Telechargé par naim_mag

DzExams.com -12 D3AS - دليل الأستاذ - العلوم الطبيعية

publicité
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﺸﻌ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫اﻃ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻳﻤﻘ‬
‫ﻟﺪ‬
‫ﻳﺔا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﻳﺔا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻟﺠﻤﮫﻮ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻮﻃ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫رةا‬
‫ا‬
‫ز‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎذ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿﻞاﻷﺳ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫د‬
‫رﺳ ﻲ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺪ‬
‫ﺎبا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ﺎلا‬
‫ﺘﻌﻤ‬
‫اﺳ‬
‫ة‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻌﺔو‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﻠﻮما‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫ﻧﻮي‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻢا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺘﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺜﺔﻣﻦا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻨﺔا‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎت ‪133 :‬‬
‫ﻔﺤ‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫دا‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫ﯿﻢ‬
‫ﺮﺣ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮﺣﻤﻦا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺑ ﺴﻢا ﷲا‬
‫ﻟﻤﻘﺪﻣﺔ‬
‫ا‬
‫ذ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻞاﻷﺳ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻲد‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﺔﻓ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ـﺔﻣﻤ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ـﺔﺗ‬
‫ﻮﻋ‬
‫ﻳﻜﻢﻣﺠﻤ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﯿﻦأ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻊﺑ‬
‫ﯿﻒأنﻳﻀ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻖا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺮﻓ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻳﺴ‬
‫رﺳﻲ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻟﻤﺪ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎب‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻖا‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺗﻄ‬
‫ﺎلو‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻻﺳ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘﮫ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺮﺣ‬
‫ﻓﻲﻣ‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﺔا‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻨﻈ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ـﻼحا‬
‫ـﺬإﺻ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ـﻖو‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫رﺗﻄ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻲإﻃ‬
‫ـﺔﻓ‬
‫ﻮﻋ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺠﻤ‬
‫ها‬
‫أﻋﺪتھﺬ‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻨﺔا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻠﺴ‬
‫ﺎتﻟ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎﺿ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﺔو‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮما‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺘﻲا‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻳﺪﻟﻜﻞﻣﻦ ﺷ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎجا‬
‫ﻨﮫ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺎﻟ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫‪،‬و‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨﮫ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ات‪.‬‬
‫ء‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻜﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺑﺔﺑ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻠﻰا‬
‫ﺎنﻋ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮي‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻢا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻣﻦا‬
‫ء‬
‫ا‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎﻓﻲاﻷ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ءﻋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻜﻦاﻻﺳ‬
‫اﻻﻳﻤ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻣﺔﺟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺮھ‬
‫ﺎﺻ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺛﺔﻋ‬
‫ﻠﻰﺛﻼ‬
‫ﻮﻋﺔﻋ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺠﻤ‬
‫ها‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫زھ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻧﺠ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﺗﻜ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺎھﻲ‪:‬‬
‫ﻨﺴﺠﻤ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎﻣﻼو‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻜﻞﻛﻼﻣ‬
‫ﻮي‪.‬وھﻲﺗﺸ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎج‪.‬‬
‫ﻨﮫ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬‫ﻓﻘﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻘﺔا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬‫رﺳﻲ‪.‬‬
‫ﻟﻤﺪ‬
‫ﺎبا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬‫ﻮي‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻢا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻦا‬
‫ـﺔﻣ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻨﺔا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻠﺴ‬
‫ةﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﺔو‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﻮما‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ذﻋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿﻞﻷﺳ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﺪ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اا‬
‫ـﺬ‬
‫ـﻪھ‬
‫ﻮﺟ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎﻋﺪ‬
‫ﻳﺔﺗﺴ‬
‫ر‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺎت ﺿ‬
‫ﯿﮫ‬
‫ﻮﺟ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫هﺑ‬
‫ﻳﺪ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﺎﻓﻲﺗ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒﺔﻣ‬
‫ارﻏ‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﺎت (‪.‬وھ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺎﺿ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔو‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮم‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻪ )ا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺑﺸ‬
‫ﺎج‪.‬‬
‫ﻨﮫ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺮﺟﻢا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺪو‬
‫ﻟﺬيﻳﺠﺴ‬
‫رﺳﻲا‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎبا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻒ‬
‫ﻮﻇ‬
‫ﻠﻰﺗ‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫ـﻢ‬
‫ـﺐﻓﮫ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺘﻄ‬
‫‪،‬ﻳ‬
‫ﯿﻖ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻢا‬
‫ﻔﮫ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫‪،‬و‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫اﻋ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ء‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻳﻖا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫رﺳﻲﻋﻦﻃ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺪ‬
‫ﺎبا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻐﻼلا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫إناﺳ‬
‫ﻠﺔﻓﻲ‪:‬‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫هو‬
‫ء‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ةﻓﻲﺑ‬
‫ﺘﻤﺪ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫اﻷﺳ‬
‫ﺋﻢ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺪﻋ‬
‫ا‬
‫ه‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﺔھ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـﻲﻧﮫ‬
‫ﺎﻓ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻘﮫ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘﺤ‬
‫ﻌﻰﻟ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻲﻧﺴ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اتا‬
‫ء‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻜﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫‪،‬ا‬
‫ـﻪ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫أھ‬
‫‪،‬و‬
‫ﻮي‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻢا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎما‬
‫‪‬ﻣﮫ‬
‫ﻌﻲ‪.‬‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺒﻞا‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿﻢﻣ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﺔﻣﻦا‬
‫ﺮﺣ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﻘﺔﻟﮫﻤ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻘﺔ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮيو‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻢا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺜﺔﻣﻦ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻨﺔ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﺎﺟﻲا‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫‪‬ﻣ‬
‫ﻮل‪:‬‬
‫ةﺣ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺠﺪ‬
‫ا‬
‫ات‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘﺼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫‪‬ا‬
‫ات‪.‬‬
‫ء‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺑﺔﺑ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ذﻓﻲﻇﻞ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫راﻷﺳ‬
‫و‬
‫د‬‫ات ‪.‬‬
‫ء‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺑﺔﺑ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺬﻓﻲﻇﻞ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫را‬
‫و‬
‫د‬‫رف‪.‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫را‬
‫و‬
‫د‬‫ﻠﻢ‪.‬‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫را‬
‫و‬
‫د‬‫رﺳﻲ‪.‬‬
‫ﻟﻤﺪ‬
‫ﺎبا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫را‬
‫و‬
‫د‬‫ﯿﻢ‪.‬‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫را‬
‫و‬
‫د‬‫‪1‬‬
‫ان‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻲا‬
‫اﺳ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫را‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔو‬
‫ـ‬
‫اﺳ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻟﺪ‬
‫ةا‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻮيا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﺬيﻳﺤ‬
‫ءا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻮﻋ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮا‬
‫رﺳﻲھ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎبا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫إنا‬
‫رﺳﻲ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺪ‬
‫ﺎبا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ﺪا‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺎﻳ‬
‫‪،‬ﻛﻤ‬
‫ﺎﻣﻞ‬
‫ﻟﺸ‬
‫ﻣﻪا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻔﮫ‬
‫ﺎجﺑﻤ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻨﻪا‬
‫ﺘﻀﻤ‬
‫ﻟﺬيﻳ‬
‫ﻮىا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻨﺼ‬
‫ﻳﺸﻜﻼنﻋ‬
‫ﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﯿﺬﻣ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ذو‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﮫﺔﻟﻸﺳ‬
‫ﻮﺟ‬
‫ﻠﺔﻣ‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻓ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻠﺔﺗ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫وﺳ‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺮﺟ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ا‬
‫د‬
‫ﻮاﻷ‬
‫ـ‬
‫رﺳﻲھ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎبا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ﺈنا‬
‫‪،‬ﻓ‬
‫ذ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻟﻸﺳ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺮﺟ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ا‬
‫د‬
‫ﻮاﻷ‬
‫ﺎجھ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎنا‬
‫اﻛ‬
‫ذ‬
‫ﺈ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ذﻣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اﻷﺳ‬
‫ﺬو‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺗﻜ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻘﺔإﻋﻼ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻌﺪو‬
‫رﺳﻲﻳ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺪ‬
‫ﺎبا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ﺎلا‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اﺳ‬
‫ﯿﻖو‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ذﻓﻲﺗﻄ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﻞاﻷﺳ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫زد‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻧﺠ‬
‫إنإ‬
‫ﯿﻂ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ـﻲﺗ‬
‫ـﻲﻓ‬
‫رﺳ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺪ‬
‫ﺎبا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ـﻊا‬
‫ـﻞﻣ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ذﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻠﺔاﻷﺳ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺑﺔوﺳ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻮﺑﻤ‬
‫ة ‪.‬وھ‬
‫ﺗﺬ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺎﻷﺳ‬
‫ﺎﺻﺔﺑ‬
‫ﺧ‬
‫ﺎب‪،‬‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ﻐﻼلا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ـ‬
‫‪،‬وﺣﺴﻦاﺳ‬
‫ﺮﺳﻤﻲ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎجا‬
‫ﻨﮫ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎﻣﻞﻣﻊا‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ذﻣﻦا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اﻷﺳ‬
‫ﻜﻦ‬
‫ﻠﻢ‪،‬ﻳﻤ‬
‫َ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺣﺼ ﺺا‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ـﻲا‬
‫ـﻞﻓ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﺪﻣﻤ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻌﻰﺟﺪ‬
‫ﻓﻖﻣﺴ‬
‫ﻠﻤﻲو‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻤﻲ ‪/‬‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫را‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺸ‬
‫ﻧﻄﻼقﻓﻲا‬
‫ﻟﻲاﻻ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫و‬
‫ات‪.‬‬
‫ء‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﻮنﻟﻪ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫‪،‬و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫و‬
‫ذد‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اﻷﺳ‬
‫ﻓﻖ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻮﻳ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫اﻓ‬
‫‪،‬ﻟﺬ‬
‫رﺳﻲ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎبا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫دﻓﻲا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎو‬
‫ﯿﻞﻳﻀﻤﻦﻣ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎأنا‬
‫ﻛﻤ‬
‫ﻨﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ءﻋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اﻻﺳ‬
‫ﻜﻦ‬
‫ﺎ‪.‬ﻻﻳﻤ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺎھ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫اﺗ‬
‫ﻨﺪ‬
‫ﺳ‬
‫ـﺪ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﻐﻼلا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻦاﻻﺳ‬
‫ةﻣ‬
‫ﺗﺬ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻜﻦاﻷﺳ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ات ﺳ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫رﺷ‬
‫ـﻦإ‬
‫ﯿﻞﻣ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اا‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻪھ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺎﻳﺤ‬
‫اﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻧﻈ‬
‫و‬
‫ﯿﻦ‪.‬‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻟﺔﻣﻊا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻣﻞﺑﺴﮫ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻳﻀﻤﻦا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺎب‪،‬ﻛﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺤ‬
‫ﻮن‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻞأﻻﻳﻜ‬
‫ﺄﻣ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫‪،‬و‬
‫ه‬
‫ز‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻧﺠ‬
‫ـﻦإ‬
‫ﺮ ضﻣ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ديا‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ـ‬
‫اﻳ‬
‫ـﺪ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﯿﻞﻣ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﺪ‬
‫اا‬
‫ﻮنھﺬ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻳﺪأنﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿﻒﻳ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻳﻖا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫إنﻓ‬
‫ﺮف‬
‫ﻮيﻣﻦﻃ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ءا‬
‫ا‬
‫د‬
‫ﯿﻦاﻷ‬
‫ﺘﺤﺴ‬
‫ﺎﻟ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫‪،‬ﺳ‬
‫ﺒﺤﺚ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺒﻞا‬
‫ﻗﻞ ﺳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫‪،‬و‬
‫ة‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ةاﻷﺳ‬
‫ر‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺎﻳﺤﺪﻣﻦﻣ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫ذ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اﻷﺳ‬
‫ة‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻌﺔﻋ‬
‫ـ‬
‫اﺿ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻘﺔا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ها‬
‫ﻘﻰھﺬ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫‪،‬و‬
‫ة‬
‫ﺗﺬ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻣﺔاﻷﺳ‬
‫ﮫﺪﻓﻲﺧﺪ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫اا‬
‫ﯿﻒھﺬ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻳﻖا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻳﻀﻊﻓ‬
‫ـﻦ‬
‫ﺎﻟﺤﺴ‬
‫ـ‬
‫دﻋﻤﮫ‬
‫ﺎو‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺋﮫ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻜﻢإ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ا‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘﮫ‬
‫اﺟ‬
‫اﻋﻜﻢو‬
‫ـﺪ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﻣﻞﻣﻦﺧﻼلإ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫‪،‬ﻧ‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﺮﺣ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻮﻋﺔﻣﻦا‬
‫ﻋﻦﻣﺠﻤ‬
‫ﻳﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻜﻢا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﮫﻤ‬
‫ﺎحﻓﻲﻣ‬
‫ﻨﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫‪،‬و‬
‫ء‬
‫ا‬
‫د‬
‫اﻷ‬
‫ﯿﻖ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻲا‬
‫اﷲو‬
‫و‬
‫ﻮن‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻞ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﺪ‬
‫ﺮ سا‬
‫ﻓﮫ‬
‫ﻔﺤﺔ‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫ا‬
‫ان‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻣﺔ ‪2..................................................................................‬‬
‫ﻘﺪ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫‪-1‬‬
‫ات ( ‪5.............................‬‬
‫ء‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ا‬
‫افو‬
‫اﻷھﺪ‬
‫ﻮي )‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻢا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺜﺔﻣﻦا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻨﺔا‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﺎﺟﻲا‬
‫ﻨﮫ‬
‫‪- 2‬ﻣ‬
‫ﺎت ‪6.................................................................... .............‬‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫‪-3‬‬
‫ﻟﻪ ‪7....................................................‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﺔاﺳ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫رﺳﻲو‬
‫ﻟﻤﺪ‬
‫ﺎبا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫را‬
‫و‬
‫‪- 4‬د‬
‫ﯿﻞ ‪8...............................................................................‬‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﺪ‬
‫را‬
‫و‬
‫‪- 5‬د‬
‫رﺳﻲ ‪9...................................................................‬‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎبا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ﻠﺔا‬
‫ﯿﻜ‬
‫‪- 6‬ھ‬
‫ﻘﻪ ‪12....................................................‬‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺗﻄ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺎبو‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ﯿﻦا‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺮحﻣﻀ‬
‫‪ -7‬ﺷ‬
‫ول‪14 ............................................................................‬‬
‫اﻷ‬
‫ﺎل‬
‫ﻟﻤﺠ‬
‫ا‬
‫‪-8‬‬
‫ﻧﻲ‪91............................................................................‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎل‬
‫ﻟﻤﺠ‬
‫ا‬
‫‪-9‬‬
‫ﻟﺚ ‪122..........................................................................‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎلا‬
‫ﻟﻤﺠ‬
‫‪-10‬ا‬
‫ﺎت(‪158.......................................................‬‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺎﺿ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺒﺔ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻧﻲ )ﺷ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎلا‬
‫ﻟﻤﺠ‬
‫‪-11‬ا‬
‫‪2‬‬
‫ﻧﻮي‪:‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻢا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺘﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺜﺔﻣﻦا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻨﺔا‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﻨﺔا‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﺎجا‬
‫ﻨﮫ‬
‫‪-2‬ﻣ‬
‫ﺎج‪:‬‬
‫ﻨﮫ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻳﻢا‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫‪. 1‬ﺗ‬
‫ـﻖ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘﺤ‬
‫ةﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﺔو‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﻮما‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ةﻋ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻮيﻓﻲﻣ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻢ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺜﺔﻣﻦ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻨﺔ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﺎجا‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ءﻣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺗﻢﺑ‬
‫ﯿﺔ ‪:‬‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫افأﺳ‬
‫أھﺪ‬
‫ﺛﺔ‬
‫ﺛﻼ‬
‫ﻟﻲ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻢا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻲا‬
‫اﺳﺔﻓ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻌﺔا‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻳﺔﻟﻤ‬
‫ر‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻀ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎﻷﺳ ﺲا‬
‫ﯿﺬﺑ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺘﻼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺪا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ول‪:‬ﺗ‬
‫‪‬اﻷ‬
‫ﻠﻤﻲ‪.‬‬
‫ﻠﻤﺢﻋ‬
‫ﻓﻖﻣ‬
‫ﺎحو‬
‫ﻨﺠ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ـﻞ‬
‫ـﻦأﺟ‬
‫ةﻣ‬
‫ـﺪ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫اتﺟﺪ‬
‫ء‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺑﻪﻛ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻛﺴ‬
‫إ‬
‫‪،‬و‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ـﻼلا‬
‫ﺒﺔﺧ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘﺴ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻜ‬
‫اتا‬
‫ء‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻜﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻢا‬
‫ﻧﻲ‪:‬ﺗﺪﻋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫‪‬ا‬
‫ﺒﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻜﻞ ﺷ‬
‫ﻠﻖﺑ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻨﮫﺠﻲا‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻳﻦ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻖا‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﻠﻤﻲو‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻔﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺗﻄ‬
‫ـﻪ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﺔﺑﺬ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ـﺔﻣ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ـﺔﻋ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﺮىﺑ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺒﺔأﺧ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻰ ﺷ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻪإ‬
‫ﻮﺟ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ـﺬﻳ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ـﻞﺗ‬
‫ـﺪﻛ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ـﺚ ‪:‬ﺗ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫‪‬ا‬
‫اﻃﻦ‪.‬‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻜﻞﻣ‬
‫ﻳﺔﻟ‬
‫ر‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﻲھﻲ ﺿ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫‪،‬و‬
‫ﯿﻄﻪ‬
‫ﻣﺤ‬
‫ﻌﻪو‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻣﺠ‬
‫ﯿﺔو‬
‫ﻮﺟ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـ‪:‬‬
‫ﻐﺪﺑ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اﻃﻦا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻓﺔﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ها‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﺗﺴﻤﺢھ‬
‫ﻟﺼﺤﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻠﻰا‬
‫ﺎظﻋ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻠﺤ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻟ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻗﻒو‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫دﻣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺗﺨ‬
‫ا‬
‫‬‫ﺮ‬
‫اھ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﻀ‬
‫ﻌ ﺾا‬
‫اﺟﮫﺔﺑ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻧﻲﻓﻲﻣ‬
‫ﻘﻼ‬
‫ﻗﻒﻋ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ذﻣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺗﺨ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎو‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺮعﻓ‬
‫ﺮﻋ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺘﻲﻳ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺌﺔا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اكا‬
‫ر‬
‫د‬
‫ا‬‫ا‬
‫ـﺬ‬
‫ـﻰھ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ـﻞﻋ‬
‫ﻓﻀ‬
‫أ‬
‫ة‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺎنﺣ‬
‫ـﻤ‬
‫ﺮﻟﻀ‬
‫اھ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﻈ‬
‫ها‬
‫ـﺬ‬
‫ﺑﻲﻣﻊھ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻞاﻹﺟ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‪،‬ﺑ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻛﺐ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ة‪.‬‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺎﺻ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻊا‬
‫اﺿ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮل‬
‫اتﺣ‬
‫ر‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻛﺔﻓﻲﺣ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺸ‬
‫ا‬‫ﻮي‪:‬‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻢا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺜﺔﻣﻦا‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻨﺔا‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﻓﺔﻓﻲا‬
‫ﮫﺪ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺴ‬
‫اتا‬
‫ء‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫‪. 2‬ا‬
‫ات ‪:‬‬
‫ء‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻜﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻣﻦا‬
‫ﻮﻋ‬
‫ﺗﺸﻤﻞﻧ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﺮﺿ‬
‫اتﻋ‬
‫ء‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ة ‪-‬ﻛ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘﺔﺑ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اتﻣ‬
‫ء‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻛ‬‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮما‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺒﺔ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻘﺔﺑﺸ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫اتا‬
‫ء‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫أ(ا‬
‫ة‪:‬‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫اتا‬
‫ء‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫‪ -1‬ﻛ‬
‫ﺎﺟﻲ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫د‬
‫ـﺪفا‬
‫وھ‬
‫ـﺔأ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ـﺔﺧ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ـﻤﻦﻛ‬
‫رج ﺿ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫اتﺗ‬
‫ء‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺛﺔﻛ‬
‫ﺎ سﺛﻼ‬
‫ﻠﻰأﺳ‬
‫ﺎجﻋ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ءا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺗﻢﺑ‬
‫ﻣﻲ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺧ‬
‫ﻠﻰ‪:‬‬
‫اﻋ‬
‫ر‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺬﻗ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮن‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻮيﻳ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜﺔﺛ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻨﺔا‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﻳﺔا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿﺔ ‪:‬ﻓﻲﻧﮫ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ء‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫*‬
‫ﻠﻤﻲ ‪.‬‬
‫رﻋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻮﻣﺴ‬
‫ﻮﺟﻪﻧﺤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫را‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اﺧ‬‫ﯿﻂ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﺤﺔو‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫ﻛﻞا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻠﻰﻣﺸ‬
‫ﺑﺔﻋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻟﻺﺟ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻠﻰأﺳ ﺲﻋ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻋ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻮلﻣ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫احﺣ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ا‬‫ﯿﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺋﻞا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮل‬
‫ﻮﺣﺔﺣ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫اتﻣ‬
‫ر‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻛﺔﻓﻲﺣ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺸ‬
‫ا‬
‫و‬
‫ﻳﺔ ‪:‬‬
‫ﺎﻋﺪ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اتا‬
‫ء‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ا‬
‫*‬
‫ﺋﺔ ‪: 1‬‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ء‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬‫ﯿﺪ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟﻚﺑ‬
‫ذ‬
‫ﻮي‪،‬و‬
‫ﻔﻲﻋﻀ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺘﻼلوﻇ‬
‫اتﻟﻤﺸﻜﻞاﺧ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫رﺷ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫أﺳ ﺲﻋ‬
‫ﻠﻰ‬
‫اﻋ‬
‫ء‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻘﺪمﺑ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫)‬
‫ﻣﺔ (‪.‬‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻠﺔﻟ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﺌ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﻮىا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠﻰﻣﺴ‬
‫ﺎلﻋ‬
‫ﺗﺼ‬
‫ﺎﻹ‬
‫ﻘﺔﺑ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫رفا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺋﺔ ‪: 2‬‬
‫ﺎﻋﺪ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ء‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﻞ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘﺤ‬
‫ـﺔﺑ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫رفا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎ سا‬
‫ﻠﻰأﺳ‬
‫ﻳﺔﻋ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ﻗﺔا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺮيﻟﺤ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻔﺴ‬
‫ذجﺗ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺮحﻧﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫)ﻳﻘ‬
‫ﻳﺔ ( ‪.‬‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ﻮقا‬
‫ﺎتﻓ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮىا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠﻰﻣﺴ‬
‫ﻗﺔﻋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻳﺔ ‪: 3‬‬
‫ﺎﻋﺪ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ة‬
‫ء‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎس‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻰأﺳ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻋ‬
‫ـ‬
‫رﺿ‬
‫ةاﻷ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻘﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ر ض‪،‬و‬
‫ﻟﻸ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫اﺧ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻠﺤ‬
‫ﻳﺔﻟ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻔﺴ‬
‫ذجﺗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺮحﻧﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫)ﻳﻘ‬
‫ﻣﺔ( ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺘﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘﺔﺑ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫رفا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫‪3‬‬
‫ﺎت ‪.‬‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺎﺿ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺒﺔا‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻘﺔﺑﺸ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫اتا‬
‫ء‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ب (ا‬
‫ﻳﺔ ‪: 1‬‬
‫ﺎﻋﺪ‬
‫ﻟﻘ‬
‫ا‬
‫ة‬
‫ء‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﺪ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ـﻚﺑ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ذ‬
‫ﻮي‪،‬و‬
‫ﻔﻲﻋﻀ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺘﻼلوﻇ‬
‫ﻜﻞاﺧ‬
‫اتﻟﻤﺸ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫رﺷ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻠﻰأﺳ ﺲﻋ‬
‫اﻋ‬
‫ء‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻘﺪمﺑ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫)‬
‫ﻣﺔ (‪.‬‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻠﺔﻟ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﺌ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮى‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠﻰﻣﺴ‬
‫ﺎلﻋ‬
‫ﺗﺼ‬
‫ﺎﻹ‬
‫ﻘﺔﺑ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫رفا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻳﺔ ‪: 2‬‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ء‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫‪،‬‬
‫ﯿﻂ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺤ‬
‫ـﻰا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ـﺔﻋ‬
‫ﻓﻈ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺤ‬
‫ـﻞا‬
‫ـﻦأﺟ‬
‫ـﺔ ﻣ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ـ ﺲﻋ‬
‫ـﻰأﺳ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ـﺔﻋ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‪،‬‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻮﻻﻋﻘﻼ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺮحﺣ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫)ﻳ‬
‫ﺌﻲ( ‪.‬‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫زنا‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﻰا‬
‫ﺎنﻋ‬
‫ﻧﺴ‬
‫اﻹ‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﺎﻃ‬
‫ﻠﻒﻧﺸ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻟﻤﺨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﺎﻷ‬
‫ﻘﺔﺑ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻓﻪا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﯿﺪﻣ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﯿﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺮﺿ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ات‬
‫ء‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫‪-2‬‬
‫ﻗﻒ ‪.‬‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻨﻤ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﯿﺔو‬
‫ﻨﮫﺠ‬
‫اتﻣ‬
‫ء‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺎﻓﻲﻛ‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫ﺜﻞأﺳ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫* ‪-‬ﺗ‬
‫ﻨﻰ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻠﻤﻲﺑﻤ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻨﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗﺴﻤﺢﺑ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﺎﻃ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتوا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺤ‬
‫را‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠﻰاﺧ‬
‫ﺎجﻋ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺰا‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﻠﮫ‬
‫ﻟﺔﺣ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻣﺤ‬
‫ﺎتو‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺮحاﻹﺷﻜ‬
‫ﻣﻞ‪،‬أيﻃ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺸ‬
‫ها‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻠﻤﻲﺑﻤ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻌﻰا‬
‫ﻟﻤﺴ‬
‫ﺘﺤﻜﻢﻓﻲا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺜﻞ ‪:‬‬
‫ﺮىﻣ‬
‫اتأﺧ‬
‫ء‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻜﻢﻓﻲﻛ‬
‫ﺘﺤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻰا‬
‫ﺎجإ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺎتﻳﺤ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﺮحاﻹﺷ‬
‫* ‪-‬إنﻃ‬
‫ﺎت ‪.‬‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻌﻄ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﻦا‬
‫ﻗﺔﺑ‬
‫دﻋﻼ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻳﺠ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎتو‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ء‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘﺼ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اﺳ‬‫ﺎت ‪.‬‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺮﺿ‬
‫ﺎﻏﺔﻓ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺻ‬‫ﯿﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿﺐﺗﺠ‬
‫اﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫زﺗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻧﺠ‬
‫إ‬‫ﻟﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺮقﻓ‬
‫رﻃ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫–اﺧ‬
‫اﻋﻲ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺮاﻹ‬
‫ﻔﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎلا‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫–اﺳ‬
‫ﻘﻦ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻨﻈﻢو‬
‫ﻳﻢﻋﻤﻞﻣ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫–ﺗ‬
‫ﺋﺞ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻘﺪيﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻞﻧ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺘﺤ‬
‫ﺎمﺑ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬‫وح‬
‫ـﺔر‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻲﺗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻲ‪،‬و‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﺠﻤ‬
‫ـﻞا‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اﺻﻞ‪،‬ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺎتﺑ‬
‫ﻮﻋ‬
‫ﻌﻤﻞﻓﻲﻣﺠﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻢا‬
‫ﻨﻈ‬
‫* ‪-‬ﻳﺴﻤﺢﺗ‬
‫ون ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ول‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ـ‬
‫اﻃﻦﻣﺴ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻛﻤ‬
‫ة‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ـﻲا‬
‫ﻔﺴﻪﻓ‬
‫ﺎتﻧ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ا‬
‫و‬
‫ﺘﻪ‪،‬‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ء ﺷﺨﺼ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺮﺑ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﻚﻓﻲاﻷﺧ‬
‫* * ‪-‬ﻳﺴﻤﺢﻛﻞذ‬
‫ﻔﺲ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻲا‬
‫ﻘﺔﻓ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺮى‪،‬ﻛ‬
‫ﻗﻒأﺧ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻣ‬
‫ﻨﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺎﻳﺴﻤﺢﺑ‬
‫ﻛﻤ‬
‫ﻟﺸﺨﺼﻲ‪،‬‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻨﻲو‬
‫ﻟﻤﮫ‬
‫ﻮىا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺴ‬
‫ﻠﻰا‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫ﻳﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫اتﺑﺤ‬
‫ر‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ذا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺗﺨ‬
‫ا‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎت‪:‬‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫‪-3‬ا‬
‫ﻘﺔ‪:‬‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫رﺳﺔا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻤ‬
‫ﯿﺬﻓﻲﻇﻞا‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ذو‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫راﻷﺳ‬
‫و‬
‫أ‪-‬د‬
‫ـﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﺔا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫را‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻮﻣﺤ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿﻢ ھ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻘﺔﻟ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫رﺳ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻤ‬
‫ذﻓﻲﻛﻞا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ذ‪:‬اﻷﺳ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫‪. 1‬اﻷﺳ‬
‫ﮫﻢ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻟ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎما‬
‫ـ‬
‫أﻣ‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫اﺳ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻲﺣﺠ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻒﻓ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫‪،‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻠﮫ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫‪،‬ﻳ‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ـﻞﻟ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ﻮا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻓﮫ‬
‫ﻓﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻨﮫﻢ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫و‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫رﺳ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻮما‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫‪،‬ﺗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫رﻏ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـﻪﻓ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺮﻋ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اﻋ‬
‫ﻘﺔ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ـ‬
‫رﺳ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻤ‬
‫ـﻞا‬
‫ـﻲﻇ‬
‫ـﺬﻓ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺬ‪:‬ا‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫‪. 2‬ا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿﺐﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘﻤﻊﻳﺴ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺴ‬
‫‪،‬ا‬
‫ـﺖ‬
‫ﻨﺼ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ـﻊا‬
‫ﻮﺿ‬
‫ـﻊﻣ‬
‫ﻮﺿ‬
‫ﺬﻳ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫‪،‬ﻓ‬
‫ﻓﺔ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫هﺑ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫‪،‬وﺣﺸ‬
‫ﺌﻪ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺑﻤ‬
‫ات‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اﻻﺧ‬
‫و ضو‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺪا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﺮھ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﺘﻈ‬
‫ﻳﺴ‬
‫‪،‬و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔﻈﮫ‬
‫ﻳﺤ‬
‫ﺎتو‬
‫ﻮﻣ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺰنا‬
‫‪،‬ﻳﺨ‬
‫ه‬
‫ذ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﻪأﺳ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﯿﻪﻋ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻳﻤ‬
‫ﺜﻼ‪.‬‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ات (‪:‬‬
‫ء‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺑﺔﺑ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ة)‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺠﺪ‬
‫رﺳﺔا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻤ‬
‫ﺬﻓﻲﻇﻞا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ذو‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫راﻷﺳ‬
‫و‬
‫ب‪-‬د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎﻣﺼ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫‪،‬ﺗ‬
‫ـﻪ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﻘﻼﺑ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎ‪.‬ﻣﺴ‬
‫ـﺪﻋ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ـﺔﻣ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ها‬
‫ذﻓﻲﻇﻞھﺬ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻮناﻷﺳ‬
‫ذ‪:‬ﻳﻜ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫‪. 1‬اﻷﺳ‬
‫ﺎﻟﮫﻢ‪.‬‬
‫ﻨﺸﻄ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎو‬
‫ﻮﺟﮫ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫‪،‬و‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮﺷﺪ‬
‫ه‪.‬ﻣ‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺘﻼﻣ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻦ‪.‬‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻣﺔا‬
‫ﺗﻪﻟﺨﺪ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺮﺧ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﺬيﻳ‬
‫ﺮﺟﻊا‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻮا‬
‫ذھ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺎﻷﺳ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ـﻊ‬
‫ﻮﺿ‬
‫وﻳ‬
‫ـﻲأ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻨﻪﻳ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺘﻪو‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ءﻣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻳﺴﮫﻢﻓﻲﺑ‬
‫‪،‬و‬
‫ﻠﻤﻪ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺬﻓﻲﺗ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮكا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﺬ‪:‬ﻳﺸ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫‪. 2‬ا‬
‫ﺮ‪-‬‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻔﻜ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ؤل )‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘﺴ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺋﻢا‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮﺿﻊﻓﻲوﺿﻊد‬
‫ﻐﻲأنﻳ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫‪،‬ﻳ‬
‫ﻔﺴﻪ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺎتﺑ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺣﻞاﻹﺷ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻓﻲوﺿ‬
‫ﻟﺦ(‪.‬‬
‫ﺘﺞ ‪...‬ا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘﺸﻒ ‪-‬ﻳ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﺘﻘﻲ ‪-‬ﻳ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻓﻪ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺮحﻣ‬
‫ﺪﺻ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺬيﻳﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻨﺪ سا‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻮا‬
‫ﻓﮫ‬
‫ﺋﺼﻪ‪:‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻠﻢوﺧﺼ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫را‬
‫و‬
‫ج‪-‬د‬
‫رف‪.‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻛﻢا‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ ﺲﺗ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اتو‬
‫ء‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺎبﻛﻔ‬
‫ﺘﺴ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻠﻰا‬
‫ﻨﻲﻋ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻠﻢﻣ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺗ‬‫‪4‬‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺴ‬
‫ـﻞا‬
‫ـﻲﻛ‬
‫ـﺔﻓ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﺪﻻ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﻰو‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫را‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﻦاﻻﻋ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺄﺧﺬﺑ‬
‫ﻮﻳ‬
‫‪،‬ﻓﮫ‬
‫ة‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ﻮا‬
‫ﻮﺟﻪﻧﺤ‬
‫ﻠﻢﻣ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺗ‬‫ﻠﻤﻲ‪.‬‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎت‪.‬‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺘﺴ‬
‫ﻠﻤﻜ‬
‫ﻛﻤﻲﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮبا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫اﻷﺳ‬
‫ﺪل‬
‫ﺮفﺑ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺎجﻟ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫د‬
‫ﻮباﻹ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻨﻰأﺳ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻳ‬‫ﻜﻼت ‪(...‬‬
‫ﻟﻤﺸ‬
‫ﯿﺐ ‪-‬ﺣﻞا‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻞ ‪-‬ا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺘﺤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ات )‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻘﺪ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻨﻤ‬
‫ﻮﺗ‬
‫ﯿﻢﻧﺤ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻪا‬
‫ﻮﺟ‬
‫ﺗ‬‫ﻓﺔ‪:‬‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫را‬
‫و‬
‫د ‪-‬د‬
‫ﻠﻢ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﯿﻂوﺿ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺮﻟ‬
‫ﺎﺻ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫رفﻋﻲﻋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬‫رﺳﻲ‪.‬‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ءا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫أﺳ ﺲاﻻ‬‫ات‪.‬‬
‫ء‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ﻣﺔا‬
‫دﻟﺨﺪ‬
‫ر‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻣ‬‫ـﻲ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﺔا‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ـﻤﻦا‬
‫رف ﺿ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ـﻞا‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫اوﺟﺐﺟ‬
‫ة‪.‬ﻟﺬ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻓﺔﺟﺪ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ءﻣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻟ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺎتﻗ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺘﺴ‬
‫ ﻣﻜ‬‫ة‪.‬‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫رفﺟﺪ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ءﻣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻟ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺘﺴ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻜ‬
‫ﺎجا‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺗﻀﻤﻦإ‬
‫ﻟﻪ‪:‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﻌﻤ‬
‫ﯿﺔاﺳ‬
‫ﯿﻔ‬
‫ر ﺳ ﻲوﻛ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺪ‬
‫ﺎبا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫را‬
‫و‬
‫‪-4‬د‬
‫رﺳﻲ‪:‬‬
‫ﻟﻤﺪ‬
‫ﺎبا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫را‬
‫و‬
‫أ‪-‬د‬
‫ذ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻮﺟﻲﻟﻸﺳ‬
‫اﻏ‬
‫ﯿﺪ‬
‫ﺪﺑ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻓﻲوﺳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺮﺟﻊﻣ‬
‫ﻮﻣ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻓﮫ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻠﺔﺗ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫رﺳﻲوﺳ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺪ‬
‫ﺎبا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻳ‬‫ﯿﺬ‪.‬‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫و‬
‫ﯿﺲ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ـﻖﻣ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ـﻚو‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ذ‬
‫‪،‬و‬
‫ﻳﻦ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻢو‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ـﺪ‬
‫ﻮﺣ‬
‫ﺎنﻟ‬
‫ـﻤ‬
‫ﻮﺿ‬
‫ـ‬
‫رﺳﻲھ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺪ‬
‫ﺎبا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫دا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ وﺟ‬‫ﻮي‪.‬‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻓﻲا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻮىا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠﻤﺤ‬
‫ﻨﻈﻤﺔﻟ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ـﻞ‬
‫ﻔﻀ‬
‫‪،‬ﺑ‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﺔ‪/‬‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﺔا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻞا‬
‫اﺧ‬
‫ـﺔد‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻘﺔا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻠﺤ‬
‫رﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺮﻣ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻳ‬‫ﯿﺬ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮفا‬
‫ﯿﺪﻣﻦﻃ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﻐﻼلا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اﻻﺳ‬
‫ﺎبو‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اﻻﺳ‬
‫‪،‬و‬
‫ذ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺮفاﻷﺳ‬
‫دفﻣﻦﻃ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﮫ‬
‫را‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اﻻﺳ‬
‫ﺎج‪.‬‬
‫ﻨﮫ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺘﻄ‬
‫ﺮﺟﻢﻣ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻳ‬‫ات ‪.‬‬
‫ء‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺑﺔﺑ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ةھﻲا‬
‫ﻳﺪ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺑﺔﺟ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘﻤﺪﻣ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻳ‬‫ﻠﻢ‪.‬‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻠﻤﻲﻟ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺪا‬
‫ﺮﺻ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻨﻤﻲا‬
‫ﯿﺔﺗ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺎتﻋ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺮحﻣﺤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻳ‬‫ﺑﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫رﺟﺔﻓﻲا‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮﻋﺔو‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻔﺔو‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻣﺨ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺎتﺗ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺮحوﺿ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻳ‬‫ات‪.‬‬
‫ء‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺑﺔﺑ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻘ‬
‫اتا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺆﺷ‬
‫أھﻢﻣ‬
‫ﺎإﺣﺪىو‬
‫رھ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﻓﺔﺑ‬
‫ﺘﮫﺪ‬
‫ﺎتﻣﺴ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﺞوﺿ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻳ‬‫ﻠﻤﻲ‪.‬‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻤﻲ ‪/‬‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻌﻞا‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ر‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻔﺔﻣﻦ ﺳ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺎتﻣﺨ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫و‬
‫أ‬
‫ﯿﻢﻓﻲ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﻰا‬
‫ﺰﻋ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻳ‬‫ﺎب‪:‬‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻒا‬
‫ﻮﻇ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺎلو‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﺔاﺳ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ب‪-‬ﻛ‬
‫ﻘﺴﻢ‪:‬‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اﺧﻞا‬
‫ﻌﻤﻞد‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻼﺣﻈ‬
‫ـﻰا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫ﺰأﺳ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺗﻜ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫‪،‬ﻳ‬
‫ة‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﺔو‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮم‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ةﻋ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻳ ﺲﻣ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻠﻰأنﺗ‬
‫ﺪﻋ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻳﺠﺐا‬‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ـﺔﻛ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺤﺪ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻮﺟ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻐﻼلا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ـ‬
‫اﺳ‬
‫ـﺔو‬
‫ﻨﻤﺬﺟ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـﺔﻛ‬
‫ﻮﺳ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻳﺔا‬
‫و‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫رﺳﺔا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ةو‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺎﺷ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﻚ‪.‬‬
‫وطذ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺮت ﺷ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺮى‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺋﻢاﻷﺧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺪﻋ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﺐا‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـﻰﺟ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اتإ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ـ‬
‫‪،‬وﺳ‬
‫ﺋﻢ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺮدﻋ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ـﻲﺗ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺋﻖا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫ر‬
‫ـﺪ‬
‫ﺎبﻣﺼ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻳ‬‫ﻟﺦ‪.‬‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻓﻼم‪...‬‬
‫اﻷ‬
‫ﺎتو‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟﺸ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ـﺖ‬
‫ﺘﻀ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ذﻛ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻦاﻷﺳ‬
‫ـﺐﻣ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺬﺑﻄ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺘﻼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮفا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻘﺴﻢﻣﻦﻃ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎبﻓﻲا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻐﻼلا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻜﻦاﺳ‬
‫ ﻳﻤ‬‫ـﺪم‬
‫ﺎﺗﺨ‬
‫رھ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻲﺑ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎت‪،‬‬
‫ﺎﻃ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﺪﻋﻢا‬
‫ـﻲﺗ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺋﻖا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻐﻼل‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻖاﺳ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـﻦﻃ‬
‫ـﻚ ‪.‬ﻋ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةذ‬
‫ر‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﻀ‬
‫ا‬
‫ة‪.‬‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺴﻄ‬
‫اتا‬
‫ء‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻘﺴﻢ‪:‬‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫رجا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌﻤﻞﺧ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫و‬
‫ر سا‬
‫ـﺪ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘﺤﻀ‬
‫ـﺬﻛ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻳﺔﻟ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﺎﻃ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫زا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻧﺠ‬
‫ﺎﻓﻲا‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫اھ‬
‫ر‬
‫و‬
‫رﺳﻲد‬
‫ﻟﻤﺪ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎب‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫إنﻟ‬‫ـﻦ‬
‫اﻣ‬
‫د‬
‫ـﺪ‬
‫ـﻤﻦﻋ‬
‫ﺘﻀ‬
‫ـﻲﻳ‬
‫رﺳ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺪ‬
‫ﺎبا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ﺄنا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺮﺑ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻊا‬
‫ـﻢ ‪.‬ﻣ‬
‫ﻘﺴ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﺎﻃ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ـﻞﻟ‬
‫ﻜﻤ‬
‫أيﻋﻤﻞﻣ‬
‫ـﻲ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﺔا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻮﺿ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻐﻞﻓﻲا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗﺴ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫رفا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ءا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻳﺔﻟ‬
‫ر‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻀ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﺎﻃ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﻨﮫ‬
‫اتﻣ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫دﻓﻲ‬
‫ر‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮو‬
‫ﺎھ‬
‫ﺎﺣﺴﺐﻣ‬
‫ﺋﮫ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺪفﺑ‬
‫ﺘﮫ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺴ‬
‫رفا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺎﻟ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ات‪.‬ﺗﺤ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺎﻛﺴ‬
‫ﺮھ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ذﺗﺤﻀ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻳﻤﻜﻦﻟﻸﺳ‬
‫ﯿﻄﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎتﺑﺴ‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗﺸﻤﻞﺧﻼﺻ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎجا‬
‫ﻨﮫ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻐﻼل‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ـ‬
‫واﺳ‬
‫ﺒﺔأ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘﺴ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫رفا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ـﺔا‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺪفﻣ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎبﺑﮫ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻳﻦا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻐﻼلﺗﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻰاﺳ‬
‫ﺎإ‬
‫ﻳﻀ‬
‫ﺮأ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻧﺸ‬‫ﻟﻘﺴﻢ‪.‬‬
‫ﻨﻲﻓﻲا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻳﻢا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ء‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻳﻦأ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ها‬
‫ھﺬ‬
‫‪5‬‬
‫ﺎل‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻠﻰاﻻﺳ‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻳﺠ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﯿﺬﺗﺪ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺘﻼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻳﺐا‬
‫ر‬
‫اﻓﻲﺗﺪ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫اﻛ‬
‫ر‬
‫و‬
‫ةد‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻮنﻟﻸﺳ‬
‫ﻣﻞأنﻳﻜ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﻧ‬‫ﻟﻰ‬
‫ﻮلإ‬
‫ﻮﺻ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿﺬﺑ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﻚﻳﺴﻤﺢﻟ‬
‫رﺳﻲ‪.‬ﻓﺬ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺪ‬
‫ﺎبا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﯿﻪﻟ‬
‫ﻮﺟ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫رو‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﻜ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻨﻈﻢو‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎب‪.‬‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎلا‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻓﺔاﺳ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺒﻪﺛ‬
‫ﻳﻜﺴ‬
‫‪،‬و‬
‫ه‬
‫د‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻓﺔﺑﻤ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻞ‪:‬‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﺪ‬
‫را‬
‫‪-6‬دو‬
‫ﻟﻰ‪:‬‬
‫رﺳﻲإ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺪ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎب‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻖا‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ذﻓﻲﺗﻄ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﻞاﻷﺳ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﮫﺪفد‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﯿﻢﻋﻦ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻰا‬
‫ﻟﻤﺪﺧﻞإ‬
‫ﺘﻤﺪا‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻮﺟﻲﻳ‬
‫اﻏ‬
‫ﯿﺪ‬
‫وعﺑ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﮫﺞﻛﻤﺸ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻣﻜ‬
‫ﻗﺔﺑ‬
‫ﻌﻼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺑﻂ‬
‫ر‬‫ﺎج‪.‬‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﻚ‬
‫ﺮﺟﻢذ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﺬيﻳ‬
‫ا‬
‫رﺳﻲ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺪ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎب‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫‪،‬و‬
‫ات‬
‫ء‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻳﻖا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻃ‬
‫ﺎج‪.‬‬
‫ﻨﮫ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫دﻓﻲا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎو‬
‫ﺮحﻣ‬
‫ ﺷ‬‫ﻮي‪.‬‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻌﻤﻞا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘﻄ‬
‫ﻳﺔﻟ‬
‫ر‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ةﺿ‬
‫ﻳﺪ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺟ‬
‫ﻮﺟ‬
‫اﻏ‬
‫ﯿﺪ‬
‫ﯿﻢﺑ‬
‫ﺎھ‬
‫ﻠﻰﻣﻔ‬
‫ﺮفﻋ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬‫ﺎب‪.‬‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮﺿﺤﺔﻓﻲا‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺤ‬
‫ا‬
‫اتو‬
‫ء‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺢا‬
‫ﻮﺿ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﻳﻢو‬
‫ﻘﺪ‬
‫ﺗ‬‫ﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻮﻇ‬
‫ﺎبﺗ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻒا‬
‫ﻮﻇ‬
‫ﮫﺪفﺗ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺑ‬
‫ﯿﺤ‬
‫ﻮﺿ‬
‫ﻠﺔﺗ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫أﻣ‬
‫ذجو‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻠﻰﻧﻤ‬
‫اﻹﻃﻼعﻋ‬‫ﺘﻤﺪ‪.‬‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻠﻤﻲا‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﻤﻲ ‪/‬‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻌﻰا‬
‫ﻟﻤﺴ‬
‫ﻳﻢا‬
‫ﻘﺪ‬
‫ﺗ‬‫ﯿﻒ‪.‬‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻳﻖا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺮفﻓ‬
‫ﺘﻤﺪﻣﻦﻃ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻠﻢا‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﯿﻢ‪/‬‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ةﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻳﻢﺧﻄﺔﻟﺴ‬
‫ﻘﺪ‬
‫ﺗ‬‫ﯿﻦ‪.‬‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻣﺠﺔﺗ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺎتﻟ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿﺠ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻳﻢاﺳ‬
‫ﻘﺪ‬
‫ﺗ‬‫ذ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اﻷﺳ‬
‫ﻳﻦ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻛﺔﻓﻲﺗﻜ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺸ‬
‫ا‬‫ـﺔ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ـﻊا‬
‫ﯿﻢوﻣ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺪﻟ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺠﺪ‬
‫ا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘﺼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﻊ‬
‫ﻠﻢﻣ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ـﻪﻳ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻳﺠ‬
‫ذو‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﺔاﻷﺳ‬
‫ـﮫﻞﻣﮫﻤ‬
‫ﻳﺴ‬‫ة‪.‬‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺠﺪ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎب‪:‬‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻳﻒﺑ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻟ‬
‫ﻮﺟ‬
‫اﻏ‬
‫ﯿﺪ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻗﺔا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺒﻄ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﻼل‬
‫‪،‬ﻣﻦﺧ‬
‫رﺳﻲ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺪ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎب‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻓﻪ‪.‬و‬
‫ا‬
‫أھﺪ‬
‫ﺎجو‬
‫ﻨﮫ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻣﺤ‬
‫ﻗﺔﺑ‬
‫ﻌﻼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻗﺔا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺒﻄ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ها‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﺮحھ‬
‫ﺗﺸ‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻮﺿ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﺔ )‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺮﻋ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اتا‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻮﺣ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﺐا‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـﻰﺟ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫‪،‬إ‬
‫ات‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻮﺣ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫اﺳﺔو‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻠﺪ‬
‫ةﻟ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﺎھﻤ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎﻻتا‬
‫ﻟﻤﺠ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎﻻت‪.‬‬
‫ﻟﻤﺠ‬
‫اتوﻣﻦﺛﻢا‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻮﺣ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫افا‬
‫ﻘﻖأھﺪ‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗﺤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﺦ (‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻧﺸﻄﺔ ‪...‬‬
‫‪،‬اﻷ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻦ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻛﺔﺑ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ـ‬
‫اتﻣﺸ‬
‫ـﺪ‬
‫ـﻲوﺣ‬
‫ة *ھ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫اﻹﺷ‬
‫ـﻞ‬
‫ـﻲﺗﺤﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اتا‬
‫ﻮﺣﺪ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎﻣﺔ‪:‬ﻣﻼﺣﻈﺔ ‪:‬ا‬
‫ﺎتﻋ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫اﺣﺼ‬
‫‪-1‬‬
‫ﯿﻦ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﺸ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮع‬
‫ﻣﺠﻤ‬
‫ﻳﻢ(‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫)ا‬
‫د‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺜﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺎ أﺳ‬
‫د اﻷ‬
‫ﺎﻃ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻧﺸﻄ ا‬
‫ﻋﺪ‬
‫ﻓﻲ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻧﺸ ة‬
‫اﻷ‬
‫ات‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻮﺣ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎل‬
‫ﻟﻤﺠ‬
‫ا‬
‫وﻇﻒ‬
‫أ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺔ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ت‬
‫ﻃﺔ‬
‫ﺗﻲ‬
‫ا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻗﺪ‬
‫ﯿﻦ *‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺐا‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫‪- 1‬ﺗ‬
‫ﻔﺔ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫وﻇ‬
‫ﯿﺔو‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿﻦﺑ‬
‫ﻗﺔﺑ‬
‫ﻌﻼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫‪-2‬‬
‫ﯿﻦ *‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺘﺨﺼ ﺺ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫‪-I‬‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻳﻤﻲﻟ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎطاﻹ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫‪- 3‬ﻟ‬
‫ﻔﻲ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻮﻇ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎع‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتﻓﻲا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫را‬
‫و‬
‫‪- 4‬د‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ات *‬
‫ﻟﺬ‬
‫ﻋﻦا‬
‫ﺎل‬
‫ﺗﺼ‬
‫ﺎتﻓﻲاﻹ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫را‬
‫و‬
‫‪- 5‬د‬
‫ﺒﻲ‬
‫ﻌﺼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫‪5‬‬
‫‪22‬‬
‫‪12‬‬
‫‪4‬‬
‫‪09‬‬
‫‪27‬‬
‫‪3‬‬
‫‪9‬‬
‫‪6‬‬
‫‪6‬‬
‫‪17‬‬
‫‪5‬‬
‫‪5‬‬
‫‪27‬‬
‫‪6‬‬
‫‪9‬‬
‫‪5‬‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻀ‬
‫ﻗﺔا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻳﻞ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺎتﺗﺤ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫آ‬
‫‪-1‬‬
‫‪3‬‬
‫‪13‬‬
‫ﻨﺔ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻛ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻗﺔﻛ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻰﻃ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﻨﺔ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻗﺔ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﻳﻞا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺎتﺗﺤ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮﻻت ‪-2‬آ‬
‫ﺘﺤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫‪-II‬ا‬
‫‪11‬‬
‫‪6‬‬
‫‪2‬‬
‫‪16‬‬
‫ﻟﻰ ‪ATP‬‬
‫إ‬
‫ﻳﺔ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻌﻀ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﺌ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﻳﺔ ﻓﻲا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﻰ‬
‫ﻗﺔﻋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﻳﻞا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺎتﺗﺤ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫‪-3‬آ‬
‫‪1‬‬
‫‪2+5‬‬
‫‪02‬‬
‫ﻳﺔ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻓﻖ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻮىﻣ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻣﺴ‬
‫‪5‬‬
‫‪10‬‬
‫‪3‬‬
‫ﺋﺢ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻠﺼ‬
‫ﻧﻲﻟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫‪-1‬ا‬
‫‪7‬‬
‫‪14‬‬
‫‪3‬‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫رﺿ‬
‫ةاﻷ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿﺔ ‪-2‬ﺑ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺘﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫‪-III‬‬
‫‪14‬‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻧﻲو‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫‪-3‬ا‬
‫ﻣﺔ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫‪8‬‬
‫‪7‬‬
‫‪27‬‬
‫ﺒﻄﺔﺑﻪ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻮﺟ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﺎﻃ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻧﺸ‬
‫ﻗﺔﺑ‬
‫ﻌﻼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫‪-1‬ا‬
‫‪5‬‬
‫‪- II‬‬
‫‪17‬‬
‫ﻛﺐ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺗﺴ‬
‫ﺎنو‬
‫ﻧﺴ‬
‫اﻹ‬
‫ﺎص‬
‫ﺧ‬
‫‪07‬‬
‫‪3‬‬
‫ء‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻮثا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫رﺗ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫‪-2‬ﻣﺼ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺒﺔ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺑﺸ‬
‫‪12‬‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺿ‬
‫ﺒﻄﺔ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻟﺼﺤ‬
‫ﺎﻻتا‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫‪-3‬ا‬
‫‪9‬‬
‫‪05‬‬
‫‪02‬‬
‫ﻮث‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎن‬
‫ﻧﺴ‬
‫اﻹ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺗﺴ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎن‬
‫ﻧﺴ‬
‫ﺑﻲﻟﻺ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫اﻹﺟ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫‪-4‬ا‬
‫ﻛﺐ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ا‬
‫‪02‬‬
‫‪03‬‬
‫ﻛﺐ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺒﻞا‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠﻰﻣﺴ‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫ﺎب‪:‬‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻦا‬
‫ﺎﻣ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻟﻤﻀ‬
‫ﻮﺟ‬
‫اﻏ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫افا‬
‫اﻷھﺪ‬
‫‪-1‬‬
‫ﺎل‪:‬‬
‫ﻟﻤﺠ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎل‪.‬‬
‫ﻠﻤﺠ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻟ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺮﺣ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ء‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ﺎغﻓﻲا‬
‫انﻣﺼ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ة‬
‫ء‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺪما‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻮﻳﺨ‬
‫‪،‬وھ‬
‫ﺎل‬
‫ﻠﻤﺠ‬
‫ﻨﻈﻤﺔﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎﻣﻦا‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻧﻄﻼ‬
‫ﺘﻪا‬
‫ﺎﻏ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺎل‪:‬ﺗﻤﺖ ﺻ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺠ‬
‫‪‬ﻣﺪﺧﻞا‬
‫ـﻦ‬
‫ﺮﻋ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻨ ﺺا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿﻤﻲ‪.‬ﻓ‬
‫ﺎھ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎلا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺠ‬
‫ـﻦا‬
‫ﺮﻋ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ـﻲﺗ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫‪،‬و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻘﮫ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫دﺗﺤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻳﺔا‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﻲ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫‪،‬و‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺎﻋﺪ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ء‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻖا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘﺤ‬
‫ـﺔﻟ‬
‫ﺮﺣ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﻊا‬
‫ـ‬
‫اﺿ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﻒ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠﺨ ﺺﻣﺨ‬
‫ﺎلﻳ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺠ‬
‫ﻣﺪﺧﻞا‬
‫ـﻦ‬
‫ﺎﻣ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻧﻄﻼ‬
‫اتا‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻮﺣ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻼلا‬
‫ﺎﺧ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻳﺠ‬
‫ر‬
‫ـﺪ‬
‫ﺎﺗ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺘﻢﺣ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻳ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺎتﻹﺷﻜ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻜﻞوﺿ‬
‫ﻠﻰ ﺷ‬
‫ﺮﺣﺖﻋ‬
‫ﻃ‬
‫ﺮﺣﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﺎﻃ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺣ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎتإﺷ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﯿﺴﺖوﺿ‬
‫ﺎﻟ‬
‫ﻌﻀﮫ‬
‫‪،‬ﺑ‬
‫ﻠﺤﻞ‬
‫ﺮﺣﺔﻟ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻮﺿ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻰأنا‬
‫ﺮإ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻧﺸ‬
‫ﺎ‪.‬‬
‫اﺣﮫ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﺘﻢا‬
‫ﯿﺔﻳ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺣ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫إﺷﻜ‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﯿﺬﻋﻦوﺿ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺘﻼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺒﺤﺚﻣﻊ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻰا‬
‫ذإ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اﻷﺳ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫اﻧﺪﻋ‬
‫ﻟﺬ‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫رﺳ‬
‫و‬
‫را‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ةﺻ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻦﻋ‬
‫ـﺔﻣ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻮنﻣ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﺪﺗﻜ‬
‫ﻠﺔﻗ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ةﺷ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺎﻛﺼ‬
‫اﺟﮫ‬
‫ر‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎل‪:‬ﺗﻢإ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺠ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫‪‬ﺻ‬
‫ـﻖ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﺎو‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺋﮫ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻌﻰﻟ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘﻲﻧﺴ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻢا‬
‫ﺎھ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺮﻋﻦا‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫‪،‬وھﻲﺗ‬
‫ﺎل‬
‫ﻟﻤﺠ‬
‫ﻮعا‬
‫ﻮﺿ‬
‫ﺎﺑﻤ‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫ﺒﻄﺔأﺳ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻠﻤﻲ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﻠﻤﻲ‪/‬‬
‫ﻌﻰﻋ‬
‫ﻣﺴ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‪:‬‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺘﺴ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻜ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﺎﻃ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎﻧﺸ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺒﮫ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ـﻲأﻏ‬
‫ـﻞﻓ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻧﻄﻼق‪،‬وھﻲﺗﻤ‬
‫ﺎتاﻻ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺎﻓﻲوﺿ‬
‫ﯿﮫ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫دﻋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ذاﻻﻋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻳﻤﻜﻦﻟﻸﺳ‬
‫ﻳﺔ‬
‫ر‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻲ ﺿ‬
‫‪،‬وھ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـﮫ‬
‫ﺘﺨﻼﺻ‬
‫ﺘﻢاﺳ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎتﻳ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺮﺳ‬
‫ﺪﻋﻤﺔﺑ‬
‫رفﻣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﯿﻢوﻣ‬
‫ﺎھ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺮﺑﻤ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺘﺬ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻰا‬
‫ﮫﺪفإ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫رف‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫اتو‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ـﻦﺧ‬
‫ﺮﻋ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫دا‬
‫ر‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺮأﺣﺪا‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫‪،‬و‬
‫ﺎل‬
‫ﻟﻤﺠ‬
‫ﺮﺣﺔﻓﻲا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﻊا‬
‫اﺿ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﮫﻢا‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﺎﻃ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻒﻧﺸ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ءﻣﺨ‬
‫ا‬
‫د‬
‫ءأ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ـﻪأ‬
‫ﺮﺿ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ـﻲﺗ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـﻜ‬
‫ـﻞاﻹﺷ‬
‫ﻠﻰﺣ‬
‫ﻨﻪﻋ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻘﺔﺗ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﯿﺬا‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ة‪.‬‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ ﺴﻄ‬
‫ا‬
‫ات‬
‫ء‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻖا‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘﺤ‬
‫ةﻟ‬
‫ﻮﺣﺪ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫‪4‬‬
‫ة‪:‬‬
‫ﻮﺣﺪ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻘﺔ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اتﻣ‬
‫ء‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﯿﻖﻛ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘﺤ‬
‫ﺎﻟ‬
‫ﺋﮫ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻌﻰﻟ‬
‫ﺘﻲﻧﺴ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻢ‬
‫ﺎھ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮﻋﻦ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺎغﻟ‬
‫ة‪:‬ﻣﺼ‬
‫ﻮﺣﺪ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫‪‬ﻣﺪﺧﻞا‬
‫ـﻦ‬
‫ﺮﻋ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻧﻄﻼقﺗ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻜﻞوﺿ‬
‫ﺘﻪﺑﺸ‬
‫ﺎﻏ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ةﺗﻤﺖ ﺻ‬
‫ﻮﺣﺪ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻓﻖﻟﺼ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻨ ﺺا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫‪،‬ا‬
‫ة‬
‫ﻮﺣﺪ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻠﮫ‬
‫ﺘﻢﺣ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﺔﻳ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺎتﺣ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎﻏﺔإﺷ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﺖ ﺻ‬
‫اتﺗﻤ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻮﺣ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـ ﺾا‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ـﻲﺑ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﯿﻄﺔو‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎتﺑﺴ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫إﺷ‬
‫ة‪.‬‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻮﺣ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ﺎﺻ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺎط ﺿﻤﻦﻋ‬
‫ﺎتﻛﻞﻧﺸ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﺎﻣﻦإﺷ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻧﻄﻼ‬
‫ا‬
‫‪7‬‬
‫ﻮع‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻮﺿ‬
‫ـﺔﺑﻤ‬
‫ﺒﻄ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـﻲﻣ‬
‫ﺎلوھ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺠ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻦ ﺻ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻣ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻗﻞ ﺷﻤ‬
‫ﻠﺔأ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ةﺷ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ة‪ :‬ﺻ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻮﺣ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫‪‬ﺻ‬
‫ﻠﻤﻲ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻌﻞا‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻳﺔا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﻓﻲﻧ‬
‫ءو‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﺎأ‬
‫ﺋﮫ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻌﻰﻟ‬
‫ﺘﻲﻧﺴ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻢ‬
‫ﺎھ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺮﻋﻦا‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ةﺗ‬
‫ﻮﺣﺪ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎت‪:‬‬
‫ﺎﻃ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﺪ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ـﻚﺑ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ذ‬
‫ـﻲو‬
‫ﻘﺼ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﺚو‬
‫ﺒﺤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـﺔﺑ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻮﺿ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺬا‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻪا‬
‫اﺟﻪﻓ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﺬيﻳ‬
‫را‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ھﻲاﻹﻃ‬
‫ﻔﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺨ‬
‫ا‬
‫ه‬
‫د‬
‫ر‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ة‪:‬‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺎتﻣﻤ‬
‫ﺎﻃ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫اعھﻲ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺛﺔأ‬
‫ﻠﻰﺛﻼ‬
‫ﺎبﻋ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺪا‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫و‬
‫ـﻲ‬
‫وﻓ‬
‫ـﻢأ‬
‫ﻘﺴ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻲا‬
‫ﺎﻓ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻘﮫ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ـﻦﺗﺤ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‪.‬ﻳﻤﻜ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫اتﻋﻤ‬
‫ز‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻧﺠ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﻳﺔو‬
‫و‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻟﺠﺔﻳ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺮحﻣ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‪:‬ﺗ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺎتﻋﻤ‬
‫ﺎﻃ‬
‫ﻧﺸ‬
‫ﺎل‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ـ‬
‫اﺳ‬
‫ﻮب‪،‬و‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺪﻋﻢﺑ‬
‫ﺮﺳﺐا‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻨﻤﺬﺟﺔ‪،‬و‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﻰا‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﺒﮫ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺘﻤﺪﻓﻲأﻏ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺰلوھﻲﺗ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎط‪.‬‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻌﻄ‬
‫ﺬﺣﺴﺐﻣ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺘﻼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮفا‬
‫ﺎت ﻣﻦﻃ‬
‫ﺎﻃ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ها‬
‫ﺰھﺬ‬
‫ﻨﺠ‬
‫ﻟﻲﺗ‬
‫اﻵ‬
‫ﺎاﻹﻋﻼم‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻮﺟ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘﻢﺑﻤ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿﻢﺗ‬
‫ﺎھ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ءﻣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺗﮫﺪفﻟ‬
‫ﯿﮫ‬
‫ﻮﺟ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ةو‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻮﻋﺔﻣﺨ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‪:‬وھﻲﻣ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫و‬
‫ﯿﺔ‪/‬‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺎتﻋﻤ‬
‫ﺎﻃ‬
‫ﻧﺸ‬
‫ﺋﻖ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺪﻋﻢﺑ‬
‫ﻳﺔﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﯿﻢ‬
‫ﺎھ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ءا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺎتﻟ‬
‫ﺎﻃ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺋﻖﻧﺸ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ها‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻳﺔﺗﻀﻤﻦھ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ةﺑ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ةﻣﺨ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‪:‬وھﻲﻋﺪ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﺎتو‬
‫ﺎﻃ‬
‫ﻧﺸ‬
‫ﻘﻼل‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎاﺳ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻨﮫ‬
‫ـﺪفﻣ‬
‫ﻟﮫ‬
‫ـﺔا‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـﺔوھ‬
‫ﻮﻋ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠﺔﻣ‬
‫ﺌ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺄﺳ‬
‫ﺎتﺑ‬
‫ﺎﻃ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺪﻋﻢا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎج‪.‬ﺗ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ةﻓﻲا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺴﻄ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻢ‬
‫ﺎھ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ءا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ـﺔو‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺨ‬
‫ﺎﻻتا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺠ‬
‫ـﻲا‬
‫ـﻪﻓ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـﺔﻣﮫ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨﻤ‬
‫ﻠﻢﻣﻦﺗ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻜﻦا‬
‫ﺎط‪.‬ﺗﻤ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺋﻢا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫دﻋ‬
‫ﯿﻖ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘﺤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻨﻪا‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎتو‬
‫ﺎﻃ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻓﺔﻓﻲا‬
‫ﺘﮫﺪ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺴ‬
‫اتا‬
‫ء‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ﻨﻤﻲا‬
‫ةﺗ‬
‫ﻳﺪ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺎتﺟ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺎب ﺳ‬
‫ﺘﺴ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔو‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻳﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ء‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻳﺠﻲﻟ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺘﺪ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ‪:‬‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻠﺔا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﺤﺼ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﺎﻃ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻠﻢﻟ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ءا‬
‫ا‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎﺧﻼلأ‬
‫ؤھ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗﻢﺑ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻢا‬
‫ﺎھ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫اﺳﺔو‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻟﺪ‬
‫ﺋﺞا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺎﺟﻤﻊﻧ‬
‫ﻨﮫ‬
‫ﮫﺪفﻣ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻘﺴﻢ‪.‬‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ذﻓﻲ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﻪﻣﻦاﻷﺳ‬
‫ﻮﺟ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﺬﺑ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺘﻼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮفا‬
‫ﺎﻣﻦﻃ‬
‫ﺋﮫ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ةﺑ‬
‫ر‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻰ ﺿ‬
‫ةإ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺎلﻣﻊاﻹﺷ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺑﺸﻜﻞﻓ‬
‫ﻠﺔ‪:‬‬
‫ﻮﺻ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮص‬
‫ﺑﻂﻧﺼ‬
‫ﻟﻚﻣﻦﺧﻼلر‬
‫ذ‬
‫ﺎ‪.‬و‬
‫ؤھ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗﻢﺑ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻢا‬
‫ﺎھ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫زأھﻢا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫‪،‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺎﺟﻲ‬
‫دﻣ‬
‫ﺎطإ‬
‫ةﻋﻦﻧﺸ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫ﯿﻢ‬
‫ﺎھ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﯿﻢو‬
‫ﺎھ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﺦا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺮﺳ‬
‫ـﻰﺗ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﺪفإ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﻠﺔﺗ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﺔ ﺷ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺎتﻋ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻜﻞﻣﺨﻄﻄ‬
‫وﺑﺸ‬
‫أ‬
‫ة‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ةﻣ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻗﺼ‬
‫ﻠﻢ‪.‬‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺒﺔﻟﺪىا‬
‫ﺘﺴ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻜ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻳﻦ‪:‬‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﻢﻣﻦﺧﻼل‪.‬‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺘﺴ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻳﻢﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗ‬
‫ﺗﮫﺪفإ‬
‫ـﺪ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ـﺔﺗﺠ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺄھﻤ‬
‫ﺬﺑ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿ ﺲا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﺔﺗﺤﺴ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫أھﻤ‬
‫ـﻰ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﺪفإ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﺗﻲ‪:‬ﺗ‬
‫ا‬
‫ر‬
‫ـﺪ‬
‫ـﻒﻗ‬
‫ـ‬
‫وﻇ‬
‫أ‬
‫ﻓﻲو‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺮﻣ‬
‫ﺜﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ـ‬
‫أﺳ‬
‫ة‪.‬‬
‫ﻳﺪ‬
‫ﺎتﺟﺪ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺎﻓﻲوﺿ‬
‫ﻟﮫ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺗﻪﻻﺳ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺘﺴ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ة‪:‬‬
‫ﯿﺪ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺎتﻣ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﯿﻢ‬
‫ﺎھ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ـ ﺾا‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﯿﻪو‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺒﺔإ‬
‫ﻨﺴ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ةﺑ‬
‫ﻳﺪ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻠﺤ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺼﻄ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻠﻢﺑ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻳﻒا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺎﺗ‬
‫ﻨﮫ‬
‫ﮫﺪفﻣ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﻢ‪.‬‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻠﻤﻲﻟ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺪا‬
‫ﺮﺻ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺰا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﮫﺪف ﺗ‬
‫ﺎتﺑ‬
‫ﺎﻃ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫دتﻓﻲا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺘﻲو‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫‪8‬‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺒﺮو‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﯿﻔ ﻲﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻮﻇ‬
‫ﺘﺨﺼ ﺺا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎل )‪:(1‬ا‬
‫ﻠﻤﺠ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻌﺮﻓ ﻲﻟ‬
‫ﺘﻮىا‬
‫ﻟﻤﺤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺘﺨﺼ ﺺ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺒﻂا‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻔﻲﻟ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻮﻇ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺘﻲ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫اﻏ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﺘﮫ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎتﻣﻦ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺒﺪيﻣﺴ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺒﻄﺔ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺪﻣ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺎﺑ‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫أﺳ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫اﻷ‬
‫ﺎض‬
‫اﻷﺣﻤ‬
‫ﯿﻦ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻠﺔﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺸﻜ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫اﻏ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺎﻓ‬
‫ﺗﮫ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺎﻃ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ر‬
‫ا‬
‫و‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮم‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿﺐﺑ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎﻣﻦ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻧﻄﻼ‬
‫ﻮﻋﺔ‪،‬ا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮل‬
‫ﺛﻲﻣﺤﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻣﺞو‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﻓﻖ‬
‫و‬
‫‪،‬‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫ﻠﻰا‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫ﻨﻈﻤﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ةو‬
‫د‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺎتﻣﺤ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫آ‬
‫ﻳﻤﻲ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫اﻹ‬
‫ﺎط‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺎھ‬
‫اﻣﻦﻣﻈ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻣﻈﮫ‬
‫ﻔﻲ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻮﻇ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺘﺨﺼ ﺺا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﻚ‬
‫ﺒﻂذ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺎت‪،‬و‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫اﻏ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺎﺑ‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫أﺳ‬
‫ﻌﻤﻞﻓﻲ‬
‫ﺬيﻳ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻳﻢا‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻟﻺ‬
‫ﺘﻲ‬
‫رﺟ‬
‫ةﻣﻦد‬
‫د‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫وطﻣﺤ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺷ‬
‫ﻮﺿﺔ‬
‫ﻟﺤﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ةو‬
‫ر‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﻔﺔ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺋﻒﻣﺨ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻮﻇ‬
‫ﺎتﺑ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮما‬
‫ﺗﻘ‬
‫ات‬
‫ﻟﺬ‬
‫ﺎعﻋﻦا‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﻟﺪ‬
‫ﻮﻋﺔﺗﻀﻤﻦا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫وﻣ‬
‫ﻠﻒ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺒﻲوﻣﺨ‬
‫ﻌﺼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎلا‬
‫ﺗﺼ‬
‫اﻹ‬
‫و‬
‫ﯿﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫اﺧﻞا‬
‫ﻳﺔد‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﺎﻃ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﻚ‬
‫ﻠﻘﺔﺑﺬ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫رفا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﺪا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺗﺠ‬
‫ﻛﻞ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫اتﻟﺤﻞﻣﺸ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫رﺷ‬
‫ﻳﻢإ‬
‫ﺘﻘﺪ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎنﻟﺴﻼﻣﺔ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‪ ،‬ﺿﻤ‬
‫ﯿﻔ‬
‫ﻮﻇ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺘﻼﻻتا‬
‫اﻹﺧ‬
‫ﻳﺔ‬
‫ﻌﻀﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫و‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫رﻟﻐ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫ﻳﺔﺑ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻌﻀ‬
‫ﺮ ضا‬
‫ﺘﻌ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺎم‬
‫ﺮفأﺟﺴ‬
‫رﺟﻲﻣﻦﻃ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺧ‬
‫ﻟﻰ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺒﺔ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻏ‬
‫ﻠﻞ‬
‫وثﺧ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺣﺪ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻧﺐإﻣﻜ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺟ‬
‫ﻟﻰ‬
‫ﻟﺠﺴﻢإ‬
‫ﺮ ضا‬
‫ﯿﻔﻲﻗﺪﻳﻌ‬
‫وﻇ‬
‫ﻟﺠﺴﻢ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﺒﮫ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﺮةﻳ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻗﺐﺧﻄ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺎتﻣ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺪﺧﻞﺑ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺘﺨﺼ ﺺ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺎﻟ‬
‫ﺎﻣ‬
‫اھ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺆﺷ‬
‫ﺮﻣ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺎت ‪.‬‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﯿﻔﻲﻟ‬
‫ﻮﻇ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺒﻲ‬
‫ﻌﺼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎجا‬
‫دﻣ‬
‫اﻹ‬
‫ﺎلو‬
‫ﺗﺼ‬
‫ﻌﺐاﻹ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻠﻰ‬
‫ﻳﺔﻋ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻌﻀ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺎﻓﻲﺣ‬
‫ﺎﻣ‬
‫اھ‬
‫ر‬
‫و‬
‫د‬
‫ﻳﺔ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺧ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺎتﻏﺸ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻮىﺑ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻣﺴ‬
‫‪،‬‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫أ‬
‫ﯿﺔو‬
‫ﺌ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﺎتﺟ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺂ‬
‫ﻘﺔﺑ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺒﺔ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺎتﺑ‬
‫ﺌ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﺎﺟ‬
‫ﺘﮫ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫دﻋ‬
‫ﺘﺨﺼﺼﺔ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫‪9‬‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺒﺮو‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﯿﻔ ﻲﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻮﻇ‬
‫ﺘﺨﺼ ﺺا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎلاﻷول‪:‬ا‬
‫ﻟﻤﺠ‬
‫ا‬
‫ر‬
‫و‬
‫ـﺪ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﮫ‬
‫ـﻦﺧﻼ‬
‫ﺘﻀﺢﻣ‬
‫ﻗﺔﻳ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻣﺸ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺣ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺮحوﺿ‬
‫ﻮﻃ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺪﺧﻞ ھ‬
‫ﮫﺪفﻣﻦا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎل‪:‬ا‬
‫ﻟﻤﺠ‬
‫ﻣﺪﺧﻞا‬
‫ﺎت‪.‬‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﻤﮫﻢﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﺐ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺮﻋ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻦﺗﻈﮫ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫أ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮنا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺮ ضﺟ‬
‫ﺜﻞﻓﻲﻣ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺗ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺣ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺮحوﺿ‬
‫ﻟﻰﻃ‬
‫رإ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫ر‪:‬ﺗﮫﺪفا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﺔﻟﺤﺪاﻵن ‪.‬‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺎﻣﺠﮫ‬
‫ﻠﮫ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺎﺻ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻌ ﺾﺗ‬
‫الﺑ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ةﻻﺗ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ا ضﺧﻄ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫رأ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺜﻞﻓﻲﻇﮫ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﻦا‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺮﺑ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﺘﮫ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫وﻇ‬
‫ﺎو‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎتو‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ءلﻋﻦا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﺴ‬
‫ﯿﺬﻳ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻌﻞا‬
‫ﻟﻰﺟ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻮﺿ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎﺗﮫﺪفا‬
‫ﻛﻤ‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ـﻰﺧ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻓﺔإ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎﻹﺿ‬
‫ﺒﻲﺑ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻌﺼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻞا‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫رﻓﻲا‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎد‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﺎتﻟ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻠﻤﺪﺧﻞﺑ‬
‫ﺮىﻟ‬
‫راﻷﺧ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻳﻀ‬
‫ﻮﺿﺢأ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺎل‪.‬‬
‫ﻟﻤﺠ‬
‫ﻮنا‬
‫ﺮﻋﻦﻣﻀﻤ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫رﺗ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺎﺻ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺘﺨﺼﺼﺔ‪.‬وھﻲﻛ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺮح‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎﻳﻄ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺮ ض‪.‬ﻛﻤ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫را‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎتﻓﻲﻇﮫ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫را‬
‫و‬
‫د‬
‫ﺑﻪو‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫أﺳ‬
‫ﺮو‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮنا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺮ ضﺟ‬
‫ﻨ ﺺﻣ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮﺿﺢا‬
‫ﻨ ﺺ‪:‬ﻳ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫أھﻤ‬
‫ﺎتو‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺎﺑ‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫ﻠﻖأﺳ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺗ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻨ ﺺإﺷ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻦ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺒﺮو‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺐا‬
‫ﻟ ﻰ‪:‬ﺗﺮﻛ‬
‫ﻟﻮﺣﺪةاﻷو‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻳﻦ‬
‫و‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻳﺪﻋﻰا‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻮنﻣﻦﺑ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻮطﺗ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺎﻣﻦﺧ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨﻲﺑ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻮتوھﻲﺗ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻨﻜ‬
‫ةﻋ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫ﻮﺿﺢا‬
‫ة‪:‬ﺗ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫ا‬
‫ة‬
‫ر‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻮﺿ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻦا‬
‫هﻣ‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺮھ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺎ‪.‬ﺗ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻮﻣ‬
‫ﺎﻳ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺎھﺪ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿﺬﻣﺸ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻳﻤﻜﻦﻟ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫‪Fibroine‬وھﻲوﺿ‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻰوﺿ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةإ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻚاﻹﺷ‬
‫ﯿﻦ‪.‬ﻳﻤﻜﻦﻛﺬ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ءا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻮمﺑ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻮﻳ‬
‫ﺋﻦﺣﻲوھ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻳﺔﻛ‬
‫ؤ‬
‫ﺎر‬
‫ﯿﮫ‬
‫ﻜﻦﻓ‬
‫ﺘﻲﻳﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺜﻼ‪.‬‬
‫ﺮﻣ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ةا‬
‫د‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮفد‬
‫ﺮﻣﻦﻃ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ﻮطا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺎجﺧ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺜﻞإ‬
‫ﻠﺔﻣ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻣﻤ‬
‫ﯿﻦ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎجا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ـﻰإ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ةﻋ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻘﺪ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺎھ‬
‫ﯿﻢﻇ‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﻮتو‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺎلﻣﻦوﺿ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻨ ﺺاﻻ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ولا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ ﺺ‪:‬ﻳﺤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺗﮫ‬
‫ﺎھﺪ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻦﻣﺸ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﺎتﻻﻳﻤ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ها‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﻜﻦھ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‪،‬ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻟﻜﻞا‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫اتاﻷﺳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻤ‬
‫ﺪىا‬
‫ﺈﺣ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ة‪.‬‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘﻄ‬
‫ﺋﻞﻣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫وﺳ‬
‫ﺮقو‬
‫ﺎلﻃ‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫إﻻﺑ‬
‫ﻔﺔﻣﻦ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺨ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﻠﮫ‬
‫اﺣ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿﻦﺑﻤ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺐا‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺗ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫آ‬
‫ةوھﻲ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻮﺣ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫اﻹﺷ‬
‫ﻨﺺ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮحا‬
‫ﻳﻄ‬
‫ﯿﺐ‪.‬‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺪا‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﯿﻦﺑ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫وﺟﮫﺔ‬
‫ﯿﺐو‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﯿﻦو‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺐ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻠﺔﻓﻲﺗ‬
‫اﺧ‬
‫ﻟﺪ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ﺎﺻ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺚا‬
‫ﺣ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﻘ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺘﺴ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻜ‬
‫ﺎط ‪: 1‬ا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻨﺔ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ـﻲا‬
‫ﺬﻓ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫رفاﻷﺳ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻌ ﺾا‬
‫ﺎعﺑ‬
‫ﺮﺟ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻰاﺳ‬
‫ﺎطإ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اا‬
‫ﮫﺪفھﺬ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺛﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮلا‬
‫ﻓﻪﺣ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺌﺔ ‪ADN‬وﻣ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﺘﻪﻟﺠ‬
‫اﺳ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺪد‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻋ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ة‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻲا‬
‫ﺪﻓ‬
‫ـ‬
‫اﺟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔ(ا‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةا‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎت )‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﻦا‬
‫ﻗﻊﺑ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺘﻼفا‬
‫وﺣﺔ‪:‬اﺧ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻄ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫اﻹﺷﻜ‬
‫ﺘﻢ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎطﻳ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫زم ‪.‬ﻣﻦﺧﻼل‬
‫ﺑﻼ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﺎﻓﻲا‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫ﺎتأﺳ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫اﺟﺪ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ةو‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺎﺣ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻼ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻨﺪ‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫ﺎت‪.‬‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎتو‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻦ‬
‫ﻗﺔﺑ‬
‫دﻋﻼ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻳﺠ‬
‫ﻮإ‬
‫ﯿﺬﻧﺤ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻪا‬
‫ﻮﺟ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ـﺔا‬
‫ﺌ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫وا‬
‫أ‬
‫ـﺔ )‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻣﺔا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿﻦ‪:‬دﻋ‬
‫ﻗﺔﺑ‬
‫ﻌﻼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫دا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻳﺠ‬
‫ﻟﻰإ‬
‫ال ‪1‬و ‪2‬إ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﮫﺪفا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ة(‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ةﻓﻲ‬
‫اﺟﺪ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺛﺔا‬
‫ا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻦ‪.‬‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻓﻲ ﺷﻜﻞﺑ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮﻋﻦ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮا‬
‫ﺛﻲوھ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻦ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺒﺮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺐا‬
‫ﺮﻛ‬
‫ﺮﺗ‬
‫ﺎط ‪:2‬ﻣﻘ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻓﻲا‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺐا‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺮﺗ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻳﺪﻣ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗﺤﺪ‬
‫ﺎطإ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﮫﺪفا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺋ ﻲ ‪:1‬‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎض‬
‫ـ‬
‫أﺣﻤ‬
‫ﺗﻲو‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﺬ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻲا‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺮاﻹﺷ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘﺼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺎلﺗ‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻳﻖاﺳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻋﻦﻃ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺐا‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺮﺗ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫رﻣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫إﻇﮫ‬
‫ـﺪ‬
‫اﺟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻛﻦﺗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ـﻰأ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺗﻲﻋ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻲا‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺮاﻹﺷ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘﺼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﺪا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ءﻋ‬
‫ا‬
‫د‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ـﻊا‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺪلا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻣﺔ ‪.‬ﺗ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻮﺳ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻣ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫أ‬
‫ﻌﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻟﻤﺸ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎ ضاﻷ‬
‫ﺎﻣﻦاﻷﺣﻤ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻧﻄﻼ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗﻢﺗ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻦا‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫‪10‬‬
‫ـﻞ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ـﻲﺗﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻘﺔ ‪1‬ا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتﻣﻦا‬
‫ﻮﻣ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺘﺨﻼ صا‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫الﺑ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﺑﺔﻋﻦا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿﺬﻣﻦﺧﻼلاﻹﺟ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮما‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺘﻲ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻘﺔ ‪(2‬ا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻧﻲ )‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اﻹ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ةﻟﻤﺠﮫ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻣﻦ ﺻ‬
‫ﺎ سو‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻨﻜ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻳﺔﻣﻦا‬
‫د‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻋ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﯿﻄﻲﻟﺨ‬
‫رﺳﻢﺗﺨﻄ‬
‫ﯿﺔ(‪.‬‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺑ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ةﺧ‬
‫ر‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻀ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿﺴﺖﺑ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔ )‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺣ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ءﻣﻦﺧ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻮﺿﺢﺟ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﻮﺿﺢ‬
‫ﻮﻣ‬
‫ﺎھ‬
‫ﺎع(ﻛﻤ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫داﻹﺷ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺎنوﺟ‬
‫ﺒﻊﻣﻜ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﻌﺔ )‬
‫ﻟﻤﺸ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ﺎﺻ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎلا‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻮنﻣﻦﺧﻼلاﺳ‬
‫ﯿﻞﻳﻜ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ة‪.‬‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﻚﻓﻲ‬
‫ﻛﺬ‬
‫ﺋ ﻲ ‪:2‬‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﻞ‬
‫ـﻊﻛ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘﻼفﻣ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻦاﺧ‬
‫ﺮﻏﻢﻣ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﺔﺑ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﻦا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻗﺔﺑ‬
‫دﻋﻼ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻳﺠ‬
‫ﻟﻰإ‬
‫ﯿﺬإ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞا‬
‫ﻌﺪﺗ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ـﻪ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻮﺟ‬
‫ﺘﻢﺗ‬
‫ـ‬
‫زم (ﻳ‬
‫ﺑﻼ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻓﻲا‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺐا‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺮﺗ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ةوﻣ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻓﻲا‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ﻣﻘ‬
‫ﺎ)‬
‫ﮫﻤ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﯿﻦ‪.‬‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺐا‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻟ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎلا‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﺔاﺳ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺎتﻟﻜ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺮﺿ‬
‫وﻓ‬
‫ﯿﺔأ‬
‫ﺮﺿ‬
‫احﻓ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻮا‬
‫ﯿﺬﻧﺤ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﻰ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةإ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻦا‬
‫ﯿﺔﻣ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎتاﻷﺻ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎلا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﯿﻦ ‪:‬إ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ـﻰاﺣ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ـﺪﻋ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺎتﻳ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺮﺿ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫احا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎت‪.‬‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ها‬
‫ﺎلﻧﺴﺨﺔﻣﻦھﺬ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫وا‬
‫زمأ‬
‫ﺑﻼ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺤﺔ‬
‫ﯿﺔ ﺻﺤ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻠﻰأﺳ ﺲﻋ‬
‫ﺘﻤﺪﻋ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺮﺿ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺎظﺑ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اﻻﺣ‬
‫ﺘﻢ‬
‫ﺎتوﻳ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺮﺿ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻗﺸﺔ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘﻢﻣ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺎن‪:‬‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺮﺿ‬
‫زﻓ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻳﻤﻜﻦأنﺗ‬
‫ه‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻲھ‬
‫زمﻓ‬
‫ﺑﻼ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ـﻰا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةإ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻦا‬
‫ة ‪ADN‬ﻣ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻲ ﺻ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻓ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺎتاﻷﺻ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎلا‬
‫ﺘﻘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﺮﺿ‬
‫ﻓ‬‫زم‪.‬‬
‫ﺑﻼ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﻟﻰا‬
‫ةإ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـ ‪ADN‬ﻣﻦا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎعﻓﻲا‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺎلاﻹﺷ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺒﻊا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻜﻦﺗ‬
‫ﻟﺔﻳﻤ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﻦ‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺎﻻﺣ‬
‫ﻨﮫ‬
‫ﺒﺤﺚﻋ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺘﻢا‬
‫ﺮىﻳ‬
‫ةأﺧ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺎتﻓﻲ ﺻ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ها‬
‫ءﻣﻦھﺬ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﺎلﻧﺴﺨﺔﻟﺠ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﺮﺿ‬
‫ﻓ‬‫ﺎع‪.‬‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺎلاﻹﺷ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺒﻊا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻳﻖﺗ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻃ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻨﮫ‬
‫ـﻖﻣ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘﺤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻢا‬
‫ﺎﺛ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻗﺸ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎتو‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺮﺿ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫احا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻟﻜ‬
‫ءاﻷھﻤ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻣﺔ ‪:‬ﻳﺠﺐإﻋﻄ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻣﻼﺣﻈﺔھ‬
‫ـﻰ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮلإ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻮﺻ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﻲ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﺔﻓ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ـﺔا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨﮫﺠ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ـﺬا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﻢا‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻰﻳ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ـﺔ‪،‬ﺣ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﻖ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـﻦﻃ‬
‫ـﻚﻋ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﺪذ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺌﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎﻃ‬
‫ﯿﻢﺧ‬
‫ﺎھ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﯿﺢﻣ‬
‫وﺗﺼﺤ‬
‫ةأ‬
‫ﻳﺪ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﯿﻢﺟ‬
‫ﺎھ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫رﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ةو‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺠﺪ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫اھ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻈ‬
‫ﺎفا‬
‫ﺘﺸ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎت‪:‬‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺮﺿ‬
‫ﻟﻔ‬
‫ﺘﺤﻘﻖﻣﻦا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺑﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻳﻖ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻋﻦﻃ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮما‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺤﺔﻓﻲا‬
‫ﻟﺼﺤ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺮﺿ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫وا‬
‫أ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﺮﺿ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻘﻖﻣﻦا‬
‫ﺘﺤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺘﻢا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫و‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ ضا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻦاﻷﺣﻤ‬
‫ﺮﻣ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻮعآﺧ‬
‫ـ‬
‫رﻧ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎتد‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ـﺔإ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻮﻣﺤ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﺔ ھ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻦا‬
‫ﮫﺪفﻣ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﻰ ‪:‬‬
‫و‬
‫ﺑﺔاﻷ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻦ‪.‬‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺐا‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫) ‪(ARN‬ﻓﻲﺗ‬
‫ـﺐ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـﻲﺗ‬
‫رﻓ‬
‫و‬
‫ـ ‪ARN‬د‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺘﺨﻼ صأنﻟ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎﻻﺳ‬
‫ـﻤﺢﺑ‬
‫ﻳﺴ‬
‫ربو‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺋﺞا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﻞﻧ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺘﺤ‬
‫ﺪفﻟ‬
‫ال ‪:1‬ﻳﮫ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺪع‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﻀ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ةﺧﻼ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻼلﻗ‬
‫ﺒﻪ (‪،‬ﻣﻦﺧ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﻢﺗ‬
‫ﻟﺬيﻳ‬
‫ﯿﻦا‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮعا‬
‫دﻧ‬
‫ﺬيﻳﺤﺪ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮا‬
‫أيھ‬
‫ﯿﻦ )‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮى ‪.‬‬
‫ﯿﺔأﺧ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ـ ‪ARN‬ﻣﻦﺧ‬
‫ﺎﺑ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻌﺪﺣ‬
‫ﯿﻦﺑ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻮﻏ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺐا‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻠﻰﺗ‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫ـﻰ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺬإ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ديﺑ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ـﻊو‬
‫ﻟﻤﺸ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻞ‬
‫ـ‬
‫اﺳ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎلا‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺒﺐاﺳ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺮﺳ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻔﺴ‬
‫ـﻰﺗ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ال ‪2‬إ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ـﺪفا‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺘﻢ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻳ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎ ضاﻷ‬
‫راﻷﺣﻤ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺎﺧ‬
‫ﺋﺞ‪.‬ﻓ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫اﻹ‬
‫ﻣﺔﻣﮫﻢﺟﺪ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻮﺳ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ةا‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫را‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺎجأناﺧ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اﻻﺳ‬
‫ا‪.‬‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﯿﺐ ‪ARN‬وھﻜ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺎتﺗ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﯿﻞﻹ‬
‫اﺳ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫را‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اﺧ‬
‫ﯿﻦو‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺐا‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺮﺗ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺎتﻣ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ةﻹ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫ﺘﻢ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺪأن ‪ARN‬ﻳ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﺎﻳ‬
‫ـ‬
‫زمﻣﻤ‬
‫ﺑﻼ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ـﻰا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةإ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻦا‬
‫ـ ‪ARN‬ﻣ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎلا‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻮﺿﺢا‬
‫ﯿﺔ ‪:‬ﺗ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺑﺔا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫زم ‪.‬‬
‫ﺑﻼ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﻟﻰا‬
‫إ‬
‫ﻘﻞ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ةو‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺒﻪﻓﻲا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﻮع‬
‫ـ‬
‫دﻧ‬
‫ـﺪ‬
‫ـﻰأن ‪ARN‬ﻳﺤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮلإ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻮﺻ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻦا‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﺎﻳﻤ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﯿﻦ ‪1‬و ‪2‬ﻣ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘﺤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺋﺞا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻐﻼلﻧ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ال ‪: 1‬‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫زم‪.‬‬
‫ﺑﻼ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﻰ‬
‫ةإ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺒﻪﻣﻦا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻌﺪﺗ‬
‫ﻘﻞ ‪ARN‬ﺑ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺒﻪو‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﻢﺗ‬
‫ﻟﺬيﻳ‬
‫ﯿﻦا‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎظ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اﻻﺣ‬
‫ﯿﺔ )‪( ADN‬و‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺎتاﻷﺻ‬
‫ﻮﻣ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎلا‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻠﻰا‬
‫ﻨ ﺺﻋ‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﺮﺿ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ءا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ال ‪: 2‬ﻳﻤﻜﻦإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ة ‪. ARN‬‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺎتﻓﻲ ﺻ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ه‬
‫ﺎلﻧﺴﺨﺔﻣﻦھﺬ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﺮﺿ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ـﻦ‬
‫ﻨﺴﺨﺔﻣ‬
‫ﻣﻞﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ﻧﻪا‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ربﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺋﺞا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ا ‪ARN‬ﻣﻦﺧﻼلﻧ‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻟﮫ‬
‫احﺗﺴﻤ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ال ‪: 3‬ﻳﻤﻜﻦا‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫زم‪.‬‬
‫ﺑﻼ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﻟﻰا‬
‫ةإ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻣﻦا‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﺔا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺮﺳ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫وا‬
‫ﯿﺔأ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻮﻣ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫‪11‬‬
‫ﺋﻲ ‪: 3‬‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ء ‪: ARN‬‬
‫ﺰي‬
‫ﯿﺔﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮف‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ـﻢﻳ‬
‫ـﺬيﻟ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـ ‪ARN‬ا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺋﻲﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺐا‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﻰا‬
‫ﺮفﻋ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻰا‬
‫ﺋﻲإ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اا‬
‫ﮫﺪفھﺬ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻨﺔا‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﯿﺬﻓﻲا‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻪا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﺔا‬
‫ﺎھ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺗﺞاﻹ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻰﻧ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺮفﻋ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻖا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ ‪ARN‬ﻋﻦﻃ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺐا‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻠﻰﺗ‬
‫ﺮفﻋ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺘﻢا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ال ‪: 1‬‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ا‬
‫و‬
‫ـﺐ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎجا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـ ‪ADN‬ﻻﺳ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺋﻲﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ـﺐا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮلا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﺔﺣ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺘﺴ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻜ‬
‫ﻐﻼلا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻳﻤﻜﻦاﺳ‬
‫ﺮ‪+‬‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ة )ﺳ‬
‫ـﺪ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﺑﻂﻣ‬
‫ﻮر‬
‫ﯿﺬﻧﺤ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻪا‬
‫ﻮﺟ‬
‫ال ‪: 2‬ﻳﺠﺐﺗ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ـ ‪ARN‬ا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺋﻲﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻳﻦ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘﻜ‬
‫ﺎﻟ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻨﮫ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺎﺑ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫اتﻓ‬
‫ﯿﺪ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺑﻂا‬
‫‪،‬ﺛﻢر‬
‫ﻟﻰ‬
‫و‬
‫ﻠﺔاﻷ‬
‫ﺮﺣ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻳﻚ(ﻓﻲ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻔﺴ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ة ‪+‬ﺣﻤ ﺾا‬
‫ﺎﻋﺪ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻟﻰ ‪. ARN‬‬
‫ﻮلإ‬
‫ﻮﺻ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫اتﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺪ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﺔﻣﻦا‬
‫ﻠﺴ‬
‫ﺳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺑﻂإﺳ‬
‫ا‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـ‬
‫اتﺑ‬
‫ـﺪ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻦا‬
‫ـ‬
‫دﻣ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎطﻋ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ر‬
‫ـﻦا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻮنﻣ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘﻜ‬
‫ـﻰأن ‪ARN‬ﻳ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﺬإ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻞا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿﺼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻰ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةإ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻦا‬
‫ـﺔﻣ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ـﻦا‬
‫ـﺨﺔﻣ‬
‫ﺎلﻧﺴ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘﻘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﻢﺑ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻳ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺐا‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫أنﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫‪،‬‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻓﺴ‬
‫ﻮل‪.‬‬
‫ﺮﺳ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اال ‪ ARN‬ب ‪ARN‬ا‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﺪﻋﻰھ‬
‫ة ‪ARN‬ﻳ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫زمﻓﻲ ﺻ‬
‫ﺑﻼ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻟﻮ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻠﻮﻣ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻌ‬
‫ﺎخا‬
‫ﻨﺴ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺎط ‪:3‬اﺳ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ـﻦا‬
‫ـﺨﺔﻣ‬
‫ﻜﻞﻧﺴ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺗﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﻰآ‬
‫ﺮفﻋ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻰا‬
‫ﺎطإ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ها‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﮫﺪف ھ‬
‫ﻠﻤﻲ ‪:‬ﻳ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺪفا‬
‫ﻟﮫ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻦ‪.‬‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻣ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿﺐﺑ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺪفﺗ‬
‫زمﺑﮫ‬
‫ﺑﻼ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﻰ‬
‫ةإ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎﻣﻦا‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺮ ضا‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻟ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺋ ﻲ ‪:1‬‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﻤﻦ‬
‫ﺎط ﺿ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ـﻲ ھ‬
‫ﺑﻖﻓ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎجا‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫د‬
‫ﯿﻦ ‪ARN‬و ‪. ADN‬ﻳﻤﻜﻦإ‬
‫ﯿﻄﺔﺑ‬
‫ﻧﺔﺑﺴ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻮﻣ‬
‫ھ‬
‫ﺮف‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ـﻲﺗ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔ ‪ADN‬ا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘﻪﻣﻊﺑ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ـ ‪ARN‬ﻣﻦﺧﻼلﻣ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺋﻲﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ﯿﺐا‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﻰا‬
‫ﺮفﻋ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎقا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺳ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻨﺔا‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺬﻓﻲ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ـﻲﺗ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﺔا‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ـﺔا‬
‫ﯿﺠ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ـ ﺺﻧ‬
‫ﻠﺨ‬
‫ولﻳ‬
‫ـﺪ‬
‫زﺟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻧﺠ‬
‫ﻳﻖإ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻧﺔﻋﻦﻃ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ءﻣ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻰإﺟ‬
‫الإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﮫﺪفا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﯿﺔوھﻲ‪:‬‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫ﺮأﺳ‬
‫ﺎﺻ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻠﻰ ‪3‬ﻋ‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫ز‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﺋﻲﻟﺴ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺐ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺘﻼفﻓﻲا‬
‫اﻹﺧ‬
‫ﯿﺔ ) ‪U‬ﺑﺪل ‪( T‬‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ز‬
‫ﺪاﻵ‬
‫اﻋ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اعا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺘﻼفﻓﻲأ‬
‫اﻹﺧ‬
‫ﻟﺴﻼﺳﻞ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺘﻼفﻓﻲﻋﺪ‬
‫اﻹﺧ‬
‫ة‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺪﺣ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻗﻊﻋ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺘﻼفﻓﻲ‬
‫اﻻﺧ‬
‫ﻓﺔ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻚإﺿ‬
‫ﻳﻤﻜﻦﻛﺬ‬
‫ﺋﻲ ‪: 2‬‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﻲ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ﺮاﻹ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺠﮫ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ةﺑ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺮ ضﺻ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻼلﻋ‬
‫ـﻦﺧ‬
‫ﺎخﻣ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻨﺴ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ـﺔاﻹﺳ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫وثﻋﻤ‬
‫ـﺪ‬
‫رﺣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻰإﻇﮫ‬
‫ﺪفإ‬
‫ﻳﮫ‬
‫ﻘﺔ ‪. 2‬‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮ (ﻓﻲا‬
‫ﺎﺷ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﻞا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﺪ‬
‫ا‬
‫)‬
‫ه‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺗﺠ‬
‫ـﺪا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ـﻲﺗﺤﺪ‬
‫ﺎھ‬
‫ءھ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺑ‬
‫ﺬإ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻜﻦأنﻳﺼﻞ‬
‫ﺘﻲﻳﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫رفا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﻦأھﻢا‬
‫ال ‪: 1‬ﻣﻦﺑ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺗﺠﮫ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻮطﻛ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ﻮلا‬
‫دﻃ‬
‫ا‬
‫د‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﯿﺚﻳ‬
‫ﺗﺠﺔﺣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮط ‪ARN‬ا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻮلﺧ‬
‫ﻧﺔﻃ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺎخﻣﻦﺧﻼلﻣﻘ‬
‫ﻨﺴ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اﻻﺳ‬
‫ﺛﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻳﺔا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻮﻧﮫ‬
‫ﻧﺤ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎﺻ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ةﻳﻈﮫ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﻦ‬
‫ﺮﻣ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ءﻣ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿﻄﻲﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺮ ضرﺳﻢﺗﺨﻄ‬
‫ةﺗﻢﻋ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫ﯿﺢا‬
‫ﻮﺿ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ال ‪: 2‬ﻟ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺛﺔ‪:‬‬
‫ﺜﻼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ز‪.‬‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻳﻢ ‪ARN‬ﺑ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻟﻰاﻹ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﻓﺔ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺎﻹﺿ‬
‫أ‪ ADN :‬ب‪ ARNm :‬ﺑ‬
‫ﺎج‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ـﻦإ‬
‫ة ‪،ARNm‬ﻟﻜ‬
‫ر‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻀ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ ﺲﺑ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اع ‪ARN‬و‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻮعﻣﻦأ‬
‫ﺎجأيﻧ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻨﻲإ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺎخﻳ‬
‫ﻨﺴ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻣﻼﺣﻈﺔ‪:‬اﻻﺳ‬
‫ﺗﻲ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫ـ‬
‫اﻛﻤ‬
‫ةﺟﺪ‬
‫د‬
‫و‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫اع ‪ARN‬ﻣﺤ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎأ‬
‫ﻨﻤ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫اﺑ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ةﺟ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﺎتﻛ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اعا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻟﺐﻷنأ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮا‬
‫‪ARNm‬ھ‬
‫ﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫هﻻﺣ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ذ‬
‫‪12‬‬
‫ﺋﻲ ‪: 3‬‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎل‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻖاﺳ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـﻦﻃ‬
‫ﺎخﻋ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻨﺴ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ـﺔاﻻﺳ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ـﻲﻋﻤ‬
‫زﻓ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻳﻢ ‪ARN‬ﺑ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫راﻹ‬
‫و‬
‫رد‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫إﻇﮫ‬
‫ﻟﻰ‬
‫ﺪفإ‬
‫ﻳﮫ‬
‫ـﻲ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻦ ‪-amanitin‬ا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ةاﻷ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ةﻣ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـﮫ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺸ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ـﻦأ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻳﻢو‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ااﻹ‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻟﮫ‬
‫ﻮﻋ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﺒﻄ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﺬ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ـﻲ(ﻟ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﻟﻼ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﻲ )‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﻢ‬
‫ﻮاﻻﺳ‬
‫ﺎم ‪Amanita phalloides‬وھ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻔﻄ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎﻓﻲا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫اﺟﺪﻃ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺮ‪.‬‬
‫ﻔﻄ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻔﻄ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اعا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫أ‬
‫ـﺾ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ةﺑ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻰﺧﻄ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻪإ‬
‫ﺒﮫ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﯿﺔو‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺣ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺬوﺿ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌﻄﻲﻟ‬
‫ﺮﻳ‬
‫ﻔﻄ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫اج ﺻ‬
‫ر‬
‫د‬
‫إ‬
‫ﻣﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻳﻢ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻮاﻹ‬
‫ـ‬
‫زھ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻰأن ‪ARN‬ﺑ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮإ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﺔﺗﺸ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫اجﻣ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺨ‬
‫ـ‬
‫اﺳ‬
‫ـﻰ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫الإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ـﺪفا‬
‫ال ‪:‬ﻳﮫ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎخ‪.‬‬
‫ﻨﺴ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اﻻﺳ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫وثﻋﻤ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ولﻋﻦﺣ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺋﻲ ‪: 4‬‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎخ‪.‬‬
‫ﻨﺴ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اﻻﺳ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫وثﻋﻤ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺣ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻞآ‬
‫ﺎﺻ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻠﻰﺗ‬
‫ﺮفﻋ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻰا‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺪف‬
‫ﻳﮫ‬
‫ﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﯿﮫ‬
‫ﻠﺔﻓ‬
‫اﺧ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ﺎﺻ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔو‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫وثا‬
‫اتﺣﺪ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻘﺔ ‪ 4‬ﺧﻄ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮﺿﺢا‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺎخ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻨﺴ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫وثاﻻﺳ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻳﺔﻟﺤ‬
‫ر‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﻀ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎﺻ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اجا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺨ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻮاﺳ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺬﻧﺤ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻪا‬
‫ﻮﺟ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗ‬
‫ﺪفإ‬
‫ال‪: 1‬ﻳﮫ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫وھﻲ ‪:‬‬
‫ﺌﺔ ‪( ADN‬‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻠﻰﺟ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻋ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﯿﺔاﻷﺻ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻮﻣ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺛﺔ )‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫‪‬ا‬
‫ز‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻳﻢ ‪ARN‬ﺑ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫‪‬إ‬
‫ﯿﺐ ‪ARN‬‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻠﺔﻓﻲﺗ‬
‫اﺧ‬
‫ﻟﺪ‬
‫اتا‬
‫ﯿﺪ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اعﻣﻦا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫‪4 ‬أ‬
‫ﺎخ‪.‬‬
‫ﻨﺴ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﺔاﻻﺳ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫وثﻋﻤ‬
‫اتﺣﺪ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫وﺧﻄ‬
‫اﺣﻞأ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻳﺪﻣ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗﺤﺪ‬
‫ال ‪: 2‬ﻳﮫﺪفإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﻼق‬
‫ﻧﻄ‬
‫ﺎخ‪.‬أيأنا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻨﺴ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ـﻼقاﻻﺳ‬
‫ﻧﻄ‬
‫ﯿﻞا‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺛﺔﻗ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﯿﮫ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻮنﻋ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻮﺿ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺜﻞا‬
‫ﻗﻢ ‪1‬ﻳﻤ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬‫ﺛﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺪﻣﺔا‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫زﺑﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻳﻢ ‪ARN‬ﺑ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎطاﻹ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺮفﺛﻢا‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻠﺐﺗ‬
‫ﺘﻄ‬
‫ﺎخﻳ‬
‫ﻨﺴ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اﻻﺳ‬
‫ـﻼق‬
‫ﻧﻄ‬
‫ـﻲاﻻ‬
‫ﺎخوھ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻨﺴ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ـﺔاﻻﺳ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫وثﻋﻤ‬
‫ـﺪ‬
‫اتﺣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺜﻞﺧﻄ‬
‫‪،‬ﺗﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻲ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﻰا‬
‫ﺎم ‪3 ،2‬و ‪4‬ﻋ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ر‬
‫اﻷ‬
‫‬‫ﻳﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨﮫ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﺔﺛﻢا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﻄ‬
‫اﻻﺳ‬
‫و‬
‫ـﺪ‬
‫ﯿﻢﻗﺼ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ـﻲا‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اتا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻣﮫ‬
‫ﺒﺔ و‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘﺴ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻜ‬
‫رفا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﻒا‬
‫ﻮﻇ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗ‬
‫ﺪفإ‬
‫ال‪: 3‬ﻳﮫ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎخ‪.‬‬
‫ﻨﺴ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﺔاﻻﺳ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻋﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫آ‬
‫ات‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺬﺧﻄ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻪا‬
‫ﻠﻤﻲﻳﺼﻒﻓ‬
‫ﺑﺔﻧ ﺺﻋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺋ ﻲ ‪:5‬‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﻲ‬
‫ﺎتﻓ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻧﺴﺨﺔﻣﻦا‬
‫ﯿﺔ )‪( ADN‬و‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﯿﺔاﻷﺻ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻮﻣ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﻦا‬
‫ﻗﺔﺑ‬
‫ﻌﻼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺪا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗ‬
‫ﮫﺪفإ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ة ) ‪(ARN‬‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺻ‬
‫ـﻰ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻦ ‪ADN‬إ‬
‫ﺎتﻣ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻮﻣ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻳﻞا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺗﺤ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﯿﺬﻟ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎبا‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻛﺪﻣﻦاﺳ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﻰ‬
‫ﺪفإ‬
‫ال‪: 1‬ﻳﮫ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫‪. ARN‬‬
‫ﯿﻦ ‪ADN‬و ‪. ARN‬‬
‫اﻋﺪﺑ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻣﻞﻓﻲا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ﺎﻋﺪ‬
‫ﺪﻗ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗﺤﺪ‬
‫الإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫اا‬
‫ال ‪: 2‬ﻳﮫﺪفھﺬ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺋﻲ ‪: 6‬‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮض‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﺎخﻟ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻨﺴ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ـﺔاﻻﺳ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ـﻲﻋﻤ‬
‫ـﺔﻓ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺪﺧ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ﺎﺻ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺒﺔﻟ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ذج ﺻ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ءﻧﻤ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺑ‬
‫ﺎطإ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اا‬
‫ﮫﺪفھﺬ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ذج‪.‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻨﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ءا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻌﻤﻞﻓﻲﺑ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗﺴ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫دا‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻮعا‬
‫رﻧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﺬﻓﻲاﺧ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺘﻼ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻳﺔﻟ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ﺮكا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﺔ ‪.‬ﺗ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻧﻤﺬﺟﺔا‬
‫ذج‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻳﻢا‬
‫ﻘﺪ‬
‫ﺘﻢﺗ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﯿﺖو‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺬﻓﻲ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺘﻼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻳﻪا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻜﻦأنﻳﺠ‬
‫وﻳﻤ‬
‫ﺮأ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺨ‬
‫ﺎطﻓﻲا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮيا‬
‫ﻳﻤﻜﻦأنﻳﺠ‬
‫ﺎ‪.‬‬
‫زھ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻧﺠ‬
‫ﻗﺔﻓﻲإ‬
‫ﻟﺪ‬
‫ﻗﺸﺔا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺮوﻣ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺨ‬
‫ﻓﻲا‬
‫ﺋﻲ ‪: 7‬‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ة‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎجﺑﺼ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ـﻲا‬
‫ـﻪﻓ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةإ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﺪماﻹﺷ‬
‫ـﻪوﻋ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫اﻷھﻤ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺎطﻧﻈ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اا‬
‫ﻓﺔھﺬ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻣﻼﺣﻈﺔ ‪:‬ﺗﻤﺖإﺿ‬
‫اﺿﺤﺔ‪.‬‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻓﻲﺣ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ة‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻟ‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫اتاﻷﺳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻰإﺣﺪىا‬
‫إ‬
‫ة‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻰاﻹﺷ‬
‫ﺎطإ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اا‬
‫ﮫﺪفھﺬ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺔ )‪( exons‬‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﺪ‬
‫ﺎﻃﻖا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻔﺼﻞا‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﺔ )‪( introns‬‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺎﻃﻖﻏ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻠﻰا‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ءھ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻮاﺣ‬
‫ةوھ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫‪13‬‬
‫أن‬
‫ـﻲ (‪،‬إﻻ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫و‬
‫أ‬
‫ة )‪ARNm‬‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎﺷ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺎخﻣ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻨﺴ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ـﺪاﻻﺳ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺗﺞﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻲ ‪ARNm‬ا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﻚﻓ‬
‫ـﺬ‬
‫ـﺪﻛ‬
‫اﺟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ـﻲﺗ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎﺿﺞ(‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ا )‪ARNm‬‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻮل ‪ARNm‬ﻗﺼ‬
‫ﺒﺢﻃ‬
‫ﻳﺼ‬
‫ﻟﻚو‬
‫ﻌﺪذ‬
‫ﻔﻲﺑ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﺔﺗﺨ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﺪ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺎﻃﻖﻏ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﻞ‬
‫ﯿﻦ ﺳﻼﺳ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻲﺑ‬
‫ﺌ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﯿﻦا‬
‫ﺘﮫﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺮفﺑ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ءﻣ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻳﻖإﺟ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ةﻋﻦﻃ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺎھ‬
‫ﻟﻈ‬
‫ها‬
‫دھﺬ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺎتوﺟ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻳﻤﻜﻦإ‬
‫ﻣﻞ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻠﺴﻞا‬
‫ﺘﺴ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اتا‬
‫‪ADN‬وﺳﻼﺳﻞ ‪ ARNm‬ذ‬
‫ـﺪ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﯿﺤﻲ‪.‬ﺗﺤﺪ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻮﺿ‬
‫ـﻢﺗ‬
‫ـﺔ برﺳ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻞا‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﺎﺗﻤ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻨﻤ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ـﻲﺑ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ﺮاﻹ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺠﮫ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ةﺑ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻞ ﺻ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ـﺔأﺗﻤ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﺪ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺎﻃﻖﻏ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺜﻞﻣ‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻳﺔو‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺎﻃﻖاﻷﺣ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺪا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻮنﻣﻦﺧﻼلﺗﺤﺪ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟﺔﻳ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﺪ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺎﻃﻖﻏ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎﺿﺞ‪.‬‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻳﺊ ‪ARNm‬‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﺑﻞﻓﻲﺟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺎﻣ‬
‫ﯿ ﺲﻟﮫ‬
‫ﺘﻲﻟ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻓﻲ ‪ ADN‬و‬
‫ﺒﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺮﻓﻲﺗ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗ‬
‫ﺮإ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺎﻳﺸ‬
‫ﺮﻣﻦ ‪ADN‬ﻣﻤ‬
‫ﻗﺼ‬
‫ﺎجأن ‪ARNm‬أ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻰاﻻﺳ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺪف‬
‫ال ‪:1‬ﻳﮫ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﺾ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ـﻲأنﺑ‬
‫ولوھ‬
‫الاﻷ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ـﻲا‬
‫ﺎﻓ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿﮫ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺘﺤﺼﻞﻋ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻣﺔا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﻖا‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗﺪ‬
‫ﮫﺪفإ‬
‫ال ‪: 2‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎتو‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺎﻻﺗﺤﻤﻞﻣ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺮأ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺎﻗﺪﻳﺸ‬
‫ﻓﺖ(ﻣﻤ‬
‫ﻠﺖ )ﺣﺬ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ز‬
‫ﺪأ‬
‫ءﻣﻦ ‪ARN‬ﻗ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫اﻷﺟ‬
‫ـﺚ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ـﻦﺣ‬
‫ـﺔﻣ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ـﺔوﻏ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﺪ‬
‫ﻘﻄﻊا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮما‬
‫ﻔﮫ‬
‫دقﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻳﺪأ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗﺤ‬
‫الإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫اا‬
‫ال ‪:3‬ﻳﮫﺪفھﺬ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﻲ‬
‫ةﻓ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ـ‬
‫اﺟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺎﻣ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻧﮫ‬
‫ـﺔﻷ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﺪ‬
‫ـﻊا‬
‫ﻘﻄ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎما‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ر‬
‫ـﻞاﻷ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ـﺚﺗﻤ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺎت‪.‬ﺣ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ـﺪىا‬
‫ﺎﻓﻲإﺣ‬
‫ﻟﮫ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺎوﻃ‬
‫دھ‬
‫ﻋﺪ‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـﻲ ‪ADN‬وﻏ‬
‫ـﻂﻓ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ةﻓ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫اﺟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺎﻣ‬
‫ﻧﮫ‬
‫ﻟﺔﻷ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﺪ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺎﻃﻖﻏ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺮفا‬
‫ﺜﻞاﻷﺣ‬
‫ﺎﺗﻤ‬
‫ﻨﻤ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺎﺿﺞﺑ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫‪ARNm‬ا‬
‫ﯿﻦ ‪.‬‬
‫ﮫﺠ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻨﺪا‬
‫ﻳﺔﻋ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺎﻃﻖاﻷﺣ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻓﻲ ‪ARNm‬وھﻲا‬
‫ﺮﺟﻤﺔ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎط ‪: 4‬ا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﮫﻤ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﯿﻦو‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮعا‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﯿﺔو‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻮﻣ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺮﺟﻤﺔﻓﻲا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮما‬
‫ﻔﮫ‬
‫ﯿﺢ ﻣ‬
‫ﻮﺿ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺎط‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﮫﺪفا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﯿﻦ‪.‬‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺑ‬
‫ﯿﺔإ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ة‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟﺸ‬
‫ﺮﺟﻤﺔا‬
‫ﯿﺔﺗ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿﺔوھﻲﻛ‬
‫ﯿﺴ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﯿﺔر‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﺎطإﺷ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮحا‬
‫ﻳﻄ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺋﻲ ‪: 1‬‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺮفا‬
‫ـ‬
‫داﻷﺣ‬
‫ـﺪ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺎﻻتﻟ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ـﻒاﻻﺣ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻣﺨ‬
‫ﯿﻦو‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺪﻣﻜ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗﺤﺪ‬
‫ﺎطإ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ها‬
‫ﮫﺪفھﺬ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ـﻦ‬
‫ﻧﺔﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻜ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎو‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻓﺔﻣﺴ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻐﺔا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ويﻋﺪﻛ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻳﺔﻟﻜﻲﺗﺴ‬
‫و‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻐﺔا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻨﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻠﺔﻟ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻳﺔا‬
‫و‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻳﺪا‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺘﺤ‬
‫ﺎﻟ‬
‫ﺎﻋﮫ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗﻢا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻘﺔا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﻤﺔو‬
‫‪20‬ﻛ‬
‫ﯿﻦ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺮحإﺷﻜ‬
‫ﺗﻢ ﻃ‬
‫ﺎﻻت‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻠﻒاﻹﺣ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠﻰ ﻣﺨ‬
‫ﺮفﻋ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻰ‪:‬ا‬
‫و‬
‫ﯿﺔاﻷ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫اﻹﺷ‬‫ـﺔ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ـﻲﻣ‬
‫ـﻲ ‪20‬وھ‬
‫ـﺔھ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﺔا‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫دﻛ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ةأنﻋ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫دﻓﻜ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﺎباﻋ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫اا‬
‫ﺗﻢﻓﻲھﺬ‬
‫أ(‬
‫ﻠﻤﺔ‬
‫ﻜﻞﻛ‬
‫ﻧﺔﻟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮف‬
‫داﻷﺣ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺒﺤﺚﻋﻦﻋ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮا‬
‫ﺎﻻتھ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﺮحاﻹﺣ‬
‫ﺪفﻣﻦﻃ‬
‫ﻟﮫ‬
‫ﻮنا‬
‫ﺎﻟﻜﻲﻳﻜ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻣﺴ‬
‫ﺮف ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎوھﻲ ‪4‬أﺣ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻓﺔﻣﺴ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺮفﻣ‬
‫داﻷﺣ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻠﻢأنﻋ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻳﺔﻣﻊا‬
‫و‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻐﺔا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻓﻲا‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫دﻣﻦﻛ‬
‫ﻌﻄﻲﻋﺪ‬
‫ﺬيﻳ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎلا‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻨﺪاﻹﺣ‬
‫ﻗﻒﻋ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎﻻتﺑﻞا‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﯿﻊاﻹﺣ‬
‫ﺮحﺟﻤ‬
‫ﻻﻳﻤﻜﻦ ﻃ‬
‫ا‪.‬‬
‫د‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻮﺟ‬
‫ﺎنﻣ‬
‫اﻛ‬
‫ذ‬
‫وي ‪20‬إ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺬيﻳﺴ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻳﺔا‬
‫و‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎل‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﺎتﻓﻲﻛﻞاﺣ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫دا‬
‫ﻳﺪﻋﺪ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗﺤﺪ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺪف‬
‫ال ‪:1‬ﻳﮫ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﺔا‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫دﻛ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿﺚﻋ‬
‫‪،‬ﺣ‬
‫ﻘﻲ‬
‫ﻨﻄ‬
‫ﺮﻣ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻮﻏ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﺪﻓ‬
‫اﺣ‬
‫ﺮفو‬
‫ﺎتﻣﻦﺣ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ول ‪:‬ﻛ‬
‫اﻷ‬
‫ﺎل‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫اﻻﺣ‬
‫ﻘﻂ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎتﻓ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺑﻊﻛ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻟﺔأ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ه‬
‫ﻓﻲھﺬ‬
‫ﯿﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻐﺔ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻛ‬
‫ﻐﻄ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻓﻲﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺮﻛ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫دﻏ‬
‫ﻮﻋﺪ‬
‫ﻠﻤﺔ وھ‬
‫ﻌﻄﻲ ‪16‬ﻛ‬
‫ﻧﻲ ‪:‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎلا‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫اﻹﺣ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ـﻲأ‬
‫ﻌﻄ‬
‫ﻧﻪﻳ‬
‫ﺮﻏﻢﻣﻦأ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻮاﻷﺻﺢﺑ‬
‫ﻳﺔ وھ‬
‫و‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻐﺔا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﻤﺔﻓﻲا‬
‫ﻌﻄﻲ ‪64‬ﻛ‬
‫ﻟﺚ ‪:‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎل‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫اﻹﺣ‬
‫ﻠﻤﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻣﻦ ‪20‬ﻛ‬
‫ﻘﺔ ‪:(1‬‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ول )‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﻐﻼلا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ب (اﺳ‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫د‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫د‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺎفوﺟ‬
‫ﺘﺸ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻟﻰا‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺪف‬
‫ال ‪:1‬ﻳﮫ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫و‪3‬‬
‫و ‪2‬أ‬
‫أ‬
‫ة‬
‫اﺣﺪ‬
‫ﻓﺔو‬
‫د‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫أيﻣ‬
‫ﺎﻻت )‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻠﻒاﻻﺣ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اجﻣﺨ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺨ‬
‫ﻟﻰاﺳ‬
‫الإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫اا‬
‫ال ‪: 2‬ﻳﮫﺪفھﺬ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫و ‪(6‬‬
‫و ‪4‬أ‬
‫أ‬
‫ﻗﻒ‪.‬‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اتا‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ا‬
‫ور‬
‫ﻨﻰأ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ونﻣ‬
‫اتﺑﺪ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻳﺪا‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗﺤﺪ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺪف‬
‫ال ‪:3‬ﻳﮫ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫‪14‬‬
‫ه‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﺔ‪.‬ھ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﺸ‬
‫زا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻔﻚر‬
‫ﻠﺖﻟ‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺘﻲاﺳ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ربا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻌﺾ‬
‫ﺮحﺑ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‪:‬ﺗﻢﻃ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫اﻹﺷ‬‫ز‪.‬‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺮﻣ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﻒا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻔﻚﻣﺨ‬
‫ﺮىﻟ‬
‫ربأﺧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻌﺖﺑ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎ‪،‬و‬
‫ؤھ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗﻢإﺟ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻰا‬
‫و‬
‫ربھﻲاﻷ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ة‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﺸ‬
‫زا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ـﻚر‬
‫ـﻲﻓ‬
‫ـﺔﻓ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ـﺔا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨﮫﺠ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎفا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘﺸ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﻰ‬
‫ﯿﺬإ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻓﻊا‬
‫ﻟﻰد‬
‫ﺪفإ‬
‫ال ‪:1‬ﻳﮫ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎت‪.‬‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﺜﻼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اعا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻌ ﺾأ‬
‫ﺎجﺑ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻰاﺳ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺪف‬
‫ال‪: 2‬ﻳﮫ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﺔ‬
‫ﻠﺴ‬
‫ﻌﺪأنﻳﺸﻜﻞ ﺳ‬
‫ﯿﺬﺑ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﻮمﺑﮫ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺮﺟﻤﺔﻳ‬
‫ءﺗ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻰإﺟ‬
‫ﯿﻖﻳﮫﺪفإ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ةﻋﻦﺗﻄ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ال‪:3‬ﻋ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ة‪.‬‬
‫ﺎﻋﺪ‬
‫ﻮنﻣﻦ ‪30‬ﻗ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻣﻦ ‪ARNm‬ﻣ‬
‫ﺋ ﻲ ‪:2‬‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﻲ‬
‫ـﺪﻓ‬
‫اﻋ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺑﻊا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﻞﺗ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻠﺔﻓﻲﺗﺤ‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺴ‬
‫ﻣﺞا‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺪا‬
‫ﻠﻰأﺣ‬
‫ﺮفﻋ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻰا‬
‫ﺎطإ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اا‬
‫ﮫﺪفھﺬ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻣﺞ ‪Anagene‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺜﻞﻓﻲﺑ‬
‫ﺎت‪.‬ﻣﻤ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫وﻓﻲا‬
‫أ‬
‫و ‪ARN‬‬
‫‪ADN‬أ‬
‫د‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻰوﺟ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎإ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻳﻀ‬
‫ﺮأ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎﻧﺸ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﺖﻛﻤ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻜﺔاﻹ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻠﻰ ﺷ‬
‫ﻣﺞﻋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎلا‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫ﺎتﺑ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫دﺗﻄ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻳﺠ‬
‫ﻳﻤﻜﻦإ‬
‫ﺎج‪.‬‬
‫ﻨﮫ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻘﺔﻟ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻘﺔا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻓﻲا‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺗﻄ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘﮫ‬
‫ﺮﺟﻤ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﯿﺔو‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻣﺔا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻮلﻧﻘﻞا‬
‫ﯿﻪﺣ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞإ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺗﻢا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿﺪﻣ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗ‬
‫الإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﮫﺪفا‬
‫ال ‪: 1‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﺪم‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ـﻰأنﻳ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺎ‪،‬ﻋ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻪ ﺳ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞإ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺗﻢا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻣﺞ ‪Anagene‬ﻣﻊﻣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺎلﺑ‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺎتاﺳ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻧﺔﺗﻄ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺑﻤ‬
‫‪،‬‬
‫ﻟﻚ‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﯿﺬﺗ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﻲ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻣﺞ‪ Anagene‬ﻓ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺎلﺑ‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ـ‬
‫اﺳ‬
‫ة‬
‫ﺋﺪ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫و‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫أھﻤ‬
‫ﺘﺨﻼ ص‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻰاﺳ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫الإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ـﺪفا‬
‫ال ‪: 2‬ﻳﮫ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻔﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺎتﻣﺨ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫اتﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﺪ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺑﻊﻧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧﺔﺗ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ـﺐ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـﻰﺗ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺮفﻋ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎتﺗﺸ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ءﻣ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿﻦأﺟ‬
‫ﺑﻪﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫وﺟﻪا‬
‫ﺎجأ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻰاﺳ‬
‫ﻘﺔ ‪5‬إ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫الا‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﺪف ﺳ‬
‫ﻳﮫ‬
‫ﺛﺔ ‪Beta‬‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ءا‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫وﺟ‬
‫ﻓﺔ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻳﺔﻣﺨ‬
‫ﯿﺪ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺳﻼﺳﻞﺑ‬
‫ﻟﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻜﻞﺣ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻳﺔ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺒﺔا‬
‫ﻨﺴ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎبا‬
‫ﻟﻚﺑﺤﺴ‬
‫ذ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮﺟﻤﺔ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اﺣﻞا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺎﻣ ﺲ‪:‬ﻣ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﻰ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺮفﻋ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻰا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻰ‪،‬أيإ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﮫ‬
‫ـﻲا‬
‫ﯿﻦﻓ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﺐا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺮﺗ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻳﺪﻣ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗﺤﺪ‬
‫ﺎطإ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اا‬
‫ﮫﺪفھﺬ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫وثا‬
‫اﺣﻞﺣﺪ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﯿﻦو‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺐ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺎھﻢﻓﻲﺗ‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗﺴ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻌﻀ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺋ ﻲ ‪:1‬‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫د‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﺢﻣ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻮﺿ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺗﻲو‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﺬ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻲا‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺮاﻹﺷ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘﺼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻳﻖا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺮﻋﻦﻃ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻠﻰا‬
‫ﺮفﻋ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻰا‬
‫ﺋﻖإ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺪفا‬
‫ﺗﮫ‬
‫وم‪.‬‬
‫ز‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﻲ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻓ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﺐا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ـﻲﻣ‬
‫ـﻲھ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻌﻀ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻰا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺮفﻋ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻰا‬
‫الإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﺪفا‬
‫ال ‪:1‬ﻳﮫ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫زم ‪.‬‬
‫ﺑﻼ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﻞ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ـﺬيﻳﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫وم ‪(polysome‬و‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫وم )‬
‫ز‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫د‬
‫ـﺪ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ـﻒﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ءﺗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﻰإﻋﻄ‬
‫ﻳﮫﺪفإ‬
‫ال ‪:2‬‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﺔ‬
‫ﻠﺴ‬
‫ﺎج ﺳ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ومﺑ‬
‫ز‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻮمﻛﻞر‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﯿﺚﻳ‬
‫ﺪﻣﻦ ‪،ARNm‬ﺣ‬
‫اﺣ‬
‫ءو‬
‫ﺰي‬
‫ﺎتﺑﺠ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫و‬
‫ز‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫دﻣﻦا‬
‫ﺎطﻋﺪ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ر‬
‫ا‬
‫اﺣﺪ‪.‬‬
‫ﻳﺔﻓﻲآنو‬
‫ﯿﺪ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﯿﺐ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﺔﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻘﺔﻓ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻮﻃ‬
‫ومھ‬
‫ز‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫دا‬
‫ﻌﺪ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻰأنﻣ‬
‫ﻮلإ‬
‫ﻮﺻ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻰا‬
‫الإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫اا‬
‫ﮫﺪفھﺬ‬
‫ال ‪: 3‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫د‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫رأنﻋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اﻋ‬
‫ﻜﻦ‬
‫ﻳﻤ‬
‫ﻗﻞ‪.‬و‬
‫ﻗﺖأ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻓﻲو‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻔﺲ‬
‫ةﻣﻦ ﻧ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻣ‬
‫ﺎجﻛﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺮﻋﺔﻹ‬
‫ﯿﻦﺑﺴ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ﺎﺟ‬
‫ـﺐﺣ‬
‫ﯿﻦﺣﺴ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﺐا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـﺔﺗ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛﻤ‬
‫ﺮﻋﺔو‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻲ ﺳ‬
‫ﺘﺤﻜﻢﻓ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻠﺔﻟ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻮوﺳ‬
‫ﺒﻄﺔھ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫و‬
‫ز‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺋ ﻲ ‪:2‬‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺑﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻳﻖا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻋﻦﻃ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺐا‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ومﻓﻲﺗ‬
‫ز‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫دا‬
‫ﻌﺪ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫رﺗﺸﻜﻞﻣ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎتد‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻟﻰإ‬
‫ﮫﺪفإ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ري‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫وم ﺿ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻜﻞا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎأنﺗﺸ‬
‫ـ‬
‫دھ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻣﺔﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻰﻣ‬
‫ﺬإ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫وحﻳﺼﻞا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻄ‬
‫الا‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﻓﻤﻦﺧﻼلا‬
‫ﯿﻦ‪.‬‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺐا‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫‪15‬‬
‫ﺋ ﻲ ‪:3‬‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﻲ‬
‫ـﺬﻓ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮفا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ـﺪأنﺗ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺑ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻲا‬
‫ةﻓ‬
‫ـﺪ‬
‫اﺟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫اع ‪ARN‬ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ـﻰأ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺮفﻋ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻰا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺪفإ‬
‫ﻳﮫ‬
‫ﻟﻰ‬
‫ﺮإ‬
‫ﺎﺟ‬
‫ﻳﮫ‬
‫ةو‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺒﻪﻓﻲا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﻢﺗ‬
‫ﻟﺬيﻳ‬
‫ﻮ ‪ARNm‬ا‬
‫اع ‪ARN‬وھ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫أ‬
‫ﻠﻰأﺣﺪ‬
‫ﻘﺔﻋ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﺎﻃ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﻰ‪.‬‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﮫ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺰي ‪.‬‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫دا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﻳﻖا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺑﻄ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﮫ‬
‫اع ‪ARN‬ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺋﺞﻓﺼﻞأ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻘﺔ )‪(2‬ﻧ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻦا‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻧﮫ‬
‫ز‬
‫ـﺐو‬
‫ﺎﺣﺴ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿﮫ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻮلﻋ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﺤﺼ‬
‫ﺘﻢا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻲﻳ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻊا‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺰيو‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫دا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﯿﺐا‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫أ‬
‫ﻠﻰ‬
‫ﻘﺔﻋ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮيا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺗﺤ‬
‫ﻛﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿﺔ ‪ARN‬ﻓﻲﻛﻞ ﺷ‬
‫ﻮﺿﺢﻛﻤ‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻨﺤ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻰا‬
‫إ‬
‫ﻓﺔ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺎﻹﺿ‬
‫ﺎ (ﺑ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫)‬
‫ﯿﻦ‪.‬‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺐا‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ةﺗ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫رجﻓ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ءوﺧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫أ‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺗﻤﺖا‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫وطا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﺔﺑﺸ‬
‫ﺒﻄ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺮﻣ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ـﺔﻏ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺎتﻋ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻌﻄ‬
‫ﺮ ضﻣ‬
‫ﯿﻪﻋ‬
‫ﻘﺔ )‪( 3‬ﺗﻢﻓ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮﺿﺢﻓﻲا‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ولا‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻘﺔ )‪.(2‬‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮﺿﺤﺔﻓﻲا‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎجا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ـ‬
‫اﺳ‬
‫ﻟﻰ‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞإ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺬﻟ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎﻋﺪ‬
‫ﺗﺴ‬
‫ﺑﺔو‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺋﺞا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻮﺿﺢﻧ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺪو‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ولﺗ‬
‫ﻟﺠﺪ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻌﻄ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫اع ‪. ARN‬‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺋ ﺺأ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻮلﺧﺼ‬
‫ﯿﺤﺔﺣ‬
‫ﻟﺼﺤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺒﻜ‬
‫ﻧﻲﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮعا‬
‫ﻮﺿ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫دتﻓﻲا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺘﻲو‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ءا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺎتﺗﺼﺤﺢأﺣﺪاﻷﺧﻄ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻌﻄ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ها‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫‪ ‬ﻣﻼﺣﻈﺔ‪:‬ھ‬
‫ﺎك‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿﺢأنھ‬
‫ـﺤ‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﻦ ‪ARNt‬و‬
‫اعﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫د ‪3‬أ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻰوﺟ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫إ‬
‫ة‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺄاﻹﺷ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿﻪﺧﻄ‬
‫ﻟﺬيﺗﻢﻓ‬
‫ا‬
‫‪1999‬و‬
‫ﯿﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺌ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﻧﮫ‬
‫ا‬
‫ز‬
‫و‬
‫ﻔﺔﻓﻲأ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اعﻣﻦ ‪ARNr‬ﻣﺨ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫أ‬
‫‪3‬‬
‫ة‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫رجﻓ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻲﺧ‬
‫ﺘﻔ‬
‫اع ‪ARN‬ﻳﺨ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺪأ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎجأنأﺣ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻰاﻹﺳ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ديإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫رنﻳ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﯿﻞﻣ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫زﺗﺤ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻧﺠ‬
‫إ‬
‫ال ‪:1‬‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻦ‪.‬‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺐا‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﯿﺚ‪:‬‬
‫ول‪.‬ﺣ‬
‫ﻟﺠﺪ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻧﺔﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺎﻻﺳ‬
‫ﻛﺔﺑ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻮع ‪ARN‬ﻓﻲﻛﻞ ﺷ‬
‫ﺪﻧ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗﺤﺪ‬
‫ﻮلإ‬
‫ﻮﺻ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻪا‬
‫ﺘﻢﻓ‬
‫ال ‪:2‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫اعﻣﻦ ‪ARNr‬‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺜﻞأ‬
‫ﻛﺔ ‪1‬و ‪ 2‬و ‪3‬ﺗﻤ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﺸ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺈن‬
‫ﺎﻓ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫هﻻ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺗﻲذ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫ةﻣﻦ ‪ARNt‬ﻛﻤ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫اعﻛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫اﺟﺪأ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺮﻏﻢﻣﻦﺗ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺜﻞ ‪) ARNt‬‬
‫ﻛﺔ ‪4‬ﺗﻤ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﺸ‬
‫ا‬
‫زن‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻲا‬
‫ﯿ ﺲﻓ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اﻋﺪو‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻘ‬
‫ﺑﻊا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠﻒﻓﻲﺗ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺎوھﻲﺗﺨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺌﻲﺗ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫زنا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻔ ﺲا‬
‫ﺎﻧ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫اعﻟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫هاﻷ‬
‫ھﺬ‬
‫ﻛﺔ(‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﺸ‬
‫ﻔ ﺲا‬
‫ﺎﻓﻲﻧ‬
‫رھ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﻟﻰﻇ‬
‫ديإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﺎﻳ‬
‫ﻣﻤ‬
‫ﯿﻦ‪.‬‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺐا‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫رجﺗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔﻲﺧ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧﻪﻳﺨ‬
‫ﺜﻞ ‪ARNm‬ﻷ‬
‫ﻛﺔ ‪5‬ﺗﻤ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﺸ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮل‬
‫ﺮﻃ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻪﺑ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺮﻃ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﺚﻳ‬
‫زن( ‪ARNm‬ﺣ‬
‫و‬
‫ﻮل )‬
‫ﺘﻼف ﻃ‬
‫ﺒﺐاﺧ‬
‫ﺮﺳ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻔﺴ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗ‬
‫ﮫﺪفإ‬
‫ال ‪: 3‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎﺧﮫ‬
‫ﻨﺴ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗﻢاﺳ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻦ(ا‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻓﻲا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫اﻷ‬
‫ﺎض‬
‫داﻷﺣﻤ‬
‫ﺛﺔ )ﻋﺪ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺋﻲ ‪: 4‬‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫وم‬
‫ز‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻣﻜ‬
‫ﯿﺔو‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿﺢﺑ‬
‫ﻮﺿ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺪف‬
‫ﻳﮫ‬
‫ﻮع‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻦﻧ‬
‫ـﺔﻣ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫و‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺎ ضﻧ‬
‫ـ‬
‫أﺣﻤ‬
‫ﺎتو‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـﻦﺑ‬
‫ﻮنﻣ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ومﻳ‬
‫ز‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻰأنا‬
‫ﯿﺬإ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻪا‬
‫ال ‪:1‬ﻳﺼﻞﻓ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫‪. ARNr‬‬
‫ﻨﺺ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻤﻦا‬
‫ﺘﻀ‬
‫وم‪.‬ﻳ‬
‫ز‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﺔا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ـﻲﻟ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ـ ﺺﻋ‬
‫ﻜﻞﻧ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻲ ﺷ‬
‫ﺎﻓ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿﻪوﺻ‬
‫ﺬﻓ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻘﺪما‬
‫ال ‪:2‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ة‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘﻢاﻹﺷ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻪ )ﻻﺗ‬
‫ﺒﻂﺑ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮىا‬
‫ﺮاﻷﺧ‬
‫ﺎﺻ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﻒا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻗﻊ‪،‬ﻣﺨ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻠﻒا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫وم‪،‬ﻣﺨ‬
‫ز‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎ (‪.‬‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺎﻻﺣ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﺘﻢوﺻﻔ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺘﻲ ﺳ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻌﻤﻞا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻰآ‬
‫ﺎإ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ھ‬
‫ﺋﻲ ‪: 5‬‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻌﺔﻟ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺮقا‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﻠﻒا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻣﺨ‬
‫ﯿﺔ ‪ARNt‬و‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿﺢﺑ‬
‫ﻮﺿ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗ‬
‫ﺋﻖإ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﮫﺪفا‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺎﻻت‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ـﻒا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ـﻲﻣﺨ‬
‫ـﻪﻓ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺮفﻋ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﺐﻣﻦا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﻜﻦا‬
‫ﻮﺗﻤ‬
‫ﺎل ھ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻠﻒاﻷﺷ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺮ ضﻣﺨ‬
‫ﺪفﻣﻦﻋ‬
‫ﻟﮫ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎ ﺷﻜﻞ ‪.ARNt‬‬
‫ﯿﮫ‬
‫دفﻓ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﻲﻳﺼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﺾ‬
‫ﻟﺤﻤ‬
‫ـﺖا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﺎنﺗ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﯿﺔ ‪ARNt‬وھﻲﻣ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻓﻲﺑ‬
‫ﯿﺴ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ءا‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﺎجاﻷﺟ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻰاﺳ‬
‫ﺪفإ‬
‫ال ‪:1‬ﻳﮫ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ة ‪. anticodon‬‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻀ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫اﻣ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻗﻊا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻨﻲو‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫اﻷ‬
‫ـﻪ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ـﺪﻟﺪ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ـﻲﻳ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻦ ‪ARNt‬ﻟﻜ‬
‫اعﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ـﺔأ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ر‬
‫ـﻢأ‬
‫ﺮﺳ‬
‫ـﺬﺑ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻪا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻮمﻓ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ـﻖﻳ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻮﺗﻄ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ال ‪: 2‬ھ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ول‬
‫ـﺪ‬
‫ـﻲﺟ‬
‫ـﺤﺔﻓ‬
‫ﻮﺿ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫اتا‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻧﺔﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎﻻﺳ‬
‫ـﻖﺑ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺘﻄ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫زا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻧﺠ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺘﻢ‬
‫ـ‬
‫اع ‪ARNt‬ﻳ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﯿﻦأ‬
‫ﺘﻼفﺑ‬
‫اﻻﺧ‬
‫‪16‬‬
‫ال‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫اا‬
‫ـﺬ‬
‫ـﻲھ‬
‫ﺎﻓ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿﮫ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻞإ‬
‫ﻮﺻ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫رفا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﻦا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺑﻂﺑ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻔﺤﺔ ‪.(20‬ﻳﻤﻜﻦا‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺛﺔ )‬
‫ا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اتا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟﺸ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻔﺤﺔ ‪.( 25‬‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺋﻲ ‪) 3‬‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ال ‪2‬ﻣﻦا‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫و‬
‫ﺋﻲ ‪: 6‬‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ر ‪. ARNt‬‬
‫و‬
‫ﯿﺢد‬
‫ﻮﺿ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗ‬
‫ﺎطإ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اا‬
‫ﮫﺪفھﺬ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﻚ‪.‬‬
‫ﻳﺔﻟﺬ‬
‫ر‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻀ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ﺎﺻ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔو‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎ ضاﻷ‬
‫ﯿﻂاﻷﺣﻤ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺗ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫آ‬
‫ﻟﻰ‬
‫ﺋﻖإ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺗﺸ‬
‫ﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﻨﮫ‬
‫رﻛﻞﻣ‬
‫و‬
‫د‬
‫ﯿﺔو‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎ ضاﻷ‬
‫ﯿﻂاﻷﺣﻤ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻣﺔﻟ‬
‫ز‬
‫ﻟﻼ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺎﺻ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اجا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺨ‬
‫ﻟﻰاﺳ‬
‫إ‬
‫ال‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﮫﺪفا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺋﻲ ‪: 7‬‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮﺟﻤﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫وثا‬
‫اﺣﻞﺣﺪ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﯿﺔو‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻳﺪآ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗﺤﺪ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺪف‬
‫ﻳﮫ‬
‫ﻟﺔ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﻄ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻼق‪،‬اﻻﺳ‬
‫ﻧﻄ‬
‫اﻻ‬
‫اﺣﻞ‪:‬‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﻢﻓﻲ ‪3‬ﻣ‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮﺟﻤﺔا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫وثا‬
‫ﯿﺔﺣﺪ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫آ‬
‫اﺣﻞو‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿﻘﺔ ‪9‬ﻣ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮﺿﺢا‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫اﺣﺪ‪.‬‬
‫ومو‬
‫ز‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻮىر‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻳﺔ‪.‬ﻓﻲﻣﺴ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨﮫ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺛﻢا‬
‫وم‪.‬‬
‫ز‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫در‬
‫ﻌﺪ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻮىﻣ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠﻰﻣﺴ‬
‫ﻔﺔﻋ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺨ‬
‫اﺣﻞا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫وثا‬
‫ﻘﺔﺣﺪ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻘﺔا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮﺿﺢا‬
‫ﺎﺗ‬
‫ﻛﻤ‬
‫ة‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻮﺣ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﺖا‬
‫ـﻲ ‪:‬ﺗﺤ‬
‫ـﺔوھ‬
‫ﺮﺟﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻼقا‬
‫ﻧﻄ‬
‫ﻳﺔﻻ‬
‫ر‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﻀ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎﺻ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎجا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻰاﺳ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺪفإ‬
‫ال ‪:1‬ﻳﮫ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﻲ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻟﺤﻤ ﺾاﻷ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎ صﺑ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮى‪ARNt ،‬‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ـﺪ‬
‫ﻮﺣ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﺖا‬
‫ـ ‪،Met‬ﺗﺤ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎ صﺑ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ﺮى‪ARNt ،‬ا‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻧﻲ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﻲ‬
‫ﯿﻄ‬
‫ﺘﺨﻄ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻢا‬
‫ﺮﺳ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻼلا‬
‫ـﻦﺧ‬
‫ﺎتﻣ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫اجﻣ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺨ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻰاﺳ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺬإ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻓﻊا‬
‫ﻟﻰد‬
‫ﺪفإ‬
‫ال ‪:2‬ﻳﮫ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﺔ‬
‫ﺘﺸﻜ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻳﺔ‬
‫ﯿﺪ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﺔ‬
‫ﻠﺴ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎل‬
‫ﻔﺼ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﺔوھﻲ‪:‬‬
‫ﺮﺣ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ها‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﻳﺤﺪثﻓﻲھ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻮلﻣ‬
‫ﻳﺔﺣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﺔا‬
‫ﺮﺣ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫وم ‪.‬‬
‫ز‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺗﻲ‬
‫ﺎلﺗﺤﺖوﺣﺪ‬
‫ﻔﺼ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻔﻜﻚ ‪،ARNm‬ا‬
‫ﺎلﺛﻢﺗ‬
‫ﻔﺼ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺮ‪،‬ا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺎل ‪ARNt‬اﻷﺧ‬
‫ﻔﺼ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ا‬
‫‪،‬‬
‫ـﻲ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺗﻪﻓﻲا‬
‫ا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺎلﻣﮫ‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻮاﺳ‬
‫ﯿﺬﻧﺤ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻪا‬
‫ﻮﺟ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗ‬
‫الإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫اا‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﺪفھ‬
‫ال ‪:3‬ﻳﮫ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﻤﻲ‪.‬‬
‫ﺮﺟﻤﺔﻓﻲﻧ ﺺﻋ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫وثا‬
‫اﺣﻞﺣﺪ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻮﺻﻒﻣ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺋﻲ ‪: 8‬‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ﺮكا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺮﺟﻤﺔ ‪.‬ﺗ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻠﺔﻓﻲﻋﻤ‬
‫ﺘﺪﺧ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ﺎﺻ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺒﺔﻟ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ذج ﺻ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ءﻧﻤ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺑ‬
‫ﺎطإ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اا‬
‫ﮫﺪفھﺬ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ـﻲ‬
‫ﺎطﻓ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮيا‬
‫أنﻳﺠ‬
‫ﻜﻦ‬
‫ذج ‪.‬ﻳﻤ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ءا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻌﻤﻞﻓﻲﺑ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗﺴ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫دا‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻮعا‬
‫رﻧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اﺧ‬
‫ﺬﻓﻲ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺘﻼﻣ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ﻗﺸ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺮو‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺨ‬
‫ـﻲا‬
‫ذجﻓ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻨﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻳﻢا‬
‫ـﺪ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘﻢﺗ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺗﮫﻢو‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ـﻲﺑ‬
‫ﯿﺬﻓ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺘﻼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻳﻪا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻜﻦأنﻳﺠ‬
‫وﻳﻤ‬
‫ﺮأ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺨ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎح‪.‬‬
‫ﻳﻀ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﻠﺔ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻮﺳ‬
‫ﻘﻰﻛ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺮﻟ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺨ‬
‫ةﻓﻲا‬
‫ﯿﺪ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ا‬
‫ذج‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺎظﺑ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺘﻢاﻹﺣ‬
‫ﺎ‪.‬ﻳ‬
‫زھ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻧﺠ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﻗﺔﻓﻲ‬
‫ﻟﺪ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮض‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﻳﺖﻓﻲ ‪1964‬ﻟ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫أﺟ‬
‫رب‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺗﺼﻒﺗﺠ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟﺸ‬
‫زا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫انﻓﻚر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫وﺿﺔﺗﺤﺖﻋ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺑﺔا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻔﺤﺔ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎط ‪) 4‬‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﻲ‬
‫ﺎﻓ‬
‫ﻔﮫ‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗﻢوﺻ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺑﺔا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻠﺔﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔوھﻲﻣﻜﻤ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ة‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟﺸ‬
‫زا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻓﻚﻛﻞر‬
‫‪.( 21‬‬
‫ﻘﺔ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻠﺔﻟ‬
‫ﻣﻜﻤ‬
‫ﻘﺔو‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻔﺤﺔ ‪21‬ﻣ‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫ﺎط ‪ 4‬ﻓﻲا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺑﺔ ﺿﻤﻦا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ه‬
‫ﻜﻦوﺿﻊھﺬ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻤ‬
‫ﺎنﻣﻦا‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫اع ‪ARN‬‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫أ‬
‫ـﺔو‬
‫ﺮﺟﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫وثا‬
‫ـﺪ‬
‫ـﺔﺣ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫آ‬
‫ـﻰ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺮفﻋ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﯿﺬﻗﺪﺗ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮنا‬
‫ﻠﺐأنﻳﻜ‬
‫ﺘﻄ‬
‫ﺑﺔﺗ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫‪، 2‬ﻟﻜﻦا‬
‫ﻮﺿﻊ‪.‬‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫اا‬
‫ﺎﻓﻲھﺬ‬
‫ﻌﮫ‬
‫وﺿ‬
‫ﺎو‬
‫ﺮھ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺄﺧ‬
‫ﻟﻚﺗﻢﺗ‬
‫ومﻟﺬ‬
‫ز‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫و‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﺬ‬
‫ـﺪ‪.‬ھ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﺔا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ومو ‪ARNt‬وﺛﻼ‬
‫ز‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻦ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺪﺑ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻮنا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻰﺗﻜ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ـﺔﻋ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫أا‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺘﻤﺪﻣ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺎط ‪ARNt‬‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ر‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻨﺪ‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻘﺪﻣﺸ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻮنا‬
‫ﻳﻜ‬
‫ﻌﻤﻞو‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺢ‬
‫ﺮﺷ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫رق‬
‫ﺮو‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﺤﺠﻢوﻻﻳ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻘﺪﻛ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﺜﻼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻰا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺮف ‪ARNt‬ﻋ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ـﻰﺗ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ـﻞﻋ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺢد‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺮﺷ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫رقا‬
‫ﻮقو‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎعﻓ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ـ‬
‫اﻹﺷ‬
‫ـﺪ‬
‫اﺟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺈنﺗ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﻚﻓ‬
‫ـﺬ‬
‫‪.‬ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﻒ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺑﺔﻳﺨ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫أا‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻨﻲ‪.‬ﻣ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻠﺔﻟﻜﻞﺣﻤ ﺾأ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﺜﻼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﻰا‬
‫ﺮفﻋ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺘﻢا‬
‫ﻨﻪﻳ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻠﺔ‪.‬و‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻦ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﺐا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﻢﺗ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺑﺔﻻﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ها‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﻔﺤﺔ ‪21‬ﻷنﻓﻲھ‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫ﺎﻓﻲا‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻓﺔ ﺳ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻮﺻ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺑﺔا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﻰا‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫ﺪ‪.‬‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻮنا‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻘﻂﺗ‬
‫ﺎﻓ‬
‫ﻧﻤ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺑﺔو‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ءا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫أ‬
‫ﻟﻰ‬
‫ﺎإ‬
‫ﯿﮫ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺮﺟﻤﺔا‬
‫ﯿﺬﻣﻦﺗ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻦا‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗﻤﻜ‬
‫ﺎطإ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اا‬
‫الﻓﻲھﺬ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﮫﺪفا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﯿﻦ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺐا‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺗ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫اﺣﻞﻋﻤ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻠﻒﻣ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﻪﻣﺨ‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞﻓ‬
‫ﯿﻄﻲﻳﺤ‬
‫رﺳﻢﺗﺨﻄ‬
‫ﺋﻲ ‪: 9‬‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﻢ‬
‫ـﻲﺗ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫رفا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ـﻞا‬
‫ـﺚﻳﻜﻤ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ـﻪ‪.‬ﺣ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺪﺗ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﯿﻦﺑ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿﺢﻣﺼ‬
‫ﻮﺿ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗ‬
‫ﺎطإ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اا‬
‫ﮫﺪفھﺬ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ـﺢﺑ‬
‫ﻮﺿ‬
‫ـﺔﺗ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ـﺪ‬
‫ﻮﺣ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫أنا‬
‫ـﺔو‬
‫ﺎﺻ‬
‫ﯿﻦﺧ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺐا‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺗ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫آ‬
‫ﺎﻳﺨ ﺺ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﺎﻓ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞإ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫‪17‬‬
‫ﯿﻦ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻪا‬
‫ﻮﺟ‬
‫ﻮمﺗ‬
‫ﻔﮫ‬
‫ءﻣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺑ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺎطﻟﻜﻲﻳ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اا‬
‫اجھﺬ‬
‫ر‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎت‪.‬ﺗﻢإ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻔﺔا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫وﻇ‬
‫و‬
‫ﻔﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻮﻇ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ه‬
‫ءھﺬ‬
‫ا‬
‫د‬
‫اﻷ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﺎھ‬
‫ﺒﺢﺟ‬
‫ﻳﺼ‬
‫ﻨﻀﺞو‬
‫أنﻳ‬
‫ﻌﺪ‬
‫ﺘﻪﺑ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿﻪوﻇ‬
‫ديﻓ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺬيﻳ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎن‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻮا‬
‫ﻧﺤ‬
‫ﺎن‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻦﻣﻜ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻣ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﻜﻪا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﺬيﻳﺴ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫را‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺴ‬
‫ﻟﻰا‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞإ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﯿﺬﻟ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻓﻊا‬
‫ﻟﻰد‬
‫ﮫﺪفإ‬
‫ال ‪: 1‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺘﻢ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﺔ‪.‬ﻳ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ز‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﺎتاﻹ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﺔا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـﻲﺣ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻓ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫رجا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿﻦﺧ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮحا‬
‫ﻨﻀﺞﺛﻢﻃ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎنا‬
‫ﻟﻰﻣﻜ‬
‫ﯿﺐإ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮح‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻰ ﺷ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮعإ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺮﺟ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻦا‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﺗﻲ‪.‬ﻳﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﺬ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻲا‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺮاﻹﺷ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘﺼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺎلﺗ‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺎجﻣﻦﺧﻼلاﺳ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اﻻﺳ‬
‫ة‬
‫ﻮﺣﺪ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻳﺔا‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺎﻓﻲﺑ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫ﯿﺤﮫ‬
‫ﻮﺿ‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗﻢﺗ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺗﻲا‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﺬ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻲا‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫اﻹﺷ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘﺼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻘﺔا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻃ‬
‫ـﻞ‬
‫ـﻲﻛ‬
‫ﺪثﻓ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻦأنﻳﺤ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﺎﻳﻤ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻮلﻣ‬
‫احﺣ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻳﻢا‬
‫ﻘﺪ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺒﺤﺚو‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺬﻟ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻓﻊا‬
‫ﻨﻪد‬
‫ﮫﺪفﻣ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ال ‪:2‬ا‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎجأن ‪:‬‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻰاﺳ‬
‫ﻮلإ‬
‫ﻮﺻ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺬﻣﻦا‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻳﻤﻜﻦا‬
‫ه ‪.‬و‬
‫ز‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﺒﻞإ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻗ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﺮﺑﮫ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻳﻤ‬
‫ﻋﻀ‬
‫ﯿﺐ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻮﻣ‬
‫ومھ‬
‫ز‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫‬‫ﻳﺼﻼت‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻜﻞﺣ‬
‫ﻔﻪﻓﻲ ﺷ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﯿﻦو‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎلﻧﻀﺞا‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮﻻ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻮﻣ‬
‫ﻟﺠﻲﻓﮫ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫زﻏ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺟﮫ‬‫ـﻞ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻮي )‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫احا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻖاﻹﻃ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـﻦﻃ‬
‫ـﺔﻋ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫رجا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺧ‬
‫ﯿﻦإ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻘﻞا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻠﺔﻟ‬
‫ﻳﺼﻼتھﻲوﺳ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ا‬
‫‬‫ﻠﻲ(‪.‬‬
‫ﻳﺼ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺣ‬
‫ﺎع‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ـ‬
‫اﻹﺷ‬
‫ء‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اﺧ‬
‫رو‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﻣﻦﻇ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻣﻦﺧﻼلز‬
‫اﺧﻞﻛﻞﻋﻀ‬
‫ﯿﻦد‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ءا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ةﺑ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻳﺪﻣ‬
‫ﻟﻚﺗﺤﺪ‬
‫ﻳﻤﻜﻦﻛﺬ‬
‫ﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﯿﮫ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫‪18‬‬
‫ﺎلاﻻول ‪:‬‬
‫ﻟﻤﺠ‬
‫ﻟﻮﺣﺪة ‪1‬ﻣﻦا‬
‫ﻳﻦا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺗﻤ‬
‫ﻳﻦ ‪:1‬‬
‫ﺘﻤﺮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺋﻦ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫وا‬
‫ﯿﺔأ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ﺎﺟﺔا‬
‫ﯿﻦﺣﺴﺐﺣ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎجا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﯿﻢإ‬
‫ﻨﻈ‬
‫ﻮمﺗ‬
‫ﻔﮫ‬
‫ﺮحﻣ‬
‫ﻟﻰﻃ‬
‫ﻳﻦإ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺪف‬
‫ﻳﮫ‬
‫ـﻰ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﺬإ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻞا‬
‫اﺣﻞﻳﺼ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻰ ‪3‬ﻣ‬
‫ﺎإ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻘﺴ‬
‫ﻌﺪﺗ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺑ‬
‫ﻨﮫﺠ‬
‫ةﻣ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺎتﺑﺼ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻨﺤ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﻞا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻣﻦﺧﻼلﺗﺤ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎل ﺳ‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻞاﺳ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ـﻲﺗﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻰا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫و‬
‫ـﺔاﻷ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺮﺣ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ـﻲا‬
‫دﻓ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻔ ﺲا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎﺑ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺪﻧﻤ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﺮﺗ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻔﺴ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ز‪.‬‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ز‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺘﮫﻼكﻛﻞا‬
‫ﻌﺪاﺳ‬
‫ﻮنﺑ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻳﻜ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﺔا‬
‫ﺮﺣ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻓﻲا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫رﻋ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎﻓﻲا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺒﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫دا‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺎتﻋ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺮﺛ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻔﺴ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ز‪.‬‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮا‬
‫ﻮﺳﻂوھ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻧﻲﻓﻲا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﺎلا‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠﻰاﺳ‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﺗﮫ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻌﺪمﻗ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿﮫ‬
‫ﻮنﻓ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ـﻲﺗ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﺔأا‬
‫رﻋ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﻲ‬
‫ـﻂﻓ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺎﻓ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫دا‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻮﻋ‬
‫ﯿﺬﻧﻤ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ﻔﺴ‬
‫ﺜﺔﻳ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﺔا‬
‫ﺮﺣ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻓﻲا‬
‫و‬
‫ز‪،‬‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺪ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻮﺳ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻳﻢ ‪-‬ﻏ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎجإ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﻠﻰ‬
‫ةﻋ‬
‫ر‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻘ‬
‫ا‬
‫ز وھﻲ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﺎل ﺳ‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠﻰاﺳ‬
‫ةﻋ‬
‫ر‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺎﻗ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ة‬
‫ر‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺮﻗ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ـﻲﻏ‬
‫ـﺔوھ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻠﻄ‬
‫رﻟ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ـ‬
‫زﻛﻤﺼ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎلا‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫رﻋﺔ باﺳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎﻓﻲا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺒﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻊا‬
‫ﺘﻄ‬
‫ﺎﻻﺗﺴ‬
‫ﻨﻤ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ز‪.‬‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻮﺳ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠﻜ‬
‫ﻳﻢ ‪-‬ﻏ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎجإ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻠﻰإ‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫ﺎل‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻠﻰاﺳ‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﺗﮫﻤ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎﻓﻲﻗﺪ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺒﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻣﻦا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﺴﻼ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻦ‬
‫ﻳﻦﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻚﻋﻦا‬
‫ﻌﺪذ‬
‫ﯿﺬﺑ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ءلا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﺴ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ز‪.‬‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ديھ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺮأﺣ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﺎل ﺳ‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اﺳ‬
‫ﻠﻰ‬
‫ةﻋ‬
‫ر‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺎﻗ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﻢأنا‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫زﻣﻊا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ﺳﻜ‬
‫ـﻼل‬
‫ـﻦﺧ‬
‫ـﻚﻣ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ذ‬
‫ﯿﻦو‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﺐا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺮ ضﺗ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﺛﺔﻟ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺰﻣ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺘﺤ‬
‫زمﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻼ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻣﻦ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻰا‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞإ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻚا‬
‫ﻳﻤﻜﻦﻛﺬ‬
‫ﻮﺳﻂ‪.‬‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫زﻓﻲا‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺪ‬
‫ﻮﺳ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻳﻢﻏ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫رإ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻳﺔﻇﮫ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺑﺪ‬
‫ﺎو‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺒﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫د‬
‫ا‬
‫ةﻓﻲأﻋﺪ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻗﻒ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿﻦﺗ‬
‫ﻣﻦﺑ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻧﺔا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ـﺐ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺘﻄ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻳ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻮﺑ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﺬيھ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻳﻢا‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎجاﻹ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎأنإ‬
‫ﯿﮫ‬
‫ﻮﺿﺢﻓ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻳ‬
‫ﺮﺿ‬
‫ﯿﺬﻓ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮحا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ال ‪:3‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﻔﻲا‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ـﺐ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـﺐﺗ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺘﻄ‬
‫ة‪.‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻮﺣ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﺐﻣﻦﺧﻼلا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﯿﻪا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺮفﻋ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺎﺗ‬
‫ﺮﺟﻤﺔﺣﺴﺐﻣ‬
‫ﺎخﺛﻢﺗ‬
‫ﻨﺴ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﺔاﺳ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻋﻤ‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ﺒﺢا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺛﺔﺗﺼ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺐ‬
‫ةﻗﺪﺗﺼ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫وثﻃﻔ‬
‫ﻟﺔﺣﺪ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔﻲﺣ‬
‫ﺛﺔ ﻓ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻓﻲﻣ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎتو‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻣ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻳﻢ‪.‬‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎجاﻹ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻠﻰإ‬
‫ةﻋ‬
‫ر‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺮﻗ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻏ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﺎﻻﻋ‬
‫ة (ﺑ‬
‫ﻳﺪ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺟﺪ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫وﺿ‬
‫ة)‬
‫ﻳﺪ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻟﺔﺟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨﻰﻟﺤ‬
‫ﻨﺤ‬
‫ﺮﺳﻢﻣ‬
‫ﯿﺬأنﻳ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﺐﻣﻦا‬
‫ال ‪: 4‬ﻳﻄ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﻓﻲا‬
‫ﻟﻲ‪:‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻨﻰا‬
‫ﻨﺤ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺒﻪا‬
‫ﻨﻰﻣﻤﻜﻦأنﻳﺸ‬
‫ﻨﺤ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻜﻞا‬
‫ﻘﺔ‪ .‬ﺷ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﻠﺔا‬
‫ﺌ‬
‫ﯿﻪﻓﻲاﻷﺳ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞإ‬
‫ﺎﺗ‬
‫ﻠﻰﻣ‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻳﺸ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ز‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻣ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻣﺴ‬
‫ﺬﺧﻄ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮﺳﻢ‬
‫ﻗﻊأنﻳ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻣﻦا‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﺎن ﻛﻤ‬
‫ﻳﻢ‬
‫ﻧﺰ‬
‫اﻹ‬
‫ﻋﺪد‬
‫ﯿﻦﻣﻦ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﺴﻼ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﻚﻷنﻛﻼ‬
‫ذ‬
‫ﻘﺔو‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﺑﺔا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻰﻣﻦا‬
‫و‬
‫اﻷ‬
‫ﻠﺔ‬
‫ﺮﺣ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫)‪-‬‬
‫ﺒﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺘﻮ‬
‫ﻠﻜ‬
‫ﻏ‬
‫ﺎب‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةﻓﻲا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫أنا‬
‫زو‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎلا‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اﺳ‬
‫ﻠﻰ‬
‫ةﻋ‬
‫ر‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺎﻗ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫مأ‬
‫ز‪.‬‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎل‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠﻰاﺳ‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﻧﻤ‬
‫إ‬
‫زو‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎل‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠﻰاﺳ‬
‫ﺮﻋ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﻢﺗ‬
‫ز‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺎھﺔ ﺳﻜ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫زمﻹ‬
‫ﻟﻼ‬
‫ﻳﻢا‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎجاﻹ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺘﻢإ‬
‫ﻠﺔﻳ‬
‫ﺮﺣ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ه‬
‫ﻓﻲھﺬ‬
‫مب‬
‫ﻮ‪.‬‬
‫ﻨﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻗﺔو‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﺎجا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎھﺔﻓﻲإ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫اﻹ‬
‫ﺗﺞ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺎلﻧ‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اﺳ‬
‫و‬
‫ز‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫د ﺳﻜ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻮﺟ‬
‫ﻘﻂﺑ‬
‫ﺘﻢﻓ‬
‫زﻳ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺪ‬
‫ﻮﺳ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠﻜ‬
‫ﻳﻢ ‪-‬ﻏ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎجاﻹ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫إ‬
‫أن‬
‫ز‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎھﺔ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻳﻢﻹ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻟﻰإ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺎﺟﺔ‬
‫ﻮنﻓﻲﺣ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺗﻜ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ﻮﺳﻂﻷنا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻓﻲا‬
‫ﻣﻦ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟا‬
‫ﻮ‪0 .‬‬
‫ﻟ‪5‬‬
‫ﻨﻤ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻣﺔ‬
‫ز‬
‫ﻼ‬
‫ﻟ‪1‬‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻗﺔ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻄ‬
‫ﺎجا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫زإ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠﻜ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫زو‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ةﻣﻦ ﺳ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺮ ضاﻹﺳ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﯿﺐ(ﻟ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫)ﺳﻜ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫د‬
‫)‬
‫ز‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ﻔﻀﻞﻋﻦ ﺳﻜ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫زا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ﺘﮫﻼك ﺳﻜ‬
‫ﺪاﺳ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺎأﻋ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺒﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻳﻢإﻻﻓﻲا‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻟﻺ‬
‫ﺎجا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺘﻢإ‬
‫ﻻﻳ‬
‫ﻗﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻠﻄ‬
‫رﻟ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻛﻤﺼ‬
‫ﻳﻦ ‪: 2‬‬
‫ﺘﻤﺮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ات ‪. ARNm‬‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻣﻤ‬
‫ﺋ ﺺو‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ ﺾﺧﺼ‬
‫ﻳﺪﺑ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗﺤ‬
‫ﻳﻦإ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﮫﺪفا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﯿﻦ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫رقﻛﻤ‬
‫ز‬
‫ﻟﺨﻂاﻷ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺜﻞ‬
‫ﺎﻳﻤ‬
‫ﻨﻤ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿﺔ ‪ARN‬ﺑ‬
‫ﺜﻞﻛﻤ‬
‫ﺮﻳﻤ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻂاﻷﺣﻤ‬
‫ﻣﻼﺣﻈﺔ‪:‬ا‬
‫ﻧﻲ(‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻘﻦ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻌﺪ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ولو‬
‫اﻷ‬
‫ﻘﻦ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻌﺪ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﯿﻦ )‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺮﺣ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻓﻖ‬
‫ﯿﻦو‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻨﺤ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫رنﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﻞا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺘﺤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻌﺪا‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﻣﻦ‪.‬‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ر‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻊﻣ‬
‫ﻗ ﺺﻣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺎﺗ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻚﻷنﻛﻤ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﺔ ‪ARNm‬ﺗﺴ‬
‫ﺌ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﺘﺞأنﺟ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫أنﻳﺴ‬
‫ﯿﺬ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻳﻤﻜﻦﻟ‬
‫ةأي‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺋﻪﻗﺼ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ةﺑ‬
‫ﺎ ‪ARNm‬ھﻲﻣﺪ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﺰﺑ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﺘﻲﻳ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﺎﺻ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺰﻣﻦ‪.‬‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻣﻊا‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫دﻛﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫د‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﺎﺗ‬
‫ﻨﻤ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﻟﻚﻣﻦﺧﻼل‬
‫ﻜﻦﻣﻼﺣﻈﺔذ‬
‫ﯿﻦ‪.‬ﻳﻤ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ءا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻪﻓﻲﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اﺳ‬
‫ﻌﺪ‬
‫ﯿﻞأيﺑ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺒﻪﺑ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺪﺗ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﮫﺪمﺑ‬
‫ﻧﻪﻳ‬
‫أ‬
‫ﻧﻲ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻘﻦا‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ﻌﺪا‬
‫ﻟﻚﺑ‬
‫ولﺛﻢﻛﺬ‬
‫اﻷ‬
‫ﻘﻦ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻌﺪ‬
‫ﻣﻦﺑ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺘﻪﻣﻊا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻗ ﺺﻛﻤ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫‪19‬‬
‫ـﻲ‬
‫ـﺔﻓ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ـﻦا‬
‫ﺎجﻧﺴﺨﺔﻣ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻠﻰإ‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﺗﮫ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻠﻰﻋﺪمﻗﺪ‬
‫ﺪﻋ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﯿﻞﻳ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ال ‪: 3‬ا‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﻞ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺎﻗ‬
‫ﺒﮫ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗﻢﺗ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻣﻦ ‪ARNm‬ا‬
‫ﻟﻜﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻰا‬
‫دإ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻠﺔﻳ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ةﻗ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻟ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺐا‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺗ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻣﻜ‬
‫ة‪.‬إ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ة‪.‬‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺰعا‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ء‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ةﺑ‬
‫ـﺪ‬
‫ﻮلﻣ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻧﻲﺣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫الا‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﺬﻣﻦا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻪا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞإ‬
‫ﺎﺗ‬
‫ﻟﺚﻣﻊﻣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫الا‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺠﺔ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺑﻂﻧ‬
‫ﻳﻤﻜﻦر‬
‫ﺌﺔ ‪. ARNm‬‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﺟ‬
‫ﻳﻦ ‪: 3‬‬
‫ﺘﻤﺮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫اﻹﺟ‬
‫ـﻼل‬
‫ـﻦﺧ‬
‫ـﺔﻣ‬
‫ﺮﺟﻤ‬
‫ـﻢﺗ‬
‫ﺎخﺛ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻨﺴ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ـﺔاﺳ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ءﻋﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﻰإﺟ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﯿﺬ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻓﻊا‬
‫ﻟﻰد‬
‫ﻳﻦإ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﮫﺪفا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ول‪.‬‬
‫الاﻷ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﻠﻰا‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺘﻼفﻓﻲا‬
‫اﺧ‬
‫ﻟﻰ‬
‫دإ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻚﻳ‬
‫ﺄنذ‬
‫ﺎجﺑ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اﻻﺳ‬
‫ﺘﻼفو‬
‫ﻳﺪاﻻﺧ‬
‫ﺘﺤﺪ‬
‫ﺑﻊﻳﺴﻤﺢﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻧﺔا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻦ‪.‬‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻣﺨ‬
‫ﻮﻋ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻣﻦﻧ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻰأنا‬
‫دإ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻗﺔﻳ‬
‫ﯿﻞﺑﺪ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻦ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻚأنا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺘﺞﻣﻦذ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻳﺴ‬
‫ﯿﻦو‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻨﺤ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﮫﺠﻲﻟ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿﻞﻣ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺘﺤ‬
‫ﯿﺬﺑ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮما‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ال ‪3‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﻣﻦﺧﻼلا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻦﻇﮫ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ـﺔز‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ـﻼلﻣ‬
‫ﻟﻚﻣﻦﺧ‬
‫ﻟﻰذ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺘﻢا‬
‫رج‪،‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ﻟﻰا‬
‫زإ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺛﻢﻳ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫اﺧﻞا‬
‫ﻨﻊد‬
‫ﻳﺼ‬
‫ﺰﻣﻦ‪.‬‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺘﻪﻣﻊا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫رﻛﻤ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺗﻄ‬
‫ﺎعو‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫اﻹﺷ‬
‫ﻳﻦ ‪: 4‬‬
‫ﺘﻤﺮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮم‪.‬‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻣﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺪا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻋ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺮﺟﻤﺔا‬
‫ﯿﺔﻓﻲﺗ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﺔاﺳ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿﺢﺣ‬
‫ﻮﺿ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗ‬
‫ﮫﺪفإ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﯿﻦ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺐا‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻗﻒﺗ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺎﻻﻳ‬
‫ﻨﻤ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻧﺐﺑ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻨﺪاﻷ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻋ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺐ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻗﻒﺗ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗ‬
‫إ‬
‫دي‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻗﻒﻳ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ةﺗ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ا‬
‫رر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻇﮫ‬
‫ﻮم‪.‬‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫اﻣﺴ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻨﺪ‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫أيأن‬
‫ﻮم‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ـ‬
‫اﻣﺴ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺪا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ـﮫ‬
‫ﻔﺴ‬
‫ـﺖﻧ‬
‫ﯿﺴ‬
‫ـﺐﻟ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻨﺪاﻷ‬
‫ﻗﻒﻋ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫اﻣ‬
‫ﻟﻰأنر‬
‫ﺮإ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻗﺪﺗﺸ‬
‫ﺮﺿ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﻲ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻨﻲﺣﻤ ﺾأ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻧﺐﺗ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻨﺪاﻷ‬
‫ﻗﻒﻋ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ا‬
‫أنر‬
‫ﺎت‪.‬و‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻌ ﺾا‬
‫ﺪﺑ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻋ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺎﻻتاﺳ‬
‫ﺎكﺣ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ھ‬
‫ﻮم‪.‬‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫اﻣﺴ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺪا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻋ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ة‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﻞر‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ـﺬيﻳ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻲا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫اﻷ‬
‫ـﺾ‬
‫ﻟﺤﻤ‬
‫ﻮعا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻰﻧ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻞإ‬
‫ﻮﺻ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺬا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻪا‬
‫ولﻣﻦﺧﻼ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ال ‪3‬ﻳﺤ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎض‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻗﻒﺑﻞأﺣﻤ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫اتﺗ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎر‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﺮﺑ‬
‫ﻔﺴ‬
‫ﻧﺐﻻﺗ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻨﺪاﻷ‬
‫ﻗﻒﻋ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اتا‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻧﺐأيأن ر‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻨﺪاﻷ‬
‫ﻗﻒﻋ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﻦ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻋ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﻲر‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ـﺪﺗ‬
‫ـﺐﻗ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻨﺪاﻷ‬
‫ﻗﻒﻋ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﻰأنر‬
‫ﺎتإ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻼﺣﻈ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‪.‬ﺗﺸ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫أ‬
‫ﺎ ض ‪. Gln‬‬
‫ﺮﻣﻦأﺣﻤ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫دأ‬
‫ﻠﻰ ﻋﺪ‬
‫ﻮيﻋ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻮمﻳﺤ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻣﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺪا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻋ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻌﻞا‬
‫ﺎﻳﺠ‬
‫ﻮمﻣﻤ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻣﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮم‪.‬‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫اﻣﺴ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﺔا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺎﻓﻲﺣ‬
‫ءھ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اﺳ‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗﻢ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻣﺔا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺬا‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺘﺞا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ال ‪4‬ﻳﺴ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﻓﻲا‬
‫و‬
‫ﻳﻦ ‪: 5‬‬
‫ﺘﻤﺮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﻦ‬
‫ـﻚﻣ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ذ‬
‫ـﺔو‬
‫ﺮﺟﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎخو‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻨﺴ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻮلاﻹﺳ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻪﺣ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ـﺖﻣ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ـﻰﺗ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺬإ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻓﻊا‬
‫ﻟﻰد‬
‫ﻳﻦإ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﮫﺪفا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺧﻼل‪:‬‬
‫ﻮﺿﺤﺔ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻠﺔا‬
‫ﻠﺴ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﺎأنا‬
‫ﻧﻄﻼق ‪. AUG‬ﺑﻤ‬
‫ةاﻻ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻓﻖر‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻘﺔ ‪ADN‬‬
‫ﻨﻄ‬
‫ﺒﺤﺚﻋﻦﻣ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫‪- 1‬ا‬
‫ﯿﺔھﻲ ‪. ATG‬‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﺜﻼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺈنا‬
‫ﻨﺴﺨﺔﻓ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺴ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﺔﻏ‬
‫ﻠﺴ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﻘﺔھﻲا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻓﻲا‬
‫ﺎﻣﻞ‪.‬‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨﺴﺨﺔﺑ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺴ‬
‫ﻠﺔا‬
‫ﻠﺴ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﻠﻰا‬
‫ﻮلﻋ‬
‫ﻟﺤﺼ‬
‫‪- 2‬ا‬
‫ﻠﺔ ‪. ARNm‬‬
‫ﻠﺴ‬
‫ﯿﻞ ﺳ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫‪- 3‬ﺗﻤ‬
‫ﻠﻰ ‪ARNm‬‬
‫ﻮلﻋ‬
‫ﻠﺤﺼ‬
‫ﺎخﻟ‬
‫ﻨﺴ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ءاﻻﺳ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫‪- 4‬إﺟ‬
‫ة‪.‬‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﻗﻊا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺪﻣ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺘﺤﺪ‬
‫ﯿﺔ ‪Ser‬ﻟ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﺒﺤﺚﻋﻦﺛﻼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫‪- 5‬ا‬
‫ـﻦ‬
‫ـﺚﻋ‬
‫ﺒﺤ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ـﺬﻟ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻊا‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﺘﻢد‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻒ‪،‬ﻳ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ةﺗ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ا‬
‫رر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻰﻇﮫ‬
‫دإ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻗﺪﻳ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺐا‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻗﻒﺗ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫‪- 6‬ﺗ‬
‫ﺌﺔ ‪ADN‬‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻮىﺟ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠﻰﻣﺴ‬
‫ﻗﻒﻋ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ةﺗ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ا‬
‫رر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻰﻇﮫ‬
‫إ‬
‫دت‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ةﻓ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺎﻃ‬
‫ﯿﮫ‬
‫ﺛﺖﻓ‬
‫ﺘﻲﺣﺪ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﺜﻼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫‪.‬‬
‫‪20‬‬
‫ﯿﻦ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺒﺮو‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻔﺔا‬
‫ﯿﺔووﻇ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿﻦﺑ‬
‫ﻟﻌﻼﻗﺔﺑ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ‪:‬‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻮﺣﺪةا‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﻲ‬
‫ﺎوھ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﺬ ﺳ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺮفﻋ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺗ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺣ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺮحوﺿ‬
‫ﻟﻰﻃ‬
‫ﺪﺧﻞإ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﮫﺪفا‬
‫ﻟﻮﺣﺪة‪:‬ﻳ‬
‫ﻣﺪﺧﻞا‬
‫ﺎن‪.‬‬
‫ﻧﺴ‬
‫اﻹ‬
‫ﯿﺐ‬
‫ﺮﻳﺼ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛﻲﺧﻄ‬
‫ا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺮ ضو‬
‫ﻗﺖﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻔﺲ‬
‫ﻠﻲوھﻲﻓﻲﻧ‬
‫ﻨﺠ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻟﺪما‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ـﺪ‬
‫أﺣ‬
‫ـﻲ‬
‫ﺮﻓ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ديﺗ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﺚﻳ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻔﺔ‪،‬ﺣ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻮﻇ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔو‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻦا‬
‫ﻗﺔﺑ‬
‫ﻌﻼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮﺿﺢا‬
‫اﻳ‬
‫ﯿﺪ‬
‫ﺎﻻﺟ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﺮ ضﻣ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫اا‬
‫ﺮھﺬ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ـﻞ‬
‫ﻌﻄ‬
‫ﺎﻳ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻣﻤ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ـﺔﻟ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫اﻏ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻔ‬
‫ـﺔا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻲا‬
‫ﺮﻓ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ـﻰﺗ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﺔإ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ا‬
‫ر‬
‫ةو‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺒﺐﻃ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺑﺴ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎ ضاﻷ‬
‫اﻷﺣﻤ‬
‫ﻳﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻟﺪ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫وﻋ‬
‫داﻷ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻧﺴﺪ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻲﺧﻄ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ءو‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﺤﻤ‬
‫ﻟﺪما‬
‫اتا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻠﻰ ﺷﻜﻞﻛ‬
‫ﺮﻋ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺎو‬
‫ﺘﮫ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫وﻇ‬
‫ﺎب‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﺨ ﺺﻣﺼ‬
‫ﯿﻢوﺷ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿﻦ ﺷﺨ ﺺ ﺳ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻮﺟ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻳﺔﻓﻲھ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﺔﺑ‬
‫ﻠﺴ‬
‫وﺿﺔ ﺳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺋﻖا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮﺿﺢا‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﻓﻖ‬
‫ـﺪ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﯿﻦو‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ءﻓﻲا‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﺤﻤ‬
‫ﻟﺪما‬
‫اتا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻜﻞﻛ‬
‫ﻧﺐ ﺷ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺟ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‪،‬إ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎ ضاﻷ‬
‫ﺑﻊاﻷﺣﻤ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﺚﺗ‬
‫ﻣﻦﺣ‬
‫ﻳﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻟﺪ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫وﻋ‬
‫اﺧﻞاﻷ‬
‫ﺎتد‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ها‬
‫ھﺬ‬
‫ﯿﻦ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻮﻏ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻟﮫ‬
‫ﯿﻦا‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ـﺔﻟ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫اﻏ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـﺔﻓ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ـﻂﻟ‬
‫ﺒﺴ‬
‫ـﻞﻣ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ـﺔﺗﻤ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻔﻞا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻲأﺳ‬
‫ةﻓ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫ﻮﺿﺢا‬
‫ﺎﺗ‬
‫ﻛﻤ‬
‫ﯿﻦ‪.‬‬
‫ﻛﺴﺠ‬
‫ﻟﻲﻣﻦاﻷ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺒﻂو‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿﻦﺑ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ةﺑ‬
‫د‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻮﺟ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ـﺔا‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻌﻼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮلا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ؤلﺣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﺴ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﯿﺬﻟ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻓﻊا‬
‫ﺎد‬
‫ﻨﮫ‬
‫ﮫﺪفﻣ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻮﺿ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ها‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫رھ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫إناﺧ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ﻮﺣﺪ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺪﻣﺔﻓﻲ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﺎﻃ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺬﻣﻦﺧﻼل‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺘﺸﻒا‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿﺚ ﺳ‬
‫ﺘﻪ‪،‬ﺣ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫وﻇ‬
‫ﯿﻦو‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺘﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫وﻇ‬
‫ﯿﻦو‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿﻦﺑ‬
‫ﻗﺔﺑ‬
‫ﻌﻼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﺔﻋﻦا‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ولأ‬
‫ﺎلاﻷ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺠ‬
‫ا‬
‫ات‬
‫ﻓﻲﻛﻞوﺣﺪ‬
‫و‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﺔا‬
‫اﺳ‬
‫ر‬
‫ـﺪﻟﺪ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺘﻤﮫ‬
‫ﺎبﻛ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اا‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻲھ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻧﻲ(ﻓ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ولو‬
‫اﻷ‬
‫ﯿﻦ )‬
‫ﺎﻃ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻓﺔﻧﺸ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻢإﺿ‬
‫ـﺔ‪:‬ﺗ‬
‫ﻣﻼﺣﻈ‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ـﻪﻣ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ـﺬﻻﻳﻤﻜ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اﻷنا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﺔﻧﻈ‬
‫ﺘﺨﺼﺼ‬
‫ﺮﻣ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻣﺞﻛﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎلﺑ‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫ﺎتﺑ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻟ‬
‫اﻏ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫اﻏ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﺔا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺒﻖﺑ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻢﻣﺴ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ونﻋ‬
‫اﻣﺞد‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ها‬
‫ـﺬ‬
‫ـﻼلھ‬
‫ﺎﻣﻦﺧ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻮلﻋ‬
‫ﻟﺤﺼ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺗﻢا‬
‫اﻏ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺎتﻓ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫اﻣﺞ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ها‬
‫ﺎلھﺬ‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫ﺎﺑ‬
‫ﻠﮫ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺗﻤ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﯿﻦو‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻦ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻟ‬
‫اﻏ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻔ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻞا‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﺎط ‪:1‬ﺗﻤ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـﺔﻋﻤ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺌ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ذجا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻨﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻞا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ـﻲﺗﻤ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﺔﻓ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ـﺪا‬
‫اﻋ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺢا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻮﺿ‬
‫ـﻰﺗ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺎط‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ها‬
‫ـﺬ‬
‫ـﺪفھ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ـﻦ‬
‫ةﻣ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﻔ‬
‫ﻠﻢاﻻﺳ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻠﻰا‬
‫ﮫﻞﻋ‬
‫ﻮفﻳﺴ‬
‫ﺪﺳ‬
‫اﻋ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ها‬
‫ﻓﺔھﺬ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺎﺻﺔ‪.‬إنﻣ‬
‫ةﺧ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺎتﺑﺼ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫و‬
‫أﺳﮫﻞ‪.‬‬
‫ة‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺑﺼ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اتا‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻰﻣﻤ‬
‫ﺮفﻋ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮب و‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ﻣﺞا‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ـﺪ‬
‫ـﻦأنﻳﺠ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ـﺔ‪.‬ﻳﻤ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ذجﻣﺨ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎلﻧﻤ‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎاﺳ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ـﻰﻣ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻞإ‬
‫ﻮﺻ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻰا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫وحإ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻄ‬
‫الا‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﮫﺪفا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫وﺿﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺋﻖا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫رو‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠﺼ‬
‫ﻓﻖﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻨ ﺺا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ء‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺑﺔﻣﻦﺧﻼلﻗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿﺬاﻹﺟ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﻊ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ـﻲا‬
‫ـﺖﻓ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻜﺔاﻹ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻣﺞﻓﻲ ﺷ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎلا‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫ﺎتﺑ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺗﻄ‬
‫ﺎلو‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﻞاﻹﺳ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫دد‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻳﺠ‬
‫ﻳﻤﻜﻦا‬
‫ﻟﻲ‪:‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫‪www.ens-kouba.dz\ arabic\rastop.htm‬‬
‫ﺎط ‪:2‬‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﻦ‬
‫ﯿﺬﻣ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺘﻤﻜﻦا‬
‫ﻜﻲﻳ‬
‫ريﻟ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻧﻪ ﺿ‬
‫أ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫أ‬
‫ﻗﺪر‬
‫ﺎجو‬
‫ﻨﮫ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎط ﻓﻲا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اا‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﻟﻰھ‬
‫ةإ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﻢاﻹﺷ‬
‫ﻟﻢﻳ‬
‫ﻟﻲ ‪.‬‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎط‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎجﻓﻲا‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺮﺣﺔﻓﻲا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻟ‬
‫اﻏ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻧﺔا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ـﻒ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻣﺨ‬
‫ﺎتو‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ـﺔﻟ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ـﺔﻟ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫اﻏ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺬﺑﻤﺴ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻳﻒا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗ‬
‫ﺎطإ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اا‬
‫ﮫﺪفھﺬ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﺔ‪،‬و‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫اﻏ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﺔا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ها‬
‫ـﺬ‬
‫ﺎتھ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻮىﻣﻦﻣﺴ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺎتﻛﻞﻣﺴ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺎھﻢﻓﻲﺛ‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗﺴ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺑﻂا‬
‫ا‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫‪.( 4 ،‬‬
‫‪3،‬‬
‫‪2،‬‬
‫ء)‪1‬‬
‫ا‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻓﻲاﻷﺟ‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻰا‬
‫ﯿﺔإ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫و‬
‫ﯿﺔاﻷ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎلﻣﻦا‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻟﻰأناﻻ‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞإ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﯿﺬﻟ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻓﻊا‬
‫ﻟﻰد‬
‫ال ‪:1‬ﻳﮫﺪفإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺰن‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ـﺔﺗﺤ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺎلﻛ‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻦاﺳ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ـﺔ )ﻻﻳﻤ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫و‬
‫ﯿﺔاﻷ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اتا‬
‫ﻳﺔذ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﺔا‬
‫ﻠﺴ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﺎفا‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮإ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺮﻋ‬
‫ﻳﻤ‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺒﺔﻟ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻨﺴ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿﺢﺑ‬
‫ﻮ ﺻﺤ‬
‫ﻧﻲوھ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻜﻞﺣ‬
‫رﺷ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﻟﻰ ﻇ‬
‫ديإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﺰنﻳ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺘﺤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎﻻتﻷنا‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ﻓﻲﻛﻞا‬
‫ﯿﺔ ‪.(‬‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ﻳﺔا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫‪21‬‬
‫ـﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﺔو‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫و‬
‫ـﺔاﻷ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اتا‬
‫ـﺔذ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﯿﺪ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﺔا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻠﺴ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﺎفا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻲا‬
‫ﯿﺔھ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ال ‪:2‬ا‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ة‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﺔﻋ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﺔا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺬا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺄﺧ‬
‫ﺎف‪.‬ﺗ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺒﺐاﻻ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻤﻚﺑﺴ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ةﻓﻲا‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ز‬
‫ﻮلو‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﻘ ﺺﻓﻲا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺰﺑ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ـﻦ‬
‫ﺎ‪.‬ﻳﻤﻜ‬
‫رھ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻲاﺳ‬
‫ﺎھﻤﺔﻓ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺴ‬
‫ﺑﻂا‬
‫ا‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮعا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻳﺔﻓﻲﻧ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺰﻋﻦا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫وي‪.‬و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ﻜﻞا‬
‫ﻟﺸ‬
‫ا‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﺬ‬
‫ـﻞھ‬
‫اﺧ‬
‫ـﺔد‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻘﺪ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺋﻖا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎلو‬
‫ـﻜ‬
‫ـﻖﻟﻸﺷ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻨ ﺺا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻲا‬
‫ﻳﺔﻓ‬
‫ر‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﻀ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫دا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻳﺠ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺎب‪.‬‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎطﻓﻲ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻦا‬
‫ﻮىﻣ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺴ‬
‫اا‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿﺢھ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻮﺿ‬
‫ـﻰﺗ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎطإ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻦا‬
‫ءﻣ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫اا‬
‫ـﺬ‬
‫ﺪفھ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﯿﺔ ‪:‬ﻳ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻞا‬
‫ﻟﺴﻼﺳ‬
‫دا‬
‫ـﺪ‬
‫ﻮلﻋ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻳﻢﺣ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻟﻘ‬
‫ﺎجا‬
‫ﻨﮫ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫وﻻﻓﻲا‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺘﺪ‬
‫ﺎنﻣ‬
‫ﺬيﻛ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺄا‬
‫ﻟﺨﻄ‬
‫ﯿﺢا‬
‫ﺗﺼﺤ‬
‫و‬
‫ـﺪم‬
‫ﯿﻦوﻋ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻳﻢﻣ‬
‫ـﺪ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ـﻖﺗ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـﻦﻃ‬
‫ـﻚﻋ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺘﻢذ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﺚﻳ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ـﺔ‪،‬ﺣ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﺔا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻲا‬
‫اﺟﺪﻓ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻦ‪.‬‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻮﻏ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻟﮫ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺪھ‬
‫اﺣ‬
‫ﺎلو‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻠﻰﻣ‬
‫رﻋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﺼ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫اﻹ‬
‫دي‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ـﺐﺗ‬
‫ﺎﻳﺠ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﺔﻛﻤ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﺔا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫اتو‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﺖوﺣ‬
‫ﯿﻦ ‪4‬ﺗﺤ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﺔﺑ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ـﻪﻻﻋﻼ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻠﻰأ‬
‫ﯿﻪﻋ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻳﺠﺐا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺋﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻨﻲد‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺗ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةأنا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻮنﻓ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗﻜ‬
‫ديإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﺎﺗ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻷ‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﺢا‬
‫ﺎلﻣﺼﻄ‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اﺳ‬
‫ات (‪.‬‬
‫ﺗﺤﺖوﺣﺪ‬
‫ﻳﺔ )‬
‫ﯿﺪ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻌﺔ ﺳﻼﺳﻞﺑ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ر‬
‫أ‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻦا‬
‫ﻮىﻣ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺴ‬
‫اا‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﻟﻰأنھ‬
‫ﯿﺬإ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ها‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻔﺖا‬
‫ﻟﻰﻟ‬
‫ةإ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ها‬
‫الﻓﻲھﺬ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﮫﺪفا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻮى‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻮﻣﺴ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﺔوھ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﯿﺪ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻞا‬
‫ﻟﺴﻼﺳ‬
‫دا‬
‫ـﺪ‬
‫ﺎنﻋ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎﻛ‬
‫ـ‬
‫اﻣﮫﻤ‬
‫ﯿﺪ‬
‫ﻌﻘ‬
‫ﺎتﺗ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺴ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻮأ‬
‫ﯿﺔھ‬
‫اﻏ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺛ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺎﺑ‬
‫ﻨﮫ‬
‫ﻜﻞﻣ‬
‫ﻳﺔﻟ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻮنﻣﻦ ﺳﻼﺳﻞﺑ‬
‫ﺘﻜ‬
‫ﻧﻪﻳ‬
‫ﺜﻲﻷ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮىا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺴ‬
‫ﻠﻰﻣﻦا‬
‫أﻋ‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﺔا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻰا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫إ‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﺔا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎلﻣﻦا‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻨﺪاﻻ‬
‫ﺎفﻋ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﻤﺔا‬
‫ﺎلﻛ‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫دياﺳ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻳﺠﺐﺗ‬
‫ة‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻦا‬
‫ﯿ ﺲﻋ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﺔو‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اتا‬
‫ﻳﺔذ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﺴﻼﺳﻞا‬
‫ﺘﺞﻋﻦﺗﺠﻤﻊا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺎلﻳ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻷناﻻ‬
‫ﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﻓﮫ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻓﻲإ‬
‫ﺎك‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺎتأيأنھ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫اع‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ـﻊأ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨﺪﺟﻤ‬
‫ﻮﺟﺪﻋ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻻﺗ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﻰأن‬
‫هإ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎﻳﺠﺐاﻻ‬
‫ﻛﻤ‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﺔا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ها‬
‫ـﺬ‬
‫ـﻲھ‬
‫ﻮنﻓ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ـﺔو‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﺔا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﺪا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ـﺪﻋ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻌﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﺔا‬
‫رﺟ‬
‫ﺎد‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿﮫ‬
‫ﻗﻒﻓ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺎتﺗ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎإﻻ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘﮫ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ديوﻇ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﺎﻻﺗ‬
‫ﻧﮫ‬
‫ﺈ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻓ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اتا‬
‫ﺎتذ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫أﻣ‬
‫ﯿﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔھﻲا‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻮﻇ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔر‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻌﺔﻓﻲﺑ‬
‫ﺘﺠﻤ‬
‫ﻳﺔﻣ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﺴﻼﺳﻞا‬
‫ﻧﺖا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫اﻛ‬
‫ذ‬
‫إ‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اتﻓﻲا‬
‫ﻮﺣﺪ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫دﺗﺤﺖ‬
‫ﻌﺪ‬
‫ﻧﻰﻟ‬
‫د‬
‫اﻷ‬
‫ﻟﺤﺪ‬
‫ﻠﻰا‬
‫ﻛﺪﻋ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻔﺤﺔ ‪45‬ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫الﻓﻲا‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﺈنا‬
‫ﻟﻚﻓ‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫د‪.‬‬
‫ﺮﻣﺤﺪ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫اتﻏ‬
‫ﻮﺣﺪ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫دﺗﺤﺖ‬
‫ﻌﺪ‬
‫ﻗﺼﻰﻟ‬
‫ﻟﺤﺪاﻷ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ ‪2‬و‬
‫ﯿﺔوھ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻦ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺮو‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻔﺔا‬
‫وﻇ‬
‫ﯿﺔو‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿﻦﺑ‬
‫ﻟﻌﻼﻗﺔﺑ‬
‫ﺎط ‪: 3‬ا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﻢ‬
‫ﻔﮫ‬
‫ﻳﺔﺑ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﻚﺑﺪ‬
‫ذ‬
‫ﺘﻪو‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫وﻇ‬
‫ﯿﻦو‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿﻦﺑ‬
‫ﻗﺔﺑ‬
‫ﻌﻼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﺔﻓﮫﻢا‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻰﻣﺤ‬
‫ﺎطإ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اا‬
‫ﮫﺪفھﺬ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﯿﻔﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻮﻇ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺎﺑ‬
‫ﺑﻄﮫ‬
‫ﻟﺔر‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺛﻢﻣﺤ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺋﻲ ‪: 1‬‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﻲ‬
‫ﻔﺔﻓ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺋﻒﻣﺨ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ديوﻇ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻓﺔﺗ‬
‫ِ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺎتﻣ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻟ‬
‫اﻏ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮلا‬
‫ذجﺣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻳﻢﻧﻤ‬
‫ﻘﺪ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗ‬
‫ﮫﺪفإ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻔﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺎﻣﺨ‬
‫ﻧﮫ‬
‫أ‬
‫ﻟﻰ‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞإ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫اﻏ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻧﺔا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺬﻣﻦﺧﻼلﻣ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ول‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻳﺤ‬
‫ﻟﺠﺴﻢ و‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺑﻪ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺘﻼفو‬
‫وﺟﻪاﻻﺧ‬
‫اجأ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺨ‬
‫اﺳ‬
‫ﻧﺔو‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ءﻣ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻰإﺟ‬
‫ال ‪: 1‬ﻳﮫﺪفإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻧﺔ‪:‬‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ﺎﺻ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫ـﺪ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻄﺔا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻮﺳ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﻦ(ﻣ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻮﻏ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻟﮫ‬
‫ـﻞا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ة)‬
‫ـﺪ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻌﻘ‬
‫ﯿﻦ(ﻣ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻧﺴ‬
‫اﻹ‬
‫ﯿﻄﺔ )‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﺪ‪:‬ﺑﺴ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻌﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﺔا‬
‫ـ‬
‫رﺟ‬
‫د‬
‫ﯿﻦ(‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻮﻏ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻳﻢو‬
‫ز‬
‫و‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫)‬
‫ـﻞ‬
‫ﯿﻦ (‪ 4 ،‬ﺳﻼﺳ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻧﺴ‬
‫اﻹ‬
‫ﺎن )‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻠﺴ‬
‫ﻳﻢ (‪ ،‬ﺳ‬
‫ز‬
‫و‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿﻦوﻟ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻮﻏ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ة)‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ـ‬
‫اﺣ‬
‫ﻟﺴﻼﺳﻞ‪:‬و‬
‫دا‬
‫ﻋﺪ‬
‫ﯿﻦ(‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻮﻏ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻟﮫ‬
‫ا‬
‫)‬
‫ﺎﻃﻖ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺮو‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻮناﻷﺻ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺎت ‪‬ﺑ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ر‬
‫وو‬
‫ﺮ(أ‬
‫ﻮناﻷﺣﻤ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﯿﺔ ‪) ‬‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ﻳﺔ ‪:‬ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اعا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫أ‬
‫رق (‬
‫ز‬
‫ﯿ ﺾ –أ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫أ‬
‫ﺎف )‬
‫ﻌﻄ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫اﻹ‬
‫ﯿﻦ‪،‬‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻮﻏ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻳﻢو‬
‫ز‬
‫و‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻲ ‪10- 8‬ﻓﻲا‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿﻦ‪،‬ﺣ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻧﺴ‬
‫ﻘﻂﻓﻲاﻹ‬
‫ﻳﺔ ‪3 :‬ﻓ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫دا‬
‫ﻋﺪ‬
‫ـﻢ‬
‫اﺗ‬
‫ذ‬
‫إ‬
‫دإﻻ‬
‫ـﺪ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﺪا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ـﻰﺗﺤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮلإ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻮﺻ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻦا‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟﻲ ‪( 32‬ﻻﻳﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿﻦ )ﺣ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻮﻏ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺮﻣﻦ ‪10‬ﻓﻲا‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫أ‬
‫ﻣﺞ ‪. Rastop‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫امﺑ‬
‫ﺘﺨﺪ‬
‫اﺳ‬
‫‪22‬‬
‫ـﻲ‬
‫ـﺔﻓ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎتاﻷ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ها‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﺔھ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫اﺳﺔﺑ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎل ‪Rastop‬ﻟﺪ‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻮلاﺳ‬
‫ﺎتﺣ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫دﺗﻄ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻳﺠ‬
‫ﻳﻤﻜﻦإ‬
‫ﻗﻊ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫‪www.ens-kouba.dz\ arabic\rastop.htm‬‬
‫ﻘﻲ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫داﻷ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻓﻲا‬
‫ﯿﺴ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻔﺤﺔا‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫ﻧﺸﻄﺔﻓﻲا‬
‫ﺎﻷ‬
‫ﺎ صﺑ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ءا‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﻚﻓﻲ‬
‫ذ‬
‫و‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺎﻣﺨ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻧﮫ‬
‫ـﻰأ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﺬإ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻞا‬
‫ـﺔﻳﺼ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‪:‬ﻣﻦﺧﻼلا‬
‫اﻏ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻧﺔا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻼﺻﺔﻣﻦﻣ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺘﻼفﻓﻲ‬
‫اﻻﺧ‬
‫ﺒﺐ‬
‫ءلﻋﻦ ﺳ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﺴ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫و‬
‫اح‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ولا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻘﺔﻳﺤ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ـﺪ‬
‫ﻮﺣ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻲا‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ـﺔو‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻨﺔا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﻘﺔﻓﻲا‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫رفا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻠﻰا‬
‫اﻋ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫اﻋ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‪.‬‬
‫اﻏ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺘﻼفﻓﻲا‬
‫ﺮاﻻﺧ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻔﺴ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻟ‬
‫ﺮﺿ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﺑﻊ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫دو‬
‫ـﺪ‬
‫ﻮعوﻋ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻲﻧ‬
‫ﺘﻼفﻓ‬
‫ﻮاﻻﺧ‬
‫ﺎتھ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻦ‬
‫ﺎﺳﻲﺑ‬
‫ﺘﻼفاﻷﺳ‬
‫ﺎأناﻻﺧ‬
‫ﺑﻤ‬
‫ال‪: 2‬‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎض‬
‫ـ‬
‫اﻷﺣﻤ‬
‫ـﻲ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘﻼفﻓ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿﺔاﻻﺧ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺮﺿ‬
‫ـﻲﻓ‬
‫ـ‬
‫زھ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ـﻲﺗ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻮﺣ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺮﺿ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـﺔﻓ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎ ضاﻷ‬
‫ـ‬
‫اﻷﺣﻤ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫اﻷ‬
‫ﺎض‬
‫اﻷﺣﻤ‬
‫ﺋﺺ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫اعوﺧﺼ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫اﺳﺔأ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻟﻲد‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺋﻲا‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺘﻢﻓﻲا‬
‫ﻟﻚﻳ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‪.‬ﻟﺬ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫اﻷ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‪.‬‬
‫اﻏ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺘﻼفﻓﻲا‬
‫ﺮاﻻﺧ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻔﺴ‬
‫ﻟﺔﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺤ‬
‫ﺋﻲ ‪: 2‬‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻐﺔ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫ـﻦا‬
‫وﻻﻣ‬
‫ـﻼقأ‬
‫ﻧﻄ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫اﻷ‬
‫ﺎض‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﺔﻟﻸﺣﻤ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻎا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫ـﻰا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺮفﻋ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﻰ‬
‫ﺪفإ‬
‫ﻳﮫ‬
‫ﻨﻲ ‪.‬‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ـ ‪20‬ﺣﻤ ﺾأ‬
‫ﻠﺔﻟ‬
‫ﻔﺼ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﻎا‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫ﻣﺔﺛﻢا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻧﻄﻼقﻣﻦ‬
‫ﻨﻲا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿﻖﻟﺤﻤ ﺾأﻣ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻠﻤﻲد‬
‫ﻳﻒﻋ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻳﻢﺗ‬
‫ﻘﺪ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺬﻟ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻓﻊا‬
‫ﻟﻰد‬
‫ال ‪:1‬ﻳﮫﺪفإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮي‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻳﺔﺗﺤ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎت ﻋﻀ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـﻲﻣ‬
‫ـﺔ ھ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎ ضاﻷ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿﺔ )اﻷﺣﻤ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎ ضاﻷ‬
‫ﻣﺔﻟﻸﺣﻤ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻐﺔا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛﺴ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻮﻋﺔ ﻛ‬
‫ﻠﻰ ﻣﺠﻤ‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫ر‪R‬‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎﺑﺠ‬
‫رھ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻞﺑ‬
‫ﺘﺼ‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮن ‪‬ا‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ةﻛ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﯿﻦﺑﺬ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺘﺼ‬
‫ﯿﺔ )‪(-NH2‬ﻣ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮﻋﺔأ‬
‫ﻣﺠﻤ‬
‫)‪(-COOH‬و‬
‫ﺮ‪.‬‬
‫ﻨﻲﻵﺧ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺒﻪﻣﻦﺣﻤ ﺾأ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻠﻒﺗ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﺔ (ﻳﺨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻠﺔﺟ‬
‫ﻠﺴ‬
‫)ﺳ‬
‫ـﻦ‬
‫ـﺚﻋ‬
‫ﺒﺤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﺔ ‪3‬و‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻐﻼلا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻰاﺳ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﺬإ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻓﻊا‬
‫ﻟﻰد‬
‫ﮫﺪفإ‬
‫ﻠﺔ ‪2) :‬و ‪3‬و ‪4‬و‪(5‬ﺗ‬
‫ﺌ‬
‫اﻷﺳ‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎ ضاﻷ‬
‫ـ‬
‫اعاﻷﺣﻤ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ـﻰأ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺮﻋ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮفأ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮ ضا‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ةﻟ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎتﻣﺤﺪ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫اﺻ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫اتﻣ‬
‫ﯿﺔذ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎ ضأ‬
‫أﺣﻤ‬
‫ﻔﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺨ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﺐ‬
‫ـﺔﺣﺴ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎ ضاﻷ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿﻒاﻷﺣﻤ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺮقﺗﺼ‬
‫أھﻢﻃ‬
‫ﺪى‬
‫ﻟﻰإﺣ‬
‫إ‬
‫ة‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻰاﻹﺷ‬
‫ﮫﺪفإ‬
‫ال ‪: 6‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﻲ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﺔ ‪NH2‬ﻓ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺎﻋﺪ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻮﻋ‬
‫ـﺪﺟﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ةا‬
‫و‬
‫ﯿﺔ ‪COOH‬أ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻣﻀ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻮﻋ‬
‫ﻨﺠﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫د‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫وﺟ‬
‫ر)‬
‫ـﺬ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﻮعا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ر(‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮن‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﻚﻳﻜ‬
‫ـﺬ‬
‫رﻟ‬
‫ـﺬ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ـﻲا‬
‫ﺎتﻓ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻮﻋ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺠﻤ‬
‫ها‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻦھ‬
‫ـﻰأيﻣ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻮيﻋ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻨﻲ ‪Ala‬ﻻﻳﺤ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻟﺤﻤ ﺾاﻷ‬
‫ا‬
‫دﻻ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﯿﺔ )‪Asp‬و ‪( Glu‬و‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻣﻀ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـﻰﺣ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎإ‬
‫ـﻤﮫ‬
‫ﻘﺴ‬
‫ال ‪7‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﻮبﻓﻲا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻄ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫اﻷ‬
‫ﺎض‬
‫ﯿﻒاﻷﺣﻤ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺗﺼ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫أﻣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺔوھﻲ ‪15‬ﺣﻤﻀ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻳﺔ ) ‪Lys‬و ‪Arg‬و ‪( His‬و‬
‫ﺎﻋﺪ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﺋ ﻲ ‪:3‬‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎض‬
‫ـ‬
‫اتاﻷﺣﻤ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ـﻢﻣﻤ‬
‫ـﺪىأھ‬
‫ﺈﺣ‬
‫ـﺔﺑ‬
‫ﺎﺻ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ـﺔا‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ءا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺑ‬
‫ﻮلإ‬
‫ﻮﺻ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻰا‬
‫ﺎطإ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اا‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﺪفھ‬
‫ﻳﮫ‬
‫ﺋﻲ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ﺎلا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺠ‬
‫ـﻲا‬
‫ـﺔﻓ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎ ضاﻷ‬
‫ﻮكاﻷﺣﻤ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺎﻣﻦ ﺳ‬
‫ﻨﮫ‬
‫ﺘﺞﻋ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺎﻳ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻨﺔو‬
‫ﻟﺸﺤ‬
‫ﯿﺔوھﻲا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫اﻷ‬
‫ﻔﺤﺔ ‪. 48‬‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻔﻞ‬
‫أﺳ‬
‫ﻠﻪﻓﻲ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫أﺗﺸ‬
‫ﺒﺪ‬
‫ﻟﺬيﺗﻢوﺻﻒﻣ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ا‬
‫ة‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﮫﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫زا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫امﺟﮫ‬
‫ﺘﺨﺪ‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫‪23‬‬
‫ﺋﻲ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ﺎلا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺠ‬
‫ـﻲا‬
‫ـﻲﻓ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﺤﻤ ﺾاﻷﻣ‬
‫ﻮكا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺮﺳ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻔﺴ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﺬﻟ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻓﻊا‬
‫ﻟﻰد‬
‫ال ‪:1‬ﻳﮫﺪفإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﺾ‬
‫ﻟﺤﻤ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫أنھﺠ‬
‫ـﻂ‪.‬و‬
‫ﻮﺳ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﺔ ‪pH‬ا‬
‫رﺟ‬
‫ﺮد‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺮﺑ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻨﻲﺗ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫اﻷ‬
‫ﻟﺤﻤ ﺾ‬
‫ﻨﺔا‬
‫ﻟﻰأن ﺷﺤ‬
‫ﻮلإ‬
‫ﻮﺻ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺘﺴ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﺘﻲﻳ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻨﺔا‬
‫ﻟﺸﺤ‬
‫ﻮعا‬
‫ﻠﻰﻧ‬
‫ﺪﻋ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺎلﺗ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺠ‬
‫اا‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﻨﻲﻓﻲھ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫اﻷ‬
‫ـﻰ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻨﺔ )ﻋ‬
‫ـﺤ‬
‫ﻟﺸ‬
‫دا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎنوﺟ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻳﺪﻣ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺘﺤ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻟ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻐﺔا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫ﯿﻞا‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﯿﻪﺗﻤ‬
‫ﺬﻓ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ولا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ال ‪: 2‬ﻳﺤ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫‪+‬‬
‫‬‫ﻣﻀﻲ(‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ﻮﺳﻂا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮﻋﺔ ‪NH3‬ﻓﻲ‬
‫ﻠﻰﻣﺠﻤ‬
‫ﺪيوﻋ‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮﺳﻂا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻨﺪا‬
‫ﻮﻋﺔ ‪COO‬ﻋ‬
‫ﻣﺠﻤ‬
‫ﺎض‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻊاﻷﺣﻤ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ـﻰﺟﻤ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ـﻖﻋ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻨﻄ‬
‫ةﺗ‬
‫ـﺪ‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫اجﻗ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺨ‬
‫ـ‬
‫الاﺳ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫اا‬
‫ـﺬ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺬﻓ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ولا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ال ‪:3‬ﻳﺤ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﺾ‬
‫ﻠﺤﻤ‬
‫ـﺔ ‪pHi‬ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ـﺔﻗ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ـﻼلﻣ‬
‫ـﻦﺧ‬
‫ﻨﺔﻣ‬
‫ـﺤ‬
‫ﻟﺸ‬
‫ﻮعا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﺪﻧ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺘﺤ‬
‫ـﻤﺢﺑ‬
‫ةﺗﺴ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ـﻲﻗ‬
‫ﯿﺔوھ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫اﻷ‬
‫ﻮﺳﻂ‪.‬‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻤﺔ ‪pH‬ا‬
‫ﻨﻲﻣﻊﻗ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫اﻷ‬
‫ﺒﺔ )‪(+‬‬
‫ﻮﺟ‬
‫ﻮنﻣ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻨﻲﺗ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻟﺤﻤ ﺾاﻷ‬
‫ﻨﺔا‬
‫‪ pHi>pH‬ﺷﺤ‬
‫ﺒﺔ )‪( -‬‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻮن ﺳ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻨﻲﺗ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﺤﻤ ﺾاﻷﻣ‬
‫ﻨﺔا‬
‫‪ pHi<pH‬ﺷﺤ‬
‫ﻣﺔ )‪(0‬‬
‫و‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻨﻲﻣ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫اﻷ‬
‫ﻟﺤﻤ ﺾ‬
‫ﻨﺔا‬
‫ﻠﺔ ﺷﺤ‬
‫‪pHi=pH‬ﻣﺤﺼ‬
‫ﺒﺔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﺔو‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻮﺟ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ـﺤ‬
‫ﻟﺸ‬
‫ويا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎﺗﺴ‬
‫ﻧﻤ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﻨﺔو‬
‫د ﺷﺤ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺪموﺟ‬
‫ﻨﻲﻋ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻣﺔﻻﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﻌﺪ‬
‫ﻨﺔﻣ‬
‫ﻟﺸﺤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻣﺔ )‪.( 0‬‬
‫و‬
‫ﻌﺪ‬
‫ﻨﺔﻣ‬
‫ﻠﺔ ﺷﺤ‬
‫ﻌﻄﻲﻣﺤﺼ‬
‫ﺎﻳ‬
‫ﻣﻤ‬
‫ﺎض‬
‫اﻷﺣﻤ‬
‫ﻮك‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﯿﺔ )ﺳ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎ ضاﻷ‬
‫ﻮكاﻷﺣﻤ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻣﺔﺗﺨ ﺺ ﺳ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻓﺔھ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ءﻣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺑ‬
‫ال ‪: 4‬ﻳﮫﺪفإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﻲ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻣﻀ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ـﻂا‬
‫ﻮﺳ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻲا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﺪﻓ‬
‫اﻋ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮكا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﺔ ﺳ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺎ ضاﻷﻣ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻠﻚاﻷﺣﻤ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﺪ (‪.‬ﺗﺴ‬
‫اﻋ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮك‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ـ‬
‫وﺳ‬
‫أ‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺎﻣ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻧﮫ‬
‫ـﺪأيأ‬
‫اﻋ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﺎ ضو‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻲأﺣﻤ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﻟﻚﻓ‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺪيﻟ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﻟﻘ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﻂ‬
‫ﻮﺳ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻲا‬
‫ﺎ ضﻓ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻮكاﻷﺣﻤ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ـ‬
‫وﺳ‬
‫ﯿﺔ(‪.‬‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻳﺔ )ﺣﻤ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫أ‬
‫ﺋ ﻲ ‪:4‬‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﻲ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﯿﺪ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﺔا‬
‫ﺑﻄ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮنا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ـﺔﺗ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ـﻖﺑﻜ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺮفﺗ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ءﻣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺑ‬
‫ﺎطإ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ءﻣﻦا‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫اا‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﺪفھ‬
‫ﻳﮫ‬
‫ﻮن‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻓﺔﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ها‬
‫ءھﺬ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺑ‬
‫ﻮلإ‬
‫ﻮﺻ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻳﺔ‪.‬ا‬
‫ﯿﺪ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﺴﻼﺳﻞا‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻞا‬
‫ﺘﺸﻜ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺑ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎ ضاﻷ‬
‫ﺗﺴﻤﺢﻟﻸﺣﻤ‬
‫ﺎض‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻊأﺣﻤ‬
‫ـﺔ (ﻣ‬
‫ﺒﻄ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـﺔﻣ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎ ضأ‬
‫ـ‬
‫أﺣﻤ‬
‫ـﺔ )‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﺔا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻠﺴ‬
‫ﻠﺴ‬
‫ـﺔﻟ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻐﺔا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫ﻧﺔا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺮﻣﻘ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫ﺒﻄﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺮﻣ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻏ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫أ‬
‫ﺋﻖ‪:‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻐﻼل‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اﺳ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺗﺤ‬
‫ـﻦا‬
‫ـﻜﻞﻣ‬
‫ﺘﺸ‬
‫ةﺗ‬
‫ـﺪ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﺔا‬
‫ﺑﻄ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ال ‪: 1‬أنا‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ـﻦا‬
‫ـﺔﻋ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿﺬﻣﻦﺧﻼلاﻹﺟ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺘﺞا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻳﺴ‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ﺌ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫وجﺟ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻊﺧ‬
‫ﺮﻣ‬
‫ﯿﻲآﺧ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻟﺤﻤ ﺾأ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮﻋﺔأ‬
‫ﻨﻲﻣﻊﻣﺠﻤ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﯿﻞﻟﺤﻤ ﺾأ‬
‫ﻛﺴ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻮﻋﺔﻛ‬
‫ﻣﺠﻤ‬
‫ء )‪.( H2O‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ـﻄﻞ‬
‫ـﻲﺗﺸ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻓ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺸ‬
‫ﯿﻦا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻮﻋ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺠﻤ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ـﻤ‬
‫ـﻖﺗﺴ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ولﻋﻦﻃ‬
‫الاﻷ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﻛﺪا‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ال ‪:2‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻳﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﯿﺪ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺑﻂا‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺑﻊ‪.‬‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻨﻲ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﺤﻤ ﺾاﻷﻣ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻌﺪا‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺒﻞو‬
‫ﯿﺔﻗ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ﯿﻎا‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫ﯿﻞا‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﯿﺬﺑ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮما‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ال ‪:3‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﻓﻲا‬
‫ـﻦ‬
‫ﺮﻋ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻨﻈ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـ ﺾا‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ةﺑ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ﯿﻦا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫اﻷ‬
‫ﯿﻞو‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻛﺴ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ﺋﻒا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫دوﻇ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﯿﺬﻋ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺘﺞا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ال ‪: 4‬ﻳﺴ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﻓﻲا‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎ ضاﻷ‬
‫ـ‬
‫داﻷﺣﻤ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻳﺔأيﺑ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﺔا‬
‫ﻠﺴ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﻮلا‬
‫ﺮﺑﻄ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫دﻻﻳ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اا‬
‫ر‪.‬ھﺬ‬
‫و‬
‫ﻟﺠﺬ‬
‫ﺎﻓﻲا‬
‫دھ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫وﺟ‬
‫ﻳﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔو‬
‫ﻣﻀ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫را‬
‫و‬
‫ﻟﺠﺬ‬
‫ﺎلا‬
‫اﺗﻢإھﻤ‬
‫ذ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺋ ﻲ ‪:5‬‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺬ ﻣﻦﺧﻼل‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔﻳﺼﻞ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺎ ضاﻷﻣ‬
‫ﺋ ﺺاﻷﺣﻤ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿﻦوﺧﺼ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻟ‬
‫اﻏ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﻰا‬
‫ﺮفﻋ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻌﺪا‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﯿﻦ‪،‬‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻟ‬
‫اﻏ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‪،‬ا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎ ضاﻷ‬
‫اﻷﺣﻤ‬
‫ﺑﻊ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﻦﺗ‬
‫ﻗﺔﺑ‬
‫ﻌﻼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺑﻂا‬
‫ﻟﻰر‬
‫ﺋﻲإ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎط‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اا‬
‫ھﺬ‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـﻼلﺗﺠ‬
‫ـﻦﺧ‬
‫ـﻚﻣ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ذ‬
‫زو‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻳﻢر‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎطإ‬
‫ﻟﺔﻧﺸ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ه‬
‫ﺘﻲھﻲﻓﻲھﺬ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻦا‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻔﺔا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫وﻇ‬
‫و‬
‫ﻨﺴﻦ ‪. Anfinsen‬‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫أ‬
‫ﻟﻢ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫اھ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ةأﺟ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﻣﺸ‬
‫ـﻲ‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫أﺳ‬
‫ر‬
‫و‬
‫ﯿﻦد‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﺔا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﺔو‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎ ضاﻷ‬
‫ﺑﻊاﻷﺣﻤ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اﺿﺤﺔأنﻟ‬
‫ةو‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘﺖﺑﺼ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﺑﺔأ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ها‬
‫ھﺬ‬
‫ﻔﺔ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻮﻇ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗ‬
‫ﻟﻲإ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ديﺑ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻳ‬
‫اﻏ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﻰا‬
‫ﺮﻋ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﺑﻊﻳ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫أنﺗ‬
‫ﻔﺔو‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻮﻇ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻳﺪا‬
‫ﻓﻲﺗﺤﺪ‬
‫ـﻰ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ـﺔﻋ‬
‫ﻓﻈ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺤ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻓﻲا‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺑﻂا‬
‫ا‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫را‬
‫و‬
‫ﯿﺢد‬
‫ﻮﺿ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗ‬
‫ﺑﺔإ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎطﻣﻦﺧﻼلا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﮫﺪفا‬
‫ﺎﻳ‬
‫ﻛﻤ‬
‫ﯿﻦ‪.‬‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻟ‬
‫اﻏ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫‪24‬‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫ﺑﻂاﻷﺳ‬
‫ا‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﺪىا‬
‫ﺮإﺣ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻜﺴ‬
‫دﺗ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎلﻣ‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻰاﺳ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ـﺪﻋ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ـﺔﻳ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻲا‬
‫ﺒﻊﻓ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫أا‬
‫ﺒﺪ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﺪى‬
‫ﻳﺪﻣ‬
‫ﺘﺤﺪ‬
‫ﻳﻢﻟ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎطاﻹ‬
‫رﻧﺸ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺘﻢإﺧ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﯿﻦو‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻟ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫اﻏ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻠﻰﺛ‬
‫ﻓﻈﺔﻋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻔﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻮﻇ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺎھﻢ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺑﻂﺗﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫و‬
‫ﻳﻦر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻓﻲﺗ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎ ضاﻷ‬
‫راﻷﺣﻤ‬
‫و‬
‫ﻠﻖﺑﺪ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻓﺔﺗ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ءﻣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺑ‬
‫ال ‪:1‬ﻳﮫﺪفإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻦ‪.‬‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻠﻰﺑ‬
‫ﻓﻈﺔﻋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺤ‬
‫ﻓﻲا‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺎﺻﺔﻓﻲﺛ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺧ‬
‫ﺎأھﻤ‬
‫ﺘﻲﻟﮫ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮع ‪Cys‬ا‬
‫ﯿﺔﻣﻦﻧ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎ ضاﻷ‬
‫ﻗﻊﻷﺣﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺎمﻣ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺜﻞاﻷ‬
‫ﺗﻤ‬
‫ﺋﻲ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺮﺛ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻳﻦﺟﺴ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ـﻦ ‪Cys‬ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻣ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺌ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﺪﺟ‬
‫ﺘﺤ‬
‫ـﺚﻳ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺎتﺣ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻦا‬
‫ﻳﺪﻣ‬
‫ﻌﺪ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻓﻲا‬
‫اﻏ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻳﺖ )‪.(Pond disulfure‬‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎ ضاﻷ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺑﻊاﻷﺣﻤ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﻦﺗ‬
‫ﻗﺔﺑ‬
‫ﻌﻼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫دا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻳﺠ‬
‫ﻟﻰإ‬
‫ﯿﺬإ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻓﻊا‬
‫ﻟﻰد‬
‫الإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﮫﺪفا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ال ‪:2‬‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ـﻦﺟ‬
‫ـﻪﻣ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫وﻇ‬
‫ﯿﻦو‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ـﺔﻟ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫اﻏ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﺔا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻦا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﮫﺔﺛﻢﺑ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻣﻦﺟ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻟ‬
‫اﻏ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮى ‪.‬‬
‫أﺧ‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ـﻂﻛ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ا‬
‫و‬
‫ﻳﻦر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻰﺗﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ديإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ةﻳ‬
‫د‬
‫ﻛﻦﻣﺤﺪ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫دﻓﻲأ‬
‫ﻮعﻣﺤﺪ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻣﻦﻧ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎ ضأ‬
‫دأﺣﻤ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫وﺟ‬
‫ـﺪ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺑﻂﻳﻔ‬
‫ا‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ها‬
‫ـﺬ‬
‫ﺮھ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻜﺴ‬
‫ﺈنﺗ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﻚﻓ‬
‫ـﺬ‬
‫ﺎ‪.‬ﻟ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻠﻰﺛ‬
‫ﻌﻤﻞﻋ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﯿﻦو‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻟ‬
‫اﻏ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫دا‬
‫ﺗﺤﺪ‬
‫ﻔﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻮﻇ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺪﻣ‬
‫ﻔﻘ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﯿﺔو‬
‫اﻏ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﻤﺢ‬
‫ـﻲﺗﺴ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻲا‬
‫ﺮىھ‬
‫أﺧ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫اﻏ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻓ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫أيﺑ‬
‫ﯿﺲ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻦو‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻟ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫اﻏ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎأنا‬
‫ﻛﻤ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﺐا‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـﻖﻣ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـﻦﻃ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻋ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻟ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ءا‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻧﻄ‬
‫ﻗﺔاﻹ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻮمإﻋ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺘﻪ‪.‬ﻣ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ءوﻇ‬
‫ا‬
‫د‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﯿﻦﺑ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‪.‬‬
‫ﺪھﺬ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ـﻲ‬
‫ـﻲﻓ‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫رأﺳ‬
‫و‬
‫ـﺔد‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎ ضاﻷ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﺔأنﻟﻸﺣﻤ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ها‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻼلھ‬
‫ـﻦﺧ‬
‫ﻛﺪﻣ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺘﻢ‬
‫ال‪: 3‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎ ضاﻷ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺪﺧﻞاﻷﺣﻤ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺗ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺮﺿ‬
‫ﯿﻦ‪.‬أيأنﻓ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻔﺔا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﻲوﻇ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﯿﺔو‬
‫اﻏ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻳﺪا‬
‫ﺗﺤﺪ‬
‫ﯿﺤﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺻﺤ‬
‫ـﻪ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ـﺪﻋ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ـﻪﻳ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ـﻪﻷ‬
‫ﺗﺨﺼﺼ‬
‫ﯿﻦو‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﺔا‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫وﻇ‬
‫ـﺔو‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﯿﻦﺑ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﺔﺑ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻌﻼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮما‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻠﻰﻣ‬
‫ﯿﺪﻋ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻳﺠﺐا‬
‫ﺎل‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺗﺼ‬
‫ـﻲاﻻ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ـﺔو‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎتو‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻳﻤ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ـﻲاﻹ‬
‫ـﺔﻓ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ـﺔا‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﺜﻼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اتا‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻮﺣ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﻲ‬
‫ةﻓ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﺮىﻛ‬
‫ﯿﻢأﺧ‬
‫ﺎھ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺒﻲ‪.‬‬
‫ﻌﺼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻳﺪﻣﻦ‬
‫ﻌﺪ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎلا‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫ﺎتﺑ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺗﻄ‬
‫ﻮب ‪Rastop‬و‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اﺳ‬
‫ﻣﺞر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺎلﺑ‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻔﺼﻞﻻﺳ‬
‫ﯿﻞﻣ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫دد‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻳﺠ‬
‫ﻨﻚإ‬
‫ﻳﻤﻜ‬
‫ﻟﻲ‪:‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻗﻊ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻣﺔﻓﻲا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮي‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻢا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ﺗﺬ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ةأﺳ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺮ ضاﺳ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﺎﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺼ‬
‫ﻗﻊﺧﺼ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ءا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻧﺸ‬
‫ﺗﻢإ‬
‫‪www.ens-kouba.dz\ arabic\rastop.htm‬‬
‫‪25‬‬
‫ﺎلاﻷول‬
‫ﻟﻤﺠ‬
‫ﻟﻮﺣﺪة ‪2‬ﻣﻦا‬
‫ﻳﻦا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺗﻤ‬
‫ﻳﻦ ‪:1‬‬
‫ﺗﻤﺮ‬
‫ـﻢ‬
‫ـﺚﺗ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ـﺔ‪.‬ﺣ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫اﻷ‬
‫ﺎض‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺋ ﺺاﻷﺣﻤ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻮلﺧﺼ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺒﺔﺣ‬
‫ﺘﺴ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻜ‬
‫رفا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﻒا‬
‫ﻮﻇ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗ‬
‫ﻳﻦإ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﮫﺪفا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺎ ضاﻷﻣ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿﻦاﻷﺣﻤ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎو‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺘﻼفﺑ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿﺢاﻹﺧ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻮﺿ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻟ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻣﻀ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـﺔوﺣ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ـﺔﻗ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎ ضأ‬
‫ـ‬
‫أﺣﻤ‬
‫اج‬
‫ر‬
‫د‬
‫إ‬
‫ﻟﺔ‪.‬‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎض‬
‫ﺛﺔأﺣﻤ‬
‫ﺜﻼ‬
‫ـ ‪pHi‬ﻟ‬
‫ﻔﺔﻟ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﻢﻣﺨ‬
‫ﺛﺔﻗ‬
‫ﺎجﺛﻼ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫ﯿﺬﺑ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺑﺔﻳﺴﻤﺢﻟ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺋﺞا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﻞﻧ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫‪- 1‬ﺗﺤ‬
‫ﺎل‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺠ‬
‫ـﻲا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻲﻓ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ـ ﺾاﻷ‬
‫ﻟﺤﻤ‬
‫ها‬
‫ـﺪ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺮكﻋ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘﺤ‬
‫ـﺬيﻻﻳ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﺪ ‪pH‬ا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ـﻼلﺗﺤﺪ‬
‫ـﻦﺧ‬
‫ـﺔﻣ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫أ‬
‫ﻮل‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎﺣ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻞإ‬
‫ﻮﺻ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﻢ‬
‫ـﻲﺗ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ـﺪ‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺎتﻟ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ـﻰﺗﻄ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞإ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻚا‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﺋﻲ‪.‬ﻳﻤﻜﻦﻛ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻜﮫ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺘﻲ ‪ pH‬و ‪. pHi‬‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻧﺔ ﻗ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺪﻣ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻨﻲﻋ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫اﻷ‬
‫ﻟﺤﻤ ﺾ‬
‫ﻨﺔا‬
‫ﻮع ﺷﺤ‬
‫ﻳﺪﻧ‬
‫ﺗﺤﺪ‬
‫ﻨﺨﻔ ﺾ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎ ‪pHi‬ﻣ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻟﮫ‬
‫ﻣﻀ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎ ضاﻷ‬
‫ﺎجأناﻷﺣﻤ‬
‫ﻨﺴ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻰاﻻﺳ‬
‫ديإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﯿﻢﺗ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻧﺔا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫‪- 2‬ﻣ‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﺔا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎ ضاﻷ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎاﻷﺣﻤ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﯿﻦ ‪3‬و ‪( 5‬أ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿﻢﺑ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻲﻗ‬
‫ةﻓ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺗﻘﻊﻋ‬
‫ﺮﻣﻦ ‪7‬و‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻗﻞﺑ‬
‫أ‬
‫)‬
‫ﻠﻰﻣﻦ ‪( 7‬‬
‫أﻋ‬
‫ﻔﻊ )‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺎﻣ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﻮن ‪pHi‬ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻜ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ة‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ةو‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﮫﺠ‬
‫ﻓﺔا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻣﺴ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﺔﺑ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻌﻼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـ ﺺا‬
‫ﯿﺔﺗﺨ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫ـﺔأﺳ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ءﻣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ـﻰﺑ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫الإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﺪفا‬
‫‪- 3‬ﻳﮫ‬
‫ـﺐ‬
‫ﻘﻄ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺮعﻧﺤ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ةأﺳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﮫﺠ‬
‫ـﺖا‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺎﻛ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻮىﻛ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻨﺔأ‬
‫ـﺤ‬
‫ﻟﺸ‬
‫ـﺖا‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺎﻛ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ـﺚﻛ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨﺔ‪،‬ﺣ‬
‫ﻟﺸﺤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﻲ‪.‬‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ـ ﺾأ‬
‫ﺘﻲ ‪pH‬و ‪pHi‬ﻟﻜﻞﺣﻤ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻗ‬
‫ﺮقﺑ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻗﺔﺑ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻼ‬
‫ﻨﺔﻟﮫ‬
‫ﻟﺸﺤ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻛ ﺲ ‪.‬ﻗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﻲ ‪Lys‬‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ـ ﺾاﻷ‬
‫ﻠﺤﻤ‬
‫ـﺔ ‪pHi‬ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻨﺔ ‪.‬ﻗ‬
‫ـﺤ‬
‫ﻟﺸ‬
‫ا‬
‫دت‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎز‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻘﻄﺔ ‪pHi‬ﻛ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻦﻧ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ة ‪Lys‬‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻮنھﺠ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟﻲﺗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﻮﺳﻂ )‪( 3.2‬و‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻌﺪﻋﻦ ‪pH‬‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫أ‬
‫ﺮﻣﻦ ‪pHi‬ﻟﺤﻤ ﺾ ‪ Ala‬وھﻲ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫أ‬
‫ﻟﺐ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﻘﻄﺐا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮا‬
‫ﺮعﻧﺤ‬
‫أﺳ‬
‫ـﻰ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺒﺔﻋ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻨﺔ ﺳ‬
‫ـﺤ‬
‫ـﻊ ﺷ‬
‫ـﻊوﺿ‬
‫ﻐﺔﻣ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫ـﻞا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﺘﻢﺗﻤ‬
‫ﻔﺤﺔ ‪47‬ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫ﻘﺔ ‪3‬ا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻧﺔﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺎﻻﺳ‬
‫‪- 4‬ﺑ‬
‫‪+‬‬
‫‬‫ﯿﻦ‪.‬‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔﻓﻲﻛﻼ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻠﻰ ‪NH3‬اﻷﺻ‬
‫ﺒﺔﻋ‬
‫ﻮﺟ‬
‫ﻨﺔﻣ‬
‫ﻮﻋﺔ ‪COO‬وﺷﺤ‬
‫ﻣﺠﻤ‬
‫ﻳﻦ ‪: 2‬‬
‫ﺘﻤﺮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺑﺔ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺔاﻹﺟ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻳﻖﻣﺤ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻣﺞ ‪Rastop‬ﻋﻦﻃ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺎلﺑ‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠﻰاﺳ‬
‫ﯿﺬﻋ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻳﺐا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗﺪ‬
‫ﻳﻦإ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺪفا‬
‫ﻳﮫ‬
‫ﺌﺔ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﯿﻞ ‪ Télécharger‬ﺟ‬
‫ﺘﺤﻤ‬
‫ﻗﻊﻟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻰا‬
‫ﻮلإ‬
‫ﺪﺧ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻜﻦا‬
‫ﯿﻄﺔ‪.‬ﻳﻤ‬
‫ﺒﺴ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﺔا‬
‫ﺌ‬
‫ﻌ ﺾاﻷﺳ‬
‫ﻠﻰﺑ‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫ﻠﺔ‬
‫ﺌ‬
‫ﻠﻰاﻷﺳ‬
‫ﺑﺔﻋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻠﻰاﻹﺟ‬
‫ﻗﻊﻋ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻮيا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻣﺞ ‪. Rastop‬ﻻﻳﺤ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻳﻖﺑ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻦﻃ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﺘﺤ‬
‫ﯿﻦﺛﻢﻓ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﻰ‬
‫ﺎتﻋ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻔ ﺲا‬
‫ﻳﺪﻧ‬
‫ﺎﺗﺤﺪ‬
‫ﯿﮫ‬
‫ﻧﺸﻄﺔﺗﻢﻓ‬
‫اﻷ‬
‫ﺮىو‬
‫ﻠﺔاﻷﺧ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻜﻦاﻷ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻟ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اا‬
‫ﺎﺻﺔﺑﮫﺬ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮى‪.‬‬
‫أﺧ‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﻣﺞ ‪Rastop‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺎلﺑ‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫ﺎﺑ‬
‫ﯿﮫ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺘﻲﻳﻤﻜﻦا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﺔا‬
‫ﺌ‬
‫ةﻋﻦاﻷﺳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺼ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺨ‬
‫ﺑﺔا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫اﻹﺟ‬
‫أأ ‪307‬‬
‫ﻋﺪ‬
‫ﯿﻦ ‪. Asn‬‬
‫رﺟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻮأﺳ‬
‫ﺮھ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫اﻷﺧ‬
‫ﯿﻦ ‪Ala‬و‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻮاﻷﻻ‬
‫ول ھ‬
‫اﻷ‬
‫ﻨﻲ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻟﺤﻤ ﺾاﻷ‬
‫ا‬
‫‪138‬و ‪161‬‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﯿﺐﺣ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫‪8‬ﺗ‬
‫ﺎت ‪‬‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ر‬
‫‪8‬و‬
‫و ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼل‬
‫ﺒﻜﺔأ‬
‫ﻟﺸ‬
‫ﺎتﻓﻲا‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺒﺤﺚ ﻋﻦا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮن ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼلا‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻳﻢﻳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻔﺔاﻹ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺎجوﻇ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اﺳ‬
‫ﺘﻲ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫زأيا‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻳﻤ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻟﻰإ‬
‫ﺘﻤﻲإ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﺬيﻳ‬
‫ﻳﻢا‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺘﻰﻣﻦاﺳﻢاﻹ‬
‫وﺣ‬
‫ةأ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﻰا‬
‫ﺮفﻋ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﺔ‬
‫ﻠﺴ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﺮﻓﻲا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨﻲاﻷﺧ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻠﺤﻤ ﺾاﻷ‬
‫ﻳﺔﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺪ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺑﻄﺔا‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻜﻚا‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻮﻳ‬
‫ﻳﺔوھ‬
‫ﯿﺪ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺑﻂا‬
‫ا‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻜﻚا‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﯿﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛﺴ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻳﺔا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨﮫ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫دﻓﻲا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻮﺟ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻳﺔأيا‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺒﻂ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿﻦ ‪Ala‬ﻣ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻮنﻣﻦ ﺣﻤ ﺾأﻻ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﺪﻣ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺋﻲﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺎﺛ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﯿﻦأ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ةﻳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﻰا‬
‫ﺮف ﻋ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼلا‬
‫ﻳﻦ ‪. Lys‬‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺑﺤﻤ ﺾﻟ‬
‫‪26‬‬
‫ﻳﻦ ‪:3‬‬
‫ﺘﻤﺮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻦﻣﻦ‬
‫ﻮﻋ‬
‫ﺔﻧ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫اﺳﺔو‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎﻣﺞ ‪Rastop‬ﻟﺪ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺎلﺑ‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻮلاﺳ‬
‫ﯿﻖﺣ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗﻄ‬
‫ﻟﻚإ‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﻳﻦﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﮫﺪفا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ﺪ ﻣﻦا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻌﺪ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎنو‬
‫ﻧﺴ‬
‫ﺔﻓﻲ ﺟﺴﻢاﻹ‬
‫ﺎﻣ‬
‫رھ‬
‫ا‬
‫و‬
‫د‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﻮمﺑ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻓﺔو‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎﻣﻦ‬
‫ﻨﮫ‬
‫ﺑﺔﻋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ولاﻹﺟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿﺤ‬
‫ﺬﻟ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎما‬
‫ﯿﺔأﻣ‬
‫ﺎﺟ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫د‬
‫ﯿﺔإ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﯿﺔ ﺣ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺮحوﺿ‬
‫ﻳﻦ ﻃ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ولا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿﺔ ‪.‬ﻳﺤ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺜﺪ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻟﻤﻜﻤ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻮﻣ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺒﺤﺚﻋﻦا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔو‬
‫اﻏ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اﺳﺔا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺧﻼلد‬
‫ﺎﻣﻦ‬
‫ﻠﮫﻤ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺘﻢﺗﺤﻤ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻳ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﻰﻣ‬
‫ﻓﺔإ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺎﻹﺿ‬
‫ﻣﺞ ‪Rastop‬ﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺑ‬
‫ﯿﺬإ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎجا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺎتﻳﺤ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺮﺳ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫زا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻧﺠ‬
‫ﻹ‬
‫ﯿﻪ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫رإ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺸ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻗﻊ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻦ‪.‬‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻮﻏ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻦا‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻧﻲﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﻒا‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻦو‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻮﻏ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻦ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ولﻟ‬
‫ﻠﻒاﻷ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺎﻷﺧﻀ‬
‫ﻮنﺑ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﯿﻚ ‪caricature‬ﺛﻢﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺴﻤ‬
‫ﻳﻂا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﺸ‬
‫ﻟﻰا‬
‫ذجإ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻨﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺬا‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﻟﻰﻳ‬
‫و‬
‫ةاﻷ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫ﻓﻲا‬
‫ﻣﻦﺧﻼل ‪. Palette de couleurs‬‬
‫ﻮن‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ةو‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻰا‬
‫ذجإ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻨﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﺑﺔ ‪hem‬ﺛﻢﻳ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻧﺔ ‪ABC‬و‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﯿﻢﻣﻦأ‬
‫ﻟﮫ‬
‫را‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺎﺧ‬
‫ﻟﻚﺑ‬
‫ﻌﺪذ‬
‫ﻮمﺑ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮﻣﻦ ‪. palette de couleurs‬‬
‫ﺎﻷﺣﻤ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﻮن ﺣﺴﺐ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﻰ ‪caricature‬ﺛﻢﻧ‬
‫ذجإ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻨﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻚﺑ‬
‫ﻮمﻛﺬ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻧﻘ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻮﻏ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻟﮫ‬
‫ﯿﻦا‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺒﺔﻟ‬
‫ﻨﺴ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﻣﺞ ‪atome/colorer par/chaine‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻳﺔﻣﻦا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﺠﮫﺔا‬
‫ﺮﻓﻲا‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ا‬
‫و‬
‫ﻠﺔﻣﻦﺧﻼلاﻷ‬
‫ﻠﺴ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮن‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ةو‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻰا‬
‫ذجإ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻨﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﺑﺔ ‪hem‬ﺛﻢﻳ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻧﺔ ‪ABC‬و‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﯿﻢﻣﻦأ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫را‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺎﺧ‬
‫ﻟﻚﺑ‬
‫ﻌﺪذ‬
‫ﻮمﺑ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮﻣﻦ ‪. palette de couleurs‬‬
‫ﺎﻷﺣﻤ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‪:‬‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞإ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮبا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻄ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻮﻣ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫دأأ ‪146 +146 + 141 + 141‬‬
‫ﻋﺪ‬
‫ﻟﺴﻼﺳﻞ ‪‬‬
‫ا‬
‫‪VAL LEU SER PRO ALA ASP LYS THR ASN VAL‬‬
‫‪VAL LEU SER PRO ALA ASP LYS THR ASN VAL‬‬
‫ﻟﺴﻼﺳﻞ ‪‬‬
‫ا‬
‫‪VAL HIS LEU THR PRO GLU GLU LYS SER ALA‬‬
‫‪VAL HIS LEU THR PRO GLU GLU LYS SER ALA‬‬
‫ﯿﻦ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻮﻏ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫‪VAL LEU SER GLU GLY GLU TRP GLN LEU VAL‬‬
‫ﻮ ‪Val1‬‬
‫‪‬و ‪‬ھ‬
‫ﯿﻦ‬
‫ﻘﻂﺑ‬
‫ﺪﻓ‬
‫اﺣ‬
‫ﻨﻲو‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺑﻪﻓﻲﺣﻤ ﺾأ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺗﺸ‬
‫ﯿﻦ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻮﻏ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﺴﻼﺳﻞ ‪‬و‬
‫ﯿﻦا‬
‫ﯿﺔﺑ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎ ضأ‬
‫أﺣﻤ‬
‫ﺑﻪﻓﻲ ‪4‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺗﺸ‬
‫ﻘﻂ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻓ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻢ‬
‫ﻟﮫ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـ ‪CPK‬‬
‫ﻳﻦﺑ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻌﺪ‬
‫ﻟﻚﺑ‬
‫ذ‬
‫انو‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎﻣﻦﺧﻼلاﻷ‬
‫ﺪھﻤ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺘﻢﺗﺤﺪ‬
‫اتﻳ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻟﺬ‬
‫ﻮعا‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫دي(‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮنر‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﺐ )‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻮنوھ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫رق(‬
‫ز‬
‫أ‬
‫ﻮن‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ات )‬
‫ر‬
‫وت ‪4‬ذ‬
‫ز‬
‫اﻵ‬
‫ﺮ(‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻮنأﺻ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻳﺪ ‪) 1‬‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ(‬
‫ﻮنأﺣﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻦ ‪) 4‬‬
‫ﻛﺴﺠ‬
‫اﻷ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ه‬
‫ﺮﻓﻲھﺬ‬
‫ﻮﻻﻳﻈﮫ‬
‫ﯿ ﺾ(وھ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﻮنأ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻦ )‬
‫وﺟ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﮫ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻦ‬
‫ﻛﺴﺠ‬
‫ﻘﻞاﻷ‬
‫ﯿﻦھﻲﻧ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻮﻏ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻔﺔا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫وﻇ‬
‫ﯿﻦ‬
‫ﻛﺴﺠ‬
‫ﻳﻦاﻷ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﯿﻦھﻲﺗﺨ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻮﻏ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻔﺔا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫وﻇ‬
‫‪27‬‬
‫ﯿﻦ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻮﻏ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨﻲﺑ‬
‫رﻏ‬
‫ﺮﻣﺼﺪ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻚﻳ‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻟ‬
‫ﻛﺴﺠ‬
‫ﻳﻦاﻷ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻠﻰﺗﺨ‬
‫ةﻋ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ﺗﻪا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻮتﺑ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ﺰا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫د‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺠﮫ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺎمﺑ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺪا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺎﺟﺔ ﻋ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ﻗﺖا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻟ‬
‫ﻛﺴﺠ‬
‫ﺰناﻷ‬
‫ﻳﺨ‬
‫ﻌﻀﻼتو‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻚﻓﻲا‬
‫ﺪ ﻛﺬ‬
‫اﺟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﺬيﻳ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻮ صﻧﺤ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻨﺪا‬
‫ﻔ ﺲﻋ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻜﻲﻳ‬
‫ﺰنﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺨ‬
‫ﯿﻦا‬
‫ﻛﺴﺠ‬
‫ﻟﻰاﻷ‬
‫ﻮتإ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ﺎجا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺜﻒ‪.‬ﻳﺤ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻠﻲا‬
‫ﻌﻀ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ا‪.‬‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ةوھﻜ‬
‫ﻳﺪ‬
‫ﺮﻋﺔﺟﺪ‬
‫ﺄﺧﺬﺟ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺰنﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺨ‬
‫ﯿﻦا‬
‫ﻛﺴﺠ‬
‫اﻷ‬
‫ﺘﮫﻼك‬
‫ﺪاﺳ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﺴﻄﺢﻋ‬
‫ﻟﻰا‬
‫دإ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺎقو‬
‫اﻷﻋﻤ‬
‫ﻳﻦ ‪: 4‬‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺗﻤ‬
‫ﻔﺤﺔ ‪203‬‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫ﻧﻲا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎل‬
‫ﻟﻤﺠ‬
‫ﻟﻰﻣﻦا‬
‫و‬
‫ةاﻷ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻮﺣ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻔﺤﺔﻓﻲا‬
‫ﻣﻦ ﺻ‬
‫ﻨﺔ‬
‫ـﺤ‬
‫ﺪﺷ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ـﻲﺗﺤﺪ‬
‫ـﺔﻓ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎ ضاﻷ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻨﺔاﻷﺣﻤ‬
‫ـﺤ‬
‫ﺎﺻﺔﺑﺸ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫رفا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﻒا‬
‫ﻮﻇ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗ‬
‫ﻳﻦإ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﮫﺪفا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﯿﻄﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺒﺴ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اتا‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎ ضاﻷ‬
‫ﻠﺔﻟﻸﺣﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻔﺼ‬
‫ﯿﻎا‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫ﺑﺔا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠﻰﻛ‬
‫ﺬﻋ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻳﺐا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗﺪ‬
‫إ‬
‫ال ‪1‬‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﮫﺪفا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ـﻢ‬
‫ﺪﺛ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻨﺔا‬
‫ـﺤ‬
‫ﻳﺪ ﺷ‬
‫ﺘﺤﺪ‬
‫ﻟﻚﺑ‬
‫ذ‬
‫ﻔﺼﻞو‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ها‬
‫ﻨﺪ‬
‫ﻟﺬيﺗﻢﻋ‬
‫ﺪ ‪pH‬ا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗﺤﺪ‬
‫ﯿﮫﺪفإ‬
‫ال ‪2‬ﻓ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫أ‬
‫ﺎض‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺈناﻷﺣﻤ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻞإ‬
‫ﻮﺻ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻢا‬
‫ـﻲﺗ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ﺎﻋﺪ‬
‫ﻟﻘ‬
‫ﺋﻲ ‪.‬ﺣﺴﺐا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ﺎلا‬
‫ﻟﻤﺠ‬
‫ﺎھﻪﻓﻲا‬
‫ﺗﺠ‬
‫ﻳﺪا‬
‫ﺗﺤﺪ‬
‫ﻟﺐ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ـﺐا‬
‫ﻘﻄ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘﺠﻪﻧﺤ‬
‫ﻨﻪﺗ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻣﻀﻲ ‪1=pH‬و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ﻮﺳﻂا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻨﺪ‬
‫ﺒﺔﻋ‬
‫ﻮﺟ‬
‫ﺎﻣ‬
‫ﺘﮫ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻮن ﺷﺤ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺗ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﺸﻜﻞأ(‪.‬‬
‫ا‬
‫)‬
‫ﺎض‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻮل ‪pHi‬ﻟﻸﺣﻤ‬
‫ـ‬
‫رفﺣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ـﻒا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻮﻇ‬
‫ـﻼلﺗ‬
‫ـﻦﺧ‬
‫ـﻊﻣ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻰا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺮفﻋ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻰا‬
‫ﮫﺪفإ‬
‫ال ‪3‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫اﻷ‬
‫دﻟﺤﻤ ﺾ ‪Ala‬ﻷن ‪pHi‬ﻟﺤﻤ ﺾ ‪. 6=Ala‬‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺗ‬
‫ﻮﺳﻄ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻌﺔا‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﺐ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻮن ﺳ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟﻚﻳ‬
‫ﺮﻣﻦ ‪ 7‬ﻟﺬ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﺮﺑ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ـ ‪pHi‬أﺻ‬
‫ﺰﺑ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻮ ‪Glu‬و‬
‫ﺎﺿﻲھ‬
‫ﻧﻲﺣﻤ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻨﻲا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻟﺤﻤ ﺾاﻷ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـ ﺾ ‪Arg‬ﻧﺤ‬
‫ـﻪﺣﻤ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﺎﻳ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻨﻤ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ـﺐﺑ‬
‫ﻮﺟ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ـﺐا‬
‫ﻘﻄ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘﺠﻪﻧﺤ‬
‫ﻟﻲﻳ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﻨﺔﻷن ‪ pHi<pH‬و‬
‫ﻟﺸﺤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮن‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﺪيﺗﻜ‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎ ضاﻷ‬
‫ﻟﻚﻷن ‪pHi‬ﻟﻸﺣﻤ‬
‫ذ‬
‫ﻨﺔو‬
‫ﻟﺸﺤ‬
‫ﻮﺟﺐا‬
‫ﻮنﻣ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻧﻪﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺐﻷ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﻘﻄﺐا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮﻣﻦ ‪. 7‬‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻠﻰﺑ‬
‫أﻋ‬
‫ـﺪة‬
‫ﻟﻮﺣ‬
‫ـ ﻲا‬
‫انوھﻮﻓ‬
‫ﻨﻮ‬
‫ﯿ ﺲﻟﻪﻋ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻳﻦ ‪4‬و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ءا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﮫ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺮةﺑﻌﺪا‬
‫ﺎﺷ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻳﻦ ‪5‬ﻣﻮﺟﻮدﻣ‬
‫ﺗﻤﺮ‬
‫))‬
‫ﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ ‪((203‬‬
‫ﻧ ﻲﻓ ﻲا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎلا‬
‫ﻟﻤﺠ‬
‫ﻟﻰﻣﻦا‬
‫و‬
‫اﻷ‬
‫ﺎل‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫ﻮلﺑ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺮأﻃ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿﺪآﺧ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺎھﺔﺑ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺗﺠﺔﻣﻦإ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اتا‬
‫ﯿﺪ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻨﺔا‬
‫ﺪ ﺷﺤ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺘﺤﺪ‬
‫ﻟﻚﻟ‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﻳﻦﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﮫﺪفا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺘﺨﺼﺼﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎتﻣ‬
‫ﻳﻤ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﻮنﻣﻦ ‪His-Lys-Pro-Arg-Gly-Glu‬‬
‫ﺘﻜ‬
‫ﻠﻲﻳ‬
‫ﺪاﻷﺻ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔھﻲ ‪:‬‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫اتﺛ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺘﺞ ‪3‬ﺑ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻳ‬
‫ﺑﺴ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻳﻢﺗ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫اﺳﻄﺔإ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺎھﺔﺑ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫اﻹ‬
‫ﻨﺪ‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫‪His-Lys‬و ‪Pro-Arg‬و ‪. Gly-Glu‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻨﮫ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ـﻲﻳﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺎﻋﺪ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﺔا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎ ضاﻷ‬
‫ـ‬
‫داﻷﺣﻤ‬
‫ـﺪ‬
‫ـﻰﻋ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺘﻤﺪﻋ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻨﺪ ‪1 = pH‬ﺗ‬
‫اتﻋ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻨﺔا‬
‫ﺷﺤ‬
‫ر‪.‬‬
‫ﻟﺠﺬ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮىﻓﻲ‬
‫اﻷﺧ‬
‫ﺮفو‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ةﻓﻲا‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫اﺣ‬
‫ﯿﻦو‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻮﺟ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻣ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺎب ﺷﺤ‬
‫ﺘﺴ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻦ‪.‬‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺎﻋﺪ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻗ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﯿﻦأ‬
‫ﻧﻪﻳﻀﻢﺣﻤﻀ‬
‫ﺘﻪ =‪3+‬ﻷ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻮن ﺷﺤ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ولﺗ‬
‫ﺋﻲاﻷ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺪا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻦ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺎﻋﺪ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻗ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﯿﻦأ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺘﻪ =‪2+‬ﻷنﻳﻀﻢﺣﻤﻀ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻮن ﺷﺤ‬
‫ﻧﻲﺗﻜ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺋﻲا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺪا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺲ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﺔﻟ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻗ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎ ضأ‬
‫ﯿ ﺲﻟﻪأﺣﺨﻤ‬
‫ﻧﻪﻟ‬
‫ﺘﻪ = ‪1+‬ﻷ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻮن ﺷﺤ‬
‫ﺘﻜ‬
‫ﻟﺚﻓ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺌﻲا‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺪا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫أ‬
‫ﻮﻋﺔ ‪. NH3+‬‬
‫ﯿﺔﻓﻲﻣﺠﻤ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﻨﺔا‬
‫ﻟﺸﺤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎھﺪ‬
‫رﻣ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺒﺔﻓﻲا‬
‫ﻮﺟ‬
‫ﺎتﻣ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻪ ﺷﺤ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻔﺔﻧﺤ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺎتﻣﺨ‬
‫ﺮﻋ‬
‫ﺘﺠﻪﺑﺴ‬
‫ﺎﺗ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎﻷ‬
‫ﻠﮫ‬
‫ﻔﺼ‬
‫ﯿﻢﻣﻦ ‪pH‬ﻟﻜﻦ ‪1 = pH‬ﻳﺴﻤﺢﺑ‬
‫ةﻗ‬
‫رﻋﺪ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻳﻤﻜﻦاﺧ‬
‫ة‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘﻼفﻗ‬
‫ـ‬
‫اﻻﺧ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﺚﻧﻈ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻧﻲﺛﻢا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺪا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻮعﺑ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ولﻣ‬
‫ﺪاﻷ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮا‬
‫ﺎھ‬
‫ﺮﻋﮫ‬
‫أﺳ‬
‫ﻟﺐو‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﻘﻄﺐا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻨﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻟﺸﺤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﻪ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﺎﻳ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻨﻤ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ـﻂﺑ‬
‫ﻮﺳ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻲا‬
‫ـﻰﻓ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ـﺬيﻳ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻧﻲا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﺪا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫دل ‪pHi‬ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺎل ‪pH‬ﻳ‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻚاﺳ‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﻳﻤﻜﻦﻛ‬
‫ﻮﺟﺐ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫وا‬
‫ﻟﺐأ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﻘﻄﺐا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮا‬
‫انﻧﺤ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫اناﻵﺧ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫‪28‬‬
‫ء‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻳﺐاﻷﺧﻄ‬
‫ﺗﺼﻮ‬
‫ﯿﺢ‬
‫ﺘﺼﺤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ء‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻄ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻔﺤﺔ‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـ ‪3.6x10 ARNr‬‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻲﻟ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺌ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫زنا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫‪ 25‬ا‬
‫‪6‬‬
‫‪3.6x10 S5‬‬
‫ـ ‪:ARNt‬‬
‫ﺌﻲﻟ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫زنا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫‪4‬‬
‫‪6‬‬
‫‪2.5x10‬‬
‫‪2.5x10‬‬
‫ﯿﻞ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﺪ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻣﺼﺤﺢﺑ‬
‫و‬
‫‪،‬‬
‫ﻣﻼ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨﻰﻛ‬
‫ﻨﺤ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ـﻰا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻨﺤ‬
‫ﺎتﻣ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ـ ﺺﺑ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫‪ 36‬ﻧ‬
‫ﻳﻦ‪2‬‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻳﻦ‪4‬‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ةﻋﻦﺗﻤ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻮﻋ‬
‫ﻳﻦ‪ 3‬ھ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ال‪3‬ﻣﻦا‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫‪ 55‬ا‬
‫ـﻦ‬
‫ﻟﻰﻣ‬
‫و‬
‫ةاﻷ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻮﺣ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻳﻦا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺄ ﺿﻤﻦﺗﻤ‬
‫ﻨﻲوﺿﻊﺧﻄ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺒﺐﺗ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﻳﻦ‪5‬‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻔﺤﺔ‪203‬‬
‫ﺎل ‪ 2‬ﺻ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺠ‬
‫ا‬
‫‪4‬‬
‫‪29‬‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺒﺮو‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻳﻤ ﻲﻟ‬
‫ﻧﺰ‬
‫ﺎطاﻹ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺜﺔ‪:‬ا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻮﺣﺪةا‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺣ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻰوﺿ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﺬإ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ها‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ـﺖا‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ـﻰﻟ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةإ‬
‫ـﺪ‬
‫ﻮﺣ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺪفﻣﺪﺧﻞا‬
‫ﻟﻮﺣﺪة‪:‬ﻳﮫ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫إﺷﻜ‬
‫ـﻰ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺮﻋ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺎﺑ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﺑﻄ‬
‫ر‬
‫ـﻢو‬
‫ﻟﺠﺴ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ر‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﺔﺣ‬
‫رﺟ‬
‫ﺎعد‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻲﺧﻄ‬
‫ﺎ وھ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻨﮫ‬
‫ـﻤﻊ ﻋ‬
‫ﻳﺴ‬
‫ﺎو‬
‫ﺎﺷﮫ‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫ـﺚ‬
‫ﺒﺤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻰا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﺔإ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻲا‬
‫ديﻓ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺬﻳ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺘﻼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻦا‬
‫ـﺔﻣ‬
‫ﻮﻋ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻣﺠﻤ‬
‫ـ‬
‫رﺑ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻼلﺣ‬
‫ـﻦﺧ‬
‫ﺎتﻣ‬
‫ﻳﻤ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫اﻹ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ﻮﺣﺪ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺒﻄﺔ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻠﺔﻣ‬
‫ﺌ‬
‫ﻠﻰأﺳ‬
‫ﺑﺔﻋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫اﻹﺟ‬
‫ﻟﻰ‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞإ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎل‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻊا‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻮا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻪوھ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ءﻣ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﻰأھﻢﺟ‬
‫ةإ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻳﻢﻣﻊاﻹﺷ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻟﻺ‬
‫اﻏ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻓ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺜﻞﺑ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ةﻓ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫أ‬
‫ـﻦ‬
‫ةﻳﻤﻜ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫ـﻼلا‬
‫ـﻦﺧ‬
‫ـﻞ‪.‬ﻣ‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةا‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺎطﻣ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎنا‬
‫ﻧﻪﻣﻜ‬
‫ﻳﻢﻷ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎطاﻹ‬
‫ﺎنﻧﺸ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﺜﻞﻣ‬
‫ﻟﺬيﻳﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﻚ‬
‫ﺑﺔﻋﻦذ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺪاﻹﺟ‬
‫ﻮفﻳﺠ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻞوﺳ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةا‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﻪﺑﻤ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﺎلوﻋﻼ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻔ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻗﻊ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ءلﻋﻦا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﺴ‬
‫ﺬأنﻳ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ة‪.‬‬
‫ﻮﺣﺪ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﺎﻃ‬
‫ﻣﻦﺧﻼلﻧﺸ‬
‫ﺘﻪ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫أھﻤ‬
‫ﻳﻢو‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎطاﻷول ‪:‬ﻣﻔﮫﻮماﻹ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﻢ‬
‫ﻟﮫﻀ‬
‫ـﻲا‬
‫ﺎتﻓ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻳﻤ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫راﻹ‬
‫و‬
‫ﻮلد‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﺔﺣ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘﺴ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻜ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺬﺑ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺎط‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﮫﺪفا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ـﺐ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿﺢﻋ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻮﺿ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‪.‬و‬
‫ﻳﻀ‬
‫ﺎتاﻷ‬
‫ﺎﻃ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﻰا‬
‫هﻋ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﻳﻢو‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻮماﻹ‬
‫ﻔﮫ‬
‫ﺪﻣ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗﺤﺪ‬
‫ﻮلإ‬
‫ﻮﺻ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﻚﻟ‬
‫ذ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎن‪.‬‬
‫ﻧﺴ‬
‫ﻠﻰ ﺻﺤﺔاﻹ‬
‫ﺎتﻋ‬
‫ﻳﻤ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎطإ‬
‫ﺎبﻧﺸ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻏ‬
‫ﺋﻲ ‪: 1‬‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ز‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﺠﮫ‬
‫ـﻲا‬
‫ـﻪﻓ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺪا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ءﻋ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﺪ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﺪا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ـﺔﺗ‬
‫رﺟ‬
‫ﺮد‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ـﻰﺗ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﺬإ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ها‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ـﺖا‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ـﻰﻟ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﮫﺪفإ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎﻳ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ةﻣﻤ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺮﻋﺔﻛ‬
‫ءﺑﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻐﺬ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻂا‬
‫ﺒﺴ‬
‫ﻠﻰﺗ‬
‫ﻌﻤﻞﻋ‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﮫﻀﻢا‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻳﻤ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺒﺐإ‬
‫ﻟﮫﻀﻤﻲﺑﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎت‪.‬‬
‫ﻳﻤ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫اﻹ‬
‫ر‬
‫و‬
‫ﻠﻖﺑﺪ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﻢﺗ‬
‫ﺎھ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﯿﺬﺑﻤ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﻰ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺮﻋ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘﺼ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺎﻳ‬
‫ـ‬
‫رھ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺄند‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎتﺑ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻳﻤ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎمﻟﻺ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻒﻋ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ءﺗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﺔﻹﻋﻄ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ها‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﺎلھ‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻳﺠﺐﻋﺪماﺳ‬
‫ه‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎﻓﻲھ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺎﻻﺣ‬
‫ﻨﮫ‬
‫ﻌ ﺾﻣ‬
‫ﻠﻰﺑ‬
‫ﺮفﻋ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺘﻢا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ةﺳ‬
‫د‬
‫ﻌﺪ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫رﻣ‬
‫ا‬
‫و‬
‫د‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﻮمﺑ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺎتﺗ‬
‫ﻳﻤ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﯿﻚ ﻷناﻹ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ة‪.‬‬
‫ﻮﺣﺪ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻧﻄﻼق‪.‬‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻮﺿ‬
‫ﻌﻤﻞﻛ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻚﺗﺴ‬
‫ﯿﺬﻟﺬ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﻓﮫ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺒﺔﻳ‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻣ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﮫﻀﻢھﻲوﺿ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫وﺿ‬
‫ﻮلﻋﻤﻞ‬
‫ﺎتﺣ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺘﺴ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻌ ﺾا‬
‫زﺑ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﻟﻰإ‬
‫ﻮلإ‬
‫ﻮﺻ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﯿﺬﻟ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻓﻊا‬
‫ﻟﻰد‬
‫الإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﺪفا‬
‫ال‪: 1‬ﻳﮫ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺗﺞھﻀﻢ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻰﻧ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﻮل‬
‫ﻮﺻ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎﺿﻤﺔ‬
‫ﻟﮫ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻳﻤ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫اﻹ‬
‫ﯿﻢ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎﻟﻺ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎأ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﯿﺬﺗ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺘﺞا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺑﻖﻳﺴ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫الا‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻪﻓﻲ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞإ‬
‫ﺎﺗ‬
‫ﺎﻣﻤ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻧﻄﻼ‬
‫ا‬
‫ال ‪: 2‬‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫‪.‬‬
‫ﺋﻲ ‪: 2‬‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻳﻢ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻳﻖﺗ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻋﻦﻃ‬
‫ﻳﻀ‬
‫ﺎتاﻷ‬
‫ﺎﻃ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﻰا‬
‫ﻳﻢﻋ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫وﻧﻘ ﺺإ‬
‫ﺎبأ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻗﺐﻏ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿﺢﻋ‬
‫ﻮﺿ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗ‬
‫ﺪفإ‬
‫ﻳﮫ‬
‫ﯿﻦ‪.‬‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺮﺿ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻣ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺣ‬
‫ـﻼل‬
‫ـﻦﺧ‬
‫ـﺐﻣ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ـﻰا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ـﺔﻋ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ـﺔﻣﺤ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ولأﻏ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺪﺗ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﮫﻀﻢﺑ‬
‫ﻠﻞﻓﻲا‬
‫ﻟﻰ‪:‬ھﻲﺧ‬
‫و‬
‫ﻟﺔاﻷ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ ض‪.‬‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎبا‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﻰأﺳ‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞإ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻳ ﺾﻳﻤﻜﻦا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺎﻟ‬
‫ؤھ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗﻢإﺟ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻞا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﺤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺐ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﯿﺐ‪ ،‬ﻷنا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺪﻣﻜ‬
‫ولأﺣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻧﻤ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺎو‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻳ ﺾﺣ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ولا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﻞﻟﻢﻳ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﺤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ءا‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻨﺪإﺟ‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫ـﺪ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻚﻳ‬
‫ـﺬ‬
‫ـﻞ‪.‬ﻟ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ـﺐﻛ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ـﻲا‬
‫ﯿ ﺲﻓ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫زو‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـﻜ‬
‫ـﻲ ﺳ‬
‫ﻠﺔﺗﻜﻤﻦﻓ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺸﻜ‬
‫ﺷﻚﻓﻲأنا‬
‫ﺑﮫﺔ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺸ‬
‫ا ضا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫راﻷﻋ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ـﻦﻇ‬
‫ـﺪﻣ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻳ ﺾﻟ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ـﻂﻟ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫زﻓ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ـﻜ‬
‫ﻳﻢ ﺳ‬
‫ﻘﺪ‬
‫ﻠﻰﺗ‬
‫ﯿﻞﻋ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺘﺤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺗﻪ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻣﺸ‬
‫ﯿﺐو‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ولا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ا ضﺗ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻷﻋ‬
‫ـﻪ (‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺎھ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫إ‬
‫ـﻤﻪ )‬
‫ﺘﻢھﻀ‬
‫ـ‬
‫زﻟﻢﻳ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟﻰأن ﺳ‬
‫ﺮإ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﺪمﻳﺸ‬
‫زﻓﻲا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺒﺔا‬
‫ﺎعﻧﺴ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻋﺪما‬
‫ز‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺮﻟﺴ‬
‫ـ‬
‫وثﺗﺨﻤ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻮﺿﺔﻳﺪلﺣ‬
‫ﻟﺤﻤ‬
‫دا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ز ‪.‬وﺟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫زوﻏ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻮنﻣﻦﻏ‬
‫ﺘﻜ‬
‫زﻳ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠﻜ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻷنا‬
‫د‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻰوﺟ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺮﻋ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺆﺷ‬
‫ﻮﻣ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿﻦھ‬
‫وﺟ‬
‫ر‬
‫ـﺪ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻼقا‬
‫ﻧﻄ‬
‫ﺎأنا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ءﻛﻤ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ةﻓﻲاﻷ‬
‫د‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻮﺟ‬
‫ﺎﻣ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫اﺳﻄﺔﺑ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺒﺐ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫زھ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻰأنﻋﺪمھﻀﻢا‬
‫ﺮإ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫اتﺗﺸ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺆﺷ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺮ‪.‬ﻛﻞا‬
‫ﺘﺨﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ز‪.‬‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻌﺪمﺗﺤﻤﻞا‬
‫وفﺑ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺮ ضﻣ‬
‫دﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿﺐوﺟ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﻛﺪا‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﯿﻞﺗ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺘﺤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺋﺞا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻣﻦﺧﻼلﻧ‬
‫‪30‬‬
‫ذ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻮماﻷﺳ‬
‫ﺎﻳﻘ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫ﯿﮫ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةإ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗﻢاﻹﺷ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا ضا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫اﻷﻋ‬
‫ﯿﻞو‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﺤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺋﺞا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ال ‪: 1‬ﻣﻦﺧﻼلﻧ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ ض‪:‬‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺒﺐا‬
‫ﺮﺳ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻔﺴ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻟ‬
‫ﺮﺿ‬
‫احﻓ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺬﻧﺤ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺘﻼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻪا‬
‫ﻮﺟ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎط‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫انا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ـﻰﻋ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻪإ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫اا‬
‫ذ‬
‫ـﺔإ‬
‫ﺎﺻ‬
‫ﻟﺔﺧ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﺬﺑﺴ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻪا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮﻗﺪﻳﺼﻞإ‬
‫ﺎﺷ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺒﺐﻣ‬
‫ﺎك ﺳ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ھ‬
‫ﻠﻞ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺤ‬
‫زا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻳﻢ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎطإ‬
‫ﻘ ﺺﻓﻲﻧﺸ‬
‫وﻧ‬
‫ﺎبأ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻮنﻏ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺗﻜ‬
‫ﺮﺿ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻳﻢ‪.‬ﻓ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻘ ﺺإ‬
‫وﻧ‬
‫ﺎبأ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻗﺐﻏ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫ز‪.‬‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ﻟﺴﻜ‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ـ‬
‫اﺣ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ـﺪ‬
‫ـﻰﻋ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ـﺪﻳ‬
‫ﺎﻗ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺮ ضوھ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺎﻟ‬
‫احﻋﻼﺟ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻟﻰا‬
‫ﯿﺬإ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺘﻼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ذا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻓﻊاﻷﺳ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ال ‪: 2‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎ‪:‬‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻠﺸﺨ ﺺ‬
‫ﻜﻦﻟ‬
‫ﻜﻦھﻞﻳﻤ‬
‫ﺗﻪ ‪.‬ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫وﻣﺸ‬
‫ﯿﺐأ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ولا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ديﺗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ا ضﻳﻤﻜﻦﺗ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫راﻷﻋ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ديﻇﮫ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫‬‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﺮﺿ‬
‫ﻟﻔ‬
‫ها‬
‫ءھﺬ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮحﻹ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻗﺪﺗﻄ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫؟إﺷﻜ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺗﻪﻛ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﺐوﻣﺸ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ا‬
‫دى‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫أنﻳ‬
‫ـﻪ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ءﻓ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ولﻏ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ـﺪﺗ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫زﻋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻳﻢا‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ـﻦإ‬
‫ةﻋ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ءﻋ‬
‫ا‬
‫و‬
‫ولد‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻳﻖﺗ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻌﻼجﻋﻦﻃ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻚا‬
‫ﻜﻦﻛﺬ‬
‫ﻳﻤ‬‫ﻧﻪ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫وﻣﺸ‬
‫ﯿﺐأ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺣ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـﻜ‬
‫ﺮحاﺷ‬
‫ﻟﻰﻃ‬
‫ﻳﻢ‪،‬إ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎطاﻹ‬
‫وﻧﻘ ﺺﻓﻲﻧﺸ‬
‫ﺎبأ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒﺐﻏ‬
‫ﻟﻰ ﺳ‬
‫ﺎ شإ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫دا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻜﻦأنﻳ‬
‫ﻳﻤ‬‫؟‬
‫ﺛﻲ‬
‫ا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺮو‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫أمﻏ‬
‫ﺛﻲ‬
‫ا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺮ ضو‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺛﻲھﻞا‬
‫ا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺒﺐا‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ة‬
‫د‬
‫ﻮﻻ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺪا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺎبﺑ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﺨ ﺺﻻﻳﺼ‬
‫ﻟﺸ‬
‫ﺎأنا‬
‫ﯿﮫ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻳﻼﺣﻆﻓ‬
‫ﺮﺿ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎﻻتا‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ﻠﺐا‬
‫ﺎتأنأﻏ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻌﻄ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ﺗﻈﮫ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺮﺿ‬
‫ـﻲﻓ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫اﻳ‬
‫ـﺬ‬
‫‪،‬وھ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻰآﺧ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﺨ ﺺإ‬
‫ـﻦ ﺷ‬
‫ـﻒﻣ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺎﻳﺨ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺎﻣ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻮﻏﻪ ﺳ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌﺪﺑ‬
‫ﺎﺑ‬
‫ﻧﻤ‬
‫إ‬
‫ةو‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺎﺷ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺛﻲا‪.‬‬
‫ا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺒﺐا‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫؟‬
‫ﺎب‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺎھﻲاﻷﺳ‬
‫ﺎﻓﻤ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺮ ضو‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺒﺐا‬
‫ﻜﻦ ﺳ‬
‫اﻟﻢﻳ‬
‫ذ‬
‫إ‬‫و‬
‫ءأ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ـﻲاﻷ‬
‫ﺎبﻓ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺑﺔﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺎاﻹﺻ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺮ ضﻣ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺑﺔﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻰاﻹﺻ‬
‫ديإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﺪﺗ‬
‫ﻔﺔﻗ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺎبﻣﺨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺎكأﺳ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ھ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﺬ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ةﻟ‬
‫ز‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻼ‬
‫ا‬
‫ة‬
‫ر‬
‫ـﺪ‬
‫ﻌﻒﻗ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻰ ﺿ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ديإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﮫﻀﻤﻲﺗ‬
‫ا‬
‫ز‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﯿﺐا‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗﺼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا ضا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻌ ﺾاﻷ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﻳﻢ‪.‬‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫اﻹ‬
‫ﯿ ﺲﻟﻪﻋﻼج ‪.‬‬
‫ﺮ ضﻟ‬
‫ﻮﻣ‬
‫ﺛﻲوھ‬
‫ا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺮ ضو‬
‫ﯿﺔ ‪:‬ھﻲﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﺔا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﺪم‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻲا‬
‫ﺮﻓ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﺒﺔا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـ ﺺﻧﺴ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ـﻰﻧ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻦإ‬
‫ﻮﺟ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿﻜ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻞا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻠﻞﻓﻲﺗﺤ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ديا‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﺪﻳ‬
‫ال ‪: 3‬ﻗ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‪.‬‬
‫ﻟﺴﻜ‬
‫ﻠﻰا‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ءﻣﺤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ولﻏﺬ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺎﺗ‬
‫ﯿﮫ‬
‫ﺘﻢﻓ‬
‫ﺘﻲﻻﻳ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اتا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎﺻﺔﻓﻲا‬
‫ﺧ‬
‫ﻳﻢ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﯿﺔاﻹ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺘﻪﺑ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻳﻤﻲوﻋﻼ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎطاﻹ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻧ ﻲ‪:‬ا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻼلا‬
‫ـﻦﺧ‬
‫ﺎﻣ‬
‫ﺎﻃﮫ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎ سﻧﺸ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ـﺔﻗ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺎتو‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻳﻤ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ـﻰاﻹ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺮفﻋ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻰا‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺎط‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اا‬
‫ﮫﺪفھﺬ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻮب‪.‬‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺪﻋﻤﺔﺑ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺑﺔ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻳﺔﺛﻢﻣﻦﺧﻼلا‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اﻻﻋ‬
‫ﺑﺔ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎلا‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اﺳ‬
‫ﺮﻓﻲ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اتا‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻤ‬
‫ﯿﺢا‬
‫ﻮﺿ‬
‫وﻻﻟﮫﺪفﺗ‬
‫ﻳﺔأ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اﻻﻋ‬
‫رب‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اجا‬
‫ر‬
‫د‬
‫ﺪﺗﻢإ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺎل ‪ExAO‬ﺧ‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻮناﺳ‬
‫ﺘﻰﻻﻳﻜ‬
‫اتﺣ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻤ‬
‫ها‬
‫ﻠﻰھﺬ‬
‫ﺰﻋ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻗﺪﺗﻢا‬
‫ﻮبو‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺪﻋﻤﺔﺑ‬
‫ا‬
‫اﺿﺢ‪.‬‬
‫ﻠﻤﻲو‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻣﻦھﺪفﺗ‬
‫ﺋ ﻲ ‪:1‬‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻳﻊ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻲﺗﺴ‬
‫ﻳﻢوھ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫اتاﻹ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ـﻢﻣﻤ‬
‫ﺪأھ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻮﺗﺤ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎھ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻨﮫ‬
‫ـﺪفﻣ‬
‫ﻟﮫ‬
‫ز‪:‬ا‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻠﺴ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻟ‬
‫ﻳﻤ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎھﺔاﻹ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫أ‪-‬اﻹ‬
‫ﺎل‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻢاﺳ‬
‫ﻟﺔﺗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ه‬
‫ﻓﻲھﺬ‬
‫ﯿﺔو‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ﺮفا‬
‫ﺎﻣﻦﻃ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﺎﺟ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺘﻢإ‬
‫ﺎتﻳ‬
‫ﻳﻤ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫أناﻹ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻼتو‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ة‪.‬‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿﺔھ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ﺪا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺋﻦوﺣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻠﺔ‪:‬‬
‫ﺌ‬
‫ﻣﻦﺧﻼلاﻷﺳ‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ﺎھ‬
‫إﻣ‬
‫ﻳﻊ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻰﺗﺴ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫دىإ‬
‫أ‬
‫ة‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫د‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿﻦأنوﺟ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﻦ ‪1‬و ‪2‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺋﺞ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧﺔﻧ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ال‪:1‬ﻣ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﻲ‬
‫ـﻞھ‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮﻋﺖا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻲ ﺳ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةا‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﻦأنا‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺑﺔ ‪3‬و ‪4‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻧﺔا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻣﻦﺧﻼلﻣ‬
‫ال ‪: 2‬‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻌﺔﺑ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫اتﻃ‬
‫ﺎذ‬
‫ﻧﮫ‬
‫ﻟﻰأ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺎﻳﺸ‬
‫ةﻣﻤ‬
‫ر‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺮبﺑ‬
‫ﯿﺢوھﻲﺗﺨ‬
‫ﺮﺷ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻠﺔﻟ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺎتﻗ‬
‫ﺌ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﺟ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻼت‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻨﺸﻂا‬
‫وﺗ‬
‫ﺰأ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺎتﺗﺤ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺎتھﻲﺑ‬
‫ﻳﻤ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻟﻰأناﻹ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﻟﻚ‬
‫ﺬﻣﻦﺧﻼلذ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻳﺼﻞ‬
‫‪31‬‬
‫ﺎط‬
‫ـ‬
‫دﻧﺸ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎتوﺟ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮإ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﺔھ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﻦ‬
‫ﺪفﻣ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﮫ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﺢ‪:‬‬
‫ﻘﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫را‬
‫و‬
‫ـﺬ‬
‫ـﻲﺑ‬
‫ـﻲﻓ‬
‫ﻳﻤ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎطاﻹ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫را‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ب‪-‬إﻇﮫ‬
‫ـﻼل‬
‫ـﻦﺧ‬
‫ﺋﺞﻣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎھﺪ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻜﻦأنﺗﺸ‬
‫ذﻳﻤ‬
‫ةإ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺎﺷ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻘﺔﻣ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺎتﺑﻄ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻨﺪاﻹ‬
‫ﻘﻤﺢﻋ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫را‬
‫و‬
‫ﻳﻤﻲﻓﻲﺑﺬ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫إ‬
‫ان ‪.‬‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮاﻷ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺑﺔ‪:‬‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺋﺞا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻐﻼلﻧ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اﺳ‬
‫ة‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻒا‬
‫ﺒﺔﻣﻦﻧﺼ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎﻃﻖا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻮنا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺮﻋﺪمﺗ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺘﻔﺴ‬
‫ﯿﺬﻟ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻓﻊا‬
‫ﻟﻰد‬
‫ال ‪: 1‬ﻳﮫﺪفإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫د‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻰﻋﺪموﺟ‬
‫ﺮإ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻮنﻳﺸ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺪما‬
‫ﻘﺔ‪.‬ﻋ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﻓﻪا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻣﻦﻣ‬
‫ﺑﺔو‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺋﺞا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺎﻣﻦﻧ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻧﻄﻼ‬
‫رقا‬
‫ز‬
‫ﺎﻷ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺘﻪ‬
‫ﺎھ‬
‫إﻣ‬
‫ﻟﻰ‬
‫ﺮإ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺎﻳﺸ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫دا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺪموﺟ‬
‫ﺎوﻋ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﻄﺔ‬
‫اﺳ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـﺔﺑ‬
‫ﺎھ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ـﻰإ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮإ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﺔﻳﺸ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻦا‬
‫ﯿﻦ ‪1‬و ‪ 2‬ﻣ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺮﺣ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺋﺞا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺮﻧ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻔﺴ‬
‫ال ‪: 2‬ﺗ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ز‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺰعا‬
‫ـ‬
‫هﻧ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﺎﻳ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ة ﻣﻤ‬
‫ر‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺠ‬
‫ﻘﺔا‬
‫ﻨﻄ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻰا‬
‫ﺮتإ‬
‫ﺘﺸ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ا‬
‫ةو‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎﻣﻦا‬
‫زھ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﺎتﺗﻢإ‬
‫ﻳﻤ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫إ‬
‫ز‪.‬‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﺔﻓﻲ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻤ‬
‫ﺎھﺔا‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫اﻹ‬
‫ﺗﺞ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻜﺸﻒﻋﻦﻧ‬
‫ا‬
‫ةو‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺒﺬ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫رﻟ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺠ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﺪ ﻣ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫اﻳ‬
‫ـﺬ‬
‫ﯿﺢوھ‬
‫ﺮﺷ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻠﺔﻟ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺎتﻗ‬
‫ﺌ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻮﺟ‬
‫ﺎھ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎھﺔا‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ولﻋﻦإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺴ‬
‫ءا‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ال ‪: 3‬ا‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﻦ‬
‫ةﻋ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ـﻲﻋ‬
‫ﺎتھ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺌ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ها‬
‫ـﺬ‬
‫ـﻦأنھ‬
‫ـﺔﻣ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻦا‬
‫ﯿﺔﻣ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﺔا‬
‫ﺮﺣ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﻪﻓﻲا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞإ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺗﻢا‬
‫ﺎت‪.‬‬
‫ﻳﻤ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺋ ﻲ ‪:2‬‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ءا‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ـ‬
‫اﻷﺟ‬
‫ﻮبو‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـﺪﻋﻢﺑ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ـﺐا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـﻒﺑ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻰا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻲإ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اا‬
‫ـﺬ‬
‫ﮫﺪفھ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺒﻲ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺐا‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﮫ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫و‬
‫‪،‬‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫رباﻹﻋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اتا‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺘﺨﻼ صﻣﻤ‬
‫ﯿﺬﻻﺳ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻓﻊا‬
‫ﻟﻰد‬
‫الإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﺪفا‬
‫ال ‪:1‬ﻳﮫ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﻲ‬
‫ةﻓ‬
‫ـﺪ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻌﻄ‬
‫ـﻰﻣ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫اﻋ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻮباﻋ‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌﻢﺑ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻳﺐا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎلا‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺎاﺳ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﺑﻤ‬
‫ﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻔ ﺲا‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫رﺟ‬
‫اتد‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ـﺔﺗ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ةﻣ‬
‫ر‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫اﻟﻀ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻔﺴ‬
‫ﺪمﺗ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ـﺬﻳ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻞا‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ـﻰﺟ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫الإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﺪفا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺑﮫ‬
‫ال ‪:2‬‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﻰ‬
‫ﺮﻋ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﺎﺗ‬
‫ﻨﮫﻤ‬
‫اتﻛﻞﻣ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻮب‪،‬ﻓ‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺪﻋﻢﺑ‬
‫ﻳﺐا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎلا‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ءاﺳ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ةأ‬
‫ر‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮﺿﺔو‬
‫ﻟﺤﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ة‪.‬‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﻈ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺋﺞا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺋ ﻲ ‪:3‬‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎﺻ‬
‫ﺎفﺧ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘﺸ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮبو‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺪﻋﻤﺔﺑ‬
‫ا‬
‫رب‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻌﻤﻞﻓﻲا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻳﻢ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎﻹ‬
‫ﻳﻒﺑ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻰا‬
‫ﺪفإ‬
‫ﻳﮫ‬
‫د‪.‬‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫دﻣﻦ‬
‫ﻮعﻣﺤﺪ‬
‫ﻠﻰﻧ‬
‫ﻌﻤﻞإﻻﻋ‬
‫ﻧﻪﻻﻳ‬
‫ﻮﻋﻲأيأ‬
‫ﺮﻧ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﻮذ‬
‫ﻳﻢﻓﮫ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺋ ﺺاﻹ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻣﻦﺧﺼ‬
‫ﺑﺔ‪: 1‬‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎص‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ﻨﻰا‬
‫ﻨﺤ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎ ضا‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻧﺨ‬
‫ﺒﺐا‬
‫ﺮﺳ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻔﺴ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗ‬
‫ﯿﺬإ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻳﺼﻞا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻨﺤ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﻞا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺪﺗﺤ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ال ‪:1‬ﺑ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﺔا‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻠﻰا‬
‫اﻋ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻳﻢ‪.‬اﻋ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫داﻹ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﺔﻋﺪموﺟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺎﺿﻪﻓﻲﺣ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻧﺨ‬
‫ﻳﻢوﻋﺪما‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫داﻹ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻮﺟ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ه‪.‬‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺎ ضﺗ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻧﺨ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﻰ‬
‫ديإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﺎﻳ‬
‫ﻮﻣ‬
‫ﯿﻦوھ‬
‫ﻛﺴﺠ‬
‫اﻷ‬
‫ﻌﻤﻞ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻳﻢﻳﺴ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻟﻰأناﻹ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﯿﻦ‬
‫ـﺠ‬
‫ﻛﺴ‬
‫ﺘﮫﻼكاﻷ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻮاﺳ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻞوھ‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﻲ‬
‫ﻳﻢﻓ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫راﻹ‬
‫و‬
‫ﻳﺪد‬
‫ﯿﺬإلﺗﺤﺪ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻪا‬
‫ال ‪: 2‬ﻳﺼﻞﻓ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎل‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﻚاﺳ‬
‫ـﺬ‬
‫ﯿﻦ‪.‬ﻳﻤﻜﻦﻛ‬
‫وﺟ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﮫ‬
‫ﺪا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛﺴ‬
‫ﻮقأ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﯿﻚو‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎجﺣﻤ ﺾا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫إ‬
‫زو‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻛﺴ‬
‫ﻷ‬
‫ﻳﻢ‪.‬‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎطاﻹ‬
‫ﻳﺪﻧﺸ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺘﺤ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻟ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻳﻦا‬
‫ﺰھﺬ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ةﻓﻲﺗ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻳﻢ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫اﻹ‬
‫أن‬
‫ـﻲ‬
‫ﻳﻢوھ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺋ ﺺاﻹ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺮىﻣﻦﺧﺼ‬
‫ﯿﺔأﺧ‬
‫ﺎﺻ‬
‫ﻳﺪﺧ‬
‫ﻮﺗﺤﺪ‬
‫ﺑﺔھ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﮫﺪفﻣﻦا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺑﺔ ‪: 2‬ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﺔ(‪.‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ها‬
‫زﻓﻲھﺬ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎﻋﻞ )‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةا‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﮫﻼكﻣ‬
‫ﺘﻢاﺳ‬
‫ﺎﻳ‬
‫ﻨﻤ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻞﺑ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ء‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻠﻚأ‬
‫ﺘﮫ‬
‫ﻻﻳﺴ‬
‫ـﺪ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﯿﻦﺑ‬
‫ـﺠ‬
‫ﻛﺴ‬
‫ﺰاﻷ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺎ ضﺗ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻧﺨ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻔﺴ‬
‫ـﻦﺗ‬
‫ـﺬﻣ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻜﻦﻟ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻨﻰﻳ‬
‫ﻨﺤ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﻞا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺪﺗﺤ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ال ‪1:‬ﺑ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ول‬
‫ـﻦاﻷ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ـﻲا‬
‫ﯿﻦﻓ‬
‫ـﺠ‬
‫ﻛﺴ‬
‫ﺘﮫﻼكاﻷ‬
‫ـ‬
‫اﺳ‬
‫زو‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ﻛﺴﺪ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﺎمﺑ‬
‫ﻳﻢﻗ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻔ ﺲاﻹ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻧﻲﻓ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻘﻦا‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻦ‪.‬‬
‫ﻛﺴﺠ‬
‫ﺰاﻷ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺎ ضﻓﻲﺗ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻧﺨ‬
‫ﯿﺚﻳﻼﺣﻆﻧﻔ ﺲاﻻ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻞ ﺣ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺮﺑ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻳﻢﻟﻢﻳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻧﻲأيأناﻹ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫و‬
‫ـﻞ‬
‫ﻮلﻋﻤ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﺔﺣ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺋﺞا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ـﻼلﻧ‬
‫ـﻦﺧ‬
‫ﺎﻣ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘﺨﻼﺻ‬
‫ﺬاﺳ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ـﻦﻟ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﺘﻲﻳﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮﻣﺔا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ال‪: 2‬‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎﻋﻞ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ءا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻠﻚأ‬
‫ﺘﮫ‬
‫ﻳﻢﻻﻳﺴ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻳﻢأناﻹ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫اﻹ‬
‫‪32‬‬
‫ﺮﻋﺔ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻞوﺳ‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﺘﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةا‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺰﻣ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫اتﺗ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﯿﻦﺗ‬
‫ﻗﺔﺑ‬
‫ﻌﻼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫اﺳﺔ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻟﻰد‬
‫ﺑﺔإ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺪفا‬
‫ﺜﺔ‪:‬ﺗﮫ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺑﺔا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎﻋﻞ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮﻋﺔا‬
‫ﻮم ﺳ‬
‫ﻔﮫ‬
‫ﻳﻒﺑﻤ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻳﻤﻲو‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫اﻹ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻞ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﻞ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺘﺤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻦا‬
‫ﺘﺞﻣ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿﺴ‬
‫ـﻰﻟ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻨﺤ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ـﻢا‬
‫ﻟﻰرﺳ‬
‫ﯿﺬإ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻓﻊا‬
‫ﻮد‬
‫الھ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﻟﮫﺪفﻣﻦا‬
‫ال ‪:1‬ا‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎﻋﻞ‪.‬‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ة‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻨﺪا‬
‫ﺮﻋﺔﻋ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‪:‬‬
‫ﺮﺿ‬
‫احﻓ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻟﻰا‬
‫ﯿﺬإ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻓﻊا‬
‫ﻟﻰد‬
‫الإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ال ‪:2‬ﻳﮫﺪفا‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـﻎﺗ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺎﻳ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻨﺪ‬
‫ﻳﻤﻲﻋ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻞاﻹ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮﻋﺔا‬
‫ﺎت ﺳ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺒﺐﺛ‬
‫ﺮﺳ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻔﺴ‬
‫ﻟﺔﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻠﻰﻣﺤ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻋ‬
‫ﺮﺿ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺘﻤﺪا‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻞ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ة‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺮﻣﻦﻣ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺎتأ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻳﻞﻛﻤ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠﻰﺗﺤ‬
‫اﻋ‬
‫ر‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌﺪﻗ‬
‫ﻳﻢﻟﻢﻳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﯿﻦ‪.‬أيأناﻹ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻞﺣﺪﻣ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةا‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻞ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةا‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻳﻢﺑﻤ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺒﻊاﻹ‬
‫ﺜﻞﻓﻲﺗﺸ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺗ‬
‫ﺮﺿ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﻮى ‪.‬‬
‫ﻘﺼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺘﻪا‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻠﻎﻃ‬
‫ﻳﻢﻗﺪﺑ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫أيأناﻹ‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـﻲﺣ‬
‫ـﻞﻓ‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺘﻢا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻢﻳ‬
‫ـﺚﻟ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻮﻋﻲﺣ‬
‫ﻳﻢﻧ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻠﻰأناﻹ‬
‫ﺮفﻋ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻰا‬
‫ﺪفإ‬
‫ﻌﺔ‪:‬ﺗﮫ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺑﺔا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ز‪.‬‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎلا‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻨﺪاﺳ‬
‫ﯿﻦ (ﻋ‬
‫ﻛﺴﺠ‬
‫ﺘﮫﻼكاﻷ‬
‫اﺳ‬
‫ﺗﻢ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻞ )‬
‫ﺘﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎﺗﻢا‬
‫ﻨﻤ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫زﺑ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﺬ‬
‫ـﺐھ‬
‫ـﺪﻳﺼ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻞ(ﻗ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫دا‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫دﻣﻦﻣ‬
‫ﻮعﻣﺤﺪ‬
‫ﻠﻰﻧ‬
‫ﺘﺨﺼ ﺺﻋ‬
‫ﻳﻢﻣ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫اﻹ‬
‫ﯿﺔ )‬
‫ﻮﻋ‬
‫ﺎﻧ‬
‫ﻨﮫﻤ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻗﺔﺑ‬
‫ﻌﻼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻘﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﺮﺿ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻓﻲا‬
‫ﺋ ﻲ ‪:4‬‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﻞ‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةا‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻳﻢوﻣ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﯿﻦاﻹ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﺔﺑ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻌﻼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺪا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺘﺤﺪ‬
‫ﻳﻢﻟ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻟﻺ‬
‫اﻏ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ﺎھﺪ‬
‫ﻟﻰﻣﺸ‬
‫ﺪفإ‬
‫ﻳﮫ‬
‫ﻮب‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ـ‬
‫اﺳ‬
‫ﻣﺞر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺎلﺑ‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻦاﺳ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﺎطﻳﻤ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اا‬
‫ـﺬ‬
‫ـﻲھ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻘﺔ‪.‬ﻓ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺮﺿ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻰا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ـﺔﻋ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫اﻹﺟ‬
‫و‬
‫ـﻞ‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةا‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫دﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻲوﺟ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﺎبو‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ـﻲﻏ‬
‫ﻳﻢﻓ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ـﺔﻟﻺ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫اﻏ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻔ‬
‫ـﺔا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮ ضا‬
‫ﺘﻢﻋ‬
‫ﯿﺚﻳ‬
‫‪ Rastop‬ﺣ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻞ‪.‬‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةا‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺎطﻣ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎنا‬
‫ﺪﻣﻜ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺘﺤﺪ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻔﺤﺔ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫ـﻲا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻲﻓ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫داﻷ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻲا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻊﻓ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﻲ‬
‫ـ‬
‫دﻓ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻮﺟ‬
‫ﻣﻼﻣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎطﻛ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﺔو‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫اﻏ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﺔا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻗﻊ‪:‬‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺴ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫‪www.ens-kouba.dz\ arabic\rastop.htm‬‬
‫ﻗﻊ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺮقﻟﻪﻓﻲا‬
‫ﺘﻄ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎطﺗﻢا‬
‫ولﻧﺸ‬
‫ﻮأ‬
‫وھ‬
‫ـﻦ‬
‫ﺮﻣ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ءﺻ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻟﺠ‬
‫اﻏ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻣﻞﻓﻲا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺬﻟﻤﻼﺣﻈﺔا‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻓﻊا‬
‫ﻟﻰد‬
‫ال ‪:1‬ﻳﮫﺪفإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎﻋﻞ‪.‬‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةا‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿﺐ(وﻣ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫وا‬
‫أ‬
‫ﻳﻒ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻜﻞا‬
‫ﺄﺧﺬ ﺷ‬
‫ﻟﺬيﻳ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻳﻢ )‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫اﻹ‬
‫ة‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎطﻣ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺬيﻳﺴﻤﺢﺑ‬
‫ﻳﻢا‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺮﻣﻦاﻹ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫ءا‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫اا‬
‫ﯿﻦھﺬ‬
‫ﺑﻂﺑ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻰا‬
‫ﮫﺪفإ‬
‫ال ‪:2‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﻞ‬
‫ﺎﺗﺼ‬
‫ﻌﮫ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﺪﺗﺸ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ـﻊﻋ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ـﻦا‬
‫دﻣ‬
‫ـﺪ‬
‫دﻣﺤ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎكﻋ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻞأيأن ھ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮﻋﺔا‬
‫ﺎت ﺳ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻞو‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎھ‬
‫ﻗﺼ‬
‫ﻟﻰأ‬
‫ﻳﻢإ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫اﻹ‬
‫ﺮﻋﺔ‬
‫ﺳ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻞ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةا‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺎﻣ‬
‫ﺒﻂﺑﮫ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻳﻢﺗ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻗﻊﻣﻦاﻹ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫دﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿﺔوﺟ‬
‫ﺮﺿ‬
‫ﻛﺪﻣﻦﻓ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻰا‬
‫ال ‪:3‬ﻳﮫﺪفإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫إ‬
‫ـﺬأن‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ـﻦﻟ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ـﻊ ‪:‬ﻳﻤ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫اا‬
‫ـﺬ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻟ‬
‫ـﻤ‬
‫احﺗﺴ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻟﻰا‬
‫ﺬإ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻓﻊا‬
‫ﻟﻰد‬
‫ال ‪:4‬ﻳﮫﺪفإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎل‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻗﻊا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﻟﻰأنﺗﺴﻤ‬
‫ﻳﺼﻞإ‬
‫ﺎو‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﻗﺸ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫أنﻳ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌﺪھ‬
‫ذﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ةﻳﻤﻜﻦﻟﻸﺳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ءﻛ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺮحأﺳﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻞ‪.‬‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻪ‬
‫ﺪثﻓ‬
‫ﺬيﻳﺤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻗﻊا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﻧﮫ‬
‫ﻧﺴﺐﻷ‬
‫ھﻲاﻷ‬
‫ﺋ ﻲ ‪:5‬‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﺪ‬
‫أﺣ‬
‫ﻠﻰ‬
‫ﻓﻪﻋ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻌﺪﺗ‬
‫ﻳﻢﺑ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻌﻤﻞاﻹ‬
‫ﻔﺔﻟ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺨ‬
‫ﺎﻻتا‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺢ‬
‫ﻮﺿ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗ‬
‫ﺋﻲإ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اا‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﺪفھ‬
‫ﻳﮫ‬
‫ﻮع ‪.‬‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺎتﻣ‬
‫ﻳﻤ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫أنﻋﻤﻞاﻹ‬
‫أي‬
‫ﺎت ‪.‬‬
‫ﻳﻤ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫اﻹ‬
‫ـﻜﻞ‬
‫ﺎلوﺷ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻊا‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻜﻞا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻞ ﺷ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻓﻲﺗﻜ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻣﺨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺎفﺣ‬
‫ﺘﺸ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻟﻰا‬
‫ال ‪:1‬ﻳﮫﺪفإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﺪ‬
‫ـﻪﻗ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ريﻟﻜ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎﺿ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﮫﻤ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ـﻞﺑ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎجأنا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻪ‪.‬اﻻﺳ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫وﻋﺪمﻗ‬
‫ﺎطأ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺒﻞاﻻ‬
‫ﺎﻗ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻞإ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةا‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻞ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةا‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫دﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺮوﺟ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﺎلﺗﺤﺖﺗ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻗﻊا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻜﻞا‬
‫ﺮﻓﻲ ﺷ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﻳﺤﺪثﺗ‬
‫ـﻞ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ـﺔﻣ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻳﻤ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎتاﻹ‬
‫ﺎﻃ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻦا‬
‫ـﺔﻣ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اعﻣﺨ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ـﻰأ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺮفﻋ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﺔا‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻰﻣﺤ‬
‫ﮫﺪفإ‬
‫ال ‪: 2‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺋﻲ ‪....‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮل‬
‫ﺘﺤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ء‪،‬ا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﻞ‪،‬و‬
‫ﺘﺤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻳﻤ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫إ‬
‫‪33‬‬
‫ﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ ‪63‬‬
‫ﻮﺿﺤﺔﻓﻲا‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻰا‬
‫و‬
‫ﻟﺔاﻷ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﻦا‬
‫ﻧﺔﺑ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ءﻣ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫إﺟ‬
‫ﯿﺬ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ولا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻧﺔﻳﺤ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻘ‬
‫ﻣﻦﺧﻼلا‬
‫ز‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻦوا‬
‫ـﺠ‬
‫ﻛﺴ‬
‫ﺗﻲاﻷ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻮلﻣ‬
‫ﻳﻢ ‪GO‬ﻳﺤ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻘﺔ )‪.( 8‬اﻹ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮﺿﺤﺔﻓﻲا‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎلا‬
‫إﺣﺪىاﻷﺷﻜ‬
‫و‬
‫ﻟﺸﻜﻞ )ج (‪.‬‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﻰ‬
‫ﺮبإ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻮأ‬
‫ﻟﻚﻓﮫ‬
‫ﯿﻚو‪. H 2O2‬ﻟﺬ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺗﻲا‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻰﻣ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﻳﻢ‬
‫ﻧﺰ‬
‫ﺎطاﻹ‬
‫ﻠ ﻰﻧﺸ‬
‫ﻟﻮﺳﻂﻋ‬
‫ات ‪pH‬ا‬
‫ﯿﺮ‬
‫ﺮﺗﻐ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫اﺳﺔﺗ‬
‫ر‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎط ‪: 3‬‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ات‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ـﺔﺗ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫هﺣ‬
‫ﻓﻲھﺬ‬
‫ﻳﻢو‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎاﻹ‬
‫ﯿﮫ‬
‫ﻌﻤﻞﻓ‬
‫ﺘﻲﻳ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫وطا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﺸ‬
‫اﺳﺔا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻟﻰد‬
‫ﺎطإ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اا‬
‫ﺪفھﺬ‬
‫ﻳﮫ‬
‫رﺟﺔ ‪.pH‬‬
‫د‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﺎجﺗ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اﺳ‬
‫رﺟﺔ ‪pH‬و‬
‫ﻟﺔد‬
‫ﺎﻋﻞﺑﺪﻻ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮﻋﺔ‬
‫ات ﺳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﻨﻰﺗ‬
‫ﻨﺤ‬
‫ﺮﺳﻢﻣ‬
‫ﯿﺬﺑ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮما‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﯿﺚﻳ‬
‫ﺣ‬
‫‪.pH‬‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻳﻢﻳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎطاﻹ‬
‫ﻟﻰأنﻧﺸ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺬﻳﺼﻞ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫أن‬
‫ﻟﻰ‬
‫ﺎنإ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻨﺤ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﻞا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ال ‪:1‬ﻳﮫﺪفﻣﻦﺧﻼلﺗﺤ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـ ‪.7‬‬
‫ﻟﺔﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ها‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫رﻓﻲھ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ةﺗ‬
‫د‬
‫رﺟﺔ ‪pH‬ﻣﺤﺪ‬
‫ﻠﻰﻓﻲد‬
‫ﺎﻃﻪأﻋ‬
‫ﻮنﻧﺸ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻮﺳﻂﻓ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ب ‪pH‬‬
‫ـﺔ ‪pH‬‬
‫رﺟ‬
‫ـﺪد‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ـﻰﺗﺤﺪ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻞإ‬
‫ﻳﺼ‬
‫ـﺔو‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻌﻼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻞا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎﺻ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ـﺬﺗ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺘﻀﺢﻟ‬
‫ﻨﻰﺗ‬
‫ﻨﺤ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺪرﺳﻢا‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ال ‪:2‬‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻳﻢأﻋﻈﻤ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎطاﻹ‬
‫ﺎﻧﺸ‬
‫ﻨﺪھ‬
‫ﻮنﻋ‬
‫ﺘﻲﻳﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﻰا‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﻦ‬
‫ﻳﻢﻋ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻟﻺ‬
‫اﻏ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺛ‬
‫ﻮعإ‬
‫ﺮﺟ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﻰ‬
‫ﯿﺬإ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻓﻊا‬
‫ﯿﺔﻳﺠﺐد‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮاﻹ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻔﺴ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ال ‪:3‬‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻳﻢ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ـﺔﻟﻺ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫اﻏ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻰا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺮﻋ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎﻳ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺮ ‪ pH‬ﻣﻤ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺮﺑ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ـﺪﺗ‬
‫ـﻲﻗ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻔﺔا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺨ‬
‫ﺑﻂا‬
‫ا‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻳﻖا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻃ‬
‫ﺎل‪.‬‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻗﻊا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻜﻞ‬
‫ﻟﻲ ﺷ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫و‬
‫ﻳﻢ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎطاﻹ‬
‫ﻠﻰﻧ ﺸ‬
‫رةﻋ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫رﺟﺔا‬
‫اتد‬
‫ﯿﺮ‬
‫ﺮﺗﻐ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫اﺳﺔﺗ‬
‫ر‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎط ‪: 4‬‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫رﺟ‬
‫ـﺔد‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ها‬
‫ـﺬ‬
‫ـﻲھ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﻳﻢو‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎاﻹ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿﮫ‬
‫ـﻞﻓ‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﺘﻲﻳ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫وطا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﺸ‬
‫اﺳﺔا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻟﻰد‬
‫ﺎطإ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اا‬
‫ﺪفھﺬ‬
‫ﻳﮫ‬
‫ة‪.‬‬
‫ر‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎجﺗ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اﺳ‬
‫ةو‬
‫ر‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫رﺟﺔا‬
‫ﻟﺔد‬
‫ﺪﻻ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻞﺑ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮﻋﺔا‬
‫ات ﺳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﻨﻰﺗ‬
‫ﻨﺤ‬
‫ﺮﺳﻢﻣ‬
‫ﺬﺑ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮما‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﯿﺚﻳ‬
‫ﺣ‬
‫ة‪.‬‬
‫ر‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ات‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺮﺑ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻳﻢﻳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎطاﻹ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻰأنﻧﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﺬإ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻞا‬
‫ﺎتﻳﺼ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻨﺤ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﻞا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ال ‪: 1‬ﻣﻦﺧﻼلﺗﺤ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـ ‪° 37‬م‪.‬‬
‫رﺑ‬
‫ﻘﺪ‬
‫ﻮﺳﻄﺔﺗ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ةﻣ‬
‫ر‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫رﺟﺔﺣ‬
‫ﻠﻰﻓﻲد‬
‫ﺎطأﻋ‬
‫ﻮنﻧﺸ‬
‫ﺎﻳﻜ‬
‫ﻨﻤ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ةﺑ‬
‫ر‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ا‬
‫رﺟﺔ‬
‫د‬
‫ة‬
‫ر‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ا‬
‫رﺟﺔ‬
‫ﻳﺪد‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗﺤﺪ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﻳﺼﻞ‬
‫ﻗﺔو‬
‫ﻌﻼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻞا‬
‫ﺎﺻ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﯿﺬﺗ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺘﻀﺢﻟ‬
‫ﻨﻰﺗ‬
‫ﻨﺤ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻌﺪرﺳﻢا‬
‫ال ‪: 2‬ﺑ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻳﻢأﻋﻈﻤ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎطاﻹ‬
‫ﺎﻧﺸ‬
‫ﻨﺪھ‬
‫ﻮنﻋ‬
‫ﺘﻲﻳﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﻰا‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻳﻢﻋﻦ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻟﻺ‬
‫اﻏ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺛ‬
‫ﻮعإ‬
‫ﺮﺟ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﻰ‬
‫ﯿﺬإ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻓﻊا‬
‫ﯿﺔﻳﺠﺐد‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮاﻵ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻔﺴ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ال ‪: 3‬ﻟ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﻰ‬
‫ﺮﻋ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﺎﻳ‬
‫ﻌﺔﻣﻤ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ة‬
‫ر‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺮﺑ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫وﺟ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﯿﺪ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﻨﮫ‬
‫ﺎﺻﺔﻣ‬
‫ﻔﺔوﺧ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺨ‬
‫ﺑﻂا‬
‫ا‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻳﻖا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻃ‬
‫ﺎل‪.‬‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻗﻊا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻜﻞا‬
‫ﻟﻲ ﺷ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﻳﻢو‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻟﻺ‬
‫اﻏ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﻊ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ـﻰﺟﻤ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ـﻖﻋ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻨﻄ‬
‫ﻟﺔﺗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺎتوھﻲﺣ‬
‫ﺌ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﻛﺔا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺮﺑﺤ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻠﻖاﻷ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻔﻀﺔﻗﺪﻳ‬
‫ﻨﺨ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ر‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻠﺤ‬
‫ﺒﺔﻟ‬
‫ﻨﺴ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﻳﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻋ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫وﻛ‬
‫أ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﻳﻤ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻧﺖإ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ءﻛ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻼت ﺳ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﻰ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﺔ‪2‬إ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻌﻄ‬
‫ﻐﻼلﻣ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞﺑ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺜﻞﻓﻲإ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫الﻳ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﻟﮫﺪفﻣﻦا‬
‫ال‪:‬ا‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﺦ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫إ‬
‫ة ‪...‬‬
‫ر‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ا‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ) ‪pH‬أ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮعا‬
‫رﺣﺴﺐﻧ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺎلوﺻ‬
‫ةأﺷﻜ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻮنﺑ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻗﺪﻳﻜ‬
‫اﻏ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫أنﺗ‬
‫ﻟﻲ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﻳﻢو‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ـﺔﻟﻺ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫اﻏ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﺔا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻦا‬
‫ﺮﻣ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﺎﻳ‬
‫ﺎﻣﻤ‬
‫ﺮھ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺘﻢﺗﻜﺴ‬
‫ﺘﻲﻳ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺑﻂا‬
‫ا‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮعا‬
‫(وﺣﺴﺐﻧ‬
‫ـﻰ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﺔإ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨﮫ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻲا‬
‫ديﻓ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻮفﻳ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺮﺳ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎنﻧﻤﻂا‬
‫ﺎﻛ‬
‫ﮫﻤ‬
‫ﻧﻪﻣ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻼﺻﺔأ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎل‪.‬و‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻗﻊا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺷﻜﻞا‬
‫ﻳﻢ‪.‬‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎطاﻹ‬
‫انﻧﺸ‬
‫ﻘﺪ‬
‫ﯿﺠﺔوھﻲﻓ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻔ ﺲا‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻠﻤﻲ‪:‬‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻨ ﺺا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿﮫ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞإ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗﻢا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫رفا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺋﻤﺔﻷھﻢا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻮﺿﻊﻗ‬
‫وﻻﺑ‬
‫ﺬأ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮما‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻠﻤﻲﻳ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻨ ﺺا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اا‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﻓﻲ ھ‬
‫ـﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻠﺔوھ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻠﺴ‬
‫ﺘﺴ‬
‫ـﺔﻣ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫اتﻋ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ـﻲﻓ‬
‫ﻟﻚﻓ‬
‫ﻮﺿﻊﻛﻞذ‬
‫ﻟﻚﺑ‬
‫ﺪذ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻮمﺑ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻌﻤﻞﺛﻢﻳ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫وطا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫وﺷ‬
‫ﺑﻂ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻢو‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ـﻲا‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺗﻪﻓﻲا‬
‫ا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﯿﻒﻗﺪ‬
‫ﻮﻇ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗ‬
‫ﯿﺬإ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻓﻊا‬
‫ﻮد‬
‫ﻟﻚھ‬
‫ﺪفﻣﻦذ‬
‫ﻟﮫ‬
‫ا‬
‫و‬
‫ة‪.‬‬
‫ﻮﺣﺪ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ها‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﺎﻣﻦﺧﻼلھ‬
‫ءھ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻔﺔﺗﻢﺑ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫رفﻣﺨ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻣ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫‪34‬‬
‫ول‬
‫ﺎلاﻻ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺠ‬
‫ﻟﻮﺣﺪة‪3‬ﻣﻦا‬
‫ﻳﻦا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺗﻤ‬
‫ﻳﻦ ‪: 1‬‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺗﻤ‬
‫ـﺖ‬
‫ﯿﺴ‬
‫ﺎﻟ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻧﮫ‬
‫أ‬
‫أي‬
‫ـﻰ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ـﺔ ‪pH‬ا‬
‫رﺟ‬
‫ـﻲد‬
‫ـﻒﻓ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺎتﺗﺨ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻳﻤ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ـﻰأناﻹ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻞإ‬
‫ﻮﺻ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻨﻪھ‬
‫ﻟﮫﺪفﻣ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ةﻋ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫وﻓ‬
‫ـ ﺺأ‬
‫ـﺔﻧ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ـﺬﻟﻜ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻓﻊا‬
‫ﻟﻰد‬
‫ﻟﻚإ‬
‫ﺎﻳﮫﺪفﻛﺬ‬
‫ـ ‪. 7‬ﻛﻤ‬
‫ﺎﻟ‬
‫ﺋﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻳﺔد‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ةﻣﺴ‬
‫ر‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻀ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ة‪.‬‬
‫ﻮﺣﺪ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎطﻓﻲا‬
‫ﺮﻧﺸ‬
‫آﺧ‬
‫ﺘﻪﻓﻲ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﺬيﺗﻤﺖﻛ‬
‫ﻠﻤﻲا‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻨ ﺺا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻜﻦأنﺗﻜﻤﻞا‬
‫ةﻳﻤ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫وھﻲﻓ‬
‫ﻳﻦ ‪: 2‬‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺗﻤ‬
‫ﻳﻤﻲ‪.‬‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻞاﻹ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻳﻢو‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺪﺧﻞاﻹ‬
‫ونﺗ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺋﻲﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻞا‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻧﺔا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟﻰﻣ‬
‫ﮫﺪفإ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻨﮫﻤ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ـﻰﻟ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫و‬
‫ـﺔاﻷ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺮﺣ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ـﻲا‬
‫ﯿﻦﻓ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘﺸ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻣ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺮﻋ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﻰأن‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞإ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻰا‬
‫ال ‪1‬إ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﮫﺪفا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺒﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗﺨ‬
‫إ‬
‫دي‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻌﺔا‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ر‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺮﺑ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻳﻢﻳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻷناﻹ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﺔا‬
‫ﺮﺣ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎنﻓﻲا‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻳﺨ‬
‫ﻳﻢ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻠﻲﻟﻺ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ﻳﺐا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫رﺟﺔا‬
‫د‬
‫ﻠﻰو‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ر‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫رﺟﺔا‬
‫ﺰد‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗﻤ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺪف‬
‫ال ‪2‬ﻳﮫ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻲآﺧ‬
‫ﺘﻪﻓ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﺬيﺗﻤﺖﻛ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻨﺺ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔﺗﻜﻤﻞ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ةﻋ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺑﺔﻓ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﺬﻟﻜ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻓﻊا‬
‫ﻟﻰد‬
‫ال ‪3‬ﻳﮫﺪفإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ة‬
‫ﻮﺣﺪ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻳﻦ ‪: 3‬‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺗﻤ‬
‫ﻳﻦ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ولﻣﻦﺧﻼلا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻳﺤ‬
‫ﺪثﻓﻲﺟﺴﻤﻪو‬
‫ﯿﺔﺗﺤ‬
‫ﯿﻘ‬
‫ﺎتﺣﻘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺎموﺿ‬
‫ﺬأﻣ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻨﻪوﺿﻊا‬
‫ﻟﮫﺪفﻣ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‪.‬‬
‫اھ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻈ‬
‫ا‬
‫ه‬
‫ﺮھﺬ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻔﺴ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ة‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﮫﻀﻤﻲ )‬
‫زا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺠﮫ‬
‫ﻔﺔﻣﻦا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ءﻣﺨ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫رﺟﺔ ‪pH‬ﻓﻲأﺟ‬
‫ﺘﻼفد‬
‫ﻟﻰاﺧ‬
‫ﺬإ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ها‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻔﺖا‬
‫ﺘﻢﻟ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻘﺔ ‪(...‬‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻟﺪ‬
‫ا‬
‫ء‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫اﻷ‬
‫ﺮ‪،‬‬
‫ﻨﻰﻋﺸ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫اﻹ‬
‫‪،‬‬
‫ﻠﻔﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺎت ‪pH‬ﻣﺨ‬
‫رﺟ‬
‫ﻌﻤﻼنﻓﻲد‬
‫ﯿﻦﻳ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻣﺨ‬
‫ﻳﻤ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻳﻦإ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮحا‬
‫ﻳﻄ‬
‫ﺘﻼف‬
‫ﻳﻦوھﻲاﺧ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎﻣﻦﻧ ﺺا‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻧﻄﻼ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﻳﻤ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫اﻹ‬
‫ات‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻌ ﺾﻣﻤ‬
‫اجﺑ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺨ‬
‫ﻟﻰاﺳ‬
‫ال ‪1‬إ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﮫﺪفا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿﻦ‪.‬ﻛﻤ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اﺧﻞا‬
‫ﻔﺔد‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻗﻊﻣﺨ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻌﻤﻞﻓﻲﻣ‬
‫ﺎﺗ‬
‫ﻧﮫ‬
‫ﯿﺔ(أيأ‬
‫ﻮﻋ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺘﺨﺼ ﺺ )‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻌﻤﻞو‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻠﻰﻟ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫‪pH‬ا‬
‫ز‪.‬‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﻌﺪاﻹ‬
‫ﺎﺑ‬
‫ﯿﻄﮫ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﮫﻈﻢﺑ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻳﻤ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺰإ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﻠﺔ‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺴ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻳﻤ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻌﻞاﻹ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺎھﺔﺑ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫اﻹ‬
‫ﺗﺞ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻳﺪﻧ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗﺤﺪ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺪف‬
‫ال ‪2‬ﻳﮫ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﻲ‪:‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺪا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﺔا‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻨﺪﻣ‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫‪Ala-Gly-Tyr-Arg-Ser-Phe-Glu-Val-Lys-Leu‬‬
‫ﻳﺔ ‪4+3+3 :‬‬
‫ﯿﺪ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺘﺞ ‪3‬ﻗﻄﻊﺑ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻳ‬
‫ﺒﺴ‬
‫ﻳﻢﺑ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺈ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫وھﻲ‬
‫‪Ala-Gly-Tyr‬‬
‫‪Arg-Ser-Phe‬‬
‫‪Glu-Val-Lys-Leu‬‬
‫ﻨﺪ ‪Tyr‬و ‪Phe‬‬
‫ﻳﺔﻋ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺑﻄﺔا‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﻞا‬
‫ﻳﻢﻳﺤ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻷناﻹ‬
‫ﺘﺞ ‪1+5+ 4:‬‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻳ‬
‫ﺑﺴ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻳﻢﺗ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺈ‬
‫ﻠﺔﺑ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫‪Ala-Gly-Tyr-Arg‬‬
‫‪Ser-Phe-Glu-Val-Lys‬‬
‫‪Leu‬‬
‫ﻔﺔ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻣﺨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﻞﻓﻲ‬
‫ﺘﺤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺗﺞا‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﻞ )‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺘﺤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺘﻢﻓ‬
‫ﺘﻲﻳ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﺠﮫﺔا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻠﻖﺑ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎﻻتو‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻳﺪاﻻﺣ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗﺤﺪ‬
‫ﮫﺪفإ‬
‫ال ‪2‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺗﺞ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻷنا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻛﺴ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫وا‬
‫ـﺔأ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ـﺔاﻷﻣ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ـﺔ(أيا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﯿﺪ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﺔا‬
‫ﺑﻄ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻨﻰﻣﻦا‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫وا‬
‫ﺮىأ‬
‫ﯿﺴ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻔﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻮنﻣﺨ‬
‫ﯿﻦﺗﻜ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ﻓﻲا‬
‫ﺟﮫﺔ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺑﻮﻛ ﺴ‬
‫ﻛﺮ‬
‫ة‬
‫ﻟﺤﻤ ﺾ ‪Lys‬‬
‫‪35‬‬
‫ﺟﮫﺔ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫أﻣ‬
‫ﻟﺤﻤ ﺾ‬
‫‪Lys‬‬
‫ﺟﮫﺔ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺑﻮﻛ ﺴ‬
‫ﻛﺮ‬
‫ة‬
‫ﻟﺤﻤ ﺾ ‪Gly‬‬
‫‪Ala-Gly-Tyr-Arg-Ser-Phe-Glu-Val-Lys‬‬‫‪Leu‬‬
‫ﯿﺔ (‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻛﺴ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﺔا‬
‫ﻟﺠﮫ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻨﻰ )‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﺠﮫﺔا‬
‫ول ﻣﻦا‬
‫ﺎلاﻷ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫اﻻﺣ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻘﺔﺗﻢاﺧ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﺑﺔا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻓﻲاﻹﺟ‬
‫ﻮن‪:‬‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﺋﺞﺗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺈنا‬
‫ﯿﺔ(ﻓ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫اﻷ‬
‫ﺮى )‬
‫ﯿﺴ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﮫﺔا‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎلﻣﻦا‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﺎناﻹﺣ‬
‫اﻛ‬
‫ذ‬
‫ﺎإ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫أ‬
‫ﻮن ‪5+3+2‬‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﯿﺠﺔﺗ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻦ‪:‬ا‬
‫ﺒﺴ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﺔا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻓﻲﺣ‬
‫‪Ala-Gly-Tyr-Arg-Ser-Phe-Glu-Val-Lys-Leu‬‬
‫‪Ala-Gly‬‬
‫‪Tyr-Arg-Ser‬‬
‫‪Phe-Glu-Val-Lys-Leu‬‬
‫ﻮن ‪2+5+3‬‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﯿﺠﺔﺗ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻦ‪:‬ا‬
‫ﺑﺴ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﺔا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻓﻲﺣ‬
‫‪Ala-Gly-Tyr‬‬
‫‪Arg-Ser-Phe-Glu-Val‬‬
‫‪Lys-Leu‬‬
‫ﻳﻦ ‪: 4‬‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺗﻤ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎبﻇﮫ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺮأﺳ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻔﺴ‬
‫ﻟﺔﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺎﻣﺤ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺘﻢﻣﻦﺧﻼ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻳ‬
‫ﺎﺟ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫د‬
‫ﻘﺔإ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺣ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺮحوﺿ‬
‫ﻟﻰﻃ‬
‫ﻳﻦإ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﮫﺪفا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺛﻲ‪.‬‬
‫ا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺮ ضو‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ـﻰ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ـﺔﻋ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـﺔاﻹﺟ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـﺔﻟﻤﺤ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺨ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻮﻣ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎجا‬
‫ـ‬
‫دﻣ‬
‫ﻟﻰإ‬
‫ﯿﺬإ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻓﻊا‬
‫ﻟﻰد‬
‫ال ‪1‬إ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﮫﺪفا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻌﺔ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺮاﻷﺷ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿﻦﺗ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺑﻂﺑ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻖا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـﻦﻃ‬
‫ﻮنﻋ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﺑﺔﺗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺎب‪.‬اﻹﺟ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺼ‬
‫ﻟﺸﺨ ﺺا‬
‫ﻨﺪا‬
‫ﻘﻊﻋ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫را‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﺒﺐﻇ‬
‫ﺳ‬
‫وث‬
‫ﺒﺐﺣﺪ‬
‫ﺎبﺑﺴ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺼ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﺸﺨ ﺺ‬
‫ﻳﻢﻓﻲا‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫اﻹ‬
‫ﺎط‬
‫ﺎبﻧﺸ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺮب ‪ADN‬وﻏ‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗﺨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻔﺴﺠ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻮقﺑ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺘﺔ (‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺎﻣ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﯿﺔ )ﺧﻼ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻘﻊا‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫را‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺮﻇﮫ‬
‫ﻔﺴ‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻼ‬
‫ﻮتا‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ةو‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻃ‬
‫ـﻚ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺬيﻳﻤ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻢا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ـﺨ ﺺا‬
‫ﻟﺸ‬
‫ﺪا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺮ ضﻋ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫وثا‬
‫ـﺪ‬
‫ـﺪمﺣ‬
‫ﺮﻋ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻔﺴ‬
‫ـﻰﺗ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ال ‪2‬إ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ـﺪفا‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻼ‬
‫ﻮتا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﻚﻻﺗﻤ‬
‫ة‪.‬ﻟﺬ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫وثا‬
‫ﺒﺐﺣﺪ‬
‫ﯿﺔ ‪ADN‬ﺑﺴ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻠﻞﻓﻲﺑ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ﯿﺢا‬
‫ﺘﺼﺤ‬
‫ﻣﺔﻟ‬
‫ز‬
‫ﻟﻼ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻳﻤ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫اﻹ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻘﻊ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﻲ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺮﺑ‬
‫وﻻﺗﻈﮫ‬
‫ـﻲ‬
‫ـﻰ ‪ADN‬ﻓ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺮﻋ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺗ‬
‫ﻔﺴﺠ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮقا‬
‫ﻌﺔﻓ‬
‫ةوھﻲأناﻷﺷ‬
‫ﺎﻋﺪ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻳﺪا‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗﺤﺪ‬
‫ﮫﺪفإ‬
‫ال ‪3‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﻲ‬
‫ـﻲ ‪ADN‬ﻓ‬
‫ﻠﻞﻓ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺢ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺗﺼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫دآ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻮﺟ‬
‫ديﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﺸﺨ ﺺا‬
‫ﻨﺪا‬
‫ﻠﺢﻋ‬
‫ﻠﻞﻳﺼ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ﻜﻦا‬
‫ﺎﻻتﻟ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ﻛﻞا‬
‫ﯿﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﻟﺔا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻳﻦ ‪: 5‬‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺗﻤ‬
‫ـﻞ‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫دﺗ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿﺴﺖﻣ‬
‫ﺎتﻟ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫دﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻳﻢﻓﻲوﺟ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﯿﻂﻋﻤﻞاﻹ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻮمﺗ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﯿﺢﻣﻔ‬
‫ﻮﺿ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗ‬
‫ﻳﻦإ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺪفا‬
‫ﻳﮫ‬
‫ﺋﻲ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺐا‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺚا‬
‫اﻣﻦﺣ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﺎﻛ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﺒﮫ‬
‫ﺎﺗﺸ‬
‫ﻨﮫ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺪﻣ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻳﺔ )ﻋ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺒﺪ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻞﻓﻲا‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮﻋﺔا‬
‫ﻗ ﺺﻓﻲ ﺳ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿﺬﺗ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻳﻼﺣﻆا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻨﺤ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻞ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌﺪﺗﺤ‬
‫ال ‪1‬ﺑ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺎعﺗ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻨﺪا‬
‫ﻘﻞﻋ‬
‫ﺮﻋﺔﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﺎ ضﻓﻲا‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻧﺨ‬
‫ﺎ(ﻟﻜﻦاﻻ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻔ ﺾﻧﺴ‬
‫ﻨﺨ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻞﻣ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةا‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺰﻣ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻮنﺗ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ـﻼ‬
‫ـﻲﻛ‬
‫ﺑﮫﺔﻓ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘﺸ‬
‫ﻮىﻣ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻘﺼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮﻋﺔا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﺒﺢا‬
‫ﺗﺼ‬
‫ﺒﻂو‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﻔﻲﺗ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ز (ﺛﻢﻳﺨ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎﻋﻞ )‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةا‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﯿﻦ‪.‬‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺒﻂ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﺮﻣ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻪﺗ‬
‫ﻮنﻟ‬
‫ـ‬
‫زﻳﻜ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ةﺛ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻓﺔﻣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎجأنإﺿ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻰاﻻﺳ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺬإ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻪا‬
‫ﻮﺟ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ذﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻮماﻷﺳ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻞ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮﻋﺔا‬
‫ﻠﻞﻣﻦ ﺳ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻧﻪﻳ‬
‫ﻳﻢﻷ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎطاﻹ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻞ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻮنﻗ‬
‫ﻳﻜ‬
‫ﺑﺖو‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻞﺛ‬
‫ﺘﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةﻓﻲا‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ها‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﺰھ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻣﻼﺣﻈﺔ‪:‬ﺗ‬
‫‪36‬‬
‫ة‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫اﻣ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﺒﻪﻛ‬
‫ةﺗﺸ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫أنا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ةﻋ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ها‬
‫ﺒﻂﻟﮫﺬ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮآ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻔﺴ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗ‬
‫ال ‪1‬إ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﮫﺪفا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ة‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎطﻣ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ر‬
‫ـﻖا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺎﻳ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎلﻣﻤ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻗﻊا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﺐﺑ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫اا‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﺒﻂھ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻮأنﻳ‬
‫ﺮبھ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﺎلاﻷ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻞ‪.‬اﻹﺣ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ة‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺒﻪﻣ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﺐﻳﺸ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫أيأنا‬
‫ـﻲ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻓﺴ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻂا‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎتﺑ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻳﻤ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ـﻢاﻹ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺮفﻓﻲﻋ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻮﻣ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻞوھ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺪﻣ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺎل‪.‬ﻋ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻗﻊا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺎطﺑ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ر‬
‫اﻻ‬
‫ﻠﻰ‬
‫ﻓ ﺲﻋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺗ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻞا‬
‫ﺘﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةا‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻣ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﻨﻪو‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺪثﺑ‬
‫ﻳﺤ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻞو‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺒﻂﻣﮫﻤﻼ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﻮنﺗ‬
‫ﻳﻜ‬
‫ﺒﺔو‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮنھﻲا‬
‫اﺗﻜ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻞﻛ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةا‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺰﻣ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻮنﺗ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻳﻦ ‪: 6‬‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺗﻤ‬
‫ـﻰ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ـﺔﻋ‬
‫ﺘﺨﺼﺼ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻳﻤ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫زاﻹ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ـﻰإ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ـﺔﻋ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎتﻗ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮإ‬
‫ﻳﻦھ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺪفﻣﻦا‬
‫ﻟﮫ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻗﺔ (‪.‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫را‬
‫ﻣﺼﺪ‬
‫ﯿﺔ )‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻐﺬ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ة‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎھﺔا‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﻳﻢ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺘﺞإ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ةﺗ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻤ‬
‫ـﻰأنا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﺬإ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻞا‬
‫ﻮﺻ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ولﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺠﺪ‬
‫ﺋﺞا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﻞﻧ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﻰ‪:‬ﻣﻦﺧﻼلﺗﺤ‬
‫و‬
‫ﻳﺔاﻷ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠ ﺺ‪.‬‬
‫ﺘﺨ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺴ‬
‫ﻓﺔا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫إﺿ‬
‫ﻨﺪ‬
‫زﻋ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ر ﺳﻜ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫اﻟﻈﮫ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫زﻧﻈ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻳﻢ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫إ‬
‫زو‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ﺎھ‬
‫ـﺪمإﻣ‬
‫ـﻰﻋ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫إ‬
‫ـﺬ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻞا‬
‫ﻮﺻ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﻦ ‪1‬و ‪2‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺋﺞا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧﺔﻧ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‪ :‬ﻣﻦﺧﻼلﻣ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺑﺔا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺑﺔا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫زﻓﻲ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ﺳﻜ‬
‫ﺎل‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘﻢاﺳ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻢﻳ‬
‫ـﺔﻟ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺑﺔ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻧﻪا‬
‫ﯿﺬأ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻳﺼﻞا‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫وطا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﺸ‬
‫ﺮﻓﻲا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻦا‬
‫ﺑﻂﺑ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﻮل‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺤ‬
‫ـﻂا‬
‫ﺎﻓﻘ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻧﻤ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺘﺨﻼ صو‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﺪثاﺳ‬
‫ـﻢﻳﺤ‬
‫ﻧﻪﻟ‬
‫ﺈ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻓ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺑﺔا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎﻓﻲا‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ةأ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻤ‬
‫ﻠ ﺺا‬
‫ﺘﺨ‬
‫ﻣﺴ‬
‫ـﻞ‬
‫اﺧ‬
‫ﻌﻤﻞد‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ )‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫اﺧ‬
‫ﻟﺪ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﻳﻤ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﯿﻦاﻹ‬
‫ﺮقﺑ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻰا‬
‫ﺮإ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺎﻳﺸ‬
‫ﻮﺳﻂ( ﻣﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮلا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻣﺤ‬
‫رﺟﻲ )‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻐﺬ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةا‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﻞا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺮ ضﺗﺤ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫رجﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ﻟﻰا‬
‫ﯿﺔإ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫زھ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫رﺟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻳﻤ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫اﻹ‬
‫ﺎ(و‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻼ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﺐ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻄﺔا‬
‫اﺳ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺎﺑ‬
‫ﯿﮫ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺘﺤﺼﻞﻋ‬
‫ﺋﺞﻣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺎمﻧ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﯿﺬأ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻰوﺿﻊا‬
‫ﺑﺔإ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺪفا‬
‫ﺜﺔ‪:‬ﺗﮫ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺑﺔا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ر‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎلﻣﺼ‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻠﻰاﺳ‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﺗﮫ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻗﺪ‬
‫ةو‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻤ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻔﺴﻲﻟﺨﻼ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ سا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻮبﻟ‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺪﻋﻢﺑ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻔﺔ (‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻳﺔﻣﺨ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫دﺳ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻗﺔ )‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻔﺔﻣﻦ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻣﺨ‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ةو‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻧﺔﻋ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮض‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ربﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺪﻓﻲ‬
‫ﺎھ‬
‫ﻟﺸ‬
‫ﻮما‬
‫ﻔﮫ‬
‫ﻛﺪﻣﻦﻣ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻰا‬
‫ال ‪1‬إ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﮫﺪفا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‪.‬‬
‫ﺒﺐآﺧ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻟﺴ‬
‫ﻛﺴﺠ‬
‫ﮫﻼكﻟﻸ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺎكاﺳ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺎنھ‬
‫اﻛ‬
‫ذ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ـﻦ‬
‫اعﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎل ‪3‬أ‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎاﺳ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻨﮫ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ةﻳﻤ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻤ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ـﻲأنﺧﻼ‬
‫ال ‪2‬ھ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﻓﺔ ﻓﻲا‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺘﮫ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺴ‬
‫ﻗﺔا‬
‫ﻌﻼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ز‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ـﻞا‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﺎتﻣ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ـﺔا‬
‫ﺎھ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ـﺔﻹ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ز‬
‫ﻟﻼ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻳﻤ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫داﻹ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻮﺟ‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻗﺔﻧﻈ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻠﻄ‬
‫رﻟ‬
‫ﺎتﻛﻤﺼﺪ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ز‪.‬‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺜﻞا‬
‫ﺮﻣ‬
‫ﺎﺷ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎلا‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫واﻻﺳ‬
‫زأ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫و‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫زﻣ‬
‫ﻟﻼ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻳﻤ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫داﻹ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﺪموﺟ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ـﺔﻟ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻠﻄ‬
‫رﻟ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ـ‬
‫زﻛﻤﺼ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎلا‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎاﺳ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ةﻻﻳﻤﻜ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻤ‬
‫ـﻦا‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮ‪.‬‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﺎھﺔا‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻹ‬
‫ـﺬي‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﻚو‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ءذ‬
‫ا‬
‫ر‬
‫ـﻦو‬
‫ﺒﺐﻣ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﻤﻞ‬
‫ﺘﺸ‬
‫ـﺔﻟ‬
‫ﻗﺸ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﻊا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻮﺳ‬
‫ﻗﺖﺗ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ذﺣﺴﺐﺗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻳﻤﻜﻦﻟﻸﺳ‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻳﻤ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺮاﻹ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﺪمﺗ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺎتأمﻟ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻳﻤ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫اﻹ‬
‫ز‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ـﻰإ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ةﻋ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮأما‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﺎلا‬
‫دﺧ‬
‫ﻠﻰإ‬
‫ةﻋ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻳﺸﻤﻞا‬
‫ﺛﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎبا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒﺐﻏ‬
‫أﺻﻼﺑﺴ‬
‫‪37‬‬
‫ات‬
‫ﻟﺬ‬
‫ﺎعﻋﻦا‬
‫ﻟﺪﻓ‬
‫ﺎتﻓ ﻲا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺒﺮو‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻮﺣﺪة ‪: 4‬دورا‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎم‬
‫اﻷﺟﺴ‬
‫ه‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺗﺠ‬
‫اتا‬
‫ﻟﺬ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎعﻋﻦ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتﻗﻲا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫را‬
‫و‬
‫ﻳﺪ د‬
‫ﺜﻞﻓﻲﺗﺤﺪ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻠﻤﻲ‪:‬ﻳ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺪف‬
‫ﻟﮫ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎ‪.‬‬
‫وھ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺔا‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮم‬
‫ﻟﺴﻤ‬
‫ﯿﺠﺔا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺔﻧ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻌﻀ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﻰا‬
‫ﺮﻋ‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗﻈﮫ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ا ضﻏ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ةاﻻﻋ‬
‫ﻮﺣﺪ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻘﺪمﻧ ﺺا‬
‫ﻨ ﺺ ‪:‬ﻳ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻳﺔ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻌﻀ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺪا‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺗﺴ‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺘﺪﺧﻞا‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎ ‪.‬و‬
‫وھ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺒﺔ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎما‬
‫اﻷﺟﺴ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺒﮫ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗﺴ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻳﺔ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻌﻀ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺰا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺗﻤ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﺔﻓﻲﻛ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻤ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﺮحاﻻﺷ‬
‫ﻟﻰﻃ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﯿﺬ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺘﻼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ذا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫داﻻﺳ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻨﻪﻳ‬
‫ﺎ ‪:‬ﻣ‬
‫ﺎﻃﮫ‬
‫ﻧﺸ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠﮫ‬
‫ﺑﺔا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻗﺐأﺻ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫وﻋ‬
‫ات ‪,‬‬
‫ذ‬
‫ﻟﻼ‬
‫ءا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻗﺼ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻓﻲأ‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫را‬
‫و‬
‫د‬
‫اتو‬
‫ذ‬
‫ﻟﻼ‬
‫ا‬
‫اتو‬
‫ﻟﺬ‬
‫ﯿﻦا‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻲ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ة‪:‬‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻮﺣ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺻ‬
‫ﺑﺔﺑﺠﺴﻢ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫اﻹﺻ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﺎنإ‬
‫ﻧﺴ‬
‫اﻹ‬
‫ﻠﻰ‬
‫ﺮﻋ‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗﻈﮫ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا ضا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻌ ﺾاﻷﻋ‬
‫ةﻋﻦﺑ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ةﻓﻜ‬
‫ﻮﺣﺪ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫را‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺪم ﺻ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺘﻲ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﺔا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ﺎﺻ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻌ ﺾا‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻲ (ﻣﺪﻋﻤﺔﺑ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ز‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻠﻰإ‬
‫ﺪلﻋ‬
‫ﺎﻳ‬
‫ﻳﺐ)ﻣﻤ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻏ‬
‫ﺎم‪.‬‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﺮھ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﻳﺔﻣﻦﺗ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻌﻀ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻲ ﺳﻼﻣﺔا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺒﺔو‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎما‬
‫ءاﻷﺟﺴ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻗﺼ‬
‫ﺎھﻢﻓﻲإ‬
‫ﺗﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ر‬
‫و‬
‫ﻌﺐد‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻧﺔﻟﻪا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻜ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﺌ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎﻋﻲو‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺰا‬
‫ﻌﺠ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺒﺐﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺴ‬
‫و سا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ةﻟ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺗﻼﺣﻆ ﺻ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻲ‪.‬‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫زا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺠﮫ‬
‫ﻟﺔﻓﻲا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺎﺻ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻌﺾ‬
‫ﺑﺔﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺎﻓﻲإﺻ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫أﺳ‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺘﺴ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺮﺑ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎط ‪: 1‬ا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﻚ‬
‫ﻠﺔﻓﻲذ‬
‫ﺘﺪﺧ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ﺎﺻ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔوا‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎعا‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﻟﺪ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮط‬
‫ﻠﻒﺧﻄ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺮﺑﻤﺨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺘﺬ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺎطﻟ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اا‬
‫ﺪفھﺬ‬
‫ﻳﮫ‬
‫ﺒﺔ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎما‬
‫هاﻷﺟﺴ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺗﺠ‬
‫ﻳﺔا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻌﻀ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫دا‬
‫و‬
‫د‬
‫ﻠﻒر‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺎجﻣﺨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻰاﺳ‬
‫ﺬإ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺘﻼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ذا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اﻷﺳ‬
‫ﻮﺟﻪ‬
‫ﯿﺚﻳ‬
‫ﺣ‬
‫ﺎ‪.‬‬
‫وھ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺋﻲ ‪: 1‬‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺚﻳﺼﻞ‬
‫ﯿﻦﺑﺤ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻗﻒﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺒﺔﻓﻲﻣ‬
‫ﺘﺴ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻜ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﻖا‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗﻄ‬
‫ﺎنإ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﮫﺪ‬
‫‪:1،‬ﻳ‬
‫ال ‪2‬‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺎﺻ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺒﺔوا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎم‬
‫هاﻷﺟﺴ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻳﺔﺗﺠ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻌﻀ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﻠﮫ‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗﺴ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎعا‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﻟﺪ‬
‫اعا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻓﺔأ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻰ ﻣ‬
‫ﯿﺬإ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﻲ ‪:‬‬
‫ﺎﻳ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻠﺔﻓ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻤ‬
‫وا‬
‫ﻘﺔ ‪1‬‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ولا‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻐﻼلﺟ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫ﻟﻚﺑ‬
‫ذ‬
‫ﺪﺧﻞﻓﻲﻛﻞﺧﻂو‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﺔا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻦ ‪:‬‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﯿﻦد‬
‫ﻳﺸﻤﻞﺧﻄ‬
‫ﻮﻋﻲ ( ‪:‬و‬
‫ول )ﻻﻧ‬
‫ﺎعاﻷ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﻟﺪ‬
‫ﻮعا‬
‫*ﻧ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺰا‬
‫اﺟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫‪- 1‬ا‬
‫ﺑﻲ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﮫ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫داﻻ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫‪- 2‬ا‬
‫ﻮﻳﺸﻤﻞ ‪:‬‬
‫ﻟﺚوھ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎع‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺜﻞﺧﻂا‬
‫ﻳﻤ‬
‫ﻮﻋﻲ ( ‪ :‬و‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻧﻲ )‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎع‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮعا‬
‫*ﻧ‬
‫ﻠﻄﻲ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻲا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫دا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬‫ﻮي ‪.‬‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻲا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫دا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬‫ﺋﻲ ‪: 2‬‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫وث‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗﺼﺤﺐﺣ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫اھ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻈ‬
‫ﻠﻰا‬
‫ﺮفﻋ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﻰ‬
‫ﯿﺬإ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻓﻊا‬
‫ﻟﻰد‬
‫الإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺪف‬
‫ﻳﮫ‬
‫ال ‪: :‬‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻦ‬
‫ﻗﺔﺑ‬
‫دﻋﻼ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻳﺠ‬
‫ﻟﻰإ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﻮﻻ‬
‫ﻘﺔ ‪2‬وﺻ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎلا‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﯿﻦأﺷ‬
‫ﻧﺔﺑ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ءا‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻣﻦﺧﻼلإﺟ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﮫ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺑﺔا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫اﺳ‬
‫اﺣﻞ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻣ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﻟﺪ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻼتا‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻌ ﺾا‬
‫ﻓﺔﺑ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫‪،‬أيﻣ‬
‫ﻟﻚ‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗﺼﺤﺐذ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎﻋﻼت‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺑﺔ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫اﻻﺳ‬
‫ﻮم‬
‫ﻔﮫ‬
‫ﺘﺨﻼ صﻣ‬
‫ﻟﻰاﺳ‬
‫ﻮﻻإ‬
‫ﺎوﺻ‬
‫ﻨﮫ‬
‫ﺒﺔﻋ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻗﺐا‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔو‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﮫ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺑﺔاﻻ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫اﻻﺳ‬
‫ﯿﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻮﻋ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻟﻼ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻳﺔ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺎﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺘﺪﺧﻞﺧﻼ‬
‫ﻌﻢ (ﺑ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﻓ ﺾا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﯿﺔ )‬
‫ﻮﻋ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺑﺔا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻼتاﻻﺳ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﯿﻦﺗ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻓﮫﻲﺗ‬
‫ﻘﺔ ‪: 3‬‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫أ‬
‫ﻳﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺎﻃﺔﺧ‬
‫اتوﺳ‬
‫ﯿﺔذ‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺑﺔﻣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫أيإﺳ‬
‫ﺎﺳﻲﻓﻲ‬
‫أاﻷﺳ‬
‫ﺒﺪ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻠﻖا‬
‫ﻨﻄ‬
‫ﻌﻢﻣﻦﻣ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﻓ ﺾا‬
‫ﺒﺐر‬
‫ﺘﺨﻼ ص ﺳ‬
‫اﺳ‬
‫ﻟﻰ‬
‫ﯿﺬإ‬
‫ﺘﻼﻣ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ذا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻓﻊاﻷﺳ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻳﺐ‪.‬‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻮﻏ‬
‫ﺎھ‬
‫ﻓ ﺾﻛﻞﻣ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺎو‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺎﺑ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫رفﻓ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﺠﺴﻢﺗ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺜﻞﻓﻲأنﺧﻼ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎﻋﺔو‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎب‬
‫ﺘﺴ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﯿﺬﻣﻦا‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻦا‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗﻤﻜ‬
‫ﺒﻲﻳﮫﺪفإ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫الﺗ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻮﺳ‬
‫ﺎطھ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﺮﻓﻲھ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫اﻷﺧ‬
‫ال‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻪﻓﻲھﺬ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞإ‬
‫ﺎﺗ‬
‫ﻠﻰﻣ‬
‫اﻋ‬
‫ﺘﻤﺪ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺮﻣ‬
‫ﺘﺼ‬
‫ﯿﻖﻓﻲﻧ ﺺﻣﺨ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻟﺪ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﻤﻲ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﻰا‬
‫ةﻋ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻘﺪ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎط ‪.‬‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫‪38‬‬
‫ات‪.‬‬
‫ذ‬
‫ﻟﻼ‬
‫اتوا‬
‫ﻟﺬ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎط ‪: 2‬‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﻌﮫ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫اتو‬
‫ذ‬
‫ﻟﻼ‬
‫ا‬
‫اتو‬
‫ﻟﺬ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﺌ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻌﺔا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻳﺪ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗﺤﺪ‬
‫ﺎطإ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اا‬
‫ﮫﺪفھﺬ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﻧﺔﻟﻸﻏﺸ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻜ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﺌ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﻓﺔا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻰﻣ‬
‫ﻮلإ‬
‫ﻮﺻ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﯿﺬﻟ‬
‫ﺘﻼﻣ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ذ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫داﻷﺳ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻧﻄﻼق‪:‬ﻳ‬
‫ﯿﺔاﻹ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫وﺿ‬
‫ﺂت‪.‬‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ها‬
‫ﯿﺔﻟﮫﺬ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻌﺔ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﻠﻰا‬
‫ﺮفﻋ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻣﻦﺛﻢا‬
‫‪،‬و‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﮫ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺋﻲ‪:1‬‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﻰ‬
‫ﺮفﻋ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﻰا‬
‫ةﻋ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﺘﻲﻟﮫ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﺌ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻠﺠ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻟ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻌﺔا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﻠﻰا‬
‫ﺮفﻋ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻰا‬
‫ﮫﺪفإ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻳﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺎتﻣﺠﮫ‬
‫ﺎﻣﻦ ﻣﻼﺣﻈ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻧﻄﻼ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﻌﮫ‬
‫ﻮﺿ‬
‫ﺗﻤ‬
‫اتو‬
‫ذ‬
‫ﻟﻼ‬
‫ا‬
‫ء‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻐﺸ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫رﺟﻲﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ﻟﺴﻄﺢا‬
‫ﻠﻰا‬
‫ﺰﻋ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫رﺗ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎﻃﻖ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻰأنﻣ‬
‫ﯿﺬإ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻪا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ال ‪:1‬ﻳﺼﻞﻓ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﻲ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﮫ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻌﺔﺑ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫اتﻃ‬
‫ﺎتذ‬
‫ﺌ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ها‬
‫ﺄنھﺬ‬
‫ﯿﻦﺑ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ال ‪:2‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺋﻲ ‪:2‬‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﻤﻲ‪.‬‬
‫ﻟﻰﻧ ﺺﻋ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺮﺳ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮﺟﻤﺔ‬
‫ﻠﻰﺗ‬
‫ةﻋ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻘﺪ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺬﻣﻦا‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻦا‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗﻤ‬
‫ﮫﺪفإ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﯿﺚ‬
‫ﻟﻲﺣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﮫ‬
‫ءا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻐﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻮقﺑ‬
‫ﺎﻓ‬
‫ﻠﻰﻣ‬
‫ﺮفﻋ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻰا‬
‫ﺬإ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﮫﻤ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿﻦ ‪1‬و‪:2‬ﻳﺼﻞﻓ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺎﻣﻦﺑ‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫ﺎأﺳ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻛﺐﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ة‪،‬و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻘﺔﻧ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺎﻃ‬
‫ﻨﮫﻤ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿﻦﺑ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺗﻤ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻋ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻮنﻣﻦﻃ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﺮﻣ‬
‫ﻳﻈﮫ‬
‫ﻗﻞ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺒﺔأ‬
‫ﻨﺴ‬
‫دﺳﻢﺑ‬
‫ةو‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺒﺔﻛ‬
‫ﻨﺴ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺋﻲ‪:3‬‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎت‪.‬‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻌﻄ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﻦا‬
‫ﻗﺔﺑ‬
‫دﻋﻼ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻳﺠ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺎتو‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ءا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘﺼ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻰاﺳ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺪف‬
‫ﻳﮫ‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺎلﺗ‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠﻰاﺳ‬
‫ﺬﻋ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةﻟﺪىا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻘﺪ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﻨﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗ‬
‫الإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫اا‬
‫ﮫﺪفھﺬ‬
‫ال ‪:1‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ء‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻐﺸ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻧﺔﻟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻜ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﺌ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﻮﺿﻊا‬
‫ﯿﺔﺗ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺎﻟﻜ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﯿﺬوﺻ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺪما‬
‫ﯿﺚﻳﻘ‬
‫‪،‬ﺣ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻼﺣﻈﺔ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻘﺔ ‪.4‬‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﻲا‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﺎت ﺷ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻌﻄ‬
‫ﺎﻣﻦﻣ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻧﻄﻼ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﻲ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﮫ‬
‫ا‬
‫ء‪.‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻐﺸ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫رﺟﻲﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ﻠﺴﻄﺢا‬
‫ﻧﺔﻟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻜ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﺌ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﻰ‬
‫ﻗﺔﻋ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺮفﺑ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺬﻣﻦا‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ال‪:2‬ﻳﻤﻜﻦا‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫أھﻢ‬
‫ﺘﺨﻼ ص‬
‫اﺳ‬
‫ﻟﻰ‬
‫ﻮﻻإ‬
‫‪،‬وﺻ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻼﺣﻈﺔ‬
‫ﻠﻰا‬
‫ةﻋ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻘﺪ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﻨﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗ‬
‫الإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫اا‬
‫ﮫﺪفھﺬ‬
‫ال‪:3‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ر‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺪماﺳ‬
‫ءوﻋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻐﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮﻋﺔا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﺔﻓﻲﻣ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﯿﻪﻣﻤ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﺔﺗﺠ‬
‫د‬
‫ﻟﻲﻣﻦﺧﻼلأ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﮫ‬
‫ا‬
‫ء‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻐﺸ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ةﻟ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺗﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ذج‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻨﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﯿﻞﺗﺴﻤ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻮﻇﻒﻟ‬
‫‪،‬ﺗ‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻌﻄ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻦ‬
‫ﻗﺔﺑ‬
‫دﻋﻼ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻳﺠ‬
‫ﻟﻰإ‬
‫الإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ال‪:4‬ﻳﮫﺪفا‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺋﻊ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺋﻲا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔﺴ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻔﺴ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺋﻲ ‪:4‬‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻗﺔ ﺳ‬
‫ﯿ ﺺﻋﻼ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗﺸﺨ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺪف‬
‫ﻳﮫ‬
‫ﻠﻲ‪:‬‬
‫ﺎﻳ‬
‫ﻟﻰﻣ‬
‫ﺎنإ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫‪: (2،‬ﻳﮫﺪ‬
‫ﯿﻦ)‪1‬‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻳﺔﻏﺸ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﺎت ﺳ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺜﻞﻓﻲﺑ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫اتﺗ‬
‫ذ‬
‫ﻟﻼ‬
‫اتﻣﻦا‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﻰا‬
‫ﺮفﻋ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﺔا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ وﺳ‬‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻠﺨ‬
‫رﺟﻲﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ﻟﺴﻄﺢا‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﻰ‬
‫ةﻋ‬
‫د‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻮﺟ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﺔﻓﻲا‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﺌ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺮفا‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺗ‬‫‪.( H L AІ‬‬
‫‪І‬‬
‫ﯿﻦ )‪( H L A І‬و )‬
‫ﻮﻋ‬
‫ﯿﻪﻧ‬
‫ﺰﻓ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻧﻤ‬
‫ﺎن ب ‪H L A‬و‬
‫ﻧﺴ‬
‫اﻹ‬
‫ﻨﺪ‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻛﻞﻣﻦ )‪( H L A І‬و‬
‫ﺰﺑ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺬﻣﻦا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻦ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗﻤ‬
‫الإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫اا‬
‫ﮫﺪفھﺬ‬
‫ﻘﺔ‪:8‬ﻳ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫الا‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﺳ‬
‫د‬
‫ﻠﻰﻋﺪ‬
‫اﻋ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫اﻋ‬
‫ﻘﺔ ‪) 8‬‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﻲ‬
‫ﻣﺔﻓﻲ ﺷﻜ‬
‫ﻘﺪ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻮﻣ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎﻣﻦا‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻧﻄﻼ‬
‫‪( H L AІ‬ا‬
‫‪І‬‬
‫)‬
‫ﺎت‪.‬‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮل‬
‫ﻓﻪﺣ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻟﺴﻼﺳﻞ (و‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻮﻋ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺋﻲ ‪:5‬‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻌﻢ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﻓ ﺾا‬
‫ﯿﻦر‬
‫ﻗﺔﺑ‬
‫ﻌﻼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫اج‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺨ‬
‫ﺎﻻﺳ‬
‫ﻨﮫ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺑﻂﺑ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎتو‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻌﻄ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻢ‬
‫ﻨﻈ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗ‬
‫ﺎطإ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اا‬
‫ﺪفھﺬ‬
‫ﻳﮫ‬
‫ﯿﺠﻲ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻨﺴ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻓﻖا‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺪا‬
‫ﻌﻘ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫و‬
‫‪39‬‬
‫اتﺣﺴﺐ‬
‫ﻟﺬ‬
‫اتا‬
‫د‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻮعﻟﻤﺤ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫دﺗ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻰوﺟ‬
‫ﻮلإ‬
‫ﻮﺻ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺬﻣﻦا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻦ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗﻤ‬
‫ﮫﺪفإ‬
‫ال ‪:1‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻨﻪ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫اتو‬
‫ﻟﺬ‬
‫ا‬
‫ات‬
‫د‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻔ ﺲﻣﺤ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺎنﺑ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎن‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫أ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ةوﺧﻼ‬
‫اﺣﺪ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻳﺔا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻌﻀ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫دﺧﻼ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ذﺗ‬
‫دإ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫اﻷ‬
‫ﺎص‬
‫ﺰ ب ‪C M H‬ﺧ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫دﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺈنﻛﻞﻓ‬
‫ﻟﻚﻓ‬
‫اذ‬
‫ﺎﻋﺪ‬
‫‪،‬ﻣ‬
‫ﯿﺠﻲ ‪( C M H‬‬
‫ﻨﺴ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻓﻖا‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺪا‬
‫ﻌﻘ‬
‫ﻔ ﺲ)ﻣ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺮى ‪.‬‬
‫داﻷﺧ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﻟﻒﻋﻦاﻷ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻣﺨ‬
‫و‬
‫ﯿﺠﻲ‬
‫ﻨﺴ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻓﻖا‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻘﺪا‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘﻼفﻣ‬
‫ﺎﺧ‬
‫ﺎتﻓ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻌﻄ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﻦا‬
‫ﻗﺔﺑ‬
‫دﻋﻼ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻳﺠ‬
‫ﻟﻰإ‬
‫الإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﮫﺪفا‬
‫ال ‪:2‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻌﻢ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﻓ ﺾا‬
‫ﻟﻰر‬
‫ديإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﺒﻞﻳ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻧﺢو‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﻦا‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺋﻲ )‪:(6‬‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻳﺪ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗﺤ‬
‫ال ‪-1‬إ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺬﻓﻲ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺚﻳﺼﻞا‬
‫ﺎتﺣ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻌﻄ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﻦا‬
‫ﻗﺔﺑ‬
‫دﻋﻼ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻳﺠ‬
‫ﻟﻰإ‬
‫ﺪفإ‬
‫أ *ﻳﮫ‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻗﻊ ) ‪(D‬ﺑﻪﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﺚا‬
‫ﻗﻢ )‪:(6‬ﺣ‬
‫ﻐﻲر‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫ﻠﻰا‬
‫ﻘﻊﻋ‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎت ‪C M H‬ا‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻗﻊﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺄو‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﺎﻃﻖ )‪(A BC‬ﺑ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫أ‬
‫‪.(H L AІ‬‬
‫ﺪ‪‬و ‪ß‬ﻟﻞ)‪І‬‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫دا‬
‫ﻌﺪ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﺐ ﺳﻼﺳﻞﻣ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻠﻰﺗ‬
‫ﺮفﻋ‬
‫ﺗﺸ‬
‫ﻌﻞ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺛﺔ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﯿﺪ‪(‬ل ‪H L A I‬أ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ة‬
‫د‬
‫ﻌﺪ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠﺔﻣ‬
‫ﻠﺴ‬
‫ءﺳ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻠﻰﺑ‬
‫ﺮفﻋ‬
‫ﺎتﺗﺸ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻳﺠ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﻟﻰ‬
‫ﮫﺪفإ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ال ‪:2‬‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻓﻢ ‪. 15‬‬
‫ﻐﻲر‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫ﻠﻰا‬
‫ﻘﻊﻋ‬
‫ﯿﺪ ‪B 2M‬ﺗ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫د‬
‫ﻌﺪ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠﺔﻣ‬
‫ﻠﺴ‬
‫ء ﺳ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﻜﻞ‬
‫ﺄنﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺬﺑ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﺚﻳ‬
‫ﺎطﺣ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻌﻄ‬
‫ﺎﻣﻦﻣ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻧﻄﻼ‬
‫ﺎت‪H L A‬ا‬
‫ﺌ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻮعﺟ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿﻦﺗ‬
‫ﻗﺔﺑ‬
‫ﻋﻼ‬
‫ﺮﻓﻲ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻮعﻛ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻲﺗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺛﺔ‪ C M H‬وﺑ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻓﻲﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﻗﻊا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿﻼتﻧﻈ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮﻣﻦاﻷ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫دﻛ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺛﺔﻋ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎت ‪.H L A‬‬
‫ﺌ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﺟ‬
‫ﺒﺔ‬
‫ﺘﺴ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻜ‬
‫ﻓﺔا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎﻣﻊ‬
‫ﻣﺠﮫ‬
‫د‬
‫ةو‬
‫ﻳﺪ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺎتﺟ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻌﻄ‬
‫ﻐﻼلﻣ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻰاﺳ‬
‫الإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺪف‬
‫ﻳﮫ‬
‫ال ‪: 3‬‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ة‬
‫د‬
‫وھﻲﻣﺤﺪ‬
‫ات )‬
‫ﻟﺬ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﺌ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻳﻒﺟ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻠﺔﺗ‬
‫ﺘﻜﻤ‬
‫ةﻟ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺔﺟﺪ‬
‫ﻮﻣ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻓﺔﻣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫إﺿ‬
‫ﻟﻰ‬
‫ﯿﺬإ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﺚﻳ‬
‫‪.‬ﺣ‬
‫ﺎ(‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ا‬
‫ر‬
‫و‬
‫ﻗﻒ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺎتﻓﻲﻣ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﻖا‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺮحوﺗﻄ‬
‫ﻟﺸ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻠى‬
‫ﺬﻋ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻟﻰﻗ‬
‫الإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺪف‬
‫ال ‪: 4‬ﻳﮫ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﺌ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﺮﻓﻲﺟ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻮع ﻛ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻨﻪﺗ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﯿﻦ و‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺰ ب ‪C M H‬ﻣ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻰأنﻛﻞ ﺷﺨ ﺺﻳ‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞإ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﺚﻳ‬
‫ﯿﻦﺣ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻌﻤﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻓﺾ‬
‫ﻟﻲر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫‪H L A‬ﺣﺴﺐﻛﻞ ﺷﺨ ﺺو‬
‫ﺎط ‪.‬‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻌﻄ‬
‫ﺎﻣﻦﻣ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻧﻄﻼ‬
‫اتأ‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮما‬
‫ﻔﮫ‬
‫ءﻣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺑ‬
‫الإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﻳﮫﺪفا‬
‫ﺘﺨﻼﺻﻲ ‪:‬‬
‫الاﻹﺳ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫*‬
‫ﺋﻲ ‪:(7‬‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻌﻄ‬
‫ﻐﻼلﻣ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺎتﻣﻦاﺳ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫اجﻣ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺨ‬
‫اﺳ‬
‫ﻠﻰ‬
‫ﯿﺬﻋ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺪىا‬
‫ةﻟ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻘﺪ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻨﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗ‬
‫ﮫﺪفإ‬
‫أ * ‪:‬ﻳ‬
‫ة‪.‬‬
‫د‬
‫ﻣﺤﺪ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ة ‪A‬ﻟﮫ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺚا‬
‫ة ‪.‬ﺣ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻟﻜﻞز‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻐﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ات‬
‫ﺘﻀﺪ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫اج‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺨ‬
‫ﮫﺪف ‪.‬ﻷﺳ‬
‫ال ‪:1‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮع ‪A‬‬
‫ﯿﺔﻣﻦﻧ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫اتﻏﺸ‬
‫ﺘﻀﺪ‬
‫ﻣﺴ‬
‫ﻮع ‪.B‬‬
‫ﯿﺔﻣﻦﻧ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫اتﻏﺸ‬
‫ﺘﻀﺪ‬
‫ﺎﻣﺴ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ة ‪B‬ﻟ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫و‬
‫ﻮع ‪.A B‬‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻣ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫اتﻏﺸ‬
‫ﺘﻀﺪ‬
‫ﺎﻣﺴ‬
‫ة ‪AB‬ﻟﮫ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫و‬
‫ﯿﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻐﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ات‬
‫ﺘﻀﺪ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺴ‬
‫ﻳﻤﺔ ا‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ة ‪O‬ﻋ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺘﺴ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎﻣﻦا‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻧﻄﻼ‬
‫أ‬
‫ة‪:‬‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺋ ﺺﻛﻞز‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺪﺧﺼ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗﺤﺪ‬
‫ﯿﺬإ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻞا‬
‫ﻮﺻ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ال ‪:-2‬ﻳﮫﺪفﻟ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮع ‪.B‬‬
‫ﺎﻣﻦﻧ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ز‬
‫ﺒﻼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫دﻓﻲا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫دﺟﺴﻢﻣﻀ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻮﺟ‬
‫ﺘ ﺺﺑ‬
‫ﺗﺨ‬
‫ة‪A‬‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺚا‬
‫ول ‪ :‬ﺣ‬
‫ﻟﺠﺪ‬
‫ﺋﺞا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻘﺔو‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮع ‪. A‬‬
‫ﺎﻣﻦﻧ‬
‫زﻣ‬
‫ﺒﻼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫دﻓﻲا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫دﺟﺴﻢﻣﻀ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻮﺟ‬
‫ﺘ ﺺﺑ‬
‫ة ‪B‬ﺗﺨ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‪.‬‬
‫زﻣ‬
‫ﺒﻼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ة ﻓﻲا‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻀ‬
‫ﺎما‬
‫ﺎباﻷﺟﺴ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﺘ ﺺﺑ‬
‫ة ‪A B‬ﺗﺨ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫و‬
‫‪40‬‬
‫ﻮع ‪.A B‬‬
‫ﺎﻣﻦﻧ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ز‬
‫ﺒﻼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ة ﻓﻲا‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻀ‬
‫ﺎما‬
‫داﻷﺟﺴ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻮﺟ‬
‫ﺘ ﺺﺑ‬
‫ة ‪O‬ﺗﺨ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫و‬
‫ﯿﻄﻲ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺘﺨﻄ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻞ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﻰا‬
‫ةﻋ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتوا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻌﻄ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻦ‬
‫ﻗﺔﺑ‬
‫دﻋﻼ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻳﺠ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﻟﻰ‬
‫–ب ‪:‬ﻳﮫﺪفإ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﻒ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻣﺨ‬
‫ﻧﺔﺑ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎتﻣﻦﺧﻼلا‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘﺨﻼ صﻣ‬
‫ﻟﻰاﺳ‬
‫الإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﮫﺪفا‬
‫ال ‪:1‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺘﻼف‬
‫ﻟﻰأناﺧ‬
‫ﻮﻻإ‬
‫وﺻ‬
‫د‪،‬‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﺔا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻳﺔ ﻗ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ةﺳ‬
‫ﺎﻋﺪ‬
‫ﺮكﻓﻲﻗ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺮﺗﺸ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺚأنﻛﻞا‬
‫ﻳﺔ‪،‬ﺣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻟﺪ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻳﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﺴﻜ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻳﺔا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﺘﺼﻞﻓﻲﻧ‬
‫ﺮيﻣ‬
‫ء ﺳﻜ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫هﺟ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺮﻳﺤ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ة‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺰﻣ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫دﻟ‬
‫ﻌﺪ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﺔا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺮﻗ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﺌ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﯿﻞﺟ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻠﻰﺗﻤ‬
‫ةﻋ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻟﻘ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻨﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗ‬
‫الإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﮫﺪفا‬
‫ال ‪:2‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﯿﮫ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞإ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻣﺖا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎﻣﻦا‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻧﻄﻼ‬
‫ا‬
‫‪،A B‬‬
‫ﺎﻣﻦ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻧﻄﻼ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻣﺨﻄﻄ‬
‫ز‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻧﺠ‬
‫ﺗﻪﻣﻦإ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻐﻼلﻣ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫ﯿﺬﺑ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻦا‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗﻤﻜ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺪف‬
‫ال ‪: 3‬ﻳﮫ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺪم ‪.‬‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺒﻞﻟ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻌﻄﻲو‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﻦا‬
‫ﻓﻖﺑ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎﻻت‬
‫ﺜﻞﻣﺨﻄﻂﻟﺤ‬
‫ﺎط ‪.‬ﻣ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻌﻄ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻗﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻠﻰﻋﻼ‬
‫ﻨﺔ ﻋ‬
‫ﺮھ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺎتﻟ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﻢا‬
‫ﻨﻈ‬
‫ﻠﻰﺗ‬
‫ةﻋ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻘﺪ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺔا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗ‬
‫ﺎطإ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﮫﺪفا‬
‫ج ‪:‬ﻳ‬‫ﺛﻲ‬
‫ا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫را‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺼ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻳﺪ‬
‫ﺘﺤﺪ‬
‫ﺎطﻟ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺋﻖ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﺎﻣﻦو‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻧﻄﻼ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﻢا‬
‫ﻨﻈ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺪف‬
‫ال ‪: 1‬ﻳﮫ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺘﻼف‬
‫أﺧ‬
‫ﻟﻰ‬
‫دإ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻳﺔﻳ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻟﺪ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ﺰﻣ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻦا‬
‫ﺘﻼفﺑ‬
‫اﻹﺧ‬
‫ر‬
‫أنﻣﺼﺪ‬
‫ﻟﻰ‬
‫ﯿﺬإ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ذﻳ‬
‫ﻳﺔإ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻟﺪ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ﺰﻣ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻗﻢ ‪. 9‬‬
‫ﻐﻲر‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫ﻠﻰا‬
‫ﻘﻊﻋ‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺛﺔ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﻼتا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻓﻲأ‬
‫ﯿﺼﻞ‬
‫ﺮﻟ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﻒا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺮيﻟﻤﺨ‬
‫ﺎھ‬
‫ﻟﻈ‬
‫ﻨﻤﻂا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺛﺔو‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﻦا‬
‫ﻗﺔﺑ‬
‫ﻌﻼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اجا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺨ‬
‫ﻟﻰأﺳ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺪف‬
‫ال ‪:2‬ﻳﮫ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ة(‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮع‬
‫أيﻧ‬
‫ﺮي‪،‬‬
‫ﺎھ‬
‫ﻟﻈ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻨﻤﻂ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺘﻼف‬
‫إﺧ‬
‫ﻠﻪ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺎتﻳ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻮعا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﻗﺔ )‬
‫ﻌﻼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻰا‬
‫إ‬
‫اﻣﻞ )‪(O A‬‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﻒا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫وﻣﺨ‬
‫ﻣﻞ )‪(AA‬أ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺛﻞا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻮنﻣ‬
‫أنﻳﻜ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫إﻣ‬
‫ة‪: A‬‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺛﻲﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻨﻤﻂا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﻣﻞ ) ‪(O B‬‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﻒا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫وﻣﺨ‬
‫اﻣﻞ )‪( B B‬أ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺛﻞ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻮنﻣ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﺎأنﻳ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫إ‬
‫ة‪:B‬‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺛﻲﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻨﻤﻂ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫‪(A ،‬‬
‫ﯿﻦ ) ‪B‬‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻳﺨﻤﻞ‬
‫ة ‪: AB‬‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺛﻲﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻨﻤﻂا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮنا‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫و‬
‫ﻣﻞ )‪( O O‬‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺛﻞا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻮنﻣ‬
‫ة ‪: O‬ﻳﻜ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺛﻲﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻨﻤﻂا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎﻣﻦ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻧﻄﻼ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫اجﻣ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺨ‬
‫ﻠﻰإﺳ‬
‫ةﻋ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻘﺪ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺔا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗ‬
‫ﮫﺪفإ‬
‫ﺋﻲ ‪* -7‬ب ‪:‬ﺑ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ ‪:‬‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺎتﺗﺠ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻌﻄ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﯿﻦ‬
‫دﺑ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻮﺟ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺘﻼفا‬
‫ﺬﻟﻼﺧ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ذﻳ‬
‫ﺎت ‪.‬إ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻌﻄ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﻦا‬
‫ﻗﺔﺑ‬
‫دﻋﻼ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻳﺠ‬
‫ﻟﻰإ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺪف‬
‫ال ‪: 1‬ﻳﮫ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺘﻀﺪ ‪.D‬‬
‫ﻮﻋﻲﻳﺪﻋﻰﻣﺴ‬
‫ﺋﻲﻧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻏﺸ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫دﺑ‬
‫ﺎن ‪Rh +‬ﻳﺤﺪ‬
‫ﺘﺞﺑ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻳﺴ‬
‫ﯿﻦ و‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻌﻄ‬
‫ﻠﻰﻣ‬
‫ﻨﺔﻋ‬
‫ﺮھ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻮلﻟ‬
‫ﻮﺻ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺎتﻟ‬
‫ﻮﻣ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻐﻼلا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠﻰاﺳ‬
‫ةﻋ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻘﺪ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﻨﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗ‬
‫ﮫﺪفإ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ال ‪: 2‬‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫د ﺿﺪ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺒﺠﺴﻢﻣﻀ‬
‫ﺎفﺑ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻠﺔدمﻋ‬
‫ﺎﻣ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻨﺪﻣ‬
‫ﺎ صﻋ‬
‫ﺗﺼ‬
‫ر‬
‫وثا‬
‫ﺬﻟﺤﺪ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﺚﻳ‬
‫ﯿﺔ ‪.‬ﺣ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫د ﺿﺪ ‪.D‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨﺼﻒﺑﺠﺴﻢﻣﻀ‬
‫ﻠﺔدم ﻣ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺪﻣ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺎ صﻋ‬
‫رﺻ‬
‫ﺎباﻻ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫وﻏ‬
‫‪.D‬‬
‫ﻟﻰ‬
‫ﺬإ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﺚﻳ‬
‫ﺎتﺑﺤ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ءا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘﺼ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫إﺳ‬
‫ﻠﻰ‬
‫ةﻋ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻘﺪ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻰا‬
‫الإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﮫﺪفا‬
‫ال‪:3‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎ صوھﻲ‬
‫ﻌ ﺾاﻷﺷﺨ‬
‫ﺪﺑ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ةﻋ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻮن ﺳ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫و سا‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺛﺔا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻗﻢ ‪1‬ﻳﺤﻤﻞﻣ‬
‫ﻐﻲر‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫أنا‬
‫ﺎص‬
‫ﻳﺔﻟﻼﺷﺨ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻟﺪ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﻰا‬
‫ﺎقﻋ‬
‫ﺪ ‪D‬ﻳﻄ‬
‫ﺘﻀ‬
‫ﺋﻲﻳﺪﻋﻰﻣﺴ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻏﺸ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ء‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻠﻰﺑ‬
‫ﺮفﻋ‬
‫ﺗﺸ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻟﻪ ) ¯ ‪.(Rh‬‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺎ صﻏ‬
‫اﻻﺷﺨ‬
‫ة‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ز‬
‫ﯿﻦﻟﻪ )‪( Rh+‬و‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻘﺔو‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﻢا‬
‫ﻨﻈ‬
‫ﻠﻰﺗ‬
‫ةﻋ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻰا‬
‫الإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﺘﺨﻼﺻﻲ ‪:‬ﻳﮫﺪفا‬
‫اﻻﺳ‬
‫ال‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ات ‪.‬‬
‫ﻠﺬ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮم‬
‫ﻔﮫ‬
‫ءﻣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺎﻟ‬
‫ﻟﮫ‬
‫ﻐﻼ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اﺳ‬
‫‪41‬‬
‫ﻳﺔ‬
‫ﻟﻌﻀﻮ‬
‫ﺎعﻋﻦا‬
‫ﻠﺪﻓ‬
‫ﻟﻰﻟ‬
‫ﻟﺔاﻷو‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ﺎط ‪: 3‬ا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻌﺔ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎو‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺛﻢﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﻠﮫ‬
‫ﯿﺔوﻋﻤ‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﻟﺪ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﺌ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎجا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫رإ‬
‫ﻣﺼﺪ‬
‫ﻳﺪ )‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗﺤﺪ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺎط‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﮫﺪفا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺎ( ‪.‬‬
‫ﯿﺔﻟﮫ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺘﻲ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﻟﺪ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﺌ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎجا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺒﺤﺚﻋﻦﻣﺼﺪ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻰا‬
‫إ‬
‫ﯿﺬ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺘﻼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ذا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻓﻊاﻻﺳ‬
‫ﻳﺪ‬
‫ﻧﻄﻼق ‪:‬‬
‫ﯿﺔاﻻ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫وﺿ‬
‫ﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻟ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻌﺔا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎو‬
‫ﯿﺔھ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫اتو‬
‫ذ‬
‫ﻟﻼ‬
‫ءا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻗﺼ‬
‫ﺎھﻢﻓﻲا‬
‫ﺗﺴ‬
‫ﺋﻲ ‪: 1‬‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻌﻄ‬
‫ﺋﺞوﻣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﻞﻧ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺎﻣﻦﺗﺤ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻧﻄﻼ‬
‫ﯿﻦإ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻗﻒﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺎت ﻓﻲﻣ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻌﻄ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻐﻼل‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻰإﺳ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺪف‬
‫ﻳﮫ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫و‬
‫ﻠﻲ ‪:‬‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻰﻣ‬
‫ﺬإ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺚﻳﺼﻞ‬
‫ﺎتﺑﺤ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻟﺠﺔا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻰﻣ‬
‫ﺬإ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻓﻊا‬
‫ﻟﻰد‬
‫ﮫﺪفإ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ال ‪:1‬‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﻰ‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﻳﻀ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗﺤ‬
‫ديإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻳﺔا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻰ ﻋﻀ‬
‫زي(إ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻦا‬
‫ﻛﺴ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫اﻷ‬
‫ﻳﺐ )‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﺠﺴﻢا‬
‫ﻮلا‬
‫*دﺧ‬
‫ﺘﻪ ﻣﻦ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺣﻤ‬
‫دىإ‬
‫أ‬
‫ر‪2‬‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﻰ‬
‫ر ‪1‬إ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻘﻦﻣﺼﻞا‬
‫‪،‬ﻓﺤ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺼﻞ‬
‫ةﻓﻲا‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺎمﻣﻀ‬
‫أﺟﺴ‬
‫ﺎج‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫إ‬
‫زي ‪.‬‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻦا‬
‫ﻛﺴ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﻰ‬
‫ﺮ ضﻋ‬
‫ﻟﺬيﺣ‬
‫ﻳﺐا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﺠﺴﻢا‬
‫ﻔ ﺲا‬
‫ﻣﻼﻣﻊﻧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﻜ‬
‫ﺎﻣ‬
‫ﺎﻃ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ر‬
‫ةا‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻀ‬
‫ﺎما‬
‫ﺒﻂاﻷﺟﺴ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫*ﺗ‬
‫زي‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻦا‬
‫ﻛﺴ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎﻃﻞﻣﻊاﻻ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮقا‬
‫ﻟﻤﺴﺤ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ر ‪1‬ﺑ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻣﺼﻞا‬
‫ﻟﺠﺔ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻳﺔﻓﻤ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻌﻀ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮف‬
‫ﻣﻦﻃ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺎﺟﮫ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﯿﺢ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺮﺷ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻌﺪا‬
‫زيﺑ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ﯿﻦا‬
‫ﻛﺴ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ر ‪3‬ﻣﻦ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﻢﻳﺤﻤﻲ‬
‫ﻟﻰأن‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞإ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﺚﻳ‬
‫ﺎتﺣ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻟﺠﺔا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻠﻰﻓﮫﻢوﻣ‬
‫ﯿﺬﻋ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻳﺐا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗﺪ‬
‫ﮫﺪفإ‬
‫ال ‪:2‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫اتﻣ‬
‫ﻘﺪ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘﺸﻜﻞﻣ‬
‫دﻟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﯿﻦ ‪1‬و‪6‬ﺑ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺮ ‪1‬و‪2‬و‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ﯿﻦا‬
‫ا سﺑ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﺗﺸﻜﻞاﻻ‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﺌ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﻟﻰأنا‬
‫ﯿﺬإ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﺚﻳ‬
‫ﺎجﺑﺤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺎىاﻻﺳ‬
‫ﯿﺬﻋ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻳﺐا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺪف‬
‫ال ‪: 3‬ﻳﮫ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺘﺨﺼﺼﺔ‬
‫ﻠﺔوﻣ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻣﻜﻤ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫دﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻠﻜﻞﺟﺴﻢﻣﻀ‬
‫ﻟﻲ‪،‬ﻓ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺘﺨﺼ ﺺا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔأي )ا‬
‫ﻮﻋ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫زﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺗﻤ‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﻟﺪ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎﺟﻪ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺮ ضإ‬
‫ﺬيﺣ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻀﺪا‬
‫ﻟﺪا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻰرﺳﻢ‬
‫ﯿﺔإ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻮﻇ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻨﻈ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮﺟﻤﺔا‬
‫ﻠﻰﺗ‬
‫ﺬﻋ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةﻟﺪىا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻘﺪ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﻨﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗ‬
‫ﮫﺪفإ‬
‫ال ‪:4‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﻀﺪ ( ‪.‬‬
‫ﻟﺪا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫دﻣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻞﺟﺴﻢﻣﻀ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻲ )ﺗ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻔﺪﻣ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻰرﺳﻤﻤ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﯿﺚﻳﺼﻞ‬
‫‪،‬ﺑﺤ‬
‫ﯿﻄﻲ‬
‫ﺗﺨﻄ‬
‫ﻠﻤﻲﻟﻪ‬
‫ﻨ ﺺﻋ‬
‫ﻠﺨ ﺺﻟ‬
‫زﻣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻧﺠ‬
‫ﻠﻰأ‬
‫ةﻋ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻘﺪ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺬا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎب‬
‫ﻛﺴ‬
‫ﻟﻰإ‬
‫ﮫﺪفإ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺘﺨﻼﺻﻲ ‪:‬‬
‫اﻻﺳ‬
‫ال‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻳﺐ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺎﺑﺠﺴﻢﻏ‬
‫وھ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﺪﻏ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻳﺔﻋ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻌﻀ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫اﺧﻞ‬
‫ﻳﺤﺪثد‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿﺬ ﻣ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﺨ ﺺا‬
‫ﯿﺚﻳ‬
‫ﻮعﺑﺤ‬
‫ﻮﺿ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻗﺔﺑ‬
‫ﻋﻼ‬
‫ﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﺌ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮف‬
‫ﻠﻪﻣﻦﻃ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻌﺪ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺗ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺋﻲ ‪: 2‬‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺋﺞ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺒﻞﻧ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺎﻣﻦﺗﺤ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻧﻄﻼ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘﺨﻼ صﻣ‬
‫ﻟﻰإﺳ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺎط‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﮫﺪفا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻠﻲ‬
‫ﺎﻳ‬
‫ﻟﻰﻣ‬
‫ﯿﺬإ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ذﻳ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫اﻻﺧ‬
‫ﻳ ﺾو‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫اﺣﺪﻣ‬
‫ﯿﻦو‬
‫ﯿﺔﻟﺸﺨﺼ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺼ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻦا‬
‫ﻧﺔﺑ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ز‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻧﺠ‬
‫ﻟﻰا‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺪف‬
‫ال ‪: 1‬ﻳﮫ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﺬي‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻦ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ا‪δ‬ﻏ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻣ‬
‫ﻟﺸﺨﺼ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻟﻜﻼا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺼ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻦا‬
‫ﺑﻖﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺪﺗﻄ‬
‫ﻮﺟ‬
‫ﯿﺚﻳ‬
‫ﯿﻢﺑﺤ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺳ‬
‫ﻮع‬
‫ﯿﺔھﻲﻣﻦﻧ‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﻟﺪ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﺌ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺄنا‬
‫ﻠﺺ ﺑ‬
‫ﺘﺨ‬
‫ﻨﻪﻳﺴ‬
‫ﻳ ﺾ ‪,‬ﻣ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻟﺸﺨ ﺺا‬
‫ﺪا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻔﻊﻋ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻮنﻣ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﯿﻦ‪.‬‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫‪δ‬ﻏ‬
‫ﻳﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺨ‬
‫ربا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻜﻢﻓﻲوﺻﻒا‬
‫ﺘﺤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻟﻰﻗﺪ‬
‫ﮫﺪفإ‬
‫ال ‪:2‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫‪42‬‬
‫ﺎﻋﻞ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮيأ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻞﺑ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﯿﺔ )ﺗ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﺌ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﻜﺸﻒﻋﻦا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻘﺔا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻰوﺻﻒﻟﻄ‬
‫ﯿﺬإ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﺌ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﯿﻦأنا‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻳ ﺾو‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻟﺸﺨ ﺺا‬
‫ﻐﻼلﻣﺼﻞا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠﺴ‬
‫ﺜﻼ (ﺑ‬
‫ﻨﻲﻣ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫اﻵﺣ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫اﻷﺻ‬
‫ﯿﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻌﺔﺑ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫اتﻃ‬
‫ﯿﺔھﻲذ‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﻟﺪ‬
‫ﺔا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻔﺼ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺋﻲ ‪:3‬‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ة‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻘﺪ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺑﻪا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻛﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﻤﻲ‪،‬و‬
‫ﻟﻰﻧ ﺺﻋ‬
‫ﺮﺟﻤﺔرﺳﻢإ‬
‫ﺬﻣﻦﺗ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻦا‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗﻤ‬
‫ﺎطإ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﮫﺪفا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫رو‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺎﻣﻦﻣﻼﺣﻈﺔ ﺻ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻧﻄﻼ‬
‫ﯿﻄﻲإ‬
‫ﺘﺨﻄ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻞ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻠى‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫ﻠﻲ )‬
‫ﺎﻳ‬
‫اﻣ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻢ ذ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﻠﻤﻲا‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﻰا‬
‫ةﻋ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻘﺪ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺬ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎبا‬
‫ﻛﺴ‬
‫ﮫﺪفإ‬
‫ال‪:‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺑﺔ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ءا‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻠﺔ ‪,‬اﻷﺟ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻔﺔو‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﺴﻼﺳﻞا‬
‫ا‬
‫د‪,‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻀ‬
‫ﻠﺠﺴﻢا‬
‫ﺎمﻟ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻜﻞا‬
‫ﻟﺸ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎت ‪.‬‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻓﺔا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿﻪﻛ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺮﺳﻢﻋ‬
‫ﻮﺻﻒﺑ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺪﻋﻢا‬
‫ﻟﻀﺪ (ﺛﻢﻳ‬
‫دا‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫دﻣ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻗﻊﻣﺤ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ة ‪,‬ﻣ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎﻋﻲ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻘﺪ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎط ‪: 4‬ا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﺗﮫ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ةوﻣﻤ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻀ‬
‫ﺎما‬
‫ﻠﻰﻋﻤﻞاﻷﺟﺴ‬
‫ﺮفﻋ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻰا‬
‫ﺎطإ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﮫﺪفا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ة‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻀ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎم‬
‫ﯿﺔﺗﺪﺧﻞاﻷﺟﺴ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻛ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫اﺷﻜ‬
‫ﯿﺬ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺘﻼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﻰا‬
‫ذﻋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺮحاﻷﺳ‬
‫ﻧﻄﻼق ‪:‬ﻳﻄ‬
‫ﯿﺔاﻻ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫وﺿ‬
‫ﻳﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻌﻀ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اﺧﻞا‬
‫ﺒﺔد‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎما‬
‫ﺎطاﻷﺟﺴ‬
‫ﯿﻞﻧﺸ‬
‫ﻌﻄ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺋﻲ ‪: 1‬‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺋﻖﺗﺠ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﺎﻣﻦو‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻧﻄﻼ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻲإ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻘﺪا‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻮما‬
‫ﻔﮫ‬
‫ءﻣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺑ‬
‫ﮫﺪفإ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺎلأ‪ ,‬ب ‪,‬جﺑﻤ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫اﻻﺷ‬
‫ﯿﻦ‬
‫ﺑﻂﺑ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿﺚﻳ‬
‫ﺎتﺣ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻖ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺗﻄ‬
‫ﻐﻼلو‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻰاﺳ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺪف‬
‫ال ‪: 1‬ﻳﮫ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻀ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﺠﺴﻢ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺘﺞﻣﻦا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﺬيﻳ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻲا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻘﺪا‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺰوﺻﻒﻟ‬
‫ﻨﺠ‬
‫ﺎم ‪1,2,3‬ﺛﻢﻳ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎﻣﻦأ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺎﺟﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﻰ‬
‫ﺮ ضﻋ‬
‫ﻟﺬي ﺣ‬
‫ﺪا‬
‫ﺘﻀ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺴ‬
‫ﻣﻊا‬
‫ﻘﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻌﻄ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎﻣﻦا‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻧﻄﻼ‬
‫أ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻲ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺪا‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮم‬
‫ﻔﮫ‬
‫ءﻣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺑ‬
‫الإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﮫﺪفا‬
‫ال ‪:2‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺋﻲ ‪:2‬‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔﺗﺸﻜﻞ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫أي ﻛ‬
‫ﯿﻦ ‪):‬‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻗﻒﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺎتﻓﻲﻣ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﻖا‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗﻄ‬
‫إ‬
‫ال‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺪف‬
‫ﺑﮫ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻲ( ‪.‬‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻗﻤﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺑﺔا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺎتﺑﻜ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎعا‬
‫ﺮﺟ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻰإﺳ‬
‫ﮫﺪفإ‬
‫ال ‪:1‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺬ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﺚﻳ‬
‫ﺎتﺑﺤ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻐﻼلا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اﺳ‬
‫ﻠﻰ‬
‫ﯿﺬﻋ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ة‬
‫ر‬
‫رﻗﺪ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻰإﻇﮫ‬
‫ﮫﺪفإ‬
‫ال ‪:2‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻘﺔ‬
‫ﻨﻄ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺜﻞﻓﻲا‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺪو‬
‫ﺘﻀ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺴ‬
‫ﯿﺖا‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﺪﺧﻞﻓﻲﺗ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻀ‬
‫ﻟﺠﺴﻢا‬
‫ءا‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺟ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗﺴﻤ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﻠﺠﺴﻢ‬
‫ﺪﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻀ‬
‫ﺪا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫دﻣ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻣﺤ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎو‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻣﻞﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘﺔﺗﻜ‬
‫ﻨﻄ‬
‫ﺜﻞﻣ‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺘﺨﺼﺼﺔ‪،‬ا‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺘﺔو‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻏ‬
‫ﻳﺐ‪.‬‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻣﻞ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻔﻀﻞا‬
‫ﻧﻪﺑ‬
‫ﻟﻰأ‬
‫ﯿﺬإ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﯿﮫ‬
‫ةﻳﺼﻞﻓ‬
‫ﻳﺪ‬
‫ﺎتﺟﺪ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘﺨﻼ صﻣ‬
‫ﺪفﻻﺳ‬
‫ال ‪: 3‬ﻳﮫ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺘﺸﻜﻞ‬
‫د‪،‬ﺗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻀ‬
‫ﻟﺠﺴﻢا‬
‫ﻠﻰا‬
‫دﻋ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻮﺟ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﺖا‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻗﻊا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻟﻀﺪو‬
‫ﺪا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫دﻣ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻣﺤﺪ‬
‫ﻮيﺑ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ات‬
‫ﻘﺪ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻨﺔ‬
‫ﺮھ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺎتﻟ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻌﻄ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﻢا‬
‫ﻨﻈ‬
‫ﻠﻰﺗ‬
‫ﯿﺬﻋ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةا‬
‫و‬
‫ر‬
‫ﯿﺔﻗﺪ‬
‫ﻨﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺪف‬
‫ﺘﺨﻼﺻﻲ ‪:‬ﻳﮫ‬
‫اﻻﺳ‬
‫ال‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮي‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻣﻞﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻗﺔﺗ‬
‫دﻋﻼ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻰوﺟ‬
‫ﯿﺬإ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﺚﻳ‬
‫ﺎطﺣ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺋﻖا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﺎﻣﻦو‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻧﻄﻼ‬
‫ﻗﺔأ‬
‫ﻠﻰﻋﻼ‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫ﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﻨﮫﻤ‬
‫ﻜﻞﻣ‬
‫ةﻟ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻔﻀﻞا‬
‫ﺘﻀﺪﺑ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫دو‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻀ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﺠﺴﻢ‬
‫ﯿﻦا‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫‪43‬‬
‫ﺋﻲ ‪: 3‬‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻌﻄ‬
‫ﻐﻼلﻣ‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫ﯿﺐﺑ‬
‫ﺮﺳ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎ صو‬
‫ﺗﺼ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺗﻲاﻹ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺎھ‬
‫ﻮمﻇ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺘﺨﻼ صﻣ‬
‫ﻟﻰاﺳ‬
‫إ‬
‫ء‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫اا‬
‫ﺪفھﺬ‬
‫أ ‪-‬ﻳﮫ‬
‫ﻟﻰ‬
‫ﻮلإ‬
‫ﻮﺻ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﮫﺪفا‬
‫ﻳﺔﺑ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻔﺴ‬
‫ﺎتﺗ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠﻰرﺳ‬
‫اﻋ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫اﻋ‬
‫‪،‬‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻳﻖﻣ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‪،‬ﻋﻦﻃ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺗﺠ‬
‫ات‬
‫ﺘﻀﺪ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺴ‬
‫ةوا‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻀ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎم‬
‫ﯿﻦاﻷﺟﺴ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫‪،‬و‬
‫ﯿﺐ‬
‫ﺮﺳ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎ صو‬
‫ﺗﺼ‬
‫ر‬
‫اﻹ‬
‫ﺗﻲ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺎھ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻇ‬
‫ﺮقﺑ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫اﻇﮫ‬
‫ﯿﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ات‬
‫ﻘﺪ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻜﻞا‬
‫ءﺗﺸ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻟﻚأ‬
‫ذ‬
‫و‬
‫‪،‬‬
‫ﯿﻦ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺪمﺑ‬
‫ﺗﻲا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻗﻄ‬
‫ﻧﺔ ﺑ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ز‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻧﺠ‬
‫ﻠﻰأ‬
‫ﯿﺬﻋ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻗ‬
‫ﻨﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗ‬
‫ﻳﮫﺪفإ‬
‫ال ‪:1‬‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎص‬
‫ﺗﺼ‬
‫ر‬
‫داﻻ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻧﺴﺔﻓﻲوﺟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﺮﻣ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺎ صوﻏ‬
‫ﺗﺼ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎباﻻ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻧﺴﺔﻓﻲﻏ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫وﻣ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةا‬
‫د‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺠ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻌﺔﻓﻲ‬
‫ﺘﺠﻤ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎ صو‬
‫ﺗﺼ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎباﻻ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ةﻓﻲﻏ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫وﻣ‬
‫ﯿﺪ‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫‪،‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻼ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ﺋﻲﻣﻈﮫ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻀ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ﻟﻤﺠﮫ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻮﺿﺢﺑ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫و‬
‫‪،‬‬
‫ﺎ ص‪.‬‬
‫ﺗﺼ‬
‫ر‬
‫داﻻ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫وﺟ‬
‫ﻗﻒ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺎتﻓﻲﻣ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎل‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠﻰاﺳ‬
‫ﺬﻋ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ة‬
‫ر‬
‫ﯿﺔﻗﺪ‬
‫ﻨﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗ‬
‫الإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺪف‬
‫ال ‪: 2‬ﻳﮫ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﺔ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺪﻣ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺎ صﻋ‬
‫ﺗﺼ‬
‫ر‬
‫وثاﻻ‬
‫ﺪمﺣﺪ‬
‫ﻠﻞﻋ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻳﺔو‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻔﺴ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﻰ‬
‫ﺘﻤﺪﻋ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﯿﻦﺑﺤﺚﻳ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫رﺟﻲ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ﻟﺴﻄﺢا‬
‫ﻠﻰا‬
‫ﻮع ‪B‬ﻋ‬
‫ﺎقﻣﻦﻧ‬
‫ﺘﺼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﺪاﻻ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺎبﻣ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ة ‪BiAnt‬ﻟ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺎمﻣﻀ‬
‫ﺄﺟﺴ‬
‫ﻟﺪمﺑ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻗﻄ‬
‫ء‪.‬‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﺤﻤ‬
‫ﻟﺪما‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻰﻧ ﺺ‬
‫ﯿﺔإ‬
‫ﯿﻄ‬
‫ﺘﺨﻄ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺮﺳ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮﺟﻤﺔا‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗ‬
‫ﯿﺬ ’‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ة‬
‫ر‬
‫ﯿﺔﻗﺪ‬
‫ﻨﻤ‬
‫الﺗ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﮫﺪفا‬
‫ال‪: 3‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎص ‪.‬‬
‫ﺗﺼ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮﺻﻒاﻻ‬
‫ﻟﻚﺑ‬
‫ذ‬
‫ﻠﻤﻲو‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫ﺎت ‪.‬‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﻖا‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻠﻰﺗﻄ‬
‫ﯿﺬﻋ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ سﻗﺪ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﻰﻗ‬
‫ﮫﺪفإ‬
‫ب ‪-‬ﻳ‬
‫ﻗﺔ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻼ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﺘﻲﻟ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫را‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﺬﻣﻦاﺧ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻦ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗﻤ‬
‫الإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﮫﺪفا‬
‫ال ‪: 1‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺐ‬
‫ﺮﺳ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎ صو‬
‫ﺗﺼ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﯿﻦاﻻ‬
‫ﺮقﺑ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮج‬
‫ﺘﺨ‬
‫ﯿﺚﻳﺴ‬
‫ﻮعﺣ‬
‫ﻮﺿ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫‪،‬أ‬
‫ﺎص‬
‫ﺗﺼ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎﻹ‬
‫ﺪثﺗﺴﻤﻰﺑ‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗﺤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺎھ‬
‫ﻟﻈ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻓ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ةﻋﻦﺧ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻳﺐﻋ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﺠﺴﻢا‬
‫ﻮنا‬
‫ﺎﻳﻜ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻨﺪ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﯿﺐ‪.‬‬
‫ﺮﺳ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺪثﺗﺴﻤﻰﺑ‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗﺤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ة‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺎھ‬
‫ﻟﻈ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻠﺔﻓ‬
‫ﻨﺤ‬
‫ﺌﺔ ﻣ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ةﻋﻦﺟ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺎنﻋ‬
‫اﻛ‬
‫ذ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﻗﺔﻣﻊ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻼ‬
‫ﺘﻲﻟﮫ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻳﺪا‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻠﻰﺗﺤ‬
‫ﯿﺬﻋ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻗﺪ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻰإﻇﮫ‬
‫الإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﮫﺪفا‬
‫ال ‪:2‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮن‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﺎ صﻳ‬
‫ﺗﺼ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻠﺔواﻻ‬
‫ﻨﺤ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫اتا‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺘﻀ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺴ‬
‫ﻮنﻣﻊا‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﯿﺐﻳ‬
‫ﺮﺳ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻰأنا‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞإ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﺚﻳ‬
‫ﺑﺤ‬
‫ﻮع ‪.‬‬
‫ﻮﺿ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎ(‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻼ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﺔ )‬
‫ﻨﺤ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫اتﻏﻲ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺘﻀ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺴ‬
‫ﻣﻊا‬
‫ﻗﺔ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻼ‬
‫ﺘﻲﻟﮫ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﻖا‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻠﻰﺗﻄ‬
‫ﯿﺬﻋ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﯿﺔﻗﺪ‬
‫ﻨﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗ‬
‫الإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﮫﺪفا‬
‫ال ‪:3‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻔﺔ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺨ‬
‫اتا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻰانا‬
‫إ‬
‫ﻘﺔ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻮﻣ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎﻣﻦا‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻧﻄﻼ‬
‫ﯿﺬا‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﺚﻳ‬
‫ﻮع ‪.‬ﺑﺤ‬
‫ﻮﺿ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ات‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺘﻀ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺴ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﺪلﻣﻦﻧﺸ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺔﺗ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫اتا‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺘﻀﺪﻻن‬
‫ﻠﻤﺴ‬
‫ﻠﻲﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ا‬
‫ء‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻰاﻻﺧ‬
‫ديإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﻻ‬
‫ﻘﻂ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﯿﻄﻲ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺘﺨﻄ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻞا‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮﺻﻒو‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﻰا‬
‫ﯿﺬﻋ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ة‬
‫ر‬
‫ﯿﺔﻗﺪ‬
‫ﻨﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗ‬
‫ءإ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ا‬
‫ا‬
‫ج‪:1-‬ﻳﮫﺪفھﺬ‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺎﻣﻦرﺳ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻧﻄﻼ‬
‫ﻌﻤﺔا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اﺣﻞا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻰوﺻﻒﻣ‬
‫ﺬإ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻪ‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞﻓ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻘﺔى ‪:9‬ﻳ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫الا‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﺳ‬
‫ﻌﻤﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اﺣﻞا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻣ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺗ‬
‫ﯿﻄ‬
‫ﺗﺨﻄ‬
‫ﻗﻤﺔ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮﺿﻊ‬
‫ﺎتﺑ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎع‬
‫ﺮﺟ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠﻰاﺳ‬
‫ﯿﺬﻋ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﯿﺔﻗﺪ‬
‫ﻨﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺪف‬
‫ال‪ :1‬ﻳﮫ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﯿﻄ‬
‫ﺎتﺗﺨﻄ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺎﻣﻦرﺳ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻧﻄﻼ‬
‫ا‬
‫اﺣﻞ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻌ ﺾﻣ‬
‫ﻟﻰوﺻﻒﺑ‬
‫ﯿﺬإ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺚﻳﺼﻞا‬
‫ﻮﺻﻒﺑﺤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﻰا‬
‫ةﻋ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﯿﺔﻗﺪ‬
‫ﻨﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺪف‬
‫ال ‪: 2‬ﻳﮫ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻌﻤﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫‪44‬‬
‫ﻘﺔ ‪,‬‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫رف ﺳ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺎﻣﻦﻣ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻧﻄﻼ‬
‫ﯿﻄﻲا‬
‫ﺘﺨﻄ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮﺳﻢا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫زا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻧﺠ‬
‫ﻠﻰأ‬
‫ةﻋ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻘﺪ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻨﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟى‬
‫ﮫﺪفإ‬
‫ال ‪:3‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻄﻲ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺮﺳﻢﺗﺨﻄ‬
‫ﻌﻤﺔﺑ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫اﺣﻞ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻠﺔﻣ‬
‫ﻜﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻚﺑ‬
‫ذ‬
‫و‬
‫ﯿﺚ‬
‫ﻟﺔﺑﺤ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻠﻰﻣ‬
‫ﻨﺔﻋ‬
‫ﺮھ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺎتﻟ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻐﻼلا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫إﺳ‬
‫ﻟﻰ‬
‫الإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﻠﺼﻲ ‪:‬ﻳﮫﺪفا‬
‫ﺘﺨ‬
‫اﻻﺳ‬
‫ال‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮﻣﻦ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫دأ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺎ صﻋ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﺎتﻓﻲأ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎنﻋﻤﻞا‬
‫ﺮﻋ‬
‫ﯿﺐﻳﺴ‬
‫ﺮﺳ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎ صو‬
‫ﺗﺼ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﯿﺬأناﻻ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮھﻦا‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﯿﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫اتا‬
‫ﻘﺪ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻮلا‬
‫ﺎﺣ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺒﺔ ﺳ‬
‫ﺘﺴ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎﻣﻦا‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻧﻄﻼ‬
‫اتأ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺘﻀ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﻤﻲ‪:‬‬
‫ﻟﻰﻧ ﺺﻋ‬
‫ﯿﺔإ‬
‫ﯿﻄ‬
‫ﺘﺨﻄ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺮﺳ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮﺟﻤﺔا‬
‫ﻠﻰﺗ‬
‫ةﻋ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻘﺪ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺔا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗ‬
‫الإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﮫﺪفا‬
‫ج ‪:2‬ﻳ‬‫ﯿﻞ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗﺸ‬
‫دتإ‬
‫أ‬
‫ﺘﻲ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اﺣﻞا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺮﺟﻤﺔا‬
‫ﺘﻤﻜﻦﻣﻦﺗ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿﺬﺑ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻓ‬
‫ﻨﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗ‬
‫ﮫﺪفإ‬
‫ال ‪:1‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﻰان‬
‫ﺬإ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺚﻳﺼﻞا‬
‫ﯿﺔﺑﺤ‬
‫ﯿﻄ‬
‫ﺎتﺗﺨﻄ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺎﻣﻦرﺳ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻧﻄ‬
‫ﻠﻤﻲا‬
‫ﻟﻰﻧ ﺺﻋ‬
‫ﯿﺔإ‬
‫ﺌ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻐﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اتا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫اﺣﻞ ‪:‬‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺮﺑﻤ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻳﻤ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻐﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻞا‬
‫ﺗﺸﻜ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗﺸﻜﻞ‬
‫ديإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫اﻣ‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫وھ‬
‫ﺘﻤﻤﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ﺎﺻ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿﻂﻋ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗ‬
‫ديإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻲ ‪:‬ﻳ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺪا‬
‫ﻌﻘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻜﻞا‬
‫ﺗﺸ‬‫ﺋﻲ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻐﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮم‬
‫ﻟﮫﺠ‬
‫ﺪا‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﯿﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻐﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻘ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗﺸﻜﻞا‬
‫ديإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﺋﻲ‪:‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻐﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮما‬
‫ﮫﺠﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻘﺪا‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺗﺸﻜﻞﻣ‬‫د‬
‫ر‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ءوﺷ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻮلا‬
‫ﺜﻞﻓﻲدﺧ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻟﺬيﻳ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻐﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫را‬
‫و‬
‫ﻳﺪد‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗﺤ‬
‫ﮫﺪفإ‬
‫ال ‪:2‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻓﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﮫﺪ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻠﺨ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻟ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻣﺔﺣ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺪث ﺻ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺣ‬
‫ﺎإ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫اتﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ه‬
‫ﺮھﺬ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻣﻼحﻋ‬
‫اﻻ‬
‫ز‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻧﺠ‬
‫ﺈ‬
‫ﻟﻚﺑ‬
‫ذ‬
‫و‬
‫‪،‬‬
‫ﻠﻤﻲ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﻰا‬
‫ةﻋ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻘﺪ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺬ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎبا‬
‫ﻛﺴ‬
‫ﻟﻰإ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺪف‬
‫ﺘﺨﻼﺻﻲ ‪:‬ﻳﮫ‬
‫اﻻﺳ‬
‫ال‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮف‬
‫ﯿﺔﻣﻦﻃ‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫اتا‬
‫ﻘﺪ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻠ ﺺﻣﻦا‬
‫ﺘﺨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺘﻢ‬
‫ﻠﻲ ‪ :‬ﻳ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻰﻣ‬
‫ﺬإ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﺚﻳ‬
‫ﺧﻼﺻﺔ‪.‬ﺑﺤ‬
‫ﻳﺐ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺪﺗﺨ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺑﺔﺑ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺨ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻼ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻌﻤﺔﺑ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺎﺑ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﯿﺔوإ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻲﻛ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺪا‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻌﻤﺔ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺎﺑ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎتأ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻳﺔ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺘﻀ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺴ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﯿﺔﻓﻲأﻏﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ةﺣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺪثﻗ‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗﺤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺘﻤﻤﺔا‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ﺎﺻ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘﺪﺧﻞﻋ‬
‫ﺘﻀﺪﺑ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮف‪. M CA‬‬
‫ﻣﻦﻃ‬
‫ة‪.‬‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻀ‬
‫ﺎما‬
‫راﻷﺟﺴ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺎط ‪: 5‬ﻣﺼ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ة‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻀ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎم‬
‫ﺘﺠﺔﻟﻸﺟﺴ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻼ‬
‫ﺄا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ةو‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻀ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎم‬
‫راﻷﺟﺴ‬
‫رﻣﺼﺪ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻰإﻇﮫ‬
‫ﺎطإ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﮫﺪفا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻳﺔ ‪, LB‬‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻠﺨﻼ‬
‫ﻠﻲﻟ‬
‫ﻨﺴ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ءا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺒﺔاﻻ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻣﻊﻛ‬
‫ﻠﻲ‬
‫ﻨﺴ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ءا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﯿﺔاﻻ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ةوﻛ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻀ‬
‫ﺎما‬
‫اﻷﺟﺴ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﯿﺔ ﻣﺼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ذإﺷ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اﻷﺳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻧﻄﻼق ‪:‬ﻳ‬
‫ﯿﺔاﻻ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫وﺿ‬
‫ﻳﺔ ‪LB‬ا‪.‬‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻠﺨﻼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺋﻲ ‪: 1‬‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎﻣﻦﺟﮫﺔو‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﺋﺠ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺎتوﻧ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻌﻄ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻦ‬
‫ﻗﺔﺑ‬
‫دﻋﻼ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻳﺠ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﻠﻰ‬
‫ﯿﺬﻋ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻳﺐا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗ‬
‫ا‬
‫ء‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫اا‬
‫ﺪفھﺬ‬
‫ﻳﮫ‬
‫ﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﻨﮫ‬
‫ﻛﺪﻣ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتوا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺮﺿ‬
‫ﺮىوﺿﻊﻓ‬
‫أﺧ‬
‫ﻣﻦﺟﮫﺔ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻼﺣﻈﺔ‬
‫ا‬
‫ات‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اجا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺨ‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻼﻇﺔ‪،‬ﺑ‬
‫وحا‬
‫ﯿﺔر‬
‫ﻨﻤ‬
‫ﺬﻣﻦﺗ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻦ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗﻤ‬
‫ﮫﺪفإ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ال ‪: 1‬‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻔﻊ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻮنﻣ‬
‫ﻟﺬيﻳﻜ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻦ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺘﻼفﻓﻲ‪δ‬ﻏ‬
‫ﯿﺚﻳﻼﺣﻆاﺧ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺣ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺋﺞﺗﺠ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺎﻣﻦﻧ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻧﻄﻼ‬
‫ﻳﻦا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻨﺪ‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫ﺪ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎھ‬
‫ﻟﺸ‬
‫ا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻨﺪ‬
‫ﻔ ﺾﻋ‬
‫ﻨﺨ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮن ‪GRM‬و‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺤ‬
‫را‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻨﺪ‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫أن‪GRM‬‬
‫ﻟﻰ‬
‫ﯿﺬا‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ذﻳﺼﻞا‬
‫إ‬
‫ﯿﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﯿﺺ ﺳ‬
‫ﺘﺸﺨ‬
‫ﯿﺬﻟ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﯿﺔﻗﺪ‬
‫ﻨﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗ‬
‫ﮫﺪفإ‬
‫ال ‪: 2‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻦ‪.‬‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻮع‪δ‬ﻏ‬
‫ﺎتﻣﻦﻧ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺎجﺑ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻠﻰأ‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﺜﮫ‬
‫ﻳﺤ‬
‫رو‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻳﺔا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻨﺸﻂﻋﻀ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫‪45‬‬
‫ﻟﻰ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﯿﺬ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﺚﻳ‬
‫ﻳﺔ ‪.‬ﺣ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻔﺴ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﺮﺿ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮما‬
‫ﻔﮫ‬
‫ﯿﻖﻣ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗﻄ‬
‫ﮫﺪفإ‬
‫ال ‪:4‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻼ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﺔﻓﻲ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ةو‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻀ‬
‫ﺎما‬
‫ﺘﺠﺔﻟﻸﺟﺴ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ﺎﻳﺨ ﺺا‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﺮﺣﺔﻓ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺔا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺮﺿ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺒﻼﺳﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﺚﻳ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺣ‬
‫ﺮﺿ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺪ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺎتﻟ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫را‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠﻰاﺧ‬
‫ﺬﻋ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻟﻰﻗﺪ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺪف‬
‫ال ‪: 5‬ﻳﮫ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻌﺾ‬
‫رﻳ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺗﻄ‬
‫و‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﺔوﻧﻤ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ر‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﺜﻞﻓﻲﻏ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔو‬
‫ﺮﺿ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺘﺪﻻلﻋﻦ ﺻﺤﺔا‬
‫ﻟﻰ اﻻﺳ‬
‫ﯿﺬإ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ز(‪.‬‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫اﻻ‬
‫ﻳﺼﻼت‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺎت ‪-‬ﺣ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻧﺪ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻟﺠﻲ ‪-‬ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫زﻛ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺔ ‪-‬ﺟﮫ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺒﻜﺔ‬
‫ﻟﺸ‬
‫ﻠﺔﻓﻲ )ا‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻌﻀ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺋﻲ ‪: 2‬‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫و‬
‫رف ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻐﻼلا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠﻰاﺳ‬
‫ﯿﺬﻋ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ر‬
‫رﻗﺪ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اﺧ‬
‫ﻟﻰ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺪف‬
‫ﯿﻦ ‪1‬و‪: ( 2‬ﻳﮫ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺮﺣ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫)ا‬
‫ﯿﻦ ‪1‬و‪. 2‬‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺮﺣ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻠﺔﺑ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻣﻤ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺋﺞﺗﺠ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻳﺔوﻧ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺎﻣﻦﻣﻼﺣﻈﺔ ﺳ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻧﻄﻼ‬
‫ﻟﻚا‬
‫ذ‬
‫ﻟﻰأن‬
‫ﯿﺬا‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺚﻳﺼﻞ‬
‫ﺎت ‪.‬ﺣ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ءا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘﺼ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠﻰاﺳ‬
‫ﯿﺬﻋ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻟﻰﻓﺪ‬
‫ﮫﺪفإ‬
‫ال ‪:1‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻳﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻼ‬
‫ﺄا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻮﻣ‬
‫ﺎمھ‬
‫ﻌﻀ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺮﻟ‬
‫ﻘﻲاﻷﺣﻤ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺋﺞ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﻞﻧ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺎﻣﻦﺗﺤ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻧﻄﻼ‬
‫ﺎتأ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ءﻣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘﺼ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠﻰأﺳ‬
‫ﯿﺬﻋ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﯿﺔﻗﺪ‬
‫ﻨﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺪف‬
‫ال ‪: 2‬ﻳﮫ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ة‪.‬‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻀ‬
‫ﺎما‬
‫ﺄاﻷﺟﺴ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻳﺔھﻲﻣ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻼ‬
‫ﻟﻰأنا‬
‫ﺬإ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﺚﻳ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‪،‬ﺣ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺗﺠ‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻐﻼلا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠﻰاﺳ‬
‫ﺬﻋ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻗ‬
‫ﻨﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗ‬
‫ءإ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫اا‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﺎطھ‬
‫ﮫﺪفﻧﺸ‬
‫أ ‪-‬ﻳ‬
‫ﻠﺔ ‪: 3‬‬
‫ﺮﺣ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻣﺔﻓﻲ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺒﺔا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺋﺞ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎﻣﻦا‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻧﻄﻼ‬
‫ﯿﺬا‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺚﻳﺼﻞا‬
‫ﻮع ‪.‬ﺣ‬
‫ﻮﺿ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻗﺔﺑ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻼ‬
‫ﺘﻲﻟﮫ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺑﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اتا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿﻞﺧﻄ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺎط‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻘﺔ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﻮﻣ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻐﻼلا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠﻰاﺳ‬
‫ﯿﺬﻋ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻗ‬
‫ﻨﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗ‬
‫ءإ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫اا‬
‫ﺎطھﺬ‬
‫ﺪفﻧﺸ‬
‫ب ‪-‬ﻳﮫ‬
‫ﯿﻦ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻗﻒﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺎﻓﻲ ﻣ‬
‫ﻘﮫ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺎوﺗﻄ‬
‫ﻳﻀ‬
‫أ‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﻮﻣ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﻞا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻚﺑ‬
‫ﺎتوذ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻐﻼلا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺬﻣﻦاﺳ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻦ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗﻤ‬
‫ﮫﺪفإ‬
‫ال ‪:1‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎط ‪.‬‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ولا‬
‫ةﻓﻲﺟﺪ‬
‫د‬
‫ر‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎﻓﻲ‬
‫ﻟﮫ‬
‫ﻐﻼ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ةواﺳ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺎتﺟﺪ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘﺨﻼ صﻣ‬
‫ﻠﻰاﺳ‬
‫ﯿﺬﻋ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ر‬
‫رﻗﺪ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫إﻇﮫ‬
‫ﺪف‬
‫ال ‪: 2‬ﻳﮫ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ولﺗﺨ ﺺﻣﻘ‬
‫ﻟﺠﺪ‬
‫ةﻣﻦا‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺔﺟﺪ‬
‫ﻮﻣ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫اجﻣ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺨ‬
‫ﻟﻰاﺳ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﯿﺬ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﺚﻳ‬
‫ةﺑﺤ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎتﻣﺤﺪ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫وﺿ‬
‫ﺎل‬
‫ﻟﻄﺤ‬
‫ﯿﺔ)ا‬
‫ﯿﻄ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺤ‬
‫ﺔا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻠﻤﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ءا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫اﻻﻋﻀ‬
‫ﺜﻞﻓﻲ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎو‬
‫ﺰھ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺗﻤ‬
‫ﻳﺔ‪ LB‬و‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻼ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﻳﺔ (‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺪا‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞإ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻮﻣ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎﻣﻦا‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻧﻄﻼ‬
‫ﯿﺤﺔا‬
‫ﻟﺼﺤ‬
‫ﺔا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺮﺿ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺪا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗﺤﺪ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺪف‬
‫ال ‪: 3‬ﻳﮫ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺒﻼﺳﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻼ‬
‫ﻠﺔﻓﻲا‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫و‬
‫ﺋﻲ ‪:3‬‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ء‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎﻹ‬
‫ﻘﺔﺑ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮعو‬
‫ﻮﺿ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻗﺔﺑ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻼ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﺘﻲﻟ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻐﻼلا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻰاﺳ‬
‫ﺎطإ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﮫﺪفا‬
‫أ ‪:‬ﻳ‬
‫‬‫ﻠﻲ‪.‬‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨﺴ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﻰ‬
‫ﺬإ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺚﻳﺼﻞا‬
‫ﺎتﺑﺤ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎعا‬
‫ﺮﺟ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠﻰاﺳ‬
‫ﯿﺬﻋ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ة‬
‫ر‬
‫رﻗﺪ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻰاﻇﮫ‬
‫ﮫﺪفإ‬
‫ال ‪:1‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ان ‪.‬‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺌ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻳﺔا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻌﻀ‬
‫ﺒﺔﻟ‬
‫ﻨﺴ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺒﺔﺑ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺎمﻏ‬
‫ﺜﻼنأﺟﺴ‬
‫ﻳﻤ‬
‫و‪GRP‬‬
‫أن ‪GRM‬‬
‫ﺋﻖ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﺎﻣﻦو‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻧﻄﻼ‬
‫ﺎجا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اﻻﺳ‬
‫ﻧﺔو‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫زا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻧﺠ‬
‫ﻠﻰإ‬
‫ةﻋ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻰ اﻇﮫ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺪف‬
‫ال ‪: 2‬ﻳﮫ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻦرﻏﻢ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟﺸ‬
‫اتﻓﻲﻛﻼا‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻰأنﺗﺸﻜﻞا‬
‫ﺬإ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﺚﻳ‬
‫ﺑﺤ‬
‫ﺋﻲ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫‪46‬‬
‫ةﻓﻲﻛﻞ ﺷﻜﻞ ‪,‬‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻳﺔﺣ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻼ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮىﻣﻦ‬
‫ﻮﻋﺔأﺧ‬
‫ءﻣﺠﻤ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻳﺐ ﻣﻊﺑ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﺠﺴﻢا‬
‫ﺘﻼفا‬
‫اﺧ‬
‫ﻮع ‪,‬و‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻛ‬
‫ﯿﻄ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺤ‬
‫ءا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ةﻓﻲاﻷﻋﻀ‬
‫اﺟﺪ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻳﺔ ‪LB‬ا‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻼ‬
‫ﺘﺞأنا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻨﻪﻳﺴ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎھﻢﻓﻲا‬
‫ﺬيﻳﺴ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮا‬
‫ﺘﻀﺪھ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺴ‬
‫ﻮلا‬
‫دﺧ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺋﺞﺗﺠ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺎﻣﻦﻧ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻧﻄﻼ‬
‫ﺒﺔأ‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺮﺿ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫احا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻟﻰا‬
‫إ‬
‫ﯿﺬ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻓﻊا‬
‫ﻨﻪد‬
‫ﺪفﻣ‬
‫ﻟﮫ‬
‫ال‪: 3‬ا‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮي‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻣﻞﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫وثﺗﻜ‬
‫دﻟﺤﺪ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اتا‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﻞﺗﺸﻜﻞا‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺗ‬
‫ﺮﺿ‬
‫احﻓ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﯿﺬﻻ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﺚﻳ‬
‫ﺑﺤ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻼ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻠﻰأﻏﺸ‬
‫ﻘﻊﻋ‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻮﻋ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺒﻼتا‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺴ‬
‫ﺘﻀﺪوا‬
‫ﻟﻤﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﻀﺪ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﺪ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫دﻣ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻣﺤﺪ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﻳﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺋﺞ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺎﻣﻦﻧ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻧﻄﻼ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻐﻼل‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠﻰاﺳ‬
‫ﯿﺬﻋ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﯿﺔﻗﺪ‬
‫ﻨﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺪف‬
‫ال ‪: 4‬ﻳﮫ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﺔ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫اتو‬
‫ﻳﺪ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻠﺔﻟ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺸ‬
‫ﻳﺔا‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ﻮعا‬
‫ﻳﺪﻧ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗﺤ‬
‫ﯿﺬإ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﺚﻳ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺣ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺗﺠ‬
‫ﻠﺔ ‪. 3‬‬
‫ﺮﺣ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺋﺞا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺎﻣﻦﻧ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻧﻄﻼ‬
‫ﻟﻚا‬
‫ﻠﻞذ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻮع ‪LB‬و‬
‫ﻳﺔﻣﻦﻧ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻼ‬
‫ﻓﻲا‬
‫ﺎج‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠﻰاﻻﺳ‬
‫ةﻋ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻘﺪ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎتو‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻐﻼلا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠﻰاﺳ‬
‫ﺬﻋ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫رﻗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﻟﻰاﻇ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺪف‬
‫ال ‪: 5‬ﻳﮫ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ان‬
‫ﻨﺞ ]‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺋﺞ‪،‬ﺛﻢﻳﺴ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﻞا‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫و‬
‫ﻠﺔ ‪3‬‬
‫ﺮﺣ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨﺔﺑ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺬ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻐﻞا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﺚﻳﺴ‬
‫ﺑﺤ‬
‫ﺘﺞ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺔﺗ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺎﺑﻼﺳﻤ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺧﻼ‬
‫ﺰإ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻚﺗ‬
‫ﺪذ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻳﺔ وﺑ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻼ‬
‫ﻮعا‬
‫ﻘﻲﻧ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﺬيﻳ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘﻀﺪھ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫د‪.‬‬
‫ا‬
‫اﻷﺿﺪ‬
‫ﯿﻢ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﻠﻤﻲا‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتوا‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻐﻼل‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠﻰاﺳ‬
‫ﺬﻋ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ة‬
‫ر‬
‫زﻗﺪ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﻟﻰإ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺪف‬
‫ ب‪:‬ﻳﮫ‬‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻼ‬
‫ﺎبﻟﻤﺔا‬
‫ﺘﺨ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎنا‬
‫ﻮﺿﺢﺑ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻘﺔو‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨﺔﺑ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻐﻼلا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻰاﺳ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺪف‬
‫ال ‪:1‬ﻳﮫ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺒﻞ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠﺔﻟﻤﺴ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ﻳﺔا‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻼ‬
‫ءا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ولﻋﻦا‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺴ‬
‫ﺘﻀﺪا‬
‫ﻟﻤﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮل‬
‫ﺪﺧ‬
‫دﻟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻳﺔﻳ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻪ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫دﻋ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻮﺟ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻀﺪا‬
‫ﻟﺪا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫دﻣ‬
‫ﻓﻖﻣﺤﺪ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﯿﺢ‬
‫ﻮﺿ‬
‫ﺎطﻓﻲﺗ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻘﺔا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻨﺔﺑ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻐﻼلا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻰإﺳ‬
‫الإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﮫﺪفا‬
‫ال ‪:2‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻦ‬
‫ﻮيﺑ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻣﻞﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫وثﺗ‬
‫ﻌﻼﻟﺤﺪ‬
‫دﻓ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﺬيﻳ‬
‫ات(ا‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺗﺸﻜﻞا‬
‫ﻘﺔ )‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﺮﺿ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺘﺤﻘﻖﻣﻦا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻳﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻠﺨ‬
‫ﺋﻲﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻐﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺒﻞا‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﻀﺪو‬
‫ﻟﺪا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫دﻣ‬
‫ﻣﺤﺪ‬
‫ﻠﻤﻲ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮيا‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﻰا‬
‫ةﻋ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻘﺪ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻨﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗ‬
‫الإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺪف‬
‫ﺘﺨﻼﺻﻲ ‪:‬ﻳﮫ‬
‫اﻻﺳ‬
‫ال‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻳﺔ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻼ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﺮﺑﮫ‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اتا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘﻄ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮلا‬
‫زﺧﻼﺻﺔﺣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻧﺠ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﻰ‬
‫ﯿﺬإ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﺚﻳ‬
‫ﯿﻢﺑﺤ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ات‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠﻰﺧﻄ‬
‫اﻋ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ةﻣ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻀ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎم‬
‫ﺎجاﻻﺟﺴ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﻟﻰ‬
‫ﺘﻀﺪإ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﻰ‬
‫ﺮفﻋ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫‪LB‬ﻣﻦﻟﺤﻈﺔا‬
‫ﺎط ‪.‬‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻘﺔ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫و‬
‫ﻳﺔ (‪:‬‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺑﺔا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫اﻹﺳ‬
‫ﺒﺔ)‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﺔا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻓﻲا‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﻟﺪ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ﺎﺻ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎط ‪:6‬ا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﻮﻋ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺑﺔا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻠﺔﻓﻲاﻻﺳ‬
‫ﺘﺪﺧ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺎﺻ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫را‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻰإﻇﮫ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺎط‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺪف‬
‫ﻳﮫ‬
‫ﺎ‪,‬‬
‫رھ‬
‫وﻣﺼﺪ‬
‫ﻳﺔ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ‪،‬‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﺔﺗﺠ‬
‫د‬
‫ﻐﻼلأ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫ﺎتﺑ‬
‫ﻮﻣ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ءا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘﺼ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اﺳ‬
‫ﻟﻰ‬
‫ﺬإ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺘﻼﻣ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ذا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻓﻊاﻷﺳ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻧﻄﻼق ‪:‬‬
‫ﯿﺔاﻻ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫وﺿ‬
‫ﯿﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺑﺔا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻧﻲﻣﻦاﻹﺳ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻮعﺛ‬
‫دﻧ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫روﺟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫إﻇ‬
‫ﻟﻰ‬
‫ﻮﻻإ‬
‫وﺻ‬
‫ﯿﺬ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺼﻞا‬
‫ﯿﺔ‪،‬ﻟ‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺮﻣ‬
‫اھ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺮﻇ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻔﺴ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺎﻟ‬
‫ﻔﮫ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻮﻇ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺎتو‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﻖا‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗﻄ‬
‫ﮫﺪفإ‬
‫ال ‪:1‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻘﻦﻟﻪﺿﺪ ‪BK‬‬
‫ﻟﻤﺤ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺼﻞا‬
‫ﻳﺔﻓﻲا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺤﻤ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ﺎﺻ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺎبﻋ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﻠﻖﺑ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫انج ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮت‬
‫أنﻣ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻔﺴ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﻳﺔ ‪LT‬‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻼ‬
‫ﺒﺐا‬
‫ﯿﻦ)أو ب (ﺑﺴ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻓﻲا‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ صا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ها‬
‫ﺪھﺬ‬
‫اﺟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿﻦﺗ‬
‫ﻓﻲﺣ‬
‫ﻮع‬
‫ﻳﺪﻧ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗﺤ‬
‫ﮫﺪفإ‬
‫ال ‪: 2‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫أ (‪،‬ب ‪. BCG‬‬
‫ان )‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ﻠﺔا‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ان ب‪،‬ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﺤ‬
‫ﻧﺔﻟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺑﺔ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻠﺔﻓﻲاﻻﺳ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻤ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻘﺔا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﺋﺞو‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺎﻣﻦﻧ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻧﻄﻼ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﺴﻞ‬
‫ﯿﺔ ﺿﺪا‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺑﺔا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫اﻻﺳ‬
‫ﻳﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎﻃﺔ‬
‫ﻮﺳ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اتا‬
‫ﯿﺔذ‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫‪47‬‬
‫ﺎت )‪.( LT‬‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﺮقﺗ‬
‫ﺎط ‪:7‬ﻃ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮف‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻛ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﺮحإﺷ‬
‫ﻟﻰﻃ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺎ ش‪،‬‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ءﻧ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺎﺟ‬
‫ﯿﺬﺑ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺘﻼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ذا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫داﻻﺳ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻧﻄﻼق ‪:‬ﻳ‬
‫ﯿﺔاﻻ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫وﺿ‬
‫ﺑﻖ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺗﮫﻢﻓﻲا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺎﻣﻦﻣ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻧﻄﻼ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻳﺔ‪،‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺼ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻼ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﻰ‬
‫ءﻋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘﻀ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫و‬
‫ﺋﻲ ‪:1‬‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎت ‪:‬‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻌﻄ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﻦا‬
‫ﻗﺔﺑ‬
‫دﻋﻼ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻳﺠ‬
‫ﻟﻰإ‬
‫ﺎطإ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺪفا‬
‫ﻳﮫ‬
‫ﻠﺔ ‪:1‬‬
‫ﺮﺣ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﻰ‬
‫اﻋ‬
‫ذ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫‪،‬اﻋ‬
‫ﺮف ‪LTc‬‬
‫ﯿﺔﻣﻦﻃ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻌﺼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻼ‬
‫ﻳﺐا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫وطﺗﺨ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫اج ﺷ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺨ‬
‫ﻟﻰإﺳ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺪف‬
‫ال ‪: 1‬ﻳﮫ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻳﺐ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫وطا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫أن ﺷ‬
‫ﻟﻰ‬
‫ﯿﺬإ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﺚﻳ‬
‫ﻘﺔﺣ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ولا‬
‫ﺋﺞﺟﺪ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻧ‬
‫ﻧﺔﺑ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫زﻣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻧﺠ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻓﻲ‪:‬‬
‫ﻠﺔ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻼ‬
‫ﺑﺔا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ أﺻ‬‫ﻟﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻟﺴﻼ‬
‫ﻔ ﺲا‬
‫ﻟﻰﻧ‬
‫ﺘﻤﻲإ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻳﺔ ) ‪(LTc‬ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻼ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺑﺔو‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺼ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻼ‬
‫ا‬‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻼ‬
‫ﻓﻲا‬
‫ﻳﺔ )‪( LTc‬‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻼ‬
‫ﺰا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺮ ضﺗﻤ‬
‫ﻟﺬيﺣ‬
‫ا‬
‫وس‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻔ ﺲا‬
‫ﻮنﻧ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫انﻳ‬
‫ ﻳﺠﺐ‬‫ﺑﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺼ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﺚﻳ‬
‫‪،‬ﺑﺤ‬
‫ﻮع‬
‫ﻮﺿ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻗﺔﺑ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻼ‬
‫ﺘﻲﻟﮫ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﻖا‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗﻄ‬
‫ﮫﺪفإ‬
‫ال ‪:2‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﻰ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﯿﻖﻳﺼﻞ‬
‫ﺎط‪،‬ﺣ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻘﺔا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺗﻪو‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺎﻣﻦﻣ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻧﻄﻼ‬
‫وجا‬
‫د‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺮفا‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺪا‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﯿﺬ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺑﺔ‪.‬أي‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺼ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻼ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻣﺔ) ‪(LTc‬و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﻳﺔا‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻼ‬
‫ﯿﻦا‬
‫ﺘﻢﺑ‬
‫وجﻳ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺮفا‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫أنا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫اﻇﮫ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫اﻣ‬
‫ﺮف ‪.LTc‬ھﺬ‬
‫ﻗﺖﻣﻦﻃ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻔ ﺲا‬
‫ﻟﻀﺪﻓﻲﻧ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﺪ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫دﻣ‬
‫ﻠﻰﻣﺤﺪ‬
‫ﻠﻰ‪H L AІ‬وﻋ‬
‫ﺮفﻋ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻘﻂ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺑﺔﻓ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺼ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻼ‬
‫ﻳﺐا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗﺨ‬
‫إ‬
‫دي‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻳﺔ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺠ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻟﻤﻼﺣﻈ‬
‫ﺮﺟﻤﺔا‬
‫ﺎتوﺗ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ء‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘﺼ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠﻰاﺳ‬
‫ةﻋ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻘﺪ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻨﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗ‬
‫ﻳﮫﺪفإ‬
‫ﻠﺔ ‪:2‬‬
‫ﺮﺣ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻋﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫آ‬
‫ﻳﺖ) ‪ (LTc‬و‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿﻪﺗ‬
‫ﺘﺞﻓ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻰﻧ ﺺﻳﺴ‬
‫ﯿﺔإ‬
‫ﯿﻄ‬
‫ﺎتﺗﺨﻄ‬
‫ﻮﻣ‬
‫ﻐﻼلرﺳ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺑﺔ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺼ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻼ‬
‫ﻠﻰا‬
‫ﺮ ‪LTc‬ﻋ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫اجﺗ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺨ‬
‫ﻠﻰاﺳ‬
‫ﯿﺬﻋ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺒﺔﻗ‬
‫ﻨﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗ‬
‫ﮫﺪفإ‬
‫ال ‪:1‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ان‬
‫ﻟﻰ‬
‫ﯿﺬإ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ذﻳ‬
‫أ‬
‫‪،‬‬
‫ﺎط‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻘﺔا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻨﺔﺑ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻳﺔا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺠﮫ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﻤﻼﺣﻈﺔ‬
‫ﺮﺟﻤﺔا‬
‫ﺎﻣﻦ ﺗ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻧﻄﻼ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗﺨ‬
‫ﻳﺔإ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﺎﻣ‬
‫ﺋﮫ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻠﻰﻏﺸ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻋ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺎتﺣ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫اثﻗ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺄﺣ‬
‫ﺑﺔﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺼ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ﺎﺟﻢا‬
‫ﺗﮫ‬
‫ﯿﺔ ‪LTc‬‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮﺟﻤﺔ‬
‫ﻠﻰﺗ‬
‫اﻋ‬
‫ﺘﻤﺪ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺮف ‪LTc‬ﻣ‬
‫ﺔﻣﻦﻃ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺼ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻼ‬
‫ﻳﺐا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺗﺨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮأ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻔﺴ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗ‬
‫ﺪفإ‬
‫ال ‪2‬ﻳﮫ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﻰﻧ ﺺذ‬
‫ﻳﺔإ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺠ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻟﻤﻼﺣﻈ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻟﻀ‬
‫ﺪا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫دﻣ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻣﺤ‬
‫ﺎت‪H L AІ‬و‬
‫ﺌ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﺒﻼت ﺟ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠﺔﻟﻤﺴ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ﯿﻦ ‪LTc‬ا‬
‫وجﺑ‬
‫ذ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺮفا‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫‬‫ﺑﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺼ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ﻠﻰا‬
‫ﻳﻦﻋ‬
‫د‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻮﺟ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺑﺔ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺼ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻠﻰإﻏﺸ‬
‫ﻮﺿﻊﻋ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔ ‪LTc‬ا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ﺮفا‬
‫ﻳﻦﻣﻦﻃ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﺌ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﺮحﺟ‬
‫ﻃ‬‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻣﺔﺣ‬
‫ﺘﺤﺪث ﺻﺪ‬
‫دﻓ‬
‫ر‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﺸ‬
‫ءوا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﻟﮫ‬
‫ﺪﺧﻞﻣﻦﺧﻼ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻳ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ةﺣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿﻞﻗ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗﺸﻜ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﻳﺔ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺑﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺼ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻠﺨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻗﺔ‬
‫ﻗﻒﻟﻪﻋﻼ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺎتﻓﻲﻣ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﻖا‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗﻄ‬
‫الإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺪف‬
‫ﺘﺨﻼﺻﻲ ‪:‬ﻳﮫ‬
‫اﻻﺳ‬
‫ال‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮل‬
‫ﯿﺔﺣ‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺑﺔا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻮﻋﻲاﻹﺳ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻧ‬
‫ﻧﺔﺑ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫زﻣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻧﺠ‬
‫أ‬
‫ﻟﻰ‬
‫ﯿﺬإ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﺚﻳ‬
‫ﻮعﺣ‬
‫ﻮﺿ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎﻃﺔ‬
‫ﻮﺳ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اتا‬
‫ﺎﻋﺔذ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺒﺔﻓﻲﻛﻞﻣﻦا‬
‫ﺘﺴ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻜ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﻰ‬
‫اﻋ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ات‪،‬ﻣ‬
‫ذ‬
‫ﻟﻼ‬
‫ءا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻗﺼ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﻳﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ﺎﻃﺔا‬
‫ﻮﺳ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ات‬
‫ﺎﻋﺔذ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﺔوا‬
‫ﻠﻄ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ا‬
‫‪48‬‬
‫ﺎت ‪LT‬‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎط ‪: 8‬ﻣﺼﺪ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮع‬
‫ﺎبﻧ‬
‫ﺘﺨ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺘﻢ‬
‫ﯿﻒﻳ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺎت ‪،LT‬و‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎنﻧﻀﺞا‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫و‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻳﺪﻣﺼﺪ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗﺤ‬
‫ﺎطإ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﮫﺪفا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﯿﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺑﺔا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫اﻹﺳ‬
‫ﺘﺠﺔ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻼ‬
‫را‬
‫ﻮلﻣﺼﺪ‬
‫ﻗﺸﺔﺣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﺬﻣﻦﺧﻼلا‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺘﻼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ذا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫داﻻﺳ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻧﻄﻼق ‪:‬ﻳ‬
‫ﯿﺔاﻻ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫وﺿ‬
‫ات‬
‫ﯿﺔذ‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺑﺔ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻣﺔاﻻﺳ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫دﻋ‬
‫ﺎت ‪LTc‬‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫را‬
‫ءلﻋﻦﻣﺼﺪ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﺴ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻰا‬
‫ةإ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻀ‬
‫ﺎما‬
‫ﻟﻼﺟﺴ‬
‫ﻳﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎﻃﺔ‬
‫ﻮﺳ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺋﻲ ‪: 1‬‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔﺛﻢ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺎتﺗﺠ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻌﻄ‬
‫ﻧﺔﻣ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺎتﻣﻦﻣ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ء‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘﺼ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠﻰاﺳ‬
‫ةﻋ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻘﺪ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺔا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗ‬
‫ﮫﺪفإ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺮﻣ‬
‫اھ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺮﻇ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻔﺴ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻮﻻﻟ‬
‫ﺋﺞوﺻ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺘﺨﻼ صا‬
‫اﺳ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺋﺞﺗﺠ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧﺔﻧ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺎﻣﻦﻣ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻧﻄﻼ‬
‫ﺎت‪،‬ا‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫اجا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺨ‬
‫إﺳ‬
‫ﻟﻰ‬
‫ﯿﺬإ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ال ‪: 1‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﻲ‪:‬‬
‫ﺎﻳ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﺜﻞﻓ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎطو‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻘﺔا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻨﺔﻓﻲو‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎم ‪.‬‬
‫ﻌﻈ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺮﻟ‬
‫اﻻﺣﻤ‬
‫ﻘﻲ‬
‫ﻮﻧ‬
‫ﻳﺔھ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻼ‬
‫ﺎجا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ ﻣ‬‫ﯿﺔ ( ‪.‬‬
‫ﻮﺳ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻳﺔ )‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻳﺔ ‪LT‬ھﻲا‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻼ‬
‫ﺮﻧﻀﺞا‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ ﻣ‬‫ﺎم ‪.‬‬
‫ﻌﻈ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺮﻟ‬
‫ﻘﻲاﻻﺣﻤ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻳﺔ ) ‪( LB‬ھ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻼ‬
‫ﺮﻧﻀﺞا‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ ﻣ‬‫ﻌﻢ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﻓ ﺾا‬
‫ﺮﻋﺪمر‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻔﺴ‬
‫ﺒﺔﻓﻲﺗ‬
‫ﺘﺴ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﻖا‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗﻄ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺪف‬
‫ال ‪: 2‬ﻳﮫ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻼ‬
‫ها‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻌﺪمﻋ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺗ‬
‫ﻮﺳ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ﻐﺪ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫دﻣﻦا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺠ‬
‫را‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮﻻأنا‬
‫ﻘﺔ وﺻ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿﻦﺑ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻌﻢ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﻓ ﺾا‬
‫ﻟﺔﻋﻦر‬
‫و‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻳﺔ ‪LT‬‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺋﻲ ‪: 2‬‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮع ‪.‬‬
‫ﻮﺿ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻗﺔﺑ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻼ‬
‫ﺘﻲﻟﮫ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ءا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘﺼ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻰاﺳ‬
‫ﮫﺪفا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻠﻰ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻋ‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ء‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻌﺔ ‪T‬‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻳﺔﻟﻄ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻼ‬
‫ﺎبا‬
‫ﺘﺴ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻳﺪ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗﺤﺪ‬
‫ﻳﮫﺪفإ‬
‫ال ‪:1‬‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻰآ‬
‫ﺬإ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ذﻳ‬
‫‪،‬أ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺎتﺗﺠ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻌﻄ‬
‫ﺎﻣﻦﻣ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻧﻄﻼ‬
‫ﯿﺔأ‬
‫ﻮﺳ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ﻐﺪ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮىا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻣﺴ‬
‫و‬
‫‪(H LA І‬‬
‫ﺮف )‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻼ‬
‫ﺘﻢﻧﻀﺞا‬
‫ﯿﺚﻳ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺣ‬
‫ﻮﺳ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ﻐﺪ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮفا‬
‫ﺎ ‪LT‬ﻣﻦﻃ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻼ‬
‫ءا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﺒﮫ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﻢﺗﺨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺎﻓ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻼ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺎﺑ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﯿﺔ )‪،( P‬أ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﺬ‬
‫اتا‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﻰ‬
‫‪(H L AІ‬وﻋ‬
‫‪І‬‬
‫)‬
‫ﻳﺔ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻼ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎﺟﻤﺔ‬
‫ﺪمﻣﮫ‬
‫ﯿﻞ ﻋ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺎتﻓﻲﺗ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻐﻼل‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اﺳ‬
‫ﻟﻰ‬
‫ﻳﮫﺪفإ‬
‫ال ‪:2‬‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﻰ‬
‫ﺮفﻋ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻌﺪما‬
‫اﺑ‬
‫ﻠﻞھﺬ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺎط‪،‬وﻳ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺔا‬
‫ﯿﻘ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﺎتو‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻌﻄ‬
‫ﺎﻣﻦﻣ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻧﻄﻼ‬
‫ا‬
‫ات‪،‬‬
‫ﻟﺬ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻼ‬
‫ات ‪.‬‬
‫ﻟﺬ‬
‫ا‬
‫ات‬
‫ﯿﺪ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺋﻲ ‪: 3‬‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮع ‪.‬‬
‫ﻮﺿ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻗﺔﺑ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻼ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﺘﻲﻟ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ءا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘﺼ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻰاﺳ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺪف‬
‫ﻳﮫ‬
‫ﻠﻰ‬
‫ﺮفﻋ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﻨﮫ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﺘﻲﻳﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻳﺔا‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻼ‬
‫ﯿﻞا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻳﺪﻣﻊ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗﺤ‬
‫ﮫﺪفإ‬
‫ال ‪:1‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﺚﻳ‬
‫ﻜﻞ ب‪،‬ﺣ‬
‫ﺔﺑﺸ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮف‬
‫و ضﻣﻦﻃ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﺪيا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺘﻀﺪ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺘﻀﺪ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺴ‬
‫ﺋﻲوا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻐﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﻠﮫ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻣﺴ‬
‫ﻮيﺑ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻣﻞﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫دﺗ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻮﺟ‬
‫ﻗﻢ ‪( 4‬ﻟ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﯿﺔ )‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ﻮعا‬
‫ﻳﺪﻧ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗﺤ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﻜﻞ ب ‪.‬‬
‫ﺔﺷ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫و ضﻋﻞﺧ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺪيا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫‪49‬‬
‫ﺎﻣﻦ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻧﻄﻼ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﺗﮫ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻣﻤ‬
‫ﻣﺔو‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻳﺔ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻼ‬
‫را‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺪﻣﺼ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗﺤﺪ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺪف‬
‫ال ‪: 2‬ﻳﮫ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ز‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻮ)‪(LT8‬وﺗﻤ‬
‫ﻳﺔھ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻼ‬
‫ا‬
‫ر‬
‫أنﻣﺼﺪ‬
‫ﻟﻰ‬
‫ﯿﺬإ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﺚﻳ‬
‫ﻘﺔﺣ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻌﻄ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺑﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺼ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻼ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﻰ‬
‫ﺮفﻋ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﻰ‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﺗﮫ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﯿﺬ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ذﻳ‬
‫ﻮعإ‬
‫ﻮﺿ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻗﺔﺑ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻼ‬
‫ﺘﻲﻟﮫ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﻖا‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗﻄ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺪف‬
‫ال ‪: 3‬ﻳﮫ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﻲ ‪:‬‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻰﻣ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﻘﺔ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻌﻄ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎﻣﻦ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻧﻄﻼ‬
‫ا‬
‫ء‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ا‬
‫رو‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺎھﻢ ﻓﻲاﺧ‬
‫ﻟﺬيﻳﺴ‬
‫ﻮا‬
‫‪( H L AІ‬ھ‬
‫ـ)‬
‫ﺎﻟ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫و ضﻣ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﺪيا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺘﻀﺪا‬
‫ﻟﻤﺴ‬
‫‪1‬ا‬‫ﺪ (‪.‬‬
‫ﺘﻀ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺴ‬
‫ﺒﻞا‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠﺔﻟﻤﺴ‬
‫ﺎﻣ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ﯿﺔ )ا‬
‫ﻮﻋ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎ‪LT 8‬‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻼ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗﻜ‬
‫ديإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﺎﻳ‬
‫اﻣ‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﺑﺔھ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺼ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻼ‬
‫ﻳﺔ ‪LT8‬وا‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻼ‬
‫ﯿﻦا‬
‫وجﺑ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮف‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺘﻢا‬
‫‪2‬ﻳ‬‫ﻨﺸﻄﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﺔو‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻼ‬
‫ﻠﺔﻟﻤﺔﻣﻦا‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻣﺸ‬
‫ﺎ ‪LT8‬‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻼ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺋﻲ ‪:4‬‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫اھ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿﻞﻇ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻮعﻓﻲﺗ‬
‫ﻮﺿ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺔﺑ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻼ‬
‫ﺘﻲﻟﮫ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻐﻼلا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫ﻟى‬
‫ءإ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫اا‬
‫ﮫﺪفھﺬ‬
‫أ ‪-‬ﻳ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﯿﺚﻳﺼﻞ‬
‫ﯿﺔ ﺣ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺋﺞﺗﺠ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﻞﻧ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺎﻣﻦﺗﺤ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻧﻄﻼ‬
‫ﻣﺔا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺎجﻣ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻰاﺳ‬
‫ﮫﺪفإ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ال ‪: 1‬‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ة‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻀ‬
‫ﺎما‬
‫ﺘﺠﺔﻟﻼﺟﺴ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺎﻣ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺧﻼ‬
‫ﺰإ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻳﺔ ‪LB‬ھﻲا‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻼ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﻰأن‬
‫ﯿﺬإ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫‪.‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻧﻄﻼ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎت ‪LB‬‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻠﻰﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎت ‪TL‬ﻋ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﺎجﻧﻤﻂﺗ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻰاﺳ‬
‫الإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﮫﺪفا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ال ‪: 2‬‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺮھ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫أنﻧﻤﻂا‬
‫ﻟﻰ‬
‫ﯿﺬإ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ذﻳ‬
‫ﺎط‪،‬أ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻘﺔ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻨﺔﺑ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻣ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺋﺞﺗﺠ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻣﻦﻧ‬
‫ﺎل‬
‫ﻔﺼ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺑﺔ ‪4‬رﻏﻢا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫دﻓﻲ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺘﺠﺔﻟﻼﺿﺪ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻼ‬
‫دا‬
‫ةﻋﺪ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﻚﺑ‬
‫ﻠﻞذ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺋﻲ‪،‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻼ‬
‫ﻳﺔا‬
‫ذ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻨﻊﻧ‬
‫ءﻳﻤ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻐﺸ‬
‫ﻳﺔﺑ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻼ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺬ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﺚﻳ‬
‫ﯿﻦ ‪.‬ﺣ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻗﻒﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ةﻓﻲﻣ‬
‫ﻳﺪ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﻖا‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗﻄ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺪف‬
‫ال ‪: 3‬ﻳﮫ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻦ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺮﻟﻼ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺗﺨ ﺺﺗ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺋﺞﺗﺠ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﻞﻧ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺎﻣﻦﺗﺤ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻧﻄﻼ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻣﺔأﺿ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫اجﻣ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺨ‬
‫ﻟﻰاﺳ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺰ‪.‬‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮوا‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﻰ‬
‫ﺎت ‪LT8‬ﻋ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺬيﻳﺤﺚا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫‪.II‬‬
‫ﯿﺔﻛﻞ‬
‫ﯿﻞﺗﺴﻤ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﯿﺬ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﺚﻳ‬
‫ﺎتﺣ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻐﻼلا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻰاﺳ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺪف‬
‫ال ‪: 4‬ﻳﮫ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻣﻦ‬
‫ة‪.‬‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ة‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿﻦ ‪( II‬ﺑ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻟﻼ‬
‫ةو )‬
‫ﺎﻋﺪ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺴ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫) ‪( LTh‬ﺑ‬
‫ﻠﻤﻲ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺪفﺗ‬
‫ﻗﺔﺑﮫ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻼ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﺎتﻟ‬
‫زﺧﻼﺻ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻧﺠ‬
‫ﻠﻰإ‬
‫ﯿﺬﻋ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻳﺐا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗﺪ‬
‫ﺎطأ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اا‬
‫ﺪفھﺬ‬
‫ب‪: -‬ﻳﮫ‬
‫ﺎ ‪LT8‬و ‪LB‬ﻣﻦ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻼ‬
‫ﺰا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺗﺤ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺪﻛ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻠﻰﺗﺤﺪ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻼﺻﺔﻋ‬
‫ﺘﻤﺪا‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ة ‪:‬ﺗ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ةﻣﺴﻄ‬
‫ء‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﯿﻖﻛ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘﺤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫دﻛ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫زﻣ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻳﺔ ‪LTh‬ﺗﻔ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻼ‬
‫ﻟﻰان‪:‬ا‬
‫إ‬
‫ﯿﺬ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﺚﻳ‬
‫ﺮف ‪ LTh‬ﺣ‬
‫ﻃ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﻮﻋ‬
‫ﺒﻼتﻧ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠﻰﻣﺴ‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﮫﻤ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻳﺔ ‪LT8‬و ‪ LB‬ﻻﺣ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻼ‬
‫ﯿﻂا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﺘﻢﺗ‬
‫ﺎﻳ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اﺳﻄ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﯿﻦ ‪. II‬‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻟﻼ‬
‫ﻟﻰ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﻳﺔ ‪LB‬‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻼ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻌﺾ‬
‫ﺰﺑ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﻨﺸﻄﺔ ‪ LT8‬و ‪LB‬و‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻳﺔا‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻼ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺗﻜ‬‫ﻣﺔ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺧﻼ‬
‫ﻳﺔ ‪LT8‬إ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻼ‬
‫ﻌ ﺾا‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ة‪،‬و‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻀ‬
‫ﺎما‬
‫ﺘﺞاﻻﺟﺴ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺗ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ز‬
‫ﺎﺑﻼ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺧﻼ‬
‫) ‪. (LTc‬‬
‫‪50‬‬
‫ﺋﻲ ‪: 5‬‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎط‪.‬‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮع‬
‫ﻮﺿ‬
‫ﻗﺔﺑﻤ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻼ‬
‫ﺘﻲﻟﮫ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ء‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘﺼ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫أ ‪-‬اﺳ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺋﺞﺗﺠ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫وطو‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺎﻣﻦ ﺷ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻧﻄﻼ‬
‫ﯿﻞأ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺘﺤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﻰا‬
‫ﯿﺬﻋ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻗ‬
‫ﻨﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗ‬
‫ﮫﺪفإ‬
‫ال ‪:1‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎط ‪.‬‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺋﻖ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻨﺔﺑ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﯿﺪ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﯿﺬ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ذﻳ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺎت ‪.‬‬
‫ﻮﻣ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﻖا‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻠﻰﺗﻄ‬
‫ةﻋ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻘﺪ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻰا‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺪف‬
‫ال ‪: 2‬ﻳﮫ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫رب ‪2‬ﻣﻊ ‪3‬ﻣﻦ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺋﺞا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧﺔﻧ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺎﻣﻦﻣ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻧﻄﻼ‬
‫ا‬
‫وك‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫رﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺑﺔﻣ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻓﻲﺗﺠ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺘﺤﺼﻞﻋ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺋﺞ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﻌﻄﻲﻛﻤ‬
‫ﺎﺗ‬
‫ﻮﺣﺪھ‬
‫ة ‪LB‬ﻟ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺤ‬
‫ﻳﺔا‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻼ‬
‫ﺎنا‬
‫ﺋﺞﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻦا‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﯿﺚﺗ‬
‫ﻘﺔ ‪ 9‬ﺣ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮنﻣﻊ ) ‪.( LT4‬‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﺎﺗ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻨﺪ‬
‫ﺜﻒﻋ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻮنﻣ‬
‫دﻳﻜ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫اﻻﺿ‬
‫د‬
‫ﯿﻦﻋﺪ‬
‫دﻓﻲﺣ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﺔﻣﻦاﻻﺿﺪ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺌ‬
‫ﺿ‬
‫ﻟﻰ‬
‫ﯿﺬإ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﺚﻳ‬
‫ﯿﻦ‪،‬ﺣ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻗﻒﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺎتﻓﻲﻣ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻌﻼلا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻰاﺳ‬
‫ﮫﺪفإ‬
‫ال ‪:3‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎب‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺜﻞﻓﻲﻏ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔو‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺎتﺗﺠ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻌﻄ‬
‫ﺎﻣﻦﻣ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻧﻄﻼ‬
‫ﯿﻦ ‪3‬و‪4‬أ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻦ‬
‫ﺘﻼفﺑ‬
‫ﺪاﻻﺧ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺗﺤﺪ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺤﺴﺴﺔ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫وا‬
‫ﻳﺔ ‪LB‬‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻼ‬
‫ﺑﺔ ‪4‬ﻣﻊا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻓﻲا‬
‫ﺜﻞ ب) ‪( pΝT‬‬
‫ﻟﻤﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺘﻀﺪ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻨﺪ‬
‫ﺪﻋ‬
‫ﻟﻀ‬
‫ﺪا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫اتﻣ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺮ ضﻣﺤﺪ‬
‫ﺜﻞﻓﻲﻋ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ر‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎجد‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻰاﺳ‬
‫ﻮﻻإ‬
‫ﺎ ‪.‬وﺻ‬
‫ﺑﻘ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺳ‬
‫ﯿﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺑﺔا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫اﻹﺳ‬
‫ﺎﻓﻲ‬
‫ﻘﮫ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺗﻄ‬
‫ﺎو‬
‫رھ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اﺳ‬
‫ﺛﻢ‬
‫ﺎ‪،‬‬
‫ﯿﮫ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞإ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺪ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗ‬
‫ﺎطإ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﮫﺪفا‬
‫ب ‪-‬ﻳ‬
‫ﻠﻲ (‪.‬‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ءﻣﺨﻄﻂﺗﺤﺼ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ة)‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺎتﺟﺪ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫وﺿ‬
‫ﯿﺚ‬
‫ﺎطﺣ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻘﺔ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﺎتو‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻌﻄ‬
‫ﺎﻣﻦﻣ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻧﻄﻼ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫را‬
‫و‬
‫ﺪد‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗﺤﺪ‬
‫ﮫﺪفإ‬
‫ال‪: 1‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻳﺐﺛﻢ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻠﻊأيﺟﺴﻢﻏ‬
‫ﺜﻞﻓﻲ ﺑ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮمﺑﻪ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺬيﺗ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫را‬
‫و‬
‫ﻟﺪ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﻰ‬
‫ﯿﺬإ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎﻳ‬
‫ﺒﻄ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫رﺟﻲﻣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻠﻰ ﺳﻄﺤﮫ‬
‫ﺮﺿﻪﻋ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﺬيﺗ‬
‫ﻟﻀﺪا‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﺪ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫دﻣ‬
‫ﻔﻈﺔﺑﻤﺤﺪ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺎﻣﺤ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ھﻀﻤﻪﺟ‬
‫‪.( H L AІ‬‬
‫‪І‬‬
‫‪(H L AІ‬و )‬
‫)‬
‫ﺔ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻰﻣ‬
‫ﯿﺬإ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﺚﻳ‬
‫ﺎت‪،‬ﺑﺤ‬
‫ﻮﻣ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ءا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘﺼ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اﺳ‬
‫ﻟﻰ‬
‫ﮫﺪفإ‬
‫ال ‪: 2‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ات‪:‬‬
‫ذ‬
‫ﻟﻼ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﻰ‬
‫ﺮفﻋ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتﻓﻲا‬
‫ﺌ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﻠﻒا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻣﺨ‬
‫ر‬
‫و‬
‫د‬
‫ﻳﺔ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻼ‬
‫ا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺎھﻢﻓﻲاﺧ‬
‫ﺎتﻳﺴ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮفا‬
‫زﻣﻦﻃ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﻦ ‪I‬‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﯿﺚﻟﻼ‬
‫ﺣ‬‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺒﻼتﻏﺸ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺎﻣﺴ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻼ‬
‫ا‬
‫ه‬
‫زھﺬ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﻲﺗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﻳﺔو‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻌﻀ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺬﻟ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟﺬيﻧ‬
‫ا‬
‫ات‪،‬‬
‫ذ‬
‫ﻠﻼ‬
‫ﺘﺨﺼﺼﺔﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻦ ‪. II‬‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻟﻼ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺮو‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﻜ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻳﺔﻓ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻼ‬
‫ﻨﺸﻂا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮف ‪LT4‬‬
‫زﻣﻦﻃ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﻦ ‪II‬ا‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎتﻟﻼ‬
‫ﺌ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ ﺟ‬‫ﯿﺖ ( ‪.‬‬
‫ﻮﺳ‬
‫ﺒﻼﺳﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻜﻞﻟﻤﺔﻣﻦ )‪LTh‬و ‪LTc‬و‬
‫ﺘﺸ‬
‫ﻟﻲﺗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺬي‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ريا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺤ‬
‫را‬
‫و‬
‫ﻟﺪ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮح‬
‫ﺒﺔﻓﻲ ﺷ‬
‫ﺘﺴ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﻖا‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗﻄ‬
‫الإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺪف‬
‫ال ‪: 3‬ﻳﮫ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎط ‪,‬‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻘﺔ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﺎتو‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻌﻄ‬
‫ﺎﻣﻦﻣ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻧﻄﻼ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﻚ‬
‫ذ‬
‫ﯿﻦ‪،‬و‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻦ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫اﻻﺳ‬
‫ﺒﻪ‪ LTh‬ﻓﻲ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫وث‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻟﺤ‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫وطاﻷﺳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﺸ‬
‫ﺪا‬
‫ﺎتأﺣ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻐﻼلا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠﻰإﺳ‬
‫ةﻋ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻘﺪ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻰا‬
‫ﮫﺪفإ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ال ‪: 4‬‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮي‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ا‬
‫و‬
‫ﻠﻄﻲأ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ )‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺑﺔا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟﻰأنﻧﻤﻂاﻻﺳ‬
‫ﯿﺬإ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﺚﻳ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‪،‬ﺣ‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺑﺔﻣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫اﺳ‬
‫ﺪ‪.‬‬
‫ﻟﻀ‬
‫ﺪا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫دﻣ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺒﻂﺑﻤﺤ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻮنﻣ‬
‫(ﻳﻜ‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻨﻈ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻞا‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻠﻰﺗﻤ‬
‫ةﻋ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻘﺪ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺬا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎب‬
‫ﻛﺴ‬
‫ﻟﻰا‬
‫الإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﺘﺨﻼﺻﻲ ‪:‬ﻳﮫﺪفا‬
‫اﻻﺳ‬
‫ال‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﻰ‬
‫اﻋ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻣ‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﻟﺪ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻔﻲﻟ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻮﻇ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺘﺨﺼ ﺺا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻪا‬
‫ﯿﻦﻓ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻠﻲﻳ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺮﺳﻢﺗﺤﺼ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺑ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻮﻇ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ة‪.‬‬
‫ﻮﺣﺪ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺒﺔﻣﻦا‬
‫ﺘﺴ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻜ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻮﻣ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫‪51‬‬
‫ﺒﺔ‬
‫ﺘﺴ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻜ‬
‫ﺎﻋﺔا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ان‬
‫ﻘﺪ‬
‫ﺒﺐﻓ‬
‫ﺎط ‪ : 9‬ﺳ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫و س) ‪( VIH‬‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻲﺑ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫زا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺠﮫ‬
‫ﺑﺔا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺔإﺻ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻰﻛ‬
‫ﺮفﻋ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﻰ‬
‫ﺎطإ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻳﮫﺪفا‬
‫ﺒﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺘﺴ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎﻋﺔا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫انا‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺒﺐﻓﻲﻓ‬
‫ﺘﺴ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎﻋﻲﻓﻲ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫زا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺠﮫ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﻟﻰﻣﺪىأھﻤ‬
‫ﺬإ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺘﻼﻣ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ها‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ذا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻔﺖاﻻﺳ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻧﻄﻼق ‪:‬ﻳ‬
‫ﯿﺔاﻻ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫وﺿ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻲ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺰا‬
‫ﻌﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫إﺷﻜ‬
‫ﺮح‬
‫‪،‬ﺛﻢﻳﻄ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫وھ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺔا‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎما‬
‫هاﻻﺟﺴ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺗﺠ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻳﺔ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻌﻀ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎعﻋﻦا‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﻟﺪ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺒﺔﻋﻦ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻗﺐا‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺒﺔ‪،‬و‬
‫ﺘﺴ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺔا‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ان‬
‫ﻘﺪ‬
‫ﺒﺐﻓﻲﻓ‬
‫ﺘﺴ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫و س ) ‪،( VIH‬ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫هﻓ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺗﺠ‬
‫ﻟﻚ ‪.‬‬
‫ذ‬
‫ﺋﻲ ‪:1‬‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ءا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺮﻏﺸ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﻮلﻣﻈ‬
‫ﺎتﺣ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ءا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘﺼ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻰاﺳ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺎط‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺪف‬
‫ﻠﺔ ‪: (1‬ﻳﮫ‬
‫ﺮﺣ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫)ا‬
‫ﻔﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اتﻣﺨ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫و سﺧﻼلﻓ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺑﺔﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺼ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻧﺔ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫زﻣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻧﺠ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺔﺑ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺼ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ءا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫اتﻏﺸ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺎجﻣﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻰاﺳ‬
‫الإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﮫﺪفا‬
‫ال ‪:1‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﻰ‬
‫وﻋ‬
‫ﺒﺪ‬
‫ﺑﺔﻳ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺼ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻼ‬
‫ﻟﻰأنا‬
‫إ‬
‫ﯿﺬ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﺚﻳ‬
‫ﻳﺔ‪،‬ﺣ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺎتﻣﺠﮫ‬
‫ﻠﻰﻣﻼﺣﻈ‬
‫اﻋ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫اﻋ‬
‫ﯿﻤﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ءا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻐﺸ‬
‫ﺒﺔﻟ‬
‫ﻨﺴ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ة ‪.‬ﺑ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻛ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺎتﻏﺸ‬
‫ﺮﻋﻤ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺎﺗ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺳﻄﺢﻏﺸ‬
‫ﻮع‬
‫ﻮﺿ‬
‫ﻗﺔﺑﻤ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻼ‬
‫ﺘﻲﻟﮫ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻖ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻠﻰﺗﻄ‬
‫ﯿﺬﻋ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻠﻰﻗ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﮫﺪفإ‬
‫ال ‪: 2‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫اﺧﻞ‬
‫و سد‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫را‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘﻄ‬
‫دﻟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﺬيﻳ‬
‫ﺑﺔا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺼ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﺬﻣﻈ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮح‬
‫ﯿﺚﻳﺸ‬
‫ﺎط ‪.‬ﺣ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮي‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ﺮحا‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ا‬
‫ة‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺎھ‬
‫ﺎﺑﻈ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫وﺟﻪﻣ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺛﻢﺧ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺋﺞ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﻞﻧ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺎﻣﻦﺗﺤ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻧﻄﻼ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ءا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘﺼ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اﺳ‬
‫ﻟﻰ‬
‫ﺎطإ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﺔ‪: 2‬ﻳﮫﺪفا‬
‫ﺮﺣ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎط ‪.‬‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺋﻖا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﺎتو‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻌﻄ‬
‫ﻠﻰﻣ‬
‫اﻋ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫اﻋ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺗﺠ‬
‫ﯿﺬ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺚﻳﺼﻞا‬
‫ﺎج‪،‬ﺣ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اﻹﺳ‬
‫ﯿﻞو‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺘﺤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﻰ‬
‫ﯿﺬﻋ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ة‬
‫ر‬
‫رﻗﺪ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻰاﻇﮫ‬
‫ﮫﺪفإ‬
‫ال ‪:1‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻳﺔ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻼ‬
‫ﻠﺔﻓﻲا‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺑﺔو‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺼ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ﻮعا‬
‫ﺘﺞﻧ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻳﺴ‬
‫ﻘﺔو‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺋﺞا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﻞﻧ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗﺤ‬
‫إ‬
‫)‪(LT4‬‬
‫ﺎط‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮعا‬
‫ﻮﺿ‬
‫ﻗﺔﺑﻤ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻼ‬
‫ﺘﻲﻟﮫ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻐﻼل‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻰاﺳ‬
‫الإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺪف‬
‫ال ‪: 2‬ﻳﮫ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﺎتو‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻌﻄ‬
‫ﻠﻰﻣ‬
‫اﻋ‬
‫ﺘﻤﺪ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻠﻰ‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﺠﺔاﺣ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫‪،‬ﻧ‬
‫ﺎ )‪(LT4‬‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻠﺨﻼ‬
‫اف) ‪( VIH‬ﻟ‬
‫ﺘﮫﺪ‬
‫ﯿﻞإﺳ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗ‬
‫ﯿﺬإ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﺚﻳ‬
‫ﺣ‬
‫ﯿﻦ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﻮي‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻣﻞﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫و س )‪( gP 120‬ﺗ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺋﻲﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻏﺸ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿﻦﺑ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﻨﻪو‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺪﺑ‬
‫ﻮﺟ‬
‫ﺬيﻳ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺋﻲ) ‪( CD4‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻏﺸ‬
‫و س ) ‪. ( VIH‬‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺎتﻓ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﺜﻞأﺣﺪﻣ‬
‫ﺬيﻳﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﺐﻟﻪ (و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫)‬
‫ﺋﻲ ‪: 2‬‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎط‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮعا‬
‫ﻮﺿ‬
‫ﻗﺔﺑﻤ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻼ‬
‫ﺘﻲﻟﮫ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ءا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘﺼ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻰاﺳ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺎط‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺪف‬
‫ﻠﺔ ‪ :( 1‬ﻳﮫ‬
‫ﺮﺣ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫)‬
‫ﺋﻖ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻌﻄ‬
‫ﻠﻰﻣ‬
‫اﻋ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫اﻋ‬
‫و س) ‪،( VIH‬‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻟ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻣﺔا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺪﻋ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔو‬
‫ﺌ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻜ‬
‫ﺪا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗﺤﺪ‬
‫ﺪفإ‬
‫ال ‪: 1‬ﻳﮫ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﺔ ‪:‬‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻤ‬
‫و س ) ‪( VIH‬ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻧﺔﻟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻜ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﺌ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫اجا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺨ‬
‫اﺳ‬
‫ﯿﺬ ﻣﻦا‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﺚﻳ‬
‫ﺣ‬
‫وس‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻟ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻣﺔا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺪﻋ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﻨﻤ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﺦ‪،‬ﺑ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﻳﺔ ‪...... .‬‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻮﺳ‬
‫ﻘﺔﻓ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫‪- gP 41 -gP‬ﻃ‬
‫‪120‬‬
‫ھﻲ ‪.ARN‬‬
‫‪52‬‬
‫ﻳﻢ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ا‬
‫ر‬
‫و‬
‫اد‬
‫ﻛﺪ‬
‫وﺳﻲو‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫رﻛﻞﻣﻦ ‪ gP 120 :‬و ‪ARN‬ا‬
‫و‬
‫ﺪد‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗﺤﺪ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺪف‬
‫ال ‪: 2‬ﻳﮫ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻘﺔ ‪. 6‬‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻌﻄ‬
‫ﯿﻞﻣ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺎﻣﻦﺗﺤ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻧﻄﻼ‬
‫ﺑﺔ )‪( LT4‬ا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌﻜﺴﻲﻓﻲإﺻ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎخ‬
‫ﻨﺴ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اﻻﺳ‬
‫ﻠﻤﻲ‬
‫ﻟﻰﻧ ﺺﻋ‬
‫ﺎتإ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺮﺳ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮﺟﻤﺔا‬
‫ﻠﻰﺗ‬
‫ﺬﻋ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫رﻗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﻟﻰاﻇ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺪف‬
‫ال‪: 3‬ﻳﮫ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ‪:‬‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫اﺻ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫زﻧ ﺺﺣﺴﺐا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻧﺠ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﻰ‬
‫ﯿﺬإ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﺚﻳ‬
‫ﯿﻢ‪،‬ﺣ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺳ‬
‫ﺒﺖ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﺚﺗ‬
‫ﻳﺔ )‪( LT4‬ﺣ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻼ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺑﺔ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿﺴﻲﻓﻲإﺻ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫را‬
‫و‬
‫ﻟﺪ‬
‫ﺌﺔ ‪gP 120‬ا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﻌﺐا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺗ‬‫وس‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻔﻀﻞ ‪gP 41‬ﻳﺪﺧﻞا‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﻳﺔ )‪( LT4‬و‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ءا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻠﻰﻏﺸ‬
‫دﻋ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻮﺟ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﻰ )‪( CD4‬‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫ﻳﺔ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ﻟﻰا‬
‫إ‬
‫ﻌﻜﺴﻲ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎخا‬
‫ﻨﺴ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻳﻢاﻹﺳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫وﺳﻲﺑﻔﻀﻞأ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﻟﻰ ‪ADN‬‬
‫ـ ‪ ARN‬إ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻚا‬
‫ﻌﺪذ‬
‫ﻮلﺑ‬
‫ﺘﺤ‬
‫ﻳ‬‫و س ) ‪( VIH‬‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻪﻓ‬
‫زﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﺬيﻳﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻳﺔ )‪(LT4‬وﺧﻼل‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫وﺳﻲﻣﻊ‪ADN‬ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻣﺞ‪ADN‬ا‬
‫ﻨﺪ‬
‫ﺎجﻳ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫د‬
‫اﻹ‬
‫ﻳﻢ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ ﺑﻀﻞأ‬‫ـ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻧﺐا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺟ‬
‫إ‬
‫وﺳﻲ‪،‬‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـ ‪ARN‬ا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫وﺳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻛﺐا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻮيﺗ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ء‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻮﻏﺸ‬
‫و سﻧﺤ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﻔ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺎﺟ‬
‫ﯿﺔ ‪.‬ﺗﮫ‬
‫وﺳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺎتﻓ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺑ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺮﺟﻢ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﺬيﻳ‬
‫ﻮلا‬
‫ﺮﺳ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫‪ARN‬‬
‫رج ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ﻮا‬
‫ﺮﻋﻢﻧﺤ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫رﺑ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺤ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺎتو‬
‫وﺳ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺘﺸﻜﻞا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‪،‬‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ا‬
‫و س) ‪( VIH‬‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘﻄ‬
‫ﻟﺔﻟ‬
‫ﺜﻼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اﺣﻞا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫اتا‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫اجﻣﻤ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺨ‬
‫ﻟﻰإﺳ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺎط‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﺔ ‪:2‬ﻳﮫﺪف‬
‫ﺮﺣ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺑﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫اﻹﺻ‬
‫ﻨﺪ‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫ﯿﺚ‬
‫ﺘﺨﻼ ص‪،‬ﺣ‬
‫ﯿﻞواﻻﺳ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺘﺤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫زا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻧﺠ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﻰ‬
‫ﯿﺬﻋ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻗﺪ‬
‫ز‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﻟﻰا‬
‫الإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺪف‬
‫ال‪: 1‬ﻳﮫ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎطﺛﻢ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻘﺔا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻨﺔﺑ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺋﺞا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎﻣﻦ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻧﻄﻼ‬
‫رنا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﯿﻞﻣ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫زﺗﺤ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻧﺠ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﻰ‬
‫ﯿﺬإ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻠﻲ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻠ ﺺﻣ‬
‫ﺘﺨ‬
‫ﻳﺴ‬
‫ة ﺿﺪ‪gP 120‬و‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺎمﻣﻀ‬
‫رأﺟﺴ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺰﺑﻈﮫ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﯿﻊﺗ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ةأﺳ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﺗﮫ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻣ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺑﺔاﻷ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻠﺔاﻹﺻ‬
‫ﺮﺣ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫‬‫ﻳﺔ )‪. (LT4‬‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻼ‬
‫دا‬
‫ﻗ ﺺﻋﺪ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫و س ) ‪، ( VIH‬‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ـ ‪gP 120‬أيﻟ‬
‫ةﻟ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻀ‬
‫ﺎما‬
‫داﻻﺟﺴ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ةوﺟ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫زﺑﻜ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻗﺐﺗﻤ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﺔا‬
‫ﺮﺣ‬
‫ﻣ‬‫ﻳﺔ )‪.(LT4‬‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻠﺨﻼ‬
‫ﯿﻒﻟ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺪﻃ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﻚﺗ‬
‫ﻓﻖذ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫وس ‪.‬‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻨﺔا‬
‫ة ﺷﺤ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ز‬
‫ﻳﺔو‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻼ‬
‫اما‬
‫ﻌﺪ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺰﺑ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻲﺗ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺰا‬
‫ﻌﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﺔا‬
‫ﺮﺣ‬
‫ﻣ‬‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻗ ﺺﺣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗ‬
‫ﺎإ‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫أﺳ‬
‫د‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﺬيﻳ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻲا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺰا‬
‫ﻌﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺒﺐا‬
‫اج ﺳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺨ‬
‫ﻟﻰاﺳ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺪف‬
‫ال ‪:2‬ﻳﮫ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻠﺨﻼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻳﺔ )‪(LT4‬‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫وس‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﻰأن ﻓ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﯿﺬ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﺚﻳ‬
‫ﺎتﺣ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻐﻼل‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اﺳ‬
‫ﯿﻒو‬
‫ﻮﻇ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗ‬
‫ﮫﺪفإ‬
‫ال ‪:3‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻦ)‪.( CD4‬‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻠﻰﺑ‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﺘﮫ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫أﻏﺸ‬
‫ء‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ةﻻﺣ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﻳﻀ‬
‫ﯿﺐأ‬
‫اﻳﺼ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫‪53‬‬
‫ﺎلاﻷول‬
‫ﻟﻤﺠ‬
‫ﻟﻮﺣﺪة ‪4‬ﻣﻦا‬
‫ﻳﻦا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺗﻤ‬
‫ﻳﻦ ‪: 1‬‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻨﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮن‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﺔﻓﻲوﺿﻊا‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻤ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎعا‬
‫ﺮﺟ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻰإﺳ‬
‫إ‬
‫ول‬
‫الاﻻ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﮫﺪفا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫أﺳ‬
‫ﻟﺔ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ري ‪-7‬ھ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ة ‪- 6‬ﻣ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﺔ ‪-5‬ﻧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻓ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒﻜﺔھ‬
‫ﻠﻲ‪ -4} :‬ﺷ‬
‫ﺎﻳ‬
‫ﺣﺴﺐﻣ‬
‫ﯿﺔ {‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻳﺼﻼتﻛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﺠﻲ ‪- 9‬ﺣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫زﻛ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫‪- 8‬ﺟﮫ‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﺚﻳ‬
‫ﯿﺔ ‪.‬ﺣ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻗﺔ ﺳ‬
‫ﯿ ﺺﻋﻼ‬
‫ﺘﺸﺨ‬
‫ﺎتﻟ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﻖا‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗﻄ‬
‫الإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﮫﺪفا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫د‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺗ‬
‫ﻠﻄ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺧ‬
‫ﻮﻋ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻧ‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺑﺔﻣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻠﻰاﺳ‬
‫ﺪلﻋ‬
‫ﺋﻖوﺗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﻨﮫ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا ضا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻳﺪاﻷﻋ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗﺤ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﻠﻲ‪:‬‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻰﻣ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺑﺔ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫اﺳ‬
‫ﻠﻰ‬
‫اﻳﺪلﻋ‬
‫ﻘﺔ ‪ 3‬ھﺬ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨﺔﺑ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻼ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺎﺑ‬
‫ﺎھ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻳﺔوﻏ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺪا‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎخا‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ا‬
‫‬‫ﻳﺔ ‪LB‬‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻼ‬
‫ﻨﺸﻂا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ذﺗ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﻳﺔ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺪا‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎﻓﻲا‬
‫ﺮھ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺘﻢ ﺳ‬
‫ﺘﻲﻳ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻠﻄ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺧ‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻨﺔ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﺎﺑﻼﺳﻤ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺧﻼ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﻮل‬
‫ﺘﺤ‬
‫ﺎﻳ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻼ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﺐ‬
‫اﻏ‬
‫ﺮو‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﻜ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺪﻓ‬
‫ﺘﻀ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺴ‬
‫ﻮلا‬
‫ﻔﻀﻞدﺧ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﻘﺪ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻔﺦ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻨﻪﺗ‬
‫ﻳﺐ ﻣ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﺠﺴﻢا‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎط‬
‫ﯿﻒﻧﺸ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ةﻟ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻀ‬
‫ﺎما‬
‫ﺎجاﻻﺟﺴ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻘﺔ ‪3‬ﻻ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﻳﺾ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﺸﺨ ﺺ‬
‫ﻨﺪا‬
‫ﻌﺔﻋ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻘﺔ ‪2‬ا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﻨﮫ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﺌ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﻚ‬
‫ﻛﺪذ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫و‬
‫‪.‬‬
‫ة‪.‬‬
‫ﻠﺪ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻀ‬
‫ﺎما‬
‫ﺰاﻻﺟﺴ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻮﻳﻤ‬
‫ﯿﻦوھ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻠﺔﻓﻲ‪γ‬ﻏ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫و‬
‫ﻳﻦ ‪: 2‬‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﻲ ‪1} :‬‬
‫ﺎﻳ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻠﺔﻓ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻤ‬
‫ﻗﻤﺔا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮﺿﻊا‬
‫ﺎتﺑ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎعا‬
‫ﺮﺟ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ال ‪-1‬ﻻﺳ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺪف‬
‫ﻳﮫ‬
‫ﻟﻀﺪ ({‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﺪ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫دﻣ‬
‫ﯿﺪي )ﻣﺤﺪ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺪﺑ‬
‫ﺘﻀ‬
‫ﺔ ‪ 3- H L AІ2-‬ﻣﺴ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺼ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ءا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻏﺸ‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺎ ﻓﻲوﺿ‬
‫ﻘﮫ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺗﻄ‬
‫ﺎت و‬
‫ﻮﻣ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺘﺤﻜﻢﻓﻲا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﻰا‬
‫ةﻋ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻘﺪ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫را‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻰإﻇﮫ‬
‫الإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﮫﺪفا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻠﻲ ‪:‬‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻳﻦﺣﺴﺐﻣ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫وﺣﺔﻓﻲا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻄ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻮﺿ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮحا‬
‫ﻜﻦ ﺷ‬
‫اﻳﻤ‬
‫ﻠﻰھﺬ‬
‫ة وﻋ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻼ‬
‫ﺮفا‬
‫ﺎمﻣﻦﻃ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫و سا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺑﺔﺑﻔ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺼ‬
‫ﻠﺸﺨ ﺺعا‬
‫ﯿﺔﻟ‬
‫ﻟﺠﺴﻤ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻼ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻳﺐ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻋﺪمﺗﺨ‬
‫ﺮف‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫وثا‬
‫ﺪمﺣﺪ‬
‫ﻟﻰﻋ‬
‫دإ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺎمﻳ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻨﻊ ﺿﺪا‬
‫ﻟﻤﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﺸﺨ ﺺ س‬
‫ﻣﺔﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﻳﺔا‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﺸﺨ ﺺ‬
‫ﺔﻟ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ﻟﺔا‬
‫ﻔﺔﻟﺴﻼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻠﺔﻣﺨ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺘﻤﻲﻟﺴ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺑﺔﺗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺼ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫وجﻷنا‬
‫د‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫س‪.‬‬
‫ﻳﻦ ‪: 3‬‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮﺳﻢ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫زا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻧﺠ‬
‫ﻠﻰا‬
‫ةﻋ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻘﺪ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ز‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺎتو‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻐﻼلا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﺔاﺳ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﻰﻛ‬
‫إ‬
‫ال ‪- 1‬‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﮫﺪفا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﯿﺚ ‪:‬‬
‫ﯿﻄﻲ ﺣ‬
‫ﺘﺨﻄ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺑﺔ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺼ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻳﺔ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻌﻀ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺒﺔﻟ‬
‫ﻨﺴ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻀﺪ (ﺑ‬
‫اتا‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ات )أيﻣ‬
‫ﺘﻀﺪ‬
‫ﺜﻞﻣ ﺴ‬
‫ﺎت ‪gP 120‬ﺗﻤ‬
‫ﺌ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﺟ‬‫ﺎت ‪.‬‬
‫ﺌ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ها‬
‫ﺪھﺬ‬
‫ةﺿ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺎمﻣﻀ‬
‫ﺘﺞأﺟﺴ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎت ‪.‬‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻊ‬
‫دﻣﻊوﺿﻊﺟﻤ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻀ‬
‫ﻟﺠﺴﻢا‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﯿﻄﻲﻟ‬
‫ﻠﺐرﺳﻢﺗﺨﻄ‬
‫ﺮﺳﻢ ‪:‬ﻳﻄ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫‬‫ﻮن‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮع و‬
‫ﻮﺿ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻗﺔﺑ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻼ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﺘﻲﻟ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫را‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻰاﺧ‬
‫اﻻن ) ‪2‬و‪( 3‬إ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﮫﺪفا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻠﻲ ‪:‬‬
‫ﺎﻳ‬
‫ﺣﺴﺐﻣ‬
‫ﯿﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﯿﺔﺑﻼﺳﻤ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻳﺔ )‪ ،(LB‬ﺷﻜﻞ ‪ 2‬ﺧ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻜﻞ ‪1‬ﺧ‬
‫ﻘﺔ‪ 1‬ﺷ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨﺔﺑ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻼ‬
‫ا‬
‫‪-2‬‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻗﺔوﻇ‬
‫ﺎھﻲﻋﻼ‬
‫ﺘﮫ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻜﻞ ‪2‬وﻃ‬
‫ﯿﺔ ﺷ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺮتﻓﻲﺧ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﺘﻲﻇ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻦا‬
‫ﻗﺔﺑ‬
‫ﻌﻼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫‪-3‬‬
‫ﯿﻦ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺐا‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻠﻰﺗ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻳﺪلﻋ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﮫ‬
‫ﻜﺔا‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﺸ‬
‫ﻮا‬
‫ﯿﺚ ‪-‬ﻧﻤ‬
‫ﺣ‬
‫‪54‬‬
‫ﯿﻦ‪.‬‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﻰﻧﻀﺞا‬
‫ﺪلﻋ‬
‫ﻟﺠﻲﻳ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫زﻛ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫رﺟﮫ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺗﻄ‬‫ﻌﺔ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺼ‬
‫ةا‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺮحا‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﻠﻰا‬
‫زﻳﺪلﻋ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫اﻹ‬
‫ﻳﺼﻼت‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫رﺣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺗﻄ‬‫ﺮﻟﻞ ‪.ATP‬‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎلا‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اﻹﺳ‬
‫ﻠﻰ‬
‫ﺎتﻳﺪلﻋ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻧﺪ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫را‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺗﻄ‬‫ﺎﺛﻢ‬
‫ﺮھ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺗﻜ‬
‫ﻳﺔ )‪(LB‬و‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻼ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻂ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اﺟﻊﻟ‬
‫ﻳﺔ ‪:‬ر‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺪا‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةﺣﺠﻢا‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮز‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻔﺴ‬
‫ﺗ‬‫ﻳﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻘﺪ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اﺧﻞا‬
‫ﯿﺔد‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ز‬
‫ﺎﺑﻼ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺎﻟﺨﻼ‬
‫ﺰھ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺗﻤ‬
‫ﺘﺤﻜﻢ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﻰا‬
‫ةﻋ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻘﺪ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ز‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ال ‪2‬ا‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﺎﺑﮫﺪفا‬
‫ﻨﻤ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‪،‬‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻗﺔ ﺳ‬
‫ﯿ ﺺﻋﻼ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗﺸﺨ‬
‫ال ‪1‬إ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﮫﺪفا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺎت ‪.‬‬
‫ﻮﻣ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻓﻲا‬
‫ﺑﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫اﻹﺻ‬
‫ﻮع‬
‫ﺪﻧ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻨﻰﺗ‬
‫ﻨﺤ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺋﺞا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻌﻢﻧ‬
‫‪- 1‬ﻧ‬
‫ﯿﻦ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨﻤ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‪،‬ﺑ‬
‫زﻣ‬
‫ﺎﺑﻼ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺧﻼ‬
‫ﻳﺔ ) ‪(LB‬إ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻼ‬
‫را‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿﻦﺗﻄ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻘﺔ )‪( 1‬ﺗ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺢ ‪:‬ا‬
‫ﻮﺿ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫‬‫ةﻓﻲ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـ ) ‪ ( VIH‬ﻣﻊا‬
‫ﺰﻟ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻤ‬
‫ة ﺿﺪ ‪gP 120‬ا‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻀ‬
‫ﺎما‬
‫ﻔﻊﻟﻸﺟﺴ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺰﻣ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻘﺔ )‪(2‬ﺗ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫وﺳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻨﺔا‬
‫ﻟﺸﺤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ة ﺿﺪ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻀ‬
‫ﺎما‬
‫راﻷﺟﺴ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﺰﺑﻈ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺑﺔاﻷ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻠﺔاﻹﺻ‬
‫ﺮﺣ‬
‫ﺮ ضكھﻲﻣ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻠﺔا‬
‫ﺮﺣ‬
‫‪-2‬ﻣ‬
‫ة‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻀ‬
‫ﺎما‬
‫ﻗ ﺺاﻷﺟﺴ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫د سأيﺗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮع‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻌﺪاﻷﺳ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻼﺣﻈﺔﺑ‬
‫ﺋﺞا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻔﺴ‬
‫ﺛﻢﺗ‬
‫‪. gP 120‬‬
‫ﺎ ) ‪(LTc‬‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻼ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔو‬
‫وﺳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻨﺔا‬
‫ﻟﺸﺤ‬
‫ةا‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ز‬
‫و‬
‫ةﻓﻲدم‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺸ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫وﺳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮﻣﻦا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫دﻛ‬
‫ﻮﺟﻤﻊﻋﺪ‬
‫ﻌﻼج ھ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اا‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﻘﺔھ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺮﻃ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻔﺴ‬
‫ﺗ‬‫ﯿﺖ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻨﻊﺗ‬
‫ﺎﻳﻤ‬
‫اﻣ‬
‫ﻧﺔ وھﺬ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺤ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻐﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺒﻼتا‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺴ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﺌ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫اﺳﻄﺔﺟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺎبﺑ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺼ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﺘﮫ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻲﻋﺪمإﺻ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ )‪( LT4‬‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻼ‬
‫ﻠﻰا‬
‫و سﻋ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻳﻦ ‪:4‬‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎت ‪.‬‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫اج‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺨ‬
‫ﯿﻞواﺳ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺘﺤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﻰ‬
‫ﺬﻋ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ة‬
‫ر‬
‫رﻗﺪ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻰاﻇﮫ‬
‫الإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﮫﺪفا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺋﺞ ‪:‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻞا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺗﺤ‬
‫ﻠﻲ ‪:‬‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘﺔ ‪1‬ﻣ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻦا‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﻳﺔ (‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔو‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺮﻃ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻦ )‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻦ‬
‫ذبﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ولﻧﻼﺣﻆﺗﺠ‬
‫اﻷ‬
‫ﻣﻦ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻓﻲا‬
‫ﯿﺔ ‪.LTc‬‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ﺮفا‬
‫ﯿﺔﻣﻦﻃ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺮﻃ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﺔا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ﻠﻞا‬
‫ﻧﻲﻧﻼﺣﻆﺗﺤ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻣﻦ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻓﻲا‬
‫ﻳﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺧ‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺑﺔﻣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﺑﺔھﻲإﺳ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫اﻹﺳ‬
‫ﻮع‬
‫ﺘﺞأنﻧ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻨﻪﻧﺴ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻳﻦ ‪: 5‬‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮع‬
‫ﻮﺿ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻗﺔﺑ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻼ‬
‫ﺘﻲﻟﮫ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻜﻢﻓﻲا‬
‫ﺘﺤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﻰ‬
‫ةﻋ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻘﺪ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫زا‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﻠﻰا‬
‫الﻋ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺪف‬
‫ﻳﮫ‬
‫ﻠﻲ ‪:‬‬
‫ﺎﻳ‬
‫ﻮنﺣﺴﺐﻣ‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫‪:‬و‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ءا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻠﻰﻏﺸ‬
‫دﻋ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻮﺟ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎقا‬
‫ﺘﺼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﺪاﻻ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻔ ﺲﻣ‬
‫ءﻧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺈ‬
‫ﺮﺑ‬
‫ﻔﺴ‬
‫ﺎ صﺗ‬
‫ﺗﺼ‬
‫ر‬
‫ةاﻻ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺎھ‬
‫‪- 1‬ﻇ‬
‫د‪.‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻀ‬
‫ﻟﺤﺴﻢا‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻔﺲ‬
‫ءﻣﻊﻧ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﺤﻤ‬
‫ﻳﺔا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻟﺪ‬
‫ا‬
‫ا ص ھﻢ ‪:‬‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ﺛﻞﻓﻲا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﮫﻢدمﻣ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻳﻦﻟﺪ‬
‫ﻟﺬ‬
‫ﺎ صا‬
‫ اﻷﺷﺨ‬‫‪55‬‬
‫ء‪.‬‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﺤﻤ‬
‫ﻳﺔا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻟﺪ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﻤﺼﻞو‬
‫ﯿﻦا‬
‫ﺎ صﺑ‬
‫رﺻ‬
‫وثا‬
‫ﺪمﺣﺪ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ أ )‪1‬و‪( 4‬ﻟ‬‫و ‪(9‬‬
‫د )‪6‬‬
‫و‪. (10‬‬
‫و‪8‬‬
‫و‪.( 7‬ج )‪5‬‬
‫و‪3‬‬
‫ ب )‪2‬‬‫ﻟﺸﺨ ﺺ ‪5‬‬
‫ﺮفﻣﺼﻞا‬
‫و‪( 6‬ﻣﻦﻃ‬
‫ﯿﻦ) ‪2‬‬
‫ﻠﺸﺨﺼ‬
‫ءﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﺤﻤ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ﺎ صا‬
‫ﺗﺼ‬
‫ر‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻔﺴ‬
‫ أ‪ -‬ﻳ‬‫ﺪ ‪B‬أي‬
‫ة ﺿﺪ‪A‬و ﺿ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻀ‬
‫ﺎما‬
‫ﯿﻦﻣﻦاﻻﺟﺴ‬
‫ﻮﻋ‬
‫ﻠﻰﻧ‬
‫ﻮيﻋ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﺸﺨ ﺺ ‪5‬ﻳﺤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺄنﻣﺼﻞ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫‪,‬‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻀ‬
‫ﻟﺠﺴﻢا‬
‫ﻔ ﺲا‬
‫ﺎ صﻣﻊﻧ‬
‫ﺗﺼ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻟﺪاﻻ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻔ ﺲﻣ‬
‫ﻔﺴﻪﻧ‬
‫ﻗﺖﻧ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺘﻤﻊﻓﻲا‬
‫أﺟ‬
‫ﻟﺸﺨ ﺺ ‪6‬‬
‫وﻣﺼﻞا‬
‫ﻮع ‪B‬‬
‫ﻜﻦﻧ‬
‫دﻣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻠﻰﺟﺴﻢﻣﻀ‬
‫ﻘﻂﻋ‬
‫ﻮيﻓ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﺸﺨ ﺺ ‪2‬ﻳﺤ‬
‫ ب‪ -‬ﻣﺼﻞا‬‫ﻮع ‪.A‬‬
‫دﻣﻦﻧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻠﻰﺟﺴﻢﻣﻀ‬
‫ﻮيﻋ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻳﺤ‬
‫ﻮع ‪.A‬و ‪. B‬‬
‫ةﻣﻦﻧ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺎمﻣﻀ‬
‫ﻟﺸﺨ ﺺ ‪5‬ﻳﺤﻤﻞأﺟﺴ‬
‫ ج ‪-‬ﻣﺼﻞا‬‫ﺎب‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫وﻏ‬
‫ء‪,‬‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﺤﻤ‬
‫ﻳﺔا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻟﺪ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﻰ ﺳﻄﺢا‬
‫ﺎقﻋ‬
‫ﺘﺼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اتاﻻ‬
‫د‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺎبﻣ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿﻞ ‪:‬ﻏ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬‫ﺎل ‪.‬‬
‫ﻣﺼ‬
‫اﻷ‬
‫ﺎ صﻣﻊﻛﻞ‬
‫ﺗﺼ‬
‫ر‬
‫اﻷ‬
‫ةﻻ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺎمﻣﻀ‬
‫ﻠﻰأﺟﺴ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺼﻞﻋ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮي‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻨﻪﻻﻳﺤ‬
‫ة) ‪(B A‬ﻣ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮﻣﻦا‬
‫ﻟﺸﺨ ﺺ ‪1‬ھ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫أ‬‫ﻮع ‪. B‬‬
‫ﻮع ‪A‬وﻻﻣﻦﻧ‬
‫ﻣﻦﻧ‬
‫ﻳﺔ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺪﻣ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﻠﻰأﻏﺸ‬
‫ﻮع ‪.A‬و ‪B‬ﻋ‬
‫ﺎقﻣﻦﻧ‬
‫ﺘﺼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اتاﻻ‬
‫ﻟﺪ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫دﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿﻞ ‪:‬وﺟ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬‫ﻠﻪ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻧﻪﻳﻤ‬
‫ﻟﺸﺨ ﺺ ‪4‬ﻻ‬
‫اا‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﺎلﻣ‬
‫ﻣﺼ‬
‫ﺎ صﻣﻊﻛﻞاﻻ‬
‫ﺗﺼ‬
‫ر‬
‫وثاﻻ‬
‫أ [ﺣﺪ‬
‫ء‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﺤﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ول‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ا‬
‫ة‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ة ‪.A‬‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ة‪B‬‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﺪ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎق‬
‫ﺘﺼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اﻻ‬
‫‪A‬‬
‫‪B‬‬
‫ﺎم‬
‫اﻷﺟﺴ‬
‫ة‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻀ‬
‫ا‬
‫‪B‬‬
‫‪A‬‬
‫ة‪BA‬‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫‪AB‬‬
‫ﺪﻣﺔ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ة‪O‬‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻣﺔ‬
‫ﻌﺪ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫‪A‬و ‪B‬‬
‫ﻘﻂ ‪.‬‬
‫ة ‪O‬ﻓ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮا‬
‫ﻟﺸﺨ ﺺھ‬
‫اا‬
‫ﺎﺳﺐﻟﮫﺬ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻟﺪما‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﺸﺨ ﺺ‬
‫ا‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﺎﻟﮫ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺪﺣ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺎقوﻋ‬
‫ﺘﺼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اتاﻻ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠﻰﻣ‬
‫ﻮيﻋ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺮىﺗﺤ‬
‫اﻷﺧ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻞ ‪:‬ﻻنا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫اﺧﻄ‬
‫ﺎ صوھﺬ‬
‫ﺗﺼ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻟﻰاﻹ‬
‫ديإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻮع ‪. A‬و ‪B‬‬
‫ةﻣﻦﻧ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺎمﻣﻀ‬
‫ﻠﻰأﺟﺴ‬
‫ﻠﻪﻋ‬
‫ﻮيﻣﺼ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﺬيﻳﺤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺘﻪ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻠﻰ ﺻﺤ‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫‪56‬‬
‫ﻳﻦ ‪: 6‬‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺋﻖ ‪:‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﯿﻞو‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺎﻣﻦﺗﺤ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻧﻄﻼ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫اج‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺨ‬
‫ﻠﻰاﺳ‬
‫ةﻋ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻘﺪ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫زا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﻰ‬
‫ﻠﺔإ‬
‫ﺌ‬
‫ﮫﺪفاﻻﺳ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺋﺞ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻞ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫‪-1‬ﺗﺤ‬
‫ﺬي‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻦا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ا‪δ‬ﻏ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻣ‬
‫ﻟﺸﺨﺼ‬
‫ﻨﺪا‬
‫ﯿﺔﻋ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺼ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺔا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛﻞﻓﻲﻛﻤ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘﺔﺗﻤ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻦا‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﻳﺾ‪.‬‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺪا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻔﻊﻋ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻮنﻣ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﯿﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻦھﻲا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺎج ‪δ :‬ﻏ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اﻻﺳ‬
‫ﯿﻦ‬
‫زرﺳﻢﺟﺴﻤ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻧﺠ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻮمﺑ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﯿﺚﻳ‬
‫ﺮﺳﻢ ﺣ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿﻎﺑ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﻰا‬
‫ﯿﺬﻋ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻰاﻇﮫ‬
‫ﮫﺪفإ‬
‫‪- 2‬ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﻀﺪ ‪sBe‬‬
‫دا‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺎ صﻟﻤﺤ‬
‫ﻧﻲﺧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﻀﺪ ‪HBe‬و‬
‫ا‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ صﻟﻤﺤﺪ‬
‫ﺒﻞﺧ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺪﺑﻪﻣﺴ‬
‫اﺣ‬
‫ﻳﻦﻛﻞو‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻣﻀ‬
‫ﺎت ‪.‬‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻣﻊوﺿﻊا‬
‫وﻋﺔﻓﻲ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻼ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻣﻊا‬
‫زﻣ‬
‫ﺒﻼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻼ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎب‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿﻘﺔﻏ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺒﻦا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻘﺔ ‪: 4‬ﺗ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺋﺞا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﻞﻧ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫‪*- 1‬ﺗﺤ‬
‫ﺑﺔ ‪. 4‬‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةﻓﻲا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﺎﺑﻜ‬
‫دھ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫وﺟ‬
‫رب ) ‪1‬و‪2‬و‪3‬و ‪( 5‬و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎتﻣﺤﺴﺴﺔﻣﻦ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻠﺐﺑ‬
‫ﺘﻄ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺑ‬
‫ﺎﺑﻼﺳﻤ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺧﻼ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺎ )‪( LB‬‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻼ‬
‫ﺰا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺮوﺗﻤ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﺘﺨﻼ ص ‪:‬ﺗ‬
‫اﻻﺳ‬
‫ﻳﺔ )‪.(TL‬‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺎﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺜﻞ ب‪1‬وﺧﻼ‬
‫ﺒﻞﻣ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻳﺔ ) ‪LB‬و ‪TL‬‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻼ‬
‫ﯿ ﺲا‬
‫ﻮﺗﺤﺴ‬
‫ﻳﺔ )ب‪( 1‬ھ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻼ‬
‫ﻣﺖﺑﻪا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺬيﻗ‬
‫ا‬
‫ر‬
‫و‬
‫ﻟﺪ‬
‫‪- 2‬ا‬
‫ﺮف‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﺒﻖﻟ‬
‫ﺮﻣﺤﺴﺴﺔأيﻟﻢﻳﺴ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺎﻏ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻟﻚﻻ‬
‫ﺎمﺑﺬ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎت ب‪2‬ا‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻊا‬
‫ﻟﻢﺗﺴﻄ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺒﻞ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻳﺐﻣﻦﻗ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﺠﺴﻢا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺑﺔ ‪5‬‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎﻓﻲا‬
‫ﺑﮫ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺑﺔ ‪ 4‬وﻏ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻓﻲا‬
‫ﺒﻼﺳﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻼ‬
‫ﺮﻣﻦا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫دﻛ‬
‫دﻋﺪ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿﻞ ‪:‬وﺟ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫‬‫ﻳﻦ ‪:7‬‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﻟﻤﻼﺣﻈ‬
‫ﺮﺟﻤﺔا‬
‫ﺎتوﺗ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻖ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻠﻰﺗﻄ‬
‫ﯿﺬﻋ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ر‬
‫رﻗﺪ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫اﻇ‬
‫ﻟﻰ‬
‫ﻳﻦإ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺪف‬
‫ﻳﮫ‬
‫ﻟﻰرﺳﻢ ‪:‬‬
‫إ‬
‫ﻟﻲ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫رو‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﻜﻞﻓ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻲﻟ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫زا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺠﮫ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮإ‬
‫رھ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﻧﺔﻓﻲﻛﻞﻓ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺤ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫وﺳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻣﺼ‬
‫ﺎ)‪. (cTL‬‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻼ‬
‫ﺮفا‬
‫ﺎﻣﻦﻃ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻗﺼ‬
‫إ‬
‫ة‬
‫ذ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺄﺧ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎﻣﻊا‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺤﺼﻞﻋ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺋﺞ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻧﺔا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺮﺟﺔﻣﻦﻣ‬
‫ﺘﺨ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺴ‬
‫ﻣﺔا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫‪- 1‬ا‬
‫ﺮض‬
‫ﺬيﺣ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫و سا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻔﺲ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺑﺔﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺼ‬
‫ﻮع ‪H2k‬ا‬
‫ﺎﻣﻦﻧ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻼ‬
‫ﻠﻞا‬
‫ﻮﺗﺤ‬
‫ﻣﻦ ‪H2k‬ھ‬
‫ﻘﻂ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻳﺔ ) ‪(LTc‬ﻓ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻼ‬
‫ﺎجا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻠﻰإ‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫ة‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺎتوﻗ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻓﺔا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿﻪﻛ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﯿﻄﻲﻋ‬
‫ﻟﻰرﺳﻢﺗﺨﻄ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻼﺣﻈﺔإ‬
‫ﺮﺟﻤﺔا‬
‫ﻠﻰﺗ‬
‫ةﻋ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻘﺪ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫‪- 2‬ا‬
‫وج ‪.‬‬
‫د‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮف‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﻰا‬
‫ةﻋ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻘﺪ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺪم‬
‫وﻋ‬
‫وجأ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺮفا‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﻰا‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻼ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻘﻀﻲ‬
‫ﺑﺔﺛﻢﺗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺼ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻼ‬
‫ﻠﻰا‬
‫ﺮفﻋ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﻊانﺗ‬
‫ﺘﻄ‬
‫ﻳﺔﺗﺴ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻼ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺘﺨﻼ ص ‪:‬‬
‫‪- 3‬اﻻﺳ‬
‫وج ‪.‬‬
‫د‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺮفا‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫وثا‬
‫ﺪﺣﺪ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻮيﻋ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ﻠﻞا‬
‫ﺘﺤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺎﺑ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫ﺎت ‪.‬‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻌﻄ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﻦا‬
‫ﯿﺔﺑ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻨﻄ‬
‫ﻗﺔﻣ‬
‫دﻋﻼ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻳﺠ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﻟﻰ‬
‫ﻳﻦإ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺪفا‬
‫ﻳﮫ‬
‫ﻳﻦ ‪: 8‬‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺑﺔاﻻ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﺎﻻﺳ‬
‫ﻧﺔﺑ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻳﺔﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺑﺔا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫اتاﻻﺳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ ‪* 1‬ﻣﻤ‬‫‪57‬‬
‫ﯿﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺑﺔاﻻ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫اﻻﺳ‬
‫ﺋﻊﻓﻲ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻀ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻣﻦ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺒﺔﻟ‬
‫ﻨﺴ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫اﺑ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺮﺟ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺋﻊﻗﺼ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻀ‬
‫ﻣﻦا‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ ا‬‫ﻳﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺑﺔ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻌﺔﻓﻲاﻻﺳ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ةﻣ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻀ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎم‬
‫ﯿﺔاﻻﺟﺴ‬
‫ ﻛﻤ‬‫ﯿﺐ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﺮحﻣﻼﺣﻈﺔا‬
‫ﺋ ﺺﺑﺸ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺨﺼ‬
‫ها‬
‫ﻌﻢﺗﺴﻤﺢھﺬ‬
‫ ‪*2‬ﻧ‬‫ﻠﻰ‬
‫ﺪلﻋ‬
‫ءﻳ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﺤﺼ‬
‫ءا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﻟﻰو‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺒﻞ‬
‫اﻣﻦﻗ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺮﺿ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻳﻦﺗ‬
‫ﻠﺬ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎص‬
‫اﻻﺷﺨ‬
‫ﺑﺔ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺪمإﺻ‬
‫ﯿﺢ ‪:‬ﻋ‬
‫ﻮﺿ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬‫وس‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮلا‬
‫ددﺧ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒﻤﺠ‬
‫ءﻓ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﺤﺼ‬
‫ا‬
‫وس‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺔ ( ﺿﺪﻓ‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎظا‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ة )اﺣ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎذ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫دﺧﻼ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫وﺟ‬
‫ﻌﺔ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫دﻣ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔاﻻﺿﺪ‬
‫ﻛﻤ‬
‫ﻳﻊو‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻲ ﺳ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫دا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮنا‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ةﻓ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺒﻪ ﺧﻼ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺗ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ة‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺑﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺔاﻻﺻ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻳﻊﻓﻲﺣ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ءا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟﺸ‬
‫ﻨﻪا‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎتو‬
‫وﺳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻳﻊﻟ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ءﺳ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻗﺼ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﻟﻰ‬
‫ديإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﺎﻳ‬
‫اﻣ‬
‫ھﺬ‬
‫ﻳﻦ ‪: 9‬‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ ‪:‬‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺐا‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧﺠ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎتو‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﻖا‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻠﻰﺗﻄ‬
‫ةﻋ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻟﻘ‬
‫ا‬
‫ز‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﻟﻰا‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺪف‬
‫ﻳﮫ‬
‫ة‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺪﻣ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫أوب (ﺑ‬
‫ﯿﻦ )‬
‫ﻮﺳﻄ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻀﺪﻓﻲا‬
‫ﻟﺪا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫دﻣ‬
‫ﺰﻣﺤﺪ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫وىﺗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﺴ‬
‫رن ‪:‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﻞا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺘﺤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫‪- 1‬ا‬
‫أ‪.‬‬
‫ﻜﻞ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻓﻲ ﺷ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ز‬
‫هﻓﻲ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺮﻣﻦﺗ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺒﺢأ‬
‫ﻮﺳﻂ بﻳﺼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺪﻓﻲ‬
‫ﻟﻀ‬
‫ﺪا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫دﻣ‬
‫ﺰﻣﺤﺪ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻜﻞ بﺗ‬
‫ﻟﺸ‬
‫ﺎﻓﻲا‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫أ‬
‫ﺎﻋﺔ ‪3‬‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﺪا‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻠﻒﺑ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫زعا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اا‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﺒﺖھ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻮﺳﻂأﺛﻢﻳ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫د‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺰﻣﺤ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻳﻦﻓﻲﺗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺘﻼفا‬
‫داﻻﺧ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗﺤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةھﻲا‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻀ‬
‫ﺎما‬
‫ﺘﺞأناﻻﺟﺴ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧﺴ‬
‫ﻟﺸﻜﻞ ب ‪.‬‬
‫ﻟﻀﺪﻓﻲا‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﺪ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺪﻓﻲ ﺷﻜﻞ ب‬
‫ﻟﻀ‬
‫ﻟﺪا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫اتﻣ‬
‫د‬
‫زعﻣﺤﺪ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠﻰﺗ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻋ‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫اتا‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻜﻞ‬
‫ﻘﺔﺗﺸ‬
‫ﻨﻄ‬
‫ﺮﻣ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫‪- 2‬ﺗ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻮﺳﻂأوﻋ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺒﺔﻟ‬
‫ﻨﺴ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻀﺪﺑ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﺪ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫دﻣ‬
‫ﻔﻆﻟﻤﺤﺪ‬
‫ﻨﺨ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺎﺑ‬
‫ﺋﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮﺳﻂ بد‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻌﻞا‬
‫ﻮﺟ‬
‫ھ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫اتا‬
‫ﻘﺪ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺎﻟ‬
‫ﻠﮫ‬
‫ﺘﺸﻜ‬
‫ﻮﺳﻂ بﺑ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةﻓﻲا‬
‫د‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻮﺟ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ةا‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻀ‬
‫ﺎما‬
‫ءاﻻﺟﺴ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﮫ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻦ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻮﺳﻄ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻀﺪﻓﻲا‬
‫اتا‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫اتﻣ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺰﻣﺤﺪ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫وىﺗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﺴ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺎت‪.‬‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻌﻄ‬
‫ﻐﻼلﻣ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺑ‬
‫ﯿﻄ‬
‫ﺎتﺗﺨﻄ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺬرﺳ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺰا‬
‫ﻨﺠ‬
‫‪- 3‬ﻳ‬
‫ﻜﻞأ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻮﺷ‬
‫ﯿﻪھ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺘﺤﺼﻞﻋ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻨﻰا‬
‫ﻨﺤ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫‪- 4‬ا‬
‫ﻮﺳﻂ ب ‪.‬‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔﻓﻲ‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫اتا‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻌﺪمﺗﺸﻜﻞ‬
‫ﯿﻞ ‪:‬ﻟ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬‫ﺎم‬
‫ﻔﻲﻟﻼﺟﺴ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻮﻇ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺘﺨﺼ ﺺا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺑﺔھﻲا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ها‬
‫ﺎﻓﻲھﺬ‬
‫زھ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗﻢ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﺎﺻ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ا‬‫ﯿﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻮﻋ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫زﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ة‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻀ‬
‫ا‬
‫‪58‬‬
‫ء‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻳﺐاﻷﺧﻄ‬
‫ولﺗﺼﻮ‬
‫ﺟﺪ‬
‫ﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ‬
‫ا‬
‫ان‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﺴﻄ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻄ‬
‫ا‬
‫‪92‬‬
‫ﺎط ‪: 5‬‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻣﺼﺪ‬
‫ﺎم‬
‫اﻻﺟﺴ‬
‫ة‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻀ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻘﺔ ‪1‬‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺋﺞ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻜ ﺲا‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ة ﺗ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﮫﺠ‬
‫ﺋﺞا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻜﮫ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﻤﺼﻞ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫‪97‬‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﺔا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎعﻋﻦ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﻠﺪ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻳﺔ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻀ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‪3‬‬
‫ﻟﺴﻄ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺮھ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﻘﺔﺗ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻃ‬
‫ﺮﻓﻲ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫رھ‬
‫ﻘﺔ وﻣﺼﺪ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﻤﺔ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫‪107‬‬
‫ﻟﻤﺪﺧﻞ‬
‫ان ا‬
‫ﻘﺪ‬
‫ﺒﺐﻓ‬
‫ﺳ‬
‫ﺎﻋﺔ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺒﺔ‬
‫ﺘﺴ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻜ‬
‫ا‬
‫‪121‬‬
‫ﻳﻦ ‪3‬‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫‪124‬‬
‫ﻳﻦ ‪7‬‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‪6‬‬
‫ﻟﺴﻄ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎط ‪8‬‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎط ‪9‬‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫د‬
‫ﻘﻦﻋﺪ‬
‫ﺣ‬
‫ﺮﻣﻦ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫)‪(LT4‬‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫دﻛ‬
‫ﻘﻦﻋﺪ‬
‫ﺣ‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﺌ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻣﻦﺟ‬
‫ﺒﻼت‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻐﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫وﻋﺔﻣﻦ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫)‪(LT4‬‬
‫ﻠﻞ‬
‫ﺘﺤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎبا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻘﺔ ﻏ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ولا‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺟ‬
‫ﻮيﻓﻲ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ا‬
‫‪1‬‬
‫ﻧﺔ ‪3‬ﻣﻦ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ ‪1‬ﻓﻲ‬
‫ﻟﺴﻄ‬
‫ا‬
‫ول‬
‫ﻟﺠﺪ‬
‫ا‬
‫‪59‬‬
‫اب‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﻞ‬
‫دﺗﺤ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫وﺟ‬
‫ﻮي‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺧ‬
‫ﺒﻲ‬
‫ﻟﻌﺼ‬
‫ﺎلا‬
‫ﺗﺼ‬
‫ﺎتﻓ ﻲاﻹ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺒﺮو‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫را‬
‫ﻟﻮﺣﺪة ‪:5‬دو‬
‫ا‬
‫و‬
‫‪،‬‬
‫ﺒﻲ‬
‫ﻌﺼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎلا‬
‫ﺗﺼ‬
‫اﻹ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻓﻲ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻐﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫را‬
‫و‬
‫ﻳﺪد‬
‫ﺜﻞﻓﻲﺗﺤﺪ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻠﻤﻲ‪:‬ﻳ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺪف‬
‫ﻟﮫ‬
‫‪‬ا‬
‫ﺒﻞ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻗ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ﻮنﻋﻤﻞﻓﻲا‬
‫ﻜﻞﻛﻤ‬
‫ةﻓﻲ ﺷ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟﺔﻣﺸ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺎلﻣﻦرﺳ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺘﻢاﻹ‬
‫ﯿﻒﻳ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻟﺸﻖ‬
‫ﺒﻲﻓﻲا‬
‫ﻌﺼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﻎا‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻠﻰ ﺷﻜﻞﺗ‬
‫ةﻋ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟﺔﻣﺸ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻰرﺳ‬
‫ﯿﺔإ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻣﺸ‬
‫ﻮن‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻌﺼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮنﻋﻤﻞﻓﻲا‬
‫ةﻓﻲ ﺷﻜﻞﻛﻤ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟﺔﻣﺸ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻰرﺳ‬
‫ﺪإ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺒﻜﻲﺛﻢﻣﻦﺟﺪ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺸ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎم‬
‫ﻨﻈ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻟ‬
‫ﺎﺟ‬
‫دﻣ‬
‫اﻹ‬
‫ﻔﺔ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻮﻇ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اﺳﺔا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻟﻰد‬
‫إ‬
‫ﻟﻚ‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ة ﻛ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻮﺣ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺪف‬
‫ﺎﺗﮫ‬
‫ﻛﻤ‬
‫ﺒﻜﻲ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻌﺪﻣﺸ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺑﻚ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺸ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮى‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠﻰﻣﺴ‬
‫اتﻋ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻟﻤﺨﺪ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺒﻲو‬
‫ﻌﺼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻘﻞ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎﻓﻲا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫اأﺳ‬
‫ر‬
‫و‬
‫ﻌﺐد‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﺌ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﻌ ﺾا‬
‫ةﺑ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻮﺣ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫را‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻘﺪم ﺻ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺒﻲ‬
‫ﻌﺼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺋﻲ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﻎا‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺌﺔا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﯿﺔوﺟ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺑﻚﻋﺼ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻟﻤﺸ‬
‫ﯿﻄ‬
‫ةﺗﺨﻄ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻚ ﺻ‬
‫ﺎﻧﻼﺣﻆﻛﺬ‬
‫ﻛﻤ‬
‫ﻟﺬيﻟﻪ‬
‫ﺒﻲا‬
‫ﻌﺼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺑﻚ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺸ‬
‫ﻮىا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺒﻲﻓﻲﻣﺴ‬
‫ﻌﺼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻘﻞ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫رﻓﻲ‬
‫و‬
‫د‬
‫ﺜﻞ ‪:‬‬
‫ﺒﺔﻣ‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺎﻣ‬
‫اھ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺮىﻳ‬
‫ﻧﻄﻼقأﺧ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺮحوﺿ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ذأنﻳ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻜﻦﻟﻸﺳ‬
‫ﻣﻼﺣﻈﺔ‪:‬ﻳﻤ‬
‫ةأن‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ةﻟﻺﺷ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫ا‬
‫ه‬
‫ﻐﻞھﺬ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠﻲ‪،‬ﺗﺴ‬
‫ﻌﻀ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮھﻦا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮ ضا‬
‫ﺎبﺑﻤ‬
‫ﻌﺪﻣﺼ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻔﻞﻣ‬
‫ةﻟﻄ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺻ‬‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اتا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻌﺾ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻲﻟ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫زا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺠﮫ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎﺟﻤﺔ‬
‫دﻟﻤﮫ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺮ ضﻳ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫اا‬
‫ﺒﺐھﺬ‬
‫ﺳ‬
‫ﺄ‪.‬‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻘﻞا‬
‫ﯿﺔﻓﻲﻧ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﺌ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ا‬
‫ه‬
‫ﺜﻞھﺬ‬
‫رﻣ‬
‫و‬
‫ؤلﻋﻦد‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﺴ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫‪،‬ﺛﻢ‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺘﺴ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻜ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺮﺑ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺎط‪:1‬ﺗﺬ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫و سﻓﻲ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﻲ‬
‫ﻌﻀ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻜﺲ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻮلا‬
‫ﯿﻢﺣ‬
‫ﺎھ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺄھﻢا‬
‫ﺒﺔﺑ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗﺬ‬
‫ﺎطإ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اا‬
‫ﮫﺪفھﺬ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻨﺔا‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫رﺳﻪ ‪.‬‬
‫ءد‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻌﺪﻟ‬
‫ﺎﺑ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻐﻞﻓ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﺴ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺒﺔ‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻧﻄﻼقﻣ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫روﺿ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻻﺧ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻨﺔا‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻮﻣ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ذﻣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻐﻞاﻷﺳ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧﻄﻼق ‪:‬ﻳﺴ‬
‫ﯿﺔاﻹ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫وﺿ‬
‫ﺎھﮫﻢ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻠﻰﺟﺬبا‬
‫ﺒﺔﻋ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎﻋﺪ‬
‫ﺗﺴ‬
‫ﺎ ‪......‬‬
‫ﺋﺠﮫ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻐﻼلﻧ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺒﺔ‪،‬ﺛﻢاﺳ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ا‬
‫أﺣﺪ‬
‫ﻠﻰ‬
‫ﯿﻄﺔﻋ‬
‫ﺒﺴ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﻲا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻜ ﺲاﻷﺧ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺑﺔا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫زﺗﺠ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻧﺠ‬
‫ﺜﻼ ‪:‬إ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺋﻲ ‪:1‬‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﻲوھﺬ‬
‫ﻌﻀ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺒﻲا‬
‫ﻌﺼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺒﻚا‬
‫ﻟﻤﺸ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻌﻤﻞوﺑ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮنا‬
‫ﻜﻤ‬
‫ﺒﺔﺑ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻟﻲﺗﺬ‬
‫ال‪:1‬ﻳﮫﺪفإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻘﺔ ‪1‬‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎلا‬
‫أﺷﻜ‬
‫ﺎﻣﻦ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻧﻄﻼ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺗﺠﺔﻣﻦ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫اھ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻈ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺐ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺪوﺗ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻜﻢﻓﻲﺗﺤﺪ‬
‫ﺘﺤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﺐﻣﻦ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﯿﻦا‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗﻤ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺪف‬
‫ﻳﮫ‬
‫ال‪:2‬‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻧﻈ‬
‫أ‬
‫ﻠﺔﻓﻲ )‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﺔو‬
‫ﻌﻀ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺑﺔا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟﻰاﺳ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺒﻜﻲ‬
‫ﺒﻞﻣﺸ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺒﻲا‬
‫ﻌﺼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻒا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺎلﻟ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻪا‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﺤﻈﺔا‬
‫ﻓﻖ(‪:‬‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺨﻄﻂا‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎھﺮةﻛﮫﺮ‬
‫ﻇ‬
‫ال‬
‫ﻣﻮﺟﺔزو‬
‫ﺎب‬
‫ﺘﻘﻄ‬
‫اﺳ‬
‫ء‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻏﺸ‬
‫ﻮن‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻌﺼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺒﻞ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﺒﻜ‬
‫ﻟﻤ ﺸ‬
‫ا‬
‫ي‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﺎھﺮةﻛ‬
‫ﻇ‬
‫ﺋﻲ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻠﻎﻛ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫)ﻣ‬
‫ﺒ ﻲ(‬
‫ﻋﺼ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ةﻛﮫ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺎھ‬
‫ﻇ‬
‫ﺎب‬
‫ﺘﻘﻄ‬
‫الاﺳ‬
‫و‬
‫ﻣﻮﺟﺔز‬
‫ء‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻏﺸ‬
‫ﻮن‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﻌﺼ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺑﻌﺪ‬
‫ﺒﻜﻲ‬
‫ﻣﺸ‬
‫ﻓﻲ‬
‫ﻟ ﺸﻖ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺒﻜ‬
‫ﻟﻤ ﺸ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﻎ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ي )ﻣ‬
‫ﺋﻲ(‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫‪60‬‬
‫ﻌﺪ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺑ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ﻮنﻋﻤﻞﻓﻲا‬
‫ﯿﻞﻛﻤ‬
‫ﺘﺨﻼ صأنﺗﺴﺠ‬
‫ﻠﻰاﺳ‬
‫ﯿﺬﻋ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻓﻊا‬
‫ﻟﻰد‬
‫ال‪:3‬ﻳﮫﺪفإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺛﻢﻛ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ةﻛﮫ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺎھ‬
‫ﻗﺐﻇ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗ‬
‫ديإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻳ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺒﻞﻣﺸ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻗ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻠﺨ‬
‫ﺎلﻟ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﯿﻪﻓ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺮﺗ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﯿﺔإ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻣﺸ‬
‫ﺮى ‪.‬‬
‫ةأﺧ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻣ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺛﻢﻛﮫ‬
‫ﺋﻲ ‪:2‬‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺔا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﮫﻢﻓﻲا‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻮﻣ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﯿﻒﻣ‬
‫ﻮﻇ‬
‫ﻠﻰﺗ‬
‫ﯿﺬﻋ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺘﻼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻳﺪ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫الﻟ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫اا‬
‫ﻓﻊھﺬ‬
‫ال‪:1‬ﻳﺪ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ذ‬
‫ﻠﻲ‪،‬إ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫اﻷﺧ‬
‫ﻜﺲ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻌﻀﻼتﻓﻲا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺑﺔ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫اﺳ‬
‫ﻠﻰ‬
‫اﻋ‬
‫ء‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫اﺑ‬
‫‪،‬وھﺬ‬
‫ﺑﺔ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻄ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻨﺤ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﻞا‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﺗﻤ‬
‫و‬
‫ﻮن‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻌﺼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻰا‬
‫ةإ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫اﻹﺷ‬
‫ﻟﻲ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ةوﺑ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﻀ‬
‫ﻠ ﺺ)ﻋﻀﻼتﻣ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺔ ‪2‬ﻻﺗ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌﻀ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﻨﻤ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﺔ‪1‬ﺑ‬
‫ﻌﻀ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠ ﺺا‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﻜ ﺲ (‪.‬‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫اا‬
‫ﯿﻄﻲﻓﻲھﺬ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ها‬
‫ر‬
‫و‬
‫د‬
‫ﻣﻊو‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺒﻞ‬
‫ﻘﺔﻗ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻐﻼلا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺑ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻌﺼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﺔا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫را‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻠﻰﻣﺴ‬
‫ﺰﻋ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ءا‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫اا‬
‫ﻨﺼﺢﻓﻲھﺬ‬
‫ﻣﻼﺣﻈﺔ‪:‬ﻳ‬
‫ه‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻟﺬيﻧﺠ‬
‫ﻣﻊا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮن‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻌﺼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺒﺔﺑ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻨﺼﺢﺗﺬ‬
‫ﺎﻳ‬
‫ﻛﻤ‬
‫ﻠﺔ‪،‬‬
‫ﺌ‬
‫اﻷﺳ‬
‫ﻠﻰ‬
‫ﺑﺔﻋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ةﻟﻺﺟ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺎﺷ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺮقﻣ‬
‫ﺘﻄ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﺔ‪. 2‬‬
‫ﻌﻀ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﻰ‬
‫ديإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺴ‬
‫ﻓﻲا‬
‫ﻘﻂ‬
‫ﺮقﻓ‬
‫ﺘﻄ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺘﻢ‬
‫‪،‬ﺑﻞﻳ‬
‫ﺎ صﺑﻪ‬
‫ﺎطﺧ‬
‫ﺎكﻧﺸ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ءﻷنھ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫اا‬
‫ﻮﺳﻊﻓﻲھﺬ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ال ‪:2‬ﻻﻳﺠﺐا‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻼت‬
‫ﺘﺴﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺋﺞا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠﻰﻧ‬
‫اﻋ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﯿﺔاﻋ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻌﺼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻣﺞ‬
‫رﻓﻲد‬
‫و‬
‫ﺒﻲد‬
‫ﻌﺼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ز‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﻠﺠ‬
‫ﻟﻰأنﻟ‬
‫إ‬
‫و‪.(2‬‬
‫ﯿﻦ ‪1‬‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌﻀ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺑﺔا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫اﺳ‬
‫ﺘﻼف‬
‫اﺧ‬
‫)‬
‫ﻟﺔﻳﻀﻊ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ها‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﯿﺚﻓﻲھ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺣ‬
‫ﯿﺼ‬
‫ﻠﺨ‬
‫ولﺗ‬
‫ا‬
‫زﺟﺪ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻧﺠ‬
‫ﻠﻰإ‬
‫ﺬﻋ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻳﺪا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗ‬
‫ﮫﺪفإ‬
‫ال‪: 3‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎبﻓﻲ‬
‫ﻘﻄ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫الإﺳ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺔز‬
‫ﻮﺟ‬
‫ﻟﺪﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺎﺳﺐﻣﻦﻟﺤﻈﺔﺗ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺎﻳ‬
‫ولﻣ‬
‫ﻟﺠﺪ‬
‫ﻧﺔﻣﻦا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺐﻓﻲﻛﻞﺧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻔﺲ‬
‫ﻟﻰﻧ‬
‫ﺮكإ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺤ‬
‫ﺒﻲا‬
‫ﻌﺼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻒا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺎبﻋ‬
‫ﻘﻄ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫الاﺳ‬
‫و‬
‫ﻮﺟﺔز‬
‫ةﻣ‬
‫د‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻰﻋ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﻠﺔ ‪1‬‬
‫ﻌﻀ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺰلﻟ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌﻀ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﻰرﺳﻢ‬
‫ﯿﺔإ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻮﻣ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻳﻞا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠﻰﺗﺤ‬
‫ﯿﺬﻋ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻳﺪا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺪف‬
‫ﺘﺨﻼﺻﻲ ‪:‬ﻳﮫ‬
‫اﻹﺳ‬
‫ال‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻄﻲ‬
‫ﺗﺨﻄ‬
‫‪+‬‬
‫‪+‬‬
‫‪-‬‬
‫‪61‬‬
‫ﻜﻲ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺸ‬
‫ﻘﻞا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎط‪:2‬‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔﻓﻲ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺒﻄﺔﺑ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ءو‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺒﻄﺔﺑ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫اتا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫را‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎجد‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اﺳ‬
‫ﺜﻞﻓﻲ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻠﻤﻲ‪:‬‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺪف‬
‫ﻟﮫ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺔ ‪( PATCH-CLAMP‬‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺜﻞﺗ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﯿﻼت )‬
‫ﺋﺞﺗﺴﺠ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻐﻼلﻧ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺑ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻌﺼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﺔا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺮﺳ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻘﻞا‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻧﻲ‪.‬‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻓﻖاﻷ‬
‫ﺘﺪ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺠﺔا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠﺔﻧ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺴﺠ‬
‫ا‬
‫ات‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﺒﻀ‬
‫ﺗﺞﻋﻦﻧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺴﺠﻞﻧ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻌﻤﻞ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮن‬
‫ﻟﺐأنﻛﻤ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﻰ‬
‫ﺎھﮫﻢإ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﺐ‬
‫ﺑﻖﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺨﻄﻂا‬
‫ﻐﻼلا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻰاﺳ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﯿﺬ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺘﻼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ذا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اﻷﺳ‬
‫د‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻧﻄﻼق‪:‬‬
‫ﯿﺔاﻹ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫وﺿ‬
‫ﻜﻲ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺸ‬
‫ﻘﻞا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺋﻲ ‪:1‬‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻐﻞ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻮنﺗﺴ‬
‫ﻜﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮ ضا‬
‫ﯿﺔﻓ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺜﻞ‪ Patch-Clamp‬وﺗ‬
‫ﺜﺔﻣ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺎتﺣ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﺐﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻳﻒ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺪف‬
‫ﻳﮫ‬
‫ﯿﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺮﻋﺼ‬
‫اھ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺮﻇ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻔﺴ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔ ‪Patch-Clamp‬و‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫أﺗ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻠﻰﻣ‬
‫ﺎطﻋ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ولﻣﻦھ‬
‫اﻷ‬
‫ء‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺰﻓﻲا‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ذأنﻳ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠﻰاﻷﺳ‬
‫أ‪-‬ﻋ‬
‫اج‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺨ‬
‫ﯿﺬﻻﺳ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺎﻳ‬
‫ﻟﮫ‬
‫ﺘﻲﻣﻦﺧﻼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻘﺔ‪1‬وا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮﺿﺤﺔﻓﻲا‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮق‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﻐﻼلا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫ﻟﻚﺑ‬
‫ذ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻳﺴﻤﺢ ب‪:‬‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘﻘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ها‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫أھ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫أنﻣ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ات‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اﺳﺔا‬
‫ر‬
‫ءود‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻐﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻦا‬
‫ﻠﮫ‬
‫ونﻓﺼ‬
‫ةد‬
‫اﺣﺪ‬
‫ﯿﺔو‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ةﻏﺸ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺰلﻗ‬
‫ ﻋ‬‫ﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﺮھ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫ات‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اﺳﺔا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻟﻲد‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻳﺔوﺑ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺠﮫ‬
‫ﺎﺻﺔا‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎلﻣﻊا‬
‫ﺗﺼ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺑ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ﻮىا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻌﻞﻣﺤ‬
‫ ﺟ‬‫ﯿﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻐﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اتا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﻒا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺮﻣﺨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺮﻋ‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫اﺳﺔ‬
‫ر‬
‫ةود‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫اﺣ‬
‫ةو‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻠﻰﻗ‬
‫ﻮيﻋ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺬيﻳﺤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻲا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﮫ‬
‫ا‬
‫ء‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻐﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ءﻣﻦا‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﺰلﺟ‬
‫ ﻋ‬‫ﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﺮھ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺮﻋ‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ات‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﻰ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻋ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻮنﻣ‬
‫ﺮ ضﻛﻤ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻓ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘﻤﻜﻦﻣﻦﺗ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻰا‬
‫ﺬإ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﺔا‬
‫ﺌ‬
‫هاﻷﺳ‬
‫دھﺬ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ال ‪1‬و‪: 2‬ﺗ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ب‪-‬ا‬
‫ﻮن‬
‫ﻜﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻳﻞا‬
‫ﻌﺪ‬
‫وﺗ‬
‫ءأ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ءإ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻐﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺒﻲا‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻠﻰﺟ‬
‫ﻮنﻋ‬
‫ﺮ ضﻛﻤ‬
‫ﻮﺟﺐﻓ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﺚﻳﺴ‬
‫ءﺣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻐﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺒﻲا‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺟ‬
‫ﻟﻰ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺘﺼﻞﺑﮫ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻳﺪ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫د‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ﺮإ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻋ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺋﻲﻣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫رﻛﮫ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺎلﺗ‬
‫رﺳ‬
‫ﺈ‬
‫ﻟﻚﺑ‬
‫ذ‬
‫ﺎ سو‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺋﻲ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻐﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻒ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ءا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺒﻲﻏﺸ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻠﻰﺟ‬
‫ﻟﻂﻋ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠﻲﻓ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ه ‪0‬ﻣ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻮن ﻗ‬
‫ﺮ ضﻛﻤ‬
‫ﻘﺔ ‪:2‬ﻓ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎلا‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﺒﻲﻣ‬
‫ﻌﺼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻒ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﻂ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠﻲﻓ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺎ س ‪75-‬ﻣ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ولا‬
‫اﻷ‬
‫ﻐﻲ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﻂﻟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠﻲﻓ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮن ‪75 +‬‬
‫ﺎلﻛﻤ‬
‫رﺳ‬
‫ﻮﺟﺐإ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺒﻲﻳﺴ‬
‫ﻌﺼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻘﺔ‪3‬‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ج‪:‬‬
‫ﻟﻰ ‪:‬‬
‫ﻮلإ‬
‫ﻮﺻ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺎتﻟ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻨﺤ‬
‫ﯿﻞﻣ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻠﻰﺗﺤ‬
‫ﺬﻋ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻳﺪ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ال‪:1‬ﻳﮫﺪفﻟ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫رﺟﻲ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻧﻲﺧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﻲو‬
‫اﺧ‬
‫ول د‬
‫اتاﻷ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻣﻦا‬
‫ﻮﻋ‬
‫ﺪﻧ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ءﻳ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻐﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺒﻲ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻠﻰﺟ‬
‫ﻮنﻋ‬
‫ﺮ ضﻛﻤ‬
‫أن ﻓ‬
‫*‬
‫‪.‬‬
‫ﻠﻲ‬
‫اﺧ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫را‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮلأنا‬
‫ﻮﺻ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻟ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺋﺞﺗﺠ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧﺔﻧ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻠﻰ ﻣ‬
‫ﻟﺐﻋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﺪا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗ‬
‫ال‪:2‬ﻳﮫﺪفإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫‪+‬‬
‫‪+‬‬
‫د ‪. K‬‬
‫ر‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫وج ﺷ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺗﺞﻋﻦﺧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫رﺟﻲﻧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫را‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﻨﻤ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫د ‪Na‬ﺑ‬
‫ر‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻮل ﺷ‬
‫ﺗﺞﻋﻦدﺧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ات‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺗﺠﺔﻋﻦﻗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘﺔﻧ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫اتا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫أنا‬
‫ﻟﻰ‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞإ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺬﻣﻦا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻦ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗﻤ‬
‫ﮫﺪفإ‬
‫ال‪: 3‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮم ‪.‬‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫دا‬
‫ر‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺮىﺑﺸ‬
‫أﺧ‬
‫ﻮمو‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫د‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫دا‬
‫ر‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺎﺻﺔﺑﺸ‬
‫ﺎنﺧ‬
‫ﻮﻋ‬
‫ﯿﺔوھﻲﻧ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﻘﺔ‪4‬‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ج *‪:‬‬
‫ﻨﺺ‬
‫ﺮﺑ‬
‫اھ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺮﻇ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻔﺴ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺋﻖﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻐﻼلو‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اﺳ‬
‫ﻠﻰ‬
‫ﯿﺬﻋ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺪا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗ‬
‫الإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ال‪:1‬ﻳﮫﺪفھ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻘﺔ‪. 4‬‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎل‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﯿﻖﻷﺷ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﺎﻣﻦوﺻﻒد‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻧﻄﻼ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺒﻄﺔﺑ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫اتا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮﺿﺢﻋﻤﻞ‬
‫ﻠﻤﻲﻳ‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫هﻟ‬
‫د‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻗﺔﺗ‬
‫دﻋﻼ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻳﺠ‬
‫ﻧﺔﻹ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻠﻰا‬
‫ةﻋ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻘﺪ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﺐا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻨﺪ‬
‫الﻋ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫اا‬
‫ﻨﻤﻲھﺬ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ال‪:2‬‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﻰأن‪:‬‬
‫إ‬
‫‪+‬‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺔﺑ‬
‫ﺒﻄ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ات‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎحا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻌﺪا‬
‫د ‪Na‬ﺑ‬
‫ر‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻮل ﺷ‬
‫ﺪﺧ‬
‫دﻟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻠﻲ ‪:‬‬
‫اﺧ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫را‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫‬‫ل‪. Na+‬‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺒﻄﺔﺑ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫اتا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎحا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺪا‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫د ‪K+‬ﺑ‬
‫ر‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫وج ﺷ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫دﻟﺨ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫رﺟﻲ ‪:‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫را‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫‬‫ل‪K +.‬‬
‫‪62‬‬
‫ﻠﻲ‪:‬‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺘﺤﺼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ال‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻮنھ‬
‫ﻜﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫را‬
‫ﻟﻰأنﻣﺼﺪ‬
‫ﻮلإ‬
‫ﻮﺻ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻠﺔﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺴﺠ‬
‫ا‬
‫ات‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻌﻤﻞو‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮنا‬
‫ﯿﻦﻛﻤ‬
‫ﻗﺔﺑ‬
‫ﺑﻂﻋﻼ‬
‫ﻟﻰر‬
‫ﮫﺪفإ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫‪+‬‬
‫‪+‬‬
‫ﯿﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺒﻄﺔﺑ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫اتﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺗﺠﺔﻋﻦﺗﺪﺧﻞﻗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫د ‪Na‬و ‪K‬ﻧ‬
‫ر‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻟﺸ‬
‫رﺟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿﺔوﺧ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫اﺧ‬
‫اتد‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ه‬
‫ﺮھﺬ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫دﻋ‬
‫ر‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﺸ‬
‫ﻓﻖا‬
‫ﺗﺞﻋﻦﺗﺪ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻜﻲﻧ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺸ‬
‫ﺒﻞا‬
‫ءﻗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻐﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻌﻤﻞﻓﻲا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮنا‬
‫ﯿﻞﻛﻤ‬
‫إنﺗﺴﺠ‬
‫ﯿﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ات‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫د ‪.-‬‬
‫ﻟﻰ‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞإ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻟ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺋﺞﺗﺠ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻘﺔ ‪(6‬وﻧ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺋﻖ)‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻐﻼلو‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﺐاﺳ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﯿﻢا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗ‬
‫ال‪:1‬ﻳﮫﺪفإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎع ‪.‬‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫اﻹﺷ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻠﻞﺗﻤ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺎﻳ‬
‫ﻜﻲﻣﻤ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺸ‬
‫ﻌﺪا‬
‫ءﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻐﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮىا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠﻰﻣﺴ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻋ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺒﻼتﻏﺸ‬
‫ﺘﻘ‬
‫اﺟﺪﻣﺴ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﻮي‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺒﻜﻲﻳﺤ‬
‫ﻌﺪﻣﺸ‬
‫ءﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻐﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻰأنا‬
‫إ‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻟ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺋﺞﺗﺠ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻐﻼلﻧ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻰاﺳ‬
‫ﮫﺪفإ‬
‫ال‪: 2‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺒﻜ‬
‫ﺪﻣﺸ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺔﺑ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ﻌﻤﻞﻓﻲا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮنا‬
‫رﻛﻤ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﯿﻦھﻲﻣﺼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿﻞﻛ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻟﻸﺳ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺒﻼتﻏﺸ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠﻰﻣﺴ‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻌﻄ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﯿﺔ و‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺋﺞ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﻒا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻣﺨ‬
‫ﺑﻂﺑ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﻰ‬
‫ﯿﺬﻋ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺪا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗ‬
‫ال‪:3‬ﻳﮫﺪفإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻘﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﻜﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺒﻼت‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺴ‬
‫ﻠﻰا‬
‫ﻟﺴﻢﻋ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺒﺖ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫دﻟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻠﻞﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺸ‬
‫ﺒﺐا‬
‫ﻟﻰأن ﺳ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﻮل‬
‫ﻮﺻ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻘﺔ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫احﻃ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻚﺑ‬
‫ﺋﻲوذ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎط‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﺮﺣﺔﻓﻲھ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺋﻖا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻐﻼلا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻣﻼﺣﻈﺔ ‪:‬ﻳﻤﻜﻦاﺳ‬
‫ﻮﻋﺔ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ةﻣ‬
‫ﻳﺪ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺟ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﺮحإﺷ‬
‫ﺜﻼ ‪:‬ﻃ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﮫﺪف ‪.‬‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻔ ﺲا‬
‫ﻟﻰﻧ‬
‫ﻮلإ‬
‫ﻮﺻ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻓﻀﻞﻟ‬
‫ذأ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺎاﻷﺳ‬
‫اھ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺮىﻳ‬
‫أﺧ‬
‫ﺎت ‪....‬‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺮﺿ‬
‫ﺎﻏﺔﻓ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺎتو ﺻ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻠﻰﺣﻞإﺷ‬
‫ﯿﺬﻋ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺪا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺎتﻟ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺮﺿ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﻘﺔ‪.7‬‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ةﻓﻲ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اﺟﺪا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿﺚأنﺗ‬
‫‪،‬ﺣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫ﯿﮫ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞإ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗﻢا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻓﺔ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﻢا‬
‫ﺪﻋ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗ‬
‫الإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﮫﺪفا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫‬‫ﯿﻦ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿﻞﻛ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اﻷﺳ‬
‫ﺒﻼت‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ة ﺿﺪﻣﺴ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻀ‬
‫ﺎما‬
‫ﺒﺖاﻷﺟﺴ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻠﻰﺗ‬
‫ﺪلﻋ‬
‫ﻜﻲﻳ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺸ‬
‫ﻌﺪا‬
‫ءﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻐﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺒﻼت‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺴ‬
‫ها‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫اﺟﺪھ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺮﺗ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻘﻖﻣﻦﻣ‬
‫ﺘﺤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘﺔ ‪(7‬ﺑ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻨﺔﻓﻲا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ )‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ها‬
‫ﺎﺗﻤﻜﻦھﺬ‬
‫ﻛﻤ‬
‫‪،‬‬
‫ﻜﻲ‪.‬‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺪﻣﺸ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ءﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻐﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺜﻞﻓﻲا‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺋﻲ ‪: 2‬‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﺔ‪1‬‬
‫ﺮﺣ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻗﺔ‬
‫ﺎدﻋﻼ‬
‫ﻳﺠ‬
‫ﺎتﻹ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻌﻄ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﻦا‬
‫ﺑﻂﺑ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔوا‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺋﺞﺗﺠ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﻞﻧ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻠﻰﺗﺤ‬
‫ﻟﺐﻋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻳﺪ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗ‬
‫ﮫﺪفإ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻨﻪ‪:‬‬
‫ﻮنﻣ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺤ‬
‫ﯿﻦا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿﻞﻛ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﺔاﻷﺳ‬
‫وﻛﻤ‬
‫ﯿﻪأ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺒﻄﺔﺑﺸ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿﻞﻣ‬
‫ﺘﺴﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻌﺔا‬
‫ﺎ ‪:‬أن ﺳ‬
‫دھ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﯿﻞ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ةﻣﻦاﻻﺳ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺎتﻣ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻘﻦﻛﻤ‬
‫ﺎأنﺣ‬
‫اتوﺑﻤ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺔا‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫دت ﺳ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻪز‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ة‬
‫دت ﺷﺪ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎز‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻮى‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اتﻓﻲﻣﺴ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ها‬
‫ﺒﺐﻟﮫﺬ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺴ‬
‫ﻮا‬
‫ﯿﻦھ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿﻞﻛ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ذناﻷﺳ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺋﺞ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻔ ﺲا‬
‫ﻟﻰﻧ‬
‫ديإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﯿﻦﺗ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻜﻲ‪.‬‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻌﺪﻣﺸ‬
‫ءﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻐﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﺔ‪.2‬‬
‫ﺮﺣ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻰأنﻇﮫ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻟ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺋﺞﺗﺠ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻐﻼلﻧ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﺐﻋﻞاﺳ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﻳﺪا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫الﻟ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ال‪:1‬ﻳﮫﺪفا‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻦ‪.‬‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿﻞﻛ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻘﻦاﻷﺳ‬
‫ﺮﺣ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫دﻟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻌﺔﻳ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺸ‬
‫ﻮما‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫د‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫ا‬
‫د‬
‫ر‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻓﻖ ﺷ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺗﺞﻣﻦﺗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎع‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫اﻹﺷ‬
‫د‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻠﺔﺗ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺴﺠ‬
‫ا‬
‫ات (‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎت )‬
‫ﺒﻀ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻰأنا‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞإ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺎﺳﻲﻟ‬
‫الأﺳ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﺮھ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ال‪:2‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫د‬
‫ر‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﺸ‬
‫ﻓﻖا‬
‫ﺘﺪ‬
‫ﺘﺴﻤﺢﺑ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻟ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿﻞﻛ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اﻷﺳ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻜﻢﻓﻲﻋﻤ‬
‫ﺘﺤ‬
‫ﺎﺻﺔﻳ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺧ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫اتﻏﺸ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫اﺟﺪﻗ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﺮھ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫أ‪:‬‬
‫ﺋﻲ‪3‬‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫وﺳﺔ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻟﻤﺪ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻮلﺑ‬
‫ﻟﺐﺣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫رفا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻐﻼلﻣ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اﺳ‬
‫ﻟﻰ‬
‫الإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ال‪:1‬ﻳﮫﺪفھ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ‪:‬‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻓﺔا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻰا‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞإ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﺤﺼﺔﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ه‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﺎﻓﻲھ‬
‫ﻔﮫ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻮﻇ‬
‫ﺎوﺗ‬
‫ﺑﻘ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺳ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫اتﺑ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻣﻦﺧﻤ ﺲﺗﺤﺖوﺣ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿﻞﻛ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺋﻲﻟﻸﺳ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻐﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺒﻞا‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺴ‬
‫ﻮنا‬
‫ﺘﻜ‬
‫ﻳ‬‫ﺘﻲ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺮقﻃ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺗﺨ‬
‫ﺎت ‪.‬‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺎﻗ‬
‫ﺰھ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻧﺔﻓﻲﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻜﻲ‪،‬‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺪﻣﺸ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ء‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻐﺸ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﯿﺪﻟ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻮﺳ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻦج‪1‬وج‪2‬ﻣﻦ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟﺸ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺋﻖ )‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻘﺔﻟ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻼﺣﻈﺔا‬
‫ﻠﻰا‬
‫ﺬﻋ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻳﺪ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ال‪:2‬ﻳﮫﺪفﻟ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﻰ‬
‫ﺰﻋ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺘﺤﺴﻦا‬
‫ﯿﺚﻳﺴ‬
‫ﺋﻲﺣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻐﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺒﻞا‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠﻤﺴ‬
‫ﻘﺔﻟ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻟﺪ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻰا‬
‫إ‬
‫ﻮل‬
‫ﻮﺻ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻘﺔ‪( 11‬ﻟ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺋﻲ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﻎا‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎبا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻘﺔﻓﻲﻏ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﺎتﻣ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫دﻗ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫اوﺟ‬
‫ﯿﻦوﻛﺬ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿﻞﻛ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﺖﻟﻸﺳ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻌﻲﺗ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫دﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫وﺟ‬
‫ﺋﻲ‪3‬ب‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫‪63‬‬
‫ﻨﺪ‬
‫ذﻋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻜﻦﻟﻸﺳ‬
‫ﻜﻦﻳﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎت (‪،‬‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺎعﻣ‬
‫ﺮﺟ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اﺳ‬
‫ﻜﻲ )‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫الﻛﻼﺳ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫اا‬
‫ﺮھﺬ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ال ‪:1‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻜﻞ‬
‫ﺎتﺑﺸ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌﮫﻢﻟ‬
‫ﻮﺿ‬
‫ﻟﻚﺑ‬
‫ذ‬
‫و‬
‫‪،‬‬
‫رس‬
‫ﻟﺪ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ر‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﮫﻢﻟﺴ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺪﻣﺪىﺗ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺒﺔﻣﻦﺗﺤﺪ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﺑﺔا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺒﺔإﺟ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﯿﺢ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺻﺤ‬
‫ه‬
‫ﯿﺔﻋﻤﻞھﺬ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻰأ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺋﻖﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻐﻼلو‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اﺳ‬
‫ﻠﻰ‬
‫ﺬﻋ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻳﺪ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗ‬
‫ﮫﺪفإ‬
‫و‪:3‬ﻳ‬
‫ﯿﻦ ‪2‬‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻨﻪ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫و‬
‫‪،‬‬
‫ة‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﺔا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻠﻰﺣ‬
‫ﺰﻋ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿﻦﺑ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿﻞﻛ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺎباﻷﺳ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫دوﻏ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺎﻓﻲوﺟ‬
‫ﺘﮫ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟﻚﺑﻤ‬
‫ذ‬
‫ﺒﻼتو‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫اﺗﺪﻋﻰ‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﺎﻟ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻋ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿﻞﻛ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺘﻲاﻷﺳ‬
‫ﺌ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﺒﺖﺟ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺒﻂﺑ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺎتﻣ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ها‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﺎحھ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫أنا‬
‫ﻟﻰ‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞإ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﺑﺔﻛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫و‬
‫ﯿﺔأ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ا‬
‫ات‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﻠﻲ‪:‬‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺘﺤﺼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ال‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻰا‬
‫ﺬإ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺚﻳﺼﻞا‬
‫ﯿﻦﺑﺤ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻗﻒﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺒﺔﻓﻲﻣ‬
‫ﺘﺴ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻜ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﻖا‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗﻄ‬
‫ﮫﺪفإ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺪﻣﺸ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔو‬
‫ﺒﻜ‬
‫ﺒﻞﻣﺸ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻼ‬
‫ءا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻮىﻏﺸ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠﻰﻣﺴ‬
‫ةﻋ‬
‫اﺟﺪ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ات‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻦا‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﻮى‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻓﻲﻣﺴ‬
‫ﺒﻜ‬
‫ﻌﺪﻣﺸ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺑ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ءا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻮىﻏﺸ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠﻰﻣﺴ‬
‫ةﻋ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫اﺟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اتا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻦا‬
‫وﺑ‬
‫ﻮن‬
‫ﻜﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﺎﺗ‬
‫ﯿﮫ‬
‫ﻜﻢﻓ‬
‫ﺘﺤ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻳ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺒﻄﺔﺑ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫اتا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻘ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﻚأنﻋﻤﻞ‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﺎﻳﺼﻞﻛ‬
‫ﺑﻚﻛﻤ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺸ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺋﻲ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ﻠﻎا‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ء‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺒﻄﺔﺑ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫اتا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺘﺤﻜﻢﻓﻲﻋﻤﻞ‬
‫ﺎﻳ‬
‫ﻨﻤ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺋﻲﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻐﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻌﺪ‬
‫ءﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻐﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮىا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻮﺿﻊﻓﻲﻣﺴ‬
‫ﻠﻲﻳ‬
‫ﺒﻲﻋﻀ‬
‫ﺒﻚﻋﺼ‬
‫ﯿﻞﻣﺸ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﺮﺳﻢﺑ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺰا‬
‫ﻨﺠ‬
‫ﻣﻼﺣﻈﺔ‪:‬ﻳ‬
‫رس‬
‫ﻟﺪ‬
‫ا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺎﺣﺴﺐﺗﻄ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻳﺠ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺮﺳﻢﺗ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اا‬
‫ﻠﺔھﺬ‬
‫ﻜﻤ‬
‫ﺘﻢﺗ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‪،‬‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻜﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺒﻼتا‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺴ‬
‫ﻌ ﺾا‬
‫ﺒﻜﻲﺑ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺸ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎب (‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻣﻦا‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﺔ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﺤﺼ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺮﺳ‬
‫ﻧﺔﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻳﻤﻜﻦاﻹﺳ‬
‫ﻣﺔ ‪) .‬‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﺤﺼ ﺺ‬
‫ﻓﻲا‬
‫اﺣﺔ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮن‬
‫ﻛﻤ‬
‫ﺎط‪:3‬‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺋﻲ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻐﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮنا‬
‫ﻜﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫را‬
‫ﻟﺔﻋﻦﻣﺼﺪ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺑﺤﺚاﻷ‬
‫ﺎطإ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اا‬
‫ﺪفھﺬ‬
‫ﻳﮫ‬
‫ﻠﻤﻲ‪:‬‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺪف‬
‫ﻟﮫ‬
‫ا‬
‫‪.‬‬
‫ؤل‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﺴ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﻰا‬
‫ﺒﺔﻋ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ا‬
‫ذ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫داﻷﺳ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻘﺔﻳ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﺎﻃ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﻰا‬
‫دﻋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﺎﻹﻋ‬
‫ﻧﻄﻼق‪:‬ﺑ‬
‫ﯿﺔاﻹ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫وﺿ‬
‫اﺣﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮنا‬
‫رﻛﻤ‬
‫ﻮلﻣﺼﺪ‬
‫ﺣ‬
‫ﺋﻲ ‪: 1‬‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻐﻼل‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اﺳ‬
‫ذمو‬
‫زر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫أﻋﻤﻞﺟﮫ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﯿﺬﺑﻤ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗﺬ‬
‫ﻠﺔإ‬
‫ﺌ‬
‫هاﻷﺳ‬
‫ﮫﺪفھﺬ‬
‫ﻠﺔ ‪:4-3-2-1‬ﺗ‬
‫ﺌ‬
‫اﻷﺳ‬
‫ﺒﻲ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻌﺼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻒا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا صا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺪﺧ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺗﺤﺪ‬
‫ﻟﻰ‪- :‬‬
‫ﻮلإ‬
‫ﻮﺻ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﯿﻼتﻟ‬
‫ﺘﺴﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻀ‬
‫ﻨﻘﻄﺔا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮنا‬
‫ﯿﻞ بﻛ‬
‫ﺘﺴﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﻰ‬
‫دﻋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﺎﻹﻋ‬
‫ءﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻐﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺒﻲا‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻠﻰﺟ‬
‫ﺎتﻋ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﺸﺤ‬
‫ﻳﻊا‬
‫ز‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺗ‬‫ة‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫ﻮﺟﺐ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻘﻄﺐا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮا‬
‫ﺎﻧﺤ‬
‫ﺋﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻪد‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﺎتﺗ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﻋﻦ‬
‫ﻌﻲو‬
‫ﺮﺟ‬
‫ﻧﻲﻣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻒوا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اﺧﻞا‬
‫ﺮى ق‪2‬د‬
‫ﻟﻤﺴ‬
‫ﻮنا‬
‫ﺎﻳﻜ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻨﺪ‬
‫ﯿﻪﻋ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺘﺤﺼﻞﻋ‬
‫اﺣﺔﻧ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮنا‬
‫ﻛﻤ‬
‫‬‫ﯿﻪ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ونﺗ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﻠﺔ‪:(1‬‬
‫ﺮﺣ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻧﻲ )ا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺋﻲا‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮن‬
‫ﻜﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺘﺞأنا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﺴ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻟ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺋﺞﺗﺤ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧﺔﻧ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻐﻼلﻣ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﺬﻻﺳ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺪا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗ‬
‫ﻳﮫﺪفإ‬
‫ال‪:1‬‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺋﻲ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻐﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻒ( ‪.‬‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻳﺔا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒﻲ )ﺣ‬
‫ﻌﺼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻒا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻟ‬
‫ﻮﺟ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﺔا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺒﻂﺑ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫د‬
‫ر‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﺸ‬
‫زعا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫دﻟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺋﻲﻳ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻐﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮنا‬
‫ﻜﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫را‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﯿﻞأنﻣﺼ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﻦﺑ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫و‬
‫ﻟﺠﺪ‬
‫ﺋﺞا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ال‪:2‬ﺗﻤﻜﻦﻧ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ء‪.‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻐﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺒﻲا‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻠﻰﺟ‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫دﻻتﻻ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻮنا‬
‫دﻛ‬
‫ر‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﺸ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻳﺔ‬
‫ذ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫رﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﺼ‬
‫ﺎﺧ‬
‫ﺮقﺑ‬
‫ﺘﻄ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ءا‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫اا‬
‫ذﻓﻲھﺬ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻣﻼﺣﻈﺔ ‪:‬ﻳﻤﻜﻦﻟﻸﺳ‬
‫ﻮع(‪.‬‬
‫ﻮﺿ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫وجﻋﻦا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺘﻢ‬
‫ﺘﻰﻻﻳ‬
‫ﺎج )ﺣ‬
‫ﻨﮫ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎﻓﻲا‬
‫ﺎنﻟﮫ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻔﺔو‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻣﺨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺋﺞﺗﺠ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻐﻼلﻧ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اﺳ‬
‫ﻠﻰ‬
‫ﺬﻋ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻳﺪ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗ‬
‫الإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫اا‬
‫ﮫﺪفھﺬ‬
‫ال‪:3‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻳﻦ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫زعا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮا‬
‫اﺣﺔ(ھ‬
‫ﻮنر‬
‫ﻛﻤ‬
‫ﯿﺔ )‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻼ‬
‫ﺋﻲﻓﻲا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻐﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮن‬
‫ﻟﻜﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮلأنﻣﺼﺪ‬
‫ﻮﺻ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻮﻋﺔﻟ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ء‪.‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻐﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺒﻲا‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻠﻰﺟ‬
‫دﻋ‬
‫ر‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫‪64‬‬
‫ﻠﺔ‪:(2‬‬
‫ﺮﺣ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺋﻲ ‪) 2‬ا‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔو‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺎتﺗﺠ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻌﻄ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻣ‬
‫ﻗﺔﺑ‬
‫دﻋﻼ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻳﺠ‬
‫ﻠﻰإ‬
‫ﺬﻋ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻳﺪ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗ‬
‫ﻧﺔإ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫و‪:2‬ﺗﮫﺪف‬
‫ﯿﻦ‪1‬‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫‪+‬‬
‫ﻮم‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫دا‬
‫ر‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿﺔ ﺷ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨﻪﻧ‬
‫ﻮموﻣ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫د‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫اتا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺮﻣﻦﻗ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ال ‪k‬أ‬
‫ات‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫دا‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞأنﻋ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺋﻖﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫و‬
‫ﻮم ‪.‬‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫د‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫دا‬
‫ر‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿﺔ ﺷ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺮﻣﻦﻧ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫أ‬
‫ﯿﻖ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻟﺪ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﻪ‬
‫ﻐﻼ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫ﺎتﺑ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫اجﻣ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺨ‬
‫ﻠﻰاﺳ‬
‫ﯿﺬﻋ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻢا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗ‬
‫الإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ال‪:3‬ﻳﮫﺪفھ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﻲ ‪:‬‬
‫ﺎﻳ‬
‫زﺑﻤ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اتﺗﻤ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ها‬
‫ﻮنھﺬ‬
‫ﻟﻰﻛ‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞإ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻣﺔوا‬
‫ﻘﺪ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺋﻖا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ء‪.‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻐﺸ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﯿﺪﻟ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻮﺳ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺘﻲ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺮقﻃ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺗﺨ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫اتﻏﺸ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ةﻋﻦﻗ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻋ‬‫ر‪.‬‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﻮﺣﺔ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻣ‬‫ﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﺰھ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫رجﺗ‬
‫دﺣﺴﺐﺗﺪ‬
‫ر‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﺸ‬
‫ﻘﻞا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺗﺴﻤﺢﺑ‬‫د‬
‫ر‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫زع ﺷ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫اﺣﺔو‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮن‬
‫ﯿﻦﻛﻤ‬
‫ﺑﻂﺑ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﺠﺔﺗﺴﻤﺢﺑ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺴ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻣﺔاﻹﺿ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ال‪:4‬ا‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮم ‪.‬‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺋﻲ ‪: 3‬‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﻤﻼﺣﻈﺔﻓﻲ سأن‬
‫ﺋﺞا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻮلﻣﻦﺧﻼلﻧ‬
‫ﻮﺻ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﺐﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫دا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫أنﻳ‬
‫ذ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠﻰاﻷﺳ‬
‫ال‪: 1‬ﻳﺠﺐﻋ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ه‪.‬‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫رجﺗ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻜ ﺲﺗ‬
‫اﺟﻪﻋ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫إﺧ‬
‫ﻠﻰ‬
‫ﻌﻤﻞﻋ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺗ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫دا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻮﺟ‬
‫دﻟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻮمﻳ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫د‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫دا‬
‫ر‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺰﺷ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺎتﺗ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﯿﺔ ﻓﻲعو‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻼﺣﻈﺔا‬
‫ﺋﺞا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻐﻼلﻧ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﺬ‪،‬ﺣﺴﻦاﺳ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺪا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗ‬
‫ﻳﮫﺪفإ‬
‫ال ‪:2‬‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎأيﻓﻲ ‪. 1‬‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿﻪ ﺳ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞإ‬
‫ﺎﺗ‬
‫ﺪﻣ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺘﻢا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤﻲﻟ‬
‫ﻨ ﺺﻋ‬
‫ﺎﻟ‬
‫ﻠﮫ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺗﺤ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻌﺔ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﺎجا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻻﺳ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺋﺞﺗﺠ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻐﻼلﻧ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اﺳ‬
‫ﻠﻰ‬
‫ﺬﻋ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺘﻼﻣ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺣﺚا‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺪف‬
‫ﻳﮫ‬
‫ال‪:3‬‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻜﻞأ‬
‫ﻟﺸ‬
‫ﯿﺔ (ﻣﻦا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻌﺔﺑ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺰ )ﻃ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫رجا‬
‫دﻋﻜ ﺲﺗﺪ‬
‫ر‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﺸ‬
‫ﻘﻞا‬
‫ﻠﻰﻧ‬
‫ﻟﺔﻋ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺴ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ﺎﺻ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اج‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺨ‬
‫واﺳ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺋﺞﺗﺠ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻐﻼلﻧ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻰاﺳ‬
‫ﻟﺐإ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﻓﻊا‬
‫ﻟﻰد‬
‫الإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ال‪:4‬ﻳﮫﺪفھ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﺔﻓﻲ ‪:‬‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻘﺔوا‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺎﺻ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮلﻋﻤﻞ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺣ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺎتإﺿ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺰ‪.‬‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫رجا‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻜ ﺲﺗ‬
‫دﻋ‬
‫ر‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﺸ‬
‫ﻘﻞا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫*ﺗ‬
‫ﺎال ‪ATP‬‬
‫ﺮھ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻗﺔا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﻠﻚا‬
‫ﺘﮫ‬
‫*ﺗﺴ‬
‫ﻮم (‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎلا‬
‫دﺧ‬
‫ﺈ‬
‫ﺒﻂﺑ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻮمﻣ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫د‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫اجا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫إﺧ‬
‫وج )‬
‫د‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻘﻞا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌﻤﻞﺑ‬
‫*ﺗ‬
‫ﻠﻲ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺘﺤﺼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ال‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻪ‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞﻓ‬
‫ﻟﻰﻧ ﺺﻳﺤ‬
‫ﻠﻲإ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺘﺤﺼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺨﻄﻂا‬
‫ﻳﻞا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠﻰﺗﺤ‬
‫ﺒﻪﻋ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﯿﺬوﺗ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﻰﺣﺚ‬
‫ﮫﺪفإ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﯿﺔ ‪:‬‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻓﺔا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻰا‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞإ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒﺔﻟ‬
‫ﺘﺴ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫رف‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ء‪.‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻐﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺒﻲا‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻠﻰﺟ‬
‫دﻋ‬
‫ر‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠﺸ‬
‫ﻳﻦﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫زعا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻰا‬
‫اﺣﺔإ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮنا‬
‫دﻛﻤ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻮم‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫د‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫دا‬
‫ر‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ذﺷ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺮﻏﻢﻧ‬
‫اﺣﺔ‪،‬ﻓ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮن‬
‫ﻠﻰﻛﻤ‬
‫ﻓﻈﺔﻋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺤ‬
‫ﻠﻰا‬
‫ﯿﺔﻋ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻐﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻌﻤﻞا‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫اﺟﺪ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اﺣﺔﻟ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮنا‬
‫ﺘﻞﻛﻤ‬
‫ﺎﻻﻳﺨ‬
‫ﺰھﻤ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫رجﺗ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺣﺴﺐﺗﺪ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺰا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫اتا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺮﻗ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻮمﻋ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫و‬
‫ﯿﺺ‬
‫ﻠﺨ‬
‫ﻳﻤﻜﻦﺗ‬
‫ﺎلو‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻘﻞ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌﻤﻞﺑ‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻀﺨﺔا‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔوھﻲ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻐﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮﻣﻦا‬
‫ﻮعاﺧ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻟﻲ ‪:‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺎﻛ‬
‫ﻠﮫ‬
‫ﻋﻤ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﮫﻤ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺗﺪﺧ‬
‫ﻮمو‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺗﻲ‬
‫د‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺒﺖ ‪ 2‬ﺷ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﯿﺔوﺗ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ا‬
‫رج‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺎﺧ‬
‫ﻠﮫ‬
‫ﻨﻘ‬
‫ﻮموﺗ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫د‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫دا‬
‫ر‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺒﺖ ‪ 3‬ﺷ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﺗ‬‫ﺌﺔ‪.ATP‬‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﮫﻼكﺟ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺑ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫اﺧﻞا‬
‫د‬
‫اﺣﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮن‬
‫ﺎتﻛﻤ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻀﺔﺑ‬
‫ﻳﺴﻤﺢﻋﻤﻞا‬
‫ﻮﺣﺔ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺰا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫اتا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿﻪﻗ‬
‫ﺜﻞﻓ‬
‫ﯿﺚﻳﻤ‬
‫ﺑﻖﺣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﺮﺳﻢا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﺔا‬
‫ﺘﻜﻤ‬
‫ﮫﺪفﻟ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﯿﻄﻲ ‪:‬‬
‫ﺘﺨﻄ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮﺳﻢ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ها‬
‫ﻘﺔﻓﻲھﺬ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﺎﻣ‬
‫ﻠﮫ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﯿﻤﻜﻦﺗﻤ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻓ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اتا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻘ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫أﻣ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻀﺨﺔ‬
‫ر ‪+‬ا‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﻌﻤﻞ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮن‬
‫ﻛﻤ‬
‫ﺎط‪:4‬‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻌﻤﻞ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮنا‬
‫ﻟﻜﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫أن‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﯿﻼتﻟ‬
‫ﺋﺞﺗﺴﺠ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻐﻼلﻧ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اﺳ‬
‫ﻟﻰ‬
‫ﺎطإ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اا‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﮫﺪفھ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻠﻤﻲ‪:‬‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﮫﺪفا‬
‫ا‬
‫ء‪.‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺒﻄﺔﺑ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫اتﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫وﻗ‬
‫أ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺒﻄﺔﺑ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫اتﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻦﻗ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺗﺞ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺴﺠﻞﻧ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺒﺔ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ها‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﺐ‬
‫ﺎط ‪2‬ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻌﻄ‬
‫ﻐﻼلﻣ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻰاﺳ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﯿﺬ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺘﻼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ذا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اﻷﺳ‬
‫د‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻧﻄﻼق‪:‬‬
‫ﯿﺔاﻹ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫وﺿ‬
‫ﯿﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔو‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اتا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻘ‬
‫را‬
‫و‬
‫ﻟﻰد‬
‫إ‬
‫أ(‪:‬‬
‫ﺋﻲ ‪) 1‬‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻌﻤﻞ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮن‬
‫ﻛﻤ‬
‫اﺣﺔو‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮن‬
‫ﻟﺐﺑﻜﻤ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺘﺬ‬
‫الﺑ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ال ‪:1‬ﻳﺴﻤﺢھ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫‪65‬‬
‫د‬
‫ر‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﺸ‬
‫ﻛﺔا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻌﻤﻞوﺣ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮنا‬
‫ﻜﻤ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻟ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺋﺞﺗﺠ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻧ‬
‫ﺑﻂﺑ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﺐﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﺪا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺪفﺗ‬
‫ﻳﮫ‬
‫ال‪:2‬‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ة‬
‫د‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮمأ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫د‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫ا‬
‫د‬
‫ر‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺮﻟﺸ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻮلﻣ‬
‫دﻟﺪﺧ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺎبﻳ‬
‫ﻘﻄ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫الاﺳ‬
‫و‬
‫ﯿﺼﻞأن ‪:‬ز‬
‫ءﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻐﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫ﻮم ‪.‬‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫رﺟﻲﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻓﻖﺧ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫دأﺳ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺎبﻓ‬
‫ﻘﻄ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اﻹﺳ‬
‫ات‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻣﻦا‬
‫ﻮﻋ‬
‫ﺪﺧﻞﻧ‬
‫ﺎجﺗ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اﺳ‬
‫ﻟﻰ‬
‫الإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫اا‬
‫ﻟﺐﻣﻦﺧﻼلھﺬ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ال ‪:3‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫د‬
‫ر‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺎﺻﺔﺑﺸ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺧ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮمو‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫د‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫دا‬
‫ر‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺎﺻﺔﺑﺸ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺧ‬
‫و‬
‫اﻷ‬
‫‪،‬‬
‫ﻌﻤﻞ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮن‬
‫ءﻛﻤ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﯿﺔأ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻔ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺒﻄﺔﺑ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮم ‪.‬‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺋﻲ ‪) 1‬ب(‪:‬‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎب‬
‫ﻘﻄ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫الاﺳ‬
‫و‬
‫أنز‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺎﻟ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﯿﻼت وﺗﺤ‬
‫ﺋﺞﺗﺴﺠ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻐﻼلﻧ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﮫﺪفﻻﺳ‬
‫ال ‪:1‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨﻤ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﯿﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ا‬
‫اﺧﻞ‬
‫دد‬
‫ر‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﺸ‬
‫ها‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﻮلھ‬
‫دﺧ‬
‫ومو‬
‫د‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠﺼ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺒﻄﺔﺑ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫اتا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎحا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫دﻻ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ه‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫رﺟﻲﻟﮫ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻓﻖﺧ‬
‫ﺗﺪ‬
‫ﻮمو‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺒﻄﺔﺑ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫اتا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎح‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫دﻻ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺎبﻓ‬
‫ﻘﻄ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ةاﻹﺳ‬
‫د‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫ة‪.‬‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫اﻷﺧ‬
‫ﺎب‬
‫ﻘﻄ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اطﻓﻲاﻹﺳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﯿﺚاﻹ‬
‫ﻗﺔﺣ‬
‫ﻟﻰﻋﻼ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﻮل‬
‫ﻮﺻ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔوا‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺋﺞﺗﺠ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺑﻂﻧ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﮫﺪفﻟ‬
‫و‪:3‬ﻳ‬
‫ﯿﻦ ‪2‬‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ة‬
‫د‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﻨﻤ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫وﺟﻪﺑ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫رﺧ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫اﺳ‬
‫ﻮمو‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺒﻄﺔﺑ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫اتا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻐﻼقا‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ﺄﺧ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗ‬
‫دإ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻀﺨﺔ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗﺪﺧﻞا‬
‫دإ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺗﺤﺔﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮنا‬
‫ﻟﻰﻛﻤ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺋﻲ ‪:2‬‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﺸ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺒﺔوا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻮلﻋ‬
‫ﻠﺐوﺻ‬
‫ﺘﻄ‬
‫ﻮنﻋﻤﻞﻳ‬
‫ﺪﻛﻤ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞأنﺗ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻰا‬
‫إ‬
‫و‪2-3‬‬
‫ﯿﻦ ‪1-3‬‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﮫﺪفا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻧﻲ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫راﻻﺳﻄ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺤ‬
‫ﻮلا‬
‫ﻠﻰﻃ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻋ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺒﻄﺔﺑ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫اتا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫زعا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗ‬
‫دإ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻌﻤﻞﻳ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮنا‬
‫ﻛﻤ‬
‫ﻘﺔ ‪.3‬‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﯿﻞﻟ‬
‫ﺘﺴﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺋﺞا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻐﻼلﻧ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫ﻟﻚﺑ‬
‫ذ‬
‫ﯿﻦ (و‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﻨﺨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻳﻢ‬
‫)ﻋﺪ‬
‫وﺳﺔﻓﻲ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻟﻤﺪ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻐﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻰاﻻ‬
‫ﻘﻂإ‬
‫ةﻓ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻮبﻳﻤﻜﻦاﻹﺷ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻄ‬
‫ﺮﺳﻢا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻣﻼﺣﻈﺔ ‪:‬ا‬
‫ﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺗﻲﻻﺣ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻲ ﺳ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺘﺤﺼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮﺳﻢا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻘﻂﻷنا‬
‫ﻘﺔ‪3‬ﻓ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﺚ ‪:‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺋﻲا‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﺔ‪1‬‬
‫ﺮﺣ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺚﻳﺴﻤﺢ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺣ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺋﺞﺗﺠ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺎتﻣﻦﻧ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫اجﻣ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺨ‬
‫اﺳ‬
‫ﻟﺐﻣﻦ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﯿﻦا‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗﻤ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺪف‬
‫ﻳﮫ‬
‫ال‪:1‬‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺒﻞ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻗ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ﯿﻪا‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺮﺗ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﯿﺔإ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻌﺪﻣﺸ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺑ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ﻟﻰا‬
‫ﺄإ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎل‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﻰ‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞإ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻼنﻣﻦا‬
‫ﺘﺴﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻣﺸ‬
‫ﻮن‬
‫ا ﺳﺠﻞﻛﻤ‬
‫ذ‬
‫ﻮنﻋﻤﻞإﻻإ‬
‫ﺪﻛﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧﻪﻻﻳ‬
‫ﺎجأ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﺬﻣﻦاﺳ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻦا‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗﻤﻜ‬
‫ال‪:2‬ﻳﮫﺪفإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔك‪4‬ﻣﻦ‬
‫ﻘﻦﻛﻤ‬
‫ﻨﺪﺣ‬
‫ﻮنﻋ‬
‫ﻟﻜﻤ‬
‫اا‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﻳﺴﺠﻞھ‬
‫ﺎب‪،‬‬
‫ﻘﻄ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اﺳ‬
‫ال‬
‫و‬
‫ﺒﺔز‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠﻰﻣﻦﻋ‬
‫وأﻋ‬
‫أ‬
‫وي‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻳﺴ‬
‫ﯿﻦ ‪..‬‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺒﻞﻛ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اﻷﺳ‬
‫ﯿﻦ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻞا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﺔاﻷﺳ‬
‫ﻮلأن ﻛﻤ‬
‫ﻮﺻ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻟ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺋﺞا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺎتﺑ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻌﻄ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺑﻂا‬
‫ﻟﻰر‬
‫ال‪:3‬ﻳﮫﺪفإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻦ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿﻞﻛ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﺔاﻷﺳ‬
‫ﻟﻰﻛﻤ‬
‫دإ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺴﺠﻞﻳ‬
‫ﻮنا‬
‫ﻜﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻲا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫و‬
‫‪،‬‬
‫ﯿﻪ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ﻠﻰ ﺷﺪ‬
‫ﻗﻒﻋ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ةﺗ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﻰ‬
‫ﺘﻰﻧﺼﻞإ‬
‫ةﺣ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺤ‬
‫ﯿﻦا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿﻞﻛ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﺔاﻷﺳ‬
‫دتﻛﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻪز‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةا‬
‫دت ﺷﺪ‬
‫ا‬
‫د‬
‫ز‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ة ‪).‬‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺒﺔ (‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻘﺔ‪6‬‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻌﺔ‬
‫ﯿﻦ ﺳ‬
‫ﯿﻦﺑ‬
‫ﺑﻂﺑ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻗﺔﺗ‬
‫دﻋﻼ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻳﺠ‬
‫ﻘﺔﻹ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻐﻼلا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اﺳ‬
‫ﻠﻰ‬
‫ﺬﻋ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻳﺪ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ال‪:1‬ﻳﮫﺪفﻟ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﻲ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿﺔوﺑ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻐﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺒﻼت‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺴ‬
‫ﻠﻰا‬
‫ﺘﺔﻋ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ةو‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺤ‬
‫ﯿﻦا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿﻞﻛ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﺔاﻷﺳ‬
‫ﺑﺔﻣﻊﻛﻤ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫اﻹﺳ‬
‫ﻮﺣﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻔ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫اتا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫دا‬
‫ﻋﺪ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺸ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺮﻻﻳ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ااﻷﺧ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺴﺠﻞوھﺬ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮن‬
‫ﻟﻜﻤ‬
‫ﺔا‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ةﻟﺴ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺤ‬
‫ﯿﻦھﻲا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿﻞﻛ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اﻷﺳ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﻛﻤ‬
‫ال ‪:2‬‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺒﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﻰﻣﻦا‬
‫وأﻋ‬
‫ويأ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺎنﻳﺴ‬
‫اﻛ‬
‫ذ‬
‫ﻟﻰإ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﻠﺔ‪:2‬‬
‫ﺮﺣ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫اجﻣ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺨ‬
‫ﺋﺞواﺳ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻦا‬
‫ﻧﺔﺑ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻠﻰا‬
‫ﯿﺬﻋ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻳﺪا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻠﻰﺗ‬
‫ءﻋ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫اا‬
‫ﺔھﺬ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺌ‬
‫ﮫﺪفأﺳ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﻟﻰ‪:‬‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞإ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫‪66‬‬
‫ﻳﺔ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﺔا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ﻗﺖﻓﻲا‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﺮﻣ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﯿﻦﺗ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿﻞﻛ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺎجأنﻟﻸﺳ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧﺔﻣﻦاﺳ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻜﻦا‬
‫ﺗﻤ‬
‫ال ‪:1‬‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﻣﻦا‬
‫ﻌﺪ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺑ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ﻮنﻋﻤﻞﻓﻲا‬
‫ﻟﺪﻛﻤ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻌﺪﺗ‬
‫ﯿﻦﺑ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿﻞﻛ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻮلاﻷﺳ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺒﻄﻞﻣ‬
‫ﻳﻢﻳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫دإ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ال‪:2‬وﺟ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻣﺸ‬
‫ة‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺎھ‬
‫ﺮﻇ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻔﺴ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺎﻟ‬
‫ﻟﮫ‬
‫ﻐﻼ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﺔواﺳ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺋﺞﺗﺠ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻐﻼلﻧ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠﻰاﺳ‬
‫ﺬﻋ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻳﺐا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺘﺪ‬
‫ال‪:3‬ﻳﮫﺪفﻟ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ﯿﺖﻓﻲا‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻗﻊا‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠﻰﻣ‬
‫ﺒﻲﻋ‬
‫ﻌﺼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺋﻲا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﻎا‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺖ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫دﻟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﯿﻞ ‪p2‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺘﺴﺠ‬
‫ﺔﻓ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻜﻲ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺪﻣﺸ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻮنﺑ‬
‫ﻟﺪﻛﻤ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻮمﻟ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫د‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫دا‬
‫ر‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻮل ﺷ‬
‫اتودﺧ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎح‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻟﻰا‬
‫دىإ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻓ‬
‫ﺒﻜ‬
‫ﻌﺪﻣﺸ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﻨﻪﻛﻤ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮﺣﺔو‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫اتا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫دا‬
‫أيﻋﺪ‬
‫ﺒﺖ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻠﻎا‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻠﻰﻛﻤ‬
‫ﻗﻒﻋ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺮﺗ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ااﻷﺧ‬
‫ﻌﺔھﺬ‬
‫ﺳ‬
‫ﻠﻎ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎھﺔا‬
‫إﻣ‬
‫ﺘﻢ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻳ‬
‫ﺒﻜ‬
‫ﻌﺪﻣﺸ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺑ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ﻌﻤﻞﻓﻲا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮنا‬
‫ﻟﺪﻛﻤ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻌﺪﺗ‬
‫ﻘﺔ ‪.‬ﺑ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﺘﺪ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫دا‬
‫ر‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﺸ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺋﻲ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﻲ ‪:‬‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺘﺤﺼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ال‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎط‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اا‬
‫ﺎﻓﻲھﺬ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞإ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺠﺪ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻐﻼلا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫ﯿﻄﻲﺑ‬
‫ﺘﺨﻄ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮﺳﻢ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺰا‬
‫ﻨﺠ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺑﻖ (‪.‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺑﻖ )‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮﺳﻢ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻠﺔﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻜﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫و‬
‫ﺋﻲ ‪:4‬‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫وﻻ‪:‬‬
‫أ‬
‫ﻮن‬
‫اتﻛﻤ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫دتﺗ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎز‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻧﻪﻛ‬
‫أ‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺬﻣﻦا‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻦا‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗﻤﻜ‬
‫الإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ال‪:1‬ﻳﮫﺪفھ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺋﺞ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻐﻼلﻧ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫اﺑ‬
‫ﻮھﺬ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺸ‬
‫ا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮمﻓﻲا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫دا‬
‫ر‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿﺔ ﺷ‬
‫دﻛﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎز‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻜﻲﻛ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺒﻞﻣﺸ‬
‫ﻋﻤﻞﻗ‬
‫ﻘﺔ ‪.8‬‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻼتﻓﻲ‬
‫ﺘﺴﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺋﺞﺗﺠ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺎﺑ‬
‫ﺑﻄﮫ‬
‫ﯿﺔور‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺎتﻋ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻌﻄ‬
‫ﻐﻼلﻣ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠﻰاﺳ‬
‫ﺬﻋ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻳﺐا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺘﺪ‬
‫ال‪:2‬ﻳﮫﺪفﻟ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ات‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎحا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺒﻜﻲوا‬
‫ﻟﻤﺸ‬
‫را‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻳﺔا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻰﻧﮫ‬
‫ﻌﻤﻞإ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮنا‬
‫ﻮلﻛﻤ‬
‫ﯿﻦوﺻ‬
‫ﻗﺔﺑ‬
‫ﻟﻰﻋﻼ‬
‫ﻮلإ‬
‫ﻮﺻ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫‪++‬‬
‫ﺒﻜﻲ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻟﻤﺸ‬
‫را‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﻰ‬
‫ةإ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫هاﻷﺧ‬
‫ﻮلھﺬ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻟﻞ ‪Ca‬ﺛﻢدﺧ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎ‪:‬‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻳﺔ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺎتﻣﺠﮫ‬
‫ﯿﺔوﻣﻼﺣﻈ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺋﺞﺗﺠ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻧ‬
‫ﺎتﺑ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫زﻣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻧﺠ‬
‫ﻠﻰإ‬
‫ﯿﺬﻋ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻳﺐا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺘﺪ‬
‫ﻠﺔﻟ‬
‫ﺌ‬
‫ﮫﺪفاﻷﺳ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﯿﺚ‪:‬‬
‫ﺎتﺣ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﺑﻂﻋﻼ‬
‫ﺎجور‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻰاﺳ‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞإ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻓﻲ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿﻞﻛ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺮاﻷﺳ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﻢﺗﺤ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫اﺣﺔﻻ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮنا‬
‫ءﻛﻤ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫أ‬
‫أن‬
‫ﻟﻰ‬
‫ﻟﺐإ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ال‪:1‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺒﻜﻲ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻟﻤﺸ‬
‫ﻟﺸﻖا‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻜﻲ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺸ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﺸﻖ‬
‫ا‬
‫ةﻓﻲ‬
‫ز‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﻦا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿﻞﻛ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﺔاﻷﺳ‬
‫ﻟﻰأن ﻛﻤ‬
‫ﻟﺐإ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ال ‪:2‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺒﻜﻲ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻟﻤﺸ‬
‫ﺒﻞا‬
‫ءﻗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻐﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻌﻤﻞﻓﻲا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮنا‬
‫اتﻛﻤ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫اﻣﻊﺗ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺎﺳﺐﻃ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫‪++‬‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔ ‪Ca‬ا‬
‫ﻜﻢﻓﻲﻛﻤ‬
‫ﺘﺤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﻰ‬
‫ديإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﺒﻜﻲﻳ‬
‫ﺒﻞﻣﺸ‬
‫ﻮنﻋﻤﻞﻗ‬
‫اتﻛﻤ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫إنﺗ‬
‫ال ‪:3‬‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫‪++‬‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺮﻛﻤ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗﺤ‬
‫ديإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﺎﻳ‬
‫ﺘﺤﺔﻣﻤ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻟﻞ ‪Ca‬ا‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻔ‬
‫اتا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫دا‬
‫ﯿﺠﺔﻋﺪ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺒﻜﻲﻧ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺸ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺒﻜﻲ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺸ‬
‫ﻟﺸﻖا‬
‫ﯿﻦﻓﻲا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿﻞﻛ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اﻷﺳ‬
‫ﺔﻣﻦ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮن‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻌﺼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةﻓﻲا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺸ‬
‫ﺔا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻌﺼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺔا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺮﺳ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞأنا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﻰ‬
‫الإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ال‪:4‬ﻳﮫﺪفھ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻜﻲﺑ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺸ‬
‫ﻟﺸﻖا‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮى‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠﻰﻣﺴ‬
‫ﺮﻋ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻌﻤﻞﺗﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮنا‬
‫اتﻛﻤ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺒﻜﻲﺑ‬
‫ﺒﻞﻣﺸ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻦ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿﻞﻛ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اﻷﺳ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻘﺪمﻓ ﻲ‬
‫ﻠ ﻲا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺘﺤﺼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮﺳﻢا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺎنﺑ‬
‫ﺘﻌ‬
‫ﺮﺳﻢﻳ ﺴ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫زا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻧﺠ‬
‫ﻹ‬
‫ﺻﻔﺤﺔ ‪162‬‬
‫‪67‬‬
‫ﺒﻲ‬
‫ﻌﺼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎجا‬
‫دﻣ‬
‫اﻹ‬
‫ﺎط‪:5‬‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ء‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﻮىا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ءﻓﻲﻣﺴ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻐﺸ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺮﻟ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮنا‬
‫ﻜﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫رأنا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻰإﻇﮫ‬
‫ﺎطإ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اا‬
‫ﺪفھﺬ‬
‫ﻳﮫ‬
‫ﻠﻤﻲ‪:‬‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺪف‬
‫ﻟﮫ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮغ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺔﺑ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻓﻲﺣ‬
‫ﺒﻜ‬
‫ﻌﺪﻣﺸ‬
‫ﺎتﺑ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻮعﻛﻤ‬
‫ﻠﺔﻣﺠﻤ‬
‫ﻮﻣﺤﺼ‬
‫ﻜﻲھ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺪﻣﺸ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮنا‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻌﺼ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺋﻲﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺘﺪ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫اﻹ‬
‫ﻌﻤﻞ‪.‬‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮنا‬
‫ﻜﻤ‬
‫ةﻟ‬
‫ﻟﺪ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺒﺔ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎج ‪.‬‬
‫دﻣ‬
‫اﻹ‬
‫ﻮل‬
‫ﯿﺔﺣ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻨﺔا‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻧﻄﻼقﻣﻦﻣ‬
‫ﻳﻤﻜﻦاﻹ‬
‫ﻧﻄﻼق‪:‬‬
‫ﯿﺔاﻹ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫وﺿ‬
‫ﺋﻲ ‪:1‬‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻪ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةإ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺬيﻗﺪﺗﻢاﻹﺷ‬
‫ﺘﻪوا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺒﻚو‬
‫ﻟﻤﺸ‬
‫ﻮما‬
‫ﻔﮫ‬
‫رﺑﻤ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫الﺑ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫اا‬
‫ﺪفھﺬ‬
‫ﻳﮫ‬
‫ال‪:1‬‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺑﺔ‪:1‬‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ول ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎطاﻷ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻓﻲا‬
‫وج‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ﯿﺔوا‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺋﺞﺗﺠ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺔﻧ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻠﻰﻣ‬
‫ﻟﺐﻋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﺪا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗ‬
‫ﻠﺔإ‬
‫ﺌ‬
‫اﻷﺳ‬
‫ﺗﮫﺪف‬
‫و‪: 2‬‬
‫ﯿﻦ‪1‬‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ ‪:‬‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﯿﻼتﻛ‬
‫ﺮﺗﺴﺠ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻔﺴ‬
‫ﺋﺞﻣﻦﺗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻌ ﺾا‬
‫ﻨﻪﺑ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﺎﺗﻤ‬
‫ﺎتﻛﻤ‬
‫ﺎﺟ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﯿﻄﻲ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﮫﻲو‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺒﻚا‬
‫ﻟﻤﺸ‬
‫ﯿﻦا‬
‫ﻳﻖﺑ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻰا‬
‫إ‬
‫ﻧﺔ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞﻣﻦا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﺚﻳ‬
‫ ﺣ‬‫ﺮ‪.‬‬
‫ﺘﺸ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻧﻲﻻ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮو‬
‫ﺘﺸ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ولﻳ‬
‫ﺎﻷ‬
‫ﺎﻓ‬
‫ﺋﺼﮫﻤ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫وﺧﺼ‬
‫ﺑﺔ‪:2‬‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺚ‬
‫ﺎ صﺑﻪﺣ‬
‫ﻠﻎﺧ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﯿﻦ ﻣ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﯿﻦا‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺸ‬
‫ﺒﻚﻣﻦا‬
‫ﻜﻞﻣﺸ‬
‫أنﻟ‬
‫ال‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫اا‬
‫ﺪفھﺬ‬
‫ﻳﮫ‬
‫ال‪:1‬‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ال ‪GABA‬‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺒﻚ ب‪.‬‬
‫ﻟﻤﺸ‬
‫ﻓﻲا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒﺐﺗﺤ‬
‫ﯿﻪﻳﺴ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫أن‬
‫ﻟﻰ‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞإ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﺐﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﺮفا‬
‫ﯿﺔﻣﻦﻃ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺋﺞا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻐﻞا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺗﺴ‬
‫ال‪: 2‬‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺒﻚ ب‬
‫ﻠﻤﺸ‬
‫ﺒﻜﻲﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺸ‬
‫ﻟﺸﻖا‬
‫رﻓﻲا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫دا‬
‫ر‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻗﺺ ﺷ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫وﺗ‬
‫ال‪GABA‬‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻔﺴ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻟ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺋﺞﺗﺠ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﺔوﻧ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺎتﻋ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻌﻄ‬
‫ﻐﻼلﻣ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺬﻻﺳ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻳﺪا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫الﻟ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ال‪:3‬ﻳﮫﺪفا‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﻎ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺤ‬
‫دﻟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺎبﻳ‬
‫ﻘﻄ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اطﻓﻲاﻹﺳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﯿﻞإ‬
‫ﯿﺚﺗﺴﺠ‬
‫ﯿﻄﻲﺣ‬
‫ﺮﺳﻢﺗﺨﻄ‬
‫ﺔﺑ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿﺠﺔﺗﺠ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻮل‬
‫دىﻟﺪﺧ‬
‫اتأ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎحا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎﺻﺔوا‬
‫ﺒﻼتﺧ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠﻰﻣﺴ‬
‫ﺘﻪﻋ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻜﻲﺛﻢﺗ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺸ‬
‫ﻟﺸﻖا‬
‫‪GABA‬ﻓﻲا‬
‫ﯿﺔﻣﻦ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻠﺔا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﺤﺼ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺮﺳ‬
‫ﻧﺔﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻜﻦاﻹﺳ‬
‫ﻳﻤ‬
‫ﻨﻰ ب‪) .‬‬
‫ﻨﺤ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﻞا‬
‫ﺗﺴﺠ‬
‫رو‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ا‬
‫د‬
‫ر‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺷ‬
‫ﺎب (‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻧﺔ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻜﻦاﻹﺳ‬
‫ﯿﺚﻳﻤ‬
‫ﯿﻄﺔﺣ‬
‫الﺑﺴ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫اا‬
‫ﻠﻰھﺬ‬
‫ﺑﺔﻋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺒﺢاﻹﺟ‬
‫ﺮﺳﻢﻳﺼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ز‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻧﺠ‬
‫ﺪإ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ال‪: 4‬ﺑ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫رﺳﻲ‪.‬‬
‫ﻟﻤﺪ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎب‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻘﺔ ‪ 12‬ص‪137‬ﻣﻦا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻘﺔ‪ 5‬ص‪150‬و‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﯿﻦو‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻔﺤ‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫ﺎتﻓﻲا‬
‫ﻮﻣ‬
‫ﺮﺳ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﻧﻲ‪:‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺋﻲا‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﻰ ‪:‬‬
‫ﺎإ‬
‫ﯿﮫ‬
‫ةﻓ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﻲﻳﺠﺐاﻹﺷ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﺔو‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺑﺔ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫اﻹﺟ‬
‫ﻟﻰ‬
‫ﻮلإ‬
‫ﻮﺻ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺘﻪﻟ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ذﻃ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اﻷﺳ‬
‫ﻮﺟﻪ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ال‪:1‬‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺑﻚ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺸ‬
‫دا‬
‫ﻋﺪ‬‫ﺒﻄﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫وﻣ‬
‫ﯿﺔأ‬
‫ﯿﮫ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻔﺔﺗ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻮﻇ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺚا‬
‫ﯿﺔ(وﻣﻦﺣ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‪-‬ﻋﺼ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﯿﺔ )ﻋﺼ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺚ‬
‫ﺎﻣﻦﺣ‬
‫ﻮﻋﮫ‬
‫ﻧ‬‫ﺘﻲﺗﺼﻞ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻜﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫دا‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻟﻰﻋ‬
‫ةإ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﺤﻦاﻹﺷ‬
‫الﻳﺴ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫اا‬
‫ﻠﻰھﺬ‬
‫ﺑﺔﻋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺒﻞاﻹﺟ‬
‫ال‪:2‬ﻗ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﻒ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻣﺞﻣﺨ‬
‫دﻟﺪ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺴﺠﻞﻳ‬
‫ﻮنا‬
‫ﻜﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻰأنا‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞإ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻗﺖﺛﻢا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻔ ﺲا‬
‫ﯿﺔﻓﻲﻧ‬
‫ﺒﻜ‬
‫ﻌﺪﻣﺸ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺑ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ا‬
‫ة‪.‬‬
‫د‬
‫ر‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻜﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﺬي‬
‫ﺋﻲا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔﻀ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻨﻲوا‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻊا‬
‫ﺘﺠﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻦا‬
‫ﻳﻖﺑ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻰا‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞإ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﻰ‬
‫الإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﻳﮫﺪفھ‬
‫ال‪: 3‬‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻨﺔا‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﻟﺐﻓﻲا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ا‬
‫ه‬
‫أﺧﺬ‬
‫أ(‪:‬‬
‫ﺋﻲ ‪) 3‬‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻦ‬
‫ﯿﮫ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻰأنﺗ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺎتﻟ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫اجﻣ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺨ‬
‫ﻟﺐﻻﺳ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﻳﺪا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧﺔﻟ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺋﺞا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ال‪:1‬ﺗﮫﺪفﻧ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻦﻓﻲ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻣ‬
‫ﯿﮫ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻟﻜﻦﺗ‬
‫ﺒﻜ‬
‫ﻌﺪﻣﺸ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺑ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ﻮنﻋﻤﻞﻓﻲا‬
‫ﯿﺪﻛﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗ‬
‫ﺎنإ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻳﻦﻻ‬
‫ﺎﻋﺪ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎجو‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫د‬
‫ﻠﻰاﻹ‬
‫ﺪلﻋ‬
‫ﺎﻳ‬
‫ﻮنﻋﻤﻞﻣﻤ‬
‫انﻛﻤ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻳ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻣﺨ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫وﻣﻦﻣﺸ‬
‫ﺒﻚأ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺸ‬
‫ﻔ ﺲا‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﯿﻊ‪.‬‬
‫ﺘﺠﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﺔ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺑﻚﻓﻲﻛﻞﺣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺸ‬
‫اعا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫أ‬
‫اج‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺨ‬
‫ﻟﻰاﺳ‬
‫ﻠﺔإ‬
‫ﺌ‬
‫ﻠﻰاﻷﺳ‬
‫ﺑﺔﻋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺒﻞاﻹﺟ‬
‫ﺘﺤﺴﻦﻗ‬
‫ﻣﻼﺣﻈﺔ ‪:‬ﻳﺴ‬
‫ﯿﻞ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻣﻊا‬
‫‪68‬‬
‫ﺋﻲ ‪) 3‬ب(‪:‬‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺒﻂ‪.‬‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺒﻚا‬
‫ﻟﻤﺸ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺒﻪو‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺒﻚا‬
‫ﻟﻤﺸ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿﺦﻣ‬
‫ﺮﺳ‬
‫رﻣﻦﺗ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﻜ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫الا‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻜﻦھﺬ‬
‫ﻳﻤ‬
‫ال‪:1‬‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﻰأن‬
‫ﻮلإ‬
‫ﻮﺻ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻟ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺋﺞﺗﺠ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧﺔﻧ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻠﻰﻣ‬
‫ﻟﺐﻋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻳﺐ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗﺪ‬
‫ﺎنإ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﮫﺪ‬
‫و‪:3‬ﻳ‬
‫ﯿﻦ ‪2‬‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﺪ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﻲﻻ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺔ (و‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻗﻞﻣﻦا‬
‫أ‬
‫ﻜﻲ )‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺸ‬
‫ﻌﺪا‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮنا‬
‫ﻟﻜﻤ‬
‫ﻌﺔا‬
‫ﻠﻞﻣﻦ ﺳ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺒﻂﻳ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺒﻚا‬
‫ﻟﻤﺸ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺸ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻌﺪ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺑ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ﻮنﻋﻤﻞﻓﻲا‬
‫ﻛﻤ‬
‫و‪:11‬‬
‫ﯿﻦ‪10‬‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻣﻪ‬
‫ﻘﺪ‬
‫ﺎﺗ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫إﺿ‬
‫ﻠﺔ‬
‫ﺌ‬
‫ﺮحأﺳ‬
‫ﯿﻦﺑﻄ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻐﻼل‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺘﺤﺴﻦاﺳ‬
‫ﻠﻲﻳﺴ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺘﺤﺼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮﺳﻢ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫زا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻧﺠ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺒﻞ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻮﻋﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺎتﻣ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻣﻦﻣ‬
‫ﺮﺟﻞﻓﻲ ‪.4‬‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﻰﻣﺪ‬
‫ﯿﻪﻓﻲ ‪1‬إ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔﻣﻦﻟﺤﻈﺔ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻌﺼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﺔا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫را‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺒﻊﻣﺴ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺜﻼ‪-1:‬ﺗ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺑﻀﺔﻣﻊ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﺔ‬
‫ﻌﻀ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﺤﺴﻲﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻒا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻦا‬
‫ﺒﻚﺑ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺸ‬
‫ﻮعا‬
‫دﻧ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻘﺔ ‪11‬ﺣ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻐﻼل‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫‪- 2‬ﺑ‬
‫ﺎﺳﻄﺔ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﺔا‬
‫ﻌﻀ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻛﻲﻟ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ﻮنا‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻌﺼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻣﻊوا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﻮنا‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻌﺼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻦا‬
‫ﻠﺔﺛﻢﺑ‬
‫ﻌﻀ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻔ ﺲا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻛﻲﻟ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ﻮنا‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻌﺼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﻞ؟‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫رﺳﻲ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻟﻤﺪ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎب‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﺔﻓﻲا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﺤﺼ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ﻧﻈ‬
‫ﻠﻲأ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺘﺤﺼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮﺳﻢا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺑﻚ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺸ‬
‫ﻮىا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠﻰﻣﺴ‬
‫اتﻋ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻟﻤﺨﺪ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺎط‪:6‬‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺑﻚ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺸ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮى‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠﻰﻣﺴ‬
‫اتﻋ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻟﻤﺨﺪ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫رﺗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻰإﻇﮫ‬
‫ﺎطإ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اا‬
‫ﺪفھﺬ‬
‫ﻳﮫ‬
‫ﻠﻤﻲ‪:‬‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺪف‬
‫ﻟﮫ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫الﻣ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﺮح ﺳ‬
‫ﯿﻄ‬
‫اتﻟ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺨ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﻮلﺗ‬
‫ﻗﺸﺔﺣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘﻪﻣﻦﺧﻼلﻣ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ذﻃ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اﻷﺳ‬
‫د‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻧﻄﻼق‪:‬‬
‫ﯿﺔاﻹ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫وﺿ‬
‫ﺑﻚ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺸ‬
‫ﻮىا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺪﻓﻲﻣﺴ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺘﺤﺪ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺒﻲو‬
‫ﻌﺼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫زا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺠﮫ‬
‫ﻠﻰا‬
‫اتﻋ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻟﻤﺨﺪ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺋﻲ ‪: 1‬‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻘﺔ‪1‬‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎف‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻰأناﻷ‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞإ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻼﺣﻈﺔﻟ‬
‫ﻗﺔا‬
‫ﻠﻰد‬
‫ﻟﺐﻋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﻳﺪا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗ‬
‫إ‬
‫ال‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫اا‬
‫ﺪفھﺬ‬
‫ﻳﮫ‬
‫ّ‪:1‬‬
‫ال‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻦ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﻨﺨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎبﻏﻤﺪا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫وﻏ‬
‫دأ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿﺔأيوﺟ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮو‬
‫ﻘﻄ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻔﺔﻓﻲا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﺤﺴﻲﻣﺨ‬
‫ﻌﺼﺐا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻧﺔﻟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻜ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻘﺔ ‪2‬‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮو‬
‫ﺎﻷﺣﻤ‬
‫ﻠﺔﺑ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻜﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﻰا‬
‫ﺮﻋ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﯿﻦﺗ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫أنﻟ‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻰا‬
‫ﻧﺔإ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ال‪:1‬ﺗﮫﺪفا‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﻰإ‬
‫ﻌﻤﻞﻋ‬
‫ﻮﻳ‬
‫ﻟﻢﻓﮫ‬
‫ﺎﻷ‬
‫رﺑ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﺸ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﺔﻋﻦ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺎﻻﺣ‬
‫ﻨﮫ‬
‫ﺘﺤﻘﻖﻣ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔوا‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺎتﻋ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺮﺿ‬
‫ﺎﻏﺔﻓ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻰ ﺻ‬
‫ﺬﻋ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻳﺐ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺘﺪ‬
‫الﻟ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺪف‬
‫ﻳﮫ‬
‫ال‪:2‬‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻐﻞ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺘﺴ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻘﺔ ‪.1‬‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻧﺔا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺋﺞﻣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ذﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺮاﻷﺳ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫الأنﻳ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫اا‬
‫ﻠﻰھﺬ‬
‫ﺑﺔﻋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﺤﺴﻦﻟﻺﺟ‬
‫ﻳﺴ‬
‫ﺎف‪...‬‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮاﻷ‬
‫ﻘﻄ‬
‫ﻠﻖﺑ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺗ‬
‫ﺮﺿ‬
‫اجﻓ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺨ‬
‫ﻻﺳ‬
‫ﻘﺔ ‪:3‬‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻌﺼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺔا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﺮﻋﺔا‬
‫ﯿﻦ ﺳ‬
‫ﻗﺔﺑ‬
‫ﻌﻼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎج‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اﺳ‬
‫ﯿﺬﻣﻦ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻧﺔا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻜﻦ‬
‫ﺗﻤ‬
‫و‪:2‬‬
‫ﯿﻦ ‪1‬‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮﺣﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺮﺿ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻘﻖﻣﻦإﺣﺪىا‬
‫ﺘﺤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎﺗﻤﻜﻦﻣﻦا‬
‫ﯿﻒﻛﻤ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻗﻄ‬
‫و‬
‫ات‬
‫ﺎفذ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﺔﻓﻲاﻷ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﺎلا‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮﻋﺔ‬
‫ﻟﻰ ﺳ‬
‫إ‬
‫ة‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺋﻲﻟﻺﺷ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اا‬
‫ﻐﻼلھﺬ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻳﻤﻜﻦاﺳ‬
‫ﯿﻦ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﻨﺨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻳﻤﺔ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﯿﻦوﻋ‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﻧﺨ‬
‫ﯿﻒﻣﻦ‬
‫ﺘﺨﻔ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺒﻲﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﺎلا‬
‫ﻟﻤﺠ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻦﻓﻲ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎلا‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺮاﺳ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗ‬
‫إ‬
‫ال‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫اا‬
‫ﺪفھﺬ‬
‫ﻳﮫ‬
‫ال‪:3‬‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮﺿﻰ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻌ ﺾا‬
‫ﻨﺪﺑ‬
‫اﻷﻻمﻋ‬
‫ﺋﻲ ‪: 2‬‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﺔ‪:1‬‬
‫ﺮﺣ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺋﺞ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞﻣﻦﻧ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻟ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺋﺞﺗﺠ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻐﻼلﻧ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠﻰاﺳ‬
‫ﯿﺬﻋ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻢا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫الﻟ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺪف‬
‫ﻳﮫ‬
‫ال‪:1‬‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺒﻚ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺸ‬
‫ﯿﺚا‬
‫ﺒﻂﺣ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺒﻚا‬
‫ﻟﻤﺸ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺒﻪو‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺒﻚا‬
‫ﻟﻤﺸ‬
‫ﻳﺪا‬
‫ﻘﺔ ‪5‬ﻣﻦﺗﺤﺪ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ولا‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ربﻓﻲﺟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺒﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎ ف)‪( 3-1‬‬
‫ﻨﻤ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒﻂﺑ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﺒﻚﻣ‬
‫ﻣﺸ‬
‫ف)‪(2-1‬‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﯿﻄ‬
‫ﺎتﺗﺨﻄ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿﺔورﺳ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺋﺞﺗﺠ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻧ‬
‫ﻧﺔﺑ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻠﻰا‬
‫ﺬﻋ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻳﺐ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗﺪ‬
‫ال‪:2‬ﻳﮫﺪفإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺒﻪ ف )‪(3-1‬‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺒﻚ‬
‫ﻠﻤﺸ‬
‫ﺋﻲﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻎﻛﻤ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ةﻋﻦﻣ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ة ‪P‬ﻋ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺚ‬
‫ﻗﺔﺣ‬
‫ﺑﻂﻋﻼ‬
‫ﻟﻰر‬
‫إ‬
‫ﻮل‬
‫ﻮﺻ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺘﻲ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺒﻚ ف)‪( 2-1‬وا‬
‫ﻠﻤﺸ‬
‫ﺋﻲﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻎﻛﻤ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﯿﻦ ﻣ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻧﻜ‬
‫ﺎاﻷ‬
‫ﻨﻤ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﻢﺑ‬
‫ﺎﻷ‬
‫ﺎ سﺑ‬
‫اﻹﺣﺴ‬
‫ولﻋﻦ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺑﻖ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﺒﻚا‬
‫ﻟﻤﺸ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺒﻂﻋﻤﻞ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫‪69‬‬
‫ﯿﻦ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺮاﻷ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﻔ ﺲﺗ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻧ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻧﺔأنﻟ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﺐﻣﻦ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ال‪:3‬‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫اح‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﺜﮫﻢﻋﻞا‬
‫ﺘﻪوﺣ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻗﺸﺔﻃ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ذﻣﻦﻣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اﻷﺳ‬
‫ﻜﻦ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻮحﻟ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻘﻰﻣ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫الﻳ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ال‪:4‬ھ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ ‪....‬‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻨﻄ‬
‫ﺎتﻣ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺮﺿ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﻠﺔ‪:2‬‬
‫ﺮﺣ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﻲ ‪:‬‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫اجﻣ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺨ‬
‫ﺋﻖﻻﺳ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻐﻼلو‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫أﺳ‬
‫ﻟﻰ‬
‫ﻠﺔإ‬
‫ﺌ‬
‫ﮫﺪفاﻷﺳ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﻘﺔ‪6‬‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻳﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةا‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻓﻲا‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺒﻼتا‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اﺟﺪﻣﺴ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺗ‬‫ﻔﺲ‬
‫ﻠﻰﻧ‬
‫ﺒﺖﻋ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠﺔﺗ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﺎتﻣ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻧﮫ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻦو‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻧﻜ‬
‫ﺌﺔاﻷ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ ﻟﺠ‬‫ﯿﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻐﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺒﻼت‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻘﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻼت‬
‫ﺘﺴﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻞا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫وﺗ‬
‫ﺮأ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻔﺴ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺎتﻟ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻐﻞا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ ﻳﺴ‬‫ﻔﺤﺔ‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫ا‬
‫ء‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻄ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﺴﻄ‬
‫ا‬
‫‪132‬‬
‫ﺎط‪2‬‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻣﺼ‬
‫ج‪:‬‬
‫ﻮنﻓﻲ‬
‫ﻟﻜﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺒﻞ‬
‫ءﻗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻐﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺒﻜﻲ‬
‫ﻣﺸ‬
‫‪166‬‬
‫ﻳﻦ‪1‬‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫و‪26‬‬
‫‪22‬‬
‫‪167‬‬
‫ﻳﻦ‪2‬‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫‪-‬‬
‫‪132‬‬
‫‪170‬‬
‫‪-‬‬
‫ﻘﺔ‪3‬‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻘﺔ‪3‬‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫‪Tetrodotoxine‬‬
‫‪Tedraethy‬‬‫ﺎل‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺒﻄﺔﻻ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ةﻣ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫‪ammonium‬‬
‫‪+‬‬
‫‪Na‬‬
‫ﺎل‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺒﻄﺔﻻ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ةﻣ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫‪+‬‬
‫‪K‬‬
‫‪Tetraethyl‬‬‫‪Tetrodotoxine‬‬
‫‪ammonium‬‬
‫ﺎل‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺒﻄﺔﻻ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ةﻣ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫‪+‬‬
‫ﺎل‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺒﻄﺔﻻ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ةﻣ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫‪Na‬‬
‫‪+‬‬
‫‪K‬‬
‫ﻟﺸﻜﻞ‪1‬‬
‫ﯿﻦﻓﻲا‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻜﻞ‪ 2‬ا‬
‫ﻟﺸ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻓﻲا‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻘﺔ ‪4‬‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻨﺤ‬
‫ﻘﺔ ‪ 4‬ﻣ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻨﺤ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻔﺤﺔ‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫ةﻓﻲا‬
‫د‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻮﺟ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ةﻓﻲ ا‬
‫د‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻮﺟ‬
‫ﺮﻣ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻏ‬
‫ﻳﻦ‪2‬‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌﺔﻟ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫‪167‬ﺗ‬
‫ﻔﺤﺔ ‪167‬‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻘﺔ‪2‬‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ة‬
‫د‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻮﺟ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻘﺔا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻦ‬
‫ﻠﻰﻳﻤ‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫ﻔﺤﺔ‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻘﺔ‪2‬‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫‪171‬‬
‫اب‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫ا‬
‫ة‬
‫ﻘﺔ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﻰ‬
‫ةﻋ‬
‫د‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻮﺟ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻔﺤﺔ‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫را‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻳﺴ‬
‫ة‬
‫د‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻮﺟ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻘﺔا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻳﻦ‪ 5‬ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻔﻞ‬
‫ﻓﻲأﺳ‬
‫ﻔﺤﺔ‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻘﺔ‪1‬‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻘﺔ‪3‬‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻘﺔ‪4‬‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻘﺔ‪2‬‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻣﻼﺣﻈﺔ‪:‬‬
‫ﻓﻪ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫أھ‬
‫هو‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺎﺻ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫دﻋ‬
‫ﺒﺤﺚﺗﺤﺪ‬
‫ﺒﺔﺑ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﯿﻒا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺘﺤﺴﻦﺗﻜ‬
‫ﺎنﻳﺴ‬
‫دﻣ‬
‫اﻹ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻌﻤﻖﻓﻲﺧﻄ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻘﻦ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻨﻈﻢو‬
‫ﻳﻢﻋﻤﻞﻣ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻳﺔوﺗ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﻠﻰا‬
‫ﺒﺔﻋ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﺪا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫‪،‬‬
‫ﻗﺔ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺒﻲ‬
‫ﻌﺼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻨﻘﻞ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتﻓﻲا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫را‬
‫و‬
‫دتﻓﻲد‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺘﻲو‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ء‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺎتاﻷﺧﻄ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺗﺼ‬
‫‪70‬‬
‫ﺎلاﻷول‬
‫ﻟﻤﺠ‬
‫ﻟﻮﺣﺪة ‪5‬ﻣﻦا‬
‫ﻳﻦا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺗﻤ‬
‫ول ‪:‬‬
‫اﻷ‬
‫ﻳﻦ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎعا‬
‫ﺮﺟ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اﺳ‬
‫ﺒﻰ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﮫﺪفإ‬
‫ﺎت ‪:‬ﻳ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫‪- 1‬ا‬
‫ﻜﻲ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻌﺪﻣﺸ‬
‫ءﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫‪- 1‬ﻏﺸ‬
‫ان‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫‪- 2‬ﻏﻤﺪ ﺷ‬
‫ﻧﻲ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫راﻷﺳﻄ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺤ‬
‫ﻟﻰا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫‪-3‬ھ‬
‫ﻜﻲ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺒﻞﻣﺸ‬
‫ءﻗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫‪- 4‬ﻏﺸ‬
‫ﻠﻲ‬
‫ﻌﻀ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻒا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻰا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫‪-5‬ھ‬
‫ﻠﻲ‬
‫ﯿﻒﻋﻀ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫‪- 6‬ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﻒ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺎلﻟ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﯿﻪﻓ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺮﺗ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻠﻲ (إ‬
‫ﻌﻀ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻒ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﺔ )‬
‫ﻌﻀ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺐا‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﺮﺟﺔ ‪:‬ﺗﺴ‬
‫ﺘﺨ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺴ‬
‫ﻣﺔا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫‪- 2‬ا‬
‫ﺮك‪.‬‬
‫ﻟﻤﺤ‬
‫ﺒﻲا‬
‫ﻌﺼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺜﻞ ‪:‬‬
‫ﺮىﻣ‬
‫ﺎتأﺧ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ةﻣ‬
‫ﻟﻰﻋﺪ‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞإ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫الﻟ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫اا‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﺮھ‬
‫ﺜﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ذأنﻳﺴ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻜﻦﻟﻸﺳ‬
‫‪.‬ﻳﻤ‬
‫ﺑﺬ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ه‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺗﺠ‬
‫ﺎﻹ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺑ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻌﺼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﺔا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﺮكا‬
‫ﻟﻤﺤ‬
‫ﺒﻲا‬
‫ﻌﺼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻒا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻘﻞ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫‪‬ﻳ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺑﺬﻧﺤ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺗﺠﻪ‬
‫ﺎﻹ‬
‫ﯿﻪﺑ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻘﻞ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﯿﻪو‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺑﻞﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺮكﻗ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺒﻲ‬
‫ﻌﺼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻒ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫‪‬ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺪﻣﺸ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﺦ‬
‫‪‬إ‬
‫وب‪:‬‬
‫ﯿﻦأ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻘﻦ‬
‫ﯿﺠﺔﺣ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻧ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺪﻣﺸ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺑ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮنﻋﻤﻞﻓﻲ‬
‫ﯿﻞﻛﻤ‬
‫أ‪- :‬ﺗﺴﺠ‬
‫ﺑﺔ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺋﺞا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺮﻧ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻔﺴ‬
‫‪-1‬ﺗ‬
‫أن‪:‬‬
‫ﻠﻰ‬
‫ﻜﻲﻳﺪلﻋ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺸ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﺸﻖ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻦﻓﻲ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿﻞﻛ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اﻷﺳ‬
‫ﺋﻲ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻨﻲﻛ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺒﻚا‬
‫ﻟﻤﺸ‬
‫ا‬‫ﺒﻪ –‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻠﻎﻣ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﯿﻦ –ﻣ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿﻞﻛ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻮاﻷﺳ‬
‫ﺒﻚھ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺸ‬
‫ا‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﺋﻲﻓﻲھ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻜﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﻎا‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬‫ﻠﻰ‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﺋﮫ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻻ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺪﻣﺸ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺑ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ﻠﻰا‬
‫ﻨﻲﻋ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺋﻲا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻜﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﻎا‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻳ‬‫ﺎ ‪....‬‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺑﺔﻛﻤ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫اتﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ةﻋﻦﻗ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻋ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺒﻼتﻏﺸ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻣﺴ‬
‫ﻌﺪ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺑ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ﻟﻰا‬
‫إ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﺒﻜ‬
‫ﺒﻞﻣﺸ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ﺄﻣﻦا‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎلا‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫را‬
‫ا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ﻨﻊا‬
‫ﺎج ‪:‬ﻳﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫‪-2‬اﻹﺳ‬
‫ﯿﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺒﻜ‬
‫ﻣﺸ‬
‫ﻮل‬
‫ﺎتﺣ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺮﺿ‬
‫ﺮحﻓ‬
‫ذﺑﻄ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺮفاﻷﺳ‬
‫ﻳﻦﻣﻦﻃ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫رھ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜﻤ‬
‫اﺳ‬
‫ﺘﺤﺴﻦ‬
‫ﻣﻼﺣﻈﺔ ‪:‬ﻳﺴ‬
‫ه‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﺮﺗ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟﻰﻣ‬
‫ﻳﺔإ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨﮫ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞﻓﻲ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﺚﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ال‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﻟﻰا‬
‫ﺮقإ‬
‫ﺘﻄ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺒﻞا‬
‫رﻗ‬
‫ا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﻘﺔﺗ‬
‫ﻨﻄ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ر‪.‬‬
‫ا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺌﺔا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺟ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺑ‬
‫ﺛﻢإ‬
‫ﯿﺔ ‪:‬‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻐﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫روا‬
‫ا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﺌ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﯿﻦﺟ‬
‫ﻗﺔﺑ‬
‫ﻌﻼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮﺿﺢا‬
‫‪-3‬رﺳﻢﻳ‬
‫ﺒﻄﺔ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻐﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اتا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﻰ‬
‫رﻋ‬
‫ا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﺌ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﺒﺖﺟ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗ‬
‫إ‬
‫د‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻠﻞﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺸ‬
‫وثا‬
‫‪-3‬ﺣﺪ‬
‫ﻟﻰ‬
‫ﺄإ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎل‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻨﻊ‬
‫ﻟﻲﺗﻤ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿﻦوﺑ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿﻞﻛ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اﻷﺳ‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﺌ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﻚﺟ‬
‫ﻓﺴﺔﻓﻲذ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ءﻣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﻠﻞ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻟﺸ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫انﺑ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ﺎبا‬
‫ﯿﺔوﻳﺼ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺸ‬
‫ﻌﺪا‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻧﻲ ‪:‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻳﻦ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫‪(1‬‬
‫ء س‪:‬‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻞا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫‪- 1‬ﺗﺤ‬
‫ﺎﻳﺪل‬
‫ﺪمﻣﻤ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻮنﻣ‬
‫ﻜﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮقا‬
‫ﻮنﻓ‬
‫ﻟﺴﻄﺢﻳﻜ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﻰ‬
‫ﺮىم‪1‬ﻋ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮن‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﺎﻳ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻨﺪ‬
‫ ﻋ‬‫ﺎل‬
‫دﺧ‬
‫دإ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫‪،‬ﻟﻜﻦﺑﻤﺠ‬
‫ﺒﻲ‬
‫ﻌﺼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻒا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫رﺟﻲﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﺴﻄﺢ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺛﻞ ﺷﺤ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻠﻰﺗﻤ‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫ﻠﻲ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ه ‪60-‬ﻣ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮنﻗﺪ‬
‫ﺮقﻛﻤ‬
‫زﻓ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺠﮫﺨ‬
‫ﯿﻒﻳﺴﺠﻞا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻰا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺮىﻓﻲھ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﻂ‪.‬‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫‪71‬‬
‫ﻘﻄﺐ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺒﻲﻣﺴ‬
‫ﻌﺼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻒا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎج ‪:‬ا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ اﺳ‬‫ر‪.‬‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ا‬
‫دي‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻮنﻋﻤﻞأﺣ‬
‫ءعﻛﻤ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺜﻞا‬
‫‪- 2‬ﻳﻤ‬
‫ﺎم‪2‬‬
‫ﻨﻤ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿﻒﺑ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اﺧﻞا‬
‫ﺮىم‪1‬د‬
‫ﻟﻤﺴ‬
‫دا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻮﺟ‬
‫ﺎلوﺑ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﯿﻪﻓ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺮﺗ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﯿﻪ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻮلﻋ‬
‫ﻟﺤﺼ‬
‫ﯿﻞ ‪:‬ﺗﻢا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻌﻲ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺮﺟ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ديا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻮنﻋﻤﻞأﺣ‬
‫ﻨﻰﻛﻤ‬
‫ﻨﺤ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺜﻞا‬
‫ﯿﻞ ‪:‬ﻳﻤ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫‪- 3‬ﺗﺤ‬
‫‪،‬‬
‫ﺎب‬
‫ﻘﻄ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ةاﻹﺳ‬
‫د‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫‪،‬ﻋ‬
‫ﺎب‬
‫ﻘﻄ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اﺳ‬
‫ال‬
‫و‬
‫ز‬
‫ﺋﻊ‪،‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻣﻦ ﺿ‬
‫ء ‪:‬ز‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫أﺟ‬
‫ﻟﻰ‬
‫ﻨﻰإ‬
‫ﻨﺤ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻘﺴﻢا‬
‫ﻳ‬‫اﺣﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮنا‬
‫ﻟﻰﻛﻤ‬
‫ةإ‬
‫د‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫‪،‬ا‬
‫ﺎب‬
‫ﻘﻄ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اطﻓﻲاﻹﺳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺎب ‪.‬‬
‫ﻘﻄ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اﺳ‬
‫ال‬
‫و‬
‫ﻮﺟﺔز‬
‫ﺎلﻣ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻪا‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﺪ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺎج ‪:‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اﻹﺳ‬
‫ﺎع‬
‫ﺮﺟ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اﺳ‬
‫ةﻋﻦ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻧﻪﻋ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫دﻛ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ونﺗ‬
‫ﻨﻪﺑﺪ‬
‫ﯿﺐﻋ‬
‫ﻟﺐﻳﺠ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﺪأنا‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫الﻳ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫‪ -4‬ھ‬
‫اك‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻪﻻﺳ‬
‫ﻐﻼ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ذاﺳ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻲﻳﻤﻜﻦﻟﻸﺳ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫‪،‬و‬
‫رس‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎﻓﻲا‬
‫ﯿﮫ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺮق‬
‫ﺘﻄ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتﺗﻢا‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫رس‪.‬‬
‫ﻟﺪ‬
‫ﺔا‬
‫ﺒﺔﺧﻼلﺣﺼ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﻌ ﺾا‬
‫ﺎﺑ‬
‫ﺒﮫ‬
‫ﻮﻋ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺘﻲﻟﻢﻳﺴ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻣﻀﺔا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎط‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻌ ﺾا‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﯿﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛﻤ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿﺔ ‪:‬ﻛﮫ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻌﺼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﺔا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﻌﺔا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫‪ -5‬ﻃ‬
‫‪(2‬‬
‫ﺔ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘﻼفﻓﻲ ﺳ‬
‫ﻮنﻋﻤﻞﻟﻜﻦﻧﻼﺣﻆاﺧ‬
‫ﺜﻞﻛﻤ‬
‫ﺎتﺗﻤ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻨﺤ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎت ‪:‬ﻛﻞ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻨﺤ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﻞا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫‪- 1‬ﺗﺤ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻗ ﺺﺗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺎﺗ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﯿﺚﻛ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺣ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫وفا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻀ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺎﺑ‬
‫ﺑﻄﮫ‬
‫ﺎور‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺰﻋ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺘﻲﻳﺠﺐا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺑﺔا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫اﻹﺳ‬
‫ال‬
‫و‬
‫ﻗ ﺺز‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺑﺔ )‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻌﺔاﻹﺳ‬
‫ﻗﺼﺖ ﺳ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺎﺗ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫رﺟﻲﻛ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ﻮﺳﻂا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮمﻓﻲا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫د‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫ا‬
‫د‬
‫ر‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺷ‬
‫ﺎب (‪.‬‬
‫ﻘﻄ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اﻹﺳ‬
‫ﺎب‬
‫ﻘﻄ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫الاﻹﺳ‬
‫و‬
‫ﻮم (‪:‬ز‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫د‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫دا‬
‫ر‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺎﺷ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫د )ھ‬
‫ر‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﺸ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺋﻲوﺗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻐﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮنا‬
‫ﻜﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻦا‬
‫ﺔﺑ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻌﻼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮم‪.‬‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫د‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫دا‬
‫ر‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠﻖﺑﺸ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺎب ‪.‬‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺜﻞﻓﻲ ص ‪133‬ﻣﻦا‬
‫ﻟﻤﻤ‬
‫ﺮﺳﻢا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺛﻞﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺮﺳﻢ ‪:‬ﻣﻤ‬
‫‪- 3‬اﻟ‬
‫ﻳﻦ ‪:3‬‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺒﻞ‬
‫ﺎﻣﻦﻗ‬
‫ﯿﮫ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺮفﻋ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺗ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻮﺿ‬
‫ﺎﺑ‬
‫ﻧﮫ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺎو‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺮفﻋ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ةﻳ‬
‫ﻳﺪ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺟ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﺐوﺿ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻠﻄ‬
‫ﺮحﻟ‬
‫ﻳﻦﻳﻄ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اا‬
‫ھﺬ‬
‫ه‬
‫ﺜﻞھﺬ‬
‫ﻠﻰﻣ‬
‫ﺬﻋ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺘﻼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻳﺐا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺘﺪ‬
‫ءﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺎﺷ‬
‫ﻔﻤ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺎﻛ‬
‫رھ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ةوﻳﻄ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺄﺧﺬا‬
‫أنﻳ‬
‫ذ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺘﺤﺴﻦﻟﻸﺳ‬
‫ﯿﺴ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ة‪.‬‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺠﺪ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻮﺿ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺒﻚ‬
‫ﻜﻞ‪:2‬ﻣﺸ‬
‫ﻟﺸ‬
‫ﺋﻲ ‪.‬ا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﺒﻚﻛ‬
‫ﻜﻞ‪:1‬ﻣﺸ‬
‫ﻟﺸ‬
‫ﯿﻦ ‪:‬ا‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺸ‬
‫ﻠﻰا‬
‫ﺮفﻋ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫‪- 1‬ا‬
‫ﺋﻲ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻛﮫ‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﺌ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﯿﺔ ‪-4.‬ﺟ‬
‫ﺒﻜ‬
‫ﻌﺪﻣﺸ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺑ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺒﻜﻲ ‪-3.‬ﺧ‬
‫ﻳﺼﻞﻣﺸ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻜﻲ ‪- 2.‬ﺣ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫رﻣﺸ‬
‫ﺎت ‪-1 :‬ز‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ز‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﻟﺔإ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻜﻲﺣ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻳﺼﻞﻣﺸ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻜﻲ ‪-6 .‬ﺣ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺒﻞﻣﺸ‬
‫ءﻗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ة ‪-5.‬ﻏﺸ‬
‫ز‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺋﻲا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ﻠﻎا‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﻰ ‪- 11.‬‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺎت‪-10.‬ھ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫أ‬
‫ﺒﻜﻲ ‪-9.‬‬
‫ﻌﺪﻣﺸ‬
‫ءﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿﺔ ‪– 8.‬ﻏﺸ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺎتﻛﻤ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫‪- 7.‬ﻗ‬
‫ﺎل ‪.‬‬
‫ﺗﺼ‬
‫اتاﻹ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﺎل ‪-13 .‬‬
‫ﺗﺼ‬
‫اﻹ‬
‫ات‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺮﻗ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫دﻋ‬
‫ر‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﺸ‬
‫ا‬
‫ر‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺮي‪-12 .‬‬
‫ﻨﺠ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﯿﻦ ‪:‬‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺸ‬
‫ﯿﻦا‬
‫ﻧﺔﺑ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫‪- 2‬ﻣ‬
‫ﺋﻲ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ﺒﻚا‬
‫ﻟﻤﺸ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺋﻲ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻜﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺒﻚا‬
‫ﻟﻤﺸ‬
‫ا‬
‫ء‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻐﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻦا‬
‫ﺎلﺑ‬
‫ﺗﺼ‬
‫ﺪا‬
‫ﻮﺟ‬
‫ﺒﻞ ﻳ‬
‫ءﻗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻐﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻦا‬
‫اغﺑ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺪﻓ‬
‫ﻮﺟ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﻜﻲو‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺒﻞﻣﺸ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻜﻲ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺪﻣﺸ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺒﻜﻲو‬
‫ﻣﺸ‬
‫ﺒﻜﻲ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻣﺸ‬
‫ﺋﻲ ‪...‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻎﻛﻤ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺪﻣ‬
‫ﻮﺟ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺋﻲ ‪...‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻠﻎﻛ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺎبﻣ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻏ‬
‫ﺑﻚ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺸ‬
‫ﻜﻲﻓﻲا‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺸ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻌﺪ‬
‫ﺒﻜﻲوﺑ‬
‫ﺒﻞﻣﺸ‬
‫ءﻗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻐﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻦا‬
‫ﻳﺔﺑ‬
‫ر‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﺪاﺳ‬
‫ﻮﺟ‬
‫ﺎج ‪:‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اﻹﺳ‬
‫ﯿﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﻜﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺑﻚ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺸ‬
‫ﻜ ﺲا‬
‫ﯿﺔﻋ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻜﮫ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺪﻣﺸ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺑ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﻰ‬
‫ﯿﺔإ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺒﻞﻣﺸ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻗ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ﺄﻣﻦا‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻘﻞا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫أ ‪-‬ﻳ‬
‫ﻠﺼﺔ ‪:‬‬
‫ﺘﺨ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮﻣﺔ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺒﻜ‬
‫ﻌﺪﻣﺸ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺒﻞو‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻦا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ءا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻏﺸ‬
‫ﺑﻂﺑ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎل‬
‫ﺗﺼ‬
‫اتاﻹ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺮﻗ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ةﻋ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺎﺷ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫‪72‬‬
‫ﻜﻤﻦﻓﻲ ‪:‬‬
‫ﯿﻦﺗ‬
‫ﺒﻜ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺸ‬
‫ﯿﻦا‬
‫ﺘﻼفﺑ‬
‫وﺟﻪاﻹﺧ‬
‫ب‪-‬أ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺋﻲﻋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻜﮫ‬
‫ﺒﻚا‬
‫ﻟﻤﺸ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻜﻲﻓﻲ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻌﺪﻣﺸ‬
‫ءﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻐﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺒﻜﻲﺑ‬
‫ﺒﻞﻣﺸ‬
‫ءﻗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻐﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ر‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻳﺔ ‪- :‬‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ات ‪.‬‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﺋﻲ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻜﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺒﻚا‬
‫ﻟﻤﺸ‬
‫ﻜﻲﻓﻲا‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫اغﻣﺸ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫دﻓ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ وﺟ‬‫ﺋﻲ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻎﻛﻤ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻳﻖﻣ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺋﻲﻋﻦﻃ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﻜﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺒﻚ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺸ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺄﻓﻲ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻘﻞا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿﺔ ‪- :‬ﻳ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫وﻇ‬
‫ﺎل ‪.‬‬
‫ﺗﺼ‬
‫اتاﻹ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻔﻀﻞﻗ‬
‫ﺋﻲﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺒﻚ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺸ‬
‫ﺄﻓﻲا‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺘﻘﻞ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻳ‬‫ﻳﻦ ‪:4‬‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺚ‬
‫ﺮىﺣ‬
‫اﻷﺧ‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﻒﻋﻦا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻘﺔﺗﺨ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻗﻊوﺑﻄ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةﻣﻦا‬
‫ﻳﺪ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺟﺪ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺮحوﺿ‬
‫ﻳﻦﻳﻄ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اا‬
‫ھﺬ‬‫ﺒﻲ‬
‫ﻌﺼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎج‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫د‬
‫ﯿﺔاﻹ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﺔﻓﻲأ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫هاﻹﺷﻜ‬
‫ﻓﻪﻟﺤﻞھﺬ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻨﺪﻛﻞﻣ‬
‫أنﻳﺠ‬
‫ﻟﺐ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﻠﻰا‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫ﺮ‪.‬‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫اﺻ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻨﺪ‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫ﻠﺔ‬
‫ﺎﻣ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻳﺔا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ﻟﺐا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻠﻄ‬
‫ﻮنﻟ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻟ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻔﺔﻣ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻮﻇ‬
‫ﻳﻦﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اا‬
‫ﺪمھﺬ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘﺤﺴﻦأنﻳ‬
‫ ﻳﺴ‬‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻮبﺛﻢﻋ‬
‫ﺮﻏ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻟﺤﻞا‬
‫ﻟﻰا‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞإ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔوا‬
‫ﻨﮫﺠ‬
‫ﻘﺔﻣ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺋﻖﺑﻄ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻐﻼل‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻓﻲاﺳ‬
‫ﻳﻦ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻌﻄﻲﻟﺤﺼﺔ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒﺔﻟ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻠﻒإﺟ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻣﺨ‬
‫رنﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ذأنﻳ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻜﻦﻟﻸﺳ‬
‫ﻟﺤﻞﻳﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫اﺻﻞ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﻰا‬
‫ةﻋ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻘﺪ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﻤﻲو‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻓﺲ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻐﺔﻣﻦا‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺻ‬
‫ﻟﺤﻞ ‪:‬‬
‫ﻠﻰا‬
‫ﺎﻋﺪﻋ‬
‫ﯿﺢﺗﺴ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻟﺐ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ةﺗﺬ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫ﻳﺔا‬
‫ؤ‬
‫ﻟﻲر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻓﺔوﺑ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫اﺻ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫ا‬
‫ات‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿﻦﺣﺸ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻘﺔ ‪:1‬ﺗ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫دﻓ‬
‫ﺮﻋﺔر‬
‫اﺳ‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺎو‬
‫اﺟﺪھ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻛﻦﺗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎوأ‬
‫ﻛﮫ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ةﺑﺴ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺎﺷ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮﺿﺢ‬
‫ﺎﻳ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻛﻤ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻘﺪﻋﺼ‬
‫ﻮنﻣﻦﻋ‬
‫ﺘﻜ‬
‫ﻟﺬيﻳ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫اﺻ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻠﺼ‬
‫ﺒﻲﻟ‬
‫ﻌﺼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫زا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺠﮫ‬
‫ﯿﻦا‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻘﺔ ‪:2‬ﺗ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎبﺣﺴ‬
‫أﻋﺼ‬
‫ﻠﻰ‬
‫ﻮيﻋ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺗﻲﺗﺤ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒﻄ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ونا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ (ﻋﻦ‬
‫ﺮﺟ‬
‫ﻟﺸ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ )‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒﻄ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ونا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﻰ‬
‫دإ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺮﻳ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫اﺻ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫ﺰﺑﻪا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ سا‬
‫إناﻹﺣﺴ‬
‫ﯿﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒﻄ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ﻘﺪ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻠﺔﺑ‬
‫ﺘﺼ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻟﺤﺴ‬
‫ﺎبا‬
‫ﻳﻖاﻷﻋﺼ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻃ‬
‫ﺑﻚ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺸ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻣﻦا‬
‫ﻮﻋ‬
‫ﺪﻧ‬
‫اﺟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺎجﺗ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺑ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ﯿﻼتا‬
‫ﺘﺴﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻘﺔ‪-:3‬ﺗﺴﻤﺢا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﯿﮫ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺑﻚﺗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻣﺸ‬
‫*‬
‫ﺒﻄﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﺑﻚﻣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫*ﻣﺸ‬
‫ﺮ‪.‬‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫اﺻ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫ﻨﺪا‬
‫ﺒﻲﻋ‬
‫ﻌﺼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎجا‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺮاﻹ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺎجﻣ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﻼتﺑﺴ‬
‫ﺘﺴﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎﺗﺴﻤﺢا‬
‫ﻛﻤ‬‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ا‬
‫و‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌﺼﺐ‪2‬ﺑ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻌﺼﺐ‪1‬و‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻟ‬
‫ﻟﺤﺴ‬
‫ﺎفا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺘﺼﻞاﻷ‬
‫ﯿﻒﺗ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻛ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻜﻞأﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺸ‬
‫ﻘﺔ ‪:4‬ا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻳﺔ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﺸﺠ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻜﻲ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺪﻣﺸ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮنا‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻌﺼ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺒﻂ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺒﻚا‬
‫ﻟﻤﺸ‬
‫ﺒﻪﻣﻊا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺒﻚا‬
‫ﻟﻤﺸ‬
‫رنا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻜﻞ بﻳﺴﻤﺢﺑﻤ‬
‫ﻟﺸ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎج‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫د‬
‫ﻳﺔأناﻹ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﺐﻓﻲا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻔﺔﻳ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺨ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﻦا‬
‫ﺑﻂﺑ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻼﺻﺔ ‪:‬‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻢ‬
‫ﻨﻈ‬
‫ﺎﺗ‬
‫اھ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠﻰﻣﺴ‬
‫ﺘﻢﻋ‬
‫ﺘﻲﻳ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒﻄ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻌﺼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮىا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺘﻢﻓﻲﻣﺴ‬
‫ﺒﻲﻳ‬
‫ﻌﺼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺑﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻐﺴ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻳﻦ ‪:5‬‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ر‬
‫و‬
‫رود‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ﻔﻞا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻚا‬
‫ﺮﻓﻲذ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اﺧ‬
‫ﺎ شو‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻗﻊ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺐﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﺑﻂا‬
‫ﻠﻰر‬
‫ﯿﺔﻋ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻳﻦﻣ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫إنﻓﻜ‬
‫ﺎس‪.‬‬
‫ااﻹﺣﺴ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻓﻲﻧﻘﻞھﺬ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻐﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﺔ‪:1‬‬
‫ﺮﺣ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ة‪:‬‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺼ‬
‫ﺑﺔﻣﺨ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫أﺟ‬
‫ﯿﻦ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫وﻧﺨ‬
‫ﺒﻲذ‬
‫ﯿﻒﻋﺼ‬
‫ﯿﻒ ‪:A‬ﻟ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫‪- 1‬ا‬
‫ﯿﻦ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﻨﺨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻳﻢا‬
‫ﺒﻲﻋﺪ‬
‫ﯿﻒﻋﺼ‬
‫ﯿﻒ‪: B‬ﻟ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﻰ‬
‫رإ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿﺴ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻣﻦ‬
‫ﯿﻦ )‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﺪ ﺳ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫دﻟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ة (ﻳ‬
‫ر‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﻢ )‬
‫ﺎﻷ‬
‫رﺑ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﺸ‬
‫ا‬
‫أن‬
‫ﯿﻦ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﯿﻞ‪:1‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺘﺴﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫‪- 2‬ا‬
‫ﺌﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺑﻄ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻌﺔو‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻰ ﺳ‬
‫و‬
‫ﯿﻦ(اﻷ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ات‬
‫ﺎفذ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻨﻪاﻷ‬
‫ﻟﺔﻋ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ولﻣﺴ‬
‫ﯿﻞاﻷ‬
‫ﺘﺴﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺚا‬
‫ﯿﺔ ‪:‬ﺣ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺎتإﺿ‬
‫ﻮﻣ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻌﻄﻲﻣ‬
‫ﻛﺪوﺗ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻌﻢﺗ‬
‫‪- 3‬ﻧ‬
‫ﯿﻦ‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﻨﺨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻳﻤﺔا‬
‫ﺎفﻋﺪ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻨﻪاﻷ‬
‫ﻟﺔﻋ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻧﻲﻣﺴ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻞا‬
‫ﺘﺴ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﻨﻤ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿﻦﺑ‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﻧﺨ‬
‫‪73‬‬
‫ﻠﺔ‪:2‬‬
‫ﺮﺣ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻦ ‪:‬‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺮﺣ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮﺟﺔﻣﻦ‬
‫ﺘﺨ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺴ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻮﻣ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫‪- 1‬ا‬
‫ر‪.‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ﻌﻢا‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫رﺑ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﺸ‬
‫ﻘﻞا‬
‫ﻟﺔﻋﻦﻧ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻣﺴ‬
‫ﺎفﺣﺴ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎف ‪A‬و‪B‬ھﻲأ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫‪- :1‬اﻷ‬
‫ر‪.‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ﻔﻞا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةﻓﻲا‬
‫اﺟﺪ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﻦا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺑﺴ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ةا‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻰﻣ‬
‫رإ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫اقا‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫د‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫‪- :2‬ﻳ‬
‫ﯿﺖﻣﻦ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻗﻊﺗ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺎﻣ‬
‫ﺎﺻﺔﻟﮫ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺧ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺎتﻏﺸ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻠﻰﺑ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻋ‬
‫ﻟﺤﺴ‬
‫ﺎفا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻌ ﺾاﻷ‬
‫ﻮيﺑ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ ﺗﺤ‬‫ﯿﻦ ‪.‬‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺑﺴ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةا‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻰﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﮫ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺟﮫﺔ‬
‫ﻟﻲ ‪:‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﻤﺨﻄﻂ‬
‫ﻟﻚﻓﻲا‬
‫ﯿﻞذ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ر ‪:‬ﻳﻤﻜﻦﺗﻤ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫اقا‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫را‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫‪- 2‬ﻣﺴ‬
‫ء‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻐﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ةﻋ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ها‬
‫ﺬھﺬ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫‪،‬ﺗ‬
‫ﻨﻪ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻣ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺑﺴ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ا‬
‫ة‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺮﻣ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗﺤ‬
‫ديإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫رﻳ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ﻔﻞا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻛﻞا‬
‫أ‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﺌ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﺒﺖﺟ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺎﺻﺔ )‪( VR-1‬ﺗ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺧ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺎتﻏﺸ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫اﺟﺪﺑ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﯿﺔو‬
‫ﻟﺤﺴ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻌﺼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎفا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻲﻟﻸ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﮫ‬
‫ا‬
‫د‬
‫ر‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺜﻞ ﺷ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ات )‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ها‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﺮھ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫دﻋ‬
‫ر‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﺸ‬
‫ا‬
‫ذ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟﻰﻧ‬
‫ديإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﺎﺻﺔﺗ‬
‫ﻗﻊﺧ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠﻰﻣ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻋ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺑﺴ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ر‪.‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ﻌﻢا‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺎ سﺑ‬
‫ﻘﻞاﻹﺣﺴ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻟ‬
‫ﻟﺤﺴ‬
‫ﺎفا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫هاﻷ‬
‫ﻮنﻋﻤﻞﻓﻲھﺬ‬
‫ﻟﺪﻛﻤ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﻮم (‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫د‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫ا‬
‫‪74‬‬
‫ﻳﺔ‬
‫ﺎﻗﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﺘﺤﻮﻻتا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎل )‪:(2‬ا‬
‫ﻠﻤﺠ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻌﺮﻓ ﻲﻟ‬
‫ﺘﻮىا‬
‫ﻟﻤﺤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎﻗﺔ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫اجا‬
‫ﺘﺨﺮ‬
‫ﻳ ﺴﻤﺢاﺳ‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﺌ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﻨﺔﻓ ﻲا‬
‫ﺎﻣ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎﻗﺔ‬
‫ﻟﻰ ﻃ‬
‫ﺎإ‬
‫ﻠﮫ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺗﺤﻮ‬
‫و‬
‫ﻳﺔ‬
‫ﻟﻌﻀﻮ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﻰ‬
‫ﺎل ) ‪( ATP‬ﻋ‬
‫ﺘﻌﻤ‬
‫ﻠﺔﻟﻺﺳ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻳﺔ‬
‫ﻠﻮ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ﺎتﻓﻮقا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺘﻮىا‬
‫ﻣﺴ‬
‫ﯿﻘﺔ‬
‫ﺎتﻣﺤﺪدةودﻗ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫‪،‬وﻓﻖآ‬
‫ﻳﺔ‬
‫ﻟﻌﻀﻮ‬
‫ﻠﻰا‬
‫ﺎﻓﻈﺔﻋ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺤ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫‪،‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺎﻃﮫ‬
‫رﻧ ﺸ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺘﻤﺮ‬
‫اﺳ‬
‫و‬
‫ء‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﺨﻀﺮ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺗﺆديا‬
‫ﺎﻣﺔ‬
‫ﻳﺔ ھ‬
‫ﯿﻮ‬
‫ﯿﻔﺔﺣ‬
‫وﻇ‬
‫ﺎن‬
‫ﺒﺮأھﻢ ﺿﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺗﻌ‬
‫‪،‬‬
‫ﯿﺚ‬
‫ﺎة‪،‬ﺣ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫را‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺘﻤﺮ‬
‫ﻻﺳ‬
‫ﺎﻗﺔ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﻳﻞا‬
‫ﺘﺤﻮ‬
‫ﺗﻘﻮمﺑ‬
‫ﺎﻗﺔ‬
‫ﻟ ﻰﻃ‬
‫ﯿﺔإ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﻟﻀﻮ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻨﺔ‪،‬وﻓﻖ‬
‫ﺎﻣ‬
‫ﺋﺔﻛ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻠﺔﻣﻦ‬
‫ﻠﺴﻞ ﺟﻤ‬
‫ﺗﺴ‬
‫ﻳﺔ‬
‫ﯿﻮ‬
‫ﯿﻤﻮﺣ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻼتا‬
‫ﺘﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻘﺔوﻣﺤﺪدة‬
‫ﺎتدﻗ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺂ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ﯿﻊا‬
‫ﺎجﺟﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺗﺤ‬
‫رة‬
‫ﺑﺼﻮ‬
‫ﺎﻗﺔ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺰودﺑ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟ ﻰا‬
‫إ‬
‫ﻠﻰ‬
‫ﺎﻓﻈﺔﻋ‬
‫ﻠﻤﺤ‬
‫ﺋﻤﺔﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫د‬
‫ﻟﻚﺑﻔﻀﻞﺗﺪﻓﻖ‬
‫ﺘﻢذ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫‪،‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺗﮫ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺣ‬
‫ﻠﻰ‬
‫ﺎﻗﺔﻋ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﺗﺤﻮﻻتا‬
‫و‬
‫ﻳﺔ‬
‫ﻠﻮ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ﺎتﻓﻮقا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺘﻮىا‬
‫ﻣﺴ‬
‫ﯿﻘﺔوﻣﺤﺪدة‬
‫ﺎتدﻗ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫وﻓﻖآ‬
‫أھﻢ‬
‫ﺌﺔال) ‪( ATP‬‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺎھﺔﺟﺰ‬
‫ﺒﺮإﻣ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺗﻌ‬
‫ﻠﻰ‬
‫ﺎﻗﺔﻋ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﺎلا‬
‫ﺘﻌﻤ‬
‫ﺮﻹﺳ‬
‫ﺎﺷ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫رﻣ‬
‫ﻣﺼﺪ‬
‫ﺘ ﻲﺗﺆدي‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻳﺔا‬
‫ﻠﻮ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺘﻮىا‬
‫ﻣﺴ‬
‫ﻠﻔﺔ‪،‬ﻓﮫﻮﻣﻈﮫﺮﻣﻦ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺋﻒﻣﺨ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫وﻇ‬
‫ﻠﺐ‬
‫ﺘﻄ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻳﺔ‪،‬و‬
‫ﺎﻗﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﺘﺤﻮﻻتا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺎھ‬
‫ﻣﻈ‬
‫ﻠﻔﺔ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺨ‬
‫ﺋﻒا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻮﻇ‬
‫ﻠﻰ ھﺬها‬
‫ﺘﻌﺮفﻋ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺑﺔﻓ ﻲ‬
‫ﺎﻗﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﺘﺤﻮﻻتا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﻒا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺎمﺑﻤﺨ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺘﻮىا‬
‫ﻠﻰﻣ ﺴ‬
‫ﻠﻔﺔﻋ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺨ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫رھ‬
‫ﺻﻮ‬
‫ﻳﺔ‪،‬ﺗﺠ ﺴﺪﻓﻲﻣﺨﻄﻂ‬
‫ﻠﻮ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ﻗﻮقا‬
‫‪75‬‬
‫ﻳﺔ‬
‫ﺎﻗﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﺘﺤﻮﻻتا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻧ ﻲ‪:‬ا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎلا‬
‫ﻟﻤﺠ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎل‪:‬‬
‫ﻟﻤﺠ‬
‫ﻣﺪﺧﻞا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺋﻦآﺧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻗﺔ (ﻟﻜ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ا‬
‫ء)‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﺮﻏ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻳﺔ (ﻳ‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺗﻲا‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺋﻦذ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺎت )‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫رﻧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫زھ‬
‫ةأ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫ﺘﻀﻤﻦا‬
‫ﺎل ‪:‬ﺗ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺠ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺻ‬
‫ـﺔ‪،‬‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـﺐﻃ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺘﻄ‬
‫ـﺬيﻳ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻳﻊا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ـﺔا‬
‫ﻨﺤ‬
‫ـﺔاﻷﺟ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒﺐﺣ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ةﺑﺴ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻣﺴ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺎنﻓﻲوﺿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻮﻃ‬
‫ھ‬
‫ﻗﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﺎلا‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫رﻻ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ةﺻ‬
‫ﺎﻋﺪ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺮﻓ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻳﻈﮫ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫وھﻲوﺿ‬
‫ﻨﺔ‬
‫ﺎﻣ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻛ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﺎﻗﺔﻛ‬
‫ﻟﻰﻃ‬
‫ﯿﺔإ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﻟﻀﻮ‬
‫ﺎﻗﺔا‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﻳﻞا‬
‫ﺎتﺗﺤﻮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟ ﻰ‪:‬آ‬
‫ﻟﻮﺣﺪةاﻷو‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـﻰﻃ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ءإ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻀ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻲا‬
‫ﯿﺔ ﻓ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﻀ‬
‫ـﺔا‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ـﻞا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺗﺤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺮحإﺷ‬
‫ﻟﻮﺣﺪة‪:‬ﻳﻄ‬
‫ﻣﺪﺧﻞا‬
‫ﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﺛﮫ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺮﺣ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻨﺔو‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻛ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ـﻦ‬
‫ـﺔﻣ‬
‫ﻮﺣ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ءﻣ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻌﺔﺧﻀ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻞ ﺻ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﺎﻳﻤ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻨﮫ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ءﻣ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺮﻟﺠ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺗﻜ‬
‫ﯿﺔو‬
‫ذﺟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻧﻤ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻧ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻮﺿﺢﺧ‬
‫ة ‪:‬ﺗ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫وثﻋﻤ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺣ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎفآ‬
‫ﺘﺸ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻟﻰا‬
‫ﻳﺔإ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨﮫ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮلﻓﻲا‬
‫ﻮﺻ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻘﺔﻟ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻜﺸﻒﻋﻦﺑ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮ ضا‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﻠﻰﻟ‬
‫أﻋ‬
‫ء‪.‬‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻀ‬
‫ﻌﺔا‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫اﺧﻞا‬
‫ﻮ صد‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮلو‬
‫ﻟﺪﺧ‬
‫ﻮا‬
‫ةھ‬
‫ﻮﺣﺪ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺪفﻣﻦ‬
‫ﻟﮫ‬
‫ﺄنا‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺋﻲ ‪.‬و‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻀ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺐ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺘﺴ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻜ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺮﺑ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺎط ‪:1‬ﺗﺬﻛ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺋ ﻲ‪.‬‬
‫ﻟﻀﻮ‬
‫ﯿﺐا‬
‫ﺮﻛ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫وثﻋﻤ‬
‫ﺮوط ﺣﺪ‬
‫ﺮﺑ ﺸ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺘﺬﻛ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻰا‬
‫ﺎطإ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻳﮫﺪفا‬
‫ﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺐا‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺮطﻓﻲﺗ‬
‫رﺷ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿﺨﻀ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﻰأن‬
‫إ‬
‫ﯿﺬ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻘﺔ ‪1‬ﻳﺼﻞا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ال ‪: 1‬ﻣﻦﺧﻼلا‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﺐ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﻢﺗ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﺚﻻﻳ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ري‪،‬ﺣ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﻚ ﺿ‬
‫ـﺬ‬
‫ءﻛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﻀ‬
‫ﻟﻰأنا‬
‫ﯿﺬإ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻘﺔ ‪2‬ﻓ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎﻣﻦﺧﻼلا‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫أ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ء(وھ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫اقﺧﻀ‬
‫ر‬
‫و‬
‫أ‬
‫ر)‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿﺨﻀ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻰا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ءھ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ـﻢاﺣ‬
‫ةرﻏ‬
‫ء‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺮﺿﺔﻟﻺﺿ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫اقﻏ‬
‫ر‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎﻓﻲاﻷ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻔﺤﺔ ‪. 176‬‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫ا‬
‫ال ‪2‬ﻓﻲ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﻠﻰا‬
‫ﺑﺔﻋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿﻪﻣﻦﺧﻼلاﻹﺟ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮلإ‬
‫ﻮﺻ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮبا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻄ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﻼق ‪O2‬‬
‫ﻧﻄ‬
‫ـﻲا‬
‫ﺋﻲوھ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﻀ‬
‫ـﺐا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ﺎھ‬
‫اجﻣﻈ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺨ‬
‫ﻟﻰاﺳ‬
‫ﯿﺬإ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻘﺔ ‪3‬ﻓ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎﻣﻦا‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫أ‬
‫ﻔﺤﺔ ‪. 176‬‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫ا‬
‫ال ‪3‬ﻓﻲ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻠﺴ‬
‫ﯿﻪﻟ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮلإ‬
‫ﻮﺻ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫دا‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ابا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﻮا‬
‫وھ‬
‫ﺎ ص( ‪. CO 2‬‬
‫ﺘﺼ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﮫﻼك )‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اﺳ‬
‫و‬
‫ـﻪ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ـ ﺺﻓ‬
‫ﻠﺨ‬
‫ﺎﻳ‬
‫زﻣﺨﻄﻄ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻧﺠ‬
‫ﺈ‬
‫ﻮمﺑ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮو‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮو‬
‫ﺎھ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻈ‬
‫ا‬
‫وطو‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﺸ‬
‫ﻠﺔا‬
‫ﻮﺻ‬
‫ﻳﺔﺑﺤ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨﮫ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺬﻓﻲا‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮما‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ء‬
‫ﺿﻮ‬
‫ﻟﺔ‪.‬‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻚﺑﻤ‬
‫ﯿﻢذ‬
‫ﺪﻋ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫وﻃﻪو‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺋﻲوﺷ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻀ‬
‫ﯿﺐا‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺮﻋﻤ‬
‫ﺎھ‬
‫ﻮعﻣﻈ‬
‫ﻣﺠﻤ‬
‫‪CO 2‬‬
‫‪O2‬‬
‫ﻟﺔ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻌ‬
‫ﺑﺔا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺮقﻟﻜ‬
‫ﺎكﻋﺪة ﻃ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ھ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺷ‬
‫‪H 2O‬‬
‫)‪(CH2O)n + n(O2‬‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﻳﻤ‬
‫ﻧﺰ‬
‫ر ‪+‬إ‬
‫ء ‪+‬ﻳﺨﻀﻮ‬
‫ﺿﻮ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻧﺸ‬
‫)‪(CH2O)n + n(O2) + n(H2O‬‬
‫)‪n(CO2) + n(H2O‬‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﻳﻤ‬
‫ﻧﺰ‬
‫ر ‪+‬إ‬
‫ء ‪+‬ﻳﺨﻀﻮ‬
‫ﺿﻮ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻧﺸ‬
‫‪76‬‬
‫)‪n(CO 2) + 2n(H2O‬‬
‫ء(‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻀ‬
‫ﻧﻌﺔا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺎﻓﻮقﺑ‬
‫ﺋ ﻲ )ﻣ‬
‫ﻟﻀﻮ‬
‫ﯿﺐا‬
‫ﺮﻛ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺮﻋﻤ‬
‫ﺎط ‪: 2‬ﻣﻘ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﺐ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﺔا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫وثﻋﻤ‬
‫ﺮﺣﺪ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘﻲھﻲﻣ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ءا‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻀ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻌﺔ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻠﻰﺑ‬
‫ﺮفﻋ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻰا‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺎط‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﮫﺪفا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺋﻲ‪.‬‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻀ‬
‫ﯿﺐا‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻋﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﮫﻢآ‬
‫ﻟﻰﻓ‬
‫ﻮلإ‬
‫ﻮﺻ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻟ‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫أﺳ‬
‫ة‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻚﻛﺨﻄ‬
‫ذ‬
‫ﺋﻲو‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻀ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﻼل‬
‫ـﻦﺧ‬
‫ﻳﺼﻞﻣ‬
‫ﻌﺔو‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ﻮﺻﻒﻣﻈﮫ‬
‫ﯿﺬﺑ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮما‬
‫ﻘﺔ ‪1‬ﻳﻘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺋﻲ ‪: 1‬ﻣﻦﺧﻼلا‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔوھﻲ‪:‬‬
‫ﺄﻏﺸ‬
‫ﻟﺔﺑ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻔﺼ‬
‫اتﻣ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺣﺠ‬
‫ﻘﺴﻤﺔإ‬
‫ﻌﺔﻣ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫ﻟﻰأنا‬
‫ال ‪2‬إ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﻰ‬
‫ﺑﺔﻋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫اﻹﺟ‬
‫ﻠﻲ(‪.‬‬
‫اﺧ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻳﻒا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺪ)‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﯿﻼ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻳﻒا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺗﺠ‬
‫ةو‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﺤﺸ‬
‫ﯿﻦ‪،‬ا‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻐﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻦ‬
‫اغﺑ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ة‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﺤﺸ‬
‫ا‬
‫ء)‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻀ‬
‫ﻌﺔا‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻠﺼ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻟ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻜ‬
‫ـﻢا‬
‫ـﺔأھ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ـﺬﺑﻤ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮما‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺋﻲ ‪: 2‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻓﻲا‬
‫ة‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻲإﺷ‬
‫ﻌﻄ‬
‫ﺎﻳ‬
‫ﻔﺔﻣﻤ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺎﻣﺨ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻟﻰأ‬
‫ﻳﺼﻞإ‬
‫ﺋﻲو‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺐا‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺚا‬
‫د (ﻣﻦﺣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﯿﻼ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫أﻏﺸ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﻨﮫﻤ‬
‫ﻮمﺑﻪﻛﻞﻣ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟﺬيﻳ‬
‫را‬
‫و‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺘﻼفا‬
‫اﺧ‬
‫ﻟﻰ‬
‫ﻟﻰإ‬
‫و‬
‫أ‬
‫ﺎﻓﻲ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻮﺿ‬
‫ﻳﻘﺔﺗﻤ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫دوﻃ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﯿﻼ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ءا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺎتﻏﺸ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻠﻰﻣ‬
‫ﺮفﻋ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻰا‬
‫ﺪفإ‬
‫ﺋﻲ ‪: 3‬ﻳﮫ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ء‪.‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻐﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠﻰ ‪3‬ﻣﻜ‬
‫ﺰﻋ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺘﻢا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺎتو‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻜ‬
‫ها‬
‫ﮫﺬ‬
‫ﺎﻟ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ال ‪ 1‬وﺻ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﻠﻰا‬
‫ﺑﺔﻋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨﺪاﻹﺟ‬
‫ﯿﺬﻋ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺪما‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻳﻢ ‪) ATP Synthase‬‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎت‪،‬إ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ـﻞاﻹ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‪،‬ﻧ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﻀ‬
‫ـﺔا‬
‫ﻧﻈﻤ‬
‫اﻷ‬
‫ـﻲ ‪:‬‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿﺔوھ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿﺴ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺒﺔ (‪.‬‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺬ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﻦ‬
‫ـﺬﻣ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿﮫ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺮفﻋ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻮفﻳ‬
‫ﺘﻲ ﺳ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻔﺔا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻮﻇ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻰا‬
‫ءإ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫اا‬
‫ﺮقﻓﻲھﺬ‬
‫ﺘﻄ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺘﻢا‬
‫ﻣﻼﺣﻈﺔ ‪:‬ﻻﻳ‬
‫ﻘﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺮىﻻﺣ‬
‫ﺎتأﺧ‬
‫ﺎﻃ‬
‫ﺧﻼلﻧﺸ‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫اتﺑ‬
‫ـﺪ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺎﻣ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻧﮫ‬
‫ـﻰأ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻋ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﻀ‬
‫ـﺔا‬
‫ﻧﻈﻤ‬
‫ـﺔاﻷ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻠﻰﺑ‬
‫ﻘﻂﻋ‬
‫ﺰﻓ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻰا‬
‫ﮫﺪفإ‬
‫ال ‪2‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﻲ‪.‬‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﺪا‬
‫ﻌﻘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ـﻞا‬
‫اﺧ‬
‫ـﺔد‬
‫ﺘﻈﻤ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ـﺔﻣ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـﺔﺑﻄ‬
‫زﻋ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺎتﻣ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫ﺮﻣﻦا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻠﻰﻋﺪﻛ‬
‫ﻮيﻋ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ةﺗﺤ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺎج‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻨﮫ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎﻓﻲ‬
‫اﺿﺤ‬
‫ﻜﻦو‬
‫ﻟﺬيﻟﻢﻳ‬
‫ﺋﻲا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻀ‬
‫ﺎما‬
‫ﻨﻈ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮما‬
‫ﻔﮫ‬
‫ﯿﺢﻣ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗﺼﺤ‬
‫ﻟﻚإ‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ءﻛ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫اا‬
‫ﮫﺪفھﺬ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺑﻖ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺋﻲ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﻀ‬
‫ـﺐا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﺔا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻟ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻼتا‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻌﺔا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺪﻃ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗﺤﺪ‬
‫ﺪفإ‬
‫ﺋﻲ ‪: 4‬ﻳﮫ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺔاﻹﺟﻤ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻣﻦﺧﻼلا‬
‫ة‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻛﺴ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻼتأ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺋﻲھﻲﺗ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻀ‬
‫ﯿﺐا‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺎھ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻼتﻇ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﯿﺬأنﺗ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ال ‪1‬و ‪2‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﻓﻲا‬
‫ـﻲ‬
‫ﺘﻢﻓ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ةﺗ‬
‫ـﺪ‬
‫ﻛﺴ‬
‫ـﻰأناﻷ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﺬإ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻞا‬
‫ﻮﺻ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ال ‪3‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ـﻰا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺑﺔﻋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺎع‪.‬ﻣﻦﻣﻦﺧﻼلاﻹﺟ‬
‫رﺟ‬
‫إ‬
‫و‬
‫ة‪.‬‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﺤﺸ‬
‫ﺎعﻓﻲا‬
‫رﺟ‬
‫ﺘﻢاﻹ‬
‫ﺎﻳ‬
‫ﻨﻤ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫رﺑ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿﺨﻀ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫دا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠﺐوﺟ‬
‫ﺘﻄ‬
‫ﺎﺗ‬
‫ﻧﮫ‬
‫ﻳﺪﻷ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﯿﻼ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ءا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻏﺸ‬
‫ـﻰ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫دإ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ةﻳ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﺤﺸ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺪو‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﯿﻼ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻦا‬
‫ـﻞﻣ‬
‫رﻛ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺘﻼفد‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻰأناﺧ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞإ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻰا‬
‫ال ‪4‬ﻳﮫﺪفإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ ‪178‬‬
‫ولا‬
‫ﺎتﺟﺪ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻌﻄ‬
‫ﻟﻚﻣﻦﺧﻼلﻣ‬
‫ﻠﻰذ‬
‫ﺮفﻋ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎﺗﻢا‬
‫ﺋﻲﻛﻤ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﮫﻤ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﻼفﺗ‬
‫اﺧ‬
‫‪.‬‬
‫ﺋﻲ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﻀ‬
‫ـﺐا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻲا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ـﻦﻋﻤ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻣ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺮﺣ‬
‫ـ‬
‫دﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻰوﺟ‬
‫ﻮلإ‬
‫ﻮﺻ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻰا‬
‫ﺪفإ‬
‫ﺋﻲ ‪: 5‬ﻳﮫ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﺮھ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎو‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫وﻃ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺎﺷ‬
‫ﮫﻤ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻜﻞﻣ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﺔ‬
‫ﺌ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻰاﻷﺳ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ـﺔﻋ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـﻼلاﻹﺟ‬
‫ـﻦﺧ‬
‫ﺎﻣ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻳﺠ‬
‫ر‬
‫ـﺪ‬
‫ﯿﻦﺗ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺮﺣ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫دا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻰوﺟ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺮفﻋ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﺬﺑ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮما‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻘﺔ ‪. 3‬‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮﺿﺤﺔﻓﻲا‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ربا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺋﺞ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻘﺔﺑ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ء‪.‬‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻀ‬
‫ا‬
‫ر(و‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿﺨﻀ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫د)‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﯿﻼ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻧﻄﻼق ‪O2‬وھﻲا‬
‫وطا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻳﺪ ﺷ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗﺤﺪ‬
‫إ‬
‫ال ‪1‬‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﮫﺪفا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺎذ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﺐﻛﻤ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺘﻄ‬
‫ـﺔ )أ (ﺗ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺮﺣ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ـﺚا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿﻦﺣ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺮﺣ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫وثا‬
‫وطﺣﺪ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻳﺪ ﺷ‬
‫ﺘﻢﺗﺤﺪ‬
‫ال ‪2‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﻓﻲا‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺮﺣ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ـﺐا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺘﻄ‬
‫ﺎﺗ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻨﻤ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ـﺪﺑ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﯿﻼ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻧﻄﻼق ‪O2‬ﻣﻦأﻏﺸ‬
‫ﻟﻰا‬
‫ديإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫رو‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿﺨﻀ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ءو‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻀ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺳ‬
‫ة‪.‬‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﺤﺸ‬
‫ﺎ ص ‪CO2‬ﻓﻲا‬
‫ﺘﺼ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ديإلا‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ءو‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻀ‬
‫ﻠﺐا‬
‫ﺘﻄ‬
‫ﺮ ‪CO2‬وﻻﺗ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫)ب (ﺗ‬
‫‪77‬‬
‫ﺮط‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻰ ﺷ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫دأﺳ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﺘﻢاﻻﻋ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿﻦأو ب ‪.‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺮﺣ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻟ‬
‫ـﻤ‬
‫احﺗﺴ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻟﻰا‬
‫ال ‪3‬إ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﮫﺪفا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ء‪.‬‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﻀ‬
‫ـﻰا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﺔ بإ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺮﺣ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎجا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺎﻻﺗﺤ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻨﻤ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ءﺑ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻠﻀ‬
‫ﺎجﻟ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ـﺔأﺗﺤ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺮﺣ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﺔأيأنا‬
‫ـﻤ‬
‫ﺘﺴ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ةﻟ‬
‫ء‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫اﻹﺿ‬
‫ـﻲ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿﺔوھ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻼ ﺿ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﺔا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺮﺣ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔو‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﻀ‬
‫ـﺔا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺮﺣ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ـﻤ‬
‫ﺑﻖﺗﺴ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎج‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻨﮫ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ـﻲا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻠﺖﻓ‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ـ‬
‫اﺳ‬
‫ﻳﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻮﺣ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ﻠﺔا‬
‫ﺮﺣ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔو‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻮﺿ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﺔا‬
‫ﺮﺣ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﺘﻤﺪﺗﺴﻤ‬
‫ﺎجاﻋ‬
‫ﻨﮫ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫اا‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‪،‬ﻟﻜﻦ ھ‬
‫ﺘﺴﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ء‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﻀ‬
‫ـﻲا‬
‫ﺘﻢﻓ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎﺗ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻨﮫ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ءﻟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻀ‬
‫ﻟﻰا‬
‫ﺎجإ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠﺔ بﻻﺗﺤ‬
‫ﺮﺣ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫أنا‬
‫ﻠﻰ‬
‫ﯿﺪﻋ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻰا‬
‫ﺪفإ‬
‫ال ‪4‬ﻳﮫ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﻈﻼم‪.‬‬
‫ﺘﻢﻓﻲا‬
‫ﻠﺔ بﺗ‬
‫ﺮﺣ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎﻓﻲأنا‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫أﺣ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫اﺟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺎنﻣ‬
‫ﺬيﻛ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮ ضا‬
‫ﻐﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﺔا‬
‫ا‬
‫ز‬
‫إ‬
‫و‬
‫ـﻲ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ءو‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﻀ‬
‫ﺎبا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ـﻲﻏ‬
‫ﺘﻢﻓ‬
‫ﻟﺬيﻳ‬
‫ﺎ ص ‪CO2‬ا‬
‫ﺘﺼ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻓﻪﻣﻦﺧﻼلا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﺸ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻠﺔ بﻳﻤﻜﻦا‬
‫ﺮﺣ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫وثا‬
‫ﺣﺪ‬
‫ه‪.‬‬
‫د‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫وﺟ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﯿﻤﻮﺿﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ﻠﺔا‬
‫ﻟﻤﺮﺣ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻼتا‬
‫ﺎط ‪: 3‬ﺗﻔ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻮﺿ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﺔ‬
‫ﺮﺣ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫أنا‬
‫ﺋﻲو‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻀ‬
‫ﯿﺐا‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻣﻦﻋﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺮﺣ‬
‫دﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻰوﺟ‬
‫ﺬإ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞا‬
‫ﻌﺪﺗ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ـﺪ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﯿﻼ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻞا‬
‫وطﻋﻤ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻰ ﺷ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺮفﻋ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اا‬
‫ـﺬ‬
‫ﺘﻢﻓﻲھ‬
‫ﺪ‪،‬ﻳ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﯿﻼ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮىا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠﻰﻣﺴ‬
‫ﺘﻢﻋ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﻠﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺮﺣ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ه‬
‫وثھﺬ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺣﺪ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫آ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﯿﻼ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫وطﻋﻤﻞا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺋﻲ ‪ : 1‬ﺷ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﻖأن‬
‫ﻨﻄ‬
‫ﻠﺔﻣﻦﻣ‬
‫ﺮﺣ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ها‬
‫وثھﺬ‬
‫ﺎتﻓﻲﺣﺪ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اﻹ‬
‫ﺒﻞ‬
‫ﺘﻘ‬
‫رﻣﺴ‬
‫و‬
‫رد‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻰإﻇﮫ‬
‫ﺑﺔ ‪1‬إ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﮫﺪفا‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ة‪.‬‬
‫ﻛﺴﺪ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻞأ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟﻰھﻲﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫اﻷ‬
‫ﻠﺔ‬
‫ﺮﺣ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻳﺪ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻜﻦﺗﺤ‬
‫ﺎتﻳﻤ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻲﻟﻺ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒﻞاﺻﻄ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻓﺔﻣﺴ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺈﺿ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﻮبو‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺪﻋﻢﺑ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻳﺐ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎلا‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﻧﻄﻼق ‪. O2‬‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺒﻞﻓﻲ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺴ‬
‫را‬
‫و‬
‫د‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ةﻛﻤ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫دز‬
‫ا‬
‫د‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻧﻄﻼق ‪O2‬و‬
‫ﻠﻰا‬
‫ﺒﻞﻋ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺴ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﺮﻛﻤ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﻳﺪﺗ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗﺤﺪ‬
‫ﮫﺪفإ‬
‫ال ‪1‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ء‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﻀ‬
‫دا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﺔ ‪1‬أنوﺟ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻲا‬
‫ـﺤﺔﻓ‬
‫ﻮﺿ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺑﺔا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺋﺞا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﺬﻣﻦﺧﻼلﻧ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺒﻞ ‪.‬ﻳﻼﺣﻆا‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﺪث‬
‫ـﻪﺣ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎجأ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﺬﻟﻼﺳ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﻊ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ال ‪2‬إلد‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ـﺪفا‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﻧﻄﻼق ‪. O2‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺎﻻ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺮﻛ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺎنﻏ‬
‫هﻛ‬
‫ﻮﺣﺪ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮن‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻰا‬
‫ﺮإ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺤﻤ‬
‫ﻨﻲا‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮن‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮلﻣﻦ‬
‫ﻟﺬيﺗﺤ‬
‫ﺎت(ا‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎلإ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اﺳ‬
‫ﺒﻞ )‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠﻤﺴ‬
‫ﺎعﻟ‬
‫رﺟ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻞإ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـﻰﺗﺤ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫دتإ‬
‫ةأ‬
‫ـﺪ‬
‫ﻛﺴ‬
‫ـﻞأ‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻮﺗ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺋﻲھ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﻀ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﺐ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﺔا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ـﻲﻋﻤ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻞﻓ‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻦا‬
‫ﺮ‪.‬ﻟﻜ‬
‫ـ‬
‫اﻷﺧﻀ‬
‫ﺒﻞ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺴ‬
‫ﺎعا‬
‫رﺟ‬
‫ﺈ‬
‫ﻣﺖﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﻲﻗ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫اﻹ‬
‫ﺑﺔ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺋﺞا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠﻰﻧ‬
‫دﻋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﺎﻻﻋ‬
‫ﻟﻚﺑ‬
‫ذ‬
‫ﻧﻄﻼق ‪O2‬و‬
‫وطا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺨﻼ ص ﺷ‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫ﯿﺬﺑ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮم‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ال ‪3‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﻓﻲا‬
‫ﺎت‪.‬‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ﺒﻞاﻹ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻣﺴ‬
‫ةو‬
‫ء‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺮاﻹﺿ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫وھﻲﺗ‬
‫ـﻂ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺋﻲو‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﻀ‬
‫ـﺐا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻰ ﺷ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ـﻒﻋ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫انا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﻒأ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺮﻣﺨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫رﺗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻰﻹﻇﮫ‬
‫ﮫﺪفإ‬
‫ﺑﺔ ‪2‬ﺗ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻦ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻛﺴﺠ‬
‫ﻧﻄﻼقاﻷ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺘ ﺺو‬
‫ﻟﻤﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ء‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻀ‬
‫ﯿﻦا‬
‫ﻗﺔﺑ‬
‫ﻌﻼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎﺻ‬
‫ﺘﺼ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫اﻷ‬
‫او‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﺮﺗ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﯿﻒاﻷ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻦﻣﻦ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺠ‬
‫ﻳﺪا‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗﺤﺪ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺪف‬
‫ال ‪1‬ﻳﮫ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﺐ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ـﺪ‬
‫ﺎ صوﺷ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘﺼ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﯿﻦاﻻ‬
‫ﻠﻲﺑ‬
‫ﻓﻖﻛ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫دﺗ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻮﺟ‬
‫ﺎجﺑ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻰاﻻﺳ‬
‫ﯿﮫﺪفإ‬
‫ﻧﻲﻓ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫الا‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫أ‬
‫ﺎط(‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻒا‬
‫ﺎ صوﻃ‬
‫ﺘﺼ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﯿﻒاﻻ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻃ‬
‫ﻓﻖﺑ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺎكﺗ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫أيأنھ‬
‫ﺋﻲ )‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻀ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺋﻲ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﻀ‬
‫ـﺐا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ـﺪ‬
‫ـﻰ ﺷ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ـ ‪ADP‬و ‪Pi‬ﻋ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺰﻟ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺤ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺢا‬
‫ﻮﺿ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺑﺔﻟ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺑﺔ ‪: 3‬ﺗﮫﺪفا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺰ ‪. ATP‬‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ةﻓﻲﺗ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﻖوا‬
‫ﻨﻄ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﻦا‬
‫ﻛﺴﺠ‬
‫ﻳﻖاﻷ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻦﻃ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺮﻋ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺘﻢا‬
‫ﺘﻲﻳ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻧﻲأن‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫الا‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﯿﺬﻓﻲا‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺘﺞا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻳﺴ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻨﺤ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫رنﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﻞا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺘﺤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻌﺪا‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ال ‪1‬و‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﻣﻦﺧﻼلا‬
‫ﺋﻲ‪.‬‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻀ‬
‫ﯿﺐا‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺰﻟ‬
‫ﺮﻣﺤﻔ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ـ ‪ADP‬و ‪Pi‬ﺗ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻳﺪ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﯿﻼ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ر ‪CO2‬ﻓﻲﻋﻤﻞا‬
‫و‬
‫د ‪-‬د‬
‫ـﻊ‬
‫ﻮﺿ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫اا‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻲھ‬
‫ﺎﻓ‬
‫ـ‬
‫اﺟﮫ‬
‫ر‬
‫د‬
‫ﻗﺪﺗﻢإ‬
‫ﻮﺿﺤﺔﻓﻲ ص ‪179‬و‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺑﺔا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ءﻣﻦا‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﺑﺔھﻲﺟ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ها‬
‫ھﺪ‬
‫ﻧﻄﻼق ‪. (O2‬‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻳﺪ )‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﯿﻼ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ر ‪CO2‬ﻓﻲﻋﻤﻞ‬
‫و‬
‫ﯿﺢد‬
‫ﻮﺿ‬
‫ﮫﺪفﺗ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻚﻷن‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ذ‬
‫ـﺪو‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﯿﻼ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻌﻤﻞا‬
‫ريﻟ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺮﺿ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺎجأن ‪CO 2‬ﻏ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻰاﻻﺳ‬
‫ﯿﺬإ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ال ‪1‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﻓﻲا‬
‫ﺎب ‪. CO2‬‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺘﻢﻓﻲﻏ‬
‫ﻧﻄﻼق ‪O2‬ﻳ‬
‫ا‬
‫‪78‬‬
‫ة‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﺤﺸ‬
‫ﻌﻤﻞا‬
‫ﺮطﻟ‬
‫ﺎﺷ‬
‫ﻧﻤ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﻳﺪو‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﯿﻼ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻌﻤﻞا‬
‫ﺎﻟ‬
‫ﺮﻃ‬
‫ﯿﺲﺷ‬
‫أن ‪CO2‬ﻟ‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻰا‬
‫ال ‪2‬إ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﮫﺪفا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ـﺖ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﻠﺔ ب )‬
‫ﺮﺣ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫وثا‬
‫ﺎﻟﺤﺪ‬
‫ﺮﻃ‬
‫ﯿﺲﺷ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻧﻄﻼق ‪(O2‬و‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﺔأ )‬
‫ﺮﺣ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫وثا‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺮطﻟﺤ‬
‫ءﺷ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻀ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﻨﻤ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫‪،‬ﺑ‬
‫‪. (CO2‬‬
‫ﺋﻲ ‪: 2‬‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﻖ ‪:‬‬
‫ﻨﻄ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻦ‬
‫ﻛﺴﺠ‬
‫اﻷ‬
‫ر‬
‫رﻣﺼﺪ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫أ‪-‬إﻇﮫ‬
‫ﻘﺔ؟‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫وطا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﺸ‬
‫ﺎﻏﺔ‪:‬ا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫ﺄﻓﻲا‬
‫ﺧﻄ‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺎ سﻛﻤ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ـﻤﺢﺑﻘ‬
‫ﺒﺔﺗ ﺴ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ـﺔﻣ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺮوطﺗﺠ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻲ ﺷ‬
‫ﯿﺤﺔ‪:‬ﻓ‬
‫ـﺤ‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫ﯿﻐﺔا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﻚ‬
‫ذ‬
‫ﻠﻖو‬
‫ﻨﻄ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﻦا‬
‫ﻛﺴﺠ‬
‫راﻷ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫رﻣﺼ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻰإﻇﮫ‬
‫ﺑﺔإ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﻖﺗﮫﺪفا‬
‫ﻨﻄ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﻦا‬
‫ﻛ ﺴﺠ‬
‫اﻷ‬
‫ﻌﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻟﻤﺸ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ﺎﺻ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎلا‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﯿ ﺲ ‪. CO2‬‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ءو‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠﻖھ‬
‫ﻨﻄ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﻦا‬
‫ﻛﺴﺠ‬
‫راﻷ‬
‫ﻟﻰأنﻣﺼﺪ‬
‫ﺋﺞإ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺬﻣﻦﺧﻼلا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺒﻞ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺴ‬
‫ﻌﺖا‬
‫رﺟ‬
‫ﺘﻲأ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫راﻹ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺪﻣﺼ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗﺤﺪ‬
‫ﻮلإ‬
‫ﻮﺻ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻰا‬
‫ﺑﺔإ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ب‪-‬ﺗﮫﺪفا‬
‫ﺮأن‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘﻔﺴ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎع‪.‬و‬
‫ـ‬
‫رﺟ‬
‫إ‬
‫ةو‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻛﺴ‬
‫أ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻼت‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ـﻲﺗ‬
‫ـﻞ ‪ 1‬و ‪2‬ھ‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﺘﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺪأنا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗ‬
‫ال ‪1‬ﻳﮫﺪفإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫ـﻦا‬
‫ﻟﺖﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗﺤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻳﺪا‬
‫ﻟﺤﺪ‬
‫دا‬
‫ر‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺆﻟﺸ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻗﻢا‬
‫ﻧﺔر‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘﻢﻣ‬
‫ةﺗ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻛﺴ‬
‫ﻮأ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻞھ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫‪3+‬‬
‫‪++‬‬
‫ﯿﺔ ‪. Fe‬‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﺜﻼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫ﻟﻰا‬
‫إ‬
‫‪Fe‬‬
‫ة‪.‬‬
‫ﻛﺴﺪ‬
‫ﯿﺔأ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫وثﻋﻤ‬
‫ﺪﺣﺪ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ءﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠﻖھ‬
‫ﻨﻄ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﻦا‬
‫ﻛﺴﺠ‬
‫راﻷ‬
‫ﻛﺪأنﻣﺼﺪ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ال ‪3‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﻲﻻ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫داﻹ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿﺢوﺟ‬
‫ﻮﺿ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻨﻲﻟ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻞإ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺋﺔا‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗﺠ‬
‫ﺪفإ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻳﮫ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻞا‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﺗﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻲ‪:‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺔﻛ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺑﺔ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺜﻼﻛ‬
‫ﻜﻦﻣ‬
‫ﻟﻲﻳﻤ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫اﻹﺟﻤ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻞ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮﻓﻲا‬
‫ﺗﻈﮫ‬
‫‬‫‪+‬‬
‫‪2H2O‬‬
‫‪O2 + 4e + 4H‬‬
‫ﺎت‪:‬‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺒﻞاﻹ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺎعﻣﺴ‬
‫رﺟ‬
‫رﻓﻲإ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿﺨﻀ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫را‬
‫و‬
‫ج–د‬
‫ﯿﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻋ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫إﺷﻜ‬
‫ﺮح‬
‫ﻳﻖﻃ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻚﻋﻦﻃ‬
‫ذ‬
‫رو‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿﺨﻀ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫را‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎتد‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻟﻰإ‬
‫ﮫﺪفإ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻼت‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ـﻲﺗ‬
‫ﺎتﻓ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اﻹ‬
‫ﺎل‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻗ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻗ ﺾﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫دﺗ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻲوﺟ‬
‫ـﻞﻓ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ـﺔﺗ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـﻜ‬
‫اﻹﺷ‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻜﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﺔﻧﺤ‬
‫ﻔﻀ‬
‫ﻨﺨ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻜﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻦا‬
‫ـﻞﻣ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺎتﺗ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻲأناﻹ‬
‫ـ‬
‫وھ‬
‫ﺎع )‬
‫ـ‬
‫رﺟ‬
‫اﻹ‬
‫ةو‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻛﺴ‬
‫اﻷ‬
‫ﺎت‪.‬‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫رﻟﻺ‬
‫ءﻛﻤﺼﺪ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫را‬
‫و‬
‫ﻮلد‬
‫ﺎﺣ‬
‫ﺑﻘ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿﻪ ﺳ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞإ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎﺗﻢ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻌﺔ (و‬
‫ﺗﻔ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫رب‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺋﺞﺗﺠ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺮ ضﻧ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻲﻋ‬
‫ـﻞﻓ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫رﺟﺔﺗ‬
‫ﺘﺪ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻣ‬
‫ﻨﮫﺠ‬
‫ﺎعﻣ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﻳﻖإ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻦﻃ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻳﺠ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﯿﺔﺗﺪ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﻢﺣﻞاﻹﺷﻜ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺮﺳ‬
‫ﺘﻲﻟﻢﺗﻈﮫ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻧﺐا‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﻌ ﺾا‬
‫ﺎفﺑ‬
‫ﺘﺸ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﻟﮫ‬
‫ﺬﻣﻦﺧﻼ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ول‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿﻄﺔﻳﺤ‬
‫ﺑﺴ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻮناﻷﺣﻤ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫را‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﺮﻇ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻔﺴ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗ‬
‫ﺮإ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺨ‬
‫ﺎﻓﻲا‬
‫ءھ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﻲﻳﻤﻜﻦإﺟ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺑﺔا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺪفا‬
‫ر‪:‬ﺗﮫ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺑﺔا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺗﺠ‬
‫ﻳﻖ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿﻪﻋﻦﻃ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻮلﻋ‬
‫ﻟﺤﺼ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺘﻢ‬
‫ﺎمﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫را‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿﺨﻀ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮلا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ء )ﻣﺤ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠﻀ‬
‫ﺎمﻟ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫را‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿﺨﻀ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮل‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻳ ﺾﻣﺤ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻨﺪﺗ‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫ﯿﺢ (‬
‫ﺮﺷ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮيﺛﻢا‬
‫ﻳﺐﻋﻀ‬
‫دﻣﺬ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺮﻓﻲوﺟ‬
‫ﺗﻲأﺧﻀ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﯿﺞﻧ‬
‫ﺳﺤﻖﻧﺴ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿﺨﻀ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻦا‬
‫رﻣ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ءﺻ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻪ ﺿ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻠﻰأ‬
‫ﺮﻋ‬
‫ءاﻷﺣﻤ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻀ‬
‫را‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﺮﻇ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻔﺴ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﺬﺑ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮما‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ال ‪: 1‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﻓﻲا‬
‫ﻠﻰ‪.‬‬
‫أﻋ‬
‫ﻗﺔ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫وﻃ‬
‫رذ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻟﻰﻣ‬
‫ﺎلإ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫اﻻ‬
‫ﻗﺔو‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ونﻟﻄ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ﺎباﻹ‬
‫ﺘﺴ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺒﺐا‬
‫ﯿﺞﺑﺴ‬
‫وثﺗﮫ‬
‫ﺪﺣﺪ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ـﻜﻞ‬
‫ـﻲ ﺷ‬
‫ـﺔﻓ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ـﺪا‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺎﺗ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻨﻤ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫هﺑ‬
‫ر‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﻰﻣﺪ‬
‫دإ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ونﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ﯿﺬأناﻹ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ال ‪: 2‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﻓﻲا‬
‫ء‪.‬‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ةوﺿ‬
‫ر‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺣ‬
‫وث‬
‫ـﺪ‬
‫ـﺔوﺣ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻠﻄ‬
‫ﺎتﻟ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫ﺎبا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘﺴ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ـﺖﻓ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ـﻰﺗ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎإ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫رﺗﮫﺪفأﺳ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺑﺔا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫احﺗﺠ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫إنا‬
‫ـﻦ‬
‫ـﺔﻣ‬
‫ﻠﺼ‬
‫ﺘﺨ‬
‫ﺎتﻣﺴ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻰ ﺻ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ـﻢﻋ‬
‫رﺗ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻦا‬
‫رﺟﻲ‪.‬ﻟﻜ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫رﺧ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻟﻰﻣ‬
‫ﺎتإ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ﺎلإ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿﺞﺑ‬
‫ﺘﮫ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻌﻲ (‪.‬‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻮﺿ‬
‫ﻘﺪﺗ‬
‫ﺎتﻓ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺗﻲ )ﺻ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﯿﺞﻧ‬
‫ﻧﺴ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌﮫ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻮﺿ‬
‫ﺪﺗ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ـﻢﺗ‬
‫ـﻲﻟ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﻀ‬
‫ـﺔا‬
‫ﻧﻈﻤ‬
‫ـﻤﻦاﻷ‬
‫ةﺿ‬
‫ـﺪ‬
‫اﺟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫ـﺔا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫اﻳﺤﺪثﻓﻲﺣ‬
‫ذ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﯿﺔ (‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻧﺴﺠﺔ‬
‫ﻌﻲ)ﺿﻤﻦاﻷ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ﻧﻈﻤ‬
‫ـﻞاﻷ‬
‫ـﺔﻋﻤ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻰآ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺬإ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻞا‬
‫ﻮﺻ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ـﺔ ‪6‬ﻳ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻼلا‬
‫ـﻦﺧ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‪:‬ﻣ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﻀ‬
‫ـﺔا‬
‫ﻧﻈﻤ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻋﻤﻞاﻷ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫‪- 1‬آ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻀ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﻀ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻗﺔ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﻘﻞا‬
‫ﺎلﺛﻢﻧ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻓﻲاﺳ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﮫ‬
‫ﻐﺔا‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫راﻷﺻ‬
‫و‬
‫ﻠﻰد‬
‫ﺪﻋ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻰا‬
‫ال ‪1‬ﻳﮫﺪفإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻐﺔﻣ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫أﺻ‬
‫ﯿﺔو‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﮫ‬
‫ﻐﺔا‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫راﻷﺻ‬
‫و‬
‫ﯿﻦد‬
‫ﺎﺳﻲﺑ‬
‫ﺮقاﻷﺳ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻰا‬
‫ﺬإ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ال ‪2‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﻓﻲا‬
‫و‬
‫‪79‬‬
‫ـﺪ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ـﻲﻻﺗﻔ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﮫ‬
‫ﻐﺔا‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻜ ﺲاﻷﺻ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ون(ﺑ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺪاﻹ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ة)‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻛﺴ‬
‫ﯿﺔأ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻤ‬
‫ﯿﮫ‬
‫ﺘﻢﻓ‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻞا‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎت‪.‬‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اﻹ‬
‫ـﻞ‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫وثﺗ‬
‫ـﺪ‬
‫ـﻼلﺣ‬
‫ـﻦﺧ‬
‫ـﻞﻣ‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﺘﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺰا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻣ‬
‫ـﻤ‬
‫ﺒﺐﺗﺴ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﻰ ﺳ‬
‫ﯿﺬإ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ال ‪3‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﻓﻲا‬
‫و‬
‫ة‪.‬‬
‫ﻛﺴﺪ‬
‫اﻷ‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﮫ‬
‫ﻐﺔا‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻮلاﻷﺻ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﺔﺣ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺎتھ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻮﻣ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘﺨﻼ صﻣ‬
‫ﺬﻣﻦاﺳ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺎنﻟ‬
‫ﻘﺔ ‪7‬ﻳﺴﻤﺤ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ولو‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﺔﻓﻲ‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺴ‬
‫زا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎو‬
‫ﻠﮫ‬
‫ﻘﺔﻋﻤ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺎوﻃ‬
‫اﻋﮫ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫أ‬
‫ﻐﺔو‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫داﻷﺻ‬
‫ﯿﺚﻋﺪ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻞﻣﻦﺣ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺰا‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻐﺔﻣ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫أﺻ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﺘﮫ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺗﺴﻤ‬
‫ﻮل‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﺪوﺻ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ـﺪﻋ‬
‫ﻛﺴ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ـﻲﺗ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻞا‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺰا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻐﺔﻣ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ـ‬
‫أﺻ‬
‫ـﻲ‬
‫ـﺪثﻓ‬
‫ﻳﺤ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿﺢﻣ‬
‫ﻮﺿ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗ‬
‫ﺪفإ‬
‫ﻘﺔ ‪8‬ﺗﮫ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﮫ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻐﺔ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺎﻣﻦاﻷﺻ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻗﺔإ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎل‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ونا‬
‫ـﺪ‬
‫ﺘﻢﺑ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﺔﻳ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻐﺔا‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿﻦاﻷﺻ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﺔﺑ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﺎلا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ـﻰأنا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﺬإ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻧﺔﻳﺼﻞا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻓﻲا‬
‫ﺎﻋﻞ‪.‬‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺰا‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ونﻓﻲﻣ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اﻹ‬
‫ﻗﺔو‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﺘﻘﻞا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺎﺗ‬
‫ﻨﻤ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ون(ﺑ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫وناﻹ‬
‫ﻗﺔد‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﺎلا‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ا‬
‫ون )‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اﻹ‬
‫ر‬
‫ـﺪ‬
‫ـﺪﻣﺼ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺘﺤ‬
‫ـﺔﻟ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ـﻰا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮىإ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ةأﺧ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ةﻣ‬
‫د‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻰا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺎط‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻦا‬
‫ءﻣ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫اا‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﺪفھ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ب –ﻳ‬
‫ﺋﻲ‪.‬‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻀ‬
‫ﺎما‬
‫ﻨﻈ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻐﺔا‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻳﺤﺪثﻓﻲأﺻ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻠﻰﻣ‬
‫ﺬﻋ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮفا‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻌﺪﺗ‬
‫ﺎتﺑ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اﻹ‬
‫أن‬
‫ﯿﺔو‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﻀ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻧﻈﻤﺔ‬
‫ﻮاﻷ‬
‫ﺎتھ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫راﻹ‬
‫ﻟﻲ‪:‬ﻣﺼﺪ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎﺳﻲ‬
‫ﻮماﻷﺳ‬
‫ﻔﮫ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ء‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺑ‬
‫ﯿﺬإ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻳﺼﻞا‬
‫ﻳﺪ‪.‬‬
‫ﻟﺤﺪ‬
‫دا‬
‫ر‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻰ ﺷ‬
‫إ‬
‫ء‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ةﻣﻦا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺎﺷ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻮنﻣ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﺎتﻻﻳ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎلاﻹ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﺪ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ءو‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﺪﻹ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺎكﻓ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻘﺔأنھ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﺋﻖا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎتو‬
‫ﺎﻃ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺬﻣﻦﺧﻼلا‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻟ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻠﺴﻞ‬
‫ﻮﺗﺴ‬
‫ﺎھ‬
‫ﺒﻞﻓﻤ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺴ‬
‫ﺮفا‬
‫ﺎتﻣﻦﻃ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ﺎلاﻹ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺎكاﺳ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻞوھ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺰيا‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺎتﻣ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ﻹ‬
‫؟‬
‫ﺎﻋﻼت‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ه‬
‫ھﺬ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻮﺿ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ﻠﺔا‬
‫ﺮﺣ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻼتا‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻠﺴﻞﺗ‬
‫ﻳﺪﺗﺴ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗﺤﺪ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺎط‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اا‬
‫ﮫﺪفھﺬ‬
‫ﺋﻲ ‪: 3‬ﺑ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎط‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ة‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺤ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اﻹ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫أ‪-‬ﻣﺼ‬
‫ﺮق‬
‫ﺘﻄ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻞﺑ‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺰا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻐﺔﻣ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻦأﺻ‬
‫رﻣ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺤ‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮاﻹ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒﻊﻣﺼ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗ‬
‫ءإ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫اا‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﮫﺪف ھ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻔﺤﺔ‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺪ)‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﯿﻼ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ءا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺎتﻏﺸ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺎﻣﻦﺧﻼلﻣﻜ‬
‫ﯿﮫ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺮفﻋ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗﻢ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ﻗﻞاﻹ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫رﻧ‬
‫و‬
‫ﻟﻰد‬
‫إ‬
‫‪.(178‬‬
‫ﺮض‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ةﻟ‬
‫د‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اﻹ‬
‫ﻳﺾ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ةﺗ‬
‫ر‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿﺢ ﺿ‬
‫ﻮﺿ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗ‬
‫ءإ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫اا‬
‫ﮫﺪفھﺬ‬
‫ء‪:‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻣﺼ‬
‫ـﻞ‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺰﺗ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـﻦﻣ‬
‫ةﻣ‬
‫د‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻳ ﺾاﻹ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫رﺗ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ؤلﻋﻦﻣﺼ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﺴ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻲا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﯿﺔو‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫را‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫اﺳ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻀ‬
‫ﻧﻈﻤﺔا‬
‫اﻷ‬
‫ﻮم‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ءﺗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ﯿﻦأنإ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻔﺤﺔ ‪187‬ﻳ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫ـﻰا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ـﻲأﻋ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻓ‬
‫ـﺤ‬
‫ﻮﺿ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﻦا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻣﻦﺧﻼلا‬
‫ﻧﻲ ‪. PSII‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺋﻲ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻀ‬
‫ﺎما‬
‫ﻨﻈ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةﻣﻦا‬
‫د‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ﻳ ﺾاﻹ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎت ‪PSII‬‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ﯿﻦأنإ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻔﺤﺔ ‪187‬ﻓ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫ﻔﻞا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻲأﺳ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻓ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ـﺤ‬
‫ﻮﺿ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﻦا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ـﻼلا‬
‫ﺎﻣﻦﺧ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫أ‬
‫ةﻣﻦ ‪. PSI‬‬
‫د‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ﻮ ضاﻹ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻦ ‪PSI‬ھ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ةﻣ‬
‫د‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮاﻹ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـ‬
‫أنﻣﺼ‬
‫ﺎن‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻔﺤﺔ ‪188‬ﻓ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫ـﻲا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻓ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫أ‬
‫‪+‬‬
‫ﻮ ‪. NADP‬‬
‫ﺎتوھ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻌﻲﻟﻺ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﺒﻞا‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﻰ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺮفﻋ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻦا‬
‫ـﻪﻣ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺬﻓﻲوﺿﻊﻳﻤﻜ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮنا‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﺎتﻳ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫راﻹ‬
‫ﺮوﻣﺼﺪ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻰﻣﺼ‬
‫ﺮفﻋ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻌﺪا‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ـﻲ‬
‫ﻘﺔﻓ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫رفا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ـﻒا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻮﻇ‬
‫أيﺗ‬
‫ﯿﺔ )‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻀ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻠﺔﻟ‬
‫ﻠﺴ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﺎتﻓﻲا‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎلاﻹ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫آ‬
‫اﺣﺪ (‪.‬‬
‫ﯿﻔﻲو‬
‫زﻣﺨﻄﻂوﻇ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻧﺠ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎلاﻹ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘﻘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻼتا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ـﻞﻟ‬
‫ﻠﺴ‬
‫ﺘﺴ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـ ﺲا‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻮﺿﺢﻧ‬
‫ﻘﺔ ‪10‬ﺗ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮﺿﺤﺔﻓﻲا‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻟﻤﺨﻄﻄ‬
‫ا‬
‫ة‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻛﺴ‬
‫ﻮناﻷ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿﻢﻛﻤ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿﺢﻗ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻮﺿ‬
‫ـﻊﺗ‬
‫ـﺔﻣ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺮقﻣﺨ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻦﺑﻄ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻟﻜ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﻀ‬
‫ـﺔا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﺔا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻠﺴ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ـﻲا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ـﻰ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﺔإ‬
‫ﻔﻀ‬
‫ﻨﺨ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻜﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻦا‬
‫ﺎت )ﻣ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ﺎلاﻹ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻻ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺢاﻵ‬
‫ﻮﺿ‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫رﺟ‬
‫اﻹ‬
‫ﻌﺔ(‪.‬‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻜﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫‪80‬‬
‫ﺎل‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫اﻻ‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺢآ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻮﺿ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﻄﺔﻟ‬
‫ـ‬
‫دﻻتﺑﺴ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ـﻰﻣ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺨﻄﻂإ‬
‫ءا‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻌ ﺾأﺟ‬
‫ﻳﻞﺑ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿﻘﺔ ‪11‬ﺗﻢﺗﺤ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻓﻲا‬
‫ﺎتو‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫واﻹ‬
‫ـﻂأ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺎتﻓ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎلاﻹ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﯿﺢا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻮﺿ‬
‫ـﻰﺗ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻓﺔإ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎﻹﺿ‬
‫ـﺔﺑ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻨﻘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫داﻹ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫وﻋ‬
‫ﻗﻞ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻟ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﺎتﺣﺴﺐا‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮل‬
‫ﻗﺔﺣ‬
‫ﺮد‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺎتأ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺎﻣ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺮﺣ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺑﻖ‪،‬ﺗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﺎجا‬
‫ﻨﮫ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻮ ضﻓﻲا‬
‫ﻧﺖﻣﺤﻞﻏﻤ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿﻢﻛ‬
‫ﺎھ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ها‬
‫ھﺬ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﺎﺣ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻗﺔﻣﻦا‬
‫ﺮد‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫أ‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫زﻣﺨﻄﻄ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻧﺠ‬
‫ﺈ‬
‫ﺎﻳﺴﻤﺢﺑ‬
‫ﺎﻣﻤ‬
‫ﻠﮫ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻋﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫آ‬
‫ﻗﻞو‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻌﺔا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻃ‬
‫ـﺬي‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﻞ ‪T 1‬‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮف‬
‫ﺎﻣﻦﻃ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺘﻢاﺳ‬
‫ةﻣﻦ ‪PSII‬ﻳ‬
‫د‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ﻮﺿﺢأناﻹ‬
‫ﻟﺔ ‪2‬ﺗ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎت(‪.‬‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺎت ‪+‬ﺑ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻗﻞﻹ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﯿﻦ )‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﯿﻦو‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻘﻞإ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻮمﺑ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺎتﻣﻦ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻰأﺧﺬﺑ‬
‫ﺮإ‬
‫ﺎتﻳﻀﻄ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎتو‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻘﻞاﻹ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺬيﻳ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻗﻞ ‪T1‬ا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻰأنا‬
‫ةإ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﻢاﻹﺷ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ة‪.‬‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﺤﺸ‬
‫ﺎﻓﻲا‬
‫ﺰھ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺎ ضﺗ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻧﺨ‬
‫ﻟﻰا‬
‫ديإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﺎﻳ‬
‫ةﻣﻤ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﺤﺸ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﻞ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ـﺚأن ‪T2‬ﻻﻳ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿﻦ ‪T 1‬و ‪،T2‬ﺣ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎتﺑ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ﺎلاﻹ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ـﺬأنا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﺔ ‪3‬و‪4‬ﻳﻼﺣﻆا‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻓﻲا‬
‫ـﻲ‬
‫ﺎﻓ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺰھ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـﻦﺗ‬
‫ـﺪﻣ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﺎﻳ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻠﻲ‪،‬ﻣﻤ‬
‫اﺧ‬
‫ـﺪ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻂا‬
‫ﻮﺳ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎتﻧﺤ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﻢﺗﺤ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﻚﻳ‬
‫ﺎتﻟﺬ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫اﺧﻞ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻟﺪ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻦ ‪3‬و ‪. 4‬‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻠﺔا‬
‫ﻟﺔ ‪5‬ھﻲﻣﺤﺼ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻐﺔا‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻗﺔﻣﻦاﻷﺻ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﻟﻪا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﺞﻻﺳ‬
‫ﺘﮫ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺠﺔا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻮنﻧ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﺋﻲﻳ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻀ‬
‫ﺎما‬
‫ﻨﻈ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻘﺪ ‪e-‬ﻣﻦا‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ـﻞ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ـﺔﻟ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫رﺟ‬
‫ةاﻹ‬
‫ـﺪ‬
‫ﻛﺴ‬
‫ﻮناﻷ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿﻢﻛﻤ‬
‫اجﻗ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺨ‬
‫ﯿﺬﻣﻦاﺳ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻜﻦا‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻘﺔ ‪10‬ﻳ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫‪- 2‬ﻣﻦﻣﺨﻄﻄ‬
‫ـﻰ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻔ ﺾإ‬
‫ﻨﺨ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻮنا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﻜﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎلﺗﻢﻣﻦ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎأيأناﻻ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ـ ‪ 0.8-‬و ‪0.0‬ﺗ‬
‫رﺑ‬
‫ﻘﺪ‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻣﻦ ‪T1‬و ‪T2‬و‬
‫ا‪.‬‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺎنﻣ‬
‫ﺮقﻛ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫أنا‬
‫ﺗﻔﻊو‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻘﻞ‬
‫وﻧ‬
‫أ‬
‫ﻘﻂ‬
‫ﺎتﻓ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اﻹ‬
‫ﻘﻞ‬
‫ﯿﻦ ‪T1‬و ‪T2‬ﻓﻲﻧ‬
‫ﺎﺳﻲﺑ‬
‫ﺮقاﻷﺳ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اجا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺨ‬
‫ﻟﻰاﺳ‬
‫الإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﮫﺪفا‬
‫‪- 3‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺎت‪.‬‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎتو‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اﻹ‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫دﻻتﻛ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ـﻰﻣ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻂإ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺨﻄ‬
‫ـﻞا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـﺔﺗﺤ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ـﻲﻛ‬
‫اتﻓ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﺎبﻣ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘﺴ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ـﻰا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫الإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﮫﺪفا‬
‫‪- 4‬ﻳ‬
‫ﯿﻄﺔ‬
‫ﺑﺴ‬
‫ﻟﻲ‪:‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﺸﻜﻞا‬
‫ﻠﻰا‬
‫ﻮنﻋ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺗﻜ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻀ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﺔا‬
‫ﻠﺴ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔﻓﻲ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﺔ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺜﻼ‪:‬‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫‪2T23+ + 2T32+‬‬
‫‪2T22+ + 2T3 3+‬‬
‫دﻻت‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﻼل‬
‫ـﻦﺧ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻔﺤﺔ ‪ 188‬و‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﺔ ‪ 10‬ﺻ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻲا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﺤﺔﻓ‬
‫ﻮﺿ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺨﻄﻄ‬
‫ـﻼلا‬
‫ـﻦﺧ‬
‫ج‪-‬ﻣ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـﻲﺗ‬
‫ةﻓ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ز‬
‫ﺎت )‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻛﻢﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫دﺗ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻰوﺟ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﺬإ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻔﺤﺔ ‪189‬ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫ﻮﺿﺤﺔﻓﻲا‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﻲ‪.‬‬
‫اﺧ‬
‫ﻟﺪ‬
‫ﻳﻒا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎت (ﻓﻲا‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎنﻋﻜ ﺲ‬
‫ﺎﻛ‬
‫ﻛﻤﮫ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻠﻢأنﺗ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻛﻤﺔﻣﻊا‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺪﻣﺼ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗﺤﺪ‬
‫ءإ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫اا‬
‫ﺪفھﺬ‬
‫ﻟﻚﻳﮫ‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﺪ‬
‫ﻮنﻗ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﺎﻳ‬
‫ﻮﻣ‬
‫ﻗﺔوھ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻠﺐﻃ‬
‫ﺘﻄ‬
‫ﻟﺬيﻳ‬
‫ﺎلا‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻘﻞا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮما‬
‫ﻔﮫ‬
‫ﺮﺑﻤ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻗﺔ )‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻠﺐﻃ‬
‫ﺗﻄ‬
‫ﺰو‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫رجا‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺒﻲ (‪.‬‬
‫ﻌﺼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻨﻘﻞا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎﻓﻲا‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿﺬ ﺳ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻪا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺮفﻋ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫رف‬
‫و‬
‫ـﺪ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺎﻏ‬
‫ﻟﻢﻳ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎمﺑﮫ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ةﻗ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺑﺔﻣﺸﮫ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ا ضﺗﺠ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺘﻢاﺳ‬
‫ﻛﻤﺔﻳ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿﺢﻣﺼ‬
‫ﻮﺿ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺘﺸﻞ(‪.‬‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺑﺔﻣ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺄﺗﺠ‬
‫ﺑﺔﺗﺴﻤﻰﺧﻄ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ه‬
‫ﺘﺸﻞ )ھﺬ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻳﺔﻣ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺎت ﺻﺤﺔﻧﻈ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻹ‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻨﻈ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ سا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿﺢأﺳ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻮﺿ‬
‫ـﻢﺗ‬
‫ﻟﻚﺗ‬
‫ﺘﺸﻞﻟﺬ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻳﺔﻣ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻠﻰﻧﻈ‬
‫ﺮفﻋ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺗﻪﻟ‬
‫ﺎﻋﺪ‬
‫ﻟﻰﻣﺴ‬
‫ﯿﺬإ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎجا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻳﺤ‬
‫ﺘﺸﻞ‪.‬‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﻢﻣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ةﻋﻦﺣ‬
‫ﺒﺬ‬
‫ﻟﻰﻧ‬
‫ﻓﺔإ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺎﻹﺿ‬
‫ﻔﺤﺔ ‪191‬ﺑ‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫ﻔﻞا‬
‫ﻮﺿﺢﻓﻲأﺳ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺨﻄﻂا‬
‫ﻓﻲا‬
‫رف‪:‬‬
‫ﻨﺪو‬
‫ﺎﻏ‬
‫ﺑﺔﻳ‬
‫ﺋﺞﺗﺠﺮ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺘﻐﻼلﻧ‬
‫اﺳ‬
‫ﺋﺞ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ـﻞﻧ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ـﺪﺗﺤ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ةﻋ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﺎتﻛ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫احﻣ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺨ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻨﻪاﺳ‬
‫ﯿﺬﻳﻤﻜ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺈنا‬
‫ﺑﺔﻓ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎﻃﺔا‬
‫ﺮﻏﻢﻣﻦﺑﺴ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺑﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎﺳﺐ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠﻢ ‪pH‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺎت ) ﺳ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺘﻪﺑ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻮم ‪ pH‬وﻋﻼ‬
‫ﻔﮫ‬
‫ﺮﺑﻤ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺘﺬ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻰا‬
‫ال ‪1‬و ‪2‬إ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﮫﺪفا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ـﺲ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻔ ﺾو‬
‫ﻨﺨ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎﻓﻲ ‪pH‬ا‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻮنﻣ‬
‫ﺎتﻳﻜ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺰا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺎت (‪.‬أيأنﺗ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺰا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺎﻣﻊﺗ‬
‫ﻜﺴ‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫ﯿﻦ ‪. H+‬‬
‫وﺟ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﮫ‬
‫دا‬
‫ر‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺰﺷ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺒﻂﺑ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ديﻳ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺸ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻔﺴ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺢ‪.‬ا‬
‫ﺻﺤ‬
‫‪81‬‬
‫ﻮل‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻰدﺧ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺰﻋ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻼلا‬
‫ـﻦﺧ‬
‫ـﻒﻣ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮ ‪pH‬ا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘﻔﺴ‬
‫ـﺬﺑ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮم‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ال ‪3‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ـﻲا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﺎت‪.‬‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺰا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ةﻓﻲﺗ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻧﻪز‬
‫ﺎتﻷ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﻂ‬
‫ﻮﺳ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﻦ ‪pH‬‬
‫ـﻊﻣ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـﻲﺗ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ة ‪NaOH‬‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﺎلﻗ‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ةاﺳ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿﺢﻓ‬
‫ﻮﺿ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗ‬
‫ﯿﮫﺪفإ‬
‫ال ‪4‬ﻓ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫أ‬
‫رج‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻞوﺧ‬
‫اﺧ‬
‫ﯿﻦد‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎتﺑ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺰا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـﻲﺗ‬
‫ﺮقﻓ‬
‫ـ‬
‫وﻓ‬
‫ـﻲ ‪pH‬أ‬
‫ﺮقﻓ‬
‫ـ‬
‫اثﻓ‬
‫ـﺪ‬
‫ﺈﺣ‬
‫ـﻤﺢﺑ‬
‫ﺗﺴ‬
‫رﺟﻲو‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻳﻒ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻳﻢ ‪ATP‬‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫إ‬
‫اﺳﻄﺔ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿﺐ ‪ATP‬ﺗﻢﺑ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻰأنﺗ‬
‫ﺬإ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ال ‪5‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﻰ‬
‫ﺑﺔﻋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻣﻦﺧﻼلاﻹﺣ‬
‫ﯿﻦ ‪ADP‬و ‪Pi‬‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺑ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﺑﻄﺔﻛ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻞر‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﺘﺸ‬
‫ﻳﻢﺑ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻮماﻹ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﯿﺚﻳ‬
‫ﺎﻣﻦ ‪ADP‬و ‪ Pi‬ﺣ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻧﻄﻼ‬
‫‪Synthase‬ا‬
‫ﺘﺸﻞ ‪.‬‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻳﺔﻣ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻮﺿﺤﻪﻧﻈ‬
‫ﺎﺗ‬
‫ﻳﻢﻛﻤ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫هاﻹ‬
‫ﺮھﺬ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺎتﻋ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮلا‬
‫ﺘﻤﺪﻣﻦدﺧ‬
‫ﻗﺔﺗﺴ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺎلﻃ‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫‪ADP + Pi‬‬
‫‪ATP + H2O‬‬
‫ﯿﻞ ‪ATP‬ھﻲ ‪:‬‬
‫ﺎﺗﺸﻜ‬
‫ﯿﮫ‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗﻢﻓ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﺔا‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺰا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـﻲﺗ‬
‫ﺮقﻓ‬
‫ـ‬
‫دﻓ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻲوﺟ‬
‫ﯿﺐ ‪ATP‬وھ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫وطﺗ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺬﺷ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺘﺞ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ال ‪6‬ﻳﺴ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﻓﻲا‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ا‬
‫‪) ATP Synthase‬‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ ‪ADP‬و ‪. Pi‬‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻚﺗ‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺒﺔ(و‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺬ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﻞ‬
‫ﺎعﻛ‬
‫ﺮﺟ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫ﻟﻚﺑ‬
‫ﻌﺪذ‬
‫ﯿﺬﺑ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮما‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ـﻲ‬
‫ﯿﻢﻓ‬
‫ﺎھ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺮفوﻣ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺒﻪﻣﻦﻣ‬
‫ﺘﺴ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ـﻦﻋﻤ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻣ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻮﺿ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﺔا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺮﺣ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎل‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻛﻤ‬
‫ـﻼلإ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻦﺧ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺋﻲﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﻀ‬
‫ـﺐا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﻰ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ـﺔﻋ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫اﻹﺟ‬
‫ـﺔ ‪13‬و‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﻂ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻣﺨﻄ‬
‫ﻓﻘﺔ‪:‬‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻠﺔا‬
‫ﺌ‬
‫اﻷﺳ‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺬا‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺘﺐا‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫‪ADP+Pi=5‬‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﻟﻀﻮ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﺔا‬
‫ﻠﺴ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫‪=9‬‬
‫‪H2 O=1‬‬
‫ﻳﺪ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿﻼﻛ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫‪ATP Synthase=10‬‬
‫‪ATP=6‬‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫إ‬
‫‪=2‬‬
‫ﻠﻲ‬
‫اﺧ‬
‫ءد‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫‪=11‬ﻏﺸ‬
‫‪O 2=7‬‬
‫‪H+=3‬‬
‫رﺟﻲ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ءﺧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫‪=12‬ﻏﺸ‬
‫‪CO2=8‬‬
‫ءﻣﻦ ‪(PSII‬‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻳﻢ )ﺟ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫إ‬
‫‪=4‬‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫اﻹ‬
‫‪=13‬‬
‫ء‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻏﺸ‬
‫‪PSII =14‬‬
‫‪PSI =15‬‬
‫ﻗﻞ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫‪=16‬‬
‫ﯿﺔوھﻲ ‪ATP‬و ‪. NADPH,H+‬‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻮﺿ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ﻠﺔا‬
‫ﺮﺣ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺗﺞا‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ ﺺﻧ‬
‫ﺘﺴﺨ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ـﻞ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺗﺤ‬
‫ﺎلو‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻠﻰاﺳ‬
‫ﻟﺔﻋ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺴ‬
‫ﻧﻈﻤﺔا‬
‫ﯿﺔوھﻲاﻷ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻀ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻧﻈﻤﺔ‬
‫ﺜﻼناﻷ‬
‫ﻳﻦ ‪14‬و ‪15‬ﻳﻤ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻨﺼ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻗﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺑ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺎتﻏ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةإ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻓﻲ ﺻ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻀ‬
‫ﻗﺔا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎوھﻲ‪:‬‬
‫ﯿﮫ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻮلﻋ‬
‫ﻟﺤﺼ‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗﻢا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺘﺴ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻔﻲﻳﺸﻤﻞﻛﻞ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻮﻇ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻄﻲا‬
‫ﺘﺨﻄ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮﺳﻢا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫زا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻧﺠ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺎ‪،‬‬
‫دھ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎ )ﻋ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿﮫ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺮفﻋ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻢا‬
‫ـﻲﺗ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺪا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﯿﻼ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻲأﻏﺸ‬
‫دﻓ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻮﺟ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اعا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫أ‬
‫ﺎ(‬
‫ﻠﮫ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﺎ‪ ،‬ﺷ‬
‫ﻌﮫ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻮﺿ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﺔ‬
‫ﺮﺣ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎﻓﻲا‬
‫ﻨﮫ‬
‫رﻛﻞﻣ‬
‫و‬
‫د‬
‫ﯿﺐ ‪ATP‬‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻳﻢ ‪ATP Synthase‬ﻓﻲﺗ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫رإ‬
‫و‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎلاﻹ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻨﻘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮاﻹ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻣﺼ‬
‫ﻳﺪ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﯿﻼ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ءا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺮﻏﺸ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺎتﻋ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻛﺔ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺣ‬
‫‪82‬‬
‫ـﻢ‬
‫ﺮى(ﺗ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎتأﺧ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻧﺔﺑﻤﺨﻄﻄ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻦاﻻﺳ‬
‫ﻳﻤﻜ‬
‫ـﺔ )‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻠﺔا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﺤﺼ‬
‫دﻓﻲا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻮﺟ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺨﻄﻂﻣ‬
‫ﺎلﻋﻦا‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﻮﺣ‬
‫ﺮوﺿ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫اﻷ‬
‫ﻠﻪ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺑﺔو‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻄ‬
‫اتا‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺪﻣﻦ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻌﺪ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻧﻪﻳ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺨﻄﻂﻷ‬
‫اا‬
‫رھﺬ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اﺧ‬
‫‪PSI‬‬
‫‪T' 2‬‬
‫‪T'1‬‬
‫‪-‬‬
‫ء‬
‫ﺿﻮ‬
‫‪PSII‬‬
‫‪T2‬‬
‫‪e‬‬
‫‪T1‬‬
‫‪T3‬‬
‫ء‬
‫ﺿﻮ‬
‫‬‫‪e‬‬
‫ﻳﻒ‬
‫ﺘﺠﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﻲ‬
‫اﺧ‬
‫ﻟﺪ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺗﻔﻊﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺰﻣﺮ‬
‫ﺗﺮﻛ‬
‫)‬
‫ﻧﺤﻮ‬
‫ﻠﺔ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺮﺣ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻤﻮﺣ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻳﺔ‬
‫ﻳﻮ‬
‫‪+‬‬
‫ء‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻏﺸ‬
‫ﻳﺪ‬
‫ﯿﻼﻛﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫‪+‬‬
‫‪H‬‬
‫ـﻮة‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﺤ ﺸ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻨﺨﻔ ﺾﻟ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﯿﺰ‬
‫ﺗﺮﻛ‬
‫)‬
‫‪+‬‬
‫‪(H‬‬
‫ﻳﺔ‬
‫ﯿﻮ‬
‫ﯿﻤﻮﺣ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ﻠﺔا‬
‫ﻟﻤﺮﺣ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻼتا‬
‫ﺎط ‪: 4‬ﺗﻔ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎج‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻨﮫ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ـﻲا‬
‫ﯿﺔﻓ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻼﺿ‬
‫ﻠﺔا‬
‫ﺮﺣ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻮ ضﺗﺴﻤ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺎجوھﻲﺗ‬
‫ﻨﮫ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫دتﻓﻲا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﯿﺔو‬
‫ﺘﺴﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‪:‬ا‬
‫ﺘﺴﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺑﻖ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺌ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ـﺖﺟ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ـﻼلﺗ‬
‫ﺎت(ﻣﻦﺧ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻳﺔ )‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻌﻀ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﺌ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﯿﺐا‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺗ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻰآ‬
‫ﺎطإ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اا‬
‫ﮫﺪفھﺬ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ـﻞ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫را‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫إﻇﮫ‬
‫ﻳﺔو‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻮﺣ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔو‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻮﺿ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻦا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺮﺣ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﻦا‬
‫ﻗﺔﺑ‬
‫ﻌﻼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺑﻂا‬
‫ﻟﻰر‬
‫ﺎﻳﮫﺪفإ‬
‫‪. CO2‬ﻛﻤ‬
‫ﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﻨﮫﻤ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺎمﺑﮫ‬
‫ﺘﻲﻗ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺸﮫ‬
‫ﺑﺔا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻰوﺻﻒا‬
‫ﺋﻲإ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اا‬
‫ز ‪: CO2‬ﻳﮫﺪفھﺬ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿﺖﻏ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫‪- 1‬ﺗ‬
‫ـﻞ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻔﺼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮى )‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﺔأﺧ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺎتﻣﺨ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﻌﺔو‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺸ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎﺻ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿﮫ‬
‫ﻌﻤﻞﻓ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـ‬
‫اﺳ‬
‫ﻔﻦو‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﻢﻛ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﺔ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻠﺴ‬
‫ﺎف ﺳ‬
‫ﺘﺸ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻔﻦﻣﻦا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻢﻛ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺑﺔﻟ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ها‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﺪ (‪ .‬ﺳﻤﺤﺖ ھ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺋﻲا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻓﻲﺛ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻮﻏ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ﻠﻘ‬
‫ـﻤﻪ ‪ :‬ﺣ‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫ـﻤﻰﺑ‬
‫ـﺔﺗﺴ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ـﻲﺣ‬
‫ﺮﻓ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﯿﺐا‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﯿﺖ ‪CO2‬و‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗ‬
‫ﻳﺔإ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻼتا‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﻔﻦ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻠﺔ‪:‬‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺴ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﺔا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ـﻰأھﻤ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﺬإ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ها‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ـﺖا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ـﻰﻟ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ال ‪1‬و ‪2‬و ‪3‬إ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ـﺪفا‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ـﻤﺢ‬
‫ﺎﻳﺴ‬
‫ﻟﻚﻛﻤ‬
‫ﺗﺠﺔﻣﻦذ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺘﻪو‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﺗﺞﺗ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺒﻊﻧ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺸﻊﻳﺴﻤﺢﺑ‬
‫ﺎل ‪CO2‬ا‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ـﻞ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ـﻚﺑ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ذ‬
‫ﺎتو‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻜ‬
‫ﺘﺨﻼ صا‬
‫ـ‬
‫اﺳ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻼتو‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻒا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـﻰﺗ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻲإ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻮلا‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎلا‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ـ‬
‫اﺳ‬
‫ﻳﻦ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫وا‬
‫ﻓﻲذ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻮﻏ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻞا‬
‫ﺘﺴﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺎلﺗ‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺎاﺳ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ة‪.‬أ‬
‫د‬
‫ﯿﺔﻣﺤﺪ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫اتز‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻌﺪﻓ‬
‫ﻨﺔﺑ‬
‫اﻷﺷ‬
‫ﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺮفﻋ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎتو‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻜ‬
‫ﻔﺼﻞا‬
‫ﯿﺴﻤﺢﺑ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ول‬
‫ﻟﻚأ‬
‫ـﺬ‬
‫ﻮﺑ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎعوھ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻪاﻹﺷ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺮﻓ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻛﺐﻳﻈﮫ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ولﻣ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﻠﻰ ‪APG‬ﻛ‬
‫ﺮفﻋ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻰا‬
‫ﮫﺪفإ‬
‫ال ‪4‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ة‪.‬‬
‫ر‬
‫و‬
‫ﻟﺪ‬
‫ﻌﻪﻓﻲا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘﻢﺗﺼ‬
‫ﻛﺐﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﯿﺚ‪:‬‬
‫ﻓﻲﺣ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻮﻏ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻔﺼﻞا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺋﺞا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻐﻼلﻧ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺬﻻﺳ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻓﻊ‬
‫ﻟﻰد‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺪف‬
‫ال ‪5‬ﻳﮫ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻠﮫ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﯿﺐﺗﺸ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗ‬
‫ﺮإ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻌﺔﻳﺸ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺸ‬
‫ﻘﻊا‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫را‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻣﻦﻇﮫ‬
‫ز‬
‫ﺮى ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎتأﺧ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻰﻣ‬
‫ﻣﻦإ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎﻣﻊا‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠﻰﺗﺤ‬
‫ﺎﻳﺪلﻋ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺎعﻓ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﯿﺔاﻹﺷ‬
‫ﻛﻤ‬
‫ـﻲ‬
‫ﻳﺔوھ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻮﺣ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﺔا‬
‫ﺮﺣ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻼتا‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫وثﺗ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺮﺣ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺪﻣ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗﺤﺪ‬
‫ﻮلإ‬
‫ﻮﺻ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻰا‬
‫ال ‪6‬ﻳﮫﺪفإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ة‪.‬‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﺤﺸ‬
‫ا‬
‫‪83‬‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻮﺿ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ـﺔا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺮﺣ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫وثا‬
‫ـﺪ‬
‫ـﻲﺣ‬
‫ﻣﺞ ‪CO2‬وھ‬
‫وطد‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺨﻼ ص ﺷ‬
‫ﻟﻰاﺳ‬
‫ﮫﺪفإ‬
‫ال ‪: 7‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ ‪CO2‬‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ز ‪CO2‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺎجﻏ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫د‬
‫ﯿﺔإ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺋﻲ ‪: 2‬آ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﻦ‬
‫ـﺞ ‪(CO 2‬ﻣ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫د‬
‫ـﺔ )‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻮﺣ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﺔا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺮﺣ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻼتا‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻠﺴﻞﺗ‬
‫ﺪﺗﺴ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗﺤﺪ‬
‫ﺎطإ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اا‬
‫ﮫﺪفھﺬ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ـﻦ‬
‫ـﺔﻣ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫وفﻣﺨ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻲﻇ‬
‫ﺎعﻓ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺎاﻹﺷ‬
‫ﯿﮫ‬
‫ﺮﻓ‬
‫ﺘﻲﻳﻈﮫ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻔﺔا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺨ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺰا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺎ سﺗ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺧﻼلﻗ‬
‫ﻟﻈﻼم‪.‬‬
‫ا‬
‫ءو‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻀ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺒﻲ ‪APG‬و ‪. RuDP‬‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺰﻣ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺮﺗ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ر ‪CO2‬ﻓﻲﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﯿﺢد‬
‫ﻮﺿ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺪف‬
‫ال ‪1‬ﻳﮫ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻨﮫﻤ‬
‫ـﻞﻣ‬
‫ﺪﻛ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ـﻰﺗﺠﺪ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮإ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎﻳﺸ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﺖﻣﻤ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺎﺛ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺰھﻤ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻮنﺗ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺑﺖﻣﻦ ‪CO2‬ﻳﻜ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺰﺛ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫دﺗ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻓﻲوﺟ‬
‫ﯿﺔ(‪.‬‬
‫ﻜﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻔ ﺲا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺎجﺑ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﻮلو‬
‫ﺗﺤ‬
‫ر)‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺘﻢ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎﻻﻳ‬
‫ﻨﻤ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻚﺑ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻨﻪﻻﻳﺴ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻛﺐﻟ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧﻪﻳ‬
‫أ‬
‫ﻟﻰ‬
‫ﺮإ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺎﻳﺸ‬
‫ﺰ ‪RuDP‬ﻣﻤ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻔﻊﺗ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺎب ‪CO 2‬ﻳ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻓﻲﻏ‬
‫ﺎب ‪. CO2‬‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿﺐ ‪APG‬ﻓﻲﻏ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻟﻜﻤ‬
‫ﻔ ﺲا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻮلﺑ‬
‫ﺗﺤ‬
‫ﯿﺐو‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻠﻰﺗ‬
‫ﺎتﻳﺪلﻋ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻔﺴ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﻮل‬
‫وثﺗﺤ‬
‫ونﺣﺪ‬
‫ﯿﺐد‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫وثﺗ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺣﺪ‬
‫ﺮإ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿﺸ‬
‫ﻘﻂﻓ‬
‫ﻳﺪﻓ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫أ‬
‫ﯿﺐ‪.‬‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫وث‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺪم ﺣ‬
‫ﻮلوﻋ‬
‫ﺘﺤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫وثا‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺣ‬
‫ﺮإ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻗ ﺺﻳﺸ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻦ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺰا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـﻰﺗ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ةﻋ‬
‫ء‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺮاﻹﺿ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ـ‬
‫رﺗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘﻢإﻇﮫ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﺚﻳ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ـﺔﺣ‬
‫ﻠﻔ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ـﺔﻣﺨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺮحﺣ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻜﻞ ‪: 2‬ﻳﻄ‬
‫ﻟﺸ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻞ‬
‫ـﺠ‬
‫ﺘﺴ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺋﺞا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻣﻦﺧﻼلﻧ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اتا‬
‫ز‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﮫﻜﺴ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻰا‬
‫ﻓﺔإ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺎﻹﺿ‬
‫ﯿﻦ )‪RuDP‬و ‪(APG‬ﺑ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ر‪.‬‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫ﺎﺑ‬
‫ﺰھ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫دﺗ‬
‫ا‬
‫د‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ةو‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺄﺧ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺮﻣ‬
‫ﺎﺗﻈﮫ‬
‫ﻧﮫ‬
‫ﻔﺤﺔ ‪193‬أ‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫ﻓﻲﻓﻲا‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻮﻏ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ر‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫ﻮل ‪APG‬و ‪RuDP‬ﺑ‬
‫ﺗﺤ‬
‫ﻜﻞو‬
‫ﺎﺗﺸ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺘﻢﻃ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺋﻲو‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻀ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺐ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺘﻢﻋﻤ‬
‫ءﺗ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻀ‬
‫ﻓﻲا‬
‫ﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﺰھﻤ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺎتﺗ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺛ‬
‫ديإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﺎﻳ‬
‫ﻣﻤ‬
‫ﺘﻢ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻮل ‪RuDP‬وﻻﻳ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘﻢﺗﺤ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎﻳ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻨﻤ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ـﻪﺑ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘﻢﺗﺤ‬
‫ـ‬
‫روﻻﻳ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫ـﻜﻞ ‪APG‬ﺑ‬
‫ﺘﻢﺗﺸ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﻈﻼمﻳ‬
‫ﻓﻲا‬
‫ه‪.‬‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺎ ضﺗ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻧﺨ‬
‫ﻟﻰا‬
‫ديإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﺎﻳ‬
‫هﻣﻤ‬
‫ﻳﺪ‬
‫ﺗﺠﺪ‬
‫ﯿﺬأن‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻜﻦﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻦ ‪1‬و ‪2‬ﻳﻤ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟﺸ‬
‫ﺎﻣﻦﺧﻼلا‬
‫ﯿﮫ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞإ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗﻢ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻮﻣ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻣﻦﺧﻼلﻛﻞا‬
‫ﺮ ‪CO 2‬و‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎﺗ‬
‫رھ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﺐاﺳ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺘﻄ‬
‫ﻘﺔﻳ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺎ ﺿﻤﻦﺣ‬
‫ﻌﻀﮫﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺑ‬
‫ﻮﻻنإ‬
‫ﺘﺤ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻳ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻠ ﺺأنا‬
‫ﺘﺨ‬
‫ﻳﺴ‬
‫ء‪.‬‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻀ‬
‫ا‬
‫ة‪.‬‬
‫ء‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺮاﻹﺿ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺮ ‪CO2‬و‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠﺐﺗ‬
‫ﺘﻄ‬
‫وط ‪RuDP‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺪﺷ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﻰأنﺗﺠﺪ‬
‫ﺬإ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻳﺼﻞ‬
‫ﺋﻲ ‪: 3‬‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻘﺪ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻮﻣ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻐﻼلا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻮاﺳ‬
‫ﯿﺬﻧﺤ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻓﻊا‬
‫ﻟﻰد‬
‫ﺎطإ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ءﻣﻦا‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫اا‬
‫ﮫﺪفھﺬ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻮم‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ال ‪1‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ـﻲا‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫وﺣﺔ‪:‬ﻓ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻄ‬
‫ﻠﺔا‬
‫ﺌ‬
‫ﻠﻰاﻷﺳ‬
‫ﺑﺔﻋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘﺔ ‪4‬ﻣﻦﺧﻼلاﻹﺟ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻓﻲﻣﺨﻄﻂا‬
‫ﺎع‪،‬‬
‫ـ‬
‫رﺟ‬
‫ة‪،‬إ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻲ ‪:‬ﻓﺴ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻲ ‪2‬و ‪3‬و ‪5‬وھ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺛﺖﻓ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻲﺣ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻼتا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮعا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﺪﻧ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺘﺤ‬
‫ـﺬﺑ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ة‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻓﺴ‬
‫ـﻰ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺚﻳﺼﻞإ‬
‫ﺮىﺑﺤ‬
‫ﻘﺔأﺧ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻘﺔﺑﻄ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ﺮﺳﻢا‬
‫ةﻟ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺬﻣﮫ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎبا‬
‫ﻛﺴ‬
‫ﻟﻰإ‬
‫ﮫﺪفإ‬
‫ال ‪2‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎت ‪. CO2‬‬
‫ﺌ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﺎﻣﻦ ‪6‬ﺟ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻧﻄﻼ‬
‫اﺳﻲا‬
‫ﺮ ﺳﺪ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﯿﺐ ﺳ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﺐ ﺳ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫زﻣﺔﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻼ‬
‫ا‬
‫د ‪( ATP‬‬
‫ﻳﺔ )ﻋﺪ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﻠﺔا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﺤﺼ‬
‫ﺎبا‬
‫ﯿﺬﺑﺤﺴ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮما‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ال ‪3‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﻓﻲا‬
‫ﺌﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫اﺣﺪوھﻲ ‪18‬ﺟ‬
‫اﺳﻲو‬
‫ﺳﺪ‬
‫ﺋﻲ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﻀ‬
‫ﯿﺐا‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺘﻲا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺮﺣ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻣ‬
‫ﻗﺔﺑ‬
‫ﻌﻼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺑﻂا‬
‫ﻟﻰر‬
‫ﺎطإ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اا‬
‫ﺋ ﻲ ‪: 4‬ﻳﮫﺪفھﺬ‬
‫ﻟﺠﺰ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﻦ‬
‫ـﺔﻣ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻌﻼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ها‬
‫ﯿﺢھﺬ‬
‫ﻮﺿ‬
‫ﺎ‪.‬ﺗﻢﺗ‬
‫ﻨﮫﻤ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻣﻞﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫را‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻳﺔ(ﻣﻦﺧﻼلإﻇﮫ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻮﺣ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔو‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻮﺿ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ا‬
‫)‬
‫ﻠﺔ‬
‫ﺌ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻰاﻷﺳ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ـﺔﻋ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫اﻹﺟ‬
‫ـﺔو‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ز‬
‫ﻟﻼ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻓﺔا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺈﺿ‬
‫ـﻪﺑ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻦﺧﻼ‬
‫ـﺬﻣ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮما‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺧﻼلﻣﺨﻄﻂﻳ‬
‫ﻓﻘﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎم ‪.‬‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎناﻷ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﺎتﻣ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺬا‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ال ‪1‬ﻳﻀﻊا‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﻓﻲا‬
‫‪84‬‬
‫‪1‬‬
‫‪2‬‬
‫‪5‬‬
‫‪1‬‬
‫‪3‬‬
‫‪4‬‬
‫‪6‬‬
‫‪1‬‬
‫‪1‬‬
‫‪10‬‬
‫‪9‬‬
‫‪8‬‬
‫‪7‬‬
‫‪16‬‬
‫‪1‬‬
‫‪1‬‬
‫‪17‬‬
‫ﻮة‬
‫ﻟﺤﺸ‬
‫‪ =7‬ا‬
‫ء‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫‪=1‬ﺿ‬
‫ﻳﺪ ‪ADP =8‬‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿﻼﻛ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ءا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫‪=2‬ﻏﺸ‬
‫‪Pi =9‬‬
‫ﺋﻲ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺎم ﺿ‬
‫ﻧﻈ‬
‫‪=3‬‬
‫‪ATP =10‬‬
‫‪H2 O =4‬‬
‫ﯿ ﺲ( ‪NADP+ =11‬‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻳﺪ )ﻛ‬
‫ﻛﻮ‬
‫ﯿﻼ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫‪=5‬‬
‫ﺋﻲ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻀ‬
‫ا‬
‫‪NADPH,H+ =12‬‬
‫ﯿﻦ‬
‫أﻛﺴﺠ‬
‫‪=6‬‬
‫‪CO2 =13‬‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫‪=14‬ﺳﻜ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﻮﺿﻮ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ﻠﺔا‬
‫ﺮﺣ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫‪=15‬‬
‫ﻳﺔ‬
‫ﯿﻮ‬
‫ﻮﺣ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ﻠﺔا‬
‫ﺮﺣ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫‪=16‬‬
‫ﯿﺐ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺘﻲا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺮﺣ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻣ‬
‫ﻣﻞﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮﺿﺢا‬
‫‪=17‬ﻣﺨﻄﻂﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻲﺗ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﻀ‬
‫ﻠﺔا‬
‫ﺮﺣ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫وث‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻮﺣ‬
‫ةھ‬
‫ء‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫راﻹﺿ‬
‫و‬
‫ﻠﻰأند‬
‫ﯿﺪﻋ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻰا‬
‫ال ‪2‬إ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﮫﺪفا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫‪+‬‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ﺎﺟ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ونا‬
‫ـﺖ ‪CO2‬د‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ـﻰﺗ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ديإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﻈﻼمﻳ‬
‫ﺎﻓﻲا‬
‫ﺮھﻤ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺈنﺗ‬
‫ﻟﻚﻓ‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫‪ATP‬و ‪. NADPH,H‬ﻟ‬
‫ة‪.‬‬
‫ء‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻰاﻹﺿ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﺚﻳ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ـﻼق ‪O2‬ﺣ‬
‫ﻧﻄ‬
‫ـﻲا‬
‫ـ ‪CO2‬ﻓ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺮﻟ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎﺷ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫رﻏ‬
‫و‬
‫ـﺪ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺢا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻮﺿ‬
‫ـﻰﺗ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ال ‪3‬إ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﮫﺪفا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫‪+‬‬
‫ﺎت ‪ADP‬و ‪Pi‬و ‪NADP‬‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻳﺪﻣ‬
‫ﺘﺠﺪ‬
‫ﯿﺖ ‪CO2‬ﻳﺴﻤﺢﺑ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫أنﺗ‬
‫أي‬
‫ﯿﺔ ‪. Feed-back‬‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻘﺔرﺟ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺑﻄ‬
‫‪2‬‬
‫ﻧﻄﻼق ‪. O‬‬
‫ﻟﻰا‬
‫ديإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻮﺿ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ﻠﺔا‬
‫ﺮﺣ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫را‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻳﺔﻻﺳ‬
‫ر‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻀ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺑﺔ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺋﺞا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻘﺔ ‪5‬و‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮﺿﺢﻓﻲا‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺨﻄﻂا‬
‫ﯿﻦا‬
‫ﺑﻂﺑ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺬﻣﻦا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻜﻦ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ال ‪4‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﻓﻲا‬
‫ﻔﺤﺔ ‪. 182‬‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫ﻘﺔ ‪4‬ا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎﻓﻲا‬
‫ﻔﮫ‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗﻢوﺻ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﻰ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻚإ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫دذ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ـﺪﻳ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﺎب ‪CO2‬و‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻘﻂﻓﻲﻏ‬
‫ةﻓ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ةﻗﺼ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻧﻄﻼق ‪O2‬ﻟ‬
‫ﻮﺣﻆا‬
‫ﺑﺔﻟ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ها‬
‫ﻓﻲھﺬ‬
‫‪+‬‬
‫د‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﺎﻟﻢﺗ‬
‫ﻨﮫ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔو‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻮﺿ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﺔا‬
‫ﺮﺣ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻠﺖﻓﻲا‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻣﻦ ‪ADP‬و ‪Pi‬و ‪NADP‬اﺳ‬
‫ﺮﻛﻤ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺎب ‪. CO2‬‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻳﺔﻧﻈ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻮﺣ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﺔا‬
‫ﺮﺣ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫وثا‬
‫ﺒﺐﻋﺪمﺣﺪ‬
‫ﺑﺴ‬
‫‪85‬‬
‫ﻧﻲ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎلا‬
‫ﻟﻤﺠ‬
‫ﻟﻮﺣﺪة ‪1‬ﻣﻦا‬
‫ﻳﻦا‬
‫ﺎر‬
‫ﺗﻤ‬
‫ﻳﻦ ‪: 1‬‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺗﻤ‬
‫ـﻒ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫انا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫رأ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎتد‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﺎإ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ـﻢﻓ‬
‫ﺎنﺗ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻟﻢا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎمﺑﮫ‬
‫ةﻗ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺑﺔﻣﺸﮫ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻳﻦﺗﺠ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮ ضا‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ـﺔﻟ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺑﺔﻣﻜﻤ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ها‬
‫ﺋﻲ‪.‬ھﺬ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻀ‬
‫ﯿﺐا‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺪﺷ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻓﻲﺗﺤﺪ‬
‫ﯿﺔو‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻘﺔﺑﺪ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻔﺔﺑﻄ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺨ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻔﺤﺔ ‪. 181‬‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫ﻘﺔ ‪2‬ﻓﻲا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ةﻓﻲ‬
‫د‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻮﺟ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ز (ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻮي )ﺟﮫ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺎ سﺣ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺎﻛﻤ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺒﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎلا‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ـ‬
‫اﺳ‬
‫ة‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟﻰﻓ‬
‫ﯿﺬإ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ال ‪1‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺋﻲ‪.‬‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻀ‬
‫ﯿﺐا‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ﻳﺪ ﺷﺪ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻟﻲﺗﺤ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﯿﻦو‬
‫ﻛﺴﺠ‬
‫ﺰاﻷ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﯿ ﺲﺣﻞ (‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﻞو‬
‫ﻌﻲ ص ‪) 201‬ﺣ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺄﻣﻄ‬
‫ﺧﻄ‬
‫ﻟﺔﻓﻲ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻌﺔا‬
‫ﻟﻰأناﻷﺷ‬
‫ﯿﺬإ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺑﺔﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺋﺞا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﻞﻧ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻣﻦﺧﻼلﺗﺤ‬
‫ال ‪2‬و‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﻓﻲا‬
‫ﺮ‪.‬‬
‫ﻓﻲاﻷﺣﻤ‬
‫رق و‬
‫ز‬
‫اﻷ‬
‫ﻔﺴﺠﻲ –‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎلا‬
‫ﻟﻤﺠ‬
‫ﻌﺔﻓﻲا‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺋ ﻲھﻲا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻀ‬
‫ﯿﺐا‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻋﻤ‬
‫ﻔﺤﺔ ‪. 181‬‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻘﺔ ‪2‬ﻓﻲ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺋﺞا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﻪﻣﻦﺧﻼلﻧ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞإ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎﺗﻢ‬
‫ﻔﻖﻣﻊﻣ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺋﺞﺗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ها‬
‫وھﺬ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻮﺿ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ها‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺮھ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻔﺴ‬
‫احﺗ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ـﻰا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﺬإ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻊا‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﺎد‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿﮫ‬
‫ﺘﻢﻓ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎجﻳ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫د‬
‫ﯿﺔإ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻳﻦ ‪: 2‬ھﻲوﺿ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺗﻤ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻮﺿ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ها‬
‫ـﺬ‬
‫ﺮﻟﮫ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻔﺴ‬
‫ءﺗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻮبإﻋﻄ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻄ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﻖو‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﺐا‬
‫ﺎتﺣﺴ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ـ‬
‫زعاﻷﺷ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠﻖﺑ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺗ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻮﺿ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ة‪.‬‬
‫ﻮﺣﺪ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ها‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﺒﺔﺧﻼلھ‬
‫ﺘﺴ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫رف‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎﻣﻦا‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻧﻄﻼ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﺔ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻀ‬
‫ﻌﺔا‬
‫ﺎ ص‪،‬اﻷﺷ‬
‫ﺘﺼ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﯿﻒاﻻ‬
‫ﯿﻒ‪،‬ﻃ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﻟﻦا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫أ‬
‫ـ‪:‬‬
‫ﻘﺔﺑ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫رف‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﻒا‬
‫ﻮﻇ‬
‫ﺘﻢﺗ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻀ‬
‫ﻌﺔا‬
‫ﺎ صاﻷﺷ‬
‫ﺘﺼ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻐﺔﻓﻲا‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫راﻷﺻ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺋﻲ‪،‬د‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻀ‬
‫ﯿﺐا‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻓﻲا‬
‫ﻘﺔ ‪3‬‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫دﻟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿﻢﻻوﺟ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺄﻓﻲا‬
‫ﺧﻄ‬
‫ة‬
‫ر‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﻀ‬
‫ﻌﺔا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﺪاﻷﺷ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺘﺤ‬
‫ـﺔ ‪4‬ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻘ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺋﺞا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻐﻼلﻧ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫ﺬﺑ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮما‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ال ‪1‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﻓﻲا‬
‫ﻟﻰأن‬
‫ﯿﺬإ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺚﻳﺼﻞا‬
‫ﺎق‪.‬ﺣ‬
‫اقاﻷﻋﻤ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﻊاﺧ‬
‫ﺘﻄ‬
‫ﺘﻲﻻﺗﺴ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﻚا‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺎقو‬
‫اقاﻷﻋﻤ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠﻰاﺧ‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫ء‪.‬‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫ا‬
‫ءو‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻀ‬
‫ﻘﻰا‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺎﺗ‬
‫ﻨﻤ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫وﻻﺑ‬
‫ﻔﻲأ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗﺨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔھﻲا‬
‫ﻔﺴﺠ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ء‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ءو‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﺤﻤ‬
‫ﻌﺔا‬
‫اﻷﺷ‬
‫ﻌﺔ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎ صاﻷﺷ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘﺼ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ـﻲا‬
‫ﻐﺔﻓ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ـ‬
‫راﻷﺻ‬
‫و‬
‫ـﻰد‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺬإ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻘﺔ ‪3‬ﻳ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺋﺞا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﻞﻧ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻣﻦﺧﻼلﺗﺤ‬
‫ﻮم‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺮ‪.‬ﻳ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ـ‬
‫اﻷﺻ‬
‫ﺮو‬
‫ـ‬
‫ءاﻷﺧﻀ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﻀ‬
‫ﺎلا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻲﻣﺠ‬
‫ﺘ ﺺﻓ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ءﺗﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﺤﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﺔو‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ـ‬
‫أناﻷﺷ‬
‫ﯿﺔو‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻀ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﯿﻦ ‪2‬و ‪4‬ﻣ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻐﻼلا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫ﯿﺬﺑ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎق‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻰاﻷﻋﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻞإ‬
‫ـﻲﺗﺼ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻌﺔ‬
‫ﻮعاﻷﺷ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎتو‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫ﻮعا‬
‫ﯿﻦﻧ‬
‫ﺑﻂﺑ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺬﺑ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮما‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻳﺔﻳ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨﮫ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻓﻲا‬
‫ﺎق‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻲأﻋﻤ‬
‫ءإﻻﻓ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻀ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺪاﻷﺷ‬
‫اﺟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺒﺐﻋﺪمﺗ‬
‫ﺮﺳ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻔﺴ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗ‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞإ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺎ صﻟ‬
‫ﺘﺼ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﯿﻒاﻻ‬
‫وﻃ‬
‫ـﺪ‬
‫اﺟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺎﺗ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻨﻤ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺎقﺑ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻰاﻷﻋﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺬإ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ـﻲﻻﺗ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ءا‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﺤﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ءو‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻌﺔا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘ ﺺاﻷﺷ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎﺗﻤ‬
‫ﻧﮫ‬
‫ةﻷ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﺻ‬
‫ء‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﻀ‬
‫ﺎ صا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘﺼ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻨﮫ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﺎتﻳﻤ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻚ ﺻ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺎﺗﻤ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻧﮫ‬
‫ﺮﻷ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫أ‬
‫ﺎق‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻲأﻋﻤ‬
‫ءﻓ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﺤﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﺔو‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫اﻷﺷ‬
‫ﺮ‪.‬‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺎقا‬
‫ﻟﻰأﻋﻤ‬
‫ﻟﺬيﻳﺼﻞإ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫اﻷﺻ‬
‫ﺮو‬
‫اﻷﺧﻀ‬
‫ر‬
‫ـﺪ‬
‫ﺮﻣﺼ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ـﺔﺑ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ـﻪﻋﻼ‬
‫ﺪﻟ‬
‫ـ‬
‫اﺟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻲا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﻮ‪.‬و‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻨﻤ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻣﺔﻟ‬
‫ز‬
‫ﻟﻼ‬
‫ﻗﺔا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫را‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻨﻲﻣﺼ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ءﻳ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻀ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮل‬
‫وﺻ‬
‫ﻗﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ا‬
‫‪86‬‬
‫ﻳﻦ ‪: 3‬‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﻦ‬
‫ـﻰﻣ‬
‫ﺮﺟ‬
‫اﻳ‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿﻒﻟ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘﺼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻨﺪا‬
‫ﺄﻋ‬
‫ﻗﺪوﺿﻊﺧﻄ‬
‫ﺎل ‪1‬و‬
‫ﻟﻤﺠ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻓﻲا‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ﻮﺣﺪ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺑﻊﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻳﻦﺗ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻮﺗﻤ‬
‫ھ‬
‫ﺎت (‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻔﺔا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫وﻇ‬
‫ﯿﺔو‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿﻦﺑ‬
‫ﻗﺔﺑ‬
‫ﻌﻼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ة)‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻮﺣ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ها‬
‫ﻳﻦﻟﮫﺬ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺋﻤﺔا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫اﺟﻪ ﺿﻤﻦﻗ‬
‫ر‬
‫د‬
‫ةإ‬
‫ﺗﺬ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫اﻷﺳ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿﮫ‬
‫ﺘﻢﻓ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﺔﻳ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ـﻲا‬
‫دﻓ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻮﺟ‬
‫ﺮىﻣ‬
‫ﻟﺔأﺧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿﺬﺑﺤ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻳﻒا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗ‬
‫ﻳﻦإ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﮫﺪفا‬
‫ﻳﻦ ‪: 3‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺗﻤ‬
‫ـﻊ‬
‫ﺎﻣ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺎوﻣ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اعا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ـﺪأ‬
‫ـﺪأﺣ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ـﺔﻋ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـﺔﻛ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻗﺔﻛ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻰ ﻃ‬
‫ﯿﺔإ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻀ‬
‫ﻗﺔا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﻳﻞا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺗﺤ‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻞا‬
‫ـﻲﻛ‬
‫ةﻓ‬
‫ـﺪ‬
‫اﺟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ةو‬
‫ـﺪ‬
‫ﻮﺣ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺎﻟ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ـ‬
‫اﺳ‬
‫ر‬
‫ءد‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﺎأ‬
‫ﯿﮫ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺮفﻋ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗﻢا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻣﺔا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﺔا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ء‪.‬‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻀ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻦ (‪.‬‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اﻵ‬
‫ﯿﻦ )‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ﯿﻦا‬
‫ﻧﺔﺑ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ءا‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻰإﺟ‬
‫ﮫﺪفإ‬
‫ال‪1‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ـ‬
‫روﻣﺼ‬
‫ـﺪ‬
‫ﺎت‪،‬ﻣﺼ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ـﻞاﻹ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫دﻧ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‪،‬ﻋ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻀ‬
‫ﻧﻈﻤﺔا‬
‫داﻷ‬
‫ﻧﺔﺗﺸﻤﻞ ‪:‬ﻋﺪ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ﺎﺻ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫ﻟﺦ‪.‬‬
‫ء‪...‬إ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﻞ‬
‫ة‪،‬ﺗﺤ‬
‫د‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻳ ﺾاﻹ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻳﻖﺗ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺎت‪،‬ﻃ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫اﻹ‬
‫ﻮم‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ة‪.‬ﻳ‬
‫د‬
‫ـﺪ‬
‫وفﻣﺤ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻲﻇ‬
‫ءﻓ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻀ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻲا‬
‫ﻟﺔﺗﺤﺪثﻓ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺮحﺣ‬
‫ولﻃ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻧﻲﻳﺤ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ال‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ول‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻳﺤ‬
‫ﺎتو‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ﺎلاﻹ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻳﻘﺔ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿﻪﻃ‬
‫ﻮﺿﺢﻓ‬
‫ﯿﻄﻲﻳ‬
‫زرﺳﻢﺗﺨﻄ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻧﺠ‬
‫ﺈ‬
‫ﻟﺔﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ها‬
‫ﯿﺬﻓﻲھﺬ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫هاﻵ‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ةھ‬
‫ﺋﺪ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻰﻓ‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞإ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻪا‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﻟﻲ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿﺰﻋ‬
‫ﺮﻛ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﻣﻦ ‪pH) H+‬‬
‫ﻨﺨﻔ ﺾ(‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫‪+‬‬
‫ء‬
‫ﺿﻮ‬
‫‪H‬‬
‫ﻏﺸ‬
‫ء‬
‫ا‬
‫‪e-‬‬
‫‪T2‬‬
‫‪ATP‬‬
‫‪Synthase‬‬
‫‪+‬‬
‫‪H‬‬
‫‪e-‬‬
‫‪+‬‬
‫‪T1‬‬
‫‪T3‬‬
‫‪e-‬‬
‫‪PSI‬‬
‫‪e-‬‬
‫‪H‬‬
‫ﻨﺨﻔ ﺾ‬
‫ﯿﺰﻣ‬
‫ﺗﺮﻛ‬
‫ﻣﻦ‬
‫‪pH ) H+‬‬
‫‪ADP+Pi‬‬
‫‪ATP‬‬
‫ﺗﻔﻊ(‬
‫ﻣﺮ‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتﻓ ﻲا‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺘﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ﻠﻘﻲﻟﻺ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺮو‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ﺎلاﻹ‬
‫ﺘﻘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫آ‬
‫ﺎج ‪NADPH,H+‬‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﯿﺐ ‪ATP‬دونإ‬
‫ﺮﻛ‬
‫ﺘﻢﺗ‬
‫ﯿﺚﻳ‬
‫ء‪ ،‬ﺣ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﺨﻀﺮ‬
‫ا‬
‫‪87‬‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﺌ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺠﺰ‬
‫ﻨﺔﻓ ﻲا‬
‫ﺎﻣ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ﺎﻗﺔا‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﻳﻞا‬
‫ﺎتﺗﺤﻮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‪:‬آ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻮﺣﺪةا‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﻰ ‪ATP‬‬
‫ﻳﺔإ‬
‫ﻟﻌﻀﻮ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮض‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻟ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻗﺔﻟﻜﻞﺧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻠﻄ‬
‫رﻟ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫دﻣﺼ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ةوﺟ‬
‫ر‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ةﺿ‬
‫ﻮﺣﺪ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺪﺧﻞا‬
‫ﻨ ﺺﻓﻲﻣ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮحا‬
‫ﻟﻮﺣﺪة‪:‬ﻳﻄ‬
‫ﻣﺪﺧﻞا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘﮫ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﺪﻃ‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗﺴﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻳﺔا‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮذ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺎﻏ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻼ‬
‫ﻠﻰا‬
‫ﺪﺧﻞﻋ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺰا‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻔﺔ ‪.‬و‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺨ‬
‫ﺎفا‬
‫ﻮﺿ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺎمﺑ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﻲ‬
‫ﺎلﻓ‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﺔﻟﻺﺳ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﺔا‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﻠﻰا‬
‫ﻮلﻋ‬
‫ﻠﺤﺼ‬
‫ﺎﻟ‬
‫ﻣﮫ‬
‫ﺘﻢھﺪ‬
‫ﺘﻲﻳ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻳﺔا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻌﻀ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻐﺬ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫دا‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻣﻦا‬
‫ة ‪. ATP‬‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺻ‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺌ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ـﻞا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺎتﺗﺤ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻲآ‬
‫ةوھ‬
‫ﻮﺣﺪ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ها‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻓﻲ ھ‬
‫ﯿﺴ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺪﺧﻞاﻹﺷ‬
‫ﺮحا‬
‫ﻳﻄ‬
‫ﺎل‪.‬‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠﺔﻟﻼﺳ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻗﺔﻗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻰﻃ‬
‫ﻣﻦإ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﻲ‬
‫ﺎلوھ‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﺔﻟﻼﺳ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﺎجا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎإ‬
‫ﯿﮫ‬
‫ﺘﻲﻳﺤﺪثﻓ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮ(ا‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ )‬
‫ﻌﻀ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮﺿﺢا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ةﻓ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫أ‬
‫ري ‪.‬‬
‫ﻧﺪ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻦ ‪:‬‬
‫ﻟﻰﻗ ﺴﻤ‬
‫ﻮﺣﺪةإ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻢا‬
‫ﺗﻢﺗﻘ ﺴ‬
‫ـﻂ‬
‫ﻮﺳ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـ ﻲا‬
‫ـﺔﻓ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺎﻣ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ـﺔا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ـﺔا‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ـﻞا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺎتﺗﺤﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـ ﻰآ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮقإ‬
‫ﺘﻄ‬
‫ولﻳ‬
‫ﻟﻘ ﺴﻢاﻷ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺋﻲ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﮫﻮ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺋﻲ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻼھ‬
‫ﻟﻮﺳﻂا‬
‫ﻳﻞﻓ ﻲا‬
‫ﺘﺤﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اا‬
‫ﻟﻰ ھﺬ‬
‫ﻧ ﻲإ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻘ ﺴﻢا‬
‫ﺮقا‬
‫ﺘﻄ‬
‫ﺎﻳ‬
‫ﻨﻤ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺘﺴ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻜ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺮﺑ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺎط ‪: 1‬ﺗﺬﻛ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺛﻪ ‪.‬‬
‫و‬
‫وطﺣﺪ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻨﻔ ﺲوﺷ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ﺎھ‬
‫ﯿﺬﺑﻤﻈ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗ‬
‫ﺎطإ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﮫﺪفا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮض‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﺮﻟ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ـﺪما‬
‫ـﺔﻟﮫ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـﺔاﻹﺟﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـﺬﺑ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ـﺬ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗ‬
‫ﺎطإ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ولﻣﻦا‬
‫ءاﻷ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﮫﺪفا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻨﻔ ﺲ‪.‬‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻳﻖﻋﻤ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻗﺔﻋﻦﻃ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎج‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫إ‬
‫د‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺢ‬
‫ﻮﺿ‬
‫ﻮﺗ‬
‫ﺎھ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﮫﺪفﻣ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻷنا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫اﻹﺟﻤ‬
‫ﻟﺔ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎتﻓﻲا‬
‫ﺌ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺪا‬
‫ﺘﻢوﺿﻊﻋ‬
‫ﻣﻼﺣﻈﺔ ‪:‬ﻟﻢﻳ‬
‫ﻗﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﻮعا‬
‫ﻳﺪﻧ‬
‫ونﺗﺤﺪ‬
‫ﻗﺔد‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺗﺞو‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎﻋﻞو‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﺔﻓﻲا‬
‫اﺧ‬
‫ﻟﺪ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻔﺲ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺎھ‬
‫وثﻇ‬
‫وطﺣﺪ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫اج ﺷ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺨ‬
‫ﻟﻰاﺳ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﯿﺬ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻓﻊا‬
‫ﻟﻰد‬
‫الإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺪف‬
‫ال ‪:1‬ﻳﮫ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﻼق ‪CO2‬‬
‫ﻧﻄ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﻲ‪:‬‬
‫ﻔ ﺲوھ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ﺎھ‬
‫ﺘﺨﻼ صﻣﻈ‬
‫ﺬﻻﺳ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻓﻊا‬
‫ﻟﻰد‬
‫ﯿﮫﺪفإ‬
‫ﻧﻲﻓ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫الا‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫أ‬
‫ﻗﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﺎجا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫إ‬
‫و‬
‫ﻮى‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺴ‬
‫ﻠﻰا‬
‫زﻋ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮھﺪما‬
‫اھ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻮعﻇ‬
‫ﯿﻪﻣﺠﻤ‬
‫ﻠﺨ ﺺﻓ‬
‫ﺎﻳ‬
‫زﻣﺨﻄﻄ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻧﺠ‬
‫ﺈ‬
‫ﻟﻚﺑ‬
‫ﻌﺪذ‬
‫ﯿﺬﺑ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮما‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﯿﻦ‪.‬‬
‫ﻛﺴﺠ‬
‫اﻷ‬
‫د‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻮيﻓﻲوﺟ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺋﻲ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ريو‬
‫ﻧﺪ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿﺢﺑ‬
‫ﻮﺿ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗ‬
‫ﺪفإ‬
‫ﺎط ‪:2‬ﻳﮫ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫وث‬
‫ـﺪ‬
‫ﺮﺣ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ـﻰﻣ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮإ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺬيﻳﺸ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮ سا‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺮﺟ‬
‫ﺎلأﺧﻀ‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫ةﺑ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻛﺴ‬
‫وثاﻷ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻜﺸﻒﻋﻦﺣ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫‪- 1‬ا‬
‫ة‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻛﺴ‬
‫وثاﻷ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺣﺪ‬
‫ﺮإ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺮﻳﺸ‬
‫ﻮناﻷﺧﻀ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫را‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ري‪.‬ﻇﮫ‬
‫ﻧﺪ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫دا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻲوﺟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ةو‬
‫ﻛﺴﺪ‬
‫اﻷ‬
‫ري‪.‬‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫دا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻰوﺟ‬
‫ﻗﺖإ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻔ ﺲا‬
‫ﺮﻓﻲﻧ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻳﺸ‬
‫و‬
‫ـﻤﺢ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺋﻲﺗﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﻼھ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺋﻲو‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﮫ‬
‫ﯿﻦا‬
‫ـﻄ‬
‫ﻮﺳ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﻲ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ةﻓ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻤ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ـﺔﻟﺨﻼ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺠ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺎھ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺸ‬
‫‪- 2‬ا‬
‫ﻮل‬
‫ﻮﺻ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ةو‬
‫ﻛﺴﺪ‬
‫وثاﻷ‬
‫ريوﺣﺪ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫دا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿﻦوﺟ‬
‫ﻗﺔﺑ‬
‫ﻌﻼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺑﻂا‬
‫ﺎﺛﻢر‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻼ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻧﺔﺑ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺑﻤ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻔﺴ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻛﺴ‬
‫ﺮاﻷ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ريھﻲﻣ‬
‫ﻧﺪ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻰأنا‬
‫إ‬
‫‪88‬‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺠ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻼل ﺻ‬
‫ـﻦﺧ‬
‫ريﻣ‬
‫ـﺪ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ـﺔا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿﺢﺑ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻮﺿ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗ‬
‫ﺋﻲإ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎط‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اا‬
‫ﮫﺪفھﺬ‬
‫‪- 3‬ﻳ‬
‫ﻘﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻳﺔا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻔﺴ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﯿﻄ‬
‫ﺘﺨﻄ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺮﺳ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻧﻲو‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫اﻹ‬
‫ـﻒ‬
‫ـﻼلوﺻ‬
‫ـﻦﺧ‬
‫ﯿﻖﻣ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻟﺪ‬
‫ﻠﻤﻲا‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةﻓﻲا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺬﻣﮫ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎبا‬
‫ﻛﺴ‬
‫ﻟﻰإ‬
‫ال ‪1‬إ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﮫﺪفا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ـﻤﺔ‬
‫ﻘﺴ‬
‫ـﺔﻣ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ريﺑ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ـﻰأنﻟ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻒإ‬
‫ﻮﺻ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺬﻣﻦﺧﻼلا‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ري‪.‬ﻳﺼﻞا‬
‫ﻧﺪ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫ةاﻷﺳ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻦو‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻐﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻦا‬
‫اغﺑ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اتوھﻲ ‪:‬ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺣﺠ‬
‫إ‬
‫ـﻦ‬
‫ـﻞﻣ‬
‫ـﺔﻟﻜ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺢ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻮﺿ‬
‫ـﻰﺗ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﺔ ‪4‬إ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻲا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﺢﻓ‬
‫ﻮﺿ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ولا‬
‫ـﺪ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ـﺪفا‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫‪- 4‬ﻳ‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ء‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺈﺟ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ولﺑ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻌﻄ‬
‫ـﻤﺢﻣ‬
‫ﻟﻰ ‪.‬ﺗﺴ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﮫ‬
‫ﻟﻰا‬
‫ﻓﺔإ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺎﻹﺿ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺑ‬
‫اﻷﻏﺸ‬
‫ةو‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﺤﺸ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫اﻷﺳ‬
‫ة‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﻲو‬
‫اﺧ‬
‫ـﺪ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ءا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻐﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻦا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻢﺑ‬
‫ـ‬
‫رﺟﻲﺛ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﻲو‬
‫اﺧ‬
‫ـﺪ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ءا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻐﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻦا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺋﻲ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ـﺐا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اا‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺋﻲ‪.‬ھ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ـﺐا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻲا‬
‫ﺘﻼفﻓ‬
‫ـ‬
‫داﺧ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﻰوﺟ‬
‫ﺘﺨﻼ صإ‬
‫اﻻﺳ‬
‫و‬
‫ء‪.‬‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﺎﻛﻞﺟ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﻮمﺑ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘﻲﻳ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻔﺔ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻮﻇ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮعا‬
‫دﻧ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺎتﻳﺤ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮعا‬
‫ﯿﺚﻧ‬
‫ﺎﺻﺔﻣﻦﺣ‬
‫ﺧ‬
‫ﯿﻦ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻧﮫﻤ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻷ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫ةاﻷﺳ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﻲو‬
‫اﺧ‬
‫ـﺪ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ءا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻐﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻦا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘﻼفﺑ‬
‫ـ‬
‫اﻻﺧ‬
‫ـﻰ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺰﻋ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺘﻢا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ري‪.‬‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻓﻲﻋﻤﻞا‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫اﻷﺳ‬
‫ﻔﺲ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﺬأنا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻞا‬
‫ﻮﺻ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ـﺔﻳ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ـﻼلا‬
‫ﯿ ﺲ ‪ 4‬ﻣﻦﺧ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮ ‪5‬و‬
‫ﺋﻲھ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻗﻢا‬
‫‪- 5‬ر‬
‫ﺎﻋﻼت‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻲﺗﻔ‬
‫ﻔ ﺲھ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺎھ‬
‫أنﻇ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻞ‪( 2‬و‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺎع )‬
‫رﺟ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻞ ‪(1‬و‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ة)‬
‫ﻛ ﺴﺪ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻞأ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻳﺸﻤﻞﺗ‬
‫ﯿﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫رﺟ‬
‫ةإ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻛﺴ‬
‫أ‬
‫ﺮي‬
‫ﻟ ﺴﻜ‬
‫ﻠﻞا‬
‫ﺘﺤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎط ‪: 3‬ا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺘﻢ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻲﻳ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﺔ (ا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﺔا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ـﺔا‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﺾ )‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ةاﻷ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻰﻣ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺮفﻋ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻰا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎطإ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﺪفا‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ري‪.‬‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺮفا‬
‫ﺎﻣﻦﻃ‬
‫ﻟﮫ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اﺳ‬
‫ـﺾ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫اﻷ‬
‫ة‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻰﻣ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺮفﻋ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺘﻢا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻮبﻳ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺪﻋﻢﺑ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ـﻲا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﺐا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎلا‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫‪- 1‬ﺑ‬
‫ري‪.‬‬
‫ﻧﺪ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺮفا‬
‫ﻠﺔﻣﻦﻃ‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﺾ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ةاﻷ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻮﻣ‬
‫ﯿﻚھ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺬأنﺣﻤ ﺾا‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺘﺞا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻨﻰﻳﺴ‬
‫ﻨﺤ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﻞا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌﺪﺗﺤ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ال ‪1‬و‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﻓﻲا‬
‫ﻟﺔ‪.‬‬
‫و‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ريﻣ‬
‫ﻧﺪ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻰﻣ‬
‫ﺑﺔﺗﻤﺖﻋ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ريﻷنا‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻳﻒا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻠﺔﻣﻦﻃ‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻚ وﻣﺼ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـ ﺾا‬
‫ـﻰﺣﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫زإ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻮﻻتﻟﺴ‬
‫وثﺗﺤ‬
‫ﺎتﺣﺪ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﺘﻢإ‬
‫ﺑﺔ ‪: 2‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻓﻲا‬
‫زﻣﺸﻊ‪.‬‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺮﻏ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﺎل ﺳ‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺑ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻼھ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔو‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫وفا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻈ‬
‫ﯿﻚﻓﻲا‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺣﻤ ﺾا‬
‫ﻠ ﺺأن ‪:‬‬
‫ﺘﺨ‬
‫ﺬأنﻳﺴ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻜﻦﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻦأو بﻳﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫و‬
‫ﻟﺠﺪ‬
‫ﻮﺿﺤﺔﻓﻲا‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺋﺞا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻞا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻣﻦﺧﻼلﺗﺤ‬
‫ﻟﺔأو ب‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ﻟﻰﻓﻲا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﮫ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻚﻓﻲ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺣﻤ ﺾا‬
‫ﻮلإ‬
‫ﺘﺤ‬
‫زﻳ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫‪ ‬ﺣﻤ ﺾا‬
‫ﻘﻂ‬
‫ﻟﺔأﻓ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ريﻓﻲا‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻰا‬
‫إ‬
‫ﯿﻚﻳﺪﺧﻞ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫‪ ‬ﺣﻤ ﺾا‬
‫ﺮى‬
‫ﺎتأﺧ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻰﻣ‬
‫ريإ‬
‫ﻧﺪ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮلﻓﻲ‬
‫ﺘﺤ‬
‫ﯿﻚﻳ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫‪ ‬ﺣﻤ ﺾا‬
‫ﻟﺔ ب ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ﻟﻰﻓﻲا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﮫ‬
‫ﺮىﻓﻲا‬
‫ﺎتأﺧ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻰﻣ‬
‫ﻮلإ‬
‫ﺘﺤ‬
‫ﯿﻚﻳ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫‪ ‬ﺣﻤ ﺾا‬
‫ﻳﻢأ‬
‫ﻧﺰ‬
‫اﻓﻖاﻹ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿﻞﻣ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫‪= *A1‬أﺳ‬
‫ﻧﻮل‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫‪= *A2‬إ‬
‫ﺒ ﺲ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻠﻘﺔﻛ‬
‫ﺮىﻣﻦﺣ‬
‫ﺎتأﺧ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺮﻛ‬
‫وﻣ‬
‫ﯿﻤﻮنأ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫‪= *A3‬ﺣﻤ ﺾا‬
‫ـﺖ‬
‫ﺎﺗﻤ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻨﻤ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ريﺑ‬
‫ـﺪ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ـﻞا‬
‫اﺧ‬
‫زد‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺪم‬
‫ـ‬
‫وثھ‬
‫ـﺪ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻟﺤ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﮫ‬
‫ا‬
‫وف‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻈ‬
‫ﻟﺔأﺗﻤﺖﻓﻲا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻼھ‬
‫وفا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻈ‬
‫ﻟﺔ بﻓﻲا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﻞ‬
‫ـ‬
‫اﺧ‬
‫ﺎتد‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻰﻣﺸ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﻮل‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺗﺤ‬
‫ـﻚ )‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﺾ‬
‫ﺮﺣﻤ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘﺨﻼ صﻣﺼ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻰاﺳ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ال ‪3‬إ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ـﺪفا‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ـﺔ (‪.‬‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻼھ‬
‫وفا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﻈ‬
‫ﻟﻲﻓﻲا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﮫ‬
‫ﺮىﻓﻲا‬
‫ﺎتأﺧ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫وﻣﺸ‬
‫ﺋﻲأ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﮫ‬
‫ﻮﺳﻂا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ريﻓﻲا‬
‫ﻧﺪ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ري‪.‬‬
‫ﻧﺪ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫وا‬
‫ﻟﻲأ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮا‬
‫ﺮﻓﮫ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫أ‬
‫ﻟ ﺴﻜﺮي‬
‫ﻠﻞا‬
‫ﺘﺤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اﺣﻞا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫‪-2‬ﻣ‬
‫ﺮي‪.‬‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﻠﻞا‬
‫ﺘﺤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫وثا‬
‫اﺣﻞﺣﺪ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿﺢﻣ‬
‫ﻮﺿ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗ‬
‫ﻘﺔ ‪4‬إ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﮫﺪفﻣﺨﻄﻂا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺎت‪.‬‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫اجأھﻢا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺨ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺨﻄﻂﻻﺳ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻐﻼل‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﺬاﺳ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ولا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻠﺔﻳﺤ‬
‫ﺌ‬
‫ﻣﻦﺧﻼلاﻷﺳ‬
‫ة‪.‬‬
‫د‬
‫دﻻتﻣﺤﺪ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﯿﻞﻣ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻮمﺑ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ال ‪1‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﻓﻲا‬
‫‪89‬‬
‫ﻟﻲ‪:‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺎﻛ‬
‫ﻠﮫ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻜﻦﺗﻤ‬
‫ﻟﺔ ‪1‬ﻳﻤ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺜﻼ‪:‬‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫‪Glu-6-P + ADP‬‬
‫‪Glucose + ATP‬‬
‫ـﻲ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻞ ‪1‬و ‪3‬ھ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺜﻼ‪:‬ا‬
‫ﺎﻋﻼتﻣ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻌ ﺾا‬
‫اعﺑ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻠﻰأ‬
‫ﺮفﻋ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿﺬﺑ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮما‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ال ‪2‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﻓﻲا‬
‫ﺮ‪.‬‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻠﺴ‬
‫ةﻟ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻗﺖﻓﺴ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻔ ﺲا‬
‫ـ ‪ATP‬وھﻲﻓﻲﻧ‬
‫ﺎھﺔﻟ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎإ‬
‫ﯿﮫ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻼتﺣﺪثﻓ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﻠﺔ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﺤﺼ‬
‫ـﻰأنا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻞإ‬
‫ﻮﺻ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻜﻦا‬
‫ﻜﺔﻳﻤ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺘﮫ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺗﺠﺔو‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ال ‪: 3‬ﻣﻦﺧﻼلﻋﺪ ‪ATP‬ا‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﻓﻲا‬
‫ـ ‪. ATP 2‬‬
‫رﺑ‬
‫ﻘﺪ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺗ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻳﺠ‬
‫إ‬
‫ـﺪ‬
‫ـﺔوﻋ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨﮫ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﺔو‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺒﺪ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻤﻞا‬
‫ﺪﻳﺸ‬
‫ـ‬
‫اﺣ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻞو‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺮيﻓﻲﺗ‬
‫ﻟﺴﻜ‬
‫ﻠﻞا‬
‫ﺘﺤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿ ﺺا‬
‫ﻠﺨ‬
‫ال ‪: 4‬ﺗ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﻓﻲا‬
‫‪ATP‬و ‪. NADH,H+‬‬
‫‪Glucose + 2ADP + 2Pi + 2NAD+‬‬
‫‪2 Pyruvique + 2ATP + 2NADH,H+‬‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﻠﻮﻛﻮز‪-6-‬ﻓ ﺴﻔ‬
‫‪ + ADP‬ﻏ‬
‫ﺒ ﺲ(‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻠﻘﺔﻛ‬
‫ﯿﻚ )ﺣ‬
‫وﻓ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﻞ ﺣﻤ ﺾا‬
‫اﺣﻞﺗﺤ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺎط ‪: 4‬ﻣ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫ةاﻷﺳ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ـﻞا‬
‫اﺧ‬
‫ـﻚد‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـ ﺾا‬
‫ـﺪمﺣﻤ‬
‫ـﻞھ‬
‫اﺣ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـﻊﻣ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ـﻰﺗ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎطإ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اا‬
‫ـﺬ‬
‫ﮫﺪفھ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ري‪.‬‬
‫ﻧﺪ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﺪل‬
‫ـﻲﺗ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ﺎھ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻈ‬
‫ـﺢا‬
‫ﻮﺿ‬
‫ﻮبﺗ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎﻻﺳ‬
‫ربﻣﺪﻋﻤﺔﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺋﺞﺗﺠ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺮ ضﻧ‬
‫ﻟﻰﻋ‬
‫ﻘﺔ ‪1‬ﺗﮫﺪفإ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫‪- 1‬ا‬
‫ﺮح ‪. CO2‬‬
‫ﯿﻦوﻃ‬
‫ﻛﺴﺠ‬
‫اﻷ‬
‫ﺎص‬
‫ﺘﺼ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﯿﻚوھﻲا‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺪمﺣﻤ ﺾا‬
‫ﻠﻰھ‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫ة‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ـﻞا‬
‫اﺧ‬
‫ـﻚد‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـ ﺾا‬
‫ﺪمﺣﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻰﻣﻦھ‬
‫و‬
‫ﻠﺔاﻷ‬
‫ﺮﺣ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﺢا‬
‫ﻮﺿ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗ‬
‫ﻟﺔإ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺪفا‬
‫‪- 2‬ﺗﮫ‬
‫ﺒ ﺲ‪.‬‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻘﺔﻛ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻳﺔﻟﺤ‬
‫ﯿﺪ‬
‫ﺘﻤﮫ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﺔا‬
‫ﺮﺣ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ريوھﻲا‬
‫ﻧﺪ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻟ‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫اﻷﺳ‬
‫ـﻲ‬
‫ـﺤﺔﻓ‬
‫ﻮﺿ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻳﺔا‬
‫ﯿﺪ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﺔا‬
‫ﺮﺣ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺒ ﺲو‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻠﻘﺔﻛ‬
‫اﺣﻞﺣ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿﺢﻣ‬
‫ﻮﺿ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗ‬
‫ﻘﺔ ‪2‬إ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﮫﺪفا‬
‫‪- 3‬ﺗ‬
‫ﻘﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫اﺣﻞا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫اﺳﺔﻣ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎتﻣﻦﺧﻼلد‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫اجا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺨ‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫ﯿﺬﺑ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮما‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻘﺔ‪.‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﻘﺔا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺜﻼ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻞ ‪.‬ﻓﻤ‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮعا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﺐﻧ‬
‫ﺎفﺣﺴ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻰأﺻ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻼتإ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻒا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘﺼ‬
‫ﺬﺑ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮما‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ال ‪1‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﻓﻲا‬
‫ﯿﻞ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻛﺴ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺰعا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ـﻤﻰﺑ‬
‫ﻳﺴ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻮﻣ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ةوھ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻛﺴ‬
‫أ‬
‫ﯿﻞو‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻛﺴ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺰعﻛ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﺔﻧ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ـﻪﻋﻤ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺘﻢﻓ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻞ ‪3‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻳﺔ ‪. décarboxylation oxidative‬‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻛﺴ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎت ‪CO2‬وا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺌ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫دﺟ‬
‫ـﺪ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ـﺔﺑ‬
‫ﺎﺻ‬
‫ﺎتﺧ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻌﻄ‬
‫اجﻣ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺨ‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫ﯿﺬﺑ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮما‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ال ‪ 2‬و ‪3‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﻓﻲا‬
‫‪+‬‬
‫ﯿﻦ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺌ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﺎت ‪+ NADH,H‬ﺟ‬
‫ﺌ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﺎت ‪6 + CO2‬ﺟ‬
‫ﺌ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ة )‪4‬ﺟ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫اﺣ‬
‫زو‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺌﺔﻏ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﺎﻣﻦﺟ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻧﻄﻼ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻳﻤ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫اﻹ‬
‫ﻣﻦ ‪( FADH2‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـﮫ‬
‫ـﻲﻧﻔﺴ‬
‫ﯿﻄﺔ ‪:‬وھ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﺔﺑﺴ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺔإﺟﻤ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻞ ‪1‬ﻓﻲﻣ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻞا‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﯿﺬﺑ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮما‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ال ‪4‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﻓﻲا‬
‫ﯿﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻎا‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫ﺑﺔا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ونﻛ‬
‫ﻔﺤﺔ ‪213‬ﺑﺪ‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫ﻮﺿﺤﺔﻓﻲا‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻟﺔا‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫د‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ـ‬
‫د ‪NADH,H+‬وﻋ‬
‫ـﺪ‬
‫د ‪ATP‬وﻋ‬
‫ـﺪ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ـﺔﻟ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫و‬
‫ﻠﺔاﻷ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﺤﺼ‬
‫اجا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺨ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫ـﺔﺑ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻲا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﺬﻓ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮما‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ـﻚ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻲذ‬
‫ﺎﻓ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎﺑﻤ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺒ ﺲﻣ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﺔﻛ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺮيوﺣ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﻠﻞا‬
‫ﺘﺤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻜﻞﻣﻦا‬
‫ﺎت ‪CO2‬ﻟ‬
‫ﺌ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫دﺟ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫اﻋ‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫‪FADH2‬و‬
‫ﺒ ﺲ‪.‬‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻘﺔﻛ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻳﺔﻟﺤ‬
‫ﯿﺪ‬
‫ﺘﻤﮫ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻄ‬
‫ا‬
‫‪+‬‬
‫ﺎتﻣﻦ ‪. CO2‬‬
‫ﺌ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻣﻦ ‪FADH2‬و‪6‬ﺟ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺌ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﺎت ‪NADH,H‬وﺟ‬
‫ﺌ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻠﺔھﻲ ‪10 + ATP 4 :‬ﺟ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﺤﺼ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻳﺔ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻛﺴ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻔﺴ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎط ‪: 5‬ا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺗﺠﺔﻣﻦ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻗﺔا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﺎلا‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اﺳ‬
‫ﯿﺔو‬
‫ﻳﻤ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫اﻹ‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ة‬
‫ﻛﺴﺪ‬
‫ﯿﺔأ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺢآ‬
‫ﻮﺿ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗ‬
‫ﺎطإ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اا‬
‫ﮫﺪفھﺬ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺎج ‪. ATP‬‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺮ ضإ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ةﻟ‬
‫ﻛﺴﺪ‬
‫اﻷ‬
‫ري ‪:‬‬
‫ﻧﺪ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻠﻲﻟ‬
‫اﺧ‬
‫ﻟﺪ‬
‫ءا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻐﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫را‬
‫و‬
‫‪- 1‬د‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ريو‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﻠﻲﻟ‬
‫اﺧ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ءا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻐﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻦا‬
‫ـﻞﻣ‬
‫رﻛ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎتد‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻟﻰإ‬
‫ﻟﻰإ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺑﺔاﻷ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﮫﺪفا‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـﻄﺔﻣﻜ‬
‫اﺳ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘﻢﺑ‬
‫ﺎتﻳ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻘﻞاﻹ‬
‫ﺑﺔأنﻧ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺋﺞا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﺬﻣﻦﺧﻼلﻧ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺒﺔ‪.‬ﻳ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺬ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﺪ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻳﻢ ‪ATP Synthase‬ﻋ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫اﻹ‬
‫وي )‪(F1‬ﻣﻦ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ءا‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫اﺳﻄﺔا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘﻢﺑ‬
‫ﯿﺐ ‪ATP‬ﻳ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻜﻦﺗ‬
‫ءﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻐﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ (‪.‬‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻠﺔﻏﺸ‬
‫ﻳﺼ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫وﻓﻲﺣ‬
‫ريأ‬
‫ﻧﺪ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻓﻲا‬
‫ﯿﻢ )‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ءﺳ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ه ﺿﻤﻦﻏﺸ‬
‫د‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫وﺟ‬
‫‪+‬‬
‫ـﻦ‬
‫ـﻖﻣ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ـﻲﻣ‬
‫ﻨﻔ ﺲﻓ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫وثا‬
‫ـﺪ‬
‫ءﺣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﺎت ‪H‬أ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎلا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺎھ‬
‫ﻮﺿﺢﻇ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺑﺔ ‪2‬ﻓ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫أ‬
‫ﻛﺐ ‪. DNP‬‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺜﻞﻣ‬
‫ﻨﻊﺗﺸﻜﻞ ‪ATP‬ﻣ‬
‫ﺘﻲﻳﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫را‬
‫و‬
‫ﺒﺖد‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﺎﺗ‬
‫ري ‪.‬ﻛﻤ‬
‫ﻧﺪ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫‪90‬‬
‫ﺒﺐ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻓﺔ ‪O2‬ﻳﺴ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫إﺿ‬
‫أن‬
‫ـﻰ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﺬإ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻞا‬
‫ﻮﺻ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ـﻰﻳ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻨﺤ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﻞ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺪﺗﺤ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ال ‪1‬و ‪: 2‬ﺑ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ـﻲا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫‪+‬‬
‫ﻠﻰ‬
‫ة ‪DNP‬ﻋ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌﻤﻞﻣ‬
‫ﺎﺗ‬
‫ﻨﻤ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺎت ‪(H‬ﺑ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺰا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ةﺗ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ز‬
‫ري )‬
‫ﻧﺪ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫رجا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺎ ض ‪pH‬ﺧ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻧﺨ‬
‫ا‬
‫‪+‬‬
‫ﺎت ‪H‬‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ ﺾﺗ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺎھﻢﻓﻲﺗﺨ‬
‫ﺎﺗﺴ‬
‫ﻧﮫ‬
‫أ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺎﻳﺸ‬
‫ريﻣﻤ‬
‫ﻧﺪ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫رجا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫رﺟﺔ ‪pH‬ﺧ‬
‫ﻓﻊد‬
‫ر‬
‫ري‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫اﺧﻞا‬
‫ﻮنﻣﻦد‬
‫ﺎتﻳﻜ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫را‬
‫رج‪.‬ﻣﺼﺪ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ﻓﻲا‬
‫ال‬
‫ﻟ ﺴﺆ‬
‫ﺮﻣﻦا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ءاﻷﺧ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ ‪215‬ﻳﺤﺬفا‬
‫ﻧ ﻲﻣﻦا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫الا‬
‫ﻟ ﺴﺆ‬
‫ﺄﻓ ﻲا‬
‫وﻗﻊ ﺧﻄ‬
‫ـﻰ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫الإ‬
‫ـﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ـﻦا‬
‫ءﻣ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫اا‬
‫ـﺬ‬
‫ﺎف ھ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﺔ ‪.‬ﻳﻀ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ـﺔا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎد‬
‫ﻟﻤﻌ‬
‫ـﺔا‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠﻖﺑﻜ‬
‫ﺘﻌ‬
‫ﻟﺬيﻳ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ﺮﻟﻺ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒﻞاﻷﺧ‬
‫ﺘﻘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ ﺴ‬
‫ﻳﺪا‬
‫ال ‪5‬ﺑﻌﺪﺗﺤﺪ‬
‫ﻟ ﺴﺆ‬
‫ﯿﺔ ‪216‬ﻓ ﻲا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﻤﻮ‬
‫ﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔا‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﻨﻔ ﺴ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﺔا‬
‫ﻠﺴ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﻓ ﻲا‬
‫ﻠﻲ‬
‫اﺧ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ءا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻐﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻳﺔا‬
‫ذ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻳﻖﻧﻔ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ةﻋﻦ ﻃ‬
‫د‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎ ضو‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻧﺨ‬
‫ﺮاﻻ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗﻔﺴ‬
‫ال ‪: 3‬ﻳﮫﺪفإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﻓﻲا‬
‫ة‪.‬‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﺌ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﻌﻈﻢا‬
‫ﻳﺔﻟﻤ‬
‫ذ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺰﺑ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻟﺬيﻳ‬
‫ا‬
‫رﺟﻲ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺲ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫و‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ـﻪا‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫د‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻳﻊوﻋ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎت ﺳ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫وجا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺬأنﺧ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ها‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ـﺖا‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ـﻰﻟ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ال ‪4‬إ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﮫﺪفا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫‪+‬‬
‫د‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ريو‬
‫ـﺪ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ـﻞا‬
‫اﺧ‬
‫ـﻰد‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﻮل ‪H‬‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻦدﺧ‬
‫ﺮعﻣ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﺐ ‪DNP‬ﻳﺴ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻓﺔﻣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻦإﺿ‬
‫ﺌﺔﻟﻜ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺑﻄ‬
‫اﺧﻞ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻟﺪ‬
‫ﻟﻰا‬
‫رجإ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ﺮﻋﺔﻣﻦا‬
‫ﺎتﺑﺴ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎل‬
‫دﺧ‬
‫ﺈ‬
‫ﻮمﺑ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟﻰأن ‪DNP‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺒﺐإ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫‪+‬‬
‫د‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫وﺟ‬
‫ﺰ ‪H‬و‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺮقﺗ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻲﻓ‬
‫ـﺐ ‪ATP‬وھ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫وطﺗ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﺪ ﺷ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗﺤ‬
‫ﺑﺔإ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺑﺔ ‪: 3‬ﺗﮫﺪفا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻳﻢ ‪( ATP Synthase‬‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺒﺔ )‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻳﺔا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻳﺔ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻛﺴ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻔﺴ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺋﻲ ‪: 2‬آ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﻢ‬
‫ﺮ ضرﺳ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻼلﻋ‬
‫ـﻦﺧ‬
‫ﻳﺔﻣ‬
‫ـﺪ‬
‫ﻛﺴ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻔﺴ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫وثا‬
‫ـﺪ‬
‫ـﺔﺣ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺢآ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻮﺿ‬
‫ـﻰﺗ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻘﺔ ‪4‬إ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﮫﺪفا‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫وث‬
‫ـﺪ‬
‫ـﺔﺣ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮلآ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﺔﺣ‬
‫ﮫﻤ‬
‫ﺎتﻣ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫اجﻣ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺨ‬
‫ﻟﻪﻻﺳ‬
‫ﻐﻼ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺬاﺳ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ولا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔﻲﻳﺤ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿﻄﻲوﻇ‬
‫ﺗﺨﻄ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮن‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻲﻳﻜ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتوھﻲاﻵ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎلاﻹ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻻ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اﻵ‬
‫ﻳﺪ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗﺤﺪ‬
‫ﮫﺪفإ‬
‫ال ‪: 1‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﻖ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﻔﻊأيو‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻮنا‬
‫ﻟﻜﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﻰ‬
‫ﻔ ﺾإ‬
‫ﻨﺨ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻮنا‬
‫ﻜﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ء‪.‬ﻣﻦا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎﻓﻲا‬
‫ﯿﮫ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺮفﻋ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﯿﺬﻗﺪﺗ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫رﺟ‬
‫ةاﻹ‬
‫ﻛﺴﺪ‬
‫ﻮناﻷ‬
‫رجﻛﻤ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﯿﻦ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺑﻂﺑ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻖا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـﻦﻃ‬
‫ـﺔ ‪ 2‬ﻋ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻲا‬
‫ﺎ ض ‪pH‬ﻓ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻨﺨ‬
‫ﺮﻟ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻔﺴ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﺬﺑ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮما‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ال ‪2‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﻓﻲا‬
‫ﺎت‪.‬‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اجا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫إﺧ‬
‫ﺎتﻓﻲ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اﻹ‬
‫ﻗﻞ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫رﻧ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺘﻀﺢد‬
‫ﯿﺚﻳ‬
‫ﯿﻦ ‪2‬و ‪،4‬ﺣ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮن‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻲﻛﻤ‬
‫ﺮقﻓ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﻔ‬
‫ـﺪا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺮ ضﺗﺤ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ـﺬﻟ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﻪ‬
‫ﻮمﺑ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ديﻳ‬
‫ـﺪ‬
‫ﯿﻖﻋ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗﻄ‬
‫ال ‪3‬إ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﮫﺪفا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ون‪.‬‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻗﺔاﻹ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻮىﻃ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫دﻣﺴ‬
‫ﻟﺬيﻳﺤﺪ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫رﺟ‬
‫ةاﻹ‬
‫ﻛﺴﺪ‬
‫اﻷ‬
‫‪+‬‬
‫ـ ‪0.32-‬‬
‫ـ‬
‫رﺑ‬
‫ﻘﺪ‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـ ‪NADH,H‬و‬
‫ﯿﺔﻟ‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫رﺟ‬
‫ةاﻹ‬
‫ﻛﺴﺪ‬
‫ﻮناﻷ‬
‫ﯿﻢﻛﻤ‬
‫ﻠﺐﻗ‬
‫ﺘﻄ‬
‫ديﻳ‬
‫ﻌﺪ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻖا‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺘﻄ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‪،‬أيأن‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺮقﻣ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎجأنا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻰاﻻﺳ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ديإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎﻳ‬
‫ﻗﻞ ‪T2‬ﻣﻤ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺎﻟ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟﺖﺗ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﺖو ‪0.05‬ﻓ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ا‬
‫ه‬
‫ﺒﺖھﺬ‬
‫ﻳﻦذھ‬
‫ﻟﻰأ‬
‫ؤلإ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﺴ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻰا‬
‫دإ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ونو‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻗﺔاﻹ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺮﻓﻲﻃ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺎ ضﻣ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻧﺨ‬
‫ﺎكا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ھ‬
‫؟‬
‫ة‬
‫د‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻔ‬
‫ا‬
‫رج‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـ ﺲﺗ‬
‫ﺎتﻋﻜ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اجا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻲإﺧ‬
‫ﻌﻤﻞﻓ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻗﺔﺗﺴ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﻟﻰأنا‬
‫ﺬإ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ال ‪4‬ﻳﺼﻞا‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﻓﻲا‬
‫ـﻪ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺮفﻋ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﺬيﺗ‬
‫ﺎلا‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻘﻞا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮما‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻠﻰﻣ‬
‫ﯿﺬﻋ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺘﻤﺪا‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻗﺔ‪.‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻠﺐﻃ‬
‫ﺘﻄ‬
‫ﻟﻚﻳ‬
‫ﺰﻷنذ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺒﻲ‪.‬‬
‫ﻌﺼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻘﻞا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ر سا‬
‫ﯿﺬﻓﻲد‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﺬي‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻦا‬
‫ـﺠ‬
‫ﻛﺴ‬
‫ﻮاﻷ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺨﻄﻂوھ‬
‫ﺮﻣﻦا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒﻞاﻷﺧ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺴ‬
‫ﻳﺪا‬
‫ﺘﺤﺪ‬
‫ﺬﺑ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮم‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ال ‪5‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﻓﻲا‬
‫ﻔﺤﺔ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫ـﻦا‬
‫ـﻪﻣ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘﻢﻧ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﺬيﻳ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ءا‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫الا‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫اا‬
‫ﻟﻰھﺬ‬
‫ﺎفإ‬
‫ء ‪. H 2O‬ﻳﻀ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺌﺔﻣ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺟ‬
‫ﻮلإ‬
‫ﺘﺤ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ـﻦ‬
‫ﺎﻣ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻧﻄﻼ‬
‫ءا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻜﻞا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﺔﺗﺸ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ـﺔﻣ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫الﻛ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫اا‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻲھ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﺬﻓ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻦا‬
‫ـﺐﻣ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻳﻄ‬
‫‪215‬و‬
‫ﻟﻲ‪:‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺎتﻛ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎتو‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫اﻹ‬
‫ﯿﻦو‬
‫ﻛﺴﺠ‬
‫اﻷ‬
‫‪H2O‬‬
‫‪+ 2e- + 2H+‬‬
‫‪1/2 O2‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺪﻣ‬
‫ـ‬
‫زھ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ـﺔﻏ‬
‫ﺌ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﺪمﺟ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻦھ‬
‫ـﺔﻣ‬
‫ﺗﺠ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫د ‪ATP‬ا‬
‫ﻠﺔﻋﺪ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺎبﺣﺼ‬
‫ﻟﻚﺑﺤﺴ‬
‫ﻌﺪذ‬
‫ﯿﺬﺑ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮما‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺛﺔ(‬
‫ﺜﻼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اﺣﻞا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻠﺔا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺎبﺣﺼ‬
‫ﺘﻢﺣﺴ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻣﻼ )‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫‪91‬‬
‫ـﻲ‬
‫ﺒ ﺲﻓ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﺔﻛ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ـﺪﺣ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺎﺑ‬
‫ﺑﮫ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻢﺣﺴ‬
‫ـﻲﺗ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﺔا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫و‬
‫ﻠﺔاﻷ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﺤﺼ‬
‫ـﻰا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮعإ‬
‫ﺮﺟ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﺐا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻠﻄ‬
‫ﻳﻤﻜﻦﻟ‬
‫ﺌﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫د ‪ATP‬ھﻲ ‪38‬ﺟ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻟ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ﻠﺔا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﺤﺼ‬
‫ﻟﻰأنا‬
‫إ‬
‫ﯿﺬ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﺚﻳ‬
‫ﻔﺤﺔ ‪. 214‬ﺣ‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﮫ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ـ‬
‫اﺳ‬
‫ﻔ ﺲو‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻞا‬
‫اﺣ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـﺔﺑﻤ‬
‫ﺎﺻ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻮﻣ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫اجا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺨ‬
‫ﯿﺬاﺳ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ولا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿﻘﺔ ‪5‬ﻳﺤ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻓﻲا‬
‫ﻟﻤﺨﻄﻂ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎلا‬
‫ﻛﻤ‬
‫ﻓﻲإ‬
‫ـﻢ‬
‫ﺎتﺛ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺑﺔا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻔ ﺲ (و‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫اﺣﻞ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ز)‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اﺣﻞھﺪما‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺮﻋﻦﻣ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺬيﻳ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫انا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻌﺪوﺿﻊ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫اﺣﻞأ‪ ،‬ب ﺛﻢج ‪.‬‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﺗﺴﻤ‬
‫ـﻲ‬
‫ﺎوھ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿﮫ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮقإ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘﻄ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻢا‬
‫ـﻲﺗ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫اھ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﻈ‬
‫ـﻪا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ـ ﺺﻓ‬
‫ﻠﺨ‬
‫ـﻂﻳ‬
‫زﻣﺨﻄ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻧﺠ‬
‫ﺈ‬
‫ﻟﻚﺑ‬
‫ﻌﺪذ‬
‫ﯿﺬﺑ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮما‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺋﻲ‪.‬‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮﺳﻂا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫زﻓﻲا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اﺣﻞھﺪما‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫‪CO2 =5‬‬
‫ﻠﻞ‬
‫ﺘﺤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫أ=ا‬
‫ز‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻮﻛ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫=ﻏ‬
‫ﺮي‬
‫ﻟﺴﻜ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺒﺲ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻠﻘﺔﻛ‬
‫‪FADH2 =6‬ب=ﺣ‬
‫ﯿﻚ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﺮو‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫‪=2‬ﺣﻤ ﺾا‬
‫ﺮة‬
‫ﻟﻔﺴﻔ‬
‫ج=ا‬
‫‪O2 =7‬‬
‫‪NADH,H+ = 3‬‬
‫ﻳﺔ‬
‫ﻛﺴﺪ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫‪H O=8‬‬
‫‪ATP = 4‬‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ـﺔا‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ـﻞا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺎتﺗﺤ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻲآ‬
‫ةوھ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻮﺣ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ها‬
‫ـﺬ‬
‫ـﻦھ‬
‫ﻧﻲﻣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ءا‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺜﻞا‬
‫ﺎط ‪: 6‬ﻳﻤ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺋﻲ ‪.‬‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻼھ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮﺳﻂ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻨﺔﻓﻲا‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﺔا‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﺎجا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺮ ضإ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﻳﺔﻟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻌﻀ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةا‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﮫﺪما‬
‫ﺮىﻟ‬
‫ﺮقأﺧ‬
‫ﯿﺢﻃ‬
‫ﻮﺿ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺎط‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﮫﺪفا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘﺨﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اعا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫أ‬
‫ا‬
‫رأﺣﺪ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺪﺗﻢاﺧ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﺮ ‪.‬و‬
‫ﺘﺨﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺮفﺑ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺎﻳ‬
‫ﻮﻣ‬
‫ﯿﻦوھ‬
‫ﻛﺴﺠ‬
‫ﺎباﻷ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺎلﻓﻲﻏ‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻼﺳ‬
‫ﻟﻲ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻜﺤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ﺘﺨﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫وفﺑ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻦ‬
‫ﻛ ﺴﺠ‬
‫ﺎباﻷ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫زﻓ ﻲﻏ‬
‫ﻠﻮﻛﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻐ‬
‫ﺋ ﻲ ‪ : 1‬ھﺪما‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﺐ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎلا‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫ﻟﻲﺑ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻜﺤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘﺨﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺗﺞا‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠﻰﻧ‬
‫ﺮفﻋ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻰا‬
‫ﺑﺔإ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﮫﺪفا‬
‫ﺑﺔ ‪: 1‬ﺗ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ز‪.‬‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ةو‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻤ‬
‫ﻮيﻋﻞا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻚﻓﻲوﺳﻂﻳﺤ‬
‫ذ‬
‫ﻮبو‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺪﻋﻢﺑ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﻲ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻜﺤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘﺨﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺗﺞا‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿﺬﻧ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺘﺞا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻘﺔ ‪1‬ﻳﺴ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮﺿﺢﻓﻲا‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻨﻰا‬
‫ﻨﺤ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﻞا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻣﻦﺧﻼلﺗﺤ‬
‫ﯿﻦ‪.‬‬
‫ﻛﺴﺠ‬
‫ﻟﻰاﻷ‬
‫ﺎجإ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧﻄﻼقﻻﻳﺤ‬
‫ااﻻ‬
‫ﺎﻳﻼﺣﻆأنھﺬ‬
‫ﻮل ‪.‬ﻛﻤ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻮلاﻹ‬
‫ﻛﺤ‬
‫وھﻲ ‪CO 2‬و‬
‫ة‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻮﺳﻂ ‪.‬ﻷنز‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺎس ﺷ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ةﻣﻦﺧﻼلﻗ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻤ‬
‫ﻠﺔا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺎ سﻛ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺘﻢﻗ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻳ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺑﺔا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻓﻲا‬
‫ﺒﻂ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ةﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻤ‬
‫ﻮا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻮﺳﻂ ‪.‬ﻧﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻠﻞﻣﻦ ﺷ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺎﻳ‬
‫ﻮھ‬
‫ﻧﻤ‬
‫ﺎو‬
‫ﺮھ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﯿﺠﺔﺗ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ةﻧ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻤ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫دﺧﻼ‬
‫ا‬
‫أﻋﺪ‬
‫ﺮ‪.‬‬
‫ﺘﺨﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫وا‬
‫ﻨﻔ ﺲأ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎﻣﻦا‬
‫ﺮھ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘﻢﺗ‬
‫ﻟﺬيﻳ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﻚو‬
‫ﻣﺔﻟﺬ‬
‫ز‬
‫ﻟﻼ‬
‫ﻗﺔا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫‪92‬‬
‫ﺋﻲ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮﺳﻂا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اﻓﻲا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻮنﻛ‬
‫ةﻳﻜ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻤ‬
‫ﺎجا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫دإ‬
‫و‬
‫د‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻰأنﻣ‬
‫ﻮلإ‬
‫ﻮﺻ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻰا‬
‫ال ‪1‬إ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﮫﺪفا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻮﺳﻂ‪.‬‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺮﻓﻲ ﺷ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ﺎ ضا‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻧﺨ‬
‫ﺋﻲﻣﻦﺧﻼلاﻻ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻼھ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮﺳﻂ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻧﺔﺑ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ـﺚأن‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ـﺔﺣ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﻮما‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻔﮫ‬
‫دﻣﻦﺧﻼلﻣ‬
‫و‬
‫د‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮقﻓﻲ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻞا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﺬﺑ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮما‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ال ‪2‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﻓﻲا‬
‫ﻗﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻠﻚﻃ‬
‫ﺘﮫ‬
‫ﻮﻳﺴ‬
‫ﻨﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎب‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿﻦوﺣﺴ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ﻠﻜﺔﻓﻲا‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺴ‬
‫زا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻮﺿﺢﻛﻤ‬
‫ﺋﻖأﺧﺮىﺗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻧﺔﺑﻮ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻳﻤﻜﻦاﻻﺳ‬
‫ز‪.‬‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻣﻦا‬
‫ﻮيﻟﻜﻞﻛﻤ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫وا‬
‫ر‬
‫د‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫د‬
‫و‬
‫د‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ـﺚا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ـﻦﺣ‬
‫ﺮﻣ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘﺨﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻔ ﺲو‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺗﻲا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺎھ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﺔﻇ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ـﻰﻣ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﺪفإ‬
‫ـﻲ ‪: 3‬ﻳﮫ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫د‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺎﺑ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺎﻓ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـﻢﺗﺤ‬
‫ـﻲﺗ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﺔا‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ـﺔا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺎبﻛﻤ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿﺬﺣﺴ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻜﻦﻟ‬
‫ﺎ ‪.‬ﻳﻤ‬
‫ﻨﮫﻤ‬
‫ﻜﻞﻣ‬
‫ﻮيﻟ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‪.‬‬
‫ﺘﺨﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻔ ﺲو‪ATP 2‬ﻓﻲا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺌﺔﻓﻲا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﺎت ‪ATP‬وھﻲ ‪38‬ﺟ‬
‫ﺌ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﺟ‬
‫ـﻲ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮلا‬
‫ﻮﺟ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﺔﺑ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﺎبا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻮلﻟﺤﺴ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻮل‪/‬ﻣ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻮﺟ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ـﺔ ‪30.5‬ﻛ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﺎلﻗ‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﻚاﺳ‬
‫ﺪذ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻳﻤﻜﻦﺑ‬
‫ﻟﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺗﺠﺔﻓﻲﻛﻞﺣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎت ‪AT¨P‬ا‬
‫ﺌ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫دﺟ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺑﻞﻋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺌﺔ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫دﻓﻲﺟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻮﺟ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻗﺔا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﻳﺔﻣﻦا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺌ‬
‫ﺒﺔﻣ‬
‫ﻨﺴ‬
‫دﻛ‬
‫و‬
‫د‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎب‬
‫ﻜﻦﺣﺴ‬
‫ﻟﻚﻳﻤ‬
‫ﻣﻦﺧﻼلذ‬
‫و‬
‫ﻮل‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮل‪/‬‬
‫ﻮﺟ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫زوھﻲ ‪2860‬ﻛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺨﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺗﺞا‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻜﻦﻧ‬
‫ﺮ‪.‬ﻟ‬
‫ﺘﺨﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﻧﺔﺑ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻔ ﺲﻣ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﻲﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫دا‬
‫و‬
‫د‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﺬا‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻚا‬
‫ﺘﺞﻣﻦذ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻳﺴ‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ﻳﻤ‬
‫ﻮنﻋﺪ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ـﻲﺗ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺋﻲا‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﮫ‬
‫ﻮﺳﻂا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫زﻓﻲا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺗﺞھﺪما‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻧﺔﺑ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻗﺔﻣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫الﻋ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻻﺗ‬
‫ﻗﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻦ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اﻵ‬
‫ﯿﻦ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻲﺑ‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫ﺮقأﺳ‬
‫ـ‬
‫دﻓ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻰوﺟ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﺬإ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ها‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻔﺖإ‬
‫ﻟﻰﻟ‬
‫ﺪفإ‬
‫ﺋﻲ ‪: 4‬ﻳﮫ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫‪+‬‬
‫ﯿﺔ ‪NADH,H‬و ‪. (FADH2‬‬
‫ﻳﻤ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎتاﻹ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻦ )‬
‫وﺟ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﯿﺪ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻗﻞا‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻳﺪﻧ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺮ(ﻓﻲﺗﺠ‬
‫ﺘﺨﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻔ ﺲو‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫)‬
‫ﺪﺧﻞ‬
‫ﻠﺐﺗ‬
‫ﺘﻄ‬
‫ﻟﺬيﻻﻳ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ﺘﺨﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻳﻤﻲ ‪ NAD+‬ﻓﻲا‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻓﻖاﻹ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻳﺪ‬
‫ﻳﻖﺗﺠﺪ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻮﺿﺢﻃ‬
‫ﻘﺔ ‪4‬ﺗ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﻲ‬
‫ﺎﻓ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺘﻢﻛ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻮﻳ‬
‫ﺎوھ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻧﺪ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫اﺧﻞا‬
‫ﻳﺔد‬
‫ﻛﺴﺪ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻔﺴ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻠﺐﻋﻤ‬
‫ﺘﻄ‬
‫ﯿﻦوﻻﻳ‬
‫ﻛﺴﺠ‬
‫اﻷ‬
‫ﻟﻰ‪.‬‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﮫ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﮫ‬
‫وفا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﻈ‬
‫ﻳﺔﻓﻲا‬
‫ﻛﺴﺪ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻔﺴ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻣﻦﺧﻼلا‬
‫ﻳﻤ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎتاﻹ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻳﺪا‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺘﻢﺗﺠ‬
‫ﺎﻳ‬
‫ﻨﻤ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ري‪.‬‬
‫ﻧﺪ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫اﺧﻞ‬
‫ﺘﻢد‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﻲ‪:‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿﻄﺔﻛ‬
‫ﻳﺔﺑﺴ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺔإﺟﻤ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺮﻓﻲﻣ‬
‫ﺘﺨﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻞ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﻚﺑ‬
‫ﻌﺪذ‬
‫ﯿﺬﺑ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮما‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫‪2 Ethanol + 2ATP + 2CO 2‬‬
‫‪Glucose + 2ADP + 2Pi‬‬
‫ﺎم‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ر‬
‫ـﻞاﻷ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ـﻲﺗﻤ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﺔا‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ـﺔو‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫انﻟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ـﻊﻋ‬
‫ﻮﺿ‬
‫ـﺬﺑ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮما‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ـﺔ ‪5‬ﻳ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻲا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﺮف‬
‫اﻷﺣ‬
‫و‬
‫ﯿ ﺲأ‪ ،‬ب‪،‬ج‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮفأو سو‬
‫ال ‪3‬اﻷﺣ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﻓﻲا‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ـﺔا‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ـﻞا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻳﻖﺗﺤ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻠﻲﻟﻄ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫زﻣﺨﻄﻂﺗﺤﺼ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻧﺠ‬
‫ﯿﺬإ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﺐﻣﻦا‬
‫ةﻳﻄ‬
‫ﻮﺣﺪ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎما‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻓﻲﺧ‬
‫ﺋﻲ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻼھ‬
‫ﻮﺳﻂا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻓﻲا‬
‫‪93‬‬
94
‫ﻧﻲ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎلا‬
‫ﻟﻤﺠ‬
‫ﻟﻮﺣﺔ ‪2‬ﻣﻦا‬
‫ﻳﻦا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺗﻤ‬
‫ﻳﻦ ‪: 1‬‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻔﺲ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮو‬
‫ﺘﺨﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺘﻲ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻧﺔآ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟﻰﻣ‬
‫ﻳﻦإ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﮫﺪفا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ـﻲ‬
‫ـﺔﻓ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻤ‬
‫ـﺔا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ـﻰأنﻛ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﺔإ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ـﻼلا‬
‫ـﻦﺧ‬
‫ـﻞﻣ‬
‫ﻮﺻ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻰا‬
‫ﮫﺪفإ‬
‫ال ‪1‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ز‪.‬‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻗﻞﻣﻦا‬
‫ﯿﺔأ‬
‫ﺎلﻛﻤ‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠﺐاﺳ‬
‫ﺘﻄ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺗ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫وفا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻈ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﻚ‬
‫ـﺬ‬
‫ـﻦﻛ‬
‫ة ‪.‬ﻳﻤﻜ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻤ‬
‫ـﻦا‬
‫ﺎج ‪1‬غﻣ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻣﺔﻹ‬
‫ز‬
‫ﻟﻼ‬
‫زا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﺎبﻛﻤ‬
‫ﺘﻢﺣﺴ‬
‫ﻟﻚﻳ‬
‫ﻛﺪﻣﻦذ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎﻋﺔ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ةﻓﻲ ‪ 24‬ﺳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻤ‬
‫ﺘﺠﻪا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺎبﻣ‬
‫وﻳﻤﻜﻦﺣﺴ‬
‫ﯿﻦأ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ﻟﻚﻓﻲا‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫زمﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻼ‬
‫ﻣﻦا‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎبا‬
‫ﺣﺴ‬
‫ﯿﻦ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ﻓﻲا‬
‫ﻟﻲ‪:‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺑﺔﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ﻮلﻣﺪ‬
‫ةﻓﻲﻃ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻤ‬
‫ﺎج ‪1‬غﻣﻦا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫زﻣﺔﻹ‬
‫ﻟﻼ‬
‫ا‬
‫ز‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﺎبﻛﻤ‬
‫ﺘﻢﺣﺴ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻠﺔ‬
‫ﺘﺸﻜ‬
‫ةﻣ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ز‪/‬غﺧﻤ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫‪176.47 = 0.255 ÷ 45‬غﻏ‬
‫ﻠﺔ‬
‫ﺘﺸﻜ‬
‫ةﻣ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ز ‪/‬غﺧﻤ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫‪4.03 =0.024 ÷ 0.098‬غﻏ‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺮفﻃ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﺐ ﺻ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺘﻄ‬
‫ةﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻤ‬
‫ﻠﺔا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺎج ‪1‬غﻣﻦﻛ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺎجأن‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻜﻦاﻻﺳ‬
‫ﺎتﻳﻤ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺤﺴ‬
‫ﻣﻦﺧﻼلا‬
‫ـﻊ‬
‫ـﺔﻣ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﯿﻒﻣ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﻀ‬
‫ﻮيا‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫دا‬
‫و‬
‫د‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ـﻰا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮإ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺪﻳﺸ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎﻗ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻣﻤ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻼھ‬
‫وفا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻈ‬
‫ةﻓﻲا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻔ ﺲ‪.‬‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻦ‪:‬‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ﺎﻋﺔﻓﻲﻛﻼا‬
‫ة ‪ 24‬ﺳ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻠﻜﺔﻓﻲﻣ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ز‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﺎبﻛﻤ‬
‫ﻳﻤﻜﻦﺣﺴ‬
‫ﺎﻋﺔ‬
‫ز ‪ 24/‬ﺳ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺎﻋﺔ‪0.098 ،‬غﻏ‬
‫ةھﻲ ‪ 24‬ﺳ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮﺳﻂأ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺒﺔﻟ‬
‫ﻨﺴ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﻟﻲ‪:‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻮﺳﻂ بﺗﺤﺴﺐﻛ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺒﺔﻟ‬
‫ﻨﺴ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎﻋﺔ‬
‫ز ‪ 24/‬ﺳ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫‪1.5 = 30 ÷ 45‬غﻏ‬
‫ﯿﻦ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﻚﻓﻲ‬
‫ﺘﮫ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺴ‬
‫زا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﺮﻓﻲﻛﻤ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺘﻼفﻛ‬
‫اﺧ‬
‫ﻳﻼﺣﻆ‬
‫ـﻪ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻮلﻋ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﺤﺼ‬
‫ـﻢا‬
‫ﻟﺬيﺗ‬
‫ﻟﻲا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ولا‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺜﻞا‬
‫ﺎﻣ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺒﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻊا‬
‫اﺿ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺮىﻣﻦﻣ‬
‫ﻠﺔأﺧ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻓﺔأ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻳﻤﻜﻦإﺿ‬
‫ول‪:‬‬
‫ﻟﺠﺪ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮﺿﺤﺔﻓﻲ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫وطا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﺸ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻓﻖ‬
‫ةو‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻤ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺧﻼ‬
‫ﻨﻤ‬
‫ﻣﻦﺧﻼلﺗ‬
‫زﻓﻲوﺳﻂ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠﻮﻛ‬
‫ﻟﻐ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻛﻤ‬
‫رع‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ود‬
‫د‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ة ﻣ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻤ‬
‫ﺑﺔ ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻳﺔا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻳﺔ ﻧﮫ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻦ ﺣﺠﻢ ﺑﺪ‬
‫ﻣﺪة أﻛﺴﺠ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺘﺠﺮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ر ا‬
‫ﺎج‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻠﺔ إ‬
‫ﺘﺸﻜ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺑﺔ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﻮل ا‬
‫ﻟﻮﺳﻂ ﻣﺤ‬
‫ﺑﺔ ا‬
‫ﺎم(‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫اﻷ‬
‫)‬
‫ب‬
‫ة‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻤ‬
‫)غ( ا‬
‫اﻋﺔ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻟﺰ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻨﻲ‬
‫ﻏ‬
‫‪0.044‬‬
‫‪0.44‬‬
‫‪0‬‬
‫‪10‬‬
‫‪200‬‬
‫‪3‬‬
‫‪1‬‬
‫ﺘﻮﺳ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫‪0.013‬‬
‫‪1.97‬‬
‫‪0‬‬
‫‪150‬‬
‫‪3000‬‬
‫‪9‬‬
‫‪2‬‬
‫ط‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫‪0.009‬‬
‫‪1.36‬‬
‫‪4.5‬‬
‫‪150‬‬
‫‪3000‬‬
‫‪19‬‬
‫‪3‬‬
‫ﻟﻲ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺧ‬
‫‪0.006‬‬
‫‪0.25‬‬
‫‪105‬‬
‫‪3000‬ل‪150 :‬‬
‫‪90‬‬
‫ﻜﻦﻣﻦﺧﻼ‪4‬‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺎتﺣ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺎجﻣ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ولاﺳ‬
‫ﻟﺠﺪ‬
‫لا‬
‫ﻳﻤ‬
‫ﺑﺔ ‪1‬و ‪. 4‬‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎﺻﺔﻓﻲا‬
‫ﺑﺔﺧ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻮﺳﻂﻓﻲﻛﻞﺗﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻳﺔا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫وطﺗﮫ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﺔ ﺷ‬
‫ةﺑﺪﻻ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻤ‬
‫ﺎجا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫دإ‬
‫و‬
‫د‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ (‪.‬‬
‫ﻨﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ة)‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻤ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻣﻦا‬
‫ﺎجﻛﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻣﺔﻹ‬
‫ز‬
‫ﻟﻼ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺰﻣ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ﻟﻤﺪ‬
‫ا‬
‫ة‪.‬‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻤ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻣﻦا‬
‫ﺎجﻛﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻟﻰإ‬
‫ﻮلإ‬
‫ﻮﺻ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻠﻚﻟ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ز‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻛﻤ‬
‫ﻳﻦ ‪: 2‬‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﻦ‬
‫ـﻒﻋ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ـﺔﺗﺨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺂ‬
‫ـﺔﺑ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎج‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺈ‬
‫ﻮمﺑ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺎﺗ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺒﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮعﻣﻦ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺬﺑ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻳﻒ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗ‬
‫ﻳﻦإ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﮫﺪفا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺎن‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎﻛ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ها‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﺎفھ‬
‫ﺘﺸ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ة‪.‬ا‬
‫د‬
‫وفﻣﺤﺪ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﻢﻓﻲﻇ‬
‫ﺎﺻﺔﺗ‬
‫ﻟﺔﺧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫وﺳﺔ‪،‬وھﻲﺣ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻟﻤﺪ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اﻵ‬
‫ـﻲ‬
‫ـﺤﺔﻓ‬
‫ﻮﺿ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ـﻞا‬
‫ﺘﺸ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﻢﻣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻳﺔﻟ‬
‫ز‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـﻤ‬
‫ـﺔاﻷﺳ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺮﺿ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺪا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﺑﻲﻓﻲﺗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻳﺠ‬
‫ﺮإ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻟﻪأ‬
‫ﺎل‪.‬‬
‫ﻟﻤﺠ‬
‫اا‬
‫ﻟﻰﻣﻦھﺬ‬
‫و‬
‫ةاﻷ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻮﺣ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻔﺤﺔ ‪ 191‬ﻓﻲ‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫ﻣﺨﻄﻂا‬
‫ـﻦ‬
‫ةﻋ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ـﻲﻋ‬
‫ﯿﻄ‬
‫ـﻢﺗﺨﻄ‬
‫زرﺳ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻧﺠ‬
‫إ‬
‫ةو‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺎھ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﻈ‬
‫ـﺔا‬
‫اﺳ‬
‫ر‬
‫ـﺬﻟﺪ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﻊ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﻟﻰد‬
‫ال ‪1‬ﻳﮫﺪفإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻳﻢ ‪ATP Synthase‬‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫اﻹ‬
‫ﻧﻲو‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫رﺟ‬
‫ﯿﻦاﻷ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺗﻀﻢا‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻠﺔﻏﺸ‬
‫ﻳﺼ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺣ‬
‫‪95‬‬
‫ﺿﻮء‬
‫ﯿﻦ‬
‫ﺑﺴ‬
‫و‬
‫ود‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺑﻜ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻠﺔدھ‬
‫ﻳﺼ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺣ‬
‫‪ATP Synthase‬‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎلا‬
‫ـ‬
‫دﺧ‬
‫ـﺨﺔﻹ‬
‫ـﻞﻛﻤﻀ‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮا‬
‫ﯿﻦھ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫را‬
‫و‬
‫ﻟﻰأند‬
‫ﯿﺬإ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ال ‪: 2‬ﻳﺼﻞا‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﻓﻲا‬
‫ه‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﺪﻓﻲھ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻗﺔﺗﺴ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻠﺐﻃ‬
‫ﺘﻄ‬
‫ﺎلﻳ‬
‫دﺧ‬
‫ااﻹ‬
‫ﺰ‪.‬وھﺬ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮقﻓﻲا‬
‫اثﻓ‬
‫ﺰﻹﺣﺪ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫رجا‬
‫ﻜ ﺲﺗﺪ‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫ﯿﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻀ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻗﺔ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌﻤﻞﺑ‬
‫ﺎتﺗ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻮﻣﻀﺨﺔﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻦھ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ء‪.‬أيأنا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻀ‬
‫ﻟﺔﻣﻦا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎل‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺮ ضاﺳ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﺎنﻟ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻔ ﺲﻛ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻓﻲا‬
‫ﻛﺴﺠ‬
‫ﺮاﻷ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻰأنﺗ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﻮل‬
‫ﻮﺻ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻰا‬
‫ﺪفإ‬
‫ال ‪3‬ﻳﮫ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﺬ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‪ ،‬ھ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻔﺴ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﺔا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻠﺴ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﮫ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﺔو‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻳﻤ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎتاﻹ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻓﻘ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻣﺔﻣﻦا‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫اﻹ‬
‫‪+‬‬
‫ﺮق‬
‫ـ‬
‫اثﻓ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﺐ ‪. ATP‬إﺣ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻌﻤﻞﻟ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﺬيﻳﺴ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺰ ‪H‬ا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـﻲﺗ‬
‫اثﻓ‬
‫ـﺪ‬
‫ﺒﺐﻓﻲإﺣ‬
‫ﺘﺴ‬
‫ﺎلﻳ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫اﻻ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎج ‪ATP‬ﺗ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ـﺐإ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺘﻄ‬
‫ﻟﻚﻻﻳ‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻟ‬
‫ـﺠ‬
‫ﻛﺴ‬
‫ـﻰاﻷ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫إ‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ﺎﺟ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ونا‬
‫ـﺪ‬
‫ـﻢﺑ‬
‫ﺑﺔﺗ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺰﻓﻲ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻦ‪.‬‬
‫ﻛﺴﺠ‬
‫اﻷ‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎج‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ـﺔإ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ـﻲﻛ‬
‫ﻔ ﺲﻓ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺒﻪا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎﺗﺸ‬
‫ﻧﻤ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺮو‬
‫ﺘﺨﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺒﻪا‬
‫ﯿﺔﻻﺗﺸ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ها‬
‫ال ‪: 4‬ھﺬ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎج‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻳﻢ ‪ATP Synthase‬ﻹ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎلاﻹ‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﺐاﺳ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺘﻄ‬
‫ﺮﻻﻳ‬
‫ﺘﺨﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎل )‪(ATP‬ﻷن‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠﺔﻟﻼﺳ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎت‪.‬‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺰا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺮقﻓﻲﺗ‬
‫ﻳﻦﻓ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠﺐﺗﻜ‬
‫ﺘﻄ‬
‫‪ATP‬وﻻﻳ‬
‫ﻔ ﺲ‪.‬‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎل ) ‪(ATP‬ﻓﻲا‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠﺔﻟﻼﺳ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻗﺔا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﺎجا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺮإ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫أ‬
‫ﺒﻪ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺗﺸ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ها‬
‫ﺈنھﺬ‬
‫ﻟﻚﻓ‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫‪96‬‬
‫ﻳﺔ‬
‫ﻠﻮ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎﻓﻮقا‬
‫ﺘﻮىﻣ‬
‫ﻟﻤ ﺴ‬
‫ﻠ ﻰا‬
‫ﺎﻗﺔﻋ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﻳﻞا‬
‫ﺜﺔ‪:‬ﺗﺤﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻮﺣﺪةا‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ـﻲﻋﻤ‬
‫ﻗﺔھ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﻮﻻتا‬
‫ﻟﻰأنﺗﺤ‬
‫ﺬإ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺘﻼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ها‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻔﺖا‬
‫ﻟﻰﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺪﺧﻞإ‬
‫ﻟﻮﺣﺪة‪:‬ﻳﮫﺪفا‬
‫ﻣﺪﺧﻞا‬
‫ة‪.‬‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﺪثﻓﻲا‬
‫ﺎﻳﺤ‬
‫ﺎﻣ‬
‫ﻨﮫ‬
‫رﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ةﺻ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺎﻓﻲﻋ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻮﻣ‬
‫ﺎﻳ‬
‫ﺗﮫ‬
‫ﺎھﺪ‬
‫ﺘﻢﻣﺸ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﯿﺔﺣ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻓﻲﺧ‬
‫ةو‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻗﺔﻓﻲ ﺳ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﻳﻞا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿﻦﺗﺤ‬
‫ﺑﺔﺑ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ةﻣ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫ﺜﻞا‬
‫ﺎﺗﻤ‬
‫ﻛﻤ‬
‫ﻠﻮي‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ﺘﻮىا‬
‫ﻟﻤ ﺴ‬
‫ﻠﻰا‬
‫ﻳﺔﻋ‬
‫ﺎﻗﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﺘﺤﻮﻻتا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎط‪:‬ا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮى‬
‫ـ‬
‫أﺧ‬
‫ﻳﺔو‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﺔﻳﺨﻀ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ـﻞﺧ‬
‫اﺧ‬
‫دد‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻗﺔو‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﻮﻻتا‬
‫ﻠﺔﻣﺠﻤﻞﺗﺤ‬
‫ﻮﺻ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺣ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺎط‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اا‬
‫ﮫﺪفھﺬ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻳﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺮﻳﺨﻀ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻏ‬
‫ﯿﻦ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻮﺣ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻲا‬
‫ﺎﻓ‬
‫ﺑﮫ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘﺴ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ـﻢا‬
‫ـﻲﺗ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫رفا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ـﻒا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻮﻇ‬
‫ﺎطﺗ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اا‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻼلھ‬
‫ﺬﻣﻦﺧ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ولا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻳﺤ‬
‫ﺒﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻮﻣ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻮﺿﻊا‬
‫ﯿﻦﻟ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﻰ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺮﻋ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮفأ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻰا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫إ‬
‫ـﻲ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اا‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎل‪:‬ﻳﮫﺪفھ‬
‫ﺘﻌﻤ‬
‫ﻠﺔﻟﻼﺳ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻘ‬
‫ﻗﺔا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫را‬
‫ﻣﺼﺪ‬
‫ﯿﻦ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿﻂﺑ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻮﺳ‬
‫ر ‪ATP‬ﻛ‬
‫و‬
‫د‬
‫ﻗﺔو‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺑ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺑﻂا‬
‫ا‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫دا‬
‫ﺋﻲوﻋﺪ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﺒﮫ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿﺚﺗ‬
‫ﺌﺔ ‪ ATP‬ﻣﻦﺣ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﺟ‬
‫ﻗﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎل‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠﺐاﺳ‬
‫ﺘﻄ‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺋﻒا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻮﻇ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﻒا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻣﺨ‬
‫ﻮي(و‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ﻔ ﺲا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﮫﺪم )‬
‫ﺎﻋﻼتا‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ـﻰ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎإ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻰﺗﺼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺬإ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻊا‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﻮد‬
‫ـ‬
‫رھ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫ﺮ ضا‬
‫ﮫﺪفﻣﻦﻋ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎﻻت ‪: ATP‬ا‬
‫ﺘﻌﻤ‬
‫ب‪-‬ﺑﻌ ﺾاﺳ‬
‫ﻗﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﺐ‬
‫ﺘﻄ‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻔﺔ‬
‫ﻮﻇ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮعا‬
‫ﺎمﺣﺴﺐﻧ‬
‫ﻗﺴ‬
‫أ‬
‫ﺋﻒھﻲ‪:‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻮﻇ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ها‬
‫ھﺬ‬
‫ة‪.‬‬
‫د‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻳﺪا‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺎﻃﻖ ﺷ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎﻓﻲا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﻚﺟ‬
‫ﺮذ‬
‫ﻳﻈﮫ‬
‫ﻟﺠ ﺴﻢو‬
‫رةا‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠ ﻰﺣﺮ‬
‫ﺎﻓﻈﺔﻋ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺤ‬
‫‪‬ا‬
‫ـﺔ (‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ديا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫انأﺣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺎ )ﺣ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎت‪:‬اﻷ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻔﺔﻣﻦا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اعﻣﺨ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻮﺿﺤﺔﻓﻲأ‬
‫ﻛﺔوھﻲﻣ‬
‫ﻟﺤﺮ‬
‫‪‬ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎﺿ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺎتر‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻮمﺑﺤ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟﺬيﻳ‬
‫ﺎنا‬
‫ﻧﺴ‬
‫اﻹ‬
‫ﻨﺪ‬
‫ﺎﺻﺔﻋ‬
‫ﺎنﺧ‬
‫ﻧﺴ‬
‫اﻹ‬
‫ﺪو‬
‫ﻔﮫ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫و‬
‫ة‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻮﺣ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻲا‬
‫ـﻪﻓ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ـﻰأھﻤ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺮفﻋ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻢا‬
‫ﺪﺗ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﺰو‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫رجا‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫دﻋﻜ ﺲﺗ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺎلﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻔﻌ‬
‫ﻨﻘﻞا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫‪‬ا‬
‫ﺒﻲ‪.‬‬
‫ﻌﺼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎل‬
‫ﺗﺼ‬
‫ﻣﺴﺔﻓﻲاﻻ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ا‬
‫ء‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ـﻞﺑ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ـﺔﻣ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـﺐﻃ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺘﻄ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ـﺪو‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺑﻂﺟ‬
‫ا‬
‫و‬
‫ﻳﻦر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘﻜ‬
‫ﻮمﺑ‬
‫ﺎتﺗﻘ‬
‫ﻳﻤ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻠﺐﺗﺪﺧﻞإ‬
‫ﺘﻄ‬
‫ﺬيﻳ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ءو‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫‪‬ا‬
‫ز‪.‬‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫زو‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﯿﻦھﻤ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻧﻄﻼقﻣﻦ ﺳ‬
‫ا‬
‫ز‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﺴﻜ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ﺳﻜ‬
‫ﯿﻄﻲ‪:‬‬
‫ﺘﺨﻄ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮﺳﻢا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫زا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻧﺠ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻨﮫﻤ‬
‫ﺎﻗﺔﻓ ﻲﻛﻞﻣ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﺎنﺗﺤﻮﻻتا‬
‫ﯿﺔﺗﻮﺿﺤ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻮ‬
‫ﺮى ﺣ‬
‫أﺧ‬
‫ﯿﺔو‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻧ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺮ ﺳﻢ ﺧ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎﺻﺮا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫ﻟﻚ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎﻗﺔﺑﻌﺪذ‬
‫ﻠﻄ‬
‫ﻠﻔﺔﻟ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺨ‬
‫ﺎﻻتا‬
‫ﺘﻌﻤ‬
‫اﻻﺳ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎﻗﺔ‬
‫ﻃ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺿﻮ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﺎﻗﺔﻛ‬
‫ﻃ‬
‫ﻨﺔ‬
‫ﺎﻣ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺮﻛ‬
‫ءا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﺤﺮﻛﺔ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺋﻒ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫وﻇ‬
‫ﻠﺐ‬
‫ﺘﻄ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺎﻗﺔ‬
‫ﻃ‬
‫ﻠﺔ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺎﻗﺔﻗ‬
‫ﻃ‬
‫ﺎل‬
‫ﺘﻌﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻺ ﺳ‬
‫)‪( ATP‬‬
‫ﻨﻘﻞ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎل‬
‫ﻟﻔﻌ‬
‫ا‬
‫‪97‬‬
‫ﻧﻲ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎلا‬
‫ﻟﻤﺠ‬
‫ة ‪3‬ﻣﻦا‬
‫ﻟﻮﺣﺪ‬
‫ﻳﻦا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺗﻤ‬
‫ﻳﻦ ‪: 1‬‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺗﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﺔﻧﻈ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـﻲﺑ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ـﺐﻏ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻮﻣ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎت(وھ‬
‫ﻟﻔﺴﻔ‬
‫ﺛﻲا‬
‫ﯿﺪﺛﻼ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎت )‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟﻔﺴ‬
‫ﻳﻦﺛﻼثا‬
‫ز‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫د‬
‫‪ATP‬أ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻗﺔﻋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫اتﻃ‬
‫ﯿﻦذ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺑﻄ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﻰر‬
‫هﻋ‬
‫ء‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻻﺣ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻜﺴ‬
‫ﺪﺗ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫رﻋ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺤ‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔو‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ﺑﻂا‬
‫ا‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻧﺔﻓﻲا‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺨ‬
‫ﻗﺔا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﻨﺔ‪:‬ھﻲا‬
‫ﺎﻣ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻗﺔا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺑﻄﺔ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﻲ‬
‫ﺎھ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ةﻟﮫ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻢ ﺻ‬
‫أھ‬
‫ﺋﻒو‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻮﻇ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ءا‬
‫ا‬
‫د‬
‫ﻌﻤﻞﻷ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻲﺗﺴ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﺔا‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ـﻲا‬
‫ﺎلوھ‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻠﺔﻟﻼﺳ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻗﺔﻗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻃ‬
‫ﺎت ‪ATP‬‬
‫ﺌ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﺟ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ﻧﻈﻤﺔا‬
‫ءﻓﻲاﻷ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ةﻏﺸ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻮﻋ‬
‫ﺰوھ‬
‫ﺎﺟ‬
‫ﺮﺣ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻮنﻋ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺰا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮقا‬
‫ﻮﻓ‬
‫ﺰھ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫رجا‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﻳﻦ ‪:2‬‬
‫ﺘﻤﺮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮﺣﺔ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺋﻤﺔﻣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺒﻘﻰ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫وقو‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿ ﺲﻛﻞا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫وقو‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﻰأھﻢا‬
‫ﺰﻋ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺘﻢا‬
‫ﻧﺔﻳ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻳﺔ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﯿﺔﻳﺨﻀﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺧ‬
‫ﻗﺔ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻰﻃ‬
‫ﯿﺔإ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻀ‬
‫ﻗﺔا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﻮلا‬
‫ﺗﺤ‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﻧﻌ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫ﻠﻰا‬
‫ﻮيﻋ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺗﺤ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ء‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻀ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻳﺔ‬
‫ﯿﺮﻳﺨﻀﻮر‬
‫ﯿﺔﻏ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺧ‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـﺔﻗ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـﻰﻃ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﺔإ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺎﻣ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ـﺔا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ﻗﺔا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﻮلا‬
‫ﺗﺤ‬
‫ﺎل‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻼﺳ‬
‫ء‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻀ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫ﺘﻮيﻋﻞا‬
‫ﻻﺗﺤ‬
‫ﺘﺨﻤﺮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻼھ‬
‫وفا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻈ‬
‫ﺘﻢﻓﻲا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻨﺨﻔﻀﺔ‬
‫ﻗﺔﻣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﺞﻃ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻓﻲﺑﻌﺾ‬
‫ﺎتو‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ﻌ ﺾا‬
‫ﻳﺤﺪثﻓﻲﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻼ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻨﻔ ﺲ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﮫ‬
‫وفا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻈ‬
‫ﺘﻢﻓﻲا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻗﺔﻋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﺞﻃ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻼ‬
‫اعا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻳﺤﺪثﻓﻲﻣﻌﻈﻢأ‬
‫‪ATP‬‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﻟﻔﺴﻔ‬
‫ﺛﻲا‬
‫ﻳﻦﺛﻼ‬
‫ز‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫أد‬
‫ﻗﺔ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿﻦﺑ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻏ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺑﻄ‬
‫ا‬
‫ر‬
‫‪ADP‬‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﻟﻔﺴﻔ‬
‫ﺋﻲا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻳﻦﺛ‬
‫ز‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫أد‬
‫ﻗﺔ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺑ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫اﺣﺪةﻏ‬
‫ﺑﻄﺔو‬
‫ا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻳﻦ ‪: 3‬‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺗﻤ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫‪- 1‬ﺧﻄ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫‪- 2‬ﺧﻄ‬
‫ﯿﺢ‬
‫‪ - 3‬ﺻﺤ‬
‫ﯿﺢ‬
‫‪ - 4‬ﺻﺤ‬
‫ﻳﻦ ‪: 4‬‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺗﻤ‬
‫ﺎن‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎﻛ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ـﺔﻛ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ها‬
‫ـﺬ‬
‫دھ‬
‫ا‬
‫د‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﻟﺠﺴﻢو‬
‫ةا‬
‫ر‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺮﺟﺔﺣ‬
‫ﻠﻰدﺟ‬
‫ﻓﻈﺔﻋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻠﻤﺤ‬
‫ﻗﺔﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺮفﻃ‬
‫ﺘﻢ ﺻ‬
‫‪- 1‬ﻳ‬
‫ﯿﻢ‪.‬‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﺸﺨ ﺺ‬
‫ﻨﺪا‬
‫وي ‪°37‬مﻋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺗﺴ‬
‫ﺘﺔو‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺠﺴﻢﺛ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ر‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫اﻷنﺣ‬
‫د‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻮﺑ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎب‬
‫ﺘﻘﻄ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ةاﻻﺳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺎھ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻰﻇ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻓﻈﺔﻋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻠﻤﺤ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻟ‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫ةأﺳ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻰ ‪ATP‬ﺑﺼ‬
‫ﯿﺔإ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻌﺼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻼ‬
‫ﺎجا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫‪- 2‬ﺗﺤ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻌﺼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﺔا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﻘﻞا‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﯿﻪو‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻳﺔﻟ‬
‫ر‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻀ‬
‫ا‬
‫‪98‬‬
‫ﯿﻦ‪.‬ﻓﻲ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺐ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ء ‪ARN‬و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺎﺻﺔﻟ‬
‫ريﺧ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺮﺟﻤﺔ ﺿ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎخ و‬
‫ﻨﺴ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ءاﻻﺳ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻗﺔأ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫‪- 3‬ﺗ‬
‫ـﻞ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺗﺤ‬
‫ـﻰ ‪ARN‬و‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اتإ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻞا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘﺤ‬
‫ةﻟ‬
‫ـﺪ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ـﻂﺟ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ا‬
‫و‬
‫ﻳﻦر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘﻢﺗﻜ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻳ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ـﻼا‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻳﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﯿﺪ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻠﺔﺑ‬
‫ﻠﺴ‬
‫ﻟﻰ ﺳ‬
‫ﯿﺔإ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫اﻷ‬
‫ﺎض‬
‫اﻷﺣﻤ‬
‫ﺒﺤﺚ‪:‬‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫زا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻧﺠ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺘﺐ‪.‬‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ا‬
‫و‬
‫ﻧﺖأ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫اﻹ‬
‫ﺒﻜﺔ‬
‫ﻠﻰ ﺷ‬
‫ﺒﺤﺚﻋ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺎلﻣﺤ‬
‫ﻌﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻮاﺳ‬
‫ﯿﺬﻧﺤ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻪا‬
‫ﻮﺟ‬
‫ﺘﻢﺗ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ء‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﺬ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻖا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـﻦﻃ‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻰأﺟﺴ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﺪﺧﻞإ‬
‫ـﻲﺗ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﺔا‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﯿﻦا‬
‫ـ‬
‫زنﺑ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻠﻰﻓﻜ‬
‫ﺘﻤﺪﻋ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺒﺤﺚﻳ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮﻣﻲ‪.‬‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﻲا‬
‫ﻌﻀ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﻨﮫ‬
‫ﺎﺻﺔﻣ‬
‫ﺋﻒﺧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻮﻇ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ءا‬
‫ا‬
‫د‬
‫ﺮ ضأ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﺎﻟ‬
‫ﻓﮫ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﻢ ﺻ‬
‫ﺘﻲﻳ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻗﺔ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ا‬
‫و‬
‫ﻠﻰ‪:‬‬
‫ﺰﻋ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺒﺤﺚﺗ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺎﺻ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫ـﻪ‬
‫ﻮمﺑ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ـﺬيﻳ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮعا‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﯿﺔو‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻐﺬ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺘﻪ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻰﻗ‬
‫ﻓﺔإ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺎﻹﺿ‬
‫ﯿﻪﺑ‬
‫ﻳﺔﻓ‬
‫ر‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ات‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ءو‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻐﺬ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮعا‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫دﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫اض‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ـﻦأ‬
‫ـﻚﻣ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻦذ‬
‫ﺘﺞﻋ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ـﺪﻳ‬
‫ﺎﻗ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫زنو‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةﻓﻲا‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻰا‬
‫ةإ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ديﻋ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫زنﻳ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اا‬
‫ﻠﻞﻓﻲھﺬ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﺐ‪.‬‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻦو‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﺸ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻐﻂو‬
‫ﻟﻀ‬
‫ا ضا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫أ‬
‫ﺮو‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺪم‪...‬‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﻳﺔو‬
‫ﻐﺬ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ء‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫اض ﺳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺒﺐﻓﻲأ‬
‫ﺘﺴ‬
‫ﺎﻳ‬
‫زنﻣﻤ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺮﻟ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻘﺪﻛ‬
‫ﻟﻰﻓ‬
‫وإ‬
‫أ‬
‫ات‪:‬‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻟﻘﺪ‬
‫ﯿﻒا‬
‫ﺗﻮﻇ‬
‫ﺎب(‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ﯿﺢﻓ ﻲا‬
‫ﺮ ﺻﺤ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨﻰ )ﻣﻮﺿﻊاﻷ ﺳﮫﻢﻏ‬
‫ﻨﺤ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﯿﺢﻟ‬
‫ﻳﻦ ‪: 1‬ﺗﺼﺤ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺗﻤ‬
‫ﯿﺔ ‪O 2‬‬
‫ﻛﻤ‬
‫ﻠﻖ‬
‫ﻨﻄ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ب‬
‫أ‬
‫ءة‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺷﺪةاﻹﺿ‬
‫ء‬
‫)‪%‬ﻣﻦ ﺿﻮ‬
‫ﻟ ﺸﻤ ﺲ (‬
‫ا‬
‫‪10‬‬
‫‪50‬‬
‫ﻳﻦ ‪:2‬‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺗﻤ‬
‫ـﻞ‬
‫ﻟﻈ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻧ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺮقﺑ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻲا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻞﻓ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ـﺔﺗ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺎﺟ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫د‬
‫إ‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺣ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺮحوﺿ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻰﻃ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻳﻦإ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﺪفا‬
‫ﻳﮫ‬
‫ﻔ ﺲ‪.‬‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺋﻲو‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻀ‬
‫ﯿﺐا‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺒﺔﻓﻲا‬
‫ﺘﺴ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻜ‬
‫رفا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻦ‬
‫ﺑﻂﺑ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﯿﮫ‬
‫ﺘﻢﻓ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﺸﻤ ﺲو‬
‫ا‬
‫و‬
‫ﯿﻢ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﻖ )‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻨﻄ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﻦا‬
‫ـﺠ‬
‫ﻛﺴ‬
‫اﻷ‬
‫ﯿﻦ‬
‫ﺰﺑ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﻰا‬
‫ﯿﺬﻋ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫رﻗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻰاﺧ‬
‫الإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﮫﺪفا‬
‫‪- 1‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮما‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫رﻳ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻨﮫ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ءا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ـﻪأ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺒﺔ (‪.‬أيأ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﯿﻢا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﻚ )‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺴ‬
‫ﯿﻦا‬
‫ﻛﺴﺠ‬
‫اﻷ‬
‫ﺒﺔ(و‬
‫ﻮﺟ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮن‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﺎنﻳ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘﺴ‬
‫ﺎنﻣ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻜﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﺖا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫اﻛ‬
‫ذ‬
‫ﺈ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻓ‬
‫ـﺠ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻛﺴ‬
‫ﺎجاﻷ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﯿﻦو‬
‫ـﺠ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻛﺴ‬
‫ﮫﻼكاﻷ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﻟﻚ‬
‫ـﺬ‬
‫ـﻤﻰﻛ‬
‫ﺗﺴ‬
‫ﺎنأو بو‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻘﻄ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻪا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﺎﺗﻤ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻮﻣ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺮوھ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫ويا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻠﻖﻳﺴ‬
‫ﻨﻄ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﻦا‬
‫ﻛﺴﺠ‬
‫اﻷ‬
‫ﻠﻖ(‬
‫ﻨﻄ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﻦا‬
‫ﻛﺴﺠ‬
‫ﺎﻷ‬
‫ﻠﻚﺑ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻦ‬
‫ﻛﺴﺠ‬
‫اﻷ‬
‫ﻳﺾ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﻳﺾ)‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻘﻄﺔا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎن‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺘﻄ‬
‫انﻳ‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻤ ﺲا‬
‫ﻟﺸ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ـﻞو‬
‫ﻟﻈ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻮمﻧ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻔﮫ‬
‫ﺮحﻣ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘﻢﻃ‬
‫ﻧﻲﻳ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫الا‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫‪- 2‬ﻓﻲا‬
‫ـﻰ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺮﺳ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎﻳ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﺔﻣﻤ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ء‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺎﻹﺿ‬
‫ﻟﻈﻞﺑ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺮﻧ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ءو‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻀ‬
‫ﻔﺔﻣﻦا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ةﻣﺨ‬
‫ﺷﺪ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻨﻤ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ـﻞﺑ‬
‫ﻟﻈ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫دﻟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫رقﻳ‬
‫ز‬
‫ﻟﺨﻂاﻷ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻰﺑ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻨﺤ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺈنا‬
‫ﻟﻚﻓ‬
‫ﺋﻲ‪.‬ﻟﺬ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻀ‬
‫ﯿﺐا‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻋﻤ‬
‫ﻟﺸﻤ ﺲ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺮﻟ‬
‫ﻟﺨﻂاﻷﺣﻤ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨﻰﺑ‬
‫ﻨﺤ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫دا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ر س‪.‬‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠﻰﻣﺤ‬
‫ﺎطﻋ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺎﻹﺳ‬
‫ﻨﻰﺑ‬
‫ﻨﺤ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺘﻢﻣﻦ‬
‫ةﺗ‬
‫ﻟﺸﺪ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻳﺪ‬
‫‪- 3‬ﺗﺤﺪ‬
‫ﺘﺠﻪ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺎﻳ‬
‫ﺮﻣﻤ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﯿﻦأ‬
‫ﻛﺴﺠ‬
‫ﻠﻚاﻷ‬
‫ﺘﮫ‬
‫ﺪﻳﺴ‬
‫ﺎتﻗ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺬأنا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ه‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫اﻻ‬
‫ﻔﺖ‬
‫ﻟﻰﻟ‬
‫الإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﺪفا‬
‫ﻳﮫ‬
‫وﻓﻲ‬
‫ﯿﻞأ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎﻓﻲا‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫أﺳ‬
‫ة‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺎھ‬
‫ﻟﻈ‬
‫ها‬
‫ﺗﺤﺪثھﺬ‬
‫ﺒﺔ‪.‬و‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿﻦ ﺳ‬
‫ﻛﺴﺠ‬
‫ﻧﻄﻼقاﻷ‬
‫ﯿﻢا‬
‫ﻌﻄﻲﻗ‬
‫ﺎﻳ‬
‫ﻣﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻒﺟﺪ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻀ‬
‫ءا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻀ‬
‫ا‬
‫‪99‬‬
‫ﻳﻦ ‪:3‬‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺗﻤ‬
‫ﯿﻦﺗﻤﺖ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻔ ﺲا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺋﻲو‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻀ‬
‫ﯿﺐا‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺘﻲا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻋﻤ‬
‫ﻗﺔﺑ‬
‫ﻌﻼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺑﻂا‬
‫ﻟﻰر‬
‫ﻟﻚإ‬
‫ﻳﻦﻛﺬ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﮫﺪفا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫ﺘﮫﻤ‬
‫اﺳ‬
‫ر‬
‫د‬
‫ﺘﮫﻼك‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘﻢاﺳ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻼمﻳ‬
‫ﻟﻈ‬
‫ـﻲا‬
‫ﺎجأن ‪:‬ﻓ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻰاﻻﺳ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺬإ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـ ﺺا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻨﻰﻳﺨ‬
‫ﻨﺤ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﻞا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫‪- 1‬ﻣﻦﺗﺤ‬
‫ﯿﻦ ‪.‬‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻨﺤ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎ ضا‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻧﺨ‬
‫ﯿﻪا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮإ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻳﺸ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻮﻣ‬
‫ﯿﻦوھ‬
‫ﻛﺴﺠ‬
‫اﻷ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـﻊﺗ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺎﻳ‬
‫ﻨﻤ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫دﺑ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻧﻪﻻﻳ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺸﻊﻷ‬
‫ﯿﻦا‬
‫ﻛﺴﺠ‬
‫ﺎ ضﻓﻲاﻷ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻧﺨ‬
‫ﺮاﻻ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ةﻳﺴ‬
‫ء‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ٌﺿ‬
‫‪- 2‬ﻓﻲاﻹ‬
‫ـﻲ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻓ‬
‫ـﺠ‬
‫ﻛﺴ‬
‫ـﻼقاﻷ‬
‫ﻧﻄ‬
‫ـﻖا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ـﻦﻃ‬
‫ـﻂﻋ‬
‫ﻮﺳ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﻦا‬
‫هﻣ‬
‫ﻳﺪ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺘﻢﺗﺠ‬
‫ﻧﻪﻳ‬
‫ديﻷ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻦا‬
‫ﻛﺴﺠ‬
‫اﻷ‬
‫ﺋﻲ‪.‬‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻀ‬
‫ﯿﺐا‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻋﻤ‬
‫ﺮى‬
‫ةأﺧ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻈﻼمﻣ‬
‫‪- 3‬ﻓﻲا‬
‫ء‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻳﺐاﻷﺧﻄ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺗﺼ‬
‫‪183‬‬
‫‪201‬‬
‫‪202‬‬
‫‪203‬‬
‫‪203‬‬
‫‪225‬‬
‫‪225‬‬
‫‪225‬‬
‫‪233‬‬
‫ﺒﺔ‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻣ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺮوطﺗﺠ‬
‫ﺮوط ﻓ ﻲ ﺷ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﺸ‬
‫ـ ﺲا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻧﻔ‬
‫ﺑﻘﺔ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﻞ‬
‫ال ‪ 2‬ﺣﻞ ﺣ‬
‫ﻳﻦ ‪ 1‬ﺳﺆ‬
‫ﺗﻤﺮ‬
‫ـﻲ‬
‫ـﺔ ‪ 2‬ھ‬
‫ﯿﻘ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻘﺔ ‪ 4‬ھ ﻲ ‪2‬و‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﺋﻖ و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻟﻮ‬
‫ﯿﻢا‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺄﻓ ﻲﺗ‬
‫ﺧﻄ‬
‫‪3‬‬
‫ﺎل‬
‫ﻟﻤﺠ‬
‫ة ‪2‬ﻣﻦا‬
‫ﻠﻮﺣﺪ‬
‫ﺑﻊﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻳﻦﺗ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺗﻤ‬
‫ﻳﻦ ‪3‬‬
‫ﺗﻤﺮ‬
‫‪1‬‬
‫ﻟﻮﺣﺪة ‪2‬ﻣﻦ‬
‫ﻟﻰا‬
‫ﺮﻗﻢﺛﻢﻳﺤﻮلإ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮﻗﻢ‬
‫ﺮﻣ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻳﻦ ‪4‬ﻏ‬
‫ﺗﻤﺮ‬
‫ﺎل ‪1‬‬
‫ﻟﻤﺠ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﻨﻤ‬
‫ﺗﻤﺖﺗ‬
‫ﻨﻤ ﻲ‬
‫ﺗﻢﺗ‬
‫ـﻮل‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫أ(‪+‬ﻣﺤ‬
‫ﺋﻲ )‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻂ ھ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻮل و ﺳ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺋ ﻲ ‪+‬ﻣﺤ‬
‫ا‬
‫وﺳﻂ ھﻮ‬
‫ز‬
‫ﻠﻮﻛﻮ‬
‫ﻏ‬
‫ز‬
‫ﻠﻮﻛﻮ‬
‫ﻏ‬
‫ـﻮل‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺋ ﻲ )ب(‪+‬ﻣﺤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ـﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻂﻻھ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺋﻲ ‪ +‬وﺳ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻂﻻھ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـ‬
‫وﺳ‬
‫ز‬
‫ﻠﻮﻛﻮ‬
‫ﻏ‬
‫ز‬
‫ﻛﻮ‬
‫ﻠﻮ‬
‫ﻠﻮلﻏ‬
‫ﻣﺤ‬
‫ﯿﻞ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﺪ‬
‫ﻨﻰﻣﺼﺤﺢﻓ ﻲا‬
‫ﻨﺤ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ـ ﻲا‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﮫﻢﻓ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـﻊاﻷﺳ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻣﻮ‬
‫ﻳﻦ ‪1‬‬
‫ﺘﻤﺮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻨ ﻰا‬
‫ﻨﺤ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫‪100‬‬
‫ﺎﻣﺔ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟﻌ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺘﻮ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﺘﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎل )‪: (3‬ا‬
‫ﻠﻤﺠ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻌﺮﻓ ﻲﻟ‬
‫ﺘﻮىا‬
‫ﻟﻤﺤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﻤﻼﺣﻈﺔ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫اھ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻈ‬
‫ﻠﻰا‬
‫ﺮفﻋ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻳﺴﻤﺢ‬
‫ﺎط‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﻰا‬
‫ةﻋ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫‪،‬و‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫رﺿ‬
‫ةاﻷ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﻰ ﺳﻄﺢا‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫ـﺔ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫اﺧ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ـﺔا‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﺮبا‬
‫ﺗﺴ‬
‫ر ضو‬
‫ﺎﻃﻦاﻷ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺮﻟ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻨﺔ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻠﺤ‬
‫ﻳﺔﻟ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻔﺴ‬
‫ذجﺗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫احﻧﻤ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫‪،‬ﺑ‬
‫رج‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ﻮا‬
‫ﻧﺤ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫رﺿ‬
‫ةاﻷ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ر ضو‬
‫ﯿﺔﻟﻸ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫اﺧ‬
‫ﻟﺪ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﻰ‬
‫ﯿﺔإ‬
‫رﺿ‬
‫ةاﻷ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻘﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻘﺴﻢا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺋﺢ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫احﻣﻦا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اتاﻷ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻋﺸ‬
‫ﺋﻤﺔ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎد‬
‫ﺗﮫ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫‪،‬ﺣ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺘﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻧﻲ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﺎطﺗ‬
‫ﺮﻋﻦﻧﺸ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺮب‬
‫ﺘﺴ‬
‫ﺎﺑ‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫ﺒﻂأﺳ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫رض‬
‫ﯿﺔﻟﻸ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫اﺧ‬
‫ﻟﺪ‬
‫ﻗﺔا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎﻓﻲ‬
‫ﺮھ‬
‫ﺎھ‬
‫ﺘﺠﺴﺪﻣﻈ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫‪،‬‬
‫رب‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺪو‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺎتﺗ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺣ‬
‫ﺋﺢ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻠﺼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ز‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻧﺠ‬
‫ﺈ‬
‫اﺳﺔﺑ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻟﺪ‬
‫ها‬
‫ﺗﺴﻤﺢھﺬ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻣﻞﻟﺤ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻣﺨﻄﻂ ﺷ‬
‫اﺳﺔﻛﻞﻣﻦ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺮد‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﯿﺐ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫‪،‬و‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﻮﺟ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻜﻞ‬
‫ﺋﻲﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫رﺿ‬
‫ةاﻷ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻘﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻣﻦا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫اتﻏ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺆﺷ‬
‫ﻧ ﺲﻣ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫و‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻠﻰﺑ‬
‫ﺮفﻋ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ةﻟ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺎﺷ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗﺴﻤﺢ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫‪،‬و‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫رﺿ‬
‫اﻷ‬
‫ة‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻠﻰﻧﻤﺬﺟﺔﺑ‬
‫ةﻋ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻘﺪ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫رﺿ‬
‫ةاﻷ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎﻃﻖ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻣ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺘﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺋﺢا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫دا‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮﺣﺪ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﻳﺲ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺎﺗﻀ‬
‫اھ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠﻰﻣﺴ‬
‫ﺄﻋ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫‪،‬ﺗ‬
‫ﻧﺸﻄﺔ‬
‫ء‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺎﺑﺤ‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫ﺒﻂأﺳ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ة‪،‬ﺗ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻣﻤ‬
‫‪،‬‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﯿﻄ‬
‫اتوﺳﻂﻣﺤ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﻟﻈ‬
‫ﻮىا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠﻰﻣﺴ‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫ﺒﻄﺔ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫اھ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻈ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﻳﻀ‬
‫ﺪأ‬
‫ﺗﺠﺴ‬
‫و‬
‫ز‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻧﺠ‬
‫ﺈ‬
‫اﺳﺔﺑ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ها‬
‫ﻮجھﺬ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫‪،‬ﺗ‬
‫ﻮص‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫اﺣﻞ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻠﻒﻣ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ذجﻟﻤﺨ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻧﻤ‬
‫ﺎتو‬
‫ﻣﺨﻄﻄ‬
‫ﻳﺲ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﻀ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ها‬
‫ﻜﻞھﺬ‬
‫ﺗﺸ‬
‫‪101‬‬
‫ﺎﻣﺔ‬
‫ﻟﻌ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺘﻮ‬
‫ﺘﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﺚ‪:‬ا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎلا‬
‫ﻟﻤﺠ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻨ ﺺ‪:‬‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻗﺔ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫ﺮبا‬
‫ﻠﺔﻓﻲﺗﺴ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﺜﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫رﺿ‬
‫ةاﻷ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫ﻠﻰ ﺳﻄﺢا‬
‫ﻟﻤﻼﺣﻈﺔﻋ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻮﺟ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫اھ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻈ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ر ض‪.‬‬
‫ﺎﻃﻦاﻷ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺮﻟ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺴ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺔﻋﻦ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺎﻣ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫اﺧ‬
‫ﻟﺪ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﮫﺔ‬
‫ر ضﻣﻦﺟ‬
‫ﻠﻰﻟﻸ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠﻤﺴ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻟ‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫ﺎتاﻷﺳ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻜ‬
‫ﻓﺔا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺮﻣﻦﻣ‬
‫اھ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻈ‬
‫ا‬
‫ه‬
‫ﺎھﺬ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺗﻤﻜ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‪.‬‬
‫رﺿ‬
‫ةاﻷ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻘﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻠﻒﺣ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺮﻣﺨ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺗﻔﺴ‬
‫و‬
‫ﻠﺔ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ر ضو‬
‫ﯿﺔﻟﻸ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫اﺧ‬
‫ﻟﺪ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻗﺔ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫را‬
‫ﺮﺣﺔﻣﺼﺪ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫را‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫ﺜﻞا‬
‫ﺎل‪:‬ﺗﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺠ‬
‫را‬
‫ﻟﮫﺪفﻣﻦ ﺻﻮ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫اھ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻈ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔﻣﻦﺟﮫﺔو‬
‫رﺿ‬
‫ةاﻷ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻜ‬
‫رجا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻮﺧ‬
‫ﺎﻧﺤ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺗﺴ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﯿﺔو‬
‫رﺿ‬
‫ةاﻷ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻓﻲﻣﺴ‬
‫ﯿﻦ‪.‬‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫زلو‬
‫ﺰﻻ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺎﻛ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺗﺠﺔﻋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻮﺟ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ا‬
‫دي‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺤ‬
‫اما‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ريﻣﻦا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔﺠ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎن‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺮو‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺎي ‪2003‬ﺑ‬
‫ال ‪21‬ﻣ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻚز‬
‫ﯿﻞذ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﺎﻓﻲﺗﻤ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺪاﺧ‬
‫ﻟﻘ‬
‫و‬
‫ر‪.‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮ سا‬
‫ﺜﻞﻓﻲﻗ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ديو‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﮫ‬
‫ﯿﻂا‬
‫ﻠﻤﺤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‪:‬‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﻘ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺘﺴ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻜ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اﺳﺔا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻠﺔﻓﻲد‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮﺳﻂو‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺜﺔﻣ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻨﺔ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺘﺴ‬
‫ﯿﺬﺑﻤﻜ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺘﻼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ذا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺮاﻷﺳ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ه‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﺒﻄﺔﺑﮫ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻮﺟ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺮا‬
‫اھ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻈ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔو‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺋﺢا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫‪،‬ﺣ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫رﺿ‬
‫ةاﻷ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻠﻜ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻟ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫اﺧ‬
‫ﻟﺪ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎت‪.‬‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺒﺔ‬
‫ﻨﺴ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺮكﺑ‬
‫ﺘﺤ‬
‫ﺋﺢﺗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻜﻞ ﺻ‬
‫ﺗﺸ‬
‫ﯿﺔو‬
‫رﺿ‬
‫ةاﻷ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻘﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮىا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠﻰﻣﺴ‬
‫ﺪثﻋ‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗﺤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫آتا‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﺘﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫إنا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘﺸﻜﻞﻛ‬
‫ﻟﻰﻟ‬
‫و‬
‫اﺣﻞاﻷ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺬا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺛﺖﻣ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺎﺣ‬
‫ﻧﻤ‬
‫إ‬
‫‪،‬و‬
‫ة ‪240‬م س‬
‫ﯿﺪ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺴﺖو‬
‫ﻌ ﺾﻟ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﻌﻀﮫ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫رﺿﻲ‪.‬‬
‫اﻷ‬
‫ﻜﻞ‬
‫ﺘﺸ‬
‫‪،‬ﻛ‬
‫ة‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻣﻤ‬
‫ﻮﺟ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺮﺟ‬
‫اھ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ةﻇ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻋﺪ‬
‫رﺿ‬
‫ةاﻷ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻠﻘﺸ‬
‫ةﻟ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺴ‬
‫ﻛﺔا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺘﺞﻋﻦ‬
‫ﺪﻧ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﻟﺴﻼﺳﻞا‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎتو‬
‫ﯿﻄ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺋﺢ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻠﺼﻔ‬
‫ﻧ ﻲﻟ‬
‫ﺘﻮ‬
‫ﺘﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﻮﺣﺪة ‪:1‬‬
‫ا‬
‫ات‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫دا‬
‫و‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺎﺑﺤ‬
‫ﺘﮫ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﺎوﻋﻼ‬
‫ﺗﮫ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿﻤ‬
‫ﻘﺴ‬
‫‪،‬ﺗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫دھ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫‪،‬وﺟ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺘﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺤﺔا‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫ﻨ ﺺا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮفا‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻨ ﺺ‪:‬ﻳ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎت ‪.‬‬
‫ﯿﻄ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺤ‬
‫ا‬
‫و‬
‫ﻧﺔ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻜ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺘﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺋﺢا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫ﻠﻒا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺎﻟﻤﺨ‬
‫ةﻣﺠﺴﻤ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫ﺜﻞا‬
‫ﻟﻮﺣﺪة‪:‬ﺗﻤ‬
‫رةا‬
‫ﻟﮫﺪفﻣﻦ ﺻﻮ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻳﺲ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﻀ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫‪،‬ﺑ‬
‫ﯿﻦ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫‪،‬ﺑ‬
‫زل‬
‫ﺰﻻ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺎﺑ‬
‫ﺘﮫ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﺑﺔ(وﻋﻼ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫‪،‬ﻣ‬
‫ة‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺎ)ﻣ‬
‫دھ‬
‫و‬
‫اعﺣﺪ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫‪،‬أ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫رﺿ‬
‫ةاﻷ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻘﺸ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫اﺧ‬
‫ﻟﺪ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻗﺔ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻄ‬
‫را‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺋﺢﻣﺼ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻛﺔ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺣ‬
‫ﻳﺔإ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‪.‬اﻵ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﻟﺴﻼﺳﻞا‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻳﺔو‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺗﺤﺖﺑﺤ‬
‫؟‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘﺪﺧﻞﻓﻲﺣ‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اﻵ‬
‫ﻣﻞو‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﺴﻄﺢو‬
‫ﻮا‬
‫ﺎﻧﺤ‬
‫ﺑﮫ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺮقﺗﺴ‬
‫ةﻃ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫ﺜﻞا‬
‫ﺎﺗﻤ‬
‫ﻛﻤ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺘﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺋﺢا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺼﻔ‬
‫ﻳﺪا‬
‫ﺎط‪:1‬ﺗﺤﺪ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻐﻼل‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫ﻟﻚﺑ‬
‫ذ‬
‫ﯿﺔو‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺤﺔا‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫ﻮما‬
‫ﻔﮫ‬
‫ﻳﻒﻣ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺎط‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺪف‬
‫ﻧﻄﻼق‪:‬ﻳﮫ‬
‫ﯿﺔاﻻ‬
‫وﺿﻌ‬
‫ﯿﻦ‪.‬‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫زلو‬
‫ﺰﻻ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﯿﮫ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫زعﻋ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻢﺗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻳﻄﺔ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺧ‬
‫ﺋ ﻲ ‪:1‬‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫‪،‬ﻳﻤﻜﻦأن‬
‫ﺎج‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اﻻﺳ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻼﺣﻈﺔو‬
‫ﯿﻖا‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺗﺪ‬
‫ﻨﻤ‬
‫ﻠﻰﺗ‬
‫ﯿﺬﻋ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻳﺐا‬
‫ر‬
‫الﺗﺪ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﮫﺪفا‬
‫ال ‪:1‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﻰ‬
‫ﻮلإ‬
‫ﻮﺻ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺪفا‬
‫ﯿﻦﺑﮫ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫زلو‬
‫ﺰﻻ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫زعا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺎﻃﻖﺗ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻣ‬
‫ﻧﺔﺑ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫زﻣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻧﺠ‬
‫ﻟﻰإ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﯿﺬ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺘﻼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ذا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻮﺟﻪاﻷﺳ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﯿﺠﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻔﺲ‬
‫ﻟﻰﻧ‬
‫ﻮﺻﻞإ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺮﻟ‬
‫آﺧ‬
‫ﺎط‬
‫رﻧﺸ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ذأنﻳﺨ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺎﻳﻤﻜﻦﻟﻸﺳ‬
‫ﺎﻛﻤ‬
‫ﻨﮫﻤ‬
‫زعﻛﻞﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺑﻖﻓﻲﺗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺗﻄ‬
‫ﻟﮫﺸﺔ‬
‫ﺎﻃﻖا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺑﻖا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﺨﻼ صﺗﻄ‬
‫ﺎتﻟﺴ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻌﻄ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﻦا‬
‫ﻗﺔﺑ‬
‫دﻋﻼ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻳﺠ‬
‫ﻟﻰإ‬
‫الإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﮫﺪفا‬
‫ال ‪:2‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻦ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫زلو‬
‫ﺰﻻ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻟ‬
‫ﻟﺴﻄﺤ‬
‫ﺰا‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻢﻣﻊا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻓﻲا‬
‫ﺋ ﻲ ‪:2‬‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﻟﺴﻼﺳﻞا‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎتو‬
‫ﯿﻄ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺤ‬
‫ﺎعا‬
‫ﻳ ﺲﻗ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫اتﺗﻀ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻰﻣﻤ‬
‫ﺮفﻋ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻰا‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺎط‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﻳﮫﺪفھ‬
‫‪102‬‬
‫دي‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫دقو‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻦو‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫زعا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿﻦﺗ‬
‫ﻗﺔﺑ‬
‫ﻌﻼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫دا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻳﺠ‬
‫ﻟﻰإ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺎط‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﻳﮫﺪفھ‬
‫ال ‪* :1‬‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮﺳﻂ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﺴﻼﺳﻞ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺒﻄﺔﺑ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﯿﻂﻣ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺤ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻓﻲوﺳﻂا‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎﻃﻖا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺘﺨﻼ صأنا‬
‫ﻟﻰاﺳ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﻳﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒﺤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫دقا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫افا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻮىﺣ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠﻰﻣﺴ‬
‫اﺟﺪﻋ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺗ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ا‬
‫أن‬
‫ات(و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻈﮫ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ )‬
‫ﯿﻄ‬
‫ﻣﺤ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﯿﺚﺗ‬
‫دقﺣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﺨ‬
‫زلا‬
‫ﺰﻻ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫زعا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿﻦﺗ‬
‫ﻗﺔﺑ‬
‫ﻌﻼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻳﺠ‬
‫ﻟﻰإ‬
‫الإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ءﻣﻦا‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ا‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﺎﻳﮫﺪفھ‬
‫*ﻛﻤ‬
‫‪،‬‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﻲﻣﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎطز‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﺜﺔﺑ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﻟﺴﻼﺳﻞا‬
‫اا‬
‫ﻛﺬ‬
‫ﻳﺔو‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒﺤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫دقا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻠﺨ‬
‫ةﻟ‬
‫ر‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺠ‬
‫ﺎﻃﻖا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺘﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺋﺢا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫دا‬
‫و‬
‫ﻟﮫﺸﺔوﺣﺪ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎﻃﻖ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﻦا‬
‫ﻗﺔﺑ‬
‫ﻌﻼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺬ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠ ﺺا‬
‫ﺘﺨ‬
‫ﻳﺴ‬
‫ﯿﻄﻲ‬
‫ﺘﺨﻄ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﯿﻞا‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﻰا‬
‫ﺬﻋ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ة‬
‫ر‬
‫ﯿﺔﻗﺪ‬
‫ﻨﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗ‬
‫ﺎطإ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اا‬
‫ﮫﺪفھﺬ‬
‫ال ‪:2‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫د‬
‫و‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺎجﺣ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اﺳ‬
‫ﺑﻖو‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﯿﻄﻲا‬
‫ﺘﺨﻄ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻞ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﯿﺬﻟ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻐﻼلا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫الاﺳ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﮫﺪفا‬
‫ال ‪:3‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﯿﻄ‬
‫ﻣﺤ‬
‫ﺔو‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫‪،‬ﻣﺸ‬
‫ﻳﺔ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺎ‪.‬ﻣﻦﻗ‬
‫اﻋﮫ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫أ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﺨﻼﺻﮫ‬
‫اﺳ‬
‫ﯿﺔو‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺘﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺋﺢ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺒﺐﻋﺪم‬
‫ﺋﺔﺑﺴ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺎﻃﻖھ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺎﻣ‬
‫ﻧﮫ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠﻰﻛ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻋ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺘﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺋﺢ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟﺼ‬
‫اﺧﻞا‬
‫ﻮند‬
‫ﯿﺬﻛ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻠﻞا‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ال ‪:4‬ﻳ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻦ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫زلو‬
‫ﺰﻻ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫دا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫وﺟ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺘﻮ‬
‫ﺘﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺋﺢا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺼﻔ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﺮﻛ‬
‫ﺎط‪ :2‬ﺣ‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎﻓﻲ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻛ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿﻦﻗ‬
‫ﻗﺔﺑ‬
‫ﻌﻼ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اﺳﺔا‬
‫ر‬
‫اتﻣﻦﺧﻼلد‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺰﺣﺔا‬
‫ﻳﻦزﺣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻧﻄﻼق‪:‬ﻳ‬
‫ﯿﺔاﻻ‬
‫وﺿﻌ‬
‫ﺎن‪.‬‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺘﺼﻘ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫اﻷﺻﻞﻣ‬
‫ﺎﻋﺪ‪:‬‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎتا‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫‪-I‬ﺣﺮ‬
‫ﺋ ﻲ ‪:1‬‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺬ‪.‬‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻨﺪﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻼﺣﻈﺔﻋ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻗﺔ‬
‫ﯿﺔد‬
‫ﻨﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻰﺗ‬
‫الإ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ﺪفا‬
‫‪- 1‬ﻳﮫ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻳﻜ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻷ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟﺸ‬
‫افا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ﺑﻖا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﺞﺗﻄ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻳﺴ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻼﺣﻈﺔو‬
‫ﻗﺔا‬
‫ﯿﺬد‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻌﻤﻞ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫‪- 2‬ﻳﺴ‬
‫ﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻹ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫افا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ا‬
‫و‬
‫ﺋ ﻲ‪:2‬‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔﻣﻦﺟﮫﺔ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎا‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫أ‬
‫ﺎو‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﺗﻲإ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫افﻗ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻨﺔﺣ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﯿﺬﻣﻦﺧﻼلﻣ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ذا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫رجاﻷﺳ‬
‫ﺘﺪ‬
‫ﻳﺴ‬
‫ات‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﻰأنا‬
‫ﻮلإ‬
‫ﻮﺻ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﯿﺔﻟ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻦ ‪240‬م سﻣﻦﺟﮫﺔﺛ‬
‫ﺮھ‬
‫ﺪﻋﻤ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﺘﻲﻳ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻳﻤﺔا‬
‫ﻘﺪ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫را‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﺼﺨ‬
‫ا‬
‫و‬
‫ﯿﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻮﺟ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﻨﺔا‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ز‬
‫ﻌ ﺾﺧﻼلاﻷ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﻌﻀ‬
‫ﺮتﻋﻦﺑ‬
‫ﻧﺸﻄ‬
‫ا‬
‫ةو‬
‫اﺣﺪ‬
‫ﻠﺔو‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧﺖﻛ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺋ ﻲ‪:3‬‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﺎطا‬
‫ﻨﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺔ‪:‬‬
‫رﺿ‬
‫ﻨﻄﺔاﻷ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻐ‬
‫ا ﺳﺔا‬
‫ر‬
‫أ –د‬
‫ﻠﻰ‬
‫ﺋﻖﺗﺪلﻋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﯿﻞو‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺘﺤ‬
‫ﻟﻚﺑ‬
‫ذ‬
‫ﺎتو‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﺮﺿ‬
‫ﯿﻎﻓ‬
‫ﻳﺼ‬
‫ﺎتو‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﺬا‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻘﻲا‬
‫ﺘﺴ‬
‫ال ‪:1‬ﻳﺴ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﺴﻲ‬
‫ﺎﻃ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻘﻞ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ﻮلا‬
‫ﯿﺔﺣ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫و‬
‫ﯿﻢاﻷ‬
‫ﺎھ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻌ ﺾا‬
‫ر سﺑ‬
‫ﯿﺚﻳﺪ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺣ‬
‫ﯿﻄ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ة‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻘﺸ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻛﺔ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺣ‬
‫ﻮي(‪.‬‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿﺔﺛ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻨﺔا‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ء)‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎﻓﻲا‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘﻲﺗﻢﺗ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫رﺿﻲا‬
‫اﻷ‬
‫ﻟﺤﻘﻞ‬
‫ﻓﻖﻣﻊا‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺎ)‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻮﺟ‬
‫ﻮنﻣ‬
‫ﯿﺚأنﻳﻜ‬
‫ﻣﻦﺣ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻟﺔا‬
‫ﺮﺑﺪﻻ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻘﻞﻣ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫اا‬
‫أنھﺬ‬
‫ﯿﺬ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺘﺞا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻳﺴ‬
‫ﻜﺲ‬
‫ﺎ )ﻋ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫وﺳ‬
‫ﺎل (أ‬
‫ﻟﺸﻤ‬
‫ﻮا‬
‫ﻮبﻧﺤ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎھﻪﻣﻦ‬
‫ﺗﺠ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮن‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻟﻲو‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫رﺿﻲا‬
‫اﻷ‬
‫ﯿﺴﻲ‬
‫ﺎﻃ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮب(‪.‬‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﻮا‬
‫ﺎلﻧﺤ‬
‫ﻟﺸﻤ‬
‫ﺎھﻪﻣﻦا‬
‫ﺗﺠ‬
‫ﻮنا‬
‫ﻳﻜ‬
‫ﻟﻲو‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫رﺿﻲا‬
‫ﯿﺴﻲاﻷ‬
‫ﺎﻃ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻘﻞا‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺪﻓﻲ‬
‫اﺟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﺖا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻌﺪنا‬
‫ﻠﻰﻣ‬
‫ﺛﻲﻋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﺤ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺴ‬
‫ﯿﺴﻲا‬
‫ﺎﻃ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻘﻞا‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻳﺪ‬
‫ﺪﻓﻲﺗﺤﺪ‬
‫ﺘﻤ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﯿﻄ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺤ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻘﺸ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻧﺔﻟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻜ‬
‫ﻟﺖا‬
‫ز‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫را‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺻﺨ‬
‫ﻘﻞ‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ه‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺗﺠ‬
‫ﺄﺧﺬا‬
‫ﺮﺗ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﻠﻰ ﺷﻜﻞإ‬
‫ﻮنﻋ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺪ )‪( Fe3O4‬و‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﯿﺖﻣﻦﺣﺪ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺪن‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻮنﻣ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻓﻆ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﯿﺚﻳﺤ‬
‫رى(ﺣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻘﻄﺔﺗ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎ ‪°570‬م )‬
‫ﺎﻏﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ةا‬
‫ر‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫رﺟﺔﺣ‬
‫ﺎﺗﺼﻞد‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻨﺪ‬
‫رﺿﻲﻋ‬
‫اﻷ‬
‫ﯿﺴﻲ‬
‫ﺎﻃ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻟﻰ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺮض‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ذﻟﻢﻳ‬
‫ﺛﻲإ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﺤ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺴ‬
‫رﺿﻲا‬
‫ﯿﺴﻲاﻷ‬
‫ﺎﻃ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻘﻞا‬
‫ﻟﺤ‬
‫ها‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺗﺠ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻠﻰ‬
‫ﻌﺪنﻋ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫اا‬
‫ھﺬ‬
‫ﺎل ‪.‬‬
‫ﯿﻦﻋ‬
‫ﺗﺴﺨ‬
‫ﻟﻘﻄﺐ‬
‫ها‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺗﺠ‬
‫ﺑﻖا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﺞﻋﺪمﺗﻄ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻳﺴ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻼﺣﻈﺔو‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﯿﺬﺗ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻌﻤﻞا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ال ‪:2‬ﻳﺴ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻟﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫رﺿﻲ‬
‫ﻓﻲاﻷ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﻟﺠ‬
‫ﻘﻄﺐا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫رﺿﻲو‬
‫اﻷ‬
‫ﯿﺴﻲ‬
‫ﺎﻃ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎت‪:‬‬
‫ﯿﻄ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺤ‬
‫ﺎعا‬
‫ﻨﻄﺔﻗ‬
‫ب‪-‬ﻣﻐ‬
‫ﺎل‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ا‬
‫‪،‬و‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﯿﻄ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎع‬
‫رﻗ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠﻰ ﺻﺨ‬
‫ﻨﻄﺔﻋ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘﺔﺑ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﯿﺔا‬
‫ﺋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﯿﻢ‬
‫ﺎھ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺬا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻠﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺒﻖا‬
‫ﻳﻄ‬
‫ﻠﺴﻲ‪.‬‬
‫ﯿﻂاﻷﻃ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺤ‬
‫ا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠﻖﺑﺼﺨ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺪمﻳ‬
‫ﻟﻤﻘ‬
‫ا‬
‫‪103‬‬
‫ﯿﺚ‬
‫‪،‬ﺣ‬
‫ﯿﺔ‬
‫ﯿﻄ‬
‫ةوﺳﻂﻣﺤ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﮫ‬
‫ﻟﻈ‬
‫ﻮىا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠﻰﻣﺴ‬
‫اﻋ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺔإﺳ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻮبﻣﺪ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫وﺳﺔﺟ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻟﻤﺪ‬
‫ﻘﺔا‬
‫ﻨﻄ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﻘﻊا‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺘﺞ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﯿ ﺾ(ﻧﺴ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎﻷ‬
‫ﺒﺔﺑ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫دوﺳ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺎﻷﺳ‬
‫ﺒﺔﺑ‬
‫ﻮﺟ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﯿﺔ )‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘﺤ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻨﻄﺔ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ﺎ سا‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺎتﻟ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻨﺤ‬
‫ﺗﻢوﺿﻊﻣ‬
‫ﻠﻲ‪:‬‬
‫ﺎﻳ‬
‫ﺎتﻣ‬
‫ﯿ‬
‫ﻌﻄ‬
‫ﻟﻤ‬
‫ها‬
‫ﻣﻦﺧﻼلھﺬ‬
‫‪،‬‬
‫ء‬
‫ا‬
‫د‬
‫