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HOMELESS CHILD

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HOMELESS
CHILD
MEMBERS
 FATOUMATA
NDOYE
 MOHAMED NDAO
 MOUHAMADOU A DIONE
 CHEIKH LO
PLAN :
 INTRODUCTION
 I-
WHAT IS A STREET CHILD ?
 II-CAUSES
 III-CONSEQUENCES
 IV- SOLUTIONS
 CONCLUSION
INTRODUCTION
The problem of street children is a very worrying social
phenomenon for most Third World countries. The
phenomenon has undergone various changes and has become
even more complex. This problem is inseparably linked to
"macro-social complexity due to the erosion of community
and family relations; the increasing impoverishment of
populations, cities and the countryside; and the inadequacy
and weakness of the legislative framework.
This phenomenon has disastrous consequences.
It then becomes necessary to find solutions to deal with this
problem. This cannot be achieved without having to identify
the causes that led to this fact and the consequences that
result from it.
I-WHAT’S A STREET CHILD ?
Street children are in difficulty, they are abandoned children, they are
talibés, they are children whose parents are poor, they are children who
have no parents and who are mistreated, they are child soldiers, they are
children without educational support, illiterate, who must learn to
manage on their own despite their young age. They are confronted with
the harsh reality, books of their own, destroyed to survive and not live
since birth. They sometimes lack cultural and even religious moral
education for some. And this phenomenon tends to marginalize them.
However, it is also important to know that every child has rights and
duties towards society. They have the right to be cared for like you, him,
her, I in short like each of her pairs. It then becomes necessary to find
solutions to address these problems.
We can classes in categoreies :
_Those from the villages
_Those who are neglected by their families
_And those in the daaras: the talibes
Those from the villages
young villagers are often driven by a sense of curiosity, wanting to discover
the city at all costs. This causes them to want to come to the capital often
without means or foster care.In the end, they find themselves living on the
street in total poverty.
Those who are neglected by their families
This phenomenon, however, comes from parents who throw their newborn
into the street and who eventually grow up to be marginalized. This
phenomenon most often results in delinquency.
Those in the daaras: the talibes.
In the daaras, they are most often exposed to the deception of their
marabout who asks them to go and beg for money to pay it to him at the risk
of being severely beaten. For their meals, they will also have to fend for
themselves. Basically, daaras serve only as dormitories and a place of
learning.
II-CAUSES
The problem of street children is a very worrying social phenomenon for
most countries in the subregion. The phenomenon has undergone various
changes and has become more complex, said Ibrahima Diagne, Professor
of History and Geography.
In his opinion, this problem is inseparably linked to "a macro-social
context due to the erosion of community and family relations, the
increasing impoverishment of urban and rural populations, and the
inadequacy and weakness of the legislative framework".
Indeed, destitution is the first factor that pushes children and
adolescents to flee their families and throw themselves into banditry.
The main reason for their suffering is the lack of support. Abandonment
of parents or poor treatment of foster parents. Sometimes these kids
even run away to be a gangster. These poor children mainly belong to
third world countries such as Senegal. They are mostly illiterate people
who have been abandoned since birth.
III-CONSEQUENCES
They are shiners, windshield washers, retail cigarette sellers or
others. They are most often seen at the crossroads of major avenues
or at the exit of car parks, equipped with a dirty cloth or a pack of
chewing gum so that they do not have to beg directly. This may be a
way of not feeling totally useless to society.
Trying to count them is almost impossible. This is a category of the
population, domiciled nowhere, living day and night on the streets
and which, by definition, escapes any form of census.
They grow up on the street without parents, without supervision or
protection.
And the most dangerous for them, all means are good to find money.
They often do small jobs and are often used by criminals to sell or
transport drugs. This can lead to delinquency or even endanger their
lives
IV-SOLUTIONS
There will not be many solutions because Senegal is a developing country.
But I can see the creation of an orphanage. In our dreams, we plan to create
an orphanage, teaching our children Arabic as well as French. We should also
gradually teach them the trades, since in a certain age, we will no longer be
able to retain them, he will have to take care of them. People who can
afford it also need to give UNICEF donations. The minimum will serve and
God will pay you. It is considered that it is necessary to identify the persons
and structures (parents, daaras or others) concerned by the phenomenon,
raise awareness among parents and daaras managers about the major axes
and challenges of the measure and strengthen the capacities of the daaras
for better care of the children in these structures, among other solutions.
The Paebca coordinator believes that it is also necessary to organize with
the community, an active solidarity in favor of these children, to promote
their training in carpentry, mechanics or other learning structures and to
develop reception centers for the most complex cases and finally to train
the managers of these centers for the proper care of these children.
It is with the same aim of protecting this vulnerable
layer that the "project to remove street children"
was implemented by the State authorities on
Thursday 30 June 2016. This consisted in recovering
these children from the streets of the capital and in
some large cities, notably Thiès. However, he notes
that the measure has been diverse assessed
differently in terms of its relevance and scope in a
country where begging is maintained by a sociocultural environment with deep roots.
CONCLUSION
In the end, we believe that in order to better manage this
phenomenon, we must identify the people and structures
(parents, daaras or others) concerned, raise awareness
among parents and daaras managers about the major axes
and challenges of the measure and strengthen the capacities
of the daaras for better care of the children in these
structures. The State must also think of active solidarity in
favor of these children but also of others from neighboring
countries, encourage their training in various trades and
develop reception centers for certain complex cases would
all support this scourge.
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