HOMELESS CHILD MEMBERS FATOUMATA NDOYE MOHAMED NDAO MOUHAMADOU A DIONE CHEIKH LO PLAN : INTRODUCTION I- WHAT IS A STREET CHILD ? II-CAUSES III-CONSEQUENCES IV- SOLUTIONS CONCLUSION INTRODUCTION The problem of street children is a very worrying social phenomenon for most Third World countries. The phenomenon has undergone various changes and has become even more complex. This problem is inseparably linked to "macro-social complexity due to the erosion of community and family relations; the increasing impoverishment of populations, cities and the countryside; and the inadequacy and weakness of the legislative framework. This phenomenon has disastrous consequences. It then becomes necessary to find solutions to deal with this problem. This cannot be achieved without having to identify the causes that led to this fact and the consequences that result from it. I-WHAT’S A STREET CHILD ? Street children are in difficulty, they are abandoned children, they are talibés, they are children whose parents are poor, they are children who have no parents and who are mistreated, they are child soldiers, they are children without educational support, illiterate, who must learn to manage on their own despite their young age. They are confronted with the harsh reality, books of their own, destroyed to survive and not live since birth. They sometimes lack cultural and even religious moral education for some. And this phenomenon tends to marginalize them. However, it is also important to know that every child has rights and duties towards society. They have the right to be cared for like you, him, her, I in short like each of her pairs. It then becomes necessary to find solutions to address these problems. We can classes in categoreies : _Those from the villages _Those who are neglected by their families _And those in the daaras: the talibes Those from the villages young villagers are often driven by a sense of curiosity, wanting to discover the city at all costs. This causes them to want to come to the capital often without means or foster care.In the end, they find themselves living on the street in total poverty. Those who are neglected by their families This phenomenon, however, comes from parents who throw their newborn into the street and who eventually grow up to be marginalized. This phenomenon most often results in delinquency. Those in the daaras: the talibes. In the daaras, they are most often exposed to the deception of their marabout who asks them to go and beg for money to pay it to him at the risk of being severely beaten. For their meals, they will also have to fend for themselves. Basically, daaras serve only as dormitories and a place of learning. II-CAUSES The problem of street children is a very worrying social phenomenon for most countries in the subregion. The phenomenon has undergone various changes and has become more complex, said Ibrahima Diagne, Professor of History and Geography. In his opinion, this problem is inseparably linked to "a macro-social context due to the erosion of community and family relations, the increasing impoverishment of urban and rural populations, and the inadequacy and weakness of the legislative framework". Indeed, destitution is the first factor that pushes children and adolescents to flee their families and throw themselves into banditry. The main reason for their suffering is the lack of support. Abandonment of parents or poor treatment of foster parents. Sometimes these kids even run away to be a gangster. These poor children mainly belong to third world countries such as Senegal. They are mostly illiterate people who have been abandoned since birth. III-CONSEQUENCES They are shiners, windshield washers, retail cigarette sellers or others. They are most often seen at the crossroads of major avenues or at the exit of car parks, equipped with a dirty cloth or a pack of chewing gum so that they do not have to beg directly. This may be a way of not feeling totally useless to society. Trying to count them is almost impossible. This is a category of the population, domiciled nowhere, living day and night on the streets and which, by definition, escapes any form of census. They grow up on the street without parents, without supervision or protection. And the most dangerous for them, all means are good to find money. They often do small jobs and are often used by criminals to sell or transport drugs. This can lead to delinquency or even endanger their lives IV-SOLUTIONS There will not be many solutions because Senegal is a developing country. But I can see the creation of an orphanage. In our dreams, we plan to create an orphanage, teaching our children Arabic as well as French. We should also gradually teach them the trades, since in a certain age, we will no longer be able to retain them, he will have to take care of them. People who can afford it also need to give UNICEF donations. The minimum will serve and God will pay you. It is considered that it is necessary to identify the persons and structures (parents, daaras or others) concerned by the phenomenon, raise awareness among parents and daaras managers about the major axes and challenges of the measure and strengthen the capacities of the daaras for better care of the children in these structures, among other solutions. The Paebca coordinator believes that it is also necessary to organize with the community, an active solidarity in favor of these children, to promote their training in carpentry, mechanics or other learning structures and to develop reception centers for the most complex cases and finally to train the managers of these centers for the proper care of these children. It is with the same aim of protecting this vulnerable layer that the "project to remove street children" was implemented by the State authorities on Thursday 30 June 2016. This consisted in recovering these children from the streets of the capital and in some large cities, notably Thiès. However, he notes that the measure has been diverse assessed differently in terms of its relevance and scope in a country where begging is maintained by a sociocultural environment with deep roots. CONCLUSION In the end, we believe that in order to better manage this phenomenon, we must identify the people and structures (parents, daaras or others) concerned, raise awareness among parents and daaras managers about the major axes and challenges of the measure and strengthen the capacities of the daaras for better care of the children in these structures. The State must also think of active solidarity in favor of these children but also of others from neighboring countries, encourage their training in various trades and develop reception centers for certain complex cases would all support this scourge.