PRETERIT SIMPLE
1. FORMATION
a) forme affirmative
sujet
verbe
I/We/You/They
He/She/It
played
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b) forme négative
sujet
I/We/You/They
He/She/It
auxiliaire+not
verbe
didn't
play
c) forme interrogative
auxiliaire
sujet
verbe
I/We/You/They
He/She/It
play?
sujet
auxiliaire
Yes,
I/We/You/They
He/She/It
did.
No
I/We/You/They
He/She/It
didn't.
Did
d) réponses brèves
2. EMPLOI
On emploie le preterit simple pour parler de ce qui a eu lieu dans le passé.
Traduis
a) J'ai écrit mon premier poème il y a deux ans.
b) Quand as-tu perdu ton sac?
c) Il y a combien de temps que tu as acheté ton vélo?
PRETERIT BE + ING
1. FORMATION
a) forme affirmative
sujet
auxiliaire
verbe
I /He/She/It
WAS
playing
We/You/They
WERE
playing
b) forme négative
sujet
auxiliaire+not
verbe
I /He/She/It
wasn't
playing
We/You/They
weren't
playing
c) forme interrogative
auxiliaire
sujet
verbe
Was
I /He/She/It
playing?
Were
We/You/They
playing?
sujet
auxiliaire
Yes,
I/ he/she/it
was.
Yes,
we/you/they
were.
No,
I /he/she/it
wasn't.
No,
we/you/they
weren't
d) réponses brèves
2. EMPLOI
On emploie le preterit be+ing pour expliquer dans quelles circonstances se sont déroulées certaines choses.
Ex: It was raining when I arrived.
circonstances
Parmi les propositions en italiques, souligne la forme qui convient.
- Last night we had / were having dinner when we heard / were hearing a terrible scream in the flat next door.
- What did / were you do / doing then?
- I immediately phoned / was phoning the police.
- What for?
- Get / To get some help, of course!
- And?
- We heard the neighbour scream / to scream again! We were petrified with fear! But when the police arrived / were
arriving, our neighbour had / was having a drink on his sofa. He was so surprised to see the police! Naturally the
police wanted an explanation!
- What did he say?
- Believe or not... He watched / was watching television, when he saw / was seeing this enormous spider to fall / fall
on his leg! The police were furious!
PRESENT PERFECT
1. FORMATION
a) forme affirmative
sujet
auxiliaire
participe passé
I/We/You/They
HAVE
played
He/she/it
HAS
played
b) forme négative
sujet
auxiliaire+not
verbe
I /We/You/They
haven't
played
He/she/It
hasn't
played
c) forme interrogative
auxiliaire
sujet
verbe
Have
I /We/You/They
played?
Has
He/She/It
played?
d) réponses brèves
sujet
auxiliaire
Yes,
I/ we/you/they
have.
Yes,
he/she/it
has.
No,
I/we/you/they
haven't.
No,
he/she/it
hasn't.
2. EMPLOI
Le present perfect est un lien entre le passé et le présent. Il permet de dire, de constater maintenant, au moment où
on parle qu'on a fait telle ou telle chose avant, que telle ou telle chose s'est produite, sans donner de date précise. Ce
qui est important, c'est d'en parler maintenant.
Ex: I've lost my keys! (= ce qui est important, ce n'est pas le moment où j'ai perdu mes clés, mais le fait que je n'ai pas
mes clés donc je ne peux pas rentrer chez moi.)
Dans cet exercice, l'élève hésite entre le préterit et le présent perfect. En t'aidant du contexte, raye la forme verbale incorrecte.
- Did you see // Have you seen Bruce Willis's latest film yet?
- Yes, I have. I went // have gone with Jennifer last night.
- Did you like // Have you liked it?
- Oh yes! I loved it // I've loved it, but Jennifer found // has found it too violent.
- I already saw // have already seen hundreds of action films! I think they're fun!
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PRETERIT SIMPLE 1. FORMATION a) forme affirmative sujet verbe I