸﻜل )‪ (16-2‬ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻬﻴﺩﺭﻭﻜﺎﺭﺒﻭﻨﻲ ﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻕ ﻟﻠﺒﺌﺭ ‪NS-5‬‬
‫‪<íè†òfÖ]<l^Š]<Ý]‚~j‰^e<íéßÛÓ¹]<”]ç¤]<í‰]…‬‬
‫‪36‬‬
‫ﺭﺍﺒﻌ ﹰﺎ‪ :‬ﺤﺴﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﺤﺠﻡ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻲ ﻭﺤﺭﻜﺔ ﺍﻟﻬﻴﺩﺭﻭﻜﺎﺭﺒﻭﻨﺎﺕ‬
‫ﻻ ﻴﻜﻔﻲ ﺤﺴﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺌﻲ )‪ (Sw‬ﻟﻐﺭﺽ ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻴﻴﻡ ﺍﻟﻜﺎﻤل ﻹﻨﺘﺎﺠﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﻁﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﺒﺘﺭﻭﻟﻲ‪ ،‬ﻟﺫﻟﻙ ﻴﺠﺏ‬
‫ﺤﺴﺎﺏ‪:‬‬
‫‪ n‬ﺤﺠﻡ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻲ‪ :‬ﻴﺤﺴﺏ ﺤﺠﻡ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻲ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻨﻁﺎﻗﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻭﺙ ﻭﻏﻴﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻭﺙ ﻟﻁﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﺤﻔﺭ ﺤﺴﺏ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﺩﻟﺘﻴﻥ ﺍﻵﺘﻴﺘﻴﻥ )‪:(Schlumberger, 1984‬‬
‫)‪BVw = S wφ ..................................................................................................(2-17‬‬
‫)‪BV xo = S xoφ .................................................................................................(2-18‬‬
‫ﺤﻴﺙ ﺍﻥ‬
‫‪BVw‬‬
‫‪BV xo‬‬
‫ﺤﺠﻡ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻲ ﻟﻠﻨﻁﺎﻕ ﻏﻴﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻭﺙ‬
‫ﺤﺠﻡ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻲ ﻟﻠﻨﻁﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻭﺙ‬
‫‪ o‬ﺤﺠﻡ ﺍﻟﻬﻴﺩﺭﻭﻜﺎﺭﺒﻭﻥ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻲ‪ :‬ﻭﻴﺸﻤل ﺤﺠﻡ ﺍﻟﻬﺎﻴﺩﺭﻭﻜﺎﺭﺒﻭﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻲ ﻟﻠﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁﻲ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺒل ﻟﻠﺤﺭﻜـﺔ‬
‫ﻭﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻔﻀﺎﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁﻴﺔ )ﻏﻴﺭ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺒﻠﺔ ﻟﻠﺤﺭﻜﺔ( ﻭﻴﺤﺴﺏ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﺩﻟﺔ‬
‫)‪BVo = S hφ ...................................................................................................(2-19‬‬
‫ﺤﻴﺙ ﺍﻥ‬
‫‪BVo‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤﺠﻡ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻲ ﻟﻠﻬﻴﺩﺭﻭﻜﺎﺭﺒﻭﻥ‬
‫‪ p‬ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁﻲ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺒل ﻟﻠﺤﺭﻜﺔ‪ :‬ﻴﺤﺴﺏ ﻤﻥ ﺨﻼل ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﺩﻟﺔ )‪(Spain, 1992‬‬
‫)‪MOS = S xo − S w ...........................................................................................(2-20‬‬
‫ﺤﻴﺙ ﺍﻥ‬
‫‪MOS‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁﻲ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺒل ﻟﻠﺤﺭﻜﺔ‬
‫‪ q‬ﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻔـﻀﺎﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁﻴـﺔ )ﻏﻴـﺭ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺒﻠـﺔ ﻟﻠﺤﺭﻜـﺔ(‪ :‬ﻴﺤـﺴﺏ ﻤـﻥ ﺨـﻼل ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﺩﻟـﺔ ﺍﻵﺘﻴـﺔ‬
‫)‪(Schlumberger, 1987‬‬
‫)‪ROS = 1 − S xo ..............................................................................................(2-21‬‬
‫‪<íè†òfÖ]<l^Š]<Ý]‚~j‰^e<íéßÛÓ¹]<”]ç¤]<í‰]…‬‬
‫ﺤﻴﺙ ﺍﻥ‬
‫‪ROS‬‬
‫‪37‬‬
‫ﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻔﻀﺎﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁﻴﺔ‬
‫ﻴﻤﺜل ﺍﻟﺤﻴﺯ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺼﻭﺭ ﻤﺎ ﺒﻴﻥ )‪ (BVw‬ﻭ)‪ (BVxo‬ﺤﺠﻡ ﺍﻟﻬﻴـﺩﺭﻭﻜﺎﺭﺒﻭﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺒﻠـﺔ ﻟﻺﻨﺘـﺎﺝ‬
‫)‪ ، (movable hydrocarbons‬ﻭﻴﻤﺜل ﺍﻟﺤﻴﺯ ﺍﻟﻤﺤـﺼﻭﺭ ﻤـﺎ ﺒـﻴﻥ ) ‪ ( φ‬ﻭ) ‪ ( φ ⋅ S xo‬ﺤﺠـﻡ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻬﻴﺩﺭﻭﻜﺎﺭﺒﻭﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻘﺔ ﺒﺠـﺩﺍﺭ ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺍﻏـﺎﺕ )‪ ، (Residual hydrocarbons‬ﻭﻴﻤﺜـل ﺍﻟﺤﻴـﺯ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺼﻭﺭ ﺒﻴﻥ ) ‪ ( φ‬ﻭ) ‪ ( φ ⋅ S w‬ﺘﻤﺜل ﺤﺠﻡ ﺍﻟﻬﻴﺩﺭﻭﻜﺎﺭﺒﻭﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻴـﺔ )‪،(Schmidt et al., 1971‬‬
‫ﻜﻤﺎ ﺘﺒﻴﻨﻬﺎ ﺍﻹﺸﻜﺎل )‪ 17 -2‬ﺍﻟﻰ ‪ .(21-2‬ﻜﻤﺎ ﻴﻭﻀﺢ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﺤﻕ )‪ (1‬ﻗﻴﻡ ﻜل ﻤﻥ ‪(BVo, BVw, BVxo,‬‬
‫)‪ SOR, MOS‬ﻵﺒﺎﺭ ﻤﻨﻁﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ ﺘﻭﻀﺢ ﺍﻻﺸﻜﺎل ) ﻤﻥ ‪ 17-2‬ﺍﻟﻰ ‪ (25-2‬ﺘﻐﺎﻴﺭﻫﺎ ﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﻌﻤـﻕ‪.‬‬
‫ﺇﺫ ﻴﻼﺤﻅ ﻓﻲ ﺒﺌﺭ ‪ NS-1‬ﺃﻥ ﻨﺴﺒﺔ ﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻔﻀﺎﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁﻴﺔ ﺍﻋﻠﻰ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺤﺭﻙ ﻭﻫﺫﺍ ﺩﻟﻴل‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻥ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻭﺫﻴﺔ ﻗﻠﻴﻠﺔ ‪ ،‬ﺍﻤﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺒﺌﺭ ‪ NS-2‬ﻓﻴﻼﺤﻅ ﺍﻥ ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﻤﻨﺎﻁﻕ ﻴﺯﺩﺍﺩ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻔﻀﺎﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁﻴﺔ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺤﺭﻙ ‪ ،‬ﻭﻤﻨﺎﻁﻕ ﺍﺨﺭﻯ ﻴﺯﺩﺍﺩ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺤﺭﻙ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻔﻀﺎﻟﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁﻴﺔ ‪ ،‬ﻭﻤﻨﺎﻁﻕ ﺘﺘﺴﺎﻭﻯ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﻤﺘﺎﻥ ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫﺫﺍ ﺩﻟﻴل ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺎﺫﻴﺔ ﻤﺘﻭﺴﻁﺔ ﺍﻟﻰ ﻋﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺒﺌﺭ ‪NS-‬‬
‫‪ ،2‬ﺍﻤﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺒﺌﺭ ‪ NS-3‬ﻓﻴﻼﺤﻅ ﺍﻥ ﺍﻏﻠﺏ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﻁﻕ ﻴﺯﺩﺍﺩ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺤـﺭﻙ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﺘـﺸﺒﻊ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻔﻀﺎﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁﻴﺔ ﻭﻫﺫﺍ ﺩﻟﻴل ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻥ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻭﺫﻴﺔ ﻋﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﻭﻟﻜﻥ ﺘﻭﺠﺩ ﻤﻨﺎﻁﻕ ﻴﺯﺩﺍﺩ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻔﻀﺎﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁﻴﺔ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺤﺭﻙ ﻭﻟﻜﻥ ﺒﻨﺴﺒﺔ ﻗﻠﻴﻠﺔ ﻭﺫﻟﻙ ﺩﻟﻴل ﻋﻠﻰ ﻨﻔﻭﺫﻴﺔ ﻤﺘﻭﺴﻁﺔ‪ .‬ﺍﻤﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺒﺌﺭﻱ ‪ NS-4‬ﻭ‬
‫‪ NS-5‬ﻓﻴﻼﺤﻅ ﺍﻥ ﺍﻏﻠﺏ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﻁﻕ ﻴﺯﺩﺍﺩ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺤﺭﻙ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻔـﻀﺎﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁﻴـﺔ‪،‬‬
‫ﻭﻫﺫﺍ ﺩﻟﻴل ﻋﻠﻰ ﻭﺠﻭﺩ ﻨﻔﻭﺫﻴﺔ ﻋﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﺇﻻ ﻓﻲ ﻤﻨﺎﻁﻕ ﻗﻠﻴﻠﺔ ﻴﺯﺩﺍﺩ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻔﻀﺎﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁﻴﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺘـﺸﺒﻊ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺤﺭﻙ ﻭﻟﻜﻥ ﺒﻨﺴﺒﺔ ﻗﻠﻴﻠﺔ ﻤﻤﺎ ﻴﺩﻟل ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻭﺫﻴﺔ ﻤﺘﻭﺴﻁﺔ‪.‬‬
<íè†òfÖ]<l^Š]<Ý]‚~j‰^e<íéßÛÓ¹]<”]ç¤]<í‰]…
38
BVw, Bvxo and Effective Porosity
0.00
1920
0.05
0.10
0.15
0.20
0.25
0.30
0.35
1940
Effective Porostiy
BVxo
BVw
1960
1980
Depth (m)
2000
2020
2040
2060
2080
2100
2120
NS-1 ‫( ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺠﻡ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻲ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻕ ﻟﻠﺒﺌﺭ‬17-2) ‫ﺸﻜل‬
BVw and Bvxo and effective porosity
0
0.05
0.1
0.15
0.2
0.25
0.3
0.35
0.4
1900
1920
1940
1960
Depth (m)
1980
2000
2020
2040
BVw
BVxo
effective porosity
2060
2080
2100
NS-2 ‫( ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺠﻡ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻲ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻕ ﻟﻠﺒﺌﺭ‬18-2) ‫ﺸﻜل‬
0.45
0.5
<íè†òfÖ]<l^Š]<Ý]‚~j‰^e<íéßÛÓ¹]<”]ç¤]<í‰]…
39
BVw and Bvxo and effective porosity
0
0.1
0.2
0.3
0.4
0.5
0.6
1920
1940
1960
1980
Depth (m)
2000
2020
Effective porosity
2040
BVxo
2060
BVw
2080
2100
2120
NS-3 ‫( ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺠﻡ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻲ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻕ ﻟﻠﺒﺌﺭ‬19-2) ‫ﺸﻜل‬
BVw and Bvxo and effective porosity
0
0.05
0.1
0.15
0.2
0.25
0.3
0.35
1900
1920
1940
1960
Depth (m)
1980
2000
effective porosity
2020
2040
BVxo
2060
BVw
2080
2100
2120
NS-4 ‫( ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺠﻡ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻲ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻕ ﻟﻠﺒﺌﺭ‬20-2) ‫ﺸﻜل‬
0.4
<íè†òfÖ]<l^Š]<Ý]‚~j‰^e<íéßÛÓ¹]<”]ç¤]<í‰]…
40
BVw and Bvxo and effective porosity
0
0.05
0.1
0.15
0.2
0.25
0.3
0.35
1900
1920
1940
1960
Depth (m)
1980
effective porosity
2000
2020
BVxo
2040
BVw
2060
2080
2100
2120
NS-5 ‫( ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺠﻡ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻲ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻕ ﻟﻠﺒﺌﺭ‬21-2) ‫ﺸﻜل‬
0.4
0.45
‫‪<íè†òfÖ]<l^Š]<Ý]‚~j‰^e<íéßÛÓ¹]<”]ç¤]<í‰]…‬‬
‫‪41‬‬
‫‪Res. Oil and MOS‬‬
‫‪0.9‬‬
‫‪0.8‬‬
‫‪0.6‬‬
‫‪0.7‬‬
‫‪0.4‬‬
‫‪0.5‬‬
‫‪0.2‬‬
‫‪0.3‬‬
‫‪0‬‬
‫‪0.1‬‬
‫‪1900‬‬
‫‪1920‬‬
‫‪1940‬‬
‫‪1960‬‬
‫‪1980‬‬
‫)‪Depth (m‬‬
‫‪2000‬‬
‫‪2020‬‬
‫‪Res. Oil‬‬
‫‪2040‬‬
‫‪MOS‬‬
‫‪2060‬‬
‫‪2080‬‬
‫‪2100‬‬
‫ﺸﻜل )‪ (22-2‬ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺒﻘﻲ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺤﺭﻙ ﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻕ ﻟﻠﺒﺌﺭ ‪NS-2‬‬
‫‪Res. Oil and MOS‬‬
‫‪0.8‬‬
‫‪0.7‬‬
‫‪0.6‬‬
‫‪0.5‬‬
‫‪0.4‬‬
‫‪0.3‬‬
‫‪0.2‬‬
‫‪0.1‬‬
‫‪0‬‬
‫‪1920‬‬
‫‪1940‬‬
‫‪1960‬‬
‫‪1980‬‬
‫‪2000‬‬
‫‪Res. Oil‬‬
‫‪2040‬‬
‫‪2060‬‬
‫‪MOS‬‬
‫‪2080‬‬
‫‪2100‬‬
‫ﺸﻜل )‪ (23-2‬ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺒﻘﻲ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺤﺭﻙ ﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻕ ﻟﻠﺒﺌﺭ ‪NS-3‬‬
‫‪2120‬‬
‫) ‪D e p th (m‬‬
‫‪2020‬‬
‫‪<íè†òfÖ]<l^Š]<Ý]‚~j‰^e<íéßÛÓ¹]<”]ç¤]<í‰]…‬‬
‫‪42‬‬
‫‪Res. Oil and MOS‬‬
‫‪0.8‬‬
‫‪0.6‬‬
‫‪0.7‬‬
‫‪0.4‬‬
‫‪0.5‬‬
‫‪0.2‬‬
‫‪0.3‬‬
‫‪0‬‬
‫‪0.1‬‬
‫‪1900‬‬
‫‪1920‬‬
‫‪1940‬‬
‫‪1960‬‬
‫‪1980‬‬
‫‪Res.Oil‬‬
‫)‪Depth (m‬‬
‫‪2000‬‬
‫‪2020‬‬
‫‪2040‬‬
‫‪2060‬‬
‫‪MOS‬‬
‫‪2080‬‬
‫‪2100‬‬
‫‪2120‬‬
‫ﺸﻜل )‪ (24-2‬ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺒﻘﻲ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺤﺭﻙ ﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻕ ﻟﻠﺒﺌﺭ ‪NS-4‬‬
‫‪Res. Oil and MOS‬‬
‫‪0.8‬‬
‫‪0.7‬‬
‫‪0.6‬‬
‫‪0.5‬‬
‫‪0.4‬‬
‫‪0.3‬‬
‫‪0.2‬‬
‫‪0.1‬‬
‫‪0‬‬
‫‪1900‬‬
‫‪1920‬‬
‫‪1940‬‬
‫‪1960‬‬
‫‪1980‬‬
‫‪Res. Oil‬‬
‫‪2020‬‬
‫‪2040‬‬
‫‪MOS‬‬
‫‪2060‬‬
‫‪2080‬‬
‫‪2100‬‬
‫‪2120‬‬
‫ﺸﻜل )‪ (25-2‬ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺒﻘﻲ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺤﺭﻙ ﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻕ ﻟﻠﺒﺌﺭ ‪NS-5‬‬
‫)‪Depth (m‬‬
‫‪2000‬‬
‫‪<íè†òfÖ]<l^Š]<Ý]‚~j‰^e<íéßÛÓ¹]<”]ç¤]<í‰]…‬‬
‫‪43‬‬
‫ﺨﺎﻤﺴ ﹰﺎ‪ :‬ﺤﺴﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﺤﺠﻡ ﺍﻟﺴﺠﻴﻠﻲ‬
‫ﺘﺅﺜﺭ ﺯﻴﺎﺩﺓ ﻨﺴﺒﺔ ﺍﻟﺴﺠﻴل ﺒﻤﻘﺩﺍﺭ )‪ (10%‬ﻓﻲ ﺤﺠﻡ ﺍﻟﺼﺨﺭﺓ ﺘﺄﺜﻴﺭﹰﺍ ﻤﺤﺴﻭﺴﹰﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻗﻴﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﺘـﺸﺒﻊ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺌﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺘﻘﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺱ )‪ .(Hilchie, 1978‬ﻭﻴﺤﺴﺏ ﻤﻌﺎﻤل ﺃﺸﻌﺔ ﻜﺎﻤﺎ )‪ (IGR‬ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﻼﻗﺔ ﺍﻵﺘﻴﺔ‪:‬‬
‫)‪.................................................................................(2-22‬‬
‫ﺤﻴﺙ ﺍﻥ‬
‫‪I GR‬‬
‫‪GRlog‬‬
‫‪GRmax‬‬
‫‪GRmin‬‬
‫) ‪− GRmin‬‬
‫‪(GR‬‬
‫= ‪I GR‬‬
‫‪log‬‬
‫) ‪(GRmax − GRmin‬‬
‫ﺩﻟﻴل ﻤﺠﺱ ﺃﺸﻌﺔ ﻜﺎﻤﺎ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻘﻴﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺭﻭﺀﺓ ﻟﻠﻤﺠﺱ ﻋﻨﺩ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻕ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻴﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻘﻴﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﻘﺼﻭﻯ ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺭﻭﺀﺓ ﻟﻠﻤﺠﺱ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻘﻴﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﺩﻨﻴﺎ ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺭﻭﺀﺓ ﻟﻠﻤﺠﺱ‬
‫ﻴﺤﺴﺏ ﺤﺠﻡ ﺍﻟﺴﺠﻴل )‪ (Vsh‬ﻤﻥ ﺨﻼل ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﺩﻟﺔ ﺁﻻﺘﻴﺔ‬
‫)‪) ..........................................................................................(2-23‬‬
‫‪−1‬‬
‫) ‪2⋅ I GR‬‬
‫( ‪(2‬‬
‫‪3‬‬
‫= ‪Vsh‬‬
‫ﻴﺒﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﺤﻕ )‪ (1‬ﻗﻴﻡ ﺍﻟﺤﺠﻡ ﺍﻟﺴﺠﻴﻠﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺴﻭﺒﺔ ﻵﺒﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻜﻤﺎ ﺘﻭﻀﺢ ﺍﻻﺸـﻜﺎل ) ‪26-2‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻰ‪ (30-2‬ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﻤل ﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻕ‪ ،‬ﺤﻴﺙ ﻴﻼﺤﻅ ﺃﻥ ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﻭﺤﺩﺓ ﺼﺨﺎﺭﻴﺔ ﺴﺠﻴﻠﻴﺔ ﻋﺎﺯﻟﺔ ﺒـﻴﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻭﺤﺩﺘﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﺠﻴﺭﻴﺘﻴﻥ )ﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﺍﻻﻋﻠﻰ ﻭﺍﻻﺴﻔل(‪.‬‬
‫‪V‬‬
‫‪sh‬‬
‫‪vsh‬‬
‫‪1‬‬
‫‪0.9‬‬
‫‪0.8‬‬
‫‪0.7‬‬
‫‪0.6‬‬
‫‪0.5‬‬
‫‪0.4‬‬
‫‪0.3‬‬
‫‪0.2‬‬
‫‪0.1‬‬
‫‪0‬‬
‫‪1920‬‬
‫‪1940‬‬
‫‪1960‬‬
‫‪1980‬‬
‫‪2000‬‬
‫‪2040‬‬
‫‪2060‬‬
‫‪2080‬‬
‫‪2100‬‬
‫ﺸﻜل )‪ (26-2‬ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺠﻡ ﺍﻟﺴﺠﻴﻠﻲ ﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻕ ﻟﻠﺒﺌﺭ‪NS- 1‬‬
‫‪2120‬‬
‫)‪Depth (m‬‬
‫‪2020‬‬
‫‪<íè†òfÖ]<l^Š]<Ý]‚~j‰^e<íéßÛÓ¹]<”]ç¤]<í‰]…‬‬
‫‪44‬‬
‫‪Vsh‬‬
‫‪1‬‬
‫‪0.9‬‬
‫‪0.8‬‬
‫‪0.7‬‬
‫‪0.6‬‬
‫‪0.4‬‬
‫‪0.5‬‬
‫‪0.3‬‬
‫‪0.2‬‬
‫‪0.1‬‬
‫‪0‬‬
‫‪1900‬‬
‫‪1920‬‬
‫‪1940‬‬
‫‪1960‬‬
‫‪1980‬‬
‫)‪Depth (m‬‬
‫‪2000‬‬
‫‪2020‬‬
‫‪2040‬‬
‫‪2060‬‬
‫‪2080‬‬
‫‪2100‬‬
‫ﺸﻜل )‪ (27-2‬ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺠﻡ ﺍﻟﺴﺠﻴﻠﻲ ﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻕ ﻟﻠﺒﺌﺭ ‪NS- 2‬‬
‫‪Vsh‬‬
‫‪1‬‬
‫‪0.9‬‬
‫‪0.8‬‬
‫‪0.7‬‬
‫‪0.6‬‬
‫‪0.5‬‬
‫‪0.4‬‬
‫‪0.3‬‬
‫‪0.2‬‬
‫‪0.1‬‬
‫‪0‬‬
‫‪1920‬‬
‫‪1940‬‬
‫‪1960‬‬
‫‪1980‬‬
‫‪2000‬‬
‫‪2040‬‬
‫‪2060‬‬
‫‪2080‬‬
‫‪2100‬‬
‫‪2120‬‬
‫ﺸﻜل )‪ (28-2‬ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺠﻡ ﺍﻟﺴﺠﻴﻠﻲ ﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻕ ﻟﻠﺒﺌﺭ ‪NS- 3‬‬
‫)‪Depth (m‬‬
‫‪2020‬‬
‫‪<íè†òfÖ]<l^Š]<Ý]‚~j‰^e<íéßÛÓ¹]<”]ç¤]<í‰]…‬‬
‫‪45‬‬
‫‪Vsh‬‬
‫‪1‬‬
‫‪0.9‬‬
‫‪0.8‬‬
‫‪1.0‬‬
‫‪0.9‬‬
‫‪0.8‬‬
‫‪0.7‬‬
‫‪0.6‬‬
‫‪0.5‬‬
‫‪0.4‬‬
‫‪0.3‬‬
‫‪0.2‬‬
‫‪0.1‬‬
‫‪0‬‬
‫‪1900‬‬
‫‪1920‬‬
‫‪1940‬‬
‫‪1960‬‬
‫‪1980‬‬
‫‪2020‬‬
‫)‪Depth (m‬‬
‫‪2000‬‬
‫‪2040‬‬
‫‪2060‬‬
‫‪2080‬‬
‫‪2100‬‬
‫‪2120‬‬
‫ﺸﻜل )‪ (29-2‬ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺠﻡ ﺍﻟﺴﺠﻴﻠﻲ ﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻕ ﻟﻠﺒﺌﺭ ‪NS- 4‬‬
‫‪Vsh‬‬
‫‪Vsh‬‬
‫‪0.7‬‬
‫‪0.6‬‬
‫‪0.5‬‬
‫‪0.4‬‬
‫‪0.3‬‬
‫‪0.2‬‬
‫‪0.1‬‬
‫‪0.0‬‬
‫‪1900‬‬
‫‪1920‬‬
‫‪1940‬‬
‫‪1960‬‬
‫‪1980‬‬
‫‪2020‬‬
‫‪2040‬‬
‫‪2060‬‬
‫‪2080‬‬
‫‪2100‬‬
‫‪2120‬‬
‫ﺸﻜل )‪ (30-2‬ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺠﻡ ﺍﻟﺴﺠﻴﻠﻲ ﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻕ ﻟﻠﺒﺌﺭ ‪NS- 5‬‬
‫)‪Depth (m‬‬
‫‪2000‬‬
‫‪<íè†òfÖ]<l^Š]<Ý]‚~j‰^e<íéßÛÓ¹]<”]ç¤]<í‰]…‬‬
‫‪2-3-2‬‬
‫‪46‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﻁﺒﻴﻘﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﺤﺼﻠﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﺩﻻﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺭﺘﺴﻤﺎﺕ‬
‫ُﻴﻌّﺩ ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ ﺍﻟﺭﺴﻡ ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺎﻁﻌﻲ ﻟﻘﺭﺍﺀﺓ ﻤﺠﺴﻲ ﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﻤﻌﻴﻨﻴﻥ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺘﻁﺒﻴﻘﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﻬﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻴﻤﻜﻥ ﻤﻥ‬
‫ﺨﻼﻟﻬﺎ ﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﻡ ﺍﻟﺩﻗﻴﻘﺔ ﻟﻠﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﻭﺘﺸﺨﻴﺹ ﺍﻟﺼﺨﺎﺭﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻌﺩﻨﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻤـﻼﻁ ﺍﻟـﺼﺨﺭﻱ‪ .‬ﺍﻥ ﻫـﺫﻩ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺘﺴﻤﺎﺕ ﻤﻔﻴﺩﺓ ﻓﻘﻁ ﺒﻭﺠﻭﺩ ﺍﻟﺤﺠﺭ ﺍﻟﺠﻴﺭﻱ ﻭﺍﻟﺤﺠﺭ ﺍﻟﺭﻤﻠﻲ ﻭﺍﻟﺩﻭﻟﻭﻤﺎﻴﺕ ﻭﻟﻜﻨﻬﺎ ﻏﻴﺭ ﺩﻗﻴﻘﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺤﺎﻟﺔ‬
‫ﻭﺠﻭﺩ ﺍﻻﻁﻴﺎﻥ ﻭﺒﻌﺽ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﺩﻥ ﺍﻟﺸﺎﺫﺓ ﺍﻷﺨﺭﻯ )ﺍﻟﺴﻌﺩﻭﻨﻲ‪ ،(2001 ،‬ﻭﻤﻥ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺘﻁﺒﻴﻘﺎﺕ ﻤﺎ ﻴﺄﺘﻲ‪:‬‬
‫ﺍﻭ ﹰﻻ‪ :‬ﻤﺭﺘﺴﻡ ‪ M-N‬ﻟﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺩﻨﻴﺔ‬
‫ﻤﺭﺘﺴﻡ )‪ (M-N‬ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻘﺎﻁﻊ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻭﺍﻗﻊ ﻫﻭ ﻤﻘﺎﺭﻨﺔ ﻤﺯﻴﺞ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻘﺭﺍﺀﺍﺕ ﻟﻤﺠﺴﻲ ﺍﻟﺼﻭﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﻜﺜﺎﻓـﺔ‬
‫ﻤﻊ ﻤﺯﻴﺞ ﻤﻥ ﻗﺭﺍﺀﺍﺕ ﻟﻤﺠﺴﻲ ﺍﻟﻜﺜﺎﻓﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﻴﻭﺘﺭﻭﻥ‪ .‬ﺘﻌﺘﻤﺩ ﻗـﻴﻡ )‪ (M-N‬ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺴـﻭﻤﺔ ﺍﺴﺎﺴـﹰﺎ ﻋﻠـﻰ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻟﺫﻟﻙ ﺘﻌﻁﻲ ﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ ﻤﻬﻤﺔ ﺤﻭل ﺍﻟﺼﺨﺎﺭﻴﺔ )‪ .(Bigelow, 2002‬ﻭﺘﺘﺼﻑ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﻁﺭﻴﻘـﺔ‬
‫)ﺃﻱ ﻁﺭﻴﻘﺔ ﺭﺴﻡ ﺍﻜﺜﺭ ﻤﻥ ﻤﺠﺴﻴﻥ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻤﺭﺘﺴﻡ ﺘﻘﺎﻁﻌﻲ ﻭﺍﺤﺩ( ﺒﺄﻓﻀﻠﻴﺘﻬﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻁﺭﻴﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﺭﺴﻡ ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺎﻁﻌﻲ‬
‫ﻟﻘﻴﻡ ﻤﺠﺴﻴﻥ ﻓﻘﻁ ﺇﺫ ﺒﺈﻤﻜﺎﻨﻬﺎ ﺃﻥ ﺘﻤﻴﺯ ﺒﻴﻥ ﻨﺴﺏ ﺍﻟﺼﺨﻭﺭ ﻤﺘﻌﺩﺩﺓ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﺩﻥ‪ ،‬ﻜﻤﺎ ﻭﺘﺘﺄﺜﺭ ﺍﻟﺤﺴﺎﺒﺎﺕ ﺒﻭﺠﻭﺩ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻐﺎﺯ ﻭﺍﻟﻁﻴﻥ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﺩﻥ ﺍﻟﺸﺎﺫﺓ )ﺍﻟﺴﻌﺩﻭﻨﻲ‪ .( 2001 ،‬ﺘﺤﺴﺏ ﻗﻴﻤﺘﺎ ‪ M‬ﻭ ‪ N‬ﺤﺴﺏ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﺩﻟﺘﻴﻥ ﺍﻵﺘﻴﺘﻴﻥ‪:‬‬
‫)‪(Shlumberger in Selley,1998‬‬
‫‪‬‬
‫)‪ × 0.1 ................................................................................(2-24‬‬
‫‪‬‬
‫‪‬‬
‫‪ ∆t f − ∆t log‬‬
‫‪M =‬‬
‫‪ ρ −ρ‬‬
‫‪f‬‬
‫‪ b‬‬
‫‪‬‬
‫)‪ ..........................................................................................(2-25‬‬
‫‪‬‬
‫‪‬‬
‫ﺤﻴﺙ ﺍﻥ‬
‫‪φ NF‬‬
‫‪ φ − φN‬‬
‫‪N =  NF‬‬
‫‪ ρ −ρ‬‬
‫‪f‬‬
‫‪ b‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﻴﻭﺘﺭﻭﻨﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﻤﺎﺌﻊ ﻭﺘﺴﺎﻭﻱ ‪1‬‬
‫ﻭﻗﺩ ﺘﻡ ﺘﻌﺭﻴﻑ ﺒﻘﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﻤﻼﺕ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻔﻘﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺒﻘﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺘﻡ ﺤﺴﺎﺏ ﻗﻴﻡ ‪ M‬ﻭ‪ N‬ﻵﺒﺎﺭ ﻤﻨﻁﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ ﻜﻤﺎ ﻤﻭﻀﺤﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﺤـﻕ )‪ (1‬ﻭﺇﺴـﻘﺎﻁﻬﺎ ﻋﻠـﻰ‬
‫ﻤﺭﺘﺴﻡ ﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺩﻨﻴﺔ ﻟﺸﺭﻜﺔ ﺸﻠﻤﺒﺭﺠﺭ )‪ (Schlumberger, 1977‬ﺒﻌﺩ ﺇﻋﺎﺩﺓ ﺭﺴـﻤﻪ ﺒﺎﺴـﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ‬
‫ﺒﺭﻨﺎﻤﺞ ﺍﻟـ )‪ ،(Excel‬ﻜﻤﺎ ﺘﻭﻀﺢ ﺍﻷﺸﻜﺎل )‪ 31-2‬ﺍﻟﻰ ‪ (35-2‬ﺍﻟﻨﻘﺎﻁ ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺴـﻭﻤﺔ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺘـﺴﻡ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺎﻁﻌﻲ ﻟﻜل ﺒﺌﺭ ﻤﻥ ﺁﺒﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‪ .‬ﻴﻼﺤﻅ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺸﻜل )‪ (31-2‬ﻭﺍﻟﺨﺎﺹ ﺒـﺎﻟﺒﺌﺭ ‪ NS-1‬ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﻨﻘـﺎﻁ‬
‫ﺘﺘﺠﻤﻊ ﻜﻌﻨﻘﻭﺩ ﺤﻭل ﺍﻟﻜﺎﻟﺴﻴﺕ ﻤﻊ ﻭﺠﻭﺩ ﻨﻘﺎﻁ ﺘﻘﻊ ﻗﺭﻴﺒﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺩﻭﻟﻭﻤﺎﻴﺕ ﻓﻀﻼ ﻋﻥ ﻨﻘﺎﻁ ﺘﻘﻊ ﻓﻲ ﻨﻁﺎﻕ‬
‫‪<íè†òfÖ]<l^Š]<Ý]‚~j‰^e<íéßÛÓ¹]<”]ç¤]<í‰]…‬‬
‫‪47‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻭﻴﺔ‪ .‬ﺍﻤﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺸﻜل )‪ (32-2‬ﻟﺒﺌﺭ )‪ (NS-2‬ﻓﻴﻼﺤﻅ ﺍﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺩﻥ ﺍﻟﻐﺎﻟﺏ ﻫـﻭ ﺍﻟﻜﺎﻟـﺴﺎﻴﺕ‬
‫ﺍﻴﻀﺎ ﻤﻊ ﺘﻭﺍﺠﺩ ﻗﻠﻴل ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻨﻘﺎﻁ ﻓﻲ ﻨﻁﺎﻗﻲ ﺍﻟﺩﻭﻟﻭﻤﺎﻴﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻭﻴﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻴﺘﻀﺢ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺸﻜل )‪(33-2‬‬
‫ﻟﻠﺒﺌﺭ )‪ (NS-3‬ﺍﻥ ﺍﻟﻜﺎﻟﺴﺎﻴﺕ ﻫﻭ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺩﻥ ﺍﻟﻐﺎﻟﺏ ﺃﻴﻀﹰﺎ ﻤﻊ ﻭﺠﻭﺩ ﻗﻠﻴـل ﻤـﻥ ﺍﻟـﺴﻠﻴﻜﺎ ﻭﺍﻟـﺩﻭﻟﻭﻤﺎﻴﺕ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻭﻴﺔ‪ .‬ﺍﻤﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺸﻜﻠﻴﻥ )‪ 34-2‬ﻭ ‪ (35-2‬ﻟﻠﺒﺌﺭﻴﻥ )‪ (NS-4‬ﻭ)‪ (NS-5‬ﻓﺎﻟﻤﻌﺩﻥ ﺍﻟـﺴﺎﺌﺩ‬
‫ﻫﻭ ﺍﻟﻜﺎﻟﺴﺎﻴﺕ ﺍﻴﻀﺎ ﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﻘﻠﻴل ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺩﻭﻟﻭﻤﺎﻴﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻭﻴﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺜﺎﻨﻴ ﹰﺎ‪ :‬ﻤﺭﺘﺴﻡ )‪ (MID‬ﻟﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ ﺍﻟﻤﻼﻁ ﺍﻟﺼﺨﺭﻱ‬
‫ﻴﻌﺘﻤﺩ ﻤﺭﺘﺴﻡ )‪ (MID‬ﺃﺴﺎﺴﹰﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺜﻼﺜﺔ ﺃﻨﻭﺍﻉ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ ﻟﻴﻜﻭﻥ ﺍﻜﺜـﺭ ﺤـﺴﺎﺴﻴﺔ‬
‫ﻟﻠﺼﺨﺎﺭﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻭﻴﺔ ﻭﻫﻭ ﻴﺘﻁﻠﺏ ﻗﺭﺍﺀﺓ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺱ ﺍﻟﺼﻭﺘﻲ ﻭﺍﻟﻜﺜﺎﻓﺔ ﻭﻗﺭﺍﺀﺓ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺱ ﺍﻟﻨﻴﻭﺘﺭﻭﻨﻲ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﻜﺜﺎﻓﺔ ﻟﺤﺴﺎﺏ ﻜل ﻤﻥ ﻓﺎﺼل ﺍﻻﻨﺘﻘﺎل ﺍﻟﺯﻤﻨﻲ ﺍﻟﻅﺎﻫﺭﻱ ﻟﻠﻤﻭﺠﺔ ﺍﻟﺼﻭﺘﻴﺔ )‪ (∆tmaa‬ﻭﺍﻟﻜﺜﺎﻓﺔ ﺍﻟﻅﺎﻫﺭﻴﺔ‬
‫)‪ (ρmaa‬ﻭﻫﺫﺍ ﻴﺘﻁﻠﺏ ﺤﺴﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻅﺎﻫﺭﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻴﻤﻜﻥ ﺍﻥ ﺘﺤﺴﺏ ﻤﻥ ﻤﺭﺘﺴﻡ ﺘﻘﺎﻁﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺱ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼﻭﺘﻲ ﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﻨﻴﻭﺘﺭﻭﻨﻲ ﺍﻭ ﻤﺭﺘﺴﻡ ﺘﻘﺎﻁﻊ ﻤﺠﺱ ﺍﻟﻜﺜﺎﻓﺔ ﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﻨﻴﻭﺘﺭﻭﻨﻲ‪ .‬ﻴﺨﺘﻠﻑ ﻤﺭﺘﺴﻡ )‪ (MID‬ﻋـﻥ‬
‫ﻤﺭﺘﺴﻡ )‪ (M-N‬ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻘﺎﻁﻊ ﺒﺴﺒﺏ ﺍﺨﺘﻼﻑ ﻤﺤﻭﺭﻱ )‪ .(x,y‬ﻓﻔﻲ ﻤﺭﺘﺴﻡ )‪ (M-N‬ﺘﺄﺘﻲ ﻗـﻴﻡ ‪ M‬ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺴﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﺼﻭﺘﻲ ﻭﺍﻟﻜﺜﺎﻓﺔ‪ ،‬ﺒﻴﻨﻤﺎ ﺘﺄﺘﻲ ﻗﻴﻡ ‪ N‬ﻤﻥ ﻤﺠﺴﻲ ﺍﻟﻨﻴﻭﺘﺭﻭﻨﻲ ﻭﺍﻟﻜﺜﺎﻓـﺔ‪ .‬ﺍﻤـﺎ ﻓـﻲ ﻤﺭﺘـﺴﻡ‬
‫)‪ (MID‬ﻓﺎﻥ ﻗﻴﺎﺴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻜﺜﺎﻓﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﻴﻭﺘﺭﻭﻥ ﺘﺴﺘﺨﺩﻡ ﻟﺘﻌﻁﻲ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﻤﺔ ﺍﻷﻭﻟﻰ ﻟﻼﺤﺩﺍﺜﻲ ﺍﻤﺎ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺴﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﺼﻭﺘﻲ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﻨﻴﻭﺘﺭﻭﻥ ﻓﻴﻌﻁﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﻤﺔ ﺍﻷﺨـﺭﻯ‪ .‬ﻭﻴﺘﻔـﻭﻕ ﻤﺭﺘـﺴﻡ )‪ (MID‬ﻓـﻲ ﻨﺘﺎﺌﺠـﻪ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺘـﺴﻡ‬
‫)‪ .(Bigelow, 2002) (M-N‬ﺘﺤﺴﺏ ﻗﻴﻤﺔ ﻜل ﻤﻥ )‪ (∆tmaa‬ﻭ )‪ (ρmaa‬ﻤـﻥ ﺨـﻼل ﺍﻟﻤﻌـﺎﺩﻟﺘﻴﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻵﺘﻴﺘﻴﻥ‪:‬‬
‫‪ ρ b − φa ρ f‬‬
‫‪ρ maa = ‬‬
‫‪ 1 − φa‬‬
‫‪‬‬
‫)‪ .....................................................................................(2-26‬‬
‫‪‬‬
‫‪ ∆t log − φ a ∆t f ‬‬
‫)‪ ................................................................................(2-27‬‬
‫‪= ‬‬
‫‪1 − φa‬‬
‫‪‬‬
‫‪‬‬
‫ﺤﻴﺙ ﺍﻥ‬
‫‪φa‬‬
‫‪ρ maa‬‬
‫‪∆t maa‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻅﺎﻫﺭﻴﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻜﺜﺎﻓﺔ ﺍﻟﻅﺎﻫﺭﻴﺔ‬
‫ﻓﺎﺼل ﺍﻻﻨﺘﻘﺎل ﺍﻟﺯﻤﻨﻲ ﺍﻟﻅﺎﻫﺭﻱ ﻟﻠﻤﻭﺠﺔ ﺍﻟﺼﻭﺘﻴﺔ‬
‫ﻭﺘﻡ ﺘﻌﺭﻴﻑ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﻤﻼﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺒﻘﻴﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻔﻘﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺒﻘﺔ‪.‬‬
‫‪∆t maa‬‬
‫‪<íè†òfÖ]<l^Š]<Ý]‚~j‰^e<íéßÛÓ¹]<”]ç¤]<í‰]…‬‬
‫‪48‬‬
‫ﻴﺒﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﺤﻕ )‪ (1‬ﻗﻴﻡ ﻜل ﻤﻥ )‪ (∆tmaa‬ﻭ )‪ (ρmaa‬ﻵﺒﺎﺭ ﻤﻨﻁﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ ﺤﻴﺙ ﺤﺴﺒﺕ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﻡ ﺍﻭﻻ‬
‫ﺒﺎﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﺩﻟﺘﻴﻥ ﻓﻲ ﺃﻋﻼﻩ ﺜﻡ ﺴﻘﻁ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻤﺭﺘﺴﻡ )‪ (MID‬ﺒﻌﺩ ﺇﻋﺎﺩﺓ ﺭﺴـﻤﻪ ﺒﺎﺴـﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ ﺒﺭﻨـﺎﻤﺞ‬
‫)‪ .(Excel 2003‬ﻜﻤﺎ ﺘﻭﻀﺢ ﺍﻻﺸﻜﺎل )‪ 36-2‬ﺍﻟﻰ ‪ (40-2‬ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺘﺴﻡ ﺒﻌﺩ ﺇﺴﻘﺎﻁ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﻡ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺤﻴـﺙ‬
‫ﻴﻼﺤﻅ ﻤﻥ ﺨﻼل ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺘﺴﻤﺎﺕ ﺒﺎﻥ ﺠﻤﻴﻊ ﺍﻟﻨﻘﺎﻁ ﺘﻘﻊ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻤﻼﻁ ﺍﻟﻜﻠـﺴﻲ ﻤـﻊ ﺘـﺩﺍﺨﻼﺕ ﻗﻠﻴﻠـﺔ‬
‫ﻟﻠﺩﻭﻟﻭﻤﺎﻴﺕ‪.‬‬
‫ﺜﺎﻟﺜ ﹰﺎ‪ :‬ﻤﺭﺘﺴﻡ ) ‪ (φ N − ρ b‬ﻟﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ ﺍﻟﺼﺨﺎﺭﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ‬
‫ﺘﺘﺄﺜﺭ ﻤﺠﺴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺜﻼﺜﺔ )ﻤﺠﺱ ﺍﻟﻜﺜﺎﻓﺔ ﻭﻤﺠﺱ ﺍﻟﻨﻴﻭﺘﺭﻭﻥ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺠﺱ ﺍﻟﺼﻭﺘﻲ( ﻭﺒﺸﻜل‬
‫ﻤﻠﺤﻭﻅ ﺒﺼﺨﺎﺭﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﻭﻤﺤﺘﻭﺍﻫﺎ ﺍﻟﻁﻴﻨﻲ ﻭﻭﺠﻭﺩ ﺍﻟﻐﺎﺯ‪ .‬ﻭﻋﺎﺩﺓ ﻤﺎ ﺘﺴﺘﻌﻤل ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺜﻼﺙ‬
‫ﻤﺘﺭﺍﺒﻁﺔ ﺒﺩﻻ ﻤﻥ ﺍﺴﺘﻌﻤﺎﻟﻬﺎ ﻤﻨﻔﺭﺩﺓ )ﺍﻟﺴﻌﺩﻭﻨﻲ‪ .( 2001 ،‬ﻴﺘﻁﻠﺏ ﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ ﺍﻟﺼﺨﺎﺭﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﻗﺭﺍﺀﺓ‬
‫ﻤﺠﺴﻲ ﺍﻟﻨﻴﻭﺘﺭﻭﻥ ﻭﺍﻟﻜﺜﺎﻓﺔ ﻟﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ ‪ φ N‬ﻭ ‪ ρ b‬ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺘﻭﺍﻟﻲ ﺜﻡ ﺘﺴﻘﻁ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻤﺭﺘﺴﻡ ﻤﻌﺩ ﻤﻥ ﻗﺒل ﺸﺭﻜﺔ‬
‫ﺸﻠﻤﺒﺭﺠﺭ ﻭﻜﻤﺎ ﺘﻭﻀﺤﻬﺎ ﺍﻻﺸﻜﺎل )‪ 41-2‬ﺍﻟﻰ ‪ .(45-2‬ﺇﺫ ﻴﻼﺤﻅ ﻤﻥ ﺨﻼل ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻷﺸﻜﺎل ﺒﺎﻥ ﺍﻏﻠﺏ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﻘﺎﻁ ﺘﻘﻊ ﻓﻲ ﻨﻁﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﺤﺠﺭ ﺍﻟﺠﻴﺭﻱ ﻤﻊ ﺘﺩﺍﺨﻼﺕ ﻗﻠﻴﻠﺔ ﺠﺩﺍ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺩﻭﻟﻭﻤﺎﻴﺕ ﻤﺎ ﻋﺩﺍ ﺍﻟﺒﺌﺭ )‪(NS-3‬‬
‫ﺤﻴﺙ ﺘﻭﺠﺩ ﺘﺩﺍﺨﻼﺕ ﻗﻠﻴﻠﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺤﺠﺭ ﺍﻟﺭﻤﻠﻲ )‪ .(Sandstone‬ﻭﺒﻜﺜﺎﻓﺔ ﺘﺘﺭﺍﻭﺡ ﻤﺎ ﺒﻴﻥ )‪(2.71-2.24‬‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺒﺌﺭ ‪ NS-1‬ﻭ )‪ (2.68-2.24‬ﻓﻲ ﺒﺌﺭ ‪ NS-2‬ﻭ )‪ (2.6-2.2‬ﻓﻲ ﺒﺌﺭ ‪ NS-3‬ﻭ )‪ (2.6-2.22‬ﻓﻲ‬
‫ﺒﺌﺭﻱ ‪ NS-4‬ﻭ ‪. NS-5‬‬
‫‪<íè†òfÖ]<l^Š]<Ý]‚~j‰^e<íéßÛÓ¹]<”]ç¤]<í‰]…‬‬
‫‪ANHYDRITE‬‬
‫ﺸﻜل )‪ (31-2‬ﻤﺭﺘﺴﻡ ‪ M-N‬ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻘﺎﻁﻊ ﻟﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺩﻨﻴﺔ ﻟﺒﺌﺭ ‪NS-1‬‬
‫‪49‬‬
‫‪<íè†òfÖ]<l^Š]<Ý]‚~j‰^e<íéßÛÓ¹]<”]ç¤]<í‰]…‬‬
‫‪ANHYDRITE‬‬
‫ﺸﻜل )‪ (32-2‬ﻤﺭﺘﺴﻡ ‪ M-N‬ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻘﺎﻁﻊ ﻟﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺩﻨﻴﺔ ﻟﺒﺌﺭ ‪NS-2‬‬
‫‪50‬‬
‫‪<íè†òfÖ]<l^Š]<Ý]‚~j‰^e<íéßÛÓ¹]<”]ç¤]<í‰]…‬‬
‫‪ANHYDRITE‬‬
‫ﺸﻜل )‪ (33-2‬ﻤﺭﺘﺴﻡ ‪ M-N‬ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻘﺎﻁﻊ ﻟﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺩﻨﻴﺔ ﻟﺒﺌﺭ ‪NS-3‬‬
‫‪51‬‬
‫‪<íè†òfÖ]<l^Š]<Ý]‚~j‰^e<íéßÛÓ¹]<”]ç¤]<í‰]…‬‬
‫‪ANHYDRITE‬‬
‫ﺸﻜل )‪ (34-2‬ﻤﺭﺘﺴﻡ ‪ M-N‬ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻘﺎﻁﻊ ﻟﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺩﻨﻴﺔ ﻟﺒﺌﺭ ‪NS-4‬‬
‫‪52‬‬
‫‪<íè†òfÖ]<l^Š]<Ý]‚~j‰^e<íéßÛÓ¹]<”]ç¤]<í‰]…‬‬
‫‪ANHYDRITE‬‬
‫ﺸﻜل )‪ (35-2‬ﻤﺭﺘﺴﻡ ‪ M-N‬ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻘﺎﻁﻊ ﻟﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺩﻨﻴﺔ ﻟﺒﺌﺭ ‪NS-5‬‬
‫‪53‬‬
<íè†òfÖ]<l^Š]<Ý]‚~j‰^e<íéßÛÓ¹]<”]ç¤]<í‰]…
54
2.0
2.2
2.4
Gasgrade
Quartz
ρmaa
2.6
Calcite
2.8
Dolomite
3.0
Anhydrtie
3.2
3.4
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
∆tmaa
NS-1 ‫ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻘﺎﻁﻊ ﻟﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ ﺍﻟﻤﻼﻁ ﻟﺒﺌﺭ‬MID ‫( ﻤﺭﺘﺴﻡ‬36-2) ‫ﺸﻜل‬
2.0
2.2
2.4
ρmaa
Gas grade
2.6
Silica
Calcite
2.8
Dolomite
Anhydrite
3.0
3.2
20
40
60
80
100
∆tmaa
NS-2 ‫ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻘﺎﻁﻊ ﻟﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ ﺍﻟﻤﻼﻁ ﻟﺒﺌﺭ‬MID ‫( ﻤﺭﺘﺴﻡ‬37-2) ‫ﺸﻜل‬
120
140
<íè†òfÖ]<l^Š]<Ý]‚~j‰^e<íéßÛÓ¹]<”]ç¤]<í‰]…
55
2.0
2.2
2.4
Gas grade
ρmaa
2.6
Calcite
Silica
2.8
Dolomite
Anhydrite
3.0
3.2
3.4
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
110
∆tmaa
NS-3 ‫ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻘﺎﻁﻊ ﻟﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ ﺍﻟﻤﻼﻁ ﻟﺒﺌﺭ‬MID ‫( ﻤﺭﺘﺴﻡ‬38-2) ‫ﺸﻜل‬
2.0
2.2
2.4
ρmaa
Gas grade
2.6
Silica
Calcite
2.8
Dolomite
3.0
Anhydrite
3.2
0
20
40
60
80
∆tmaa
NS-4 ‫ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻘﺎﻁﻊ ﻟﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ ﺍﻟﻤﻼﻁ ﻟﺒﺌﺭ‬MID ‫( ﻤﺭﺘﺴﻡ‬39-2) ‫ﺸﻜل‬
100
120
<íè†òfÖ]<l^Š]<Ý]‚~j‰^e<íéßÛÓ¹]<”]ç¤]<í‰]…
56
2.0
2.2
2.4
ρmaa
Gas grade
2.6
Silica
Calcite
2.8
Dolomite
3.0
Anhydrite
3.2
10
30
50
70
90
110
∆tmaa
NS-5 ‫ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻘﺎﻁﻊ ﻟﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ ﺍﻟﻤﻼﻁ ﻟﺒﺌﺭ‬MID ‫( ﻤﺭﺘﺴﻡ‬40-2) ‫ﺸﻜل‬
130
150
<íè†òfÖ]<l^Š]<Ý]‚~j‰^e<íéßÛÓ¹]<”]ç¤]<í‰]…
57
1.9
45
2.0
40
35
2.1
30
Bulk density
2.2
25
Sandstone
2.3
20
2.4
15 Limestone
2.5
10
2.6
5
Dolomite
0
2.7
2.8
2.9
Anhydrite
3.0
-5
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
Neutron porosity
NS-1 ‫( ﻟﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ ﺍﻟﺼﺨﺎﺭﻴﺔ ﻟﺒﺌﺭ‬φ N − ρ b ) ‫( ﻤﺭﺘﺴﻡ‬41-2) ‫ﺸﻜل‬
35
40
45
<íè†òfÖ]<l^Š]<Ý]‚~j‰^e<íéßÛÓ¹]<”]ç¤]<í‰]…
58
1.9
45
2.0
40
2.1
35
30
2.2
B u lk d e n sity
25
Sandstone
2.3
20
2.4
15
Limestone
2.5
10
2.6
5
Dolomite
0
2.7
2.8
2.9
Anhydrite
3.0
-5
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
Neutron porosity
NS-2 ‫( ﻟﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ ﺍﻟﺼﺨﺎﺭﻴﺔ ﻟﺒﺌﺭ‬φ N − ρ b ) ‫( ﻤﺭﺘﺴﻡ‬42-2) ‫ﺸﻜل‬
35
40
45
<íè†òfÖ]<l^Š]<Ý]‚~j‰^e<íéßÛÓ¹]<”]ç¤]<í‰]…
59
1.9
45
2.0
40
2.1
35
30
2.2
Bulk density
25
Sandstone
2.3
20
2.4
15
2.5
Limestone
10
2.6
5
Dolomite
0
2.7
2.8
2.9
Anhydrite
3.0
-5
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
Neutron porosity index
NS-3 ‫( ﻟﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ ﺍﻟﺼﺨﺎﺭﻴﺔ ﻟﺒﺌﺭ‬φ N − ρ b ) ‫( ﻤﺭﺘﺴﻡ‬43-2) ‫ﺸﻜل‬
40
45
<íè†òfÖ]<l^Š]<Ý]‚~j‰^e<íéßÛÓ¹]<”]ç¤]<í‰]…
60
1.9
45
40
2.0
2.1
35
30
2.2
Sandstone
25
B u lk d e n s it y
2.3
20
2.4
Limestone
15
2.5
10
Dolomite
2.6
5
0
2.7
2.8
2.9
Anhydrite
3.0
-5
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
Neutron porosity
NS-4 ‫( ﻟﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ ﺍﻟﺼﺨﺎﺭﻴﺔ ﻟﺒﺌﺭ‬φ N − ρ b ) ‫( ﻤﺭﺘﺴﻡ‬44-2) ‫ﺸﻜل‬
40
45
<íè†òfÖ]<l^Š]<Ý]‚~j‰^e<íéßÛÓ¹]<”]ç¤]<í‰]…
61
1.9
45
2.0
40
35
2.1
30
2.2
B u lk d e n s ity
25
Sandstone
2.3
20
2.4
15
2.5
Limestone
10
2.6
5
Dolomite
0
2.7
2.8
2.9
Anhydrite
3.0
-5
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
Neutron porosity index
NS-5 ‫( ﻟﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ ﺍﻟﺼﺨﺎﺭﻴﺔ ﻟﺒﺌﺭ‬φ N − ρ b ) ‫( ﻤﺭﺘﺴﻡ‬45-2) ‫ﺸﻜل‬
40
45
‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻟﺚ‬
‫ﺗﻘﻴﻴﻢ ﺍﻟﺴﺤﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﳌﻜﻤﻨﻴﺔ‬
‫‪Evaluation of reservoir facies‬‬
‫‪1-3‬‬
‫ﲤﻬﻴﺪ‬
‫ﻷﻫﻤﻴﺔ ﻤﻭﻀﻭﻉ ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ ﺍﻟﺴﺤﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺩﻗﻴﻘﺔ ﻟﻠﺼﺨﻭﺭ ﺍﻟﻜﺎﺭﺒﻭﻨﺎﺘﻴﺔ ﻭﻋﻼﻗﺘﻬـﺎ ﺒﺎﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴـﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻭﻴﺭﻴـﺔ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺭﺴﻴﺒﻴﺔ ﻭﺘﺄﺜﻴﺭﻫﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺨﻭﺍﺹ ﺍﻟﺼﺨﻭﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻤﻨﻴﺔ ‪ ،‬ﻴﺘﻁﺭﻕ ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﻔﺼل ﺇﻟﻰ ﺩﺭﺍﺴـﺔ ﺍﻟـﺴﺤﻨﺎﺕ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺩﻗﻴﻘﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺨﻼل ﻓﺤﺹ ﺍﻟﺸﺭﺍﺌﺢ ﺍﻟﺭﻗﻴﻘﺔ ﺘﺤﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻬﺭ‪ ،‬ﻭﺭﺒﻁﻬﺎ ﺒﺎﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻭﻴﺭﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺭﺴﻴﺒﻴﺔ ﺜﻡ‬
‫ﻤﻼﺤﻅﺔ ﺘﺄﺜﻴﺭﻫﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺴﺤﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻤﻨﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻜﻤﺎ ﻴﺘﻀﻤﻥ ﻓﺤﻭﺼﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻀﻐﻁ ﺍﻟﺸﻌﻴﺭﻱ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻴﺘﻡ ﻤـﻥ ﺨﻼﻟﻬـﺎ‬
‫ﺤﺴﺎﺏ ﻤﻌﻠﻤﺎﺕ ﻤﻌﻴﻨﺔ ﻴﺴﺘﻔﺎﺩ ﻤﻨﻬﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺘﻘﻴﻴﻡ ﺍﺩﺍﺌﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺼﺨﻭﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻤﻨﻴﺔ ﻟﺫﻟﻙ ﻓﻘﺩ ﻗـﺴﻡ ﻫـﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﻔـﺼل ﺇﻟـﻰ‬
‫ﻤﺤﻭﺭﻴﻥ‪:‬‬
‫‪ .1‬ﺍﻟﻤﺤﻭﺭ ﺍﻷﻭل‪ :‬ﺍﻟﺴﺤﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺩﻗﻴﻘﺔ ﻭﻋﻼﻗﺘﻬﺎ ﺒﺎﻟﺒﻴﺌﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺭﺴﻴﺒﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻭﻴﺭﻴﺔ‪.‬‬
‫‪ .2‬ﺍﻟﻤﺤﻭﺭ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻲ‪ :‬ﻓﺤﻭﺼﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻀﻐﻁ ﺍﻟﺸﻌﻴﺭﻱ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﻗﺒل ﺍﻟﺘﻁﺭﻕ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﻭﺭ ﺍﻷﻭل ﺴﻭﻑ ﻨﺘﻁﺭﻕ ﻟﻠﺘﻘﺴﻴﻤﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺼﺨﺎﺭﻴﺔ ﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﻓﻲ ﺤﻘل ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺼﺭﻴﺔ‪.‬‬
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‫ﺍﻟﻮﺣﺪﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺼﺨﺎﺭﻳﺔ ﻟﺘﻜﻮﻳﻦ ﺍﳌﺸﺮﻑ‬
‫ﻭﺼﻔﺕ ﺼﺨﺎﺭﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻠﺒﺎﺏ ﻵﺒﺎﺭ ﻤﻨﻁﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ ﺇﺫ ﻟﻭﺤﻅ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﺼﺨﺎﺭﻴﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﻓﻲ ﺤﻘل‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺼﺭﻴﺔ ﺘﺘﻜﻭﻥ ﺒﺼﻭﺭﺓ ﻋﺎﻤﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺼﺨﻭﺭ ﺠﻴﺭﻴﺔ ﺤﺒﻴﺒﻴﺔ ﻭﺼﺨﻭﺭ ﺠﻴﺭﻴﺔ ﻁﺒﺎﺸﻴﺭﻴﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻗﺩ ﺘﻤﺕ ﻤﻘﺎﺭﻨﺘﻬـﺎ‬
‫ﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻁﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺠﺴﻴﺔ ﻭﻨﺘﺎﺌﺞ ﺍﻟﻔﺤﻭﺼﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺒﺘﺭﻭﻓﻴﺯﻴﺎﺌﻴﺔ )ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﻔﺎﺫﻴﺔ( ‪ ،‬ﻭﺘﻡ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﺴﺎﺴـﻬﺎ ﺘﻘـﺴﻴﻡ‬
‫ﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻭﺤﺩﺘﻴﻥ ﺼﺨﺎﺭﻴﺘﻴﻥ ﺃﺴﺎﺴﻴﺘﻴﻥ ﻫﻤﺎ‪:‬‬
‫‪ .1‬ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﺍﻷﻋﻠﻰ ‪Upper Mishrif‬‬
‫‪ .2‬ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﺍﻷﺴﻔل ‪Lower Mishrif‬‬
‫ﺘﻔﺼﻠﻬﻤﺎ ﺼﺨﻭﺭ ﺴﺠﻴﻠﻴﺔ ﻋﺎﺯﻟﺔ‪ ،‬ﻜﻤﺎ ﻭﻴﺤﺩ ﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻷﻋﻠﻰ ﺼﺨﻭﺭ ﻏﻁﺎﺀ ﻋﺎﺯﻟﺔ ﺃﻴﻀﺎ‪ .‬ﻭﻓﻴﻤﺎ‬
‫ﻴﻠﻲ ﻭﺼﻑ ﻟﻬﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﻭﺤﺩﺍﺕ‪:‬‬
‫‪ (1‬ﺼﺨﻭﺭ ﺍﻟﻐﻁﺎﺀ )‪ :(CI‬ﺘﺘﻜﻭﻥ ﻤﻥ ﺼﺨﻭﺭ ﺠﻴﺭﻴﺔ ﺼﻤﺎﺀ ﺘﺘﻭﺍﺠﺩ ﻓﻲ ﺃﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﻭﺘﻤﺘـﺎﺯ ﻫـﺫﻩ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼﺨﻭﺭ ﺒﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﻻ ﺘﺘﻌﺩﻯ )‪ (5%‬ﻭﻨﻔﺎﺫﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻁﺌﺔ ﺠﺩﹰﺍ ﻭﺘﺤﺘﻭﻱ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺴﺤﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺤﺠـﺭ ﺍﻟﺠﻴـﺭﻱ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻁﻴﻨﻲ‪ .‬ﻴﺘﺭﺍﻭﺡ ﺴﻤﻜﻬﺎ ﻤﺎ ﺒﻴﻥ )‪12.5 -4.5‬ﻡ( ‪ ،‬ﻜﻤﺎ ﻤﺒﻴﻥ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻭل )‪.(1-3‬‬
‫‪<íéßÛÓ¹]<l^ßvŠÖ]<ÜééÏi‬‬
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‫‪ (2‬ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﺍﻷﻋﻠﻰ )‪ :(MA‬ﻴﺘﺤﺩﺩ ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺒﻴﻥ ﺼﺨﻭﺭ ﺍﻟﻐﻁﺎﺀ ﻭﺃﻋﻠﻰ ﻁﺒﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﺴﺠﻴل‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺯﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺘﺴﻔﻠﻪ‪ ،‬ﺇﺫ ﻴﺘﻜﻭﻥ ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ ﻤﻥ ﺼﺨﻭﺭ ﻜﺎﺭﺒﻭﻨﺎﻴﺘﻴﺔ ﻁﺒﺎﺸﻴﺭﻴﺔ ﻭﺼﺨﻭﺭ ﻜﺎﺭﺒﻭﻨﺎﻴﺘﻴﺔ‬
‫ﺤﺒﻴﺒﻴﺔ‪ .‬ﺘﻤﺘﺎﺯ ﺼﺨﻭﺭ ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ ﺒﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﻋﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﺘﺘﺭﺍﻭﺡ ﻤﺎ ﺒـﻴﻥ )‪ ،(% 25-16‬ﺍﻤـﺎ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺎﺫﻴـﺔ‬
‫ﻓﻭﺍﻁﺌﺔ ﻻ ﺘﺘﻌﺩﻯ )‪ (3‬ﻤﻠﻲ ﺩﺍﺭﺴﻲ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴﺘﺭﺍﻭﺡ ﺴﻤﻙ ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ ﻤـﺎ ﺒـﻴﻥ )‪ 62-52‬ﻡ(‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺠـﺩﻭل‬
‫)‪ .(1-3‬ﻴﻤﺜــل ﻫــﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﺠــﺯﺀ ﻤــﻥ ﺍﻟﺘﻜــﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟــﺩﻭﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺭﺴــﻭﺒﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺭﺍﺠﻌﻴــﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻴــﺎ‬
‫)‪ (Upper regressive cycle‬ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺘﺒﺩﺃ ﺒﻌﺩ ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺭﺴﻭﺒﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺭﺍﺠﻌﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺴﻔﻠﻰ ﻭﺒـﺴﻁﺢ ﻻ‬
‫ﺘﻭﺍﻓﻘﻲ ﻤﻅﻬﺭﻱ )‪ (Disconformity‬ﻓﻲ ﻤﻨﺎﻁﻕ ﺠﻨﻭﺏ ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺍﻕ ﻜﺎﻓـﺔ )ﺭﺍﺯﻭﻴـﺎﻥ‪.(2002 ،‬‬
‫ﻭﻴﻌﺯﻯ ﻋﺩﻡ ﺍﺤﺘﻭﺍﺌﻪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁ ﺒﺴﺒﺏ ﻁﺒﻴﻌﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺒﻴﺒﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﻋﻤﺔ ﺠﺩﺍ ﻟﺼﺨﻭﺭﻩ ﺇﺫ ﻟﻴﺱ ﺒﺎﻻﻤﻜـﺎﻥ‬
‫ﺇﺯﺍﺤﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻴﺎﻩ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﻨﻴﺔ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﻤﻥ ﻗﺒل ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁ )ﺍﻻﺴﺘﻜﺸﺎﻑ‪ .(1989 ،‬ﻴﺤﺘﻭﻱ ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﻋﻠﻰ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﻟﻭﻤﺎﻴﺕ ﺩﻗﻴﻕ ﺍﻟﺘﺒﻠﻭﺭ ﺼﻠﺼﺎﻟﻲ ﺍﺤﻴﺎﻨﹰﺎ ‪ ،‬ﺍﻻ ﺍﻥ ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﺍﺜﺒﺘﺕ ﻭﺠﻭﺩ ﺘﺠﻤﻌﺎﺕ ﻨﻔﻁﻴـﺔ‬
‫ﻤﺤﺩﻭﺩﺓ ﺘﺘﺭﺍﻭﺡ ﻤﺎ ﺒﻴﻥ )‪ (%30 -0‬ﻭﻗﺩ ﺘﺼل ﻓﻲ ﺒﻌﺽ ﺍﻻﻋﻤﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﻰ ﺍﻜﺜﺭ ﻤﻥ )‪.(%40‬‬
‫‪ (3‬ﻁﺒﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﺴﺠﻴل )‪ :(CII‬ﻭﻫﻲ ﺍﻟﻁﺒﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺼﻠﺔ ﻤﺎ ﺒﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﺍﻷﻋﻠﻰ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﺍﻷﺴﻔل ﻭﺘﺘﻜـﻭﻥ‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﺼﺨﻭﺭ ﺴﺠﻴﻠﻴﺔ ﻴﺘﺭﺍﻭﺡ ﺴﻤﻜﻬﺎ ﺒﻴﻥ )‪ 13-10‬ﻡ( ﻜﻤﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻭل )‪ (1-3‬ﻭﻟﻬﺎ ﺍﻤﺘﺩﺍﺩ ﺃﻓﻘﻲ ﺠﻴﺩ‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺁﺒﺎﺭ ﺤﻘل ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺼﺭﻴﺔ ﻜﺎﻓﺔ‪.‬‬
‫‪ (4‬ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﺍﻷﺴﻔل )‪ :(MB‬ﻴﻌﺩ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﺍﻷﺴﻔل ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻤﻨﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﻬـﻡ ﻤـﻥ ﺘﻜـﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤـﺸﺭﻑ‬
‫ﻻﺤﺘﻭﺍﺌﻪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺼﺨﻭﺭ ﺠﻴﺭﻴﺔ ﺤﺒﻴﺒﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺘﻌﺩ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺼﺨﻭﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻤﻨﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺠﻴﺩﺓ‪ ،‬ﺇﺫ ﻴﺘـﺼﻑ ﻫـﺫﺍ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﻭﻉ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺼﺨﻭﺭ ﺒﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﻭﻨﻔﺎﺫﻴﺔ ﻋﺎﻟﻴﺘﻴﻥ ﺤﻴﺙ ﺘﺘﺭﺍﻭﺡ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﻤـﺎ ﺒـﻴﻥ )‪(%40-20‬‬
‫ﺒﻴﻨﻤﺎ ﺘﺘﺭﺍﻭﺡ ﻗﻴﻡ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺎﺫﻴﺔ ﻤﺎ ﺒﻴﻥ )‪ ( 100-3‬ﻤﻠﻲ ﺩﺍﺭﺴﻲ‪ .‬ﻴﺘﺤﺩﺩ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﺍﻷﺴـﻔل ﺒـﻴﻥ ﻁﺒﻘـﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴﺠﻴل ﻭﺍﻋﻠﻰ ﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﺭﻤﻴﻠﺔ‪ .‬ﻴﻘﺴﻡ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﺍﻷﺴﻔل ﺍﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩﺍ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺘﺴﺠﻴﻼﺕ ﺍﻟﺠﺱ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻭﺤـﺩﺘﻴﻥ‬
‫ﻤﻜﻤﻨﻴﺘﻴﻥ ﺘﻔﺼﻠﻬﻤﺎ ﺼﺨﻭﺭﺍ ﻋﺎﺯﻟﺔ ﻫﻤﺎ‪:‬‬
‫• ﺍﻟﻭﺤﺩﺓ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻤﻨﻴﺔ ﺍﻷﻭﻟﻰ )‪ :(MB1‬ﻭﻫﻲ ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺓ ﻋﻥ ﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﺫﺍﺕ ﻤﻭﺍﺼﻔﺎﺕ ﻤﻜﻤﻨﻴﺔ ﺠﻴﺩﺓ‬
‫ﻴﺘﺭﺍﻭﺡ ﺴﻤﻜﻬﺎ ﻤﺎ ﺒﻴﻥ )‪ 23-11‬ﻡ( ﻴﺯﺩﺍﺩ ﺴﻤﻜﻬﺎ ﺒﺎﺘﺠﺎﻩ ﺒﺌـﺭ ‪ NS-5‬ﺒـﺴﺒﺏ ﺤـﺼﻭل‬
‫ﺘﺤﺴﻥ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ‪.‬‬
‫‪<íéßÛÓ¹]<l^ßvŠÖ]<ÜééÏi‬‬
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‫• ﺍﻟﺼﺨﻭﺭ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺯﻟﺔ )‪ :(Barrier‬ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺓ ﻋﻥ ﺼﺨﻭﺭ ﻜﻠﺴﻴﺔ ﺼﻠﺩﺓ ﻭ ﹸﺘ ّﻌﺩ ﺍﻟﺤﺩ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺼل ﺒـﻴﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻭﺤﺩﺘﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻤﻨﻴﺘﻴﻥ ﺍﻷﻭﻟﻰ ﻭﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻴﺔ‪ .‬ﻴﺘﺭﺍﻭﺡ ﺴﻤﻙ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﻭﺤـﺩﺓ ﻤـﻥ )‪ 6-2‬ﻡ( ﻭﻴﺒﻠـﻎ‬
‫ﺃﻗﺼﻰ ﺴﻤﻙ ﻟﻬﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺒﺌﺭ ‪ NS-1‬ﻭﺘﺨﺘﻔﻲ ﺘﻤﺎﻤﺎ ﻓـﻲ ﺒﺌـﺭﻱ ‪ NS-4‬ﻭ ‪ NS-5‬ﺒـﺴﺒﺏ‬
‫ﺤﺼﻭل ﺘﺤﺴﻥ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ‪.‬‬
‫• ﺍﻟﻭﺤﺩﺓ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻤﻨﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻴﺔ )‪ :(MB2‬ﺘﻌﺩ ﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﺫﺍﺕ ﻤﻭﺍﺼﻔﺎﺕ ﻤﻜﻤﻨﻴﺔ ﺠﻴﺩﺓ ﻓﻲ ﺁﺒﺎﺭ ﺤﻘل‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺼﺭﻴﺔ‪ .‬ﺘﻘﺴﻡ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﻭﺤﺩﺓ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻭﺤﺩﺓ ﻤﻜﻤﻨﻴﺔ ﻋﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻬﻴـﺩﺭﻭﻜﺎﺭﺒﻭﻨﻲ‪ ،‬ﻴﺘـﺭﺍﻭﺡ‬
‫ﺴﻤﻜﻬﺎ ﻤﺎ ﺒﻴﻥ )‪ 52-36‬ﻡ( ﻭﻭﺤﺩﺓ ﻤﻜﻤﻨﻴﺔ ﻋﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺌﻲ‪ ،‬ﻴﺘﺭﺍﻭﺡ ﺴﻤﻜﻬﺎ ﻤﺎ ﺒـﻴﻥ‬
‫)‪.(40.5 -30‬‬
‫ﻭﻴﺒﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻭل )‪ (1-3‬ﻭﺍﻟﺸﻜل )‪ (1-3‬ﺍﻟﻤﻀﺎﻫﺎﺓ ﺒﻴﻥ ﻭﺤﺩﺍﺕ ﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﻓﻲ ﺤﻘل ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺼـﺭﻴﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩﺍ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺴﺎﺕ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻟﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﺒﻴﻨﻤﺎ ﻴﺒﻴﻥ ﺸﻜل )‪ (2-3‬ﺍﻟﻤﻀﺎﻫﺎﺓ ﺒﻴﻥ ﻭﺤﺩﺍﺕ ﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ‬
‫ﻜﻤﺎ ﺒﻴﻨﺘﻬﺎ ﺘﻘﺎﺭﻴﺭ ﺸﺭﻜﺔ ﻨﻔﻁ ﺍﻟﺠﻨﻭﺏ‪ .‬ﻜﻤﺎ ﺘﺒﻴﻥ ﺍﻷﺸﻜﺎل )‪ (3-3‬ﻭ )‪ (7-3‬ﺘﻘـﺴﻴﻤﺎﺕ ﺘﻜـﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤـﺸﺭﻑ‬
‫ﺍﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩﺍ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺴﺎﺕ )‪. (SP, GR‬‬
‫ﺠﺩﻭل )‪ (1-3‬ﻭﺤﺩﺍﺕ ﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﻓﻲ ﺤﻘل ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺼﺭﻴﺔ‬
‫‪NS-5‬‬
‫‪NS-3‬‬
‫‪NS-4‬‬
‫‪NS-1‬‬
‫‪NS-2‬‬
‫‪Well No.‬‬
‫‪t‬‬
‫)‪Depth (m‬‬
‫‪t‬‬
‫)‪Depth (m‬‬
‫‪t‬‬
‫)‪Depth (m‬‬
‫‪t‬‬
‫)‪Depth (m‬‬
‫*‪t‬‬
‫‪Depth‬‬
‫)‪(m‬‬
‫‪4.5‬‬
‫‪1919.5-1925‬‬
‫‪4.5‬‬
‫‪1927.5-1932‬‬
‫‪12.5‬‬
‫‪1929.5‬‬‫‪1941.5‬‬
‫‪7‬‬
‫‪1918-1925‬‬
‫‪10‬‬
‫‪1940-1950‬‬
‫‪Cap rocks‬‬
‫‪62‬‬
‫‪1925-1987‬‬
‫‪59‬‬
‫‪1932-1991‬‬
‫‪54.5‬‬
‫‪1941.5-1996‬‬
‫‪56‬‬
‫‪1925-1981‬‬
‫‪52‬‬
‫‪1950-2002‬‬
‫‪Upper Mishrif‬‬
‫‪13‬‬
‫‪1987-2000‬‬
‫‪10‬‬
‫‪1991-2001‬‬
‫‪10‬‬
‫‪1996-2006‬‬
‫‪12‬‬
‫‪1981-1993‬‬
‫‪13‬‬
‫‪2002-2015‬‬
‫‪Shale‬‬
‫‪23‬‬
‫‪2000-2023‬‬
‫‪12‬‬
‫‪2001-2013‬‬
‫‪22‬‬
‫‪2006-2028‬‬
‫‪14‬‬
‫‪1993-2007‬‬
‫‪11‬‬
‫‪2015-2026‬‬
‫‪Reservoir unit‬‬
‫‪one‬‬
‫‪-‬‬
‫‪2‬‬
‫‪2028-2030‬‬
‫‪3‬‬
‫‪2007-2010‬‬
‫‪6‬‬
‫‪2026-2032‬‬
‫‪Barrier rocks‬‬
‫‪36‬‬
‫‪2023-2059‬‬
‫‪52‬‬
‫‪2013-2065‬‬
‫‪49‬‬
‫‪2030-2071‬‬
‫‪44‬‬
‫‪2010-2054‬‬
‫‪48‬‬
‫‪2032-2080‬‬
‫‪Reservoir unit‬‬
‫)‪two (high So%‬‬
‫‪40.7‬‬
‫‪2059-2099.7‬‬
‫‪39.5‬‬
‫‪2065-2104.5‬‬
‫‪30‬‬
‫‪2071-2101‬‬
‫‪35.5‬‬
‫‪2054-2089.5‬‬
‫‪30‬‬
‫‪2080-2110‬‬
‫‪Reservoir unit‬‬
‫‪two (high‬‬
‫)‪Sw%‬‬
‫‪-‬‬
‫‪Unit‬‬
‫)‪* t= thickness (m‬‬
<íéßÛÓ¹]<l^ßvŠÖ]<ÜééÏi
65
NW
SE
NS-5
NS-4
NS-2
NS-1 NS-3
1900
1920
Cap Rock
1940
1960
2000
Shale
Unit one of Reservoir
2020
Barrier rocks
2040
Unit two of Reservoir
High oil saturation
2060
2080
Unit two of Reservoir
High water saturation
2100
Limestone
Shale
Impermeable
limestone
.‫( ﺍﻟﻤﻀﺎﻫﺎﺓ ﺒﻴﻥ ﻭﺤﺩﺍﺕ ﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﻓﻲ ﺤﻘل ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺼﺭﻴﺔ ﺤﺴﺏ ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬1-3) ‫ﺸﻜل‬
Lower Mishraf
Depth (m)
Mishraf Formation
1980
Upper Mishraf
<íéßÛÓ¹]<l^ßvŠÖ]<ÜééÏi
66
NW
NS-5
NS-4
NS-2
NS-1
NS - 3
SE
1900
1920
Cap Rock
1940
Upper Mishraf
1960
2000
Mishraf Formation
1980
Shale
Unit one of Reservoir
2040
Lower Mishraf
Barrier rocks
2020
Unit two of Reservoir
2060
2080
2100
Impermeable
limestone
Shale
Limestone
‫( ﺍﻟﻤﻀﺎﻫﺎﺓ ﺒﻴﻥ ﻭﺤﺩﺍﺕ ﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﻓﻲ ﺤﻘل ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺼﺭﻴﺔ ﺍﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩﺍ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﺴﺔ ﺸﺭﻜﺔ ﻨﻔﻁ‬2-3) ‫ﺸﻜل‬
.‫ﺍﻟﺠﻨﻭﺏ‬
67
<íéßÛÓ¹]<l^ßvŠÖ]<ÜééÏi
68
<íéßÛÓ¹]<l^ßvŠÖ]<ÜééÏi
69
<íéßÛÓ¹]<l^ßvŠÖ]<ÜééÏi
70
<íéßÛÓ¹]<l^ßvŠÖ]<ÜééÏi
71
<íéßÛÓ¹]<l^ßvŠÖ]<ÜééÏi
‫‪<íéßÛÓ¹]<l^ßvŠÖ]<ÜééÏi‬‬
‫‪3-3‬‬
‫‪72‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻮﺻﻒ ﺍﻟﺒﱰﻭﻏﺮﺍﰲ ‪Petrographic Description‬‬
‫ﺍﻋﺘﻤﺩ ﺘﺼﻨﻴﻑ )‪ ( Dunham, 1962‬ﻟﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ ﺍﻟﺤﺒﻴﺒﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻬﻴﻜﻠﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺤﺒﻴﺒﺎﺕ ﻏﻴﺭ ﺍﻟﻬﻴﻜﻠﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻷﺭﻀﻴﺔ‬
‫ﻻﻨﻪ ﺘﺼﻨﻴﻑ ﻭﺍﺴﻊ ﻭﺸﺎﻤل‪ ،‬ﻭﻓﻴﻤﺎ ﻴﻠﻲ ﻭﺼﻑ ﻟﻬﺫﻩ ﺍﻷﻨﻭﺍﻉ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺘﻡ ﻤﻼﺤﻅﺘﻬﺎ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺸﺭﺍﺌﺢ ﺍﻟﺭﻗﻴﻘﺔ‪:‬‬
‫‪ 1-3-3‬ﺍﻟﺤﺒﻴﺒﺎﺕ ‪Grains‬‬
‫ﻭﻫﻲ ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺓ ﻋﻥ ﺠﺴﻴﻤﺎﺕ ﻤﺘﺭﺴﺒﺔ ﻤﻴﻜﺎﻨﻴﻜﻴﹰﺎ ﺘﻨﺸﺄ ﻗﺒل ﺍﻟﺘﺭﺴﻴﺏ ﻭﺘﻘﺴﻡ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺤﺒﻴﺒﺎﺕ ﻫﻴﻜﻠﻴـﺔ ﻭﻏﻴـﺭ‬
‫ﻫﻴﻜﻠﻴﺔ )‪.(Flugel, 1982‬‬
‫ﺍﻭﻻ‪ :‬ﺍﻟﺤﺒﻴﺒﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻬﻴﻜﻠﻴﺔ ‪Skeletal grains‬‬
‫ﺘﺒﻴﻥ ﻤﻥ ﺨﻼل ﻓﺤﺹ ﺍﻟﺸﺭﺍﺌﺢ ﺍﻟﺭﻗﻴﻘﺔ ﺍﻥ ﺁﺒﺎﺭ ﻤﻨﻁﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ ﺘﺤﺘﻭﻱ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻨﺴﺒﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻔـﻭﺭﺍﻤﻨﻴﻔﺭﺍ‬
‫ﻼ ﻋﻥ ﻅﻬﻭﺭ ﺍﻟﻔﻭﺭﺍﻤﻨﻴﻔﺭﺍ ﺍﻟﻁﺎﻓﻴﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﻁﻘﺔ ﺍﻻﻨﺘﻘﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﻤـﺎ ﺒـﻴﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻋﻴﺔ ﺍﻭ ﻗﻁﻊ ﻤﻥ ﻫﻴﺎﻜﻠﻬﺎ ﻓﻀ ﹰ‬
‫ﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﻭﺍﻟﺭﻤﻴﻠﺔ‪ .‬ﻜﻤﺎ ﻟﻭﺤﻅ ﺃﻴﻀﹰﺎ ﻭﺠﻭﺩ ﻗﻁﻊ ﻤﻥ ﺃﺼﺩﺍﻑ ﺍﻟﺭﻭﺩﺴﺕ ﻭﺸـﻭﻜﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺠﻠـﺩ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺭﺠﺎﻥ ﻭﻜﺫﻟﻙ ﺍﻟﻁﺤﺎﻟﺏ‪ ،‬ﻜﻤﺎ ﺘﺒﻴﻨﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻠﻭﺤﺔ)‪.(4‬‬
‫ﺜﺎﻨﻴﺎ‪ :‬ﺍﻟﺤﺒﻴﺒﺎﺕ ﻏﻴﺭ ﺍﻟﻬﻴﻜﻠﻴﺔ ‪Non-skeletal grain‬‬
‫ﺘﻤﺜﻠﺕ ﺍﻟﺤﺒﻴﺒﺎﺕ ﻏﻴﺭ ﺍﻟﻬﻴﻜﻠﻴﺔ ﺒﻤﺎ ﻴﺄﺘﻲ‪:‬‬
‫}ﺃ{‬
‫ﺍﻟﺩﻤﺎﻟﻕ ‪Peloids‬‬
‫ﻭﻫﻲ ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺓ ﻋﻥ ﺃﺠﺴﺎﻡ ﺘﻔﺘﻘﺭ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻭﺠﻭﺩ ﺃﻴﺔ ﺘﺭﺍﻜﻴﺏ ﺩﺍﺨﻠﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻜﻤﺎ ﺃﻨﻬﺎ ﻭﺍﻀﺤﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻌـﺎﻟﻡ‪،‬‬
‫ﻴﺘﺭﺍﻭﺡ ﺤﺠﻤﻬﺎ ﻤﺎ ﺒﻴﻥ )‪ 1-0.1‬ﻤﻠﻡ( ﻭﻫﻲ ﺠﻴﺩﺓ ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺩﺍﺭﺓ ﺒﻴﻀﻭﻴﺔ ﺍﻭ ﻜﺭﻭﻴـﺔ ﺍﻟـﺸﻜل‬
‫ﻋﺎﺩﺓ‪ .‬ﻗﺩ ﺘﻜﻭﻥ ﻨﺎﺘﺠﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺭﺘﺔ )‪ (micritizaition‬ﺍﻭ ﺒﻘﺎﻴﺎ ﺍﻟﻬﻴﺎﻜـل ﻭﺍﻟﺤﺒﻴﺒـﺎﺕ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴﺭﺌﻴﺔ ﺍﻭ ﺍﻟﺤﻴﺎﺘﻴﺔ ﺍﻭ ﺘﺠﻤﻌﺎﺕ ﻟﻠﻁﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﺠﻴﺭﻱ )‪ (Enos, 1983‬ﺸﺨـﺼﺕ ﻓـﻲ ﻫـﺫﻩ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ ﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺠﺭ ﺍﻟﺠﻴﺭﻱ ﺍﻟﻭﺍﻜﻲ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻤل ﻟﻠﺭﻭﺩﺴﺕ ﻓﻲ ﺒﺌـﺭﻱ ‪ NS-1‬ﻭ ‪.NS-3‬‬
‫ﻴﺘﺤﺩﺩ ﻭﺠﻭﺩﻫﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻻﻨﻁﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺩﻴﺔ ﻭﺒﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺩﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺴﻔﻠﻰ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺴﻭﺍﺤل ﺫﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻁﺎﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﻭﺍﻁﺌـﺔ‬
‫ﻭﻤﺴﺘﻭﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺎﺏ ﻭﺍﻟﻼﻏﻭﻥ )‪.(Flugel, 1982‬‬
‫}ﺏ { ‪Pellets‬‬
‫ﻭﻫﻲ ﺃﺠﺴﺎﻡ ﺍﺼﻐﺭ ﺒﻜﺜﻴﺭ ﻤﻥ ‪ ، Peloids‬ﻨﺎﻋﻤﺔ ﻴﺘﺭﺍﻭﺡ ﺤﺠﻤﻬﺎ ﻤﺎ ﺒـﻴﻥ )‪(0.02-0.5‬‬
‫‪ mm‬ﻭﻗﺩ ﺘﻜﻭﻥ ﺫﺍﺕ ﻤﻨﺸﺄ ﻋﻀﻭﻱ ﺒﺭﺍﺯﻱ ﻭﻗﺩ ﺘﻜـﻭﻥ ﻜﺭﻭﻴـﺔ ﺍﻭ ﻗـﻀﻴﺒﻴﺔ ﻭﺠﻴـﺩﺓ‬
‫‪<íéßÛÓ¹]<l^ßvŠÖ]<ÜééÏi‬‬
‫‪73‬‬
‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺩﺍﺭﺓ ﻭﺫﺍﺕ ﺤﻭﺍﻑ ﺭﻗﻴﻘﺔ ﻭﺩﺍﻜﻨﺔ‪ ،‬ﺘﺘﻭﺍﺠﺩ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺸـﻜل ﺘﺠﻤﻌـﺎﺕ ﺒـﺎﻟﺤﺠﻡ ﻨﻔـﺴﻪ‬
‫)‪ . (Flugel, 1982‬ﺘﺘﻭﺍﺠﺩ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻷﺠﺴﺎﻡ ﻓﻲ ﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺠـﺭ ﺍﻟﺠﻴـﺭﻱ ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺼـﻭﺹ‪-‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤﺒﻴﺒﻲ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻤل ﻟﻠﻔﺘﺎﺕ ﺍﻹﺤﻴﺎﺌﻲ ﻭﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺠﺭ ﺍﻟﺠﻴﺭﻱ ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺼﻭﺹ‪-‬ﺍﻟﺤﺒﻴﺒﻲ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻤـل‬
‫ﻟﻠﺩﻤﺎﻟﻕ ﻓﻲ ﺁﺒﺎﺭ ﻤﻨﻁﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‪.‬‬
‫} ﺝ{ ‪Intraclastic‬‬
‫ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺓ ﻋﻥ ﻗﻁﻊ ﺠﻴﺭﻴﺔ ﻤﻌﺎﺩﺓ ﺍﻟﺘﺭﺴﻴﺏ ﻭﻗﺩ ﺘﻜﻭﻥ ﻏﻴﺭ ﺠﻴﺭﻴﺔ ﻭﻋﺎﺩﺓ ﻤـﺎ ﺘﻜـﻭﻥ ﻗﻠﻴﻠـﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺒﺔ‪ ،‬ﺃﻋﻴﺩ ﺘﺭﺴﻴﺒﻬﺎ ﻀﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺤﻭﺽ ﺍﻟﺘﺭﺴﻴﺒﻲ ‪،‬ﺍﻱ ﺃﻨﻬﺎ ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺓ ﻋـﻥ ﺤﺒﻴﺒـﺎﺕ ﻏﻴـﺭ‬
‫ﻫﻴﻜﻠﻴﺔ ﻤﻨﻘﻭﻟﺔ ﻴﺘﺭﺍﻭﺡ ﺤﺠﻤﻬﺎ ﻤﻥ ﺤﺠﻡ ﺍﻟﺭﻤل ﺇﻟﻰ ﺤﺠﻡ ﺍﻟﺤﺼﻰ‪ ،‬ﻭﻗﺩ ﺘﻜﻭﻥ ﺩﺍﺌﺭﻴـﺔ ﺍﻭ‬
‫ﻤﻔﻠﻁﺤﺔ‪ ،‬ﺘﻌﻜﺱ ﺘﻴﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺫﺍﺕ ﻁﺎﻗﺔ ﻋﺎﻟﻴﺔ )‪ ( Bates and Jackson, 1980‬ﺘﻭﺠﺩ ﻫﺫﻩ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺠﺴﺎﻡ ﻓﻲ ﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺠﺭ ﺍﻟﺠﻴﺭﻱ ﺍﻟﻭﺍﻜﻲ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻤل ﻟﻠﻔﺘﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺼﺨﺭﻱ ﻓـﻲ ﺁﺒـﺎﺭ ﻤﻨﻁﻘـﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫‪ 2-3-3‬ﺍﻷﺭﻀﻴﺔ ‪Groundmass‬‬
‫ﺘﺘﺄﻟﻑ ﺃﺭﻀﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺴﺤﻨﺎﺕ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺭﺍﻴﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﺴﺒﺎﺭﺍﻴﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻜﻭﻨﻴﻥ ﻨﺘﻴﺠﺔ ﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﻨﺘﺔ ﺍﻭ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﺸﻜل ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻴﺩ‪ ،‬ﻭﻓﻴﻤﺎ ﻴﻠﻲ ﻭﺼﻔﻬﻤﺎ‪:‬‬
‫ﺍﻭﻻ‪ :‬ﻤﻜﺭﺍﻴﺕ ‪Micrite‬‬
‫ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺓ ﻋﻥ ﻜﺎﻟﺴﺎﻴﺕ ﻤﺠﻬﺭﻱ ﺍﻟﺘﺒﻠﻭﺭ ﺍﻗل ﻤﻥ )‪ (4‬ﻤﺎﻴﻜﺭﻭﻥ ﺤﻴﺙ ﻴﻜـﻭﻥ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﺸـﻜل‬
‫ﺒﻠﻭﺭﺍﺕ ﺩﻗﻴﻘﺔ‪ .‬ﻴﺸﻜل ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺭﺍﻴﺕ ﺍﻷﺭﻀﻴﺔ ﻟﻤﻌﻅﻡ ﺍﻟﺴﺤﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺩﺭﻭﺴﺔ ﻭﻗﺩ ﻴﺘﺨﺫ ﻟﻭﻨﺎ ﺒﻨﻴـﺎ‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺒﻌﺽ ﺍﻷﺤﻴﺎﻥ ﺒـﺴﺒﺏ ﺍﺤﺘﻭﺍﺌـﻪ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﺍﻟﻤـﻭﺍﺩ ﺍﻟﻌـﻀﻭﻴﺔ ﻭﻗـﺩ ﻴﺘﺤـﻭل ﺇﻟـﻰ‬
‫)‪ ، (microsparite‬ﻨﺘﻴﺠﺔ ﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﻜل ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻴﺩ )‪.(neomorphism‬‬
‫ﺜﺎﻨﻴﺎ‪ :‬ﺍﻟﺴﺒﺎﺭﺍﻴﺕ ‪Sparite‬‬
‫ﻭﻫﻲ ﺒﻠﻭﺭﺍﺕ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻜﺎﻟﺴﺎﻴﺕ ﻗﻁﺭﻫﺎ ﺍﻜﺒﺭ ﻤﻥ ‪ 5‬ﻤﺎﻴﻜﺭﻭﻥ ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴﻤﻜﻥ ﺘﻔﺭﻴﻘﻬﺎ ﻋﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺭﺍﻴﺕ‬
‫ﻜﻭﻥ ﺒﻠﻭﺭﺍﺘﻪ ﺍﻜﺒﺭ ﺤﺠﻤﺎﹰ‪ ،‬ﻭﺘﻤﺘﺎﺯ ﺒﻭﻀﻭﺤﻬﺎ ﻭﺘﻭﺠﺩ ﻋـﺎﺩﺓ ﻜﻤـﻼﻁ ﺍﻭ ﺴـﻤﻨﺕ ﻴﻤـﻸ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤﺒﻴﺒﺎﺕ‪.‬‬
‫‪<íéßÛÓ¹]<l^ßvŠÖ]<ÜééÏi‬‬
‫‪4-3‬‬
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‫ﺍﻟﺴﺤﻨﺎﺕ ﺍجملﻬﺮﻳﺔ ‪Microfacies‬‬
‫ﺘﻌﺭﻑ ﺍﻟﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﺃﻨﻬﺎ ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺔ ﺍﻟﺩﻻﺌل ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﺤﺎﺜﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺭﺴﻭﺒﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻴﻤﻜﻥ ﺍﻥ ﺘﺩﺭﺱ ﻭﺍﻥ ﺘﺼﻨﻑ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﺸﺭﺍﺌﺢ ﺭﻗﻴﻘﺔ ﻷﻏﺭﺍﺽ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴل ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﻲ ﻭﺍﻟﻤـﻀﺎﻫﺎﺓ )‪ ، (Flugel, 1982‬ﻭﻋﺭﻓﻬـﺎ )‪Reeding (1978‬‬
‫ﺃﻨﻬﺎ ﺠﺴﻡ ﺼﺨﺭﻱ ﻴﺤﻤل ﺼﻔﺎﺕ ﻭﻤﻤﻴﺯﺍﺕ ﺨﺎﺼﺔ ﺘﻭﺼﻑ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﺴﺎﺱ ﺍﻟﻠﻭﻥ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻁﺒﻕ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺭﻜﻴﺏ ﻭﺍﻟﻨـﺴﻴﺞ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺤﺘﻭﻯ ﻭﺍﻟﺒﻘﺎﻴـﺎ ﺍﻟﺤﻴﺎﺘﻴـﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺭﺍﻜﻴـﺏ ﺍﻟﺭﺴـﻭﺒﻴﺔ‪ .‬ﺍﻋﺘﻤـﺩ ﻓـﻲ ﻫـﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴـﺔ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﺘـﺼﻨﻴﻑ‬
‫)‪ (Dunham, 1962‬ﻟﻭﺼﻑ ﻭﺘﺴﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺼﺨﻭﺭ ﺍﻟﺠﻴﺭﻴﺔ ﻜﻭﻨﻪ ﺘﺼﻨﻴﻔﺎ ﻴﻬﺘﻡ ﺒـﺼﻭﺭﺓ ﺃﺴﺎﺴـﻴﺔ ﺒﻌﻼﻗـﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤﺒﻴﺒﺎﺕ ﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﺔ ‪ .‬ﻭﻗﺩ ﺘﻡ ﺘﻘﺴﻴﻡ ﺍﻟﺴﺤﻨﺎﺕ ﺇﻟﻰ‪:‬‬
‫‪ (1‬ﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺠﺭ ﺍﻟﺠﻴﺭﻱ ﺍﻟﻁﻴﻥ ‪:Lime mudstone microfacies‬‬
‫ﻋﺭﻑ )‪ Dunham (1962‬ﺍﻟﺤﺠﺭ ﺍﻟﺠﻴﺭﻱ ﺍﻟﻁﻴﻨﻲ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻨﻪ ﺫﻟﻙ ﺍﻟﻨﻭﻉ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺤﺠﺭ ﺍﻟﺠﻴﺭﻱ ﺍﻟﺫﻱ‬
‫ﺘﻜﻭﻥ ﺒﻨﻴﺘﻪ ﺍﻷﺴﺎﺴﻴﺔ ﻤﻜﻭﻨﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺒﻠـﻭﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻜﺎﻟـﺴﻴﺕ ﺩﻗﻴﻘـﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺒﻠـﻭﺭ ‪(Micro crystalline‬‬
‫)‪ calcite‬ﻭﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﻴﻘﺎﺒل ﻤﺼﻁﻠﺢ )‪ (Micrite‬ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﺃﻁﻠﻘﻪ ‪ (1965) Folk‬ﺇﺫﺍ ﻻ ﺘﺘﻌﺩﻯ ﺍﺤﺠـﺎﻡ‬
‫ﺒﻠﻭﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻜﺎﻟﺴﻴﺕ )‪ (4‬ﻤﺎﻴﻜﺭﻭﻥ ﻤﻊ ﻭﺠﻭﺩ ﻨﺴﺒﺔ ﻤﺤﺩﺩﺓ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺤﺠﺭﺍﺕ ﻻ ﺘﺘﻌﺩﻯ )‪ (10%‬ﻀﻤﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻋﺩﺓ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺭﺍﺘﻴﺔ‪ .‬ﺸﺨﺼﺕ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﻤﻥ ﻋﻤﻕ ‪ 2056‬ﺇﻟﻰ ‪ 2073.5‬ﻓﻲ ﺒﺌـﺭ ‪ NS-3‬ﻭﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻕ ‪ 2053‬ﺇﻟﻰ ‪ 2077‬ﻓﻲ ﺒﺌﺭ ‪ NS-5‬ﻭﻭﺠﺩﺕ ﻋﻨﺩ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻕ ‪ 2093‬ﻓـﻲ ﺒﺌـﺭ ‪ ،NS-1‬ﺤﻴـﺙ‬
‫ﻟﻭﺤﻅ ﺸﻴﻭﻉ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﺍﺴﻔل ﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﻜﺒﻴﺌﺔ ﺍﻨﺘﻘﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﻤﺎ ﺒﻴﻥ ﺘﻜﻭﻴﻨﻲ ﺍﻟﺭﻤﻴﻠﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻤـﺸﺭﻑ‪،‬‬
‫ﺍﺫﺍ ﺘﺘﻤﻴﺯ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻴﺘﺭﺴﺏ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﻨﻭﻉ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟـﺴﺤﻨﺎﺕ ﺒﻬـﺩﻭﺀ ﺤﺭﻜـﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻴـﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺌﻴـﺔ‬
‫)‪ .(Bathurst, 1975‬ﺍﻥ ﺃﻫﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺠﺭ ﺍﻟﺠﻴﺭﻱ ﺍﻟﻁﻴﻨﻲ ﻋﻼﻭﺓ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻨـﻪ ﻴـﺩل ﻀـﻤﻨﺎ ﻋﻠـﻰ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﺭﺴﻴﺏ ﻓﻲ ﻤﻴﺎﻩ ﻫﺎﺩﺌﺔ ﻓﻬﻭ ﻴﻌﻨﻲ ﺍﻴﻀﺎ ﻤﻨﻊ ﺍﻷﺤﻴﺎﺀ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺘﺠﻤﻊ ﻻﻨﺘﺎﺝ ﻭﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﺤﺒﻴﺒﺎﺕ‪ .‬ﻭﻴﺸﻴﺭ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﻁﻴﻥ )‪ (mudiness‬ﺒﺼﻭﺭﺓ ﻋﺎﻤﺔ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺼﺨﻭﺭ ﻤﺘﺭﺴﺒﺔ ﻓـﻲ ﻤﻴـﺎﻩ ﻫﺎﺩﺌـﺔ‬
‫‪(Dunham,‬‬
‫)‪ .1962‬ﺘﺘﻤﻴﺯ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﻓﻲ ﻤﻨﻁﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ ﻜﻭﻨﻬﺎ ﺘﺤﺘﻭﻱ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﻜل ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻴـﺩ‪ .‬ﻋﻨـﺩ‬
‫ﻤﻘﺎﺭﻨﺔ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﺒﺎﻟﺴﺤﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﺴﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺘﺭﺤﺔ ﻤﻥ ﻗﺒل )‪ (Wilson, 1975‬ﻭﺠﺩ ﺃﻨﻬﺎ ﺘﻤﺎﺜـل‬
‫ﺴﺤﻨﺔ )‪ (SMF-3‬ﻭﺍﻟﻭﺍﻗﻌﺔ ﻀﻤﻥ ﻨﻁﺎﻕ)‪ ،(FZ-1‬ﻜﻤﺎ ﺘﻭﻀﺤﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻠﻭﺤـﺎﺕ )‪ 6-8‬ﻭ‪ 5-8‬ﻭ‪4-8‬‬
‫ﻭ‪ ،( 6-6‬ﺇﺫ ﺒﺈﻻﻤﻜﺎﻥ ﺘﻘﺴﻴﻡ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺴﺤﻨﺘﻴﻥ ﺜﺎﻨﻭﻴﺘﻴﻥ‪:‬‬
‫‪<íéßÛÓ¹]<l^ßvŠÖ]<ÜééÏi‬‬
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‫ﺃ‪ .‬ﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﺠﻴﺭﻱ ﺍﻟﻁﻴﻨﻲ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﻟﻴـﺔ ﻤـﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺤﺠـﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻭﻴـﺔ ‪Unfossillferous lime‬‬
‫‪ : mudstone submicrofacies‬ﺘﺘﻤﻴﺯ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﺒﻌﺩﻡ ﺍﺤﺘﻭﺍﺌﻬﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻱ ﻤﺘﺤﺠـﺭﺍﺕ‪،‬‬
‫ﺘﺘﻜﻭﻥ ﻓﻘﻁ ﻤﻥ ﺃﺭﻀﻴﺔ ﻤﻜﺭﺍﻴﺘﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻤﻊ ﺘﺄﺜﻴﺭ ﻭﺍﻀﺢ ﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﻜل ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻴﺩ‪ ،‬ﺘﻘﻊ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺍﺴﻔل ﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﺍﻷﺴﻔل ‪.‬‬
‫ﺏ‪ .‬ﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺠﺭ ﺍﻟﻁﻴﻨـﻲ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻭﻴـﺔ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺤﺠـﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻭﻴـﺔ ‪Fossillferous lime‬‬
‫‪ : mudstone submicrofacies‬ﺘﺘﻤﻴﺯ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﺒﻭﺠﻭﺩ ﻨﺴﺒﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺤﺠﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻗل ﻤﻥ‬
‫ﻼ ﻋﻥ ﺘﺄﺜﻴﺭ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﻜل ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻴﺩ‪ .‬ﻭﻴﻌﺩ ﺠـﻨﺱ ‪ Chrysalidina‬ﻤـﻥ ﺃﺠﻨـﺎﺱ‬
‫)‪ (10%‬ﻓﻀ ﹰ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻔﻭﺭﺍﻤﻨﻴﻔﺭﺍ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺨﺼﺔ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ‪ .‬ﺘﻘﻊ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻭﺤﺩﺓ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻤﻨﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻴﺔ ﻋﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺌﻲ‪.‬‬
‫‪ (2‬ﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺠﺭ ﺍﻟﺠﻴﺭﻱ ﺍﻟﻭﺍﻜﻲ ‪ :Wackestone microfacies‬ﺘﻌﺭﻑ ﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺠﺭ ﺍﻟﺠﻴﺭﻱ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻭﺍﻜﻲ ﺃﻨﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺘﺤﺘﻭﻱ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺤﺒﻴﺒﺎﺕ ﻫﻴﻜﻠﻴﺔ ﺍﻜﺜﺭ ﻤـﻥ )‪ (10%‬ﻭﺍﺭﻀـﻴﺔ ﻤﻴﻜﺭﺍﻴﺘﻴـﺔ‬
‫ﻭﺩﻋﺎﻤﺔ ﻁﻴﻨﻴﺔ )‪ .(Dunham, 1962‬ﺘﺤﺘﻭﻱ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﻓﻲ ﻤﻨﻁﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﻤﻜﻭﻨـﺎﺕ‬
‫ﻫﻴﻜﻠﻴﺔ ﻤﺜل ﺍﻟﻔﻭﺭﺍﻤﻨﻴﻔﺭﺍ ﻭﺍﻟﻁﺤﺎﻟﺏ ﻭﺍﻟﺭﺨﻭﻴﺎﺕ ﻭﺸﻭﻜﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺠﻠﺩ ﻭﺤﺒﻴﺒﺎﺕ ﻏﻴﺭ ﻫﻴﻜﻠﻴﺔ ﻤﺜل ﺍﻟﺩﻤﺎﻟﻕ‬
‫ﻼ ﻋﻥ ﻭﺠﻭﺩ ﺸﻭﺍﻫﺩ ﻨﻔﻁﻴﺔ ‪ ،‬ﻜﻤﺎ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﻔﺘﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺼﺨﺭﻱ‪ .‬ﺘﺘﻤﻴﺯ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﺒﻭﺠﻭﺩ ﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﻋﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﻓﻀ ﹰ‬
‫ﻭﺘﺘﻤﻴﺯ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﺍﻴﻀﺎ ﺒﻭﺠﻭﺩﻫﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺠﻤﻴﻊ ﺁﺒﺎﺭ ﻤﻨﻁﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ ﺤﻴﺙ ﺘﻨﺘﺸﺭ ﺍﻨﺘﺸﺎﺭﹰﺍ ﻭﺍﺴﻌﹰﺎ ﻓﻲ‬
‫ﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﺍﻷﺴﻔل ﻭﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻭﺤﺩﺘﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻤﻨﻴﺘﻴﻥ ﺍﻷﻭﻟﻰ ﻭﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻴﺔ‪ .‬ﺘﻘﺴﻡ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺴـﺤﻨﺎﺕ‬
‫ﺜﺎﻨﻭﻴﺔ ﻫﻲ‪:‬‬
‫ﺃ‪ .‬ﺍﻟﺤﺠﺭ ﺍﻟﺠﻴـﺭﻱ ﺍﻟـﻭﺍﻜﻲ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻤـل ﻟﻠﻔـﻭﺭﺍﻤﻨﻴﻔﺭﺍ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻭﻴـﺔ ‪Form. Wackstone sub-‬‬
‫‪ :microfacies‬ﺘﺘﺄﻟﻑ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺃﺭﻀﻴﺔ ﻤﻜﺭﺍﻴﺘﻴﺔ ﻭﺘﺘﻤﻴﺯ ﺒﻨﺴﻴﺞ ﻁﻴﻨﻲ ﻤﺘﺠﺎﻨﺱ ﻭﺫﺍﺕ‬
‫ﻟﻭﻥ ﺒﻨﻲ ﻤﻤﺎ ﻴﺩل ﺃﻨﻬﺎ ﺫﺍﺕ ﻤﺤﺘﻭﻯ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺍﺩ ﺍﻟﻌﻀﻭﻴﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﺘﻤﺜل ﺍﻻﺠﻨﺎﺱ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﻤـﻥ ﺃﺠﻨـﺎﺱ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻔﻭﺭﺍﻤﻨﻴﻔﺭﺍ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺨﺼﺔ ﻟﻬﺫﻩ ﺍﻟـﺴﺤﻨﺔ‪ Praealveolina :‬ﻭ ‪ Ovalveolina‬ﻭ ‪ Nezzazata‬ﻭ‬
‫‪ Textulria‬ﻭﺒﻌﺽ ﺃﺠﻨﺎﺱ ﻋﺎﺌﻠﺔ ‪ Miliolidae‬ﻓﻀﻼ ﻋﻥ ﻭﺠﻭﺩ ﻗﻁﻊ ﻤﻥ ‪ echinoid‬ﻭ‬
‫‪ ، mollusca‬ﻭﻭﺠﻭﺩ ‪ permocalcreous‬ﺍﺤﻴﺎﻨﹰﺎ‪ .‬ﺘﺘﻤﻴﺯ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﺍﻴـﻀﺎ ﺒﻜﻭﻨﻬـﺎ ﺫﺍﺕ‬
‫ﻓﺠﻭﺍﺕ ‪ vugy‬ﻭﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﻗﻨﻭﺍﺘﻴﺔ ﺩﻗﻴﻘﺔ )‪ . (microchannel porosity‬ﺘﻨﺘﺸﺭ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺴﺤﻨﺔ‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺍﻏﻠﺏ ﺁﺒﺎﺭ ﻤﻨﻁﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ ﺤﻴﺙ ﺘﻘﻊ ﻀﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻭﺤﺩﺓ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻤﻨﻴـﺔ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻴـﺔ‪ .‬ﺍﻥ ﺸـﻴﻭﻉ ﻋﺎﺌﻠـﺔ‬
‫ﻻ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻭﺠﻭﺝ ﺒﻴﺌﺎﺕ ﻻﻏﻭﻨﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﺭﺼﻴﻑ ﺍﻟﺩﺍﺨﻠﻲ ﻓﻴﻬـﺎ ﺩﻭﻥ‬
‫‪ Miliolidae‬ﻭﺘﻨﻭﻋﻬﺎ ﻴﻜﻭﻥ ﺩﺍ ﹰ‬
‫‪<íéßÛÓ¹]<l^ßvŠÖ]<ÜééÏi‬‬
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‫ﻋﻤﻕ ‪ 40‬ﻤﺘﺭﺍ ﻓﻲ ﻤﻴﺎﻩ ﺍﺴﺘﻭﺍﺌﻴﺔ ﺩﺍﻓﺌﺔ ﺫﺍﺕ ﻤﻠﻭﺤﺔ ﺒﺤﻴﺭﻴﺔ ﺍﻋﺘﻴﺎﺩﻴﺔ ‪(Murray, 1973 and‬‬
‫ﻥ ﻭﺠﻭﺩ ﺃﻓﺭﺍﺩ ﻋﺎﺌﻠﺔ ‪ peneroplidae‬ﻤﻊ ﻋﺎﺌﻠﺔ ‪ Miliolidae‬ﻴـﺩل‬
‫)‪ .Martin, 1988‬ﺇ ّ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﻭﺠﻭﺩ ﺴﺤﻨﺎﺕ ﺨﻠﻑ ﺍﻟﺤﻴﺩ‪ .‬ﻋﻨﺩ ﻤﻘﺎﺭﻨﺔ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﺴﺤﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﺴﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺩﺩﺓ ﻤﻥ ﻗﺒل‬
‫)‪ ( MF-9) (Wilson,1975‬ﻀﻤﻥ ﻨﻁﺎﻕ )‪ ،(FZ-7‬ﻜﻤـﺎ ﻤﺒﻴﻨـﺔ ﻓـﻲ ﺍﻟﻠﻭﺤـﺎﺕ )‪1-1‬‬
‫ﻭ‪ 2-1‬ﻭ‪.(3-1‬‬
‫ﺏ‪ .‬ﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺠﺭ ﺍﻟﺠﻴﺭﻱ ﺍﻟﻭﺍﻜﻲ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻤل ﻟﻠﻔﺘﺎﺕ ﺍﻹﺤﻴﺎﺌﻲ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻭﻴﺔ ‪Bioclastic wackestone‬‬
‫‪ : Submicrofacies‬ﺘﺤﺘﻭﻱ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺤﺒﻴﺒﺎﺕ ﻫﻴﻜﻠﻴﺔ ﻟﻔﺘﺎﺕ ﺃﺤﻴـﺎﺌﻲ ﻤـﻥ ﺒﻘﺎﻴـﺎ‬
‫ﺃﺼﺩﺍﻑ ﺍﻟﺭﺨﻭﻴﺎﺕ )ﺍﻟﺭﺩﻭﺴﺕ( ﻭﺍﻟﻔﻭﺭﺍﻤﻨﻴﻔﺭﺍ ﻤﺜل ﺠﻨﺱ ‪ Nezzazata‬ﻭﺠﻨﺱ ‪Cycledomia‬‬
‫ﻼ ﻋﻥ ﺸﻭﻜﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺠﻠﺩ‪ .‬ﺘﺤﺘﻭﻱ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ‪ vugy‬ﻭﻤـﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﻗﻠﻴﻠـﺔ ﻗﺎﻟﺒﻴـﺔ‬
‫ﻓﻀ ﹰ‬
‫)‪ (moldic porosity‬ﺘﺤﺘﻭﻱ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﺍﻴﻀﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻤﻜﻌﺒﺎﺕ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺩﻭﻟﻭﻤﺎﻴﺕ‪ .‬ﻋﻨﺩ ﻤﻘﺎﺭﻨﺔ‬
‫ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﺴﺤﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﺴﻴﺔ ﻨﺠﺩﻫﺎ ﺘﻘﻊ ﻀﻤﻥ ﺴﺤﻨﺔ )‪ (SMF-9‬ﻀﻤﻥ ﻨﻁـﺎﻕ )‪(FZ-7‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺘﺭﺴﺒﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺒﻴﺌﺔ ﻻﻏﻭﻨﻴﺔ ﻤﻔﺘﻭﺤﺔ‪ -‬ﻤﺤﺩﻭﺩﺓ ﺍﻟﺤﺭﻜﺔ ﻟﻠﻤﻴﺎﻩ‪.‬ﻜﻤـﺎ ﻓـﻲ ﺍﻟﻠﻭﺤـﺔ )‪ 3-5‬ﻭ‪4-5‬‬
‫ﻭ‪.(5-5‬‬
‫ﺝ‪.‬‬
‫ـﺔ ‪Rudist inplace‬‬
‫ـﺕ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻭﻴـ‬
‫ـل ﻟﻠﺭﻭﺩﺴـ‬
‫ـﻭﺍﻜﻲ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻤـ‬
‫ـﺭﻱ ﺍﻟـ‬
‫ـﺭ ﺍﻟﺠﻴـ‬
‫ـﺤﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺠـ‬
‫ﺴـ‬
‫‪ :wackestone submicrofacies‬ﺘﺘﻤﻴﺯ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﺃﻨﻬﺎ ﺤﺎﻤﻠﺔ ﻟﻠﻔﺘﺎﺕ ﺍﻹﺤﻴـﺎﺌﻲ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﺃﺼﺩﺍﻑ ﺍﻟﺭﻭﺩﺴﺕ ﺒﺄﺤﺠﺎﻡ ﻜﺒﻴﺭﺓ‪ .‬ﺘﺤﺘﻭﻱ ﺍﻴﻀﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻔﻭﺭﺍﻤﻨﻔﻴﺭﺍ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻋﻴﺔ ﻭﻤﺠﺎﻤﻴﻊ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻴﻭﻴﺩ‬
‫ﻭﻨﺴﺒﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻔﺘﺎﺘﺎﺕ ﺍﻹﺤﻴﺎﺌﻲ‪ ،‬ﻭﺘﻤﺜل ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻨﺎﻤﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺎﺒﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺼﻐﻴﺭﺓ ﻤـﺼﺩﺭ ﺒﻘﺎﻴـﺎ ﺍﻟﺭﻭﺩﺴـﺕ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﻘﻭﻟﺔ ﻓـﻭﻕ ﺍﻟﻤﻨـﺼﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺯﻭﻟـﺔ )‪ .(Kendall and Sclager, 1981‬ﻴﻜـﻭﻥ ﻭﺠـﻭﺩ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺩﺍﺴـــﻴﻜﻼﻴﺘﺎ )‪ (Dyscladic‬ﻤﻤﻴـــﺯﹰﺍ ﻟﺒﻴﺌـــﺔ ﻤﻘﺩﻤـــﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺤـــﺩﺭ )‪(Foreslope‬‬
‫)‪ .(Al-Hashmi & Amer, 1985‬ﺘﻭﺠﺩ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺍﺴﻔل ﺍﻟﺼﺨﻭﺭ ﺍﻟﺴﺠﻴﻠﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺼﻠﺔ‬
‫ﺒﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﺍﻷﻋﻠﻰ ﻭﺍﻷﺴﻔل‪ .‬ﻋﻨﺩ ﻤﻘﺎﺭﻨﺔ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﺴﺤﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﺴﻴﺔ ﻓﺄﻨﻬﺎ ﺘﻘﻊ ﻀـﻤﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴﺤﻨﺔ )‪ (SMF-6‬ﻀﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻨﻁﺎﻕ )‪ ،(FZ-4-5‬ﻟﻭﺤﺔ )‪ 5 -7‬ﻭ ‪.(6‬‬
‫ﺩ‪.‬‬
‫ﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺠـﺭ ﺍﻟﺠﻴـﺭﻱ ﺍﻟـﻭﺍﻜﻲ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻤـل ﻟﻠﻔﺘـﺎﺕ ﺍﻟـﺼﺨﺭﻱ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻭﻴـﺔ ‪Lihtoclastic‬‬
‫‪ :wackstone submicrofacies‬ﺘﺤﺘﻭﻱ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻔﺘﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺼﺨﺭﻱ ﻭﺤﺒﻴﺒـﺎﺕ‬
‫ﻫﻴﻜﻠﻴﺔ ﻗﻠﻴﻠﺔ ﻭﻤﺤﺎﻟﻴل ﺍﻟﻀﻐﻁ ﻭﺍﻟﺩﻭﻟﻭﻤﺎﻴﺕ ﻭﻓﻲ ﺒﻌﺽ ﺍﻷﺤﻴﺎﻥ ‪ ،chert‬ﻜﻤـﺎ ﺘﺤﺘـﻭﻱ ﻋﻠـﻰ‬
‫‪<íéßÛÓ¹]<l^ßvŠÖ]<ÜééÏi‬‬
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‫ﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﺒﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﺤﺒﻴﺒﺎﺕ ﻭﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﻗﻨﻭﺍﺘﻴﺔ ﺼﻐﻴﺭﺓ ‪ .‬ﻭﺠﺩﺕ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺒﺌﺭ ‪ NS-5‬ﻓﻲ ﻁﺒﻘـﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼﺨﻭﺭ ﺍﻟﺴﺠﻴﻠﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺼﻠﺔ ﺒﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﺍﻷﻋﻠﻰ ﻭﺍﻷﺴﻔل‪ .‬ﻋﻨﺩ ﻤﻘﺎﺭﻨﺔ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﺴﺤﻨﺎﺕ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﺴﻴﺔ ﻓﺄﻨﻬﺎ ﺘﻘﻊ ﻀﻤﻥ ﺴﺤﻨﺔ )‪ (SMF-4‬ﻓﻲ ﻨﻁﺎﻕ )‪ ،(FZ-3,4‬ﻜﻤﺎ ﻓـﻲ ﺍﻟﻠـﻭﺤﺘﻴﻥ )‪1-8‬‬
‫ﻭ‪.(2-8‬‬
‫‪ (3‬ﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺠﺭ ﺍﻟﺠﻴـﺭﻱ ﺍﻟـﻭﺍﻜﻲ ‪ -‬ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺼـﻭﺹ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻤـل ﻟﻠﻔﺘـﺎﺕ ﺍﻹﺤﻴـﺎﺌﻲ ‪Bioclastic‬‬
‫‪ :wackestone-packstone microfacies‬ﺘﺘﻜﻭﻥ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻔﺘﺎﺘﺎﺕ ﺍﻹﺤﻴﺎﺌﻴﺔ ﻤﻥ‬
‫ﺃﺼﺩﺍﻑ ﺍﻟﺭﺨﻭﻴﺎﺕ )ﺍﻟﺭﻭﺩﺴﺕ( ﻭﺸﻭﻜﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺠﻠﺩ ‪ . Echinoids‬ﺘﺤﺘﻭﻱ ﻫـﺫﻩ ﺍﻟـﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﻋﻠـﻰ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻔﻭﺭﺍﻤﻨﻴﻔﺭﺍ ﻭﻤﻥ ﺃﺠﻨﺎﺴﻬﺎ ‪ Heterohelix‬ﻭ ‪ . Peneroplidae‬ﺍﻥ ﻭﺠﻭﺩ ﺍﻟﻔﻭﺭﺍﻤﻨﻴﻔﺭﺍ ﺍﻟﻁﺎﻓﻴﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺩﺍﻟﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺒﻴﺌﺔ ﺍﻟﺭﺼﻴﻑ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺭﺠﻲ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﻁﻕ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻴﻘﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺭﺼﻴﻑ ﺍﻟﻭﺴﻁﻲ )‪.(Bandy, 1967‬‬
‫ﻭﻭﺠﻭﺩ ﺍﻟﻔﻭﺭﺍﻤﻨﻴﻔﺭﺍ ﺍﻟﻁﺎﻓﻴﺔ ﻤﻊ ﻭﺠﻭﺩ ﺸﻭﻜﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺠﻠﺩ ﻴﺩل ﻋﻠﻰ ﺒﻴﺌﺔ ﺃﻤﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺎﺏ‪ .‬ﻭﻋﻨﺩ ﻤﻘﺎﺭﻨـﺔ‬
‫ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﺴﺤﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﺴﻴﺔ ﻨﺠﺩﻫﺎ ﻤﻤﺎﺜﻠﺔ ﺇﻟـﻰ ﺴـﺤﻨﺔ )‪ (SMF-6‬ﺍﻟﻭﺍﻗﻌـﺔ ﻓـﻲ ﻨﻁـﺎﻕ‬
‫)‪ ،(FZ-4‬ﻜﻤﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻠﻭﺤﺎﺕ )‪ 4-6‬ﻭ‪ 5-6‬ﻭ‪.(6-6‬‬
‫‪ (4‬ﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺠﺭ ﺍﻟﺠﻴﺭﻱ ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺼﻭﺹ )ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺯﻭﻡ( ‪:Packstone microfacies‬‬
‫ﺘﺘﻤﻴﺯ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﺒﻭﺠﻭﺩ ﺃﺭﻀﻴﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺴﺒﺎﺭﺍﻴﺕ ﻭﺩﻋﺎﻤﺔ ﺤﺒﻴﺒﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﺘﺤﺘﻭﻱ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻨﺴﺒﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺤﺒﻴﺒﺎﺕ‬
‫ﺘﺘﺭﺍﻭﺡ ﻤﺎ ﺒﻴﻥ )‪ .(Dunham, 1962) (%60-40‬ﺘﺘﻤﻴﺯ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﺒﻭﺠﻭﺩ ﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﻤﺎ ﺒـﻴﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤﺒﻴﺒﺎﺕ ﻭﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﻗﻨﻭﺍﺘﻴﺔ ﻭﻗﺎﻟﺒﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﺘﻨﺘﺸﺭ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﺒﻜﺜﺭﺓ ﻓـﻲ ﺍﻟﻭﺤـﺩﺓ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻤﻨﻴـﺔ ﺍﻷﻭﻟـﻰ‪،‬‬
‫ﻭﺒﺎﻻﻤﻜﺎﻥ ﺘﻘﺴﻴﻡ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺴﺤﻨﺎﺕ ﺜﺎﻨﻭﻴﺔ‪:‬‬
‫ﺃ‪ .‬ﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺠﺭ ﺍﻟﺠﻴﺭﻱ ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺼﻭﺹ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻤل ﻟﻠﻔﺘﺎﺕ ﺍﻹﺤﻴﺎﺌﻲ‬
‫‪Bioclastic packsotne‬‬
‫‪ :submicrofacies‬ﺘﺘﻤﻴﺯ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﺒﺎﺤﺘﻭﺍﺌﻬﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻓﺘﺎﺕ ﺇﺤﻴﺎﺌﻲ ﻟﻠﺭﺨﻭﻴﺎﺕ )ﺍﻟﺭﻭﺩﺴﺕ(‬
‫ﻭﺸﻭﻜﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺠﻠﺩ ﻭﺍﻟﻔﻭﺭﺍﻤﻨﻴﻔﺭﺍ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻋﻴﺔ‪ .‬ﺘﺤﺘﻭﻱ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺠﻨﺱ ‪Pseudolitunoella‬‬
‫ﻓﻀﻼ ﻋﻥ ﺃﺠﻨﺎﺱ ﺍﻟﻔﻭﺭﺍﻤﻨﻔﻴﺭﺍ ﻤﺜل‬
‫‪ .Textularia‬ﻭﺘﺘﻤﻴﺯ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﺒﺎﻟﺴﻤﻨﺘﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻨﻭﻉ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤﺒﻴﺒﻲ ‪ granular‬ﻓﻀﻼ ﻋﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﺒﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﺤﺒﻴﺒﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﻜﻤﺎ ﺘﺤﺘﻭﻱ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﺍﻴﻀﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻔﺘﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺼﺨﺭﻱ ﻭﺍﻟـﺒﻘﻊ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁﻴﺔ )‪ .(stanning oil‬ﺘﻘﻊ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﻀﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻭﺤﺩﺓ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻤﻨﻴﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻷﻭﻟﻰ ﻋﻨﺩ ﻤﻘﺎﺭﻨﺘﻬﺎ ﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﺴﺤﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﺴﻴﺔ ﻟـ )‪ ، Wilson (1975‬ﻜﻤﺎ ﺍﻨﻬﺎ ﺘﻘﻊ ﻀﻤﻥ ﺴﺤﻨﺔ‬
‫)‪ (SMF-5‬ﺍﻟﻭﺍﻗﻌﺔ ﻓﻲ ﻨﻁﺎﻕ )‪ ،(FZ- 4-5‬ﻜﻤﺎ ﻓﻲ ﻟﻭﺤﺔ )‪ (3‬ﻭ )‪ (1-6‬ﻭ)‪ (2-6‬ﻭ)‪.(3-6‬‬
‫‪<íéßÛÓ¹]<l^ßvŠÖ]<ÜééÏi‬‬
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‫ﺏ‪ .‬ﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺠﺭ ﺍﻟﺠﻴﺭﻱ ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺼـﻭﺹ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻤـل ﻟﻠﻔـﻭﺭﺍﻤﻨﻴﻔﺭﺍ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻋﻴـﺔ ‪Benthonic form.‬‬
‫‪ :packstone submicrofacies‬ﺘﺘﻤﻴﺯ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﺒﺄﻨﻬﺎ ﺘﺤﻤل ﺃﺠﻨﺎﺱ ﻤـﻥ ﺍﻟﻔـﻭﺭﺍﻤﻨﻴﻔﺭﺍ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻋﻴــﺔ ﻀــﻤﻥ ﺃﺭﻀــﻴﺔ ﻤﻜﺭﺍﺘﻴــﺔ ﻤــﻥ ﺃﻨﻭﺍﻋﻬــﺎ ‪ Praealveolina gr-cretacea‬ﻭ‬
‫ـﺎﺱ‬
‫ـﻰ ﺃﺠﻨـ‬
‫ـﻭﻱ ﻋﻠـ‬
‫ـﺫﻟﻙ ﺘﺤﺘـ‬
‫ـﻨﺱ ‪ Pseudolituonelle‬ﻭﻜـ‬
‫‪ Sprioplectammina‬ﻭﺠـ‬
‫‪ Nezzazata‬ﻭ ‪ Cezoalvelonia‬ﻭﺒﻘﺎﻴﺎ ﺃﺼﺩﺍﻑ ﺍﻟﺭﻭﺩﺴﺕ ﻭﺘﺤﺘﻭﻱ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﻋﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﻤﻥ ﻨﻭﻉ‬
‫)‪ (channel porosity‬ﻭﻜﺫﻟﻙ )‪ (moldic‬ﻤﻤﺎ ﻴﻌﻁﻲ ﺍﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﺠﻴﺩﺓ ‪ ،‬ﻟـﺫﻟﻙ ﺘﻜـﻭﻥ‬
‫ﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﻤﻜﻤﻨﻴﺔ ﺠﻴﺩﺓ‪ .‬ﺘﻘﻊ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻭﺤﺩﺓ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻤﻨﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻴﺔ‪ .‬ﻋﻨﺩ ﻤﻘﺎﺭﻨﺔ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟـﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﻤـﻊ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴﺤﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﺴﻴﺔ ﻓﺄﻨﻬﺎ ﺘﻘﻊ ﻀﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﺴﻴﺔ)‪ (SMF-8‬ﻨﻁﺎﻕ )‪ ، (FZ-7‬ﻜﻤﺎ ﻤﺒﻴﻨـﺔ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻠﻭﺤﺎﺕ )‪ (1-2‬ﻭ)‪ (2-2‬ﻭ)‪ (3-2‬ﻭ)‪ (3-2‬ﻭ)‪ (4-2‬ﻭ)‪ (3-8‬ﻭ)‪. (4-8‬‬
‫‪ (5‬ﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺠﺭ ﺍﻟﺠﻴﺭﻱ ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺼـﻭﺹ‪ -‬ﺍﻟﺤﺒﻴﺒـﻲ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻤـل ﻟﻠﻔﺘـﺎﺕ ﺍﻹﺤﻴـﺎﺌﻲ ‪Packstone-‬‬
‫‪ :grainstone microfacies‬ﺘﺘﻤﻴﺯ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﺒﺎﺤﺘﻭﺍﺌﻬﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﺼﺩﺍﻑ ﺍﻟﺭﻭﺩﺴﺕ ﻭﺘﺤﺘﻭﻱ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﺠﻨﺎﺱ ‪ Cycledomia‬ﻭ ‪ Chrysalidina‬ﻭﻜﺫﻟﻙ ﻭﺠﻭﺩ ﺍﺍﻟﺩﻤﺎﻟﻕ‪ ،‬ﻜﻤﺎ ﻭﺘﺤﺘﻭﻱ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺴﺤﻨﺔ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺒﻠﻭﺭﺍﺕ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺩﻭﻟﻭﻤﺎﻴﺕ ﻜﺒﻴﺭﺓ ﺍﻷﻭﺠﻪ ﺍﻭ ﻋﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺒﻠﻭﺭ‪ ،‬ﻓﻀﻼ ﻋﻥ ﺍﺤﺘﻭﺍﺌﻬﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﻤﻥ‬
‫ﻨﻭﻉ )‪ (vugy‬ﻭﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﺒﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﺒﻠﻭﺭﺍﺕ‪ .‬ﺘﻜﻭﻥ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﻤﻜﻤﻨﻴﺔ ﺠﻴﺩﺓ ﻓﻀﻼ ﻋﻥ ﻭﺠـﻭﺩ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﻭﺍﻫﺩ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁﻴﺔ‪ .‬ﻋﻨﺩ ﻤﻘﺎﺭﻨﺔ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﺴﺤﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﺴﻴﺔ ﻓﺄﻨﻬﺎ ﺘﻘﻊ ﻀﻤﻥ ﺴـﺤﻨﺔ ‪(SMF-‬‬
‫)‪ 12‬ﻀﻤﻥ ﻨﻁﺎﻕ )‪ ،(FZ-6‬ﺇﺫ ﺘﺘﺭﺴﺏ ﻓﻲ ﺒﻴﺌﺔ ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺎﺏ ﻭﺃﻤﺎﻡ ﺍﻟـﺸﻌﺎﺏ ﺍﻭ ﺍﻟﺤـﻭﺍﺠﺯ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺭﻴـﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻀﺤﻠﺔ‪ ،‬ﻟﻭﺤﺔ )‪ 1 -7‬ﻭ ‪ 2‬ﻭ ‪ 3‬ﻭ ‪.(4‬‬
‫‪ (6‬ﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺠﺭ ﺍﻟﺠﻴﺭﻱ ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺼﻭﺹ‪-‬ﺍﻟﺤﺒﻴﺒـﻲ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻤـل ﻟﻠـﺩﻤﺎﻟﻕ ‪Peloidal packstone-‬‬
‫‪ :Grainstone microfacies‬ﺘﺤﺘﻭﻱ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺩﻤﺎﻟﻕ ﻭﻗﻁﻊ ﻤﻥ ﺸﻭﻜﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺠﻠـﺩ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺭﻭﺩﺴﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻨﺨﺭﻴﺎﺕ ‪ .‬ﺘﺘﻤﻴﺯ ﺒﻜﻭﻨﻬﺎ ﺫﺍﺕ ﻓﺭﺯ ﺠﻴﺩ ﺒﺴﺒﺏ ﺍﻟﻁﺎﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﻟﻸﻤﻭﺍﺝ‪ .‬ﻋﻨﺩ ﻤﻘﺎﺭﻨﺘﻬﺎ‬
‫ﺒﺎﻟﺴﺤﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﺴﻴﺔ ﻓﺄﻨﻬﺎ ﺘﻘﻊ ﻀﻤﻥ ﺴﺤﻨﺔ )‪ (SMF-15‬ﻨﻁﺎﻕ )‪ ، (FZ-6‬ﻟﻭﺤﺔ )‪ (4-1‬ﻭ)‪(3-1‬‬
‫ﻭ)‪ (5-2‬ﻭ)‪.(6-2‬‬
‫‪ (7‬ﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺠﺭ ﺍﻟﺠﻴـﺭﻱ ﺍﻟﺤﺒﻴﺒـﻲ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻤـل ﻟﻠﻔﺘـﺎﺕ ﺍﻹﺤﻴـﺎﺌﻲ ‪Bioclastic Grianstone‬‬
‫‪ :microfacies‬ﺘﺘﺄﻟﻑ ﺍﻟﺤﺒﻴﺒـﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻬﻴﻜﻠﻴـﺔ ﻟﻬـﺫﻩ ﺍﻟـﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﻤـﻥ ﺃﺠﻨـﺎﺱ ‪ Nezzazata‬ﻭ‬
‫‪ Ovalveolina‬ﻭ ‪ Psudolituonella‬ﻭ ‪ Spiroplectammina‬ﻭﻋﺎﺌﻠــﺔ ‪.Peneropidae‬‬
‫‪<íéßÛÓ¹]<l^ßvŠÖ]<ÜééÏi‬‬
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‫ﺘﺘﺄﻟﻑ ﺃﺭﻀﻴﺔ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺒﻠﻭﺭﺍﺕ ﻨﺎﻋﻤﺔ ﻤﻥ )‪ (microsparite‬ﻭﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﺒـﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﺤﺒﻴﺒـﺎﺕ‬
‫ﻼ ﻋﻥ ﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﻤﻥ ﻨﻭﻉ )‪ .(vugy‬ﺘﻭﺠﺩ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻭﺤـﺩﺓ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻤﻨﻴـﺔ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻴـﺔ ﻭﻋﻨـﺩ‬
‫ﻓﻀ ﹰ‬
‫ﻤﻘﺎﺭﻨﺘﻬﺎ ﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﺴﺤﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﺴﻴﺔ ﻓﺄﻨﻬﺎ ﺘﻘﻊ ﻀﻤﻥ ﺴﺤﻨﺔ )‪ (SMF-11‬ﻀﻤﻥ ﻨﻁﺎﻕ )‪.(FZ-6‬‬
‫ﺘﺒﻴﻥ ﺍﻷﺸﻜﺎل )‪ (8-3‬ﺇﻟﻰ )‪ (11-3‬ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻭﻴﺭﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺴﺤﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻬﺭﻴﺔ ﻻﺒﺎﺭ ﻤﻨﻁﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‪.‬‬
‫‪ 5-3‬ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻮﻳﺮﻳﺔ ‪Diagensis Processes‬‬
‫ﺘﻌﺭﻑ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻭﻴﺭﻴﺔ ﺃﻨﻬﺎ ﺠﻤﻴﻊ ﺍﻟﺘﻐﻴﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻔﻴﺯﻴﺎﺌﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻜﻴﻤﻴﺎﺌﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺘﺤﺩﺙ ﻟﻠﺭﺴﻭﺒﻴﺎﺕ ﻗﺒـل‬
‫ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺩﻓﻥ ﻭﺒﻌﺩﻫﺎ‪ .‬ﺘﻘﺴﻡ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻭﻴﺭﻴﺔ ﺤﺴﺏ )‪ Flugel (1982‬ﺇﻟﻰ‪:‬‬
‫‪ .1‬ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻭﻴﺭﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻬﺩﺍﻤﺔ ‪ :Destructive diagenesis‬ﺘﺸﻤل ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﻜﺭ ﺍﻹﺤﻴـﺎﺌﻲ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻜﺭﺘﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻔﺘﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﻴﻜﺎﻨﻴﻜﻲ ﻭﺍﻹﺫﺍﺒﺔ ﺍﻟﻜﻴﻤﻴﺎﺌﻴﺔ‪.‬‬
‫‪ .2‬ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻭﻴﺭﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﻨﺎﺀﺓ ‪ :Constructive diagenesis‬ﺘﺸﻤل‬
‫• ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻤﺎﺜﻠﺔ ﻜﻴﻤﻴﺎﺌﻴﺎ ‪ : Isochemical‬ﻭﺘﻀﻡ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﻨﺘﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺸﻜل ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻴـﺩ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻻﻨﻀﻐﺎﻁ‪.‬‬
‫• ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ ﻏﻴﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻤﺎﺜﻠﺔ ﻜﻴﻤﻴﺎﺌﻴﺎ ‪ : Allochemical‬ﻭﺘﺸﻤل ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺩﻟﻤﺘﺔ ﻭﺍﻟـﺴﻠﻜﺘﺔ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻋﺎﺩﺓ ﺍﻟﺩﻟﻤﺘﺔ ﻭﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﻤﻌﺎﺩﻥ ﻤﻭﻀﻌﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﺸﺄﺓ‪.‬‬
‫ﺘﺤﺩﺙ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻭﻴﺭﻴﺔ ﻋﺎﺩﺓ ﻓﻲ ﻭﺴﻁ ﻤﺎﺌﻲ‪ ،‬ﻟﺫﻟﻙ ﻓﺎﻥ ﺩﺭﺠـﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻭﺤـﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺤﺎﻤـﻀﻴﺔ ﻭﺠﻬـﺩ‬
‫ﺍﻻﺨﺘﺯﺍل ﻭﻗﺎﺒﻠﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺀ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺤﺭﻜﺔ ﻋﺒﺭ ﺍﻟﺭﻭﺍﺴﺏ )ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺘﻌﺘﻤﺩ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﻔﺎﺫﻴﺔ( ﺘﻌﺩ ﺫﺍﺕ ﺃﻫﻤﻴـﺔ‬
‫ﻜﺒﻴﺭﺓ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻭﻴﺭﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻓﻀﻼ ﻋﻥ ﻋﻭﺍﻤل ﺃﺨﺭﻯ ﻤﻨﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺭﺴﻴﺒﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻜﻭﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺩﻨﻴﺔ‬
‫ﻭﻁﺒﻴﻌــﺔ ﺍﻟﻨــﺴﻴﺞ ﺍﻟــﺼﺨﺭﻱ ﻭﺤﺭﻜــﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺍﺌــﻊ ﻓــﻲ ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺍﻏــﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﻨﻴــﺔ ;‪(Tucker, 1981‬‬
‫‪.( Stonecipher et al., 1984‬‬
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‫ﻓﻴﻤﺎ ﻴﻠﻲ ﻭﺼﻑ ﻟﻠﻌﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻭﻴﺭﻴﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ‪ ،‬ﺤﻘل ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺼﺭﻴﺔ‪:‬‬
‫• ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻭﻴﺭﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﻨﺎﺀﺓ‪ :‬ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻤﺎﺜﻠﺔ ﻜﻴﻤﻴﺎﺌﻴﺎ ﻭﺘﺸﻤل‪:‬‬
‫‪ .1‬ﺍﻻﻨﻀﻐﺎﻁ )ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ ﺍﻹﺤﻜﺎﻡ( ‪ :Compaction‬ﺘﺘﻀﻤﻥ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ ﺍﻷﺤﻜﺎﻡ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺍﺤل ﺍﻷﻭﻟﻴـﺔ‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺘﺭﺴﻴﺏ ﻁﺭﺩ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺎﻟﻴل ﻤﺎ ﺒﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﺤﺒﻴﺒﺎﺕ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺭﺝ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺭﺘﻴﺏ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻘﺎﺭﺏ ﻓﻴﻤـﺎ ﺒﻴﻨﻬـﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﺘﺤﺼل ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ ﺍﻻﻨﻀﻐﺎﻁ ﺨﻼل ﻋﻤﻕ ﺍﻟﺜﻼﺜﻤﺎﺌـﺔ ﻤﺘـﺭ ﺍﻷﻭﻟـﻰ ﻤـﻥ ﺍﻟـﺼﺨﻭﺭ ﺍﻟﺠﻴﺭﻴـﺔ‬
‫)‪ .(Luo and Machel, 1995‬ﻴﻭﺠﺩ ﻨﻭﻋـﺎﻥ ﻤـﻥ ﺍﻷﺤﻜـﺎﻡ ﺍﻷﻭل ﻴﻌـﺭﻑ ﺒﺎﻷﺤﻜـﺎﻡ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﻴﻜﺎﻨﻴﻜﻲ )‪ (mechanical compaction‬ﻭﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻲ ﺍﻷﺤﻜـﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﻜﻴﻤﻴـﺎﺌﻲ ‪(chemical‬‬
‫)‪ . compaction‬ﺘﺅﺩﻱ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ ﺍﻻﻨﻀﻐﺎﻁ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻨﻘﺼﺎﻥ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﻭﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺍﺤل ﺍﻟﻼﺤﻘـﺔ‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﺍﻷﺤﻜﺎﻡ‪ ،‬ﻭﻨﺘﻴﺠﺔ ﻀﻐﻁ ﺍﻟﻁﺒﻘﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺘﻌﻠﻭﻫﺎ ﻴﺘﻜﻭﻥ ﺘﻜﺴﺭﹰﺍ ﻭﺜـﻨﻴﹰﺎ ﻤﺤﻠﻴﹰﺎ ﻟﻠﺤﺒﻴﺒﺎﺕ ﻏﺎﻟﺒـﹰﺎ‬
‫)‪ (Pettijhon et al.,1973‬ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﻴﻜﻭﻥ ﺤﺼﻴﻠﺔ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ ﻜﻴﻤﻴﺎﺌﻴﺔ ﻴﻨﺘﺞ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ ﺘﺭﺍﻜﻴﺏ ﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔـﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻷﻨﻭﺍﻉ ﻤﻥ ﺴﻁﻭﺡ ﻤﺤﺎﻟﻴل ﺍﻟﻀﻐﻁ )‪ (stylolite‬ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺘﻤﺜل ﻤﺭﺍﺤل ﻤﺘﺄﺨﺭﺓ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴـﺎﺕ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻭﻴﺭﻴﺔ )‪ .(Friedman, 1975‬ﻟﻘﺩ ﺘﻡ ﺘﺸﺨﻴﺹ ﺃﻨﻭﺍﻋﹰﺎ ﻤﻥ )‪ (stylolite‬ﻓـﻲ ﺍﻟﺘﻜـﻭﻴﻥ‬
‫ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‪:‬‬
‫ﺃ‪.‬‬
‫ﻤﺤﺎﻟﻴل ﺍﻹﺫﺍﺒﺔ ﺫﺍﺕ ﺫﺭﻭﺓ ﻟﻬﺎ ﺴﻌﺔ ﻭﺍﻁﺌﺔ ‪ :low amplitude peaks‬ﺘﻜﻭﻥ ﻋﻠـﻰ‬
‫ﺸﻜل ﺨﻁﻭﻁ ﻤﺘﻌﺭﺠﺔ ﺫﺍﺕ ﻗﻤﺔ ﻗﻠﻴﻠﺔ ﺍﻻﺭﺘﻔﺎﻉ ﻭﺯﻭﺍﻴﺎ ﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‪ .‬ﻴﻼﺤﻅ ﻫـﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﻨـﻭﻉ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺠﺭ ﺍﻟﺠﻴﺭﻱ ﺍﻟﻭﺍﻜﻲ‪-‬ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺼﻭﺹ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻤل ﻟﻠﻔﺘﺎﺕ ﺍﻹﺤﻴﺎﺌﻲ ﻭﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺠﺭ ﺍﻟﺠﻴﺭ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻭﺍﻜﻲ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻤل ﻟﻠﻔﻭﺭﺍﻤﻨﻴﻔﺭﺍ‪ ،‬ﻜﻤﺎ ﻓﻲ ﻟﻭﺤﺔ ) ‪ 4-6‬ﻭ‪. ( 5-6‬‬
‫ﺏ‪ .‬ﻤﺤﺎﻟﻴل ﺍﻹﺫﺍﺒﺔ ﻏﻴﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺘﻅﻤﺔ )‪ :(Irregular‬ﻴﻜﻭﻥ ﻤﺘﻤﻭﺠﺎ ﻭﻏﻴﺭ ﻤﻨﺴﻕ ﻭﻴﻼﺤﻅ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺠﺭ ﺍﻟﺠﻴﺭﻱ ﺍﻟﻭﺍﻜﻲ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻤل ﻟﻠﻔﻭﺭﺍﻤﻨﻴﻔﺭﺍ‪.‬‬
‫ﺝ‪ .‬ﻤﺤﺎﻟﻴل ﺍﻹﺫﺍﺒﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺸﻌﺒﺔ ﻏﻴـﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺘﻅﻤـﺔ )‪:(Irregular anastomosing sets‬‬
‫ﻴﻼﺤﻅ ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﻨﻭﻉ ﻓﻲ ﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺠﺭ ﺍﻟﺠﻴﺭﻱ ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺼـﻭﺹ‪ -‬ﺍﻟﺤﺒﻴﺒـﻲ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻤـل ﻟﻠﻔﺘـﺎﺕ‬
‫ﺍﻹﺤﻴﺎﺌﻲ ﻭﻴﻨﺘﺞ ﻤﻥ ﺘﻘﺎﻁﻊ ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺔ ﺴﻁﻭﺡ ﺍﻟﺴﺘﺎﻴﻠﻭﻻﻴﺕ ﻤﻊ ﺒﻌـﻀﻬﺎ ﺒـﺼﻭﺭﺓ ﻏﻴـﺭ‬
‫ﻤﻨﺘﻅﻤﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺸﻜل ﺸﺒﻜﺔ ﺘﻤﺘﺩ ﺒﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﺤﺒﻴﺒﺎﺕ ‪.‬‬
‫‪ .2‬ﺍﻟﺴﻤﻨﺘﺔ ‪ :Cementation‬ﻫﻲ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ ﻨﻤﻭ ﺍﻟﺒﻠﻭﺭﺍﺕ ﻓـﻲ ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺍﻏـﺎﺕ ﺍﻷﻭﻟﻴـﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻭﻴـﺔ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺸﻘﻭﻕ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻜﺴﺭﺍﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺘﺭﺴﺒﺔ ﻜﻴﻤﻴﺎﺌﻴﹰﺎ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺎﻟﻴل‪ .‬ﻴﻨﺸﺎ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﻨﺕ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻭﻴﺭﻴﺔ‬
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‫ﺍﻟﻤﺒﻜﺭﺓ ﺍﻭ ﻗﺩ ﻴﺘﺭﺴﺏ ﺨﻼل ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻭﻴﺭﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺄﺨﺭﺓ ﺒﺘﺭﺴﺒﻪ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟـﺸﻘﻭﻕ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻜـﺴﺭﺍﺕ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻜﻭﻨﺔ ﺒﻔﻌل ﺍﻟﺤﺭﻜﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺠﻴﻭﻟﻭﺠﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﻨﻭﻴﺔ )‪ .(Chilinger et al., 1967‬ﻴﺘﺭﺴﺏ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﻨﺕ‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺠﻤﻴﻊ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺭﺴﻴﺒﻴﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﻁﻕ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺸﻭﻓﺔ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻓﻭﻕ ﺍﻟﻤﺩﻴﺔ ﻭﺤﺘﻰ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﻁﻕ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻴﻘﺔ ﻓﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺭ )‪ .(Harris et al., 1985‬ﻴﻭﺠﺩ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺃﻨﻭﺍﻉ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﻨﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻜﻭﻥ ﻫﻲ ‪:‬‬
‫ﺃ‪.‬‬
‫ﺕ ﺼـﻐﻴﺭﺓ ﺫﺍﺕ ﺍﺴـﺘﻁﺎﻟﺔ ﻟﻴﻔﻴـﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴﻤﻨﺕ ﺍﻟﺩﺭﻭﺯﻱ ‪ :Drusy cement‬ﻴﻤﺜل ﺒﻠﻭﺭﺍ ٍ‬
‫ﻤﺘﺭﺴﺒﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺠﺩﺭﺍﻥ ﺍﻟﺩﺍﺨﻠﻴـﺔ ﻷﺼـﺩﺍﻑ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺤﺠـﺭﺍﺕ ﻭﻗﻭﺍﻟـﺏ ﺍﻷﺤﻴـﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﺫﺍﺌﺒـﺔ‬
‫)‪ . (Bathurst, 1975‬ﻴﻭﺠـﺩ ﻓـﻲ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌـﺔ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺭﻴـﺔ ﺍﻟـﺴﻁﺤﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺒﺤـﺎﺭ ﺍﻟـﻀﺤﻠﺔ‬
‫)‪ ،(Longman, 1980‬ﻴﺘﺒﻌﻪ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺘﺭﺴﻴﺏ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﻨﺕ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﻠـﻲ )‪. (Blocky cement‬‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺒﻌﺽ ﺍﻷﺤﻴﺎﻥ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺍﻍ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺒﻘﻲ ﺨﻼل ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻭﻴﺭﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻼﺤﻘﺔ ﺒﺎﺯﺩﻴـﺎﺩ ﺤﺠـﻡ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺒﻠﻭﺭﺍﺕ ﻭﻗﻠﺔ ﻋﺩﺩﻫﺎ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﺩﺍﺨل )‪ .(Bathusrt, 1975‬ﻴﻭﺠﺩ ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﻨﻭﻉ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟـﺴﻤﻨﺕ‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺤﺠﺭ ﺍﻟﺠﻴﺭﻱ ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺼﻭﺹ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻤل ﻟﻠﻔﺘﺎﺕ ﺍﻹﺤﻴـﺎﺌﻲ ﻭﺴـﺤﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺠـﺭ ﺍﻟﺠﻴـﺭﻱ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺼﻭﺹ‪ -‬ﺍﻟﺤﺒﻴﺒﻲ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻤل ﻟﻠﻔﺘﺎﺕ ﺍﻹﺤﻴﺎﺌﻲ ﻭﺴـﺤﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺠـﺭ ﺍﻟﺠﻴـﺭﻱ ﺍﻟـﻭﺍﻜﻲ‪-‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺼﻭﺹ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻤل ﻟﻠﻔﺘﺎﺕ ﺍﻹﺤﻴﺎﺌﻲ ﻭﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺠﺭ ﺍﻟﺠﻴﺭﻱ ﺍﻟﻭﺍﻜﻲ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻤل ﻟﻠﻔﻭﺭﺍﻤﻨﻴﻔﺭﺍ‪.‬‬
‫ﺏ‪ .‬ﺍﻟﺴﻤﻨﺕ ﺍﻟﺤﺒﻴﺒﻲ ﺍﻟﻔﺴﻴﻔﺴﺎﺌﻲ ‪ :Granular mosaic cement‬ﻴﺘﺭﺴﺏ ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﻨـﻭﻉ‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﻨﺕ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﻴﺎﻩ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺸﺒﻌﺔ ﺒﻜﺎﺭﺒﻭﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻜﺎﻟﺴﻴﻭﻡ ﺍﻟﻘﺭﻴﺒﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺴﻁﺢ ﻭﻴﺘﺭﻜﺯ ﻋﻠـﻰ‬
‫ﺴﻁﺢ ﺍﻟﺤﺒﻴﺒﺎﺕ ﺜﻡ ﻴﺒﺩﺃ ﺒﺎﻟﻨﻤﻭ ﺍﻟﺘﺩﺭﻴﺠﻲ ﺘﺠﺎﻩ ﻤﺭﻜﺯ ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺍﻍ‪ .‬ﻴﺤﺩﺙ ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﻨﻭﻉ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﻨﺘﺔ‬
‫ﻀﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻭﻴﺭﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺒﻜﺭﺓ ﺤﻴﺙ ﻴﻨﺘﺞ ﻋﻨﻪ ﺒﻠﻭﺭﺍﺕ ﻜﺎﻤﻠﺔ ﺍﻷﻭﺠﻪ ﺍﻭ ﺸﺒﻪ ﻜﺎﻤﻠـﺔ‬
‫)‪ .(Dave & Royal, 1999‬ﻴﻭﺠﺩ ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﻨﺕ ﻓﻲ ﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺠﺭ ﺍﻟﺠﻴﺭﻱ ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺼﻭﺹ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻤل ﻟﻠﻔﺘﺎﺕ ﺍﻹﺤﻴﺎﺌﻲ ﻭﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺠﺭ ﺍﻟﺠﻴﺭﻱ ﺍﻟﺤﺒﻴﺒـﻲ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻤـل ﻟﻠﻔﺘـﺎﺕ ﺍﻹﺤﻴـﺎﺌﻲ‪،‬‬
‫ﻟﻭﺤﺔ)‪.(3-4‬‬
‫ﺝ‪ .‬ﺍﻟﺴﻤﻨﺕ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻭﺍﻓﻕ ﻀﻭﺌﻴﺎ ‪ : Syntaxial rim cement‬ﻴﻅﻬﺭ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﺸـﻜل‬
‫ﺕ ﺨﺸﻨﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻜﺎﻟﺴﺎﻴﺕ ﺤـﻭل ﻗﻁـﻊ ﺸـﻭﻜﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺠﻠـﺩ ﺒﺤﺠـﻡ )‪ 0.5-1‬ﻤﻠـﻡ(‪.‬‬
‫ﺒﻠﻭﺭﺍ ًٍ‬
‫ﻭﺒﺎﺴﺘﻤﺭﺍﺭﻴﺔ ﻀﻭﺌﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﻤﺤﻭﺭ ﺍﻟﻁﻭﻟﻲ ﻻﺠﺯﺍﺀ ﻤﻜﺴﺭﺓ ﻷﺼﺩﺍﻑ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺤﺠﺭﺍﺕ‪ .‬ﻴﻌﺩ ﻫﺫﺍ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴﻤﻨﺕ ﺩﻟﻴﻼ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﻨﺘﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺭﻴـﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺒﻜـﺭﺓ ﺍﻭ ﺍﻟـﺴﻤﻨﺘﺔ ﻓـﻲ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌـﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻔﻴﺯﻴﺎﺌﻴـﺔ‬
‫)‪ (phreatic‬ﻟﻠﻤﻴﺎﻩ ﺍﻟﺠﻭﻓﻴـﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺫﺒـﺔ )‪.(Longman, 1980; Shroeder, 1988‬‬
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‫ﻴﻭﺠﺩ ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﻨﺕ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺤﺠﺭ ﺍﻟﺠﻴﺭﻱ ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺼﻭﺹ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻤل ﻟﻠﻔﻭﺭﺍﻤﻨﻴﻔﺭﺍ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻋﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺤﺠـﺭ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺠﻴﺭﻱ ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺼﻭﺹ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻤل ﻟﻠﻔﺘﺎﺕ ﺍﻹﺤﻴﺎﺌﻲ‪.‬‬
‫ﺩ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﺸﻜل ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻴﺩ ‪ :Neomorphism‬ﺘﻌﺭﻑ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺘـﺸﻜل ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻴـﺩ ﺒﺎﻨﻬـﺎ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴـﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻭﻴﺭﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺘﻤﺜل ﺘﺤﻭل ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺩﻥ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﺤﺩ ﺼﻭﺭﻩ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻌﺩﺩﺓ )‪ (polymorphism‬ﻤﻊ‬
‫ﺜﺒﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺭﻜﻴﺏ ﺍﻟﻜﻴﻤﻴﺎﺌﻲ ﻭﻟﻜﻥ ﺒﻨﻅﺎﻡ ﺒﻠﻭﺭﻱ ﻤﺨﺘﻠﻑ ﻭﺘـﺸﻤل ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺘـﺎ ﺇﻋـﺎﺩﺓ ﺍﻟﺘﺒﻠـﻭﺭ‬
‫)‪ (Recrystallization‬ﻭﺍﻻﻨﻘﻼﺏ )‪ .(Blatt et al., 1980) (Inversion‬ﺘـﺯﺩﺍﺩ‬
‫ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺒﻴﺌﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻴﺎﻩ ﺍﻟﻀﺤﻠﺔ ﻻﻥ ﺭﺴﻭﺒﻴﺎﺘﻬﺎ ﺘﺤﺘﻭﻱ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻨﺴﺒﺔ ﻋﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﻤﻥ ﻋﻨـﺼﺭ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﻐﻨﻴﺴﻴﻭﻡ )‪ . (Dix & Mullins, 1992‬ﺘﺘﻤﻴﺯ ﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺠﺭ ﺍﻟﺠﻴﺭﻱ ﺍﻟﻁﻴﻨﻲ ﻓﻲ ﻫﺫﻩ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺔ ﻓﺘﻜﻭﻥ ﺍﻜﺜﺭ ﺍﻟﺴﺤﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻭﻴﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﻜل ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻴﺩ ﺇﺫ ﺘﺸﻤل ﺇﻋﺎﺩﺓ ﺍﻟﺘﺒﻠـﻭﺭ‬
‫)‪ (recrystallization‬ﻭﻜﺫﻟﻙ ﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺠﺭ ﺍﻟﺠﻴﺭﻱ ﺍﻟـﻭﺍﻜﻲ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻤـل ﻟﻠﻔـﻭﺭﺍﻤﻨﻴﻔﺭﺍ‬
‫ﻭﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺠﺭ ﺍﻟﺠﻴﺭﻱ ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺼﻭﺹ‪ -‬ﺍﻟﺤﺒﻴﺒﻲ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻤل ﻟﻠﻔﺘﺎﺕ ﺍﻹﺤﻴﺎﺌﻲ ﻭﺴـﺤﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺠـﺭ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺠﻴﺭﻱ ﺍﻟﻭﺍﻜﻲ‪-‬ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺼﻭﺹ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻤل ﻟﻠﻔﺘﺎﺕ ﺍﻹﺤﻴﺎﺌﻲ‪.‬‬
‫• ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻭﻴﺭﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﻨﺎﺀﺓ ﻏﻴﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻤﺎﺜﻠﺔ ﻜﻴﻤﻴﺎﺌﻴﺎ‪ :‬ﻭﺘﺸﻤل‬
‫‪ .1‬ﺍﻟﺩﻟﻤﺘﺔ ٍ‪ :Dolomitization‬ﻫﻲ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ ﺇﺤﻼل ﺍﻟﻤﻐﻨﻴـﺴﻴﻭﻡ )‪ (Mg++‬ﻤﺤـل ﺍﻟﻜﺎﻟـﺴﻴﻭﻡ‬
‫)‪ (Ca++‬ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺘﺭﺴﺒﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺠﻴﺭﻴﺔ ﻤﻜﻭﻨﺔ ﻤﻌﺩﻥ ﺍﻟﺩﻭﻟﻭﻤﺎﻴﺕ )‪ .(CaMg(CO3)2‬ﻴﺤﺩﺙ ﻫـﺫﺍ‬
‫ﺍﻹﺤﻼل ﺨﻼل ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ ﺘﺤﻭﻴﺭﻴﺔ ﻤﺒﻜﺭﺓ ﺍﻭ ﻤﺘﺄﺨﺭﺓ )‪ .(Flugel, 1982‬ﺍﻥ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺩﻟﻤﺘﺔ ﻓﻲ‬
‫ﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﺘﻜﻭﻥ ﻗﻠﻴﻠﺔ ﺍﺍﻟﺘﺄﺜﻴﺭ ﺃﻱ ﺍﻨﻬﺎ ﻟﻡ ﺘﻅﻬﺭ ﺘﺄﺜﻴﺭ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺍﺼﻔﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻤﻨﻴﺔ‪ .‬ﻫﻨـﺎﻙ‬
‫ﻨﻭﻋﺎﻥ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺩﻭﻟﻭﻤﺎﻴﺕ ﺍﻷﻭل ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻨﻭﻉ ﺍﻟﺒﻠﻭﺭﻱ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﻋﻡ ﻴﻭﺠﺩ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻭﺤﺩﺓ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻤﻨﻴـﺔ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻴـﺔ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻲ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻨﻭﻉ ﻜﺎﻤل ﺍﻷﻭﺠﻪ ﺍﻟﺒﻠﻭﺭﻴﺔ )ﺒﻠﻭﺭﺍﺕ ﺨﺸﻨﺔ( ﻴﻭﺠﺩ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻭﺤﺩﺓ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻤﻨﻴﺔ ﺍﻷﻭﻟـﻰ‪.‬‬
‫ﻴﻭﺠﺩ ﺍﻟﺩﻭﻟﻭﻤﺎﻴﺕ ﻓﻲ ﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺠﺭ ﺍﻟﺠﻴﺭﻱ ﺍﻟﻭﺍﻜﻲ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻤل ﻟﻠﻔﺘﺎﺕ ﺍﻹﺤﻴﺎﺌﻲ ﻭﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺠـﺭ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺠﻴﺭﻱ ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺼﻭﺹ‪ -‬ﺍﻟﺤﺒﻴﺒﻲ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻤل ﻟﻠﻔﺘﺎﺕ ﺍﻹﺤﻴﺎﺌﻲ ﻭﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺠﺭ ﺍﻟﺠﻴﺭﻱ ﺍﻟﻭﺍﻜﻲ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻤل‬
‫ﻟﻠﻔﺘﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺼﺨﺭﻱ‪ .‬ﺒﻴﻨﺕ ﻓﺤﻭﺼﺎﺕ ﺍﻷﺸﻌﺔ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﻨﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻭﺍﻓﺭﺓ ﻓﻲ ﺸـﺭﻜﺔ ﻨﻔـﻁ ﺍﻟﺠﻨـﻭﺏ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻘﺴﻡ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻭﻱ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﺍﻷﺴﻔل ﻴﺤﺘﻭﻱ )‪ (%12‬ﺩﻭﻟﻭﻤﺎﻴﺕ ﻓﻲ ﺤﻴﻥ ﻴﺤﺘـﻭﻱ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻘﺴﻡ ﺍﻷﺴﻔل ﻋﻠﻰ )‪ (%4‬ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺩﻭﻟﻭﻤﺎﻴﺕ )ﺍﻻﺴﺘﻜﺸﺎﻑ‪ ،(1989 ،‬ﻜﻤﺎ ﺘﺒﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﻭﺤﺘﺎﻥ ) ‪1-4‬‬
‫ﻭ ‪ (2-4‬ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺩﻟﻤﺘﺔ‪.‬‬
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‫‪ .2‬ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﺩﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻀﻌﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﺸﺄﺓ )‪ : Authogenic minerals (Pyrite‬ﻴﻨﺸﺄ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﻴﺭﺍﻴﺕ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﻅﺭﻭﻑ ﺒﻴﺌﻴﺔ ﻤﺨﺘﺯﻟﺔ ﻏﻨﻴﺔ ﺒﺎﻟﻤﻭﺍﺩ ﺍﻟﻌﻀﻭﻴﺔ ﺤﻴﺙ ﺘﺘﻭﻓﺭ ﺍﻟﺒﻜﺘﺭﻴﺎ ﺍﻟﻼﻫﻭﺍﺌﻴـﺔﻭﺍل‪ Eh‬ﻗﻠﻴﻠـﺔ‬
‫)‪ .(Seisser, 1978‬ﻴﻜﻭﻥ ﻤﻌﺩﻥ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﻴﺭﺍﻴﺕ ﻗﻠﻴﻠﺔ ﺍﻻﻨﺘﺸﺎﺭ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﻗﻴﺩ ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ ﺤﻴﺙ ﻭﺠﺩ‬
‫ﻼ ﻋﻥ ﻭﺠﻭﺩ ﺍﻟﺴﺘﺎﻴﻠﻭﻻﻴﺕ ﻤﺒﻌﺜﺭﹰﺍ ﻓﻲ ﺒﻌﺽ ﺍﻟﺴﺤﻥ ﻭﻤﺼﺎﺤﺒﺎ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻤﺘﺩﺍﺩ ﺒﻌﺽ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﻘﻘﺎﺕ ﻓﻀ ﹰ‬
‫ﺇﻟﻰ ﻤﻌﺩﻥ ﺍﻟﺩﻭﻟﻭﻤﺎﻴﺕ ﻭﻗﺩ ﻴﻭﺠﺩ ﻓﻲ ﻫﻴﺎﻜل ﺒﻌﺽ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺤﺠﺭﺍﺕ ﻤﺎﻟﺌﹰﺎ ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺍﻏﺎﺕ‪.‬‬
‫• ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻭﻴﺭﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻬﺩﺍﻤﺔ ‪ :‬ﻭﺘﺸﻤل ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺔ ﻤﺎ ﻴﺄﺘﻲ‬
‫‪ .1‬ﺍﻹﺫﺍﺒﺔ ‪ :Dissolution‬ﺘﻤﺜل ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ ﺘﺤﻭﻴﺭﻴﺔ ﻤﺒﻜﺭﺓ ﺘﻁﺭﺍ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺼﺨﻭﺭ ﺒﻌﺩ ﺍﻟﺘﺭﺴـﻴﺏ‬
‫ﻤﺒﺎﺸﺭﺓ ﻭﺘﻜﻭﻥ ﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﺜﺎﻨﻭﻴﺔ )‪ .(Chilinger et al.,1967‬ﺘﻼﺤﻅ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ ﺍﻹﺫﺍﺒﺔ ﺒﻭﻀﻭﺡ‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ ﺍﻻﻋﻠﻰ ﻭﺍﻻﻭﺴﻁ ﻤﻥ ﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﺍﻷﺴﻔل ﺤﻴﺙ ﺃﺜﺭﺕ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻜﺴﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺭﺨﻭﻴﺎﺕ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺭﻭﺩﺴﺕ ﻭﺸﻭﻜﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺠﻠﺩ‪ .‬ﺘﻌﺯﻯ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ ﺍﻹﺫﺍﺒﺔ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻤﺭﻭﺭ ﻤﻴـﺎﻩ ﺠﻭﻓﻴـﺔ ﻋﺫﺒـﺔ‪ ،‬ﻴﻜـﻭﻥ‬
‫ﻤﺼﺩﺭﻫﺎ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻨﻁﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﻔﺭﻴﺎﺘﻲ )‪ (Phreatic zone‬ﺨﻼل ﺍﻟﺘﺭﺴﺒﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻜﺎﺭﺒﻭﻨﺎﺘﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻌـﻀﻭﻴﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻘﺭﻴﺒﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺴﻁﺢ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺘﺅﺜﺭ ﺘﻔﺎﻀﻠﻴﺎ ﻓﻲ ﻫﻴﺎﻜل ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺤﺠﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻭﻨﺔ ﻓـﻲ ﺍﻟﻐﺎﻟـﺏ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻻﺭﻜﻭﻨﺎﻴﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﻜﺎﻟﺴﺎﻴﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﻐﻨﻴﺴﻭﻡ )‪ (High- Mg calcite‬ﻏﻴﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻘﺭ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺤﺎﻁﺔ‬
‫ﺒﻐﻼﻑ ﻤﻜﺭﺍﻴﺘﻲ ﻤﺨﻠﻔﺔ ﻓﺭﺍﻏﺎﺕ ﺸﺒﻴﻬﺔ ﻟﻬﻴﺌﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺤﺠﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻷﺼـﻠﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺘـﻲ ﻴﻁﻠـﻕ ﻋﻠﻴﻬـﺎ‬
‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻟﺒﻴﺔ )‪ .(Longman, 1980) (modlic porosity‬ﻟﻭﺤﻅﺕ ﻀﻤﻥ ﺴﺤﻨﺎﺕ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤﺠﺭ ﺍﻟﺠﻴﺭﻱ ﺍﻟﻁﻴﻨﻲ ﻭﺍﻟﺤﺠﺭ ﺍﻟﺠﻴﺭﻱ ﺍﻟﻭﺍﻜﻲ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻤل ﻟﻠﻔﺘﺎﺕ ﺍﻹﺤﻴـﺎﺌﻲ ﻭﺴـﺤﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺠـﺭ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺠﻴﺭﻱ ﺍﻟﺤﺒﻴﺒﻲ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻤل ﻟﻠﻔﺘﺎﺕ ﺍﻹﺤﻴﺎﺌﻲ ﻭﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺠﺭ ﺍﻟﺠﻴﺭﻱ ﺍﻟﻭﺍﻜﻲ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻤل ﻟﻠﺭﻭﺩﺴـﺕ‪،‬‬
‫ﻜﻤﺎ ﻤﺒﻴﻥ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻠﻭﺤﺎﺕ )‪ 4-3‬ﻭ‪ 5-3‬ﻭ‪ 6-3‬ﻭ‪ 2-8‬ﻭ‪.(4-8‬‬
‫‪ .2‬ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺘﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﻴﻜـﺎﻨﻴﻜﻲ ‪ :Mechanical fragmentation‬ﺘﻌﻤل ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺘﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﻴﻜـﺎﻨﻴﻜﻲ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺘﺤﻁﻴﻡ ﻭﺘﺫﺭﻴﺔ ﻤﻜﻭﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻉ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺤﺠﺭﺍﺕ ﻭﺘﺤﺩﺙ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﻁﻕ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺭﻴﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﺸﻁﺔ ﺒﺎﻟﺘﻴﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﻭﺍﻷﻤﻭﺍﺝ ﻭﺘﺘﺭﻜﺯ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺴﻭﺍﺤل ﻭﺃﻤﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﺤﻴﺩ )‪ . (Aigner, 1984‬ﻟﻭﺤﻅﺕ‬
‫ﻓﺘﺎﺘﺎﺕ ﺍﻷﺤﻴﺎﺀ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺭﺨﻭﻴﺎﺕ )ﺍﻟﺭﻭﺩﺴﺕ( ﻭﻤﺘﺤﺠﺭﺍﺕ ﺃﺨﺭﻯ ﻓﻲ ﺴﺤﻨﺎﺕ ﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤـﺸﺭﻑ‬
‫ﻤﺜل ﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺠﺭ ﺍﻟﺠﻴﺭﻱ ﺍﻟﻭﺍﻜﻲ‪ -‬ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺼﻭﺹ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻤل ﻟﻠﻔﺘﺎﺕ ﺍﻹﺤﻴﺎﺌﻲ ﻭﺴـﺤﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺠـﺭ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺠﻴﺭﻱ ﺍﻟﺤﺒﻴﺒﻲ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻤل ﻟﻠﻔﺘﺎﺕ ﺍﻹﺤﻴﺎﺌﻲ ﻭﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺠﺭ ﺍﻟﺠﻴﺭﻱ ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺼﻭﺹ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻤل ﻟﻠﻔﺘـﺎﺕ‬
‫ﺍﻹﺤﻴﺎﺌﻲ‪.‬‬
‫‪<íéßÛÓ¹]<l^ßvŠÖ]<ÜééÏi‬‬
‫‪88‬‬
‫ﺃﻭﺿﺎﻉ ﺣﻮﺽ ﺍﻟﱰﺳﻴﺐ ﻟﻠﺼﺨﻮﺭ ﺍﳉﲑﻳﺔ ﻭﺍﳌﻮﺩﻳﻞ ﺍﻟﺴﺤﻨﻲ‬
‫‪6-3‬‬
‫‪Carbonate Basin settings and facies model‬‬
‫ﻨﺎﻗﺵ ﺍﻟﻌﺩﻴﺩ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺜﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺼﻁﻠﺤﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻀﻭﻋﺔ ﻟﻭﺼﻑ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺭﺴﻴﺒﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻜﺎﺭﺒﻭﻨﺎﺘﻴـﺔ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻤـﺴﺘﻭﻯ ﺍﻹﻗﻠﻴﻤـﻲ ﺨـﻼل ﺍﻜﺜـﺭ ﻤـﻥ ﻋـﺸﺭﻴﻥ ﻋﺎﻤـﺎ ﻤـﻀﺕ ‪(Wilson, 1975; Read,‬‬
‫‪ .( 1985; Tucker and Wright, 1990; Emery and Myers, 1996‬ﻭﺴﻭﻑ ﻴﺘﺒﻊ ﺃﺴـﻠﻭﺏ‬
‫)‪ Tucker & Wright (1990‬ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﻴﺴﺘﺨﺩﻡ ﺃﺴﻠﻭﺏ ﺍﻟﻤﻨـﺼﺔ )‪ (Platform‬ﻓـﻲ ﻭﺼـﻑ ﺍﻟﺘﺘـﺎﺒﻊ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻜﺎﺭﺒﻭﻨﺎﻴﺘﻲ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﻴﻙ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺭﺴﺏ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﻴﺎﻩ ﺍﻟﻀﺤﻠﺔ ﻟﻭﺼﻑ ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺩﻴل ﺍﻟﺭﺴـﻭﺒﻲ ﻟﻤﻨﻁﻘـﺔ ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴـﺔ‪ .‬ﺘﻨـﺸﺄ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺼﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺠﻴﺭﻴﺔ ﻨﺘﻴﺠﺔ ﻷﻨﻭﺍﻉ ﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺤﺭﻜﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻜﺘﻭﻨﻴﺔ‪ .‬ﻴﻤﻜﻥ ﺘﻤﻴﻴﺯ ﺍﻷﻨﻭﺍﻉ ﺍﻵﺘﻴﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺼﺎﺕ‪:‬‬
‫‪ .1‬ﺤﺎﻓﺔ ﺍﻟﺭﻑ )‪(rimmed shelf‬‬
‫‪ .2‬ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺤﺩﺭ )‪(ramp‬‬
‫‪ .3‬ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺼﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺯﻭﻟﺔ )‪(isolated platform‬‬
‫ـﻥ ﺍﻟﻅ ـﺭﻭﻑ‬
‫ـﺎ ﻤـ‬
‫ـل ﻭﻏﻴﺭﻫـ‬
‫ـﻴﺏ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻴـ‬
‫ـﺴﺎﻉ ﻭﻨﻅ ـﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﺘﺭﺴـ‬
‫ـﻰ ﺍﻻﺘـ‬
‫ـﺎﺩﹰﺍ ﻋﻠـ‬
‫ـﻨﻔﺕ ﺍﻋﺘﻤـ‬
‫ﺇﺫ ﺼـ‬
‫)‪. (Moore, 2004‬‬
‫‪.1‬‬
‫ﺤﺎﻓﺔ ﺍﻟﺭﻑ ﺍﻟﻜﺎﺭﺒﻭﻨﻴﺘﻴﺔ )‪ :(rimmed shelf carbonate‬ﻴﺘﻤﻴﺯ ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﻨﻭﻉ ﺒﻭﺠﻭﺩ ﺍﻨﻜﺴﺎﺭ‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﻴل ﺩﺍﺨل ﺍﻟﻤﻴﺎﻩ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻴﻘﺔ ﻋﻨﺩ ﺤﺎﻓﺔ ﺍﻟﺭﻑ ﺍﻟﻬﺎﻤﺸﻴﺔ)‪، (margin‬ﺯﺍﻭﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻴل ﺘﺘﺭﺍﻭﺡ ﻤﺎﺒﻴﻥ‬
‫ﺩﺭﺠﺔ ﻭﺍﺤﺩﺓ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺘﻘﺭﻴﺒﺎ ﻋﻤﻭﺩﻴﺔ ‪ ،‬ﺒﻴﻨﻤﺎ ﻴﺘﺭﺍﻭﺡ ﻋﺭﺽ ﺍﻟﺭﻑ ﻤﺎﺒﻴﻥ )‪ ( 100-10‬ﻜـﻡ‪ .‬ﺤﺎﻓـﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺭﻑ ﺍﻟﻬﺎﻤﺸﻴﺔ ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺓ ﻋﻥ ﻨﻁﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﻤﻴﺎﻩ ﺍﻟﻀﺤﻠﺔ ﺫﻱ ﺍﻟﻁﺎﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻴﺔ ‪ ،‬ﺇﺫ ﻴﺘﺤﺩﺩ ﺒﻭﺍﺴﻁﺔ ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺎﺏ‬
‫ﺍﻭ ﺍﻟﻨﻁﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻀﺤل ﻟﻠﻁﺎﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻴﺔ‪ .‬ﺘﻔﺼل ﺤﺎﻓﺔ ﺍﻟﺭﻑ ﺍﻟﻬﺎﻤﺸﻴﺔ ﺍﻷﺭﺍﻀﻲ ﺍﻟﻼﻏﻭﻨﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻀﺤﻠﺔ‬
‫ﺒﺎﺘﺠﺎﻩ ﺍﻟﻴﺎﺒﺴﺔ ﻋﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﻴﺎﻩ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻴﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺎﻭﺭﺓ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﺤﻭﺽ ﻜﻤﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺸﻜل )‪ (12-3‬ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﻴﻭﻀـﺢ‬
‫ﻤﻭﺩﻴل ﺍﻟﺴﺤﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺭﺌﻴﺴﻴﺔ ﻟﺤﺎﻓﺔ ﺍﻟﺭﻑ ﺍﻟﻜﺎﺭﺒﻭﻨﻴﺔ )‪ . (Moore, 2004‬ﺘﻜﻭﻥ ﺴـﺤﻨﺎﺕ ﺤﺎﻓـﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺭﻑ ﺍﻟﻬﺎﻤﺸﻴﺔ ﻀﻴﻘﺔ ﻭﺫﺍﺕ ﻤﻴﺎﻩ ﻀﺤﻠﺔ ﺒﻁﺎﻗﺔ ﻋﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﻫﻴﺎﻜل ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺎﺏ ﺘﺘﻀﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺤﻭﺍﺠﺯ ﺍﻭ ﻗﻁﻊ‬
‫ﻤﺭﺠﺎﻨﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺴﺤﻨﺎﺕ ﺘﺄﺨﺫ ﺒﺎﻻﺘﺴﺎﻉ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺤﺩﺭ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﺤﻭﺽ ﻟﻜﻥ ﺘﺒﻘﻰ ﻨﻭﻋﺎ ﻤﺎ ﻀﻴﻘﺔ ‪ .‬ﻴﺘﻤﻴـﺯ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺤﺩﺭ ﺍﻷﻋﻠﻰ )‪ (upper slope‬ﺒﻭﺠﻭﺩ ﻓﺘﺎﺕ ﺴﻠﻴﻜﻲ ﺒﺤﺠﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﺭﻴـﺸﺎ ﻭﺍﻟﻬـﻀﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﻁﻴﻨﻴـﺔ‬
‫ﻟﻠﻁﺤﺎﻟﺏ ﻭﺘﻁﺒﻕ ﻨﺤﻴﻑ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺤﺠﺭ ﺍﻟﺠﻴﺭﻱ ﺍﻟﻭﺍﻜﻲ ﻭﻓﺘﺎﺕ ﺴﻴﻠﻴﻜﻲ ﺍﻭ ﻜﺎﺭﺒﻭﻨـﺎﻴﺘﻲ ﻭﺘﻴـﺎﺭﺍﺕ‬
‫ﻋﻜــﻭﺭﺓ ﻭﺘﻜــﻭﻥ ﺃﺤﺠــﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﺤﺒﻴﺒــﺎﺕ ﻤــﻥ ﺨــﺸﻨﺔ ﺇﻟــﻰ ﻨﺎﻋﻤــﺔ‪ .‬ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺤــﺩﺭ ﺍﻷﺴــﻔل‬
‫‪<íéßÛÓ¹]<l^ßvŠÖ]<ÜééÏi‬‬
‫‪89‬‬
‫)‪ (Lower slope‬ﻓﻴﺘﻤﻴﺯ ﺒﺴﺤﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺤﺠﺭ ﺍﻟﺠﻴﺭﻱ ﺍﻟﻁﻴﻨﻲ ﺘﻁﺒﻕ ﻤﻨﺘﻅﻡ ﻭﺤﺯﻡ ﻤـﻥ ﺍﻟﻔﺘـﺎﺕ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴﻠﻴﻜﻲ ﺍﻭ ﺍﻟﻜﺎﺭﺒﻭﻨﺎﻴﺘﻲ ﺍﻟﻌﻜﺭ ﻓﻀﻼ ﻋﻥ ﻗﻨﻭﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺼﺭﻴﻑ‪ .‬ﻭﻴﻭﺠﺩ ﺍﻟﻁـﻴﻥ ﻓـﻲ ﺍﻟﺭﻭﺍﺴـﺏ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤﻭﻀﻴﺔ ﻤﻊ ﻭﺠﻭﺩ ﺘﻁﺒﻕ ﻨﺤﻴﻑ ﻨﺎﺘﺞ ﻤﻥ ﺭﻭﺍﺴﺏ ﻨﺎﻋﻤﺔ ﻴﻌﺘﻘﺩ ﺍﻨﻬﺎ ﺘﻌﻭﺩ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺭﻭﺍﺴﺏ ﺤﻴﺎﺘﻴﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺘﻜﻭﻥ ﺴﺤﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺭﻑ ﺍﻟﻼﻏﻭﺍﻨﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺠﻭﺩﺓ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺠﺎﻨﺏ ﺴﺤﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺭﻑ ﺍﻟﻬﺎﻤﺸﻴﺔ ﻤﺘـﺴﻌﺔ ﻭﻋﻤﻴﻘـﺔ‬
‫ﻭﺫﺍﺕ ﻤﻴﺎﻩ ﻫﺎﺩﺌﺔ ﻤﻘﺎﺭﻨﺔ ﺒﻤﺎ ﻫﻭ ﻤﻭﺠﻭﺩ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻓﺔ‪ .‬ﺍﻟﺘﺭﺴﺒﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻁﻴﻨﻴﺔ ﻫﻲ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺌﺩﺓ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻼﻏﻭﻥ‬
‫ﻤﺎ ﻋﺩﺍ ﺒﻌﺽ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﻁﻕ‪ ،‬ﻜﻤﺎ ﺘﻭﺠﺩ ﻗﻁﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺠﺎﻥ ﺒﺸﻜل ﺸﺎﺌﻊ ﺍﻴﻀﺎ‪ .‬ﺘﻜﻭﻥ ﻤﻴﺎﻩ ﺍﻟﻼﻏـﻭﻥ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻅﺭﻭﻑ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﺨﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺠﺎﻓﺔ ﺫﺍﺕ ﻤﻠﻭﺤﺔ ﺸﺩﻴﺩﺓ )‪ (hypersaline‬ﻤﻤﺎ ﻴﺅﺩﻱ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺘﺭﺴﻴﺏ ﺘـﺭﺍﻜﻡ‬
‫ﻀﺨﻡ ﻟﺭﻭﺍﺴﺏ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺒﺨﺭﺍﺕ‪ .‬ﺘﺘﻤﻴﺯ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻓﺔ ﺍﻟﺩﺍﺨﻠﻴﺔ ﻟﻼﻏﻭﻥ ﺒﻭﺠﻭﺩ ﺨﻁ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺤل ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻜﻭﻥ ﻓﻲ ﺒﻴﺌﺔ‬
‫ﺫﺍﺕ ﻁﺎﻗﺔ ﻭﺍﻁﺌﺔ ﻤﺜل ﺍﻟﺴﺒﺎﺥ ﻭﻤﺴﻁﺤﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺩ ﻭﺍﺤﻴﺎﻨﺎ ﺍﻟﺤﻭﺍﺠﺯ ﺍﻟﺸﺎﻁﺌﻴﺔ‪ .‬ﺍﺫﺍ ﻜﺎﻨـﺕ ﻤـﺼﺎﺩﺭ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﺠﻬﻴﺯ ﻤﺘﻭﺍﻓﺭﺓ ﻓﺎﻥ ﺘﺭﺴﺒﺎﺕ ﺨﻁ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺤل ﺫﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻔﺘﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺴﻠﻴﻜﻲ ﻗﺩ ﺘﺴﺘﺒﺩل ﺒﺎﻟﺘﺭﺴﺒﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺠﻴﺭﻴـﺔ‬
‫ﻜﺘﺭﺴﺒﺎﺕ ﺴﺎﺌﺩﺓ ﻭﻤﻤﻴﺯﺓ ﻟﺴﺤﻨﺎﺕ ﺤﺎﻓﺔ ﺍﻟﻼﻏﻭﻥ ﺍﻟﺩﺍﺨﻠﻴﺔ )‪ . (Moore, 2004‬ﻴﻨﻁﺒـﻕ ﻫـﺫﺍ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺩﻴل ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺼﺔ ﺍﻟﻜﺎﺭﺒﻭﻨﺎﻴﺘﻴﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺩﻴل ﺍﻟﺭﺴﻭﺒﻲ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺹ ﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﻤﻥ ﻨﺎﺤﻴـﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﻭﻀﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻨﺤﺩﺭ ﻭﺍﻟﺸﻌﺎﺏ ﻭﺍﻟﺤﺎﺠﺯ ﻭﺍﻟﻼﻏﻭﻥ‪.‬‬
‫‪.2‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺤﺩﺭ ﺍﻟﻜﺎﺭﺒﻭﻨﺎﻴﺘﻲ ‪ : Carbonate ramp‬ﻭﻫﻭ ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺓ ﻋﻥ ﺴﻁﺢ ﺫﻱ ﻤﻴل ﻗﻠﻴل )ﺍﻗل ﻤﻥ‬
‫‪ 1‬ﺩﺭﺠﺔ( ﺘﺘﺩﺭﺝ ﻓﻴﻪ ﺒﻴﺌﺔ ﺨﻁ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺤل ﺫﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻁﺎﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻰ ﺒﻴﺌﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻴﺎﻩ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻴﻘﺔ ﺒﺩﻭﻥ ﺍﻥ ﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬
‫ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﺘﻐﻴﺭ ﻤﺤﺴﻭﺱ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﻴـل ) ‪Ahr, 1973; Wislon, 1975; Tucker & Wright,‬‬
‫‪ .(1990; Emery & Myers, 1996‬ﻋﺭﻑ )‪ Wilson (1975‬ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺤـﺩﺭ ﺍﻟﻜﺎﺭﺒﻭﻨـﺎﻴﺘﻲ‬
‫ﺒﺸﻜل ﻋﺎﻡ ﻭﻫﻭ ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺓ ﻋﻥ ﻤﺭﺤﻠﺔ ﺘﻁﻭﺭﻴﺔ ﻤﺒﻜﺭﺓ ﻟﻨﺸﻭﺀ ﺤﺎﻓﺔ ﺍﻟﺭﻑ ﺍﻟﻜﺎﺭﺒﻭﻨﺎﻴﺘﻴـﺔ‪ ،‬ﺍﺫﺍ ﺘﺄﺨـﺫ‬
‫ﺘﺭﺍﻜﻴﺏ ﺨﻁ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺤل ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻜﻭﻨﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺒﻴﺌﺔ ﺫﺍﺕ ﻁﺎﻗﺔ ﻋﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﺒﺸﻜل ﺃﺴﺎﺴﻲ ﺨﺼﺎﺌﺹ ﺤﺎﻓـﺔ ﺍﻟـﺭﻑ‬
‫ﻨﻔﺴﻬﺎ ﻜﻠﻤﺎ ﺘﻘﺩﻤﻨﺎ ﺒﺎﺘﺠـﺎﻩ ﺍﻟﻤﻴـﺎﻩ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻴﻘـﺔ‪ ،‬ﺤﻴـﺙ ﻴﺤـﺼل ﺘﻐﻴﻴـﺭ ﻤﻔـﺎﺠﺊ ﻓـﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﻴـل‬
‫)‪ . (Tucker & Wright, 1990; Emery & Myers, 1996‬ﻴﻭﻀﺢ ﺍﻟـﺸﻜل )‪(13-3‬‬
‫ـﻀﺤل‬
‫ـﺩﺍﺨﻠﻲ ﺍﻟـ‬
‫ـﺩﺭ ﺍﻟـ‬
‫ـﺯ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺤـ‬
‫ـﺴﻲ‪ .‬ﻴﺘﻤﻴـ‬
‫ـﺩﺭ ﺍﻟﺭﺌﻴـ‬
‫ـﺴﺤﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺤـ‬
‫ـﻴﺒﻲ ﻟـ‬
‫ـل ﺍﻟﺘﺭﺴـ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺩﻴـ‬
‫)‪ (inner shallow ramp‬ﺒﺨﻁ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺤل ﺫﻱ ﺍﻟﻁﺎﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﻭﺒﺴﺤﻨﺎﺕ ﻤـﻥ ﻨـﻭﻉ ﺍﻟﺤﺠـﺭ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺠﻴﺭﻱ ﺍﻟﺤﺒﻴﺒﻲ ﻟﻌﺩﻡ ﻭﺠﻭﺩ ﻋﺎﺌﻕ ﻟﻤﺴﺎﺭ ﺍﻷﻤﻭﺍﺝ ﻋﺒﺭ ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻀﺤل ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺤﺩﺭ‪ .‬ﺘﻜـﻭﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤﻭﺍﺠﺯ ﺍﻟﺸﺎﻁﺌﻴﺔ ﺍﻭ ﺘﺭﺍﻜﻴﺏ ﺍﻟﻘﻨﻭﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺩﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﹸﺘﺫﻜﺭ ﺒﺎﻟﻔﺘﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺴﻠﻴﻜﻲ ﻟﺨﻁ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺤل ﺒـﺸﻜل‬
‫‪<íéßÛÓ¹]<l^ßvŠÖ]<ÜééÏi‬‬
‫‪90‬‬
‫ﻋﺎﻡ ﺠﻴﺩﺓ ﺍﻟﺘﻁﻭﺭ‪ ،‬ﻭﺒﻤﺭﻭﺭ ﺍﻟﺯﻤﻥ ﻓﺎﻥ ﻨﻁﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺤﺩﺭ ﺍﻟﺩﺍﺨﻠﻲ ﻴﺄﺨﺫ ﺒﺎﻟﺘﻭﺴـﻊ ﻨﺘﻴﺠـﺔ ﻟﻠﺘﻘـﺩﻡ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺭﻱ ﺍﻟﻜﺒﻴﺭ ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﻴﺅﺩﻱ ﺍﻟﻰ ﺘﻭﺴﻴﻊ ﺍﻟﺴﺤﻨﺎﺕ ﺫﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻁﺎﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻴﺔ‪ .‬ﺴﺤﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺤﺠﺭ ﺍﻟﺠﻴـﺭﻱ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤﺒﻴﺒﻲ ﺘﺘﻀﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺴﺭﺌﻴﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﻔﺘﺎﺕ ﺍﻹﺤﻴﺎﺌﻲ ﺍﻭ ﺍﻟﺩﻤﺎﻟﻕ ﻭﻻ ﺘﻭﺠﺩ ﺴﺤﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺎﺏ ﺍﻭ ﺍﻟـﺸﻌﺎﺏ‬
‫ﺒﺼﻭﺭﺓ ﺸﺎﺌﻌﺔ ﻨﺘﻴﺠﺔ ﺍﻻﻨﻜﺸﺎﻑ ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭﻱ ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻤﻨﺘﺔ‪ .‬ﻴﻭﺠﺩ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺤﺩﺭ ﺍﻟـﺩﺍﺨﻠﻲ ﺒﺠﺎﻨـﺏ ﺨـﻁ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺤل ﺫﻱ ﺍﻟﻁﺎﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﺒﻴﺌﺎﺕ ﻤﺤﻤﻴﺔ ﺘﺘﻤﻴـﺯ ﺒﺎﻟـﻀﺤﺎﻟﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻼﻏـﻭﻥ ﺍﻟـﻀﻴﻕ ﻭﺍﻟـﺼﺒﺨﺔ‬
‫ﻭﻤﺴﻁﺤﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺩ ﺍﻟﺴﻁﺤﻴﺔ ﺫﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻁﺎﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﻭﺍﻁﺌﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻓﻲ ﺤﺎﻟﺔ ﺘﻭﻓﺭ ﻤﺼﺎﺩﺭ ﺘﺠﻬﻴﺯ ﻟﻠﻔﺘﺎﺘﻴﺎﺕ ﻓﺄﻨﻬـﺎ‬
‫ﺘﻤﻴل ﺍﻟﻰ ﺍﻥ ﺘﻜﻭﻥ ﻤﻨﺎﻁﻕ ﺍﺼﻁﻴﺎﺩ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺼﻭﺭﺓ ﺒﺎﻟﺤﻭﺍﺠﺯ‪ .‬ﺍﻟﻔﺘﺎﺕ ﺍﻻﺤﻴﺎﺌﻲ ﻭﺍﻟﺩﻤﺎﻟﻕ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺤﺠﺭ ﺍﻟﺠﻴﺭﻱ ﺍﻟﻭﺍﻜﻲ )‪ (Wackstone‬ﻭﺍﻟﺤﺠﺭ ﺍﻟﺠﻴـﺭﻱ ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺼـﻭﺹ )‪(Packstone‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺤﺠﺭ ﺍﻟﺠﻴﺭﻱ ﺍﻟﻁﻴﻨﻲ )‪ (Mudstone‬ﺘﻤﻴﺯ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺤﺩﺭ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻴﻕ )‪ ، (Deep ramp‬ﻓﻲ ﻤﻘﺩﻤﺔ‬
‫ﻨﻁﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﻁﺎﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﺴﻔل ﻗﺎﻋﺩﺓ ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺠﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺘﺩﻟﺔ‪ .‬ﺘﻨﻘل ﻨﺸﺎﻁﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﻭﺍﺼﻑ ﺍﻟﺴﺭﺌﻴﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﻔﺘﺎﺕ‬
‫ﺍﻻﺤﻴﺎﺌﻲ ﻤﻥ ﻭﺠﻪ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺤل ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻭﻱ ﻭﻻﻏﻭﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺤﺩﺭ ﺍﻟﺩﺍﺨﻠﻲ ﺍﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﺭﻑ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻴﻕ‪ ،‬ﺒﻴﻨﻤـﺎ ﺘﻜـﻭﻥ‬
‫ﻫﻨــﺎﻙ ﺍﺤﺘﻤﺎﻟﻴــﺔ ﻟﺘﻁــﻭﺭ ﺍﻟﻬــﻀﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﻁﻴﻨﻴــﺔ ﻟﻠﻁﺤﺎﻟــﺏ ﻋﻨــﺩ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺤــﺩﺭ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻴــﻕ‬
‫)‪.( Tucker & Wright, 1990; Emery & Myers, 1996‬‬
‫‪.3‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺼﺔ ﺍﻟﻜﺎﺭﺒﻭﻨﺎﺘﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺯﻭﻟﺔ )‪: (Isolated carbonate platforms‬ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺓ ﻋﻥ ﻤﺴﺎﺤﺔ‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ـﺎﻩ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻴﻘـ‬
‫ـﻁﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻴـ‬
‫ـﺔ ﺒﻭﺍﺴـ‬
‫ـﻀﺤﻠﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺎﻁـ‬
‫ـﺎﻩ ﺍﻟـ‬
‫ـﺔ ﺫﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﻴـ‬
‫ـﺒﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻜﺎﺭﺒﻭﻨﺎﺘﻴـ‬
‫ـﻥ ﺍﻟﺘﺭﺴـ‬
‫ﻤـ‬
‫)‪ . (Moore, 2004‬ﻴﺘﺭﺍﻭﺡ ﻋﺭﺽ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺼﺔ ﻤﺎ ﺒﻴﻥ )‪ ( 10000-100‬ﻜﻡ ﻭﻤﻴل ﻜﺒﻴﺭ ﻭﺘﻐﻴﺭ‬
‫ﻤﻔﺎﺠﺊ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺤﺩﺭ )‪ . (break in slope‬ﺘﺘﻜﻭﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺼﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻜﺎﺭﺒﻭﻨﺎﺘﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺯﻭﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻁﻭﺭﺓ‬
‫ﺒﺸﻜل ﺠﻴﺩ ﻤﻥ ﺨﻠﻴﻁ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻔﺘﺎﺘﻴﺎﺕ‪ .‬ﺴﺤﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺼﺔ ﺍﻟﺩﺍﺨﻠﻴﺔ ﺘﺘﻜﻭﻥ ﺒﺸﻜل ﻋﺎﻡ ﻤـﻥ ﺴـﺤﻨﺎﺕ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤﺠﺭ ﺍﻟﺠﻴﺭﻱ ﺍﻟﻁﻴﻨﻲ ﻭﺍﻟﺤﺠﺭ ﺍﻟﺠﻴﺭﻱ ﺍﻟﻭﺍﻜﻲ‪ ،‬ﺫﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻁﺎﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﻭﺍﻁﺌﺔ ﻤﻊ ﺍﺤﺘﻤﺎل ﻭﺠﻭﺩ ﻗﻁـﻊ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺠﺎﻥ‪ .‬ﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ ﺘﻜﻭﻥ ﺍﻟﻅﺭﻭﻑ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﺨﻴﺔ ﺠﺎﻓﺔ ﻓﺄﻥ ﺍﻟﻼﻏﻭﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯﻱ ﺍﻭ ﺍﻟﻤﻨـﺼﺔ ﺍﻟﺩﺍﺨﻠﻴـﺔ‬
‫ﺘﺼﺒﺢ ﻋﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻭﺤﺔ )‪ (hypersaline‬ﻟﺫﻟﻙ ﺘﺘﺭﺴﺏ ﺒﺸﻜل ﻭﺍﻀـﺢ ﺼـﺨﻭﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺒﺨـﺭﺍﺕ‬
‫)‪. (Moore, 2004‬‬
‫ﺸﻜل )‪ (12-3‬ﺍﻟﺴﺤﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﺴﻴﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺤﺎﻓﺔ ﺍﻟﺭﻑ ﺍﻟﻜﺎﺭﺒﻭﻨﻴﺘﻲ ))‪(Wilson (1975) in Moore (2004‬‬
‫‪<íéßÛÓ¹]<l^ßvŠÖ]<ÜééÏi‬‬
‫‪91‬‬
‫ﺸﻜل )‪ (13-3‬ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ ﺍﻟﺘﺭﺴﻴﺒﻲ ﻟﻠﻤﻨﺤﺩﺭ ﺍﻟﻜﺎﺭﺒﻭﻨﻴﺘﻲ)‪( (Wilson (1975)) in Moore (2004‬‬
‫‪<íéßÛÓ¹]<l^ßvŠÖ]<ÜééÏi‬‬
‫‪92‬‬
‫‪<íéßÛÓ¹]<l^ßvŠÖ]<ÜééÏi‬‬
‫‪7-3‬‬
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‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﱰﺳﻴﺒﻴﺔ ‪Depositional environments‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺭﺴﻴﺒﻴﺔ ﺒﺸﻜل ﻋﺎﻡ ﻫﻲ ﻤﺠﻤل ﺍﻟﻅﺭﻭﻑ ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻭﺍﻤل ﺍﻟﻔﻴﺯﻴﺎﺌﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻜﻴﻤﻴﺎﺌﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻹﺤﻴﺎﺌﻴـﺔ ﺍﻟﺘـﻲ‬
‫ﺘﺘﺠﻤﻊ ﺘﺤﺘﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﺭﻭﺍﺴﺏ‪ .‬ﻴﻌﺘﻘﺩ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻜﺜﺭ ﻤﻥ ‪ %90‬ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺭﻭﺍﺴﺏ ﺍﻟﺠﻴﺭﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺠﻭﺩﺓ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺤﺩﻴﺜﺔ ﺫﺍﺕ‬
‫ﺍﺼل ﺃﺤﻴﺎﺌﻲ ﻭﺘﻜﻭﻨﺕ ﺘﺤﺕ ﻅـﺭﻭﻑ ﺒﺤﺭﻴـﺔ ‪(Milliman, 1974; Wilson, 1975; Sellwood,‬‬
‫‪.( 1978; Tucker and Wright, 1990‬‬
‫ﻴﺘﻁﻠﺏ ﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺭﺴﻴﺒﻴﺔ ﻤﻌﺭﻓﺔ ﺍﻟﺴﺤﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺩﻗﻴﻘﺔ ﻭﻤﻌﺭﻓﺔ ﻤﺤﺘﻭﺍﻫﺎ ﺍﻟﺤﻴﺎﺘﻲ ‪ ،‬ﺒﺎﻻﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩ ﻋﻠـﻰ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴﺤﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺨﺼﺔ ﻓﻲ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ ﻴﻤﻜﻥ ﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺭﺴﻴﺒﻴﺔ ﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﻓﻲ ﻤﻨﻁﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺼﺭﻴﺔ ‪:‬‬
‫‪ .1‬ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﻭﻀﻴﺔ ‪ : Basinal Environment‬ﻫﻲ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﻌﻴﺩﺓ ﻋﻥ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺤل ‪ ،‬ﺘﻜﺜـﺭ ﻓﻴﻬـﺎ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﺭﺴﺒﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺼﺔ ﺒﺎﻟﻤﻨﺎﻁﻕ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻴﻘﺔ ﻤﺜل ﺘﺭﺴﺒﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺴﺠﻴل ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻭﻱ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺨﺭﺒﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻁﺎﻓﻴﺔ‪ .‬ﺘﺘﻤﺜل‬
‫ﻼ ﻋﻥ ﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺠﺭ ﺍﻟﺠﻴﺭﻱ ﺍﻟﻭﺍﻜﻲ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻤل ﻟﻠﻔﺘﺎﺕ‬
‫ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﺔ ﺒﺴﺤﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺤﺠﺭ ﺍﻟﺠﻴﺭﻱ ﺍﻟﻁﻴﻨﻲ ﻓﻀ ﹰ‬
‫ﺍﻻﺤﻴﺎﺌﻲ ﺤﻴﺙ ﺍﻨﻬﺎ ﺘﺤﺘﻭﻱ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺨﺭﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻁﺎﻓﻴﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺠﻨﺱ ‪ Heterohelix‬ﻭ ‪Hedbergella‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﻤﻴﺯﺓ ﻟﻠﺒﻴﺌﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﻭﻀﻴﺔ‪ .‬ﺘﻭﺠﺩ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﻁﻘﺔ ﺍﻻﻨﺘﻘﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﻤﺎ ﺒﻴﻥ ﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﻭﺍﻟﺭﻤﻴﻠـﺔ‬
‫ﻭﻫﻲ ﺒﺩﺍﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺭﺴﻭﺒﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺭﺍﺠﻌﻴﺔ ﺍﻷﻭﻟﻰ ﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﺍﻷﺴﻔل ﺍﻟﺘـﻲ ﺒـﺩﺃﺕ ﺒﺘﺭﺴـﺒﺎﺕ‬
‫ﺤﻭﻀﻴﺔ ﻋﻤﻴﻘﺔ ﻤﺩﻋﻤﺔ ﻁﻴﻨﻴﺎ ﻭﺘﺤﺘﻭﻱ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺨﺭﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻁﺎﻓﻴﺔ ﻭﺒﻌﺽ ﺃﻨـﻭﺍﻉ ‪Oligostegina‬‬
‫ﻭﺸﻭﻜﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺠﻠﺩ ﻭﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭﺓ ﻫﻲ ﺍﻤﺘﺩﺍﺩ ﻟﺩﻭﺭﺓ ﺘﺭﺴﻴﺏ ﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﺭﻤﻴﻠﺔ‪.‬‬
‫‪ .2‬ﺤﺎﻓﺔ ﺍﻟﺭﻑ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻴﻕ ‪ :Deep shelf margin‬ﺘﻤﺜل ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﺔ ﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺠﺭ ﺍﻟﺠﻴﺭﻱ ﺍﻟﻁﻴﻨـﻲ‬
‫ﺫﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﻜل ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻴﺩ ﻭﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺠﺭ ﺍﻟﺠﻴﺭﻱ ﺍﻟﻭﺍﻜﻲ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻤل ﻟﻠﻔﺘﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺼﺨﺭﻱ ﺤﻴـﺙ ﺘﻭﺠـﺩ ﻓﻴﻬـﺎ‬
‫ﺍﻟــﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﺴــﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻟﺜــﺔ ﺍﻟﻭﺍﻗﻌــﺔ ﻓــﻲ ﺍﻟﻨﻁــﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻟــﺙ )‪ (FZ-3‬ﺤــﺴﺏ ﺘــﺼﻨﻴﻑ‬
‫)‪ Flugel (1982‬ﻟﻠﺴﺤﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﺴﻴﺔ ﻭﺘﻜﺎﻓﺊ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺒﻴﺌﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺘﻭﺡ ‪.‬‬
‫‪ .3‬ﺒﻴﺌﺔ ﺃﻤﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺤﺩﺭ ‪ :Foreslope environment‬ﺘﺘﻤﻴﺯ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﺒﻭﺠﻭﺩ ﺴـﺤﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺠـﺭ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺠﻴﺭﻱ ﺍﻟﻭﺍﻜﻲ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻤل ﻟﻠﺭﻭﺩﺴﺕ ﻭﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺠﺭ ﺍﻟﺠﻴﺭﻱ ﺍﻟﻭﺍﻜﻲ‪-‬ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺼﻭﺹ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻤـل ﻟﻠﻔﺘـﺎﺕ‬
‫ﺍﻻﺤﻴﺎﺌﻲ ﻭﺘﻘﻊ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻨﻁﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﺭﺍﺒﻊ )‪ (FZ-4‬ﺤﺴﺏ ﺘﺼﻨﻴﻑ )‪ Flugel (1982‬ﻟﻼﻨﻁﻘـﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﺴﻴﺔ‪ .‬ﺘﻜﺎﻓﺊ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﺔ ﺒﻴﺌﺔ ﺃﻤﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺎﺏ‪ .‬ﻫﻨﺎ ﺘﺒﺩﺃ ﺍﻟﺴﺤﻨﺎﺕ ﺒﺎﻟﺘﻀﺤل ﺍﻟﺘﺩﺭﻴﺠﻲ ﻨﺤﻭ ﺍﻷﻋﻠـﻰ‬
‫ﻤﺭﺴﺒﺔ ﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺠﺭ ﺍﻟﺠﻴﺭﻱ ﺍﻟﻭﺍﻜﻲ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻭﻱ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻷﺼﺩﺍﻑ ﻭﺸﻭﻜﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺠﻠﺩ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻨﺨﺭﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬
‫‪<íéßÛÓ¹]<l^ßvŠÖ]<ÜééÏi‬‬
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‫ﺍﻟﻜﺒﻴﺭﺓ ﻤﺜل ﺠﻨﺴﻲ ‪ Prealveolina‬ﻭ‪ ، Nezzazata‬ﺤﻴﺙ ﻓﺼﻠﺕ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﺔ ﺍﻟﻭﺤـﺩﺓ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻤﻨﻴـﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴﻔﻠﻰ )ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻴﺔ( ﻤﻥ ﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﺍﻷﺴﻔل‪.‬‬
‫‪ .4‬ﺒﻴﺌﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﻨﺎﺌﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﻀﻭﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﺭﻭﺩﺴﺕ ‪ : Organic buildup environment‬ﺘﺘﻤﻴﺯ ﺴـﺤﻨﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤﺠﺭ ﺍﻟﺠﻴﺭﻱ ﺍﻟﻭﺍﻜﻲ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻤل ﻟﻠﺭﻭﺩﺴﺕ ﻭﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺠﺭ ﺍﻟﺠﻴﺭﻱ ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺼـﻭﺹ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻤـل ﻟﻠﻔﺘـﺎﺕ‬
‫ﺍﻻﺤﻴﺎﺌﻲ ﻭﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺠﺭ ﺍﻟﺠﻴﺭﻱ ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺼﻭﺹ‪ -‬ﺍﻟﺤﺒﻴﺒﻲ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻤل ﻟﻠﻔﺘﺎﺕ ﺍﻻﺤﻴﺎﺌﻲ ﺍﻟﻭﺍﻗﻌﺔ ﻓﻲ ﻨﻁﺎﻕ‬
‫)‪ .(FZ-5‬ﺘﺘﻤﻴﺯ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﺔ ﺒﻨﻤﻭ ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺎﺏ ﺍﻻ ﺍﻨﻪ ﻴﺘﺤﺩﺩ ﺒﻭﺍﺴﻁﺔ ﻁﺎﻗﺔ ﺍﻷﻤﻭﺍﺝ‪ .‬ﺘﻜﺎﻓﺊ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌـﺔ‬
‫ﺒﻴﺌﺔ ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺎﺏ ‪ .reef‬ﺍﻥ ﺘﻭﺍﺠﺩ ﻋﻭﺍﺌل ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻴﻭﻟﻴﺩ ﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﺒﻨﺭﻭﺒﻠﺩ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺭﺠﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺎﺒﻲ ﻭﺍﻟﻁﺤﺎﻟﺏ ﻴﻜـﻭﻥ‬
‫ﻤﻤﻴﺯ ﻟﺭﻭﺍﺴﺏ ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺎﺏ ﻭﺨﻠـﻑ ﺍﻟـﺸﻌﺎﺏ )‪ . (Van Bellen et al., 1959‬ﺘﺘﻭﺍﺠـﺩ ﺃﺠﻨـﺎﺱ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻔﻭﺭﺍﻤﻨﻴﻔﺭﺍ ﺍﻟﻜﺒﻴﺭﺓ ﺒﻜﺜﺭﺓ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﻴﺎﻩ ﺍﻟﺩﺍﻓﺌﺔ ﺍﻟﻀﺤﻠﺔ ﻭﻤﺘﻌﺎﻴﺸﺔ ﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﻁﺤﺎﻟـﺏ ﻭﺨﺎﺼـﺔ ﻤﻨـﺎﻁﻕ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺠﺎﻨﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﺍﺫ ﺘﻜﻭﻥ ﺃﺠﻨﺎﺱ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻴﻭﻟﻴﺩ ﺸﺎﺌﻌﺔ ﺠﺩﺍ ﻓﻲ ﻫـﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﻤﻨـﺎﻁﻕ ‪(Moore et al.,‬‬
‫)‪.1952‬‬
‫‪ .5‬ﺒﻴﺌﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﺠﺯ ﺍﻟﻀﺤﻀﺎﺤﻴﺔ ‪ :Barrier shoal environment‬ﺘﻘﻊ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﻁﻘﺔ ﺒـﻴﻥ ﺃﻭﻁـﺄ‬
‫ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ ﻗﺎﻋﺩﻱ ﻟﻸﻤﻭﺍﺝ )‪ (wave base‬ﺤﻴﺙ ﺘﺘﻜﻭﻥ ﺤﻭﺍﺠﺯ ﻁﻭﻟﻴﺔ ﻤﻐﻤﻭﺭﺓ ﺘﺤﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺀ ﻴﻌﺘﻤـﺩ‬
‫ﺸﻜﻠﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺭﺠﻲ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻁﺎﻗﺔ ﺍﻷﻤﻭﺍﺝ ﻭﺸﺩﺓ ﺍﻟﻌﻭﺍﺼﻑ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺭﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻓﻜﻠﻤﺎ ﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﻁﺎﻗﺔ ﺍﻷﻤﻭﺍﺝ ﻋﺎﻟﻴـﺔ‪،‬‬
‫ﻜﺎﻥ ﻋﺩﺩ ﺍﻟﺤﻭﺍﺠﺯ ﻟﻬﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺘﺭﺴﺒﺎﺕ ﻜﺜﻴﺭﺓ ﻭﺤﺠﻤﻬﺎ ﻫﺎﺌل ‪ ،‬ﻭﻋﻨﺩ ﺘﻜﺭﺍﺭ ﺍﻟﺘﺭﺴﻴﺏ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻁ ﻨﻔـﺴﻪ‬
‫ﺘﺘﻜﻭﻥ ﺩﻭﺭﺍﺕ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺤﻭﺍﺠﺯ ﻤﻜﻭﻨﺔ ﻤﺭﺘﻔﻌﺎﺕ ﺤﺎﺠﺯﻴﺔ ﻤﺘﻨﻭﻋﺔ‪ .‬ﺘﺘﻤﺜل ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﺔ ﺒﺴﺤﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺤﺠـﺭ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺠﻴﺭﻱ ﺍﻟﺤﺒﻴﺒﻲ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻤل ﻟﻠﻔﺘﺎﺕ ﺍﻻﺤﻴﺎﺌﻲ ﻭﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺠﺭ ﺍﻟﺠﻴﺭﻱ ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺼﻭﺹ‪ -‬ﺍﻟﺤﺒﻴﺒﻲ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻤـل‬
‫ﻟﻠﺩﻤﺎﻟﻕ ﻭﺍﻟﺒﻠﻭﻴﺩﺍﻴﺕ ﻭﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺠﺭ ﺍﻟﺠﻴﺭﻱ ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺼﻭﺹ‪ -‬ﺍﻟﺤﺒﻴﺒﻲ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻤـل ﻟﻠﻔﺘـﺎﺕ ﺍﻻﺤﻴـﺎﺌﻲ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﻭﺍﻗﻌﺔ ﻓﻲ )‪ (FZ-6‬ﺇﺫ ﺘﺘﻤﻴﺯ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﺒﻜﻭﻨﻬﺎ ﺫﺍﺕ ﺃﺭﻀﻴﺔ ﺨﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺭﺍﻴﺕ ﻤﻤـﺎ ﻴـﺩﻟل‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﻁﺎﻗﺔ ﺃﻤﻭﺍﺝ ﻋﺎﻟﻴﺔ‪ .‬ﺍﻥ ﻭﺠﻭﺩ ﻋﻭﺍﺌل ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻴﻭﻟﻴﺩ ﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﺒﻨﺭﻭﺒﻠﻴﺩ ﺩﻟﻴل ﻋﻠﻰ ﺭﻭﺍﺴﺏ ﺨﻠﻑ ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺎﺏ‬
‫)‪ .(Van Bellen et al., 1959‬ﺘﻤﺜل ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﺔ ﻨﻬﺎﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺘﺭﺍﺠﻌﻴﺔ ﺍﻷﻭﻟﻰ ﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ‬
‫ﺤﻴﺙ ﺍﻨﺘﻬﺕ ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭﺓ ﺒﻨﺸﻭﺀ ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺎﺏ ﻭﺍﻟﺤﻭﺍﺠﺯ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺭﻭﺩﺴﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﺭﺨﻭﻴﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﻔﺘﺎﺕ ﺍﻻﺤﻴﺎﺌﻲ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺘﺞ‬
‫ﺒﻔﻌل ﺍﻷﻤﻭﺍﺝ‪.‬‬
‫‪ .6‬ﺒﻴﺌﺔ ﺍﻟﻼﻏﻭﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺘﻭﺡ ‪ :Shelf lagoon open circulation‬ﺘﺘﻤﺜل ﻫـﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌـﺔ ﺒـﺴﺤﻨﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤﺠﺭ ﺍﻟﺠﻴﺭﻱ ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺼﻭﺹ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻤل ﻟﻠﻔﻭﺭﺍﻤﻨﻴﻔﺭﺍ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻋﻴﺔ ﻭﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺠﺭ ﺍﻟﺠﻴﺭﻱ ﺍﻟﻭﺍﻜﻲ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻤـل‬
‫‪<íéßÛÓ¹]<l^ßvŠÖ]<ÜééÏi‬‬
‫‪95‬‬
‫ﻟﻠﻔﺘﺎﺕ ﺍﻻﺤﻴﺎﺌﻲ ﻭﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺠﺭ ﺍﻟﺠﻴﺭﻱ ﺍﻟﻭﺍﻜﻲ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻤل ﻟﻠﻔـﻭﺭﺍﻤﻨﻴﻔﺭﺍ ﻭﺍﻟﻭﺍﻗﻌـﺔ ﻓـﻲ )‪.(FZ-7‬‬
‫ﺘﺤﺘﻭﻱ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻋﻭﺍﺌل )‪ (Miliolidea‬ﺍﻟﺩﺍﻟﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﺔ ﺍﻟﻼﻏﻭﻨﻴﺔ ‪ .‬ﺘﻤﺜل ﻫـﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌـﺔ‬
‫ﻨﻬﺎﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺘﺭﺍﺠﻌﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻤﺜﻠﺔ ﺒﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﺍﻷﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺒﺩﺃﺕ ﺒﺘﻘﺩﻡ ﺒﺤﺭﻱ ﺃﺩﻯ ﺇﻟـﻰ‬
‫ﺘﺭﺴﻴﺏ ﺴﺤﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺴﺠﻴل ﻭﺍﻟﻁﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻭﻱ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺨﺭﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻁﺎﻓﻴﺔ ﻭﺒﺫﻟﻙ ﺒﺩﺃ ﻨﻅﺎﻡ ﺭﺴﻭﺒﻲ ﺠﺩﻴـﺩ‬
‫ﺒﺎﻟﻨﻤﻭ ﺃﺩﻯ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺘﺭﺴﻴﺏ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﺍﻷﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻜﻭﻥ ﻤﻥ ﺘﺭﺴﺒﺎﺕ ﺠﻴﺭﻴﺔ ﺩﻗﻴﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺒﻴﺒﺎﺕ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺠـﺯﺀ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺴﻔل ﺜﻡ ﺒﻘﻴﺔ ﺴﺤﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﺍﻷﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺘﻨﺘﻬﻲ ﺒﺘﺭﺴﺒﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﻴﺎﻩ ﺍﻟﻌﺫﺒﺔ ﺍﻭ ﺘﺭﺴﺒﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺠﺒـﺴﻴﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺒﻌﺔ ﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻜﻔل‪ .‬ﻜﻤﺎ ﻴﺒﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﺸﻜل )‪ (14-3‬ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ ﺍﻟﺘﺭﺴﻴﺒﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺘﺭﺡ ﻭﻓﻕ ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻟﻴـﺔ‬
‫ﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﻓﻲ ﺤﻘل ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺼﺭﻴﺔ‪.‬‬
‫‪Reef slope‬‬
‫‪Reef front‬‬
‫‪Back reef‬‬
‫‪outer‬‬
‫‪Lagoon‬‬
‫‪Inner‬‬
‫‪red algae‬‬
‫‪rudist‬‬
‫‪echinoid‬‬
‫‪foram.‬‬
‫‪salina facies‬‬
‫‪coral‬‬
‫ﺸﻜل )‪ (14-3‬ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ ﺍﻟﺘﺭﺴﻴﺒﻲ ﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﻓﻲ ﺤﻘل ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺼﺭﻴﺔ ﻭﻓﻕ ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻟﻴﺔ‪.‬‬
‫‪<íéßÛÓ¹]<l^ßvŠÖ]<ÜééÏi‬‬
‫‪8-3‬‬
‫‪96‬‬
‫ﻓﺤﻮﺻﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻀﻐﻂ ﺍﻟﺸﻌﲑﻱ ﺑﻄﺮﻳﻘﺔ ﺣﻘﻦ ﺍﻟﺰﺋﺒﻖ‬
‫ﺘﻌﻁﻲ ﺘﺠﺎﺭﺏ ﺍﻟﻀﻐﻁ ﺍﻟﺸﻌﻴﺭﻱ ﺒﻁﺭﻴﻘﺔ ﺤﻘﻥ ﺍﻟﺯﺌﺒﻕ ﺘﺼﻭﺭﹰﺍ ﻭﺍﻀـﺤﹰﺎ ﻋـﻥ ﺍﻟﻨﻅـﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﻤـﺴﺎﻤﻲ‬
‫ﻟﻠﺼﺨﻭﺭ‪ ،‬ﻓﻬﻲ ﺘﻅﻬﺭ ﺒﻴﺎﻨﻴﺎ ﺤﺠﻡ ﻭﺘﻭﺯﻴﻊ ﺍﻷﻋﻨﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺘﻤﻠﺊ ﺒﺎﻟﺯﺌﺒﻕ ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﻴﻤﺜل ﺍﻟﻁﻭﺭ ﺍﻟـﺴﺎﺌل‬
‫ﻟﻠﻨﻔﻁ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻤﻥ‪ .‬ﻭﺘﻅﻬﺭ ﺍﻟﺼﺨﻭﺭ ﺫﺍﺕ ﺍﻷﻋﻨﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺩﻗﻴﻘﺔ ﻀﻐﻭﻁﺎ ﺸﻌﻴﺭﻴﺔ ﺃﻋﻠﻰ ﻤﻥ ﺘﻠﻙ ﺍﻟﺼﺨﻭﺭ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺘﻤﺘﻠﻙ ﺃﻋﻨﺎﻕ ﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻜﺒﺭ ﻓﻲ ﻨـﺴﺏ ﺘـﺸﺒﻊ ﻤﻌﻴﻨـﺔ )‪ .(Hobson & Trialsoo, 1975‬ﺘﻘـﻴﺱ‬
‫ﻓﺤﻭﺼﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻀﻐﻁ ﺍﻟﺸﻌﻴﺭﻱ ﺍﻟﺨﻭﺍﺹ ﺍﻟﺒﺘﺭﻭﻓﻴﺯﻴﺎﺌﻴﺔ ﻤﺒﺎﺸﺭﺓ‪ ،‬ﺇﺫ ﺘﺴﺘﺨﺩﻡ ﻟﺤﺴﺎﺏ ﺍﺭﺘﻔﺎﻉ ﺍﻟﻌﻤـﻭﺩ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁـﻲ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻨﻐﻼﻕ ﺍﻷﺩﻨﻰ ﻟﻠﻤﺼﻴﺩﺓ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻁﻠﺏ ﻻﻨﺘﺎﺝ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁ ﺍﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻱ ﻭﻋﻼﻗﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺎﺫﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺒﻴﺔ ﻭﻫﻨﺩﺴـﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻜـﺎﻤﻥ‪،‬‬
‫ﻭﺘﺤﺩﻴــﺩ ﺍﺭﺘﻔــﺎﻉ ﺍﻟــﻨﻔﻁ ﺍﻟﻤﻨــﺘﺞ ﻭﻜــﺫﻟﻙ ﻤﻌﺭﻓــﺔ ﺍﻟﺤــﺩ ﺍﻟﻘــﺎﻁﻊ ﻻﻨﺘــﺎﺝ ﺍﻟﻤــﺎﺀ‪ -‬ﺍﻟــﻨﻔﻁ‬
‫)‪ .(Jenning, 1987‬ﻟﺘﻘﻴﻴﻡ ﺍﺩﺍﺌﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺼﺨﻭﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻤﻨﻴﺔ ﻭﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ ﻗﺎﺒﻠﻴﺘﻬﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻹﻨﺘﺎﺠﻴﺔ ﺘﻡ ﺤﺴﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﻤﻼﺕ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻤﻨﻴﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺨﻼل ﺭﺴﻡ ﻤﻨﺤﻨﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻀﻐﻁ ﺍﻟﺸﻌﻴﺭﻱ ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻀﺤﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻷﺸﻜﺎل ﻤـﻥ )‪ (16-3‬ﺍﻟـﻰ )‪(33-3‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺤﺴﺒﺕ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻘﺭﺍﺀﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺼﺔ ﺒﺘﺠﺎﺭﺏ ﺤﻘﻥ ﺍﻟﺯﺌﺒﻕ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺠﺯﺓ ﻓﻲ ﺸﺭﻜﺔ ﻨﻔﻁ ﺍﻟﺠﻨﻭﺏ‪ .‬ﺍﻤﺎ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﻤﻼﺕ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺘﻡ ﺤﺴﺎﺒﻬﺎ ﻓﻬﻲ‪:‬‬
‫‪ (1‬ﻀﻐﻁ ﺍﻹﺯﺍﺤﺔ )‪:Displacement pressure (pd‬‬
‫ﻴﺴﻤﻰ ﺍﻟﻀﻐﻁ ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﻴﺒﺩﺃ ﻋﻨﺩﻩ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺌﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﻘﻭﻥ ﺒﺎﺤﺘﻼل ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻤﻥ ﺒﻀﻐﻁ ﺍﻹﺯﺍﺤﺔ‪ .‬ﻴﻌﻜـﺱ ﻀـﻐﻁ‬
‫ﺍﻹﺯﺍﺤﺔ ﻤﺩﻯ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺩل ﺍﻟﺤﺠﻤﻲ ﻟﻸﻋﻨﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺌﺩﺓ‪ ،‬ﻓﺎﻟﺼﺨﻭﺭ ﺫﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﻡ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻴـﺔ ﻤـﻥ ﻀـﻐﻁ‬
‫ﺍﻹﺯﺍﺤﺔ ﺘﺸﻴﺭ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺤﺠﻡ ﻤﺴﺎﻤﻲ ﻨﺎﻋﻡ ﻴﺤﺘﺎﺝ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻀﻐﻭﻁ ﻋﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﻭﺼﻭل ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﻋﻠﻰ ﻨﺴﺒﺔ ﺤﻘـﻥ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺯﺌﺒﻕ ﻓﻲ ﺤﻴﻥ ﺍﻥ ﺍﻟﺼﺨﻭﺭ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺘﻤﺘﻠﻙ ﻗﻴﻤﺎ ﻭﺍﻁﺌﺔ ﻤﻥ ﻀﻐﻁ ﺍﻹﺯﺍﺤﺔ ﺘﻌﻜﺱ ﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﺨﺸﻨﺔ‪ .‬ﻴﻼﺤﻅ‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﺨﻼل ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻭل )‪ (6-3‬ﻗﻴﻡ ﻀﻐﻁ ﺍﻹﺯﺍﺤﺔ ﻻﺒﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ ﺤﻴﺙ ﻴﺘﻀﺢ ﻤﻥ ﺨﻼﻟﻬـﺎ ﺃﻥ ﻗـﻴﻡ ﻫـﺫﺍ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﻤل ﺘﻘﻊ ﻤﺎ ﺒﻴﻥ )‪ (88-1.3‬ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺘﻌﻜﺱ ﻨﻅﺎﻡ ﻤﺴﺎﻤﻲ ﺨﺸﻥ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻤﺘﻭﺴﻁ‪ ،‬ﺤﻴﺙ ﺘﻡ ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺭﺍﺝ ‪Pd‬‬
‫ﻻﺒﺎﺭ ﻤﻨﻁﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺨﻼل ﺍﻷﺸﻜﺎل )‪ (b16-3‬ﺍﻟﻰ )‪.(b24-3‬‬
‫‪ (2‬ﺩﺭﺠﺔ ﺘﺠﺎﻨﺱ ﺃﻋﻨﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﺎﺕ )‪:Pore-Throat Sorting (P.T.S‬‬
‫ﺘﻌﻁﻲ ﺍﻟـ )‪ (PTS‬ﻗﻴﺎﺴﺎﺕ ﻫﻨﺩﺴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﺎﺕ ﻭﻤﻘﺩﺍﺭ ﺘﺠﺎﻨﺱ ﺍﻷﻋﻨﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﻻﻱ ﻨـﺴﺒﺔ ﻤـﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ‬
‫ﻟﻠﺼﺨﻭﺭ )‪ .(Jennings, 1987‬ﻴﺤﺴﺏ ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﻤل ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﺩﻟﺔ‪(Trask, 1932) :‬‬
‫‪0.5‬‬
‫)‪.........................................................(3-1‬‬
‫‪ 3d Quartile pressure ‬‬
‫‪‬‬
‫‪P.T .S = ‬‬
‫‪ 1st Quartile pressure ‬‬
‫‪<íéßÛÓ¹]<l^ßvŠÖ]<ÜééÏi‬‬
‫‪97‬‬
‫ﺤﻴﺙ ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺭﺠﺕ ﻗﻴﻤﺔ ‪ P.T.S‬ﻤﻥ ﺍﻷﺸﻜﺎل )‪ (a16-3‬ﺍﻟﻰ )‪.(a24-3‬‬
‫ﻜﻤﺎ ﻭﻀﻊ )‪ Jennings (1987‬ﺠﺩﻭﻻ )ﺠﺩﻭل ‪ (2-3‬ﻴﻤﻜﻥ ﻤﻥ ﺨﻼﻟﻪ ﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ ﺩﺭﺠـﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻤﺎﺜـل‬
‫ﻟﻸﻋﻨﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺠﺩﻭل )‪ (2-3‬ﺤﺩﻭﺩ ﺩﺭﺠﺔ ﺍﻷﻋﻨﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ )ﻋﻥ )‪( Jennings (1987‬‬
‫‪sorting degree‬‬
‫‪Excellent‬‬
‫‪Moderate‬‬
‫‪Weak‬‬
‫‪Criteria‬‬
‫‪1.0 – 1.5‬‬
‫‪1.5 – 2.0‬‬
‫‪Larger than 2‬‬
‫ﻴﺒﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻭل )‪ (6-3‬ﻗﻴﻡ ﺍﻟـ )‪ (PTS‬ﻻﺒﺎﺭ ﻤﻨﻁﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ ﻓﻴﻼﺤﻅ ﻤﻥ ﺨﻼﻟﻬﺎ ﺍﻥ ﺩﺭﺠﺔ ﺘﻤﺎﺜـل‬
‫ﺃﻋﻨﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﺎﺕ ﺘﻜﻭﻥ ﻤﻤﺘﺎﺯﺓ ﻋﻨﺩ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻕ ‪ 2046.48‬ﻓﻲ ﺒﺌﺭ ‪ NS-2‬ﻭﻜﺫﻟﻙ ﻋﻨﺩ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻕ ‪2040.6‬‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺒﺌﺭ ‪ NS-3‬ﻭﺩﺭﺠﺔ ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺯ ﺍﻟﺭﺩﻱﺀ ﻋﻨﺩ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻕ ‪ 2050.5‬ﻭ ‪ 2053.5‬ﻓﻲ ﺒﺌﺭ ‪ NS-5‬ﻭ ‪2020‬‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺒﺌﺭ ‪ .NS-4‬ﺍﻤﺎ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﻗﻲ ﻓﺄﻨﻬﺎ ﺘﻘﻊ ﻀﻤﻥ ﺩﺭﺠﺔ ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺯ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻭﺴﻁ‪ .‬ﺍﻥ ﺍﻟﺴﺒﺏ ﻓﻲ ﺘﺒـﺎﻴﻥ ﺩﺭﺠـﺔ‬
‫ﺘﻤﺎﺜل ﺃﻋﻨﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﺎﺕ ﻴﻌﻭﺩ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﺨﺘﻼﻑ ﺍﻟﺤﺠﻡ ﺍﻟﺤﺒﻴﺒﻲ‪ ،‬ﻓﻜﻠﻤﺎ ﻗل ﺍﻟﺤﺠﻡ ﺍﻟﺤﺒﻴﺒﻲ ﺘﻘـل ﺩﺭﺠـﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺯ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻲ‪ ،‬ﻭﻜﺫﻟﻙ ﺍﻻﻨﻀﻐﺎﻁ ﻭﺩﺭﺠﺔ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﻨﺘﺔ ﺍﺫ ﻜﻠﻤﺎ ﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﺩﺭﺠﺔ ﺍﻻﻨﻀﻐﺎﻁ ﻋﺎﻟﻴـﺔ ﻗﻠـﺕ‬
‫ﺩﺭﺠﺔ ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺯ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻲ‪ .‬ﻭﻜﻠﻤﺎ ﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﺩﺭﺠﺔ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﻨﺘﺔ ﻋﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﺃﺩﻯ ﺫﻟﻙ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺘﺼﻠﺏ ﺍﻟﺼﺨﺭﺓ ﻭﺒﺎﻟﺘـﺎﻟﻲ‬
‫ﻴﻘﻠل ﻤﻥ ﺩﺭﺠﺔ ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺯ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻲ )‪.(Sneider et al., 1977‬‬
‫‪ (3‬ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺠﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻤﻨﻴﺔ )‪:Reservoir grade (RG‬‬
‫ﻭﻫﻲ ﻗﺎﺒﻠﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺼﺨﺭﺓ ﻟﻠﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁﻲ ﻋﻨﺩ ﻀﻐﻭﻁ ﺍﻹﺯﺍﺤﺔ ﺍﻟﻘﻠﻴﻠﺔ ﻭﻫﻭ ﻴﺸﻴﺭ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻨﻭﻋﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺎﻤﻥ‪ .‬ﻴـﺘﻡ‬
‫ﻗﻴﺎﺱ ﺩﺭﺠﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻤﻥ ﻤﻥ ﺨﻼل ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﺩﻟﺔ ﺍﻵﺘﻴﺔ‪(Jennings, 1987) :‬‬
‫‪ area under curve ‬‬
‫)‪ × 100 .............................................................(3-2‬‬
‫‪RG = ‬‬
‫‪total‬‬
‫‪area‬‬
‫‪‬‬
‫‪‬‬
‫ﻜﻤﺎ ﻭﻀﻊ )‪ Jennings (1987‬ﺠﺩﻭﻻ )ﺠﺩﻭل ‪ (3-3‬ﻴﻤﻜﻥ ﻤﻥ ﺨﻼﻟﻪ ﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺠﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻤﻨﻴﺔ‪.‬‬
‫‪<íéßÛÓ¹]<l^ßvŠÖ]<ÜééÏi‬‬
‫‪98‬‬
‫ﺠﺩﻭل )‪ (3-3‬ﺤﺩﻭﺩ ﺩﺭﺠﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻤﻨﻴﺔ )ﻋﻥ )‪( Jennings (1987‬‬
‫‪value of reservoir grade‬‬
‫‪Excellent‬‬
‫‪good – very good‬‬
‫‪Moderate‬‬
‫‪Weak‬‬
‫‪percentage of reservoir grade‬‬
‫‪<10‬‬
‫‪10 – 20‬‬
‫‪20 – 40‬‬
‫‪>40‬‬
‫ﻭﻴﺒﻴﻥ ﺠﺩﻭل )‪ (6-3‬ﻗﻴﻡ ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺠﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻤﻨﻴﺔ ﻻﺒﺎﺭ ﻤﻨﻁﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‪ ،‬ﺃﺫ ﺍﺴ ﹸﺘﺨﺩﻡ ﻭﺭﻕ ﺒﻴـﺎﻨﻲ ﻋـﺎﺩﻱ‬
‫ﻻﺴﺘﺨﺭﺍﺝ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﺤﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺩﺭﺠﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻤﻨﻴﺔ ﻜﻤﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻷﺸﻜﺎل )‪ ( a16-3‬ﺍﻟﻰ )‪ ،(a24-3‬ﺤﻴﺙ ﻭﺠﺩﺕ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺠﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻤﻨﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻤﺘﺎﺯﺓ ﻀﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻕ ‪ 2046.48‬ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻕ ‪ 2016.20‬ﻓﻲ ﺒﺌﺭ ‪ NS-2‬ﻭﺍﻟﺩﺭﺠـﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻤﻨﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺠﻴﺩﺓ ﻋﻨﺩ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻕ ‪ 2016‬ﻓﻲ ﺒﺌﺭ ‪ NS-3‬ﻭﻋﻨﺩ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻕ ‪ 2020‬ﻓﻲ ﺒﺌـﺭ ‪ NS-4‬ﻭﻋﻤـﻕ‬
‫‪ 2050.5‬ﻭﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻕ ‪ 2053.5‬ﻓﻲ ﺒﺌﺭ ‪ NS-5‬ﺤﻴﺙ ﺒﻠﻐﺕ ‪) 98.73‬ﺍﺴﻭﺀ ﻨﻭﻋﻴﺔ(‪ .‬ﺍﻤـﺎ ﺍﻟﺒـﺎﻗﻲ‬
‫ﻓﺘﻌﺘﺒﺭ ﻀﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺠﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻤﻨﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻭﺴﻁﺔ ‪ .‬ﺘﻌﻜﺱ ﻗﻴﻡ ﻤﻌﺎﻤل ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺠﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻤﻨﻴـﺔ ﻻﺒـﺎﺭ ﻤﻨﻁﻘـﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻨﺴﺒﺔ ﺍﻨﺘﺸﺎﺭ ﺤﺠﻭﻡ ﺃﻋﻨﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﺍﺫ ﺍﻥ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﻡ ﺍﻟﻭﺍﻁﺌﺔ ﺘﻌﻨﻲ ﻭﺠﻭﺩ ﺃﻋﻨـﺎﻕ ﻤـﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ‬
‫ﻜﺒﻴﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺤﺠﻡ ﺫﺍﺕ ﻗﺎﺒﻠﻴﺔ ﻜﺒﻴﺭﺓ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺘﻘﺒل ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁﻲ‪ ،‬ﺒﻀﻐﻭﻁ ﻤﻨﺨﻔﻀﺔ ﺒﻴﻨﻤﺎ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﻡ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﺘﺩل‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻥ ﺍﻷﻋﻨﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﺩﻗﻴﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺠﻡ‪ ،‬ﻟﺫﺍ ﻴﺴﺘﻭﺠﺏ ﺘﻭﻓﺭ ﻀﻐﻁ ﺍﻜﺒﺭ ﻟﻠﺤﺼﻭل ﻋﻠـﻰ ﺍﻟﺘـﺸﺒﻊ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁﻲ‪ .‬ﻋﻨﺩ ﺭﺒﻁ ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺠﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻤﻨﻴﺔ ﻤﻊ ﺘﺠﺎﻨﺴﻴﺔ ﺃﻋﻨﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﻤـﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ )‪(pore- throat sorting‬‬
‫ﻴﻤﻜﻥ ﺍﻥ ﺘﻌﻁﻲ ﺘﻘﻴﻴﻡ ﺠﻴﺩ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺎﻤﻥ )‪.(Jennings, 1987‬‬
‫‪ (4‬ﺍﺭﺘﻔﺎﻉ ﻋﻤﻭﺩ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁ ‪ :Height of oil column‬ﻋﻤﻭﺩ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁ ﻫﻭ ﺍﻻﺭﺘﻔﺎﻉ ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﻴﺘـﺭﺍﻜﻡ ﺒـﻪ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁ ﺒﺸﻜل ﻋﻤﻭﺩﻱ ﻭﺒﺎﺴﺘﻤﺭﺍﺭ ﻤﻊ ﺍﺤﺘﻭﺍﺌﻪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ ﻤﺎﺌﻲ ﺤﺭ ﻋﻨﺩ ﻗﺎﻋﺩﺘﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴﻤﺘﺩ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺀ ﺒـﻪ‬
‫ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻤﺼﻴﺩﺓ )ﺘﺭﻜﻴﺒﻴﺔ ﺍﻭ ﻁﺒﺎﻗﻴﺔ ﺍﻭ ﻜﻼﻫﻤﺎ(‪ .‬ﻴﻘﺴﻡ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻭﺩ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁـﻲ ﺇﻟـﻰ ﺜﻼﺜـﺔ ﺍﻨﻁﻘـﺔ‪،‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﻜل)‪:(15-3‬‬
‫• ﻨﻁﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁ ﺍﻟﺤﺭ )‪ %100‬ﻨﻔﻁ(‪ :‬ﻫﻭ ﺍﻟﻨﻁﺎﻕ ﺍﻷﻋﻠﻰ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻭﺩ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁﻲ ﻭﻫﻭ ﻨﻁﺎﻕ ﻴﻨﺘﺞ‬
‫‪ %100‬ﻨﻔﻁ ﺒﺎﻟﺭﻏﻡ ﻤﻥ ﻭﺠﻭﺩ ﺒﻌﺽ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺌﻲ‪ .‬ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺎﺫﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺒﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﻨﻔﻁ ﺘﻜﻭﻥ ﺍﻜﺒﺭ ﻤﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺎﺫﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺒﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﻤﺎﺀ ﻭﺍﻟﺴﺎﺌل ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺘﺞ ﻜﻠﻴﺎ ﻫﻭ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁ‪.‬‬
‫‪<íéßÛÓ¹]<l^ßvŠÖ]<ÜééÏi‬‬
‫‪99‬‬
‫• ﺍﻟﻨﻁﺎﻕ ﺍﻻﻨﺘﻘﺎﻟﻲ )ﻨﻔﻁ‪-‬ﻤﺎﺀ(‪ :‬ﺍﻟﻨﻁﺎﻕ ﺍﻻﻨﺘﻘﺎﻟﻲ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻭﺩ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁﻲ ﻴﻨﺘﺞ ﻜﻼ ﻤـﻥ ﺍﻟﻤـﺎﺀ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴﻤﻜﻥ ﺘﻘﺴﻴﻤﻪ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺘﻘﺴﻴﻤﺎﺕ ﺜﺎﻨﻭﻴﺔ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻨﻁﺎﻕ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻱ ﻭﻏﻴﺭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻱ ﺍﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩﺍ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺇﻨﺘﺎﺝ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺀ ﺍﻭ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁ‪.‬‬
‫• ﻨﻁﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﺤﺭ )‪ %100‬ﻤﺎﺀ(‪ :‬ﻫﻭ ﻗﺎﻋﺩﺓ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻭﺩ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁﻲ ﻭﻫﻭ ﻨﻁﺎﻕ ﻴﻨﺘﺞ ‪ %100‬ﻤﺎﺀ‬
‫ﺒﺎﻟﺭﻏﻡ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻥ ﺒﻌﺽ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺒﻘﻲ ﻴﺸﻐل ﺒﻌﺽ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺎﺫﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺒﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﻨﻔﻁ ﺍﻗل ﻤﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺎﺫﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺒﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺀ‪ .‬ﻴﺤﺴﺏ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻭﺩ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁﻲ ﻋﻨـﺩ ﺍﻟﺘـﺸﺒﻌﺎﺕ ‪ %50‬ﻭ ‪ %75‬ﺤـﺴﺏ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﺩﻟﺔ ﺍﻵﺘﻴﺔ‪(Chillinger et al., 1972) :‬‬
‫‪ PC r ‬‬
‫)‪ ........................................................................ (3-3‬‬
‫‪h = ‬‬
‫‪ 0.433∆ρ ‬‬
‫ﺤﻴﺙ ﺍﻥ‪:‬‬
‫‪h‬‬
‫‪∆ρ‬‬
‫‪PCr‬‬
‫ﺍﺭﺘﻔﺎﻉ ﻋﻤﻭﺩ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁ )‪(ft‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﻕ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻜﺜﺎﻓﺔ ﺒﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺎﺀ )‪(gm/cc‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻀﻐﻁ ﺍﻟﺸﻌﻴﺭﻱ ﻋﻨﺩ ﺍﻟﻅﺭﻭﻑ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻤﻨﻴﺔ )‪(psi‬‬
‫ﻴﺘﻡ ﺘﺼﺤﻴﺢ )‪ (PClab.‬ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻅﺭﻭﻑ ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﺒﺭﻴﺔ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﻅﺭﻭﻑ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻤﻨﻴﺔ ﺤﺴﺏ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﺩﻟـﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻵﺘﻴﺔ‪:‬‬
‫‪‬‬
‫)‪ .................................................. (3-4‬‬
‫‪‬‬
‫‪‬‬
‫ﺤﻴﺙ ﺍﻥ‪:‬‬
‫‪PC r‬‬
‫‪PClab‬‬
‫‪σ w. o‬‬
‫‪σ Hg‬‬
‫‪ cos φ w.o‬‬
‫‪‬‬
‫‪ cos φ‬‬
‫‪Hg‬‬
‫‪‬‬
‫‪σ‬‬
‫‪PC r = PClab  w.o‬‬
‫‪σ‬‬
‫‪ Hg‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻀﻐﻁ ﺍﻟﺸﻌﻴﺭﻱ ﻋﻨﺩ ﺍﻟﻅﺭﻭﻑ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻤﻨﻴﺔ )‪(kg/cm2‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻀﻐﻁ ﺍﻟﺸﻌﻴﺭﻱ ﻋﻨﺩ ﺍﻟﻅﺭﻭﻑ ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﺒﺭﻴﺔ )‪(kg/cm2‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﺩ ﺍﻟﺴﻁﺤﻲ ﻟﺠﺒﻬﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺀ‪ -‬ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁ )‪(=30 dyne/cm‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﺩ ﺍﻟﺴﻁﺤﻲ ﻟﺠﺒﻬﺔ ﺍﻟﺼﺨﺭ– ﺯﺌﺒﻕ )‪(=480 dyne/cm‬‬
‫‪φw.o‬‬
‫ﺯﺍﻭﻴﺔ ﺘﻤﺎﺱ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁ – ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺀ )‪(=39‬‬
‫‪φHg‬‬
‫ﺯﺍﻭﻴﺔ ﺘﻤﺎﺱ ﺍﻟﺼﺨﺭ – ﺍﻟﺯﺌﺒﻕ )‪(=140‬‬
‫‪<íéßÛÓ¹]<l^ßvŠÖ]<ÜééÏi‬‬
‫‪100‬‬
‫ﺸﻜل )‪ (15-3‬ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻭﺩ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﺜﺎﻟﻲ )‪(Michael, 2002‬‬
‫ﺍﻥ ﺴﻤﻙ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻭﺩ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁﻲ ﻴﺤﺴﺏ ﻋﻨﺩ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ‪ %50‬ﻻﻥ ﺍﻟﺼﺨﻭﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻤﻨﻴﺔ ﻻ ﺘﻨﺘﺞ ﻜﻤﻴـﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻴﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁ ﺤﺘﻰ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ‪ %50‬ﺘﻘﺭﻴﺒﺎ ﺤﻴﺙ ﺘﻌﻁﻲ ﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﻤﻌﺩل‪ .‬ﻭﻴﺤـﺴﺏ ﻋﻨـﺩ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ‪ %75‬ﻻﻨﻪ ﻴﻤﺜل ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁﻲ ﺫﻭ ﻤﺭﺩﻭﺩ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻱ ﺠﻴﺩ ﺍﻟﻌﻁﺎﺌﻴـﺔ‬
‫)‪ .(Jennings, 1987‬ﻴﺒﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻭل )‪ (6-3‬ﻗﻴﻡ ﺴﻤﻙ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻭﺩ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁﻲ ﻋﻨـﺩ ﺍﻟﺘـﺸﺒﻌﺎﺕ‬
‫‪ %50‬ﻭ ‪ ،%75‬ﺤﻴﺙ ﺍﻥ ﺯﻴﺎﺩﺓ ﺍﺭﺘﻔﺎﻉ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻭﺩ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁﻲ ﺘﻌﻜﺱ ﺘﻨﻌﻡ ﺍﻟﻨﻅـﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﻤـﺴﺎﻤﻲ‪،‬‬
‫ﻭﻭﺠﻭﺩ ﺼﺨﻭﺭ ﻤﻜﻤﻨﻴﺔ ﻏﻴﺭ ﺠﻴﺩﺓ ﺍﻹﻨﺘﺎﺠﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺘﺤﺘﺎﺝ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻀﻐﻭﻁ ﻋﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﻟﻜﻲ ﺘﺼل ﺇﻟـﻰ‬
‫ﺤﺎﻟﺔ ﺍﻹﺸﺒﺎﻉ‪ .‬ﺍﻤﺎ ﻨﻘﺼﺎﻥ ﺍﻻﺭﺘﻔﺎﻉ ﻴﻌﻜﺱ ﺘﺨﺸﻥ ﺍﻟﻨﻅﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻲ ﻭﻭﺠﻭﺩ ﺼﺨﻭﺭ ﻤﻜﻤﻨﻴﺔ‬
‫ﺠﻴﺩﺓ ﺍﻹﻨﺘﺎﺠﻴﺔ ﺘﺤﺘﺎﺝ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻀﻐﻭﻁ ﻭﺍﻁﺌﺔ ﻟﻜﻲ ﻨﺼل ﺇﻟﻰ ﺤﺎﻟﺔ ﺍﻹﺸﺒﺎﻉ‪.‬‬
‫‪<íéßÛÓ¹]<l^ßvŠÖ]<ÜééÏi‬‬
‫‪101‬‬
‫‪ (5‬ﻨﺼﻑ ﻗﻁﺭ ﺍﻷﻋﻨﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ )‪: Pore throat radius (R-35‬‬
‫ﻴﺼﻑ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﻤل )‪ (R-35‬ﻗﻁﺭ ﺃﻋﻨﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﺎﺕ ﻋﻨﺩ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﺯﺒﺌﻘﻲ ‪ %35‬ﻭﻴﻌﻁـﻰ ﻤﺒﺎﺸـﺭﺓ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﻓﺤﻭﺼﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻀﻐﻁ ﺍﻟﺸﻌﻴﺭﻱ ﺍﻭ ﺘﺨﻤﻥ ﻤﻥ ﻗﺭﺍﺀﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺠﺱ‪ ،‬ﺭﺒﻤﺎ ﺘﺴﺘﺨﺩﻡ ﻟﺩﻋﻡ ﻗﺎﻋﺩﺓ ﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ ﻭﺤـﺩﺓ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺠﺭﻴﺎﻥ )‪ (Martin et al., 1997; Gunter et al., 1997‬ﻭﻗﺩ ﻨﺎﻗﺸﻭﺍ ﻓﺎﺌـﺩﺓ ﻭﺘﻘﻨﻴـﺔ ﺍﺴـﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ‬
‫)‪ (R-35‬ﻟﺩﻋﻡ ﻭﺤﺩﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺠﺭﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻤﻨﻴﺔ‪ .‬ﺍﺫﺍ ﻜﺎﻥ ﺤﺠﻡ ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻓﺄ )‪ (R-35‬ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻨﻅﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻲ ﻤﺴﺎﻭ ﺍﻭ‬
‫ﺍﺼﻐﺭ ﻤﻥ ﻗﻁﺭ ﺃﻋﻨﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﻨﻅﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻲ ﻓﻼ ﻴﻤﻜﻥ ﺍﻥ ﻴﺤﺩﺙ ﻓﻴﻪ ﺠﺭﻴﺎﻥ ﻭﻋﻭﻀﹰﺎ ﻋـﻥ ﺫﻟـﻙ ﺘﻜـﻭﻥ‬
‫ﻟﻠﺼﺨﺭﺓ ﻗﺎﺒﻠﻴﺔ ﻋﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺨﺯﻥ )‪ .(Pittman, 1992‬ﺘﺤﺴﺏ )‪ (R-35‬ﻤﺒﺎﺸﺭﺓ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﺩﻟﺔ‪:‬‬
‫)‪log R − 35 = 0.732 − 0.588((log ka ) − 0.864(log φ )) ..................................(3-5‬‬
‫ﺤﻴﺙ ﺍﻥ‪:‬‬
‫‪R-35‬‬
‫ﻗﻁﺭ ﺃﻋﻨﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﺎﺕ ﻋﻨﺩ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﺯﺌﺒﻘﻲ )‪(35%‬‬
‫‪ka‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺎﺫﻴﺔ ﺒﺎﻟﻬﻭﺍﺀ )‪(md‬‬
‫‪φ‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﺒﺎﺏ )‪(%‬‬
‫ﺍﻥ ﺍﻟﻬﺩﻑ ﺍﻷﺴﺎﺴﻲ ﻤﻥ ﻤﻌﺎﺩﻟﺔ ﻭﺍﻴﻠﻨﺩ ﻫﻭ ﻟﻴﺱ ﺍﻟﺘﻨﺒﻭﺀ ﺒﺎﻟﻨﻔﺎﺫﻴﺔ ﻭﻋﻼﻗﺘﻬﺎ ﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﺒـل ﻫـﻭ‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ـﺼﺨﻭﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔــ‬
‫ـﻭﺍﻉ ﺍﻟــ‬
‫ـﺔ ﺃﻨــ‬
‫ـﺴﺎﻤﺎﺕ ﻟﻤﻌﺭﻓــ‬
‫ـﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﻤــ‬
‫ـﺭ ﺃﻋﻨــ‬
‫ـﺔ ﻗﻁــ‬
‫ﻤﻌﺭﻓــ‬
‫)‪ . (Jennings & Lucia, 2003‬ﺼﻨﻑ )‪ Pittman (1992‬ﺍﻷﻨﻅﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﻨـﻭﺍﻉ‬
‫ﺒﺩﻻﻟﺔ ﺃﻨﺼﺎﻑ ﺃﻗﻁﺎﺭ ﺃﻋﻨﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﺎﺕ ‪ R-35‬ﻭﺤﺴﺏ ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻭل )‪.(4-3‬‬
‫ﺠﺩﻭل )‪ (4-3‬ﺘﺼﻨﻴﻑ ﺍﻷﻨﻅﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﺒﺩﻻﻟﺔ ﺃﻨﺼﺎﻑ ﺃﻗﻁﺎﺭ ﺃﻋﻨﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﺎﺕ ‪R-35‬‬
‫)ﻋﻥ )‪( Pittman (1992‬‬
‫)‪size range (µ‬‬
‫‪>10‬‬
‫‪2 – 10‬‬
‫‪0.5 – 2‬‬
‫‪0.1 – 0.5‬‬
‫‪< 0.1‬‬
‫‪Pore type‬‬
‫‪mega‬‬
‫‪macro‬‬
‫‪meso‬‬
‫‪micro‬‬
‫‪nano‬‬
‫ﻴﻼﺤﻅ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻭل )‪ (6-3‬ﻻﺒﺎﺭ ﻤﻨﻁﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ ﺍﻥ ﻤﻌﺎﻤل )‪ (R-35‬ﺘﺘﺭﺍﻭﺡ ﻤﺎ ﺒـﻴﻥ )‪– 2.26‬‬
‫‪ (1.3‬ﻤﻤﺎ ﻴﺩل ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻨﻬﺎ ﺫﺍﺕ ﺃﻋﻨﺎﻕ ﻤﺴﺎﻤﺎﺕ ﻤﻥ ﻜﺒﻴﺭ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻤﺘﻭﺴﻁ‪ ،‬ﻜﻤـﺎ ﺘـﻡ ﺤـﺴﺎﺏ ‪R-35‬‬
‫‪<íéßÛÓ¹]<l^ßvŠÖ]<ÜééÏi‬‬
‫‪102‬‬
‫ﻟﻠﻭﺤﺩﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻤﻨﻴﺔ ﺍﻷﻭﻟﻰ ﻭﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻴﺔ ﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﺍﻷﺴﻔل ﻟﺠﻤﻴﻊ ﺁﺒﺎﺭ ﻤﻨﻁﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺨـﻼل‬
‫ﻓﺤﻭﺼﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﻔﺎﺫﻴﺔ ﺒﺎﻟﻬﻭﺍﺀ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻭﻓﺭﺓ ﻓﻲ ﺸﺭﻜﺔ ﻨﻔﻁ ﺍﻟﺠﻨﻭﺏ‪ ،‬ﻓﻭﺠﺩ ﺍﻨﻬﺎ ﺘﻘﻊ ﻤـﺎ ﺒـﻴﻥ‬
‫)‪ (1.6 – 2.86‬ﺃﻱ ﺍﻨﻬﺎ ﺫﺍﺕ ﺃﺤﺠﺎﻡ ﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﻜﺒﻴﺭﺓ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻤﺘﻭﺴﻁﺔ‪ .‬ﻴﺒﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻭل )‪ (5-3‬ﻗﻴﻡ ﻜل ﻤﻥ‬
‫‪ R-35‬ﻭ ‪ φ‬ﻭ ‪ k‬ﻻﺒﺎﺭ ﺤﻘل ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺼﺭﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻜﻤﺎ ﺘﺒﻴﻥ ﺍﻷﺸﻜﺎل )‪ (25-3‬ﺇﻟﻰ )‪ (33-3‬ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻬﻴﺩﺭﻭﻜﺎﺭﺒﻭﻨﻲ ﻤﻊ ﺃﻨﺼﺎﻑ ﺍﻷﻗﻁﺎﺭ‪.‬‬
‫ﺠﺩﻭل )‪ (5-3‬ﻗﻴﻡ ﻜل ﻤﻥ ‪ R-35‬ﻭ ‪ φ‬ﻭ ‪ k‬ﻻﺒﺎﺭ ﻤﻨﻁﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺼﺭﻴﺔ‪.‬‬
‫‪reservoir units‬‬
‫‪MB2‬‬
‫‪MB1‬‬
‫‪MB2‬‬
‫‪MB1‬‬
‫‪MB2‬‬
‫‪MB2‬‬
‫‪MB1‬‬
‫‪MB2‬‬
‫‪k‬‬
‫‪02.30‬‬
‫‪19.86‬‬
‫‪19.83‬‬
‫‪05.59‬‬
‫‪04.56‬‬
‫‪396.75‬‬
‫‪87.51‬‬
‫‪224.41‬‬
‫‪φ‬‬
‫‪17.40‬‬
‫‪17.57‬‬
‫‪23.92‬‬
‫‪11.71‬‬
‫‪21.92‬‬
‫‪19.70‬‬
‫‪23.00‬‬
‫‪25.28‬‬
‫‪R-35‬‬
‫‪1.60‬‬
‫‪2.14‬‬
‫‪2.03‬‬
‫‪1.98‬‬
‫‪1.69‬‬
‫‪2.87‬‬
‫‪2.43‬‬
‫‪2.63‬‬
‫‪pore type‬‬
‫‪meso‬‬
‫‪macro‬‬
‫‪macro‬‬
‫‪meso‬‬
‫‪meso‬‬
‫‪macro‬‬
‫‪macro‬‬
‫‪macro‬‬
‫‪well No.‬‬
‫‪NS-1‬‬
‫‪NS-2‬‬
‫‪NS-2‬‬
‫‪NS-3‬‬
‫‪NS-3‬‬
‫‪NS-4‬‬
‫‪NS-5‬‬
‫‪NS-5‬‬
‫‪ (6‬ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻔﻌﺎﻟﺔ )‪:(Effective porosity φe%‬‬
‫ﺘﻌﺒﺭ ﻋﻥ ﺍﻟﺤﻴﺯ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﻐﻭل ﺒﺎﻟﻤﻭﺍﺌﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺤﺭﻜﺔ ﻭﻫﻲ ﻜﺫﻟﻙ ﺘﻌﺩ ﻜﺩﺍﻟﺔ ﻟﻠﺘـﺸﺒﻊ ﺒـﺎﻟﻁﻭﺭ ﻏﻴـﺭ‬
‫ﺭﻁﺏ)‪ . (Melas & Friedman, 1992‬ﺘﺤﺴﺏ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻔﻌﺎﻟﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﺩﻟﺔ‪:‬‬
‫)‪φ e = φ ⋅ S Hg 100 ...................................................................................(3-6‬‬
‫ﺤﻴﺙ ﺍﻥ‪:‬‬
‫‪φe‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻔﻌﺎﻟﺔ‬
‫‪φ‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻴﺔ‬
‫‪SHg/100‬‬
‫ﻨﺴﺒﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺒﺎﻟﺯﺌﺒﻕ‬
‫ﻴﺒﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻭل )‪ (6-3‬ﻗﻴﻡ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻔﻌﺎﻟﺔ ﻟﻠﻨﻤﺎﺫﺝ ﺍﻟﻤﺄﺨﻭﺫﺓ ﻻﺒﺎﺭ ﺤﻘل ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺼﺭﻴﺔ‪.‬‬
‫‪<íéßÛÓ¹]<l^ßvŠÖ]<ÜééÏi‬‬
‫‪103‬‬
‫ﺠﺩﻭل )‪ (6-3‬ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻨﻴﻑ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻤﻨﻲ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﻤﻼﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻤﻨﻴﺔ ﻻﺒﺎﺭ ﺤﻘل ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺼﺭﻴﺔ‬
‫‪Reservoir‬‬
‫‪quality‬‬
‫‪φe‬‬
‫‪R-35‬‬
‫‪h75‬‬
‫‪h50‬‬
‫‪pd‬‬
‫‪RG‬‬
‫‪P.T.S‬‬
‫‪Depth‬‬
‫‪well‬‬
‫‪No.‬‬
‫‪Good‬‬
‫‪16.69‬‬
‫‪1.60‬‬
‫‪17.71‬‬
‫‪2.83‬‬
‫‪6.8‬‬
‫‪23.6‬‬
‫‪1.56‬‬
‫‪2035‬‬
‫‪NS-1‬‬
‫‪v. good‬‬
‫‪25.89‬‬
‫‪2.11‬‬
‫‪8.01‬‬
‫‪3.69‬‬
‫‪1.82‬‬
‫‪8.75‬‬
‫‪1.96‬‬
‫‪2016.2‬‬
‫‪NS-2‬‬
‫‪v. good‬‬
‫‪25.69‬‬
‫‪2.12‬‬
‫‪74.67‬‬
‫‪72.36‬‬
‫‪88‬‬
‫‪9.75‬‬
‫‪1.04‬‬
‫‪2046.48‬‬
‫‪NS-2‬‬
‫‪Good‬‬
‫‪23.73‬‬
‫‪1.68‬‬
‫‪12.70‬‬
‫‪8.24‬‬
‫‪5.88‬‬
‫‪24.87‬‬
‫‪1.45‬‬
‫‪2040.60‬‬
‫‪NS-3‬‬
‫‪Good‬‬
‫‪10.51‬‬
‫‪2.26‬‬
‫‪6.043‬‬
‫‪2.62‬‬
‫‪1.3‬‬
‫‪16.25‬‬
‫‪1.99‬‬
‫‪2016‬‬
‫‪NS-4‬‬
‫‪Good‬‬
‫‪21.24‬‬
‫‪2.07‬‬
‫‪10.24‬‬
‫‪4.17‬‬
‫‪1.68‬‬
‫‪19.28‬‬
‫‪2.07‬‬
‫‪2020‬‬
‫‪NS-4‬‬
‫‪Medium‬‬
‫‪21.82‬‬
‫‪1.54‬‬
‫‪14.25‬‬
‫‪8.47‬‬
‫‪5.4‬‬
‫‪23.39‬‬
‫‪1.58‬‬
‫‪2025‬‬
‫‪NS-4‬‬
‫‪Good‬‬
‫‪23.01‬‬
‫‪1.30‬‬
‫‪7.93‬‬
‫‪2.93‬‬
‫‪1.8‬‬
‫‪18.1‬‬
‫‪2.2‬‬
‫‪2050.5‬‬
‫‪NS-5‬‬
‫‪Poor‬‬
‫‪0.36‬‬
‫‪1.61‬‬
‫‪16.17‬‬
‫‪7.62‬‬
‫‪-‬‬
‫‪98.73‬‬
‫‪2.18‬‬
‫‪2053.5‬‬
‫‪NS-5‬‬
‫‪9-3‬‬
‫ﺗﺼﻨﻴﻒ ﺍﻟﺼﺨﻮﺭ ﺍﳌﻜﻤﻨﻴﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩﹰﺍ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻓﺤﻭﺼﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻀﻐﻁ ﺍﻟﺸﻌﻴﺭﻱ ﺘﻡ ﺘﺼﻨﻴﻑ ﺍﻟﺼﺨﻭﺭ ﻤﻜﻤﻨﻴﺎ ﻓﻲ ﻤﻨﻁﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ ﺇﻟﻰ‪:‬‬
‫‪ .1‬ﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﻤﻜﻤﻨﻴﺔ ﺫﺍﺕ ﺍﺩﺍﺌﻴﺔ ﺠﻴﺩﺓ ﺠﺩﹰﺍ‪ :‬ﺘﺘﻤﻴﺯ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺼﺨﻭﺭ ﺒﺈﻨﺘﺎﺝ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁ ﺍﻟﺤﺭ ﺤﻴﺙ ﻴﻜﻭﻥ ﺍﺭﺘﻔـﺎﻉ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻭﺩ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁﻲ ﻭﺍﻁﺊ ﻭﻀﻐﻁ ﺇﺯﺍﺤﺔ ﻭﺍﻁﺊ ﻭﺫﺍﺕ ﺩﺭﺠﺔ ﻤﻜﻤﻨﻴﺔ ﺍﻗـل ﻤـﻥ ‪ %15‬ﻭﺘﻜـﻭﻥ ﺫﺍﺕ‬
‫ﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﺨﺸﻨﺔ ﻭﺍﻋﻨﺎﻕ ﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﻜﺒﻴﺭﺓ ‪ .‬ﺘﻘﻊ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﻀﻤﻥ ﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺠـﺭ ﺍﻟﺠﻴـﺭﻱ ﺍﻟـﻭﺍﻜﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻤل ﻟﻠﻔﺘﺎﺕ ﺍﻻﺤﻴﺎﺌﻲ ‪ .‬ﺘﺤﺘﻭﻱ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﺔ ﻋﺎﻟﻴﺔ )‪ (>25%‬ﻭﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﻤﺎﺌﻲ ﺍﺯﻟﻲ ﻴـﺴﺎﻭﻱ‬
‫‪ 0.05‬ﻤﻤﺎ ﻴﺩل ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻨﻬﺎ ﺫﺍﺕ ﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﻨﻔﻁﻲ ﻋﺎﻟﻲ‪.‬‬
‫‪ .2‬ﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﻤﻜﻤﻨﻴﺔ ﺠﻴﺩﺓ ﺍﻻﺩﺍﺌﻴﺔ‪ :‬ﺘﺘﻤﻴﺯ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﺒﺈﻨﺘﺎﺝ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁ ﺍﻟﺤﺭ ﻭﻴﻜﻭﻥ ﺍﺭﺘﻔﺎﻉ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻭﺩ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁـﻲ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻁﺊ ﻭﻀﻐﻁ ﺇﺯﺍﺤﺔ ﻭﺍﻁﺊ ﻭﻨﻅﺎﻡ ﻤﺴﺎﻤﻲ ﺒﻔﺭﺯ ﻤﺘﻭﺴﻁ ﻴﺘﺭﺍﻭﺡ ﻤـﺎ ﺒـﻴﻥ )‪ ( 1.5-2‬ﻭﺩﺭﺠـﺔ‬
‫ﻤﻜﻤﻨﻴﺔ ﺘﺘﺭﺍﻭﺡ ﻤﺎ ﺒﻴﻥ )‪ (%20-10‬ﻭﺘﻜﻭﻥ ﺫﺍﺕ ﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﺨﺸﻨﺔ ﻭﺍﻋﻨﺎﻕ ﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﻤﺘﻭﺴﻁﺔ ﺘﻘﻊ ﻫﺫﻩ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻏﻠﺏ ﺁﺒﺎﺭ ﻤﻨﻁﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺠﺭ ﺍﻟﺠﻴﺭﻱ ﺍﻟـﻭﺍﻜﻲ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻤـل ﻟﻠﻔـﻭﺭﺍﻤﻨﻴﻔﺭﺍ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻭﻴﺔ‪.‬‬
‫‪ .3‬ﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﻤﻜﻤﻨﻴﺔ ﻤﺘﻭﺴﻁﺔ ﺍﻻﺩﺍﺌﻴﺔ‪ :‬ﺘﺘﻤﻴﺯ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﺒﺩﺭﺠﺔ ﻤﻜﻤﻨﻴﺔ ﻤﺘﻭﺴﻁﺔ ﻭﺤﺠﻡ ﺤﺒﻴﺒﻲ ﻨـﺎﻋﻡ‬
‫ﻭﺒﻔﺭﺯ ﻤﺘﻭﺴﻁ ﻭﻀﻐﻁ ﺇﺯﺍﺤﺔ ﻭﺍﻁﺊ ‪ .‬ﺘﻘﻊ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻭﺤﺩﺓ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻤﻨﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻴﺔ ﻤـﻥ ﺘﻜـﻭﻴﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ‪.‬‬
‫‪<íéßÛÓ¹]<l^ßvŠÖ]<ÜééÏi‬‬
‫‪104‬‬
‫‪ .4‬ﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﻤﻜﻤﻨﻴﺔ ﻀﻌﻴﻔﺔ )ﺭﺩﻴﺌﺔ( ﺍﻻﺩﺍﺌﻴﺔ‪:‬ﺘﺘﻤﻴﺯ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﺒﻀﻐﻁ ﺇﺯﺍﺤﺔ ﻋﺎﻟﻲ ﻭﺩﺭﺠـﺔ ﻤﻜﻤﻨﻴـﺔ‬
‫ﻋﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﺠﺩﺍ ﺘﺼل ﺇﻟﻰ ‪ %98‬ﻭﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﻤﺎﺌﻲ ﻋﺎﻟﻲ ﻴﺼل ﺇﻟﻰ ‪ %98‬ﺃﻱ ﺍﻨﻬﺎ ﺘﻨﺘﺞ ﻤﺎﺀ ﺤﺭ ﻭﺩﺭﺠﺔ ﻓﺭﺯ‬
‫ﺭﺩﻱﺀ ﻭﺍﻋﻨﺎﻕ ﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﻤﺘﻭﺴﻁﺔ ﻭﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﺔ ﺘﺴﺎﻭﻱ ‪ . 0.363‬ﺘﻘﻊ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﻀﻤﻥ ﺴـﺤﻨﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤﺠﺭ ﺍﻟﺠﻴﺭﻱ ﺍﻟﻁﻴﻨﻲ‪.‬‬
‫ﻴﻼﺤﻅ ﻤﻥ ﺨﻼل ﺍﻟﺴﺤﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻤﻨﻴﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﺍﻥ ﺍﻟﺴﺤﻥ ﺫﺍﺕ ﺍﻻﺩﺍﺌﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺠﻴﺩﺓ ﺠﺩﺍ ﺘﻘﻊ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺃﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻭﺤﺩﺓ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻤﻨﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻴﺔ ﺜﻡ ﺘﺘﺩﺭﺝ ﺍﻟﺴﺤﻥ ﺍﻟﻰ ﺠﻴﺩﺓ ﺍﻻﺩﺍﺌﻴﺔ ﺍﺴﻔل ﻤﻨﻬﺎ ﺜﻡ ﻤﺘﻭﺴﻁﺔ ﺍﻻﺩﺍﺌﻴـﺔ ﺍﻟـﻰ ﺍﻥ‬
‫ﺘﺼﺒﺢ ﺭﺩﻴﺌﺔ ﺍﻻﺩﺍﺌﻴﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺍﺴﻔل ﺍﻟﻭﺤﺩﺓ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻤﻨﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﺍﻹﻨﺘﺎﺝ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁﻲ ‪.‬‬
<íéßÛÓ¹]<l^ßvŠÖ]<ÜééÏi
105
100
(a)
90
Corrected pressure (Kg/Cm^2)
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
100
90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
Mercury sat. pore vol. %
100
corrected pressure(Kg/Cm^2)
(b)
10
1
0.1
100
90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
Mercury sat.( Pore Vol%)
(2035 m) (NS-1) ‫( ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻬﻴﺩﺭﻭﻜﺎﺭﺒﻭﻨﻲ ﻤﻊ ﻀﻐﻁ ﺍﻟﺯﺌﺒﻕ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﻘﻭﻥ ﻟﺒﺌﺭ‬16-3) ‫ﺸﻜل‬
‫( ﻤﻘﻴﺎﺱ ﺸﺒﻪ ﻟﻭﻏﺎﺭﺘﻴﻴﻤﻲ‬b) ‫( ﻤﻘﻴﺎﺱ ﺍﻋﺘﻴﺎﺩﻱ‬a)
<íéßÛÓ¹]<l^ßvŠÖ]<ÜééÏi
106
100
(a)
90
Corrected pressure (Kg/cm2)
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
100
90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
Mercury sat. pore vol. %
100
corrected pressure(Kg/cm2)
(b)
10
1
0.1
100
90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
Mercury sat.( Pore Vol%)
(2016 m) ‫( ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻕ‬NS-2) ‫( ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻬﻴﺩﺭﻭﻜﺎﺭﺒﻭﻨﻲ ﻤﻊ ﻀﻐﻁ ﺍﻟﺯﺌﺒﻕ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﻘﻭﻥ ﻟﺒﺌﺭ‬17-3) ‫ﺸﻜل‬
‫( ﻤﻘﻴﺎﺱ ﺸﺒﻪ ﻟﻭﻏﺎﺭﺘﻴﻤﻲ‬b) ‫( ﻤﻘﻴﺎﺱ ﺍﻋﺘﻴﺎﺩﻱ‬a)
<íéßÛÓ¹]<l^ßvŠÖ]<ÜééÏi
107
100
(a)
90
Corrected pressure (Kg/Cm^2)
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
100
90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
Mercury sat. pore vol. %
100
corrected pressure(Kg/cm2)
(b)
10
1
0.1
100
90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
Mercury sat.( Pore Vol%)
(2046.48 m) ‫( ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻕ‬NS-2) ‫( ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻬﻴﺩﺭﻭﻜﺎﺭﺒﻭﻨﻲ ﻤﻊ ﻀﻐﻁ ﺍﻟﺯﺌﺒﻕ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﻘﻭﻥ ﻟﺒﺌﺭ‬18-3) ‫ﺸﻜل‬
‫( ﻤﻘﻴﺎﺱ ﺸﺒﻪ ﻟﻭﻏﺎﺭﺘﻴﻤﻲ‬b) ‫( ﻤﻘﻴﺎﺱ ﺍﻋﺘﻴﺎﺩﻱ‬a)
<íéßÛÓ¹]<l^ßvŠÖ]<ÜééÏi
108
100
(a)
90
Corrected pressure (Kg/Cm^2)
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
100
90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
Mercury sat. pore vol. %
100
corrected pressure(Kg/cm2)
(b)
10
1
0.1
100
90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
Mercury sat.( Pore Vol%)
(2040.6 m) ‫( ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻕ‬NS-3) ‫( ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻬﻴﺩﺭﻭﻜﺎﺭﺒﻭﻨﻲ ﻤﻊ ﻀﻐﻁ ﺍﻟﺯﺌﺒﻕ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﻘﻭﻥ ﻟﺒﺌﺭ‬19-3) ‫ﺸﻜل‬
‫( ﻤﻘﻴﺎﺱ ﺸﺒﻪ ﻟﻭﻏﺎﺭﺘﻴﻤﻲ‬b) ‫( ﻤﻘﻴﺎﺱ ﺍﻋﺘﻴﺎﺩﻱ‬a)
<íéßÛÓ¹]<l^ßvŠÖ]<ÜééÏi
109
100
(a)
90
Corrected pressure (Kg/Cm^2)
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
100
90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
Mercury sat. pore vol. %
100
corrected pressure(Kg/cm2)
(b)
10
1
0.1
100
90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
Mercury sat.( Pore Vol%)
(2016 m)‫( ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻕ‬NS-4) ‫( ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻬﻴﺩﺭﻭﻜﺎﺭﺒﻭﻨﻲ ﻤﻊ ﻀﻐﻁ ﺍﻟﺯﺌﺒﻕ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﻘﻭﻥ ﻟﺒﺌﺭ‬20-3) ‫ﺸﻜل‬
‫( ﻤﻘﻴﺎﺱ ﺸﺒﻪ ﻟﻭﻏﺎﺭﺘﻴﻤﻲ‬b) ‫( ﻤﻘﻴﺎﺱ ﺍﻋﺘﻴﺎﺩﻱ‬a)
<íéßÛÓ¹]<l^ßvŠÖ]<ÜééÏi
110
100
(a)
90
Corrected pressure (Kg/Cm^2)
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
100
90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
Mercury sat. pore vol. %
100
corrected pressure(Kg/cm 2 )
(b)
10
1
0.1
100
90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
Mercury sat.( Pore Vol%)
(2020 m)‫( ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻕ‬NS-4) ‫( ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻬﻴﺩﺭﻭﻜﺎﺭﺒﻭﻨﻲ ﻤﻊ ﻀﻐﻁ ﺍﻟﺯﺌﺒﻕ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﻘﻭﻥ ﻟﺒﺌﺭ‬21-3) ‫ﺸﻜل‬
‫( ﻤﻘﻴﺎﺱ ﺸﺒﻪ ﻟﻭﻏﺎﺭﺘﻴﻤﻲ‬b) ‫( ﻤﻘﻴﺎﺱ ﺍﻋﺘﻴﺎﺩﻱ‬a)
<íéßÛÓ¹]<l^ßvŠÖ]<ÜééÏi
111
100
(a)
90
80
Corrected pressure (Kg/Cm^2)
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
100
90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
Mercury sat. pore vol. %
100
corrected pressure(Kg/cm 2)
(b)
10
1
0.1
100
90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
Mercury sat.( Pore Vol%)
(2025 m)‫( ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻕ‬NS-4) ‫( ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻬﻴﺩﺭﻭﻜﺎﺭﺒﻭﻨﻲ ﻤﻊ ﻀﻐﻁ ﺍﻟﺯﺌﺒﻕ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﻘﻭﻥ ﻟﺒﺌﺭ‬22-3) ‫ﺸﻜل‬
‫( ﻤﻘﻴﺎﺱ ﺸﺒﻪ ﻟﻭﻏﺎﺭﺘﻴﻤﻲ‬b) ‫( ﻤﻘﻴﺎﺱ ﺍﻋﺘﻴﺎﺩﻱ‬a)
<íéßÛÓ¹]<l^ßvŠÖ]<ÜééÏi
112
Corrected pressure (Kg/Cm^2)
(a)
100
90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
Mercury sat. pore vol. %
100
corrected pressure(Kg/cm2)
(b)
10
1
0.1
100
90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
Mercury sat.( Pore Vol%)
(2050 m)‫( ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻕ‬NS-5) ‫( ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻬﻴﺩﺭﻭﻜﺎﺭﺒﻭﻨﻲ ﻤﻊ ﻀﻐﻁ ﺍﻟﺯﺌﺒﻕ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﻘﻭﻥ ﻟﺒﺌﺭ‬23-3) ‫ﺸﻜل‬
‫( ﻤﻘﻴﺎﺱ ﺸﺒﻪ ﻟﻭﻏﺎﺭﺘﻴﻤﻲ‬b) ‫( ﻤﻘﻴﺎﺱ ﺍﻋﺘﻴﺎﺩﻱ‬a)
<íéßÛÓ¹]<l^ßvŠÖ]<ÜééÏi
113
100
90
(a)
C o rrected p ressu re (K g/C m ^ 2)
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
100
90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
30
20
10
0
Mercury sat. pore vol. %
100
2
corrected pressure(Kg/cm )
(b)
10
1
0.1
100
90
80
70
60
50
40
Mercury sat.( Pore Vol%)
(2053.5 m) ‫( ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻕ‬NS-5 )‫( ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻬﻴﺩﺭﻭﻜﺎﺭﺒﻭﻨﻲ ﻤﻊ ﻀﻐﻁ ﺍﻟﺯﺌﺒﻕ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﻘﻭﻥ ﻟﺒﺌﺭ‬24-3) ‫ﺸﻜل‬
‫( ﻤﻘﻴﺎﺱ ﺸﺒﻪ ﻟﻭﻏﺎﺭﺘﻴﻤﻲ‬b) ‫( ﻤﻘﻴﺎﺱ ﺍﻋﺘﻴﺎﺩﻱ‬a)
<íéßÛÓ¹]<l^ßvŠÖ]<ÜééÏi
114
100
1
Equivalent pore radius (microns)
10
0.1
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
0.01
100
Mercury sat. corrected to 100
(2035 m) (NS-1) ‫( ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻬﻴﺩﺭﻭﻜﺎﺭﺒﻭﻨﻲ ﻤﻊ ﺃﻨﺼﺎﻑ ﺃﻗﻁﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﺎﺕ ﻟﺒﺌﺭ‬25-3) ‫ﺸﻜل‬
10
1
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
Equivalent pore radius (microns)
100
0.1
100
Mercury sat. corrected to 100
(2016 m) ‫( ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻕ‬NS-2) ‫( ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻬﻴﺩﺭﻭﻜﺎﺭﺒﻭﻨﻲ ﻤﻊ ﺃﻨﺼﺎﻑ ﺃﻗﻁﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﺎﺕ ﻟﺒﺌﺭ‬26-3) ‫ﺸﻜل‬
<íéßÛÓ¹]<l^ßvŠÖ]<ÜééÏi
115
100
1
Equivalent pore radius (microns)
10
0.1
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
0.01
100
Mercury sat. corrected to 100
(2046.48 m) ‫( ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻕ‬NS-2) ‫( ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻬﻴﺩﺭﻭﻜﺎﺭﺒﻭﻨﻲ ﻤﻊ ﺃﻨﺼﺎﻑ ﺃﻗﻁﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﺎﺕ ﻟﺒﺌﺭ‬27-3) ‫ﺸﻜل‬
100
1
Equivalent pore radius (microns)
10
0.1
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
0.01
100
Mercury sat. corrected to 100
(2040.6 m) ‫( ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻕ‬NS-3) ‫( ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻬﻴﺩﺭﻭﻜﺎﺭﺒﻭﻨﻲ ﻤﻊ ﺃﻨﺼﺎﻑ ﺃﻗﻁﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﺎﺕ ﻟﺒﺌﺭ‬28-3) ‫ﺸﻜل‬
<íéßÛÓ¹]<l^ßvŠÖ]<ÜééÏi
116
100
1
Equivalent pore radius (microns)
10
0.1
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
0.01
100
Mercury sat. corrected to 100
(2016 m)‫( ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻕ‬NS-4) ‫( ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻬﻴﺩﺭﻭﻜﺎﺭﺒﻭﻨﻲ ﻤﻊ ﺃﻨﺼﺎﻑ ﺃﻗﻁﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﺎﺕ ﻟﺒﺌﺭ‬29-3) ‫ﺸﻜل‬
10
1
0.1
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
Equivalent pore radius (microns)
100
0.01
100
Mercury sat. corrected to 100
(2020 m)‫( ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻕ‬NS-4) ‫( ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻬﻴﺩﺭﻭﻜﺎﺭﺒﻭﻨﻲ ﻤﻊ ﺃﻨﺼﺎﻑ ﺃﻗﻁﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﺎﺕ ﻟﺒﺌﺭ‬30-3) ‫ﺸﻜل‬
<íéßÛÓ¹]<l^ßvŠÖ]<ÜééÏi
117
10
1
0.1
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
Equivalent pore radius (microns)
100
0.01
100
Mercury sat. corrected to 100
(2025 m)‫( ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻕ‬NS-4) ‫( ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻬﻴﺩﺭﻭﻜﺎﺭﺒﻭﻨﻲ ﻤﻊ ﺃﻨﺼﺎﻑ ﺃﻗﻁﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﺎﺕ ﻟﺒﺌﺭ‬31-3) ‫ﺸﻜل‬
10
1
Equivalent pore radius (microns)
100
0.1
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
0.01
100
Mercury sat. corrected to 100
(2050 m)‫( ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻕ‬NS-5) ‫( ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻬﻴﺩﺭﻭﻜﺎﺭﺒﻭﻨﻲ ﻤﻊ ﺃﻨﺼﺎﻑ ﺃﻗﻁﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﺎﺕ ﻟﺒﺌﺭ‬32-3) ‫ﺸﻜل‬
<íéßÛÓ¹]<l^ßvŠÖ]<ÜééÏi
118
100
1
Equivalent pore radius (microns)
10
0.1
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
0.01
100
Mercury sat. corrected to 100
(2053.5 m) ‫( ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻕ‬NS-5 ) ‫( ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻬﻴﺩﺭﻭﻜﺎﺭﺒﻭﻨﻲ ﻤﻊ ﺃﻨﺼﺎﻑ ﺃﻗﻁﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﺎﺕ ﻟﺒﺌﺭ‬33-3) ‫ﺸﻜل‬
119
<íéßÛÓ¹]<l^ßvŠÖ]<ÜééÏi
Plate 1
(1 - 1, 2, 3) Benthonic wackestone submicrofacies,
neomorphisum, recrystalline, porosity filled by
drusy mosaic cement, Milliolidae, Nezzazata,
Well: NS-1
Depth: 2034 m
1. 40x
2. Milliolidae. 16x
3. Nezzazata . 40x
(1-4, 5) Peloidal packstone- grainstone microfacies
staning oil, micro sparite, Partially dolomite, micro
vugy porosity, Milliolidae,
Well: NS-1
Depth: 2046 m
4. 16x
5. 16x
<íéßÛÓ¹]<l^ßvŠÖ]<ÜééÏi
120
Plate 1
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)
121
<íéßÛÓ¹]<l^ßvŠÖ]<ÜééÏi
Plate 2
(2 -1, 2, 3, 4) Benthonic foram. Packstone submicrofacies, Sparite , channel porosity,
Praeolveolina gr. creatacea,
Well: NS-1
Depth: 2045.5 m
1. 16x
2. 40x
3. Praeolveolina. 40x
4. Praeolveolina. 40x
(2 -5, 6) Peloidal packstone- grainstone microfacies
intergranular porosity, micro sparite, Nezzazata.
Well: NS-1
Depth: 2049.5 m
5. 16x
6. 40x
<íéßÛÓ¹]<l^ßvŠÖ]<ÜééÏi
122
Plate 2
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)
(6)
123
<íéßÛÓ¹]<l^ßvŠÖ]<ÜééÏi
Plate 3
(3-1,2,3) Bioclastic packstone submicrofacies, moldic
porosity, neomorphism, Peneroplidae, Psudolituonella,
Well: NS-1
Depth: 2065.35 m
1. 40x
2. 16x
3. 40x
(3-4,5,6 ) Bioclastic Packstone submicrofacies, moldic
porosity, intercrystalline porosity, Praealveolina,
Nezzazata.
Well: NS-1
Depth: 2067.21 m
4. 40x
5. 40x
6. 16x
<íéßÛÓ¹]<l^ßvŠÖ]<ÜééÏi
124
Plate 3
(1)
(3)
(5)
(2)
(4)
(6)
125
<íéßÛÓ¹]<l^ßvŠÖ]<ÜééÏi
Plate 4
(4-1,2) highly dolomite in packstone microfacies.
Well: NS-1
Depth: 2079.5 m
1. 40x
2. 40x
(4- 3) Packstone microfacies, highly rudist fragments, granular
cement.
Well: NS-1
Depth: 2079.5 m
3. 40x
(4-4) rudist fragment in bioclastic packstone submicrofacies.
Well: NS-1
2024.5 m
4. 40x
(4-5) Permocalcareous (red algae) in wackestone microfacies.
Well: NS-1
Depth: 2044.3 m
5. 40x
(4-6) Packstone microfacies, recrystalline, debris of rudist,
intercrystalline portosity.
Well: NS-2
Depth: 1999.3 m
6. 16x
<íéßÛÓ¹]<l^ßvŠÖ]<ÜééÏi
126
Plate 4
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)
(6)
127
<íéßÛÓ¹]<l^ßvŠÖ]<ÜééÏi
Plate 5
(5-1, 2) Packstone microfacies, stylolites irregular an
astomosing sets, stanning oil, dolomite, moldic
porosity, rare cement, Chrysalidina sp.,
Well: NS-1
Depth: 2025.5 m
1. 40x
2. 16x
(5-3, 4, 5) Bioclastic wackestone submicrofacies,
stylolite irregular, dolomite, benthonic foram.,
stanning oil, intercrystalline porosity, Chrysalidina
sp.
Well:NS-3
Depth: 2003.2 m
3. 16x
4. 40x
5. 40x
<íéßÛÓ¹]<l^ßvŠÖ]<ÜééÏi
128
Plate 5
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)
129
<íéßÛÓ¹]<l^ßvŠÖ]<ÜééÏi
Plate 6
(6-1, 2, 3) Bioclastic packstone submicrofacies,
intergraunlar porosity, rudist fragment, good oil,
benthonic foram.
Well: NS-2
Depth: 1998.5 m
1. 16x
2. 40x
3. 40x
(6-4, 5) Bioclastic wackstone submicrofacies,
stylolites peak high amplitude, intercrystaline and
moldic porosity, cementation, planktonic foram.,
stanning oil.
Well: NS-2
Depth: 2031.2 m
4. 40x
5. 16x
(6-6) Mudstone microfacies, neomorphisum
Well: NS-3
Depth: 2060.5 m
6. 40x
<íéßÛÓ¹]<l^ßvŠÖ]<ÜééÏi
130
Plate 6
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)
(6)
131
<íéßÛÓ¹]<l^ßvŠÖ]<ÜééÏi
Plate 7
(7-1, 2, 3, 4) Bioclatic packstone- grainstone
submicrofacies, intercrystaline porosity, Rudist
fragment.
Well: NS-3
Depth: 2005.4 m
1. 6.4x
2. 40x
3. 40x
4. 16x
(7-5, 6) Rudist inplace wackestone submicrofacies,
intercrystaline porosity, moldic porosity, granular
cement.
Well: Ns-3
Depth: 200635 m.
5. 40x
6. 40x
<íéßÛÓ¹]<l^ßvŠÖ]<ÜééÏi
132
Plate 7
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)
(6)
133
<íéßÛÓ¹]<l^ßvŠÖ]<ÜééÏi
Plate 8
(8-1,2) lithoclastic wackestone submicrofacies,
recrystalline, dolomite, smaller channel porosity.
Well: NS-5
Depth: 1999.5 m
1. 6.4x
2. 16x
(8-3,4) Benthonic foram. Packstone submicrofacies,
sparite, bioclastic, channel porosity filled by
cement.
Well: NS-5
Depth: 2035.12 m
3. 40x
4. 40x
(8-5, 6) Mudstone microfacies, neomorphisum,
recrystalline, intercrystalline porosity, stanning oil
Well: NS-5
Depth: 2067.4 m
5. 16x
6. 40x
<íéßÛÓ¹]<l^ßvŠÖ]<ÜééÏi
134
Plate 8
(1)
(3)
(5)
(2)
(4)
(6)
‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ ﺍﻟﺮﺍﺑﻊ‬
‫ﺣﺴﺎﺏ ﺍﻻﺣﺘﻴﺎﻃﻲ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻄﻲ ‪Reserve Calculation‬‬
‫‪1-4‬‬
‫ﲤﻬﻴﺪ‬
‫ﻴﻌﺭﻑ ﺍﻻﺤﺘﻴﺎﻁﻲ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁﻲ ﺃﻨﻪ ﺍﺠﻤﺎﻟﻲ ﺍﻟﻜﻤﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺠﻤﻌﺔ ﻓﻲ ﻤﺴﺎﻤﺎﺕ ﺍﻟـﺼﺨﻭﺭ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺯﻨـﺔ ﻟـﻪ‬
‫ﻭﺘﺸﻘﺎﻗﺎﺘﻬﺎ‪ .‬ﻭﻴﺘﻡ ﺤﺴﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺯﻭﻥ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁﻲ ﻟﻠﻤﻜﻤﻥ ﻋﺎﺩﺓ ﻗﺒل ﺍﻟﺒﺩﺀ ﺒﺎﻨﺘﺎﺝ ﺍﻟﺤﻘل ﺍﺫ ﻴﻌـﺭﻑ ﺒـﺎﻟﻤﺨﺯﻭﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁﻲ ﺍﻻﺼﻠﻲ )‪ (oil in place‬ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺯﻭﻥ ﻓﻘﻁ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴﻤﺜل ﺤﺠﻡ ﺍﻟﻬﻴﺩﺭﻭﻜﺎﺭﺒﻭﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻻﺼـﻠﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺘـﻲ‬
‫ﺘﺸﻐل ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻤﻥ ﻗﺒل ﺒﺩﺀ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻤﻥ ﺒﺎﻻﻨﺘﺎﺝ )‪.(Garb, 1985‬‬
‫ﻟﻘﺩ ﺍﻗﺘﺭﺤﺕ ﺘﻌﺭﻴﻔﺎﺕ ﺤﺩﻴﺜﺔ ﺒﺸﻜل ﻤﺘﺭﺍﺒﻁ ﻤﻥ ﻗﺒل ﻜل ﻤﻥ ﺠﻤﻌﻴﺔ ﻤﻬﻨﺩﺴﻲ ﺍﻟﺒﺘﺭﻭل ﻭﻤﺅﺴـﺴﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺒﺘﺭﻭل ﺍﻻﻤﺭﻴﻜﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﺘﺤﺎﺩ ﺠﻴﻭﻟﻭﺠﻲ ﺍﻟﺒﺘﺭﻭل ﺍﻻﻤﺭﻴﻜﻲ ﻟﺘﻘﺴﻴﻡ ﺍﻻﺤﺘﻴﺎﻁﻴﺎﺕ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻤﺭﺍﺘﺏ ﻋـﺩﺓ ﻭﻫـﻲ‪:‬‬
‫)‪(Selley, 1998‬‬
‫‪ .1‬ﺍﻻﺤﺘﻴﺎﻁﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﺜﺒﺕ ‪ :proved reserves‬ﻭﻫـﻭ ﻤﻘـﺩﺍﺭ ﺍﻟﻬﻴـﺩﺭﻭﻜﺎﺭﺒﻭﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘـﻲ‬
‫ﺘﺴﺘﺨﺭﺝ ﺒﺩﺀﹰﺍ ﻤﻥ ﺘﺎﺭﻴﺦ ﺃﻭل ﺍﻹﻨﺘﺎﺝ ﻓﺼﺎﻋﺩﺍ ﻭﻫﻲ ﺘﻘﺴﻡ ﺇﻟﻰ ‪ X‬ﺍﺤﺘﻴـﺎﻁﻲ ﻤﻁـﻭﺭ‬
‫ﻤﺜﺒﺕ ‪ proved developed reserves‬ﻭﻫﻲ ﺘﻠﻙ ﺍﻻﺤﺘﻴﺎﻁﻴـﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘـﻲ ﻴﺘﻭﻗـﻊ‬
‫ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺭﺍﺠﻬﺎ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻻﺒﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺠﻭﺩﺓ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﻔﻭﺭﺓ ‪ Y‬ﺍﻻﺤﺘﻴـﺎﻁﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﺜﺒـﺕ ﻏﻴـﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﻁـﻭﺭ‬
‫‪ proved undeveloped reserves‬ﻭﻫﻲ ﺘﻠﻙ ﺍﻻﺤﺘﻴﺎﻁﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻻﻀﺎﻓﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻴﺘﻭﻗﻊ‬
‫ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺭﺍﺠﻬﺎ ﻤﻥ‪:‬‬
‫• ﺍﻟﺤﻔﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻘﺒﻠﻲ ﻟﻼﺒﺎﺭ‪.‬‬
‫• ﺘﻌﻤﻴﻕ ﺍﻵﺒﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺠﻭﺩﺓ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻁﺒﻘﺎﺕ ﺼﺨﺭﻴﺔ ﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‪.‬‬
‫• ﻨﺼﺏ ﻤﺸﺭﻭﻉ ﺍﺴﺘﺨﻼﺹ ﻤﺤﺴﻥ‪.‬‬
‫‪< <<êŞËßÖ]<ê^éju÷]<h^Šu‬‬
‫‪136‬‬
‫‪ .2‬ﺍﻻﺤﺘﻴﺎﻁﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺘﻤﻠﺔ‪ :‬ﻭﻫﻲ ﺍﻻﺤﺘﻴﺎﻁﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻴﺤﺘﻤل ﺍﺴـﺘﺨﺭﺍﺠﻬﺎ ﺍﻋﺘﻤـﺎﺩﺍ ﻋﻠـﻰ‬
‫ﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ ﺠﻴﻭﻟﻭﺠﻴﺔ ﻭﻫﻨﺩﺴﻴﺔ ﻗﺒل ﺍﻥ ﻴﺘﻡ ﺤﻔﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﺼﻴﺩﺓ ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫﻲ ﺘﻘﺭﻴﺒﻴﺔ ﻏﻴﺭ ﺃﻨﻬﺎ ﺘﻌﻁﻲ‬
‫ﺒﻌﺽ ﺍﻟﺩﻻﺌل ﻋﻥ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﻤﺔ ﺍﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﻤﻨﻁﻘﺔ‪.‬‬
‫‪ .3‬ﺍﻻﺤﺘﻴﺎﻁﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﻤﻜﻨﺔ‪ :‬ﻭﻫﻲ ﺍﻻﺤﺘﻴﺎﻁﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻴﻤﻜـﻥ ﺍﻥ ﺘـﺴﺘﺨﺭﺝ ﺍﻋﺘﻤـﺎﺩﺍ ﻋﻠـﻰ‬
‫ﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ ﺠﻴﻭﻟﻭﺠﻴﺔ ﻭﻫﻨﺩﺴﻴﺔ ﻀﺌﻴﻠﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻗﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﻜﻨﻲ )‪ (1992‬ﺒﺘﺼﻨﻴﻑ ﺍﻻﺤﺘﻴﺎﻁﻲ ﺤﺴﺏ ﺩﺭﺠﺔ ﺍﻟﻴﻘﻴﻥ ﺇﻟﻰ ‪ X‬ﺍﺤﺘﻴﺎﻁﻲ ﻤﺜﺒﺕ ﺍﻭ ﻤﺅﻜﺩ‬
‫ﻭﻫﻭ ﺍﻻﺤﺘﻴﺎﻁﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﻤﻜﻥ ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺭﺍﺠﻪ ﺒﺎﻟﻁﺭﺍﺌﻕ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺒﻌﺔ ﺤﺎﻟﻴﹰﺎ ﻤﻥ ﺘﺭﺍﻜﻴﺏ ﺠﻴﻭﻟﻭﺠﻴﺔ ﻤﺤﻔـﻭﺭﺓ ﻭﻤﻌﺘﻤـﺩﺓ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ ﺠﻴﻭﻟﻭﺠﻴﺔ ﻭﻫﻨﺩﺴﻴﺔ ﺫﺍﺕ ﺩﺭﺠﺔ ﺜﻘﺔ ﻋﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﺍﻭ ﻤﻘﺒﻭﻟـﺔ ﺘﺤـﺕ ﺍﻟﻅـﺭﻭﻑ ﺍﻻﻗﺘـﺼﺎﺩﻴﺔ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺸﻐﻴﻠﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺌﺩﺓ‪ Y .‬ﺍﻻﺤﺘﻴﺎﻁﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺘﻤل ﻭﻫﻭ ﺍﻻﺤﺘﻴﺎﻁﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﺒﺭﻤﺞ ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺭﺍﺠﻪ ﺍﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩﺍ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬
‫ﺠﻴﻭﻟﻭﺠﻴﺔ ﻭﻫﻨﺩﺴﻴﺔ ﻤﻌﺘﻤﺩﺓ ﺒﺩﺭﺠﺔ ﺜﻘﺔ ﺍﻗل ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺜﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻨﺒﻁﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺘﺭﺍﻜﻴﺏ ﺍﺴﺘﻜﺸﺎﻓﻴﺔ ﻤﻌﺭﻭﻓﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﺘﺎﺌﺞ‪.‬‬
‫‪ Z‬ﺍﺤﺘﻴﺎﻁﻲ ﻤﺭﺠﺢ ﺍﺫﺍ ﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﺩﺭﺠﺔ ﺍﻟﺜﻘﺔ ﻤﺎ ﺒﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺅﻜﺩ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺤﺘﻤل‪.‬‬
‫‪2-4‬‬
‫ﻃﺮﺍﺋﻖ ﺣﺴﺎﺏ ﺣﺠﻢ ﺍﳍﻴﺪﺭﻭﻛﺎﺭﺑﻮﻧﺎﺕ ﻟﻠﺤﻘﻞ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻄﻲ ﺍﻭ ﺍﻟﻐﺎﺯﻱ‬
‫ﻫﻨﺎﻟﻙ ﻁﺭﻕ ﻋﺩﻴﺩﺓ ﻟﺤﺴﺎﺏ ﺍﻻﺤﺘﻴﺎﻁﻲ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁﻲ ﺘﺘﺭﺍﻭﺡ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺭﻴﺒﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﺔ ﻗﺒل ﺍﻥ ﻴﺘﻡ ﻓﺤـﺹ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺼﻴﺩﺓ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﺤﺴﺎﺒﺎﺕ ﺍﻻﻜﺜﺭ ﺘﻌﻘﻴﺩﺍ ﻋﻨﺩ ﺘﻭﻓﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻁﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻻﻜﺜﺭ ﺼﻌﻭﺒﺔ‪ .‬ﻤﻥ ﺍﻫﻡ ﺍﻟﻁﺭﺍﺌﻕ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻌﻤﻠﺔ‪:‬‬
‫)‪(Gomez, 1978‬‬
‫‪ .1‬ﺍﻟﻁﺭﻴﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺠﻤﻴﺔ ‪Volumetric method‬‬
‫‪ .2‬ﻁﺭﻴﻘﺔ ﻤﻭﺍﺯﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺩﺓ ‪Material balance method‬‬
‫‪ .3‬ﻁﺭﻴﻘﺔ ﺍﻨﺨﻔﺎﺽ ﺍﻻﻨﺘﺎﺠﻴﺔ ‪Production decline method‬‬
‫ﺘﺴﺘﺨﺩﻡ ﺍﻟﻁﺭﻴﻘﺔ ﺍﻻﻭﻟﻰ ﺒﻌﺩ ﺍﺴﺘﻜﺸﺎﻑ ﻭﺘﻁﻭﻴﺭ ﺍﻟﺤﻘل‪ ،‬ﺃﻤﺎ ﺍﻟﻁﺭﺍﺌﻕ ﺍﻷﺨـﺭﻯ ﻓﺘـﺴﺘﻌﻤل ﺒﻌـﺩ‬
‫ﻤﺭﻭﺭ ﻓﺘﺭﺓ ﺯﻤﻨﻴﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻻﻨﺘﺎﺝ ﻭﺘﻭﻓﺭ ﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ ﻋﻥ ﺘﻐﻴﻴﺭ ﻀﻐﻁ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻤﻥ ﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﺯﻤﻥ ﻭﺘﻭﻓﺭ ﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ ﻜﺎﻓﻴﺔ‬
‫ﻋﻥ ﺨﻭﺍﺹ ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺍﺌﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻤﻨﻴﺔ ﻭﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻻﻨﺘﺎﺠﻴﺔ‪.‬‬
‫‪< <<êŞËßÖ]<ê^éju÷]<h^Šu‬‬
‫‪137‬‬
‫ﻴﻤﻜﻥ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﻡ ﺒﺤﺴﺎﺏ ﺍﻭﻟﻲ ﻟﻼﺤﺘﻴﺎﻁﻲ ﻗﺒل ﺍﺴﺘﻜﻤﺎل ﺤﻔﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﺼﻴﺩﺓ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁﻴﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺨـﻼل ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﺩﻟـﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻵﺘﻴﺔ‪(Selley, 1998) :‬‬
‫)‪Recoverable Oil Reserves R.O.R (bbl ) = Vb ⋅ F ..................................... (4-1‬‬
‫ﺤﻴﺙ ﺍﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻻﺤﺘﻴﺎﻁﻲ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁﻲ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺒل ﻟﻼﺴﺘﺨﺭﺍﺝ )ﺍﻻﻭﻟﻲ(‬
‫‪R.O.R‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤﺠﻡ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻲ ﻟﻠﻤﻜﻤﻥ‬
‫‪Vb‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﺨﺭﺝ )ﺒﺭﻤﻴل‪/‬ﺍﻜﺭ‪-‬ﻗﺩﻡ(‬
‫‪F‬‬
‫ﺘﻔﺘﺭﺽ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﺩﻟﺔ ﺍﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺼﻴﺩﺓ ﻤﻤﺘﻠﺌﺔ ﺒﺎﻟﻨﻔﻁ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻨﻘﻁﺔ ﺍﻻﻨﺴﻜﺎﺏ)‪ ، (spill point‬ﻭﻴﺤﺘﺴﺏ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤﺠﻡ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻲ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﺤﺔ ﺇﺫ ﻴﺤﺘﺴﺏ ﺍﻻﻨﻐﻼﻕ )‪ (closure‬ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻁﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺯﻟﺯﺍﻟﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴﺴﺘﻌﻤل ﺠﻬـﺎﺯ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺒﻼﻨﻭﻤﻴﺘﺭ ﻟﻘﻴﺎﺱ ﻤﺴﺎﺤﺔ ﺨﻁﻭﻁ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﺴﻴﺏ ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ ﻭﻋﻨﺩﻫﺎ ﻴﺘﻡ ﺤﺴﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﺤﺠﻡ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻨﺤﻭ ﺍﻻﺘﻲ‪:‬‬
‫‪a ‬‬
‫‪ ao‬‬
‫)‪+ a1 + a 2 + a3 + ⋅ ⋅ ⋅ + a n −1 + n  ................................................ (4-2‬‬
‫‪2 ‬‬
‫‪ 2‬‬
‫‪V = h‬‬
‫ﺤﻴﺙ ﺍﻥ‬
‫‪V‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤﺠﻡ‬
‫‪h‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻔﺘﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻜﻨﺘﻭﺭﻴﺔ‬
‫‪ao‬‬
‫‪a1‬‬
‫‪an‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﺤﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺼﻭﺭﺓ ﺒﺤﺩ ﺘﻤﺎﺱ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁ – ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺀ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﺤﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺼﻭﺭﺓ ﺒﺨﻁ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺴﻭﺏ )ﺍﻟﻜﻨﺘﻭﺭ( ﺍﻻﻭل‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﺤﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺼﻭﺭﺓ ﺒﺨﻁ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺴﻭﺏ ﺍﻟﻨﻭﻨﻲ ‪nth‬‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻭﺍﻀﺢ ﺍﻨﻪ ﻜﻠﻤﺎ ﻀﺎﻗﺕ ﺍﻟﻔﺘﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻜﻨﺘﻭﺭﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﺴﺔ ﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﺍﻟﻨﺘﺎﺌﺞ ﺍﻟﻨﻬﺎﺌﻴﺔ ﺍﻜﺜﺭ ﺩﻗﺔ‪ .‬ﺍﻥ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺒل ﻟﻼﺴﺘﺨﺭﺍﺝ ﻟﻜل ﺍﻜﺭ‪ -‬ﻗﺩﻡ ﻫﻭ ﺍﻟﺭﻗﻡ ﺍﻻﻜﺜﺭ ﺼﻌﻭﺒﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﻴﻨﺒﻐﻲ ﺘﺨﻤﻴﻨﻪ ﻤﺎ ﻟﻡ ﺘﺘﻭﻓﺭ ﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤـﺎﺕ‬
‫ﻤﺤﻠﻴﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺤﻘﻭل ﻤﺠﺎﻭﺭﺓ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴﻤﻜﻥ ﺍﻥ ﻴﺘﻡ ﺍﺤﺘﺴﺎﺒﻪ ﺍﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩﺍ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ ﻟﻤﻌﺩل ﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻤﻥ )ﻭﻟﻨﻘل ﺒﻴﻥ‬
‫‪ 10‬ﺇﻟﻰ ‪ ، (% 30‬ﻭﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ ﻟﻤﻌﺎﻤل ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺨﻼﺹ )‪) (recovery factor‬ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﻴﻌﺎﺩل ﺒﺸﻜل ﻋﺎﻡ ‪%30‬‬
‫ﺍﻭ ﺍﻜﺜﺭ ﻟﻠﺭﻤﺎل ﻭﺒﻴﻥ ‪ 10‬ﺇﻟﻰ ‪ %20‬ﺒﺎﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ ﻟﻠﻤﻜﺎﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺠﻴﺭﻴﺔ()‪ . (Selley, 1998‬ﻭﻴﺘﻐـﺎﻴﺭ ﻤﻌﺎﻤـل‬
‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺨﺭﺍﺝ ﺍﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩﺍ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻓﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺼﻠﺔ ﺒﻴﻥ ﺍﻻﺒﺎﺭ ﻭﻨﻔﻭﺫﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻤﻥ ﻭﻟﺯﻭﺠﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺌﻊ ﻭﺘﺎﺜﻴﺭ ﺁﻟﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺩﻓﻊ‬
‫‪< <<êŞËßÖ]<ê^éju÷]<h^Šu‬‬
‫‪138‬‬
‫)‪ . (Drive mechanism‬ﻭﺒﺸﻜل ﻋﺎﻡ ﻴﻤﻜﻥ ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺭﺍﺝ ﻋﺩﺓ ﻤﺌﺎﺕ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺒﺭﺍﻤﻴل‪/‬ﺍﻜـﺭ‪-‬ﻗـﺩﻡ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺒﺘﺭﻭل‪ .‬ﺍﻥ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﻁﺭﻴﻘﺔ ﻟﺤﺴﺎﺏ ﺍﻻﺤﺘﻴﺎﻁﻲ ﺘﻘﺭﻴﺒﻴﺔ ﺠﺩﺍ ﻭﻟﻜﻨﻬﺎ ﻴﻤﻜﻥ ﺍﻥ ﺘﻜﻭﻥ ﺍﻟﻁﺭﻴﻘـﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺘـﻭﻓﺭﺓ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻭﺤﻴﺩﺓ ‪ ،‬ﻜﻤﺎ ﺍﻨﻬﺎ ﻴﻤﻜـﻥ ﺍﻥ ﺘﻜـﻭﻥ ﻨﺎﻓﻌـﺔ ﻓـﻲ ﻭﻀـﻊ ﺍﻭﻟﻭﻴـﺎﺕ ﻟﺤﻔـﺭ ﻤﻨـﺎﻁﻕ ﺍﻻﺤﺘﻤـﺎﻻﺕ‬
‫)‪ . (Selley, 1998‬ﻭﻤﺎ ﺍﻥ ﻴﺘﻡ ﺍﻜﺘﺸﺎﻑ ﺤﻘل ﻤﻌﻴﻥ ﺤﺘﻰ ﺘﺘﻭﻓﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺩﻗﻴﻘﺔ ﻋﻨﻪ ﻭﻴﻤﻜﻥ ﺘﻁﺒﻴﻕ‬
‫ﻤﻌﺎﺩﻻﺕ ﺍﻜﺜﺭ ﺩﻗﺔ‪(Selley, 1998) :‬‬
‫‪ 7758Vφ ave (1 − s wave )R ‬‬
‫)‪ ..................................... (4-3‬‬
‫‪FVF‬‬
‫‪‬‬
‫‪‬‬
‫‪Recoverable Oil (bbl ) = ‬‬
‫ﺤﻴﺙ ﺍﻥ‬
‫‪V‬‬
‫‪7758‬‬
‫‪φave‬‬
‫‪swave‬‬
‫‪R‬‬
‫‪FVF‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤﺠﻡ )ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﺤﺔ × ﺍﻟﺴﻤﻙ(‬
‫ﻤﻌﺎﻤل ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻭﻴل ﻤﻥ ﺍﻻﻜﺭ‪-‬ﻗﺩﻡ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﺒﺭﺍﻤﻴل‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ )ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺩل(‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺌﻲ )ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺩل(‬
‫ﻤﻌﺎﻤل ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺨﺭﺍﺝ )ﻤﻘﺩﺭ(‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﻤل ﺍﻟﺤﺠﻤﻲ ﻟﻠﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ‬
‫ﺘﺼﺒﺢ ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺴﻴﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺯﻟﺯﺍﻟﻴﺔ ﺍﻜﺜﺭ ﺘﻬﺫﻴﺒﺎ ﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ ﻴﺘﻡ ﺤﻔﺭ ﺍﻻﺒﺎﺭ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺤﻘـل ﺇﺫ ﺒﺎﻻﻤﻜـﺎﻥ ﺭﺴـﻡ‬
‫ﺨﺎﺭﻁﺔ ﺘﺭﻜﻴﺒﻴﺔ ﺩﻗﻴﻘﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﺘﺤﺩﺩ ﻤﻌﻁﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺠﺱ ﻭﺍﻟﻔﺤﻭﺼﺎﺕ ﺤﺩ ﺘﻤﺎﺱ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁ ﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺀ‪ ،‬ﻭﺒﺎﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ ﺴـﻤﻙ‬
‫ﻋﻤﻭﺩ ﺍﻟﻬﻴﺩﺭﻭﻜﺎﺭﺒﻭﻨﺎﺕ )‪ .(Dahlber, 1979‬ﻴﺘﻡ ﺤﺴﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﻤـﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺠـﺴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﻌـﺎﻴﺭﺓ ﻤـﻊ‬
‫ﻤﻌﻁﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻠﺒﺎﺏ ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴﺤﺘﺴﺏ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺌﻲ ﻤﻥ ﻤﺠﺴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﻭﻤﻴﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺼﻌﺏ ﻋﺎﺩﺓ ﺍﺤﺘﺴﺎﺏ ﻤﻌﺎﻤـل‬
‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺨﻼﺹ ﺤﺘﻰ ﻟﻭ ﺘﻭﻓﺭﺕ ﻤﻌﻁﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﺩﺍﺀ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺎﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺸﺎﺒﻬﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺤﻘﻭل ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺎﻭﺭﺓ ﻭﺘﻌﻁﻲ ﻗﻴﻡ ﺘﻘﺭﻴﺒﻴﺔ‬
‫ﻟﻪ ﻤﺴﺒﻘﺎ‪ .‬ﺍﻥ ﺍﻟـ ‪ FVF‬ﻤﻌﺎﻤل ﺍﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﺤﺠﻤﻲ ﻴﺤﻭل ﻜﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟـﻨﻔﻁ ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﺴـﺔ ﺒﺒﺭﺍﻤﻴـل ﺍﻟﺨﺯﺍﻨـﺎﺕ‬
‫)‪ (stock tank barrel of oil‬ﺇﻟﻰ ﺤﺠﻡ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁ ﻋﻨﺩ ﺩﺭﺠﺔ ﺤﺭﺍﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺎﻤﻥ ﻭﻀﻐﻁﻪ‪ .‬ﻭﻫﻭ ﻴﻌﺘﻤـﺩ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺘﺭﻜﻴﺏ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁ‪ ،‬ﻏﻴﺭ ﺍﻥ ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻻﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩ ﻴﻤﻜﻥ ﺘﻘﺭﻴﺒﻪ ﺒﺸﻜل ﻋﺎﻡ ﺒﺎﺤﺘـﺴﺎﺏ ﻤﻌـﺎﻤﻼﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻨـﺎﺕ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤﺠﻤﻴﺔ ﺒﺎﻻﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻨﺴﺒﺔ ﺍﻟﻐﺎﺯ ﺍﻟﻤﺫﺍﺏ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁ ))‪ (solution gas oil ratio (GOR‬ﻭﺍﻟﺫﻱ‬
‫ﻴﺤﺴﺏ ﻤﻥ ﻤﻌﺎﺩﻻﺕ ﺨﺎﺼﺔ ﻭﻜﺜﺎﻓﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁ )ﻜﺜﺎﻓﺔ ‪ ،(API‬ﺍﺫ ﺘﺘﺭﺍﻭﺡ ﻗﻴﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﻤل ﺍﻟﺤﺠﻤﻲ ﻟﻠﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﻤﻥ‬
‫‪< <<êŞËßÖ]<ê^éju÷]<h^Šu‬‬
‫‪139‬‬
‫)‪ (1.08‬ﺍﺫﺍ ﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﻨﺴﺒﺔ ﺍﻟﻐﺎﺯ ﺍﻟﻤﺫﺍﺏ – ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁ )‪ (GOR‬ﻭﺍﻁﺌﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﻡ ﺜﻘﻴل ﺇﻟﻰ ﻗﻴﻡ ﺘﺘﺠﺎﻭﺯ )‪(2‬‬
‫ﻟﻠﻨﻔﻭﻁ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻁﺎﻴﺭﺓ ﻭﻨﺴﺒﺔ )‪ (GOR‬ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺘﻔﻌﺔ‪ .‬ﻴﻤﻜﻥ ﺍﺠﺭﺍﺀ ﻗﻴﺎﺴﺎﺕ ﺍﻜﺜﺭ ﺩﻗﺔ ﻟﻤﻌﺎﻤل ﺍﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﺤﺠﻤـﻲ‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﺒﺭ ‪ .‬ﻭﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺜﺎﻟﻴﺔ ‪ ،‬ﺘﺄﺨﺫ ﻋﻴﻨﺔ ﻤﻥ ﻤـﺎﺌﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻤـﻥ ﻭﺘﺠﻤـﻊ ﻓـﻲ ﺠﻬـﺎﺯ ﺍﻟـﻀﻐﻁ‬
‫)‪ (pressure bomb‬ﻭﻴﻌﺎﺩ ﺘﺴﺨﻴﻨﻬﺎ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺩﺭﺠﺔ ﺤﺭﺍﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻤﻥ ‪ ،‬ﺜﻡ ﺘﻘﻠل ﺩﺭﺠﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺍﺭﺓ ﻭﺍﻟـﻀﻐﻁ‬
‫ﺇﻟﻰ ﺩﺭﺠﺔ ﺤﺭﺍﺭﺓ ﻭﻀﻐﻁ ﺍﻟﺴﻁﺢ ﺒﺤﻴﺙ ﻴﻤﻜﻥ ﻗﻴﺎﺱ ﺤﺠﻭﻡ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁ ﻭﺍﻟﻐﺎﺯ ﺫﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﻼﻗﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻨﺤﻭ ﺩﻗﻴﻕ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﻴﻁﻠـــﻕ ﻋﻠـــﻰ ﻫـــﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﻁﺭﻴﻘـــﺔ ﺍﺴـــﻡ )ﺍﻟـــﻀﻐﻁ – ﺍﻟﺤﺠـــﻡ – ﺍﻟﺤـــﺭﺍﺭﺓ(‬
‫)‪.(Pressure-Volume-Temperature Analysis) (PVT‬‬
‫ﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ ﻴﺘﻡ ﺍﻻﻨﺘﺎﺝ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺤﻘل‪ ،‬ﺘﺤﺩﺙ ﺍﻟﻌﺩﻴﺩ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺘﻐﻴﺭﺍﺕ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻤـﻥ‪ ،‬ﺍﺫ ﻴـﻨﺨﻔﺽ ﺍﻟـﻀﻐﻁ‬
‫ﻭﻴﺘﻀﺎﺀل ﻤﻌﺩل ﺍﻻﻨﺴﻴﺎﺏ ﻭﻗﺩ ﺘﺘﻐﻴﺭ ﻨﺴﺒﺔ ﺍﻟﻐﺎﺯ – ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁ ﺭﻏﻡ ﺍﻥ ﺫﻟﻙ ﻴﻌﺘﻤﺩ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻨﻭﻉ ﺁﻟﻴـﺔ ﺍﻟـﺩﻓﻊ‪.‬‬
‫ﻴﻤﻜﻥ ﺼﻴﺎﻏﺔ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻐﻴﺭﺍﺕ ﺒﻤﻌﺎﺩﻟﺔ ﻤﻭﺍﺯﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﻤـﺎﺩﺓ )‪ (material balance equation‬ﻭﺍﻟﺘـﻲ‬
‫ﻤﺜﻠﻤﺎ ﻴﺩل ﺍﺴﻤﻬﺎ ﺘﻭﺍﺯﻥ ﺤﺠﻭﻡ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁ ﻭﺍﻟﻐﺎﺯ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻤﻥ ﻋﻨﺩ ﺍﻟﻀﻐﻭﻁ ﺍﻻﻭﻟﻴﺔ ﻤﻊ ﺘﻠﻙ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺘﺠﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺘﺒﻘﻴﺔ‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻤﻥ ﻓﻲ ﻤﺭﺍﺤل ﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺤﻴﺎﺘﻪ ﺍﻻﻨﺘﺎﺠﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻓﻲ ﺍﺒﺴﻁ ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻴﺎﺘﻬﺎ ‪ ،‬ﻓﺎﻥ ﻤﻌﺎﺩﻟﺔ ﻤﻭﺍﺯﻨﺔ ﺘﻭﺍﺯﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺩﺓ ﻫﻲ ﻨﺴﺨﺔ ﻤﻥ ﻗﺎﻨﻭﻥ ﺤﻔﻅ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﻠﺔ )‪ .(Selley, 1998‬ﺍﻥ ﻭﺯﻥ ﺍﻟﻬﻴﺩﺭﻭﻜﺎﺭﺒﻭﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺠﻭﺩﺓ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻤﻥ ﺍﺴﺎﺴﺎ ﺘﺴﺎﻭﻱ ﻭﺯﻥ ﺍﻟﻬﻴﺩﺭﻭﻜﺎﺭﺒﻭﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺘﺠﺔ ﺯﺍﺌـﺩﺍ ﻭﺯﻥ ﺍﻟﻬﻴـﺩﺭﻭﻜﺎﺭﺒﻭﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺒﻘﻴـﺔ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻤﻥ‪ .‬ﻓﺎﺫﺍ ﺘﻡ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺒﻴﺭ ﻋﻥ ﻜﺎﻓﺔ ﺍﻻﻭﺯﺍﻥ ﺒﻭﺤﺩﺍﺕ ﺒﺭﺍﻤﻴل ﺍﻟﺨﺯﻥ )‪ (ST‬ﺒﺎﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ ﻟﻠﻨﻔﻁ ﻭﻗـﺩﻡ ﻤﻜﻌـﺏ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺨﺯﻥ )‪ (SCF‬ﺒﺎﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ ﻟﻠﻐﺎﺯ‪ ،‬ﻋﻨﺩﻫﺎ ﻴﻤﻜﻥ ﺘﻌﻭﻴﺽ ﺍﻟﻭﺯﻥ ﺒﺎﻟﺤﺠﻡ‪.‬‬
‫ﻟﻤﻌﺎﺩﻟﺔ ﺤﻔﻅ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﻠﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺩﻴﺩ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻐﻴﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻘﺩﺓ ‪ ،‬ﺭﻏﻡ ﺍﻥ ﺤﻠﻬﺎ ﻴﻌﺩ ﺍﺤﺩﻯ ﺍﻫﻡ ﻭﺍﺠﺒﺎﺕ ﻤﻬﻨﺩﺱ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺒﺘﺭﻭل‪ ،‬ﻓﺎﻥ ﺍﻏﻠﺏ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻁﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺘﻌﺘﻤﺩ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ ﻴﺘﻡ ﺘﻭﻓﻴﺭﻫﺎ ﻤﻥ ﻗﺒل ﺍﻟﺠﻴﻭﻟﻭﺠﻲ )‪.(Selley, 1998‬‬
‫‪3-4‬‬
‫ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺍﻟﻄﺮﻳﻘﺔ ﺍﳊﺠﻤﻴﺔ ﳊﺴﺎﺏ ﺍﳌﺨﺰﻭﻥ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻄﻲ‬
‫ﺘﻌﺘﻤﺩ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﻁﺭﻴﻘﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺤﺴﺎﺏ ﺤﺠﻡ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻤﻥ ﺒﻭﺴﺎﻁﺔ ﺨﺭﺍﺌﻁ ﻜﻨﺘﻭﺭﻴـﺔ ﺘﺭﻜﻴﺒﻴـﺔ ﻭ ﺨـﺭﺍﺌﻁ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴﻤﺎﻜﺔ‪ ،‬ﺜﻡ ﺍﺴﺘﻌﻤﺎل ﻤﻌﺎﺩﻻﺕ ﺨﺎﺼﺔ ﺘﻤﺜل ﺤﺠﻡ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻤﻥ )‪ (VR‬ﻭﺘﺘﻁﻠﺏ ﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ ﺨﺎﺼـﺔ ﺒﺎﻤﺘـﺩﺍﺩ‬
‫‪< <<êŞËßÖ]<ê^éju÷]<h^Šu‬‬
‫‪140‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤﻘل ﻭﺴﻤﻜﻪ ﻭﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺘﻪ ﻭﺩﺭﺠﺔ ﺘﺸﺒﻌﻪ ﺒﺎﻟﻤﺎﺀ ﻭﻤﻌﺎﻤل ﺍﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﺤﺠﻤﻲ ﻟﻠـﻨﻔﻁ )ﺍﻓﺩﻴـﺴﻴﺎﻥ‪.(1988 ،‬‬
‫ﻴﺤﺴﺏ ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺯﻭﻥ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁﻲ ﺍﻻﺼﻠﻲ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻗﻊ ﺒﺎﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﺩﻟﺔ ﺍﻻﺘﻴﺔ‪(Anon, 2004a) :‬‬
‫‪1‬‬
‫)‪.................................................... (4-4‬‬
‫‪BOi‬‬
‫⋅ ) ‪OIIP = GRV ⋅ NTG ⋅ φ a ⋅ (1 − s wa‬‬
‫ﺤﻴﺙ ﺍﻥ‬
‫‪OIIP‬‬
‫‪φa‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺯﻭﻥ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁﻲ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻗﻊ )‪ (m3 at surface condition‬ﺍﻭ )‪(STB stock tank barrel‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺯﻭﻨﺔ)‪(fraction‬‬
‫‪ GRV‬ﺤﺠﻡ ﺍﻟﺼﺨﻭﺭ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻴﺔ ) ‪ m3‬ﺍﻭ ‪ ft3‬ﺍﻭ ﺍﻟﺒﺭﺍﻤﻴل(‬
‫‪ NTG‬ﻤﻌﺩل ﺴﻤﻙ ﺍﻟﻌﻁﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﺼﺎﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻬﻴﺩﺭﻭﻜﺎﺭﺒﻭﻨﻲ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﻙ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻲ‬
‫‪Swa‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺌﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺯﻭﻥ)‪(fraction‬‬
‫‪BOi‬‬
‫ﻤﻌﺎﻤل ﺍﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﺤﺠﻤﻲ ﻟﻠﻨﻔﻁ )‪(Reservoir barrel/stock) (RB/STB‬‬
‫ﻭﻗﺩ ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺩﻤﺕ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﺩﻟﺔ ﻟﺤﺴﺎﺏ ﺍﻻﺤﺘﻴﺎﻁﻲ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁﻲ ﻓﻲ ﺁﺒﺎﺭ ﻤﻨﻁﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ ﺤﻴﺙ ﺘﻡ ﺤﺴﺎﺏ‬
‫ﻜل ﻤﺘﻐﻴﺭ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﺩﻟﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺤﺩﻩ ﻭﻜﻤﺎ ﻴﺎﺘﻲ‪:‬‬
‫‪1-3-4‬‬
‫ﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ ﺘﻤﺎﺱ ﻨﻔﻁ – ﻤﺎﺀ‬
‫ُﻴﻌﺩ ﺤﺩ ﺘﻤﺎﺱ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁ – ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺀ )ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﻴﺭﻤﺯ ﻟﻪ ﻋﺎﺩﺓ )‪ ( (OWC‬ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻭﻱ ﺍﻻﻋﻤـﻕ‬
‫ﻟﻠﻨﻔﻁ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺒل ﻟﻼﻨﺘﺎﺝ ‪ .‬ﺍﻥ ﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ ﺤﺩ ﺘﻤﺎﺱ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁ – ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺀ ﻴﻌﺩ ﺍﺤﺩ ﺍﻻﻫﺩﺍﻑ ﺍﻻﺴﺎﺴﻴﺔ ﻟﺠﺱ‬
‫ﺍﻻﺒﺎﺭ ﻭﺍﻟﻔﺤﺹ‪ .‬ﻓﻘﺩ ﹸﺘ ّﻌﺩ ﺍﻟﺤﺩﻭﺩ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺼﻠﺔ ﻤﺎ ﺒﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁ ﻭﺍﻟﻐﺎﺯ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺎﺀ ﺤـﺎﺩﺓ ﺍﻭ ﺍﻨﺘﻘﺎﻟﻴـﺔ‬
‫ﻭﺘﺩل ﺴﻁﻭﺡ ﺘﻤﺎﺱ ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺍﺌﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺎﺠﺌﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻭﺠﻭﺩ ﻤﻜﺎﻤﻥ ﻨﻔﺎﺫﺓ ﻓﻲ ﺤـﻴﻥ ﺘـﺩل ﺍﻟﺤـﺩﻭﺩ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﺩﺭﻴﺠﻴﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻨﻔﻭﺫﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻁﺌﺔ ﻤﻊ ﻀﻐﻁ ﺸﻌﻴﺭﻱ ﻋﺎﻟﻲ‪ .‬ﻭﻴﻁﻠﻕ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻨﻁﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﻭﺍﻗﻊ ﺘﺤﺕ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻬﻴﺩﺭﻭﻜﺎﺭﺒﻭﻨﺎﺕ ﻤﺒﺎﺸﺭﺓ ﺍﺴﻡ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺀ ﺍﻻﺴﻔل )‪ ، (Bottom water‬ﻓﻲ ﺤﻴﻥ ﻴﻁﻠﻕ ﻋﻠﻰ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﻁﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺎﻭﺭ ﻋﺭﻀﻴﺎ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﻤﺼﻴﺩﺓ ﺍﺴﻡ ﺍﻟﻨﻁﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﺤـﺎﻓﻲ )‪ . (Edge zone‬ﺘﻜـﻭﻥ‬
‫ﻥ‬
‫ﺤﺩﻭﺩ ﺘﻤﺎﺱ ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺍﺌﻊ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﺼﻴﺩﺓ ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻴﺔ )‪ (planar‬ﺒﻴﺩ ﺍﻨﻬﺎ ﻟﻴﺴﺕ ﺍﻓﻘﻴـﺔ ﺩﺍﺌﻤـﺎ‪ .‬ﺇ ّ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﻤﻴﻴﺯ ﺍﻟﻤﺒﻜﺭ ﻟﺴﻁﺢ ﺘﻤﺎﺱ ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺍﺌـﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺌـل )‪ (tilted fluid contact‬ﻴﻌـﺩ ﺃﻤـﺭﹰﺍ‬
‫‪< <<êŞËßÖ]<ê^éju÷]<h^Šu‬‬
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‫ﻀﺭﻭﺭﻴﹰﺎ ﻟﻠﺘﻘﻴﻴﻡ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﻴﺢ ﻟﻠﻤﻜﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻜﻔﺅﺀ )‪ .(Selley, 1998‬ﻫﻨﺎﻟﻙ ﺍﻟﻌﺩﻴﺩ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻻﺴـﺒﺎﺏ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺘﺅﺩﻱ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻨﺸﻭﺀ ﺤﺩﻭﺩ ﺘﻤﺎﺱ ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺍﺌﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺌﻠﺔ ‪ ،‬ﻓﻬﻲ ﻗﺩ ﺘﻭﺠﺩ ﺤﻴﻨﻤﺎ ﻴﻜـﻭﻥ ﻫﻨـﺎﻙ‬
‫ﺍﻨﺴﻴﺎﺏ ﺤﺭﻜﻲ – ﻤﺎﺌﻲ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﻴﺎﻩ ﺍﻟﺴﻔﻠﻰ ﻤﻤﺎ ﻴﺴﺒﺏ ﺍﺯﺍﺤﺔ ﺍﻟﻬﻴﺩﺭﻭﻜﺎﺭﺒﻭﻨﺎﺕ ﻤﻥ ﻤﻭﺍﻗـﻊ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺫﺭﻭﺓ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻓﺔ )‪ .(flanks‬ﻭﻴﻤﻜﻥ ﺍﻥ ﺘﺤﺩﺙ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻻﺯﺍﺤﺔ ﺒﺩﺭﺠﺎﺕ ﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺸﺩﺓ‬
‫ﻭﻴﻤﻜﻥ ﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ ﻭﺠﻭﺩ ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﻨﻭﻉ ﻤﻥ ﺘﻤﺎﺱ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁ – ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺌل ﻤﻥ ﻤﻌﻁﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻀﻐﻁ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬
‫ﺘﻅﻬﺭ ﻤﻨﺤﺩﺭﺓ ﻓﻲ ﺴﻁﺢ ﺍﻟﺠﻬﺩ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺭﻱ )‪ .(potentiometric surface‬ﻭﻓﻲ ﺒﻌـﺽ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤﻘﻭل ﻴﻜﻭﻥ ﺤﺩ ﺘﻤﺎﺱ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁ – ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺀ ﻗﺩ ﻤﺎل ﻨﺘﻴﺠﺔ ﺍﻻﻨﺘﺎﺝ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻓﺭﺽ ﺒـﺴﺒﺏ ﺤﺭﻜـﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺌﻊ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺘﺠﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻨﺘﺎﺝ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁ ﻓﻲ ﺤﻘل ﻤﺠﺎﻭﺭ )‪ .(Goebel, 1950‬ﺍﻥ ﺍﻟﺴﺒﺏ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻟـﺙ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺘﻤل ﻟﺤﺩ ﺘﻤﺎﺱ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁ – ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺌل ﻗﺩ ﻴﻜﻭﻥ ﻨﺘﻴﺠﺔ ﺘﻐﻴﺭ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺴﺤﻨﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﻓﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺤﻴﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﻅﺭﻴﺔ ﻓﺈﻥ ﺍﻟﺘﻐﻴﺭ ﻓﻲ ﺤﺠﻡ ﺍﻟﺤﺒﻴﺒﺎﺕ ﻋﺒﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻤﻥ ﻗﺩ ﻴﺅﺩﻱ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻨﺸﻭﺀ ﺤﺩ ﺘﻤﺎﺱ ﻤﺎﺌل‪،‬‬
‫ﻭﻤﻊ ﺘﻨﺎﻗﺹ ﺤﺠﻡ ﺍﻟﺤﺒﻴﺒﺎﺕ ﻴﺯﺩﺍﺩ ﺍﻟﻀﻐﻁ ﺍﻟﺸﻌﻴﺭﻱ ﻤﻤﺎ ﻴﺴﻤﺢ ﺒﺎﺭﺘﻔﺎﻉ ﻓﻲ ﺤـﺩ ﺘﻤـﺎﺱ‬
‫ﻼ ﺠـﺩﹰﺍ ﻻ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁ – ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺀ‪ .‬ﻭﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺘﻁﺒﻴﻕ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻲ ﻓﺎﻥ ﺘﺄﺜﻴﺭ ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻻﺭﺘﻔﺎﻉ ﻗﺩ ﻴﻜـﻭﻥ ﻀـﺌﻴ ﹰ‬
‫ﻴﺘﺠﺎﻭﺯ ﺒﻀﻌﺔ ﺍﻤﺘﺎﺭ ﻓﻲ ﺤﺩﻩ ﺍﻻﻗﺼﻰ )‪ .(Yuster, 1953‬ﺘﻡ ﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ ﺤﺩ ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁ –‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺀ ﻓﻲ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ ﺒﺎﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ ﻤﺠﺴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺤﺙ ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻬﺩ ﺍﻟﺫﺍﺘﻲ ﺤﻴﺙ ﻴﻅﻬﺭ ﻤﺠﺱ ﺍﻟﺤـﺙ‬
‫ﻗﺭﺍﺀﺍﺕ ﻋﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﺍﻤﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻌﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻬﻴﺩﺭﻭﻜﺎﺭﺒﻭﻨﻴﺔ ﻭﻜﺫﻟﻙ ﺍﻨﺤﺭﺍﻑ ﺴﺎﻟﺏ ﻋﺎﻟﻲ ﻟﻤﺠﺱ ﺍﻟﺠﻬﺩ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺫﺍﺘﻲ ﻭﻫﺒﻭﻁ ﻤﻔﺎﺠﺊ ﻋﻨﺩ ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ ﺘﻤﺎﺱ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁ – ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺀ‪ ،‬ﺤﻴﺙ ﺘﺄﺨﺫ ﻗﻴﻡ ﺍﻟﺘـﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻤـﺎﺌﻲ‬
‫ﺒﺎﻟﺯﻴﺎﺩﺓ ﺍﺴﻔل ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻕ‪ .‬ﺤﺩﺩ ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ ﺘﻤﺎﺱ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁ – ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺀ ﻋﻨﺩ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻕ ‪ 2080‬ﻡ ﻓﻲ ﺒﺌﺭ‬
‫‪ Ns-1‬ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻤﻕ ‪ 2054‬ﻡ ﻓﻲ ﺒﺌﺭ ‪ Ns-2‬ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻤﻕ ‪ 2071‬ﻡ ﻓـﻲ ﺒﺌـﺭ ‪ Ns-3‬ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻤـﻕ‬
‫‪ 2065‬ﻡ ﻓﻲ ﺒﺌﺭ ‪ Ns-4‬ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻤﻕ ‪ 2059‬ﻡ ﻓﻲ ﺒﺌﺭ ‪ ، Ns-5‬ﺍﻤﺎ ﻤﻌﺩل ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ ﻟﻜل‬
‫ﺍﻵﺒﺎﺭ ﻓﻘﺩ ﻜﺎﻥ ‪ 2065.8‬ﻡ‪.‬‬
‫‪< <<êŞËßÖ]<ê^éju÷]<h^Šu‬‬
‫‪2-3-4‬‬
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‫ﺤﺴﺎﺏ ﺤﺠﻡ ﺍﻟﺼﺨﻭﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻤﻨﻴﺔ‬
‫ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺴﻴﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺠﻴﻭﻟﻭﺠﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﻤﻜﻤﻥ ﻻ ﻴﻤﻜﻥ ﺘﻬﻴﺌﺘﻬﺎ ﺤﺘﻰ ﺤﻔﺭ ﺍﻻﺒﺎﺭ ﻟﻤﻌﺭﻓﺔ ﻤـﺴﺎﺤﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻤﻥ ﻭﺴﻤﻜﻪ ﻭﺍﻥ ﺤﺴﺎﺏ ﺤﺠﻡ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻤﻥ ﻴﺒﻨﻰ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﺴﺎﺱ ﺨـﺭﺍﺌﻁ ﺠﻴﻭﻟﻭﺠﻴـﺔ ﺘﺭﻜﻴﺒﻴـﺔ‬
‫)‪ .(Garb,1985‬ﺘﺴﺘﺨﺩﻡ ﻤﻌـﺎﺩﻻﺕ ﺨﺎﺼـﺔ ﻟﺤـﺴﺎﺏ ﺤﺠـﻡ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻤـﻥ ﻤﻨﻬـﺎ ﻤﻌﺎﺩﻟـﺔ‬
‫)‪ (Simpson‬ﻭﻗﺎﻋﺩﺓ ﺸﺒﻪ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺤﺭﻑ ﻭﻗﺎﻋﺩﺓ ﺍﻟﻬﺭﻡ ﻭﺘﺭﺴﻡ ﺨﺭﺍﺌﻁ ﺍﻟـﺴﻤﺎﻜﺔ ﺒﻌـﺩ ﺘـﻭﻓﺭ‬
‫ﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ ﻜﺎﻓﻴﺔ ﻋﻥ ﺍﺨﺘﻼﻑ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﻙ ﺍﻟﺤﻘﻴﻘﻲ ﻟﻠﻤﻜﻤﻥ ﻋﻥ ﻁﺭﻴﻕ ﺘـﺴﺠﻴل ﺍﻵﺒـﺎﺭ‪ .‬ﺘﹸﺭﺴـﻡ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺨﺭﺍﺌﻁ ﺍﻟﻜﻨﺘﻭﺭﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺭﻜﻴﺒﻴﺔ ﺒﻌﺩ ﺘﻭﻓﺭ ﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ ﻋﻥ ﺍﻋﻤﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﺴﻁﺢ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻭﻱ ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻔﻠﻲ ﻟﻠﻁﺒﻘـﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻤﻨﻴﺔ ﻋﻥ ﺴﻁﺢ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺭ‪ .‬ﻭﻴﻤﻜﻥ ﺤﺴﺎﺏ ﺤﺠﻡ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻤﻥ ﺍﻴﻀﺎ ﺒﺎﻟﺭﺴﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻨﻲ ﺒﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤـﺴﺎﺤﺔ‬
‫ﺩﺍﺨل ﺍﻟﺨﻁﻭﻁ ﺍﻟﻜﻨﺘﻭﺭﻴﺔ ﻭﻋﻤﻕ ﺍﻟﺨﻁﻭﻁ ﺍﻟﻜﻨﺘﻭﺭﻴﺔ ﺍﻭ ﺍﺭﺘﻔﺎﻉ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻤﻥ )ﺍﻓﺩﻴﺴﻴﺎﻥ‪.(1988 ،‬‬
‫ﺘﺭﺴﻡ ﺍﻟﺨﺭﺍﺌﻁ ﺍﻟﻜﻨﺘﻭﺭﻴﺔ ﻟﺴﻁﺢ ﻤﺎ‪ ،‬ﻟﻁﺒﻘﺔ ﺘﺤﺕ ﺴﻁﺢ ﺍﻻﺭﺽ ﺒﺤﺴﺎﺏ ﺍﺭﺘﻔﺎﻋﻬـﺎ‬
‫ﺒﺎﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ ﻟﺴﻁﺢ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺭ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻻﺒﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻴﺴﺘﺨﺩﻡ ﻤﻬﻨﺩﺴﻭ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺎﻤﻥ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺨﺭﺍﺌﻁ ﻟﺘﻌﻴﻴﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤﺠﻡ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺘﺞ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻲ ﻟﻠﻤﻜﻤﻥ )‪ .(Craft et al., 1991‬ﻟﻘﺩ ﺘﻡ ﻓﻲ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴـﺔ ﺤـﺴﺎﺏ‬
‫ﺤﺠﻡ ﺍﻟﺼﺨﻭﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻤﻨﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻭﻴﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁ ﺒﻭﺴﺎﻁﺔ ﺍﻟﺭﺴـﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﻴـﺎﻨﻲ ﻟﻠﻤـﺴﺎﺤﺔ ﺩﺍﺨـل‬
‫ﺍﻟﺨﻁﻭﻁ ﺍﻟﻜﻨﺘﻭﺭﻴﺔ ﻻﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﻭﺍﺴﻔﻠﻪ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺤﺴﺒﺕ ﺒﻭﺴﺎﻁﺔ ﺠﻬﺎﺯ ﺍﻟﺒﻼﻨﻭﻤﻴﺘﺭ )ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﻗﺒل ﺸﺭﻜﺔ ﻨﻔﻁ ﺍﻟﺠﻨﻭﺏ( ﻤﻊ ﻋﻤﻕ ﺍﻟﺨﻁﻭﻁ ﺍﻟﻜﻨﺘﻭﺭﻴـﺔ ﻭﻗـﺩ ﻗﻁﻌـﺕ ﻫـﺫﻩ ﺒﻭﺴـﺎﻁﺔ‬
‫)‪ (O.W.C‬ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻭﻱ ﺇﻟﻰ ‪ 2065.8‬ﻻﺒﺎﺭ ﻤﻨﻁﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﺤﺴﺒﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﺤﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺼﻭﺭﺓ‬
‫ﺒﻴﻨﻬﻡ ﻭﻤﻨﻬﺎ ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺭﺝ ﺤﺠﻡ ﺍﻟﺼﺨﻭﺭ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻭﻴﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟـﻨﻔﻁ ﻓﻭﺠـﺩ ﺍﻨـﻪ ﻤـﺴﺎﻭﻱ ﺇﻟـﻰ‬
‫)‪ 106 × 11700‬ﻡ‪ ( 3‬ﻻﺒﺎﺭ ﻤﻨﻁﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺤﻘل ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺼﺭﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻜﻤﺎ ﻤﻭﻀﺢ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺸﻜل‬
‫)‪ .(1-4‬ﻴﺒﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻭل )‪ (1-4‬ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﺤﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺴﻭﺒﺔ ﻻﺒﺎﺭ ﻤﻨﻁﻘـﺔ ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴـﺔ ﻓـﻲ ﺤﻘـل‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺼﺭﻴﺔ )ﻻﻋﻠﻰ ﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﺍﻻﺴﻔل ﻭﺍﺴﻔﻠﻪ(‪.‬‬
‫ﺷﻜﻞ )‪ ( 1-4‬ﺧﺎﺭﻃﺔ ﺗﺮﻛﻴﺒﻴﺔ ﻻﺳﻔﻞ ﺗﻜﻮﻳﻦ ﺍﳌﺸﺮﻑ ﰲ ﺣﻘﻞ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺻﺮﻳﺔ ) ﺷﺮﻛﺔ ﻧﻔﻂ ﺍﳉﻨﻮﺏ(‬
‫‪< <<êŞËßÖ]<ê^éju÷]<h^Šu‬‬
‫‪143‬‬
‫‪< <<êŞËßÖ]<ê^éju÷]<h^Šu‬‬
‫‪144‬‬
‫ﺠﺩﻭل )‪ (1-4‬ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﺤﺔ ﺍﻟﻔﻌﻠﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﻭﺤﺩﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻤﻨﻴﺔ ﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﺍﻷﺴﻔل‬
‫‪Lower limit of lower Mishrif‬‬
‫)‪Area (km2‬‬
‫‪16.350‬‬
‫‪42.295‬‬
‫‪64.412‬‬
‫‪80‬‬
‫‪3-3-4‬‬
‫‪contour value‬‬
‫‪2040‬‬
‫‪2050‬‬
‫‪2060‬‬
‫‪2065.8‬‬
‫‪Upper limit of lower Mishrif‬‬
‫‪2‬‬
‫) ‪Area (km‬‬
‫‪19.100‬‬
‫‪52.735‬‬
‫‪81.905‬‬
‫‪113.695‬‬
‫‪145.070‬‬
‫‪183.982‬‬
‫‪226.817‬‬
‫‪272.410‬‬
‫‪308.172‬‬
‫‪330‬‬
‫‪contour value‬‬
‫‪1980‬‬
‫‪1990‬‬
‫‪2000‬‬
‫‪2010‬‬
‫‪2020‬‬
‫‪2030‬‬
‫‪2040‬‬
‫‪2050‬‬
‫‪2060‬‬
‫‪2065.8‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺨﻭﺍﺹ ﺍﻟﺒﺘﺭﻭﻓﻴﺯﻴﺎﺌﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﺼﺨﻭﺭ‬
‫ﺒﻐﻴﺔ ﺍﺴﺘﻜﻤﺎل ﺤﺴﺎﺏ ﺒﻘﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻐﻴﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﻁﻠﻭﺒﺔ ﻟﺤﺴﺎﺏ ﺍﻻﺤﺘﻴﺎﻁﻲ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁﻲ ﻴﺠـﺏ‬
‫ﻤﻌﺭﻓﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺩﻭﺩ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻁﻌﺔ ﻟﻜل ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﻔﺎﺫﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺌﻲ ﻭﻤﻌﺭﻓﺔ ﺴﻤﻙ ﺍﻟﻌﻁـﺎﺀ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼﺎﻓﻲ ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻤﻙ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻲ ﻭﺤﺴﺎﺏ ﻜل ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺩل ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺯﻭﻥ ﻟﻠﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺌﻲ‪ .‬ﻭﻻﻥ‬
‫ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﻗﻠﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺎﺌﺩ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺘﺤﺘﻭﻱ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻤﻜﺎﻤﻥ ﻤﻨﺘﻅﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﻙ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﻔﺎﺫﻴﺔ ﺇﺫ ﺍﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻏﻠﺒﻬﺎ ﻏﻴﺭ ﻤﺘﺠﺎﻨﺱ ﺒﺩﺭﺠﺎﺕ ﻤﺘﻔﺎﻭﺘﺔ‪ ،‬ﻟﺫﻟﻙ ﻴﺘﻡ ﺤﺴﺎﺏ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻁﻴﺎﺕ ﻤﻥ ﺨﻼل‪:‬‬
‫ﺍﻭ ﹰﻻ‪ :‬ﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ ﺍﻟﺤﺩﻭﺩ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻁﻌﺔ )‪(cut off‬‬
‫ﺘﻡ ﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ ﺍﻟﺤﺩﻭﺩ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻁﻌﺔ ﻟﻜل ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﻔﺎﺫﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺌﻲ ﻻﺠل ﻤﻌﺭﻓـﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻨﺘﺎﺝ ﺍﻟﻬﻴﺩﺭﻭﻜﺎﺭﺒﻭﻨﺎﺕ ﻭﻋﻁﺎﺌﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻤﻥ ﺤﻴﺙ ﺘﻡ ﺤﺴﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﺤﺩ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻁﻊ ﻟﻜل ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻤـﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺌﻲ ﻜﻤﺎ ﻴﺎﺘﻲ‪:‬‬
‫}ﺃ{‬
‫ﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ ﺍﻟﺤﺩ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻁﻊ ﻟﻠﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ‬
‫ﺘﺄﺨﺫ ﺤﺩﻭﺩ ﺍﺨﺘﺯﺍل ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﻓﻲ ﻤﻜﺎﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺼﺨﻭﺭ ﺍﻟﺠﻴﺭﻴﺔ ﻨـﺴﺒﺔ ﺘـﺸﺒﻊ ﻤـﺎﺌﻲ‬
‫)‪ (35%‬ﻭﻨﺴﺒﺔ ﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ )‪ .(Magara, 1986) (10%‬ﻭﻤﻥ ﺨﻼل ﺘﺤﺎﻟﻴـل ﺍﻟﻤـﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻭﻓﺭﺓ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﻔﺎﺫﻴﺔ ﺒﺎﻟﻬﻭﺍﺀ ﻵﺒﺎﺭ ﻤﻨﻁﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ ﺭﺴﻤﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﻼﻗﺔ ﻤﺎ ﺒﻴﻨﻬﻤﺎ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﻤﻘﻴـﺎﺱ‬
‫ﺸﺒﻪ ﻟﻭﻏﺎﺭﺘﻴﻤﻲ ﺜﻡ ُﺭﺴﻡ ﺍﺤﺴﻥ ﺨﻁ ﻤﺴﺘﻘﻴﻡ ﻴﻤﺭ ﺒﺎﻟﻨﻘﺎﻁ ﺒﻌﺩ ﺫﻟﻙ ﺃﺨﺫﺕ ﺃﺩﻨﻰ ﻗﻴﻤﺔ ﻟﺘﺤﺎﻟﻴل‬
‫‪< <<êŞËßÖ]<ê^éju÷]<h^Šu‬‬
‫‪145‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺎﺫﻴﺔ ﻭﻫﻲ )‪) (0.1 md‬ﺍﺩﻨﻰ ﻗﻴﻤﺔ ﻟﺤﺩﻭﺩ ﺍﺨﺘﺯﺍل ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﻓـﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﻜـﺎﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺘﺠـﺔ‬
‫ﻫﻲ)‪ ((Kupecz, 1995) (0.1 md‬ﺤﻴﺙ ﺴﻘﻁﺕ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺨﻁ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻘﻴﻡ ‪،‬ﻓﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﻗﻴﻤـﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻘﻁﻊ ﻟﻠﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﺒﺎﺏ ﻤﺴﺎﻭﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻰ )‪ (5%‬ﻜﻤﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺸﻜل )‪ ،(2-4‬ﺜﻡ ﺭﺴﻤﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﻼﻗﺔ‬
‫ﻤﺎ ﺒﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﺒﺎﺏ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺴﻭﺒﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺴﺎﺕ ﻵﺒﺎﺭ ﻤﻨﻁﻘـﺔ ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴـﺔ‬
‫ﻭﺒﺄﺨﺫ ﻗﻴﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﻘﻁﻊ )‪ (5%‬ﻟﻠﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﺒﺎﺏ ﻭﺘﺴﻘﻴﻁﻬﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻓﻀل ﺨﻁ ﻤـﺴﺘﻘﻴﻡ ﻴﻤـﺭ‬
‫ﺒﺎﻟﻨﻘﺎﻁ ﻓﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﻗﻴﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺩ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻁﻊ ﻟﻠﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺴﻭﺒﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺱ ﺘﺴﺎﻭﻱ )‪ (16%‬ﻭﻜﻤﺎ ﻓﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﻜل )‪.(3-4‬‬
‫} ﺏ{‬
‫ﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ ﺍﻟﺤﺩ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻁﻊ ﻟﻠﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺌﻲ‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﺨﻼل ﺭﺴﻡ ﺍﻟﻌﻼﻗﺔ ﻤﺎ ﺒﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺌﻲ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺴﻭﺒﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺠـﺴﺎﺕ‬
‫ﻵﺒﺎﺭ ﻤﻨﻁﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ ﻭﺒﺄﺨﺫ ﻗﻴﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﻘﻁﻊ ﻟﻠﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺴﻭﺒﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺱ ﻭﺇﺴﻘﺎﻁﻬﺎ ﻋﻠـﻰ‬
‫ﻤﻨﺤﻨﻲ ﺘﻡ ﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ ﻗﻴﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺩ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻁﻊ ﻟﻠﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺌﻲ ﻭﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﻜﺎﻥ ﻴـﺴﺎﻭﻱ )‪ (60%‬ﻟﻤﻜﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﻜﻤﺎ ﻴﻭﻀﺤﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﺸﻜل )‪.(4-4‬‬
‫ﺜﺎﻨﻴ ﹰﺎ‪ :‬ﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ ﺴﻤﻙ ﺍﻟﻌﻁﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﺼﺎﻓﻲ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﻙ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻲ‬
‫ﻴﺴﻤﻰ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺘﺞ ﺩﺍﺨل ﺍﻟﻤﺼﻴﺩﺓ ﺒﺎﻟﻌﻁﺎﺀ )‪ ،(pay‬ﻭﺘﺴﻤﻰ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻓﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻭﺩﻴﺔ‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﻗﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻤﻥ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ ﺘﻤﺎﺱ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁ – ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺀ ﺒﺎﺴﻡ ﺍﻟﻌﻁﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻲ ‪ ،‬ﻭﻗﺩ ﻴﺘﻐﺎﻴﺭ ﻫﺫﺍ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴﻤﻙ ﻤﻥ ﻤﺘﺭ ﻭﺍﺤﺩ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻤﺌﺎﺕ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻷﻤﺘﺎﺭ ﻭﻟﻴﺱ ﺒﺎﻟﻀﺭﻭﺭﺓ ﺍﻥ ﻴﺘﻜﻭﻥ ﻜل ﺍﻟﻌﻁﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻲ‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﻤﻜﻤﻥ ﻤﻨﺘﺞ‪ ،‬ﻟﺫﻟﻙ ﻴﺘﻡ ﺘﻤﻴﻴﺯ ﺍﻟﻌﻁﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻲ ﻋﺎﺩﺓ ﻋﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﻁﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﺼﺎﻓﻲ)‪. (net pay‬‬
‫ﻭﻴﻌﺭﻑ ﺍﻟﻌﻁﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﺼﺎﻓﻲ ﺒﺄﻨﻪ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﻙ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻭﺩﻱ ﺍﻟﺘﺭﺍﻜﻤﻲ ﻟﻠﻤﻜﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﻴﻤﻜﻥ ﺃﻨﺘﺎﺝ ﺍﻟﺒﺘﺭﻭل‬
‫ﻤﻨﻪ‪ .‬ﺍﻥ ﺘﻁﻭﻴﺭ ﻤﻜﻤﻥ ﻤﺎ ﻴﺘﻁﻠﺏ ﺒﺎﻟﻀﺭﻭﺭﺓ ﺭﺴﻡ ﺨﺭﻴﻁﺔ ﻨﺴﺒﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻁﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﺼﺎﻓﻲ ﺇﻟﻰ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﻁﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻲ ﻋﺒﺭ ﺍﻟﺤﻘل ﺒﺄﻜﻤﻠﻪ‪ .‬ﻴﺘﻡ ﺘﻘﺴﻴﻡ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻤﻥ ﻋﺎﺩﺓ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﻌﻁﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻲ ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻁﺎﺀ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼﺎﻓﻲ ‪ .‬ﻭﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻌﺩﻴﺩ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺤﻘﻭل ﻴﻜﻭﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﻁﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﺼﺎﻓﻲ ﺍﻗل ﺒﺸﻜل ﻤﻠﻤﻭﺱ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﻁﺎﺀ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻲ‪ .‬ﻭﻴﻌﺯﻯ ﺍﻟﻔﺭﻕ ﺒﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﻁﺎﺌﻴﻥ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻋﺎﻤﻠﻴﻥ ﻫﻤﺎ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻻﻭﻟﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺘﺭﺴﺏ‬
< <<êŞËßÖ]<ê^éju÷]<h^Šu
146
Contour value
1970
1980
1990
2000
2010
2020
2030
2040
2050
2060
2070
2080
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
160
180
200
Oil water contact (OWC)
140
Area (km2)
220
240
260
‫( ﻤﺭﺘﺴﻡ ﺘﻘﺎﻁﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﺤﺔ ﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻕ ﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﺍﻻﺴﻔل‬2-4) ‫ﺸﻜل‬
280
300
Upper limit
340
Lower limit
320
360
< <<êŞËßÖ]<ê^éju÷]<h^Šu
147
Permeability (md)
10000
1000
100
10
1
0.1
0.01
0.001
0
5
10
15
20
Porosity (%)
25
‫( ﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ ﺍﻟﺤﺩ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻁﻊ ﻟﻠﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﺒﺎﺏ‬3-4) ‫ﺸﻜل‬
30
35
40
‫‪40‬‬
‫‪35‬‬
‫‪30‬‬
‫‪25‬‬
‫‪20‬‬
‫)‪Porosity (core‬‬
‫‪15‬‬
‫ﺸﻜل )‪ (4-4‬ﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ ﺍﻟﺤﺩ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻁﻊ ﻟﻠﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺴﻭﺒﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺴﺎﺕ‬
‫‪10‬‬
‫‪5‬‬
‫‪0‬‬
‫‪35‬‬
‫‪30‬‬
‫‪25‬‬
‫‪20‬‬
‫‪15‬‬
‫‪10‬‬
‫‪5‬‬
‫‪0‬‬
‫‪< <<êŞËßÖ]<ê^éju÷]<h^Šu‬‬
‫‪148‬‬
‫)‪Porosity (log‬‬
‫‪100‬‬
‫‪95‬‬
‫‪90‬‬
‫‪85‬‬
‫‪80‬‬
‫‪75‬‬
‫‪70‬‬
‫‪65‬‬
‫‪60‬‬
‫‪55‬‬
‫‪50‬‬
‫‪Sw‬‬
‫‪45‬‬
‫‪40‬‬
‫‪35‬‬
‫‪30‬‬
‫ﺸﻜل )‪ (5-4‬ﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ ﺍﻟﺤﺩ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻁﻊ ﻟﻠﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺌﻲ‬
‫‪25‬‬
‫‪20‬‬
‫‪15‬‬
‫‪10‬‬
‫‪5‬‬
‫‪0‬‬
‫‪60‬‬
‫‪55‬‬
‫‪50‬‬
‫‪45‬‬
‫‪40‬‬
‫‪35‬‬
‫‪30‬‬
‫‪25‬‬
‫‪20‬‬
‫‪15‬‬
‫‪10‬‬
‫‪5‬‬
‫‪0‬‬
‫‪< <<êŞËßÖ]<ê^éju÷]<h^Šu‬‬
‫‪149‬‬
‫‪Porosity‬‬
‫‪< <<êŞËßÖ]<ê^éju÷]<h^Šu‬‬
‫‪150‬‬
‫ﺒﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻭﻴﺭﻴـﺔ ﺍﻟﺘـﻲ ﻏﻴـﺭﺕ ﺍﻟﻤـﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻷﺼـﻠﻴﺔ ﺒﺎﻟﺘـﺴﻤﻴﺕ ﺃﻭ‬
‫ﺍﻻﺫﺍﺒﺔ )‪.(Selley, 1998‬‬
‫ُﻴﻌﺭﻑ ﺴﻤﻙ ﺍﻟﻌﻁﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﺼﺎﻓﻲ ﻟﻜل ﺒﺌﺭ ﻭﻟﻜﻥ ﻷﻏﺭﺍﺽ ﺍﻟﺨﺭﺍﺌﻁ ﻴﻔﻀل ﺍﺨﺫ ﺨﺭﺍﺌﻁ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴﻤﻙ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻲ )‪ (gross thickness‬ﻭﻤﻌﺩل ﺴﻤﻙ ﺍﻟﻌﻁﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﺼﺎﻓﻲ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟـﺴﻤﻙ ﺍﻟﻜﻠـﻲ‬
‫)‪ (net pay/gross pay ratio‬ﻭﺇﺨﺭﺍﺝ ﺍﻟﺤﺠﻡ ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﻴﻘﻊ ﺍﺴﻔل ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ ﺘﻤﺎﺱ ﻏـﺎﺯ‬
‫ﺍﻭ ﻨﻔﻁ – ﻤﺎﺀ )‪.(Anon, 2004b‬‬
‫ﻭﺒﺎﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ ﺍﻟﺤﺩﻭﺩ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻁﻌﺔ )‪ (cut off‬ﻟﻠﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺌﻲ‪ ،‬ﺘﻡ ﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ ﺴـﻤﻙ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﻁﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﺼﺎﻓﻲ ﻭﺴﻤﻙ ﺍﻟﻌﻁﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻲ ﻭﺜﻡ ﺃﻴﺠﺎﺩ ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ ﺒﻴﻨﻬﻡ ﻵﺒﺎﺭ ﻤﻨﻁﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ ‪ ،‬ﻜﻤﺎ‬
‫ﻤﻭﻀﺢ ﻓﻲ ﺠﺩﻭل )‪.(2-4‬‬
‫ﺠﺩﻭل )‪ (2-4‬ﺴﻤﻙ ﺍﻟﻌﻁﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﺼﺎﻓﻲ ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻤﻙ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻲ ﻭﻤﻌﺩل ﺴﻤﻙ ﺍﻟﻌﻁﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﺼﺎﻓﻲ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﻙ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻲ ﻻﺒﺎﺭ ﻤﻨﻁﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺼﺭﻴﺔ )ﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ(‬
‫‪Gross thickness‬‬
‫)‪(m‬‬
‫‪54‬‬
‫‪Net pay thickness‬‬
‫)‪(m‬‬
‫‪45‬‬
‫‪Ns-1‬‬
‫‪0.64‬‬
‫‪58‬‬
‫‪37‬‬
‫‪Ns-2‬‬
‫‪0.56‬‬
‫‪55‬‬
‫‪31‬‬
‫‪Ns-3‬‬
‫‪0.88‬‬
‫‪68‬‬
‫‪60‬‬
‫‪Ns-4‬‬
‫‪0.85‬‬
‫‪71‬‬
‫‪60‬‬
‫‪Ns-5‬‬
‫)‪Ratio (net/gross‬‬
‫‪0.83‬‬
‫‪0.75‬‬
‫‪Well No.‬‬
‫‪Average‬‬
‫ﺜﺎﻟﺜ ﹰﺎ‪ :‬ﺤﺴﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺩل ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺯﻭﻥ ﻟﻠﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺌﻲ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ‬
‫ﻴﺘﻡ ﺤﺴﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺩل ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺯﻭﻥ ﻟﻠﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺌﻲ ﺍﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩﺍ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﻗﻴﻤﻬـﺎ ﺍﻟﻤﺤـﺴﻭﺒﺔ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺴﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﺇﺫ ﻴﺘﻡ ﺤﺴﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺩل ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺯﻭﻥ ﻟﻠﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﻟﻸﺠﺯﺍﺀ ﺍﻟﻔﻌﺎﻟﺔ ﻭﺘﺒﻌﺎ ﻟﻠﺴﻤﻙ ﺤﺴﺏ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﺩﻟﺔ ﺍﻻﺘﻴﺔ‪:‬‬
‫)‪(Dake, 1978‬‬
‫‪< <<êŞËßÖ]<ê^éju÷]<h^Šu‬‬
‫‪151‬‬
‫‪ ∑ φi hi ‬‬
‫)‪ ................................................................................. (4-5‬‬
‫‪‬‬
‫‪h‬‬
‫∑‬
‫‪i‬‬
‫‪‬‬
‫‪‬‬
‫‪φ average = ‬‬
‫ﺤﻴﺙ ﺍﻥ‬
‫‪ φaverage‬ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺩل ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺯﻭﻥ ﻟﻠﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺴﻭﺒﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺱ‬
‫‪φi‬‬
‫ﺴﻤﻙ ﺍﻟﻌﻁﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﺼﺎﻓﻲ‬
‫‪hi‬‬
‫ﺘﻡ ﺤﺴﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺩل ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺯﻭﻥ ﻟﻠﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﻟﺠﻤﻴﻊ ﺍﺒﺎﺭ ﻤﻨﻁﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴـﺔ ﺒﺎﺴـﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﺩﻟـﺔ )‪(5-4‬‬
‫ﻓﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺯﻭﻨﺔ ﻟﻠﻭﺤﺩﺓ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻤﻨﻴﺔ ﺍﻻﻭﻟﻰ ﻭﻟﺠﻤﻴﻊ ﺁﺒﺎﺭ ﻤﻨﻁﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ )‪ (0.236‬ﻭﺍﻟﻤـﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺯﻭﻨﺔ ﻟﻠﻭﺤﺩﺓ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻤﻨﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻴﺔ ﻭﻟﺠﻤﻴﻊ ﺍﺒﺎﺭ ﻤﻨﻁﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ )‪ ، (0.247‬ﺍﻤﺎ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺩل ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﻤـﻭﺯﻭﻥ‬
‫ﻟﻠﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﻭﻟﺠﻤﻴﻊ ﺍﻻﺒﺎﺭ ﻭﻟﻠﻭﺤﺩﺘﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻤﻨﻴﺘﻴﻥ ﻫﻭ )‪.(0.241‬‬
‫ﺍﻤﺎ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺌﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺯﻭﻥ ﻻﺒﺎﺭ ﻤﻨﻁﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ ﻓﻘﺩ ﺘﻡ ﺤﺴﺎﺒﻪ ﻟﻜل ﻭﺤﺩﺓ ﻤﻜﻤﻨﻴﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺍﺠﺯﺍﺌﻬـﺎ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻔﻌﺎﻟﺔ ﺘﺒﻌﺎ ﻟﻠﺴﻤﻙ ﻭﻓﻕ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻨﻭﻥ ﺍﻻﺘﻲ‪:‬‬
‫‪‬‬
‫)‪ ......................................................................... (4-6‬‬
‫‪‬‬
‫‪‬‬
‫‪ ∑ φi hi Swi‬‬
‫‪Swaverage = ‬‬
‫‪ ∑φ h‬‬
‫‪i i‬‬
‫‪‬‬
‫ﺤﻴﺙ ﺍﻥ‬
‫‪ Swaverage‬ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺩل ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺯﻭﻥ ﻟﻠﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺌﻲ‬
‫‪Swi‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺌﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺴﻭﺏ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺱ‬
‫ﻟﻘﺩ ﺘﻡ ﺤﺴﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺌﻲ ﻟﺠﻤﻴﻊ ﺁﺒﺎﺭ ﻤﻨﻁﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ ﻭﻟﻠﻭﺤﺩﺘﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻤﻨﻴﺘﻴﻥ ﻓﻭﺠﺩ ﺍﻨﻪ ﻴﺴﺎﻭﻱ‬
‫)‪ (0.286‬ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻭﺤﺩﺓ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻤﻨﻴﺔ ﺍﻻﻭﻟﻰ ﻭﻟﺠﻤﻴﻊ ﺍﺒﺎﺭ ﻤﻨﻁﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ ﺃﻤﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻭﺤـﺩﺓ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻤﻨﻴـﺔ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻴـﺔ‬
‫ﻓﻴﺴﺎﻭﻱ )‪ ، (0.355‬ﺃﻤﺎ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺩل ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ ﻟﻠﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺌﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺯﻭﻥ ﻭﻟﺠﻤﻴﻊ ﺍﻻﺒﺎﺭ ﻓﻴﺴﺎﻭﻱ )‪.(0.3105‬‬
‫‪< <<êŞËßÖ]<ê^éju÷]<h^Šu‬‬
‫‪4-4‬‬
‫‪152‬‬
‫ﺣﺴﺎﺏ ﺍﳌﺨﺰﻭﻥ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻄﻲ‬
‫ﺘﻡ ﺤﺴﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺯﻭﻥ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁﻲ ﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﻭﻟﻠﺠﺯﺀ ﺍﻻﺴﻔل ﻤﻨﻪ ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﻴﻤﺜل ﺍﻟﺠـﺯﺀ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻤﻨـﻲ‬
‫ﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﻟﻤﻭﺍﺼﻔﺎﺕ ﺼﺨﻭﺭﻩ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻤﻨﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺠﻴﺩﺓ ﻹﺤﺘﻭﺍﺌﻪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁ‪ ،‬ﺒﻌـﺩ ﻤﻌﺭﻓـﺔ ﺍﻟـﺼﺨﻭﺭ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻭﻴﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁ ﻭﻤﻌﺩل ﺴﻤﻙ ﺍﻟﻌﻁﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﺼﺎﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻲ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺯﻭﻨـﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺘـﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻤـﺎﺌﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺯﻭﻥ ‪ .‬ﺃﻤﺎ ﻤﻌﺎﻤل ﺍﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﺤﺠﻤﻲ ﻟﻠﻨﻔﻁ )‪ (Boi‬ﻓﻘﺩ ﺍﻋﺘﻤﺩ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺘﻘـﺎﺭﻴﺭ ﺍﻟﺨـﻭﺍﺹ ﺍﻟﻔﻴﺯﻴﺎﺌﻴـﺔ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺜﺭﻭﻤﻭﺩﻴﻨﺎﻤﻴﻜﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺠﻭﺩﺓ ﻓﻲ ﺸﺭﻜﺔ ﻨﻔﻁ ﺍﻟﺠﻨﻭﺏ ﻓﻲ ﺤﺴﺎﺏ ﻋﺎﻤل ﺍﻟﺘﻤﺩﺩ ﺍﻟﺤﺠﻤﻲ ﻟﻠﻨﻔﻁ ﻓﻭﺠﺩ ﺍﻨـﻪ‬
‫ﻤﺴﺎﻭﻱ ﻟـ )‪ (1.3139‬ﻭﺍﻟﻜﺜﺎﻓﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﻭﻋﻴﺔ)‪ (0.89‬ﻏﻡ‪/‬ﺴﻡ‪ .3‬ﻭﻗﺩ ﺘﻡ ﺘﻁﺒﻴﻕ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﺩﻟـﺔ )‪ (4-4‬ﻟﺤـﺴﺎﺏ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺯﻭﻥ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁﻲ ﺍﻻﺼﻠﻲ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻗﻊ ﻭﻓﻲ ﻅﺭﻭﻑ ﺍﻟﺴﻁﺢ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﺴﻴﺔ ﻓﻭﺠﺩ ﺍﻥ‪:‬‬
‫ﺤﺠﻡ ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺯﻭﻥ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁﻲ ﻓﻲ ﻅﺭﻭﻑ ﺍﻟﺴﻁﺢ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﺴﻴﺔ = )‪(1111.2577 × 106 m3‬‬
‫ﻜﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺯﻭﻥ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁﻲ ﻓﻲ ﻅﺭﻭﻑ ﺍﻟﺴﻁﺢ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﺴﻴﺔ = )‪(989.019 × 106 ton‬‬
‫ﺤﺠﻡ ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺯﻭﻥ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁﻲ ﻓﻲ ﻅﺭﻭﻑ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻤﻥ ﺘﺴﺎﻭﻱ = )‪(1460.0815 × 106 m3‬‬
‫‪ 5-4‬ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﻗﺸﺔ‬
‫ﻴﺘﻀﺢ ﻤﻥ ﺨﻼل ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﺭﻨﺔ ﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺒﻘﺔ ﻤﻥ ﻗﺒل ﺸﺭﻜﺔ ﻨﻔﻁ ﺍﻟﺠﻨﻭﺏ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻭﻀـﺤﺔ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻭل ﺭﻗﻡ )‪ (3-4‬ﻤﺎ ﻴﺄﺘﻲ‪:‬‬
‫ﺠﺩﻭل )‪ (3-4‬ﻤﻘﺎﺭﻨﺔ ﺒﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﻡ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺴﻭﺒﺔ ﺤﺎﻟﻴﺎ ﻭﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺒﻘﺔ‬
‫‪1989 study‬‬
‫‪2001 study‬‬
‫‪Present study‬‬
‫‪9484.5‬‬
‫‪0.235‬‬
‫‪0.31‬‬
‫‪0.873‬‬
‫‪2064.9‬‬
‫‪70‬‬
‫‪8‬‬
‫‪805‬‬
‫‪11202‬‬
‫‪0.21‬‬
‫‪0.31‬‬
‫‪0.918‬‬
‫‪2058‬‬
‫‪70‬‬
‫‪8‬‬
‫‪1009‬‬
‫‪11700‬‬
‫‪0.24‬‬
‫‪0.31‬‬
‫‪0.75‬‬
‫‪2065.8‬‬
‫‪60‬‬
‫‪16‬‬
‫‪989‬‬
‫‪Parameters‬‬
‫)‪Vol. of rocks (km3‬‬
‫‪φaverage‬‬
‫‪Swaverage‬‬
‫‪(Net/cross) ratio‬‬
‫‪O.W.C‬‬
‫)‪Cut off Sw (%‬‬
‫)‪Cut off φ (%‬‬
‫‪Reserve quantity (ton) × 106‬‬
‫‪< <<êŞËßÖ]<ê^éju÷]<h^Šu‬‬
‫‪153‬‬
‫ﺇﻥ ﻜﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺯﻭﻥ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁﻲ ﻓﻲ ﻅﺭﻭﻑ ﺍﻟﺴﻁﺢ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﺴﻴﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﺃﻋﻠـﻰ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ ﻋﺎﻡ )‪ (1989‬ﻭﺍﻗل ﻤﻥ ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ ﻋﺎﻡ )‪ (2001‬ﻭﻴﻌﺯﻯ ﻟﻸﺴﺒﺎﺏ ﺍﻵﺘﻴﺔ‪:‬‬
‫‪ .1‬ﺍﻥ ﺤﺠﻡ ﺍﻟﺼﺨﻭﺭ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻭﻴﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﺃﻋﻠﻰ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴـﺘﻴﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺒﻘﺘﻴﻥ ﻨﺘﻴﺠﺔ ﺍﺨﺘﻼﻑ ﺤﺩ ﺘﻤﺎﺱ ﻨﻔﻁ – ﻤﺎﺀ ﻭﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﺃﺩﻯ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﺨﺘﻼﻑ ﻓـﻲ ﺤـﺴﺎﺏ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤﺠﻡ ‪ .‬ﻭﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻴﺭ ﺒﺎﻟﻤﻼﺤﻅﺔ ﺃﻥ ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ ﻋﺎﻡ )‪ (2001‬ﻟﻡ ﺘﺄﺨﺫ ﺒﻨﻅﺭ ﺍﻻﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺭﺴﻡ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﺤﺔ ﺍﻟﻔﻌﻠﻴﺔ ﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻕ ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ ﺍﻷﺴﻔل ﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﺍﻷﺴﻔل ﻤﻤﺎ ﺃﺩﻯ ﺇﻟـﻰ‬
‫ﺤﺩﻭﺙ ﺨﻁﺄ ﻓﻲ ﺤﺴﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﺤﺠﻡ‪.‬‬
‫‪ .2‬ﻭﺠﻭﺩ ﻓﺭﻕ ﻓﻲ ﻗﻴﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﻘﻁﻊ ﻟﻠﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺌﻲ ﻭﻗﻴﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﻘﻁﻊ ﻟﻠﻤـﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟـﺫﻱ ﺃﺩﻯ ﺇﻟـﻰ‬
‫ﺍﺨﺘﻼﻑ ﻓﻲ ﺤﺴﺎﺏ ﻨﺴﺒﺔ ﺴﻤﻙ ﺍﻟﻌﻁﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﺼﺎﻓﻲ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﻌﻁﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻲ ﺍﻟﺘـﻲ ﻜﺎﻨـﺕ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺘﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺒﻘﺘﻴﻥ ﺃﻋﻠﻰ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﺇﺫ ﻴﻼﺤﻅ ﺍﻥ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ ﻤﺒﺎﻟﻎ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﻜﺜﻴﺭﺍ‬
‫ﺇﺫ ﺘﺼل ﺘﻘﺭﻴﺒﺎ ﺇﻟﻰ )‪ (92%‬ﻭﻫﻲ ﻨﺴﺒﺔ ﺘﺸﻴﺭ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻥ ﺍﻹﻨﺘﺎﺠﻴﺔ ﻋﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﺠﺩﺍ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟـﺭﻏﻡ‬
‫ﺃﻥ ﻨﺴﺒﺔ ﺍﻟﻘﻁﻊ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺌﻲ ﺒﻠﻐﺕ )‪. (70%‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ ﺍﳋﺎﻣﺲ‬
‫ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻨﺘﺎﺟﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻮﺻﻴﺎﺕ ‪Conclusions and Recommendations‬‬
‫‪1-5‬‬
‫ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻨﺘﺎﺟﺎﺕ ‪Conclusions‬‬
‫‪ .1‬ﺍﻥ ﺴﻴﺎﺩﺓ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻻﻭﻟﻴﺔ ﻭﻨﺩﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻭﻴﺔ ﻴﻌﺯﻯ ﺍﻟﻰ ﻗﻠﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻭﻴﺭﻴـﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﺜﺭﺓ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺼﺨﻭﺭ ﺍﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﻜﺎﻟﺩﻟﻤﺘﺔ ﻭﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻻﺫﺍﺒﺔ‪.‬‬
‫‪ .2‬ﻭﺠﻭﺩ ﺍﻟﺴﺠﻴل ﺒﻜﻤﻴﺎﺕ ﻗﻠﻴﻠﺔ ﻭﻤﻌﺩﻭﻤﺔ ﻭﺘﺭﻜﻴﺯﻩ ﻓﻲ ﺒﻌﺽ ﻤﻘﺎﻁﻊ ﺍﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﻗﻴﺩ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ ‪ ،‬ﻴﻌﻜﺱ ﺘﺒﺎﻴﻥ ﻭﺍﻀﺢ ﻓﻲ ﻁﺎﻗﺔ ﺤﻭﺽ ﺍﻟﺘﺭﺴﻴﺏ ﺨﻼل ﺘﺭﺴﻴﺏ ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ‪.‬‬
‫‪ .3‬ﻗﻠﺔ ﻤﻌﺩﻥ ﺍﻟﺩﻭﻟﻭﻤﺎﻴﺕ ﻭﺴﻴﺎﺩﺓ ﻤﻌﺩﻥ ﺍﻟﻜﺎﻟﺴﺎﻴﺕ ﺍﻟﻰ ﺠﺎﻨﺏ ﻗﻠﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻭﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻴﻌﺯﻯ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻰ ﻗﻠﺔ ﺘﺎﺜﻴﺭ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺩﻟﻤﺘﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ‪.‬‬
‫‪ .4‬ﺒﺎﻻﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺴﺎﺕ ﻗﺴﻡ ﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﺍﻟﻰ ﻭﺤﺩﺘﻴﻥ ﺭﺌﻴﺴﻴﺘﻴﻥ ﻫﻤـﺎ ﺍﻟﻤـﺸﺭﻑ‬
‫ﺍﻷﻋﻠﻰ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﺍﻷﺴﻔل ﻭﺘﻡ ﺘﻘﺴﻴﻡ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﺍﻷﺴﻔل ﺇﻟﻰ ﻭﺤﺩﺘﻴﻥ ﻤﻜﻤﻨﻴﺘﻴﻥ ﺘﻔـﺼﻠﻬﻤﺎ‬
‫ﺼﺨﻭﺭ ﻋﺎﺯﻟﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺤﺠﺭ ﺍﻟﺠﻴﺭﻱ ﺍﻟﺼﻠﺩ ﻅﻬﺭﺕ ﻓﻲ ﺠﻤﻴﻊ ﺍﻵﺒﺎﺭ ﻤـﺎ ﻋـﺩﺍ ﺒﺌـﺭﻱ‬
‫‪ NS-4‬ﻭ ‪ NS-5‬ﺤﻴﺙ ﻴﻨﻌﺩﻡ ﺘﻭﺍﺠﺩ ﻤﺜل ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﻁﺒﻘﺔ ﺒﺴﺒﺏ ﺘﻐﻴﺭ ﺍﻟﺼﺨﺎﺭﻴﺔ ﺍﻨﻌﻜـﺱ‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺘﺤﺴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ‪.‬‬
‫‪ .5‬ﺍﻥ ﻭﺠﻭﺩ ﺴﺒﻊ ﺴﺤﻨﺎﺕ ﺭﺌﻴﺴﻴﺔ ﻭﺜﻤﺎﻥ ﺜﺎﻨﻭﻴﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺠﻬﺔ ﻭﺘﻨﻭﻉ ﺒﻴﺌﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺭﺴﻴﺏ ﺘﻜـﻭﻴﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﺍﻟﺴﺘﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺠﻬﺔ ﺍﺨﺭﻯ ‪ ،‬ﻴﻌﻜﺱ ﻋﺩﻡ ﺍﺴﺘﻘﺭﺍﺭﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻅـﺭﻭﻑ ﺍﻟﺘﻜﺘﻭﻨﻴـﺔ ﺍﻟﺘـﻲ‬
‫ﺯﺍﻤﻨﺕ ﺘﺭﺴﻴﺏ ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﻓﻲ ﺤﻘل ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺼﺭﻴﺔ‪.‬‬
‫‪ .6‬ﺒﻴﻨﺕ ﻓﺤﻭﺼﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺸﺭﺍﺌﺢ ﺍﻟﺭﻗﻴﻘﺔ ﻭﺠﻭﺩ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ ﺘﺤﻭﻴﺭﻴﺔ ﻋﺩﻴﺩﺓ ﺃﻫﻤﻬﺎ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻹﺤﻜﺎﻡ‬
‫ﻭﻤﺤﺎﻟﻴل ﺍﻟﻀﻐﻁ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺸﻜل ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻴﺩ ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻤﻨﺘﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺩﻟﻤﺘﺔ ﺤﻴﺙ ﻟﻌﺒﺕ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ ﺩﻭﺭﹰﺍ ﻓﻲ‬
‫ﻼ ﻋﻥ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻹﺫﺍﺒﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻔﺘﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﻴﻜﺎﻨﻴﻜﻲ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻋﻤﻠﺕ ﻋﻠﻰ‬
‫ﺘﺩﻫﻭﺭ ﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﻓﻀ ﹰ‬
‫ﺘﻁﻭﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ‪.‬‬
‫]÷‪<l^é‘çjÖ]æ<l^q^jßj‰‬‬
‫‪155‬‬
‫‪ .7‬ﺘﻡ ﺘﻘﺴﻴﻡ ﺒﻴﺌﺔ ﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﺍﻟﻰ ﺴﺘﺔ ﺒﻴﺌﺎﺕ ﺒﺎﻻﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﺍﻟـﺴﺤﻨﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴـﺎﺕ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻭﻴﺭﻴﺔ ﻫﻲ‪ n :‬ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﻭﻀﻴﺔ ‪ o‬ﺤﺎﻓﺔ ﺍﻟﺭﻑ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻴﻕ ‪ p‬ﺒﻴﺌـﺔ ﺃﻤـﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺤـﺩﺭ‬
‫‪ q‬ﺒﻴﺌﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﻨﺎﺌﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﻀﻭﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﺭﻭﺩﺴﺕ ‪ r‬ﺒﻴﺌﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﺠﺯ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻀﺤل ‪ s‬ﺒﻴﺌـﺔ ﺍﻟﻼﻏـﻭﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺘﻭﺡ‪.‬‬
‫‪ .8‬ﺼﻨﻔﺕ ﺍﻟﺼﺨﻭﺭ ﻤﻜﻤﻨﻴﹰﺎ ﺒﺎﻻﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻨﺘﺎﺌﺞ ﺘﺤﺎﻟﻴل ﺍﻟﻀﻐﻁ ﺍﻟـﺸﻌﻴﺭﻱ ﺇﻟـﻰ ﻋـﺩﺓ‬
‫ﺴﺤﻨﺎﺕ ﻫﻲ ‪ n‬ﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﻤﻜﻤﻨﻴﺔ ﺫﺍﺕ ﺍﺩﺍﺌﻴﺔ ﺠﻴﺩﺓ ﺠﻴﺩﺍ ﺘﺘﻤﻴﺯ ﺒﻀﻐﻁ ﺇﺯﺍﺤﺔ ﻭﺍﻁﺊ ﻭﺴﻤﻙ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻭﺩ ﺍﻟﻭﺍﻁﺊ ﻭﺩﺭﺠﺔ ﻤﻜﻤﻨﻴﺔ ﺍﻗل ﻤﻥ )‪ (15%‬ﻭﺫﺍﺕ ﻓﺭﺯ ﻤﺴﺎﻤﻲ ﻤﻤﺘﺎﺯ ‪ o‬ﺴـﺤﻨﺔ‬
‫ﻤﻜﻤﻨﻴﺔ ﺠﻴﺩﺓ ﺍﻻﺩﺍﺌﻴﺔ ﺤﻴﺙ ﺘﺘﻤﻴﺯ ﺒﻔﺭﺯ ﻤﺴﺎﻤﻲ ﻤﺘﻭﺴﻁ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺠﻴﺩ ﻭﺍﻋﻨﺎﻕ ﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﻜﺒﻴﺭﺓ‬
‫ﺇﻟﻰ ﻤﺘﻭﺴﻁﺔ ﻭﻀﻐﻁ ﺇﺯﺍﺤﺔ ﻭﺍﻁﺊ ﻭﺴﻤﻙ ﻋﻤﻭﺩﻱ ﻨﻔﻁﻲ ﻭﺍﻁﺊ ﻭﺩﺭﺠﺔ ﻤﻜﻤﻨﻴﺔ ﻤـﻥ‬
‫ﻤﻤﺘﺎﺯﺓ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺠﻴﺩﺓ ﻭﺘﻨﺘﺸﺭ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻏﻠﺏ ﺁﺒﺎﺭ ﻤﻨﻁﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‪ p .‬ﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﻤﻜﻤﻨﻴﺔ‬
‫ﻤﺘﻭﺴﻁﺔ ﺍﻻﺩﺍﺌﻴﺔ ﺤﻴﺙ ﺘﺘﻤﻴﺯ ﺒﻔﺭﺯ ﻤﺴﺎﻤﻲ ﻤﺘﻭﺴﻁ ﻭﺩﺭﺠﺔ ﻤﻜﻤﻨﻴﺔ ﻤﺘﻭﺴﻁﺔ ﻭﻀـﻐﻁ‬
‫ﺇﺯﺍﺤﺔ ﻭﺍﻁﺊ ﻭﺤﺠﻡ ﺤﺒﻴﺒﻲ ﻨﺎﻋﻡ ‪ q‬ﺴﺤﻨﺔ ﻤﻜﻤﻨﻴﺔ ﻀﻌﻴﻔﺔ ﺍﻻﺩﺍﺌﻴﺔ ﻭﺘﺘﻤﻴـﺯ ﺒﺩﺭﺠـﺔ‬
‫ﻤﻜﻤﻨﻴﺔ ﺭﺩﻴﺌﺔ ﻭﻓﺭﺯ ﺭﺩﻱﺀ ﻭﻀﻐﻁ ﺇﺯﺍﺤﺔ ﻭﺴﻤﻙ ﻋﻤﻭﺩ ﻨﻔﻁﻲ ﻋﺎﻟﻲ‪.‬‬
‫‪ .9‬ﺤﺩﺩ ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ ﺘﻤﺎﺱ ﻨﻔﻁ – ﻤﺎﺀ ﻟﻠﺤﻘل ﻜﻜل ﻋﻨﺩ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻕ )‪ (2065.8‬ﻡ ﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤـﺸﺭﻑ‬
‫ﺒﺎﻻﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻨﺘﺎﺌﺞ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻌﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺌﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻬﻴﺩﺭﻭﻜﺎﺭﺒﻭﻨﺎﺘﻴﺔ ﻭﻤﺠﺴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﻭﻤﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻬﺩ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺫﺍﺘﻲ ‪.‬‬
‫‪ .10‬ﺘﻡ ﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ ﺍﻟﺤﺩ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻁﻊ ﻟﻠﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺴﻭﺒﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ ﻓﻭﺠﺩ ﺍﻨﻪ ﻤﺴﺎﻭﻱ ﺍﻟﻰ‬
‫)‪ ( 16%‬ﻜﻤﺎ ﺘﻡ ﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ ﺍﻟﺤﺩ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻁﻊ ﻟﻠﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺌﻲ ﻓﻭﺠﺩ ﺍﻨﻪ ﻴﺴﺎﻭﻱ )‪.(60%‬‬
‫‪ .11‬ﻤﻥ ﺨﻼل ﺤﺴﺎﺏ ﻨﺴﺒﺔ ﺴﻤﻙ ﺍﻟﻌﻁﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﺼﺎﻓﻲ‪ /‬ﺍﻟﺴﻤﻙ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻲ ﻅﻬﺭ ﺍﺯﺩﻴﺎﺩ ﺘﻠﻙ ﺍﻟﻨـﺴﺒﺔ‬
‫ﺒﺎﺘﺠﺎﻩ ﺒﺌﺭﻱ ‪ NS-4‬ﻭ ‪ NS-5‬ﻓﻴﻼﺤﻅ ﺤﺼﻭل ﺘﺤﺴﻥ ﻓﻲ ﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺘﻬﺎ ‪ ،‬ﻜﻤﺎ ﺒﻠﻎ ﻤﻌﺩل‬
‫ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ ﻻﺒﺎﺭ ﻤﻨﻁﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ )‪.(0.751‬‬
‫]÷‪<l^é‘çjÖ]æ<l^q^jßj‰‬‬
‫‪156‬‬
‫‪ .12‬ﺤﺴﺏ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺩل ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺯﻭﻥ ﻟﻠﻤﺴﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﻓﺒﻠﻎ )‪ (24.1%‬ﻟﺠﻤﻴﻊ ﺁﺒﺎﺭ ﻤﻨﻁﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ ﺒﻴﻨﻤﺎ ﺒﻠﻎ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺩل ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺯﻭﻥ ﻟﻠﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺌﻲ )‪ (0.31‬ﻟﺠﻤﻴﻊ ﺁﺒﺎﺭ ﻤﻨﻁﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‪.‬‬
‫‪ .13‬ﺘﻡ ﺤﺴﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺯﻭﻥ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁﻲ ﺍﻷﺼﻠﻲ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻗﻊ ﻻﺒﺎﺭ ﻤﻨﻁﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴـﺔ ﻓﻭﺠـﺩ ﺇﻨﻬـﺎ‬
‫ﻤﺴﺎﻭﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻰ ‪ 989‬ﻤﻠﻴﻭﻥ ﻁﻥ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻅﺭﻭﻑ ﺍﻟﺴﻁﺤﻴﺔ‪.‬‬
‫‪ .14‬ﻤﻥ ﺨﻼل ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ ﺍﻟﺨﻭﺍﺹ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻤﻨﻴﺔ ﺘﺒﻴﻥ ﺍﻥ ﺍﻟﺨﻭﺍﺹ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻤﻨﻴﺔ ﺘﺘﺤﺴﻥ ﺒﺎﺘﺠﺎﻩ ﺸـﻤﺎل‬
‫ﻏﺭﺏ ﻤﺩﻴﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺼﺭﻴﺔ ﺃﻱ ﺒﺎﺘﺠﺎﻩ ﺒﺌﺭﻱ ‪ NS-4‬ﻭ‪ NS-5‬ﻭﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻌﻜﺱ ﻤﻥ ﺸﺭﻜﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺘﻅﻬﺭ ﺘﺤﺴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺼﻔﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻤﻨﻴﺔ ﺒﺎﺘﺠﺎﻩ ﺒﺌﺭ )‪ (NS-1‬ﺃﻱ ﺒﺎﺘﺠﺎﻩ ﺠﻨﻭﺏ ﺸﺭﻕ‪.‬‬
‫‪2-5‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺻﻴﺎﺕ ‪Recommendations‬‬
‫‪ .1‬ﺇﺠﺭﺍﺀ ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ ﺠﻴﻭﻓﻴﺯﻴﺎﺌﻴﺔ ﺯﻟﺯﺍﻟﻴﺔ ﺘﻔﺼﻴﻠﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﻤﻨﻁﻘﺔ ﻟﻤﻌﺭﻓﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺭﺍﻜﻴﺏ ﺘﺤﺕ ﺍﻟﺴﻁﺤﻴﺔ‪.‬‬
‫‪ .2‬ﺇﺠﺭﺍﺀ ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ ﺘﺭﻜﻴﺒﻴﺔ ﻟﺭﺴﻡ ﺍﻟﺨﺭﺍﺌﻁ ﺍﻟﺘﺭﻜﻴﺒﻴﺔ ﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﺒﺩﻻ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻻﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺨﺭﺍﺌﻁ‬
‫ﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻻﺤﻤﺩﻱ‪.‬‬
‫‪ .3‬ﺤﻔﺭ ﺁﺒﺎﺭ ﺠﺩﻴﺩﺓ ﻟﻠﻤﻨﻁﻘﺔ ﻜﻭﻨﻬﺎ ﺘﺘﻤﺘﻊ ﺒﻤﻭﺍﺼﻔﺎﺕ ﺒﺘﺭﻭﻓﻴﺯﻴﺎﺌﻴﺔ ﺠﻴﺩﺓ ﻴﻔﻀل ﺍﺴﺘﺜﻤﺎﺭﻫﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﳌﺼﺎﺩﺭ‬
‫‪157‬‬
‫ﺍﳌﺼﺎﺩﺭ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺔ‬
‫ﺍﺴﻜﻭﺙ‪ ،‬ﺠﻭﺭﺝ ﺒﻲ ﻭﻜﺒﻴﺱ ‪ ،‬ﺍﺭ ﺘﺸﺎﺭﻟﺱ ‪ .1983 ،‬ﺍﺴﺎﺴﻴﺎﺕ ﺠﺱ ﺍﻻﺒﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﺠﻴﻭﻟﻭﺠﻴﻴﻥ ‪ ،‬ﺘﺭﺠﻤـﺔ ﻓﺎﻀـل‬
‫ﻨﻭﻤﺎﺱ ﺍﻟﺴﻌﺩﻭﻨﻲ ﻭﻋﻠﻲ ﺠﻭﺍﺩ ﻋﻠﻲ‪ ،1988 ،‬ﻜﻠﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻭﻡ‪ ،‬ﺠﺎﻤﻌﺔ ﺒﻐﺩﺍﺩ‪. 338 ،‬‬
‫ﺍﻓﺩﻴﺴﻴﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺍﻨﻁﻭﺍﻥ ﻤﻬﺭﺍﻥ‪ .1988 ،‬ﺘﺤﻠﻴﻼﺕ ﺠﺱ ﺍﻻﺒﺎﺭ ﻟﺘﻘﻴﻴﻡ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺎﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺒﺘﺭﻭﻟﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻐﺎﺯﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠـﻴﻡ ﺍﻟﻌـﺎﻟﻲ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﺤﺙ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻲ‪ ،‬ﺠﺎﻤﻌﺔ ﺒﻐﺩﺍﺩ‪688 .‬ﺹ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﻜﺸﺎﻑ‪ .1989 ،‬ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ ﺍﻟﺠﻴﻭﻟﻭﺠﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺩﺜﺔ ﻟﺤﻘل ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺼﺭﻴﺔ ﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻨﺎﺕ ﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﻭﻨﻬﺭ ﻋﻤﺭ ﻭﺍﻟﻴﻤﺎﻤﺔ‪ ،‬ﺸـﺭﻜﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﻜﺸﺎﻓﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁﻴﺔ ‪ ،‬ﻗﺴﻡ ﺍﻟﺠﻴﻭﻟﻭﺠﻴﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺠﻤﻴﻠﻲ‪ ،‬ﺴﻌﺩ ﺼﺎﻟﺢ ﻨﺠﻡ‪ .2001 ،‬ﺍﻟﺴﺤﻨﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺭﺴﻴﺒﻴﺔ ﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﻓﻲ ﺤﻘﻭل ﻤﺨﺘﺎﺭﺓ‪ ،‬ﺠﻨﻭﺏ ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺍﻕ‪،‬‬
‫ﺃﻁﺭﻭﺤﺔ ﺩﻜﺘﻭﺭﺍﻩ‪ ،‬ﻜﻠﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻭﻡ‪ ،‬ﺠﺎﻤﻌﺔ ﺒﻐﺩﺍﺩ‪107 ،‬ﺹ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺫﺭﺏ‪ ،‬ﻤﺜﻨﻰ ﻴﻭﻨﺱ ﻤﺤﻤﺩ‪ .1996 ،‬ﺍﻟﻁﺒﺎﻗﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﻴﺎﺘﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺤﺴﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺩﻗﻴﻘﺔ ﻟﺼﺨﻭﺭ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﻨﻭﻤﺎﻨﻲ‪ -‬ﺍﻟﺘﻭﺭﻨﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﺒﻜﺭ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫ﻭﺴﻁ ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺍﻕ‪ ،‬ﺍﻁﺭﻭﺤﺔ ﻤﺎﺠﺴﺘﻴﺭ ﻏﻴﺭ ﻤﻨﺸﻭﺭﺓ‪ ،‬ﺠﺎﻤﻌﺔ ﺒﻐﺩﺍﺩ ‪ ،‬ﻜﻠﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻭﻡ‪ 163 ،‬ﺹ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﻜﻨﻲ‪ ،‬ﺠﻌﻔﺭ ﺍﺤﻤﺩ‪ .1992 ،‬ﺍﻟﻭﺠﻴﺯ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺠﻴﻭﻟﻭﺠﻴﺎ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﻌﺭﺍﻕ ﻭﺍﻟﺸﺭﻕ ﺍﻻﻭﺴﻁ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴﻌﺩﻭﻨﻲ‪ ،‬ﻓﺎﻀل ﻨﻭﻤﺎﺱ‪ .2001 ،‬ﺃﺴﺎﺴﻴﺎﺕ ﺠﻴﻭﻟﻭﺠﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﺘﺭﻭل‪ ،‬ﺠﺎﻤﻌﺔ ﺍﻟﻴﺭﻤﻭﻙ‪ ،‬ﻋﻤﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻜﺘـﺎﺏ ﻤﺘـﺭﺠﻡ ﻋـﻥ‬
‫ﺭﻴﺘﺸﺎﺭﺩ ﺴﻠﻲ‪ ،‬ﺠﺎﻤﻌﺔ ﻟﻨﺩﻥ‪ ،‬ﺍﻨﻜﻠﺘﺭﺍ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﻘﻴﺏ‪ ،‬ﻓﺎﺌﻘﺔ ﻤﺤﻤﻭﺩ‪ ،‬ﻋﺒﺎﺱ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻴﺩ ﺴﻌﻴﺩ‪ ،‬ﻏﻀﺒﺎﻥ ‪ ،‬ﺜﺎﻤﺭ ﻋﺒﺎﺱ‪ .1983 ،‬ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ ﻟﻤﻜﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﻓﻲ ﺤﻘل ﺍﻟﺭﻤﻴﻠﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﻤﺎﻟﻲ ﻭﻏﺭﺏ ﺍﻟﻘﺭﻨﺔ‪ ،‬ﺸﺭﻜﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁ ﺍﻟﻭﻁﻨﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺍﻗﻴﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺒﻠﻌﺭﻱ‪ ،‬ﺍﺴﻤﺎﻋﻴل ﻤﻭﺴﻰ‪ .1982 ،‬ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﺔ ﺍﻟﺭﺴﻭﺒﻴﺔ ﻭﺘﻭﺯﻴﻊ ﺍﻟﺴﺤﻨﺎﺕ ﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ‪ -‬ﺠﻨﻭﺏ ﺍﻟﻌـﺭﺍﻕ‪ ،‬ﺍﻁﺭﻭﺤـﺔ‬
‫ﻤﺎﺠﺴﺘﻴﺭ ﻏﻴﺭ ﻤﻨﺸﻭﺭﺓ‪ ،‬ﺠﺎﻤﻌﺔ ﺒﻐﺩﺍﺩ ‪ ،‬ﻜﻠﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻭﻡ‪160 ،‬ﺹ‪.‬‬
‫ﺨﻴﻭﻜﺔ‪ ،‬ﻤﺅﻴﺩ ﺤﺎﻤﺩ‪ .1991 ،‬ﺘﻔﺴﻴﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺠﺱ ﺍﻟﺒﺌﺭﻱ‪ ،‬ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻡ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻲ ﻭﺍﻟﺒﺤﺙ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻲ‪ ،‬ﺠﺎﻤﻌﺔ ﺒﻐﺩﺍﺩ‪ ،‬ﻤﻁﺒﻌـﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺼل‪432 ،‬ﺹ‪.‬‬
‫ﺭﺍﺯﻭﻴﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺍﻭﺍﺩﻴﺱ ﻤﻠﻙ‪ .2002 ،‬ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ ﻭﺘﻁﻭﻴﺭ ﺍﻹﻨﺘﺎﺝ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﺩﻋﻡ ﻟﻤﻜﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﻓﻲ ﺤﻘﻠﻲ ﺍﻟﺭﻤﻴﻠﺔ ﺍﻟﺸﻤﺎﻟﻲ‬
‫ﻭﻏﺭﺏ ﺍﻟﻘﺭﻨﺔ ﻭﻤﻜﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺯﺒﻴﺭ ﻓﻲ ﺤﻘل ﺍﻟﺭﻤﻴﻠﺔ ﺍﻟﺠﻨﻭﺒﻲ‪ ،‬ﺭﺴﺎﻟﺔ ﻤﺎﺠﺴﺘﻴﺭ ﻏﻴﺭ ﻤﻨـﺸﻭﺭﺓ‪ ،‬ﺠﺎﻤﻌـﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺒﺼﺭﺓ‪ ،‬ﻜﻠﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻭﻡ‪ 195 ،‬ﺹ‪.‬‬
‫ﺸﺭﻜﺔ ﻨﻔﻁ ﺍﻟﺠﻨﻭﺏ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺎﺭﻴﺭ ﺍﻟﻨﻬﺎﺌﻴﺔ ﻟﻶﺒﺎﺭ )‪ ، (NS-1, NS-2, NS-3, NS-4, NS-5‬ﻫﻴﺌﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﻘﻭل ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻗـﺴﻡ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﺒﺭﺍﺕ‪.‬‬
‫ﺸﻴﺭﻭﺍﻨﻲ‪ ،‬ﻜﻭﻓﻨﺩ ﺤﺴﻴﻥ‪ .1998 ،‬ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺭﺴﻴﺒﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻼﻗﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻁﺒﻘﻴﺔ ﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﻭﻤﻜﺎﻓﺌﺎﺘﻪ ﻓﻲ ﺁﺒﺎﺭ ﻤﺨﺘﺎﺭﺓ ﻓﻲ‬
‫ﺠﻨﻭﺏ ﻭﻭﺴﻁ ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺍﻕ‪ ،‬ﺃﻁﺭﻭﺤﺔ ﻤﺎﺠﺴﺘﻴﺭ ﻏﻴﺭ ﻤﻨﺸﻭﺭﺓ‪ ،‬ﺠﺎﻤﻌﺔ ﺒﻐﺩﺍﺩ‪ ،‬ﻜﻠﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻭﻡ‪119 ،‬ﺹ‪.‬‬
‫ﻜﺎﻅﻡ‪ ،‬ﺴﻤﻴﺭ ﺴﻌﻴﺩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺼﺩﻴﻕ‪ ،‬ﺍﻜﺭﻡ ﺨﻭﺭﺸﻴﺩ ‪ .2001 ،‬ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ ﺠﻴﻭﻟﻭﺠﻴﺔ ﺘﻘﻴﻴﻤﻴﻪ ﺘﻔﺼﻴﻠﻴﺔ ﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﻓﻲ ﺤﻘل‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺼﺭﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﺸﺭﻜﺔ ﺍﻻﺴﺘﻜﺸﺎﻓﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻁﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻭﻁﻨﻴﺔ‪39 ،‬ﺹ‪.‬‬
‫ﻨﺠﻡ‪ ،‬ﻫﻴﻔﺎﺀ ﻋﺒﺩ ﺍﻟﺭﻀﺎ‪ .1997 ،‬ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ ﺍﻟﻭﻀﻊ ﺍﻟﺒﻨﺎﺌﻲ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺭﺴﻴﺒﻲ ﻟﻤﻜﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ ﻭﻨﻬﺭﺍﻥ ﻋﻤﺭ ﻓﻲ ﺠﻨﻭﺏ ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺍﻕ‬
‫ﺒﺎﻻﺴﺘﻌﺎﻨﺔ ﺒﺘﻁﺒﻴﻘﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﺴﺏ ﺍﻵﻟﻲ‪ ،‬ﺃﻁﺭﻭﺤﺔ ﺩﻜﺘﻭﺭﺍﻩ‪ ،‬ﺠﺎﻤﻌﺔ ﺒﻐﺩﺍﺩ‪ ،‬ﻜﻠﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻭﻡ‪154 ،‬ﺹ‪.‬‬
158
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1967
1968
1969
1970
1971
1972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
ρb
2.51
2.53
2.55
2.77
2.25
2.27
2.24
2.4
2.45
2.47
2.4
2.55
2.5
2.4
2.44
2.56
2.37
2.37
2.47
2.46
2.44
2.4
2.38
2.35
2.34
2.4
2.4
2.35
2.37
2.35
2.36
2.45
2.45
2.35
2.47
2.54
2.55
2.58
2.49
2.51
2.37
2.45
2.46
2.49
2.48
2.46
2.47
(1 ‫ ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ‬-1) ‫ﺍﳌﻠﺤﻖ‬
φN
0.36
0.35
0.405
0.435
0.37
0.35
0.3
0.24
0.2
0.21
0.24
0.21
0.24
0.27
0.26
0.24
0.26
0.24
0.23
0.22
0.25
0.31
0.26
0.29
0.295
0.26
0.24
0.245
0.25
0.29
0.29
0.24
0.23
0.265
0.21
0.175
0.183
0.21
0.245
0.245
0.26
0.255
0.23
0.21
0.21
0.2
0.21
∆tlog
GR
61.5
58
58
62
82
75
73
70
65
70
70
65
70
72
70
73
71
71
72
71.5
72
73
71
73
76
78
77
75
76
72
74
75
76
76
73
70
73
73
62
66
69
70
73
73
69
69
68
68
70
72
16.5
15
13
13
14.5
14.5
15
15
15
15
11.5
11.5
11.5
11.5
11.5
14.5
14.5
14
14.5
14
10
10
10
14.5
14.5
14.5
10
10
11.5
11.5
14.5
12.5
10
10
10
12.5
10
10
10
8.5
8.5
10.5
10.5
10.5
11.5
12.5
12.5
14.5
14.5
15
φD
0.116959064
0.105263158
0.093567251
0.005617978
0.269005848
0.257309942
0.274853801
0.18128655
0.152046784
0.140350877
0.18128655
0.093567251
0.122807018
0.18128655
0.157894737
0.087719298
0.198830409
0.198830409
0.140350877
0.14619883
0.157894737
0.18128655
0.192982456
0.210526316
0.216374269
0.18128655
0.18128655
0.210526316
0.198830409
0.210526316
0.204678363
0.152046784
0.152046784
0.210526316
0.140350877
0.099415205
0.093567251
0.076023392
0.128654971
0.116959064
0.198830409
0.152046784
0.14619883
0.128654971
0.134502924
0.14619883
0.140350877
φND
0.238479532
0.227631579
0.249283626
0.220308989
0.319502924
0.303654971
0.287426901
0.210643275
0.176023392
0.175175439
0.210643275
0.151783626
0.181403509
0.225643275
0.208947368
0.163859649
0.229415205
0.219415205
0.185175439
0.183099415
0.203947368
0.245643275
0.226491228
0.250263158
0.255687135
0.220643275
0.210643275
0.227763158
0.224415205
0.250263158
0.247339181
0.196023392
0.191023392
0.237763158
0.175175439
0.137207602
0.138283626
0.143011696
0.186827485
0.180979532
0.229415205
0.203523392
0.188099415
0.169327485
0.172251462
0.173099415
0.175175439
φS
0.09893993
0.07420495
0.07420495
0.0069453
0.24381625
0.19434629
0.18021201
0.1590106
0.12367491
0.1590106
0.1590106
0.12367491
0.1590106
0.17314488
0.1590106
0.18021201
0.16607774
0.16607774
0.17314488
0.16961131
0.17314488
0.18021201
0.16607774
0.18021201
0.20141343
0.2155477
0.20848057
0.19434629
0.20141343
0.17314488
0.18727915
0.19434629
0.20141343
0.20141343
0.18021201
0.1590106
0.18021201
0.18021201
0.1024735
0.13074205
0.15194346
0.1590106
0.18021201
0.18021201
0.15194346
0.15194346
0.14487633
0.14487633
0.1590106
0.17314488
spi
-0.09894
-0.0742
-0.0742
0.231534
-0.01618
0.054937
0.040097
0.160492
0.17998
0.128416
0.051633
0.052348
0.016165
0.037498
-0.00723
0.001191
0.059566
0.04287
-0.00929
0.059804
0.04627
0.004963
0.017022
0.023735
0.04423
0.010944
0.041783
0.061341
0.01923
0.037498
0.040484
0.030069
0.04885
0.045926
0.015811
0.032013
0.057551
-0.00504
0.034734
0.007542
-0.00893
0.027817
0.000768
0.049203
0.05158
0.036156
0.024451
0.027375
0.014089
0.002031
F
17.5831944
19.2990077
16.0920915
20.6032421
9.79603495
10.8452411
12.1044532
22.5374514
32.2744782
32.5876897
22.5374514
43.4060388
30.3884559
19.6406208
22.9047834
37.2439692
19.0000877
20.7714379
29.1630697
29.828134
24.0416233
16.5725845
19.4938324
15.9663689
15.296154
20.5408594
22.5374514
19.276716
19.8561682
15.9663689
16.3461004
26.0246083
27.4048163
17.6893095
32.5876897
53.1182367
52.2947973
48.8941484
28.6495934
30.5310034
19.0000877
24.1418939
28.2634458
34.8774787
33.7034351
33.3740413
32.5876897
NS-1 ‫ﺑﺌﺮ‬
Depth
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
2020
2021
2022
2023
2024
2025
2026
2027
2028
2029
2030
2031
2032
2033
2034
2035
2036
2037
2038
2039
2040
2041
2042
ρb
2.44
2.36
2.4
2.35
2.45
2.47
2.37
2.4
2.47
(2 ‫ ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ‬-1) ‫ﺍﳌﻠﺤﻖ‬
φN
0.22
0.25
0.25
0.27
0.21
0.2
0.265
0.23
0.24
2.01
2.03
1.95
2.36
2.49
2.6
2.63
2.5
2.3
2.38
2.52
2.45
2.41
2.37
2.4
2.52
2.49
2.48
2.34
2.7
2.53
2.59
2.63
2.6
2.6
2.51
2.3
2.38
2.32
2.39
2.37
2.38
2.33
2.3
2.34
0.14
0.12
0.06
0.07
0.16
0.27
0.26
0.2
0.235
0.24
0.27
0.24
0.19
0.18
0.19
0.23
0.095
0.18
0.14
0.1
0.145
0.085
0.135
0.27
0.265
0.26
0.23
0.268
0.27
0.279
0.28
0.27
∆tlog
GR
φD
φND
70
72
70
68
65
70
68
140
150
150
135
140
130
128
108
88
88
74
62
55
60
78
72
70
63
65
69
72
75
70
64
67
62
75
65
55
60
62
58
62
52
60
70
71
77.5
72
73
79
78
75
15
16.5
15
12.5
11.5
11.5
10
14.5
15
35
37.7
40.7
39
33
35
37.7
34
30
30
26
30
36
30
21
20
17.7
15
10
15
15
12.5
12
12
10.5
15
20.5
15
14.5
15
17.7
15
15
21
30
23
12.5
10
12.5
15
15
0.157894737
0.204678363
0.18128655
0.210526316
0.152046784
0.140350877
0.198830409
0.18128655
0.140350877
0.188947368
0.227339181
0.215643275
0.240263158
0.181023392
0.170175439
0.231915205
0.205643275
0.190175439
0.409356725
0.397660819
0.204678363
0.198830409
0.444444444
0.222222222
0.204678363
0.128654971
0.064327485
0.046783626
0.122807018
0.239766082
0.192982456
0.111111111
0.152046784
0.175438596
0.198830409
0.18128655
0.111111111
0.128654971
0.134502924
0.216374269
0.005847953
0.105263158
0.070175439
0.046783626
0.064327485
0.064327485
0.116959064
0.239766082
0.192982456
0.228070175
0.187134503
0.198830409
0.192982456
0.222222222
0.239766082
0.216374269
0.172339181
0.124327485
0.062163743
0.058391813
0.141403509
0.254883041
0.226491228
0.155555556
0.193523392
0.207719298
0.234415205
0.210643275
0.150555556
0.154327485
0.162251462
0.223187135
0.050423977
0.142631579
0.105087719
0.073391813
0.104663743
0.074663743
0.125979532
0.254883041
0.228991228
0.244035088
0.208567251
0.233415205
0.231491228
0.250611111
0.259883041
0.243187135
φS
0.1590106
0.17314488
0.1590106
0.14487633
0.12367491
0.1590106
0.14487633
0.65371025
0.72438163
0.72438163
0.61837456
0.65371025
0.58303887
0.56890459
0.42756184
0.28621908
0.28621908
0.18727915
0.1024735
0.05300353
0.08833922
0.2155477
0.17314488
0.1590106
0.10954064
0.12367491
0.15194346
0.17314488
0.19434629
0.1590106
0.11660777
0.13780919
0.1024735
0.19434629
0.12367491
0.05300353
0.08833922
0.1024735
0.07420495
0.1024735
0.03180212
0.08833922
0.1590106
0.16607774
0.21201413
0.17314488
0.18021201
0.22261484
0.2155477
0.19434629
spi
0.029937
0.054194
0.056633
0.095387
0.057348
0.011165
0.087039
-0.44807
-0.53421
-0.72438
-0.61837
-0.65371
-0.37836
-0.37007
-0.42756
-0.28622
-0.064
-0.18728
0.069866
0.071324
-0.02618
-0.15716
-0.03174
0.095872
0.116951
0.031881
0.04158
0.034574
0.040069
0.051633
0.033948
0.016518
0.059778
0.028841
-0.07325
0.089628
0.016748
-0.02908
0.030459
-0.02781
0.094177
0.166544
0.069981
0.077957
-0.00345
0.06027
0.051279
0.027996
0.044335
0.048841
F
28.0103351
19.3486833
21.5044413
17.323101
30.5162106
34.5307684
18.5926612
23.6467237
27.6497461
23.8702041
25.2949827
20.25
33.6691342
64.6942527
258.777011
293.289208
50.0126225
15.3928175
19.4938324
41.3265306
26.7013405
23.1764175
18.1982005
22.5374514
44.1170463
41.9868642
37.9859299
20.0752835
393.301692
49.1551041
90.5515871
185.654196
91.2866939
179.382672
63.0086272
15.3928175
19.07051
16.7917303
22.9883481
18.3544644
18.6608285
15.9220637
14.8062173
16.9090345
NS-1 ‫ﺑﺌﺮ‬
Depth
2043
2044
2045
2046
2047
2048
2049
2050
2051
2052
2053
2054
2055
2056
2057
2058
2059
2060
2061
2062
2063
2064
2065
2066
2067
2068
2069
2070
2071
2072
2073
2074
2075
2076
2077
2078
2079
2080
2081
2082
2083
2084
2085
2086
2087
2088
2089
2090
2091
2092
ρb
2.34
2.37
2.36
2.4
2.35
2.22
2.28
2.34
2.31
2.31
2.28
2.3
2.36
2.32
2.3
2.35
2.36
2.35
2.3
2.29
2.46
2.36
2.35
2.33
2.29
2.29
2.33
2.35
2.35
2.34
2.34
2.36
2.4
2.37
2.35
2.34
2.37
2.34
2.31
2.33
2.31
2.34
2.35
2.34
2.39
2.37
2.37
2.36
2.4
2.38
(3 ‫ ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ‬-1) ‫ﺍﳌﻠﺤﻖ‬
φN
0.28
0.27
0.26
0.22
0.27
0.3
0.29
0.27
0.269
0.29
0.28
0.275
0.24
0.27
0.27
0.255
0.269
0.27
0.3
0.32
0.26
0.27
0.255
0.29
0.29
0.305
0.3
0.295
0.27
0.27
0.275
0.235
0.26
0.25
0.265
0.285
0.305
0.29
0.29
0.28
0.28
0.285
0.27
0.285
0.275
0.27
0.25
0.27
0.275
0.27
∆tlog
GR
73
73
73
79
74
74
73
76
72.5
77
78
75
71
75
75
75
75
79
76
70
73
76
73
73
74
75
75
74
76
78
75
74
74.5
73
73
72
70
71.5
74
75
73
75
75
79
76
77
74.5
74
72
70
16
15
15
20.5
16.5
17.7
17.7
15
12.5
12.5
12.5
10.5
10.5
10.5
10.5
10.5
10.5
12
12
13
15
19
19
19
15
15
15
15
15
15
16.5
15
17.7
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
14.5
14.5
14.5
14.5
15
φD
φND
0.216374269
0.216374269
0.198830409
0.204678363
0.18128655
0.210526316
0.286549708
0.251461988
0.216374269
0.233918129
0.233918129
0.251461988
0.239766082
0.204678363
0.228070175
0.239766082
0.210526316
0.204678363
0.210526316
0.239766082
0.245614035
0.14619883
0.204678363
0.210526316
0.222222222
0.245614035
0.245614035
0.222222222
0.210526316
0.210526316
0.216374269
0.216374269
0.204678363
0.18128655
0.198830409
0.210526316
0.216374269
0.198830409
0.216374269
0.233918129
0.222222222
0.233918129
0.216374269
0.210526316
0.216374269
0.187134503
0.198830409
0.198830409
0.204678363
0.18128655
0.243187135
0.248187135
0.234415205
0.232339181
0.200643275
0.240263158
0.293274854
0.270730994
0.243187135
0.251459064
0.261959064
0.265730994
0.257383041
0.222339181
0.249035088
0.254883041
0.232763158
0.236839181
0.240263158
0.269883041
0.282807018
0.203099415
0.237339181
0.232763158
0.256111111
0.267807018
0.275307018
0.261111111
0.252763158
0.240263158
0.243187135
0.245687135
0.219839181
0.220643275
0.224415205
0.237763158
0.250687135
0.251915205
0.253187135
0.261959064
0.251111111
0.256959064
0.250687135
0.240263158
0.250687135
0.231067251
0.234415205
0.224415205
0.237339181
0.228143275
φS
0.19434629
0.18021201
0.18021201
0.18021201
0.22261484
0.18727915
0.18727915
0.18021201
0.20141343
0.17667845
0.20848057
0.2155477
0.19434629
0.16607774
0.19434629
0.19434629
0.19434629
0.19434629
0.22261484
0.20141343
0.1590106
0.18021201
0.20141343
0.18021201
0.18021201
0.18727915
0.19434629
0.19434629
0.18727915
0.20141343
0.2155477
0.19434629
0.18727915
0.19081272
0.18021201
0.18021201
0.17314488
0.1590106
0.16961131
0.18727915
0.19434629
0.18021201
0.19434629
0.19434629
0.22261484
0.20141343
0.20848057
0.19081272
0.18727915
0.17314488
spi
0.048841
0.067975
0.054203
0.052127
-0.02197
0.052984
0.105996
0.090519
0.041774
0.074781
0.053478
0.050183
0.063037
0.056261
0.054689
0.060537
0.038417
0.042493
0.017648
0.06847
0.123796
0.022887
0.035926
0.052551
0.075899
0.080528
0.080961
0.066765
0.065484
0.03885
0.027639
0.051341
0.03256
0.029831
0.044203
0.057551
0.077542
0.092905
0.083576
0.07468
0.056765
0.076747
0.056341
0.045917
0.028072
0.029654
0.025935
0.033602
0.05006
0.054998
F
16.9090345
16.2345954
18.1982005
18.5248667
24.8399539
17.323101
11.6265361
13.643445
16.9090345
15.8148621
14.572469
14.161706
15.0952443
20.228701
16.1242275
15.3928175
18.4574423
17.8276007
17.323101
13.7293131
12.5031556
24.2427931
17.7525654
18.4574423
15.2455522
13.9429957
13.1936645
14.6672703
15.6520943
17.323101
16.9090345
16.566668
20.6913965
20.5408594
19.8561682
17.6893095
15.9124081
15.7576423
15.5997175
14.572469
15.8587203
15.145099
15.9124081
17.323101
15.9124081
18.7293715
18.1982005
19.8561682
17.7525654
19.2125344
NS-1 ‫ﺑﺌﺮ‬
Depth
2093
2094
2095
2096
2097
2098
2099
2100
2101
2102
2103
2104
2105
2106
2107
2108
2109
2110
ρb
2.38
2.37
2.36
2.4
2.35
2.4
2.38
2.37
2.37
2.37
2.37
2.34
2.35
2.42
2.4
2.42
2.41
2.54
(4 ‫ ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ‬-1) ‫ﺍﳌﻠﺤﻖ‬
φN
0.3
0.27
0.28
0.28
0.28
0.28
0.275
0.26
0.265
0.27
0.27
0.25
0.24
0.265
0.24
0.25
0.23
0.21
∆tlog
GR
71.5
71.5
72
71.5
71
71
71
71
71
71
72
71
71
72
70
69
68
63
15
15
15
12.5
12.5
14
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
16.5
φD
φND
0.192982456
0.198830409
0.204678363
0.18128655
0.210526316
0.18128655
0.192982456
0.198830409
0.198830409
0.198830409
0.198830409
0.216374269
0.210526316
0.169590643
0.18128655
0.169590643
0.175438596
0.099415205
0.246491228
0.234415205
0.242339181
0.230643275
0.245263158
0.230643275
0.233991228
0.229415205
0.231915205
0.234415205
0.234415205
0.233187135
0.225263158
0.217295322
0.210643275
0.209795322
0.202719298
0.154707602
φS
0.16961131
0.16961131
0.17314488
0.16961131
0.16607774
0.16607774
0.16607774
0.16607774
0.16607774
0.16607774
0.17314488
0.16607774
0.16607774
0.17314488
0.1590106
0.15194346
0.14487633
0.10954064
spi
0.07688
0.064804
0.069194
0.061032
0.079185
0.064566
0.067913
0.063337
0.065837
0.068337
0.06127
0.067109
0.059185
0.04415
0.051633
0.057852
0.057843
0.045167
F
16.4587581
18.1982005
17.0275721
18.7982927
16.6239938
18.7982927
18.2642081
19.0000877
18.5926612
18.1982005
18.1982005
18.3903853
19.7069613
21.1786975
22.5374514
22.7200039
24.3337931
41.780794
NS-1 ‫ﺑﺌﺮ‬
Depth
1943
1944
1945
1946
1947
1948
1949
1950
1951
1952
1953
1954
1955
1956
1957
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963
1964
1965
1966
1967
1968
1969
1970
1971
1972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
vsh
0.388271
0.10764
0.071259
0.071259
0.098249
0.098249
0.10764
0.10764
0.10764
0.10764
0.045957
0.045957
0.045957
0.045957
0.045957
0.098249
0.098249
0.089058
0.098249
0.089058
0.022237
0.022237
0.022237
0.098249
0.098249
0.098249
0.022237
0.022237
0.045957
0.045957
0.098249
0.062643
0.022237
0.022237
0.022237
0.062643
0.022237
0.022237
0.022237
0
0
0.029974
0.029974
0.029974
0.045957
0.062643
0.062643
0.098249
0.098249
0.10764
(5 ‫ ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ‬-1) ‫ﺍﳌﻠﺤﻖ‬
Sw
Sxo
Sh
Bvw
Bvxo
Bvo
Mos
Ros
0.569328
0.601389
0.847403
0.878088
0.732641
0.609196
0.949194
0.746882
0.568464
0.826357
0.993338
0.627566
0.786609
1
0.898511
0.705545
0.665783
0.81409
0.736661
0.705966
0.959988
0.944956
0.781558
0.793109
0.736055
0.778779
1
0.931239
0.66468
1
1
0.787327
0.725769
0.555482
0.652242
0.588315
0.87297
0.862137
0.767776
0.75464
0.750841
0.728939
0.274262
0.289707
0.410968
0.445882
0.401578
0.333915
0.511227
0.402263
0.311589
0.445068
0.507547
0.324199
0.411011
0.509959
0.472011
0.38
0.366924
0.410143
0.371133
0.329004
0.449897
0.47119
0.407573
0.413597
0.359756
0.387464
0.505987
0.47113
0.340516
0.546782
0.563678
0.516133
0.490009
0.389196
0.394207
0.329799
0.441651
0.44051
0.446649
0.421784
0.419661
0.422842
0.430672
0.398611
0.152597
0.121912
0.267359
0.390804
0.050806
0.253118
0.431536
0.173643
0.006662
0.372434
0.213391
0
0.101489
0.294455
0.334217
0.18591
0.263339
0.294034
0.040012
0.055044
0.218442
0.206891
0.263945
0.221221
0
0.068761
0.33532
0
0
0.212673
0.274231
0.444518
0.347758
0.411685
0.12703
0.137863
0.232224
0.24536
0.249159
0.271061
0.172879
0.172855
0.1785
0.154564
0.128341
0.128323
0.144072
0.135487
0.12827
0.172665
0.162768
0.143973
0.172594
0.185175
0.164517
0.143894
0.163545
0.184384
0.184359
0.180506
0.211815
0.199049
0.17801
0.177986
0.184208
0.192622
0.196023
0.177888
0.158036
0.175175
0.137208
0.108874
0.103793
0.103779
0.118042
0.134968
0.17767
0.162167
0.130005
0.129988
0.12997
0.127692
0.083281
0.08327
0.086568
0.078486
0.070347
0.070337
0.077596
0.072972
0.070308
0.092996
0.083167
0.074376
0.090182
0.094432
0.086425
0.0775
0.090132
0.092894
0.092881
0.084122
0.099267
0.099253
0.09283
0.092817
0.090034
0.095835
0.099185
0.089997
0.080962
0.095783
0.077341
0.071373
0.070077
0.072712
0.071343
0.075661
0.089886
0.08286
0.07563
0.072653
0.072643
0.074072
0.130776
0.114572
0.032144
0.021459
0.046835
0.08232
0.007711
0.045917
0.097373
0.036282
0.001092
0.085442
0.046821
0
0.018583
0.060053
0.082098
0.042107
0.065904
0.075181
0.008828
0.011595
0.049753
0.046429
0.066056
0.054717
0
0.013135
0.079727
0
0
0.029409
0.039218
0.083048
0.062937
0.094447
0.025854
0.025932
0.039322
0.042264
0.043129
0.047483
-0.29507
-0.31168
-0.43643
-0.43221
-0.33106
-0.27528
-0.43797
-0.34462
-0.25688
-0.38129
-0.48579
-0.30337
-0.3756
-0.49004
-0.4265
-0.32555
-0.29886
-0.40395
-0.36553
-0.37696
-0.51009
-0.47377
-0.37399
-0.37951
-0.3763
-0.39131
-0.49401
-0.46011
-0.32416
-0.45322
-0.43632
-0.27119
-0.23576
-0.16629
-0.25803
-0.25852
-0.43132
-0.42163
-0.32113
-0.33286
-0.33118
-0.3061
0.725738
0.710293
0.589032
0.554118
0.598422
0.666085
0.488773
0.597737
0.688411
0.554932
0.492453
0.675801
0.588989
0.490041
0.527989
0.62
0.633076
0.589857
0.628867
0.670996
0.550103
0.52881
0.592427
0.586403
0.640244
0.612536
0.494013
0.52887
0.659484
0.453218
0.436322
0.483867
0.509991
0.610804
0.605793
0.670201
0.558349
0.55949
0.553351
0.578216
0.580339
0.577158
NS-1 ‫ﺑﺌﺮ‬
Depth
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
2020
2021
2022
2023
2024
2025
2026
2027
2028
2029
2030
2031
2032
2033
2034
2035
2036
2037
2038
2039
2040
2041
2042
vsh
0.10764
0.137058
0.10764
0.062643
0.045957
0.045957
0.022237
0.098249
0.10764
0.709855
0.838447
1
0.9059
0.62379
0.709855
0.838447
0.665896
0.50782
0.50782
0.374751
0.50782
0.755748
0.50782
0.237616
0.213557
0.161998
0.10764
0.022237
0.10764
0.10764
0.062643
0.05421
0.05421
0.029974
0.10764
0.225457
0.10764
0.098249
0.10764
0.161998
0.10764
0.10764
0.237616
0.50782
0.288957
0.062643
0.022237
0.062643
0.10764
0.10764
(6 ‫ ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ‬-1) ‫ﺍﳌﻠﺤﻖ‬
Sw
0.643262
0.581954
0.664639
0.738574
1
0.841875
0.662377
0.835056
0.737176
Sxo
0.357817
0.319405
0.39385
0.368281
0.527893
0.426465
0.319087
0.436325
0.41469
Sh
0.356738
0.418046
0.335361
0.261426
0
0.158125
0.337623
0.164944
0.262824
Bvw
0.121543
0.132301
0.143325
0.177452
0.181023
0.143266
0.153615
0.171724
0.140193
Bvxo
0.067609
0.072613
0.084931
0.088484
0.095561
0.072574
0.074001
0.089727
0.078864
0.930147
0.936018
0.646747
0.63768
0.069853
0.063982
0.190381
0.186109
0.132375
0.12679
0.771813
0.554255
0.228187
0.171514
0.123168
0.70353
0.632716
0.872021
0.992315
0.348053
0.166771
0.174694
0.328328
0.211572
0.190404
0.16334
0.201633
0.321607
0.330673
0.391743
0.279963
1
0.424056
0.575477
0.865465
0.688891
0.916008
0.429132
0.226719
0.298548
0.255701
0.276953
0.315704
0.35279
0.27261
0.239947
0.280856
0.59449
0.542392
0.664202
0.632371
0.206417
0.127026
0.133061
0.237248
0.155686
0.145027
0.124413
0.156621
0.239058
0.218123
0.290954
0.166009
0.641138
0.29837
0.404912
0.600051
0.488122
0.78006
0.292354
0.165731
0.227399
0.207226
0.215621
0.222999
0.251359
0.218874
0.182763
0.220645
0.29647
0.367284
0.127979
0.007685
0.651947
0.833229
0.825306
0.671672
0.788428
0.809596
0.83666
0.798367
0.678393
0.669327
0.608257
0.720037
0
0.575944
0.424523
0.134535
0.311109
0.083992
0.570868
0.773281
0.701452
0.744299
0.723047
0.684296
0.64721
0.72739
0.760053
0.719144
0.121246
0.078664
0.054208
0.057943
0.049216
0.042507
0.039567
0.051073
0.040944
0.039551
0.038289
0.042473
0.04842
0.051032
0.063561
0.062484
0.050424
0.060484
0.060476
0.063518
0.072102
0.068393
0.054062
0.057787
0.068365
0.0624
0.057763
0.07369
0.081668
0.068319
0.062358
0.068301
0.102454
0.067434
0.041289
0.036925
0.029188
0.032377
0.030137
0.036905
0.030129
0.030125
0.029164
0.032991
0.035992
0.033662
0.047208
0.037051
0.032329
0.042557
0.042551
0.044039
0.051089
0.058242
0.036831
0.042242
0.052072
0.05057
0.044972
0.052051
0.058187
0.054852
0.047497
0.053658
Bvo
0.067405
0.095038
0.072318
0.062811
0
0.026909
0.0783
0.03392
0.049983
0
0
0
0.014297
0.012722
0
0
0.050708
0
0.051093
0.045663
0.007956
0.000449
0.092188
0.212376
0.186925
0.104482
0.152579
0.168169
0.196126
0.168171
0.102136
0.103296
0.098691
0.160703
0
0.082148
0.044612
0.009874
0.032562
0.006271
0.071918
0.197096
0.160626
0.181635
0.150804
0.159725
0.149823
0.182292
0.197525
0.174887
Mos
-0.28545
-0.26255
-0.27079
-0.37029
-0.47211
-0.41541
-0.34329
-0.39873
-0.32249
0
0
0
-0.2834
-0.29834
0
0
-0.21756
0
-0.10904
-0.09032
-0.20782
-0.35994
-0.14164
-0.03974
-0.04163
-0.09108
-0.05589
-0.04538
-0.03893
-0.04501
-0.08255
-0.11255
-0.10079
-0.11395
-0.35886
-0.12569
-0.17056
-0.26541
-0.20077
-0.13595
-0.13678
-0.06099
-0.07115
-0.04848
-0.06133
-0.09271
-0.10143
-0.05374
-0.05718
-0.06021
Ros
0.642183
0.680595
0.60615
0.631719
0.472107
0.573535
0.680913
0.563675
0.58531
0.353253
0.36232
0.445745
0.40551
0.457608
0.335798
0.367629
0.793583
0.872974
0.866939
0.762752
0.844314
0.854973
0.875587
0.843379
0.760942
0.781877
0.709046
0.833991
0.358862
0.70163
0.595088
0.399949
0.511878
0.21994
0.707646
0.834269
0.772601
0.792774
0.784379
0.777001
0.748641
0.781126
0.817237
0.779355
NS-1 ‫ﺑﺌﺮ‬
Depth
2043
2044
2045
2046
2047
2048
2049
2050
2051
2052
2053
2054
2055
2056
2057
2058
2059
2060
2061
2062
2063
2064
2065
2066
2067
2068
2069
2070
2071
2072
2073
2074
2075
2076
2077
2078
2079
2080
2081
2082
2083
2084
2085
2086
2087
2088
2089
2090
2091
2092
vsh
0.12704
0.10764
0.10764
0.225457
0.137058
0.161998
0.161998
0.10764
0.062643
0.062643
0.062643
0.029974
0.029974
0.029974
0.029974
0.029974
0.029974
0.05421
0.05421
0.071259
0.10764
0.190511
0.190511
0.190511
0.10764
0.10764
0.10764
0.10764
0.10764
0.10764
0.137058
0.10764
0.161998
0.10764
0.10764
0.10764
0.10764
0.10764
0.10764
0.10764
0.10764
0.10764
0.10764
0.10764
0.10764
0.098249
0.098249
0.098249
0.098249
0.10764
(7 ‫ ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ‬-1) ‫ﺍﳌﻠﺤﻖ‬
Sw
0.307639
0.343286
0.33707
0.358629
0.284083
0.245289
0.219377
0.203536
0.229281
0.220062
0.2029
0.155577
0.19018
0.155478
0.165853
0.267293
0.296768
0.329665
0.306118
0.310953
0.484031
0.397899
0.422232
0.349049
0.33376
0.33037
0.402165
0.44257
0.485637
0.494498
0.489401
0.501843
0.513647
0.544147
0.522019
0.521818
0.529096
0.547861
0.579978
0.637676
0.660877
0.704245
0.783917
0.751221
0.827732
0.803153
0.928952
0.904214
0.922271
0.92681
Sxo
0.234323
0.254501
0.250239
0.273161
0.208213
0.186832
0.175251
0.168939
0.188632
0.160864
0.183089
0.1185
0.144856
0.118424
0.126327
0.223024
0.245024
0.261944
0.248222
0.243
0.354214
0.250693
0.29775
0.235373
0.242009
0.243104
0.286538
0.309122
0.332813
0.321208
0.317898
0.304199
0.325528
0.326351
0.328317
0.326546
0.337826
0.34072
0.338813
0.353403
0.3739
0.376762
0.393056
0.376662
0.422931
0.402701
0.451786
0.427128
0.43598
0.455679
Sh
0.692361
0.656714
0.66293
0.641371
0.715917
0.754711
0.780623
0.796464
0.770719
0.779938
0.7971
0.844423
0.80982
0.844522
0.834147
0.732707
0.703232
0.670335
0.693882
0.689047
0.515969
0.602101
0.577768
0.650951
0.66624
0.66963
0.597835
0.55743
0.514363
0.505502
0.510599
0.498157
0.486353
0.455853
0.477981
0.478182
0.470904
0.452139
0.420022
0.362324
0.339123
0.295755
0.216083
0.248779
0.172268
0.196847
0.071048
0.095786
0.077729
0.07319
Bvw
0.076352
0.080471
0.078315
0.071957
0.068255
0.071937
0.059392
0.049497
0.057655
0.057647
0.053917
0.040043
0.042284
0.038719
0.042273
0.062216
0.070286
0.079206
0.082616
0.08794
0.098306
0.094437
0.09828
0.089395
0.089383
0.090953
0.10501
0.111865
0.116681
0.120256
0.12024
0.110325
0.113333
0.122115
0.124117
0.130813
0.133287
0.138711
0.151931
0.160128
0.169818
0.176545
0.188346
0.188321
0.191262
0.188271
0.208471
0.214605
0.21041
0.214548
Bvxo
0.058156
0.059659
0.05814
0.054808
0.050026
0.054793
0.047446
0.041084
0.047433
0.04214
0.048652
0.0305
0.032207
0.029492
0.032199
0.051912
0.058031
0.062935
0.066991
0.068722
0.071941
0.059499
0.069305
0.060282
0.064812
0.066928
0.074818
0.078135
0.079963
0.078114
0.078103
0.066875
0.071825
0.073238
0.078062
0.081861
0.085104
0.086266
0.088755
0.088743
0.096077
0.094449
0.094437
0.094424
0.097726
0.094399
0.101388
0.101374
0.099466
0.105486
Bvo
0.171835
0.153944
0.154025
0.128687
0.172008
0.221338
0.211339
0.19369
0.193804
0.204312
0.211814
0.21734
0.180055
0.210316
0.21261
0.170547
0.166553
0.161057
0.187267
0.194867
0.104793
0.142902
0.134483
0.166716
0.178424
0.184354
0.156101
0.140898
0.123582
0.122931
0.125448
0.109514
0.10731
0.1023
0.113646
0.119874
0.118628
0.114476
0.110029
0.090984
0.087141
0.074142
0.051917
0.062366
0.039805
0.046144
0.015944
0.022734
0.017733
0.016943
Mos
-0.07332
-0.08879
-0.08683
-0.08547
-0.07587
-0.05846
-0.04413
-0.0346
-0.04065
-0.0592
-0.01981
-0.03708
-0.04532
-0.03705
-0.03953
-0.04427
-0.05174
-0.06772
-0.0579
-0.06795
-0.12982
-0.14721
-0.12448
-0.11368
-0.09175
-0.08727
-0.11563
-0.13345
-0.15282
-0.17329
-0.1715
-0.19764
-0.18812
-0.2178
-0.1937
-0.19527
-0.19127
-0.20714
-0.24116
-0.28427
-0.28698
-0.32748
-0.39086
-0.37456
-0.4048
-0.40045
-0.47717
-0.47709
-0.48629
-0.47113
Ros
0.765677
0.745499
0.749761
0.726839
0.791787
0.813168
0.824749
0.831061
0.811368
0.839136
0.816911
0.8815
0.855144
0.881576
0.873673
0.776976
0.754976
0.738056
0.751778
0.757
0.645786
0.749307
0.70225
0.764627
0.757991
0.756896
0.713462
0.690878
0.667187
0.678792
0.682102
0.695801
0.674472
0.673649
0.671683
0.673454
0.662174
0.65928
0.661187
0.646597
0.6261
0.623238
0.606944
0.623338
0.577069
0.597299
0.548214
0.572872
0.56402
0.544321
NS-1 ‫ﺑﺌﺮ‬
Depth
2093
2094
2095
2096
2097
2098
2099
2100
2101
2102
2103
2104
2105
2106
2107
2108
2109
2110
vsh
0.10764
0.10764
0.10764
0.062643
0.062643
0.089058
0.10764
0.10764
0.10764
0.10764
0.10764
0.10764
0.10764
0.10764
0.10764
0.10764
0.10764
0.137058
(8 ‫ ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ‬-1) ‫ﺍﳌﻠﺤﻖ‬
Sw
0.888241
0.933875
0.922646
0.939164
0.841189
0.911429
0.907033
0.925002
0.881013
0.856075
0.841329
0.845648
0.867955
0.885033
0.853044
0.862474
1
0.988215
Sxo
0.468732
0.492814
0.479038
0.439179
0.412945
0.466819
0.450392
0.459315
0.436481
0.449399
0.44934
0.433928
0.458027
0.448605
0.432827
0.448769
0.436202
0.540581
Sh
0.111759
0.066125
0.077354
0.060836
0.158811
0.088571
0.092967
0.074998
0.118987
0.143925
0.158671
0.154352
0.132045
0.114967
0.146956
0.137526
0
0.011785
Bvw
0.218944
0.218915
0.223593
0.216612
0.206313
0.210215
0.212238
0.21221
0.20432
0.200677
0.19722
0.197194
0.195518
0.192313
0.179688
0.180943
0.202719
0.152884
Bvxo
0.115538
0.115523
0.11609
0.101294
0.10128
0.107669
0.105388
0.105374
0.101227
0.105346
0.105332
0.101186
0.103177
0.09748
0.091172
0.09415
0.088426
0.083632
Bvo
0.027548
0.015501
0.018746
0.014031
0.038951
0.020428
0.021754
0.017206
0.027595
0.033738
0.037195
0.035993
0.029745
0.024982
0.030955
0.028852
0
0.001823
Mos
-0.41951
-0.44106
-0.44361
-0.49999
-0.42824
-0.44461
-0.45664
-0.46569
-0.44453
-0.40668
-0.39199
-0.41172
-0.40993
-0.43643
-0.42022
-0.41371
-0.5638
-0.44763
Ros
0.531268
0.507186
0.520962
0.560821
0.587055
0.533181
0.549608
0.540685
0.563519
0.550601
0.55066
0.566072
0.541973
0.551395
0.567173
0.551231
0.563798
0.459419
NS-1 ‫ﺑﺌﺮ‬
Depth
1943
1944
1945
1946
1947
1948
1949
1950
1951
1952
1953
1954
1955
1956
1957
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963
1964
1965
1966
1967
1968
1969
1970
1971
1972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
(9 ‫ ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ‬-1) ‫ﺍﳌﻠﺤﻖ‬
M
0.84106
0.699346
0.735484
0.655367
0.952
0.976378
0.959677
0.85
0.855172
0.809524
0.835714
0.767742
0.773333
0.842857
0.819444
0.75
0.857664
0.854015
0.789116
0.808219
0.805556
0.807143
0.804348
0.82963
0.850746
0.807143
0.835714
0.851852
0.832117
0.837037
0.830882
0.8
0.82069
0.859259
0.789116
0.824675
0.793548
0.759494
0.798658
0.768212
0.846715
0.827586
0.821918
0.812081
0.817568
0.815068
0.795918
N
ρmaa
0.423841
0.424837
0.383871
0.319209
0.504
0.511811
0.564516
0.542857
0.551724
0.537415
0.542857
0.509677
0.506667
0.521429
0.513889
0.487179
0.540146
0.554745
0.52381
0.534247
0.520833
0.492857
0.536232
0.525926
0.526119
0.528571
0.542857
0.559259
0.547445
0.525926
0.522059
0.524138
0.531034
0.544444
0.537415
0.535714
0.527097
0.5
0.506711
0.5
0.540146
0.513793
0.527397
0.530201
0.533784
0.547945
0.537415
0
0
0
2.982875
2.98092
3.064695
3.27013
2.836893
2.823809
2.740172
2.773596
2.759759
2.782197
2.773596
2.827364
2.832405
2.807952
2.820359
2.865715
2.777871
2.755094
2.804069
2.787243
2.808926
2.855886
2.784078
2.800632
2.800318
2.796353
2.773596
2.748168
2.766409
2.800632
2.806923
2.803535
2.792388
2.771103
2.782197
2.784902
2.798736
2.843666
2.83233
2.843666
2.777871
2.820518
2.79825
2.793727
2.787983
2.765629
2.782197
∆tmaa
61.5
58
58
22.22838
50.46508
37.14505
40.22311
14.12783
10.92736
21.99959
38.24433
38.51029
44.7269
40.77804
48.70561
47.29404
36.61545
39.83167
49.07134
36.5184
39.11238
46.63807
44.55158
43.28099
39.2035
45.49807
39.61425
35.8386
44.00863
40.77804
40.08196
42.01414
38.28045
38.86597
44.7172
41.90057
36.81633
48.36403
41.80352
46.26162
48.97475
42.65959
47.3674
38.46498
38.33644
41.19865
43.33489
42.82034
45.08911
47.15165
‫ﺑﺌﺮ ‪NS-1‬‬
‫ﺍﳌﻠﺤﻖ )‪ -1‬ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ ‪(10‬‬
‫‪42.27709‬‬
‫‪37.57521‬‬
‫‪37.28332‬‬
‫‪29.73433‬‬
‫‪37.59152‬‬
‫‪45.59619‬‬
‫‪31.46531‬‬
‫‪127.3149‬‬
‫‪140.8414‬‬
‫‪150‬‬
‫‪135‬‬
‫‪140‬‬
‫‪114.8162‬‬
‫‪112.8613‬‬
‫‪108‬‬
‫‪88‬‬
‫‪59.14286‬‬
‫‪74‬‬
‫‪35.5555‬‬
‫‪35.97476‬‬
‫‪51.44934‬‬
‫‪71.11657‬‬
‫‪52.7311‬‬
‫‪29.29353‬‬
‫‪26.10592‬‬
‫‪42.15789‬‬
‫‪40.20461‬‬
‫‪41.32507‬‬
‫‪40.09422‬‬
‫‪38.24433‬‬
‫‪41.845‬‬
‫‪44.73612‬‬
‫‪37.4032‬‬
‫‪42.24651‬‬
‫‪58.41541‬‬
‫‪32.7078‬‬
‫‪44.85179‬‬
‫‪51.94099‬‬
‫‪42.68626‬‬
‫‪51.7526‬‬
‫‪32.2531‬‬
‫‪15.87282‬‬
‫‪34.65675‬‬
‫‪32.9081‬‬
‫‪48.11627‬‬
‫‪36.37501‬‬
‫‪38.05833‬‬
‫‪42.21373‬‬
‫‪39.0237‬‬
‫‪38.36831‬‬
‫‪34.70629‬‬
‫‪37.48184‬‬
‫‪2.77547‬‬
‫‪2.760151‬‬
‫‪2.784902‬‬
‫‪2.776931‬‬
‫‪2.770502‬‬
‫‪2.771459‬‬
‫‪2.783657‬‬
‫‪2.762432‬‬
‫‪2.815208‬‬
‫‪0‬‬
‫‪0‬‬
‫‪0‬‬
‫‪2.269926‬‬
‫‪2.28562‬‬
‫‪0‬‬
‫‪0‬‬
‫‪2.221429‬‬
‫‪0‬‬
‫‪2.643185‬‬
‫‪2.701549‬‬
‫‪2.706055‬‬
‫‪2.731081‬‬
‫‪2.747037‬‬
‫‪2.744693‬‬
‫‪2.784078‬‬
‫‪2.8‬‬
‫‪2.797944‬‬
‫‪2.779672‬‬
‫‪2.789482‬‬
‫‪2.773596‬‬
‫‪2.789405‬‬
‫‪2.761911‬‬
‫‪2.76664‬‬
‫‪2.724997‬‬
‫‪2.790273‬‬
‫‪2.78453‬‬
‫‪2.77671‬‬
‫‪2.759104‬‬
‫‪2.787038‬‬
‫‪2.729101‬‬
‫‪2.727648‬‬
‫‪2.744693‬‬
‫‪2.789863‬‬
‫‪2.746113‬‬
‫‪2.756308‬‬
‫‪2.787147‬‬
‫‪2.795685‬‬
‫‪2.774779‬‬
‫‪2.756479‬‬
‫‪2.770583‬‬
‫‪2.782358‬‬
‫‪2.789482‬‬
‫‪0.541667‬‬
‫‪0.551471‬‬
‫‪0.535714‬‬
‫‪0.540741‬‬
‫‪0.544828‬‬
‫‪0.544218‬‬
‫‪0.536496‬‬
‫‪0.55‬‬
‫‪0.517007‬‬
‫‪0.826389‬‬
‫‪0.860294‬‬
‫‪0.85‬‬
‫‪0.896296‬‬
‫‪0.855172‬‬
‫‪0.809524‬‬
‫‪0.883212‬‬
‫‪0.35‬‬
‫‪0.265306‬‬
‫‪0.584158‬‬
‫‪0.592233‬‬
‫‪1.063158‬‬
‫‪0.632353‬‬
‫‪0.590604‬‬
‫‪0.5875‬‬
‫‪0.570552‬‬
‫‪0.56‬‬
‫‪0.561538‬‬
‫‪0.536232‬‬
‫‪0.526316‬‬
‫‪0.527586‬‬
‫‪0.539007‬‬
‫‪0.532847‬‬
‫‪0.542857‬‬
‫‪0.532895‬‬
‫‪0.550336‬‬
‫‪0.547297‬‬
‫‪0.574627‬‬
‫‪0.532353‬‬
‫‪0.535948‬‬
‫‪0.540881‬‬
‫‪0.552147‬‬
‫‪0.534375‬‬
‫‪0.571875‬‬
‫‪0.572848‬‬
‫‪0.561538‬‬
‫‪0.532609‬‬
‫‪0.560606‬‬
‫‪0.553957‬‬
‫‪0.534307‬‬
‫‪0.528986‬‬
‫‪0.542105‬‬
‫‪0.553846‬‬
‫‪0.544776‬‬
‫‪0.537313‬‬
‫‪0.532847‬‬
‫‪0.933824‬‬
‫‪0.899329‬‬
‫‪0.80625‬‬
‫‪0.680982‬‬
‫‪0.78‬‬
‫‪0.915385‬‬
‫‪0.913043‬‬
‫‪0.815789‬‬
‫‪0.827586‬‬
‫‪0.829787‬‬
‫‪0.832117‬‬
‫‪0.85‬‬
‫‪0.822368‬‬
‫‪0.818792‬‬
‫‪0.858108‬‬
‫‪0.850746‬‬
‫‪0.729412‬‬
‫‪0.875817‬‬
‫‪0.811321‬‬
‫‪0.779141‬‬
‫‪0.81875‬‬
‫‪0.79375‬‬
‫‪0.907285‬‬
‫‪0.992308‬‬
‫‪0.862319‬‬
‫‪0.893939‬‬
‫‪0.802158‬‬
‫‪0.854015‬‬
‫‪0.84058‬‬
‫‪0.827068‬‬
‫‪0.853846‬‬
‫‪0.850746‬‬
‫‪0.865672‬‬
‫‪0.846715‬‬
‫‪1993‬‬
‫‪1994‬‬
‫‪1995‬‬
‫‪1996‬‬
‫‪1997‬‬
‫‪1998‬‬
‫‪1999‬‬
‫‪2000‬‬
‫‪2001‬‬
‫‪2002‬‬
‫‪2003‬‬
‫‪2004‬‬
‫‪2005‬‬
‫‪2006‬‬
‫‪2007‬‬
‫‪2008‬‬
‫‪2009‬‬
‫‪2010‬‬
‫‪2011‬‬
‫‪2012‬‬
‫‪2013‬‬
‫‪2014‬‬
‫‪2015‬‬
‫‪2016‬‬
‫‪2017‬‬
‫‪2018‬‬
‫‪2019‬‬
‫‪2020‬‬
‫‪2021‬‬
‫‪2022‬‬
‫‪2023‬‬
‫‪2024‬‬
‫‪2025‬‬
‫‪2026‬‬
‫‪2027‬‬
‫‪2028‬‬
‫‪2029‬‬
‫‪2030‬‬
‫‪2031‬‬
‫‪2032‬‬
‫‪2033‬‬
‫‪2034‬‬
‫‪2035‬‬
‫‪2036‬‬
‫‪2037‬‬
‫‪2038‬‬
‫‪2039‬‬
‫‪2040‬‬
‫‪2041‬‬
‫‪2042‬‬
‫‪2043‬‬
‫‪2044‬‬
‫ﺑﺌﺮ ‪NS-1‬‬
‫ﺍﳌﻠﺤﻖ )‪ -1‬ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ ‪(11‬‬
‫‪37.8916‬‬
‫‪51.38935‬‬
‫‪37.6318‬‬
‫‪26.27762‬‬
‫‪29.93661‬‬
‫‪39.68964‬‬
‫‪33.36389‬‬
‫‪37.2469‬‬
‫‪37.82924‬‬
‫‪35.48883‬‬
‫‪37.2629‬‬
‫‪37.1953‬‬
‫‪36.00388‬‬
‫‪40.41485‬‬
‫‪39.62126‬‬
‫‪44.21302‬‬
‫‪34.23028‬‬
‫‪23.07534‬‬
‫‪43.43605‬‬
‫‪40.83453‬‬
‫‪37.80809‬‬
‫‪33.06273‬‬
‫‪31.93758‬‬
‫‪31.69201‬‬
‫‪34.71429‬‬
‫‪35.09967‬‬
‫‪40.26429‬‬
‫‪42.3323‬‬
‫‪37.86908‬‬
‫‪41.59449‬‬
‫‪42.08396‬‬
‫‪39.43544‬‬
‫‪36.81633‬‬
‫‪32.85694‬‬
‫‪29.92712‬‬
‫‪31.66474‬‬
‫‪33.18208‬‬
‫‪36.77448‬‬
‫‪32.88478‬‬
‫‪36.86061‬‬
‫‪38.94804‬‬
‫‪42.19884‬‬
‫‪42.04306‬‬
‫‪42.7066‬‬
‫‪41.36946‬‬
‫‪38.21213‬‬
‫‪37.41746‬‬
‫‪34.15466‬‬
‫‪33.06286‬‬
‫‪35.52255‬‬
‫‪34.57734‬‬
‫‪36.27501‬‬
‫‪2.771616‬‬
‫‪2.751408‬‬
‫‪2.776931‬‬
‫‪2.726272‬‬
‫‪2.755182‬‬
‫‪2.770583‬‬
‫‪2.750071‬‬
‫‪2.774969‬‬
‫‪2.74323‬‬
‫‪2.750566‬‬
‫‪2.748834‬‬
‫‪2.757739‬‬
‫‪2.744693‬‬
‫‪2.759561‬‬
‫‪2.782062‬‬
‫‪2.776931‬‬
‫‪2.780537‬‬
‫‪2.798679‬‬
‫‪2.832098‬‬
‫‪2.78323‬‬
‫‪2.759561‬‬
‫‪2.787901‬‬
‫‪2.761831‬‬
‫‪2.780064‬‬
‫‪2.8‬‬
‫‪2.806656‬‬
‫‪2.776931‬‬
‫‪2.770583‬‬
‫‪2.776451‬‬
‫‪2.74323‬‬
‫‪2.796353‬‬
‫‪2.766409‬‬
‫‪2.771103‬‬
‫‪2.788305‬‬
‫‪2.831343‬‬
‫‪2.794292‬‬
‫‪2.774969‬‬
‫‪2.775964‬‬
‫‪2.763025‬‬
‫‪2.788305‬‬
‫‪2.776931‬‬
‫‪2.788305‬‬
‫‪2.8077‬‬
‫‪2.789482‬‬
‫‪2.766409‬‬
‫‪2.78323‬‬
‫‪2.813808‬‬
‫‪2.795685‬‬
‫‪2.831432‬‬
‫‪2.789482‬‬
‫‪2.794998‬‬
‫‪2.819702‬‬
‫‪0.544118‬‬
‫‪0.557143‬‬
‫‪0.540741‬‬
‫‪0.57377‬‬
‫‪0.554688‬‬
‫‪0.544776‬‬
‫‪0.558015‬‬
‫‪0.541985‬‬
‫‪0.5625‬‬
‫‪0.557692‬‬
‫‪0.558824‬‬
‫‪0.55303‬‬
‫‪0.561538‬‬
‫‪0.551852‬‬
‫‪0.5375‬‬
‫‪0.540741‬‬
‫‪0.538462‬‬
‫‪0.527132‬‬
‫‪0.506849‬‬
‫‪0.536765‬‬
‫‪0.551852‬‬
‫‪0.533835‬‬
‫‪0.550388‬‬
‫‪0.53876‬‬
‫‪0.526316‬‬
‫‪0.522222‬‬
‫‪0.540741‬‬
‫‪0.544776‬‬
‫‪0.541045‬‬
‫‪0.5625‬‬
‫‪0.528571‬‬
‫‪0.547445‬‬
‫‪0.544444‬‬
‫‪0.533582‬‬
‫‪0.507299‬‬
‫‪0.529851‬‬
‫‪0.541985‬‬
‫‪0.541353‬‬
‫‪0.549618‬‬
‫‪0.533582‬‬
‫‪0.540741‬‬
‫‪0.533582‬‬
‫‪0.521583‬‬
‫‪0.532847‬‬
‫‪0.547445‬‬
‫‪0.536765‬‬
‫‪0.517857‬‬
‫‪0.528986‬‬
‫‪0.507246‬‬
‫‪0.532847‬‬
‫‪0.529412‬‬
‫‪0.514286‬‬
‫‪0.852941‬‬
‫‪0.785714‬‬
‫‪0.851852‬‬
‫‪0.942623‬‬
‫‪0.90625‬‬
‫‪0.843284‬‬
‫‪0.889313‬‬
‫‪0.854962‬‬
‫‪0.867188‬‬
‫‪0.876923‬‬
‫‪0.867647‬‬
‫‪0.863636‬‬
‫‪0.876923‬‬
‫‪0.844444‬‬
‫‪0.838235‬‬
‫‪0.814815‬‬
‫‪0.869231‬‬
‫‪0.922481‬‬
‫‪0.794521‬‬
‫‪0.830882‬‬
‫‪0.859259‬‬
‫‪0.87218‬‬
‫‪0.891473‬‬
‫‪0.883721‬‬
‫‪0.857143‬‬
‫‪0.851852‬‬
‫‪0.837037‬‬
‫‪0.828358‬‬
‫‪0.850746‬‬
‫‪0.845588‬‬
‫‪0.817857‬‬
‫‪0.846715‬‬
‫‪0.859259‬‬
‫‪0.873134‬‬
‫‪0.868613‬‬
‫‪0.876866‬‬
‫‪0.877863‬‬
‫‪0.857143‬‬
‫‪0.885496‬‬
‫‪0.850746‬‬
‫‪0.844444‬‬
‫‪0.820896‬‬
‫‪0.81295‬‬
‫‪0.817518‬‬
‫‪0.835766‬‬
‫‪0.845588‬‬
‫‪0.835714‬‬
‫‪0.862319‬‬
‫‪0.851449‬‬
‫‪0.857664‬‬
‫‪0.860294‬‬
‫‪0.839286‬‬
‫‪2045‬‬
‫‪2046‬‬
‫‪2047‬‬
‫‪2048‬‬
‫‪2049‬‬
‫‪2050‬‬
‫‪2051‬‬
‫‪2052‬‬
‫‪2053‬‬
‫‪2054‬‬
‫‪2055‬‬
‫‪2056‬‬
‫‪2057‬‬
‫‪2058‬‬
‫‪2059‬‬
‫‪2060‬‬
‫‪2061‬‬
‫‪2062‬‬
‫‪2063‬‬
‫‪2064‬‬
‫‪2065‬‬
‫‪2066‬‬
‫‪2067‬‬
‫‪2068‬‬
‫‪2069‬‬
‫‪2070‬‬
‫‪2071‬‬
‫‪2072‬‬
‫‪2073‬‬
‫‪2074‬‬
‫‪2075‬‬
‫‪2076‬‬
‫‪2077‬‬
‫‪2078‬‬
‫‪2079‬‬
‫‪2080‬‬
‫‪2081‬‬
‫‪2082‬‬
‫‪2083‬‬
‫‪2084‬‬
‫‪2085‬‬
‫‪2086‬‬
‫‪2087‬‬
‫‪2088‬‬
‫‪2089‬‬
‫‪2090‬‬
‫‪2091‬‬
‫‪2092‬‬
‫‪2093‬‬
‫‪2094‬‬
‫‪2095‬‬
‫‪2096‬‬
‫ﺑﺌﺮ ‪NS-1‬‬
‫ﺍﳌﻠﺤﻖ )‪ -1‬ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ ‪(12‬‬
‫‪32.65411‬‬
‫‪35.62511‬‬
‫‪34.95477‬‬
‫‪35.86955‬‬
‫‪35.37113‬‬
‫‪34.86946‬‬
‫‪36.17565‬‬
‫‪35.1163‬‬
‫‪36.69022‬‬
‫‪39.51833‬‬
‫‪38.24433‬‬
‫‪37.14061‬‬
‫‪37.23413‬‬
‫‪39.93915‬‬
‫‪2.788703‬‬
‫‪2.819702‬‬
‫‪2.801546‬‬
‫‪2.777871‬‬
‫‪2.783657‬‬
‫‪2.789482‬‬
‫‪2.789482‬‬
‫‪2.747493‬‬
‫‪2.742527‬‬
‫‪2.814222‬‬
‫‪2.773596‬‬
‫‪2.797003‬‬
‫‪2.768511‬‬
‫‪2.821855‬‬
‫‪0.533333‬‬
‫‪0.514286‬‬
‫‪0.525362‬‬
‫‪0.540146‬‬
‫‪0.536496‬‬
‫‪0.532847‬‬
‫‪0.532847‬‬
‫‪0.559701‬‬
‫‪0.562963‬‬
‫‪0.517606‬‬
‫‪0.542857‬‬
‫‪0.528169‬‬
‫‪0.546099‬‬
‫‪0.512987‬‬
‫‪0.874074‬‬
‫‪0.842857‬‬
‫‪0.855072‬‬
‫‪0.861314‬‬
‫‪0.861314‬‬
‫‪0.861314‬‬
‫‪0.854015‬‬
‫‪0.880597‬‬
‫‪0.874074‬‬
‫‪0.823944‬‬
‫‪0.85‬‬
‫‪0.84507‬‬
‫‪0.858156‬‬
‫‪0.818182‬‬
‫‪2097‬‬
‫‪2098‬‬
‫‪2099‬‬
‫‪2100‬‬
‫‪2101‬‬
‫‪2102‬‬
‫‪2103‬‬
‫‪2104‬‬
‫‪2105‬‬
‫‪2106‬‬
‫‪2107‬‬
‫‪2108‬‬
‫‪2109‬‬
‫‪2110‬‬
NS-2 ‫ﺑﺌﺮ‬
Depth
1921
1922
1923
1924
1925
1926
1927
1928
1929
1930
1931
1932
1933
1934
1935
1936
1937
1938
1939
1940
1941
1942
1943
1944
1945
1946
1947
1948
1949
1950
1951
1952
1953
1954
1955
1956
1957
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963
1964
1965
1966
1967
1968
1969
1970
ρb
(13 ‫ ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ‬-1) ‫ﺍﳌﻠﺤﻖ‬
φN
2.2
0.24
2.23
2.25
∆tlog
φD
GR
φND
57.7
15
0.298
0.269
0.245
60
15
0.281
0.263
0.25
57.7
15
0.269
0.260
2.3
0.26
61.54
15
0.240
0.250
2.35
0.265
64.62
15
0.211
0.238
2.254
0.27
76.93
15
0.267
0.268
2.25
0.323
78.47
15
0.269
0.296
2.278
0.3184
73.08
16.5
0.253
0.286
2.254
0.2723
74.62
15
0.267
0.269
2.262
0.3
76.93
15
0.262
0.281
2.27
0.2884
72.31
15
0.257
0.273
2.278
0.2676
70
15
0.253
0.260
2.274
0.2584
71.54
15
0.255
0.257
2.228
0.2861
75.38
15
0.282
0.284
2.486
0.21
70
15
0.131
0.170
2.486
0.1915
72.31
12.5
0.131
0.161
2.398
0.2353
76.93
10
0.182
0.209
2.432
0.203
73.85
15
0.163
0.183
2.462
0.2076
73.85
12.5
0.145
0.176
2.45
0.203
73.85
10
0.152
0.178
2.388
0.2261
75.38
11.5
0.188
0.207
2.408
0.2307
73.85
11.5
0.177
0.204
2.462
0.1984
72.31
11.5
0.145
0.172
2.448
0.1961
73.08
14.5
0.153
0.175
2.408
0.21
73.08
10
0.177
0.193
2.408
0.2261
73.85
11
0.177
0.201
2.408
0.233
74.62
15
0.177
0.205
2.35
0.2469
78.47
15
0.211
0.229
2.312
0.2561
78.47
10
0.233
0.244
2.344
0.2815
77.7
10.5
0.214
0.248
2.404
0.233
75.38
11
0.179
0.206
2.37
0.233
76.93
14.5
0.199
0.216
2.394
0.2538
76.93
10
0.185
0.219
2.398
0.233
77.7
12
0.182
0.208
2.378
0.2469
77.7
11.5
0.194
0.221
2.348
0.2376
77.7
12.5
0.212
0.225
2.44
0.1961
73.08
14
0.158
0.177
2.35
0.2007
75.38
14
0.211
0.206
2.35
0.2284
75.38
11.5
0.211
0.219
2.55
0.1938
66.16
15
0.094
0.144
2.544
0.15
66.93
15
0.097
0.124
2.548
0.15
68.47
16
0.095
0.122
2.524
0.1661
70
14.5
0.109
0.137
2.504
0.1592
71.54
16
0.120
0.140
2.374
0.2284
76.16
9
0.196
0.212
2.404
0.2307
75.38
12.5
0.179
0.205
2.44
0.1707
70
17.5
0.158
0.164
2.482
0.1707
71.54
15
0.133
0.152
2.45
0.1892
71.54
17.5
0.152
0.171
2.432
0.2053
72.31
15
0.163
0.184
φS
0.0721
0.0883
0.0721
0.0992
0.1210
0.2080
0.2189
0.1808
0.1917
0.2080
0.1753
0.1590
0.1699
0.1970
0.1590
0.1753
0.2080
0.1862
0.1862
0.1862
0.1970
0.1862
0.1753
0.1808
0.1808
0.1862
0.1917
0.2189
0.2189
0.2134
0.1970
0.2080
0.2080
0.2134
0.2134
0.2134
0.1808
0.1970
0.1970
0.1319
0.1373
0.1482
0.1590
0.1699
0.2025
0.1970
0.1590
0.1699
0.1699
0.1753
spi
0.1970
0.1745
0.1874
0.1507
0.1168
0.0603
0.0771
0.1047
0.0778
0.0730
0.0975
0.1011
0.0868
0.0870
0.0115
-0.0141
0.0009
-0.0034
-0.0099
-0.0087
0.0102
0.0174
-0.0036
-0.0061
0.0125
0.0151
0.0131
0.0098
0.0256
0.0343
0.0089
0.0079
0.0113
-0.0057
0.0071
0.0112
-0.0038
0.0086
0.0224
0.0118
-0.0138
-0.0258
-0.0216
-0.0301
0.0099
0.0078
0.0053
-0.0179
0.0007
0.0086
F
13.81
14.47
14.85
16.01
17.69
13.89
11.41
12.27
13.77
12.67
13.43
14.78
15.18
12.40
34.40
38.46
22.92
29.93
32.17
31.73
23.29
24.11
33.91
32.78
26.76
24.66
23.84
19.12
16.74
16.29
23.57
21.45
20.79
23.17
20.56
19.82
31.92
23.65
20.76
48.44
65.52
66.78
52.94
51.14
22.16
23.84
37.05
43.27
34.35
29.56
‫ﺑﺌﺮ ‪NS-2‬‬
‫ﺍﳌﻠﺤﻖ )‪ -1‬ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ ‪(14‬‬
‫‪39.38‬‬
‫‪29.56‬‬
‫‪21.21‬‬
‫‪23.95‬‬
‫‪21.43‬‬
‫‪25.54‬‬
‫‪32.32‬‬
‫‪22.15‬‬
‫‪31.07‬‬
‫‪39.52‬‬
‫‪7.21‬‬
‫‪7.24‬‬
‫‪6.74‬‬
‫‪16.93‬‬
‫‪4.98‬‬
‫‪4.62‬‬
‫‪5.60‬‬
‫‪5.38‬‬
‫‪7.17‬‬
‫‪4.96‬‬
‫‪219.26‬‬
‫‪96.82‬‬
‫‪58.43‬‬
‫‪18.61‬‬
‫‪18.62‬‬
‫‪14.51‬‬
‫‪18.45‬‬
‫‪15.17‬‬
‫‪89.29‬‬
‫‪69.84‬‬
‫‪27.21‬‬
‫‪51.13‬‬
‫‪23.95‬‬
‫‪19.40‬‬
‫‪28.82‬‬
‫‪36.33‬‬
‫‪55.65‬‬
‫‪544.23‬‬
‫‪241.52‬‬
‫‪16.94‬‬
‫‪57.61‬‬
‫‪24.19‬‬
‫‪17.46‬‬
‫‪16.42‬‬
‫‪18.44‬‬
‫‪57.05‬‬
‫‪17.98‬‬
‫‪17.72‬‬
‫‪15.89‬‬
‫‪15.89‬‬
‫‪16.04‬‬
‫‪0.0003‬‬
‫‪0.0086‬‬
‫‪0.0146‬‬
‫‪0.0127‬‬
‫‪0.0190‬‬
‫‪0.0062‬‬
‫‪0.0060‬‬
‫‪0.0208‬‬
‫‪0.0149‬‬
‫‪0.0001‬‬
‫‪-0.2106‬‬
‫‪-0.2385‬‬
‫‪-0.1816‬‬
‫‪-0.3890‬‬
‫‪-0.1351‬‬
‫‪-0.2049‬‬
‫‪-0.0518‬‬
‫‪-0.0540‬‬
‫‪0.1763‬‬
‫‪0.1052‬‬
‫‪-0.0046‬‬
‫‪-0.0085‬‬
‫‪-0.0608‬‬
‫‪0.0021‬‬
‫‪0.0020‬‬
‫‪0.0219‬‬
‫‪0.0031‬‬
‫‪-0.0056‬‬
‫‪-0.0260‬‬
‫‪-0.0013‬‬
‫‪-0.0108‬‬
‫‪-0.0083‬‬
‫‪-0.0036‬‬
‫‪0.0136‬‬
‫‪0.0055‬‬
‫‪0.0015‬‬
‫‪0.0131‬‬
‫‪-0.0292‬‬
‫‪-0.0947‬‬
‫‪0.0404‬‬
‫‪-0.0273‬‬
‫‪0.0063‬‬
‫‪0.0096‬‬
‫‪0.0171‬‬
‫‪0.0086‬‬
‫‪-0.0375‬‬
‫‪-0.0156‬‬
‫‪0.0079‬‬
‫‪-0.0006‬‬
‫‪0.0049‬‬
‫‪0.0200‬‬
‫‪0.1590‬‬
‫‪0.1753‬‬
‫‪0.2025‬‬
‫‪0.1917‬‬
‫‪0.1970‬‬
‫‪0.1917‬‬
‫‪0.1699‬‬
‫‪0.1917‬‬
‫‪0.1645‬‬
‫‪0.1590‬‬
‫‪0.5830‬‬
‫‪0.6102‬‬
‫‪0.5668‬‬
‫‪0.6320‬‬
‫‪0.5830‬‬
‫‪0.6700‬‬
‫‪0.4743‬‬
‫‪0.4852‬‬
‫‪0.1970‬‬
‫‪0.3439‬‬
‫‪0.0721‬‬
‫‪0.1101‬‬
‫‪0.1917‬‬
‫‪0.2297‬‬
‫‪0.2297‬‬
‫‪0.2406‬‬
‫‪0.2297‬‬
‫‪0.2623‬‬
‫‪0.1319‬‬
‫‪0.1210‬‬
‫‪0.2025‬‬
‫‪0.1482‬‬
‫‪0.2080‬‬
‫‪0.2134‬‬
‫‪0.1808‬‬
‫‪0.1645‬‬
‫‪0.1210‬‬
‫‪0.0721‬‬
‫‪0.1590‬‬
‫‪0.2025‬‬
‫‪0.1590‬‬
‫‪0.1970‬‬
‫‪0.2297‬‬
‫‪0.2297‬‬
‫‪0.2243‬‬
‫‪0.1699‬‬
‫‪0.2514‬‬
‫‪0.2297‬‬
‫‪0.2514‬‬
‫‪0.2460‬‬
‫‪0.2297‬‬
‫‪0.159‬‬
‫‪0.148‬‬
‫‪15‬‬
‫‪70‬‬
‫‪0.1707‬‬
‫‪2.456‬‬
‫‪0.184‬‬
‫‪0.163‬‬
‫‪17.5‬‬
‫‪72.31‬‬
‫‪0.2053‬‬
‫‪2.432‬‬
‫‪0.217‬‬
‫‪0.206‬‬
‫‪15‬‬
‫‪76.16‬‬
‫‪0.2284‬‬
‫‪2.358‬‬
‫‪0.204‬‬
‫‪0.187‬‬
‫‪13‬‬
‫‪74.62‬‬
‫‪0.2215‬‬
‫‪2.39‬‬
‫‪0.216‬‬
‫‪0.211‬‬
‫‪10.5‬‬
‫‪75.38‬‬
‫‪0.2215‬‬
‫‪2.35‬‬
‫‪0.198‬‬
‫‪0.174‬‬
‫‪15‬‬
‫‪74.62‬‬
‫‪0.2215‬‬
‫‪2.412‬‬
‫‪0.176‬‬
‫‪0.163‬‬
‫‪12.5‬‬
‫‪71.54‬‬
‫‪0.1892‬‬
‫‪2.432‬‬
‫‪0.212‬‬
‫‪0.201‬‬
‫‪10.5‬‬
‫‪74.62‬‬
‫‪0.2238‬‬
‫‪2.366‬‬
‫‪0.179‬‬
‫‪0.170‬‬
‫‪15‬‬
‫‪70.77‬‬
‫‪0.1892‬‬
‫‪2.42‬‬
‫‪0.159‬‬
‫‪0.152‬‬
‫‪15‬‬
‫‪70‬‬
‫‪0.1661‬‬
‫‪2.45‬‬
‫‪0.372‬‬
‫‪0.309‬‬
‫‪55‬‬
‫‪130‬‬
‫‪0.4361‬‬
‫‪2.182‬‬
‫‪0.372‬‬
‫‪0.298‬‬
‫‪59.5‬‬
‫‪133.85‬‬
‫‪0.4453‬‬
‫‪2.2‬‬
‫‪0.385‬‬
‫‪0.309‬‬
‫‪51.5‬‬
‫‪127.7‬‬
‫‪0.4615‬‬
‫‪2.182‬‬
‫‪0.243‬‬
‫‪0.435‬‬
‫‪42.5‬‬
‫‪136.93‬‬
‫‪0.051‬‬
‫‪1.966‬‬
‫‪0.448‬‬
‫‪0.379‬‬
‫‪44.5‬‬
‫‪130‬‬
‫‪0.5169‬‬
‫‪2.062‬‬
‫‪0.465‬‬
‫‪0.453‬‬
‫‪42.5‬‬
‫‪142.31‬‬
‫‪0.4776‬‬
‫‪1.936‬‬
‫‪0.423‬‬
‫‪0.386‬‬
‫‪30.5‬‬
‫‪114.62‬‬
‫‪0.4592‬‬
‫‪2.05‬‬
‫‪0.431‬‬
‫‪0.392‬‬
‫‪33.5‬‬
‫‪116.16‬‬
‫‪0.4707‬‬
‫‪2.04‬‬
‫‪0.373‬‬
‫‪0.357‬‬
‫‪28‬‬
‫‪75.38‬‬
‫‪0.39‬‬
‫‪2.1‬‬
‫‪0.449‬‬
‫‪0.467‬‬
‫‪40‬‬
‫‪96.16‬‬
‫‪0.4315‬‬
‫‪1.912‬‬
‫‪0.068‬‬
‫‪0.094‬‬
‫‪32.5‬‬
‫‪57.7‬‬
‫‪0.0415‬‬
‫‪2.55‬‬
‫‪0.102‬‬
‫‪0.102‬‬
‫‪25‬‬
‫‪63.08‬‬
‫‪0.1015‬‬
‫‪2.536‬‬
‫‪0.131‬‬
‫‪0.156‬‬
‫‪30‬‬
‫‪74.62‬‬
‫‪0.1061‬‬
‫‪2.444‬‬
‫‪0.232‬‬
‫‪0.240‬‬
‫‪11‬‬
‫‪80‬‬
‫‪0.2238‬‬
‫‪2.3‬‬
‫‪0.232‬‬
‫‪0.233‬‬
‫‪11‬‬
‫‪80‬‬
‫‪0.2307‬‬
‫‪2.312‬‬
‫‪0.262‬‬
‫‪0.255‬‬
‫‪11‬‬
‫‪81.54‬‬
‫‪0.27‬‬
‫‪2.274‬‬
‫‪0.233‬‬
‫‪0.221‬‬
‫‪11.5‬‬
‫‪80‬‬
‫‪0.2446‬‬
‫‪2.332‬‬
‫‪0.257‬‬
‫‪0.260‬‬
‫‪14‬‬
‫‪84.62‬‬
‫‪0.2538‬‬
‫‪2.266‬‬
‫‪0.106‬‬
‫‪0.129‬‬
‫‪32.5‬‬
‫‪66.16‬‬
‫‪0.083‬‬
‫‪2.49‬‬
‫‪0.120‬‬
‫‪0.126‬‬
‫‪15‬‬
‫‪64.62‬‬
‫‪0.113‬‬
‫‪2.494‬‬
‫‪0.192‬‬
‫‪0.196‬‬
‫‪12.5‬‬
‫‪76.16‬‬
‫‪0.1869‬‬
‫‪2.374‬‬
‫‪0.140‬‬
‫‪0.123‬‬
‫‪13.5‬‬
‫‪68.47‬‬
‫‪0.1569‬‬
‫‪2.5‬‬
‫‪0.204‬‬
‫‪0.192‬‬
‫‪10‬‬
‫‪76.93‬‬
‫‪0.2169‬‬
‫‪2.382‬‬
‫‪0.227‬‬
‫‪0.221‬‬
‫‪10‬‬
‫‪77.7‬‬
‫‪0.233‬‬
‫‪2.332‬‬
‫‪0.186‬‬
‫‪0.163‬‬
‫‪15‬‬
‫‪73.08‬‬
‫‪0.21‬‬
‫‪2.432‬‬
‫‪0.166‬‬
‫‪0.138‬‬
‫‪20‬‬
‫‪70.77‬‬
‫‪0.1938‬‬
‫‪2.474‬‬
‫‪0.134‬‬
‫‪0.123‬‬
‫‪21‬‬
‫‪64.62‬‬
‫‪0.1453‬‬
‫‪2.5‬‬
‫‪0.043‬‬
‫‪0.026‬‬
‫‪22.5‬‬
‫‪57.7‬‬
‫‪0.06‬‬
‫‪2.666‬‬
‫‪0.064‬‬
‫‪0.050‬‬
‫‪22.5‬‬
‫‪70‬‬
‫‪0.0784‬‬
‫‪2.624‬‬
‫‪0.243‬‬
‫‪0.240‬‬
‫‪15‬‬
‫‪76.16‬‬
‫‪0.2462‬‬
‫‪2.3‬‬
‫‪0.132‬‬
‫‪0.123‬‬
‫‪19‬‬
‫‪70‬‬
‫‪0.1407‬‬
‫‪2.5‬‬
‫‪0.203‬‬
‫‪0.211‬‬
‫‪16‬‬
‫‪75.38‬‬
‫‪0.1961‬‬
‫‪2.35‬‬
‫‪0.239‬‬
‫‪0.246‬‬
‫‪12.5‬‬
‫‪80‬‬
‫‪0.233‬‬
‫‪2.29‬‬
‫‪0.247‬‬
‫‪0.226‬‬
‫‪8.5‬‬
‫‪80‬‬
‫‪0.2679‬‬
‫‪2.324‬‬
‫‪0.233‬‬
‫‪0.233‬‬
‫‪14‬‬
‫‪79.24‬‬
‫‪0.233‬‬
‫‪2.312‬‬
‫‪0.132‬‬
‫‪0.131‬‬
‫‪20‬‬
‫‪71.54‬‬
‫‪0.1338‬‬
‫‪2.486‬‬
‫‪0.236‬‬
‫‪0.243‬‬
‫‪12.5‬‬
‫‪83.08‬‬
‫‪0.2284‬‬
‫‪2.294‬‬
‫‪0.238‬‬
‫‪0.235‬‬
‫‪9‬‬
‫‪80‬‬
‫‪0.24‬‬
‫‪2.308‬‬
‫‪0.251‬‬
‫‪0.248‬‬
‫‪10‬‬
‫‪83.08‬‬
‫‪0.2538‬‬
‫‪2.286‬‬
‫‪0.251‬‬
‫‪0.248‬‬
‫‪12.5‬‬
‫‪82.31‬‬
‫‪0.2538‬‬
‫‪2.286‬‬
‫‪0.250‬‬
‫‪0.246‬‬
‫‪14‬‬
‫‪80‬‬
‫‪0.2538‬‬
‫‪2.29‬‬
‫‪1971‬‬
‫‪1972‬‬
‫‪1973‬‬
‫‪1974‬‬
‫‪1975‬‬
‫‪1976‬‬
‫‪1977‬‬
‫‪1978‬‬
‫‪1979‬‬
‫‪1980‬‬
‫‪1981‬‬
‫‪1982‬‬
‫‪1983‬‬
‫‪1984‬‬
‫‪1985‬‬
‫‪1986‬‬
‫‪1987‬‬
‫‪1988‬‬
‫‪1989‬‬
‫‪1990‬‬
‫‪1991‬‬
‫‪1992‬‬
‫‪1993‬‬
‫‪1994‬‬
‫‪1995‬‬
‫‪1996‬‬
‫‪1997‬‬
‫‪1998‬‬
‫‪1999‬‬
‫‪2000‬‬
‫‪2001‬‬
‫‪2002‬‬
‫‪2003‬‬
‫‪2004‬‬
‫‪2005‬‬
‫‪2006‬‬
‫‪2007‬‬
‫‪2008‬‬
‫‪2009‬‬
‫‪2010‬‬
‫‪2011‬‬
‫‪2012‬‬
‫‪2013‬‬
‫‪2014‬‬
‫‪2015‬‬
‫‪2016‬‬
‫‪2017‬‬
‫‪2018‬‬
‫‪2019‬‬
‫‪2020‬‬
‫‪2021‬‬
‫ﺑﺌﺮ ‪NS-2‬‬
‫ﺍﳌﻠﺤﻖ )‪ -1‬ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ ‪(15‬‬
‫‪18.82‬‬
‫‪19.01‬‬
‫‪13.83‬‬
‫‪14.91‬‬
‫‪15.32‬‬
‫‪16.04‬‬
‫‪18.44‬‬
‫‪19.40‬‬
‫‪16.12‬‬
‫‪14.65‬‬
‫‪19.01‬‬
‫‪16.74‬‬
‫‪16.34‬‬
‫‪15.89‬‬
‫‪15.47‬‬
‫‪17.38‬‬
‫‪17.92‬‬
‫‪14.64‬‬
‫‪16.42‬‬
‫‪18.08‬‬
‫‪19.40‬‬
‫‪14.99‬‬
‫‪18.26‬‬
‫‪17.38‬‬
‫‪13.59‬‬
‫‪13.59‬‬
‫‪13.59‬‬
‫‪15.04‬‬
‫‪14.01‬‬
‫‪14.13‬‬
‫‪13.42‬‬
‫‪14.52‬‬
‫‪13.77‬‬
‫‪15.05‬‬
‫‪16.28‬‬
‫‪20.99‬‬
‫‪22.17‬‬
‫‪21.22‬‬
‫‪21.20‬‬
‫‪22.39‬‬
‫‪19.82‬‬
‫‪19.39‬‬
‫‪21.21‬‬
‫‪19.91‬‬
‫‪18.82‬‬
‫‪20.44‬‬
‫‪20.44‬‬
‫‪18.26‬‬
‫‪19.21‬‬
‫‪16.57‬‬
‫‪17.21‬‬
‫‪0.0171‬‬
‫‪-0.0004‬‬
‫‪-0.0260‬‬
‫‪0.0021‬‬
‫‪0.0095‬‬
‫‪0.0200‬‬
‫‪0.0140‬‬
‫‪0.0136‬‬
‫‪0.0411‬‬
‫‪0.0153‬‬
‫‪0.0268‬‬
‫‪0.0093‬‬
‫‪0.0177‬‬
‫‪0.0158‬‬
‫‪0.0246‬‬
‫‪0.0102‬‬
‫‪0.0065‬‬
‫‪0.0479‬‬
‫‪0.0171‬‬
‫‪0.0163‬‬
‫‪0.0028‬‬
‫‪-0.0041‬‬
‫‪0.0206‬‬
‫‪0.0265‬‬
‫‪0.0198‬‬
‫‪0.0035‬‬
‫‪0.0143‬‬
‫‪0.0010‬‬
‫‪0.0157‬‬
‫‪0.0037‬‬
‫‪0.0052‬‬
‫‪0.0110‬‬
‫‪0.0234‬‬
‫‪0.0009‬‬
‫‪0.0290‬‬
‫‪-0.0006‬‬
‫‪0.0098‬‬
‫‪0.0200‬‬
‫‪0.0092‬‬
‫‪0.0033‬‬
‫‪0.0112‬‬
‫‪0.0137‬‬
‫‪0.0091‬‬
‫‪0.0107‬‬
‫‪0.0171‬‬
‫‪0.0078‬‬
‫‪0.0132‬‬
‫‪0.0315‬‬
‫‪0.0148‬‬
‫‪-0.0167‬‬
‫‪0.0059‬‬
‫‪0.2134‬‬
‫‪0.2297‬‬
‫‪0.2950‬‬
‫‪0.2569‬‬
‫‪0.2460‬‬
‫‪0.2297‬‬
‫‪0.2189‬‬
‫‪0.2134‬‬
‫‪0.2080‬‬
‫‪0.2460‬‬
‫‪0.2025‬‬
‫‪0.2351‬‬
‫‪0.2297‬‬
‫‪0.2351‬‬
‫‪0.2297‬‬
‫‪0.2297‬‬
‫‪0.2297‬‬
‫‪0.2134‬‬
‫‪0.2297‬‬
‫‪0.2189‬‬
‫‪0.2243‬‬
‫‪0.2623‬‬
‫‪0.2134‬‬
‫‪0.2134‬‬
‫‪0.2514‬‬
‫‪0.2677‬‬
‫‪0.2569‬‬
‫‪0.2569‬‬
‫‪0.2514‬‬
‫‪0.2623‬‬
‫‪0.2677‬‬
‫‪0.2514‬‬
‫‪0.2460‬‬
‫‪0.2569‬‬
‫‪0.2189‬‬
‫‪0.2189‬‬
‫‪0.2025‬‬
‫‪0.1970‬‬
‫‪0.2080‬‬
‫‪0.2080‬‬
‫‪0.2134‬‬
‫‪0.2134‬‬
‫‪0.2080‬‬
‫‪0.2134‬‬
‫‪0.2134‬‬
‫‪0.2134‬‬
‫‪0.2080‬‬
‫‪0.2025‬‬
‫‪0.2134‬‬
‫‪0.2623‬‬
‫‪0.2351‬‬
‫‪0.231‬‬
‫‪0.221‬‬
‫‪20‬‬
‫‪77.7‬‬
‫‪0.24‬‬
‫‪2.332‬‬
‫‪0.229‬‬
‫‪0.221‬‬
‫‪21.5‬‬
‫‪80‬‬
‫‪0.2376‬‬
‫‪2.332‬‬
‫‪0.269‬‬
‫‪0.277‬‬
‫‪16‬‬
‫‪89.24‬‬
‫‪0.2607‬‬
‫‪2.236‬‬
‫‪0.259‬‬
‫‪0.253‬‬
‫‪15‬‬
‫‪83.85‬‬
‫‪0.2653‬‬
‫‪2.278‬‬
‫‪0.255‬‬
‫‪0.248‬‬
‫‪22‬‬
‫‪82.31‬‬
‫‪0.263‬‬
‫‪2.286‬‬
‫‪0.250‬‬
‫‪0.246‬‬
‫‪15.5‬‬
‫‪80‬‬
‫‪0.2538‬‬
‫‪2.29‬‬
‫‪0.233‬‬
‫‪0.226‬‬
‫‪21‬‬
‫‪78.47‬‬
‫‪0.24‬‬
‫‪2.324‬‬
‫‪0.227‬‬
‫‪0.221‬‬
‫‪20‬‬
‫‪77.7‬‬
‫‪0.233‬‬
‫‪2.332‬‬
‫‪0.249‬‬
‫‪0.240‬‬
‫‪17.5‬‬
‫‪76.93‬‬
‫‪0.2584‬‬
‫‪2.3‬‬
‫‪0.261‬‬
‫‪0.255‬‬
‫‪18.5‬‬
‫‪82.31‬‬
‫‪0.2676‬‬
‫‪2.274‬‬
‫‪0.229‬‬
‫‪0.221‬‬
‫‪27.5‬‬
‫‪76.16‬‬
‫‪0.2376‬‬
‫‪2.332‬‬
‫‪0.244‬‬
‫‪0.230‬‬
‫‪21‬‬
‫‪80.77‬‬
‫‪0.2584‬‬
‫‪2.316‬‬
‫‪0.247‬‬
‫‪0.241‬‬
‫‪20‬‬
‫‪80‬‬
‫‪0.2538‬‬
‫‪2.298‬‬
‫‪0.251‬‬
‫‪0.248‬‬
‫‪23.5‬‬
‫‪80.77‬‬
‫‪0.2538‬‬
‫‪2.286‬‬
‫‪0.254‬‬
‫‪0.241‬‬
‫‪21‬‬
‫‪80‬‬
‫‪0.2676‬‬
‫‪2.298‬‬
‫‪0.240‬‬
‫‪0.240‬‬
‫‪23‬‬
‫‪80‬‬
‫‪0.24‬‬
‫‪2.3‬‬
‫‪0.236‬‬
‫‪0.230‬‬
‫‪20‬‬
‫‪80‬‬
‫‪0.242‬‬
‫‪2.316‬‬
‫‪0.261‬‬
‫‪0.260‬‬
‫‪21‬‬
‫‪77.7‬‬
‫‪0.263‬‬
‫‪2.266‬‬
‫‪0.247‬‬
‫‪0.240‬‬
‫‪16.5‬‬
‫‪80‬‬
‫‪0.2538‬‬
‫‪2.3‬‬
‫‪0.235‬‬
‫‪0.230‬‬
‫‪15.5‬‬
‫‪78.47‬‬
‫‪0.24‬‬
‫‪2.316‬‬
‫‪0.227‬‬
‫‪0.226‬‬
‫‪17.5‬‬
‫‪79.24‬‬
‫‪0.2284‬‬
‫‪2.324‬‬
‫‪0.258‬‬
‫‪0.233‬‬
‫‪19‬‬
‫‪84.62‬‬
‫‪0.2838‬‬
‫‪2.312‬‬
‫‪0.234‬‬
‫‪0.230‬‬
‫‪27.5‬‬
‫‪77.7‬‬
‫‪0.2376‬‬
‫‪2.316‬‬
‫‪0.240‬‬
‫‪0.240‬‬
‫‪15.5‬‬
‫‪77.7‬‬
‫‪0.24‬‬
‫‪2.3‬‬
‫‪0.271‬‬
‫‪0.270‬‬
‫‪10‬‬
‫‪83.08‬‬
‫‪0.2723‬‬
‫‪2.248‬‬
‫‪0.271‬‬
‫‪0.270‬‬
‫‪11‬‬
‫‪85.38‬‬
‫‪0.2723‬‬
‫‪2.248‬‬
‫‪0.271‬‬
‫‪0.270‬‬
‫‪10‬‬
‫‪83.85‬‬
‫‪0.2723‬‬
‫‪2.248‬‬
‫‪0.258‬‬
‫‪0.262‬‬
‫‪11‬‬
‫‪83.85‬‬
‫‪0.2538‬‬
‫‪2.262‬‬
‫‪0.267‬‬
‫‪0.264‬‬
‫‪12.5‬‬
‫‪83.08‬‬
‫‪0.27‬‬
‫‪2.258‬‬
‫‪0.266‬‬
‫‪0.262‬‬
‫‪11.5‬‬
‫‪84.62‬‬
‫‪0.27‬‬
‫‪2.262‬‬
‫‪0.273‬‬
‫‪0.269‬‬
‫‪13‬‬
‫‪85.38‬‬
‫‪0.2769‬‬
‫‪2.25‬‬
‫‪0.262‬‬
‫‪0.257‬‬
‫‪13.5‬‬
‫‪83.08‬‬
‫‪0.2676‬‬
‫‪2.27‬‬
‫‪0.269‬‬
‫‪0.262‬‬
‫‪13.5‬‬
‫‪82.31‬‬
‫‪0.2769‬‬
‫‪2.262‬‬
‫‪0.258‬‬
‫‪0.250‬‬
‫‪14.5‬‬
‫‪83.85‬‬
‫‪0.2653‬‬
‫‪2.282‬‬
‫‪0.248‬‬
‫‪0.230‬‬
‫‪14.5‬‬
‫‪78.47‬‬
‫‪0.2653‬‬
‫‪2.316‬‬
‫‪0.218‬‬
‫‪0.196‬‬
‫‪15‬‬
‫‪78.47‬‬
‫‪0.24‬‬
‫‪2.374‬‬
‫‪0.212‬‬
‫‪0.187‬‬
‫‪16.5‬‬
‫‪76.16‬‬
‫‪0.2376‬‬
‫‪2.39‬‬
‫‪0.217‬‬
‫‪0.194‬‬
‫‪15‬‬
‫‪75.38‬‬
‫‪0.24‬‬
‫‪2.378‬‬
‫‪0.217‬‬
‫‪0.211‬‬
‫‪18‬‬
‫‪76.93‬‬
‫‪0.2238‬‬
‫‪2.35‬‬
‫‪0.211‬‬
‫‪0.199‬‬
‫‪15‬‬
‫‪76.93‬‬
‫‪0.2238‬‬
‫‪2.37‬‬
‫‪0.225‬‬
‫‪0.212‬‬
‫‪15‬‬
‫‪77.7‬‬
‫‪0.2376‬‬
‫‪2.348‬‬
‫‪0.227‬‬
‫‪0.230‬‬
‫‪13‬‬
‫‪77.7‬‬
‫‪0.2238‬‬
‫‪2.316‬‬
‫‪0.217‬‬
‫‪0.206‬‬
‫‪22.5‬‬
‫‪76.93‬‬
‫‪0.2284‬‬
‫‪2.358‬‬
‫‪0.224‬‬
‫‪0.208‬‬
‫‪17.5‬‬
‫‪77.7‬‬
‫‪0.24‬‬
‫‪2.354‬‬
‫‪0.230‬‬
‫‪0.223‬‬
‫‪15‬‬
‫‪77.7‬‬
‫‪0.2376‬‬
‫‪2.328‬‬
‫‪0.221‬‬
‫‪0.212‬‬
‫‪10‬‬
‫‪77.7‬‬
‫‪0.2307‬‬
‫‪2.348‬‬
‫‪0.221‬‬
‫‪0.212‬‬
‫‪15‬‬
‫‪76.93‬‬
‫‪0.2307‬‬
‫‪2.348‬‬
‫‪0.234‬‬
‫‪0.228‬‬
‫‪12.5‬‬
‫‪76.16‬‬
‫‪0.24‬‬
‫‪2.32‬‬
‫‪0.228‬‬
‫‪0.216‬‬
‫‪13‬‬
‫‪77.7‬‬
‫‪0.24‬‬
‫‪2.34‬‬
‫‪0.246‬‬
‫‪0.240‬‬
‫‪12.5‬‬
‫‪84.62‬‬
‫‪0.2515‬‬
‫‪2.3‬‬
‫‪0.241‬‬
‫‪0.240‬‬
‫‪15‬‬
‫‪80.77‬‬
‫‪0.2423‬‬
‫‪2.3‬‬
‫‪2022‬‬
‫‪2023‬‬
‫‪2024‬‬
‫‪2025‬‬
‫‪2026‬‬
‫‪2027‬‬
‫‪2028‬‬
‫‪2029‬‬
‫‪2030‬‬
‫‪2031‬‬
‫‪2032‬‬
‫‪2033‬‬
‫‪2034‬‬
‫‪2035‬‬
‫‪2036‬‬
‫‪2037‬‬
‫‪2038‬‬
‫‪2039‬‬
‫‪2040‬‬
‫‪2041‬‬
‫‪2042‬‬
‫‪2043‬‬
‫‪2044‬‬
‫‪2045‬‬
‫‪2046‬‬
‫‪2047‬‬
‫‪2048‬‬
‫‪2049‬‬
‫‪2050‬‬
‫‪2051‬‬
‫‪2052‬‬
‫‪2053‬‬
‫‪2054‬‬
‫‪2055‬‬
‫‪2056‬‬
‫‪2057‬‬
‫‪2058‬‬
‫‪2059‬‬
‫‪2060‬‬
‫‪2061‬‬
‫‪2062‬‬
‫‪2063‬‬
‫‪2064‬‬
‫‪2065‬‬
‫‪2066‬‬
‫‪2067‬‬
‫‪2068‬‬
‫‪2069‬‬
‫‪2070‬‬
‫‪2071‬‬
‫‪2072‬‬
NS-2 ‫ﺑﺌﺮ‬
(16 ‫ ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ‬-1) ‫ﺍﳌﻠﺤﻖ‬
2073
2074
2075
2076
2077
2078
2079
2080
2081
2082
2083
2084
2085
2086
2087
2088
2089
2.348
0.2538
80
10
0.212
0.233
2.348
0.24
80
12.5
0.212
0.226
2089.5
Depth
1921
1922
1923
1924
1925
1926
1927
1928
1929
1930
1931
1932
1933
1934
1935
1936
1937
1938
1939
1940
1941
1942
1943
1944
1945
1946
1947
1948
1949
2.34
0.2538
77.7
12.5
0.216
0.235
2.324
0.2492
80.77
13.5
0.226
0.237
2.34
0.2261
80
14.5
0.216
0.221
2.348
0.2376
77.7
12.5
0.212
0.225
2.35
0.24
76.73
13.5
0.211
0.225
2.324
0.263
79.24
15
0.226
0.244
2.374
0.2538
77.7
12.5
0.196
0.225
2.362
0.233
75.38
13.5
0.204
0.218
2.35
0.2376
77.7
10
0.211
0.224
2.366
0.2307
76.16
15
0.201
0.216
2.354
0.2261
75.38
13
0.208
0.217
2.382
0.2284
75.38
14.5
0.192
0.210
2.358
0.2284
74.62
15
0.206
0.217
2.4
0.2261
71.54
15
0.181
0.204
2.416
0.2238
70
15
0.172
0.198
2.45
0.1961
70
18.5
0.152
0.174
vsh
0.064418
0.064418
0.064418
0.064418
0.064418
0.064418
0.064418
0.080971
0.064418
0.064418
0.064418
0.064418
0.064418
0.064418
0.064418
0.038287
0.013872
0.064418
0.038287
0.013872
0.028321
0.028321
0.028321
0.059049
0.013872
0.023439
0.064418
0.064418
0.013872
Sw
0.447956
0.224659
0.232220
0.373553
0.506771
0.682045
0.769070
0.822055
0.925137
0.874714
0.828955
0.747479
0.774390
0.773717
1.000000
1.000000
1.000000
1.000000
1.000000
1.000000
1.000000
1.000000
1.000000
1.000000
1.000000
1.000000
1.000000
1.000000
1.000000
Sxo
0.196328
0.288387
0.269274
0.456590
0.507639
0.736266
0.746124
0.815264
0.946083
0.878400
0.852755
0.791233
0.801701
0.797162
1.000000
1.000000
1.000000
1.000000
1.000000
1.000000
1.000000
1.000000
1.000000
1.000000
1.000000
1.000000
1.000000
1.000000
1.000000
Sh
0.552044
0.775341
0.767780
0.626447
0.493229
0.317955
0.230930
0.177945
0.074863
0.125286
0.171045
0.252521
0.225610
0.226283
0.000000
0.000000
0.000000
0.000000
0.000000
0.000000
0.000000
0.000000
0.000000
0.000000
0.000000
0.000000
0.000000
0.000000
0.000000
Bvw
0.120555
0.059052
0.060262
0.093345
0.120491
0.183015
0.227647
0.234710
0.249309
0.245789
0.226184
0.194431
0.198775
0.219725
0.170497
0.161247
0.208878
0.182787
0.176315
0.177523
0.207202
0.203654
0.171715
0.174658
0.193304
0.201354
0.204804
0.228713
0.244424
Bvxo
0.052836
0.075803
0.069877
0.114094
0.120698
0.197565
0.220855
0.232771
0.254954
0.246825
0.232678
0.205812
0.205785
0.226383
0.170497
0.161247
0.208878
0.182787
0.176315
0.177523
0.207202
0.203654
0.171715
0.174658
0.193304
0.201354
0.204804
0.228713
0.244424
0.2297
0.2297
0.2134
0.2351
0.2297
0.2134
0.2066
0.2243
0.2134
0.1970
0.2134
0.2025
0.1970
0.1970
0.1917
0.1699
0.1590
0.1590
Bvo
0.148568
0.203799
0.199241
0.156538
0.117272
0.085318
0.068356
0.050806
0.020174
0.035205
0.046671
0.065685
0.057911
0.064261
0.000000
0.000000
0.000000
0.000000
0.000000
0.000000
0.000000
0.000000
0.000000
0.000000
0.000000
0.000000
0.000000
0.000000
0.000000
0.0031
-0.0038
0.0217
0.0023
-0.0084
0.0112
0.0187
0.0201
0.0117
0.0212
0.0106
0.0134
0.0201
0.0131
0.0255
0.0338
0.0389
0.0151
Mos
-0.25163
0.06373
0.03705
0.08304
0.00087
0.05422
-0.02295
-0.00679
0.02095
0.00369
0.02380
0.04375
0.02731
0.02345
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
18.46
19.61
18.09
17.73
20.43
19.82
19.71
16.75
19.73
20.99
19.92
21.45
21.21
22.65
21.21
24.10
25.54
33.00
Ros
0.80367
0.71161
0.73073
0.54341
0.49236
0.26373
0.25388
0.18474
0.05392
0.12160
0.14725
0.20877
0.19830
0.20284
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
‫ﺑﺌﺮ ‪NS-2‬‬
‫ﺍﳌﻠﺤﻖ )‪ -1‬ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ ‪(17‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.07712‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.09847‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.04053‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.11055‬‬
‫‪0.13405‬‬
‫‪0.14551‬‬
‫‪0.03913‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.06747‬‬
‫‪0.18679‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.27056‬‬
‫‪0.20357‬‬
‫‪0.26668‬‬
‫‪0.25895‬‬
‫‪0.58511‬‬
‫‪0.45469‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.18559‬‬
‫‪0.37845‬‬
‫‪0.73804‬‬
‫‪0.70128‬‬
‫‪0.75930‬‬
‫‪0.67761‬‬
‫‪0.66570‬‬
‫‪0.29091‬‬
‫‪0.33245‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪-0.07712‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪-0.09847‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪-0.04053‬‬
‫‪0.01075‬‬
‫‪-0.10893‬‬
‫‪-0.02552‬‬
‫‪0.01678‬‬
‫‪-0.03913‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
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‫‪0.064418‬‬
‫‪1950‬‬
‫‪1951‬‬
‫‪1952‬‬
‫‪1953‬‬
‫‪1954‬‬
‫‪1955‬‬
‫‪1956‬‬
‫‪1957‬‬
‫‪1958‬‬
‫‪1959‬‬
‫‪1960‬‬
‫‪1961‬‬
‫‪1962‬‬
‫‪1963‬‬
‫‪1964‬‬
‫‪1965‬‬
‫‪1966‬‬
‫‪1967‬‬
‫‪1968‬‬
‫‪1969‬‬
‫‪1970‬‬
‫‪1971‬‬
‫‪1972‬‬
‫‪1973‬‬
‫‪1974‬‬
‫‪1975‬‬
‫‪1976‬‬
‫‪1977‬‬
‫‪1978‬‬
‫‪1979‬‬
‫‪1980‬‬
‫‪1981‬‬
‫‪1982‬‬
‫‪1983‬‬
‫‪1984‬‬
‫‪1985‬‬
‫‪1986‬‬
‫‪1987‬‬
‫‪1988‬‬
‫‪1989‬‬
‫‪1990‬‬
‫‪1991‬‬
‫‪1992‬‬
‫‪1993‬‬
‫‪1994‬‬
‫‪1995‬‬
‫‪1996‬‬
‫‪1997‬‬
‫‪1998‬‬
‫‪1999‬‬
‫‪2000‬‬
‫ﺑﺌﺮ ‪NS-2‬‬
‫ﺍﳌﻠﺤﻖ )‪ -1‬ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ ‪(18‬‬
‫‪0.63918‬‬
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‫‪0.164163‬‬
‫‪0.160419‬‬
‫‪0.143303‬‬
‫‪0.069167‬‬
‫‪0.069158‬‬
‫‪0.107992‬‬
‫‪0.109320‬‬
‫‪0.103054‬‬
‫‪0.126199‬‬
‫‪0.087422‬‬
‫‪0.042865‬‬
‫‪0.064346‬‬
‫‪0.079774‬‬
‫‪0.097690‬‬
‫‪0.089167‬‬
‫‪0.115099‬‬
‫‪0.115084‬‬
‫‪0.115069‬‬
‫‪0.079712‬‬
‫‪0.116671‬‬
‫‪0.126003‬‬
‫‪0.128140‬‬
‫‪0.139395‬‬
‫‪0.137976‬‬
‫‪0.137958‬‬
‫‪0.137940‬‬
‫‪0.100059‬‬
‫‪0.102788‬‬
‫‪0.132682‬‬
‫‪0.160270‬‬
‫‪0.154122‬‬
‫‪0.154103‬‬
‫‪0.125808‬‬
‫‪0.135122‬‬
‫‪0.117286‬‬
‫‪0.139161‬‬
‫‪0.116416‬‬
‫‪0.126254‬‬
‫‪0.140549‬‬
‫‪0.142018‬‬
‫‪0.142000‬‬
‫‪0.140495‬‬
‫‪0.140477‬‬
‫‪0.153865‬‬
‫‪0.157842‬‬
‫‪0.162146‬‬
‫‪0.138965‬‬
‫‪0.131149‬‬
‫‪0.131132‬‬
‫‪0.140351‬‬
‫‪0.146573‬‬
‫‪0.137480‬‬
‫‪0.153688‬‬
‫‪0.171806‬‬
‫‪0.046204‬‬
‫‪0.053345‬‬
‫‪0.070855‬‬
‫‪0.071694‬‬
‫‪0.072121‬‬
‫‪0.084301‬‬
‫‪0.078038‬‬
‫‪0.042865‬‬
‫‪0.057249‬‬
‫‪0.058375‬‬
‫‪0.084247‬‬
‫‪0.072950‬‬
‫‪0.068769‬‬
‫‪0.068761‬‬
‫‪0.077957‬‬
‫‪0.062180‬‬
‫‪0.072903‬‬
‫‪0.086357‬‬
‫‪0.085598‬‬
‫‪0.092180‬‬
‫‪0.092169‬‬
‫‪0.092157‬‬
‫‪0.092145‬‬
‫‪0.070663‬‬
‫‪0.070654‬‬
‫‪0.096030‬‬
‫‪0.104280‬‬
‫‪0.111670‬‬
‫‪0.108510‬‬
‫‪0.094954‬‬
‫‪0.092050‬‬
‫‪0.092038‬‬
‫‪0.100409‬‬
‫‪0.087732‬‬
‫‪0.089361‬‬
‫‪0.099196‬‬
‫‪0.102835‬‬
‫‪0.104132‬‬
‫‪0.105480‬‬
‫‪0.102796‬‬
‫‪0.109879‬‬
‫‪0.118668‬‬
‫‪0.118653‬‬
‫‪0.108301‬‬
‫‪0.097949‬‬
‫‪0.087597‬‬
‫‪0.093755‬‬
‫‪0.095759‬‬
‫‪0.093731‬‬
‫‪0.106745‬‬
‫‪0.122691‬‬
‫‪0.758974‬‬
‫‪0.618568‬‬
‫‪0.653278‬‬
‫‪0.684203‬‬
‫‪0.612851‬‬
‫‪0.491872‬‬
‫‪0.417861‬‬
‫‪0.000000‬‬
‫‪0.110293‬‬
‫‪0.759755‬‬
‫‪0.360572‬‬
‫‪0.641192‬‬
‫‪0.712631‬‬
‫‪0.721409‬‬
‫‪0.665240‬‬
‫‪0.530351‬‬
‫‪0.690875‬‬
‫‪0.636458‬‬
‫‪0.658802‬‬
‫‪0.632566‬‬
‫‪0.630893‬‬
‫‪0.600233‬‬
‫‪0.598193‬‬
‫‪0.737261‬‬
‫‪0.727170‬‬
‫‪0.624113‬‬
‫‪0.582392‬‬
‫‪0.520453‬‬
‫‪0.522039‬‬
‫‪0.618784‬‬
‫‪0.647704‬‬
‫‪0.598659‬‬
‫‪0.589170‬‬
‫‪0.645337‬‬
‫‪0.643806‬‬
‫‪0.609876‬‬
‫‪0.571310‬‬
‫‪0.559144‬‬
‫‪0.596365‬‬
‫‪0.583457‬‬
‫‪0.532836‬‬
‫‪0.477385‬‬
‫‪0.540594‬‬
‫‪0.537186‬‬
‫‪0.591680‬‬
‫‪0.677047‬‬
‫‪0.654343‬‬
‫‪0.646954‬‬
‫‪0.636552‬‬
‫‪0.600451‬‬
‫‪0.538744‬‬
‫‪0.360815‬‬
‫‪0.494501‬‬
‫‪0.528450‬‬
‫‪0.481528‬‬
‫‪0.553202‬‬
‫‪0.760664‬‬
‫‪0.652140‬‬
‫‪1.000000‬‬
‫‪1.000000‬‬
‫‪0.328310‬‬
‫‪0.741459‬‬
‫‪0.438568‬‬
‫‪0.480967‬‬
‫‪0.466275‬‬
‫‪0.494125‬‬
‫‪0.602066‬‬
‫‪0.494710‬‬
‫‪0.530441‬‬
‫‪0.510771‬‬
‫‪0.555630‬‬
‫‪0.552551‬‬
‫‪0.598448‬‬
‫‪0.601502‬‬
‫‪0.372042‬‬
‫‪0.396918‬‬
‫‪0.519350‬‬
‫‪0.641830‬‬
‫‪0.661852‬‬
‫‪0.678788‬‬
‫‪0.505085‬‬
‫‪0.517144‬‬
‫‪0.511439‬‬
‫‪0.569389‬‬
‫‪0.470618‬‬
‫‪0.503253‬‬
‫‪0.552760‬‬
‫‪0.592031‬‬
‫‪0.601173‬‬
‫‪0.537626‬‬
‫‪0.569233‬‬
‫‪0.654175‬‬
‫‪0.695138‬‬
‫‪0.627807‬‬
‫‪0.593855‬‬
‫‪0.546721‬‬
‫‪0.483459‬‬
‫‪0.517446‬‬
‫‪0.540385‬‬
‫‪0.533087‬‬
‫‪0.575256‬‬
‫‪0.645901‬‬
‫‪0.241026‬‬
‫‪0.381432‬‬
‫‪0.346722‬‬
‫‪0.315797‬‬
‫‪0.387149‬‬
‫‪0.508128‬‬
‫‪0.582139‬‬
‫‪1.000000‬‬
‫‪0.889707‬‬
‫‪0.240245‬‬
‫‪0.639428‬‬
‫‪0.358808‬‬
‫‪0.287369‬‬
‫‪0.278591‬‬
‫‪0.334760‬‬
‫‪0.469649‬‬
‫‪0.309125‬‬
‫‪0.363542‬‬
‫‪0.341198‬‬
‫‪0.367434‬‬
‫‪0.369107‬‬
‫‪0.399767‬‬
‫‪0.401807‬‬
‫‪0.262739‬‬
‫‪0.272830‬‬
‫‪0.375887‬‬
‫‪0.417608‬‬
‫‪0.479547‬‬
‫‪0.477961‬‬
‫‪0.381216‬‬
‫‪0.352296‬‬
‫‪0.401341‬‬
‫‪0.410830‬‬
‫‪0.354663‬‬
‫‪0.356194‬‬
‫‪0.390124‬‬
‫‪0.428690‬‬
‫‪0.440856‬‬
‫‪0.403635‬‬
‫‪0.416543‬‬
‫‪0.467164‬‬
‫‪0.522615‬‬
‫‪0.459406‬‬
‫‪0.462814‬‬
‫‪0.408320‬‬
‫‪0.322953‬‬
‫‪0.345657‬‬
‫‪0.353046‬‬
‫‪0.363448‬‬
‫‪0.399549‬‬
‫‪0.461256‬‬
‫‪0.038287‬‬
‫‪0.048527‬‬
‫‪0.013872‬‬
‫‪0.013872‬‬
‫‪0.064418‬‬
‫‪0.122323‬‬
‫‪0.134879‬‬
‫‪0.154364‬‬
‫‪0.154364‬‬
‫‪0.064418‬‬
‫‪0.110104‬‬
‫‪0.075378‬‬
‫‪0.038287‬‬
‫‪0.000000‬‬
‫‪0.053752‬‬
‫‪0.122323‬‬
‫‪0.038287‬‬
‫‪0.004561‬‬
‫‪0.013872‬‬
‫‪0.038287‬‬
‫‪0.053752‬‬
‫‪0.122323‬‬
‫‪0.141286‬‬
‫‪0.075378‬‬
‫‪0.064418‬‬
‫‪0.147780‬‬
‫‪0.069861‬‬
‫‪0.134879‬‬
‫‪0.122323‬‬
‫‪0.092387‬‬
‫‪0.104118‬‬
‫‪0.225363‬‬
‫‪0.134879‬‬
‫‪0.122323‬‬
‫‪0.167802‬‬
‫‪0.134879‬‬
‫‪0.161037‬‬
‫‪0.122323‬‬
‫‪0.134879‬‬
‫‪0.080971‬‬
‫‪0.069861‬‬
‫‪0.092387‬‬
‫‪0.110104‬‬
‫‪0.225363‬‬
‫‪0.069861‬‬
‫‪0.013872‬‬
‫‪0.023439‬‬
‫‪0.013872‬‬
‫‪0.023439‬‬
‫‪0.038287‬‬
‫‪0.028321‬‬
‫‪2001‬‬
‫‪2002‬‬
‫‪2003‬‬
‫‪2004‬‬
‫‪2005‬‬
‫‪2006‬‬
‫‪2007‬‬
‫‪2008‬‬
‫‪2009‬‬
‫‪2010‬‬
‫‪2011‬‬
‫‪2012‬‬
‫‪2013‬‬
‫‪2014‬‬
‫‪2015‬‬
‫‪2016‬‬
‫‪2017‬‬
‫‪2018‬‬
‫‪2019‬‬
‫‪2020‬‬
‫‪2021‬‬
‫‪2022‬‬
‫‪2023‬‬
‫‪2024‬‬
‫‪2025‬‬
‫‪2026‬‬
‫‪2027‬‬
‫‪2028‬‬
‫‪2029‬‬
‫‪2030‬‬
‫‪2031‬‬
‫‪2032‬‬
‫‪2033‬‬
‫‪2034‬‬
‫‪2035‬‬
‫‪2036‬‬
‫‪2037‬‬
‫‪2038‬‬
‫‪2039‬‬
‫‪2040‬‬
‫‪2041‬‬
‫‪2042‬‬
‫‪2043‬‬
‫‪2044‬‬
‫‪2045‬‬
‫‪2046‬‬
‫‪2047‬‬
‫‪2048‬‬
‫‪2049‬‬
‫‪2050‬‬
‫‪2051‬‬
NS-2 ‫ﺑﺌﺮ‬
2052
2053
2054
2055
2056
2057
2058
2059
2060
2061
2062
2063
2064
2065
2066
2067
2068
2069
2070
2071
2072
2073
2074
2075
2076
2077
2078
2079
2080
2081
2082
2083
2084
2085
2086
2087
2088
2089
2089.5
Depth
1921
1922
1923
1924
1925
1926
1927
1928
1929
(19 ‫ ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ‬-1) ‫ﺍﳌﻠﺤﻖ‬
0.043372
0.048527
0.048527
0.059049
0.059049
0.064418
0.080971
0.064418
0.098213
0.064418
0.064418
0.043372
0.154364
0.092387
0.064418
0.013872
0.064418
0.038287
0.043372
0.038287
0.064418
0.013872
0.038287
0.038287
0.048527
0.059049
0.038287
0.048527
0.064418
0.038287
0.048527
0.013872
0.064418
0.043372
0.059049
0.064418
0.064418
0.064418
0.104118
M
1.094167
1.048780
1.050400
0.980462
0.921333
0.893700
0.884240
0.907042
0.912121
0.507035
0.504802
0.513507
0.562832
0.600539
0.700612
0.730125
0.746924
0.798073
0.851011
0.851002
0.860605
0.900051
0.871947
0.847619
0.863724
0.845430
0.816139
0.855758
0.833675
0.809944
0.927183
1.000000
1.000000
1.000000
1.000000
1.000000
1.000000
1.000000
1.000000
1.000000
1.000000
1.000000
1.000000
1.000000
1.000000
1.000000
0.905626
0.991895
N
0.633333
0.613821
0.600000
0.569231
0.544444
0.582137
0.541600
0.533333
0.580303
0.661105
0.625767
0.658289
0.687945
0.682152
0.786609
0.834787
0.816575
0.830095
0.883985
0.881848
0.872197
0.893744
0.883691
0.841680
0.876948
0.859808
0.812543
0.849762
0.789308
0.788651
0.908651
0.959414
0.945532
0.961590
1.000000
1.000000
1.000000
0.961040
1.000000
1.000000
1.000000
1.000000
1.000000
1.000000
1.000000
0.969354
0.907699
0.939108
ρmaa
2.641863
2.668590
2.688055
2.733063
2.771103
2.713895
2.775576
2.788703
2.716593
0.492965
0.495198
0.486493
0.437168
0.399461
0.299388
0.269875
0.253076
0.201927
0.148989
0.148998
0.139395
0.099949
0.128053
0.152381
0.136276
0.154570
0.183861
0.144242
0.166325
0.190056
0.072817
0.000000
0.000000
0.000000
0.000000
0.000000
0.000000
0.000000
0.000000
0.000000
0.000000
0.000000
0.000000
0.000000
0.000000
0.000000
0.094374
0.008105
0.138397
0.132488
0.138361
0.145096
0.148846
0.152906
0.155055
0.162139
0.173312
0.179831
0.191176
0.195447
0.195423
0.195398
0.195373
0.191054
0.187007
0.191005
0.195273
0.204778
0.195223
0.215800
0.225848
0.235087
0.237465
0.221237
0.224648
0.225263
0.244365
0.225146
0.218254
0.224063
0.215935
0.217144
0.210106
0.217124
0.203693
0.179192
0.172662
∆tmaa
9.352856
14.001487
11.686673
19.079832
25.822372
35.829157
31.996507
26.757086
32.425886
0.180451
0.164236
0.177372
0.177349
0.169074
0.171674
0.177281
0.177259
0.180266
0.186799
0.198105
0.198080
0.194053
0.198030
0.194004
0.193979
0.190188
0.190164
0.193905
0.193880
0.190091
0.211487
0.216682
0.222283
0.228345
0.221237
0.224648
0.225263
0.234845
0.225146
0.218254
0.224063
0.215935
0.217144
0.210106
0.217124
0.197451
0.179602
0.163474
0.134556
0.129967
0.131083
0.112700
0.099008
0.065340
0.057313
0.054937
0.043851
0.031484
0.033472
0.031657
0.021701
0.028696
0.035123
0.030144
0.034191
0.043030
0.032914
0.040855
0.045810
0.016948
0.000000
0.000000
0.000000
0.000000
0.000000
0.000000
0.000000
0.000000
0.000000
0.000000
0.000000
0.000000
0.000000
0.000000
0.000000
0.018673
0.001411
0.15407
0.12097
0.14478
0.12511
0.08161
0.08600
0.10466
0.06965
0.03202
0.03297
0.03085
0.01159
-0.00631
0.01174
-0.00594
0.01322
0.01438
-0.00360
-0.00600
-0.04437
-0.02129
-0.01853
-0.04059
-0.05447
-0.03841
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
-0.03896
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
-0.03065
0.00207
-0.05279
0.33889
0.37423
0.34171
0.31206
0.31785
0.21339
0.16521
0.18343
0.16991
0.11602
0.11815
0.12780
0.10626
0.11631
0.15832
0.12305
0.14019
0.18746
0.15024
0.21069
0.21135
0.09135
0.04059
0.05447
0.03841
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.03896
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.03065
0.09230
0.06089
‫ﺑﺌﺮ ‪NS-2‬‬
‫ﺍﳌﻠﺤﻖ )‪ -1‬ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ ‪(20‬‬
‫‪33.132005‬‬
‫‪28.523073‬‬
‫‪28.164023‬‬
‫‪30.978085‬‬
‫‪30.316025‬‬
‫‪45.540590‬‬
‫‪49.876789‬‬
‫‪47.340420‬‬
‫‪48.094341‬‬
‫‪49.201476‬‬
‫‪48.996018‬‬
‫‪45.684796‬‬
‫‪44.402032‬‬
‫‪48.118605‬‬
‫‪48.549101‬‬
‫‪45.302729‬‬
‫‪44.818456‬‬
‫‪45.161231‬‬
‫‪45.694042‬‬
‫‪42.714200‬‬
‫‪41.040418‬‬
‫‪45.906506‬‬
‫‪46.069030‬‬
‫‪45.449770‬‬
‫‪48.517931‬‬
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‫‪43.433521‬‬
‫‪45.548346‬‬
‫‪49.724137‬‬
‫‪51.664468‬‬
‫‪51.039228‬‬
‫‪52.444976‬‬
‫‪45.721006‬‬
‫‪46.113451‬‬
‫‪46.604852‬‬
‫‪50.483127‬‬
‫‪47.375557‬‬
‫‪46.008668‬‬
‫‪47.441887‬‬
‫‪46.008668‬‬
‫‪44.864790‬‬
‫‪45.249240‬‬
‫‪44.074098‬‬
‫‪46.402082‬‬
‫‪46.471080‬‬
‫‪43.758360‬‬
‫‪44.923317‬‬
‫‪47.489434‬‬
‫‪2.755201‬‬
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‫‪0.548641‬‬
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‫‪0.547178‬‬
‫‪0.559043‬‬
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‫‪0.575903‬‬
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‫‪0.568189‬‬
‫‪0.560072‬‬
‫‪0.576667‬‬
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‫‪0.888035‬‬
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‫‪0.931142‬‬
‫‪0.921978‬‬
‫‪0.925244‬‬
‫‪0.800808‬‬
‫‪0.785262‬‬
‫‪0.801645‬‬
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‫‪0.794138‬‬
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‫‪0.798153‬‬
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‫‪0.812358‬‬
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‫‪0.842454‬‬
‫‪0.828125‬‬
‫‪0.809259‬‬
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‫‪0.796137‬‬
‫‪0.807692‬‬
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‫‪0.805000‬‬
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‫‪0.790609‬‬
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‫‪0.821252‬‬
‫‪0.809259‬‬
‫‪0.826389‬‬
‫‪0.792578‬‬
‫‪0.810069‬‬
‫‪0.814874‬‬
‫‪0.816803‬‬
‫‪0.814874‬‬
‫‪0.830928‬‬
‫‪0.822878‬‬
‫‪0.841630‬‬
‫‪0.810057‬‬
‫‪0.820251‬‬
‫‪0.837335‬‬
‫‪0.832606‬‬
‫‪0.820690‬‬
‫‪1930‬‬
‫‪1931‬‬
‫‪1932‬‬
‫‪1933‬‬
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‫ﺑﺌﺮ ‪NS-2‬‬
‫ﺍﳌﻠﺤﻖ )‪ -1‬ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ ‪(21‬‬
‫‪94.985690‬‬
‫‪101.213287‬‬
‫‪89.303162‬‬
‫‪120.211338‬‬
‫‪82.130717‬‬
‫‪101.710080‬‬
‫‪60.185071‬‬
‫‪60.928222‬‬
‫‪7.683029‬‬
‫‪20.480865‬‬
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‫‪57.403526‬‬
‫‪47.113000‬‬
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‫‪43.294414‬‬
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‫‪45.010622‬‬
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‫‪47.253412‬‬
‫‪45.365259‬‬
‫‪51.819698‬‬
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‫‪39.941252‬‬
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‫‪46.384365‬‬
‫‪45.709602‬‬
‫‪44.281143‬‬
‫‪45.920456‬‬
‫‪53.615486‬‬
‫‪50.390751‬‬
‫‪46.040957‬‬
‫‪47.608073‬‬
‫‪46.580205‬‬
‫‪43.723418‬‬
‫‪44.355677‬‬
‫‪47.565302‬‬
‫‪52.539401‬‬
‫‪47.103717‬‬
‫‪45.700271‬‬
‫‪43.723418‬‬
‫‪44.918356‬‬
‫‪45.010622‬‬
‫‪39.755801‬‬
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‫‪2.883473‬‬
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‫‪2.818441‬‬
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‫‪2.755401‬‬
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‫‪2.709758‬‬
‫‪2.661351‬‬
‫‪2.692230‬‬
‫‪2.707720‬‬
‫‪2.727423‬‬
‫‪2.736243‬‬
‫‪2.703272‬‬
‫‪2.666345‬‬
‫‪2.697068‬‬
‫‪2.699855‬‬
‫‪2.743889‬‬
‫‪2.736959‬‬
‫‪2.723215‬‬
‫‪2.759833‬‬
‫‪2.767187‬‬
‫‪2.732209‬‬
‫‪2.740612‬‬
‫‪2.735685‬‬
‫‪2.717267‬‬
‫‪2.727620‬‬
‫‪2.694518‬‬
‫‪2.695822‬‬
‫‪2.757869‬‬
‫‪2.710280‬‬
‫‪2.712765‬‬
‫‪2.693357‬‬
‫‪2.715509‬‬
‫‪2.716673‬‬
‫‪2.716673‬‬
‫‪2.719328‬‬
‫‪2.731053‬‬
‫‪2.728358‬‬
‫‪2.690711‬‬
‫‪2.724617‬‬
‫‪2.727280‬‬
‫‪2.719328‬‬
‫‪2.725903‬‬
‫‪2.723215‬‬
‫‪2.731217‬‬
‫‪2.724617‬‬
‫‪0.477073‬‬
‫‪0.462250‬‬
‫‪0.455584‬‬
‫‪0.982402‬‬
‫‪0.454896‬‬
‫‪0.558120‬‬
‫‪0.515048‬‬
‫‪0.508942‬‬
‫‪0.554545‬‬
‫‪0.623355‬‬
‫‪0.618387‬‬
‫‪0.584961‬‬
‫‪0.619044‬‬
‫‪0.597077‬‬
‫‪0.586357‬‬
‫‪0.572998‬‬
‫‪0.567117‬‬
‫‪0.589415‬‬
‫‪0.615436‬‬
‫‪0.593708‬‬
‫‪0.591776‬‬
‫‪0.562067‬‬
‫‪0.566643‬‬
‫‪0.575826‬‬
‫‪0.551676‬‬
‫‪0.546947‬‬
‫‪0.569800‬‬
‫‪0.564226‬‬
‫‪0.567488‬‬
‫‪0.579846‬‬
‫‪0.572867‬‬
‫‪0.595481‬‬
‫‪0.594574‬‬
‫‪0.552946‬‬
‫‪0.584604‬‬
‫‪0.582907‬‬
‫‪0.596291‬‬
‫‪0.581040‬‬
‫‪0.580249‬‬
‫‪0.580249‬‬
‫‪0.578450‬‬
‫‪0.570571‬‬
‫‪0.572372‬‬
‫‪0.598139‬‬
‫‪0.574883‬‬
‫‪0.573095‬‬
‫‪0.578450‬‬
‫‪0.574018‬‬
‫‪0.575826‬‬
‫‪0.570462‬‬
‫‪0.574882‬‬
‫‪0.499154‬‬
‫‪0.459583‬‬
‫‪0.518613‬‬
‫‪0.539027‬‬
‫‪0.555556‬‬
‫‪0.498825‬‬
‫‪0.708381‬‬
‫‪0.700385‬‬
‫‪1.032909‬‬
‫‪1.017982‬‬
‫‪0.847097‬‬
‫‪0.819792‬‬
‫‪0.792105‬‬
‫‪0.838462‬‬
‫‪0.830793‬‬
‫‪0.843485‬‬
‫‪0.818318‬‬
‫‪0.824487‬‬
‫‪0.824430‬‬
‫‪0.832530‬‬
‫‪0.821252‬‬
‫‪0.803533‬‬
‫‪0.810926‬‬
‫‪0.835586‬‬
‫‪0.809497‬‬
‫‪0.802103‬‬
‫‪0.829200‬‬
‫‪0.788115‬‬
‫‪0.732759‬‬
‫‪0.868000‬‬
‫‪0.793333‬‬
‫‪0.841630‬‬
‫‪0.844961‬‬
‫‪0.823263‬‬
‫‪0.836585‬‬
‫‪0.790444‬‬
‫‪0.818547‬‬
‫‪0.833333‬‬
‫‪0.823639‬‬
‫‪0.829627‬‬
‫‪0.844961‬‬
‫‪0.835586‬‬
‫‪0.818318‬‬
‫‪0.807120‬‬
‫‪0.822770‬‬
‫‪0.829627‬‬
‫‪0.844961‬‬
‫‪0.834819‬‬
‫‪0.835586‬‬
‫‪0.862077‬‬
‫‪0.837441‬‬
‫‪1981‬‬
‫‪1982‬‬
‫‪1983‬‬
‫‪1984‬‬
‫‪1985‬‬
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‫‪2018‬‬
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‫ﺑﺌﺮ ‪NS-2‬‬
‫ﺍﳌﻠﺤﻖ )‪ -1‬ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ ‪(22‬‬
‫‪42.582648‬‬
‫‪45.761951‬‬
‫‪44.174938‬‬
‫‪44.524469‬‬
‫‪42.834922‬‬
‫‪45.601016‬‬
‫‪46.291611‬‬
‫‪38.324894‬‬
‫‪44.287379‬‬
‫‪44.477672‬‬
‫‪46.995730‬‬
‫‪48.274128‬‬
‫‪43.698851‬‬
‫‪42.575165‬‬
‫‪43.657681‬‬
‫‪46.813717‬‬
‫‪44.714267‬‬
‫‪47.308622‬‬
‫‪44.465667‬‬
‫‪46.794049‬‬
‫‪46.478280‬‬
‫‪45.388429‬‬
‫‪42.960515‬‬
‫‪47.327322‬‬
‫‪42.047015‬‬
‫‪47.612882‬‬
‫‪45.735261‬‬
‫‪43.877353‬‬
‫‪45.841178‬‬
‫‪46.902675‬‬
‫‪45.452304‬‬
‫‪44.996023‬‬
‫‪45.848343‬‬
‫‪45.554869‬‬
‫‪44.361393‬‬
‫‪46.088203‬‬
‫‪45.099505‬‬
‫‪41.682547‬‬
‫‪44.794060‬‬
‫‪50.632328‬‬
‫‪46.398272‬‬
‫‪46.934560‬‬
‫‪48.200786‬‬
‫‪43.493231‬‬
‫‪47.065439‬‬
‫‪49.034415‬‬
‫‪45.452304‬‬
‫‪44.086277‬‬
‫‪43.744589‬‬
‫‪45.360108‬‬
‫‪43.658603‬‬
‫‪2.728358‬‬
‫‪2.741673‬‬
‫‪2.724614‬‬
‫‪2.716673‬‬
‫‪2.740571‬‬
‫‪2.710263‬‬
‫‪2.722975‬‬
‫‪2.713879‬‬
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‫‪2.720722‬‬
‫‪2.712952‬‬
‫‪2.768848‬‬
‫‪2.718026‬‬
‫‪2.710263‬‬
‫‪2.712493‬‬
‫‪2.712493‬‬
‫‪2.712493‬‬
‫‪2.700566‬‬
‫‪2.716618‬‬
‫‪2.719332‬‬
‫‪2.719283‬‬
‫‪2.721929‬‬
‫‪2.727452‬‬
‫‪2.727288‬‬
‫‪2.749662‬‬
‫‪2.757585‬‬
‫‪2.764782‬‬
‫‪2.760069‬‬
‫‪2.724497‬‬
‫‪2.737069‬‬
‫‪2.738565‬‬
‫‪2.702689‬‬
‫‪2.734630‬‬
‫‪2.745056‬‬
‫‪2.725787‬‬
‫‪2.730863‬‬
‫‪2.730863‬‬
‫‪2.723317‬‬
‫‪2.736172‬‬
‫‪2.723299‬‬
‫‪2.712855‬‬
‫‪2.756919‬‬
‫‪2.741260‬‬
‫‪2.751834‬‬
‫‪2.736315‬‬
‫‪2.720678‬‬
‫‪2.738565‬‬
‫‪2.742527‬‬
‫‪2.752170‬‬
‫‪2.773236‬‬
‫‪2.742255‬‬
‫‪0.572372‬‬
‫‪0.563526‬‬
‫‪0.574884‬‬
‫‪0.580249‬‬
‫‪0.564253‬‬
‫‪0.584615‬‬
‫‪0.575988‬‬
‫‪0.582148‬‬
‫‪0.574000‬‬
‫‪0.577508‬‬
‫‪0.582779‬‬
‫‪0.545884‬‬
‫‪0.579331‬‬
‫‪0.584615‬‬
‫‪0.583093‬‬
‫‪0.583093‬‬
‫‪0.583093‬‬
‫‪0.591284‬‬
‫‪0.580286‬‬
‫‪0.578447‬‬
‫‪0.578480‬‬
‫‪0.576693‬‬
‫‪0.572979‬‬
‫‪0.573089‬‬
‫‪0.558283‬‬
‫‪0.553130‬‬
‫‪0.548489‬‬
‫‪0.551524‬‬
‫‪0.574963‬‬
‫‪0.566569‬‬
‫‪0.565579‬‬
‫‪0.589818‬‬
‫‪0.568189‬‬
‫‪0.561300‬‬
‫‪0.574096‬‬
‫‪0.570697‬‬
‫‪0.570697‬‬
‫‪0.575758‬‬
‫‪0.567164‬‬
‫‪0.575769‬‬
‫‪0.582846‬‬
‫‪0.553561‬‬
‫‪0.563798‬‬
‫‪0.556866‬‬
‫‪0.567069‬‬
‫‪0.577537‬‬
‫‪0.565579‬‬
‫‪0.562963‬‬
‫‪0.556647‬‬
‫‪0.543086‬‬
‫‪0.563142‬‬
‫‪0.847147‬‬
‫‪0.822416‬‬
‫‪0.839753‬‬
‫‪0.841602‬‬
‫‪0.839753‬‬
‫‪0.838462‬‬
‫‪0.828267‬‬
‫‪0.879147‬‬
‫‪0.838462‬‬
‫‪0.839894‬‬
‫‪0.829003‬‬
‫‪0.795579‬‬
‫‪0.845745‬‬
‫‪0.856154‬‬
‫‪0.848718‬‬
‫‪0.830288‬‬
‫‪0.842548‬‬
‫‪0.833201‬‬
‫‪0.841971‬‬
‫‪0.827100‬‬
‫‪0.828960‬‬
‫‪0.834016‬‬
‫‪0.845404‬‬
‫‪0.820203‬‬
‫‪0.839894‬‬
‫‪0.804440‬‬
‫‪0.811799‬‬
‫‪0.824528‬‬
‫‪0.830148‬‬
‫‪0.818029‬‬
‫‪0.825668‬‬
‫‪0.845745‬‬
‫‪0.825258‬‬
‫‪0.822009‬‬
‫‪0.838102‬‬
‫‪0.825668‬‬
‫‪0.831380‬‬
‫‪0.854848‬‬
‫‪0.830597‬‬
‫‪0.802923‬‬
‫‪0.832538‬‬
‫‪0.808605‬‬
‫‪0.808605‬‬
‫‪0.830597‬‬
‫‪0.817447‬‬
‫‪0.813433‬‬
‫‪0.825668‬‬
‫‪0.831630‬‬
‫‪0.829003‬‬
‫‪0.810044‬‬
‫‪0.834214‬‬
‫‪2032‬‬
‫‪2033‬‬
‫‪2034‬‬
‫‪2035‬‬
‫‪2036‬‬
‫‪2037‬‬
‫‪2038‬‬
‫‪2039‬‬
‫‪2040‬‬
‫‪2041‬‬
‫‪2042‬‬
‫‪2043‬‬
‫‪2044‬‬
‫‪2045‬‬
‫‪2046‬‬
‫‪2047‬‬
‫‪2048‬‬
‫‪2049‬‬
‫‪2050‬‬
‫‪2051‬‬
‫‪2052‬‬
‫‪2053‬‬
‫‪2054‬‬
‫‪2055‬‬
‫‪2056‬‬
‫‪2057‬‬
‫‪2058‬‬
‫‪2059‬‬
‫‪2060‬‬
‫‪2061‬‬
‫‪2062‬‬
‫‪2063‬‬
‫‪2064‬‬
‫‪2065‬‬
‫‪2066‬‬
‫‪2067‬‬
‫‪2068‬‬
‫‪2069‬‬
‫‪2070‬‬
‫‪2071‬‬
‫‪2072‬‬
‫‪2073‬‬
‫‪2074‬‬
‫‪2075‬‬
‫‪2076‬‬
‫‪2077‬‬
‫‪2078‬‬
‫‪2079‬‬
‫‪2080‬‬
‫‪2081‬‬
‫‪2082‬‬
‫ﺑﺌﺮ ‪NS-2‬‬
‫ﺍﳌﻠﺤﻖ )‪ -1‬ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ ‪(23‬‬
‫‪45.560491‬‬
‫‪45.083398‬‬
‫‪43.864832‬‬
‫‪45.157836‬‬
‫‪42.897684‬‬
‫‪41.494025‬‬
‫‪40.645936‬‬
‫‪44.919402‬‬
‫‪2.739832‬‬
‫‪2.742202‬‬
‫‪2.729564‬‬
‫‪2.749603‬‬
‫‪2.734630‬‬
‫‪2.758117‬‬
‫‪2.765289‬‬
‫‪2.755604‬‬
‫‪0.564741‬‬
‫‪0.563177‬‬
‫‪0.571566‬‬
‫‪0.558321‬‬
‫‪0.568189‬‬
‫‪0.552786‬‬
‫‪0.548164‬‬
‫‪0.554414‬‬
‫‪0.824444‬‬
‫‪0.826061‬‬
‫‪0.839143‬‬
‫‪0.822142‬‬
‫‪0.842268‬‬
‫‪0.839000‬‬
‫‪0.840395‬‬
‫‪0.820690‬‬
‫‪2083‬‬
‫‪2084‬‬
‫‪2085‬‬
‫‪2086‬‬
‫‪2087‬‬
‫‪2088‬‬
‫‪2089‬‬
‫‪2089.5‬‬
NS-3 ‫ﺑﺌﺮ‬
Depth
1929.5
1930
1931
1932
1933
1934
1935
1936
1937
1938
1939
1940
1941
1942
1943
1944
1945
1946
1947
1948
1949
1950
1951
1952
1953
1954
1955
1956
1957
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963
1964
1965
1966
1967
1968
1969
1970
1971
1972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
(24 ‫ ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ‬-1) ‫ﺍﳌﻠﺤﻖ‬
ρb
2.0800
2.2160
2.1300
2.1000
2.2500
2.0800
2.4000
2.5500
2.7000
2.6500
2.5800
2.5900
2.5000
2.3500
2.2800
2.3000
2.3800
2.3240
2.3080
2.3740
2.3740
2.3740
2.3000
2.3900
2.3000
2.3320
2.3660
2.4120
2.3400
2.3740
2.3820
2.3240
2.6600
2.2500
2.2580
2.3000
2.2740
2.3240
2.3500
2.2820
2.2740
2.2660
2.2300
2.2860
2.3500
2.2500
2.4000
2.4160
2.4160
2.4500
φN
0.3730
0.1800
0.0400
0.1650
0.0830
0.1900
0.0450
0.0900
0.0150
0.0250
0.0700
0.0500
0.1000
0.1600
0.2150
0.2050
0.1500
0.2000
0.1700
0.1150
0.0850
0.1250
0.1500
0.0900
0.1800
0.1500
0.1450
0.1450
0.1950
0.1750
0.1400
0.1400
0.1750
0.1730
0.1850
0.2050
0.2250
0.2000
0.1870
0.2150
0.1900
0.2080
0.2125
0.1730
0.1550
0.2200
0.1200
0.1150
0.1000
0.0950
∆tlog
90.0000
61.7000
55.1000
54.9000
54.9000
56.7000
54.9000
58.3400
53.3000
54.9000
60.0000
55.1000
65.1000
70.5000
76.7000
76.6400
72.0000
75.1000
73.3000
70.0000
67.0000
70.0000
74.9000
68.0000
74.0000
72.0000
72.0000
70.0000
74.9000
73.3000
70.0000
70.0000
73.3000
73.3000
74.9000
78.3000
78.5000
76.6400
75.0000
77.0000
77.0000
77.0000
78.3000
74.9000
73.3000
78.3000
70.0000
68.3000
68.5000
69.0000
GR
40.0000
21.0000
18.0000
18.0000
20.0000
22.5000
17.5000
15.5000
15.0000
17.5000
12.5000
15.0000
15.0000
25.0000
15.0000
15.0000
15.0000
15.0000
15.0000
18.5000
17.5000
15.0000
15.0000
15.0000
14.5000
15.0000
15.0000
15.0000
15.0000
15.0000
16.5000
15.0000
15.5000
15.0000
15.0000
15.0000
12.5000
15.0000
15.0000
14.5000
15.0000
15.0000
14.5000
15.0000
15.5000
15.0000
18.8000
19.0000
20.0000
22.0000
φD
φND
φS
spi
0.368421
0.288889
0.339181
0.356725
0.269006
0.368421
0.181287
0.093567
0.005848
0.035088
0.076023
0.070175
0.122807
0.210526
0.251462
0.239766
0.192982
0.225731
0.235088
0.196491
0.196491
0.196491
0.239766
0.187135
0.239766
0.221053
0.201170
0.174269
0.216374
0.196491
0.191813
0.225731
0.029240
0.269006
0.264327
0.239766
0.254971
0.225731
0.210526
0.250292
0.254971
0.259649
0.280702
0.247953
0.210526
0.269006
0.181287
0.171930
0.171930
0.152047
0.370711
0.234444
0.189591
0.260863
0.176003
0.279211
0.113143
0.091784
0.010424
0.030044
0.073012
0.060088
0.111404
0.185263
0.233231
0.222383
0.171491
0.212865
0.202544
0.155746
0.140746
0.160746
0.194883
0.138567
0.209883
0.185526
0.173085
0.159635
0.205687
0.185746
0.165906
0.182865
0.102120
0.221003
0.224664
0.222383
0.239985
0.212865
0.198763
0.232646
0.222485
0.233825
0.246601
0.210477
0.182763
0.244503
0.150643
0.143465
0.135965
0.123523
0.300353
0.100353
0.053710
0.052297
0.052297
0.065018
0.052297
0.076608
0.040989
0.052297
0.088339
0.053710
0.124382
0.162544
0.206360
0.205936
0.173145
0.195053
0.182332
0.159011
0.137809
0.159011
0.193640
0.144876
0.187279
0.173145
0.173145
0.159011
0.193640
0.182332
0.159011
0.159011
0.182332
0.182332
0.193640
0.217668
0.219081
0.205936
0.194346
0.208481
0.208481
0.208481
0.217668
0.193640
0.182332
0.217668
0.159011
0.146996
0.148410
0.151943
0.070357
0.134091
0.135880
0.208566
0.123706
0.214193
0.060846
0.015176
-0.030565
-0.022253
-0.015328
0.006377
-0.012978
0.022719
0.026871
0.016447
-0.001654
0.017812
0.020212
-0.003265
0.002936
0.001735
0.001243
-0.006309
0.022604
0.012381
-0.000060
0.000624
0.012048
0.003413
0.006896
0.023855
-0.080212
0.038671
0.031024
0.004715
0.020904
0.006929
0.004417
0.024166
0.014005
0.025344
0.028933
0.016837
0.000431
0.026835
-0.008367
-0.003532
-0.012445
-0.028420
F
7.28
18.19
27.82
14.70
32.28
12.83
78.12
118.71
9203.0
1107.8
187.59
276.97
80.58
29.14
18.38
20.22
34.00
22.07
24.38
41.23
50.48
38.70
26.33
52.08
22.70
29.05
33.38
39.24
23.64
28.98
36.33
29.90
95.89
20.47
19.81
20.22
17.36
22.07
25.31
18.48
20.20
18.29
16.44
22.57
29.94
16.73
44.07
48.59
54.09
65.54
‫ﺑﺌﺮ ‪NS-3‬‬
‫ﺍﳌﻠﺤﻖ )‪ -1‬ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ ‪(25‬‬
‫‪54.05‬‬
‫‪46.94‬‬
‫‪20.19‬‬
‫‪23.75‬‬
‫‪30.77‬‬
‫‪32.40‬‬
‫‪36.19‬‬
‫‪24.68‬‬
‫‪33.06‬‬
‫‪27.19‬‬
‫‪22.04‬‬
‫‪21.79‬‬
‫‪20.68‬‬
‫‪29.30‬‬
‫‪38.67‬‬
‫‪28.22‬‬
‫‪32.41‬‬
‫‪17.21‬‬
‫‪6.42‬‬
‫‪5.31‬‬
‫‪4.68‬‬
‫‪6.18‬‬
‫‪4.28‬‬
‫‪5.50‬‬
‫‪7.01‬‬
‫‪6.61‬‬
‫‪13.14‬‬
‫‪5.13‬‬
‫‪45.57‬‬
‫‪27.51‬‬
‫‪61.35‬‬
‫‪50.28‬‬
‫‪42.43‬‬
‫‪70.61‬‬
‫‪105.73‬‬
‫‪33.32‬‬
‫‪102.23‬‬
‫‪117.12‬‬
‫‪26.23‬‬
‫‪22.70‬‬
‫‪107.60‬‬
‫‪214.47‬‬
‫‪60.09‬‬
‫‪54.05‬‬
‫‪97.25‬‬
‫‪141.51‬‬
‫‪102.90‬‬
‫‪54.05‬‬
‫‪65.37‬‬
‫‪123.72‬‬
‫‪271.92‬‬
‫‪-0.022987‬‬
‫‪-0.013046‬‬
‫‪0.023251‬‬
‫‪0.022873‬‬
‫‪0.009945‬‬
‫‪0.009609‬‬
‫‪0.007217‬‬
‫‪0.042296‬‬
‫‪0.014900‬‬
‫‪0.009431‬‬
‫‪0.007090‬‬
‫‪0.020565‬‬
‫‪0.026243‬‬
‫‪0.002413‬‬
‫‪0.001793‬‬
‫‪0.017504‬‬
‫‪0.010979‬‬
‫‪0.047384‬‬
‫‪-0.145914‬‬
‫‪-0.195705‬‬
‫‪-0.038131‬‬
‫‪-0.110145‬‬
‫‪-0.063400‬‬
‫‪-0.155383‬‬
‫‪-0.078023‬‬
‫‪-0.016560‬‬
‫‪0.046181‬‬
‫‪0.141269‬‬
‫‪0.012454‬‬
‫‪-0.015717‬‬
‫‪-0.031335‬‬
‫‪0.005334‬‬
‫‪0.029142‬‬
‫‪-0.003962‬‬
‫‪0.008912‬‬
‫‪0.014235‬‬
‫‪-0.036362‬‬
‫‪-0.024204‬‬
‫‪0.036253‬‬
‫‪0.016243‬‬
‫‪-0.050593‬‬
‫‪-0.044084‬‬
‫‪-0.024351‬‬
‫‪-0.022987‬‬
‫‪-0.021565‬‬
‫‪-0.004275‬‬
‫‪-0.013079‬‬
‫‪-0.010973‬‬
‫‪0.000716‬‬
‫‪-0.045362‬‬
‫‪-0.027696‬‬
‫‪0.159011‬‬
‫‪0.159011‬‬
‫‪0.199293‬‬
‫‪0.182332‬‬
‫‪0.170318‬‬
‫‪0.166078‬‬
‫‪0.159011‬‬
‫‪0.159011‬‬
‫‪0.159011‬‬
‫‪0.182332‬‬
‫‪0.205936‬‬
‫‪0.193640‬‬
‫‪0.193640‬‬
‫‪0.182332‬‬
‫‪0.159011‬‬
‫‪0.170742‬‬
‫‪0.164664‬‬
‫‪0.193640‬‬
‫‪0.540636‬‬
‫‪0.629682‬‬
‫‪0.500353‬‬
‫‪0.512367‬‬
‫‪0.546996‬‬
‫‪0.581625‬‬
‫‪0.455830‬‬
‫‪0.405654‬‬
‫‪0.229682‬‬
‫‪0.300353‬‬
‫‪0.135689‬‬
‫‪0.206360‬‬
‫‪0.159011‬‬
‫‪0.135689‬‬
‫‪0.124382‬‬
‫‪0.122968‬‬
‫‪0.088339‬‬
‫‪0.159011‬‬
‫‪0.135265‬‬
‫‪0.116608‬‬
‫‪0.159011‬‬
‫‪0.193640‬‬
‫‪0.146996‬‬
‫‪0.112367‬‬
‫‪0.153357‬‬
‫‪0.159011‬‬
‫‪0.122968‬‬
‫‪0.088339‬‬
‫‪0.111661‬‬
‫‪0.146996‬‬
‫‪0.122968‬‬
‫‪0.135265‬‬
‫‪0.088339‬‬
‫‪0.136023‬‬
‫‪0.145965‬‬
‫‪0.222544‬‬
‫‪0.205205‬‬
‫‪0.180263‬‬
‫‪0.175687‬‬
‫‪0.166228‬‬
‫‪0.201307‬‬
‫‪0.173911‬‬
‫‪0.191763‬‬
‫‪0.213026‬‬
‫‪0.214205‬‬
‫‪0.219883‬‬
‫‪0.184746‬‬
‫‪0.160804‬‬
‫‪0.188246‬‬
‫‪0.175643‬‬
‫‪0.241023‬‬
‫‪0.394722‬‬
‫‪0.433977‬‬
‫‪0.462222‬‬
‫‪0.402222‬‬
‫‪0.483596‬‬
‫‪0.426243‬‬
‫‪0.377807‬‬
‫‪0.389094‬‬
‫‪0.275863‬‬
‫‪0.441623‬‬
‫‪0.148143‬‬
‫‪0.190643‬‬
‫‪0.127675‬‬
‫‪0.141023‬‬
‫‪0.153523‬‬
‫‪0.119006‬‬
‫‪0.097251‬‬
‫‪0.173246‬‬
‫‪0.098904‬‬
‫‪0.092404‬‬
‫‪0.195263‬‬
‫‪0.209883‬‬
‫‪0.096404‬‬
‫‪0.068284‬‬
‫‪0.129006‬‬
‫‪0.136023‬‬
‫‪0.101404‬‬
‫‪0.084064‬‬
‫‪0.098582‬‬
‫‪0.136023‬‬
‫‪0.123684‬‬
‫‪0.089904‬‬
‫‪0.060643‬‬
‫‪0.152047‬‬
‫‪0.171930‬‬
‫‪0.235088‬‬
‫‪0.230409‬‬
‫‪0.210526‬‬
‫‪0.216374‬‬
‫‪0.182456‬‬
‫‪0.245614‬‬
‫‪0.195322‬‬
‫‪0.210526‬‬
‫‪0.221053‬‬
‫‪0.230409‬‬
‫‪0.239766‬‬
‫‪0.196491‬‬
‫‪0.176608‬‬
‫‪0.196491‬‬
‫‪0.181287‬‬
‫‪0.152047‬‬
‫‪0.444444‬‬
‫‪0.447953‬‬
‫‪0.444444‬‬
‫‪0.444444‬‬
‫‪0.477193‬‬
‫‪0.527485‬‬
‫‪0.445614‬‬
‫‪0.408187‬‬
‫‪0.356725‬‬
‫‪0.298246‬‬
‫‪0.181287‬‬
‫‪0.181287‬‬
‫‪0.140351‬‬
‫‪0.152047‬‬
‫‪0.152047‬‬
‫‪0.138012‬‬
‫‪0.134503‬‬
‫‪0.196491‬‬
‫‪0.122807‬‬
‫‪0.122807‬‬
‫‪0.210526‬‬
‫‪0.239766‬‬
‫‪0.122807‬‬
‫‪0.093567‬‬
‫‪0.138012‬‬
‫‪0.152047‬‬
‫‪0.122807‬‬
‫‪0.118129‬‬
‫‪0.132164‬‬
‫‪0.152047‬‬
‫‪0.147368‬‬
‫‪0.122807‬‬
‫‪0.081287‬‬
‫‪20.0000‬‬
‫‪22.0000‬‬
‫‪15.0000‬‬
‫‪15.0000‬‬
‫‪18.8000‬‬
‫‪22.5000‬‬
‫‪20.0000‬‬
‫‪17.5000‬‬
‫‪21.0000‬‬
‫‪22.5000‬‬
‫‪18.5000‬‬
‫‪17.5000‬‬
‫‪15.0000‬‬
‫‪17.5000‬‬
‫‪20.0000‬‬
‫‪15.0000‬‬
‫‪19.0000‬‬
‫‪30.0000‬‬
‫‪55.0000‬‬
‫‪52.5000‬‬
‫‪55.0000‬‬
‫‪51.5000‬‬
‫‪42.5000‬‬
‫‪50.0000‬‬
‫‪47.5000‬‬
‫‪50.0000‬‬
‫‪45.0000‬‬
‫‪36.5000‬‬
‫‪45.0000‬‬
‫‪22.5000‬‬
‫‪37.5000‬‬
‫‪25.0000‬‬
‫‪25.0000‬‬
‫‪22.5000‬‬
‫‪30.0000‬‬
‫‪17.5000‬‬
‫‪23.5000‬‬
‫‪26.5000‬‬
‫‪20.0000‬‬
‫‪15.5000‬‬
‫‪22.5000‬‬
‫‪25.0000‬‬
‫‪21.2500‬‬
‫‪22.5000‬‬
‫‪23.0000‬‬
‫‪27.5000‬‬
‫‪25.0000‬‬
‫‪17.5000‬‬
‫‪22.5000‬‬
‫‪27.5000‬‬
‫‪30.0000‬‬
‫‪70.0000‬‬
‫‪70.0000‬‬
‫‪75.7000‬‬
‫‪73.3000‬‬
‫‪71.6000‬‬
‫‪71.0000‬‬
‫‪70.0000‬‬
‫‪70.0000‬‬
‫‪70.0000‬‬
‫‪73.3000‬‬
‫‪76.6400‬‬
‫‪74.9000‬‬
‫‪74.9000‬‬
‫‪73.3000‬‬
‫‪70.0000‬‬
‫‪71.6600‬‬
‫‪70.8000‬‬
‫‪74.9000‬‬
‫‪124.000‬‬
‫‪136.600‬‬
‫‪118.300‬‬
‫‪120.000‬‬
‫‪124.900‬‬
‫‪129.800‬‬
‫‪112.000‬‬
‫‪104.900‬‬
‫‪80.0000‬‬
‫‪90.0000‬‬
‫‪66.7000‬‬
‫‪76.7000‬‬
‫‪70.0000‬‬
‫‪66.7000‬‬
‫‪65.1000‬‬
‫‪64.9000‬‬
‫‪60.0000‬‬
‫‪70.0000‬‬
‫‪66.6400‬‬
‫‪64.0000‬‬
‫‪70.0000‬‬
‫‪74.9000‬‬
‫‪68.3000‬‬
‫‪63.4000‬‬
‫‪69.2000‬‬
‫‪70.0000‬‬
‫‪64.9000‬‬
‫‪60.0000‬‬
‫‪63.3000‬‬
‫‪68.3000‬‬
‫‪64.9000‬‬
‫‪66.6400‬‬
‫‪60.0000‬‬
‫‪0.1200‬‬
‫‪0.1200‬‬
‫‪0.2100‬‬
‫‪0.1800‬‬
‫‪0.1500‬‬
‫‪0.1350‬‬
‫‪0.1500‬‬
‫‪0.1570‬‬
‫‪0.1525‬‬
‫‪0.1730‬‬
‫‪0.2050‬‬
‫‪0.1980‬‬
‫‪0.2000‬‬
‫‪0.1730‬‬
‫‪0.1450‬‬
‫‪0.1800‬‬
‫‪0.1700‬‬
‫‪0.3300‬‬
‫‪0.3450‬‬
‫‪0.4200‬‬
‫‪0.4800‬‬
‫‪0.3600‬‬
‫‪0.4900‬‬
‫‪0.3250‬‬
‫‪0.3100‬‬
‫‪0.3700‬‬
‫‪0.1950‬‬
‫‪0.5850‬‬
‫‪0.1150‬‬
‫‪0.2000‬‬
‫‪0.1150‬‬
‫‪0.1300‬‬
‫‪0.1550‬‬
‫‪0.1000‬‬
‫‪0.0600‬‬
‫‪0.1500‬‬
‫‪0.0750‬‬
‫‪0.0620‬‬
‫‪0.1800‬‬
‫‪0.1800‬‬
‫‪0.0700‬‬
‫‪0.0430‬‬
‫‪0.1200‬‬
‫‪0.1200‬‬
‫‪0.0800‬‬
‫‪0.0500‬‬
‫‪0.0650‬‬
‫‪0.1200‬‬
‫‪0.1000‬‬
‫‪0.0570‬‬
‫‪0.0400‬‬
‫‪2.4500‬‬
‫‪2.4160‬‬
‫‪2.3080‬‬
‫‪2.3160‬‬
‫‪2.3500‬‬
‫‪2.3400‬‬
‫‪2.3980‬‬
‫‪2.2900‬‬
‫‪2.3760‬‬
‫‪2.3500‬‬
‫‪2.3320‬‬
‫‪2.3160‬‬
‫‪2.3000‬‬
‫‪2.3740‬‬
‫‪2.4080‬‬
‫‪2.3740‬‬
‫‪2.4000‬‬
‫‪2.4500‬‬
‫‪1.9500‬‬
‫‪1.9440‬‬
‫‪1.9500‬‬
‫‪1.9500‬‬
‫‪1.8940‬‬
‫‪1.8080‬‬
‫‪1.9480‬‬
‫‪2.0120‬‬
‫‪2.1000‬‬
‫‪2.2000‬‬
‫‪2.4000‬‬
‫‪2.4000‬‬
‫‪2.4700‬‬
‫‪2.4500‬‬
‫‪2.4500‬‬
‫‪2.4740‬‬
‫‪2.4800‬‬
‫‪2.3740‬‬
‫‪2.5000‬‬
‫‪2.5000‬‬
‫‪2.3500‬‬
‫‪2.3000‬‬
‫‪2.5000‬‬
‫‪2.5500‬‬
‫‪2.4740‬‬
‫‪2.4500‬‬
‫‪2.5000‬‬
‫‪2.5080‬‬
‫‪2.4840‬‬
‫‪2.4500‬‬
‫‪2.4580‬‬
‫‪2.5000‬‬
‫‪2.5710‬‬
‫‪1979‬‬
‫‪1980‬‬
‫‪1981‬‬
‫‪1982‬‬
‫‪1983‬‬
‫‪1984‬‬
‫‪1985‬‬
‫‪1986‬‬
‫‪1987‬‬
‫‪1988‬‬
‫‪1989‬‬
‫‪1990‬‬
‫‪1991‬‬
‫‪1992‬‬
‫‪1993‬‬
‫‪1994‬‬
‫‪1995‬‬
‫‪1996‬‬
‫‪1997‬‬
‫‪1998‬‬
‫‪1999‬‬
‫‪2000‬‬
‫‪2001‬‬
‫‪2002‬‬
‫‪2003‬‬
‫‪2004‬‬
‫‪2005‬‬
‫‪2006‬‬
‫‪2007‬‬
‫‪2008‬‬
‫‪2009‬‬
‫‪2010‬‬
‫‪2011‬‬
‫‪2012‬‬
‫‪2013‬‬
‫‪2014‬‬
‫‪2015‬‬
‫‪2016‬‬
‫‪2017‬‬
‫‪2018‬‬
‫‪2019‬‬
‫‪2020‬‬
‫‪2021‬‬
‫‪2022‬‬
‫‪2023‬‬
‫‪2024‬‬
‫‪2025‬‬
‫‪2026‬‬
‫‪2027‬‬
‫‪2028‬‬
‫‪2029‬‬
‫ﺑﺌﺮ ‪NS-3‬‬
‫ﺍﳌﻠﺤﻖ )‪ -1‬ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ ‪(26‬‬
‫‪54.05‬‬
‫‪22.65‬‬
‫‪60.54‬‬
‫‪22.84‬‬
‫‪16.35‬‬
‫‪15.15‬‬
‫‪13.06‬‬
‫‪14.86‬‬
‫‪16.01‬‬
‫‪24.28‬‬
‫‪21.58‬‬
‫‪25.89‬‬
‫‪20.62‬‬
‫‪15.44‬‬
‫‪11.56‬‬
‫‪12.99‬‬
‫‪12.59‬‬
‫‪13.76‬‬
‫‪13.78‬‬
‫‪14.45‬‬
‫‪14.29‬‬
‫‪16.78‬‬
‫‪18.88‬‬
‫‪17.29‬‬
‫‪17.38‬‬
‫‪19.69‬‬
‫‪14.90‬‬
‫‪19.77‬‬
‫‪17.91‬‬
‫‪16.62‬‬
‫‪16.48‬‬
‫‪13.72‬‬
‫‪15.29‬‬
‫‪13.83‬‬
‫‪15.73‬‬
‫‪24.79‬‬
‫‪16.33‬‬
‫‪18.04‬‬
‫‪15.42‬‬
‫‪13.36‬‬
‫‪14.13‬‬
‫‪14.72‬‬
‫‪17.02‬‬
‫‪19.31‬‬
‫‪18.10‬‬
‫‪17.03‬‬
‫‪19.70‬‬
‫‪21.07‬‬
‫‪20.53‬‬
‫‪19.72‬‬
‫‪21.04‬‬
‫‪-0.022987‬‬
‫‪-0.013926‬‬
‫‪-0.007166‬‬
‫‪0.009970‬‬
‫‪0.017643‬‬
‫‪0.027262‬‬
‫‪0.047043‬‬
‫‪0.012377‬‬
‫‪0.020245‬‬
‫‪-0.003012‬‬
‫‪0.003249‬‬
‫‪0.090811‬‬
‫‪0.014268‬‬
‫‪0.030475‬‬
‫‪-0.035264‬‬
‫‪0.013160‬‬
‫‪-0.035955‬‬
‫‪0.028192‬‬
‫‪0.140720‬‬
‫‪-0.048993‬‬
‫‪-0.076133‬‬
‫‪0.014464‬‬
‫‪0.012478‬‬
‫‪0.010786‬‬
‫‪0.010201‬‬
‫‪0.001337‬‬
‫‪0.029368‬‬
‫‪0.013576‬‬
‫‪0.012279‬‬
‫‪0.015625‬‬
‫‪-0.006688‬‬
‫‪0.011270‬‬
‫‪-0.020855‬‬
‫‪-0.007757‬‬
‫‪-0.006494‬‬
‫‪-0.016820‬‬
‫‪-0.010465‬‬
‫‪-0.005946‬‬
‫‪-0.003994‬‬
‫‪-0.003011‬‬
‫‪-0.028705‬‬
‫‪-0.009301‬‬
‫‪-0.016274‬‬
‫‪-0.019523‬‬
‫‪-0.017960‬‬
‫‪-0.004743‬‬
‫‪-0.016106‬‬
‫‪-0.017470‬‬
‫‪-0.020726‬‬
‫‪-0.004477‬‬
‫‪-0.011656‬‬
‫‪0.159011‬‬
‫‪0.224028‬‬
‫‪0.135689‬‬
‫‪0.199293‬‬
‫‪0.229682‬‬
‫‪0.229682‬‬
‫‪0.229682‬‬
‫‪0.247067‬‬
‫‪0.229682‬‬
‫‪0.205936‬‬
‫‪0.212014‬‬
‫‪0.105724‬‬
‫‪0.205936‬‬
‫‪0.224028‬‬
‫‪0.329329‬‬
‫‪0.264311‬‬
‫‪0.317739‬‬
‫‪0.241413‬‬
‫‪0.128622‬‬
‫‪0.312085‬‬
‫‪0.340636‬‬
‫‪0.229682‬‬
‫‪0.217668‬‬
‫‪0.229682‬‬
‫‪0.229682‬‬
‫‪0.224028‬‬
‫‪0.229682‬‬
‫‪0.211307‬‬
‫‪0.224028‬‬
‫‪0.229682‬‬
‫‪0.253004‬‬
‫‪0.258657‬‬
‫‪0.276608‬‬
‫‪0.276608‬‬
‫‪0.258657‬‬
‫‪0.217668‬‬
‫‪0.257951‬‬
‫‪0.241413‬‬
‫‪0.258657‬‬
‫‪0.276608‬‬
‫‪0.294700‬‬
‫‪0.269965‬‬
‫‪0.258657‬‬
‫‪0.247067‬‬
‫‪0.253004‬‬
‫‪0.247067‬‬
‫‪0.241413‬‬
‫‪0.235336‬‬
‫‪0.241413‬‬
‫‪0.229682‬‬
‫‪0.229682‬‬
‫‪0.136023‬‬
‫‪0.210102‬‬
‫‪0.128523‬‬
‫‪0.209263‬‬
‫‪0.247325‬‬
‫‪0.256944‬‬
‫‪0.276725‬‬
‫‪0.259444‬‬
‫‪0.249927‬‬
‫‪0.202924‬‬
‫‪0.215263‬‬
‫‪0.196535‬‬
‫‪0.220205‬‬
‫‪0.254503‬‬
‫‪0.294064‬‬
‫‪0.277471‬‬
‫‪0.281784‬‬
‫‪0.269605‬‬
‫‪0.269342‬‬
‫‪0.263092‬‬
‫‪0.264503‬‬
‫‪0.244146‬‬
‫‪0.230146‬‬
‫‪0.240468‬‬
‫‪0.239883‬‬
‫‪0.225365‬‬
‫‪0.259050‬‬
‫‪0.224883‬‬
‫‪0.236307‬‬
‫‪0.245307‬‬
‫‪0.246316‬‬
‫‪0.269927‬‬
‫‪0.255753‬‬
‫‪0.268851‬‬
‫‪0.252164‬‬
‫‪0.200848‬‬
‫‪0.247485‬‬
‫‪0.235468‬‬
‫‪0.254664‬‬
‫‪0.273596‬‬
‫‪0.265994‬‬
‫‪0.260664‬‬
‫‪0.242383‬‬
‫‪0.227544‬‬
‫‪0.235044‬‬
‫‪0.242325‬‬
‫‪0.225307‬‬
‫‪0.217865‬‬
‫‪0.220687‬‬
‫‪0.225205‬‬
‫‪0.218026‬‬
‫‪0.152047‬‬
‫‪0.215205‬‬
‫‪0.152047‬‬
‫‪0.210526‬‬
‫‪0.259649‬‬
‫‪0.288889‬‬
‫‪0.313450‬‬
‫‪0.288889‬‬
‫‪0.274854‬‬
‫‪0.205848‬‬
‫‪0.210526‬‬
‫‪0.228070‬‬
‫‪0.230409‬‬
‫‪0.269006‬‬
‫‪0.318129‬‬
‫‪0.309942‬‬
‫‪0.293567‬‬
‫‪0.284211‬‬
‫‪0.273684‬‬
‫‪0.273684‬‬
‫‪0.269006‬‬
‫‪0.250292‬‬
‫‪0.250292‬‬
‫‪0.240936‬‬
‫‪0.239766‬‬
‫‪0.225731‬‬
‫‪0.273099‬‬
‫‪0.239766‬‬
‫‪0.245614‬‬
‫‪0.245614‬‬
‫‪0.252632‬‬
‫‪0.274854‬‬
‫‪0.269006‬‬
‫‪0.280702‬‬
‫‪0.264327‬‬
‫‪0.211696‬‬
‫‪0.254971‬‬
‫‪0.240936‬‬
‫‪0.264327‬‬
‫‪0.277193‬‬
‫‪0.261988‬‬
‫‪0.264327‬‬
‫‪0.239766‬‬
‫‪0.235088‬‬
‫‪0.235088‬‬
‫‪0.259649‬‬
‫‪0.245614‬‬
‫‪0.225731‬‬
‫‪0.216374‬‬
‫‪0.230409‬‬
‫‪0.221053‬‬
‫‪22.5000‬‬
‫‪15.0000‬‬
‫‪21.0000‬‬
‫‪18.7000‬‬
‫‪20.0000‬‬
‫‪21.2500‬‬
‫‪21.2500‬‬
‫‪20.0000‬‬
‫‪25.0000‬‬
‫‪27.5000‬‬
‫‪25.0000‬‬
‫‪30.0000‬‬
‫‪30.0000‬‬
‫‪21.2500‬‬
‫‪20.0000‬‬
‫‪22.5000‬‬
‫‪20.0000‬‬
‫‪17.5000‬‬
‫‪15.0000‬‬
‫‪15.0000‬‬
‫‪15.0000‬‬
‫‪15.0000‬‬
‫‪18.7000‬‬
‫‪18.7000‬‬
‫‪15.0000‬‬
‫‪17.5000‬‬
‫‪19.0000‬‬
‫‪25.0000‬‬
‫‪22.5000‬‬
‫‪21.0000‬‬
‫‪21.2500‬‬
‫‪21.2500‬‬
‫‪17.5000‬‬
‫‪17.5000‬‬
‫‪18.7000‬‬
‫‪23.0000‬‬
‫‪20.0000‬‬
‫‪21.2500‬‬
‫‪20.0000‬‬
‫‪18.7000‬‬
‫‪18.7000‬‬
‫‪20.0000‬‬
‫‪19.0000‬‬
‫‪20.0000‬‬
‫‪20.0000‬‬
‫‪17.5000‬‬
‫‪16.2500‬‬
‫‪16.2500‬‬
‫‪16.2500‬‬
‫‪18.7000‬‬
‫‪16.2500‬‬
‫‪70.0000‬‬
‫‪79.2000‬‬
‫‪66.7000‬‬
‫‪75.7000‬‬
‫‪80.0000‬‬
‫‪80.0000‬‬
‫‪80.0000‬‬
‫‪82.4600‬‬
‫‪80.0000‬‬
‫‪76.6400‬‬
‫‪77.5000‬‬
‫‪62.4600‬‬
‫‪76.6400‬‬
‫‪79.2000‬‬
‫‪94.1000‬‬
‫‪84.9000‬‬
‫‪92.4600‬‬
‫‪81.6600‬‬
‫‪65.7000‬‬
‫‪91.6600‬‬
‫‪95.7000‬‬
‫‪80.0000‬‬
‫‪78.3000‬‬
‫‪80.0000‬‬
‫‪80.0000‬‬
‫‪79.2000‬‬
‫‪80.0000‬‬
‫‪77.4000‬‬
‫‪79.2000‬‬
‫‪80.0000‬‬
‫‪83.3000‬‬
‫‪84.1000‬‬
‫‪86.6400‬‬
‫‪86.6400‬‬
‫‪84.1000‬‬
‫‪78.3000‬‬
‫‪84.0000‬‬
‫‪81.6600‬‬
‫‪84.1000‬‬
‫‪86.6400‬‬
‫‪89.2000‬‬
‫‪85.7000‬‬
‫‪84.1000‬‬
‫‪82.4600‬‬
‫‪83.3000‬‬
‫‪82.4600‬‬
‫‪81.6600‬‬
‫‪80.8000‬‬
‫‪81.6600‬‬
‫‪80.0000‬‬
‫‪80.0000‬‬
‫‪0.1200‬‬
‫‪0.2050‬‬
‫‪0.1050‬‬
‫‪0.2080‬‬
‫‪0.2350‬‬
‫‪0.2250‬‬
‫‪0.2400‬‬
‫‪0.2300‬‬
‫‪0.2250‬‬
‫‪0.2000‬‬
‫‪0.2200‬‬
‫‪0.1650‬‬
‫‪0.2100‬‬
‫‪0.2400‬‬
‫‪0.2700‬‬
‫‪0.2450‬‬
‫‪0.2700‬‬
‫‪0.2550‬‬
‫‪0.2650‬‬
‫‪0.2525‬‬
‫‪0.2600‬‬
‫‪0.2380‬‬
‫‪0.2100‬‬
‫‪0.2400‬‬
‫‪0.2400‬‬
‫‪0.2250‬‬
‫‪0.2450‬‬
‫‪0.2100‬‬
‫‪0.2270‬‬
‫‪0.2450‬‬
‫‪0.2400‬‬
‫‪0.2650‬‬
‫‪0.2425‬‬
‫‪0.2570‬‬
‫‪0.2400‬‬
‫‪0.1900‬‬
‫‪0.2400‬‬
‫‪0.2300‬‬
‫‪0.2450‬‬
‫‪0.2700‬‬
‫‪0.2700‬‬
‫‪0.2570‬‬
‫‪0.2450‬‬
‫‪0.2200‬‬
‫‪0.2350‬‬
‫‪0.2250‬‬
‫‪0.2050‬‬
‫‪0.2100‬‬
‫‪0.2250‬‬
‫‪0.2200‬‬
‫‪0.2150‬‬
‫‪2.4500‬‬
‫‪2.3420‬‬
‫‪2.4500‬‬
‫‪2.3500‬‬
‫‪2.2660‬‬
‫‪2.2160‬‬
‫‪2.1740‬‬
‫‪2.2160‬‬
‫‪2.2400‬‬
‫‪2.3580‬‬
‫‪2.3500‬‬
‫‪2.3200‬‬
‫‪2.3160‬‬
‫‪2.2500‬‬
‫‪2.1660‬‬
‫‪2.1800‬‬
‫‪2.2080‬‬
‫‪2.2240‬‬
‫‪2.2420‬‬
‫‪2.2420‬‬
‫‪2.2500‬‬
‫‪2.2820‬‬
‫‪2.2820‬‬
‫‪2.2980‬‬
‫‪2.3000‬‬
‫‪2.3240‬‬
‫‪2.2430‬‬
‫‪2.3000‬‬
‫‪2.2900‬‬
‫‪2.2900‬‬
‫‪2.2780‬‬
‫‪2.2400‬‬
‫‪2.2500‬‬
‫‪2.2300‬‬
‫‪2.2580‬‬
‫‪2.3480‬‬
‫‪2.2740‬‬
‫‪2.2980‬‬
‫‪2.2580‬‬
‫‪2.2360‬‬
‫‪2.2620‬‬
‫‪2.2580‬‬
‫‪2.3000‬‬
‫‪2.3080‬‬
‫‪2.3080‬‬
‫‪2.2660‬‬
‫‪2.2900‬‬
‫‪2.3240‬‬
‫‪2.3400‬‬
‫‪2.3160‬‬
‫‪2.3320‬‬
‫‪2030‬‬
‫‪2031‬‬
‫‪2032‬‬
‫‪2033‬‬
‫‪2034‬‬
‫‪2035‬‬
‫‪2036‬‬
‫‪2037‬‬
‫‪2038‬‬
‫‪2039‬‬
‫‪2040‬‬
‫‪2041‬‬
‫‪2042‬‬
‫‪2043‬‬
‫‪2044‬‬
‫‪2045‬‬
‫‪2046‬‬
‫‪2047‬‬
‫‪2048‬‬
‫‪2049‬‬
‫‪2050‬‬
‫‪2051‬‬
‫‪2052‬‬
‫‪2053‬‬
‫‪2054‬‬
‫‪2055‬‬
‫‪2056‬‬
‫‪2057‬‬
‫‪2058‬‬
‫‪2059‬‬
‫‪2060‬‬
‫‪2061‬‬
‫‪2062‬‬
‫‪2063‬‬
‫‪2064‬‬
‫‪2065‬‬
‫‪2066‬‬
‫‪2067‬‬
‫‪2068‬‬
‫‪2069‬‬
‫‪2070‬‬
‫‪2071‬‬
‫‪2072‬‬
‫‪2073‬‬
‫‪2074‬‬
‫‪2075‬‬
‫‪2076‬‬
‫‪2077‬‬
‫‪2078‬‬
‫‪2079‬‬
‫‪2080‬‬
NS-3 ‫ﺑﺌﺮ‬
2081
2082
2083
2084
2085
2086
2087
2088
2089
2090
2091
2092
2093
2094
2095
2096
2097
2098
2099
2100
2101
Depth
1929.5
1930
1931
1932
1933
1934
1935
1936
1937
1938
1939
1940
1941
1942
1943
1944
1945
1946
1947
1948
1949
1950
1951
1952
1953
1954
1955
(27 ‫ ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ‬-1) ‫ﺍﳌﻠﺤﻖ‬
2.3580
2.3740
2.3620
2.3080
2.3000
2.3240
2.3080
2.3580
2.3120
2.2500
2.3000
2.2240
2.2620
2.2160
2.2500
2.2240
2.2500
2.2000
2.3740
2.3740
2.3660
0.2050
0.1950
0.1870
0.1950
0.2090
0.2100
0.2225
0.2000
0.2250
0.2350
0.2300
0.2400
0.2050
0.2900
0.3300
0.3000
0.1800
0.2250
0.1800
0.1900
0.1450
78.3000
76.6400
79.2000
78.3000
76.6400
79.5000
80.0000
79.0000
80.0000
83.3000
75.6000
81.6600
80.0000
79.6000
78.3000
76.6400
77.5000
76.6400
74.9000
74.9000
72.5000
18.7000
18.7000
18.7000
16.0000
16.2500
16.2500
18.7000
20.0000
20.0000
18.0000
20.0000
19.0000
20.0000
22.0000
20.0000
22.0000
20.0000
22.0000
19.0000
17.5000
20.0000
0.205848
0.196491
0.203509
0.235088
0.239766
0.225731
0.235088
0.205848
0.232749
0.269006
0.239766
0.284211
0.261988
0.288889
0.269006
0.284211
0.269006
0.298246
0.196491
0.196491
0.201170
0.205424
0.195746
0.195254
0.215044
0.224383
0.217865
0.228794
0.202924
0.228874
0.252003
0.234883
0.262105
0.233494
0.289444
0.299503
0.292105
0.224503
0.261623
0.188246
0.193246
0.173085
0.217668
0.205936
0.224028
0.217668
0.205936
0.226148
0.229682
0.222615
0.229682
0.253004
0.198587
0.241413
0.229682
0.226855
0.217668
0.205936
0.212014
0.205936
0.193640
0.193640
0.176678
vsh
0.484090
0.106503
0.065501
0.065501
0.092387
0.128558
0.059049
0.034268
0.028321
0.059049
0.000000
0.028321
0.028321
0.167802
0.028321
0.028321
0.028321
0.028321
0.028321
0.072059
0.059049
0.028321
0.028321
0.028321
0.022471
0.028321
0.028321
Sw
0.48329
0.52200
0.24996
0.18164
0.23609
0.21902
0.50033
0.57685
1.00000
1.00000
1.00000
1.00000
0.94982
1.00000
1.00000
1.00000
1.00000
1.00000
1.00000
1.00000
1.00000
1.00000
0.96985
1.00000
1.00000
1.00000
1.00000
Sxo
0.79581
0.49627
0.44645
0.32443
0.44325
0.41646
0.68931
0.84960
1.00000
1.00000
1.00000
1.00000
0.86757
1.00000
1.00000
1.00000
1.00000
1.00000
1.00000
1.00000
1.00000
1.00000
1.00000
1.00000
1.00000
1.00000
1.00000
Sh
0.51671
0.47800
0.75004
0.81836
0.76391
0.78098
0.49967
0.42315
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.05018
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.03015
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
Bvw
0.17916
0.12238
0.04739
0.04738
0.04155
0.06115
0.05661
0.05295
0.01042
0.03004
0.07301
0.06009
0.10581
0.18526
0.23323
0.22238
0.17149
0.21287
0.20254
0.15575
0.14075
0.16075
0.18901
0.13857
0.20988
0.18553
0.17308
Bvxo
0.29502
0.11635
0.08464
0.08463
0.07801
0.11628
0.07799
0.07798
0.01042
0.03004
0.07301
0.06009
0.09665
0.18526
0.23323
0.22238
0.17149
0.21287
0.20254
0.15575
0.14075
0.16075
0.19488
0.13857
0.20988
0.18553
0.17308
Bvo
0.19155
0.11206
0.14220
0.21348
0.13445
0.21806
0.05653
0.03884
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00559
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00588
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
-0.012244
-0.010191
-0.028774
-0.002624
0.018447
-0.008283
-0.000888
-0.019691
-0.000808
-0.001001
0.036296
0.020692
0.003812
0.062589
0.081835
0.086169
0.012489
0.055686
-0.005394
-0.000394
-0.003594
Mos
0.31253
-0.02573
0.19649
0.14278
0.20717
0.19743
0.18898
0.27275
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
-0.08224
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.03015
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
23.70
26.10
26.23
21.62
19.86
21.07
19.10
24.28
19.09
15.75
18.13
14.56
18.34
11.94
11.15
11.72
19.84
14.61
28.22
26.78
33.38
Ros
0.20419
0.50373
0.55355
0.67557
0.55675
0.58354
0.31069
0.15040
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.13243
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
‫ﺑﺌﺮ ‪NS-3‬‬
‫ﺍﳌﻠﺤﻖ )‪ -1‬ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ ‪(28‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.14284‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.10964‬‬
‫‪0.25241‬‬
‫‪0.03963‬‬
‫‪0.22519‬‬
‫‪0.06430‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.17244‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.43292‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.03230‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.02610‬‬
‫‪0.01307‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.18911‬‬
‫‪0.43944‬‬
‫‪0.31233‬‬
‫‪0.25516‬‬
‫‪0.37715‬‬
‫‪0.28362‬‬
‫‪0.32532‬‬
‫‪0.37936‬‬
‫‪0.32499‬‬
‫‪0.43350‬‬
‫‪0.27269‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
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‫‪1956‬‬
‫‪1957‬‬
‫‪1958‬‬
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‫‪1960‬‬
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‫‪1980‬‬
‫‪1981‬‬
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‫‪1986‬‬
‫‪1987‬‬
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‫‪1989‬‬
‫‪1990‬‬
‫‪1991‬‬
‫‪1992‬‬
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‫‪1994‬‬
‫‪1995‬‬
‫‪1996‬‬
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‫ﺑﺌﺮ ‪NS-3‬‬
‫ﺍﳌﻠﺤﻖ )‪ -1‬ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ ‪(29‬‬
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‫‪0.05237‬‬
‫‪0.06177‬‬
‫‪0.06623‬‬
‫‪0.05407‬‬
‫‪0.07645‬‬
‫‪0.08211‬‬
‫‪0.05404‬‬
‫‪0.04680‬‬
‫‪0.07398‬‬
‫‪0.06828‬‬
‫‪0.09355‬‬
‫‪0.08918‬‬
‫‪0.08759‬‬
‫‪0.07393‬‬
‫‪0.08200‬‬
‫‪0.07958‬‬
‫‪0.07789‬‬
‫‪0.08990‬‬
‫‪0.06064‬‬
‫‪0.06964‬‬
‫‪0.06963‬‬
‫‪0.08988‬‬
‫‪0.08525‬‬
‫‪0.08007‬‬
‫‪0.07381‬‬
‫‪0.07037‬‬
‫‪0.07888‬‬
‫‪0.08519‬‬
‫‪0.08979‬‬
‫‪0.09330‬‬
‫‪0.09328‬‬
‫‪0.08376‬‬
‫‪0.05384‬‬
‫‪0.06148‬‬
‫‪0.06147‬‬
‫‪0.05571‬‬
‫‪0.05780‬‬
‫‪0.06145‬‬
‫‪0.06589‬‬
‫‪0.05778‬‬
‫‪0.05291‬‬
‫‪0.06586‬‬
‫‪0.07362‬‬
‫‪0.08500‬‬
‫‪0.09813‬‬
‫‪0.11126‬‬
‫‪0.11124‬‬
‫‪0.36724‬‬
‫‪0.59588‬‬
‫‪0.45292‬‬
‫‪0.63967‬‬
‫‪0.65887‬‬
‫‪0.48099‬‬
‫‪0.31902‬‬
‫‪0.68792‬‬
‫‪0.22703‬‬
‫‪0.11142‬‬
‫‪0.72323‬‬
‫‪0.77704‬‬
‫‪0.23260‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.27483‬‬
‫‪0.34435‬‬
‫‪0.13619‬‬
‫‪0.12059‬‬
‫‪0.16818‬‬
‫‪0.41496‬‬
‫‪0.37023‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.48804‬‬
‫‪0.66860‬‬
‫‪0.30069‬‬
‫‪0.59260‬‬
‫‪0.67625‬‬
‫‪0.71274‬‬
‫‪0.74572‬‬
‫‪0.69595‬‬
‫‪0.65913‬‬
‫‪0.55753‬‬
‫‪0.56659‬‬
‫‪0.52536‬‬
‫‪0.61963‬‬
‫‪0.78844‬‬
‫‪0.79092‬‬
‫‪0.77845‬‬
‫‪0.80230‬‬
‫‪0.78560‬‬
‫‪0.77186‬‬
‫‪0.74957‬‬
‫‪0.78156‬‬
‫‪0.78330‬‬
‫‪0.71384‬‬
‫‪0.69384‬‬
‫‪0.64567‬‬
‫‪0.56456‬‬
‫‪0.57052‬‬
‫‪0.50533‬‬
‫‪0.82373‬‬
‫‪0.66545‬‬
‫‪0.85464‬‬
‫‪0.59335‬‬
‫‪0.56173‬‬
‫‪0.64806‬‬
‫‪1.00000‬‬
‫‪0.44504‬‬
‫‪1.00000‬‬
‫‪1.00000‬‬
‫‪0.40494‬‬
‫‪0.36714‬‬
‫‪1.00000‬‬
‫‪1.00000‬‬
‫‪0.98826‬‬
‫‪0.95701‬‬
‫‪1.00000‬‬
‫‪1.00000‬‬
‫‪1.00000‬‬
‫‪0.88371‬‬
‫‪1.00000‬‬
‫‪1.00000‬‬
‫‪1.00000‬‬
‫‪0.74579‬‬
‫‪0.61878‬‬
‫‪1.00000‬‬
‫‪0.62557‬‬
‫‪0.56753‬‬
‫‪0.47303‬‬
‫‪0.48720‬‬
‫‪0.56483‬‬
‫‪0.57588‬‬
‫‪0.72861‬‬
‫‪0.71368‬‬
‫‪0.70188‬‬
‫‪0.63670‬‬
‫‪0.37421‬‬
‫‪0.39358‬‬
‫‪0.41239‬‬
‫‪0.43065‬‬
‫‪0.41967‬‬
‫‪0.45042‬‬
‫‪0.46105‬‬
‫‪0.45017‬‬
‫‪0.40555‬‬
‫‪0.52683‬‬
‫‪0.53895‬‬
‫‪0.63916‬‬
‫‪0.76053‬‬
‫‪0.70722‬‬
‫‪0.71837‬‬
‫‪0.63276‬‬
‫‪0.40412‬‬
‫‪0.54708‬‬
‫‪0.36033‬‬
‫‪0.34113‬‬
‫‪0.51901‬‬
‫‪0.68098‬‬
‫‪0.31208‬‬
‫‪0.77297‬‬
‫‪0.88858‬‬
‫‪0.27677‬‬
‫‪0.22296‬‬
‫‪0.76740‬‬
‫‪1.00000‬‬
‫‪0.72517‬‬
‫‪0.65565‬‬
‫‪0.86381‬‬
‫‪0.87941‬‬
‫‪0.83182‬‬
‫‪0.58504‬‬
‫‪0.62977‬‬
‫‪1.00000‬‬
‫‪1.00000‬‬
‫‪0.51196‬‬
‫‪0.33140‬‬
‫‪0.69931‬‬
‫‪0.40740‬‬
‫‪0.32375‬‬
‫‪0.28726‬‬
‫‪0.25428‬‬
‫‪0.30405‬‬
‫‪0.34087‬‬
‫‪0.44247‬‬
‫‪0.43341‬‬
‫‪0.47464‬‬
‫‪0.38037‬‬
‫‪0.21156‬‬
‫‪0.20908‬‬
‫‪0.22155‬‬
‫‪0.19770‬‬
‫‪0.21440‬‬
‫‪0.22814‬‬
‫‪0.25043‬‬
‫‪0.21844‬‬
‫‪0.21670‬‬
‫‪0.28616‬‬
‫‪0.30616‬‬
‫‪0.35433‬‬
‫‪0.43544‬‬
‫‪0.42948‬‬
‫‪0.49467‬‬
‫‪0.628894‬‬
‫‪0.128558‬‬
‫‪0.420077‬‬
‫‪0.167802‬‬
‫‪0.167802‬‬
‫‪0.128558‬‬
‫‪0.256577‬‬
‫‪0.059049‬‬
‫‪0.143873‬‬
‫‪0.192932‬‬
‫‪0.092387‬‬
‫‪0.034268‬‬
‫‪0.128558‬‬
‫‪0.167802‬‬
‫‪0.110104‬‬
‫‪0.128558‬‬
‫‪0.136153‬‬
‫‪0.210381‬‬
‫‪0.167802‬‬
‫‪0.059049‬‬
‫‪0.128558‬‬
‫‪0.210381‬‬
‫‪0.256577‬‬
‫‪0.128558‬‬
‫‪0.028321‬‬
‫‪0.106503‬‬
‫‪0.074712‬‬
‫‪0.092387‬‬
‫‪0.110104‬‬
‫‪0.110104‬‬
‫‪0.092387‬‬
‫‪0.167802‬‬
‫‪0.210381‬‬
‫‪0.167802‬‬
‫‪0.256577‬‬
‫‪0.256577‬‬
‫‪0.110104‬‬
‫‪0.092387‬‬
‫‪0.128558‬‬
‫‪0.092387‬‬
‫‪0.059049‬‬
‫‪0.028321‬‬
‫‪0.028321‬‬
‫‪0.028321‬‬
‫‪0.028321‬‬
‫‪0.074712‬‬
‫‪0.074712‬‬
‫‪0.028321‬‬
‫‪0.059049‬‬
‫‪0.078725‬‬
‫‪0.167802‬‬
‫‪2007‬‬
‫‪2008‬‬
‫‪2009‬‬
‫‪2010‬‬
‫‪2011‬‬
‫‪2012‬‬
‫‪2013‬‬
‫‪2014‬‬
‫‪2015‬‬
‫‪2016‬‬
‫‪2017‬‬
‫‪2018‬‬
‫‪2019‬‬
‫‪2020‬‬
‫‪2021‬‬
‫‪2022‬‬
‫‪2023‬‬
‫‪2024‬‬
‫‪2025‬‬
‫‪2026‬‬
‫‪2027‬‬
‫‪2028‬‬
‫‪2029‬‬
‫‪2030‬‬
‫‪2031‬‬
‫‪2032‬‬
‫‪2033‬‬
‫‪2034‬‬
‫‪2035‬‬
‫‪2036‬‬
‫‪2037‬‬
‫‪2038‬‬
‫‪2039‬‬
‫‪2040‬‬
‫‪2041‬‬
‫‪2042‬‬
‫‪2043‬‬
‫‪2044‬‬
‫‪2045‬‬
‫‪2046‬‬
‫‪2047‬‬
‫‪2048‬‬
‫‪2049‬‬
‫‪2050‬‬
‫‪2051‬‬
‫‪2052‬‬
‫‪2053‬‬
‫‪2054‬‬
‫‪2055‬‬
‫‪2056‬‬
‫‪2057‬‬
NS-3 ‫ﺑﺌﺮ‬
2058
2059
2060
2061
2062
2063
2064
2065
2066
2067
2068
2069
2070
2071
2072
2073
2074
2075
2076
2077
2078
2079
2080
2081
2082
2083
2084
2085
2086
2087
2088
2089
2090
2091
2092
2093
2094
2095
2096
2097
2098
2099
2100
2101
Depth
1929.5
1930
1931
1932
(30 ‫ ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ‬-1) ‫ﺍﳌﻠﺤﻖ‬
0.128558
0.106503
0.110104
0.110104
0.059049
0.059049
0.074712
0.136153
0.092387
0.110104
0.092387
0.074712
0.074712
0.092387
0.078725
0.092387
0.092387
0.059049
0.043372
0.043372
0.043372
0.074712
0.043372
0.074712
0.074712
0.074712
0.040313
0.043372
0.043372
0.074712
0.092387
0.092387
0.065501
0.092387
0.078725
0.092387
0.121086
0.092387
0.121086
0.092387
0.121086
0.078725
0.059049
0.092387
M
0.91667
1.04688
1.18496
1.21909
0.48474
0.45335
0.36344
0.37160
0.45457
0.44654
0.46828
0.53095
0.44892
0.50956
0.47914
0.44212
0.47094
0.51435
0.60585
0.69989
0.68765
0.69945
0.80796
0.86955
0.87677
0.84098
0.85100
0.88554
0.89539
0.91399
0.88009
0.90157
0.95613
0.95477
1.00000
1.00000
0.91903
0.99210
0.98000
1.00000
0.92341
0.89227
0.93038
1.00000
1.00000
1.00000
1.00000
1.00000
N
0.58056
0.67434
0.84956
0.75909
0.74384
0.74652
0.62194
0.67824
0.77308
0.73531
0.74738
0.77791
0.70482
0.77684
0.77572
0.72194
0.77549
0.79123
0.85079
0.96997
0.94882
0.94041
1.00000
1.00000
1.00000
1.00000
1.00000
1.00000
1.00000
1.00000
1.00000
1.00000
1.00000
1.00000
1.00000
1.00000
1.00000
1.00000
1.00000
1.00000
1.00000
0.97952
1.00000
1.00000
1.00000
1.00000
1.00000
1.00000
ρmaa
2.71622
2.58839
2.39436
2.48822
0.51526
0.54665
0.63656
0.62840
0.54543
0.55346
0.53172
0.46905
0.55108
0.49044
0.52086
0.55788
0.52906
0.48565
0.39415
0.30011
0.31235
0.30055
0.19204
0.13045
0.12323
0.15902
0.14900
0.11446
0.10461
0.08601
0.11991
0.09843
0.04387
0.04523
0.00000
0.00000
0.08097
0.00790
0.02000
0.00000
0.07659
0.10773
0.06962
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.11455
0.11121
0.08952
0.10031
0.11626
0.12005
0.11808
0.10664
0.11110
0.11999
0.12202
0.12096
0.12527
0.13407
0.14685
0.15926
0.16163
0.16949
0.18204
0.18945
0.19349
0.18939
0.18554
0.18191
0.17527
0.17846
0.18926
0.20230
0.20831
0.21844
0.20292
0.22887
0.23160
0.23303
0.25686
0.23349
0.26728
0.26724
0.27177
0.22450
0.26162
0.18825
0.19325
0.17308
∆tmaa
31.67971
22.71553
23.77486
7.57230
0.17578
0.18313
0.15319
0.18308
0.19772
0.19769
0.18846
0.15624
0.17443
0.18292
0.19755
0.19752
0.20627
0.20625
0.20622
0.22071
0.22301
0.22788
0.22531
0.21787
0.22069
0.22520
0.21803
0.20542
0.19575
0.19525
0.21504
0.22438
0.21787
0.22879
0.20292
0.22887
0.25200
0.23488
0.26211
0.23349
0.28944
0.29337
0.29211
0.22450
0.26162
0.18825
0.19325
0.17308
0.12176
0.13410
0.15680
0.16962
0.13950
0.14880
0.13408
0.09421
0.13638
0.11548
0.13264
0.15263
0.14073
0.12659
0.09554
0.06829
0.07342
0.07283
0.04327
0.02842
0.02719
0.03581
0.03249
0.02351
0.02048
0.01679
0.02579
0.02209
0.00956
0.01035
0.00000
0.00000
0.02040
0.00186
0.00524
0.00000
0.02217
0.03226
0.02034
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.25910
0.29317
0.25850
0.30664
0.31851
0.28877
0.27910
0.24696
0.25590
0.26728
0.29659
0.27982
0.30455
0.27688
0.24494
0.27008
0.26117
0.24096
0.19204
0.13045
0.12323
0.15902
0.14900
0.11446
0.10461
0.08601
0.11991
0.09843
0.04387
0.04523
0.00000
0.00000
0.08097
0.00790
0.02000
0.00000
0.07659
0.08725
0.06962
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.25616
0.25348
0.37806
0.32176
0.22692
0.26469
0.25262
0.22209
0.29518
0.22316
0.22428
0.27806
0.22451
0.20877
0.14921
0.03003
0.05118
0.05959
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.02048
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
‫ﺑﺌﺮ ‪NS-3‬‬
‫ﺍﳌﻠﺤﻖ )‪ -1‬ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ ‪(31‬‬
‫‪26.25670‬‬
‫‪5.45126‬‬
‫‪37.79181‬‬
‫‪45.13560‬‬
‫‪51.87057‬‬
‫‪50.74633‬‬
‫‪49.83967‬‬
‫‪46.53990‬‬
‫‪49.56663‬‬
‫‪43.55426‬‬
‫‪42.54129‬‬
‫‪44.50727‬‬
‫‪47.78242‬‬
‫‪44.29792‬‬
‫‪43.91365‬‬
‫‪48.04722‬‬
‫‪47.01644‬‬
‫‪47.20747‬‬
‫‪47.28146‬‬
‫‪48.53634‬‬
‫‪43.45193‬‬
‫‪45.34895‬‬
‫‪47.51028‬‬
‫‪47.39495‬‬
‫‪45.35383‬‬
‫‪46.90681‬‬
‫‪46.33015‬‬
‫‪43.36914‬‬
‫‪60.14093‬‬
‫‪40.47569‬‬
‫‪41.83804‬‬
‫‪46.64199‬‬
‫‪43.60806‬‬
‫‪46.25438‬‬
‫‪46.71997‬‬
‫‪43.04386‬‬
‫‪44.95126‬‬
‫‪42.81938‬‬
‫‪42.06593‬‬
‫‪44.48243‬‬
‫‪47.42537‬‬
‫‪42.47395‬‬
‫‪48.89397‬‬
‫‪48.08341‬‬
‫‪49.53807‬‬
‫‪52.08819‬‬
‫‪51.26479‬‬
‫‪49.66146‬‬
‫‪43.26831‬‬
‫‪43.42793‬‬
‫‪45.78331‬‬
‫‪2.51700‬‬
‫‪2.49836‬‬
‫‪2.57861‬‬
‫‪2.70664‬‬
‫‪2.71791‬‬
‫‪2.70111‬‬
‫‪2.70444‬‬
‫‪2.69165‬‬
‫‪2.68806‬‬
‫‪2.65698‬‬
‫‪2.66934‬‬
‫‪2.67177‬‬
‫‪2.66564‬‬
‫‪2.68205‬‬
‫‪2.64022‬‬
‫‪2.62747‬‬
‫‪2.59906‬‬
‫‪2.63717‬‬
‫‪2.61467‬‬
‫‪2.61359‬‬
‫‪2.64533‬‬
‫‪2.63541‬‬
‫‪2.65192‬‬
‫‪2.68022‬‬
‫‪2.68699‬‬
‫‪2.68743‬‬
‫‪2.65689‬‬
‫‪2.62030‬‬
‫‪2.84880‬‬
‫‪2.60463‬‬
‫‪2.62252‬‬
‫‪2.67177‬‬
‫‪2.67628‬‬
‫‪2.68205‬‬
‫‪2.68490‬‬
‫‪2.67068‬‬
‫‪2.63855‬‬
‫‪2.65236‬‬
‫‪2.63260‬‬
‫‪2.62883‬‬
‫‪2.65191‬‬
‫‪2.65454‬‬
‫‪2.64831‬‬
‫‪2.65317‬‬
‫‪2.63882‬‬
‫‪2.65435‬‬
‫‪2.67829‬‬
‫‪2.65801‬‬
‫‪2.68241‬‬
‫‪2.65577‬‬
‫‪2.64687‬‬
‫‪0.73360‬‬
‫‪0.75000‬‬
‫‪0.68214‬‬
‫‪0.58710‬‬
‫‪0.57941‬‬
‫‪0.59091‬‬
‫‪0.58861‬‬
‫‪0.59748‬‬
‫‪0.60000‬‬
‫‪0.62222‬‬
‫‪0.61328‬‬
‫‪0.61154‬‬
‫‪0.61594‬‬
‫‪0.60423‬‬
‫‪0.63456‬‬
‫‪0.64410‬‬
‫‪0.66594‬‬
‫‪0.63683‬‬
‫‪0.65385‬‬
‫‪0.65468‬‬
‫‪0.63077‬‬
‫‪0.63814‬‬
‫‪0.62592‬‬
‫‪0.60552‬‬
‫‪0.60075‬‬
‫‪0.60044‬‬
‫‪0.62229‬‬
‫‪0.64955‬‬
‫‪0.49699‬‬
‫‪0.66160‬‬
‫‪0.64785‬‬
‫‪0.61154‬‬
‫‪0.60832‬‬
‫‪0.60423‬‬
‫‪0.60222‬‬
‫‪0.61232‬‬
‫‪0.63579‬‬
‫‪0.62559‬‬
‫‪0.64024‬‬
‫‪0.64308‬‬
‫‪0.62593‬‬
‫‪0.62400‬‬
‫‪0.62857‬‬
‫‪0.62500‬‬
‫‪0.63559‬‬
‫‪0.62414‬‬
‫‪0.60690‬‬
‫‪0.62147‬‬
‫‪0.60398‬‬
‫‪0.62310‬‬
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‫‪1.07280‬‬
‫‪1.22500‬‬
‫‪0.95786‬‬
‫‪0.84297‬‬
‫‪0.79824‬‬
‫‪0.81273‬‬
‫‪0.81646‬‬
‫‪0.84214‬‬
‫‪0.82600‬‬
‫‪0.87778‬‬
‫‪0.87734‬‬
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‫‪0.69699‬‬
‫‪0.92560‬‬
‫‪0.90700‬‬
‫‪0.85154‬‬
‫‪0.86735‬‬
‫‪0.84864‬‬
‫‪0.84444‬‬
‫‪0.87363‬‬
‫‪0.87912‬‬
‫‪0.88468‬‬
‫‪0.90000‬‬
‫‪0.88725‬‬
‫‪0.85704‬‬
‫‪0.88560‬‬
‫‪0.85000‬‬
‫‪0.85240‬‬
‫‪0.85099‬‬
‫‪0.82759‬‬
‫‪0.82069‬‬
‫‪0.84040‬‬
‫‪0.86621‬‬
‫‪0.87918‬‬
‫‪0.86963‬‬
‫‪1933‬‬
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‫ﺑﺌﺮ ‪NS-3‬‬
‫ﺍﳌﻠﺤﻖ )‪ -1‬ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ ‪(32‬‬
‫‪45.85047‬‬
‫‪46.27512‬‬
‫‪40.00658‬‬
‫‪44.94776‬‬
‫‪45.84889‬‬
‫‪46.22521‬‬
‫‪43.79679‬‬
‫‪42.73988‬‬
‫‪47.08111‬‬
‫‪47.19759‬‬
‫‪44.44889‬‬
‫‪45.61547‬‬
‫‪38.66599‬‬
‫‪81.61129‬‬
‫‪96.42432‬‬
‫‪57.53306‬‬
‫‪73.57249‬‬
‫‪64.87226‬‬
‫‪85.82049‬‬
‫‪65.24418‬‬
‫‪51.33571‬‬
‫‪38.47609‬‬
‫‪11.70049‬‬
‫‪45.43126‬‬
‫‪50.24783‬‬
‫‪52.58289‬‬
‫‪46.62127‬‬
‫‪42.62856‬‬
‫‪48.13641‬‬
‫‪46.10306‬‬
‫‪45.06366‬‬
‫‪53.20988‬‬
‫‪51.27360‬‬
‫‪41.12557‬‬
‫‪44.59100‬‬
‫‪55.42268‬‬
‫‪54.19503‬‬
‫‪51.45602‬‬
‫‪51.26479‬‬
‫‪50.89574‬‬
‫‪48.16042‬‬
‫‪49.55306‬‬
‫‪49.29714‬‬
‫‪47.38438‬‬
‫‪54.55272‬‬
‫‪51.67198‬‬
‫‪51.26479‬‬
‫‪49.99465‬‬
‫‪48.66347‬‬
‫‪45.71592‬‬
‫‪44.18326‬‬
‫‪2.62560‬‬
‫‪2.67672‬‬
‫‪2.61514‬‬
‫‪2.66568‬‬
‫‪2.67030‬‬
‫‪2.69256‬‬
‫‪2.67474‬‬
‫‪2.66642‬‬
‫‪2.68536‬‬
‫‪2.67780‬‬
‫‪2.69263‬‬
‫‪2.69829‬‬
‫‪2.91047‬‬
‫‪2.56953‬‬
‫‪2.66778‬‬
‫‪2.76653‬‬
‫‪2.58922‬‬
‫‪2.73120‬‬
‫‪2.40826‬‬
‫‪2.52364‬‬
‫‪2.65655‬‬
‫‪2.51905‬‬
‫‪3.14908‬‬
‫‪2.64347‬‬
‫‪2.72977‬‬
‫‪2.68515‬‬
‫‪2.68806‬‬
‫‪2.71298‬‬
‫‪2.67311‬‬
‫‪2.63944‬‬
‫‪2.66192‬‬
‫‪2.66464‬‬
‫‪2.65272‬‬
‫‪2.67757‬‬
‫‪2.64533‬‬
‫‪2.66003‬‬
‫‪2.66360‬‬
‫‪2.69232‬‬
‫‪2.67829‬‬
‫‪2.66927‬‬
‫‪2.64640‬‬
‫‪2.64629‬‬
‫‪2.67829‬‬
‫‪2.66378‬‬
‫‪2.64818‬‬
‫‪2.67242‬‬
‫‪2.67829‬‬
‫‪2.69895‬‬
‫‪2.66384‬‬
‫‪2.70727‬‬
‫‪2.68200‬‬
‫‪0.64552‬‬
‫‪0.60801‬‬
‫‪0.65349‬‬
‫‪0.61592‬‬
‫‪0.61259‬‬
‫‪0.59685‬‬
‫‪0.60942‬‬
‫‪0.61538‬‬
‫‪0.60189‬‬
‫‪0.60724‬‬
‫‪0.59680‬‬
‫‪0.59286‬‬
‫‪0.46207‬‬
‫‪0.68947‬‬
‫‪0.61441‬‬
‫‪0.54737‬‬
‫‪0.67368‬‬
‫‪0.57047‬‬
‫‪0.83540‬‬
‫‪0.72785‬‬
‫‪0.62253‬‬
‫‪0.73182‬‬
‫‪0.34583‬‬
‫‪0.63214‬‬
‫‪0.57143‬‬
‫‪0.60204‬‬
‫‪0.60000‬‬
‫‪0.58276‬‬
‫‪0.61058‬‬
‫‪0.63514‬‬
‫‪0.61863‬‬
‫‪0.61667‬‬
‫‪0.62533‬‬
‫‪0.60741‬‬
‫‪0.63077‬‬
‫‪0.62000‬‬
‫‪0.61742‬‬
‫‪0.59701‬‬
‫‪0.60690‬‬
‫‪0.61333‬‬
‫‪0.62997‬‬
‫‪0.63005‬‬
‫‪0.60690‬‬
‫‪0.61728‬‬
‫‪0.62867‬‬
‫‪0.61108‬‬
‫‪0.60690‬‬
‫‪0.59240‬‬
‫‪0.61724‬‬
‫‪0.58667‬‬
‫‪0.60427‬‬
‫‪0.88060‬‬
‫‪0.85122‬‬
‫‪0.92248‬‬
‫‪0.86483‬‬
‫‪0.85704‬‬
‫‪0.84354‬‬
‫‪0.86702‬‬
‫‪0.87769‬‬
‫‪0.84207‬‬
‫‪0.84517‬‬
‫‪0.85400‬‬
‫‪0.84429‬‬
‫‪0.78690‬‬
‫‪0.68421‬‬
‫‪0.55508‬‬
‫‪0.74421‬‬
‫‪0.72632‬‬
‫‪0.71700‬‬
‫‪0.73267‬‬
‫‪0.81224‬‬
‫‪0.83103‬‬
‫‪0.99091‬‬
‫‪0.82500‬‬
‫‪0.87357‬‬
‫‪0.80214‬‬
‫‪0.80952‬‬
‫‪0.84345‬‬
‫‪0.85448‬‬
‫‪0.84193‬‬
‫‪0.87162‬‬
‫‪0.86608‬‬
‫‪0.81573‬‬
‫‪0.83333‬‬
‫‪0.88148‬‬
‫‪0.87769‬‬
‫‪0.80467‬‬
‫‪0.81032‬‬
‫‪0.81275‬‬
‫‪0.82069‬‬
‫‪0.82733‬‬
‫‪0.85544‬‬
‫‪0.84704‬‬
‫‪0.83241‬‬
‫‪0.85117‬‬
‫‪0.81573‬‬
‫‪0.82113‬‬
‫‪0.82069‬‬
‫‪0.81818‬‬
‫‪0.84345‬‬
‫‪0.83926‬‬
‫‪0.86098‬‬
‫‪1984‬‬
‫‪1985‬‬
‫‪1986‬‬
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‫‪2018‬‬
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‫ﺑﺌﺮ ‪NS-3‬‬
‫ﺍﳌﻠﺤﻖ )‪ -1‬ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ ‪(33‬‬
‫‪42.30841‬‬
‫‪38.29657‬‬
‫‪45.13503‬‬
‫‪43.68083‬‬
‫‪48.03478‬‬
‫‪46.91415‬‬
‫‪31.50712‬‬
‫‪44.91091‬‬
‫‪41.71572‬‬
‫‪54.56849‬‬
‫‪44.92279‬‬
‫‪54.58368‬‬
‫‪42.03837‬‬
‫‪20.24797‬‬
‫‪56.90751‬‬
‫‪62.14701‬‬
‫‪44.79222‬‬
‫‪45.20646‬‬
‫‪45.49061‬‬
‫‪45.60102‬‬
‫‪47.25573‬‬
‫‪41.89162‬‬
‫‪45.02173‬‬
‫‪45.22495‬‬
‫‪44.57041‬‬
‫‪48.75559‬‬
‫‪45.31576‬‬
‫‪51.46503‬‬
‫‪49.00120‬‬
‫‪48.72865‬‬
‫‪50.47817‬‬
‫‪49.46783‬‬
‫‪48.60041‬‬
‫‪48.25815‬‬
‫‪48.08658‬‬
‫‪53.03378‬‬
‫‪49.28008‬‬
‫‪50.53953‬‬
‫‪51.07631‬‬
‫‪50.82214‬‬
‫‪48.38570‬‬
‫‪50.44188‬‬
‫‪50.66062‬‬
‫‪51.26328‬‬
‫‪48.31768‬‬
‫‪49.60912‬‬
‫‪49.68042‬‬
‫‪49.29296‬‬
‫‪52.55937‬‬
‫‪47.97301‬‬
‫‪44.13468‬‬
‫‪2.63649‬‬
‫‪2.62317‬‬
‫‪2.64201‬‬
‫‪2.65317‬‬
‫‪2.70373‬‬
‫‪2.72032‬‬
‫‪2.64288‬‬
‫‪2.68762‬‬
‫‪2.67673‬‬
‫‪2.65171‬‬
‫‪2.63315‬‬
‫‪2.68194‬‬
‫‪2.67581‬‬
‫‪2.69984‬‬
‫‪2.68542‬‬
‫‪2.69953‬‬
‫‪2.69610‬‬
‫‪2.66525‬‬
‫‪2.70895‬‬
‫‪2.71026‬‬
‫‪2.70919‬‬
‫‪2.67758‬‬
‫‪2.67717‬‬
‫‪2.68916‬‬
‫‪2.70930‬‬
‫‪2.69567‬‬
‫‪2.69846‬‬
‫‪2.67955‬‬
‫‪2.68228‬‬
‫‪2.68219‬‬
‫‪2.68679‬‬
‫‪2.69299‬‬
‫‪2.69777‬‬
‫‪2.68783‬‬
‫‪2.70153‬‬
‫‪2.71933‬‬
‫‪2.70153‬‬
‫‪2.71591‬‬
‫‪2.69330‬‬
‫‪2.70990‬‬
‫‪2.67090‬‬
‫‪2.66518‬‬
‫‪2.69280‬‬
‫‪2.71946‬‬
‫‪2.69851‬‬
‫‪2.70338‬‬
‫‪2.70909‬‬
‫‪2.70841‬‬
‫‪2.69246‬‬
‫‪2.66634‬‬
‫‪2.67609‬‬
‫‪0.63734‬‬
‫‪0.64736‬‬
‫‪0.63322‬‬
‫‪0.62500‬‬
‫‪0.58910‬‬
‫‪0.57778‬‬
‫‪0.63258‬‬
‫‪0.60030‬‬
‫‪0.60800‬‬
‫‪0.62607‬‬
‫‪0.63983‬‬
‫‪0.60430‬‬
‫‪0.60866‬‬
‫‪0.59179‬‬
‫‪0.60185‬‬
‫‪0.59200‬‬
‫‪0.59438‬‬
‫‪0.61622‬‬
‫‪0.58552‬‬
‫‪0.58462‬‬
‫‪0.58535‬‬
‫‪0.60740‬‬
‫‪0.60769‬‬
‫‪0.59922‬‬
‫‪0.58527‬‬
‫‪0.59468‬‬
‫‪0.59274‬‬
‫‪0.60600‬‬
‫‪0.60407‬‬
‫‪0.60413‬‬
‫‪0.60089‬‬
‫‪0.59655‬‬
‫‪0.59322‬‬
‫‪0.60016‬‬
‫‪0.59061‬‬
‫‪0.57845‬‬
‫‪0.59062‬‬
‫‪0.58077‬‬
‫‪0.59633‬‬
‫‪0.58486‬‬
‫‪0.61216‬‬
‫‪0.61628‬‬
‫‪0.59668‬‬
‫‪0.57836‬‬
‫‪0.59271‬‬
‫‪0.58934‬‬
‫‪0.58542‬‬
‫‪0.58588‬‬
‫‪0.59692‬‬
‫‪0.61544‬‬
‫‪0.60846‬‬
‫‪0.89638‬‬
‫‪0.92845‬‬
‫‪0.87615‬‬
‫‪0.87903‬‬
‫‪0.82739‬‬
‫‪0.82593‬‬
‫‪0.95864‬‬
‫‪0.85380‬‬
‫‪0.87840‬‬
‫‪0.81389‬‬
‫‪0.88220‬‬
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‫‪0.74640‬‬
‫‪0.85023‬‬
‫‪0.86349‬‬
‫‪0.83975‬‬
‫‪0.83846‬‬
‫‪0.82931‬‬
‫‪0.87691‬‬
‫‪0.85846‬‬
‫‪0.85116‬‬
‫‪0.84496‬‬
‫‪0.82707‬‬
‫‪0.84597‬‬
‫‪0.81888‬‬
‫‪0.83220‬‬
‫‪0.83386‬‬
‫‪0.82122‬‬
‫‪0.82418‬‬
‫‪0.82696‬‬
‫‪0.83386‬‬
‫‪0.82816‬‬
‫‪0.79081‬‬
‫‪0.82114‬‬
‫‪0.80692‬‬
‫‪0.81453‬‬
‫‪0.80810‬‬
‫‪0.84155‬‬
‫‪0.83209‬‬
‫‪0.81722‬‬
‫‪0.80104‬‬
‫‪0.82827‬‬
‫‪0.81832‬‬
‫‪0.81517‬‬
‫‪0.81776‬‬
‫‪0.80617‬‬
‫‪0.84633‬‬
‫‪0.86431‬‬
‫‪2035‬‬
‫‪2036‬‬
‫‪2037‬‬
‫‪2038‬‬
‫‪2039‬‬
‫‪2040‬‬
‫‪2041‬‬
‫‪2042‬‬
‫‪2043‬‬
‫‪2044‬‬
‫‪2045‬‬
‫‪2046‬‬
‫‪2047‬‬
‫‪2048‬‬
‫‪2049‬‬
‫‪2050‬‬
‫‪2051‬‬
‫‪2052‬‬
‫‪2053‬‬
‫‪2054‬‬
‫‪2055‬‬
‫‪2056‬‬
‫‪2057‬‬
‫‪2058‬‬
‫‪2059‬‬
‫‪2060‬‬
‫‪2061‬‬
‫‪2062‬‬
‫‪2063‬‬
‫‪2064‬‬
‫‪2065‬‬
‫‪2066‬‬
‫‪2067‬‬
‫‪2068‬‬
‫‪2069‬‬
‫‪2070‬‬
‫‪2071‬‬
‫‪2072‬‬
‫‪2073‬‬
‫‪2074‬‬
‫‪2075‬‬
‫‪2076‬‬
‫‪2077‬‬
‫‪2078‬‬
‫‪2079‬‬
‫‪2080‬‬
‫‪2081‬‬
‫‪2082‬‬
‫‪2083‬‬
‫‪2084‬‬
‫‪2085‬‬
‫ﺑﺌﺮ ‪NS-3‬‬
‫ﺍﳌﻠﺤﻖ )‪ -1‬ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ ‪(34‬‬
‫‪48.99850‬‬
‫‪47.66295‬‬
‫‪50.99560‬‬
‫‪47.64821‬‬
‫‪47.68929‬‬
‫‪40.78737‬‬
‫‪43.53210‬‬
‫‪46.79626‬‬
‫‪35.03597‬‬
‫‪30.96936‬‬
‫‪30.27584‬‬
‫‪45.22125‬‬
‫‪36.82845‬‬
‫‪48.44024‬‬
‫‪47.56910‬‬
‫‪48.11494‬‬
‫‪2.69280‬‬
‫‪2.69604‬‬
‫‪2.70373‬‬
‫‪2.70141‬‬
‫‪2.67113‬‬
‫‪2.69909‬‬
‫‪2.65877‬‬
‫‪2.64643‬‬
‫‪2.71134‬‬
‫‪2.78445‬‬
‫‪2.72907‬‬
‫‪2.61187‬‬
‫‪2.62519‬‬
‫‪2.69263‬‬
‫‪2.70312‬‬
‫‪2.65192‬‬
‫‪0.59668‬‬
‫‪0.59442‬‬
‫‪0.58910‬‬
‫‪0.59070‬‬
‫‪0.61200‬‬
‫‪0.59231‬‬
‫‪0.62092‬‬
‫‪0.62995‬‬
‫‪0.58388‬‬
‫‪0.53600‬‬
‫‪0.57190‬‬
‫‪0.65600‬‬
‫‪0.64583‬‬
‫‪0.59680‬‬
‫‪0.58952‬‬
‫‪0.62592‬‬
‫‪0.82704‬‬
‫‪0.83333‬‬
‫‪0.81001‬‬
‫‪0.83079‬‬
‫‪0.84560‬‬
‫‪0.87231‬‬
‫‪0.87696‬‬
‫‪0.86371‬‬
‫‪0.89967‬‬
‫‪0.88560‬‬
‫‪0.91797‬‬
‫‪0.89200‬‬
‫‪0.93633‬‬
‫‪0.83042‬‬
‫‪0.83042‬‬
‫‪0.85286‬‬
‫‪2086‬‬
‫‪2087‬‬
‫‪2088‬‬
‫‪2089‬‬
‫‪2090‬‬
‫‪2091‬‬
‫‪2092‬‬
‫‪2093‬‬
‫‪2094‬‬
‫‪2095‬‬
‫‪2096‬‬
‫‪2097‬‬
‫‪2098‬‬
‫‪2099‬‬
‫‪2100‬‬
‫‪2101‬‬
NS-4 ‫ﺑﺌﺮ‬
Depth
1927.5
(35 ‫ ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ‬-1) ‫ﺍﳌﻠﺤﻖ‬
ρb
2.4000
φN
0.2192
∆tlog
71.6700
φS
F
φD
φND
33.3400
0.181287
0.200243
0.17081
0.02943
24.939
0.182865
0.14735
0.03552
29.905
GR
spi
1928
2.4160
0.1938
68.3500
31.6700
0.171930
1929
2.3620
0.1915
65.8400
36.6800
0.203509
0.197504
0.12961
0.06789
25.636
0.191535
0.08431
0.10722
27.259
1930
2.3200
0.1550
59.4300
39.2000
0.228070
1931
2.2740
0.1550
59.5000
30.8300
0.254971
0.204985
0.08481
0.12018
23.799
0.227563
0.12375
0.10382
19.311
1932
2.3500
0.2446
65.0100
26.6800
0.210526
1933
2.3860
0.2423
66.6800
25.8400
0.189474
0.215887
0.13555
0.08034
21.456
0.218304
0.13555
0.08276
20.984
1934
2.5000
0.3138
66.6800
18.3500
0.122807
1935
2.4980
0.1938
60.8300
14.1700
0.123977
0.158888
0.09420
0.06468
39.611
0.153508
0.10601
0.04750
42.437
1936
2.5400
0.2076
62.5000
15.0100
0.099415
1937
2.4320
0.2515
72.5000
15.8400
0.162573
0.207037
0.17668
0.03036
23.330
0.223265
0.15901
0.06425
20.061
1938
2.4160
0.2746
70.0000
15.0100
0.171930
1939
2.5000
0.2192
65.8400
13.3400
0.122807
0.171004
0.12961
0.04139
34.197
0.171305
0.12961
0.04169
34.077
1940
2.5660
0.2584
65.8400
14.1700
0.084211
1941
2.3360
0.3092
80.0000
18.3500
0.218713
0.263957
0.22968
0.03427
14.353
0.243323
0.14735
0.09597
16.890
1942
2.4500
0.3346
68.3500
17.5000
0.152047
1943
2.5240
0.1615
67.5100
15.0100
0.108772
0.135136
0.14141
-0.00628
54.759
0.210126
0.21208
-0.00196
22.649
1944
2.3780
0.2261
77.5100
10.0000
0.194152
1945
2.3820
0.2030
75.0100
9.2000
0.191813
0.197406
0.19442
0.00299
25.661
0.149064
0.17081
-0.02175
45.004
1946
2.5080
0.1800
71.6700
15.8400
0.118129
1947
2.4440
0.1730
72.5000
13.3400
0.155556
0.164278
0.17668
-0.01240
37.055
0.124697
0.15336
-0.02866
64.312
1948
2.5320
0.1453
69.2000
14.1700
0.104094
1949
2.4360
0.1776
72.5000
13.3400
0.160234
0.168917
0.17668
-0.00776
35.047
0.204415
0.20028
0.00413
23.932
1950
2.3700
0.2100
75.8400
10.4100
0.198830
1951
2.4000
0.2238
75.0100
10.8300
0.181287
0.202543
0.19442
0.00813
24.376
0.140866
0.17668
-0.03581
50.395
1952
2.5280
0.1753
72.5000
10.0000
0.106433
1953
2.5120
0.2192
72.5000
12.5000
0.115789
0.167495
0.17668
-0.00918
35.645
0.203567
0.18261
0.02095
24.132
1954
2.4360
0.2469
73.3400
12.5000
0.160234
1955
2.5120
0.2376
72.5000
10.8300
0.115789
0.176695
0.17668
0.00002
32.030
0.205945
0.18848
0.01746
23.577
1956
2.4200
0.2423
74.1700
12.5000
0.169591
1957
2.4400
0.2215
72.5000
13.3400
0.157895
0.189697
0.17668
0.01302
27.789
0.232826
0.21802
0.01481
18.447
1958
2.3320
0.2446
78.3500
12.5000
0.221053
1959
2.3400
0.2307
78.3500
10.0000
0.216374
0.223537
0.21802
0.00552
20.012
0.213148
0.20622
0.00693
22.011
1960
2.3480
0.2146
76.6800
13.3400
0.211696
1961
2.3620
0.2215
75.0100
10.8300
0.203509
0.212504
0.19442
0.01809
22.144
0.195643
0.19442
0.00123
26.126
1962
2.4000
0.2100
75.0100
13.3400
0.181287
1963
2.3320
0.2192
78.3500
11.6700
0.221053
0.220126
0.21802
0.00211
20.637
0.203246
0.20028
0.00296
24.208
1964
2.3740
0.2100
75.8400
12.5000
0.196491
1965
2.3440
0.2192
78.3500
10.0000
0.214035
0.216618
0.21802
-0.00140
21.311
0.227018
0.22389
0.00313
19.404
1966
2.3440
0.2400
79.1800
10.8300
0.214035
1967
2.4500
0.2100
74.1700
12.5000
0.152047
0.181023
0.18848
-0.00746
30.516
0.180408
0.17668
0.00373
30.725
1968
2.4480
0.2076
72.5000
11.6700
0.153216
1969
2.3500
0.2515
78.3500
10.0000
0.210526
0.231013
0.21802
0.01299
18.738
0.142836
0.14735
-0.00451
49.014
1970
2.4780
0.1500
68.3500
15.0100
0.135673
1971
2.5540
0.1476
66.6800
15.8400
0.091228
0.119414
0.13555
-0.01613
70.128
0.128197
0.14735
-0.01915
60.848
1972
2.5320
0.1523
68.3500
16.6800
0.104094
1973
2.5320
0.1592
70.0000
18.3500
0.104094
0.131647
0.15901
-0.02736
57.700
0.143967
0.15901
-0.01504
48.248
1974
2.4820
0.1546
70.0000
18.3500
0.133333
1975
2.3820
0.2307
75.8400
12.5000
0.191813
0.211256
0.20028
0.01097
22.407
11.6700
0.205848
0.215974
0.19442
0.02156
21.439
1976
2.3580
0.2261
75.0100
‫ﺑﺌﺮ ‪NS-4‬‬
‫ﺍﳌﻠﺤﻖ )‪ -1‬ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ ‪(36‬‬
‫‪0.15901‬‬
‫‪0.132895‬‬
‫‪0.115789‬‬
‫‪15.0100‬‬
‫‪70.0000‬‬
‫‪0.1500‬‬
‫‪2.5120‬‬
‫‪1977‬‬
‫‪56.622‬‬
‫‪-0.02612‬‬
‫‪0.167787‬‬
‫‪0.162573‬‬
‫‪16.6800‬‬
‫‪70.8300‬‬
‫‪0.1730‬‬
‫‪2.4320‬‬
‫‪1978‬‬
‫‪0.155506‬‬
‫‪35.521‬‬
‫‪0.00291‬‬
‫‪0.16488‬‬
‫‪41.353‬‬
‫‪-0.00350‬‬
‫‪0.15901‬‬
‫‪0.138012‬‬
‫‪18.3500‬‬
‫‪70.0000‬‬
‫‪0.1730‬‬
‫‪2.4740‬‬
‫‪1979‬‬
‫‪30.297‬‬
‫‪0.01560‬‬
‫‪0.16608‬‬
‫‪0.181676‬‬
‫‪0.167251‬‬
‫‪13.3400‬‬
‫‪71.0000‬‬
‫‪0.1961‬‬
‫‪2.4240‬‬
‫‪1980‬‬
‫‪43.890‬‬
‫‪-0.00807‬‬
‫‪0.15901‬‬
‫‪0.150945‬‬
‫‪0.142690‬‬
‫‪18.3500‬‬
‫‪70.0000‬‬
‫‪0.1592‬‬
‫‪2.4660‬‬
‫‪1981‬‬
‫‪37.859‬‬
‫‪0.00069‬‬
‫‪0.16184‬‬
‫‪0.162523‬‬
‫‪0.152047‬‬
‫‪19.1800‬‬
‫‪70.4000‬‬
‫‪0.1730‬‬
‫‪2.4500‬‬
‫‪1982‬‬
‫‪23.400‬‬
‫‪0.01231‬‬
‫‪0.19442‬‬
‫‪0.206724‬‬
‫‪0.205848‬‬
‫‪15.8400‬‬
‫‪75.0100‬‬
‫‪0.2076‬‬
‫‪2.3580‬‬
‫‪1983‬‬
‫‪29.924‬‬
‫‪0.00019‬‬
‫‪0.18261‬‬
‫‪0.182806‬‬
‫‪0.164912‬‬
‫‪11.6700‬‬
‫‪73.3400‬‬
‫‪0.2007‬‬
‫‪2.4280‬‬
‫‪1984‬‬
‫‪19.919‬‬
‫‪0.03558‬‬
‫‪0.18848‬‬
‫‪0.224063‬‬
‫‪0.210526‬‬
‫‪10.0000‬‬
‫‪74.1700‬‬
‫‪0.2376‬‬
‫‪2.3500‬‬
‫‪1985‬‬
‫‪29.689‬‬
‫‪0.01865‬‬
‫‪0.16488‬‬
‫‪0.183528‬‬
‫‪0.182456‬‬
‫‪12.5000‬‬
‫‪70.8300‬‬
‫‪0.1846‬‬
‫‪2.3980‬‬
‫‪1986‬‬
‫‪39.220‬‬
‫‪0.00632‬‬
‫‪0.15336‬‬
‫‪0.159678‬‬
‫‪0.155556‬‬
‫‪17.5100‬‬
‫‪69.2000‬‬
‫‪0.1638‬‬
‫‪2.4440‬‬
‫‪1987‬‬
‫‪21.903‬‬
‫‪0.03106‬‬
‫‪0.18261‬‬
‫‪0.213674‬‬
‫‪0.205848‬‬
‫‪12.5000‬‬
‫‪73.3400‬‬
‫‪0.2215‬‬
‫‪2.3580‬‬
‫‪1988‬‬
‫‪36.314‬‬
‫‪0.00693‬‬
‫‪0.15901‬‬
‫‪0.165945‬‬
‫‪0.142690‬‬
‫‪17.5000‬‬
‫‪70.0000‬‬
‫‪0.1892‬‬
‫‪2.4660‬‬
‫‪1989‬‬
‫‪50.640‬‬
‫‪0.01678‬‬
‫‪0.12375‬‬
‫‪0.140525‬‬
‫‪0.140351‬‬
‫‪19.2000‬‬
‫‪65.0100‬‬
‫‪0.1407‬‬
‫‪2.4700‬‬
‫‪1990‬‬
‫‪7.438‬‬
‫‪-0.21637‬‬
‫‪0.58304‬‬
‫‪0.366666‬‬
‫‪0.306433‬‬
‫‪59.2000‬‬
‫‪130.0000‬‬
‫‪0.4269‬‬
‫‪2.1860‬‬
‫‪1991‬‬
‫‪7.517‬‬
‫‪-0.21688‬‬
‫‪0.58163‬‬
‫‪0.364746‬‬
‫‪0.277193‬‬
‫‪55.8400‬‬
‫‪129.8000‬‬
‫‪0.4523‬‬
‫‪2.2360‬‬
‫‪1992‬‬
‫‪9.593‬‬
‫‪-0.14243‬‬
‫‪0.46530‬‬
‫‪0.322874‬‬
‫‪0.232749‬‬
‫‪60.0000‬‬
‫‪113.3400‬‬
‫‪0.4130‬‬
‫‪2.3120‬‬
‫‪1993‬‬
‫‪8.585‬‬
‫‪-0.11807‬‬
‫‪0.45936‬‬
‫‪0.341296‬‬
‫‪0.223392‬‬
‫‪60.0000‬‬
‫‪112.5000‬‬
‫‪0.4592‬‬
‫‪2.3280‬‬
‫‪1994‬‬
‫‪7.741‬‬
‫‪-0.17061‬‬
‫‪0.53004‬‬
‫‪0.359425‬‬
‫‪0.259649‬‬
‫‪64.1700‬‬
‫‪122.5000‬‬
‫‪0.4592‬‬
‫‪2.2660‬‬
‫‪1995‬‬
‫‪9.092‬‬
‫‪-0.11006‬‬
‫‪0.44170‬‬
‫‪0.331637‬‬
‫‪0.243275‬‬
‫‪53.3400‬‬
‫‪110.0000‬‬
‫‪0.4200‬‬
‫‪2.2940‬‬
‫‪1996‬‬
‫‪9.387‬‬
‫‪-0.09128‬‬
‫‪0.41767‬‬
‫‪0.326383‬‬
‫‪0.239766‬‬
‫‪52.5000‬‬
‫‪106.6000‬‬
‫‪0.4130‬‬
‫‪2.3000‬‬
‫‪1997‬‬
‫‪21.068‬‬
‫‪-0.12489‬‬
‫‪0.34276‬‬
‫‪0.217865‬‬
‫‪0.225731‬‬
‫‪50.0000‬‬
‫‪96.0000‬‬
‫‪0.2100‬‬
‫‪2.3240‬‬
‫‪1998‬‬
‫‪27.196‬‬
‫‪-0.15100‬‬
‫‪0.34276‬‬
‫‪0.191754‬‬
‫‪0.203509‬‬
‫‪45.8400‬‬
‫‪96.0000‬‬
‫‪0.1800‬‬
‫‪2.3620‬‬
‫‪1999‬‬
‫‪118.705‬‬
‫‪2904.00‬‬
‫‪5‬‬
‫‪0.03284‬‬
‫‪0.05894‬‬
‫‪0.091784‬‬
‫‪0.093567‬‬
‫‪50.0000‬‬
‫‪55.8400‬‬
‫‪0.0900‬‬
‫‪2.5500‬‬
‫‪2000‬‬
‫‪-0.04038‬‬
‫‪0.05894‬‬
‫‪0.018557‬‬
‫‪0.018713‬‬
‫‪26.6800‬‬
‫‪55.8400‬‬
‫‪0.0184‬‬
‫‪2.6780‬‬
‫‪2001‬‬
‫‪43.295‬‬
‫‪-0.03064‬‬
‫‪0.18261‬‬
‫‪0.151977‬‬
‫‪0.128655‬‬
‫‪19.1800‬‬
‫‪73.3400‬‬
‫‪0.1753‬‬
‫‪2.4900‬‬
‫‪2002‬‬
‫‪24.390‬‬
‫‪0.01987‬‬
‫‪0.18261‬‬
‫‪0.202485‬‬
‫‪0.174269‬‬
‫‪19.1800‬‬
‫‪73.3400‬‬
‫‪0.2307‬‬
‫‪2.4120‬‬
‫‪2003‬‬
‫‪18.380‬‬
‫‪0.00923‬‬
‫‪0.22403‬‬
‫‪0.233254‬‬
‫‪0.203509‬‬
‫‪18.3500‬‬
‫‪79.2000‬‬
‫‪0.2630‬‬
‫‪2.3620‬‬
‫‪2004‬‬
‫‪17.907‬‬
‫‪0.00663‬‬
‫‪0.22968‬‬
‫‪0.236315‬‬
‫‪0.225731‬‬
‫‪18.3500‬‬
‫‪80.0000‬‬
‫‪0.2469‬‬
‫‪2.3240‬‬
‫‪2005‬‬
‫‪16.277‬‬
‫‪0.00638‬‬
‫‪0.24148‬‬
‫‪0.247865‬‬
‫‪0.225731‬‬
‫‪19.1800‬‬
‫‪81.6700‬‬
‫‪0.2700‬‬
‫‪2.3240‬‬
‫‪2006‬‬
‫‪23.166‬‬
‫‪0.02515‬‬
‫‪0.18261‬‬
‫‪0.207767‬‬
‫‪0.187135‬‬
‫‪21.6700‬‬
‫‪73.3400‬‬
‫‪0.2284‬‬
‫‪2.3900‬‬
‫‪2007‬‬
‫‪15.746‬‬
‫‪0.01052‬‬
‫‪0.24148‬‬
‫‪0.252007‬‬
‫‪0.245614‬‬
‫‪11.9000‬‬
‫‪81.6700‬‬
‫‪0.2584‬‬
‫‪2.2900‬‬
‫‪2008‬‬
‫‪19.671‬‬
‫‪-0.00421‬‬
‫‪0.22968‬‬
‫‪0.225468‬‬
‫‪0.240936‬‬
‫‪11.6700‬‬
‫‪80.0000‬‬
‫‪0.2100‬‬
‫‪2.2980‬‬
‫‪2009‬‬
‫‪25.034‬‬
‫‪-0.02982‬‬
‫‪0.22968‬‬
‫‪0.199863‬‬
‫‪0.210526‬‬
‫‪14.1700‬‬
‫‪80.0000‬‬
‫‪0.1892‬‬
‫‪2.3500‬‬
‫‪2010‬‬
‫‪33.176‬‬
‫‪-0.00900‬‬
‫‪0.18261‬‬
‫‪0.173615‬‬
‫‪0.171930‬‬
‫‪15.0100‬‬
‫‪73.3400‬‬
‫‪0.1753‬‬
‫‪2.4160‬‬
‫‪2011‬‬
‫‪34.100‬‬
‫‪0.00043‬‬
‫‪0.17081‬‬
‫‪0.171247‬‬
‫‪0.157895‬‬
‫‪16.6800‬‬
‫‪71.6700‬‬
‫‪0.1846‬‬
‫‪2.4400‬‬
‫‪2012‬‬
‫‪33.072‬‬
‫‪0.01488‬‬
‫‪0.15901‬‬
‫‪0.173888‬‬
‫‪0.123977‬‬
‫‪20.0000‬‬
‫‪70.0000‬‬
‫‪0.2238‬‬
‫‪2.4980‬‬
‫‪2013‬‬
‫‪55.769‬‬
‫‪0.04698‬‬
‫‪0.08693‬‬
‫‪0.133908‬‬
‫‪0.099415‬‬
‫‪15.8400‬‬
‫‪59.8000‬‬
‫‪0.1684‬‬
‫‪2.5400‬‬
‫‪2014‬‬
‫‪48.795‬‬
‫‪0.01941‬‬
‫‪0.12375‬‬
‫‪0.143158‬‬
‫‪0.099415‬‬
‫‪19.8000‬‬
‫‪65.0100‬‬
‫‪0.1869‬‬
‫‪2.5400‬‬
‫‪2015‬‬
‫‪17.061‬‬
‫‪-0.02885‬‬
‫‪0.27095‬‬
‫‪0.242105‬‬
‫‪0.230409‬‬
‫‪12.5000‬‬
‫‪85.8400‬‬
‫‪0.2538‬‬
‫‪2.3160‬‬
‫‪2016‬‬
‫‪22.735‬‬
‫‪-0.05536‬‬
‫‪0.26509‬‬
‫‪0.209726‬‬
‫‪0.221053‬‬
‫‪10.0000‬‬
‫‪85.0100‬‬
‫‪0.1984‬‬
‫‪2.3320‬‬
‫‪2017‬‬
‫‪21.068‬‬
‫‪-0.00602‬‬
‫‪0.22389‬‬
‫‪0.217865‬‬
‫‪0.225731‬‬
‫‪10.0000‬‬
‫‪79.1800‬‬
‫‪0.2100‬‬
‫‪2.3240‬‬
‫‪2018‬‬
‫‪20.623‬‬
‫‪-0.00736‬‬
‫‪0.22756‬‬
‫‪0.220205‬‬
‫‪0.230409‬‬
‫‪9.5000‬‬
‫‪79.7000‬‬
‫‪0.2100‬‬
‫‪2.3160‬‬
‫‪2019‬‬
‫‪19.076‬‬
‫‪-0.00072‬‬
‫‪0.22968‬‬
‫‪0.228957‬‬
‫‪0.245614‬‬
‫‪13.3400‬‬
‫‪80.0000‬‬
‫‪0.2123‬‬
‫‪2.2900‬‬
‫‪2020‬‬
‫‪18.803‬‬
‫‪-0.01674‬‬
‫‪0.24735‬‬
‫‪0.230613‬‬
‫‪0.237427‬‬
‫‪15.0100‬‬
‫‪82.5000‬‬
‫‪0.2238‬‬
‫‪2.3040‬‬
‫‪2021‬‬
‫‪17.898‬‬
‫‪-0.02871‬‬
‫‪0.26509‬‬
‫‪0.236374‬‬
‫‪0.232749‬‬
‫‪13.3400‬‬
‫‪85.0100‬‬
‫‪0.2400‬‬
‫‪2.3120‬‬
‫‪2022‬‬
‫‪14.905‬‬
‫‪-0.00606‬‬
‫‪0.26509‬‬
‫‪0.259025‬‬
‫‪0.259649‬‬
‫‪11.6700‬‬
‫‪85.0100‬‬
‫‪0.2584‬‬
‫‪2.2660‬‬
‫‪2023‬‬
‫‪13.768‬‬
‫‪-0.01919‬‬
‫‪0.28869‬‬
‫‪0.269503‬‬
‫‪0.269006‬‬
‫‪13.3400‬‬
‫‪88.3500‬‬
‫‪0.2700‬‬
‫‪2.2500‬‬
‫‪2024‬‬
‫‪12.874‬‬
‫‪-0.01578‬‬
‫‪0.29449‬‬
‫‪0.278703‬‬
‫‪0.269006‬‬
‫‪15.0100‬‬
‫‪89.1700‬‬
‫‪0.2884‬‬
‫‪2.2500‬‬
‫‪2025‬‬
‫‪13.317‬‬
‫‪-0.02046‬‬
‫‪0.29449‬‬
‫‪0.274025‬‬
‫‪0.259649‬‬
‫‪15.0100‬‬
‫‪89.1700‬‬
‫‪0.2884‬‬
‫‪2.2660‬‬
‫‪2026‬‬
‫ﺑﺌﺮ ‪NS-4‬‬
‫ﺍﳌﻠﺤﻖ )‪ -1‬ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ ‪(37‬‬
‫‪-0.03382‬‬
‫‪0.32396‬‬
‫‪0.290135‬‬
‫‪0.254971‬‬
‫‪11.6700‬‬
‫‪93.3400‬‬
‫‪0.3253‬‬
‫‪2.2740‬‬
‫‪2027‬‬
‫‪11.880‬‬
‫‪12.167‬‬
‫‪-0.08434‬‬
‫‪0.37102‬‬
‫‪0.286685‬‬
‫‪0.254971‬‬
‫‪10.0000‬‬
‫‪100.0000‬‬
‫‪0.3184‬‬
‫‪2.2740‬‬
‫‪2028‬‬
‫‪13.053‬‬
‫‪0.05275‬‬
‫‪0.22403‬‬
‫‪0.276783‬‬
‫‪0.239766‬‬
‫‪13.3400‬‬
‫‪79.2000‬‬
‫‪0.3138‬‬
‫‪2.3000‬‬
‫‪2029‬‬
‫‪19.130‬‬
‫‪0.01061‬‬
‫‪0.21802‬‬
‫‪0.228635‬‬
‫‪0.201170‬‬
‫‪15.8400‬‬
‫‪78.3500‬‬
‫‪0.2561‬‬
‫‪2.3660‬‬
‫‪2030‬‬
‫‪16.420‬‬
‫‪0.01003‬‬
‫‪0.23675‬‬
‫‪0.246783‬‬
‫‪0.239766‬‬
‫‪14.1700‬‬
‫‪81.0000‬‬
‫‪0.2538‬‬
‫‪2.3000‬‬
‫‪2031‬‬
‫‪16.902‬‬
‫‪0.02062‬‬
‫‪0.22261‬‬
‫‪0.243235‬‬
‫‪0.228070‬‬
‫‪16.6800‬‬
‫‪79.0000‬‬
‫‪0.2584‬‬
‫‪2.3200‬‬
‫‪2032‬‬
‫‪10.686‬‬
‫‪0.04082‬‬
‫‪0.26509‬‬
‫‪0.305905‬‬
‫‪0.284211‬‬
‫‪15.0100‬‬
‫‪85.0100‬‬
‫‪0.3276‬‬
‫‪2.2240‬‬
‫‪2033‬‬
‫‪16.033‬‬
‫‪-0.00354‬‬
‫‪0.25329‬‬
‫‪0.249746‬‬
‫‪0.250292‬‬
‫‪15.0100‬‬
‫‪83.3400‬‬
‫‪0.2492‬‬
‫‪2.2820‬‬
‫‪2034‬‬
‫‪15.872‬‬
‫‪-0.00228‬‬
‫‪0.25329‬‬
‫‪0.251003‬‬
‫‪0.269006‬‬
‫‪15.0100‬‬
‫‪83.3400‬‬
‫‪0.2330‬‬
‫‪2.2500‬‬
‫‪2035‬‬
‫‪13.768‬‬
‫‪0.01622‬‬
‫‪0.25329‬‬
‫‪0.269503‬‬
‫‪0.269006‬‬
‫‪15.0100‬‬
‫‪83.3400‬‬
‫‪0.2700‬‬
‫‪2.2500‬‬
‫‪2036‬‬
‫‪15.608‬‬
‫‪0.02344‬‬
‫‪0.22968‬‬
‫‪0.253118‬‬
‫‪0.240936‬‬
‫‪16.6800‬‬
‫‪80.0000‬‬
‫‪0.2653‬‬
‫‪2.2980‬‬
‫‪2037‬‬
‫‪15.183‬‬
‫‪0.01282‬‬
‫‪0.24382‬‬
‫‪0.256637‬‬
‫‪0.243275‬‬
‫‪16.6800‬‬
‫‪82.0000‬‬
‫‪0.2700‬‬
‫‪2.2940‬‬
‫‪2038‬‬
‫‪10.067‬‬
‫‪0.06189‬‬
‫‪0.25329‬‬
‫‪0.315175‬‬
‫‪0.286550‬‬
‫‪17.5100‬‬
‫‪83.3400‬‬
‫‪0.3438‬‬
‫‪2.2200‬‬
‫‪2039‬‬
‫‪10.140‬‬
‫‪0.03715‬‬
‫‪0.27689‬‬
‫‪0.314044‬‬
‫‪0.288889‬‬
‫‪19.1800‬‬
‫‪86.6800‬‬
‫‪0.3392‬‬
‫‪2.2160‬‬
‫‪2040‬‬
‫‪12.164‬‬
‫‪0.05704‬‬
‫‪0.22968‬‬
‫‪0.286725‬‬
‫‪0.259649‬‬
‫‪22.5000‬‬
‫‪80.0000‬‬
‫‪0.3138‬‬
‫‪2.2660‬‬
‫‪2041‬‬
‫‪13.548‬‬
‫‪0.01840‬‬
‫‪0.25329‬‬
‫‪0.271685‬‬
‫‪0.254971‬‬
‫‪20.0000‬‬
‫‪83.3400‬‬
‫‪0.2884‬‬
‫‪2.2740‬‬
‫‪2042‬‬
‫‪15.322‬‬
‫‪0.02579‬‬
‫‪0.22968‬‬
‫‪0.255468‬‬
‫‪0.240936‬‬
‫‪25.8400‬‬
‫‪80.0000‬‬
‫‪0.2700‬‬
‫‪2.2980‬‬
‫‪2043‬‬
‫‪13.772‬‬
‫‪0.03978‬‬
‫‪0.22968‬‬
‫‪0.269464‬‬
‫‪0.264327‬‬
‫‪20.8300‬‬
‫‪80.0000‬‬
‫‪0.2746‬‬
‫‪2.2580‬‬
‫‪2044‬‬
‫‪15.741‬‬
‫‪0.02236‬‬
‫‪0.22968‬‬
‫‪0.252046‬‬
‫‪0.250292‬‬
‫‪16.6800‬‬
‫‪80.0000‬‬
‫‪0.2538‬‬
‫‪2.2820‬‬
‫‪2045‬‬
‫‪15.046‬‬
‫‪0.02106‬‬
‫‪0.23675‬‬
‫‪0.257807‬‬
‫‪0.245614‬‬
‫‪16.6800‬‬
‫‪81.0000‬‬
‫‪0.2700‬‬
‫‪2.2900‬‬
‫‪2046‬‬
‫‪14.521‬‬
‫‪0.02094‬‬
‫‪0.24148‬‬
‫‪0.262427‬‬
‫‪0.247953‬‬
‫‪20.8100‬‬
‫‪81.6700‬‬
‫‪0.2769‬‬
‫‪2.2860‬‬
‫‪2047‬‬
‫‪14.905‬‬
‫‪0.00574‬‬
‫‪0.25329‬‬
‫‪0.259025‬‬
‫‪0.259649‬‬
‫‪19.1800‬‬
‫‪83.3400‬‬
‫‪0.2584‬‬
‫‪2.2660‬‬
‫‪2048‬‬
‫‪14.905‬‬
‫‪-0.01787‬‬
‫‪0.27689‬‬
‫‪0.259025‬‬
‫‪0.259649‬‬
‫‪18.3500‬‬
‫‪86.6800‬‬
‫‪0.2584‬‬
‫‪2.2660‬‬
‫‪2049‬‬
‫‪13.134‬‬
‫‪-0.00095‬‬
‫‪0.27689‬‬
‫‪0.275936‬‬
‫‪0.281871‬‬
‫‪16.6800‬‬
‫‪86.6800‬‬
‫‪0.2700‬‬
‫‪2.2280‬‬
‫‪2050‬‬
‫‪18.817‬‬
‫‪0.00650‬‬
‫‪0.22403‬‬
‫‪0.230526‬‬
‫‪0.221053‬‬
‫‪20.0000‬‬
‫‪79.2000‬‬
‫‪0.2400‬‬
‫‪2.3320‬‬
‫‪2051‬‬
‫‪20.334‬‬
‫‪0.00374‬‬
‫‪0.21802‬‬
‫‪0.221763‬‬
‫‪0.210526‬‬
‫‪19.1800‬‬
‫‪78.3500‬‬
‫‪0.2330‬‬
‫‪2.3500‬‬
‫‪2052‬‬
‫‪13.655‬‬
‫‪0.02913‬‬
‫‪0.24148‬‬
‫‪0.270614‬‬
‫‪0.264327‬‬
‫‪17.5100‬‬
‫‪81.6700‬‬
‫‪0.2769‬‬
‫‪2.2580‬‬
‫‪2053‬‬
‫‪13.317‬‬
‫‪0.03254‬‬
‫‪0.24148‬‬
‫‪0.274025‬‬
‫‪0.259649‬‬
‫‪19.1800‬‬
‫‪81.6700‬‬
‫‪0.2884‬‬
‫‪2.2660‬‬
‫‪2054‬‬
‫‪13.627‬‬
‫‪0.07648‬‬
‫‪0.19442‬‬
‫‪0.270896‬‬
‫‪0.223392‬‬
‫‪21.6700‬‬
‫‪75.0100‬‬
‫‪0.3184‬‬
‫‪2.3280‬‬
‫‪2055‬‬
‫‪14.027‬‬
‫‪0.00786‬‬
‫‪0.25915‬‬
‫‪0.267007‬‬
‫‪0.245614‬‬
‫‪25.0100‬‬
‫‪84.1700‬‬
‫‪0.2884‬‬
‫‪2.2900‬‬
‫‪2056‬‬
‫‪16.179‬‬
‫‪-0.00467‬‬
‫‪0.25329‬‬
‫‪0.248616‬‬
‫‪0.252632‬‬
‫‪23.3400‬‬
‫‪83.3400‬‬
‫‪0.2446‬‬
‫‪2.2780‬‬
‫‪2057‬‬
‫‪12.494‬‬
‫‪0.02376‬‬
‫‪0.25915‬‬
‫‪0.282914‬‬
‫‪0.291228‬‬
‫‪17.5000‬‬
‫‪84.1700‬‬
‫‪0.2746‬‬
‫‪2.2120‬‬
‫‪2058‬‬
‫‪15.596‬‬
‫‪-0.00007‬‬
‫‪0.25329‬‬
‫‪0.253216‬‬
‫‪0.252632‬‬
‫‪16.6800‬‬
‫‪83.3400‬‬
‫‪0.2538‬‬
‫‪2.2780‬‬
‫‪2059‬‬
‫‪16.801‬‬
‫‪-0.00932‬‬
‫‪0.25329‬‬
‫‪0.243966‬‬
‫‪0.252632‬‬
‫‪15.8400‬‬
‫‪83.3400‬‬
‫‪0.2353‬‬
‫‪2.2780‬‬
‫‪2060‬‬
‫‪17.462‬‬
‫‪0.00963‬‬
‫‪0.22968‬‬
‫‪0.239307‬‬
‫‪0.245614‬‬
‫‪17.5000‬‬
‫‪80.0000‬‬
‫‪0.2330‬‬
‫‪2.2900‬‬
‫‪2061‬‬
‫‪17.462‬‬
‫‪-0.01398‬‬
‫‪0.25329‬‬
‫‪0.239307‬‬
‫‪0.245614‬‬
‫‪15.8400‬‬
‫‪83.3400‬‬
‫‪0.2330‬‬
‫‪2.2900‬‬
‫‪2062‬‬
‫‪13.432‬‬
‫‪0.00190‬‬
‫‪0.27095‬‬
‫‪0.272855‬‬
‫‪0.257310‬‬
‫‪16.6800‬‬
‫‪85.8400‬‬
‫‪0.2884‬‬
‫‪2.2700‬‬
‫‪2063‬‬
‫‪12.508‬‬
‫‪0.02361‬‬
‫‪0.25915‬‬
‫‪0.282757‬‬
‫‪0.272515‬‬
‫‪17.5000‬‬
‫‪84.1700‬‬
‫‪0.2930‬‬
‫‪2.2440‬‬
‫‪2064‬‬
‫‪12.923‬‬
‫‪0.00722‬‬
‫‪0.27095‬‬
‫‪0.278177‬‬
‫‪0.274854‬‬
‫‪15.8400‬‬
‫‪85.8400‬‬
‫‪0.2815‬‬
‫‪2.2400‬‬
‫‪2065‬‬
‫‪16.025‬‬
‫‪0.00246‬‬
‫‪0.24735‬‬
‫‪0.249805‬‬
‫‪0.257310‬‬
‫‪15.0100‬‬
‫‪82.5000‬‬
‫‪0.2423‬‬
‫‪2.2700‬‬
‫‪2066‬‬
‫‪15.824‬‬
‫‪-0.00777‬‬
‫‪0.25915‬‬
‫‪0.251383‬‬
‫‪0.239766‬‬
‫‪15.0100‬‬
‫‪84.1700‬‬
‫‪0.2630‬‬
‫‪2.3000‬‬
‫‪2067‬‬
‫‪13.970‬‬
‫‪0.02606‬‬
‫‪0.24148‬‬
‫‪0.267544‬‬
‫‪0.235088‬‬
‫‪14.1700‬‬
‫‪81.6700‬‬
‫‪0.3000‬‬
‫‪2.3080‬‬
‫‪2068‬‬
‫‪13.389‬‬
‫‪0.04361‬‬
‫‪0.22968‬‬
‫‪0.273294‬‬
‫‪0.235088‬‬
‫‪14.1700‬‬
‫‪80.0000‬‬
‫‪0.3115‬‬
‫‪2.3080‬‬
‫‪2069‬‬
‫‪13.164‬‬
‫‪0.04593‬‬
‫‪0.22968‬‬
‫‪0.275613‬‬
‫‪0.237427‬‬
‫‪15.0100‬‬
‫‪80.0000‬‬
‫‪0.3138‬‬
‫‪2.3040‬‬
‫‪2070‬‬
‫‪12.946‬‬
‫‪0.03645‬‬
‫‪0.24148‬‬
‫‪0.277933‬‬
‫‪0.239766‬‬
‫‪13.3400‬‬
‫‪81.6700‬‬
‫‪0.3161‬‬
‫‪2.3000‬‬
‫‪2071‬‬
‫‪13.729‬‬
‫‪0.02253‬‬
‫‪0.24735‬‬
‫‪0.269883‬‬
‫‪0.239766‬‬
‫‪13.3400‬‬
‫‪82.5000‬‬
‫‪0.3000‬‬
‫‪2.3000‬‬
‫‪2072‬‬
‫‪15.257‬‬
‫‪0.02633‬‬
‫‪0.22968‬‬
‫‪0.256013‬‬
‫‪0.237427‬‬
‫‪12.5000‬‬
‫‪80.0000‬‬
‫‪0.2746‬‬
‫‪2.3040‬‬
‫‪2073‬‬
‫‪17.066‬‬
‫‪0.01592‬‬
‫‪0.22615‬‬
‫‪0.242065‬‬
‫‪0.225731‬‬
‫‪14.1700‬‬
‫‪79.5000‬‬
‫‪0.2584‬‬
‫‪2.3240‬‬
‫‪2074‬‬
‫‪20.982‬‬
‫‪0.00623‬‬
‫‪0.21208‬‬
‫‪0.218313‬‬
‫‪0.210526‬‬
‫‪12.5000‬‬
‫‪77.5100‬‬
‫‪0.2261‬‬
‫‪2.3500‬‬
‫‪2075‬‬
‫‪19.707‬‬
‫‪0.02385‬‬
‫‪0.20141‬‬
‫‪0.225263‬‬
‫‪0.210526‬‬
‫‪13.3400‬‬
‫‪76.0000‬‬
‫‪0.2400‬‬
‫‪2.3500‬‬
‫‪2076‬‬
‫‪18.640‬‬
‫‪0.01360‬‬
‫‪0.21802‬‬
‫‪0.231618‬‬
‫‪0.214035‬‬
‫‪11.6700‬‬
‫‪78.3500‬‬
‫‪0.2492‬‬
‫‪2.3440‬‬
‫‪2077‬‬
NS-4 ‫ﺑﺌﺮ‬
(38 ‫ ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ‬-1) ‫ﺍﳌﻠﺤﻖ‬
2078
2.3240
0.2400
77.5000
12.5000
0.225731
0.232865
0.21201
0.02085
18.441
2079
2.3440
0.2330
78.3500
15.0100
0.214035
0.223518
0.21802
0.00550
20.016
0.241987
0.20622
0.03577
17.077
2080
2.3400
0.2676
76.6800
11.6700
0.216374
2081
2.3360
0.2884
77.5100
13.3400
0.218713
0.253557
0.21208
0.04147
15.554
0.266315
0.22403
0.04229
14.100
2082
2.3240
0.3069
79.2000
13.3400
0.225731
2083
2.2980
0.2700
76.6800
13.3400
0.240936
0.255468
0.20622
0.04925
15.322
0.227018
0.20622
0.02080
19.404
2084
2.3440
0.2400
76.6800
14.1700
0.214035
2085
2.3360
0.2238
77.5100
13.3400
0.218713
0.221257
0.21208
0.00917
20.427
0.232787
0.21555
0.01724
18.454
2086
2.3400
0.2492
78.0000
14.1700
0.216374
2087
2.3240
0.2492
76.6800
14.1700
0.225731
0.237465
0.20622
0.03125
17.734
0.223596
0.22615
-0.00255
20.002
2088
2.3280
0.2238
79.5000
12.5000
0.223392
2089
2.3200
0.2676
77.5100
12.5000
0.228070
0.247835
0.21208
0.03575
16.281
0.236335
0.21802
0.01831
17.904
2090
2.3200
0.2446
78.3500
14.1700
0.228070
2091
2.3820
0.2446
76.0000
13.3400
0.191813
0.218206
0.20141
0.01679
21.002
0.222924
0.21208
0.01084
20.123
2092
2.3580
0.2400
77.5100
14.1700
0.205848
2093
2.3160
0.2653
77.5100
15.0100
0.230409
0.247855
0.21208
0.03577
16.278
0.238518
0.21802
0.02050
17.578
2094
2.3440
0.2630
78.3500
13.3400
0.214035
2095
2.3500
0.2376
79.2000
15.0100
0.210526
0.224063
0.22403
0.00003
19.919
0.239063
0.20028
0.03878
17.497
2096
2.3500
0.2676
75.8400
13.3400
0.210526
2097
2.3820
0.2838
77.5100
15.0100
0.191813
0.237806
0.21208
0.02572
17.683
0.214765
0.18848
0.02628
21.681
2098
2.3700
0.2307
74.1700
13.3400
0.198830
2099
2.4080
0.2100
76.6800
15.0100
0.176608
0.193304
0.20622
-0.01291
26.762
0.197952
0.20622
-0.00827
25.520
2100
2.3880
0.2076
76.6800
14.1700
0.188304
2101
2.4080
0.2100
75.0100
17.5000
0.176608
0.193304
0.19442
-0.00111
26.762
0.185623
0.18261
0.00301
29.022
2102
2.4500
0.2192
73.3400
18.3500
0.152047
2103
2.4400
0.2192
72.5000
15.8400
0.157895
0.188547
0.17668
0.01187
28.129
16.6800
18.3500
0.155556
0.140351
0.195428
0.186675
0.17081
0.16466
0.02462
0.02201
26.183
28.696
Sh
0.67851
0.67071
0.79088
0.78439
0.80424
0.71726
0.59555
0.50694
0.33580
0.39889
0.35037
0.23810
0.23715
0.23859
0.08895
0.30125
0.03515
0.03312
0.00000
0.00000
Bvw
0.06438
0.06022
0.04130
0.04130
0.04013
0.06434
0.08732
0.10764
0.10553
0.09228
0.13450
0.17011
0.13045
0.13043
0.24048
0.17002
0.13039
0.20317
0.19741
0.14906
Bvxo
0.18157
0.18286
0.11101
0.09410
0.09128
0.14223
0.16827
0.21830
0.15889
0.15351
0.20704
0.22326
0.17100
0.17131
0.26396
0.23309
0.13514
0.21013
0.19741
0.14906
Bvo
0.13587
0.12265
0.15620
0.15024
0.16486
0.16322
0.12857
0.11067
0.05335
0.06123
0.07254
0.05316
0.04055
0.04087
0.02348
0.07330
0.00475
0.00696
0.00000
0.00000
2104
2104.5
Depth
1927.5
1928
1929
1930
1931
1932
1933
1934
1935
1936
1937
1938
1939
1940
1941
1942
1943
1944
1945
1946
2.4440
2.4700
vsh
0.27940
0.25413
0.33325
0.37699
0.24182
0.18467
0.17381
0.08652
0.04451
0.05260
0.06076
0.05260
0.03668
0.04451
0.08652
0.07761
0.05260
0.00679
0.00000
0.06076
0.2353
0.2330
Sw
71.6700
70.8000
Sxo
0.32149
0.90677
0.32929
1.00000
0.20912
0.56206
0.21561
0.49130
0.19576
0.44530
0.28274
0.62503
0.40445
0.77945
0.49306
1.00000
0.66420
1.00000
0.60111
1.00000
0.64963
1.00000
0.76190
1.00000
0.76285
1.00000
0.76141
1.00000
0.91105
1.00000
0.69875
0.95796
0.96485
1.00000
0.96688
1.00000
1.00000
1.00000
1.00000
1.00000
Mos
0.58528
0.67071
0.35294
0.27569
0.24954
0.34229
0.37499
0.50694
0.33580
0.39889
0.35037
0.23810
0.23715
0.23859
0.08895
0.25921
0.03515
0.03312
0.00000
0.00000
Ros
0.09323
0.00000
0.43794
0.50870
0.55470
0.37497
0.22055
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.04204
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
‫ﺑﺌﺮ ‪NS-4‬‬
‫ﺍﳌﻠﺤﻖ )‪ -1‬ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ ‪(39‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00319‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.15211‬‬
‫‪0.18049‬‬
‫‪0.09021‬‬
‫‪0.03948‬‬
‫‪0.04192‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.14733‬‬
‫‪0.11129‬‬
‫‪0.14962‬‬
‫‪0.11373‬‬
‫‪0.17697‬‬
‫‪0.21971‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.02548‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.07122‬‬
‫‪0.05425‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.04905‬‬
‫‪0.53905‬‬
‫‪0.44623‬‬
‫‪0.44835‬‬
‫‪0.47819‬‬
‫‪0.47452‬‬
‫‪0.43056‬‬
‫‪0.48254‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00065‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.01816‬‬
‫‪0.02314‬‬
‫‪0.01188‬‬
‫‪0.00568‬‬
‫‪0.00886‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.02472‬‬
‫‪0.01731‬‬
‫‪0.02718‬‬
‫‪0.01717‬‬
‫‪0.02876‬‬
‫‪0.04542‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00571‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.01137‬‬
‫‪0.01159‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00689‬‬
‫‪0.19765‬‬
‫‪0.16276‬‬
‫‪0.14476‬‬
‫‪0.16320‬‬
‫‪0.17055‬‬
‫‪0.14279‬‬
‫‪0.15749‬‬
‫‪0.16428‬‬
‫‪0.12470‬‬
‫‪0.16892‬‬
‫‪0.20442‬‬
‫‪0.20254‬‬
‫‪0.14087‬‬
‫‪0.16749‬‬
‫‪0.20357‬‬
‫‪0.17669‬‬
‫‪0.20595‬‬
‫‪0.18970‬‬
‫‪0.23283‬‬
‫‪0.22354‬‬
‫‪0.21315‬‬
‫‪0.21250‬‬
‫‪0.19564‬‬
‫‪0.22013‬‬
‫‪0.20325‬‬
‫‪0.21662‬‬
‫‪0.22702‬‬
‫‪0.18102‬‬
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‫‪0.02893‬‬
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‫‪0.02893‬‬
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‫‪0.09561‬‬
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‫‪0.86690‬‬
‫‪1.00000‬‬
‫‪0.68133‬‬
‫‪0.66006‬‬
‫‪1947‬‬
‫‪1948‬‬
‫‪1949‬‬
‫‪1950‬‬
‫‪1951‬‬
‫‪1952‬‬
‫‪1953‬‬
‫‪1954‬‬
‫‪1955‬‬
‫‪1956‬‬
‫‪1957‬‬
‫‪1958‬‬
‫‪1959‬‬
‫‪1960‬‬
‫‪1961‬‬
‫‪1962‬‬
‫‪1963‬‬
‫‪1964‬‬
‫‪1965‬‬
‫‪1966‬‬
‫‪1967‬‬
‫‪1968‬‬
‫‪1969‬‬
‫‪1970‬‬
‫‪1971‬‬
‫‪1972‬‬
‫‪1973‬‬
‫‪1974‬‬
‫‪1975‬‬
‫‪1976‬‬
‫‪1977‬‬
‫‪1978‬‬
‫‪1979‬‬
‫‪1980‬‬
‫‪1981‬‬
‫‪1982‬‬
‫‪1983‬‬
‫‪1984‬‬
‫‪1985‬‬
‫‪1986‬‬
‫‪1987‬‬
‫‪1988‬‬
‫‪1989‬‬
‫‪1990‬‬
‫‪1991‬‬
‫‪1992‬‬
‫‪1993‬‬
‫‪1994‬‬
‫‪1995‬‬
‫‪1996‬‬
‫‪1997‬‬
‫ﺑﺌﺮ ‪NS-4‬‬
‫ﺍﳌﻠﺤﻖ )‪ -1‬ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ ‪(40‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
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‫‪0.17340‬‬
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‫‪0.20219‬‬
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‫‪0.09540‬‬
‫‪1998‬‬
‫‪1999‬‬
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‫‪2008‬‬
‫‪2009‬‬
‫‪2010‬‬
‫‪2011‬‬
‫‪2012‬‬
‫‪2013‬‬
‫‪2014‬‬
‫‪2015‬‬
‫‪2016‬‬
‫‪2017‬‬
‫‪2018‬‬
‫‪2019‬‬
‫‪2020‬‬
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‫ﺑﺌﺮ ‪NS-4‬‬
‫ﺍﳌﻠﺤﻖ )‪ -1‬ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ ‪(41‬‬
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‫‪0.52818‬‬
‫‪1.00000‬‬
‫‪0.67053‬‬
‫‪1.00000‬‬
‫‪0.70228‬‬
‫‪1.00000‬‬
‫‪0.69981‬‬
‫‪1.00000‬‬
‫‪0.73230‬‬
‫‪1.00000‬‬
‫‪0.78422‬‬
‫‪1.00000‬‬
‫‪0.77758‬‬
‫‪1.00000‬‬
‫‪0.80068‬‬
‫‪1.00000‬‬
‫‪0.78136‬‬
‫‪1.00000‬‬
‫‪0.82628‬‬
‫‪1.00000‬‬
‫‪0.91607‬‬
‫‪1.00000‬‬
‫‪0.88770‬‬
‫‪1.00000‬‬
‫‪0.86324‬‬
‫‪1.00000‬‬
‫‪0.89093‬‬
‫‪1.00000‬‬
‫‪0.97412‬‬
‫‪1.00000‬‬
‫‪0.97729‬‬
‫‪1.00000‬‬
‫‪0.93259‬‬
‫‪1.00000‬‬
‫‪0.92560‬‬
‫‪1.00000‬‬
‫‪0.96479‬‬
‫‪1.00000‬‬
‫‪1.00000‬‬
‫‪1.00000‬‬
‫‪1.00000‬‬
‫‪1.00000‬‬
‫‪1.00000‬‬
‫‪1.00000‬‬
‫‪1.00000‬‬
‫‪1.00000‬‬
‫‪1.00000‬‬
‫‪1.00000‬‬
‫‪0.95321‬‬
‫‪1.00000‬‬
‫‪0.99948‬‬
‫‪1.00000‬‬
‫‪1.00000‬‬
‫‪1.00000‬‬
‫‪1.00000‬‬
‫‪1.00000‬‬
‫‪0.99325‬‬
‫‪1.00000‬‬
‫‪1.00000‬‬
‫‪1.00000‬‬
‫‪1.00000‬‬
‫‪1.00000‬‬
‫‪0.98738‬‬
‫‪1.00000‬‬
‫‪0.99248‬‬
‫‪1.00000‬‬
‫‪1.00000‬‬
‫‪1.00000‬‬
‫‪1.00000‬‬
‫‪0.08652‬‬
‫‪0.06920‬‬
‫‪0.10436‬‬
‫‪0.09540‬‬
‫‪0.07772‬‬
‫‪0.09540‬‬
‫‪0.12318‬‬
‫‪0.16330‬‬
‫‪0.14282‬‬
‫‪0.07761‬‬
‫‪0.06920‬‬
‫‪0.06076‬‬
‫‪0.07761‬‬
‫‪0.06076‬‬
‫‪0.06920‬‬
‫‪0.07761‬‬
‫‪0.06076‬‬
‫‪0.05260‬‬
‫‪0.05260‬‬
‫‪0.04451‬‬
‫‪0.04451‬‬
‫‪0.05260‬‬
‫‪0.03668‬‬
‫‪0.03668‬‬
‫‪0.02893‬‬
‫‪0.04451‬‬
‫‪0.02893‬‬
‫‪0.03668‬‬
‫‪0.02142‬‬
‫‪0.02893‬‬
‫‪0.05260‬‬
‫‪0.02142‬‬
‫‪0.03668‬‬
‫‪0.03668‬‬
‫‪0.03668‬‬
‫‪0.04451‬‬
‫‪0.03668‬‬
‫‪0.04451‬‬
‫‪0.04451‬‬
‫‪0.02893‬‬
‫‪0.02893‬‬
‫‪0.04451‬‬
‫‪0.03668‬‬
‫‪0.04451‬‬
‫‪0.05260‬‬
‫‪0.03668‬‬
‫‪0.05260‬‬
‫‪0.03668‬‬
‫‪0.05260‬‬
‫‪0.03668‬‬
‫‪0.05260‬‬
‫‪2049‬‬
‫‪2050‬‬
‫‪2051‬‬
‫‪2052‬‬
‫‪2053‬‬
‫‪2054‬‬
‫‪2055‬‬
‫‪2056‬‬
‫‪2057‬‬
‫‪2058‬‬
‫‪2059‬‬
‫‪2060‬‬
‫‪2061‬‬
‫‪2062‬‬
‫‪2063‬‬
‫‪2064‬‬
‫‪2065‬‬
‫‪2066‬‬
‫‪2067‬‬
‫‪2068‬‬
‫‪2069‬‬
‫‪2070‬‬
‫‪2071‬‬
‫‪2072‬‬
‫‪2073‬‬
‫‪2074‬‬
‫‪2075‬‬
‫‪2076‬‬
‫‪2077‬‬
‫‪2078‬‬
‫‪2079‬‬
‫‪2080‬‬
‫‪2081‬‬
‫‪2082‬‬
‫‪2083‬‬
‫‪2084‬‬
‫‪2085‬‬
‫‪2086‬‬
‫‪2087‬‬
‫‪2088‬‬
‫‪2089‬‬
‫‪2090‬‬
‫‪2091‬‬
‫‪2092‬‬
‫‪2093‬‬
‫‪2094‬‬
‫‪2095‬‬
‫‪2096‬‬
‫‪2097‬‬
‫‪2098‬‬
‫‪2099‬‬
NS-4 ‫ﺑﺌﺮ‬
2100
2101
2102
2103
2104
2104.5
Depth
1927.5
1928
1929
1930
1931
1932
1933
1934
1935
1936
1937
1938
1939
1940
1941
1942
1943
1944
1945
1946
1947
1948
1949
1950
1951
1952
1953
1954
1955
1956
1957
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963
1964
1965
1966
1967
1968
(42 ‫ ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ‬-1) ‫ﺍﳌﻠﺤﻖ‬
0.04451
0.07761
0.08652
0.06076
0.06920
0.08652
M
0.83807
0.85205
0.90426
0.98159
1.01648
0.91844
0.88254
0.81547
0.85561
0.82143
0.81355
0.84040
0.82107
0.78646
0.81587
0.83207
0.79718
0.80907
0.82482
0.77805
0.80679
0.78198
0.81128
0.82599
0.81421
0.76243
0.77050
0.80543
0.77050
0.80866
0.80903
0.83071
0.82575
0.83323
0.83693
0.81421
0.83071
0.82358
0.82329
0.81711
0.79193
0.80456
1.00000
1.00000
1.00000
1.00000
1.00000
1.00000
0.93235
1.00000
0.74836
1.00000
0.72931
1.00000
N
0.55771
0.56935
0.59361
0.64015
0.66327
0.55956
0.54668
0.45747
0.53818
0.51455
0.52270
0.51229
0.52053
0.47356
0.51707
0.45890
0.55020
0.56161
0.57670
0.54377
0.57271
0.55790
0.57270
0.57664
0.55443
0.53973
0.51640
0.52444
0.50423
0.53359
0.54063
0.56712
0.57410
0.58264
0.57159
0.56429
0.58619
0.57496
0.58095
0.56548
0.54483
0.54724
ρmaa
42.29289
41.34999
35.52876
28.73330
26.10991
28.48202
33.00211
32.51983
36.61834
39.55979
42.08276
35.79461
40.43484
40.38074
40.91088
29.55276
48.52705
47.85090
46.97295
51.11649
49.59961
52.13314
48.82147
46.76500
46.05807
53.39828
49.06094
43.77750
47.49720
44.38779
45.22656
44.76930
46.49479
46.25398
44.24999
47.28427
47.11805
46.97380
47.75354
46.92692
48.78843
46.85607
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.06765
0.25164
0.27069
0.19795
0.19330
0.18562
0.17579
0.14625
0.13614
∆tmaa
0.58528
0.67071
0.35294
0.27569
0.24954
0.34229
0.37499
0.50694
0.33580
0.39889
0.35037
0.23810
0.23715
0.23859
0.08895
0.25921
0.03515
0.03312
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00319
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.19795
0.19330
0.18562
0.18855
0.19543
0.18668
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.01275
0.04918
0.05053
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.06765
0.25164
0.27069
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
‫ﺑﺌﺮ ‪NS-4‬‬
‫ﺍﳌﻠﺤﻖ )‪ -1‬ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ ‪(43‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.15211‬‬
‫‪0.18049‬‬
‫‪0.09021‬‬
‫‪0.03948‬‬
‫‪0.04192‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.14733‬‬
‫‪0.11129‬‬
‫‪0.14962‬‬
‫‪0.11373‬‬
‫‪0.17697‬‬
‫‪0.21971‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.02548‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.07122‬‬
‫‪0.05425‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.04905‬‬
‫‪0.53905‬‬
‫‪0.44623‬‬
‫‪0.44835‬‬
‫‪0.47819‬‬
‫‪0.47452‬‬
‫‪0.43056‬‬
‫‪0.48254‬‬
‫‪0.32018‬‬
‫‪0.30386‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.26368‬‬
‫‪0.30072‬‬
‫‪0.31238‬‬
‫‪0.26947‬‬
‫‪0.29324‬‬
‫‪0.27947‬‬
‫‪0.17553‬‬
‫‪0.17113‬‬
‫‪0.24773‬‬
‫‪0.39084‬‬
‫‪0.38345‬‬
‫‪0.50846‬‬
‫‪0.41865‬‬
‫‪0.37945‬‬
‫‪0.13759‬‬
‫‪0.19073‬‬
‫‪0.19153‬‬
‫‪0.28347‬‬
‫‪45.10937‬‬
‫‪48.24510‬‬
‫‪50.09249‬‬
‫‪50.60868‬‬
‫‪51.95899‬‬
‫‪49.98672‬‬
‫‪45.53132‬‬
‫‪43.60942‬‬
‫‪51.76176‬‬
‫‪47.00518‬‬
‫‪48.08724‬‬
‫‪44.80288‬‬
‫‪48.84417‬‬
‫‪47.38410‬‬
‫‪45.30475‬‬
‫‪47.46688‬‬
‫‪41.01115‬‬
‫‪44.26753‬‬
‫‪46.43564‬‬
‫‪41.91088‬‬
‫‪46.32355‬‬
‫‪44.73744‬‬
‫‪95.84215‬‬
‫‪95.80886‬‬
‫‪77.26300‬‬
‫‪72.86287‬‬
‫‪85.18709‬‬
‫‪70.80068‬‬
‫‪66.67529‬‬
‫‪70.09462‬‬
‫‪73.93597‬‬
‫‪42.38296‬‬
‫‪53.32227‬‬
‫‪52.61211‬‬
‫‪43.97460‬‬
‫‪45.79735‬‬
‫‪46.27090‬‬
‫‪46.29946‬‬
‫‪43.00755‬‬
‫‪45.50935‬‬
‫‪48.26989‬‬
‫‪52.77330‬‬
‫‪49.04104‬‬
‫‪47.42579‬‬
‫‪44.95168‬‬
‫‪39.82423‬‬
‫‪44.29428‬‬
‫‪52.88622‬‬
‫‪57.41268‬‬
‫‪48.58937‬‬
‫‪48.83501‬‬
‫‪0.55444‬‬
‫‪0.57510‬‬
‫‪0.54852‬‬
‫‪0.55333‬‬
‫‪0.54883‬‬
‫‪0.57045‬‬
‫‪0.55666‬‬
‫‪0.56988‬‬
‫‪0.56217‬‬
‫‪0.57751‬‬
‫‪0.56106‬‬
‫‪0.56454‬‬
‫‪0.57353‬‬
‫‪0.57034‬‬
‫‪0.58351‬‬
‫‪0.55973‬‬
‫‪0.56474‬‬
‫‪0.58326‬‬
‫‪0.57909‬‬
‫‪0.57327‬‬
‫‪0.55307‬‬
‫‪0.58456‬‬
‫‪0.48322‬‬
‫‪0.44312‬‬
‫‪0.44741‬‬
‫‪0.40723‬‬
‫‪0.42717‬‬
‫‪0.44822‬‬
‫‪0.45154‬‬
‫‪0.59668‬‬
‫‪0.60206‬‬
‫‪0.58710‬‬
‫‪0.58498‬‬
‫‪0.55349‬‬
‫‪0.54483‬‬
‫‪0.54112‬‬
‫‪0.56881‬‬
‫‪0.55136‬‬
‫‪0.55511‬‬
‫‪0.57488‬‬
‫‪0.60863‬‬
‫‪0.60059‬‬
‫‪0.58242‬‬
‫‪0.56625‬‬
‫‪0.51816‬‬
‫‪0.54000‬‬
‫‪0.52799‬‬
‫‪0.56702‬‬
‫‪0.60180‬‬
‫‪0.59668‬‬
‫‪0.60030‬‬
‫‪0.81963‬‬
‫‪0.81631‬‬
‫‪0.78713‬‬
‫‪0.78753‬‬
‫‪0.77676‬‬
‫‪0.80297‬‬
‫‪0.81881‬‬
‫‪0.83940‬‬
‫‪0.78704‬‬
‫‪0.82521‬‬
‫‪0.80733‬‬
‫‪0.82865‬‬
‫‪0.81173‬‬
‫‪0.81793‬‬
‫‪0.83940‬‬
‫‪0.80994‬‬
‫‪0.85059‬‬
‫‪0.84528‬‬
‫‪0.82964‬‬
‫‪0.85169‬‬
‫‪0.81173‬‬
‫‪0.84347‬‬
‫‪0.49747‬‬
‫‪0.47896‬‬
‫‪0.57668‬‬
‫‪0.57605‬‬
‫‪0.52528‬‬
‫‪0.61051‬‬
‫‪0.63385‬‬
‫‪0.70242‬‬
‫‪0.68282‬‬
‫‪0.85910‬‬
‫‪0.79356‬‬
‫‪0.77624‬‬
‫‪0.81912‬‬
‫‪0.80617‬‬
‫‪0.82326‬‬
‫‪0.81065‬‬
‫‪0.83209‬‬
‫‪0.83202‬‬
‫‪0.83975‬‬
‫‪0.80741‬‬
‫‪0.81681‬‬
‫‪0.81479‬‬
‫‪0.79439‬‬
‫‪0.83896‬‬
‫‪0.80513‬‬
‫‪0.78389‬‬
‫‪0.78071‬‬
‫‪0.82946‬‬
‫‪0.83055‬‬
‫‪1969‬‬
‫‪1970‬‬
‫‪1971‬‬
‫‪1972‬‬
‫‪1973‬‬
‫‪1974‬‬
‫‪1975‬‬
‫‪1976‬‬
‫‪1977‬‬
‫‪1978‬‬
‫‪1979‬‬
‫‪1980‬‬
‫‪1981‬‬
‫‪1982‬‬
‫‪1983‬‬
‫‪1984‬‬
‫‪1985‬‬
‫‪1986‬‬
‫‪1987‬‬
‫‪1988‬‬
‫‪1989‬‬
‫‪1990‬‬
‫‪1991‬‬
‫‪1992‬‬
‫‪1993‬‬
‫‪1994‬‬
‫‪1995‬‬
‫‪1996‬‬
‫‪1997‬‬
‫‪1998‬‬
‫‪1999‬‬
‫‪2000‬‬
‫‪2001‬‬
‫‪2002‬‬
‫‪2003‬‬
‫‪2004‬‬
‫‪2005‬‬
‫‪2006‬‬
‫‪2007‬‬
‫‪2008‬‬
‫‪2009‬‬
‫‪2010‬‬
‫‪2011‬‬
‫‪2012‬‬
‫‪2013‬‬
‫‪2014‬‬
‫‪2015‬‬
‫‪2016‬‬
‫‪2017‬‬
‫‪2018‬‬
‫‪2019‬‬
‫ﺑﺌﺮ ‪NS-4‬‬
‫ﺍﳌﻠﺤﻖ )‪ -1‬ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ ‪(44‬‬
‫‪0.27260‬‬
‫‪0.34013‬‬
‫‪0.30041‬‬
‫‪0.32038‬‬
‫‪0.33421‬‬
‫‪0.25156‬‬
‫‪0.23219‬‬
‫‪0.25570‬‬
‫‪0.28760‬‬
‫‪0.37490‬‬
‫‪0.41989‬‬
‫‪0.42656‬‬
‫‪0.36465‬‬
‫‪0.26000‬‬
‫‪0.35668‬‬
‫‪0.39044‬‬
‫‪0.35238‬‬
‫‪0.36804‬‬
‫‪0.30488‬‬
‫‪0.25317‬‬
‫‪0.28590‬‬
‫‪0.29383‬‬
‫‪0.35671‬‬
‫‪0.32582‬‬
‫‪0.31064‬‬
‫‪0.37387‬‬
‫‪0.40578‬‬
‫‪0.40262‬‬
‫‪0.41661‬‬
‫‪0.38809‬‬
‫‪0.47666‬‬
‫‪0.43766‬‬
‫‪0.45147‬‬
‫‪0.43385‬‬
‫‪0.37238‬‬
‫‪0.33924‬‬
‫‪0.40643‬‬
‫‪0.43789‬‬
‫‪0.42485‬‬
‫‪0.42242‬‬
‫‪0.53691‬‬
‫‪0.45966‬‬
‫‪0.44638‬‬
‫‪0.51260‬‬
‫‪0.47553‬‬
‫‪0.47182‬‬
‫‪0.32947‬‬
‫‪0.29772‬‬
‫‪0.30019‬‬
‫‪0.26770‬‬
‫‪0.21578‬‬
‫‪47.63304‬‬
‫‪50.57803‬‬
‫‪52.82072‬‬
‫‪48.65797‬‬
‫‪51.21711‬‬
‫‪50.59656‬‬
‫‪51.48846‬‬
‫‪54.24191‬‬
‫‪64.23037‬‬
‫‪37.17834‬‬
‫‪45.55303‬‬
‫‪45.61502‬‬
‫‪43.64442‬‬
‫‪39.17895‬‬
‫‪48.16766‬‬
‫‪47.93136‬‬
‫‪44.35876‬‬
‫‪43.05998‬‬
‫‪45.05947‬‬
‫‪34.71244‬‬
‫‪39.83582‬‬
‫‪36.18386‬‬
‫‪43.92533‬‬
‫‪42.59934‬‬
‫‪39.79454‬‬
‫‪43.26907‬‬
‫‪43.48529‬‬
‫‪43.48228‬‬
‫‪46.40418‬‬
‫‪50.91175‬‬
‫‪47.68659‬‬
‫‪46.30506‬‬
‫‪46.81963‬‬
‫‪41.84889‬‬
‫‪41.15753‬‬
‫‪32.65744‬‬
‫‪45.98362‬‬
‫‪48.37953‬‬
‫‪42.81111‬‬
‫‪47.51334‬‬
‫‪49.24442‬‬
‫‪45.70960‬‬
‫‪50.10034‬‬
‫‪47.13009‬‬
‫‪42.84306‬‬
‫‪46.08410‬‬
‫‪47.03692‬‬
‫‪48.96844‬‬
‫‪42.46563‬‬
‫‪39.00815‬‬
‫‪38.52785‬‬
‫‪0.61062‬‬
‫‪0.59525‬‬
‫‪0.57927‬‬
‫‪0.58578‬‬
‫‪0.58400‬‬
‫‪0.56928‬‬
‫‪0.56209‬‬
‫‪0.52959‬‬
‫‪0.53501‬‬
‫‪0.52785‬‬
‫‪0.54458‬‬
‫‪0.57400‬‬
‫‪0.56182‬‬
‫‪0.54935‬‬
‫‪0.58565‬‬
‫‪0.61360‬‬
‫‪0.58400‬‬
‫‪0.56602‬‬
‫‪0.56414‬‬
‫‪0.53787‬‬
‫‪0.54342‬‬
‫‪0.54202‬‬
‫‪0.55856‬‬
‫‪0.56240‬‬
‫‪0.57663‬‬
‫‪0.58206‬‬
‫‪0.56589‬‬
‫‪0.56229‬‬
‫‪0.58578‬‬
‫‪0.58578‬‬
‫‪0.59446‬‬
‫‪0.57057‬‬
‫‪0.56815‬‬
‫‪0.57480‬‬
‫‪0.56209‬‬
‫‪0.51325‬‬
‫‪0.55163‬‬
‫‪0.59108‬‬
‫‪0.59851‬‬
‫‪0.58388‬‬
‫‪0.59836‬‬
‫‪0.59457‬‬
‫‪0.59457‬‬
‫‪0.56031‬‬
‫‪0.56833‬‬
‫‪0.57944‬‬
‫‪0.59661‬‬
‫‪0.56692‬‬
‫‪0.53517‬‬
‫‪0.52638‬‬
‫‪0.52623‬‬
‫‪0.84496‬‬
‫‪0.81672‬‬
‫‪0.79261‬‬
‫‪0.82141‬‬
‫‪0.80520‬‬
‫‪0.79864‬‬
‫‪0.78855‬‬
‫‪0.75086‬‬
‫‪0.69859‬‬
‫‪0.84462‬‬
‫‪0.81003‬‬
‫‪0.83077‬‬
‫‪0.83333‬‬
‫‪0.84959‬‬
‫‪0.82418‬‬
‫‪0.84528‬‬
‫‪0.84528‬‬
‫‪0.83975‬‬
‫‪0.82689‬‬
‫‪0.86607‬‬
‫‪0.84145‬‬
‫‪0.86098‬‬
‫‪0.82936‬‬
‫‪0.83975‬‬
‫‪0.86645‬‬
‫‪0.85023‬‬
‫‪0.83721‬‬
‫‪0.83460‬‬
‫‪0.83460‬‬
‫‪0.80821‬‬
‫‪0.83322‬‬
‫‪0.82432‬‬
‫‪0.81963‬‬
‫‪0.85318‬‬
‫‪0.84779‬‬
‫‪0.85836‬‬
‫‪0.81264‬‬
‫‪0.82676‬‬
‫‪0.86493‬‬
‫‪0.82676‬‬
‫‪0.82676‬‬
‫‪0.84496‬‬
‫‪0.81907‬‬
‫‪0.81228‬‬
‫‪0.84268‬‬
‫‪0.83194‬‬
‫‪0.83858‬‬
‫‪0.80638‬‬
‫‪0.82057‬‬
‫‪0.83333‬‬
‫‪0.83589‬‬
‫‪2020‬‬
‫‪2021‬‬
‫‪2022‬‬
‫‪2023‬‬
‫‪2024‬‬
‫‪2025‬‬
‫‪2026‬‬
‫‪2027‬‬
‫‪2028‬‬
‫‪2029‬‬
‫‪2030‬‬
‫‪2031‬‬
‫‪2032‬‬
‫‪2033‬‬
‫‪2034‬‬
‫‪2035‬‬
‫‪2036‬‬
‫‪2037‬‬
‫‪2038‬‬
‫‪2039‬‬
‫‪2040‬‬
‫‪2041‬‬
‫‪2042‬‬
‫‪2043‬‬
‫‪2044‬‬
‫‪2045‬‬
‫‪2046‬‬
‫‪2047‬‬
‫‪2048‬‬
‫‪2049‬‬
‫‪2050‬‬
‫‪2051‬‬
‫‪2052‬‬
‫‪2053‬‬
‫‪2054‬‬
‫‪2055‬‬
‫‪2056‬‬
‫‪2057‬‬
‫‪2058‬‬
‫‪2059‬‬
‫‪2060‬‬
‫‪2061‬‬
‫‪2062‬‬
‫‪2063‬‬
‫‪2064‬‬
‫‪2065‬‬
‫‪2066‬‬
‫‪2067‬‬
‫‪2068‬‬
‫‪2069‬‬
‫‪2070‬‬
‫ﺑﺌﺮ ‪NS-4‬‬
‫ﺍﳌﻠﺤﻖ )‪ -1‬ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ ‪(45‬‬
‫‪0.22242‬‬
‫‪0.19932‬‬
‫‪0.21864‬‬
‫‪0.17372‬‬
‫‪0.08393‬‬
‫‪0.11230‬‬
‫‪0.13676‬‬
‫‪0.10907‬‬
‫‪0.02588‬‬
‫‪0.02271‬‬
‫‪0.06741‬‬
‫‪0.07440‬‬
‫‪0.03521‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.04679‬‬
‫‪0.00052‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00675‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.01262‬‬
‫‪0.00752‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.06765‬‬
‫‪0.25164‬‬
‫‪0.27069‬‬
‫‪40.35728‬‬
‫‪43.13296‬‬
‫‪42.49198‬‬
‫‪44.52841‬‬
‫‪46.37255‬‬
‫‪43.14402‬‬
‫‪44.99619‬‬
‫‪43.65391‬‬
‫‪46.49839‬‬
‫‪40.82310‬‬
‫‪39.63835‬‬
‫‪39.34439‬‬
‫‪38.14016‬‬
‫‪43.69269‬‬
‫‪45.83343‬‬
‫‪44.32047‬‬
‫‪41.70175‬‬
‫‪47.96519‬‬
‫‪40.77453‬‬
‫‪44.10661‬‬
‫‪44.46057‬‬
‫‪45.52626‬‬
‫‪40.77067‬‬
‫‪43.69133‬‬
‫‪47.49364‬‬
‫‪40.28858‬‬
‫‪42.72482‬‬
‫‪42.76348‬‬
‫‪49.76538‬‬
‫‪48.95850‬‬
‫‪47.69520‬‬
‫‪46.97726‬‬
‫‪45.43031‬‬
‫‪43.17095‬‬
‫‪43.67056‬‬
‫‪0.52608‬‬
‫‪0.53846‬‬
‫‪0.55629‬‬
‫‪0.56012‬‬
‫‪0.57326‬‬
‫‪0.56296‬‬
‫‪0.55863‬‬
‫‪0.57402‬‬
‫‪0.57068‬‬
‫‪0.54657‬‬
‫‪0.53263‬‬
‫‪0.52349‬‬
‫‪0.56240‬‬
‫‪0.56548‬‬
‫‪0.58099‬‬
‫‪0.56030‬‬
‫‪0.56707‬‬
‫‪0.58449‬‬
‫‪0.55485‬‬
‫‪0.57227‬‬
‫‪0.54660‬‬
‫‪0.55965‬‬
‫‪0.55828‬‬
‫‪0.54836‬‬
‫‪0.56474‬‬
‫‪0.54252‬‬
‫‪0.51823‬‬
‫‪0.56153‬‬
‫‪0.56108‬‬
‫‪0.57089‬‬
‫‪0.56108‬‬
‫‪0.53848‬‬
‫‪0.54222‬‬
‫‪0.52957‬‬
‫‪0.52177‬‬
‫‪0.82562‬‬
‫‪0.81923‬‬
‫‪0.83589‬‬
‫‪0.82704‬‬
‫‪0.82585‬‬
‫‪0.83704‬‬
‫‪0.82329‬‬
‫‪0.84215‬‬
‫‪0.82329‬‬
‫‪0.83821‬‬
‫‪0.83451‬‬
‫‪0.82931‬‬
‫‪0.86533‬‬
‫‪0.83571‬‬
‫‪0.83451‬‬
‫‪0.82836‬‬
‫‪0.84834‬‬
‫‪0.82455‬‬
‫‪0.84462‬‬
‫‪0.83826‬‬
‫‪0.81766‬‬
‫‪0.82099‬‬
‫‪0.84719‬‬
‫‪0.82329‬‬
‫‪0.81333‬‬
‫‪0.83822‬‬
‫‪0.80673‬‬
‫‪0.83818‬‬
‫‪0.79773‬‬
‫‪0.80922‬‬
‫‪0.80959‬‬
‫‪0.79766‬‬
‫‪0.80903‬‬
‫‪0.81253‬‬
‫‪0.80408‬‬
‫‪2071‬‬
‫‪2072‬‬
‫‪2073‬‬
‫‪2074‬‬
‫‪2075‬‬
‫‪2076‬‬
‫‪2077‬‬
‫‪2078‬‬
‫‪2079‬‬
‫‪2080‬‬
‫‪2081‬‬
‫‪2082‬‬
‫‪2083‬‬
‫‪2084‬‬
‫‪2085‬‬
‫‪2086‬‬
‫‪2087‬‬
‫‪2088‬‬
‫‪2089‬‬
‫‪2090‬‬
‫‪2091‬‬
‫‪2092‬‬
‫‪2093‬‬
‫‪2094‬‬
‫‪2095‬‬
‫‪2096‬‬
‫‪2097‬‬
‫‪2098‬‬
‫‪2099‬‬
‫‪2100‬‬
‫‪2101‬‬
‫‪2102‬‬
‫‪2103‬‬
‫‪2104‬‬
‫‪2104.5‬‬
NS-5 ‫ﺑﺌﺮ‬
(46 ‫ ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ‬-1) ‫ﺍﳌﻠﺤﻖ‬
Depth
ρb
φN
1919.5
1920
1921
1922
1923
1924
1925
1926
1927
1928
1929
1930
1931
1932
1933
1934
1935
1936
1937
1938
1939
1940
1941
1942
1943
1944
1945
1946
1947
1948
1949
1950
1951
1952
1953
1954
1955
1956
1957
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963
1964
1965
1966
1967
1968
2.324
2.324
2.070
2.160
2.290
2.240
2.362
2.450
2.536
2.474
2.350
2.436
2.466
2.500
2.250
2.282
2.340
2.490
2.470
2.482
2.440
2.344
2.358
2.400
2.432
2.390
2.490
2.394
2.358
2.374
2.494
2.490
2.410
2.366
2.416
2.340
2.354
2.350
2.350
2.440
2.320
2.382
2.390
2.350
2.366
2.432
2.400
2.400
2.574
2.550
0.390
0.404
0.450
0.240
0.210
0.316
0.228
0.240
0.168
0.203
0.224
0.150
0.129
0.168
0.263
0.275
0.240
0.192
0.185
0.168
0.185
0.226
0.240
0.228
0.224
0.210
0.180
0.213
0.210
0.210
0.196
0.210
0.240
0.238
0.210
0.240
0.219
0.194
0.219
0.240
0.261
0.233
0.210
0.231
0.219
0.186
0.235
0.210
0.143
0.152
∆tlog
100.000
90.000
70.000
61.500
57.100
67.700
60.540
62.310
60.000
73.080
73.850
70.000
63.850
75.380
84.620
79.240
74.620
73.080
72.310
73.080
76.160
79.240
76.930
76.160
75.380
74.230
73.850
78.470
76.930
75.380
74.620
75.380
76.160
76.160
76.930
79.900
80.000
76.160
75.380
77.700
77.700
76.160
77.700
79.700
75.380
73.850
76.930
70.000
66.930
69.240
GR
14.000
13.080
20.000
17.700
19.500
17.700
14.000
15.850
13.850
11.540
10.000
10.770
13.080
19.800
14.620
13.850
14.620
14.620
14.200
14.620
13.850
13.850
12.410
13.080
13.080
13.850
16.160
13.080
13.080
13.080
13.080
13.850
11.500
13.850
16.160
13.080
13.080
13.850
13.080
13.080
13.080
13.850
12.410
12.410
13.850
16.160
13.080
16.160
18.470
17.700
φD
0.22573
0.22573
0.37427
0.32164
0.24561
0.27485
0.20351
0.15205
0.10175
0.13801
0.21053
0.16023
0.14269
0.12281
0.26901
0.25029
0.21637
0.12865
0.14035
0.13333
0.15789
0.21404
0.20585
0.18129
0.16257
0.18713
0.12865
0.18480
0.20585
0.19649
0.12632
0.12865
0.17544
0.20117
0.17193
0.21637
0.20819
0.21053
0.21053
0.15789
0.22807
0.19181
0.18713
0.21053
0.20117
0.16257
0.18129
0.18129
0.07953
0.09357
φND
0.30787
0.31477
0.41213
0.28082
0.22781
0.29543
0.21575
0.19602
0.13508
0.17051
0.21716
0.15512
0.13595
0.14560
0.26600
0.26245
0.22819
0.16008
0.16248
0.15087
0.17125
0.22002
0.22292
0.20484
0.19319
0.19857
0.15433
0.19890
0.20792
0.20325
0.16116
0.16933
0.20772
0.21958
0.19096
0.22819
0.21369
0.20216
0.21486
0.19895
0.24439
0.21241
0.19857
0.22061
0.21018
0.17449
0.20814
0.19564
0.11127
0.12293
φS
0.37102
0.30035
0.15901
0.09894
0.06784
0.14276
0.09216
0.10466
0.08834
0.18078
0.18622
0.15901
0.11555
0.19703
0.26233
0.22431
0.19166
0.18078
0.17534
0.18078
0.20254
0.22431
0.20799
0.20254
0.19703
0.18890
0.18622
0.21887
0.20799
0.19703
0.19166
0.19703
0.20254
0.20254
0.20799
0.22898
0.22968
0.20254
0.19703
0.21343
0.21343
0.20254
0.21343
0.22756
0.19703
0.18622
0.20799
0.15901
0.13731
0.15364
spi
-0.06316
0.01441
0.25312
0.18188
0.15996
0.15267
0.12360
0.09136
0.04674
-0.01027
0.03094
-0.00389
0.02040
-0.05143
0.00367
0.03814
0.03653
-0.02070
-0.01286
-0.02991
-0.03130
-0.00429
0.01494
0.00230
-0.00385
0.00966
-0.03189
-0.01997
-0.00006
0.00621
-0.03050
-0.02770
0.00518
0.01704
-0.01702
-0.00079
-0.01599
-0.00038
0.01783
-0.01448
0.03096
0.00986
-0.01486
-0.00695
0.01315
-0.01173
0.00016
0.03663
-0.02605
-0.03071
F
10.55
10.09
5.89
12.68
19.27
11.46
21.48
26.02
54.81
34.40
21.20
41.56
54.11
47.17
14.13
14.52
19.21
39.02
37.88
43.94
34.10
20.66
20.12
23.83
26.79
25.36
41.99
25.28
23.13
24.21
38.50
34.88
23.18
20.74
27.42
19.21
21.90
24.47
21.66
25.27
16.74
22.16
25.36
20.55
22.64
32.85
23.08
26.13
80.77
66.17
‫ﺑﺌﺮ ‪NS-5‬‬
‫ﺍﳌﻠﺤﻖ )‪ -1‬ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ ‪(47‬‬
‫‪36.52‬‬
‫‪48.27‬‬
‫‪24.21‬‬
‫‪21.68‬‬
‫‪43.62‬‬
‫‪34.65‬‬
‫‪38.41‬‬
‫‪33.19‬‬
‫‪41.35‬‬
‫‪34.08‬‬
‫‪21.91‬‬
‫‪22.41‬‬
‫‪22.41‬‬
‫‪33.62‬‬
‫‪37.78‬‬
‫‪24.48‬‬
‫‪41.29‬‬
‫‪49.83‬‬
‫‪5.48‬‬
‫‪5.72‬‬
‫‪7.39‬‬
‫‪6.32‬‬
‫‪5.94‬‬
‫‪7.51‬‬
‫‪8.78‬‬
‫‪10.35‬‬
‫‪9.30‬‬
‫‪11.15‬‬
‫‪10.71‬‬
‫‪46.74‬‬
‫‪19.99‬‬
‫‪30.64‬‬
‫‪22.62‬‬
‫‪17.12‬‬
‫‪14.02‬‬
‫‪11.63‬‬
‫‪14.91‬‬
‫‪14.91‬‬
‫‪16.65‬‬
‫‪20.63‬‬
‫‪16.03‬‬
‫‪18.82‬‬
‫‪16.80‬‬
‫‪21.53‬‬
‫‪20.56‬‬
‫‪19.38‬‬
‫‪18.82‬‬
‫‪16.24‬‬
‫‪11.34‬‬
‫‪12.56‬‬
‫‪13.03‬‬
‫‪0.00294‬‬
‫‪-0.02597‬‬
‫‪-0.00474‬‬
‫‪0.01222‬‬
‫‪-0.01849‬‬
‫‪-0.00546‬‬
‫‪-0.01399‬‬
‫‪-0.00175‬‬
‫‪-0.01057‬‬
‫‪-0.00949‬‬
‫‪0.00563‬‬
‫‪0.03046‬‬
‫‪0.01421‬‬
‫‪0.00257‬‬
‫‪-0.00721‬‬
‫‪0.01046‬‬
‫‪-0.16946‬‬
‫‪-0.53381‬‬
‫‪-0.01999‬‬
‫‪-0.16506‬‬
‫‪-0.12289‬‬
‫‪-0.07100‬‬
‫‪-0.06953‬‬
‫‪-0.16382‬‬
‫‪-0.06612‬‬
‫‪-0.14718‬‬
‫‪0.11455‬‬
‫‪0.02629‬‬
‫‪0.00514‬‬
‫‪-0.06716‬‬
‫‪0.02109‬‬
‫‪0.05428‬‬
‫‪-0.03030‬‬
‫‪0.01737‬‬
‫‪-0.00614‬‬
‫‪0.05815‬‬
‫‪0.01297‬‬
‫‪0.00753‬‬
‫‪0.02076‬‬
‫‪-0.00417‬‬
‫‪-0.00714‬‬
‫‪0.01166‬‬
‫‪0.01429‬‬
‫‪0.00210‬‬
‫‪0.00711‬‬
‫‪-0.00794‬‬
‫‪0.00622‬‬
‫‪-0.01417‬‬
‫‪0.02373‬‬
‫‪0.03070‬‬
‫‪0.02554‬‬
‫‪0.16254‬‬
‫‪0.16989‬‬
‫‪0.20799‬‬
‫‪0.20254‬‬
‫‪0.16989‬‬
‫‪0.17534‬‬
‫‪0.17534‬‬
‫‪0.17534‬‬
‫‪0.16608‬‬
‫‪0.18078‬‬
‫‪0.20799‬‬
‫‪0.18078‬‬
‫‪0.19703‬‬
‫‪0.16989‬‬
‫‪0.16989‬‬
‫‪0.19166‬‬
‫‪0.32509‬‬
‫‪0.67548‬‬
‫‪0.44714‬‬
‫‪0.58304‬‬
‫‪0.49067‬‬
‫‪0.46890‬‬
‫‪0.47972‬‬
‫‪0.52869‬‬
‫‪0.40367‬‬
‫‪0.45802‬‬
‫‪0.21343‬‬
‫‪0.27322‬‬
‫‪0.30035‬‬
‫‪0.21343‬‬
‫‪0.20254‬‬
‫‪0.12636‬‬
‫‪0.24057‬‬
‫‪0.22431‬‬
‫‪0.27322‬‬
‫‪0.23512‬‬
‫‪0.24601‬‬
‫‪0.25145‬‬
‫‪0.22431‬‬
‫‪0.22431‬‬
‫‪0.25689‬‬
‫‪0.21887‬‬
‫‪0.22968‬‬
‫‪0.21343‬‬
‫‪0.21343‬‬
‫‪0.23512‬‬
‫‪0.22431‬‬
‫‪0.26233‬‬
‫‪0.27322‬‬
‫‪0.25145‬‬
‫‪0.25145‬‬
‫‪0.16549‬‬
‫‪0.14393‬‬
‫‪0.20325‬‬
‫‪0.21477‬‬
‫‪0.15140‬‬
‫‪0.16988‬‬
‫‪0.16135‬‬
‫‪0.17359‬‬
‫‪0.15551‬‬
‫‪0.17129‬‬
‫‪0.21362‬‬
‫‪0.21124‬‬
‫‪0.21125‬‬
‫‪0.17246‬‬
‫‪0.16268‬‬
‫‪0.20212‬‬
‫‪0.15562‬‬
‫‪0.14167‬‬
‫‪0.42714‬‬
‫‪0.41798‬‬
‫‪0.36778‬‬
‫‪0.39790‬‬
‫‪0.41018‬‬
‫‪0.36487‬‬
‫‪0.33755‬‬
‫‪0.31084‬‬
‫‪0.32798‬‬
‫‪0.29950‬‬
‫‪0.30550‬‬
‫‪0.14627‬‬
‫‪0.22364‬‬
‫‪0.18064‬‬
‫‪0.21026‬‬
‫‪0.24169‬‬
‫‪0.26707‬‬
‫‪0.29327‬‬
‫‪0.25898‬‬
‫‪0.25898‬‬
‫‪0.24507‬‬
‫‪0.22015‬‬
‫‪0.24975‬‬
‫‪0.23053‬‬
‫‪0.24398‬‬
‫‪0.21553‬‬
‫‪0.22054‬‬
‫‪0.22718‬‬
‫‪0.23053‬‬
‫‪0.24817‬‬
‫‪0.29694‬‬
‫‪0.28215‬‬
‫‪0.27699‬‬
‫‪0.16257‬‬
‫‪0.12865‬‬
‫‪0.19649‬‬
‫‪0.19883‬‬
‫‪0.12281‬‬
‫‪0.15556‬‬
‫‪0.14269‬‬
‫‪0.16257‬‬
‫‪0.13801‬‬
‫‪0.16257‬‬
‫‪0.19883‬‬
‫‪0.18947‬‬
‫‪0.19649‬‬
‫‪0.17193‬‬
‫‪0.14737‬‬
‫‪0.20585‬‬
‫‪0.15205‬‬
‫‪0.13333‬‬
‫‪0.38129‬‬
‫‪0.38596‬‬
‫‪0.30175‬‬
‫‪0.32281‬‬
‫‪0.34737‬‬
‫‪0.29825‬‬
‫‪0.26901‬‬
‫‪0.24327‬‬
‫‪0.38596‬‬
‫‪0.26901‬‬
‫‪0.22339‬‬
‫‪0.13333‬‬
‫‪0.22807‬‬
‫‪0.18129‬‬
‫‪0.21053‬‬
‫‪0.25497‬‬
‫‪0.28655‬‬
‫‪0.28655‬‬
‫‪0.24795‬‬
‫‪0.24795‬‬
‫‪0.24094‬‬
‫‪0.22339‬‬
‫‪0.25029‬‬
‫‪0.22105‬‬
‫‪0.24795‬‬
‫‪0.22105‬‬
‫‪0.22807‬‬
‫‪0.23977‬‬
‫‪0.22105‬‬
‫‪0.23333‬‬
‫‪0.28889‬‬
‫‪0.26901‬‬
‫‪0.27018‬‬
‫‪18.470‬‬
‫‪17.700‬‬
‫‪13.080‬‬
‫‪16.000‬‬
‫‪21.540‬‬
‫‪16.160‬‬
‫‪20.000‬‬
‫‪16.000‬‬
‫‪19.000‬‬
‫‪20.000‬‬
‫‪18.470‬‬
‫‪19.000‬‬
‫‪13.850‬‬
‫‪16.930‬‬
‫‪18.000‬‬
‫‪14.620‬‬
‫‪21.540‬‬
‫‪20.770‬‬
‫‪52.410‬‬
‫‪57.700‬‬
‫‪53.850‬‬
‫‪53.850‬‬
‫‪50.000‬‬
‫‪50.000‬‬
‫‪50.000‬‬
‫‪53.080‬‬
‫‪45.000‬‬
‫‪42.410‬‬
‫‪50.000‬‬
‫‪60.000‬‬
‫‪29.240‬‬
‫‪29.800‬‬
‫‪21.540‬‬
‫‪16.160‬‬
‫‪22.410‬‬
‫‪23.080‬‬
‫‪19.240‬‬
‫‪21.540‬‬
‫‪20.000‬‬
‫‪20.770‬‬
‫‪13.850‬‬
‫‪20.200‬‬
‫‪17.700‬‬
‫‪19.240‬‬
‫‪19.800‬‬
‫‪14.620‬‬
‫‪13.850‬‬
‫‪14.620‬‬
‫‪13.080‬‬
‫‪14.620‬‬
‫‪14.200‬‬
‫‪70.500‬‬
‫‪71.540‬‬
‫‪76.930‬‬
‫‪76.160‬‬
‫‪71.540‬‬
‫‪72.310‬‬
‫‪72.310‬‬
‫‪72.310‬‬
‫‪71.000‬‬
‫‪73.080‬‬
‫‪76.930‬‬
‫‪73.080‬‬
‫‪75.380‬‬
‫‪71.540‬‬
‫‪71.540‬‬
‫‪74.620‬‬
‫‪93.500‬‬
‫‪143.080‬‬
‫‪110.770‬‬
‫‪130.000‬‬
‫‪116.930‬‬
‫‪113.850‬‬
‫‪115.380‬‬
‫‪122.310‬‬
‫‪104.620‬‬
‫‪112.310‬‬
‫‪77.700‬‬
‫‪86.160‬‬
‫‪90.000‬‬
‫‪77.700‬‬
‫‪76.160‬‬
‫‪65.380‬‬
‫‪81.540‬‬
‫‪79.240‬‬
‫‪86.160‬‬
‫‪80.770‬‬
‫‪82.310‬‬
‫‪83.080‬‬
‫‪79.240‬‬
‫‪79.240‬‬
‫‪83.850‬‬
‫‪78.470‬‬
‫‪80.000‬‬
‫‪77.700‬‬
‫‪77.700‬‬
‫‪80.770‬‬
‫‪79.240‬‬
‫‪84.620‬‬
‫‪86.160‬‬
‫‪83.080‬‬
‫‪83.080‬‬
‫‪0.168‬‬
‫‪0.159‬‬
‫‪0.210‬‬
‫‪0.231‬‬
‫‪0.180‬‬
‫‪0.184‬‬
‫‪0.180‬‬
‫‪0.185‬‬
‫‪0.173‬‬
‫‪0.180‬‬
‫‪0.228‬‬
‫‪0.233‬‬
‫‪0.226‬‬
‫‪0.173‬‬
‫‪0.178‬‬
‫‪0.198‬‬
‫‪0.159‬‬
‫‪0.150‬‬
‫‪0.473‬‬
‫‪0.450‬‬
‫‪0.434‬‬
‫‪0.473‬‬
‫‪0.473‬‬
‫‪0.432‬‬
‫‪0.406‬‬
‫‪0.378‬‬
‫‪0.270‬‬
‫‪0.330‬‬
‫‪0.388‬‬
‫‪0.159‬‬
‫‪0.219‬‬
‫‪0.180‬‬
‫‪0.210‬‬
‫‪0.228‬‬
‫‪0.248‬‬
‫‪0.300‬‬
‫‪0.270‬‬
‫‪0.270‬‬
‫‪0.249‬‬
‫‪0.217‬‬
‫‪0.249‬‬
‫‪0.240‬‬
‫‪0.240‬‬
‫‪0.210‬‬
‫‪0.213‬‬
‫‪0.215‬‬
‫‪0.240‬‬
‫‪0.263‬‬
‫‪0.305‬‬
‫‪0.295‬‬
‫‪0.284‬‬
‫‪2.432‬‬
‫‪2.490‬‬
‫‪2.374‬‬
‫‪2.370‬‬
‫‪2.500‬‬
‫‪2.444‬‬
‫‪2.466‬‬
‫‪2.432‬‬
‫‪2.474‬‬
‫‪2.432‬‬
‫‪2.370‬‬
‫‪2.386‬‬
‫‪2.374‬‬
‫‪2.416‬‬
‫‪2.458‬‬
‫‪2.358‬‬
‫‪2.450‬‬
‫‪2.482‬‬
‫‪2.058‬‬
‫‪2.050‬‬
‫‪2.194‬‬
‫‪2.158‬‬
‫‪2.116‬‬
‫‪2.200‬‬
‫‪2.250‬‬
‫‪2.294‬‬
‫‪2.050‬‬
‫‪2.250‬‬
‫‪2.328‬‬
‫‪2.482‬‬
‫‪2.320‬‬
‫‪2.400‬‬
‫‪2.350‬‬
‫‪2.274‬‬
‫‪2.220‬‬
‫‪2.220‬‬
‫‪2.286‬‬
‫‪2.286‬‬
‫‪2.298‬‬
‫‪2.328‬‬
‫‪2.282‬‬
‫‪2.332‬‬
‫‪2.286‬‬
‫‪2.332‬‬
‫‪2.320‬‬
‫‪2.300‬‬
‫‪2.332‬‬
‫‪2.311‬‬
‫‪2.216‬‬
‫‪2.250‬‬
‫‪2.248‬‬
‫‪1969‬‬
‫‪1970‬‬
‫‪1971‬‬
‫‪1972‬‬
‫‪1973‬‬
‫‪1974‬‬
‫‪1975‬‬
‫‪1976‬‬
‫‪1977‬‬
‫‪1978‬‬
‫‪1979‬‬
‫‪1980‬‬
‫‪1981‬‬
‫‪1982‬‬
‫‪1983‬‬
‫‪1984‬‬
‫‪1985‬‬
‫‪1986‬‬
‫‪1987‬‬
‫‪1988‬‬
‫‪1989‬‬
‫‪1990‬‬
‫‪1991‬‬
‫‪1992‬‬
‫‪1993‬‬
‫‪1994‬‬
‫‪1995‬‬
‫‪1996‬‬
‫‪1997‬‬
‫‪1998‬‬
‫‪1999‬‬
‫‪2000‬‬
‫‪2001‬‬
‫‪2002‬‬
‫‪2003‬‬
‫‪2004‬‬
‫‪2005‬‬
‫‪2006‬‬
‫‪2007‬‬
‫‪2008‬‬
‫‪2009‬‬
‫‪2010‬‬
‫‪2011‬‬
‫‪2012‬‬
‫‪2013‬‬
‫‪2014‬‬
‫‪2015‬‬
‫‪2016‬‬
‫‪2017‬‬
‫‪2018‬‬
‫‪2019‬‬
‫ﺑﺌﺮ ‪NS-5‬‬
‫ﺍﳌﻠﺤﻖ )‪ -1‬ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ ‪(48‬‬
‫‪13.02‬‬
‫‪14.04‬‬
‫‪12.19‬‬
‫‪26.91‬‬
‫‪26.58‬‬
‫‪15.31‬‬
‫‪23.96‬‬
‫‪20.36‬‬
‫‪12.00‬‬
‫‪19.40‬‬
‫‪23.94‬‬
‫‪25.06‬‬
‫‪14.01‬‬
‫‪13.54‬‬
‫‪14.51‬‬
‫‪16.04‬‬
‫‪18.37‬‬
‫‪14.00‬‬
‫‪15.74‬‬
‫‪15.32‬‬
‫‪17.06‬‬
‫‪14.78‬‬
‫‪14.91‬‬
‫‪14.02‬‬
‫‪13.25‬‬
‫‪15.75‬‬
‫‪13.77‬‬
‫‪13.54‬‬
‫‪15.31‬‬
‫‪14.26‬‬
‫‪14.52‬‬
‫‪12.77‬‬
‫‪19.22‬‬
‫‪21.20‬‬
‫‪17.46‬‬
‫‪20.87‬‬
‫‪17.55‬‬
‫‪18.94‬‬
‫‪16.04‬‬
‫‪16.96‬‬
‫‪17.85‬‬
‫‪15.74‬‬
‫‪15.89‬‬
‫‪15.05‬‬
‫‪17.05‬‬
‫‪17.13‬‬
‫‪17.55‬‬
‫‪18.63‬‬
‫‪16.24‬‬
‫‪17.41‬‬
‫‪22.87‬‬
‫‪0.01477‬‬
‫‪0.01543‬‬
‫‪0.02949‬‬
‫‪0.00111‬‬
‫‪-0.01945‬‬
‫‪0.03669‬‬
‫‪-0.02001‬‬
‫‪0.00277‬‬
‫‪0.03723‬‬
‫‪-0.00266‬‬
‫‪-0.00360‬‬
‫‪-0.08435‬‬
‫‪-0.05499‬‬
‫‪0.00410‬‬
‫‪0.00559‬‬
‫‪0.00914‬‬
‫‪-0.03439‬‬
‫‪-0.00593‬‬
‫‪0.00064‬‬
‫‪-0.01770‬‬
‫‪-0.00934‬‬
‫‪0.00867‬‬
‫‪0.00453‬‬
‫‪0.01830‬‬
‫‪0.02594‬‬
‫‪0.00056‬‬
‫‪0.00717‬‬
‫‪0.02028‬‬
‫‪0.00411‬‬
‫‪0.00793‬‬
‫‪0.01096‬‬
‫‪0.02838‬‬
‫‪0.01466‬‬
‫‪-0.01252‬‬
‫‪0.00961‬‬
‫‪0.00549‬‬
‫‪0.02526‬‬
‫‪-0.01622‬‬
‫‪0.02003‬‬
‫‪0.00224‬‬
‫‪0.00349‬‬
‫‪0.00604‬‬
‫‪-0.00057‬‬
‫‪0.01180‬‬
‫‪-0.00382‬‬
‫‪-0.00981‬‬
‫‪-0.00188‬‬
‫‪0.00198‬‬
‫‪0.02386‬‬
‫‪0.02626‬‬
‫‪0.00655‬‬
‫‪0.26233‬‬
‫‪0.25145‬‬
‫‪0.25689‬‬
‫‪0.19166‬‬
‫‪0.21343‬‬
‫‪0.21887‬‬
‫‪0.22431‬‬
‫‪0.21887‬‬
‫‪0.25145‬‬
‫‪0.22968‬‬
‫‪0.20799‬‬
‫‪0.28410‬‬
‫‪0.32212‬‬
‫‪0.26770‬‬
‫‪0.25689‬‬
‫‪0.24057‬‬
‫‪0.26770‬‬
‫‪0.27322‬‬
‫‪0.25145‬‬
‫‪0.27322‬‬
‫‪0.25145‬‬
‫‪0.25145‬‬
‫‪0.25442‬‬
‫‪0.24876‬‬
‫‪0.24876‬‬
‫‪0.25145‬‬
‫‪0.26233‬‬
‫‪0.25145‬‬
‫‪0.25145‬‬
‫‪0.25689‬‬
‫‪0.25145‬‬
‫‪0.25145‬‬
‫‪0.21343‬‬
‫‪0.22968‬‬
‫‪0.22968‬‬
‫‪0.21343‬‬
‫‪0.21343‬‬
‫‪0.24601‬‬
‫‪0.22968‬‬
‫‪0.24057‬‬
‫‪0.23322‬‬
‫‪0.24601‬‬
‫‪0.25145‬‬
‫‪0.24601‬‬
‫‪0.24601‬‬
‫‪0.25145‬‬
‫‪0.24057‬‬
‫‪0.22968‬‬
‫‪0.22431‬‬
‫‪0.21343‬‬
‫‪0.20254‬‬
‫‪0.27711‬‬
‫‪0.26688‬‬
‫‪0.28638‬‬
‫‪0.19277‬‬
‫‪0.19398‬‬
‫‪0.25555‬‬
‫‪0.20430‬‬
‫‪0.22164‬‬
‫‪0.28868‬‬
‫‪0.22702‬‬
‫‪0.20438‬‬
‫‪0.19975‬‬
‫‪0.26713‬‬
‫‪0.27180‬‬
‫‪0.26249‬‬
‫‪0.24971‬‬
‫‪0.23331‬‬
‫‪0.26729‬‬
‫‪0.25209‬‬
‫‪0.25552‬‬
‫‪0.24210‬‬
‫‪0.26012‬‬
‫‪0.25895‬‬
‫‪0.26707‬‬
‫‪0.27471‬‬
‫‪0.25201‬‬
‫‪0.26950‬‬
‫‪0.27172‬‬
‫‪0.25555‬‬
‫‪0.26482‬‬
‫‪0.26241‬‬
‫‪0.27982‬‬
‫‪0.22809‬‬
‫‪0.21716‬‬
‫‪0.23929‬‬
‫‪0.21892‬‬
‫‪0.23868‬‬
‫‪0.22978‬‬
‫‪0.24971‬‬
‫‪0.24281‬‬
‫‪0.23670‬‬
‫‪0.25205‬‬
‫‪0.25088‬‬
‫‪0.25781‬‬
‫‪0.24218‬‬
‫‪0.24164‬‬
‫‪0.23868‬‬
‫‪0.23167‬‬
‫‪0.24817‬‬
‫‪0.23969‬‬
‫‪0.20909‬‬
‫‪0.28421‬‬
‫‪0.27485‬‬
‫‪0.29357‬‬
‫‪0.18713‬‬
‫‪0.19415‬‬
‫‪0.25731‬‬
‫‪0.18480‬‬
‫‪0.18947‬‬
‫‪0.29357‬‬
‫‪0.21404‬‬
‫‪0.20117‬‬
‫‪0.19649‬‬
‫‪0.26667‬‬
‫‪0.26901‬‬
‫‪0.25497‬‬
‫‪0.24561‬‬
‫‪0.21053‬‬
‫‪0.26257‬‬
‫‪0.25497‬‬
‫‪0.25263‬‬
‫‪0.23041‬‬
‫‪0.25263‬‬
‫‪0.25029‬‬
‫‪0.25263‬‬
‫‪0.27251‬‬
‫‪0.24561‬‬
‫‪0.26901‬‬
‫‪0.25965‬‬
‫‪0.25731‬‬
‫‪0.25965‬‬
‫‪0.24561‬‬
‫‪0.25965‬‬
‫‪0.22807‬‬
‫‪0.21053‬‬
‫‪0.24327‬‬
‫‪0.21404‬‬
‫‪0.23977‬‬
‫‪0.20117‬‬
‫‪0.24561‬‬
‫‪0.24561‬‬
‫‪0.23041‬‬
‫‪0.25029‬‬
‫‪0.24795‬‬
‫‪0.24561‬‬
‫‪0.23977‬‬
‫‪0.24327‬‬
‫‪0.23977‬‬
‫‪0.22573‬‬
‫‪0.23333‬‬
‫‪0.21637‬‬
‫‪0.20819‬‬
‫‪14.200‬‬
‫‪14.200‬‬
‫‪18.470‬‬
‫‪20.000‬‬
‫‪20.500‬‬
‫‪16.160‬‬
‫‪16.930‬‬
‫‪19.240‬‬
‫‪16.160‬‬
‫‪18.470‬‬
‫‪20.000‬‬
‫‪16.160‬‬
‫‪12.410‬‬
‫‪13.080‬‬
‫‪13.080‬‬
‫‪17.700‬‬
‫‪20.000‬‬
‫‪23.080‬‬
‫‪22.410‬‬
‫‪23.080‬‬
‫‪23.850‬‬
‫‪21.540‬‬
‫‪24.620‬‬
‫‪22.410‬‬
‫‪27.700‬‬
‫‪21.540‬‬
‫‪24.620‬‬
‫‪23.080‬‬
‫‪20.770‬‬
‫‪22.410‬‬
‫‪24.620‬‬
‫‪24.620‬‬
‫‪23.080‬‬
‫‪23.080‬‬
‫‪23.080‬‬
‫‪26.160‬‬
‫‪26.160‬‬
‫‪23.850‬‬
‫‪17.700‬‬
‫‪17.700‬‬
‫‪17.700‬‬
‫‪17.700‬‬
‫‪20.000‬‬
‫‪20.000‬‬
‫‪16.160‬‬
‫‪18.470‬‬
‫‪17.700‬‬
‫‪17.700‬‬
‫‪16.930‬‬
‫‪16.930‬‬
‫‪16.930‬‬
‫‪84.620‬‬
‫‪83.080‬‬
‫‪83.850‬‬
‫‪74.620‬‬
‫‪77.700‬‬
‫‪78.470‬‬
‫‪79.240‬‬
‫‪78.470‬‬
‫‪83.080‬‬
‫‪80.000‬‬
‫‪76.930‬‬
‫‪87.700‬‬
‫‪93.080‬‬
‫‪85.380‬‬
‫‪83.850‬‬
‫‪81.540‬‬
‫‪85.380‬‬
‫‪86.160‬‬
‫‪83.080‬‬
‫‪86.160‬‬
‫‪83.080‬‬
‫‪83.080‬‬
‫‪83.500‬‬
‫‪82.700‬‬
‫‪82.700‬‬
‫‪83.080‬‬
‫‪84.620‬‬
‫‪83.080‬‬
‫‪83.080‬‬
‫‪83.850‬‬
‫‪83.080‬‬
‫‪83.080‬‬
‫‪77.700‬‬
‫‪80.000‬‬
‫‪80.000‬‬
‫‪77.700‬‬
‫‪77.700‬‬
‫‪82.310‬‬
‫‪80.000‬‬
‫‪81.540‬‬
‫‪80.500‬‬
‫‪82.310‬‬
‫‪83.080‬‬
‫‪82.310‬‬
‫‪82.310‬‬
‫‪83.080‬‬
‫‪81.540‬‬
‫‪80.000‬‬
‫‪79.240‬‬
‫‪77.700‬‬
‫‪76.160‬‬
‫‪0.270‬‬
‫‪0.259‬‬
‫‪0.279‬‬
‫‪0.198‬‬
‫‪0.194‬‬
‫‪0.254‬‬
‫‪0.224‬‬
‫‪0.254‬‬
‫‪0.284‬‬
‫‪0.240‬‬
‫‪0.208‬‬
‫‪0.203‬‬
‫‪0.268‬‬
‫‪0.275‬‬
‫‪0.270‬‬
‫‪0.254‬‬
‫‪0.256‬‬
‫‪0.272‬‬
‫‪0.249‬‬
‫‪0.258‬‬
‫‪0.254‬‬
‫‪0.268‬‬
‫‪0.268‬‬
‫‪0.282‬‬
‫‪0.277‬‬
‫‪0.258‬‬
‫‪0.270‬‬
‫‪0.284‬‬
‫‪0.254‬‬
‫‪0.270‬‬
‫‪0.279‬‬
‫‪0.300‬‬
‫‪0.228‬‬
‫‪0.224‬‬
‫‪0.235‬‬
‫‪0.224‬‬
‫‪0.238‬‬
‫‪0.258‬‬
‫‪0.254‬‬
‫‪0.240‬‬
‫‪0.243‬‬
‫‪0.254‬‬
‫‪0.254‬‬
‫‪0.270‬‬
‫‪0.245‬‬
‫‪0.240‬‬
‫‪0.238‬‬
‫‪0.238‬‬
‫‪0.263‬‬
‫‪0.263‬‬
‫‪0.210‬‬
‫‪2.224‬‬
‫‪2.240‬‬
‫‪2.208‬‬
‫‪2.390‬‬
‫‪2.378‬‬
‫‪2.270‬‬
‫‪2.394‬‬
‫‪2.386‬‬
‫‪2.208‬‬
‫‪2.344‬‬
‫‪2.366‬‬
‫‪2.374‬‬
‫‪2.254‬‬
‫‪2.250‬‬
‫‪2.274‬‬
‫‪2.290‬‬
‫‪2.350‬‬
‫‪2.261‬‬
‫‪2.274‬‬
‫‪2.278‬‬
‫‪2.316‬‬
‫‪2.278‬‬
‫‪2.282‬‬
‫‪2.278‬‬
‫‪2.244‬‬
‫‪2.290‬‬
‫‪2.250‬‬
‫‪2.266‬‬
‫‪2.270‬‬
‫‪2.266‬‬
‫‪2.290‬‬
‫‪2.266‬‬
‫‪2.320‬‬
‫‪2.350‬‬
‫‪2.294‬‬
‫‪2.344‬‬
‫‪2.300‬‬
‫‪2.366‬‬
‫‪2.290‬‬
‫‪2.290‬‬
‫‪2.316‬‬
‫‪2.282‬‬
‫‪2.286‬‬
‫‪2.290‬‬
‫‪2.300‬‬
‫‪2.294‬‬
‫‪2.300‬‬
‫‪2.324‬‬
‫‪2.311‬‬
‫‪2.340‬‬
‫‪2.354‬‬
‫‪2020‬‬
‫‪2021‬‬
‫‪2022‬‬
‫‪2023‬‬
‫‪2024‬‬
‫‪2025‬‬
‫‪2026‬‬
‫‪2027‬‬
‫‪2028‬‬
‫‪2029‬‬
‫‪2030‬‬
‫‪2031‬‬
‫‪2032‬‬
‫‪2033‬‬
‫‪2034‬‬
‫‪2035‬‬
‫‪2036‬‬
‫‪2037‬‬
‫‪2038‬‬
‫‪2039‬‬
‫‪2040‬‬
‫‪2041‬‬
‫‪2042‬‬
‫‪2043‬‬
‫‪2044‬‬
‫‪2045‬‬
‫‪2046‬‬
‫‪2047‬‬
‫‪2048‬‬
‫‪2049‬‬
‫‪2050‬‬
‫‪2051‬‬
‫‪2052‬‬
‫‪2053‬‬
‫‪2054‬‬
‫‪2055‬‬
‫‪2056‬‬
‫‪2057‬‬
‫‪2058‬‬
‫‪2059‬‬
‫‪2060‬‬
‫‪2061‬‬
‫‪2062‬‬
‫‪2063‬‬
‫‪2064‬‬
‫‪2065‬‬
‫‪2066‬‬
‫‪2067‬‬
‫‪2068‬‬
‫‪2069‬‬
‫‪2070‬‬
NS-5 ‫ﺑﺌﺮ‬
(49 ‫ ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ‬-1) ‫ﺍﳌﻠﺤﻖ‬
2071
2072
2073
2074
2075
2076
2077
2078
2079
2080
2081
2082
2083
2084
2085
2086
2087
2088
2089
2090
2091
2092
2093
2094
2095
2096
2097
2098
2099
2099.7
Depth
1919.5
1920
1921
1922
1923
1924
1925
1926
1927
1928
1929
1930
1931
1932
1933
1934
1935
1936
1937
2.336
2.316
2.374
2.350
2.332
2.332
2.308
2.324
2.332
2.336
2.328
2.332
2.320
2.350
2.324
2.311
2.308
2.350
2.324
2.354
2.350
2.348
2.350
2.358
2.400
2.350
2.386
2.400
2.400
2.424
vsh
0.03910
0.02972
0.10650
0.07933
0.10045
0.07933
0.03910
0.05870
0.03755
0.01454
0.00000
0.00719
0.02972
0.10407
0.04555
0.03755
0.04555
0.04555
0.04117
0.240
0.231
0.208
0.263
0.254
0.249
0.240
0.254
0.247
0.228
0.240
0.240
0.235
0.254
0.263
0.270
0.314
0.268
0.245
0.224
0.215
0.224
0.213
0.238
0.263
0.215
0.198
0.210
0.185
0.173
76.930
76.930
76.160
75.380
76.160
75.380
73.850
77.700
79.240
78.470
78.470
76.930
77.700
77.700
79.240
79.240
77.700
76.160
77.700
76.160
77.700
76.160
76.160
77.700
76.930
76.160
75.380
73.080
74.620
71.540
Sw
Sxo
0.139454
0.136388
0.425198
0.197309
0.163137
0.220633
0.351511
0.408714
0.630856
0.688798
0.578073
0.809193
0.936666
1.000000
0.706518
0.876914
0.946726
1.000000
1.000000
0.386264
0.377772
0.689605
0.320004
0.426020
0.656930
0.799136
0.782502
1.000000
1.000000
0.959329
1.000000
1.000000
1.000000
0.814737
1.000000
1.000000
1.000000
1.000000
16.160
16.160
14.620
16.160
14.620
15.380
14.620
16.160
14.620
16.930
17.700
17.700
16.160
16.500
14.620
16.930
16.160
16.160
19.240
17.700
15.500
16.160
17.700
16.930
16.160
16.930
17.700
19.500
18.420
20.000
Sh
0.86055
0.86361
0.57480
0.80269
0.83686
0.77937
0.64849
0.59129
0.36914
0.31120
0.42193
0.19081
0.06333
0.00000
0.29348
0.12309
0.05327
0.00000
0.00000
0.21871
0.23041
0.19649
0.21053
0.22105
0.22105
0.23509
0.22573
0.22105
0.21871
0.22339
0.22105
0.22807
0.21053
0.22573
0.23333
0.23509
0.21053
0.22573
0.20819
0.21053
0.21170
0.21053
0.20585
0.18129
0.21053
0.18947
0.18129
0.18129
0.16725
Bvw
0.04293
0.04293
0.17524
0.05541
0.03716
0.06518
0.07584
0.08012
0.08521
0.11744
0.12554
0.12552
0.12734
0.14560
0.18794
0.23014
0.21603
0.16008
0.16248
0.22936
0.23055
0.20205
0.23676
0.23743
0.23513
0.23754
0.23977
0.23398
0.22356
0.23170
0.23053
0.23169
0.23216
0.24437
0.25167
0.27444
0.23906
0.23517
0.21599
0.21256
0.21775
0.21176
0.22172
0.22214
0.21256
0.19394
0.19564
0.18294
0.17013
Bvxo
0.11892
0.11891
0.28421
0.08986
0.09705
0.19407
0.17242
0.15339
0.13508
0.17051
0.20833
0.15512
0.13595
0.14560
0.21672
0.26245
0.22819
0.16008
0.16248
0.20799
0.20799
0.20254
0.19703
0.20254
0.19703
0.18622
0.21343
0.22431
0.21887
0.21887
0.20799
0.21343
0.21343
0.22431
0.22431
0.21343
0.20254
0.21343
0.20254
0.21343
0.20254
0.20254
0.21343
0.20799
0.20254
0.19703
0.18078
0.19166
0.16989
Bvo
0.26493
0.27184
0.23690
0.22541
0.19064
0.23025
0.13991
0.11591
0.04986
0.05306
0.09163
0.02960
0.00861
0.00000
0.07807
0.03230
0.01216
0.00000
0.00000
0.02137
0.02257
-0.00050
0.03973
0.03488
0.03809
0.05132
0.02634
0.00967
0.00469
0.01283
0.02254
0.01826
0.01874
0.02005
0.02736
0.06102
0.03652
0.02174
0.01345
-0.00086
0.01520
0.00922
0.00830
0.01416
0.01002
-0.00309
0.01487
-0.00872
0.00023
Mos
0.24681
0.241384
0.264408
0.122696
0.262883
0.436297
0.447624
0.373788
0.369144
0.311202
0.381256
0.190807
0.063334
0
0.108219
0.123086
0.053274
0
0
19.01
18.81
24.50
17.84
17.74
18.09
17.72
17.40
18.27
20.01
18.63
18.82
18.63
18.55
16.75
15.79
13.28
17.50
18.08
21.43
22.13
21.09
22.30
20.34
20.26
22.13
26.59
26.13
29.88
34.55
Ros
0.61374
0.62223
0.31039
0.68000
0.57398
0.34307
0.20086
0.21750
0.00000
0.00000
0.04067
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.18526
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
‫ﺑﺌﺮ ‪NS-5‬‬
‫ﺍﳌﻠﺤﻖ )‪ -1‬ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ ‪(50‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
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‫‪1938‬‬
‫‪1939‬‬
‫‪1940‬‬
‫‪1941‬‬
‫‪1942‬‬
‫‪1943‬‬
‫‪1944‬‬
‫‪1945‬‬
‫‪1946‬‬
‫‪1947‬‬
‫‪1948‬‬
‫‪1949‬‬
‫‪1950‬‬
‫‪1951‬‬
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‫‪1954‬‬
‫‪1955‬‬
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‫‪1957‬‬
‫‪1958‬‬
‫‪1959‬‬
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‫‪1961‬‬
‫‪1962‬‬
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‫‪1965‬‬
‫‪1966‬‬
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‫‪1969‬‬
‫‪1970‬‬
‫‪1971‬‬
‫‪1972‬‬
‫‪1973‬‬
‫‪1974‬‬
‫‪1975‬‬
‫‪1976‬‬
‫‪1977‬‬
‫‪1978‬‬
‫‪1979‬‬
‫‪1980‬‬
‫‪1981‬‬
‫‪1982‬‬
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‫‪1984‬‬
‫‪1985‬‬
‫‪1986‬‬
‫‪1987‬‬
‫‪1988‬‬
‫ﺑﺌﺮ ‪NS-5‬‬
‫ﺍﳌﻠﺤﻖ )‪ -1‬ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ ‪(51‬‬
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‫‪1.000000‬‬
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‫‪0.184228‬‬
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‫‪0.086471‬‬
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‫‪0.101875‬‬
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‫‪0.273949‬‬
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‫‪0.67714‬‬
‫‪1.00000‬‬
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‫‪0.14571‬‬
‫‪0.09733‬‬
‫‪0.12569‬‬
‫‪0.10650‬‬
‫‪0.11599‬‬
‫‪0.03755‬‬
‫‪0.10895‬‬
‫‪0.07933‬‬
‫‪0.09733‬‬
‫‪0.10407‬‬
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‫‪0.06208‬‬
‫‪0.07061‬‬
‫‪0.09733‬‬
‫‪0.06208‬‬
‫‪0.08823‬‬
‫‪0.10650‬‬
‫‪0.06208‬‬
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‫‪0.02972‬‬
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‫‪0.07933‬‬
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‫‪0.14571‬‬
‫‪0.13690‬‬
‫‪0.14571‬‬
‫‪1989‬‬
‫‪1990‬‬
‫‪1991‬‬
‫‪1992‬‬
‫‪1993‬‬
‫‪1994‬‬
‫‪1995‬‬
‫‪1996‬‬
‫‪1997‬‬
‫‪1998‬‬
‫‪1999‬‬
‫‪2000‬‬
‫‪2001‬‬
‫‪2002‬‬
‫‪2003‬‬
‫‪2004‬‬
‫‪2005‬‬
‫‪2006‬‬
‫‪2007‬‬
‫‪2008‬‬
‫‪2009‬‬
‫‪2010‬‬
‫‪2011‬‬
‫‪2012‬‬
‫‪2013‬‬
‫‪2014‬‬
‫‪2015‬‬
‫‪2016‬‬
‫‪2017‬‬
‫‪2018‬‬
‫‪2019‬‬
‫‪2020‬‬
‫‪2021‬‬
‫‪2022‬‬
‫‪2023‬‬
‫‪2024‬‬
‫‪2025‬‬
‫‪2026‬‬
‫‪2027‬‬
‫‪2028‬‬
‫‪2029‬‬
‫‪2030‬‬
‫‪2031‬‬
‫‪2032‬‬
‫‪2033‬‬
‫‪2034‬‬
‫‪2035‬‬
‫‪2036‬‬
‫‪2037‬‬
‫‪2038‬‬
‫‪2039‬‬
‫ﺑﺌﺮ ‪NS-5‬‬
‫ﺍﳌﻠﺤﻖ )‪ -1‬ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ ‪(52‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
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‫‪0.21691‬‬
‫‪0.19742‬‬
‫‪0.22269‬‬
‫‪0.21318‬‬
‫‪0.22263‬‬
‫‪0.22676‬‬
‫‪0.24077‬‬
‫‪0.25169‬‬
‫‪0.24218‬‬
‫‪0.24164‬‬
‫‪0.23868‬‬
‫‪0.23167‬‬
‫‪0.24817‬‬
‫‪0.23969‬‬
‫‪0.20909‬‬
‫‪0.22936‬‬
‫‪0.23055‬‬
‫‪0.20205‬‬
‫‪0.23676‬‬
‫‪0.23743‬‬
‫‪0.23513‬‬
‫‪0.23754‬‬
‫‪0.23977‬‬
‫‪0.23398‬‬
‫‪0.22356‬‬
‫‪0.23170‬‬
‫‪0.23053‬‬
‫‪0.23169‬‬
‫‪0.23216‬‬
‫‪0.24437‬‬
‫‪0.25167‬‬
‫‪0.27444‬‬
‫‪0.23906‬‬
‫‪0.23517‬‬
‫‪0.21599‬‬
‫‪0.08876‬‬
‫‪0.08747‬‬
‫‪0.08286‬‬
‫‪0.08505‬‬
‫‪0.08807‬‬
‫‪0.08743‬‬
‫‪0.09003‬‬
‫‪0.09952‬‬
‫‪0.10341‬‬
‫‪0.10552‬‬
‫‪0.10551‬‬
‫‪0.11019‬‬
‫‪0.12533‬‬
‫‪0.12720‬‬
‫‪0.11552‬‬
‫‪0.10131‬‬
‫‪0.08167‬‬
‫‪0.06781‬‬
‫‪0.09427‬‬
‫‪0.12169‬‬
‫‪0.13797‬‬
‫‪0.14900‬‬
‫‪0.17203‬‬
‫‪0.18244‬‬
‫‪0.18357‬‬
‫‪0.19499‬‬
‫‪0.20716‬‬
‫‪0.21234‬‬
‫‪0.23063‬‬
‫‪0.22398‬‬
‫‪0.20909‬‬
‫‪0.22936‬‬
‫‪0.21220‬‬
‫‪0.20205‬‬
‫‪0.23045‬‬
‫‪0.23276‬‬
‫‪0.23273‬‬
‫‪0.23511‬‬
‫‪0.23977‬‬
‫‪0.23398‬‬
‫‪0.22356‬‬
‫‪0.23170‬‬
‫‪0.23053‬‬
‫‪0.23169‬‬
‫‪0.23216‬‬
‫‪0.24437‬‬
‫‪0.24528‬‬
‫‪0.24251‬‬
‫‪0.23478‬‬
‫‪0.23234‬‬
‫‪0.21599‬‬
‫‪0.63338‬‬
‫‪0.66372‬‬
‫‪0.68003‬‬
‫‪0.68152‬‬
‫‪0.67940‬‬
‫‪0.65307‬‬
‫‪0.66595‬‬
‫‪0.63376‬‬
‫‪0.59537‬‬
‫‪0.60153‬‬
‫‪0.59791‬‬
‫‪0.60622‬‬
‫‪0.45050‬‬
‫‪0.41426‬‬
‫‪0.51723‬‬
‫‪0.53724‬‬
‫‪0.65785‬‬
‫‪0.70490‬‬
‫‪0.62246‬‬
‫‪0.49881‬‬
‫‪0.41713‬‬
‫‪0.40882‬‬
‫‪0.31427‬‬
‫‪0.29232‬‬
‫‪0.24201‬‬
‫‪0.19304‬‬
‫‪0.13206‬‬
‫‪0.08343‬‬
‫‪0.07067‬‬
‫‪0.06554‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.07961‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.02666‬‬
‫‪0.01965‬‬
‫‪0.01019‬‬
‫‪0.01024‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪0.02536‬‬
‫‪0.11635‬‬
‫‪0.01791‬‬
‫‪0.01200‬‬
‫‪0.00000‬‬
‫‪1.000000‬‬
‫‪0.913676‬‬
‫‪0.832028‬‬
‫‪0.903754‬‬
‫‪0.897811‬‬
‫‪0.901685‬‬
‫‪0.867962‬‬
‫‪0.922826‬‬
‫‪0.981089‬‬
‫‪1.000000‬‬
‫‪0.996138‬‬
‫‪0.852634‬‬
‫‪1.000000‬‬
‫‪1.000000‬‬
‫‪1.000000‬‬
‫‪0.921992‬‬
‫‪0.908770‬‬
‫‪0.859138‬‬
‫‪0.891796‬‬
‫‪0.877980‬‬
‫‪0.940541‬‬
‫‪0.899688‬‬
‫‪0.959721‬‬
‫‪0.976268‬‬
‫‪1.000000‬‬
‫‪1.000000‬‬
‫‪1.000000‬‬
‫‪1.000000‬‬
‫‪1.000000‬‬
‫‪1.000000‬‬
‫‪1.000000‬‬
‫‪1.000000‬‬
‫‪1.000000‬‬
‫‪1.000000‬‬
‫‪1.000000‬‬
‫‪1.000000‬‬
‫‪1.000000‬‬
‫‪1.000000‬‬
‫‪1.000000‬‬
‫‪1.000000‬‬
‫‪1.000000‬‬
‫‪1.000000‬‬
‫‪1.000000‬‬
‫‪1.000000‬‬
‫‪1.000000‬‬
‫‪1.000000‬‬
‫‪1.000000‬‬
‫‪1.000000‬‬
‫‪1.000000‬‬
‫‪1.000000‬‬
‫‪1.000000‬‬
‫‪0.366624‬‬
‫‪0.336284‬‬
‫‪0.319970‬‬
‫‪0.318475‬‬
‫‪0.320597‬‬
‫‪0.346926‬‬
‫‪0.334046‬‬
‫‪0.366235‬‬
‫‪0.404632‬‬
‫‪0.398469‬‬
‫‪0.402088‬‬
‫‪0.393776‬‬
‫‪0.549502‬‬
‫‪0.585742‬‬
‫‪0.482774‬‬
‫‪0.462760‬‬
‫‪0.342149‬‬
‫‪0.295104‬‬
‫‪0.377541‬‬
‫‪0.501189‬‬
‫‪0.582871‬‬
‫‪0.591176‬‬
‫‪0.685725‬‬
‫‪0.707679‬‬
‫‪0.757989‬‬
‫‪0.806958‬‬
‫‪0.867942‬‬
‫‪0.916569‬‬
‫‪0.929327‬‬
‫‪0.934455‬‬
‫‪1.000000‬‬
‫‪1.000000‬‬
‫‪0.920394‬‬
‫‪1.000000‬‬
‫‪0.973337‬‬
‫‪0.980347‬‬
‫‪0.989810‬‬
‫‪0.989763‬‬
‫‪1.000000‬‬
‫‪1.000000‬‬
‫‪1.000000‬‬
‫‪1.000000‬‬
‫‪1.000000‬‬
‫‪1.000000‬‬
‫‪1.000000‬‬
‫‪1.000000‬‬
‫‪0.974638‬‬
‫‪0.883650‬‬
‫‪0.982090‬‬
‫‪0.988001‬‬
‫‪1.000000‬‬
‫‪0.15605‬‬
‫‪0.12569‬‬
‫‪0.16661‬‬
‫‪0.13690‬‬
‫‪0.21118‬‬
‫‪0.12569‬‬
‫‪0.16661‬‬
‫‪0.14571‬‬
‫‪0.11599‬‬
‫‪0.13690‬‬
‫‪0.16661‬‬
‫‪0.16661‬‬
‫‪0.14571‬‬
‫‪0.14571‬‬
‫‪0.14571‬‬
‫‪0.18842‬‬
‫‪0.18842‬‬
‫‪0.15605‬‬
‫‪0.07933‬‬
‫‪0.07933‬‬
‫‪0.07933‬‬
‫‪0.07933‬‬
‫‪0.10650‬‬
‫‪0.10650‬‬
‫‪0.06208‬‬
‫‪0.08823‬‬
‫‪0.07933‬‬
‫‪0.07933‬‬
‫‪0.07061‬‬
‫‪0.07061‬‬
‫‪0.07061‬‬
‫‪0.06208‬‬
‫‪0.06208‬‬
‫‪0.04555‬‬
‫‪0.06208‬‬
‫‪0.04555‬‬
‫‪0.05362‬‬
‫‪0.04555‬‬
‫‪0.06208‬‬
‫‪0.04555‬‬
‫‪0.07061‬‬
‫‪0.07933‬‬
‫‪0.07933‬‬
‫‪0.06208‬‬
‫‪0.06583‬‬
‫‪0.04555‬‬
‫‪0.07061‬‬
‫‪0.06208‬‬
‫‪0.06208‬‬
‫‪0.09733‬‬
‫‪0.07933‬‬
‫‪2040‬‬
‫‪2041‬‬
‫‪2042‬‬
‫‪2043‬‬
‫‪2044‬‬
‫‪2045‬‬
‫‪2046‬‬
‫‪2047‬‬
‫‪2048‬‬
‫‪2049‬‬
‫‪2050‬‬
‫‪2051‬‬
‫‪2052‬‬
‫‪2053‬‬
‫‪2054‬‬
‫‪2055‬‬
‫‪2056‬‬
‫‪2057‬‬
‫‪2058‬‬
‫‪2059‬‬
‫‪2060‬‬
‫‪2061‬‬
‫‪2062‬‬
‫‪2063‬‬
‫‪2064‬‬
‫‪2065‬‬
‫‪2066‬‬
‫‪2067‬‬
‫‪2068‬‬
‫‪2069‬‬
‫‪2070‬‬
‫‪2071‬‬
‫‪2072‬‬
‫‪2073‬‬
‫‪2074‬‬
‫‪2075‬‬
‫‪2076‬‬
‫‪2077‬‬
‫‪2078‬‬
‫‪2079‬‬
‫‪2080‬‬
‫‪2081‬‬
‫‪2082‬‬
‫‪2083‬‬
‫‪2084‬‬
‫‪2085‬‬
‫‪2086‬‬
‫‪2087‬‬
‫‪2088‬‬
‫‪2089‬‬
‫‪2090‬‬
NS-5 ‫ﺑﺌﺮ‬
2091
2092
2093
2094
2095
2096
2097
2098
2099
2099.7
Depth
1919.5
1920
1921
1922
1923
1924
1925
1926
1927
1928
1929
1930
1931
1932
1933
1934
1935
1936
1937
1938
1939
1940
1941
1942
1943
1944
1945
1946
1947
1948
1949
1950
1951
1952
1953
1954
1955
1956
(53 ‫ ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ‬-1) ‫ﺍﳌﻠﺤﻖ‬
0.05491
0.06208
0.07933
0.07061
0.06208
0.07061
0.07933
0.10045
0.08765
0.10650
M
0.67221
0.74773
1.11215
1.09914
1.02248
0.97823
0.94317
0.87372
0.83984
0.78643
0.85296
0.82869
0.85368
0.75747
0.83504
0.85616
0.85358
0.77799
0.79381
0.78219
0.78361
0.81667
0.82526
0.80600
0.79344
0.82568
0.77282
0.79290
0.82526
0.82693
0.76560
0.76255
0.80028
0.82606
0.79145
0.81418
0.80502
0.83585
1.000000
1.000000
1.000000
1.000000
0.986466
0.986910
1.000000
0.928369
0.963051
0.964392
N
0.46073
0.45030
0.51402
0.65517
0.61240
0.55161
0.56681
0.52414
0.54141
0.54071
0.57496
0.59192
0.59400
0.55440
0.58960
0.56583
0.56716
0.54262
0.55469
0.56113
0.56625
0.57589
0.55965
0.55114
0.54204
0.56835
0.55034
0.56456
0.58174
0.57496
0.53815
0.53020
0.53901
0.55783
0.55791
0.56716
0.57666
0.59719
1.000000
1.000000
1.000000
1.000000
1.000000
1.000000
1.000000
1.000000
1.000000
1.000000
ρmaa
2.91292
2.93219
2.82014
2.61295
2.67057
2.75993
2.73670
2.80354
2.77588
2.77699
2.72450
2.69964
2.69665
2.75563
2.70300
2.73818
2.73617
2.77397
2.75517
2.74531
2.73755
2.72312
2.74758
2.76066
2.77488
2.73439
2.76191
2.74010
2.71448
2.72450
2.78103
2.79373
2.77967
2.75035
2.75023
2.73617
2.72197
2.69208
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.01353
0.01309
0.00000
0.07163
0.03695
0.03561
0.21256
0.21775
0.21176
0.22172
0.21914
0.20978
0.19394
0.18163
0.17618
0.16407
∆tmaa
60.41228
44.52391
-13.42726
11.71508
18.18778
16.83901
25.19928
31.42079
39.85374
49.25218
41.90677
48.15210
44.15968
56.01724
46.79235
40.18374
40.80346
50.98727
49.67274
52.48434
52.84357
48.27889
44.77988
47.09087
48.17439
45.79397
52.83618
51.02762
47.51106
46.39645
52.64538
52.21926
46.57573
44.41030
50.47696
47.64449
50.37720
47.56757
0.21256
0.21775
0.21176
0.22172
0.22214
0.21256
0.19394
0.19564
0.18294
0.17013
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00301
0.00278
0.00000
0.01401
0.00676
0.00606
0
0
0
0
0.013534
0.01309
0
0.071631
0.036949
0.035608
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
‫ﺑﺌﺮ ‪NS-5‬‬
‫ﺍﳌﻠﺤﻖ )‪ -1‬ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ ‪(54‬‬
‫‪44.28637‬‬
‫‪50.05782‬‬
‫‪41.70275‬‬
‫‪45.72813‬‬
‫‪50.12372‬‬
‫‪48.76155‬‬
‫‪45.14356‬‬
‫‪49.51106‬‬
‫‪47.47187‬‬
‫‪41.05569‬‬
‫‪51.64730‬‬
‫‪52.45389‬‬
‫‪47.00109‬‬
‫‪51.79200‬‬
‫‪48.34185‬‬
‫‪45.29776‬‬
‫‪50.58321‬‬
‫‪48.43034‬‬
‫‪49.86054‬‬
‫‪47.79949‬‬
‫‪49.27138‬‬
‫‪49.12053‬‬
‫‪46.48707‬‬
‫‪42.03573‬‬
‫‪44.95009‬‬
‫‪47.06040‬‬
‫‪48.71840‬‬
‫‪45.64440‬‬
‫‪75.89881‬‬
‫‪135.50097‬‬
‫‪52.43880‬‬
‫‪87.62849‬‬
‫‪75.00538‬‬
‫‪64.18612‬‬
‫‪64.18137‬‬
‫‪83.99741‬‬
‫‪61.62379‬‬
‫‪77.72002‬‬
‫‪23.37932‬‬
‫‪42.18997‬‬
‫‪46.45224‬‬
‫‪58.63142‬‬
‫‪43.65598‬‬
‫‪38.12554‬‬
‫‪52.92936‬‬
‫‪44.25797‬‬
‫‪48.68553‬‬
‫‪35.85701‬‬
‫‪45.02344‬‬
‫‪46.06254‬‬
‫‪43.60945‬‬
‫‪2.71945‬‬
‫‪2.79763‬‬
‫‪2.74692‬‬
‫‪2.75471‬‬
‫‪2.73439‬‬
‫‪2.73213‬‬
‫‪2.72952‬‬
‫‪2.73468‬‬
‫‪2.76800‬‬
‫‪2.74052‬‬
‫‪2.77106‬‬
‫‪2.76726‬‬
‫‪2.71597‬‬
‫‪2.74051‬‬
‫‪2.72450‬‬
‫‪2.74470‬‬
‫‪2.76762‬‬
‫‪2.73950‬‬
‫‪2.74804‬‬
‫‪2.73279‬‬
‫‪2.74542‬‬
‫‪2.72798‬‬
‫‪2.74215‬‬
‫‪2.75718‬‬
‫‪2.74199‬‬
‫‪2.71111‬‬
‫‪2.74128‬‬
‫‪2.70202‬‬
‫‪2.71724‬‬
‫‪2.72660‬‬
‫‪2.84688‬‬
‫‪2.80407‬‬
‫‪2.88857‬‬
‫‪2.92328‬‬
‫‪2.89212‬‬
‫‪2.88939‬‬
‫‪2.88694‬‬
‫‪2.87764‬‬
‫‪2.56246‬‬
‫‪2.78445‬‬
‫‪2.91216‬‬
‫‪2.73591‬‬
‫‪2.70023‬‬
‫‪2.70866‬‬
‫‪2.70943‬‬
‫‪2.68004‬‬
‫‪2.66456‬‬
‫‪2.72627‬‬
‫‪2.73544‬‬
‫‪2.73544‬‬
‫‪2.71936‬‬
‫‪0.57837‬‬
‫‪0.52778‬‬
‫‪0.56008‬‬
‫‪0.55499‬‬
‫‪0.56835‬‬
‫‪0.56985‬‬
‫‪0.57160‬‬
‫‪0.56816‬‬
‫‪0.54643‬‬
‫‪0.56429‬‬
‫‪0.54447‬‬
‫‪0.54690‬‬
‫‪0.58073‬‬
‫‪0.56430‬‬
‫‪0.57496‬‬
‫‪0.56153‬‬
‫‪0.54667‬‬
‫‪0.56496‬‬
‫‪0.55935‬‬
‫‪0.56941‬‬
‫‪0.56106‬‬
‫‪0.57263‬‬
‫‪0.56321‬‬
‫‪0.55339‬‬
‫‪0.56332‬‬
‫‪0.58404‬‬
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‫‪0.59028‬‬
‫‪0.57986‬‬
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‫‪0.55575‬‬
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‫‪1.06000‬‬
‫‪0.82272‬‬
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‫‪0.75101‬‬
‫‪0.85485‬‬
‫‪0.88300‬‬
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‫‪0.86154‬‬
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‫‪0.88713‬‬
‫‪0.82963‬‬
‫‪0.82364‬‬
‫‪0.84561‬‬
‫‪1957‬‬
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‫ﺑﺌﺮ ‪NS-5‬‬
‫ﺍﳌﻠﺤﻖ )‪ -1‬ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ ‪(55‬‬
‫‪48.25572‬‬
‫‪48.84743‬‬
‫‪45.35636‬‬
‫‪44.82457‬‬
‫‪47.12144‬‬
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‫‪46.99688‬‬
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‫‪48.14045‬‬
‫‪62.41525‬‬
‫‪58.11671‬‬
‫‪46.70336‬‬
‫‪46.42656‬‬
‫‪45.77595‬‬
‫‪53.84703‬‬
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‫‪47.37956‬‬
‫‪50.86410‬‬
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‫‪45.84246‬‬
‫‪46.63517‬‬
‫‪43.96652‬‬
‫‪42.43848‬‬
‫‪47.39439‬‬
‫‪46.11100‬‬
‫‪43.56052‬‬
‫‪46.71951‬‬
‫‪45.97291‬‬
‫‪45.39777‬‬
‫‪41.92473‬‬
‫‪44.81312‬‬
‫‪49.76281‬‬
‫‪45.71329‬‬
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‫‪42.80596‬‬
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‫‪2.73105‬‬
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‫‪2.72611‬‬
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‫‪2.78066‬‬
‫‪2.69826‬‬
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‫‪2.71691‬‬
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‫‪2.70597‬‬
‫‪2.72204‬‬
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‫‪2.72069‬‬
‫‪2.70757‬‬
‫‪2.77353‬‬
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‫‪0.58968‬‬
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‫‪0.82109‬‬
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‫‪0.80741‬‬
‫‪0.84235‬‬
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‫‪0.78104‬‬
‫‪0.84496‬‬
‫‪2008‬‬
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‫ﺑﺌﺮ ‪NS-5‬‬
‫ﺍﳌﻠﺤﻖ )‪ -1‬ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ ‪(56‬‬
‫‪47.08109‬‬
‫‪46.85318‬‬
‫‪46.35750‬‬
‫‪47.60807‬‬
‫‪45.25033‬‬
‫‪48.21402‬‬
‫‪49.33066‬‬
‫‪47.84985‬‬
‫‪47.13471‬‬
‫‪43.01020‬‬
‫‪42.61289‬‬
‫‪46.32826‬‬
‫‪43.57604‬‬
‫‪43.34962‬‬
‫‪47.58841‬‬
‫‪40.13402‬‬
‫‪41.02741‬‬
‫‪40.45260‬‬
‫‪37.97492‬‬
‫‪42.59780‬‬
‫‪45.71461‬‬
‫‪46.64575‬‬
‫‪45.13769‬‬
‫‪43.35499‬‬
‫‪44.13752‬‬
‫‪44.04733‬‬
‫‪43.74459‬‬
‫‪42.32739‬‬
‫‪35.60043‬‬
‫‪40.70911‬‬
‫‪43.47832‬‬
‫‪45.07261‬‬
‫‪47.65533‬‬
‫‪44.74982‬‬
‫‪45.84506‬‬
‫‪45.99161‬‬
‫‪44.92462‬‬
‫‪45.69962‬‬
‫‪48.04330‬‬
‫‪44.88484‬‬
‫‪49.00972‬‬
‫‪47.46049‬‬
‫‪2.70366‬‬
‫‪2.72410‬‬
‫‪2.71401‬‬
‫‪2.71667‬‬
‫‪2.73809‬‬
‫‪2.71545‬‬
‫‪2.70631‬‬
‫‪2.70757‬‬
‫‪2.72321‬‬
‫‪2.74374‬‬
‫‪2.76243‬‬
‫‪2.71196‬‬
‫‪2.73362‬‬
‫‪2.71032‬‬
‫‪2.72190‬‬
‫‪2.76878‬‬
‫‪2.74672‬‬
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‫‪2.71551‬‬
‫‪2.74157‬‬
‫‪2.73885‬‬
‫‪2.72067‬‬
‫‪2.72848‬‬
‫‪2.73105‬‬
‫‪2.71805‬‬
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‫‪2.75217‬‬
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‫‪2.80276‬‬
‫‪2.77413‬‬
‫‪2.73109‬‬
‫‪2.72703‬‬
‫‪2.71442‬‬
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‫‪2.71592‬‬
‫‪0.58915‬‬
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‫‪0.58206‬‬
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‫‪0.57583‬‬
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‫‪0.55000‬‬
‫‪0.58346‬‬
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‫‪0.57671‬‬
‫‪0.54593‬‬
‫‪0.56021‬‬
‫‪0.56366‬‬
‫‪0.58104‬‬
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‫‪0.83302‬‬
‫‪0.82447‬‬
‫‪0.83222‬‬
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‫‪0.82069‬‬
‫‪0.81855‬‬
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‫‪0.82326‬‬
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‫‪0.83885‬‬
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‫‪0.88035‬‬
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‫‪0.83230‬‬
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‫‪2098‬‬
‫‪2099‬‬
‫‪2099.7‬‬
ABSTRACT
Mishrif Formation (Late cenomanian- Early Turonian) is considered as a main
reservoir in Nassirya oil field, south of Iraq. Five wells, namely NS-1, NS-2, NS-3, NS-4,
and NS-5 are selected to study reservoir and facial characteristics of formation and try to
correlate them with oil field production. Thirty seven thin sections of Mishrif formation
were supplied from S.O.C., additional fifty seven thin sections were prepared to enhance
results.
Upper and lower contact boundaries of Mishrif formation were determined using
electrical, porosities, and Gamma ray logs. The Formation is subdivided into two main
lithological units separated by impermeable unit depending on self potential and
Gamma ray logs. Lower lithological unit is also subdivided into two reservoir units
separating by barrier rocks.
Peterophysical properties of formation under study were determined using
different well logs. Porosities are calculated via (sonic, neutron, and density) logs. It is
clear that the primary porosity of formation represents dominant one and the secondary
is of rare. Calculations of water and hydrocarbon saturations show that the Mishrif
Formation contains different quantities of water, residual oil, and mobile oil
hydrocarbon. Lithology, mineralogy, and matrix of formation are limestone with little
dolomite, calcite, and calcite, respectively.
Seven main microfacies and eight submicrofacies were identified depending on
fauna content. Mishrif Formation were deposited under wide spectrum of depositional
environment starting with open marian at lower part and ended with open lagoon (at
upper part). Diagnsis processes were observed through microscopic examination of thin
sections. These processes includes: compaction, stylolite, newmorphism, cementation,
dolomtization, solution, pressure solution, and mechanical disintegration. These
processes affected of Mishrif Formation and play a role in deterioration and
enhancement of its porosity. Reservoir performance is detected using data of capillary
pressure. Reservoir units are classified depending upon these tests into four grades
(very good, good, medium, and poor).
Oil reserve is calculated using volumetric method and it is found to be equal to
(898) million tons under standard surface conditions.
THE STUDY OF RESERVOIR PROPERTIES OF
MISHRIF FORMATION IN NASSIRYA FIELD AND
ITS RELATIONSHIP WITH OIL PRODUCTION
A thesis submitted to
The College of Science- University of Basrah
as a partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science
in Geology
By
Amnah Mal- Alah Handel
B. Sc. 2000
February 2006
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